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What is the difference between MCB, MCCB, ELCB, and RCCB
MCB (Miniature Circuit Breaker)
Characteristics Rated current not more than 100 A. Trip characteristics normally not adjustable. Thermal or thermal-magnetic operation.
MCCB (Moulded Case Circuit Breaker)
Characteristics Rated current up to 1000 A. Trip current may be adjustable. Thermal or thermal-magnetic operation.
Air Circuit Breaker
Characteristics Rated current up to 10,000 A. Trip characteristics often fully adjustable including configurable trip thresholds and delays. Usually electronically controlled—some models are microprocessor controlled. ften used for main po!er distribution in large industrial plant, !here the brea"ers are arranged in dra!-out enclosures for ease of maintenance.
Vacuum Circuit Breaker
Characteristics #ith rated current up to $000 A, These brea"ers interrupt the arc in a %acuum bottle. These can also be applied at up to $&,000 '. Vacuum circuit breakers tend to ha%e longer life e(pectancies bet!een o%erhaul than do air circuit brea"ers.
RCD (Residual Current Device / RCCB(Residual Current Circuit Breaker)
Characteristics Phase (line) and Neutral both !ires connected through R)*.
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cannot be detected. eg.)/.a short circuit. that is. A current flo! of $0 mA .)/R)*s are an e(tremely effecti%e form of shoc" protection The most !idely used are $0 mA . 3ome e2uipment is notoriously 8lea"y5. ELCB (Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker) Characteristics 9hase . +t detects by R)*. both terminals of a light fitting-. :eutral and 0arth !ire connected through 0...)/ is !or"ing based on 0arth lea"age current.What is the difference between MCB. any mismatch bet!een t!o currents flo!ing through phase and neutral detect by -R)* and trip the circuit !ithin $0. or the ser%ice fuse.should return through neutral . The most common is the half !a%e rectified !a%eform sometimes called pulsating dc generated by speed control de%ices. and large tele%ision sets.)/ for the premises !ill probably trip. so the situation is unli"ely to lead to catastrophe6 but it may be incon%enient. 0%en 100 mA is a relati%ely small figure !hen compared to the current that may flo! in an earth fault !ithout such protection . R)*s are %ery sensiti%e and operate %ery 2uic"ly6 they may !ell trip !hen the motor of an old free7er s!itches off. +f a house has an earth system connected to an earth rod and not the main incoming cable.0$ amps. Operating Time of ELCB: The safest limit of )urrent !hich <uman /ody can !ithstand is $0ma sec.or 0. especially in old appliances. on lighting circuits. generate a small.line-. because the current in the li%e and neutral is balanced.e. +t is a fre2uent cause of problems !ith no%ices to replace an . RC" will not protect against a socket outlet being wired with its li e and neutral terminals the !rong !ay round. This may be done in an attempt to increase shoc" protection. +t trips the circuit !hen there is earth fault current. then it must ha%e all circuits protected by an R)* .. the main .see belo!-. the R)* !on5t trip. A current o%erload. brief current flo! to earth. Nuisance tripping o! RCCB$ 3udden changes in electrical load can cause a small. !here the ris" of electric shoc" is small. and RCCB | EEP http://electrical-engineering-portal. RC" will not protect against li e%neutral shocks..is sufficiently small that it ma"es it %ery difficult to recei%e a dangerous shoc". 3o if you touch li%e and neutral conductors at the same time . RC" will not protect against the o erheating that results !hen conductors are not properly scre!ed into their terminals. Replacing an . 3ome types of computer e2uipment. 3uppose <uman /ody Resistance is &00= and 'oltage to ground is >$0 'olt. RC"s don#t o!!er protection against current o erloads4 R)*s detect an imbalance in the li%e and neutral currents. and may be damaged.iliseconed.and 100 mA de%ices. +n practice. 3pecially modified R))/s are a%ailable !hich !ill operate on normal ac and pulsating dc. The amount of current flo!s through the phase .)/ and and R)* in a single unit. 0. ELCB.A&msec RCBO (Residual Circuit Breaker with OverLoad) 2 of 4 10/31/2013 3:37 PM . you may still get a nasty shoc". are !idely reported to cause problems. ho!e%er large.)/ must be operated in $0ma3ec1@A0mA ? 0. The /ody current !ill be &001>$0?@A0mA. MCCB. <ence 0. semi conductors. constant current flo! to earth.line.because u mite not be able to get enough fault current to trip a . +f a li%e-neutral fault occurs . Ad%ertisement Limitation of RCCB Standard electromechanical RCCBs are designed to operate on normal supply wa e!orms and cannot be guaranteed to operate !here none standard !a%eforms are generated by loads. or an o%erload-.)/ !ith an R)/ of the same rating is generally safe.com/what-is-the-difference-between-. called an R)/ .hundred of ampsA $001&00 mA R))/ may be used !here only fire protection is re2uired. +t is no! possible to get an .)/ in a fuse bo( !ith an R)*.g. computers and e%en dimmers.milliamp.
This is normally called the rated current or nominal current. earth-lea"age circuit brea"ers . the principals are the same.)/ is the old name and often refers to %oltage operated de%ices that are no longer a%ailable and it is ad%ised you replace them if you find one. /ut R))/ is not ha%ing sensing or connecti%ity of 0arth.00001 amps !ill trip it. The ne! R))/ is best because it !ill detect any earth fault. rightD This is not true..Residual )urrent /rea"er !ith %erload R)/ -. +t is possible to get a combined .)/s are rated in amps.0@ To 1$ 3ec 0.+n addition it detects current flo!s to earth e%en in e2uipment !ithout an earth of its o!n.)/ its type characteristic as follo!s4 Type Type B Type C Tripping )urrent $ To & time full load current & To 10 times full load current perating Time 0. 3 of 4 10/31/2013 3:37 PM . R))/ !ill only ha%e the line and neutral connections. This is usually achie%ed by the use of a thermal de%ice in the . Bor e(ample. instantly. +t is these properties that ha%e made the R)* more popular than its ri%als.)/s is no longer recommended.. The problem is that 0. Binally both are !or"ing for same. ELCB. /oth the neutral and phase currents are different that means current is flo!ing through the 0arth.any people thin" that if the current e(ceeds the nominal current.CA-. !hich is intended to protect against hea%y faults maybe in thousands of amps caused by short circuit faults. +n general for consumer units a ACA fault le%el is ade2uate !hereas for industrial boards 10CA fault capabilities or abo%e may be re2uired.)/ tripping !ill %ary !ith the degree of the o%erload. That5s !hy R))/ can trip !hen the both currents are deferent and it !ithstand up to both the currents are same.0@ To & 3ec 0. The %oltage type only detects earth faults that flo! bac" through the main earth !ire so this is !hy they stopped being used.)/ to operate under these conditions gi%es its short circuit rating in Cilo amps . but more styles of disconnection are fitted into one pac"age Difference between ELCB and RCCB 0. R)* does not necessarily re2uire an earth connection itself . The easy !ay to tell an old %oltage operated trip is to loo" for the main earth !ire connected through it.)/ is !or"ing based on 0arth lea"age current. !hich is intended to operate !hen the fault reaches a predetermined le%el and to trip the .)/ body is the amount of current it !ill pass continuously. This means that an R)* !ill continue to gi%e shoc" protection in e2uipment that has a faulty earth. as does the e2uipment it protects. MCB Selection The first characteristic is the o%erload !hich is intended to pre%ent the accidental o%erloading of the cable in a no fault situation.)/. The capability of the .0. and RCCB | EEP http://electrical-engineering-portal. These de%ices measured the %oltage on the earth conductor6 if this %oltage !as not 7ero this indicated a current lea"age to earth.)/s.)/s need a sound earth connection. the de%ice !ill trip.)/ and R))/ in one de%ice . The amp rating gi%en on the fuse or .hence the ne! name to distinguish from %oltage operated-. the use of 0. R))/ or R)* is the ne! name that specifies current operated . Fuse and MCB characteristics Buses and . The second characteristic is the magnetic fault protection. The speed of the .com/what-is-the-difference-between-. 3o if the rating is $0 amps. MCCB. but the thing is connecti%ity is difference.it monitors only the li%e and neutral-. 0.What is the difference between MCB.0@ To $ 3ec Type " 10 To >0 times full load current The third characteristic is the short circuit protection.!ere !idely used about ten years ago. As a result. because fundamentally 9hase current is e2ual to the neutral current in single phase.)/ !ithin one tenth of a second. a current of $0. . The le%el of this magnetic trip gi%es the .
)/. Gujarati. All Rights Reser%ed F 9ri%acy 9olicyT 9 Get 9*B 9o!ered by )sanyiGroup 4 of 4 10/31/2013 3:37 PM . say. There is a small li"elihood that in the course of. +0). This e(plains !hy fuses can sometimes Iblo!5 for no ob%ious reason +f the fuse is mar"ed 5$0 amps5. Bor e(ample. so it seems reasonable that the fuse should as !ell.+0-.9lanning-*esigning-Technical Re%ie!-coordination -0(ecution-. e%en though their nominal currents are similar. :0). the . /ecome 009Os )ontributor and introduce yourself to L0"P of our readers all across the !eb. M0lectrical +ndiaM. Bor $>Amp . Bor e(ample.anager at Ahmedabad.0lectrical. <e is 9resently associate !ith one of the leading business group as a Assistant .aga7ines. <e is member of +nstitution of 0ngineers . a month.embership :o4.irrorM..0lectrical 0ngineering 9ortal. The fuse clearly re2uires more current to blo! it in that time.. but notice ho! much bigger both these currents are than the 5$0 amps5 mar"ed current rating.-1@L$&HA.com/what-is-the-difference-between-. MCCB. to be sure of tripping in 0. <e is Breelancer 9rogrammer of Ad%ance 0(cel and design useful 0(cel base 0lectrical 9rograms as per +3.)/ re2uires a current of 1>H amps. ho! can !e justify calling it a 5$0 amp5 fuseD The ans!er is that the o%erload characteristics of fuses are designed to match the properties of modern cables. but it !ill actually stand @0 amps for o%er an hour. &iguparmar % Kignesh 9armar has completed his /.+ndia. a modern 9')-insulated cable !ill stand a &0J o%erload for an hour.ighting +ndiaM.. ha%e %ery different properties. and RCCB | EEP http://electrical-engineering-portal.What is the difference between MCB..!hich may not e%en ha%e been noticed. <indi.0. Brench languages. a $0-amp fuse !ill trip !hen carrying $0 amps. <e has published numbers of Technical Articles in M0lectrical .+000 codes.this is much more li"ely. M. E >01$ 009 .)/ and $0 Amp Buse. ELCB. .1 seconds. M+ndustrial 0lectri(M. <e !ants to 3hare his e(perience N Cno!ledge and help technical enthusiasts to find suitable solutions and updating themsel%es on %arious 0ngineering Topics. !hile the fuse re2uires $00 amps.from Gujarat Uni%ersity. +f the fuse has had a couple of o%erloads before .+ndia.Australian 9o!er 9ublications. <e is Technical /logger and Bamiliar !ith 0nglish.aintenance-0lectrical 9rojects . The fuse and the .<e has more than 1> years e(perience in Transmission -*istribution-0lectrical 0nergy theft detection-0lectrical .
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