Irina Vasilieva, Head of the X-Ray department in the European Medical Center in Spiridonievsky pereulok, has ans ered the !uestions of the editorial staff of the omen"s portal #$eautiful and Successful% related to the most crucial topic & mastopathy' What is mastopathy? Why it is dangerous for women’s health? Mastopathy is a background disease mostly common for women in the age between 17 and 45. The main complaints include breast pains caused by neoplasm. Moreover, later the mastopathy has potential to transform into cancer. Can mastopathy really transform into cancer? Does it occur often? owadays it!s difficult to give a precise answer on this "uestion. To my opinion # yes, the mastopathy can transform into cancer, because somehow it has a common nature with the disease that causes cancer. Mastopathy is a benign neoplasm, and not a malignant process. evertheless, it hurts. There are several types of mastopathy$ diffuse, nodal, peripheral, cystic, and fibrous. %ll these types can be detected during medical e&amination. '!d like to point out as well, that this disease has a genetic nature, i.e. it is inherited. There!s enough evidence that women with maternal inheritance of cancer are more e&posed to breast cancer. Why does the mastopathy occur? Who is exposed to it? (oth men and women suffer from mastopathy, but in regard to men this disease has another name. 'n both cases the diseases is caused by hormonal dysregulations. %s for mastopathy incidence, the women are more e&posed to this disease, as they more often suffer from hormonal dysregulations. The main reason for hormonal dysregulation could be diseases of ovaries that produce hormones. )ompromised liver function also increases the mastopathy risk. *o, if a woman prefers fat and smoked food, drinks alcohol and smokes, she includes herself into the risk group on her own. +or e&ample, women smoking over 1, cigarettes a day more often suffer from breast cancer then women who do not smoke at all or smoke less. The woman can be e&posed to mastopathy at any time # at the very beginning of growing-up when the endocrine profile is .ust being established, and before menopause when endocrine profile is distorted. The mastopathy is a misbalance of the endocrine profile that causes changes in mammary glands. Nowadays there are many phytoestrogen creams for breast augmentation that are said to be non-hazardous for women’s health? Can breast augmentation creams cause mastopathy? (ased on my practical e&perience ' should say that one should not use any creams that includes of hormones influencing the mammary gland growth. ' had patients who had breast pains after several usages of creams with phytoestrogens. /ne should be very careful with such creams, as they can cause mastopathy # we 0in.ect1 a new hormone in our body and have no idea how the body will react on it. How the women usually detect mastopathy? Main characteristics of mastopathy are breast pains that are sub.ect for e&amination by breast physician and gynecologist. 'f a woman suffers from severe breast pains that haven!t been before, she is sub.ect to neoplasm e&amination. eoplasm can have a si2e of a pea or a "uail egg. (ut even if a neoplasm is detected, one should not make a diagnosis, this falls only within the doctor!s competence. How the mastopathy is treated? s surgical inter!ention obligatory or rather an extreme case? The treatment can be non-operative or surgical. on-operative treatment supposes drug therapy$ pills, creams, herb teas. *urgical treatment supposes operative intervention and is applied in much neglected cases. (ut if a women goes to the doctor in time, in 3, per cent of cases the therapeutic treatment is enough. What can occur if the mastopathy is not treated? 'n such a case it can transform into cancer or adenoid tumors. %denoid tumors are benign nodes that can transform in cancer if neglected.

per cent of cases mastopathy is caused by abortion.ect mastopathy. This really proves to be efficient. an ultrasound investigation is re"uired to confirm or re. as well as smoking.How can one do mastopathy examination by oneself? % woman can do self-e&amination. if there!s a positive family history. 6eneral practitioner or gynecologist teaches how to e&amine the mastopathy. while childbirth harmoni2es and smoothes women!s endocrine profile. • *econd. the more chances there are to treat them. This should be done at least three times a month. and this is a common practice of health care for many women in western countries. gynecologist and breast physician. 'f something seems to be wrong. in 3. 4ltrasound and &-ray e&aminations belong to good diagnostics methods. How can one a!oid mastopathy? "re there any rules to follow? • +irst. self-e&amination. ' consider that regular self-e&amination of breast is a good habit for a woman that allows tracing of all changes.. one should restrict consumption of fat food and alcohol. The earlier the changes are detected. . This method is common in the 4nited *tates and 5urope. The e&amination procedure is very simple$ in a comfortable lying or sitting position one should palpate the breast in order to detect neoplasm. and visit to the doctor. 'n the 4nited *tates the first screening is done at the age of 75. • +ourth. The most important thing is regular annual e&aminations by the breast physician. timely mastopathy identification. • Third. one should regularly visit general physician. but there are no restrictions for doing it at the age of 7.