National Institute for Nuclear Physics and High Energy Physics Kruislaan 409 1098 SJ Amsterdam The Netherlands

NIKHEF Reference no.: EDMS no: MT-VELO 04-2 466608

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF THE LIFTING DEVICE DETECTOR SUPPORTS
FOR THE LHCb VERTEX LOCATOR (VELO)
M. J. Kraan, C. Snippe, J. Buskop, M. Doets

Abstract
The structural verification of the 'LHCb VELO detector support' lifting device is the subject of this document. Purpose of these calculations is to investigate stress and stability of this lifting device. This lifting device has to comply with the D1 CERN Code. Numerical analysis was performed with the IDEASTM finite element analysis software April 2004

..............................3 2....1 Design ............2 Bolt M6 ...............................1 Lifting plate.10 5.........................3 Operational conditions ......................................................12 5........................................................... FEA results ............................6 3..................................................................................1 Lifting plate......8 4..................... Conclusion .5 2......................................................................................................................6 3......................................................... Calculation bolt and sliding axle ....................................................................................................................................................................4 2..............................2 Cross plate..........................................................................................4 2........................12 5.....2 Cross plate......... Introduction.........................................................................8 4..............................1 Sliding Axle ................................................................................Table of Contents 1.........6 4...................13 APPENDICES A …………........................................................................ General description of the Lifting Device ................................ More FEA results STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 2 VELO DETECTOR SUPPORT LIFTING DEVICE ...............2 Material properties ..........................................................................................................................................5 3..................................................................................... Finite Element Analysis.............................. All Technical Drawings B …………...............................................................................12 6..............

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS VELO DETECTOR SUPPORT LIFTING DEVICE 3 . For installation of the two detector supports a lifting device has been designed. This lifting device has to comply with the D1 CERN Code. The LHCb VErtex LOcator (VELO). Figure 1. is one of the sub detectors of the LHCb experiment Fig 1. Introduction LHCb is one of the four particle physics experiments around the LHC accelerator.1: VELO detector.2: Lifting device for installation of the two detector supports. shown in figure 1.1.1. Fig 1. The scope of this document is to investigate stress and stability of this lifting device.2 shows the lifting device (in yellow) with the two detector supports in front of the vacuum vessel. which is located at CERN.

On the cross plates are the detector supports mounted. Between these two lifting plates are two cross plates hanging in capacious slots. General description of the Lifting Device 2.1) . To get a reasonable weight (43 Kg) for handling of this lifting device. so called 'lifting plates'.1: Lifting device STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 4 VELO DETECTOR SUPPORT LIFTING DEVICE .2. Fig 2. 2. all plates are cut with a triangular or circular pattern. are bolted together with 4 intermediate plates.1 Design The two main plates of this lifting device (shown in fig.

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 5 VELO DETECTOR SUPPORT LIFTING DEVICE . The weight for each detector support is 1100 N. There are 8 holes to put in a lifting bar for adjusting the center of gravity.2. the load at each lifting point is: 510 × 1100[ N ] × 2. This weight and the center of gravity is calculated in the 3D modeling software.2% [MPa] E [GPa] [g/cm3] Min.4 = 1224 N 1100 590 F2 = × 1100[ N ] × 2.4.3 Operational conditions The load of the lifting device is determined by the weight of the two detector supports.8905): Tensile strength Yield strength Young's modulus Density Poissons ratio Rm [MPa] Rp 0. Min.4 = 1416 N 1100 F1 = Fig 2.85 0.2: Center of gravity of a detector support. With a weight (G) of each detector of 1100 N.2 Material properties This Lifting device will be made from Steel 47 (1. A safety factor used in the simulation is 2. 580 430 210 7. Min.30 2.

2) is a worse case lifting scenario.1 Lifting plate To simulate the 'worse case scenario'. Finite Element Analysis A finite element analysis has been done to verify that the stresses are below the Yield strength. and within the limits defined by the CERN safety code for lifting devices D1. 3. Two angle directions of the force are analyzed: 0 (vertical) and 30 degrees. The finite element analysis is done with the finite element analysis module of IdeasTM. This 30 degrees (shown in fig 3. A buckling analysis is presented as the stresses in some 'relative thin' sections are compressive.1) of the 'lifting plate' is used (largest distance to the cross plates) and the forces are in vertical direction placed on the surface on which the 'cross plates' are. Fig 3.3. STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 6 VELO DETECTOR SUPPORT LIFTING DEVICE . The model is build up with 3D Solid parabolic tetrahedron elements. The model is build up with 2D Thin Shell parabolic quadrilateral.1: FEA model of the lifting plate.2 Cross plate Due to the symmetry of the cross plate. half of the 'cross plate' has been simulated. Under normal conditions this force will always be vertical. the first support point (see fig 3. 3.

4 Load type: Load on surface Weight 1 detector support: 1100 N Load Amplitude: lifting plate: F1=1224 N / F2=1416 N cross plate: F=1416 N Type of Solution: Linear Statics Units: Length [mm].3: FEA model of the cross plate lifting plate: 2D Thin Shell parabolic quadrilateral cross plate: 3D Solid parabolic tetrahedron Safety Factor: 2. Fig 3.1.2: 30 degrees lifting angle. Force [N].Fig 3. summery of FEA properties. Mesh types: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 7 VELO DETECTOR SUPPORT LIFTING DEVICE . Stress/Pressure [Mpa] Table 3.

1: Von Misses stress results.4. Max. FEA results 4. STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 8 VELO DETECTOR SUPPORT LIFTING DEVICE . 377 MPa.2: Detail Von Misses stress results. Fig 4.1 Lifting plate Fig 4.

3: Deflection results.4=8.5mm Fig 4.4: First buckling mode.9.Fig 4. 20. Buckling factor = 8. Strain energy error norm = 1.4mm.7% STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 9 VELO DETECTOR SUPPORT LIFTING DEVICE .4/2. Max. Without safety factor 20.

Von Mises stress results. 0.2 Cross plate Fig 4. Max. deflection results.2 MPa.5: 0 degrees. STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 10 VELO DETECTOR SUPPORT LIFTING DEVICE . Max. Fig 4.6: 0 degrees. 90.25 mm.4.

8: 30 degrees. 349 MPa. Strain energy error norm = 5.7: 30 degrees. Von Mises stress results. Max. Max 4. deflection results.2 mm. Fig 4.2% STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 11 VELO DETECTOR SUPPORT LIFTING DEVICE .Fig 4.

2 Bolt M6 Material AISI 304 Yield strength = 290 N/mm2 Force F is divided over 2 M6 bolts: F = 1416/2 = 708 N d = 4.7 mm (M6) Tension: σt = F = A F π ×d2 = 4 708 π × 4. Calculation bolt and sliding axle Fig 5. a = 30 mm.5.1 detail cross plate with the 2 bolts and sliding axle.7 2 = 41N / mm2 4 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 12 VELO DETECTOR SUPPORT LIFTING DEVICE .5 N / mm 2 2 2 π ×12 A π ×d 4 4 σt?t = σb 2 + 3 ×τ 2 = 251N / mm2 5.1 Sliding Axle Material AISI 304 Yield strength = 290 N/mm2 F = 1416 N . d = 12mm Bending: Shear: σb = M b = τ F ×a 1416 × 30 = = 250 N / mm 2 3 3 π × 12 Wb π × d 32 32 F F 1416 = = = = 12. 5.

6. buckling load factor = 8. cross plate max.9). Deformations on both parts are not critical and can only be a point of discussion for installation reason. 377 MPa. STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 13 VELO DETECTOR SUPPORT LIFTING DEVICE . the linear buckling analyses shows a comfortable safety margin (buckling mode 1. 349 MPa) below the Yield strength (430 MPa). For what concerns stability of the lifting plate. Conclusion For both lifting parts counts from the stress analysis point of view that the simulation shows an stress level (lifting plate: max.

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