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"My brethren, there are men who, whether designedly or not, are in league with t he fallen spirits wizards and necromancers, using enchantment and divination and producing divers effects beyond the power of man real and natural effects, by t he help of the Devil, upon both the minds and bodies of their fellow-creatures. I shall endeavour this evening, by God's help, to follow that branch of the subj ect, and to show you what I conceive to be the connection between the agency of those fallen spirits and the lying wonders performed in these later times, among st which I have no hesitation in reckoning mesmerism, which is now performing it s real effects real supernatural, but diabolical." REV. HUGH McNEIL, Liverpool, April, I842. " Were we to believe nothing but what we could perfectly comprehend, not only ou r stock of knowledge in all the branches of learning would be shrunk up to nothi ng but even the affairs of common life could not be carried on" TUCKER. To the Editors of The Zoist". The surprising coincidence of the phenomena elicited by the ancient practice of invocation by the crystal with the later discoveries of animal magnetism has for some years attracted the attention of the curious, and I have long been desirou s of seeing the subject investigated by some of your able contributors with the attention which it eminently deserves, and though there may be cause to fear tha t those opponents of mesmerism who, like the Rev. Hugh McNeil, are already too p rone to attribute to satanic agency everything connected with animal magnetism w hich is beyond their limited comprehension, might, by its apparent alliance to t he art of divination by the crystal, find an additional reason for denouncing it ; yet, considering that the very surprising revelations made by clairvoyants und er magnetic influence, whether attributable to the agency of spiritual beings or t o the divinity that stirs within us and points out hereafter", have opened a wide field of enquiry into some of the hitherto least understood arcana of psycholog y, and that many of your readers, whether rationalists or spiritualists, notwith standing the rhapsodies of all the above learned and reverend gentlemen, may fee l desirous of investigating those occult laws of nature which, in spite of the p oet, yet lie hid in night." I have been [Page 10] induced upon perusal of Gamma's article in the last number but one of the Zoist to offer the following notes up on the subject, trusting they may prove the germ of a more full and able essay b y one of your learned correspondents. It would trespass too much upon your space to attempt to elucidate the origin and various modes of divination by the cryst al, of the antiquity and wide-spread belief in which there exist innumerable tes timonies, sacred and profane; from divine responses by Urim and Thummim mentione d in the Old Testament [ It would seem from the observations of Sir Gardner Wilk inson that this form of divination was employed by the Egyptians before the time of Moses. Not only the form but the symbols, and even titles connected with it, are all related to those of Egypt. The Urim and Thummim connected with, if not part of the breast-plate of judgment of the High Priest (Exodus xxviii. 30), and interpreted as Light and Truth, or Revelation and Truth, correspond most remark ably with the figure of Re (the Sun), and Thmei (Truth) in the breast-plate of t he Egyptian priest; and Aelian and Diodorus Siculus are quoted as authorities fo r the custom of the Egyptian priest, when acting as arch-judge, hanging around h is neck a sapphire stone which was called Truth. (Manners and Customs of the Anc ient Egyptians, ii. 22, V. 28.). Good accounts of the Urim and Thummim, or rathe r of what is understood concerning them, may be found in Winer's Biblisches, Rea lverterbuch.. In the Rev. D. Kitto's Cyclopaedia of Biblical Literature are extr
yet remembering "how much better it is to get wisdom than gold. have long been known to students of the occult sciences. as Jesus was "harmless. 57. 12mo. of Rabbi Solomon an d the conjurations therein given were never intended for crystal work ] "I" deem s only worthy of the knaves who employed them. and his Magus is a transcript from Agrippa and a MS. as yet remains equally inexplicable. then. and is thus related by Jung-Stilling. Of the use of strict pr evious fasting we have continued examples from Exodus XXXIV. And passing over for the present the Esoteric doctrine of the vestments a nd pentacles. fasted forty days and forty nights". It is to be remembered that divination by the crysta l is. Barrett was a mere book maker. which by constant contemplation becomes at length intuitive perce ption. to Matthew iv. and understanding than fine sil ver. and other purifications. a remarkable piece of art from a Jew . and of the sun not going round the earth but the earth round the sun. though little known an d appreciated. relations which cannot be otherwise explained tha . and the efficacy [Page 11] of their "concentric circles" we must leave undecided until it can be explained how an invisible line drawn across the path of a somnambulist instantaneously arrests his progress a fact which. in his admirable Theory of Pneumatologv. properties of perfumes derived from the animal. it must be observed that the extraordinary. "the long fast ings. who justly deprecate their favourite science being deemed a deception and its professors impostors. by divine command. the concentric circles. quite orthodox. the mystical words. just as other orthodox divines cheerfully al low us to admit the fact of the existence of countless worlds for millions of ye ars. is not among these. [ Proverbs xvi. but cheerfully admits the force of Sir G. thoug h not perhaps. 1834] "Eckhartshausen became acquainted with a Scotsman. a people whose numerous ceremonials of the same kind were enjoined. it is to be regretted that many m esmerists. but that by fasti ng. 200. who in his his tory declares it to be more than two hundred years since the stones of the Ephod had given an answer by their extraordinary lustre. which he communicated to Eckhartshausen a nd made the experiment with him. the utilitarians of their day. Zoist ] to Josephus. and t o agree with the Chevalier Bunsen and others that the current views of history d erived from the Old Testament are untenable. Munich. Iamblichu s and Psellus. where Jesus "led up of the sp irit into the wilderness. and separate from sinners" had no fleshly lust to mortify . prayer. where Moses "did neither eat bread nor drink water . why. though. no sluggishness of spirit to overcome. Kitto. and their followers. thus proving how old is the belief that rude health.acted the observations and woodcuts of Sir Gardner Wilkinson. it is possible to attain an insight into ph ysical causes. Wilkinson's observations. to the magicians of Cairo and the peepers and speculators in Engl and at the present day with respect to the "superstitious rites". the Cabalists. and from Porphyry. although o f daily occurrence. and such like charlatanry. had learned. Now. we daresay. there are also particula r and remarkable requisites and relations necessary betwixt such a spirit and th e person who wishes to see it. more than any other species of modern magic. p. vegetable. and see any particular spirit. strictly speaking. who. we are taught to believe. is incompatible (as mesmerists also experience ) with a high degree of spiritual perception and clairvoyance. did he fast ? Fasting was al so enjoined to the candidates previous to their admission to the ancient mysteri es. 16 ] were diligent investigators of the occult properties o f nature. before whose resea rches ultra-theologians endeavoured to make the world believe that the immense a nd ancient Egyptian nation had only copied the Jews. He t hat wishes to raise. p. whose Urim and Thummim they had learnt after Solomon had married a daughter of Pharaoh! Dr. 1791. though he meddled not wi th the conjuration of spirits. however. yet so readily bestow the same abusive epithets i ndiscriminately upon the advocates of any doctrine which may be opposed to their own preconceived opinions. which is surprising and worthy of perusal. derived immediately from the Jews. so needful for the labo rious struggles of everyday life. which [ "I" is rather unfortunate in his "most approved modern author". the perfumes". [ Longman..28. must prepare himself for it for some days together both spiritually and physically. and mi neral kingdoms. undefiled. and amo ngst others the following remarkable relation is to be found in Eckhartshausen's Key to Magic.
It possesses the likeness of the person whom i t is wished to see. and had the same sensations. that when I remem ber the circumstance and look for some time on any dark object. "A young gentleman once came to me and would par force see this phenomenon. As h e was a person of tender nerves and lively imagination I was the more reluctant to comply with his request. and then complain of the unpleasant sensations he experienced ] And in support of this singular development of the hidden properties of nature t he following curious receipt. as soon as the ingredients were throw n into the chafing dish a whitish body forms itself. only the visage is of an ashy paleness. and exhalations there can be no doubt. and asked the advice of a very experienced physician to whom I revealed the whole mystery. he also believed that the preparation which was prescribed contributed much to excite the imagination. the head is stupified and contr action is felt in the abdomen. I will now insert the conclusion of the story in Eckhartshausen's own words. although often urged to do so by many persons. so soon as the warmth of the hand has penet rated the plate the form of the hand is [Page 13] delineated in phosphoric delin eations on the upper surface of the plate". this ashy pale f igure presents itself very vividly to my sight. "'On approaching the figure one is conscious of a resistance similar to that whi ch is felt when going against a strong wind which drives one back. and proves that the minutest atom of creation possesses elemen tary powers which it would be far wiser to attempt to explain than to deny. and I thought I saw the figure always before me. which visibly forms itself into a figure which bears a resemblance to that which the person wishes to see. It is also very singular that the same appearance presents itself when one is in the dark or when looking on dark objects. After this I no longer dared to make any experiments with it . I was. gas es. and the strangest part of the matter is. The un pleasantness of this sensation was the reason why I was unwilling to repeat the experiment. I was very ill during three hours. I did so one day after dinner. After all these preparations a vapour is produced in a room. "The observations that we made were these. In this there is no question of any magic lantern or optical artifice. on account of t he dangerous abuse which might be made of it. I was better again. 1848. however. He saw as I did. and when the appearanc e vanishes one feels as if awaking from a dream. that seems to hover about t he chafing dish as large as life. and in the history of witchcraft and . when the physician had been dining wit h me. after inhaling the fumes of vinegar and drinking it with water. from certain materials which Eckhartshausen with propriety does not divulge. He maintained that the narcotic ingredien ts which formed the figure must violently affect the imagination. If one speaks with it one remembers no more distinctly what is spoken. [ It is surprising that Eckhartshausen should have thus violated the rules expressly laid down for his guidance. Towards evening. Thus the heat communicated by the ha nd to the chloride of barium gives rise to certain luminous emanations. and told me to make the trial for myself with a very small quantity and without any preparation whatever.n on the ground of the intervention of some secret influence from the invisible world. "How to make a Ghost" is extracted from the Monthl y Magazine for June. seized with such a horror that I was obliged to leave the room. and might be v ery injurious according to circumstances. but scarcely had I cast the quantity of ingredients into the chafing dish when a figure presented itself. [ Of the desirableness of investigating the physiological influence of perfumes. "If chloride of barium is put upon a plate in a dark cellar and a hand placed beneath it. which ha ve the extraordinary property of seizing at the same time the form of that which gave them birth. but the vapour r eally forms a human figure similar to that which the individual desires to behol d. [Page 12] 'Some time after the departure of the Scotsman I made the experiment for one of m y friends. but for three weeks aft er I felt a debility.
says that demons were compelled by invocatory songs to enter a vessel filled with wat er and give answers to the questions propounded. saw it carried from the house in a coffin. may account for the non-recog nition of it. abou t six inches in diameter. Dr. but as large as life. 1696. Cotton. If the illustration said to be gained from the experiment with the plate of barium goes for anything.of ancient divination we find these influences so closely connected with the qua si-mesmeric phenomena that the recent discoveries of anaesthetic agents "weak ma sters though they be" that took so many by surprise. and particularly by bottles and basins of water. but when she was invited to this kind of divination. it belonged. She often saw persons that were about to arrive at the house. with difficulty induced t o look into these soap bubbles. Psellus also states that the Assyrians were much addicted to prophesying in a basin of water. and was sold at the Strawberry Hil l sale. that enables us to say that it is more than a case of intox ication by narcotics. And Dr. the child lived but a few months and Mrs. If the warmth of the hand gave rise to emanations. and most probably was the one alluded to by Butler. above all we have a right to demand the bes t evidence in the best form so far as obtainable.. but shortly after the lady who lived there was confined. 1845 ] that the Seeress of Prevorst appeared to him to have ha d her inward or spiritual eye excited by soap bubbles. and her memory of them immediately returned. Zoist ] In this mode of divination crystal has not solely been used. take place at the portions warmed by the hand. K . a stone. Aubrey. by J. to the collection of Sir R. A true and fait . 128 ] gives the form of the crystals as commonly used in his time. I then made a soap bubble an d bade her look for her child who was far away. and did it unwillingly. Canto IlI. with his MSS. who was in another house. she was sometimes mistaken. [ Miscellanies. one of which is now in case No. London. but it frightens me'. Kerner relates [ Seeress of Prevors t. K. only came as instalments of the expectations and partial fulfilment of the predictions of the observers of mesmeric nature and students of its antiquities. and "as hy paleness and stupified head". She said she saw him in bed. we suppose. but caution is always required in j udging matters so liable to mistake. my God ! I behold in the bubbles everything I think of. Dee used several ston es. 74. not to say alarm. glass. p. She was. it was only necessary to make he r [Page 14] look at a soap bubble. In one of these she once saw a small coffin standing before a neighbouring house. playing with him at bo-peep He solved all questions ne'er so deep. and therefore represent its figure. Porphyry. p. and it gave her much pleasure. line 631:Kelly did all his feats upon The devil's looking-glass. Where. compos ed apparently of a flat. [ Hudibras." Aubrey. it goes to prove that the image in the vapour was that the experimentor himself. under the heads of Hydro and Lecano-mancy. Ah. and described precisely the situation she was in at that moment a point I took care immediately to ascertain. entitled. in a glass of wate r. It is very unsafe to say positively what influences and in cidents will not produce the mesmeric state. etc. At that time there was no child si ck. At the same time there is nothi ng in the anecdote of Eckhartshausen. Dr. If we wishe d her to recall dreams which she had forgotten. not in little. She seemed to shudder and she was afraid that sh e would see something that would alarm her. in his Miscellanies. came to the hands of Lord Peterborough. Another. however. glass mirrors. these must. although it be distant. circular and highly polished piece of Cannel coal. its scarcity and difficulty of cutting having caused it from the earliest ages to be superseded by olive oil. At another time she saw my wife. relates that a "child happening to blow soap bubbles. she exclaimed. in 1842. black liquids. and from thenc e passed to the possession of Horace Walpole." ] Upon referring to that very remarkable and scarce work. as related with its unspecified drugs and uncertified results.20 of the Mineral Room at the British Museum. or represent therein the issue of any required event..
Guardian Spirits. entitled. it w ould occupy too much of your valuable space to allow parallel passages from such voluminous works. the able lecturer on mesmerism. they brib . Her Majesty (Elizabeth) willed me to fetch my gl ass so famous. performed at the instance of Lord Prudhoe and Major Felix. and in his right-hand a large volume clasped with brazen clasps. and the very singular co incidences arising from a perusal of this work. whom the same visitor pleased to name. This African belongs to the same fraternity.356 of Chambers' Edinburgh Journal. [ Stutgart. after abundant enquiries and s ome scruples. and to show unto her some of the properties of it. or remarkable Cases of Vision by two Seeresses into the Spiritual World. Fo lio. where they picked up much of that information which has been worked up so well by Captain Bond Head. containing an account of some of the Egypt ian magician's failures] "Lord Prudhoe and Major Felix being at Cairo last autumn. a d iamond-hafted dagger in his girdle. appears to see the subject only in a rationalist point of view. found the town in a state of extraordinary excitement. New York. being men of high character and sense. Actions" . and having at length drawn three li nes of chalk about the altar. as he termed them. who chose to comply with his terms. when travelling in Egypt. Dee's experiments. three feet square. published by the Camden Socie ty in 1842: " 16th March. paid their fees. with a cherry stalk in his mouth. blue tro users. [See also an article in N o. which although a goodly fol io of 500 pages. T here were in the olden days whole schools of magicians here in Europe. They found themselves in the presence of a very handsome young Moo r. a British of ficer. gives in his Psychogr aphy on the embodiment of thought. to them unintelligible. Dee relates in his diary. apparently not above eight. in consequence of the recent arrival in those part s of a celebrated magician from the centre of Africa. yet sufficiently attest that both Dee and Kelly (his seer ) were firm believers in the truth of their researches. formed but a small portion of Dr. Henr y Werner's work. 1831. They did so. E. and in support of his theory. and was first reported by the interlocutors in the "Noctes Ambrosianae" of Blackwood's Magazine for August. Collyer. h er Majestie being taken down from her horse by the Earle of Leicester did see so me of the properties of that glass. and were admitted into his sanctum. Kerner by the Seeress of Prevorst and by the Somnambulist described in Dr. 1659] edited by the learned Dr. on their return from A byssinia. a cup of coffee at his left elbow. he then walked round the altar for half an hour or so. a snow-white turban. to wit a maide n's eye. and placed himself upright beside the flame. [ Dr. somewhere in the neighbour hood of the mountains of the moon. unfortunately. It was universally said and generally believe d that this character possessed and exercised the power of showing to any visito r. whom they found playing at marbles. 1839. Ford ] will repay an attentive perusal. John Dee and some Spirits. with a very long black beard. and he was ready to gratify them in all their desires. with the revelations made to Dr. or. He made them understand th at nothing could be done until a virgin's eye was placed at his disposal. who were [Page 15] among the first persons who astonished the European world with their report of the magic mirror experiment. The English travellers. in his 'Life of Bruce'. [ London. He bad e them go out in the streets of Cairo and fetch any child they fancied under ten years of age. "On hearing their errand he arose and kindled some spices on a sort of small alt ar in the middle of the room. sitting cross-legged on a Turkey carpet.hful Relation of what passed between Dr. to her Majestie's great contentment and deli ght ] Dr. Merie Casaubon. desir ed them to seek a seer. dead or living. Translate d by A. uttering words. and after walking about half an hour selected an Ara b boy. which I did. their statement created a considerable se nsation (although a matter of daily occurrence in many parts of England. 1575. the following account of a modern magical exp eriment. especia lly in Lancashire ). although. any person. 1847. who could do nothing in this line without the intervention of a pure seer. and yellow slippers. repaired to his residence. a crimson caftan.
be it of those that are upon the earth. and at length called ou t. is the medium used to embody the idea. said the child. The first name was William Shakes peare. Lord Prudhoe now named Archdea con Wrangham and the Arab boy made answer and said. in t heir own minds. a nutmeg grater profile. the only one that [Page 16] ha d not been darkened. 1841. the n Byron and Alexander the Great. and keep his eye fixed upon t he surface of the liquid ('here'. Major Felix now named a brother of his. spi ndle shanks. etc. One of these experiments is described as follows: New York February. It is here evident. the boy resumed. At the request of her father. 'Tis well'. and with that he laid the stick right across the fire. who is one of the most eminent artists in the country. but by-and-bye he sucked his sugar candy." Dr. a tall hat. and the boy immediately described a le an. this i s an old Frank. Collyer. sang out something beyond their interpretation. and poured a tablespoonful of some black liquid into the bo y's right hand. Moor. and standing up addressed the travellers i n these words: 'Name your name. The child was much frightened at the smoke. 'Wh at do you see ? Allah bismil-lah what do you see ? ' All the while the smoke cur led up faster and faster. in the presidency of Madras.. 'He has three '. the angle of direction from the boy's mind mus t be in accordance with the angle from the person in correspondence). he is the happiest looking Frank I ever beheld'. I see a horse a ho rseman I see two horsemen I see three I see four five six I see seven horsemen. a pointed beard. he is standing by the sea-shore. of what was to be seen by the patients. and behind him there is a black man in a turban holding a beautiful horse richl y caparisoned! 'God in heaven!' cried Major Felix.. prince or beggar. which has been conveyed by the opera tor to persons in correspondence. and the smell. and the chatter. old. who is in the cavalry of the East Indian Company. s peak. 'I now halt'. and recovered his tranquillity. with a short red jacket and white trousers. but merely the embodied idea of the travellers. answered the boy. buckled shoes. roses on his shoes. waved his wand nin e times. presently the lad said. and a gold snuff box. and by Allah. his teeth are white. whom she recognised at once. and bade him hold the hand steady. said the other. 'Bismillah. or of th ose that are beneath it. and this boy shall behold and describe'. who [Page 17] depicte d in their minds the image of Shakespeare as he is generally represented. what do you behold ? ' The sultan alone remains'. Turk or Indian. and t he magician made him seat himself under a window. Has he a flag ? ' cried the magician. The magician made three reverences towards the window. and a short mantle! 'The ot her asked for Francis Arouet de Voltaire. walking in a garden with a book in his hand he is reading the book. I brought bef ore her spiritual vision the shade of Napoleon. the doctor says. etc. it being necessary that the latter should form clear and vivid images. three thousand years ago. 'I see a red haired Fra nk. found her condition one of the most exalted. he has but one arm!' Major Felix's brother lost his arm in the campaign of Ava". and besi de him I see a pale-faced Frank but not dressed like these. so . li ving and breathing. " that he did not see any real spirit or a pparition." says Dr. The experiment was performed with much care. he has turned round while you are speaking. and then r esuming his old station by the brazier. or solved into the dust of Adam.ed him with a few halfpence and took him into the studio of the African Roger Ba con. Franks with large ey es. 'Nay'. The magician signed. his eyes are bright and gleaming. sang out for several minutes on end. yellow-faced Frank. Collyer then proceeds to state that he has proved the possibility of mental t ransfer " beyond the remotest chance of doubt: he relates several experiments in which the recipients exactly described what the spectators wished them to perce ive. I perceive a tall grey-haired Frank. as with the magic mirrors of old. Magnetised Miss . with a black silk petticoat. and the seventh is a sultan!'. be it Frank. with a huge brown wig. and the boy again answered. Boy.
according to Dr. continues Mr. she distinctly saw the image of my thoughts at the poi nt of coincidence. and the other raised behind him as if he were stepping down from a seat. whose brain during the congestive state was so sentient. as radiation and reflection actually made a lady perform the same class of phenomena which is the wonder of travellers in the East. who lived for several years in Egypt. when the b oy described the man in a Frank dress. The sceptic was a little staggered. Mr. a gentleman intimately acquainted with the la nguage. Mr. that the boy described accurately each person and thing that was called for. found himself completely puzzled on many occasions by the results of th e magic mirror experiment. I am assured. and countenance. only when the angle s of thought converged". Dr. etc. it was merely the reflex of his own im agination. similar to the photographic process of Daguerre". Salt. of which he has publ ished many curious relations. she saw the persons and things in the fluid. With due deference to Dr. for example. when brought before his master. the fo rms were gone through and the magic mirror properly formed. in th e same sequence in which they were formed in their own minds.. and which has been aptly termed suggestive dreaming"? Upon consideri ng the relations just made. Salt's garden. with his hand placed to his head. stature. said that he knew him and ran down into the garden. it cannot for a moment be supposed that Lord Prudhoe and Major Felix could have heard the persons and costumes thus described. after seeing various images. Collyer says. and country. d ress. the late British Consul. people. and that of the foot by a stif f knee caused by a fall from a horse in hunting. Collyer's theory. who. I repeated the experime nt on a series of persons with like success. that the impressi on was conveyed to the mind. where he apprehended one of the labourers.that she could not have previously known our intention. without remarking the coincidence. the eminent Orientalist. that on one occasion the magicians' perfor mances were ridiculed by an Englishman present. of whom he was sure that no one of the company had any knowledge. with the accessories of the red-haired Frank. and wit nessed personally the operations of the Egyptian magicians. In the Albany Argus. states. and gave minute descriptions of many persons whom she could h ave no idea of. with one foot on the ground. light. Having once. is it not most probable that these ladies wer e influenced by the well-known mental control which magnetizers possess over the ir patients. I was obliged to embody the image o f those personages in my own mind. She was desir ed to look into a cup of molasses (any other dark liquid will answer the same pu rpose) and when the angle of incidence from my brain was equal to the angle of r eflection from her brain. Lane. private reasons for believi ng that some one of his servants had stolen various articles of property. and I might add several other cases in which the . Collyer. A boy was taken incidentally from a band of several of them at work in Mr.. when. wearing spectacles. " I have always advocated the philosophy that the nervous fluid was governed by the same code of laws which governed heat . the boy finally described from the mirror the guilty person. immed iately confessed that he was the thief. Lane. [Page 18] Mr. the peculiar position of the hand was caused by an almost continual head-ache. still less could Major Felix have felt such astonishment at the description of his brother. and less liable to be deceived than by a passing tr aveller. The description was exactly true in every respect. and causing him voluntarily to confess if he were really gui lty: the magician came and declared that he would cause the exact image of the g uilty person to appear to any boy not above the age of puberty. who said nothing would satisfy h im but a correct description of his own father. before they could be recognised by the recipi ents. Sa lt sent for a celebrated Mugh'-reb'-ee magician with the view of intimidating th e suspected person. etc.
comes up to London. went to Hodges. he thought to abuse him. This business ended not so. etc. XXV. which indeed he under stood as well as anyone in England. William Lilly's History of his Life and Times from the year 1602 to 1681. being sorry for his former abuse. but by means of Lord Dudley. or some person thereabouts. esp ecially old Mr. he mistook the room. described by Hodges as aforesaid. acquainting a neighbour ther ewith. 'I am. a ruddy complexioned wench in a red waistcoat. With that Hodges swore (as he was much given to t hat vice). recovered him ag ain. but saith it was by chance. after some time passing. " A neighbour gentleman of Hodges lost h is horse. Dee coul d not have been so besotted during more than twenty years experiments (with diff erent [Page 19] seers). Hands' patient. Lane candidly confesses that there is a mystery in the matter to which he cannot discover any clue. and a v ery slight perusal of Dr. gave his horse to a youth. and by Mr. Hodges carries him into a field not far from his house.same magician has excited astonishment in the sober minds of Englishmen of my ac quaintance. so soon as I come to London. and then go to Hodg es and enquire for him'. I might have had him without going unto him. Sir'. desiring his aid. finds his gentlewoman married. the following extracts are given from that remarkable piece of autobiography. viz. Begone. etc. Dee's work. and went into the butter y. which I had related from a person who knew well the truth of it. said. with his arm in the bridle. begone. he refreshed himself at an inn at Canterbury. being about to return to London. as described in No. found her in all pa rts to be the same as Hodges had described. You must marry the red waistcoat'. 'You are mistaken. That the phenomena thus elicited has a closer connection with the spiritual worl d than the rationalists of the present day are disposed to allow. as he came in to the hall or first room thereof. after which he became a suitor unto her. The gentleman d eparted in great derision of Hodges. and was married unto her. ' I see'. Scott leaves the country. with orders to wa lk him till he returned. Another story of Hodges is as followeth. drawing a can of beer. being a very honest person and made great conscience of w hat he spoke. He retur ns again to Hodges. His angels were Raphael. Coll yer would certainly confess that it is utterly improbable. my horse is in a lane at the town's end'. John Scott. which woman I have often seen". said Hodges. He then more narrowly viewed her person and habit. Som e years after in a frolic. were but the embodiment of his own thoughts. where he espied a maid. he overcame the gentleman and he .. that the angle of incidence in all these cases equalled the angle of reflection. let blood . 'She must be your wife' said Hodges. not to have discovered that the visions and responses gi ven by the crystal. assisted him to dress his patients. this Scott relate d to me several times. and now desires the like. having lost a horse lately. drawing a can of be er. said Sco tt. said Scott. put Hodges to great expense. bids Scott set his foot to his. and came to where he left his horse when he found the boy fast asleep upon the ground. He did so. Your horse is gone and you will never have him again'. to marry a tall gentlewoman in the Old B ailey'. that he had formerly lost a horse. away he goes with his friend. Mr. How then are such phenomena so perfectly coi ncident with the higher order of mesmeric clairvoyance as developed by Alexis Di dier. who having Hodge's advice for recovering him did again obtain him. your horse is lost never to be recovered'. thanks hi m for his former courtesy. Old Will swore. William Hodges. if I remember aright. I w ill leave some boy or other at the town's end with my horse. and after a while wishes him to inspect the crystal and observe what he saw there. 'Sir. for the malicious man brought Hodges into the Star Chamber for sorcery. my partner. who lived near Wolverhampton. addressed himself f or a month or six weeks to Hodges. [Page 20] Hodges. Two years after going into D over. he swore I did mor e by astrology than I could do by crystal and use thereof. I thought what skill you had'. pulls out his crystal. on his return. go look for your horse'. Gabriel and Uriel. "All the ancient astro logers of England were much startled and confounded at my manner of writing.. salutes Hodges. that these gentlemen should have been in that peculiar position in respect to the boy-seer . will convince the reader that Dr. having occasions into Staffordshire. he desired Hodges to show him the perso n and features of the woman he should marry. bound him ov er to the assizes. replies the gallant.. of the Zoist? Dr.
it reads like a foretaste of Defoe. November 9th. So far as my own experience extends." This J . it certainly could no t be a transmission of my thought. Upon commencing the call a second time. was a yo ung woman about twenty years of age. 1834.I charged the crystal for E. the angels appeared and showed her mother opening a trunk and taking out a red waistcoat. This Sarah lived along time until her death. was gone.. But. the Lady Beaconsfield. Granted still the following experiment will show even that might not have been the case. inspected it. he was dress ed in black. "I afterwards charged for another person. her dark hair parted over her forehead. Upon my first char ging the glass she perceived only an eye looking at her. and a purple silk handkerchief with blue spots over he r shoulders. did not sometimes come to believe that what he related was fact. inspected the crystal but had no vision." Lilly wrote the account of his life to. it was the embodim ent of her own. and although I knew the purpose for which s he inspected. Sunday. In this country the seer generally inspects the crystal for himself. I find the following e ntry [ Nothing is more likely than that John Lilly may have encountered and even have produced many genuine phenomena as the class now known as clairvoyance: bu t he is a confirmed charlatan in whose hands truth to parody Burke Ioses half it s goodness in losing all its purity. but it afterwards appeared that the gentleman bei . and there. and who then resided a short distance from London. or not. yet having no knowledge of the absent party. but on repeating the ch arge the whole face and body to the waist formed gradually. waist. and died about sixteen years since. viz. about Gray's Inn. she was opening a trunk and had a red waistcoat in her hand. shoulders. a very lewd fellow. but they had no vision". and indeed the best eyes for that purpose I e ver yet did see. she perceived a straight streak of light which appeared to open like a pair of compasses. be it so. so Lilly. " M. So distinctly did th e vision appear. " I was with a Sarah Skelhorne. Elias Ashmole (th e founder of the Ashmolean Museum. I am much comforted ther ewith. whereby s he perceived she was not gone. Oxford). well knowing that you are the most knowing man in these curiosities of an y man now living in England. and then she s aw the head. and in reference to these and simila r relations. caused Sarah to inspect her crys tal. with one Mrs. and gradually the whole person of her mother. and by the request of. Stoc kman. Next day she went to her mother's. and for whose only sake I do write them. as he wrote fiction. to see if she. says. and the object he perceives is known only to himself. unto Lond on. with white neckerchief. 9th October. she wished to see her mother who live d at Worcester. Upon referring to a diary I formerly kept. " I may seem to some to write incrediblia. Zoist ] Thursday. T. but know ing unto whom. Her mistress o ne time being desirous to accompany her mother." And again Lilly says.. yea. this Sarah had a perfect sight.was acquitted. In this case the speculatrix had never seen the party in question in any other than a black s ilk neckerchief and jet studs. and as it is difficult to think that Defoe. she said her mother appeare d to be well. She described her mother as dressed in a gree n gown with yellow spots. 1834. etc . who had been speculatrix u nto one Arthur Gauntlett. and white shirt studs. as she entered the chamber. This evening I charged [Page 21] my crysta l (a glass sphere) and J. it is not at all impossible. His autobiography is nevertheless capital. and concerns alone his own pr ivate affairs. in the Isle of Purbeck. in fact th e vision in the glass is quite unconnected with what is passing in the minds of either. professing physi c. says the rationalist. who lived twelve miles from her habitation. N. that she perceived even a scar on his right cheek. but she could not see any feet. was once or twice so far carried aw ay by fervour and habit of invention as to feel as if he were telling the truth.N. she wished to see a gentleman of her acquaintance (but a perfect stranger t o myself).. I feel convinced that nothing approaching a transmission of thought takes place between the caller and the seer. her mother.
o ften a few seconds. the cloud. It was not until nearly two years af ter this that he ventured to tell me the circumstance: but I could never by any means induce him to inspect it again. In "I's" article he considers this mode of divination as precisely analogous to one of Mr. say at a decanter stop per. I w ill just add one more relation to prove the fallacy of Dr. . and it would be difficult to persuade my friend. Braid's process of produ cing sleep by fatiguing the rectus and levator muscle of the eye and the method of inspecting the crystal. were but the revelations of a neuro-hyp notic trance. and that "there are really things in Na ture of which our modern philosophy does not permit us to dream . it is held in the party's hand. which have place d them foremost in the ranks of science. Mr. Adams. died. came from Burnham with a relative to transact some business in L ondon. It is remarkable that a few months after t his happened his relative. and their resplendent discoveries. he took up from sheer curiosity a small oval-mounted crystal. no angle of incidence equallin g the angle of reflection. and he retains the full possession of his fa culties and conversational powers. B raid's own words. as well might he assert that Sir John Herschell. with whom I was absent. there is not the slightest analogy between Mr. appeared to open like a pair of ostrich's legs which gradually resolve d itself into the form of a skeleton. and then desiring his subjects to fix their gaze steadfastly upon its outer extremity. and then favour us with his revelations.ng then in mourning for his deceased wife. But if "I" is still wedded to his hypnotic th eory. perhaps he will try a few experiments by squinting. As for the visions in the crystal being as "I" supposes the result of merely "the earnest gaze and concentration o f the mind to one idea". their eyelids generally closed in sleep in a few minutes. that at noonday he was dreaming. were self-hypnotised. "My phenomena I consider arise entirely from the patient keepi ng his eyes fixed in one position. thus causing congestion by a rapid exhaustion of the natural sensibility of the retina and motive nerves of the eye and eyelids: or in Mr. when scrutinizing every point of the starry heavens with telescopi c eye. and the greater the strain on them the better . He has since told me that at the same time he felt so [Page 22] great an oppression of giddiness and alarm that he immedia tely replaced the crystal. a circumstance she was at the time perfectly unconscious of. On the contrary. or Gasparis. and then stood upon the table: and after examining i t and trying to guess its use. "In 1842 an old and worthy friend. but upon further observing it. as he expr essed it. For myself I am content to believe that the faith of our forefathers were not su ch "wretched superstitious absurdities". "In this case there was no embodiment of thought. and consequently the vision could not be the embodiment of her own thoughts. and the mind rivetted to one idea". this at first h e attributed to his breath. a ha le and hearty farmer of fifty. when inspecting the crystal. he observed it to become clouded. and during the time of my absence from home with his relation. and was a considerable time before he could throw off the unpleasant sensations it had produced. Braid's method is to fix a small but conspicious object above the level of the eye (the stopper of a bottle was the first object he employed). in the position most easy to himself. which I had been using (with out effect) shortly before. C's. Braid's methods of inducing sleep: but in that he is most certainly i n error. of whose strict veracity I have no possible r eason to doubt. opinion. he on Sundays wore a white neckcloth and diamond studs.
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