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Atrica Technical Solutions Course Lab Guide

ATRICA, INC. 3255-3 SCOTT BLVD. SANTA CLARA, CALIFORNIA 95054 P/N# LB31008-AE

Copyright 2001 ATRICA, Inc. All rights reserved.

The material provided is protected in accordance with the United States Copyright Act of 1978, as amended. No part of this document may be reproduced in any form or by any means, or used to make any derivative work (such as translation or adaptation) without written permission from Atrica, Inc. Information presented in this document is subject to change without notice. Trademarks ASPEN is a trademark of Atrica, Inc. Other brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders.

NOTICE TO U. S. GOVERNMENT LICENSEES For Department of Defense RESTRICTED RIGHTS LEGEND Use, application or disclosure by the government is subject to restriction as config-set forth in subparagraph (c)(1)(ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software Clause at DFARS 252.227-7013. For All Other Executive Agencies NOTICE Notwithstanding any other license agreement that may pertain to, or accompany the delivery of this computer software, the rights of the Government regarding its use, reproduction, and disclosure are as config-set forth in the Commercial Computer Software Restricted Rights clause at FAR 52.227-19. Atrica, Inc. has licensed this training material to the parties delivering this training. Atrica, Inc. does not certify that the information the delivering parties provide is correct and will not
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be held liable for any damages that are a direct or indirect result of information contained by this guide. Atrica equipment uses electronic components that are sensitive to static electricity. Electrostatic discharge (ESD) from your clothing or other items around you, even at levels that do not create a spark, can cause damage. You should take all possible precautions to prevent ESD damage when working with printed circuit boards. Keep each board in its protective conductive bay until you are ready to install it. Before you touch a printed circuit board, be sure to put on a grounded antistatic wrist strap and leash to free yourself of static. Then place each printed circuit board on a grounded antistatic mat while config-setting its configuration. If you lack a grounded antistatic wrist strap, leash, and mat, be careful to stand in one place when you work (so you do not generate static electricity by friction), free yourself of static by touching a grounded metal object before handling a printed circuit board, and place the board on its protective conductive bay while you check or config-set its configuration.

Printed in the U. S. A. Document P/N: LB31008-AE

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Table of Contents

Lab#1 Site Requirements and Safety Codes ............................................................................................................................. 2

Lab Objectives:............................................................................................................................................................................ 2

Lab #2 Unpacking Atrica Devices.............................................................................................................................................. 3

Unpacking Instructions ............................................................................... 3


Lab #3 Installing Atrica Devices in Racks, Wall Mount, Table Tops, and Cabling ................................................................. 4

Racks, Wall Mount, Table Tops, and Cabling Installs .............................................................................................................. 4

Lab#4 A-2000 Hardware Setup ................................................................................................................................................. 5

Lab Objectives: ............................................................................................. 5 Part 1: Identify Hardware Components ..................................................... 6 Lab#1 Procedure .......................................................................................... 6 Part 2: A-2000 Initial Communication Process .......................................... 9 Quick Setup of the A-2000 for Network Management Access................. 13 A-2000 Power-up Sequence ....................................................................... 23

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Lab #5 Initial A-8X00/4100 Setup and Useful Hardware Commands ................................................................................... 28

Lab Objectives:.......................................................................................................................................................................... 28

Slot Info Command................................................................................................................................................................... 30

Show Slot Detailed ................................................................................................................................................................... 32

Switch Card Detailed slot info ................................................................................................................................................. 34

System Info Command ............................................................................................................................................................. 35

Reset-Log Slot Command ......................................................................................................................................................... 36

Lab #6 Configuring the A-8X00/4100 for In-band Management Using The CLI................................................................... 37

Lab Objective.............................................................................................. 38 Lab Procedure ............................................................................................ 38


Initial A-8X00/4100 and A-2000 Network Management Connectivity and IP Setup ............................................................ 39

Configuring the A-8X00/4100 Loopback Address .................................... 40 Configuring Management Access Mode ................................................... 40 Configuring SNMP Community Strings................................................... 41 Adding Required Routes and Host to the ASPEN Workstation ............. 42 Assign the Host-Port IP Address .............................................................. 45
Configuring the Host-Port for Out-Band-Management .......................................................................................................... 45

Assigning a default-gateway to the Host-Port ......................................... 46 Enabling the Host-Port for Network Management ................................. 47
To Configuring the Network Core............................................................................................................................................ 48

Configuring Network Core Mode .............................................................. 48 Configuring Network Core IP Addresses ................................................. 49

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Lab #7 Configuring Individual Access Rings........................................................................................................................... 51

Lab Objective: ........................................................................................................................................................................... 51

Lab Procedure ............................................................................................ 52


Configure Edge Groups ............................................................................................................................................................ 52

Defining Edge Group Virtual Interfaces .................................................. 52 Add Physical Port to Virtual Edge Groups............................................... 53 Deleting an IP address assigned to an Edge-group ................................. 54
Lab#8 Configuring The Atrica Based Dual Homed Metro Network Ring Using the CLI ..................................................... 56

Lab Objective ............................................................................................................................................................................ 57

Lab Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................................... 57

Initial A-8X00/4100 and A-2000 Network Management Connectivity and IP Setup ............................................................ 58

Configuring the A-8100 Loopback Address .............................................. 59 Configuring Network Core Mode .............................................................. 60 Configuring Network Core IP Addresses ................................................. 61 Configuring Management Access Mode ................................................... 62 Configuring A-2000 Loopback Address and Gateways............................ 64 Adding Required Routes and Host to the ASPEN Workstation ............. 65 Configuring SNMP Community Strings................................................... 67

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Lab #9 Installing ASPEN ......................................................................................................................................................... 68

Introduction To ASPEN ........................................................................................................................................................... 69

Solaris Installation General Information ................................................................................................................................ 73

Hardware Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................... 74

Software Requirements ............................................................................................................................................................ 74

Installation Overview ............................................................................................................................................................... 75

Verifying the Status Of the ASPEN ........................................................................................................................................ 76

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Lab#1 Site Requirements and Safety Codes

Lab Objectives:
The purpose of this lab is to familiar technical personnel with site requirements to install Atrica hardware. Each Atrica hardware product has a related Installation and Setup Guide. The contents of this guide should be reviewed before attempting to install the Atrica hardware. In this class we will as group review information using the Installation and Setup Guide:

Appendix B A-100 General Safety Requiremen ts Site Recommend ations Distribution Rack Requiremen ts Page: 43 of 64 A-200 Pages : 45 of 66 A-2000 Page: 99 of 126 A-4000 Page: 135 of 162 A-8000 Page: 159 0f 188

Page: Page: Page: 44 of 46 of 100 of 126 64 66 Page: Page: Page: 45 of 47 of 102 of 126 64 66

Page: 136 of
162

Page: 160 of
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Page: 137 of Page: 161 of 188


162

Building and Page: 48 of 64 Electrical Codes

Page: Page: 105 Page: 140 of 162 50 of of 126 66

Page: 165 of
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Lab #2 Unpacking Atrica Devices

Unpacking Instructions
This section is taught utilizing the Setup and Install Guide for hands-on experience with each product.

Chapter 2 A-100 Unpacking Atrica Devices N/A A-200 N/A A-2000 Page:
23 of 126

A-4000 Page: 49 of
162

A-8000 Page: 53 of 188

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Lab #3 Installing Atrica Devices in Racks, Wall Mount, Table Tops, and Cabling

Racks, Wall Mount, Table Tops, and Cabling Installs


This section will be taught utilizing chapters 2 & 3 Setup and Install Guide for hands-on experience with each product. A-100 Racks, Wall Mount, Table Tops Chassis Installations Device Cabling Page:
19 of 64

A-200 Pages : 17 of
66

A-2000 Page:
25 of 126

A-4000 Page: 54 of 162

A-8000 Page: 59 of 188

Page: Page: Page: 25 of 23 of 45 of 126 64 66

Page: 67 of
162

Page: 81 of 188

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Lab#4 A-2000 Hardware Setup

Lab Objectives:
The purpose of this lab is to train individuals how to configure A-2000 devices for network management access. On the front of every A-2000 product there is a DE-9 connector. By plugging a cable into this port communication with the A-2000 device will be enabled via RS-232. Commands sent to the device are done through a firmware upgradeable Command Line Interface (CLI). Qualified technical people may also access the CLI via Telnet

After completing this lab, you will be able to:

Identify hardware components of A-2000.

Physically build a network using Atrica hardware. Analyze the Power-up sequence and visual indicators of an Atrica A-2000.

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Part 1: Identify Hardware Components

Lab#1 Procedure There are five basic Atrica hardware products that comprise the A-2000 product family they are: A-2100 A-2101 A-2140 A-100

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Each A-2000 product can be broken down into four parts which are called the:

a. Access b. Network c. Power supply d. Management *Note the A-2140(s) depicted in the diagrams shown above are for illustrative purpose in actual implementation there can be No intermixing of AC & DC power supplies in the same Chassis)

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Identify the following components and record the following: a. How many 10/100 ports are present on your FE module?

b. What is the purpose(s) of the LEDS on the located on top of the RJ-45 connectors on the FE module?

c. What type of connector and cable does the network GBIC require?

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Part 2: A-2000 Initial Communication Process


In Part 2, we will prepare the A-2000s for communications through its Console RS232l port connector as well as observe and analyze the power up sequence.

Serial Communications Step 1: Plug the serial cable shipped with A-2000 unit and depicted in the diagram above into the DE-9 connector labeled Console RS-232. Step 2: Plug the other end of the cable into the serial port of a PC.

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Step3 Go to the start button of your Windows PC desktop and select Accessories from the Program group. Select HyperTerminal from the program group. When the HyperTerminal application begins to load it will ask you for a name to be used for this terminal session. You will also be given the opportunity to store the terminal settings for later use. Windows HyperTerminal program is only used here for the sake of convenience in reality any terminal emulator program will work.

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Step4 After you have given the terminal session a name Click the button labeled OK. The Connect TO dialog box now appears on your screen. Once a communication port is selected from screen shown on the previous page you must now configure serial communication parameters from the Properties Page, shown above. Enter the following parameters on the Properties page: Baud rate: 9600 Data bits: 8 Parity: none Stop bits: 1 Flow control: none After enter all the communication properties into the above dialog box click on okay. You are now ready to login to the actual A-2000 device.

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Step 5: After the terminal window shown above appears on your display press the <Enter> key on your keyboard. The A-2000s login window will appear on your display as shown on the next page.

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Quick Setup of the A-2000 for Network Management Access Step 6: At the login prompt of the A-2000 as shown above type the word root and press the <Enter> key you should now be prompted for a password. Step 7: Type the default password <root> and press the <Enter> key. Now you should be at the A-2000 system prompt as shown in the diagram above. You are now ready to enter A-2000 CLI commands.

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Step 8 Typing a < ? > followed by pressing the < Enter > key at the A-2000, command prompt at anytime will display the list of all commands available at the current menu context. As depicted in the screen shot above.

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Step 9: At the command prompt type the command: < clear config startup > Note: The command shown above will reset the A-2000 to its factory state this includes all (IP parameters). In reality step 9 would not usually need to be performed. We only perform this step in a classroom environment so that we can start working with your groups A-2000 from a known initial state.

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There are four possible methods for managing the A-2000 in a network. Each method of management requires you to configure relevant IP parameters of the A-2000 so that it can be managed on the network. These methods are called: 1. Sideband Management 2. Out-band Management 3. In-band Management 4. Console Port Management The first method configures one of the access ports so that management traffic is redirect through this configured port. This method is called: Sideband Management and is not supported in the field by Atrica and will therefore not be used in class. Using the second method you manage a specific A-2000 device through the OutBand port (a.k.a Host Port) located on the front panel. The third management method is called In-band management. Using In-band management, a Loopback address is assigned to the A-2000, and it is managed through the network via its Network ports attached to an IFC port contained within a Core device chassis.

Step 10: After step 9 is executed and the system completes its reset process as evidenced by the sequence of power-up messages appearing on your display. Log back into
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the system as <root>. Type the following commands to verify that A-2000 has return to its factory default: < show interface loopback info >. Next physical connect your teams portion the classroom network supplied by your instructor. Normally your instructor will either give you a sheet of paper which containing the classroom network or he/she will draw this network on the classrooms white board and direct your attention to this drawing.

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In the cases of Out-of-Band or Inband management before the A-2000 device can communicate with the external world, hence be managed by ASPEN, the Console port must be used to initially configure the A-2000 with its required IP parameters. The required initial IP parameters that must configured are: 1. IP Address (Host-Port or Loopback) 2. Subnetmask 3. Default_gateway: 4. SNMP Community Strings In this lab we will configure the A-2000 for In-band management, since this is the most common management method used in the field.

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Step 11: Look on the network diagram and configure the A-2000 Loopback Address(s) assigned to your lab groups A-2000 devices with the correct (if you are not sure what address have been assigned to your groups devices check with your instructor) IP Address Subnet mask Default gateway Snmp community strings Use the following command line to perform this action: < Config-set interface loopback ip xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx > x=values observed on network diagram Note: The values for the A-2000 s four IP parameters listed in step 11 must be configured the using the config-set command to properly communicate on the network, which you physically setup and cabled during step 10. Your instructor should have given you a network diagram representing the classroom network prior to beginning lab one. The instructor should also have assigned your lab group a specific section of the network to build. Contact your instructor if you did not receive a network diagram.

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Step 12: To verify steps 11 a console prompt type: Type < show interface loopback info > You will now observe that the ip parameters assigned to your lab group devices appears on the display.

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Step 13: Next in this lab we will configure SNMP for initial network management access. Type following lines: < config-set snmp-server community read-only public > < config-set snmp-server community read-write private >

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Step 14: < config-set snmp-server contact xxxxxxxxx < config-set snmp-server location xxxxxx xxxxxxxxx = name and location for the contact person and location of the A-2000 device. You should repeat steps 11 14 for every 2000 network device, which has been assigned to your lab group. The ASPEN network management platform can now be used to manage the network. Now we want to make sure that as a technical person who maybe performing OAM&P on the Atrica you will have had the opportunity to analyze the full power up sequence associated with the A-2000. In order to familiarize yourself with this sequence perform the steps beginning on the next page.

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Step 15: A-2000 Power-up Sequence Unplug and then restore power to the A-2000. Observe the diagnostic display on the Console terminal. Did all the tests pass (POST)? What would be your mostly course of action if one of the POST failed? What software version is loaded?

Record the status of the following LEDs on the switch.

Label Link Power

Status

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Step 16: The ability to add and remove users is an important tool for the NOC center personnel. Some times the various users need to have different levels of access privileges. The commands illustrated in the next few steps will show you how add and remove users with different levels of access. While logged into the CLI as root type the following command: <Config-set username [xxxxxxxx] privilege [read-only/readwrite/admin] password [xxxxxxxx]> Add a new users to your system called TeamX, with a password config-set to TeamX, with a privilege level config-set to admin. (Remember typing a question mark after any command will prompt you, with the next possible command options.) Note: In creating user TeamX; X = your assigned lab group number.

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Step 17: Now logout of the system as the root user and login as the user you created. Now that you have been shown an example for adding users try adding users for each member of your lab group. Give one of the users you add an privilege_level of read-only, and create another user with a privilege_level of read-write. Were you successful in adding these users? ____________ Use the show command to verify that you have actual added users. Step 18: Logout out of the A-2000 as administrator. Now log back into the A-2000 as one of your read-only user. After you login try adding an additional users. Were you successful in adding the new users? If you were unsuccessful in adding the new user, why? _______________________________ Step 19: While still logged in as the read-write users created in step 17, type a question mark. Is the available command list different now when compared to when you were logged in as admin? ______________________________________________

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Step 20: Sometimes it is useful verify connectivity when you have a need to troubleshoot network problems. The Ping command is implemented in the CLI of the A-2000 and useful for verifying network connectivity. The Atrica command line syntax for using this command is shown in the screen below.

Using the Ping command verify the connectivity for the network built by your lab group in this lab. Did you get an is alive message for your lab groups network? ___________ If you did not get an alive message, your lab group must figure out why. If you need assistance contact your instructor.

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Step 21: For various reasons at times it will become necessary to know the status of the A-2000 interfaces. Interface information maybe acquired by issuing the following CLI command < show interface > and its associated submenu commands. The screen below illustrates this command and its usages. The status of the Network 1 and 2 connections on the A-2000 can be ascertained by typing the <show interface network * info > at the CLI command prompt

Complete the table below for your lab groups A-2000: SLOT/PO RT 1 2 In the space below explain the reasons you observed and record in the table your teams A2000 specific states for admin_st up/down and oper_st up/down of your Net 1 and 2 interfaces.
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ADMIN/STA TE

OPER/STA TE

NEGOTIATI ON

SPEE D

DUPLE X

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Lab #5 Initial A-8X00/4100 Setup and Useful Hardware Commands

Lab Objectives:
The purpose of this section is to train individuals how to use some useful hardware and diagnostic commands that will identify, setup and configure A-8X00/4100 switch. By plugging a cable into this Console port on the A-8X00/4100 Switch PCB or via telnet session qualified technical people may access the CLI of this A-8X00/4100 via RS-232 or TCP/IP. Commands sent to the device are done through a firmware upgradeable Command Line Interface (CLI).

After completing this lab, you will be able to:

Identify hardware components of A-8X00/4100.

Gather information that will help you physically build a network using Atrica hardware. Begin to develop a technique for analyzing the operational readiness of the Atrica A-8X00/4100.

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USEFUL 8X00/4100 CMD SUMMARY


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. config-set interface ethernet XX/XX ip no address X.X.X.X config-set interface edge-group X ip no address X.X.X.X config-set interface ethernet XX/PP no edge-group show interface edge-group * ip info show interface ethernet XX/* admin-status show interface ethernet XX/* edge-group show interface ethernet * info show interface ethernet XX/* info user-edge show interface ethernet * ip info

10. show ip arp 11. config-set interface loopback secondary-default-gateway


Atrica Confidential NDA Required Do Not Duplicate or Redistribute

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Slot Info Command Step 1: Connect to the A-8X00/4100 console port by using DE9/Female DE9/Female crossover cable with default parameters: Baud Rate 9600 Parity Data Bits Stop Bit No 8 1

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Consult the network diagram provided by your instructor to configure the your 8X00 with the specific management access method and address scheme to be used in your classroom/lab environment. If you are unclear as to how to proceed consult your instructor for clarification. After your teams A-8X00/4100 is configured with the correct IP parameters you may use Telnet to connect to it from anywhere in the classroom/lab environment.
The Atrica A-8X00/4100 CLI offers you the ability to show what type of electronic modules currently occupies the chassis slots in the A8X00/4100 system. The relevant command is shown in the diagram above. You may retrieve this information by typing the following command:

<show slot info>


Execute the above command while logged into your teams A-8X00/4100 and record the information regarding slot number, module name, and software version, in the space below. A. B. How many interfaces do the IFC(s) have in your teams A-8X00/4100 and what chassis slots are they residing? ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________

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Show Slot Detailed Step 2: The Atrica A-8X00/4100 CLI offers you the ability to show more detailed information regarding the electronic modules currently occupying the slots in the A-8X00/4100 system. The relevant command is shown in the diagram above. You may retrieve this detailed information by typing the following command: <show slot detailed>

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Are there any temperature or Alarm conditions existing on teams system? ____ ( Yes or No ). If yes, troubleshoot the cause and record your solution in the spaces provided below. __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________

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Switch Card Detailed slot info

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System Info Command Step 3: The Atrica A-8X00/4100 CLI allows you to gather specific information in regards to the chassis. A-8X00/4100 system. The relevant command is shown in the diagram above. You may retrieve this detailed information by typing the following command: <show system info>

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Reset-Log Slot Command The Atrica A-8X00/4100 CLI allows for the execution of several types of commands related to resetting of electronic modules installed in slots and displaying error associated with those slots. The commands can be found on pages 23 through 28 and 150-153 of the A-800 CLI Reference Guide. Your lab team should turn to these pages and execute the commands found there. Record any error associated with your teams A-8000 found in the space below. __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________

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Lab #6 Configuring the A-8X00/4100 for Inband Management Using The CLI

The Initial Network


ASPEN 10.11.50.91 /24 A2100 #1 192.1.1.211 /24 A2100 #3 192.3.3.211 /24

A8100 #1 192.0.0.1 /32

Network Core
A8100 #2 192.0.0.2 /32 A8100 #3 192.0.0.3 /32

A2100 #2 192.2.2.211 /24

A2100 #4 192.2.2.212 /24

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Lab Objective The objective of this section is to guide you through the required steps to initial configure and setup a complete network consisting of Atrica A-2000 and A8X00/4100. After this configure setup is performed on the network elements (A2000s and A-8X00/4100) you will be ready to be manage using the Atrica ASPEN network management platform. Lab Procedure First your instructor will assign your lab team a portion of the classroom network. Review and connect your assigned portion as per the network diagram shown on the previous page. (Please keep in mind the actual network that you will configure may vary from the one shown on the previous page, because the actual network configured will depend upon the availability of specific equipment located in your classroom/lab environment. Your instructor will provide you exact instruction in this regard). Connect the network elements as necessary using the appropriate Optical Fiber and/or Cat 5 cabling. Although the initial steps in this lab are applicable to the A-8800 labeled #1 as shown in the diagram on the previous page, the same steps will be used to configure all A-8X00/4100 network elements. Your alb team needs to needs to configure all IP addresses to their respective A-2000 and A-8X00/4100 in accordance with the table listed below:

Team No.

A-2000 No.

A-8X00/4100 No.

A-2000 IP Address

A8X00/4100 IP Address 192.0.0.1 192.0.0.2 192.0.0.2 -

ASPEN Station IP Address 10.11.50.91 10.12.50.91 10.13.50.91 10.14.50.91

One Two Three ALL

1 2 3 4

1 2 3 -

192.1.1.211 192.2.2.211 192.3.3.211 192.2.2.212

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Initial A-8X00/4100 and A-2000 Network Management Connectivity and IP Setup Step 1: Login to the A-8X00/4100s CLI by typing the following user name and password at the console prompt: Default Login User name: root Default Password: root

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Configuring the A-8X00/4100 Loopback Address Step 2: Verify the current loopback Address of the A-8800 by typing the following command at the console prompt: < show interface loopback 1 >.If there is no loopback address assigned to your teams A-8800 consult the instructor regarding what address you should use and config-set it by tying the following CLI command: Start config-setting up the A-8X00/4100 system for In-Band management by entering the IP parameters listed below: Console> < config-set interface loopback 1 ip address X.X.X.X/Y > Note: X.X.X.X is equal to the ip loopback address you are assigning to the box /Y is the subnet mask in CIDR notation. This address is also the OSPF Router ID on this A-8800 #1 Configuring Management Access Mode Console> < config-set interface Ethernet <slot/port> mode managementaccess > (where <slot/port> is the interface attaching the ASPEN management station)

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Console> < config-set interface Ethernet <slot/port> ip address X.X.X.X/Y > (where <slot/port> is the interface configured in the previous step, this will required to be on the same IP subnet as the ASPEN station) Console> < show interface Ethernet * info > To verify the management access port has been successfully configured.ping your teams ASPEN workstation from your teams A-8X00/4100.by typing the command shown below:

Console> < ping XX.XX.XX.XX >. Now go to your teams A-2000 and try ping your management station. Where you successful with both of these operation? ________ You should been successful if you where then explain why in the space below: ______________________________________________________________ If you were not success troubleshoot the problem and then explain. Do not precede any further unless your team can get this ping operation to work. Ask your instructor for assistance if required. Configuring SNMP Community Strings Step 3: To configure the required SNMP community strings on Atrica devices type the following at each devices CLI command prompt:
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Console> < config-set snmp community read-only public > Console> < config-set snmp community read-write private >

Step 4 Adding Required Routes and Host to the ASPEN Workstation The last step which maybe required to allow network management communications to take place along a point-to-point link between your lab teams Atrica devices is that you may need to add routes among different networks and host within your configured network. The screen shots above and on the next page illustrate the commands used at your ASPEN workstation to add these routes to the stations routing table. It must be remembered that in an actual network you will only need to perform this action only if the network and host are not already present.

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Use the following management method as required. If you are unclear as to which method to use consult your instructor.

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Assign the Host-Port IP Address Configuring the Host-Port for Out-Band-Management Step 1: If the classroom is using a hub to tie all network element host ports together for management purposes configure your lab team devices Host-Port. Your lab team may accomplish this by typing the CLI commands as shown below, and on the next page: First display the current state of the Host-Port by typing < show interface host-port 1 > Step 2: Type the following CLI Command to configure the Host-port IP address< config-set interface host-port ip address XX.XX.XX.XX YY.YY.YY.YY >

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Assigning a default-gateway to the Host-Port Next you will want to assign a default-gateway to Host-port this is accomplished by typing the following CLI command < config-set interface host-port 1 default-gateway XX.XX.XX.XX >

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Enabling the Host-Port for Network Management The last step that is required to enable you to manage Atrica A-8X00/4100 device through the host-port is to enable the port itself this done by typing the following CLI command: < config-set interface host-port 1 admin-state enable > Once this command is typed in-band management is disabled. In order to reenable in-band management you must disable management through the hostport. Please re-enable in-band management NOW before proceeding further in this lab!!!

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To Configuring the Network Core Configuring Network Core Mode Step 1: Console> < config-set interface ethernet XX/ZZ mode network-core > The XX/ZZ in the command line represents the slot/port number serving as your network core connection point. If you are not certain what slot and port are present the chassis you may use the following command to ascertain those facts: < show interface ethernet * info >

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Configuring Network Core IP Addresses Step 2: Look at the network diagram and define the Network Core interface connection points for your teams A-8X00/4100. You may need to collaborate with other lab teams to successfully complete this step. If you run into to problem consult with your instructor. Use the command line on the next page to configure.

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The Network after Configuration for Management


ASPEN 10.12.50.91 /24 A2100 #1 192.1.1.211 /24 192.1.1.254 /24 196.33.37.33 /30
2/3 2/1 2/7 2/5

10.12.53.66 /24
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A2100 #3 192.3.3.211 /24 193.3.3.253 /24 196.33.37.49 /30

A8800 #1 192.0.0.1 /32 193.33.37.34 /30


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Network Core

193.37.33.50 /30
2/1

A8800 #2 192.0.0.2 /32 194.33.37.49 /30


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A8800 #3 192.0.0.3 /32

192.1.1.253 /24 192.2.2.254 /24

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194.33.37.50 /30

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192.2.2.253 /24

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192.2.2.254 /24

192.2.2.253 /24

A2100 #2 192.2.2.211 /24

A2100 #4 192.2.2.212 /24

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Lab #7 Configuring Individual Access Rings

Lab Objective: In this lab session, youll learn how to reconfigure your to individual access rings. We will then use ASPEN to setup end-end connections across these rings in lab #12. Modify the classroom to reflex the network depicted in the diagram below, this network will use a network similar to this one for the remainder of this course:
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Lab Procedure Configure Edge Groups Step 1:

Defining Edge Group Virtual Interfaces Before we can successfully manage rings of A-2000 devices, whether Dual Attached or Dual Homed to A-8X00/4100/A-4000 interfaces, we must define special virtual entities called Edge Groups. Configuring Edge Groups allow A2000 edge devices to: Have their Network ports connected to two different physical interfaces of a Core device. The Core device interfaces will share the same IP address. You will find this type interface connectivity in a Dual Attached topology. Have their Network ports connected to different physical interfaces on different Core devices. The Core device interfaces will have different IP addresses in the same subnet. You will find this type interface connectivity in a Dual Homed topology. Use a special modified RIP packet to help facilitate management traffic flow between A-2000 and A-8X00/4100/A-4000 interfaces during periods of interface or link failure.
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To verify and define Edge Groups, enter the following CLI command at the command prompt of the A-8100(s) that attached direct to the A-2000(s) in our network:. Verify whether or not any Edge Groups are currently configured on your lap teams A-8X00/4100/A-4000 by entering the following command at the command prompt: < show interface ethernet XX/* edge-group > < show interface edge-group * ip info > < config-set interface ethernet XX/PP edge-group X XX/PP = IFC Slot/Port; X = Edge Group Number < config-set interface edge-group XX ip address/subnet mask > XX = Edge Group Number The screen capture above depicts an example of using the edge group command.

Add Physical Port to Virtual Edge Groups The command below will be used to assign a specific IFC port to a predefined Edge Group number. Console> < config-set interface ethernet XX/PP edge-group X XX/PP = IFC Slot/Port; X = Edge Group Number At this time look at the network diagram and define the required edge groups interface connection points for your teams A-8100. You may need to collaborate
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with other lab teams to successfully complete this step. If you run into to problem consult with your instructor. Deleting an IP address assigned to an Edge-group To remove an interface from an Edge-group, use the command: Console> < config-set interface ethernet XX/PP no edge-group X

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To show the status of an Edge-group, use the command: Console> show edge-group 3 Edge Group Admin Operational Member-Interface InterfaceStatus ============ ========== =========== ================================= 3 enabled active 2/4 active

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Lab#8 Configuring The Atrica Based Dual Homed Metro Network Ring Using the CLI

Team AASPEN No. 8X00/4100 Station No. IP Address One Two Three Four
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IFC8 MNGMT INTERFACE MASK=24

1 2 3 4

10.11.50.91 10.11.50.95 255.255.255.0 10.11.50.92 10.11.50.96 255.255.255.0 10.11.50.93 10.11.50.97 255.255.255.0 10.11.50.94 10.11.50.98 255.255.255.0
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*Although the diagram depicts only one ASPEN workstation plugged into A-8100 #1 5/8, in realty all PC clients and Solaris workstations are plugged into a hub/switch, and it is actually this switch that is plugged into A-8X00/4100 5/8. It does not matter would the vendor is of this L2 switching device is however it will need a gigabit uplink port capable of connect to the SFP of the Atrica IFC module. Lab Objective The objective of this lab session is to guide you through the required steps to initial configure (setup) a complete network consisting of Atrica A-2000 and A8100. After these configuration (setup) steps are performed the network elements (A-2000s and A-8100) will be ready to be managed using the ASPEN network management platform. Lab Procedure First your instructor will assign your lab team a portion of the classroom network Review the network diagram shown on the previous page. Connect the network elements as necessary using the appropriate Optical Fiber and/or Cat 5 cabling. Although the initial steps in this lab are applicable to the A-8800 labeled #1 as shown in the diagram on the previous page, the same steps will be used to configure all A-8X00/4100 network elements. Your Lab team will need to configure all IP addresses to their respective IFC Interfaces, Network Management station, PC Clients, A-2000 and A-8X00/4100 in accordance with the table listed below:

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Initial A-8X00/4100 and A-2000 Network Management Connectivity and IP Setup Step 1: Make all the physical connections shown in the diagram on the first page of this lab. Step 2: Connect a console port cable to your teams A-8100 shown in the diagram on the first page of this lab. Setup your terminal emulator with the following serial communication parameters: Baud Rate 9600 Parity Data Bits Stop Bit No 8 1

Login into your lab teams A-8100 CLI by typing the following user name and password at the console prompt: Default Login User name: root Default Password: root
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Configuring the A-8100 Loopback Address Step 3: Using the addresses and subnet mask shown in the diagram on page #1 configure your teams A-8100 for In-Band management by entering the IP parameters listed below: Console> < config-set interface loopback 1 ip address X.X.X.X/Y > Note: X.X.X.X is equal to the ip loopback address you are assigning to the box /Y is the subnet mask in CIDR notation. This address is also the OSPF Router ID on this A-8800 #1

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Configuring Network Core Mode Step 1: Console> < config-set interface ethernet XX/ZZ mode network-core > The XX/ZZ in the command line represents the slot/port number serving as your network core connection point. If you are not certain what slot and port are present the chassis you may use the following command to ascertain those facts: < show interface ethernet * info >

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Configuring Network Core IP Addresses Step 4: Look at the network diagram and define the Network Core interface connection points for your teams A-8X00/4100. You may need to collaborate with other lab teams to successfully complete this step.

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If you run into to problem consult with your instructor. Uses the command line below to configure your network core interfaces. Console> < config-set interface ethernet ip address XX.XX.XX.XX/YY > Once the core interfaces are configured you may use various OSPF related commands to verify your network core devices are operating correctly. Depicted in the screen capture shown above are examples of the OSPF commands. You and your team members should take time to work through theses commands once your Atrica core devices are up and running. Configuring Management Access Mode Console> < config-set interface Ethernet <slot/port> mode managementaccess > (where <slot/port> is the interface attaching the ASPEN management station) Console> < config-set interface Ethernet <slot/port> ip address X.X.X.X/Y > (where <slot/port> is the interface configured in the previous step, this will required to be on the same IP subnet as the ASPEN station) To verify the management access port has been successfully configured, ping your teams ASPEN workstation from your teams A-8100.by typing the command shown below:
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Console> < show interface Ethernet * info >

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Configuring A-2000 Loopback Address and Gateways Step5: Now while logged into your teams A-2000(s) and still using the addresses shown in the diagram on page one of this lab, configure your teams A-2000(s). Make sure you use the IP addresses of the IFC8 interfaces where A-2000 attach to the A-8100(s) in the network diagram on page one of this lab, as Primary and Secondary default gateways. An example of configuring default gateways can be seen in the screen capture show above. Execute the commands listed below to configure your teams A-2000 appropriately < show ip default-gateway > < config-set interface loopback secondary-default-ga > < config-set interface loopback ip xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx yyy.yyy.yyy.yyy >

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Adding Required Routes and Host to the ASPEN Workstation Step6: You will now need to configure a route between your teams network management station and the A-8100 interface were it attaches to the network using the route add command, at the console of your network station while logged in as root The screen shots above and on the next page illustrate the commands used at your ASPEN and PC workstations to add these routes to the stations routing table. It must be remembered that in an actual network you will only need to perform this action only if the network and host are not already present. < ping XX.XX.XX.XX >. Now go to your teams A-2000 and try ping your management station. Where you successful with both of these operation? Where you successful in ping all devices belonging to your team in the network diagram? _______ If you were not successful in ping your devices troubleshoot the problem and then explain your teams solution to the problem in the space provided below:____________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Do not precede any further unless your team can get this ping operation to work. Ask your instructor for assistance if required.

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Configuring SNMP Community Strings Step7: To configure the required SNMP community strings on Atrica devices type the following at each devices CLI command prompt: Console> < config-set snmp community read-only public > Console> < config-set snmp community read-write private >

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Lab #9 Installing ASPEN

Lab Objective: The purpose of this lab is to install the ASPEN network management software on your lab groups UNIX workstation. In subsequent labs you will learn use the ASPEN applications and process to manage the workstation built in lab one. After completing this lab, you will be able to: Install ASPEN on a UNIX workstation. Configure your network manage station with the proper IP parameters for your network. Load and configure the different components of ASPEN on different workstations. Use the various shell scripts that are involved in starting and stopping the ASPEN processes. Start the Network Manager Application to manage your network.

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Introduction To ASPEN
ASPEN consists of a number of components, including the ASPEN Application Server (AS), Backend Server (BES), Database (DB), Element Manager web server (EM), and GUI, as well as the OSS Server and the OSS, CNM, and SPM Northbound clients. Installation of these components depends on the package you have purchased and the configuration of the network management environment. The AS, BES, DB, EM, and OSS Server can only be installed on Solaris machines. The OSS client can only be installed on a Windows computer. The GUI, CNM client, and SPM client can be installed either on a Solaris station or a Windows computer. This chapter provides information about installing and uninstalling ASPEN and its components, and contains the following sections: Contents of the Installation CD-ROMs Installing the ASPEN Engine and GUI on a Solaris Station
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Installing and Uninstalling the ASPEN GUI in Windows Installing the OSS Server and Northbound Clients Uninstalling ASPEN Components

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Updating ASPEN Network Manager Software Quitting the Installation Process

Solaris Installation General Information


Atrica provides two types of installations for ASPEN: Typical There are two types of typical installations: Full Used when all the ASPEN Network Manager server components are to be installed on a single UNIX station. Engine Used to install the ASPEN database, Backend Server (BES), Application Server (AS), and the Element Managers on a single UNIX station Custom Used when the ASPEN Network Manager software is to be distributed over more than one station. The recommended distribution of ASPEN components for networks with fewer than 1500 devices is: Database, Application, and Backend Servers on one UNIX station, a backup Backend Server on a second UNIX station, and the ASPEN Manager GUI on a Windows 2000/XP computer. Both Full and Custom installation perform the following tasks: Install the selected components into an installation directory Link the installation directory to /opt/atrica Create new ASPEN database files for database installation. Set ASPEN database and Application Server IP addresses, including redundancy settings Initialize the ASPEN environment The complete ASPEN Network Manager can be installed on SUN Solaris 8/9 systems. The ASPEN Network Manager Graphic User Interface (GUI) however, can be installed on either SUN Solaris 8/9 or Windows NT 4/2000/XP. If the Backend Server and the database are installed on the same UNIX station, the Backend Server automatically performs a backup of the database once a day. If the Backend Server and the database are installed on separate UNIX stations, perform the database backup manually.
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Hardware Requirements

Software Requirements

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Installation Overview
For a complete overview of the ASPEN installation process review the flowchart on page 20 of 152.

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Verifying the Status Of the ASPEN


ASPEN Manager User Guide Responsibilities It is the responsibility of the NOC personnel to perform the task of checking the status of the ASPEN application and its server processes. The NOC personnel who checks the status of the ASPEN application must have access to the Super User administrative account on the UNIX workstation Procedure Checking the Status of the ASPEN application Login to the UNIX workstation that the ASPEN application was installed Open a terminal window Change user permission to the Super User using the following command # su root Change directory to the /opt/atrica/bin directory # cd /opt/atrica/bin To display the current status of the ASPEN application and its server processes execute the following command ./atrstatus.sh Verify that the server processes are running and that no errors. The output will be as shown below Backend Server : ================ Spoller : Running Atrtopo : Running Atrconn : Running Trap Handler : Running Application Server : ==================== AtrAS : Running WEB based Management : ====================
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WEB server : Running Tomcat : Running Database Server : ================= DB-Server : Running Display of Error Files : ======================== No errors reported ...

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