1.

4 CONVERSION BETWEEN DISTRIBUTIONS

The conversion of distributions is done b re!"tin# the si$e distribution b nu%ber &N'( fN(x)( b surf"ce &S'( fS(x) etc for )o)u!"tion h"vin# the s"%e #eo%etric sh")e but different si$e. E.#. s)heric"! )"rtic!es of the si$e r"n#e * to * +d* ,i!! h"ve ( if the )o)u!"tion of )"rtic!es is #iven b &N'( the distribution b nu%ber &N'( the distribution b surf"ce "re"&S'( the distribution b %"ss &-' "s ,e!! "s the distribution b vo!u%e &V'.

Distributions for a single particle

". Distribution b nu%ber &N'( the fr"ction of )"rtic!es in the si$e r"n#e is #iven b .
x → x + dx = f N ( x ) dx

&1'

b. Distribution b surf"ce "re"( the fr"ction of )"rtic!es in the si$e r"n#e is #iven b .
pg.
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x → x + dx = fV ( x )dx &1' 0or N( the tot"! nu%ber of )"rtic!es in the )o)u!"tion( the nu%ber of )"rtic!es in the s"%e si$e r"n#e is #iven b . 2 . 0or vo!u%e distribution( the fr"ction of )"rtic!es in the si$e r"n#e is #iven b .x → x + dx = f S ( x) dx &/' c. fro% definition Area = Nx 2 pg. x → x + dx = Nf N ( x) dx &4' REC233.

x → x + dx = Nx 3αV f N ( x)dx &5' With 6s(6v bein# the f"ctors re!"tin# the !ine"r di%ension of the )"rtic!e to its surf"ce "re" "nd vo!u%e res)ective! . 0or vo!u%e distribution( the fr"ction of )"rtic!es in the si$e r"n#e is #iven b .Volume = Nx 3 Mass = ρ ⋅ v = ρNx 3 Where( * is the di"%eter of the )"rtic!e. x → x + dx = Nx 2αS f N ( x ) dx &4' e. Distributions for population of particles d. DERIVE T7E -2SS DISTRIBUTION pg. Distribution b surf"ce "re"( the fr"ction of )"rtic!es in the si$e r"n#e is #iven b . 3 .

e divide the )o)u!"tion distribution b the tot"! distribution.CALCULATING THE FRACTIONS OF THE DISTRI UTION C"!cu!"tin# the fr"ctions of the distribution( . T!e fraction of t!e surface area The fr"ction of the surf"ce "re" 8 9o)u!"tion distribution of surf"ce "re" Tot"! surf"ce "re" &S' f S ( x ) dx = ( NαS ) x 2 f N ( x )dx S f S ( x)dx = ( NαS ) 2 x f N ( x)dx S ∴FS ( x ) = k S x 2 f N ( x) pg. 4 .

5 .u"tion describin# the fr"ction of %"ss distribution T!e "olu#e$Surface ratio %fractional& 'istribution FV ( x) kV x 3 f N ( x) = FS ( x) k S x 2 f N ( x) pg.T!e fraction of t!e "olu#e fV ( x)dx = ( NαV ) x 3 f N ( x )dx V fV ( x ) dx = ( NαV ) 3 x f N ( x) dx V ∴FV ( x ) = kV x 3 f N ( x) C32SS E:ERCISE Derive "n e.

Convert the surf"ce distribution described b the fo!!o. FS = 1 x2 for * = 44>% for * ˃ 44>% pg.or< 1.FV ( x) kV = x FS ( x) k S ∴FV ( x) = kV x ⋅ FS ( x) kS 7o%e. /. 6 FS = 2 .in# e.u"tion to " cu%u!"tive vo!u%e distribution. 0or the function( FN = 1 2 x 2 for * = 44>%( find the %"the%"tic"! e*)ression for surf"ce distribution #iven <s84.

pg. 7 .