# VERNIER CALIPER

Vernier Calliper
The meter scale enables us to measure the length to the nearest millimeter only. Engineers and scientists need to measure much smaller distances accurately. For this a special type of scale called Vernier scale is used.

Vernier Calliper The Vernier scale consists of a main scale graduated in centimeters and millimeters. On the Vernier scale 0.9 cm is divided into ten equal parts. The least count or the smallest reading hich you can get ith the instrument can be calculated as under! "east count # one main scale \$%&' division ( one vernier scale \$V&' division. # ) mm ( 0.09 mm # 0.) mm # 0.0) cm The least count of the vernier

# 0.0) cm

0ecord the position of . containing the vernier scale. Ta6e measurements by the t o methods as sho n in figure belo .2 4 0.C.01 # 1. moves over the main scale.2 4 \$1 5 0.ero of the main scale and the . Principle of Vernier 3ou ill notice that one of the vernier scale divisions coincides ith one of the main scale divisions. there ill be a positive or negative .ero error. inner and outer callipers are used. rd 1 division on the vernier coincides ith a %& division'.The Vernier calliper consists of a main scale fitted ith a *a at one end.0)' # 1. .2 cm in figure belo '. the . \$/n the illustration. /f both the . 0eading of the instrument # %& div 4 \$coinciding V& div 5 ".21 cm To measure the inner and outer diameter of a hollo cylinder or ring.' # 1. +fter calculating the least count place the ob*ect bet een the t o *a s.eros do not coincide. -hen the t o *a s are in contact.ero of the vernier scale should coincide. +nother *a .ero of the vernier scale on the main scale \$1.

8efinition of least Count of Vernier Calliper The magnitude of the smallest measurement. e say that the difference bet een one main scale division and one vernier scale division is called the least count of vernier callipers. e can use the vernier callipers because./ntroduction to "east Count of Vernier Calliper "ength of any ob*ect can be measured by using the meter scale. Vernier Callipers as invented by 7ierre Vernier. hich can be measured by the vernier callipers accurately. To measure any length first finds the least count of the vernier callipers. . /n other ords. For measuring the e5act length of any ob*ect ith complete accuracy especially in case if e are measuring very small length. + meter scale is divided into )00 equal parts called centimeters. is called the least count of vernier callipers. meter scale measures the length of any ob*ect to the nearest millimeter only. Each centimeter is further divided into )0 equal parts called millimeters.

on the vernier callipers.) mm # 0. )0 # 0.) mm # 0. 7itch # One unit of length of main scale .9 cm is divided into ten equal parts. 0.0) cm /t can be calculated in the terms of pitch also.09 mm # 0. 7itch is the smallest value of length. <umber of division on vernier scale # ) mm . hich can be read directly from main scale accurately.9o to find the least Count of Vernier Callipers The vernier callipers consist of a main scale graduated in centimeters and millimeters. On the vernier scale of the vernier callipers. # ) mm : 0. The least count of the vernier callipers can be calculated as follo s! "east count # one main scale \$%&' division ( one vernier scale \$V&' division. find the least count of the vernier callipers. /f 20 divisions of vernier scale coincide ith )9 divisions of main scale. <umber of division in that unit The least count of the vernier callipers # &mallest value of one main scale divided by number of divisions on vernier scale "east count # pitch . .0) cm Total length of the ob*ect # reading on main scale 4 least count = Vernier scale division E5ample to find the least Count of Vernier Callipers One centimeter of the main scale is divided into 20 equal parts.

20 # 0.0> cm "east Count # 7itch .0> .First. number of division on vernier scale # 0. 20 # 0. e have to find pitch 7itch # ) cm .002> cm .