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'Nail down the tongue': The 1,700-year-old lead tablet inscribed with a curse written by a magician and discovered in Jerusalem
The 'magical tablet' was found in a huge Roman villa in Jerusalem that was probably destroyed by an earthquake in 363 AD Th curse, against a man called Iennys, is written in Greek and is intended to settle a legal dispute for a woman called Kyrilla, some 1,700 years ago An archaeologist from the University of Cologne believes a professional magician probably crafted the tablet
By Sarah Griffiths PUBLISHED: 18:08 GMT, 24 October 2013 | UPDATED: 10:02 GMT, 25 October 2013

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A 1,700-year-old lead tablet with a violent curse inscribed upon it has been discovered by archaeologists in Jerusalem. Found in a wrecked Roman villa, the 'magical tablet' is thought to have been created by a magician. The curse, written in Greek, which calls for help from six gods to punish a man called Iennys, is believed to play a role in a bitter legal dispute and was ordered by a woman named Kyrilla.

has been discovered by archaeologists in Jerusalem in a wrecked Roman villa A translation of the ancient script reads: 'I strike and strike down and nail down the tongue. the wrath. the ire.700-year-old lead 'magical tablet' (pictured) with a violent curse inscribed upon it. the anger. the procrastination.A 1. the opposition of Iennys. the eyes.' . thought to the work of a magician.

A translation reads: 'I strike and strike down and nail down the tongue.Iennys’ tongue . 'If it was just a single object. The tablet was recovered from a ruined Roman mansion and suggests that the occupants of the building were wealthy.. Horizontal creases show that the tablet was folded from the bottom to the top between eight and ten times. then it probably symbolised the first item in that list . it seems more likely that Kyrilla actually used a hammer and nail(s) while carrying out a magical rite designed to enhance the efficacy of the curse. whom the womb bore.She asks the gods to make sure that Iennys is 'in no way oppose.' To judge from the tablet's physical condition. suggesting practice at inscribing leaden tablets. as the curse bears some resemblance to other tablets discovered in Cyprus that were also used in legal cases. that a professional magician probably created the curse for Kyrilla. the ire. so that he say or perform nothing adverse to Kyrilla. the wrath. as several gems were found at the site alongside other decorative objects including the marble bust of a boxer. but merely has the type of damage that occurs to leaden tablets while laying in the ground or during opening.but rather that Iennys. the anger. as the small script on the tablet is rapid and fluent. the procrastination. . the opposition of Iennys' 'While the words might be purely metaphorical. The archaeologists believe both Iennys and Kyrilla were probably members of the Roman middle or upper class at war with each other over a legal matter. it was probably not the leaden sheet itself. published in the journal Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphi. the eyes.' the study said. Whatever this object was. of the Institut für Altertumskunde at the University of Cologne said in a study. Robert Walter Daniel. they might have symbolised the seven items in the list of Iennys’ body parts and behaviours. it was neither pounded with a hammer nor pierced with nails. Professor Daniel wrote: 'If she hammered and nailed several objects. be subject to her'..or more generally the person of Iennys.

I strike and strike down and nail down the tongue. which is believed to be around 2. so that he say or perform nothing adverse to Kyrilla. along with pieces of mosaic and fragments of frescoes as well as a decorated box full of carved bone pieces. Ereschigal. the anger. Lady Phersephoneia. come to me. (magical signs and letters) The tablet was found in the northwest part of the building. whom the womb bore. you who rule and bind. come. fulfi ll this perfect spell. but rather that Iennys. the ire. . The ancient Tower of David at the Jaffa Gate entrance to the Old City of Jerusalem.000 square metres. chthonic Earth and chthonic Hermes and Pluto and queen Persephone. you who are in the earth. whom the womb bore. so that he in no way oppose. is pictured TRANSLATION OF THE CURSE: Come to me. Abrasax. the wrath. Hecate.The discovery of the mansion and its contents provides firsthand archaeological evidence of the southward expansion of the Roman occupation over the southern part of Jerusalem in the late third century AD. whom the womb bore. be subject to her. Professor Daniel wrote. the procrastination. three-form queen. by your great name Yesemmigadon. come to me. the opposition of Iennys. king Pluto. chthonic daemon. the eyes.

as the latest coins found under the collapse of different rooms are from the year 363 AD.a statue is pictured) to help settle Kyrilla's legal score with Iennys Archaeologists told LiveScience that a female figurine . on the first floor of the house. Professor Daniel said it could have been a place where Iennys lived or worked. The house was a large peristyle building of the Late Roman period has been unearthed on the northern part of the hill in Jerusalem known as the City of David during excavations that started in 2007 and are still continuing. or the room was near to a courtroom. 'No single coin retrieved from secure loci inside the building is dated later than 363 AD. Archaeological evidence suggests that the structure came to a violent end. MOST WATCHED NEWS VIDEOS Previous 1 2 3 Next .The curse calls upon six gods (including Hermes . The discovery of the mansion and its contents provides firsthand archaeological evidence of the southward expansion of the Roman occupation over the southern part of Jerusalem in the late third century. Professor Daniel wrote. While they are unsure of the purpose of the room.was also recovered by the Israel Antiquities Authority and could have been used in a private cult of people living in the huge mansion.possibly that of a goddess .' the study said. so the curse was close to him. suggesting that the building was ruined as a consequence of the earthquake that occurred in Palestine on May 18 of the same year.

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United Kingdom. 2 days ago Jesus would not have said this. Terrible making up stories like this. Cambs. 1 day ago He's trolling. United Kingdom. 16. London. United Kingdom. United Kingdom.I am not going to mark you down today or in the future and I suggest that everyone else just ignores your comments as I have doubts as to the condition of your mental health 1 20 Click to rate Report comment TheDon.The wages of sin are the death and the curse.. Doncaster. BE=BEWARE 33 9 Click to rate Report comment tadpole503. . United Kingdom.The Job Centre i think it was. 2 days ago I've seen a similar thing on a toilet wall. 1 9 Click to rate Report comment tadpole503. who fled to France with jailed.The wages here are worse.Runaway schoolgirl. 2 days ago but this curse may come in handy 1 3 Click to rate Report comment Big Nugget. Comments (10) Share what you think Newest Oldest Best rated Worst rated View all Report comment Clemmo. Canterbury. 2 days ago Big Nugget .. Canterbury.

EU. Who is this week's top commenter? Find out now Like MailOnline Today's headlines Most Read Now THAT'S a quad bike! Ultimate boy's toy powered by Ferrari engine can hit 150mph The rise of nuclear bombs: Amazing time-lapse map reveals 2.1 7 Click to rate Report comment mypleasure. 7 16 Click to rate Report comment Steve F. Eldorado. Edinburgh.. 3 days ago Catchy. Brno .and are coming to New York City next year Welcome to our 'science fiction future': Driverless 12mph pods with room for two passengers to take to pavements of Milton Keynes in £65million smartphone app transport system Rock music . Reading. Chelmsford.056 WMDs that have exploded in just 50 years The drones controlled by MAKE-UP: Conductive eyeshadow and false eyelashes let wearers drive aircraft by blinking The intelligent manhole covers that charge electric cars while they're parked . United Kingdom. United Kingdom.. 3 days ago What is the point being made..as played by cavemen: Prehistoric paintings were located where sound reverberates strongly Follow @MailOnline .. 3 days ago Sarah Griffiths. United Kingdom. 2 days ago Probably cheaper than hiring a lawyer 1 36 Click to rate Report comment Ginistera. 363 AD !! 18 5 Click to rate The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline.. 5 10 Click to rate Report comment T-Totz. 2 days ago Women. do you proofread your articles? 3 22 Click to rate Report comment Jesuis. it ain't..

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