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TABLE OF CONTENTS

SECTION 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 SECTION 2.0 2.1 2.2 SECTION 3.0 SECTION 4.0 SECTION 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 SECTION 6.0 6.1 6.2 SECTION 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 GENERAL Structure Design code and standard Strength of Material The Bearing Capacity of Pile Base on Soil Data Unit Weight Computer Application DESIGN DATA Tank information Foundation Information LOAD COMBINATION MODELING LOADING CALCULATION Weight of footing and filling material: Wind load on tank shell Seismic Load CHECK OF PILE REACTION Section Modulus of pile group Check of pile reaction (for pile group) DESIGN OF PILE CAP Design Parameters Design Loading Required reinforcement Check of shear Ring beam calculation

1.0

GENERAL

1.1 Structure - Structural Tank - Item - Site Location 1.2 Design code and standard - Codes and Standards applied for design of the Tank foundation shall be follows - TCVN 2737:1995 - Design Standard for Load and Load Effect - TCXDVN 375: 2006 - Design of structures for Earthquake resistance - TCXD 205: 1998 - Pile Foundation - Specification for Design. - TCXDVN 356:2005 - Concrete and reinforced concrete structures Design standard - TCXDVN 338:2005 - Steel structure - Design standard : : : R.C Steel Oil Tank Foundation Quang Trach 1 Thermal Power Project

- Structural Foundation :

1.3 Strength of Material A. Concrete (Min. Compressive Strength at 28 Days) Structural Use (B35) Lean Concrete (B7.5) B. Reinforcement Strength TCXDVN 356:2005 <10 >=10 C. Structural Steel CT 31 fy = 220 N/mm2 (MPa) : : Rs Rs = = 225 N/mm2 (MPa) 290 N/mm2 (MPa) Rb= = Rb= = 19.5 N/mm2 4.5 N/mm2

1.4 The Bearing Capacity of Pile Base on Soil Data - Foundation: - Type Pile: - No. Pile: - Allowable load for pile (KN) + Veritcal + Uplift 1.5 Unit Weight Reiforcement Concrete Bitumen sand & sand & crushed stone Co g = = 24.00 18.00 kN/m3 kN/m3 Qa Qa = = 640 -100 kN kN Pile foundation Circle pile Dp np = = 0.35 37 m nos

1.6 Computer Application SAP 2000 v.14

2.0 DESIGN DATA 2.1 Tank information Refer to tank calculation: Outside diameter of tank: ODt Area of tank bottom: As = Height of tank shell Perimeter of tank shell: Operation Weight of Tank: - Confidence Coefficient: - Operating weight Standard - Operating weight calculation: Test Weight of Tank - Confidence Coefficient: - Test Weight standard: - Test Weight calculation: Empty Weight of Tank - Confidence Coefficient: - Empty Weight Standard - Empty Weight Calculation 2.2 Foundation Information n Ee Ee
tc tt

ODt As H Psh n Eo Eo n Ettc Ettt


tc tt

= = = = = = = = = = = = =

18.000 254.47 8 56.55 1.10 16000 17600 1.10 20000 22000 1.05 400 420

m m2 m m

pixODt2/4

kN kN

kN kN

kN kN

Type of pile : dDriven pile Outside diameter of pile Cap: Inside diameter of pile Cap: Thickness of pile cap Thickness of bitumen sand. Thickness of dry sand, conc. and Foamglas block Total thickness of foundation Distance from Finished site level to Bottom of FDN. Area of foundation bottom: Af = Surface slope 3.0 LOAD COMBINATION 3.1 Type Loads Stt 1 2 3 4 5 K hiu D Eo Et Ee W Tn ti Dead load Operating Load Test Load Erection Load ( Empty Tank) Wind load pixODf2/4 ODf IDf Dt To Ts Tf Df Af i = = = = = = = = = 18.60 18.00 0.40 0.10 0.50 1.00 0.40 271.72 0.01 m m m m m m m m %

Earthquake load

3.2 Load combination

Case No. 101 102 103 104

Loads Dead load Wind load Test Load Wind load Erection Load ( Empty Tank) Wind load Operating Load Earthquake load

Load combination 1.0D + 0.9W + 0.9Eo 1.0D + 0.9W + 0.9Et 1.0(D + Ee) + 1.0W 1.0D + 1.0Eo + 1.0S

4.0 MODELING

5.0 LOADING CALCULATION 5.1 Weight of footing and filling material: Weight of Ring Beam Wc = (ODf2 -IDf2).(To+Ts).pi/4.Co Weight of pile cap Wf =Af . Dt . Co Weight of filling materia Wfill = (pi - Confidence Coefficient: - Load standard - Load calculation .IDf2 )/4 . (To+Ts)g Wc Wf Wfill n D D
tc tt

= = = = = =

248.36 2608.51 2748.27 1.2 5605.14

kN kN kN

* Total Dead load at foundation bottom kN

6726.168 kN

5.2 Wind load on tank shell qo Cf K qs As Ws Hs Ar Wr Hr n Wtc W


tt

Wind pressure The Air - dynamic factor Height factor of wind pressure Design wind pressure: qs = K x Cf x qo Projection area of tank shell: As = De x H Wind force on tank shell: Ws = qs x As Height of center point of tank shell above top of foundation Projection area of roof plate of tank: Ar = De x Hr/2 Wind force on roof plate of tank: Wr = qs x Ar Height of center point of roof plate above top of foundation Confidence Coefficient: Total wind force on tank: W = Ws + Wr - Load standard - Load calculation Overturning moment at top fdn : Mw = Ws x Hs + Wr x Hr - Load standard - Load calculation Overturning moment at bottom fdn: Mwb = Mw + (Ws + Wr) x Tf - Load standard - Load calculation

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = =

1.25 0.60 1.00 0.75 163.2 122.4 4 0 0 8 1.20 122.4 146.88 489.6 587.52 612.00 734.40

kN/m2

kN/m2 m2 kN m m2 kN m

kN kN kNm kNm kNm kNm

Mwtc Mw
tt

Mwbtc = Mwb
tt

5.3 Seismic Load

Design spectrum for force - based design with linear analysis

2 T 2, 5 2 0 T T B : S d (T ) = a g .S . + 3 3 TB q

T B T TC : S d (T ) = a g .S .

2, 5 q

2, 5 TC = ag .S q T TC T TD : S d ( T ) .a g
2 ,5 T C .T D = a g .S q T 2 T D T : S d (T ) .a g
Sd (T) is the design spectrum; is the lower bound factor for the horizontal design spectrum. =0.2 ag is the design ground acceleration on type A ground (ag = I.agR); S is the soil factor; T is the vibration period of a linear single-degree-of-freedom system; TB is the lower limit of the period of the constant spectral acceleration branch; TC is the upper limit of the period of the constant spectral acceleration branch; TD is the value defining the beginning of the constant displacement response range of the spectrum The design ground acce Behaviour factor q Importance Factor( I ) Soil Profile Typ: TB = TC = TD = S= 0.15 s 0.5 s 2s 1.2 B 0.43 m/s 3.3 1

5.3.1 Define Function Period(Acceleration(Sd(T) 0.01 0.05 0.14 0.15

0.08 0.177 0.1 0.241 0.12 0.303 0.15 0.334 0.17 0.462 0.2 0.581 0.24 0.419 0.3 0.229 0.4 0.184 0.5 0.091 0.75 0.038 1 0.022 1.5 0.01 2 0.006 3 0.003 4 0.002 5 9E-04 7.5 5E-04
S(t) 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 0 2 4 T(s) 6 8 Series1

DISIGN SPECTRUM

6.0 CHECK OF PILE REACTION 6.1 Section Modulus of pile group

Check the direction OX Ix = 2* ni*xi2 ni: No. of pile at location i xi: Distance from pile (i) to x-axis Dmax = max (xi) Wx = I / Dmax Total number of piles Dmax Wx np = = = 8.50 120.95 49 m m3 nos Ix = 1028.1 m2

6.2 Check of pile reaction (for pile group) * Combination 101: Qttmax/min = 1.0Dtt/np + 0.9Eott/np 0.9Mwbtt/Wx Qttmax = Qttmin Qmax<Qa, Satisfied Qmin > 0, Satisfied * Combination 102: Qttmax/min = 1.0Dtt/np + 0.9Ettt/np 0.9 Mwbtt/Wx Qttmax = Qttmin Qmax<Qa, Satisfied Qmin > 0, Satisfied * Combination 103: Qttmax/min = 1.0Dtt/np + 0.9Eett/np 0.9Mwbtt/Wx Qttmax = Qttmin Qmax<Qa, Satisfied Qmin > 0, Satisfied * Combination 104: Qttmax/min = 1.0Dtt/np + 1.0Eott/np 1.0Msbtt/Wx Qttmax = Qttmin Qmax<Qa, Satisfied Qmin > 0, Satisfied = 460.33 492.55 kN kN = 150.45 139.52 kN kN = 546.82 535.89 kN kN = 466.00 455.07 kN kN

7.0 DESIGN OF PILE CAP 7.1 Design Parameters Zf db cc tp = = = = 631.74 16 10.00 10.00 m3 mm. cm. cm.

Section modulus of foundation slab Diameter of main reinforcing bar Concrete cover at top of slab Pile extend into the slab
7.2 Design Loading * Combination 101: Wttmax/min = 1.0Dtt/Af + 0.9Eott/Af 0.9Mwbtt/Zf

Wttmax = Wttmin =

84.10 82.00

kN/m2 kN/m2

* Combination 102: Wttmax/min = 1.0Dtt/Af + 0.9Ettt/Af 0.9 Mwbtt/Zf Wttmax = Wttmin = * Combination 103: Wttmax/min = 1.0Dtt/Af + 0.9Eett/Af 0.9Mwbtt/Zf Wttmax = Wttmin = * Combination 104: Wttmax/min = 1.0Dtt/Af + 1.0Eott/Af 1.0Msbtt/Zf Wttmax = Wttmin = Wttmax = 90.27 88.78 kN/m2 kN/m2 kN/m2 27.19 25.10 kN/m2 kN/m2 98.67 96.58 kN/m2 kN/m2

98.67

7.3 Required reinforcement Bearing area of each pile is equal space 2 pile (two-way slap) Pile cap was considered slap without beams between interior supports Space of Pile Maxx pressure at foundation Bending Moment M = pl 0 l 1 2 /8 Calculated Moment M g = 0.65.M 0 Reinforcement Calculation Mg = 125.26 kNm M0 = 192.71 kNm Short direction Long direction l0 l1 p = = = 2.50 2.50 98.67 m m kN/m2

Fa =
Required Reinforcement

M 0 .9 R s h0
Choice Reinforcement Design Reinforcement

Reiforcement at middle space


Reinforcement Strength Calculated Moment

Rs ( kN/m2 ) 290000

M (KNm ) 125.26

F (cm2) 24.96

F D16@150

F (cm2) 12.066

Reinforcement layout in pile cap Design Reinforcement cm2/m 12.07 12.07

Location Top layer Bottom layer 7.4 Check of shear

layout D16@150 D16@150

Thickness of tank for shear Small bottom primeter pyramid Edge of max pyramid Average primeter pyramid max bottom area primetr around pile Force on pyramid Tension Strength of concrete

ho = Df - cc - tp Uc = 4Dp bl = Dp + 2ho Um = 0.5( Uc + Ul ) Al = bl2


tt tt

ho Uc bl Ul Um Al Nt Rt Ft

= = = = = = = = =

0.20 1.40 0.75 3.00 2.20 0.56 404.83 1.30 572.00

m m m m m m2 kN Mpa kN

Max bottom primeter pyramid around pUl = 4bl

Nt = Qmax - Al.Wmax

The punching-shear capacity of pile capFt = tRtUmho Satisfied for Check of shear

7.5 Ring beam calculation Pressure due to weight tank inside ring beam: Ps1 = wmaxtt * Combination 101: wttmax = * Combination 102: wttmax = * Combination 103: wttmax = * Combination 104: wttmax = 1.0Eott/Af 1.0Msbtt/Zf wttmax = wttmax = Coefficient of horizontal earth pressure inside ring beam: Ks = (1 - sin) Ks Pressure due to land inside ring beam Ps2 = Wfill/Ai Horizontal pressure applied to ring beam W1 = Ks.Ps1 W2 = Ks.Ps2 Tensile stress Ground in the area of the ring beam T = (W1+W2/2).IDf.Ts/2 Ai = (pi*IDf )/4
2

Ps1

73.92

kN/m2

0.9Eott/Af 0.9Mwbtt/Zf

wttmax =

59.34

kN/m2

0.9Ettt/Af 0.9 Mwbtt/Zf

wttmax =

73.92

kN/m2

0.9Eett/Af 0.9Mwbtt/Zf

wttmax =

2.44

kN/m2

65.52 73.92

kN/m2 kN/m2

= = = = = = =
= = 10.80 36.96 5.40

0.50 30 degree kN/m2 kN/m2 kN/m2 kN m2 kN m cm2 cm3

vi = Ps2 W1 W2 T Ai Br Ast Arq

356.94 254.47 2748.27 0.30 12.31 28.15

Weight of filling materia inside ring beam Width of ring beam Required Reinforcement Design Reinforcement

Wfill
Br = ( ODf - IDf )/2 Ast = T/Rs 616

Wfill =

MA T CA T A-A