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ISMA

Noise and Vibration Engineering

International Conference on

PROGRAM

AND BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

September 15-17, 2008 Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium

Monday September 15, 2008

PAPER SUMMARIES

Opening Session

9:30 Conference opening

Marc Vervenne, Rector of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

9:45

**Introduction to ISMA 2008
**

Paul Sas, Conference Chairman, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium

**10:00 Up-front NVH Engineering - Vision, Challenges and Enablers
**

Takeshi Abe, Henry Ford Technical Fellow, NVH, Ford Motor Company

**10:45 Some Thoughts on Adaptive Structures: Design, Control and Technology
**

Andr´ e Preumont, Active Structures Laboratory, ULB, Belgium

1

Monday September 15, 2008

**Multi-body dynamics and control – MB1
**

Room 1 – Chairman: J. De Schutter 13:00 A need for advanced and validated multibody models as a basis for more accurate dynamic load prediction in multi megawatt wind turbine gearboxes (ID 619)

J. Peeters, S. Goris, F. Vanhollebeke, B. Marrant, W. Meeusen, Hansen Transmissions, Belgium In the currently booming market of wind turbines, a clear focus is put on the design of reliable and costeffective subsystems, such as the gearbox. A requirement for reliable gearbox design calculations is accurate load data and sufﬁcient insight in the dynamics of the entire drive train. To ensure this requirement, considerable research effort is spent in advanced modelling and simulation techniques. This paper describes the scope of a research project at Hansen Transmissions for the development of such advanced simulations and the results of the ﬁrst phase of the project. A purely torsional multibody model in DRESP is used to perform a resonance analysis and an elaborate measurement campaign is done to validate the model and gain conﬁdence in the simulations. Therefore, the measurements are processed to identify the eigenmodes of the gearboxes in the test rig. This analysis yields seven eigenfrequencies of which three are considered as axial eigenmodes, which cannot be predicted with the torsional model. Finally, the torsional model is updated and shows a good correlation with the measurements for three out of four torsional modes which yields conﬁdence in the use of the results.

**13:25 Kinematics-based variability of the dynamic behaviour in spatial mechanisms (ID 327)
**

A. Zanarini, University of Bologna, Italy The intrinsic variability of dynamic properties in spatial systems is faced in this paper by means of a kinematics-based modal approach. An effective analytical-numerical procedure is here presented to mathematically deﬁne a local linear model of a spatial mechanism, composed of rigid bodies connected by standard kinematic and lumped elastic constraints; the linearization is effective only in the closeness of the kinematically admissible position of interest and thus yields to a varying generalised eigenproblem, function of the kinematical conﬁguration of the whole system through the working domain. An extended analysis is reported to obtain the motion equations of an unconstrained rigid body, thus linear equations of constrained motion are obtained from linearized displacements and constraint equations. The eigensystem is evaluated in every speciﬁc kinematical conﬁguration of interest, mapping the variability of the dynamic performances across the working domain; the kinematical conﬁguration is provided at any step of a userdeﬁned motion law by standard non-linear kinematics. Real industrial applications, consisting in two 6 degree-of-freedom robots, are tested by means of the outlined methodology. Results are reported and discussed in detail.

**13:50 Optimal counterweight balancing of spatial mechanisms using voxel-based discretizations (ID 64)
**

M. Verschuure, B. Demeulenaere, E. Aertbeli¨ en, J. Swevers, J. De Schutter, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium A mechanism exerts forces and moments on its supporting frame, which result in vibration. The aim of counterweight balancing is to reduce this vibration by adding counterweights on the moving mechanism links. This paper shows that, even for the complicated case of spatial mechanisms, ﬁnding the counterweight parameters that result in minimal forces and moments under constrained driving torque is an optimization problem that can be reformulated as a convex problem. This reformulation uses voxel-based discretizations, inspired by the typical discretizations used in the area of topology optimization, and results in counterweight shapes that can easily be implemented in practice. The advantages of the proposed methodology in terms of computation time, balancing result and practicality of the counterweights are demonstrated using a literature benchmark consisting of a RSSR - spatial fourbar mechanism.

2

Especially under the aspect of light weight construction the resulting effects of the dynamic drive train behaviour can not be neglected. Desirable properties of the coordinate transformation to minimize the computational burden of the simulation are discussed. Estupinan. Sas. Santos. These ﬂuid ﬁlm forces are coupled to the set of nonlinear equations that describes the dynamics of the reciprocating engine. Desmet. Schlecht.Monday September 15. this work deals with the feasibility of reducing wear and vibrations in the system components by means of applying hybrid controllable lubrication conditions to the crankshaft journal bearing. The hydrodynamic pressure is described by the Reynolds equation. Belgium P. University of Li` ege. For real-time and faster-thanrealtime applications. The analysis of the results is focus on the behaviour of the maximum ﬂuid ﬁlm pressure. A methodology to make practical use of coordinate transformation techniques to speed up simulation speed for real-time and faster-than-real-time applications is presented.F. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Balm` es. E. coupled to the equations that describe the dynamics of the ﬂuid ﬁlm generated by hydrodynamic pressure in the main journal bearing. 15:05 Feasibility of Applying Controllable Lubrication to the Main Bearings of Reciprocating Engines (ID 249) E. First a novel reduction method. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. W. bogies and ventilators an evidence of the named effects can be provided by the multibody system method under consideration of ﬁnite element structures. T. Technische Universit¨ at Dresden. Lemaire. SDTools & Ecole Centrale Paris. The reaction journal bearing forces are obtained when the pressure distribution is integrated over the pressure area. Denmark By using a multibody dynamic model of a single cylinder combustion engine. Br¨ uls. as well as some assumptions that can be made for further simpliﬁcation. This paper proposes a theoretical framework for coordinate transformations to recast the differentialalgebraic system equations of a ﬂexible mechanism into a simpler set of equations. materials as well as manufacturing technologies with the concurrent requirement of low costs a subject to a steady process of change.for example wind turbines. minimum ﬂuid ﬁlm thickness and the cyclic averaged power consumption. which is cheaper to solve. Technical University of Denmark. Belgium O. which is modiﬁed to accommodate the active lubrication conditions and numerically solved by means of the ﬁnite-difference method. R. France T. adapted to models showing large 3 . raw mills. 14:40 Model reduction techniques to speed up multibody dynamics simulations (ID 395) G. Pasquet. Rosenl¨ ocher. which rely on a strong interaction between simulation results and other subsystems.A. T. Self excited vibrations – SEV1 Room 1 – Chairman: J. it is vital. Also for the drive trains of ships. cranes. Germany The constructive design and realisation of large drive trains is due to the development and improvement of calculation methods. Vermot des Roches. H¨ ahnel. Bosch (Chassis Systems Brakes). Cooper 15:55 Time simulation of squeal phenomena in realistic brake models (ID 259) G. Belgium Computational efﬁciency is important for all numerical simulation tools. 2008 14:15 Strategy for User Orientated Simulation of Large Drive Trains to Calculate Realistic Load Conditions (ID 139) B. Heirman. France This paper presents a modeling strategy employed to obtain converged results on long time simulation of complex ﬁnite element brake models. The present article shall show that these coherences are not only valid for apparently ﬂexible grounded drive trains . The results are obtained for ﬁve different cases of controllable hybrid lubrication conditions of the main journal bearing. I.

G. An implementation of fuzzy arithmetic is developed based upon the work of Hanss and Klimke. France N. Time-history responses are obtained by integrating the full set of nonlinear dynamic equations. fuzzy arithmetic techniques are applied to the chatter stability problem. Messier-Bugatti. The simulation results are put in perspective with recent publications on the subject. 16:45 Fuzzy stability analysis of milling processes (ID 186) N. It is shown that for some cases careful programming can reduce the computational effort to acceptable levels. France L. The University of Shefﬁeld. Sinou. The use of wavelet transforms will allow to investigate the non-stationary signals. Ecole Centrale de Lyon. in order to simulate the dynamical behavior of the system. It will be shown that some kinds of vibrations seem to only be able to appear successively. Ecole Centrale de Lyon. Duke University. to investigate how uncertainty propagation techniques can insight into chatter predictions. It is shown that the numerical approaches can be used to solve process design problems with robustness to the uncertain parameters. unstable self-excited vibrations known as regenerative chatter can occur when the depth of cut is too large. and the time-ﬁnite element method of Mann.Monday September 15. United Kingdom B. and so it is desirable to predict. A time integration scheme. The possibility of the mechanism to induce simultaneously several instabilities will also be evaluated. This technique is applied ﬁrst to a simpliﬁed brake model for validation purposes. Chevillot. United States During machining. The problem of milling chatter uncertainty is also considered within the framework of Ben-Haim’s information-gap theory. based on a non-linear Newmark. is presented.-J. The small ﬁnite element area in the vicinity of the contact is treated as fully non-linear and the remaining of the structure is represented by a superelement. 4 . then to a state-of-the-art brake model designed by Bosch Chassis Systems Brakes.D. The method is thus suited for large ﬁnite element models. France Friction induced vibrations are a major concern in aircraft braking systems where the emergence of unstable vibrations can cause severe damage to the mechanism. In the present study. time-history simulations are undertaken to analyse the complex dynamical behavior of the brake during the emergence of vibrations. For this paper. 2008 interface DOF. A complete nonlinear model of the brake is built. Manson. and the structural dynamics of the machine-tool system. Sims. Chatter causes excessive tool wear or failure and a poor surface ﬁnish on the machined workpiece. Regenerative chatter is a function of empirical cutting coefﬁcients. and hence avoid the onset of this instability. The resulting fuzzy arithmetic bounds are compared to previously published data. 16:20 Analysis by wavelet transform of friction induced transient nonlinear vibrations in aircraft braking systems (ID 287) F. The arithmetic is then applied to two techniques for predicting milling chatter stability: the classical approach of Altintas. This is achieved mainly by the use of a ﬁxed iteration operator throughout the simulation. so that predicted stability limits do not necessarily agree with those found in practice. while some other instabilities may develop simultaneously. France J. Mann. The stability of the brake is performed by determining the eigenvalues of the linearized system at the equilibrium point. is then adapted to allow large models to be computed over long time periods. Ecole Centrale de Lyon & Messier-Bugatti. Instabilities due to the coupling of modes by friction with a constant brake friction coefﬁcient are considered. This makes the chatter problem a good candidate for the development of new or alternative methods to model uncertainty in structural dynamics. Hardouin. J´ ez´ equel. There can be signiﬁcant uncertainties in the underlying parameters.

Italy B. requires a great experimental effort in order to assure high quality test results. It is established that even when the rotational symmetry is broken by the variation of the structure of the stiffness matrix and therefore the eigenvalues of the undamped gyroscopic system avoid crossings. frequency averaging technique. LMS International. Italy The dynamic identiﬁcation of large aerospace structures like satellites. The clearance between the nonlinearity onset ﬂight condition and the LCO onset ﬂight condition is quantiﬁed for various values of the wing design parameters. the accuracy of the dynamic identiﬁcation strongly depends on the non-parametric estimation method used to compute the FRFs from the sine-sweep input-output data.N. At the same time. Germany Linearized models of elastic bodies of revolution. a reduction of the test time is needed. in order to study the resulting LCO motions. possess the eigenfrequency plots with respect to the rotational speed. because of the high development costs. Kirillov. start to vibrate because of the subcritical ﬂutter instability. EUREKA project FLITE2: System identiﬁcation for ground and ﬂight vibration testing – FLI1 Room 2 – Chairman: B. The work then addresses the presence or absence of nonlinearity prior to the onset of LCOs. Nevertheless. Dimitriadis. which form a mesh with double semi-simple eigenfrequencies at the nodes. Welch’s method and Reduced Discrete Fourier Transform 5 . 17:35 Transonic Limit Cycle Oscillation Prediction From Simulated In-Flight Data (ID 141) N. It is shown that this clearance can be used in order to develop a useful ‘oncoming LCO’ warning criterion. its perturbation by the dissipative forces with the indeﬁnite matrix can cause ﬂutter instability in the subcritical region. Belgium This paper investigates the transonic Limit Cycle Oscillation (LCO) phenomenon from a computational/simulation point of view. the accuracy of the estimates of both the frequency response functions and the modal parameters due to different sweep rates and different FRF estimation methods will be analyzed. G. spinning about their symmetrical axes. Peeters 13:00 Improved FRF estimators for MIMO Sine Sweep data (ID 91) S. In the present paper a sensitivity analysis of the spectral mesh is developed for the explicit predicting the onset of instability. Orlando. A sine sweep excitation is the key point of the approach because of the good compromise between the excitation level and the testing time. Abdul Razak. This is crucial as the presence of any nonlinearity for this type of wing can act as a telltale sign of impending LCOs. University of Rome “la Sapienza”. the rotating continua. a test strategy capable to reduce the overall time required to perform dynamic tests aimed to the estimate of the Frequency Response Functions. The determining role of the Krein signature of the eigenvalues involved in the crossings as well as the key role of the indeﬁnite damping and non-conservative positional forces is clariﬁed in the development and localization of the subcritical ﬂutter. such as the singing wine glass or the squealing disc/drum brake. 2008 17:10 Subcritical ﬂutter in the acoustics of friction of the spinning rotationally symmetric elastic continua (ID 162) O. Belgium G. Technische Universitaet Darmstadt. In this paper. These methods include: harmonic estimator. In this paper. launcher components or aircraft prototypes. at this stage of the work the data will be obtained from simulations. Coppotelli. Peeters. The effect of varying the thickness of the Goland wing on the LCO onset ﬂight condition is explored. University of Li` ege. University of Rome “la Sapienza”. FRFs. single-block Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT). A CFD/FE coupled solution is applied to a 3D model of a rectangular wing with tip store (referred to as the Goland wing) in transonic ﬂow.Monday September 15. is introduced. At contact with friction pads. The aim of the study is to develop a LCO prediction strategy from in-ﬂight data.

The modeling and simulation of these perturbations constitute another essential feature of this paper. To assess quality of the model conﬁdence conﬁdents bounds for each modal parameter is computed simultaneously with parameters itself. for instance. Actually. The last point of the article is devoted to the design of appropriate excitation signals. to tune the theoretical models and to clear the ﬂight domain. Decoupled signal components are modeled separately for each frequency range with using second order regression model. Embedded electronic unit is presented and tested on during a ﬂight on Skytruck airplane board. The performance of the different estimators is critically assessed by a numerical analysis performed on a lumped parameter system and by experimental investigations carried out on both a GARTEUR aircraft scaled model and the Lambert aircraft M212. VUB and other European partners. It was implemented in Dassault Aviation test analysis environment and tested on Dassault aircrafts ground vibration and ﬂight tests. Simulated data were required to evaluate and compare the algorithms and also to test their ability to detect the onset of ﬂutter. 13:50 Realistic simulation of ﬂutter ﬂight tests (ID 383) P. 6 .Single Output (estimating general input-output model using recursive prediction-error minimization method). This paper describes how this simulation was carried out. Vacher. Dassault Aviation. 14:15 Hardware and software tools for in-ﬂight ﬂutter testing (ID 466) A. The algorithm is implemented as an Output Only or Single Input . ONERA. It presents the model used to simulate the aeroelastic behaviour of the aircraft. This paper presents theoretical aspects of the method and experimental validations on both ground vibration and ﬂight tests in comparison with Dassault reference tools for modal analysis. The hardware realization of the algorithm is achieved employing FPGA technology. Bucharles. a new modal parameter estimation algorithm has been developed based on a Least Squares Complex Frequency-domain method (LSCF).Single Output method (ARMA or ARMAX models) or in case of many input as Multiple Input .Monday September 15. because of low model order. Combination of these two methods allows to reduce model order and estimate modal parameters using one step estimation method. France In the framework of the FLITE 2 project. As a method of model parameters estimation the Recursive Least Square (RLS) algorithm has been used. Within this project. Poland In the paper tools for real time modal parameters tracking have been presented. They are required. Thanks the usage of fast identiﬁcation method and reduction of required computational effort real . The aim of this project is to improve the quality of ﬂight tests exploitation by developing new modal analysis techniques. Souty. All routines have been implemented in MATLAB R as a toolbox with dedicated Graphical User Interface. The French Aerospace Lab. ground vibration and ﬂight tests are a crucial phase during the design of an aircraft. This new modal analysis method is called ALAMO (ALgorithm for Aircraft MOdal analysis). 13:25 Modal identiﬁcation of the structure of an aircraft with the LSCF method (ID 119) C. France This paper presents the work performed by Dassault Aviation within the EUREKA project FliTE 2 in cooperation with IRISA. AGH University of Science and Technology. A realistic simulation of the in-ﬂight disturbances was also needed to evaluate the identiﬁcation algorithms in conditions similar to operational conditions. Identiﬁcation algorithm is based on decoupling of signal frequency components and application of a recursive method for modal model parameters estimation. 2008 (RDFT). For frequency components decoupling wavelet transform with Morlet wavelet function has been applied. Klepka. Uhl.time realization of proposed algorithm is possible. T. identiﬁcation algorithms were developed in order to monitor the evolution of the aeroelastic modes of an aircraft during ﬂutter ﬂight tests. A.

Guillaume. The ﬁtting procedure uses modal estimation at current and past ﬂight speeds without a-priori knowledge of model parameters. IRISA/CNRS. Cooper.E. Mevel. Zouari. Belgium R. Both approaches are demonstrated using simulated ﬂight ﬂutter tests on aeroelastic models. ﬂutter margin. aircraft wings. e. United Kingdom J. Erasmushogeschool Brussel. Guillaume. Flutter is a dynamic aeroelastic instability of surfaces exposed to wind. 15:30 Development of the Envelope Function for Flight Flutter Testing (ID 549) A. the identiﬁcation process is ideally suited to the frequency domain. IRISA/INRIA. The ﬂutter illustrated in this model results from the dependency of the coupled structural-aerodynamical damping and stiffness with speed that leads to instability.. Moreover. In this way. France This paper discusses a new ﬂutter speed prediction method. The damping ratios are predicted in a second step from extrapolation to estimate the critical ﬂutter speed. France P. University of Manchester. 7 . 15:05 Flutter monitoring using a mixed model-based and data-based approach (ID 594) R. and secondly an on-line implementation for real-time application is introduced.g. Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Vrije Universiteit Brussel. the modal signature is estimated using a ﬂutter prediction algorithm based on ﬁtting a quasi-steady aeroelastic model. The approach can also be used to predict the speed at which ﬂutter will occur. the denominator of the transfer function of the dynamic system is a polynomial function of the Laplace variable and the speed.Monday September 15.). so use can be made of state-of-the-art frequency-domain identiﬁcation algorithms. Zouari. Belgium L.. Belgium Flutter monitoring is stated as a statistical hypothesis testing problem. The critical ﬂutter speed is found when one of the damping ratios becomes zero. Current ﬂight ﬂutter tests trace damping ratios evolution with aircraft speed and then extrapolate these linearly. 2008 14:40 A new frequency-domain ﬂutter speed prediction algorithm using a simpliﬁed linear aeroelastic model (ID 28) T. The coefﬁcients of this denominator are identiﬁed for different speeds and then extrapolated to other speeds. The predicted signature is updated at each selected ﬂight speed and the detection test takes account of prediction and monitors the ﬂutter onset until the next ﬂight speed. The proposed method ﬁts identiﬁed modal parameters at different ﬂight speeds to a quasi-steady aeroelastic model. This results in an on-line ﬂutter onset detection algorithm that combines a subspace-based residual with the CUSUM test statistics to monitor a ﬂutter instability indicator (damping. In this paper.A. De Troyer. France P. Erasmushogeschool Brussel. Abassi. This approach is illustrated with ﬂutter simulator data in the acceleration phase. University of Liverpool. IRISA/INRIA. France T. Indeed. IRISA/INRIA. As this extrapolation method is physically more justiﬁed than the classical linear extrapolation of the damping ratios. De Troyer. Mevel. This paper describes two developments to enhance its use: ﬁrstly statistical conﬁdence bounds of the predicted ﬂutter speed are determined. The proposed approach is tested using ﬂutter simulations and compared to classical prediction methods. IRISA/INRIA. Belgium L. this ﬂutter monitoring approach is adjusted to get rid of conservative decisions through using a parametric residual built from a modal signature (modes and mode-shapes) predicted near the critical zone. the prediction of the ﬂutter speed will be more reliable. France M. United Kingdom The Envelope Function is a non-parametric approach to determine the overall stability of ﬂight ﬂutter test data without the need for system identiﬁcation. Basseville.

The above properties of the cepstrum apply only to SIMO systems and in the normal MIMO situation one possibility is to separate the responses to a single input at each measurement point. Australia Cepstral methods of modal analysis offer two advantages with respect to conventional methods. Another method is represented by a MIMO version of the mean differential cepstrum. no assumptions have to been made about the number of local mass modiﬁcations. Fully scaled modes can be obtained using a minimum of extraneous information. multiple output (SIMO) systems. 16:45 Non-Stationary Random Vibration Modelling in a Retractable Arm Structure (ID 132) M. In this new approach. the cepstrum of the responses is the sum of the cepstra of the forcing and transfer functions. University of New South Wales. A new exciting possibility is where there is just one second order cyclostationary source with a particular cyclic frequency such as with a diesel railcar. We present here a more general formulation based on the global use of the two identiﬁed modal bases. and detailed analysis of important issues such as model structure selection and time-dependent variance estimation.B. Randall. while it is subject to broadband random force excitation. University of Patras. This suffers from noise problems. The responses to this single source can be separated in the spectral correlation function. The two sets of modal parameters (respectively associated to the initial and modiﬁed structure) can then be used to normalise the mode shapes. which does not have to be very accurate. their relative importance with respect to the mass of the initial structure or the modal frequencies or mode shapes changes. which can be provided for example by a ﬁnite element (FE) model of the structure. but further developed in a recent PhD thesis by Chia. France Operational Modal Analysis is now a well established approach which allows identifying the modal parameters of a structure in operational conditions and from output only measurements. Critical comparisons among various estimation methods. The other advantage is that for single input. and provided the spectrum of the force is reasonably smooth (on a log scale) the corresponding cepstrum is very short and the higher quefrency part of the cepstrum is completely dominated by the transfer function and can be curve-ﬁtted for its poles and zeros. 17:10 New cepstral methods of operational modal analysis (ID 339) R. The arm is exteneded from its fully retracted to its fully expanded position at a constant speed. The easiest way to estimate the scaling factors consists in introducing well controlled structural modiﬁcations. 2008 Operational modal analysis – OMA1 Room 2 – Chairman: P. The ﬁrst is that they give both poles and zeros of the transfer function. FEMTO-ST Institute. This new normalisation method is illustrated and validated with simulated and experimental results. Furthermore it allows an independent scaling of the two sets of mode shapes. the mode shape scaling cannot be achieved from a single identiﬁcation. Spiridonakos. the most straightforward of which are local mass changes.D. Several approaches can be found in the literature which have been recently extended to acoustic and vibroacoustic problems. for convolutively mixed systems. S. so the excitation forces for the two measurements are not assumed to have similar amplitudes. Greece The problem of parametric non-stationary vibration modelling of a time-varying retractable arm structure is addressed. The non-stationary vertical acceleration vibration response is modelled via parametric methods based on Functional Series Time-dependent AutoRegressive and Moving Average (FS-TARMA) models. as demonstrated in a recent PhD thesis by Hanson. The methods available for this include blind source separation (BSS) techniques. But all of the existing methods consider each mode independently and assume slight frequency changes and negligible mode shape modiﬁcations. This is a much weaker restriction than the assumption of most techniques that the excitation is white. Fassois. As the input forces are unknown.D. Foltˆ ete.Monday September 15. are made. but 8 . and thus most of the information about the relative scaling of the residues of adjacent modes. Guillaume 16:20 Multiple operational mode shapes normalisation from mass changes (ID 37) E. ﬁrst suggested by Antoni at ISMA2000.

Vrije Universiteit Brussel.Monday September 15. P. An iterative procedure is proposed. of different sampling rates. 2008 these may possibly be solved by using the random decrement for smoothing prior to analysis. Guillaume. In this paper the problems of improving the accuracy of modal parameter estimates and automatic elimination of spurious modes in covariance driven subspace identiﬁcation method are addressed. G. along with the combination of identiﬁed results on a single stabilization histogram. Saeed. Carbone. Erasmushogeschool Brussel. In this paper a more general and enhanced approach is proposed. aimed at improving its performance. Cofﬁgnal. L. M. 18:00 Operational Modal Analysis using Output-only Subspace Identiﬁcation for Structural Health Monitoring (ID 146) K. France Precise and automatic identiﬁcation of structural properties is a vital step toward damage detection and localization in structures. for spurious mode elimination. In the second step. Two different conﬁgurations of the instrument have been analysed and compared. De Sitter. the ‘wide gap’ design and ‘narrow gap’ design. Mechbal. It is shown that use of measured output signals. Soria. De Troyer. An example using random decrement to extract the forcing function in a SIMO situation is presented to strengthen the proposition. Italy G. DIMeG-Politecnico di Bari. This approach identiﬁes the above mentioned modal parameters in one single identiﬁcation step. An active composite beam is selected to demonstrate the application of the proposed procedure. In the former case the air gap between the vibrating 9 . Belgium Transmissibility functions are frequency response functions between like variables (motion response/motion input) as opposed to admittance functions which are frequency responses between conjugate variables (motions response/ force input). Italy E. Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Politecnico di Bari. This new method usually estimates in a ﬁrst step the natural frequencies and damping factors and only in a second step the unscaled mode shapes. Italy This paper deals with the optimisation of the mechanical behaviour of a tuning fork microgyrometer. Contursi. Mangialardi. T. This algorithm does not require any user interaction and can be used in commercial software or in systems for online structural health monitoring. 17:35 Automated operational modal analysis using transmissibility functions (ID 461) C. The developed procedure allows automatic and accurate generation of modal parameter residuals facilitating the fault detection algorithm to precisely locate the damages. actively modiﬁes the excitation signal. Structural dynamics: methods and case studies – SD1 Room 3 – Chairman: F. an alternative stabilization histogram is introduced to automatically combine and extract identiﬁed modal parameters. While the last type of functions are widely used in the ﬁeld of experimental modal analysis transmissibility functions only recently made their appearance in the ﬁeld of operational modal analysis. N. Belgium G. can enhance the effectiveness of spurious modes rejection. which in the ﬁrst step. Al-Bender 13:00 MEMS-based Tuning Fork microgyroscopes: Dynamical response and functional design (ID 343) L. Belgium T. Arts et Metiers ParisTech. It has been shown that under changing force distributions transmissibility measurements can be used to obtain modal parameters. Politecnico di Bari. Finally it will be shown how the method can be automated with the help of a singular value decomposition. Pierro. Verg´ e. Devriendt. The method is then coupled with a ﬁnite element model updating algorithm to identify different damage cases. resulting in improvements of identiﬁcation results.

an additional parameter that can be adjusted by the designer to optimise the performances of the instrument.R. analytical modelling of temperature dependence. E. M. Arruda. Although this requirement represents a drawback of the narrow gap solution. University of Patras. In the ‘narrow gap’ case the distance between the forks and the substrate is instead very small. Hios.F.L. we have found out that this instrument conﬁguration. Batista.D. orthotropic. that allows the instrument to operate at atmospheric pressure. 2008 forks and the ﬂat substrate is so large that the air ﬂow around each fork is not inﬂuenced by the substrate presence. although their dependence on temperature may be of potentially more complex nature. descriptions. University of Campinas.. In this paper we show how to utilise the model as a helpful designing tool for this kind of device and. In accordance with previous studies. Brazil This work proposes a useful alternative method of identiﬁcation of the extensional elastic constants on anisotropic. focusing. over temperature. J. the attention on the two tines of the drive mode. how to design the instrument to minimise the amplitude error. Greece The temperature effects on the dynamics of a smart composite beam are experimentally studied via conventional multi-model and novel global model identiﬁcation approaches. As a consequence. The damping factors are less affected. S. the obtained natural frquencies decrease with temperature in a weakly nonlinear or approximately linear fashion. as well as parametric VARX. the instrument needs to operate under very low pressure conditions. carried out neglecting the interaction with the remaining part of the sensor structure. 13:50 Stochastic identiﬁcation of temperature effects on the dynamics of a smart composite beam: assessment of multi-model and global approaches (ID 125) J. their FP-VARX counterparts allow for the explicit. indeed. The optimal design of these fundamental elements can be. The thickness of the air gap represents.D. Noise is also numerically created and a smoothing technique called Regressive Discrete Fourier Series (RDFS) is used to smooth the signal (used mode shapes) before applying the identiﬁcation method. which are the structural components that more than others inﬂuence the performance of the whole instrument. Fassois.Monday September 15. Although the obtained multi-model and global representations are in rough overall agreement. when compared to the wide gap design.B. representations. This approach has nondestructive characteristic and doesn’t require high computational effort. Speciﬁc natural frequencies and mode shapes are input data for the solution of a linear system of equations obtained from the differential equations that govern the in-plane free vibration of thin plates that reﬂect Kirchhoff’s hypotheses. Albuquerque. The multi-model approaches are based on non-parametric. and isotropic composite materials. We have developed an accurate analytical model of the sensor. Although the CCP-VARX representations provide only “averaged”. Dias Jr. allows to achieve a signiﬁcantly smaller dynamic error and a signiﬁcantly wider range of linearity. Unknown variables of this system are the required extensional stiffness constants. 10 . 13:25 Identiﬁcation of the extensional stiffness matrix of composite materials using modal analysis and numerical methods (ID 172) F. Numerically simulated results are highly satisfactory both cases with and without noise. indeed. We have more over performed a 3D FEM analysis of the sensor structure to validate some of the assumptions introduced in the formulation. in particular. in particular. The global approaches are based on novel Constant Coefﬁcient Pooled (CCP) and Functionally Pooled (FP) VARX representations. This geometrical conﬁguration results in a very low air damping. the latter simultaneously use all available data records and offer improved numerical robustness and more compact descriptions of the dynamics. and attain improved estimation accuracy which is reﬂected in signiﬁcantly reduced modal parameter estimate uncertainties.

Ohayon. we ﬁrst have to ﬁnd the static position of this system. The problem is ﬁnally solved using the Newton-Raphson algorithm. apertures) and target response(s). The results of this examination reveal three signiﬁcant limitations: i) The ﬁrst critical element is the cross-coupling between the path references. The nonlinear equations of the problem are derived from the differentiation of the total potential energy of the system. In this paper. the industry is constantly seeking for simpler and faster methods. France R. H. ONERA. The French Aerospace Lab & CNAM. Conservatoire National des Arts et M´ etiers. The French Aerospace Lab. this provides no evidence that the individual path contributions are correct. P. ONERA. Three techniques are used and compared to take into account the non-homogeneous boundary condition with the hybrid POD: the rst method relies on Control Functions. No restriction on the ﬁnite element type is necessary. LMS International.-S.g. OPA is a fully-operational method requiring only operational measurements of the path references (e. Transfer path analysis and source identiﬁcation – TPA1 Room 3 – Chairman: H. Janssens. ONERA. El-kamali. Schott´ e. pressures close to vibrating surfaces. CNAM. 14:40 Computation of the free surface of a liquid with surface tension for any tank geometry (ID 113) M. France To study the dynamics of a tank (container) partially ﬁlled of a liquid. Conservatoire National des Arts et M´ etiers. with a standard ﬁnite element discretization. Finally the robustness of the hybrid POD is investigated. a single force in one of the mounts causes vibrations at all path references. In this paper. 2008 14:15 Evaluation of an Hybrid POD Formulation for Responses under Prescribed Displacements (ID 117) A. CNAM. This cross-coupling 11 . Van der Auweraer 15:30 Operational Path Analysis: a critical review (ID 402) K. then the problem is transformed to the liquid free surface form ﬁnding. France D. the second on the Penalty Method and the third on Lagrange Multipliers. France J. France Hybrid Proper Orthogonal Decomposition formulation is a POD based reduced-order modeling method where the continuous equation of the physical system is projected on the POD modes obtained from a discrete model of the system. we present a 3D ﬁnite element resolution to ﬁnd this equilibrium conﬁguration for any tank geometry. It is proven to be reliable. run down).-M. One such method which has quickly gained attention in the NVH ﬁeld is Operational Path Analysis (OPA). The claim for its accuracy is based on being able to reproduce the original target signal(s) by summing the calculated path contributions. The well-known singularity of such a problem is regularized using the Updated Reference Strategy. Tran. The hybrid POD formulation is evaluated here on the simple case of a linear elastic rod subject to a prescribed displacement imposed at the free end of the rod.g. ONERA. However. A transmissibility matrix between references and target(s) is estimated from operational data under different test conditions (e. France R. Placzek.Monday September 15. The French Aerospace Lab & CNAM. but because of its complexity and time-consuming procedure. Belgium Classical Transfer Path Analysis (TPA) is a well-established method for tackling NVH problems. the OPA method is critically examined and compared to a classical TPA measurement. run up. body-side mount accelerations. Both gravity and capillary effects (surface tension) are taken into account. Several examples illustrate the effectiveness of this method. The French Aerospace Lab. Van der Auweraer. Ohayon. The tank geometry is given by a ﬁnite element model so we can easily treat very complex cases. in low-gravity or microgravity environment. nozzles. Gajdatsy. Due to the system’s modal behaviour.

Here the transfer function. Selmane. This investigation includes the effects of the acoustical environment when measuring transfer functions. The two strategies. Ford Motor Company. H. direct and reciprocal measurement. AVL List GmbH. Priebsch. Austria R. an actual application example will be presented as to how this methodology is used at Ford to identify the critical powerplant component sound sources contributing to the noise inside the vehicle passenger cabin. In this paper we will further investigate a previously described low-mid frequency volume velocity source based on the two-microphone method for in situ measurement of volume velocity source strength.P. Sontacchi. 16:20 Hybrid Simulation Method for Powerplant “In-Vehicle” Noise Source Quantiﬁcation (ID 365) M. United States A. typically measured as Frequency Response Function (FRF). Belgium This paper describes a new methodology which combines CAE and Testing methods to accurately determine the powerplant’s (engine + transmission) contribution to vehicle air-borne interior noise. A detailed description will be presented showing the modeling approach for computing the powerplant acoustic transfer vectors.Monday September 15. Abe.J. Br¨ uel & Kjær. LMS International. 15:55 Investigation of volume velocity source based on two-microphone method for measuring vibro-acoustic transfer functions (ID 412) A. Austria F. Felice. A. H¨ oldrich. Brandl. The calculated powerplant surface vibration is then combined with the measured acoustic transfer functions (powerplant volume velocity to sound pressure SPL at driver ear) to predict the vehicle airborne interior noise contribution of each powerplant component or patch. T. One possible approach to obtain this required information is the application of a Transfer Path Analysis (TPA). These problems lead to unreliable transmissibility estimates in many cases. IEM Institute of Electronic Music and Acoustics. L-curve regularization technique is used to identify the optimum singular value decomposition (SVD) truncation. Austria Exact knowledge of chassis transmission paths is essential for an effective and purposeful interior noise / noise quality development process. takes the role of connecting an input (eg source position) with an output (eg receiver position). will also be compared to investigate their validity for a typical acoustical setup. In order to inverse the acoustic transfer vectors and predict the surface vibration on the boundary element model mesh (around 9000 nodes) from a near ﬁeld pressure measurement (acquired using microphone arrays on more than 1000 points). Brandl. ii) The second limitation of OPA are the numerical conditioning problems related to transmissibility estimations from operational data. The contributions of missing paths are distributed over the other ones. 16:45 Challenges and New Solutions for Transfer Path Analysis (ID 543) S. introducing errors that are hard to recognize as the summed contribution is not affected in most cases. ACC Acoustic Competence Center. as well as the physical testing process for measuring the acoustic transfer functions. W. Biermayer. Sound & Vibration Measurement A/S. 2008 easily leads to a false identiﬁcation of signiﬁcant paths and to wrong engineering decisions. Together with this. Von Werne. Denmark Measurement of transfer functions is required for most applications dealing with source-path-contribution techniques often called transfer path analysis. iii) The third critical element are the potential errors of missing transfer paths in the analysis. Finally we will compare the described volume velocity source with a mid-high frequency sound source based on the same two-microphone method. Schuhmacher.-H. D. 12 . Acoustic transfer vectors are arrays of transfer functions between surface normal velocity and acoustic pressure at response points. Inverse numerical acoustic method (IATV: Inverse Acoustic Transfer Vectors) is used to predict the powerplant surface vibration.

P. Its major limitations are: (i) cross-coupling effects between path references which may lead to faulty interpretations. OPA is a fully-operational method. the method is compared with the existing TPA and OPA methods using an automotive example. 17:10 A novel path contribution analysis method for test-based NVH troubleshooting (ID 403) K. Despite the fact that TPA is used in a large variety of applications today. requiring only operational measurements of the path references (body-side mount accelerations. but the main bottleneck remains the huge measurement time to build the full data model. So. Belgium 15 years of NVH applications make Transfer Path Analysis (TPA) appear a commodity tool. industry is constantly seeking for simpler and faster methods. The OPA method is indeed very time-efﬁcient. For this reason. LMS International. starting from difﬁculties in locating the excitation position of the applied forces via deviations in excitation direction up to differences in chassis temperatures. the apparent-mass matrix is directly estimated in a vibration test. Additionally a completely new TPA approach is introduced which is faster and more accurate than currently approved methods. Gajdatsy. 2008 When applying this analysis method care has to be taken in choosing the appropriate algorithm and the corresponding setup.) and target response(s). Accordingly solutions for elimination or reduction of these errors are presented. Kobayashi. Janssens. but suffers from several limitations leading to false path contributions and wrong engineering decisions. T. (ii) potential errors due to missing paths and (iii) numerical illconditioning problems related to the estimation of transmissibilities from operational data. And it is shown that the identiﬁcation accuracy by the apparent-mass matrix approach is superior to the matrix inversion method. Yoshimura. Japan Transfer Path Analysis (TPA) is a key technology for tackling with the noise and vibration problems. P. For the identiﬁcation of input force. Mas.Monday September 15. the method remains an expert methodology requiring insight in both the NVH problem and all the related signal and system analysis constraints. H. 13 . Therefore this paper ﬁrst focuses on the most important errors concerning existing TPA methodologies and their consequences on the result. Van der Auweraer. The principles of the method are ﬁrst outlined. pressures close to vibrating surfaces. This paper presents an approach to improve the estimation accuracy of the input by the matrix inversion method. its beneﬁt is limited in most application cases. TPA is proven to be reliable. Tokyo Metropolitan University. which was introduced about two years ago. despite the fact that OPA is a very time-efﬁcient approach. 17:35 Identiﬁcation of Excitation Force by Apparent-Mass Matrix Approach (ID 281) S. the matrix inversion method is commonly used as an indirect method. In this paper. To avoid the inversion process of ill-conditioned frequency response functions (FRFs) matrix. ﬁnite element method (FEM) and vibration test are used to compare the accuracy of two identiﬁcation methods (the matrix inversion and the apparent-mass matrix approach). One such method is Operational Path Analysis (OPA). Then. nozzles and apertures. The method is based on simpliﬁcations that allow balancing path accuracy and speed of execution. and the precision of the input identiﬁcation inﬂuences the result of contribution analysis. This paper introduces a novel path contribution method which combines the advantages of classical TPA and OPA. L. etc. Gielen.

g. A friction model is applied in a transient calculation and the results are shown. later on 14 . there is no need for contact elements or contact parameters. The contact condition. using e. The parameterization of the model. based on a three-dimensional ﬂexible ring on an elastic foundation. Abe 13:00 Identiﬁcation of NOE models for a continuously variable semi-active damper (ID 427) M. While both classes have an output error model structure. Netherlands Road trafﬁc noise is regarded as an environmental problem. the presented model also predicts modes that involve torsion of the belt in the circumferential direction. Finite elements are used more frequently in tyre/road noise models. Witters. The examples show the performance and possibilities of the algorithm. The identiﬁcation procedure automatically selects the regression variables by means of a state of the art model structure selection technique. P. semi-active damper for a passenger car. Desmet. The ring represents the belt and the elastic foundation represents the tyre sidewall.H. The Structural Dynamics and Acoustics group of the University of Twente has developed an alternative contact algorithm. W. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Wijnant. de Boer. the ﬁrst class applies a polynomial approximation function and the second uses a neural network.Monday September 15. personal research. Unlike most ring models. Swevers. The model is valid till 300 Hz and includes a model of the wheel and the air cavity. to compute the vibrations and radiated noise pattern of a proﬁled tyre rolling on a road. The interaction between tyre and road surface. For transversal installed engine the so called “Torque-Roll-Axis (TRA)”. Based on this TRAsystem an advanced system design. A. 13:50 Three-dimensional Ring Model for the Prediction of the Tyre Structural Dynamic Behaviour (ID 473) P. Belgium This paper presents a structural model for an unloaded tyre. J. is satisﬁed exactly while iteratively solving the equation of motion. ﬁrst on an analytical description. 14:15 Simulated and measured Inﬂuence of Engine Mount Positions and Design on NVHBehavior (ID 12) H.system is most common at european car manufacturers including certain drawbacks. Sas. is the major advantage of the new approach. it could be applied to describe other operational conditions such as loading and rotation. is non-linear and needs to be described in the time domain. This makes the model suitable for the prediction of structure borne interior noise. is based on the main geometrical properties of the tyre and a limited modal test. especially for transversally installed engines. the major noise source. 2008 Vehicle noise and vibration (NVH) – NVH1 Room 4 – Chairman: T. However. Because the model is physical based. contact models lack either accuracy or the calculation times are high. The general comfort behavior was analyzed for several common but different mounting systems. multigrid. Schutte. Y. Comparison between measured and calculated responses shows that the tyre-wheel model describes the dynamic behaviour with acceptable accuracy. called “Stiffness-Axis-Method (SAM)” was developed. which states that there is no overlap between the bodies. Germany This paper is about the inﬂuence of engine mount positions within vehicles in general. The possibility to optimize and speed up the algorithm. Hence. Maier. 13:25 A Contact Solver Suitable for Finite Elements (ID 282) J. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.H. Two model classes are considered and compared. Kindt. which does not require detailed knowledge about the tyre construction. Belgium This paper discusses the identiﬁcation of nonlinear black-box simulation models for a continuously variable. In this paper the contact algorithm is applied to a ﬁnite element model. which consider only in-plane modes. University of Twente. Experimental validation of the proposed method shows that the obtained models are able to accurately simulate the dynamic damper behaviour.

respectively vice versa for all kinds of rotational vibrating propulsion systems. like accessories and servomotors became noticeable and annoying. 14:40 Vibro-acoustic analysis and optimization of an engine clutch cover (ID 188) P. P. Vaccarino. the modal acoustic transfer vector method. the stiffened plate construction is frequently used for thin covers. Germany The noise and the sound of passenger cars has been dominated by the acoustic characteristics of the combustion engine for a long time. which causes radiation of unwanted structure-borne noise. there is no combustion engine anymore like in fuel cell powertrains and the acoustics of these cars is totally different from the cars we use today.. and then compares the effects of ribs and concentrated masses applied on the inner cover surface. In this paper an optimization case is presented. Meier. M. where the rib stiffener layout is the key of the classical design. Piaggio S. depending on the total number of vehicles that would be manufactured. Today electrical devices are getting more powerful not only attending but also substituting the combustion engine like the e-motors of hybrid powertrains. etc. global modes.). Italy R. The challenges are numerous and complex: What kind of sound is expected from tomorrows cars and which kind of sound is possible using acoustic measures ? 15:55 Multi-disciplinary Optimization of a vehicle spot weld layout under durability and NVH constraints (ID 491) R. In the end. To reduce the noise as well as the vibration. This paper presents the evaluations and comparison of sound power level radiated from an engine clutch cover actually mounted on a mass production motorcycle and a new optimized clutch cover. d’Ippolito. Puleo. more and more electric powered units for power steering. M. SAM therefore is a tool to describe best mount positions depending on engine properties and mount characteristics. Hermans 15:30 NVH Challenges from tomorrow’s Powertrains (ID 463) Ch.. LMS Italiana. But not only the electric powertrains are getting more and more relevant for the acoustics of passenger cars. air conditioning. with a 15 . Raniolo. The so far known TRA-design is a special case of the SAM-design. brake booster. LMS International. The clutch cover is excited by a set of harmonic forces applied to the inner surface. There are many spot welds in a vehicle Body In White (BIW) and other components.A. So other noise sources. are getting relevant for the sound. Italy P. Olivero. Badalassi. M. Meneguzzo. Vehicle noise and vibration (NVH) – NVH2 Room 4 – Chairman: L. the uniform thickness distribution for the clutch cover. But now there is a change: Over the years acoustic engineers have reduced the sound level of the combustion engines in exterior noise as well as in interior noise. Missing the covering sound and the mechanical power of the combustion engine in several operating conditions of the car. Carmignani.. A possible reduction of the number of spot welds for a mass-production car yields a huge cost saving. Donders. University of Pisa. a commercially available ﬁnite element software is used to predict the mode shapes of the cover while the radiated sound power is predicted using and comparing a conventional boundary element method and a novel approach. V. Italy Dynamic excitation from the engine generates vibration modes in the engine thin clutch cover. Forte. This paper is a very short overview and based on the book described in the chapter “Further Information”. Hack. C. Centro Ricerche Fiat. Italy S.p. which have a substantial impact on a range of functional performance attributes (static stiffness. Firstly the acoustical analysis considers the variation of material. durability. Daimler AG. Germany Spot weld layout optimization is a key challenge in the vehicle design process. crash performance . 2008 improved by experimental and simulation-based studies.Monday September 15.

Volkswagen AG. Germany C. substructuring techniques have been used. The noise produced by the engine is particularly annoying. BMW AG. 16:20 Computational Model Updating of Structural Damping and Acoustic Absorption for Coupled Fluid-Structure-Analyses of Passenger Cars (ID 492) C. A spot weld redistribution tool has been used to parameterize the spot weld density independently along some connection lines. D. S. in which the remainder of the full vehicle model has been reduced with a static reduction. from an experimental modal analysis.G. Irisbus. individual structural damping is assigned to the individual components and subsequently updated utilizing test data obtained from classical modal analysis testing (force excitation). a local variation of the spot weld density is possible. in order to identify the optimal spot weld layout distribution (along the connection lines) that minimizes the maximum fatigue damage of the ﬂoor component and satisﬁes the NVH constraints. The test data utilized here come from acoustic tests with volume source excitation. 16:45 Quantiﬁcation of airborne and structure borne engine noise in a coach under real operating conditions (ID 16) Q. by minimizing the number of spot welds and by satisfying NVH and Durability targets. Tijs. Pavic. may be utilized in order to update mass and stiffness parameters. By means of a real car body the single steps of the strategy will be highlighted. 16 . Microﬂown Technologies. For the structural part. This resulted in a fully automated workﬂow to allow running the necessary computations with minimal user intervention. Daimler AG. Bohnert. The latter NVH constraints characterize the structural dynamics performance of the vehicle body and should not be violated. and it will be shown that very encouraging results can be obtained even for very complex systems. Based on this process integration. Netherlands To validate structural Finite Element models. Porsche AG. This model can be used for efﬁcient and accurate evaluation of the multiple analysis static cases that are required. System transfer functions are ﬁrstly measured on the frame using a controlled excitation. Greffe. With this parameterization. a multi-disciplinary design optimization (MDO) procedure has been adopted.Monday September 15. It can be very loud especially at the rear seats. for fast durability analysis. France The noise level inside coaches is a major point when dealing with passenger comfort. Schedlinski. ICS Engineering GmbH. G. INSA Lyon. Glandier. Audi AG. Kaufmann. the absorption behavior of the cavity boundary and of interior components (seats etc. A process integration graph has been set up to capture the analysis cases for durability and NVH. however. Germany M. Germany C. proper modeling of structural damping mechanisms must be achieved as well to obtain acceptable estimates of the overall response levels.H. Germany K. e. Going even further towards ﬂuid-structure-analyses. yielding a ﬂexible parameterization with a limited number of variables. g. K¨ usel. In order to improve the efﬁciency of assessing the effect of local spot weld re-design on global targets during an optimization process. a small-sized static system model has been created. Lecl` ere. Bleandonu. The reduction of the engine noise in the passenger cabin goes through the understanding of the transfer system source -engine -receiver. For the acoustic absorption the approach is extended such that individual absorption coefﬁcients can be addressed. France L. 2008 multi-attribute application that aims at improving the spot weld layout in a vehicle ﬂoor.) need to be respected. test data. and operating responses are measured in a second phase. Stein. F. For frequency response calculations. Germany E. Clasen. Transfer Path Analysis is a well-known approach allowing to quantify a priori localized noise sources from operating measurements. Germany M. Wagner. In this paper a modeling strategy for damping and absorption is presented that is based on computational optimization and model updating techniques. just above the engine compartment. On the one hand.

. Chojin. Desmet. Donders. For the case with no damping in the clutch or tyre. The difﬁculty is then to extract the engine noise from the total noise measured inside the passenger cabin. The study described in this paper considers two multicylinder engines of three and four cylinders with inertia variation included. Some results are shown. it was demonstrated that excitation of the system can occur from the torque ﬂuctuations arising from engine inertia variation and piston to cylinder friction. Nauwelaerts. If issues are still detected in this late stage. the latter being contributed by the rolling noise and aerodynamic noise. Airborne engine noise.L. This method quantiﬁes the engine forces transmitted to the main frame via engine mounts (structure borne noise). namely Wave-Based Substructuring (WBS) for efﬁcient local re-design and Modal Modiﬁcation for fast predictions of the effect of panel thickness and damping variations. B. the Finite Element Method (FEM) has become the dominant method for modal analysis and interior acoustics in the low and medium frequency range. W. This difﬁculty is overcame using the virtual coherence technique.. Australia Powertrains have many torsional natural frequencies. Hermans. the latter approach is used to speed up a non-deterministic analysis using the Fuzzy Finite Element approach.. E. A series of run down simulations without combustion were used to gain an understanding of the system. aimed at assessing the effect of panel uncertainty on the NVH response. Belgium In automotive industry.Monday September 15. 17 . Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE) methods are increasingly used to predict the various functional performance attributes (noise and vibration.) becomes ever more important. Belgium B. allowing to separate contributions of a priori uncorrelated sources. These were then coupled to a lumped inertia drivetrain. LMS International. 2008 Operating excitations are then extracted by inversion. At present.) and adapt the design based on the outcome of virtual simulations. This reduces the need for expensive physical prototypes. 17:10 “Powertrains are lightly damped” . so that design cost and time-to-market can be reduced. such as numerical Finite Element (FE) models. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. S. at increasing frequency. How is it possible that the powertrain does not see the damping present in the tyre? Does engine friction act as a damping mechanism or provide excitation? Using Time Domain Receptance modelling. some of the effects of piston to cylinder friction on powertrain torsional vibration were investigated. This paper reports on two methodologies for efﬁcient vibro-acoustic design. CAE techniques are very useful for efﬁcient diagnosis and reﬁnement engineering.. University of Western Australia. large FE model sizes are required. consequently suffer greatly from Noise-VibrationHarshess issues and are thus generally quoted as being lightly damped. giving for different operating conﬁgurations the part of structure borne and airborne engine noise in the total noise level. which limits the number of design iterations in a given time. The last step is still the ﬁnal validation on a single physical prototype. can be estimated as the difference between the total engine noise and the structure borne engine noise. Many non-deterministic methods are based on using a deterministic “core” method to assess the effect of uncertainty and variability on the vehicle response. Finally. to derive countermeasures and perform optimization.fact or friction (ID 192) A. Guzzomi. Stone. Pluymers. crashworthiness. so that for accurate performance (range) predictions. 17:35 CAE Technologies for Efﬁcient Vibro-Acoustic Vehicle Design Modiﬁcation and Optimization (ID 475) S. . one has to include their effect in the modeling & simulation process. which results from the acoustic transparency of the passenger cabin.. Methods for faster deterministic design iterations are useful to address both these issues. Natural frequencies are only a problem if mechanisms exist for their excitation. For accurate predictions up to higher frequency. Furthermore.J. material properties . L. the effect of uncertainty and variability (in geometric dimensions. since they enable the evaluation of more design variants / a larger-scale optimization / a more extensive uncertainty assessment in a given time.

This coupled problem is solved numerically with a ﬁnite element method based on Lagrange hexahedral elements in the ﬂuid and four node Mixed Interpolated Tensorial Component elements in the plate. Renault S.. University of technology of Compi` egne.A. Monet-Descombey. it can be stated that the WBM has 18 . J. In the case that vibro-acoustic response is predicted using steady-state vibroacoustic analysis. searching for optimum conﬁgurations in a given frequency range. Universidade da Coru˜ na.S. Hamdi. Murakami..-P. The main focus of the present paper is to highlight an enhanced modal framework for handling random excitations.. France M. Spain This article presents a procedure for optimising the placement of poroelastic material onto a ﬂexible plate coupled to an air cavity. O. When such excitations are distributed (diffuse ﬁeld or turbulent boundary layer for instance). Sagartzazu. Then we applied to the method to the exterior propagation and interior transmission analysis using the code. Lielens. Pagalday. with the aim of reducing the noise radiated by the plate inside the cavity. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. In both propagation and transmission problems. Free Field Technologies S. Hervella-Nieto. Then. called “trim-cutting” method.A. A numerical method is presented to compute the solution of this problem when a monopole harmonic excitation is applied on the bottom of the ﬂuid. 14:15 Study on Interior and Exterior Vibroacoustic Analysis for Launch Sites and Spacecraft (ID 261) T. This method. Coyette. 13:50 Performance-based optimisation method for radiated sound power in a coupled system (ID 116) X.A.Monday September 15. Thuong. there actually exists the mid-frequency range in which there are no mature numerical methods.M. Belgium Vibro-acoustic applications in automotive and aerospace industries frequently involve random kinematical. Takahashi. Spain L. is presented and applied to multilayered sound insulators covering the car body structure. J. Pluymers 13:00 Presentation of an Efﬁcient Method for Solving Large Coupled Vibro-Acoustic Systems including Porous Elastic Components (ID 40) J. T. acoustical or mechanical excitations. Ikerlan S. G. Van den Nieuwenhof. The 2D WBM code developed in our previous researches is extended for the exterior problems. as well as by geometric features of a launch pad. and applied to simple launch pad models and acoustic transmission models. a modal framework is usually well suited since its leads to a beneﬁcial reduction of model size. Aoyama. a deterministic approach for steadystate vibroacoustic analysis in the wide frequency range. France An efﬁcient numerical method is proposed to reduce time and memory resources during computation of vibro-acoustic response of large ﬂuid-structure coupled systems including porous elastic materials. 13:25 An enhanced modal approach for random vibro-acoustics (ID 275) B. such as a fully trimmed car. Both conventional (ie directly based on PSD data) and unconventional (ie based on a sampling procedure) techniques (as available in ACTRAN/RM software) are described and compared on a practical example involving a cylindrical shell. 2008 Vibro-acoustic modelling and prediction – VAM1 Room 5 – Chairman: B. This model exploits particular features related to the description of random excitations. Ch. a few numeric examples are given. K. Signiﬁcant memory and time reduction have been achieved for both a simple test case and a real vehicle. Japan Acoustic environment at a launch site is affected by jets from rocket engines. Finally. Zhang. The procedure put forward is based on a calculation of the element’s sound radiation rate. spacecraft are also exposed to acoustic pressure with the wide frequency range transmitted through a payload fairing. This paper deals with the novel Wave Based Method (WBM). The behaviour of the absorbing material on the plate is simulated by means of wall impedance. Coop.

15:05 Analysis to acoustic characteristic of Newly developed Core panels Based on Geometric Plane Tilings and Space Fillings (ID 331) K. Ouisse. Saito. University of Rome “la Sapienza”. By varying the geometric patterns that appear on the panel surfaces. Tran. thus leading to large computational advantages. p) and (u.and poro-elastic. the classical decoupled bases used in CMS method have some limitations and can be fulﬁlled with several residual vectors. M. And some samples were manufactured using thin metal sheets. and the results are compared with those obtained by applying a standard BEM procedure (SYSNOISE). In presence of damped materials such as visco. highlighting the good quality of the proposed approach. By such transformation. by standard numerical methods. Sestieri 15:55 Complex Envelope Vectorization for the solution of external acoustical problems (ID 36) O. As most of other methods developed as alternative to the Statistical Energy Analysis. Finally. and gluing/welding them at the apexes of pyramids to the vertexes of the tiling patterns in the bottom panel. where the solution matrices are generally quite full. Sestieri. In this work CEV is applied to a boundary element formulation (BEM). high frequency problems lead to a large number of degrees of freedom. Highly rigid core panels are newly developed by setting this panel (as top panel) on a reversed one (as bottom panel). H. An estimate of the computational advantage is also provided. It implies that. Tokyo Institute of Technology. φ) in terms of efﬁciency and precision. T. FEMTO-ST Institute. CEV is able to manage fast oscillating signals through a set of low oscillating signals. CEV uses a variable transformation but. large matrix dimensions. This study compares the CMS methods of two formulations-(u. therefrom as a conclusion an efﬁcient and easy to implement robust CMS method is proposed. panels with periodical indents in regular plane tiling patterns are formed. Morimura. A.e. Bouhaddi. Medium and high frequency techniques – MHF1 Room 5 – Chairman: A. with CEV. 14:40 Comparison of Robust CMS Methods for Damped Vibroacoustic Problems (ID 230) Q. it is possible to solve high frequency dynamic problems at a computational cost that is much lower than that required typically by the original numerical formulation. various modiﬁed models with larger welding portions are created systematically. i. Japan By processing triangle or square pyramid shaped indents on a ﬂat sheet. A classical way to reduce computation time is the component mode synthesis method (CMS). CEV has been successfully applied to structural and internal acoustic problems. 19 . The basic model named Dia-Core is a panel created in the form of Octet-Truss developed by Fuller which corresponds to the space ﬁlling model consisting of a combination of two tetrahedra and one octahedron. France Damped vibro-acoustic problems lead to complex large FE models. In fact. the new variable is not the energy but rather a complex envelope variable deﬁned by the use of the Hilbert transform. unlike most of the other methods. Nojima. basic vibration characteristics of dia-core are investigated.Monday September 15. by using FEM modal analysis and excitation test. Another point that must be addressed in the analysis is the robustness of bases according to structural modiﬁcations: when the model has parametric modiﬁcations. Hagiwara. On the contrary the CEV formulation is obtained by solving a set of linear problems of highly reduced dimensions. Italy The complex envelope vectorization (CEV) is a numerical procedure that can be used for the fast solution of any high frequency problem. Giannini.H. N. 2008 quite high potential to be applied in the higher frequency range. the same strategy can be applied to deﬁne robust bases instead of forming new bases in order to take into account these modiﬁcations. I. Both external and internal acoustic ﬁelds are considered.

Statistical modal Energy distribution Analysis (SmEdA) has been derived to overcome this assumption and improve quality of SEA prediction. Belgium W. Austria B. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. AVL List GmbH. France Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) is a powerful method to estimate energy spread over a structure divided into subsystems. the method can be applied on a structure whatever its complexity. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. B. It is especially clear that the results are accurate for a wider frequency range. Diwoky. When performing dynamic analyses of subcomponents the result normally tends to strongly depend on the boundary condition selected for the component. 17:10 Wave Based Technique: enrichment of the set of basis functions (ID 482) J. INSA Lyon. ACC Acoustic Competence Center. using FEM software. J. On the basis of modal energies. Guyader. the resulting wave based models are substantially numerically smaller than the element based counterparts. Hepberger. The goal is to simulate the results one would have received if the full model would be analysed. Donders. In addition. Since a ﬁne discretization is no longer required. Rejlek. the prediction accuracy tends to deteriorate in case of a discontinuous boundary condition. Belgium S. 16:45 Extension of SmEdA method to estimate energy repartition into SEA subsystems (ID 175) N. Ragnarsson. This method is based on modal energy and modal coupling loss factors between subsystems computed from modal bases of uncoupled subsystems. This paper reports on the basic concepts of an enrichment strategy.-L. Instead of simple polynomial shape functions. 20 . Belgium The recently developed wave based technique for the analysis of vibro-acoustic problems is a promising prediction tool aiming to bridge the existing mid-frequency gap. theoretical background of the method is given and applications on a simple SEA model (a plate coupled to a cavity) and a more realistic structure are presented. Austria A. 2008 16:20 Efﬁcient Calculation of SEA Input Parameters Using a Wave Based Substructuring Technique (ID 396) R. a method have been derived to provide an estimation of the energy repartition into SEA subsystems. However. Pluymers. which has been introduced in order to preserve the favourable computational efﬁciency of the wave based approach. this method adopts an indirect Trefftz approach in which it uses the exact solutions of the governing differential equation for the ﬁeld variable approximations. voluntarily based on simplifying assumptions. The resulting efﬁciency improvements are demonstrated by a two-dimensional validation example. LMS International. In the present article. The results show great promise and for the three investigated cases the results are a better match to the reference calculation than both free and clamped boundary conditions. Normally free or clamped boundary conditions are used. this method suffers from restrictive assumptions like modal energy equipartition into subsystems. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Pluymers. In this paper waves extracted in a Wave based substructuring analysis will be used to deﬁne a more realistic boundary condition. While free boundary condition can be suitable for high frequencies and less suitable for low frequencies and clamped boundary condition can be suitable for low frequencies but less suitable for high frequencies. gives local information rather than standard SEA gives global information. Belgium This paper presents a new and efﬁcient method to calculate point mobilities from subcomponents of a full structure. which inherently satisfy the governing differential equation and a priori incorporate the discontinuous boundary condition. However. This method. Desmet. Totaro. the WBS boundary condition yields good results over the entire frequency range. Austria F.Monday September 15. ACC Acoustic Competence Center. The basic idea of the proposed approach is to enrich the original wave function set with some novel functions.

Kletschkowski. Afterwards. Boonen 13:00 Active Noise Control in a semi-closed Aircraft Cabin (ID 71) K.Monday September 15. In this paper. Moreover. This coupling of a small room with a large room yields to new questions when an active noise control system is designed: Which effects does the coupling have on the noise ﬁeld inside the small loadmaster area? Which inﬂuence do these effects have on the active noise control system? How complex is the uncertainty induced by the coupling to the large cargo? The analysis of this coupling was done in two ways. Sachau. Culla. Germany An active noise control system is developed for the loadmaster area of a propeller driven transport aircraft. material density. Helmut-Schmidt-University. Universit` a dell’Aquila. D. Fregolent. both applicable in the ﬁeld of active structural acoustic control (ASAC) and active noise control (ANC) of periodic disturbances. Belgium J. This can be useful for example in rotating machinery. internal loss factor and injected powers) to uncertainties in the physical properties of the considered mechanical system (Young modulus. Belgium G. This is done in order to take into account the idea of similar systems. the variability of SEA solution to the uncertainties on SEA parameters found at the previous step is investigated by using again a DoE approach. Subsequently. Two systems are considered similar if their physical parameters are slightly different. These results have shown successful noise reduction up to 23 dB without any controller optimization. First experimental control results are given in the last section. Active noise control – ANC1 Room 6 – Chairman: R. University of Rome “la Sapienza”. Italy Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) is the most acknowledged method to predict the averaged sound and vibration levels in mechanical systems in the high frequency range. Breitbach. The most important result is that the shape of the noise ﬁeld inside the loadmaster area is less sensitive in spite of the large cargo hold. The ﬁrst one. a substructure technique. The comparison shows that an 21 . Symens. Stallaert.) is investigated using a Design of Experiment (DoE) approach. the variability of SEA parameters (coupling loss factors. A frequency domain relation between the disturbance and the error signal is presented for the ﬁltered-X LMS algorithm. Sas. S. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. D’Ambrogio. The second one. T. P. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. This relation leads to a frequency domain convergence criterion which is consistent with existing literature and experimental observations. The loadmaster area is a small semi-enclosed volume connected to the large cargo hold. Pinte. Germany H. geometry. an active noise controller was developed to handle the controller tasks. The mean value provided by SEA equations is the mean of the responses of a set of similar systems. Flanders’ MECHATRONICS Technology Centre. . both control strategies are compared based on these frequency domain relations. A limit of this analysis is that of providing only the mean value of the variables of interest. Airbus Deutschland GmBH. Italy W. the theoretic results were conﬁrmed with an experimental forced vibration analysis. is used to study the inﬂuence on the eigenfrequencies and eigenmodes of such a coupled system.. Italy A. Furthermore. W. Devos. Belgium This paper presents a comparison of repetitive control and narrowband ﬁltered-X LMS feedforward control. 13:25 Filtered-X LMS vs repetitive control for active structural acoustic control of periodic disturbances (ID 1) B. averaged on frequency bands. where the disturbance is often determined by the rotational speed. No information on the standard deviation is obtained by SEA as it would be expected by a true statistical approach.. is used to analyze the acoustical energy ﬂow between the loadmaster area and the cargo hold. University of Rome “la Sapienza”. Kochan. Swevers. 2008 17:35 Application of DOE to estimate the variability of SEA solution (ID 105) A. an energy based method.

University of Southampton. On the other hand the main disadvantage is related to the low available memory space. in low frequencies. while the ﬁltered-X LMS algorithm deviates from this behaviour at frequencies between the harmonics. especially. Redaelli. M. Manzoni.G. The numerical operations which have to be adopted to overcome the problems related to the controller implementation by means of ﬁxed point mathematics are presented and commented. (b) a stochastic acoustic diffuse ﬁeld and (c) a turbulent boundary layer. The purpose of such active composite material is to signiﬁcantly absorb the energy of acoustic waves in a wide frequency range. particularly. Finally. P. Italy This paper deals with the implementation of a low-cost FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) device as a controller for active vibration attenuation. Finally some experimental tests are presented to show in which cases this lowcost FPGA device can offer advantages with respect to DSPs. Passive and active performance of the absorbers is analysed to test the feasibility of this approach. It is shown that the main advantage is the high calculation speed offered by the FPGA technology. S. in lower frequencies. Such absorbers are made up of a layer of poroelastic material (a porous foam) with embedded elastic implants having active (piezoelectric) elements. 2008 inverse based repetitive controller behaves as an harmonic canceler. 13:50 Active panels under stochastic excitation (ID 88) J. The panels are equipped with sixteen decentralised velocity feedback control loops using idealized point force actuators. The active parts of composites are used to adapt the absorbing properties of porous layers to different noise conditions by affecting the so-called solid-borne wave (originating mainly from the vibrations of elastic skeleton of porous medium) to counteract the ﬂuid-borne wave (resulting mainly from the vibrations of air in the pores). Zielinski. the paper suggests the possibility to further match the behaviour of both algorithms. In this frequency region the response and sound radiation of the panels strongly depend on the spatial characteristics of the excitation ﬁeld and the sound radiation properties with respect to the bending wavelength on the panels. Rohlﬁng.Monday September 15. the both waves are strongly coupled. The acoustic coincidence occurs at high audio frequencies for the aluminium panel and at mid audio frequencies for the composite panel. and to improve the performance for ASAC of periodic disturbances. 14:15 Active vibration reduction by means of a low-cost FPGA device (ID 95) A. Gardonio. the analysis is extended to the upper end of the audio frequency range. Institute of Fundamental Technological Research. The ﬁrst panel is made of aluminium. Vanali. Furthermore the control algorithm has to be implemented using ﬁxed point mathematics. Poland The paper presents a design. Politecnico di Milano. In contrast to previous studies on smart panels. M. At the same time the total thickness of composites should be very moderate. Cigada. It is also found that some reduction can be achieved around acoustic and convective coincidence. while the second is a composite panel with equivalent static stiffness but four times lower mass per unit area. 14:40 Active porous composites for wide frequency-range noise absorption (ID 467) T. The aim of the work is to present the main advantages and drawbacks of this device with respect to the traditionally adopted Digital Signal Processors (DSP). accurate multiphysics modeling and analysis of active porous-composite sound absorbers. Considerable reduction in structural response and sound radiation is predicted for the low audio frequency range where the panel response is dominated by well separated resonances of low order structural modes. United Kingdom In this paper an element based model is used to predict the structural response and sound radiation of two smart panels excited by (a) an acoustic plane wave. which is much more complicated if compared to the adoption of the ﬂoating point one. 22 .

in which it is desired to achieve rapid and accurate position control of a system end-point by an actuator working through a ﬂexible system. Vibration isolators consisting of magneto-sensitive elastomers promise to have more functionality than conventional isolators as they can change their dynamic stiffness rapidly. Mace. allowing rapid and almost vibrationless re-positioning of the remote load (tip mass). what causes a shift of 15-20 Hz in the natural frequencies of the suspended mass.R. The system’s actuator must then attempt to reconcile two. a mixture that changes its properties when a magnetic ﬁeld is applied. A control algorithm is implemented. Spain Magneto-sensitive elastomers are obtained by adding irregularly-shaped micron-sized iron particles to a rubber compound before vulcanization. United Kingdom An adaptive tuned vibration absorber (ATVA) can be used to suppress unwanted vibrations. 16:20 Inﬂuence of magneto-sensitive elastomers on the dynamic behaviour of a suspended mass (ID 168) A. demands: position control and active vibration damping. Alberdi. Wave-based control is a powerful. 17:10 Dynamic stiffness compensation with active aerostatic thrust bearings (ID 393) G. Somehow each must be achieved while respecting the other’s requirements. By altering the magnetic ﬁeld applied to the ﬂuid. H. The control aims to drive the cosine of phase angle between the velocities of the host structure and the ATVA to zero. Belgium Aerostatic thrust bearings are used in linear guideways as an alternative to contact bearings. Al-Bender. I. CEIT and Tecnun (University of Navarra). continuously and reversibly under the application of an external magnetic ﬁeld. relatively new strategy for this important problem that has many advantages over most existing techniques. The central idea is to consider the actuator motion as launching mechanical waves into the ﬂexible system while simultaneously absorbing returning waves. highly efﬁcient. Aguirre. Ireland There are many contexts. high-performance solution to this important problem that does not depend on an accurate system model or near-ideal actuator behaviour.J. adaptable controllers. Preumont 15:30 Wave-based control of ﬂexible mechanical systems (ID 436) W. The absence of friction in the motion makes aerostatic guideways most suitable for high precision and high speed machines.Monday September 15. from space structures to disk drive heads. University of Southampton. generic. N. from medical mechanisms to long-arm manipulators. from cranes to light robots. the shear stiffness of the ATVA can be varied. Hirunyapruk. If the excitation frequency is time harmonic but the frequency drifts with time it is desirable to retune the absorber so that the natural frequency of the absorber always coincides with the excitation frequency. This simple. The optimal isolation has been obtained experimentally turning on and off the magnetic ﬁeld in order to avoid the resonance peaks. 16:45 Vibration Control using an Adaptive Tuned Magneto-Rheological Fluid Vibration Absorber (ID 239) C. intuitive idea leads to robust. In this study. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Gil-Negrete. M. For the ﬁrst time there is a generic. Nieto. potentially conﬂicting. One way of achieving this is to adjust the stiffness of the ATVA in real-time. O’Connor.J. An application case of magneto-sensitive elastomers in vibration control is presented in this paper. This can be attained by integrating a control system with the ATVA so that its stiffness can be continuously adjusted. B. 2008 Active vibration control and smart structures – AVC1 Room 6 – Chairman: A. Experimental measurements show that the dynamic stiffness of magneto-sensitive rubber samples increases about 30% when applying a magnetic ﬁeld. the ATVA was designed as a three-layer beam with Magneto-Rheological (MR) ﬂuid in the middle layer.J. Computer simulation and experimental results demonstrate that this ATVA is able to retune itself and can maintain the tuned condition within a reasonably wide frequency range. Van Brussel. Brennen. The dynamic behaviour of an aluminium block mounted upon four magneto-sensitive rubber samples is investigated. 23 . University College Dublin. F. F. Puy.

The location problem is typically posed in terms of the times of ﬂight of the waves and results in an optimisation problem. Experimental results show that high dynamic stiffness can be obtained by active compensation. is proposed as a solution to overcome this limitation and to achieve further performance improvements in terms of stiffness and damping. absolute vibration suppression and input shaping (ID 417) I. Cardiff University. applied to the bearing ﬁlms. 2008 The low stiffness and damping of the aerostatic support. limits their application in machining processes.J. United Kingdom K. a test setup capable of identifying the bearing performance with high bandwidth and resolution has been built. and thus the need of a coupled simulation model is conﬁrmed. Peled. Active compensation. however.Monday September 15. United Kingdom G. etc. require that the model accuracy be validated by experimental investigation. First WBC. A Gaussian Process (GP) with RBF kernels was chosen for regression. Absolute Vibration Suppression (AVS) and Input Shaping (IS). Technion. They differ in many aspects such as feedback vs. the simpliﬁed models used. For this purpose. Fritzen 13:00 Locating acoustic emission sources in complex structures using Gaussian processes (ID 56) J. University College Dublin. adding positioning capabilities. R.on the relationship between wave based control. which can at times be ill-posed. The University of Shefﬁeld. speciﬁc for this type of systems. Israel W. Finally the differences in implementation are discussed. Then it is shown that for such systems the WBC and the AVS produce identical responses. Structural damage detection – SDD1 Room 7 – Chairman: C. and the resulting waveforms were recorded. Hence the three controllers are in fact identical in that case. and their equivalent open loop controller is a generalization of the IS.a classic problem of regression. United Kingdom M. The common denominator of the three methods is that they all refer to the wave motion. which was originally derived for lumped systems. via the inﬁnite dimension transfer function approach. Pierce. Technion. 17:35 Catching the wave . Mills. which are not modeled. A simulation model that considers the coupling between the structural. United Kingdom A standard technique in the non-destructive evaluation is to use acoustic emissions to characterise and locate the damage events that generate them. Halevi. general vs. deﬁnition of the input signal. Previous research shows that gap shape control is the most promising activation method. Worden. or can be interpreted as doing so. and the inﬂuence of some phenomena.-P. such as surface roughness. in order to keep short simulation times. Ireland Y. The ﬁnal performance is highly dependent on the bearing design and the working conditions. The simulation results show the validity of the coupling strategy and the relevant inﬂuence of the ﬂexibility of the bearing plate on the bearing performance. to systems governed by the wave equation. However. ﬂuid dynamics and piezoelectric aspects has been developed in order to aid in the design of active air bearings. a GP was trained 24 . However the need for a ﬂexible bearing surface increases the complexity of the design. University of Strathclyde. Since not all events can be guaranteed to be detected by all sensors during AE monitoring. A structure designed to represent a complicated aerospace component was interrogated using a laser to thermoelastically generate AE at multiple points across the structure’s surface. Eaton. O’Connor. is extended. The University of Shefﬁeld. Israel Three control laws for a system governed by the wave equation are presented and compared in this paper: Wave Based Control (WBC). A method is proposed here for learning the relationship between time of ﬂight differences and damage location using data generated by artiﬁcially stimulated AE . open loop. Piezoelectric transducers were mounted on the surface of the structure. Hensman.

doing this we have to establish new criteria for the dimensionality of SOM. Subsequent (test) data points were located by every possible GP. A non-linear least squares problem with strains. Poznan University of Technology. M. Poland In diagnostics of complex machines for their condition assessment many ‘would be’ symptoms we often use at the beginning. Damage detected with this methodology has a good correspondence with the experimental damage patterns. initial strain or external force. The efﬁciency of the software tool is demonstrated for a numerical example of a 2D truss structure. The crack distribution of the beam is estimated by means of a model based damage detection method based on modal data. The change of stiffness is the design variable. one can extract the generalized fault symptoms describing the fault evolution in a given case. Kolakowski. The discrete observation of this ‘would be’ symptom vector creates so called symptom observation matrix (SOM). truss bridges).g. after each load step an experimental modal analysis is performed. The beam is subjected to a non-symmetrical increasing static load to introduce cracks.(ID 597) C. A. 25 . and the targets were the locations of the source of ultrasonic stimulation. The major computational asset of VDM is the inﬂuence matrix.an evolution of the idea . 14:15 Damage detection on a multi-cracked beam by parallel genetic algorithms using modal characteristics (ID 79) V. However. This concept was veriﬁed in the paper using the data taken from real cases of vibration condition monitoring practice. 13:25 Observation Matrix and its Optimization in Multidimensional Condition Monitoring . Optimization is handled by a parallel genetic algorithm. given the active sensors. 13:50 Time-domain identiﬁcation of damage in skeletal structures using strain measurements and gradient-based optimization (ID 68) P. Heylen. especially at the diagnostic startup of a new machine. Jankowski. Poland This paper presents an improved numerical tool for identiﬁcation of damage in skeletal structures. based not on the number of symptoms in use. A breakthrough in terms of computational time reduction has been observed compared to the previously used steepest-descent optimization. 2008 on data for all possible combinations (subsets) of sensors. is the subject of consideration. Using as a next the singular value decomposition (SVD) for the given SOM. W. Strains are used in order to have relatively smooth variations (compared to accelerations) of the analyzed signal in time. Using the symptom reliability concepts further. Swiercz. Analytical gradients are implemented in the optimization code based on the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm with some penalty function terms. L. entering the objective function. containing all the local-global inter-relations for a structure due to given perturbations e. VDM generally belongs to fast structural reanalysis methods and can be applied to Structural Health Monitoring problems. and moreover assess the residual system life. Wiklo. Cempel. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. The inputs to the GPs were the differences in time of ﬂight between sensors in the set. It is shown that maps learned on a given structure can generalise effectively to nominally identical structures. but the quality of diagnostic decision. among others. In this way one can establish the needed dimensionality of symptom observation matrix. Meruane. A crack is assumed to be directly related to a decrease of stiffness. Belgium The present addresses the problem of detecting damage on a multi-cracked reinforced concrete beam. Results show that parallel genetic algorithms give an important increase in performance compared to sequential genetic algorithms.g. Institute of Fundamental Technological Research.Monday September 15. it is possible to asses the generalized symptoms limit value and measured symptoms diagnostic contribution. The presented software assumes the feasibility of reliable measurements of strains in time for real skeletal structures (e. and the grey system forecast methodology. Future research will include experimental veriﬁcation of the idea with piezoelectric sensors acting as tensometers. The problem of identiﬁcation has been formulated in the time domain within the framework of the Virtual Distortion Method (VDM).

V. a Double Threshold Online Detection Algorithm (DTODA) based on One-class Support Vector Machines (OCSVM) is proposed. Zabel. LIEBHERR-AEROSPACE TOULOUSE. The outputs are the relative vibration between the frame of the valve and the shaft charring the butterﬂy. France During last decades the power increasing of mechanical systems and the request for increasing service life leads mechanical components of a system to work in extreme conditions. INSA Lyon. University of Rome “la Sapienza”. will be the inputs for a Finite Element Model developed to reproduce and analyze the local contact constraints. And the computation is fast enough to assure DTODA’s ability for real-time fault detection. H.Monday September 15. The calculations are based on numerical simulations of train passages using the Newmark-method. And the detector can be updated online adaptively without real abnormal samples as they are removed in future training sets. Applying the DTODA to the analysis of a turbopump historical vibration data. Niaoqing. In particular actual mechanical systems include surfaces in sliding contact that are subjected to wear if exposed to high vibration. resulting of fretting and false Brinelling known to occur in quasi-static assemblies in vibratory environment. the vibration of components in contact results in large oscillations of the local contact stresses. Sequential Minimal Optimization (SMO) algorithm for OCSVM is introduced to improve its training efﬁciency. The model includes the stiffness of the preloading springs. Berthier. Q. it showed that the algorithm can detect the faults of the turbopump very well without any false alarm. In this algorithm. Guojun. In order to perform a numerical transient analysis of the system dynamics a nonlinear simpliﬁed model of the valve is developed. The model is validated by comparing the numerical results of the relative displacement with experimental results from vibration tests carried out on valve assembly. Italy F. INSA Lyon. The study is developed on the framework of an European project. temperature. Thus the necessity to approach an interdisciplinary problem dealing with dynamics (system vibrations) and tribology (contact behavior). The time behaviour of the forces and the respective displacements between the contact surfaces. which corresponds to the relative displacements between the outer and the inner rings of the bearings (the bearings are sited between these two components) and the time behaviour of the forces between the bearings and the frame of the valve. France J.g. humidity) or applied excitation. France A. Meanwhile. 2008 14:40 Nonlinear numerical model for predicting charge conditions on rolling bearings submitted to environmental vibrations (ID 121) Y. 15:05 Online support vector novelty detection algorithm for turbopump of liquid rocket engine based on vibration signals (ID 213) H. This paper presents an analysis concerning the inﬂuence of the vibrations induced by aircraft engines on the wear of contact surfaces of rolling bearings of the bleed system valves. of Defense Technology. but also to environmental changes (e. the nonlinearity of the bearings stiffness and the nonlinearity due to the possible detachments and impacts between the bearings and the frame of the valve. Lei. In most cases the indicators are not only sensitive to a structural damage. Rocchi. 15:30 Comparison of Modal. Germany Global monitoring systems are frequently used to monitor structures with the intention to assess the structure and support the maintenance. To study the wear.. achieved with the presented analysis. In this study. In fact. at the contact surfaces between balls and rings of the valve bearings it is then necessary to achieve the forces dues to the system vibrations and acting at the bearings connections with the structure. The input of the models is the induced vibrations by the aircraft engine. National Univ. modal and wavelet-based indicators are compared by means of a case study of a high-speed railway bridge. China To detect the faults of Liquid Rocket Engine turbopump with vibration signals. Brehm. Massi. the OCSVM with two-layer thresholds can separate outliers into nonboundary support vectors and real abnormal samples. Bauhaus-University Weimar. The inﬂuence 26 . Culla.and Wavelet-Based Damage Indicators (ID 80) M. due to the local deformation of the components at the contact interfaces.

Monitoring and diagnostics of rotating machinery – RMM1 Room 7 – Chairman: D. A suitable choice of the bearing geometry can reduce the severity of these phenomena. one of which has clearance. high power and efﬁciency but also less noise and vibration. a simple plate and an electromagnet are used to measure the magnetic ﬂux density and the plate vibration. industry. Japan Electric motors are widely used in information device. Flexibility of the rotor has been modelled using ﬁnite element method using Timoshenko beam theory for the shaft elements. load rises and decreases can generate additional dynamic forces. In this study. discontinuous. T. home electric. The shaft is mounted in bearings at ends which can be replaced to give different radial clearances. unbalance and bearing clearance in a rotor bearing system is studied theoretically and experimentally. Ghaffari Saadat.H. A. Pennacchi. Newcastle University. Okubo. This paper shows a diagnostic strategy used to study the inﬂuence of bearing loads and operating conditions on high pressure steam turbine vibrations. Chuo University. especially for small damages.M. A test rig has been manufactured to validate the simulation. The predicted magnetic ﬂux density based on electromagnetic analysis model of the motor is conﬁrmed by measured data. Vania. loading and damage of one bearing are investigated. Anyhow. which cause further changes of the machine vibrations. This diagnostic strategy has been used to analyse the dynamic behaviour of the steam turbine of a power unit. and two bearings. Politecnico di Milano. Italy Steam turbines that includes a control stage often show signiﬁcant changes of the vibration levels correlated with changes of megawatt load. Particular techniques for the analysis of monitoring data have been integrated with model-based methods aimed to estimate the correlations between load and machine vibrations. Also the electromagnetic analysis model is used to calculate the electromagnetic excitation force that loads on FE plate model to predict the vibration for veriﬁcation. 27 . clearance and speed have on the transitions. 2008 of train speed. Toi. United Kingdom The effect of the ﬂexibility of the shaft.a disk on which there is an unbalance mass. Finally structural modiﬁcation to change the FRF of rotor component is applied and the noise improvement is achieved under operating condition. It can be shown that wavelet-based damage indicators have a higher sensitivity than the modal-based indicators. The model consists of a ﬂexible shaft . The mathematical model consists of a system of nonlinear. etc. The technical demands on motor nowadays should meet not only compact. 17:10 Order and Chaos in a Rotor Bearing System with Unbalance and Clearance (ID 260) M. This can be due to changes of magnitude and direction of the journal bearings loads which cause variations of oil-ﬁlm geometry and dynamic stiffness coefﬁcients. Ewins 16:20 Prediction on Vibration and Electromagnetic Field of Electric Motor for Noise Improvement (ID 15) N. 16:45 Inﬂuence of bearing loads and operating conditions on steam turbine vibrations (ID 54) P. Then an axial gap type brushless DC motor is dealt with for actual application. Hale. transmitted to the turbine shaft through the blades of the ﬁrst stage. Amirkabir University of Technology. Iran (Islamic Republic of) J. The results show the transition from orderly harmonic and subharmonic behaviour to chaotic and the effect that variations in unbalance. It consists of an accurately ground cylindrical steel shaft with a rotor which is balanced but has means to attach an unbalancing mass. and stiff second order differential equations which was run using MATLAB ODE solver.Monday September 15. H. Narukami.

the idea to exploit the speed in order to ﬁnd information related to the defect. Technion. Ibrahim. Therefore weak bearing fault patterns can be detected in vibration signal. Israel This article considers the Empirical Mode Decomposition pioneered by N. together with the Hilbert Vibration Decomposition method. Instantaneous frequency analysis. This new method which is based on the concept of local curve roughness ampliﬁes impulsive events in the vibration signal while fades harmonic parts. The inherent limiting resolution of each decomposition method determines a rather small ﬁnite number of valuable separated monocomponents. The results are corroborated by an envelope analysis 18:00 Concept of Roughness of Vibration in Rolling Bearings Diagnosis (ID 219) M. The local curve roughness can be used as a monitoring tool for assessing overall bearing health condition as well as a diagnostic tool for detection of defect type. In many dynamic signal acquisition applications size and distance constrains physically connecting the systems needed for making 28 . An available amplitudefrequency resolution of the two known HT decomposition methods (the EMD and the HVD) is examined. United States Signal Based and Time Based are the two basic architectures for synchronizing dynamic signal acquisition. clocks and triggers are physically connected between systems. Feldman. F. illustrates the very good performance of the proposed method in the detection of bearing faults. National Instruments. This provides the highest precision synchronization but has limitations on distance. Data were collected through an accelerometer sensor attached to the machine above the defective bearing to measure the mechanical vibrations and through an optical encoder ﬁxed at the free end of the shaft gives the angular position of the rotor shaft. France In this work we present a new method to detect bearing or mechanical faults in asynchronous machine by exploiting the instantaneous frequency estimated starting from accelerometer sensor. Guillet. This method is very fast and can be implemented without any numerical complexity. In Signal Based synchronization. J. Rohani Bastami. Iran (Islamic Republic of) Early detection of rolling bearing faults is an important part of condition monitoring programs. M. Where. Laboratoire d’Analyse des Signaux et des Processus Industriels (LASPI).Monday September 15. Sharif University of Technology. A. 13:25 Synchronization Architectures for Dynamic Signal Acquisition (ID 92) K. Both methods are intended for extracting the simplest components using varying instantaneous frequency and amplitude from multicomponent nonstationary vibration. Huang. Some typical examples of nonstationary vibration signals with obtainable decomposed components are considered. Veggeberg. Several examples in the paper show the effectiveness of this new method. Bonnardot. In this paper a new method for detection of bearing faults by vibration analysis is proposed. F. The common properties of and the differences between the two methods are taken into account. Behzad. El Badaoui. Blough 13:00 Hilbert transform decompositions of vibration: application and practical recommendations (ID 76) M. 2008 17:35 Detection of Rolling Element Bearing Faults by Using of Instantaneous Frequency (ID 233) A. An experimental data were used to verify the validity of the method. Signal processing – SP1 Room 8 – Chairman: J. Arnold. Fault appears with each passage of rolling elements on the degraded surface of bearing and we can simulate it by shocks having a direct impact on the shaft speed of the machine. in the presence of natural raceway bearing fault.

The data stationarity is crucial for sufﬁcient ensemble averaging to allow convergence of the coherence function and hence its utilization for source separation. Finally some suggestions are made on the implementation of these techniques to remove disturbing part of the calculated displacements. 2008 measurements though the inter-channel phase information of simultaneously sampled signals is crucial. 29 . If a solid understanding of a dataset’s properties is present. in the determination of forces applied on a structure. United States The concept of coherent output power has been developed to separate the spectral characteristics of an acoustic source from uncorrelated background noise. and examples presented in the paper that the reader will develop a very intuitive sense as to how to approach order tracking analysis on both simple and complex or difﬁcult datasets. In vibration engineering also displacements are preferred to acceleration histories occasionally i. The time variant coherent output power is then formed and used to separate the vibration measured on a structure located near a railroad line during the passage of a freight train. 14:15 Understanding Order Tracking Data and Algorithm Limitations (ID 596) J. the algorithm performance of nearly all current order tracking methods will be characterized with respect to the different properties a dataset may possess. introduce its treatments. 13:50 Temporal noise source separation by short time coherence output power (ID 251) M. Denmark Computing displacements of a structure from its measured accelerations has been major concern of some ﬁelds of engineering such as earthquake engineering. concepts. When the noise sources are transient or non-stationary (i.R. show how they work and compare results of different techniques together. oftentimes it is very clear as to why different order tracking methods behave the way they do. both analytical and experimental. In Time Based synchronization. The concept has been used successfully in a variety of engineering applications when both the source of interest and ambient are stationary in nature. triggers and clocks can be generated based on this time. The effort described in this work addresses this situation through the application of the time variant coherent output power.e. Several sample datasets.e. Aalborg University. IRIG-B and IEEE-1588 can be used to correlate and synchronize dynamic signal measurements anywhere in the world without a direct connection between the measurement systems. In brief the major problem that accompanies reconstruction of true displacement from acceleration record is the unreal drift observed in the double integrated acceleration.Monday September 15. Penn State University. Teimouri Sichani. Purpose of the present work is to address source of the problem. vehicle pass by) the concept fundamentally breaks down as the averaging obscures the time variant characteristics. Aalborg University & University of Southern Denmark. United States An in depth discussion is presented as to why some order tracking datasets are difﬁcult to analyze with many if not all order tracking methods. Trethewey. In conjunction with these datasets. All the respective spectra are calculated with the Short Time Fourier Transform. The dominant excitation sources are the ground vibration from the wheel-rail interaction and the acoustic noise emitted from the locomotive. Events. Michigan Technological University. will be presented along with comparisons of results achieved using different order tracking methods. This is an overview with examples of how signal and time based references like GPS. The time variant coherent output power effectively separates and localizes the temporal characteristics of the two sources. system components have a common reference of what time it is. Denmark R.. 14:40 Investigating efﬁciency of time domain curve ﬁtters versus ﬁltering for rectiﬁcation of displacement histories reconstructed from acceleration measurements (ID 593) M. It is hoped that through the data. Blough. Brincker.W.

Rowson. France S. The University of Shefﬁeld. France This paper deals with the construction of a simpliﬁed elastoacoustic model which allows the ultrasonic wave propagation to be simulated in a complex biomechanical system. Oakley. the frequency domain approach is shown to signiﬁcantly simplify the identiﬁcation task for several reasons. The University of Shefﬁeld. Grimal. C. Feissel. J. In this simpliﬁed model. Naili. K. A complete application is presented for the human cortical bone for which an experimental database is available. Desceliers. France On account of measurement and modelling errors together with the issue identiﬁability. France Q. United Kingdom Within the discipline of uncertainty analysis in structural dynamics. Becker. however. The proposed methodology is illustrated on actual vibration data recorded on a rectangular steel plate. Talmant. these properties are not known with any accuracy and will in fact vary signiﬁcantly from person to person.g. P. Universit´ e Paris-Est. Shefﬁeld Hallam University. Universit´ e Paris-Est. On the other hand. A Polynomial Chaos expansion is also introduced that provides a simple surrogate model of the forward model (e. Zhang. 2008 Uncertainties in structural dynamics and acoustics – UNC1 Room 8 – Chairman: D. A method is presented for the experimental identiﬁcation in a statistical sense of the model parameters using the ultrasonic transmission technique. Worden. Manson. United Kingdom A. Soize. a Finite Element (FE) model of the heart-valve system will be used. 16:20 Bayesian Sensitivity Analysis of a Large Nonlinear Model (ID 370) W. Yoxall. 15:55 Experimental identiﬁcation in the ultrasonic range of a mechanical model for cortical bones (ID 242) C. the main source of uncertainties is due to the constitutive equation for the solid layer which is chosen as a homogeneous transverse isotropic elastic medium. J. In order to illustrate the methodology. 30 . J.Monday September 15. Antoni. This simpliﬁed model consists in a ﬂuidsolid multilayer system. a large open problem is concerned with the propagation of uncertainty through large nonlinear models (in the form of computer codes) when the expense of running the model makes Monte Carlo analysis prohibitively time-consuming. Universit´ e Paris 6. This is an example of some importance as the behaviour of the heart under physiological ﬂuid-loading conditions will depend strongly on the properties of the tissue. A subproblem of concern here is the choice of which variables will make a signiﬁcant contribution to the output uncertainty this is the domain of sensitivity analysis. The Bayesian framework offers a rigourous foundation for incorporating apriori physical information and for propagating the uncertainty in the inferred results. University of technology of Compi` egne. FE model) for exploring posterior probability distributions. Moens 15:30 Bayesian identiﬁcation and updating of uncertain modal parameters in the frequency domain (ID 254) E. The object of the current paper is to apply a relatively new technique of Bayesian sensitivity analysis to the problem. a probabilistic model of the effective elasticity tensor of the solid medium is developped. In order to improve this simpliﬁed model. this paper proposes to tackle structural identiﬁcation within a probabilistic Bayesian framework. M. Modal and structural parameters are then be simultaneously updated from experimental data and their joint probability density distributions returned at moderate computational cost. United Kingdom G.

W. D. UBP & IFMA. This methodology represents a full application of the hierarchical approach to treat a complex industrial case. The proposed technique is based on polynomial chaos decomposition to characterize the eigenvalues and eigenmodes of the stochastic structure. on the one hand. Bressolette.A. and the Component Mode Synthesis method for the efﬁcient dynamic analysis of built-up structures. 17:10 Numerical assessment of booming noise intra variability through a hierarchical approach (ID 411) R. through the CMS procedure. 17:35 A Spectral Stochastic Finite Element Method for Modal Analysis of structures with uncertain materials properties (ID 526) J. Comparisons with standard algorithms like Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS) illustrate the efﬁciency of the proposed algorithm. on the other hand. The performance of the proposed algorithm indicates that the nonlinear systems from the underlying SSFEM formulation can be solved with considerably less effort and computation time than their size suggests. A numerical methodology has been developed to reproduce the intra variability level of the booming noise in the cabin. Given their random description. Renault S. & Universit´ e de Technologie de Compi` egne. LaMI. Various representations are proposed that enable the accurate propagation of uncertainties affecting components to be reduced. The elastic modulus of the structure is considered to be uncertain. A. Vandepitte. The random parameters of the structure are represented either by random variables or by stochastic processes which are descretized by Karhunen-Loeve decomposition. The numerical example in the ﬁnal part of the paper provides a quantitative comparison of the accuracy obtained by the different variants of the novel approximative component reduction technique. Lardeur. a new method is presented for the computation of the second order statistics of the eigenproperties of the structure. The paper discusses a novel approach which efﬁciently interweaves these techniques by introducing a concept for the approximative representation of uncertainty-affected component modes.S. P. a synthesis acoustic model is necessary to reproduce the booming noise intra variability. Chateauneuf. a ﬁnite element approach leads to the reproduction of the intra variability propagation mechanism between the elementary. This paper highlights the links between the variability at an elementary level and the booming noise variability. Ahmad. In particular. Indeed. Scigliano. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Belgium This paper focuses on the integration of interval uncertainties in the procedure of the Component Mode Synthesis (CMS) method used for the dynamic analysis of large ﬁnite element (FE) models in mechanical engineering. P. the sub-system and the system levels while. Moens. France The ﬁnal objective of this study is to further develop a hierarchical approach to link car components intra variability to the global performance intra variability. The eigen-quantities are then developed as a polynomial chaos in these quantities. It uses two different numerical tools: ﬁnite element models and a synthesis acoustic model. the windscreen is a key component for this study. De Gersem. France This paper deals with the eigenproblem associated with the free vibrations of structures with uncertain material properties.Monday September 15. Two methods are combined in this work: the Interval Finite Element Method for the nondeterministic eigenvalue and frequency response function analysis of FE models with uncertain parameters. Numerical studies are also performed to validate the theoretical approach. D. Desmet. 31 . 2008 16:45 Deviatoric component modes in an interval component mode synthesis procedure (ID 616) H.

There is a great interest to work in the research of new materials and constructive solutions. Furthermore the fatigue tests at pressure and shear loadings that lead to curves of lifetime evaluation were performed. Delvecchio. After that. M. PEMARSA. E. Dalpiaz.A. Technical University of Liberec. Italy G. The diagnostic capabilities of the foregoing techniques are discussed on the basis of simulated and experimental results. It is based on experimental investigation of behaviour of the selected damping element of isoprene rubber. The reliable constitutive model that describes both hyperelastic and time dependent viscous-elastic behaviour of rubber was established. Polytechnic University of Valencia. Spain M. J. Juli´ a Sanchis. The vibro-diagnostic equipment VDS-UT2 with remote data communication via internet connection for longterm monitoring of vibration and static and dynamic deformations of railway wheels under service was developed. A vibration signal model including the effects of local faults in involute gears is presented. Van˘ ek. Italy S. in particular tooth spalls of different sizes are artiﬁcially introduced along the gear tooth face via a drilling process. The ﬁnite element method was chosen for numerical modelling of rubber elements. 13:00 Investigation of dynamics and reliability of rubber segments for resilent wheel (ID 385) L. J. For the attenuation of vibrations the interest is focused in polymeric viscoelastic materials. Experimental research of reliability with evaluation of static and dynamic characteristics ran over in plus and minus temperature ranges. The research of mechanical and thermal behaviour of elastomer as thermoviscous. Marvalov´ a.M. S. F. 32 . Czech Republic The complex numerical-experimental approach was used for the solution of dynamics and reliability of vibrodamping elements. D’Elia. For damage assessment of rubber segments the obtained curves of lifetime and Palmgren. such as continuos wavelet transform. L. Italy This work seeks the diagnosis of gear local faults by non-stationary vibration signal analysis. Segura Alcaraz. Proch´ azka.elastic material was phenomenologically based on thermodynamic principles applied to mechanics of bodies and continua. Balda.Miner hypotheses of cumulative damage from the closed cycles of service loading were used. Peˇ sek. This model is applied to study the potential effectiveness of the considered processing techniques.. Universita’ degli Studi di Ferrara. P. 2008 Poster session – POS1 Room 13:00 Viscoelastic Materials for the Attenuation of the Vibrations Produced by Fitness Vibration Machines (ID 429) J. 13:00 Gear spall detection by non-stationary vibration signal analysis (ID 611) G. AS CR Institute of Thermomechanics. Gadea Borrell. Wigner-Ville distribution and cyclostationary analysis. For the aerial noise the research is focused in the porous and ﬁbrous materials. These polymeric viscoelastic materials are placed on the partition and structural elements to improve the damping and to reduce the vibration levels. Pust. Universita’ degli Studi di Ferrara. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven & Universita’ degli Studi di Ferrara. the vibration signals acquired from a gearbox in sound and faulty conditions are analyzed with the foregoing non-stationary signal processing techniques.Monday September 15. Roncaglia. Svoboda. in order to compare the effectiveness of the considered techniques for local fault diagnostics. Czech Republic B. Spain New laws in the scope of acoustics are searching a major index of noise reduction and vibrations through the constructive elements.

lead) and their volume fraction on damping capacity. which can be used for control purposes. and the inﬂuence for the character of registered signal and selection of the proper technique of signal analysis. friction lag in the sliding regime. both statically and dynamically. Scanning electron microscopy was used to observe fracture surfaces of the samples and to evaluate the character of interfacial surfaces in the composites and homogeneity of the systems. that diagnostically interesting information is available in acoustic signal. Such experimental results can be used to validate physically motivated friction models. such as used in control applications. and under dry or lubricated friction conditions. Operation of the bysides monitoring systems bases on the assumption. 13:00 Vibration damping in polymer matrix composite systems (ID 410) D. Application of proper selection 33 . Interesting idea for the enhancement of present diagnostics systems. montmorillonite. Technical University of Liberec. For this purpose. The functional requirements of the tribometer are: (i) accurate displacement and friction force measurement. Dybala. simulation model of moving source signals was created. which causes in the observed signal. Grounded on this conception. and (iii) the possibility of applying arbitrary displacement signals over a large range of magnitude and frequency. The damping properties of particulate . widely consider on the world. Poland To improve safety in the rail transportation. which deﬁnitely impede signal analysis and thwart use of conventional method of signal analysis. and the Stribeck behaviour to be measured for one and the same conﬁguration. These functionalities are decoupled as much as possible based on the principles of precision engineering. Janssens. Those circumstances introduce lot of difﬁculties in the fault . permanent monitoring of technical state of critical parts and sets of rail vehicles is necessary. persistently change of the values of carrier frequencies. thus allowing various friction characteristics. Fundamental inﬂuence has Doppler Effect. Experiments are performed for friction identiﬁcation. Radkowski. because we must proceed with not alone. S.oriented signal dynamic resampling. Belgium A new rotational tribometer is developed which can be used for macroscopic friction measurement and identiﬁcation. many conﬁguration of measurement station were tested. in the particular points of rail track. Warsaw University of Technology. Al-Bender. The problem of diagnosis of real rail vehicle is more complicated. which is emitted by the passing rail vehicle. Sz. pre-sliding hysteresis. would be inspection of passing trains and identiﬁcation and analysis of signals connected with safety of the railway trafﬁc. 13:00 Acoustic signal processing and analysis for the byside monitoring station (ID 511) J. H.oriented signal analysis. stick-slip and limit-cycle oscillations. Material microstructure can greatly affect the damping and various interfaces in composite systems contribute to the damping due to the mutual slippage of their components. was exhibited. Kroisov´ a. The passive methods use the ability of some materials to absorb the vibration mechanical energy. 2008 13:00 Experimental Characterisation of Dry and LubricatedFriction on a Newly Developed Rotational Tribometer forMacroscopic Measurements (ID 394) T. The photoelectric equipment was used to measure the samples deﬂection. the loss coefﬁcient tan δ was calculated by a common method. The tribometer allows experiments in a large range of displacements and velocities. paper presents possibility of acoustic signal analysis. thereby providing energy dissipation. F. Gontarz. Using constructed model. such as break-away force. Paper presents the method of reduction of Doppler Effect consequences. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.Monday September 15. The aim of this experimental study is to investigate the effect of particle reinforcement type (silicon dioxide. which allows identiﬁcation of undistracted frequencies and proceed further analysis and interpretation. (ii) normal loading and measurement possibility. Presented method is a task . or to establish or validate empirically motivated friction models. which is generate by the moving vehicle and acquired by the stationary diagnostic station. which are situate close together and are moving with high velocity. Van Brussel.epoxy composites are studied. Czech Republic Damping of the structures can be attained by active or passive methods. but with many signals from the following wheels/carriers. seems to be conception of use of byside monitoring station which aim.

Shahrood University of Technology. Adaptation law is of variable structure type and switching functions is designed based on stability requirements. It also allows operate frequencies from particular sources in order to exhibit and identify beat effect. The paper also includes the examples of described analysis in the application to the simulated data and to the real signals from the rail vehicles registered by the stationary measurement station. which modulates the amplitude of analyzing signal. Spread of signal analysis supported by the model. The response of the whole system is obtained by the new FRF matrix achieved by a mathematical manipulation of the known original FRF matrices of each subsystem. which might help to decide if the acquired information is connected to proper running of vehicle or there is some anomaly in its behavior. Except classic methods. Al-e-Ali. for example affected by the different wheel diameter. where the anomaly was observed. 34 . the response of the system is achieved by the solution of an interval linear system. empirical mode decomposition was examinee. Gabriele. it is possible to observe beat effect. Contact forces are calculated by linear Kalker’s theory. Karami Mohamadi. N. To perform described investigation. In the case of appropriate conﬁguration of measurement station for the two different relevant distances of sources. It is assumed that the structures are quite complex and they are only known by their FRF matrices on a set of points. Further analysis of frequency and nature of beat effect can indicate the difference in the carriers frequencies of source signals (not connected to the Doppler effect). Linearized equations of motion are considered. 13:00 Response of uncertain coupled vibrating structures by interval analysis (ID 514) S. Formica. which can directly deliver information about frequency variation produces by the Doppler Effect. 13:00 Active Control of Lateral Vibration for Bogie Using Variable Structure Model Reference Adaptive Control (ID 534) A. Global exponential stability is proved based on Lyapunov criterion. we are able creates sufﬁcient condition for beat effect generation (even when the objects are moving in high velocity). which moves interesting frequencies to different band (better for analysis). Italy A. Italy G. The uncertain parameters are considered interval variables and they involve the uncertainties of the FRF matrices. we are able for example estimate the speed of moving vehicle. Aiming better analysis and increase usefulness of beat effect attend of frequency shifting. The results are compared with an appropriate Monte Carlo solution. makes possible appreciate the fact that signal acquisition performs with several microphones. Discovering the character of disturbances. The conventional bogie consists of two wheelsets with two degrees of freedom and one frame with one degree of freedom. 2008 measurement parameters creates opportunity to make use of Doppler Effect or to minimize its inﬂuence. Iran (Islamic Republic of) Lateral vibration and hunting are known phenomenons in dynamics of railway vehicles. Culla. A variable structure model reference adaptive controller using state variables is proposed for stabilizing the system. University “Roma Tre”. The forward velocity is assumed constant and bogie travels in straight line. Changing its arrangement and putting together signal during the object is closing and the signal during the object is recede. Therefore.Monday September 15. is suitably. In this paper critical velocity of conventional bogie is investigated. Then a controller is designed for controlling these vibrations with using four actuators replaced by longitudinal and lateral suspension. essential is the skill of signal identiﬁcation. There is also chance to recognize the speciﬁc place. University of Rome “la Sapienza”. through the all carriages. University “Roma Tre”. which give the information about differences in the kinematics and dynamics work of following vehicles sets. Italy Aim of this paper is the study of the response of coupled structural multimodal systems when one of them is deﬁned by uncertain parameters.

China Z. and then investigated the damping characteristics of the impact damper using the simulation program. We changed the design parameters. the only approximation in this method is that the second order terms in the equation of motion are neglected. 2008 13:00 Disturbance attenuation of uncertain beams (ID 114) A. These factors represent the zeros and the poles of the structure and hence the uncertainty can be interpreted as uncertainty to the poles and zeros. and used a hydraulic shaker to excite this vibration model. Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics & University of Bristol. we propose the new complementary vector computation method and efﬁcient responses calculation method to solve these problems. and veriﬁed that the calculation result was in accordance with the experimental one. Terane. calculation speed and stability. 35 . Yamazaki and Hagiwara developed the new perturbation method with complementary term for this purpose and showed that this method can reduce the time of analysis drastically. Mares. which is based on the vertex solution theorem. I. Japan K. This approach solves the exact interval for the ﬁrst-order deviation of the dynamic response and avoids interval extension. Hence. Tanaka. Xia. University of Cyprus. to determine the supremum and inﬁmum of the dynamic response. China M. In this case dynamic characteristics prediction method of much changed structure is very important. where the length of the interval increases signiﬁcantly due to the intermediate calculations. Even though this theory has been applied in controlling deterministic vibrating structures the control of uncertain structures is still in its infancy. and evaluate these methods’ accuracy. United Kingdom In control theory disturbance attenuation is analyzed by the H∞ theory and through certain dissipation inequalities. Kyprianou. 13:00 Efﬁcient Acoustic Optimization Using Perturbation Method with Complementary Term (ID 127) T. Friswell. After that. Cyprus C. and studied the damping characteristics of the impact damper when vibrated in two directions at the same time. T. Tokyo Denki University. In this paper the uncertainty is introduced via the factors of the co-prime factorization of a beam structure. Japan We developed a vibration model in which an impact damper is applied to a cantilever. Saitama University.Monday September 15. but this method causes the extreme long calculation time and calculation instability problems when the structure changed widely. 13:00 Two-directions Vibration Control Using an Impact Damper system (ID 220) T. and allows designers to repeat the trial and error design processes. Brunel University. we apply the proposed methods to acoustic optimization problem to show the efﬁciency and practicality. Nagashima. 13:00 The dynamic response of structures with bounded uncertainties (ID 128) Y.I. Product design using ﬁnite element models reduces the need for expensive. Sato. Japan In these days ﬁnite element method is often used to design and develop products effectively. We changed the clearance between the impactor and the wall of the main vibration system. University of Bristol. Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics. and present a new method. we focus on the dynamic response of structures with bounded uncertainties. This problem poses two challenges: (a) modeling the uncertainty and (b) ﬁnding the optimal control. We also created a simulation program to calculate the vibration response of the impact damper. Tokyo Institute of Technology. time-consuming prototype tests. In this paper. United Kingdom Uncertainty plays an important role in the performance of structures. Qiu. Here. Thus the method is more accurate than the perturbation method and provides tighter bounds on the response. Hagiwara.

36 . some numerical examples are presented and discussed. and ﬁnally. based on fractional derivatives. An innovative alternative to reduce the bridge deck inadmissible resonant oscillations has already been proposed by the authors based on retroﬁtting the deck with Fluid Viscous Dampers. Spain In the present contribution. Mart´ ınez-Rodrigo. Jaume I University. Lavado. Jaume I University. the dynamic performance of railway bridges under High-Speed trafﬁc is evaluated. Spain M. an existing bridge belonging to the Spanish Railway network is analyzed using a threedimensional ﬁnite element code speciﬁcally programmed by the authors for this application. using a simple model of VED. Universidad de Granada. Domenech. 2008 13:00 Vibration control of high-speed railway bridges using viscoelastic dampers modelled by means of fractional derivatives (ID 302) E. one major concern is the cost of such operations. Spain The continuous increase of the speed of railway trafﬁc can have a direct inﬂuence on the behaviour of existing bridges. the bridge deck has to be stiffened or replaced in order to avoid maintenance and security problems. Analytical closed form expressions for the optimal dampers constants are derived and their validity is numerically evaluated. Simply supported railway bridges retroﬁtted using this kind of dampers are analysed. Nasarre. Museros. To this end. Mart´ ınez-Rodrigo. Special attention is given to the dynamic effect of the deck elastic bearings.D. Foundation “Caminos de Hierro”. which may be rather elevated if the trafﬁc is to remain unaffected during the works. is used in order to simulate the behaviour of the damping material. A. The possibility of retroﬁtting existing bridges using viscoelastic dampers (VEDs) has been previously investigated in a ﬁrst approach by the authors. The optimization of the retroﬁtting parameters under harmonic conditions using a three-dimensional analytical model of the modiﬁed structure is one of the main purposes of the investigation. Moliner. less stiff bridges may undergo resonant vibrations when traversed by trains circulating at speeds higher than 200 km/h. Spain J. the gradual process of the loads entering and exiting the bridge at the abutments and the number of modes that contribute to the response. Jaume I University. Spain J.D. University of Granada.Monday September 15. In the present contribution a more advanced VED model. Clearly. Spain P. In such circumstances. 13:00 Passive energy dissipation systems applied to High-Speed railway bridges: a modal approach (ID 324) M. Some of the older.

within the Dymola environment. Germany Motorcyclist’s movements heavily affect the dynamics of the motorcycle and they can be very important in pre-crash maneuvers as well as during cornering or braking. University of West Bohemia. LMS International. E. as an essential feature of the rider model. This paper focuses on the lateral movement of the rider’s upper body with the aim to determine the limits in terms of acceleration and displacement. Donida. University of West Bohemia. Zampini. Hajzman.A virtual motorcycle rider for closed-loop simulation of motorcycles (ID 609) D. De Cuyper. 2008 MYMOSA project: Integrated motorcycle safety – MYM1 Room 1 – Chairman: M. Both the steering actions and the torso movement are important for riding a motorcycle.S. G. and it is described in this paper. University of West Bohemia. Italy I. LMS International. Moreover. Pierini. A ﬁrst virtual rider model has been also implemented. Ludwig-Maximilians-Universit¨ at. The control methodology is used in order to get active joints. allowing to track both a steer angle and a target speed proﬁle during different maneuvers.e. the displacements of the rider have been also taken into account. dimensions. where most of the developed active control systems are based on simpliﬁed dynamic models. 9:40 Development of a Virtual Rider (ID 608) M. Baldanzini. C. Universidad Miguel Hern´ andez. allowing a fully modular approach to physical system modelling and featuring advanced symbolic manipulation techniques and numerical solvers for nonlinear differential-algebraic equations. Moreno. N. The rider model is a fundamental challenge for properly evaluating the performance of active systems at the design stage. Politecnico di Milano. LMS International. The capabilities of the model for PTW are presented as well. Belgium P. Schuller. the unstable nature of 2-wheeled vehicles makes them more difﬁcult to analyze for control purposes. The aim of this work is to co-simulate (i. Pierini 8:50 A 3D model of a human for powered two-wheeler vehicles (ID 524) P. Belgium M. depending on many parameters. G. 10:05 MYMOSA . Most of the control algorithms available in the literature to stabilize a motorcycle model are able to achieve their purpose only within the theoretical physical limits of the motorcycle-rider system but without considering the actual limits of the rider actions. The modelling approach is based on the object-oriented modelling paradigm deﬁned in Modelica. Spain Unlike cars. Czech Republic This paper describes the implementation of a three dimensional 50th percentile human body model for PTW (Powered Two-Wheeler) drivers in Virtual. Belgium M. Italy As a basic step toward the design of a remotely (wireless) guided robotic system. these results will be applied in the development of new virtual riders. and assumptions for the implemented model are described. Moreno. Universit` a degli Studi di Firenze. Talaia. L. Ferretti. Czech Republic D. Most of the control algorithms developed for motorcycles do not consider the physiological limits of the rider and this is an excessive simpliﬁcation when the purpose of the simulation is to reproduce real maneuvers. Lozano. Magnani. The model implementation. Hyncik. 9:15 Object-Oriented Modelling and Simulation of an ATV (ID 604) F. Czech Republic J. Talaia. by coupling the multibody software Virtual. M. Brenna. associated with validation and future applications. and the modelling of the interaction among tires and terrain.Tuesday September 16. Peldschus. The crucial steps of the model development were the description of the steering system and of the suspensions. S. Symeonidis. a dynamic model of an All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) has been developed.Lab Motion and Simulink) a detailed multibody model of a motorcycle together 37 .Lab Motion (from LMS).

This approach is valid for the most common maneuvers. proving that the rider model is able to both stabilize the dynamics of the motorcycle and make it follow a predeﬁned trajectory with a reduced error. The component under study is a fan system. and “accelerated” modal series. 11:20 Parametric study of forces applied to a host structure by a vibratory component (ID 264) V. Italy Usually the dynamic performance of a complex structure like a gear transmission system is evaluated with lumped mass models and the effect of the ﬂexibility of the casing is neglected or roughly approximated though it can be important as in the case of aircraft applications. termed “the method of orthocomplement”. M. Forte. in which modelling is difﬁcult. Modiﬁed closed-form modal formulae were obtained in that way. PSA Peugeot Citro¨ en.Tuesday September 16. For the present study. Moulet. A double lane change and an eight maneuver were successfully simulated. France O. 2008 with a rider model to evaluate its performance.p. which can be achieved through a great number of existing methods.-H. two shafts and a thin-walled box was simulated taking into account the ﬂexibility of the casing by means of Component Modal Synthesis (CMS). 11:45 Modal synthesis using accelerated modal summations (ID 273) J. including static or inertia relief terms. 38 . are of great interest for vibratory and acoustic reasons. has been proposed in a recent paper. the component is ﬁrst tested on a test bench and then the forces entering the host structure are deduced by matricial calculation from those entering the test bench. Sauvage. Melani. a new method of characterization of residual modal terms. Assaf. forces entering the host system. Italy G. University of Pisa. Carmignani. In this work the dynamic behaviour of a simpliﬁed model of a gearbox made of two gears. This means that the rider controls the direction of the motorcycle by means of both a torque on the handlebars and the movement of his body. A procedure that combines FEM modelling. Component Modal Synthesis (CMS). PSA Peugeot Citro¨ en. More than limitating truncation effects. induced by a component. Mapagha. Lagache.-M. all the necessary matrices are measured. S. and dynamic simulation in the Simulink environment was developed in order to determine the dynamic behaviour of the whole transmission system in steady state conditions and the dynamic overloads in case of transients with a reduced number of degrees of freedom. In a technological conﬁguration. CEVAA. To this end.A. France S. France In view of impedance coupling applications. With regard to the longitudinal dynamics. Ecole Sup´ erieure des Techniques A´ eronautiques et de Construction Automobile. the vibratory behaviour of components attached to the chassis (host structure) has to be predicted from the behaviours of the components and the host structure considered separately. Celi. CNRS. It is also possible to simulate the typical non-linearities related to gear meshing including non linear elements in the Simulink model. which is transmitted to the rear wheel by means of a simpliﬁed model of the chain. C. P. France S. AVIO S. Substructuring and coupling – SC1 Room 1 – Chairman: N. Martin. France In cars. The aim here is to estimate how precise the different types of measurements (in particular the inertance of the isolated component) need to be in order for the prediction to satisfy a given degree of precision. Okubo 10:55 Simulation of the transient dynamic behaviour of an aircraft gearbox by CMS (ID 187) G. Among others. Di Carlo. the motorcycle is controlled by the brake torques and by the engine torque. the rider has been considered as having one degree of freedom with respect to the front body..

V. France P. Sternch¨ uss. the proposed methodology is applied to an industrial rotor provided by Snecma to demonstrate its capability to handle large ﬁnite element models.C. the same percentage of contact increase causes different resonance frequency shifts for different insertion stages. J. Multi-body dynamics and control – MB2 Room 1 – Chairman: P. 39 .-P. is reﬂected by the evolution of the frequency response function. G. shifts are larger or smaller. The main characteristics of this sector substructuring technique are then presented and discussed. In addition.Tuesday September 16. In the ﬁrst approach the hip stem was considered fully inserted and modal analyses were performed in various contact situations. Devos. 2008 such formulae were seen to make the control of errors possible.G. A. J. Belgium Change of the contact distribution at the implant-femur interface inﬂuences the stiffness of the implantbone system and. France This paper deals with model reduction of assemblies of bladed disks. Snecma (Safran Group). Pastrav. 12:10 Model reduction applied to multi-stage assemblies of bladed disks (ID 292) A.N. Ecole Centrale Paris. interesting observations can however be made about: i) the possible divergence of Craig-Bampton reductions through “algebraic truncation” ii) the speciﬁcity of Mac Neal reductions of free-ﬂoating components. Depending on the amount of contact that is already established. The results are in agreement with previous studies: contact increase causes positive resonance frequency shifts and the dynamic behaviour is most inﬂuenced by contact changes in the proximal zone. considered as general expressions of inverse dynamical operators. France E. Sas 14:00 A ﬁnite element study on the relationship between the vibrational behaviour of the hip stem-femur system and the contact area change at the implant-bone interface (ID 297) L. Results should now be applied to the analysis and benchmarking of effective numerical methods. Jaecques. but this last part of the work remains to be done. Balm` es. At the present stage of investigation. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. S. Asiminei. Van der Perre. It is proposed here to show how the modiﬁed modal formulae. Lombard. Jean. This allows to deﬁne a set of spatially mono-harmonic solutions that are used to build the kinematic subspaces in a subsequent reduction process. The inﬂuence of changing contact conditions on the resonance frequencies was however not yet quantitatively understood and therefore a ﬁnite element study was set up. Interesting closed form expressions of mass and stiffness equivalent matrices are obtained in that way. as a consequence. SDTools & Ecole Centrale Paris. Finally. can be used in the discussion of various techniques of model reduction. Some considerations about the use of the Fourier theory to describe the dynamics of assemblies of geometrically periodic structures are ﬁrst recalled. In the second approach stem insertion was simulated and modal analyses were performed at different insertion stages.

The comparison between simulations an experiments shows that the effectiveness of the model is satisfactorily assessed. is obtained as a combination of lumped parameter and ﬁnite element parts. Shefﬁeld Hallam University. Universita’ degli Studi di Ferrara. it is suggested that the infant fontanelle plays a key role in shaken baby syndrome. Heirman. United Kingdom N. Milandri. Rivola. Desmet. The University of Shefﬁeld. This hypothesis is explored using a numerical model formulated in LS-DYNA. together with some details on the signal treatments. The modal behavior of a fully ﬂexible model of the high speed helical gear stage is determined and compared to the rigid model. However. M. Batterbee. Howard. The information obtained from the validation stages have been ﬁnally employed for the tuning of the combined lumped/ﬁnite element model of the geared timing system. I.e. biomechanical studies have often argued that shaking. The experimental procedures are also illustrated. Rowson. on its own. Helsen. biomechanical data from SBS cases mean that this argument remains open and hotly contested. C. United Kingdom Non-accidental head injury of infants. G. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. D. W. Secondly ﬂexible multibody modeling by means of reduced ﬁnite element models is discussed. let alone quantitative. The University of Shefﬁeld. Belgium This work discusses the inﬂuence of ﬂexibility within the multibody approach for wind-turbine gearbox modeling and validates them. Italy E. First the state-of-the-art rigid multibody modeling with discrete ﬂexibility is discussed. The effect of an elastic membrane (i.D. The model. The difﬁculties of obtaining qualitative. 15:15 Shaken baby syndrome: a structural dynamics perspective (ID 500) J. Perhaps the most controversial aspect of SBS is the disagreement amongst experts over its possible causes. It is demonstrated that even for greatly simpliﬁed models. the dynamic response of the system is sensitive to the presence of the elastic membrane. DIEM. Fluid-structure-interaction methods are used to model the dynamics of the brain tissue that is suspended in the cerebral ﬂuid. The model is able to inspect the dynamic behaviour of both the geartrain and the cam-valve mechanisms. The different structures for coupling the reduced ﬁnite element structure to the multibody gearbox model are investigated. The classical hypothesis is that severe shaking of an infant can produce shaken baby syndrome. University of Bologna. The paper mainly describes the model validation process that is based on several experimental tests and it is achieved by means of different steps. Italy This work deals with the elastodynamic model of the geared valvetrain of a four-cylinder “L” engine of a Ducati racing motorbike. 14:50 The inﬂuence of ﬂexibility within multibody modeling of multi-megawatt wind turbine gearboxes (ID 401) J. the fontanelle) within the supporting skull structure is then investigated. Finally a ﬂexible planet carrier is introduced in the full gearbox model and a comparison with the rigid full gearbox model is made. thus permitting the use of the model as a tool for the design optimisation of the motorbike timing system. which is an evolution of the author’s research. The results obtained for the competitive motorbike engine can also be utilized for common production engines. by means of a generic gearbox calculation consisting of one planetary gear stage and two helical stages. where conformity to vibration and noise standards must be fulﬁlled. SBS is normally associated with three characteristics: brain damage (encephalopathy). 2008 14:25 A Model for the Elastodynamic Analysis of the Geared Timing System of a Motorbike Engine (ID 163) A. bleeding in the retina (retinal haemorrhage). D. United Kingdom A. Vandepitte.Tuesday September 16. J. Cheng. Sims. 40 . or ‘shaken baby syndrome’ (SBS) remains a controversial issue in the medical and legal ﬁelds. In the present study. and bleeding within one of the membraned layers surrounding the brain (subdural haemorrhage). Mucchi. is unlikely to induce sufﬁcient damage to be fatal. A detailed estimation of the inﬂuence of the ﬂexibility of the different components of the planetary stage is performed. Yoxall.

Anthoine. Using a synthesized hybrid sliding surface. H. be represented in a manner appropriate for input into propagation 41 . Shahravi. Baelmans 16:30 Acoustic propagation in a ﬂow duct with an oriﬁce plate (ID 169) A. and an appropriate frequency scaling is utilized to account for this. The relation between pressure and density is assumed isentropic and correction for duct damping based on viscous dissipation in the acoustic boundary layers is applied. O’Reilly.J. a comparative study of the numerical robustness of different formulations of Vortex Sound Theory and Curle’s analogy is carried out. LMS International. Boij. von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics. Belgium A. S.J. Belgium J. Belgium W. Schram. Kierkegaard. 17:20 Jet noise shielding: Mean ﬂow convection and refraction effects on jet noise source propagation (ID 442) C. 2008 15:40 Adaptive Robust Attitude Control of a Finite Element Model of Flexible Spacecraft (ID 63) M. Martinez-Lera. The wave propagation is modelled with a frequency domain linearized Navier-Stokes equations methodology. A two-dimensional approximation is used to an axisymmetric cylindrical geometry. Belgium Hybrid methods based on acoustic analogies provide an efﬁcient approach to compute ﬂow generated sound in low Mach number engineering applications. the complicated physical noise sources must. Desmet. is an aircraft conﬁguration. Belgium C. Calculations are carried out for frequencies in the plane wave range up to the cut-on frequency of the ﬁrst higher order propagating acoustical mode. Ireland Positioning aircraft engines on the rear of the fuselage above a U-shaped empennage. KTH. 16:55 Robust aeroacoustic computations based on Curle’s and Powell’s analogies (ID 509) P. Efraimsson. Sweden In this paper we present calculations of sound wave propagation in a straight duct with an oriﬁce plate and a mean ﬂow present. The ﬁnite element method is used to examine discrete elastic deformations of the ﬂexible substructures that are modeled as elastic plates. A particular focus is placed on the numerical effects related to the truncation and discretization of the quadrupolar ﬁeld. Trinity College. the excitation of ﬂexible modes that frequently happens in the conventional sliding mode is minimized. and performed with a commercial Finite Element Method code on a quadrilateral mesh with third order shape functions. Aeroacoustics and ﬂow noise – AA1 Room 1 – Chairman: M. G. ﬁrstly. which could possibly reduce the engine noise emitted towards the ground during take-off and approach. In order to acoustically assess the shielding effect attained from such a conﬁguration. Rambaud. von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics. von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics. Stability proof of the overall closed-loop system is given via Lyapunov analysis. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Amirkabir University of Technology. an adaptive robust control scheme is presented. In this paper. Belgium P. Mueller. Iran (Islamic Republic of) Equations of motion for multi-axis attitude maneuver of a spacecraft with ﬂexible substructures are developed by employing a hybrid system of coordinates and Lagrangian formulation. In order to overcome the difﬁculties arising from the measurement of ﬂexible dynamics coordinates in attitude maneuver of a ﬂexible spacecraft. Results of transmission through. Numerical simulations demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method. M.Tuesday September 16. and reﬂections at the oriﬁce are presented on a two-port scattering matrix form and are compared to measurements with good agreement. Rice. LMS International. Kabganian.

The passage contains three sections: a uniform annular downstream section. The refractive ﬂow effect on omnidirectional sources is superimposed on the convecting sources. however. simple jet noise sources may be deﬁned for use in shielding prediction methods. as they clearly indicate that with the inclusion of both the convective and the refractive effects of the jet ﬂow on the propagation of point sources. Ltd. Having solved the global equation. Its essence is using linear combinations of basis operators obtained by ﬁxing sets of M parameters in one-parameter families of compact approximations. The schemes were used for numerical simulations of aeroacoustic ﬁelds generated by subsonic and supersonic jet instabilities. A.A. These directional point sources may be used as a sound source input for shielding prediction methods. resultant from separating these sources from an arc of receivers. assuming a uniform ﬂow external to the Kirchhoff surface. Convecting point sources are located using Lighthill’s analogy with a Reynolds-Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) solution to provide mean ﬂow properties. the predicted sound pressure levels are greater than the measured values at downstream receiver angles. is formulated using either the modal superposition method or the boundary element method. sound ﬁelds in both the downstream section and the upstream duct are described using corresponding radial sound modes (modal superposition) at that circumferential order while that in the in-between section.Tuesday September 16. Computing Center of Russian Academy of Sciences. D. The developed model has been applied to design turbocharger compressor inlets of low inlet noise. with a ﬂat plate. 42 . have been evaluated and results compared with test data. where m is termed the circumferential order and i = −1 .I. Results presented here are very encouraging. Russian Federation The paper presents the multioperators strategy for constructing arbitrary-order approximations to the ﬂuid dynamics equations used in aeroacoustic calculations. jet noise sources have been created for a range of frequencies. the development of an innovative methodology for providing such a source for jet noise is described. In this paper. Savel’ev. Shirobokov. Multioperators based highly accurate schemes with two types of basis operators are described. Sheng. circular and semi-inﬁnitely long upstream duct. the boundary element method and the modal superposition method are combined to evaluate sound propagation in a straight passage.D. Formulations are presented for sound ﬁelds having a√ dependence of e(−imθ) on the circumferential angle θ. 2008 / shielding prediction methods. using the present approximations. This near-ﬁeld WEM result is then propagated to the far-ﬁeld using the Helmholtz-Kirchhoff integral equation. For a sound source of a given circumferential order in the downstream section. The refractive effect of the mean jet ﬂow on sound propagation is determined using aWave Expansion Method (WEM) to efﬁciently numerically propagate monopole noise sources in a small domain. In this present study. 18:10 Applying the boundary element and modal superposition methods to evaluate inlet noise of high circumferential orders (ID 600) X. sound power transmitted into the upstream duct can be calculated. The isolated sound pressure level and the shielding effect. Cummins Turbo Technologies Co. Equations for the three sections are coupled to give the global equation through the continuity in sound pressure and air particle velocity at nodes on the interfaces between the sections. United Kingdom In this paper.V. which includes the sheared jet ﬂow. Tolstykh. Lipavskii. M. and a rotational section of complex geometry located in-between. The obtained results are compared with experimental data. a uniform. 17:45 Highly accurate multioperators schemes for aeroacoustics with application to noise generated by jets (ID 420) A.

Kuo. Validation of these models against a single-pile Boundary Element Model shows good agreement in predicted response to longitudinal forces as well as considerable savings in computational time. H. France G. The response in the free ﬁeld due to a moving vehicle is predicted in the frequency range 1-150 Hz. An invariant concrete tunnel embedded in a layered half space is modelled using the coupled periodic ﬁnite element-boundary element approach. Degrande. Budapest University of Technology and Economics. An acoustic 3D spectral ﬁnite element method is used to predict the acoustic response inside the rooms of the building.A. C. It is shown that the insertion gains computed with the complex model signiﬁcantly differ from those obtaind from simple rules of thumb.Tuesday September 16. Hungary A numerical model is presented to predict the effect of countetrmeasures mitigating subway trafﬁc induced ground-borne noise and vibration in buildings. United Kingdom The dynamic behaviour of piles in response to incident vibration ﬁelds from underground railways is a major concern in the construction of tunnels and buildings. base-isolation of the building and a box-within-box arrangement in the room. maps of the energy lost through the pile boundary are constructed. 2008 Railway dynamics and ground vibrations – RAIL1 Room 2 – Chairman: H. MSSMat Laboratory (Ecole Centrale Paris/CNRS). Hungary S. An adjoint state gradient method is proposed in order to minimize a misﬁt function describing the difference between measured and modeled response data. however. Budapest University of Technology and Economics. Kraft. The present paper gives a detailed description of the methods used in incorporating pile models into the PiP software. The tip orientation and the absolute distance of the pile from the tunnel are important parameters in pile and tunnel construction. in particular pile locations relative to a tunnel the majority of energy ﬂows through the pile skin. It is shown that the majority of energy from longitudinal vibration usually ﬂows through the tip. 9:15 Identiﬁcation of nonlinear vibrations in railway vehicles including considerations of track defects (ID 349) S. France In this work ﬁrst results from an ongoing work on parameter identiﬁcation for a TGV model are presented. Hunt 8:50 A parametric study on countermeasures to mitigate subway trafﬁc induced vibration and noise in buildings (ID 345) P. G. Using power ﬂow methods. Besides. SNCF. Gupta. 9:40 Vibration in piled foundations due to trains in underground railway tunnels (ID 450) K. D. F¨ unfschilling. Fiala. and vibrations in a simple portal frame building are estimated by solving a dynamic soil-structure interaction problem. The ﬁrst step of the study is the modeling of the vehicle with a multi-body system code and the comparison of the simulation results with measurements in the time domain. Puel. Augusztinovicz. The objective of further work is to apply it on a simpliﬁed multi-body model of the bogie which is presented in the third part of the proceeding. 43 . Cambridge University. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. The parameter identiﬁcation based on inline tests is therefore of particular interest. The suspension characteristics are difﬁcult to determine since they can differ from one train to another and are evolving during their life time. characterization tests on single suspension elements are expensive. The Pipe-in-Pipe model (PiP) is wellestablished as a tool for predicting vibration from underground railways. Belgium F. Aubry. and that source isolation is the most effective countermeasure to mitigate ground-borne noise and vibrations. It is currently being enhanced to include details of piled foundations. Hunt. The methodology is used to investigate the efﬁciency of a ﬂoating slab track in the tunnel.

Baeza.5D ﬁnite element . J. Universidad Polit´ ecnica de Valencia. The use of a classical three-dimensional ﬁnite element model requires a large part of the soil to be modelled in order tomitigate wave reﬂections on the model edges that contaminate the results. Rovira. In an existing situation. Franc ¸ ois. in the soil and on structures situated near the track. 2008 10:05 A 2. L. As vibration isolating screens are very expensive. A 2. G. so that the waves that impinge on the screen are reﬂected back to the vibration source. Degrande 10:55 Induced vibrations due to High-Speed Trains on ballast and slab tracks (ID 26) P. The methodology is applied to assess the efﬁciency of an existing vibration isolating screen near a tramway on a site in Haren (Brussels). Belgium Vibrations in the built environment are generated by a variety of sources. These tests allow for a validation of the numerical model. Vila. where the excitation is the vertical wheel-rail contact force and the displacement (or velocity) is measured in the wheel-rail contact plane. A two-dimensional model.5D boundary elements. A. 11:20 Dynamic model of a railway wheelset for corrugation problem analysis (ID 156) P. Borgions. Galv´ ın. Thyssen. Schevenels. the number of degrees of freedom becomes prohibitively large. offers a good alternative. where a Fourier transform of the longitudinal coordinate allows to represent the three-dimensional wave ﬁeld on a two-dimensional mesh. Dom´ ınguez. a numerical model is a useful design tool. The dynamic properties of the solid are obtained from a solid ﬁnite element model of a real wheelset. The site is fully documented: the soil properties have been determined experimentally and the inﬂuence of the vibration isolating screen has been measured for various vibration sources. such vibration countermeasures are often impracticable and a vertical vibration isolating screen. Degrande. M.5D ﬁnite elements and the soil by 2. The model adopts an Eulerian coordinate set for numerical efﬁciency. Railway dynamics and ground vibrations – RAIL2 Room 2 – Chairman: G. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Universidad de Sevilla. The screen is modelled by 2. taking dynamic soil-structure interaction rigorously into account. J. The coupling of the subdomains is performed in an iterative manner which allows for an independent choice of the time step length in each subdomain. J. is unrealistic as the wave scattering has a three-dimensional character.5D model is therefore applied. The structures are modelled using the FEM. even if the train speed is low. Romero. and the soil is represented by the BEM. The effect of rail pads properties has been also studied. From the proposed numerical model soil and track vibrations induced by the passage of HSTs at different speeds have been obtained in the cases of two ballast tracks and one slab track.Tuesday September 16. These results let us know that the gyroscopic effect may contribute to deﬁne the wavelength-ﬁxing mechanism in some corrugation problems. Consequently. Spain A three-dimensional BEM/FEM model based on time domain formulation is presented to predict vibrations in the track. A. placed between the vibration source and the building. B. Common measures include a stiffer structural design and the use of base isolation at either the vibration source or receiver side. 44 . Spain In the present work a model of ﬂexible shafts is adapted for modelling the railway wheelset. These vibrations may cause malfunctioning of sensitive equipment and nuisance to people. Different measures can be taken to prevent vibration issues. Results of the crossed-receptance and mobility functions are presented. due to train passage. with a smaller number of degrees of freedom. such as industrial machinery and road and rail trafﬁc. A vibration isolating screen is composed of a very stiff or soft material.boundary element model for vibration isolating screens (ID 366) S. Fayos.

Tuesday September 16. Zegers. Therefore the focus of this research is to develop a lightweight ﬂoor system. United Kingdom The paper describes a theoretical model of an inﬁnitely long beam resting on a viscoelastic multilayered surface together with a harmonic point load moving along the beam. Mares. The analytical solutions for displacement and the amplitude spectra were determined and a special approximation method based on the wavelet theory. Brunel University. and industries too. 12:10 Investigations on the attenuation of squeal noise from a resilient railway wheel by means of piezo-actuators (ID 293) A. Eindhoven University of Technology.J. have involved universities. load velocity and load frequency for the harmonic load. Esat. regarded less comfortable than heavier. Flexible and Demountable) way of building which is the prevalent Dutch approach to sustainable building. ERAS GmbH. This is one of the goals of IFD (Industrial. The structural measures include intelligent coupling of structural elements and support conditions. For this last noise source in particular. Young’s modulus. using the Coifﬂet ﬁlter coefﬁcients. problem which has become a very important subject of research in recent years. aimed at identifying the most contributing noise sources and a way to reduce their emission. 2008 11:45 Wavelet analysis of a solid vibration due to a load moving along a beam resting on a surface (ID 232) P. private research centres. such as trafﬁc. Politecnico di Milano. During the last years. Italy H. Squeal noise is due to the wheel vibrations related to a self-excited phenomenon. Germany The international scientiﬁc community is more and more interested in the topic of environmental noise reduction. Netherlands A major trend in the current building practice is to reduce the weight of structures. Italy M.G. these lightweight ﬂoor systems are sensitive to vibrations and are therefore. This quality measure includes human sensitivity for vibration that is frequency dependent. A parametrical analysis of the system’s behaviour is presented when different parameters are varied: the mass density. 45 . However. This model is related to the investigation of vibrations generated by high-speed trains. One of the heaviest and most complex parts of a building is the ﬂoor. The aim of this paper is to investigate the possibility to prevent the squeal noise from a resilient wheel using active control techniques. H. Considering the noise effect on people in big urban centres. which leads to a limit cycle with very high vibration amplitudes. This paper describes structural measures to increase vibration comfort. many international research projects. Redaelli. Manzoni. Siebald. one of the most relevant contributions is represented by the squeal of vehicle wheels.A. industrial plants and urban trains. inhabitants experience a lot of noise sources. I. Schiedewitz. De Roeck 14:00 Design of Lightweight ﬂoor system for optimized vibration comfort (ID 283) S. Fehren. Civil applications – CIV1 Room 2 – Chairman: G. Cigada. A detailed study on the effects of these structural measures and a design principle with improved vibration comfort will be presented. C. by means of smart materials. is used to compare the comfort value of a structure subjected to vibrations. based on the velocity of the vibration. This is the reason why high power control system should theoretically be required to suppress the vibrations and the resulting noise emission. A quality measure. ERAS GmbH.F. The main incentives for this trend are the scarcity of materials and the rising costs of labor and materials. The inﬂuence of layers’ physical properties and moving load speed on the level of vibrations at the surface is analysed. Politecnico di Milano. Koziol. Germany S. more traditional ﬂoor systems. without taking measures. was introduced and adapted for the calculation of the vertical displacement. M.

The equilibrium condition at the interface is imposed through an iterative solution in the time domain. Traditionally it has been considered sufﬁcient to keep odd harmonics of the fundamental period of the bell away from resonances of the tower and to avoid placing bells high up in towers with low-damped resonances in the vicinity of 1-2 Hz. Two procedures.Tuesday September 16.levels of vibration at frequencies typically around 2 Hz. to process the data that is received at the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto (FEUP) through an internet connection. a new algorithm for automatic identiﬁcation based on clustering techniques is presented. moving the coupling terms to the RHS of the equations as forcing terms. Universit` a di Brescia. Such bells are generally located some way up a bell tower and the horizontal forces generated by their swinging can cause substantial . The paper presents a case study on the vibration of the bell tower in Great St Mary. Based on some simple data measured from the tower it is possible to compute the amplitude of tower motion with some considerable accuracy. as many as twelve bells swing bodily through 360o and the mass of the heaviest bell is typically well in excess of 1000 kg. This paper outlines a new method for analysing the motion of a tower during bell ringing. In change ringing. especially in churches. Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto. Italy G. considering two 3D vehicle models. Italy M. Portugal A multi-channel dynamic monitoring system was recently installed in a long span concrete arch bridge to continuously evaluate the variation of its dynamic modal parameters. considering separate and uncoupled mechanical models for the vehicle and the bridge. Mulas. the latter is implemented in an ad hoc developed code. The implemented routines perform on-line automatic identiﬁcation of the bridge modal parameters using two different approaches: the Frequency Domain Decomposition method and the Covariance driven Stochastic Subspace Identiﬁcation (SSI-COV). iterative in principle. Even small amplitudes of vibration. United Kingdom Bell ringing is popular worldwide. Cambridge University. E. Hunt.G.and often damaging . which has been home to bell ringing since 1724 – the second oldest ringing society at any church in the world with a continuous history of its ringing. for a period of 6 months. Cunha. with a software developed in Matlab environment. H.a new approach to analysis (ID 458) R. performed on a simply supported RC bridge. Henrique” bridge based on FDD and SSICOV methods (ID 294) F. show the good performance of the two procedures. making use of a staggered strategy. Italy A formulation of the coupled equations of motion for the bridge-vehicle dynamic interaction problem is proposed. A. This paper characterizes the bridge and the monitoring system used and presents the results achieved. 15:15 Vehicle-bridge Interaction Analysis: An Uncoupled Approach (ID 142) A. Smith. The former relies on a general purpose FE code for the structure. The equations are forcibly uncoupled. In addition. Lucchini. The numerical studies. Cambridge. Universit` a di Brescia. 46 . are devised: one iterates over the whole time-history and the other over the single time step. with the ﬁnal goal of demonstrate the feasibility of application of damage detection methodologies based on modal parameters shifts. The new method is much more precise than this and it examines the forces of all bells as they progress through a given method. say 2 mm. Politecnico di Milano. Feriani. Caetano. 2008 14:25 Permanent monitoring of “Infante D. It is also found that total peal time has a big inﬂuence on tower motion. a peal lasts roughly 3 hours 20 minutes and energy to vibrate the tower is energy extracted from the bell ringers’ muscular effort leading more rapidly to exhaustion. 14:50 Vibration of bell towers excited by bell ringing . It is found that even harmonics excite tower motion signiﬁcantly and that this is related to the size of the handstroke gap. Magalh˜ aes. In the latter case. are known to create difﬁculties because of the precise timing required to ring changes to a given “method”. especially popular in the UK. This is based on the assumption that at the bridge-vehicle interface the systems are always in contact and accounts for the pavement roughness.

especially existing ones. B¨ oswald.g. Some buildings.Different Approaches Applied to a Lab Model (ID 180) A. a shaker is used as source of excitation. the operating structure under test should be excited by randomly tapping it. In this paper. Golinval 16:30 Engine Excitation for Operational Modal Analysis . with its high pressurized waves occurring within very short time duration.G. However. Y. In the past. a typical conventional RC residential apartment structure subjected to blast loads is discussed. Ong. To generate different forms of vibration input.Tuesday September 16. the design of blast resistant structures may not be economically viable for conventional commercial and residential buildings. These modal parameters are used e. e. The resultant blast acting on the building may cause damage to its structural components and such damage may also seriously compromise the structural integrity of the whole structure which may lead to structural collapse with serious losses to property and lives. to validate the numerical model of the aircraft for reliable predictions of ﬂutter critical speeds.g. National University of Singapore. Singapore Nowadays. Operational modal analysis – OMA2 Room 2 – Chairman: J. Characteristics of the blast loads and structural geometry are provided and the results obtained discussed and benchmarked against analytical solutions obtained using the Equivalent-Inelastic SDOF method. P. All ﬁndings are compared to the results achieved by a traditional Experimental Modal Analysis (EMA) performed on the engine model. Deutsches Zentrum f¨ ur Luft. This ist done by using a simple engine model consisting of steelplates and rubber mounts. terrorist threats to infrastructure are of increasing concern. measurement hardware and method developments have signiﬁcantly contributed to the reduction of testing time.C. an approach using a single frequency combined with response ﬁltering will be studied. Furthermore.An Alternative Method to Ground Vibration Testing of Large Aircraft (ID 479) M. Fraunhofer Institute for Structural Durability and System Reliability LBF. Kusumaningrum. or by increasing the amount of information gained from the GVT to make it more cost-efﬁcient. The structure is modeled numerically using LS DYNA FE code. results in very large impulsive-dynamic loads that may exceed the ultimate load carrying capacity of the structure. One way to minimize damage to such conventional structures. which is called ground vibration test (GVT) in the aeronautics community. e. improvements with respect to the test strategy. The use of vehicular bombs against buildings is a common type of terrorist threats. Beside excitation techniques using varying input frequencies (i. 16:55 Taxi Vibration Testing . is to study their response to various possible scenarios of such blast loads occurring and assess possible ways of mitigating and minimizing the impact of such loads on their structural integrity. it is one of their aims to reduce the cost for a GVT. Germany The presented paper compares different excitation approaches to identify which might be the best way to carry out an Operational Modal Analysis (OMA) on a combustion engine.und Raumfahrt (DLR). Germany Modal parameters such as eigenfrequencies. 2008 15:40 Numerical Modeling of a Conventional RC Structure and its Response to Blast Loads (ID 591) K. Institute of Aeroelasticity. Since it is the aircraft manufacturer’s goal to make aircraft development more cost-effective. government ofﬁces and power plants may be designed against such extreme loading conditions. Friedmann. The model represents the rigid body modes and the ﬁrst elastic modes of an engine (including an attachment part) as used in a real passenger car.C. changing rotational speeds). Typically such blast loads. a 47 . embassies. and mode shapes of aircraft prototypes are determined experimentally in a modal survey test. Govers. damping ratios. This can either be achieved by shortening the test time. However.

it is impossible to measure or to control the excitation resulting. Allemang. Kerschen. would serve as a convenient methodology to test vehicle structures when response data alone is available. Denmark Operational Modal Analysis was originally invented for vibration analysis on civil engineering structures exposed to ambient excitation being purely stochastic and broadband in nature. Sound & Vibration Measurement A/S. Poncelet. This paper proposes another way of doing OMA where the post-processing (i. The OMA. the validation of the Finite Element (FE) model is performed on the basis of experimental data which is obtained from the GVT shortly before the ﬁrst ﬂight. shaker and impact hammer for the EMA tests. The current paper presents the results of a preliminary study performed on a commuter class aircraft (DO 228-101). Data has been acquired from the test structure with different excitation techniques. 17:45 Modal studies on a truck frame and suspension (ID 304) B. In case of structural dynamic responses. the FE model validation process should be addressed as early as possible in the aircraft development to avoid costly re-designs and excessive model validation tasks in the latest stages of aircraft development. University of Li` ege. Belgium In-orbit modal testing can be an interesting tool for the monitoring of spacecraft structures. The results indicate a fairly consistent estimation of modal parameters for the test structure using both OMA and EMA methods. Denmark P. R. University of Cincinnati. From a risk mitigation point of view. also called Operational Modal Analysis (OMA). United States S. shaker and random impact using hammer for the OMA tests. Chauhan. The methodology uses the Blind Source Separation (BSS) techniques which attempt to recover the source signals only from their observed mixtures. driving on uneven taxiway. Re sponse powerspectral data has been processed for output-only OMA and the estimates obtained have been validated against those based on processing frequency response function (FRF) data based on conventional EMA methods. or respectively. DLR has invented the so-called Taxi Vibration Test (TVT) which can either be performed as an alternative to the GVT or as a supplement to conventional ground testing. essential data for FE model validation have to be obtained in a different way. Swaminathan. Jacobsen. 18:10 Operational Modal Analysis on Structures with Rotating Parts (ID 268) N.-C. The paper describes the complete methodology including the post-processing. respectively. 2008 vast improvement with respect to test time reduction or cost-effectiveness will only be achieved if the aeroelastic certiﬁcation process is taken into account. Structural Vibration Solutions A/S.J. the original algorithms are often inadequate in providing accurate results due to deterministic excitation. G. Consequently the only realistic methodology must be an outputonly modal analysis. The modal parameters obtained from TVT are compared to those stemming from a conventional GVT. Br¨ uel & Kjær. Denmark This paper presents a comparative study of conventional Experimental Modal Analysis (EMA) and outputonly Operational Modal Analysis (OMA) techniques for estimating the modal parameters of a moderately damped truck chassis. When performing Operational Modal Analysis on civil or mechanical engineering structures with dominating rotating parts. To achieve this. Andersen. Golinval. B. without its need to measure input forces. and its feasibility is demonstrated using a numerical application modeling a truss satellite with the FE method. 17:20 In-orbit vibration testing of spacecraft structures (ID 301) F. the source signals and the mixing matrix are equivalent to the modal coordinates and the mode matrix.e.Tuesday September 16. for instance. 48 .g. In these applications. from an impact with a small asteroid or from the working engines. Sound & Vibration Measurement A/S. the physical modal parameter extraction) is simpliﬁed and automated.-J. from other vibration tests long time before the performance of the GVT. namely. Sharma. It can therefore provide modal parameters of the aircraft for FE model validation to achieve permission for the ﬁrst ﬂight earlier. The TVT utilizes output-only vibration measurements acquired while the aircraft is e. and. Br¨ uel & Kjær. Currently. J.

because due to physical design and manufacturing limits. ﬁnite element calculation model must be validated. Modal testing: methods and case studies – MTC1 Room 3 – Chairman: L. Giambra.A. A further issue in this ﬁeld is the standard use of a closed loop real-time vibration control scheme. This is particularly true when testing massive structures (e. M. Garibaldi. Cros. This includes Fast Kurtosis Checking. France Finite element calculation to predict vibration behavior of headlamp is important to improve conception. Roucoules. LMS International. Politecnico di Torino. The aim is to predict the ﬁrst frequency of resonance. At this stage. Valeo. A vibration controller model is then implemented. where a signiﬁcant part of the vibration is originating from the rotating parts. Politecnico di Torino. a virtual shaker test is run. the dynamics of the testing facility often couples with that of the test specimen in the frequency range of interest. To insure good prediction of the results. In this paper. L. to the optical module of a headlamp and ﬁnally to a full headlamp are presented. “Virtual shaker testing” is a novel approach to deal with these issues: it means performing a simulation which closely represents the real vibration test on the speciﬁc facility by taking into account all parameters which might impact the dynamic behavior of the specimen. Britte.Tuesday September 16. E. B. 3D solid modal calculation and experimental modal analysis of headlamp components have been performed. C. J. Debille..g. 2008 This paper describes recently developed algorithms allowing Operational Modal Analysis to be performed on structures. The applicability of the algorithms is assessed for cases within civil and mechanical engineering. In addition. S. Examples of this method applied to the housing of a headlamp. based on existing algorithms. practical measurement considerations concerning dynamic range and time recording length are discussed. by coupling shaker and control loop models in a co-simulation routine. which could potentially shift poles and change damping of the aforementioned coupled system. Marchesiello. AVIO S. such a virtual shaker testing approach is developed. MAC values above 70% on modes are achieved with a ﬁrst frequency accuracy at less than 5%. Italy M. 9:40 Experimental modal analysis of an aeronautical engine component (ID 154) A. the interaction between the structure being tested and the instrumentation hardware used to perform the test is a critical issue. Plancher. Fasana. (MAC). Ricci. 9:15 Virtual shaker testing: a novel approach for improving vibration test performance (ID 258) S. A coupled electro-mechanical lumped parameter shaker model is created ﬁrst. satellites). Peeters. L. Belgium In the ﬁeld of vibration testing. as well as the areas of potential mechanical weakness during development. Quality of the ﬁnite element model is evaluated by comparing the calculated and experimental results in FEMtools using Modal Assurance Criteria. Italy S. Sommerschuh. and validated by means of hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) simulation. and model parameters are tuned by carrying out some dedicated experiments. Garibaldi 8:50 Finite element vibration model validation of optical module and headlamp (ID 52) C. Faignet. 3D solid ﬁnite model is validated and can be used to predict frequency and potential weakness areas of components and headlamp. Enhanced Kurtosis Checking and the Curve-ﬁtting Frequency Domain Decomposition technique. Numerical results are eventually correlated with experimental ones in order to assess the robustness of the proposed methodology. Italy 49 .p. Decreasing the number of non conformity during prototype validation helps to reduced lead-time.

In the freefree conﬁguration a large set of acceleration data was acquired for a total of 320 points. In this work.Tuesday September 16. Brown 10:55 Sine sweep excitation of MDOF systems (ID 404) L. Italy D. its modal parameters had been measured and matched with the results of a ﬁnite element model. The idea behind such model is related to the will to extrapolate the rigid body dynamics of complex machinery with rotating unbalanced shafts. Korea. Gran` a. In order to identify the vibration behaviour of the part. Italy Sine sweep excitation is frequently used to excite large structure for the identiﬁcation of modal parameters. With these models. which are quite particular and should allow the thermal expansion of the cylinder: in this conﬁguration only 30 triaxial acceleration signals were measured in ﬁve runs.K. in collaboration with the Politecnico di Torino. in order to correctly deﬁne not only the system poles but also its mode shapes. Modal testing: methods and case studies – MTC2 Room 3 – Chairman: D. As many typical aeronautical devices. Kim. the authors will present some considerations on sweep sine excitation applied to a MDOF (8dof) system with an unbalanced mass providing the excitation. N. The MDOF system allows to make considerations of 50 .G. 10:05 Modal Analysis of a PWR Fuel Rod under Simulated Plant Operation Condition (ID 375) H. Park. Universit` a degli Studi di Trieste. A dedicated support had also been designed and manufactured with the aim of correctly simulating the real boundary conditions. All data have been independently processed by two modal parameters estimation techniques.Y. The advantage of the technique lays in the possibility of speeding up the test procedure when compared with the stepped sine approach still keeping the possibility to identify non-linearities if the sweep rate is kept low. Some highlights on the practical implementation of the two techniques are given together with a comparison and comments on their result. 2008 Experimental modal analysis has become in the past years a sophisticated and reliable tool to assess the dynamic behaviour of structures. decided to start a comprehensive test campaign on a large component of one of the aeronautical engines which are currently in production. three kinds of models have been proposed according to the in-reactor condition. thus conﬁrming the theoretical predictions. the modal analyses have been performed and the results have been compared with those of the test which has been carried out for veriﬁcation of the analysis model. University of Trieste. The measures took ﬁve days and were accomplished in 54 runs because of two main reasons: the limited number of channels in the acquisition system and the need of limiting the added mass on the thin shell. vibration behavior of the fuel rod of which the properties are changing during its life time due to a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) plant operation conditions has been investigated. Bregant. S. Italy C. Republic of In this paper. The system is almost axisymmetrical and in fact the experimental results show the presence of couples of modes with very close frequencies and very similar mode shapes. For the investigation. Pestelli. The analysis results which simulate the test condition show a good agreement with test results. The structure under investigation is a metallic and thin shell of almost cylindrical shape and it was studied in laboratory conditions. each in three directions. This is why AVIO. Jeon. the item must bear both high dynamic and thermal stresses. A random input was applied by an electrodynamical shaker in order to excite the cylinder mainly in its radial direction but with non negligible tangential and axial force components. And the model and the operation conditions proposed in the present analysis may be usefully applied to understand the fuel rod vibrational behavior during its life time in reactor. namely the stochastic subspace identiﬁcation in the time domain (SSI) and the rational fraction polynomial method in the Z domain (FRPZ). Even if some indication of the allowable sweep rate are recommended in a standard (ISO 7626) practically all the theoretical work has been done on SDOF systems. Korea Nuclear Fuel. Wartsila Italia Spa.

which are mostly based on the direct ﬁnite element method (FEM) or on classical modal reduction procedures. 11:20 Experimental Modal Analysis Of The Dynamic Behaviour Of Steelpan Test-notes (ID 313) S. University of Cambridge. Modal models are extracted from dynamic test data collected during a test campaign on a composite material fuselage panel. United Kingdom The steelpan also referred to as the Caribbean steel drum is a relatively new percussion instrument developed in Trinidad during the Second World War. Italy This paper presents the results of a research activity aimed at assessing the impact of several excitation and measure techniques used on the composite structure on the modal model parameters variability. 2008 the inﬂuence of the coupling between the DOFs. To this aim. Modal testing: methods and case studies – MTC3 Room 3 – Chairman: T. mechanical behaviour of test-notes in an attempt to automate the tuning process. show an inefﬁcient balance between computational time and accuracy. ECS St. Austria The mechanical behavior of complex elastic structures with substructures is signiﬁcantly inﬂuenced by the local and nonlinear constitutive behavior of the involved joints. Riener. Johannes Kepler University Linz. the tuning of the steelpan is still largely done by hand. Irschik. an intensive test campaign is carried out on an aircraft fuselage panel made of composite material. This paper investigates the dynamic. M. Mucchi.E. LCM Linz. Based on Joint Interface Modes (JIMs). MAGNA Powertrain. Contact and non-contact 1D and contact 3D measurements were performed. Austria H. Luczak. comparable in size to notes on the lower frequency steelpans were manufactured using incremental sheet forming (ISF). C. Universitadegli Studi di Ferrara. A. Barlow. Witteveen.Tuesday September 16. circular test notes. J. It is a well known effect that local damping couples the degrees of freedom (DOFs) in a mode based computation. Pierro. this effect is neglected in engineering praxis in order to preserve the computational efﬁciency of the modal approach. This approach is characterized by almost the same accuracy as the full FEM. Vecchio. Maloney. 11:45 Experimental Modal Analysis Of Large Fuselage Panel For Composite Structure: Contact And Non-Contact Measurement (ID 77) M. LMS International. University of Vienna. Flat. without loosing the efﬁciency of modal computation. While the production of this instrument has been automated to some extent. Austria A. and to understand the inﬂuence of the sweep rate on the different natural frequencies. Well-established computational techniques. which have been recently proposed by our group. DIMeG-Politecnico di Bari. Experimental modal analysis tests conducted with a scanning laser Doppler vibrometer (SLDV) revealed mode conﬁnement to be dependent on bowl curvature. Italy E. Plank. Engelbrechtsm¨ uller. Belgium ´ E. Austria H. Assessment of the excitation method and the measurement technique and directions on the modal model parameters is being made. it is possible to perform mode based dynamic computations of jointed elastic structures utilizing local and nonlinear contact and friction models.Y. Woodhouse. Valentin. Uhl 14:00 An efﬁcient mode based approach for the dynamic analysis of jointed and locally damped structures: Joint Interface Modes (ID 182) W. The present paper is devoted to demonstrate that the use of JIMs allows the consideration of the mode coupling due to damping. Typically. Our work is organized as follows: 51 .

bench and engine testing are described. It’s extremely important to avoid resonance frequencies in the operative range starting from the initial design phases. design optimization and prototype validation of a gas turbine high pressure blade (ID 202) P. From the ESPI complex-valued displacement ﬁelds at each frequency line and constitutive laws.Tuesday September 16. ESPI technology is described in brief in order to explain how to measure full-ﬁeld dynamic displacements. as the authors have shown in a previous work. Mariotti. In a second section the concept of ‘Joint Interface Modes’ is brieﬂy reviewed and in the last section a numerical example utilizing JIMs is presented. The described approach is applied on a car brake disk and reported in detail.the relationship between two sets of responses. there are important properties associated to the transmissibility . This paper concentrates upon the processes used to design and validate a high-pressure turbine blade for an industrial gas turbine.B. Technical University of Lisbon. Portugal N. it can be seen that the JIMs formulation enables full mode coupling due to local energy dissipation. Italy Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry (ESPI) technology gives nowadays the opportunity to measure high spatially deﬁned 3D displacements in a wide frequency range by means of optical laser techniques. M. geometry. 14:50 Experimental Estimation of FRFs Using the Transmissibility Concept (ID 518) A. stress&strain ﬁelds are numerically derived to be directly processed. D’Ercole. Also.M. Italy Among the causes that can lead to cracking and failure of ﬂow path components of a gas turbine. it may happen that the measurement of certain FRFs is impossible as they are related to some points of interest that are not physically accessible. This is one of the reasons why a prototype validation campaign is usually performed: during the prototype test vibratory stress levels are compared to HCF endurance limits. results from ﬁrst unit ﬁeld operation are reported. by an adopted cumulative damage model. Pieroni. Urgueira. extended to a general multiple degree-of-freedom system. 14:25 Modal analysis. Oil & Gas. Zanarini. The transmissibility concept can play an important role to circumvent these situations. Universidade Nova de Lisboa.P. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the potentialities of the transmissibility concept to predict unmeasurable FRFs in an actual continuous structure. 2008 In the ﬁrst section two numerical studies are performed in order to demonstrate the range of possible errors due to the common neglect of the coupling effect of local damping in a mode based analysis of jointed structures. Preliminary design. Fatigue life assessment is thus obtained by means of an experiment-based procedure. 52 .V.M. Gamberi. In fact. However. material selection. it is useful to have some tools that can provide the prediction of such dynamic information. Almeida. M. In this circumstance. Del Turco. avoiding potential resonance crossings is often not feasible. GE Infrastructure. Antoni 15:40 Fatigue life assessment by means of full-ﬁeld ESPI vibration measurements (ID 326) A. University of Bologna. Maia. R. but failures may still be avoided by limiting vibratory stress levels. Condition monitoring – CM1 Room 3 – Chairman: J. Due to the high number of stimuli.A. Beside an excellent balance of accuracy and computational effort. N. F. An experiment-based procedure for fatigue behaviour assessment of mechanical components is proposed in this paper. Portugal The dynamic characteristics of a structure are often derived from measured frequency response functions (FRFs). high cycle fatigue (HCF) induced failures are treated as a design issue. without the aid of any structural model. for a given set of applied forces.

LP2M2E. Numerous studies have developed techniques for locating and quantifying the vibration sources from the recorded signals. Partly. Morocco D. In this paper.-P. 53 . The method enables a clear distinction between a faulty and a non-faulty cutting tooth. it is made from indicators given by vibration analysis. 16:30 Diagnosis of milling cutting tools from the excitation identiﬁed using cepstral analysis and second order cyclic statistics (ID 377) K. (ID 98) X. Laboratoire d’Analyse des Signaux et des Processus Industriels (LASPI). based on second order cyclic techniques. to estimate the impulse response (IR) from the measured signal. Guillet. France L.Tuesday September 16. France M. The obtained IR is then converted into a cepstrum and subtracted from the raw measured signal in the quefrency domain using the additive properties of cepstra. Two main combustion indicators(CI) are computed: the energy released during combustion and the middle of combustion. O. Chiementin. which are used for vibration analysis. Bolaers. the piezoelectric sensors. GSCM-LRIT. we propose a signal processing method to identify the cutting force of a cutting tool using the measured vibration signals. (ii) secondly to monitor the evolution of this indicator through the severity of the defect.B. The proposed method has been experimentally validated using signals from an accelerometer and a dynamometer. France R. 16:55 Engine combustion indicators from block vibrations using Bayesian inference. it is legitimate to believe that these sources can give us an indicator which should be characteristic of the damage of each critical component and which should allow to follow the severity of the defect. Ait sghir. Duval. which could not be distinguished using only the raw vibration signals. Indeed. F. (ID 120) E. University of technology of Compi` egne. F. Rasolofondraibe. Nguyen. Dron. GRESPI. Morocco It is believed that the vibration signals measured from cutting processes contain potentially valuable information for monitoring these processes and can be employed as control feedback signals. For a good estimation of the force. University of New South Wales. and the identiﬁed excitation sources are averaged. Bakrim. four measurement points are used. El Badaoui. record the vibrations generated by the various components of the machine. Antoni. France The monitoring of rotating machinery is increasingly important for the industrial park. LASPI & GSCM-LRIT. The efﬁciency of the method for extracting the cutting force and for monitoring the cutting process is demonstrated. France J. The proposed method rely on the use of the engine block transfer function combined with Bayesian inference. Application to rolling bearings. The blind identiﬁcation algorithm estimates the magnitude and the phase of the IR by only using the second order cyclic properties of the signal. Grondin. France We propose an inference-based method to extract combustion indicators for closed loop combustion control and diagnosis. Aboutajdine. Australia M. Institut Franc ¸ ais du P´ etrole (IFP). The residual signal (forcing function) is then transformed back into the time domain using the inverse cepstrum. The method consists of a blind identiﬁcation algorithm. The CI extraction method is divided in two steps: (1) off-line analysis. France J. 2008 16:05 Vibratory follow-up from restored RMS values. These indicators give only the overall state of operation of the studied machine. CReSTIC. L. Randall. The vibration signal may be modelled as a convolution between the transmission path and the excitation. This paper studies the feasibility (i) ﬁrstly to restore an indicator (RMS value) for each component. GRESPI. which consists in characterising the knock sensor and approximating the engine block transfer function and (2) on-line analysis where a cost function given by the Bayesian inference is used in addition with vibration signals and thermodynamical models for CI estimation. Thus.

Blough. J. this investigation shows that autoregressive spectrum is smoother than Fourier spectrum. Michigan Technological University. 54 . Song. such as SAE J192 are used as guidelines for government agencies and manufacturers to regulate noise emissions for all manufactured snowmobiles. Korea. Zhu. Republic of The vibration of core barrel (CB) in a typical pressurized water reactor can be monitored by noise analysis of the reactor instrumentation signals. The test surfaces can be either snow or grass and affects the measurement in two very signiﬁcant ways: sound propagation from the source to the receiver and the operational behavior of the snowmobile. Relationships are shown between the behavior of the sound propagation and the track interaction to the ground with the pass-by noise measurements. Shanghai Maritime University. 17:45 Fault detection of marine diesel engine using cylinder head vibration signals (ID 17) J. The characteristics of engine surface vibration under different working conditions are described. Unfortunately. especially suitable to short data records. Current standards. Dilworth.R. the test standards available today produce results with variability that is much higher than desired.Tuesday September 16. Data is presented for a known sound pressure speaker source and a constant ﬂeet of snowmobiles on various test days and test surfaces. The peak value of the motion is also obtained from an APD function which is constructed from a time signal over the properly limited to this same frequency range. the properties of cylinder head vibration induced by valve impacts and combustion forces are discussed. Experimental investigations were carried out on a turbocharged four-stroke 6-cylinder marine diesel engine. The results indicate that the changes of cylinder head vibration character parameters can be used to identify the variations in valve clearances and cylinder loads.H. After processing the signal from two ex-core power range neutron detectors. The most signiﬁcant contributor to the variation in noise measurements is the test surface. normalized cross-power spectral density (NCPSD). and some criteria for diesel engine vibration monitoring are proposed. the response of CB is lastly compared with the output from scale model test to verify the Scale Factor and conﬁrm the structural integrity of CB. Vehicle noise and vibration (NVH) – NVH3 Room 4 – Chairman: C. The rms value of the CB motion is obtained from the integral of the NCPSD function over the appropriately restricted frequency range. Wide-band APD and CPSD functions are both demonstrated to yield erroneous estimates for the magnitude of CB motion. coherence (COH) functions and phase are calculated to obtain the beam and shell modes of core barrel motion by processing the signal from two ex-core power range neutron detectors positioned diametrically of the reactor. The cylinder head vibration signals are measured and analyzed for detecting the working conditions of valve clearances and engine cylinder loads. Normalized power spectral density (NPSD). China This paper conducts an investigation on diesel engine fault detection using cylinder head vibration signals. Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety. Meier 8:50 Observation of Ground Effects on Snowmobile Pass-by Noise Testing (ID 317) B. 2008 17:20 Core Barrel Vibration Monitoring of KSNP Using Statistical Reactor Noise Descriptors (ID 530) S. with more accurate frequency locating. United States Noise concerns regarding snowmobiles have increased in the recent past. amplitude probability density (APD). The reasonably good agreement shows in the restricted frequency range and resonance peaks. This paper aims to prepare the CB motion quantiﬁcation of the Korean Advanced Power Reactor (APR 1400) by comparing the results obtained from laboratory test and prototype vibration measurements of the Korean Standardized Nuclear Power (KSNP). The CB vibration of test and measurements is evaluated by using a scale factor and statistical reactor noise descriptors. Moreover.

Bhagate. de Bree. Fiat Autom´ oveis S. India Powertrain dynamic analysis is a complex problem to resolve in 4WD application. A purpose built car mock-up has been used in order o provide controlled conditions for this development. Bauzer Medeiros. Up to now there is no effective control during production of absorbing materials. In this report the pressure-velocity based free ﬁeld impedance method is also used to measure moving acoustic absorbing materials and materials under inﬂuence of DC ﬂow. Instead the insertion loss can be measured in a duct. V. The reduction in testing time with this approach was appreciably high. Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Instrumentation – I1 Room 4 – Chairman: W. R. As a by product measurement and car testing procedures difﬁculties can be reduced. tuned dynamic absorber was designed to reduce the problem vibration which in turn successfully blocked the structural failures & oil leakages. Tijs.Tuesday September 16. The objective is to provide a tool which enables not only an useful parameter characterisation but may also enable identiﬁcation of air-borne and structureborne paths associated with the global noise arriving at a typical motor car cockpit. As an countermeasures within given conditions. Since time required acquiring data on the vehicle running on high speed test tracks was too long. Netherlands Some absorbing materials can behave differently under inﬂuence of ﬂow and measurements need to be taken under these conditions.G.H.-E. This is mainly due to lower Powertrain stiffness with Transfer case as a heavy element added at the extreme end in case of Inline engines. A comparison is established between measurements and the computed results. ﬁrst on powertrain test rig & secondly on the actual vehicle under real world usage proﬁle. 9:40 Simulations and testing approach for 4WD Powertrain vibration reduction (ID 161) M. The solution was validated in two stages. Brazil A development concerning the use of Multiple Input/Single Output MISO as an identiﬁcation technique in automotive Vibro-Acoustics has been considered. costly and might not reﬂect the behavior of a larger batch. Both simulation & physical testing was conducted to understand the root cause of the problem. Brazil G. With current methods it is only possible to make sample wise checks that do not give a direct response. The measurement techniques are described in combination with the purpose developed mathematical tools. the condition simulated on the stationary vehicle ensuring very good correlation of Powertrain behavior between two conditions. but this value can be different from the actual material transmission.. are time consuming. 55 .. Microﬂown Technologies.A. Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd. Microﬂown Technologies & HAN University. Heylen 10:30 Acoustic absorption measurements of moving structures and under inﬂuence of ﬂow (ID 157) E. Chaudhari. This leads to frequent excitation of Powertrain at its natural frequencies during real world usage. With traditional methods like the Kundt’s tube and the reverberant room it is not feasible to measure the sample reﬂection or absorption under these conditions. This comparison indicates that this development is a promising tool for the characterisation of full-scale structure-borne and air-borne noise paths in vehicles. Guimar˜ aes. 2008 9:15 An analysis of the relative inﬂuence of structure borne and airborne noise into the habitacle of a road vehicle prototype having independent sources (ID 320) E. A real time measurement system is needed to ensure quality at a production line. Sustained operation at these conditions leads to structural failures because of large vibration amplitudes at resonance. Kumbhar. Netherlands H.P. This paper highlights the process followed to design a tuned absorber to restrict the failures.

Tuesday September 16, 2008

**10:55 Structural dynamics and electromechanical (MEMS) ﬁlters (ID 130)
**

I. Bucher, E. Elka, Technion, Israel This paper addresses the optimal shape design of segmented spatial sensors and actuators that excite selected mode shapes and perform modal ﬁltering. In addition, certain topologies that make speciﬁc use of vibrating structures are developed. In MEMS ﬁlters, the input signal is converted to external electrostatic forces and in order to perform the desired ﬁltering, the electrodes need to be shaped such that they excite only a desired part of the dynamics. These electrodes are usually designed according to some simpliﬁed theoretical identities, often representing lumped models, where in practice, MEMS structures’ dynamical behavior is governed by a three dimensional continuum. Still some structures are adequately analyzed as discrete models, for these cases inverse problem methodology is adopted. An optimization scheme that shapes continuous electrodes to achieve optimal ﬁltering is developed in this paper. The method provides a trimming methodology that can be performed on a real device and it illustrates the need for suitable modeling. Several simulated example are shown to examine the effectiveness of the proposed optimization methods.

11:20 Orthogonal 1/n-th octave-band ﬁlters: derivation and application to the measurement of instantaneous sound intensity (ID 480)

J. Antoni, University of technology of Compi` egne, France One-n-th octave ﬁlter-banks are common place in acoustics and vibrations. Yet, because they are generally not orthogonal, they may produce undesirable effects such as non-conservation of energy. This paper introduces a solution to the design of orthogonal 1/n-th octave ﬁlter-banks that proceeds directly from a subband decomposition in the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) domain. Among the many perspectives that such a solution offers, it provides a sound basis to the deﬁnition of instantaneous active sound intensity, a concept that has nourished many controversies in the past.

11:45 Calibration of the two microphone transfer function method by determining the hard wall impedance at shifted reference sections. (ID 610)

R. Boonen, P. Sas, W. Desmet, W. Lauriks, G. Vermeir, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium In many acoustic simulations, particularly when using lumped parameter models or electrical analog circuits, the acoustic impedance of a component needs to be determined accurately. A widely used acoustic impedance measurement method is the “two microphone transfer function method”, which is standardized in ISO-10534-2. When the acoustic impedance is needed over a wide frequency band with a high impedance magnitude range, this method faces some limitations. In this paper, a calibration method is proposed which uses hard wall impedance measurements at different positions of the reference section. The measured hard wall impedance is used to calibrate the microphone positions, to compensate the microphone mismatch and to estimate the wave guide damping. Also, the measured hard wall impedance can be used as performance criterion. It can be used to select frequency bands from different load impedance measurements where the accuracy is maximum and to assemble them in a load impedance measurement. As result, impedances with a high ratio with respect to the characteristic duct impedance can be accurately measured. The capability of the presented calibration method is illustrated by the impedance measurement of an open duct end and a closed tube.

**12:10 Modal Identiﬁcation of a Vibrating Ring-based Single-axis Rate Sensor (ID 143)
**

R. Elliott, C.H.J. Fox, S. McWilliam, The University of Nottingham, United Kingdom In this work, a direct least squares method of identifying imperfections in a single-axis MEMS ring sensor is proposed. A single-axis ring sensor is characterised by two close modes of vibration (potentially separated by less than 0.001%) and very low levels of damping, both of which can hinder common modal identiﬁcation methods. The mass, damping and stiffness matrices are identiﬁed in a least squares sense. In contrast to methods documented for similar systems, constraints are placed on the system matrices so that they are symmetric. The imperfection is then characterised in terms of the modal properties of the ring, extracted from the constrained system. The modal identiﬁcation algorithm is designed so that it can be extended easily

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Tuesday September 16, 2008 to a multi-axis ring sensor possessing four close modes of vibration. The efﬁcacy of the modal identiﬁcation algorithm is tested on simulated frequency response data.

**Parameter estimation – PE1
**

Room 4 – Chairman: D. Rixen 14:00 Historical Review of Spatial Domain Modal Parameter Estimation Procedures (ID 515)

D.L. Brown, R.J. Allemang, University of Cincinnati, United States Recently, there have been signiﬁcant advancements in remote sensing of spatial information using optical scanning methods. The optical scanning methods include continuous scanning lasers, digital image correlation and photogrammetry. The scanning methods offer the possibility of very high spatial resolution with 3 to 6 degrees of freedom at each spatial point, thus tremendously reducing the requirement of sensor arrays and cabling systems used in a large modal test. The testing procedures for conducting tests using these technologies will have to be adjusted to accommodate the scanning procedures. Many of the testing procedures of the past may be very well-suited for these scanning methods and need to be reviewed; in particular methods based upon using spatial information in the initial stages of extracting modal parameters. This paper traces the evolution of spatial domain methods and how parameter estimation algorithms have been incorporated into these methods. A spatial domain testing method developed in the late 1980s and early 1990s, spatial sine testing (SST), is reviewed in more detail since it appears to be well-suited to these optical scanning methods.

14:25 Increased Accuracy of Residual-Inertia-Based Rigid Body Identiﬁcation through Direct Fitting of Inertia Parameters to FRF Data (ID 211)

R. Kloepper, M. Okuma, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan The prediction of a mechanical structure’s rigid dynamic behavior requires knowledge of ten inertia parameters. In cases where no accurate models of the structure’s geometry and mass distribution are available, these parameters must be identiﬁed experimentally. The Residual Inertia (RI) Method is a straightforward identiﬁcation method based on experimental frequency response functions (FRFs). The RI Method derives the rigid body properties in three steps. First, the RI value is extracted from each FRF through modal curve ﬁtting. Next, the RI values are transformed into RI vectors representing the reference point motion. Finally, the body properties are derived from the reference point RI vectors. In most publications, the three steps are treated as independent least squares problems. Other authors solved steps two and three simultaneously through nonlinear optimization. As a third possibility, this paper proposes to solve all three steps at once by integrating of the rigid body property identiﬁcation into the modal curve ﬁtting algorithm. In the ﬁrst part of this paper, the mathematical differences between these three approaches are discussed. It is shown that only the single-step method yields rigid body properties that are least-squares optimal with respect to the experimental data. In the second part, numerical and experimental studies are presented that compare the three methods in terms of accuracy. As predicted in the analytical study, the single-step approach yielded the highest accuracy, followed by the two-step approach.

**14:50 Identiﬁcation of MIMO LPV models based on interpolation (ID 399)
**

J. De Caigny, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium J.F. Camino, University of Campinas, Brazil J. Swevers, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium This paper presents SMILE (State-space Model Interpolation of Local Estimates), a new technique to estimate linear parameter varying state-space models for multiple-input multiple-output systems whose dynamics depends on a single varying parameter, called the scheduling parameter. The SMILE technique is based on the interpolation of linear time-invariant models that are valid for ﬁxed operating conditions of

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Tuesday September 16, 2008 the system, that is, for constant values of the scheduling parameters. The methodology yields afﬁne LPV models that are numerically well-conditioned and therefore suitable for LPV control synthesis procedures. The underlying interpolation technique is formulated as a nonlinear least-squares optimization problem that can be efﬁciently solved by standard solvers. Application of the proposed methodology to a vibroacoustic setup, whose dynamics are highly sensitive to the ambient temperature, clearly demonstrates the potential of the SMILE technique.

15:15 A Modal Parameter Identiﬁcation Method for the Elimination of Support Inﬂuences in Experimental Modal Analysis (ID 189)

C.L. Valentin, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands D. de Klerk, Delft University of Technology & M¨ uller-BBM VAS GmbH, Germany D.J. Rixen, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands Dynamic analysis of a structure plays an important role during its design phase. The dynamic analysis usually consists of both numerical simulations of a structural model as well as experimental modal analysis for model validation. For model validation, both numerical simulations and modal testing are often performed with the assumption of free boundary conditions. In reality, this can only be approximated however because of the required structural supports in the experiment. The stiffness and damping of the supports has an inﬂuence on the measurements and subsequently on the extracted modal frequencies and damping. Depending on the type of structure or analysis, these errors might not be admissible. This article introduces a MIMO modal analysis method which eliminates the suspension inﬂuences and therefore allows the determination of the free-free structural properties. The presented method determines the modal parameters based on a nonlinear solution to the constrained pole-residue model.

**15:40 Additional Mechanisms for Providing Clear Stabilization (Consistency) Diagrams (ID 517)
**

A. Phillips, R.J. Allemang, University of Cincinnati, United States Recently, there has been renewed interest in methods and techniques of reducing the confusion and uncertainty associated with the morass of spurious, computational poles that result from the traditional overdetermined equation set in modal parameter estimation processes. In this paper, sev eral additional mechanisms for providing a clear stabilization, or consistency, diagram are presented. Among these, the effect of frequency scaling and symbol characteristics based upon other modal information are used as a mechanism for identifying and eliminating computational poles.

Damping – D1

Room 4 – Chairman: N. Maia 16:30 Changing the eigenfrequency spectrum using passive vibration absorbers (ID 183)

F. Petit, M. Loccuﬁer, D. Aeyels, Ghent University, Belgium Using a substructure coupling technique the problem of assigning anti resonances is reformulated as a pole placement problem which can be analyzed in a more general framework. A possible approach to create these points of zero vibration is by attaching passive undamped vibration absorbers. As this approach is sensitive to changes in the excitation frequency, a robustness measure is proposed. Based on this measure, a better understanding is provided regarding the attachment location of the absorber and the absorber mass.

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This structural component plays essential role in helicopter applications where it provides damping augmentation against vibration instabilities. that amounts to an apparent damping effect.J. Lieven. the engineer must be able to localize the relevant structural components to be damped and subsequently deﬁne the appropriate damping at the component level in order to satisfy the speciﬁcations at the vehicle level. University of Rome “la Sapienza”. N. A numerical procedure. The parametric dynamic model of a damper is used along with set of validation experiments to analyse the quality of a baseline model and its potential for improvement. The paper addresses the problem of deﬁning the frequency distribution of the layer that induces a desired frequency dependent damping in the master.A. 17:45 Tailored Damping Induced by a Cluster of Resonators (ID 110) O. Top Modal. 59 . France Z. Carcaterra. In fact. called “damping tailoring” able to solve this problem is presented and illustrated through a set of examples. a cluster of phase incoherent resonators can absorb very effectively the energy of a primary vibrating structure to which it is attached.Tuesday September 16. Previous research has established baseline damper model. A set of experiments is performed on the two nominally identical dampers and the data originating from these experiments are compared with corresponding responses of the mathematical model of the damper. However. Titurus. the characteristic frequency bandwidth of energy absorption of the cluster depends on the frequency distribution within the set of resonators. In particular. United Kingdom The paper presents study of the issues related to modelling of hydraulic damper with mechanical relief valves. University of Bristol. France In the automotive industry damping has become an important and highly effective design parameter for reducing low-frequency vibroacoustic noise in the vehicle compartment. Italy This paper is inspired by some recent studies related to the effect of vibration absorption from a set of resonators when attached to a main structure. SDTools & Ecole Centrale Paris. France E. Abbadi. Giannini. as well as detailed analysis related to uncertain aspects of the model. Concurrent use of damper response data taken from a mathematical model and an experiment enables closer inspection of the physical mechanisms previously not included in a given reference model. when speciﬁcation levels are exceeded at particular frequencies. Balm` es. 17:20 Model validation and experimentally driven hydraulic damper model reﬁnement (ID 257) B. It is a fairly straightforward procedure to compute vibroacoustic frequency responses of a damped car body for a given excitation and to compare the resulting response levels to a prescribed speciﬁcation over a frequency range. Roy. This problem of damping speciﬁcation has been under study at PSA Peugeot Citro¨ en over the past several years and has recently resulted in a new methodology and corresponding software tool which are presented in this article. A. 2008 16:55 Damping Speciﬁcation of Automotive Structural Components via Modal Projection (ID 266) N. which is based on the concepts from hydraulic system theory. PSA Peugeot Citro¨ en.

Slovenia B. modiﬁcation and selection of a limited set of basis functions that. consisting of linear combinations of spherical harmonics and Hankel functions. Cermelj. The paper also exposes some other issues in the basis-function calculation. Belgium M. We claim that almost without increase of computational costs one is able to achieve better numerical solution. This limited set of basis functions is then used in a spatial-domain coupling resulting in a much lower number of equations than one would get in the case of the conventional CMS methods. Germany This paper discusses several possibilities to improve the quality of the numerical WBM solution of Helmholtz type boundary value problem in a complex domain. AVL List GmbH. while the bounded domain employs the ”standard” interior wave functions. However. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. The industrial applicability is demonstrated on an industrial-sized. Mohring. as an alternative to the conventional Component Mode Synthesis (CMS) approaches in structural dynamics. An extension to solve radiation problems under unechoic conditions has recently been developed. Belgium S. University of Ljubljana. The WBS approach involves calculation. namely selection and sensitivity. Boltezar. is used to gain dynamical properties of an assembly through spatial coupling of two or more sub-components.e. Austria F. J. BEM). and since these properties are generally changing when there is some modiﬁcation in one or more sub-components. The WBS has been recently developed in order to speedup the numerical computations while retaining acceptable accuracy of the results of the assembly. This feature makes the WBS especially appealing in iterative-based numerical calculations like in structural-dynamic modiﬁcation studies or in optimization. in the case of mid-frequency range. 9:15 Basis Functions and Their Sensitivity in the Wave-Based Substructuring Approach (ID 582) P. as the basis functions are dependent on the full-assembly’s properties. automotive test case.-H. Austria H. The dynamic ﬁeld in the unbounded domain is expressed by radiation functions. the issue of robustness of the basis functions is addressed in this paper. LMS International. Mocsai. ACC Acoustic Competence Center. Diwoky. i. which involves a novel modelling methodology: an artiﬁcial spherical truncation boundary is introduced to divide the problem into a bounded and an unbounded domain. exact solutions of the governing differential equation are used to approximate the dynamic ﬁeld variables. ACC Acoustic Competence Center. namely the so-called V-Cycling. In order to be able to model the ﬂuid volume between the 60 . properly describe the behavior of the coupling interface between the subcomponents.-H. which yields smaller numerical models as compared to methods using simple polynomial functions. Pluymers. Austria A. Priebsch 8:50 Wave Based Method in a complex domain: accuracy improvement (ID 444) J. Slovenia The Wave-Based Substructuring (WBS). in the frequency range of interest. Austria The Wave Based Technique has already been introduced as being an efﬁcient alternative of element based methods (FEM. To increase the accuracy of the numerical WBM solution we apply the principles of Geometric Multi-Grid Method. 9:40 Investigations on potential improvements of the Wave Based Technique for the application to radiation problems under anechoic conditions (ID 484) T. A new scalar function criterion to asses the quality of synthesis or coupling in general is also proposed. 2008 Medium and high frequency techniques – MHF2 Room 5 – Chairman: H. Belgium W. Hepberger. domains which have to be subdivided into several sub-domains. University of Ljubljana. Fraunhofer ITWM. AVL List GmbH.Tuesday September 16. Desmet. Donders. Jegorovs. Priebsch. Since it is based on the indirect Trefftz approach. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.

A ﬂuid-structure SEA model was generated in view of assessing the inﬂuence of the acoustic blankets in SPL attenuations inside the VLS fairing. The WBM adopts wave-like functions instead of low-order polynomials and. at the upper parts. d’Andrade Souto. 10:55 Implementation of Acoustic Blankets to the VLS Fairing . geometrically simple portion of acoustic cavity. These adaptation elements contain curved and bended surfaces to describe the spherical coupling boundary.Tuesday September 16. within 140-160 dB. The resulting hybrid model beneﬁts from the computational efﬁciency of the Wave Based Method. Such calculations require higher. while retaining the Finite Element Method’s ability to model the actual geometry of the problem in great detail. is expected to yield faster and more accurate intensity predictions. D. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Goransson 10:30 On the coupling of Wave Based models with modally reduced Finite Element models for 3D interior acoustic analysis (ID 423) B. Belgium The Wave Based Method (WBM) is a deterministic prediction method. It has been shown already that the WBM is superior to the FEM for the prediction of dynamic displacement ﬁelds. Due to its enhanced computational efﬁciency as compared to other deterministic prediction techniques for steady-state dynamic analysis such as the Finite Element Method (FEM). launchers are submitted to severe acoustic loads. new elements had to be introduced. Application of this approach to the analysis of a divergent acoustic cavity shows the improved computational efﬁciency as compared to classical ﬁnite element procedures and illustrates the potential of the hybrid method as a powerful tool for the analysis of three dimensional interior acoustic systems. 61 . the WBM is applicable for problem analysis in the low. W. like the implementation of blankets. the behaviour of the dynamic ﬁeld in the unbounded domain and the coupling between the bounded and the unbounded domain. 11:20 Application of the Wave Based Method for the calculationof structural intensity and power ﬂow in plates (ID 430) K. have been developed by the aerospace industry. C. Vandepitte. W. D. Belgium This paper presents a newly developed hybrid simulation technique for uncoupled acoustic analysis of interior cavities. This work presents a sensitivity analysis for the implementation of acoustic blankets to the VLS fairing in view of having acceptable SPL inside the acoustic cavity of the fairing. SEA is a well known technique for high-frequency prediction analysis. The superﬁcial details of the problem domain are modelled using a modally reduced ﬁnite element model. Typical overall sound pressure level (OSPL) values are estimated. 2008 model body and the truncation sphere. the use of other attenuation techniques is recommended. Comparisons between different acoustic responses are done and ﬁnally. Institute of Aeronautics and Space.and midfrequency range. Strategies to reduce the acoustic energy inside fairings. Medium and high frequency techniques – MHF3 ¨ Room 5 – Chairman: P. Such materials and respective Biot’s parameters were accounted to simulate the Noise Control Treatments (NCT) of the fairing to yield the inner cavity acoustic responses. This paper presents detailed investigations regarding these extensions: the involved new element types. Vandepitte. This method applies a Wave Based model for a large. Desmet. generated by the boosters’ combustion. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. This paper discusses application of the WBM for the computation of structural intensity and power ﬂow in Kirchhoff plates. The inﬂuence of various parameters and modelling strategies are demonstrated on numerical models up to 1 kHz with the quantitative evaluations being carried out by means of residual error measures. Van Genechten.A Sensitivity Analysis Using SEA (ID 97) R. Pirk. as such.order derivatives of the displacement ﬁelds which even further narrows the low-frequency application range of conventional element based methods such as the FEM because of the low-order polynomial ﬁeld approximations. Vergote. Desmet. Brazil During lift-off.

Tuesday September 16, 2008

11:45 On the use of an FE based energy ﬂow post-processing method for vehicle structural dynamic analysis (ID 440)

M. Tadina, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia R. Ragnarsson, B. Pluymers, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium S. Donders, LMS International, Belgium W. Desmet, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium M. Boltezar, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia This paper presents an energy ﬂow post-processing tool for structural dynamic analysis which is based on conventional dynamic ﬁnite element (FE) analysis. Based on the global dynamic behaviour of a system and on local subcomponent descriptions, the energy ﬂow between the various components can be predicted, as can the energy dissipation within individual subcomponents. This information can assist a design engineer in making design modiﬁcations and holds potential in optimising high-frequency energy based models, such as statistical energy analysis (SEA) models. The developed approach is implemented using a commercially available FE code and is validated for both simple academic cases and for an industrial vehicle body-in-white.

**Vibro-acoustic modelling and prediction – VAM2
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Room 5 – Chairman: F. Augusztinovicz 14:00 On solving the Helmholtz equation in terms of amplitude and phase (ID 253)

Y.H. Wijnant, A. de Boer, University of Twente, Netherlands Solving the Helmholtz equation for high wavenumbers is a major challenge. Since one needs at least some elements per wavelength, the computational effort in ﬁnite element or boundary element calculations increases drastically with increasing wavenumbers. However, for exterior problems in unbounded domains, the amplitude and phase are smooth and non-oscillatory functions (at least some distance away from the radiating object). Therefore, we propose to solve the Helmholtz equation in terms of amplitude and phase instead of pressure. The paramount advantage of this approach is that any common discretization remains accurate for high wavenumbers. A drawback of the method is that the equations for amplitude and phase are non-linear and hence need to be solved iteratively. Substitution of p = Aeiϕ in the Helmholtz equation yields two, non-linear, coupled, real-valued, differential equations. These equations have been reported some decades ago but have only been used to trace ‘rays’ for given solutions of the Helmholtz equation. To eventually be able to include inhomogeneous regions and ﬂuid-structure interaction efﬁciently, a ﬁnite element discretization is preferred over a boundary element discretization. Therefore, ﬁnite elements were used to discretize the governing equations. We present several solutions and, despite of its non-linearity, show the efﬁciency of the method for high wavenumbers.

**14:25 A ﬁnite element for viscothermal wave propagation (ID 104)
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W.R. Kampinga, Y.H. Wijnant, A. de Boer, University of Twente, Netherlands The well known wave equation describes isentropic wave propagation. In this equation, non-isentropic boundary layer effects are neglected. This is allowed if the characteristic dimensions of the acoustic domain are large with respect to the thickness of the boundary layers. However, in small acoustic devices such as hearing aid loudspeakers, the boundary layer effects are signiﬁcant and can not be neglected. A model that describes viscothermal wave propagation is needed to model such devices. For viscothermal wave propagation, the compressibility of air depends on the thermal behavior that can range from adiabatic to isothermal. Moreover, the propagation behavior can range from propagation with negligible viscosity to propagation with negligible inertia (Stokes ﬂow). This complete range is accurately described by the low reduced frequency model. This model’s major drawback is that it is only deﬁned for simple geometries such as thin layers and narrow tubes. It is not valid for arbitrary geometries.

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Tuesday September 16, 2008 To overcome this drawback, a three dimensional viscothermal ﬁnite element has been developed. Like the LRF model, it covers the complete range from isothermal Stokes ﬂow to isentropic acoustics. As opposed to the LRF model, the viscothermal ﬁnite element can be used to analyze complicated geometries. This paper presents the weak formulation of the ﬁnite element. Furthermore, two examples are presented in which the results of the ﬁnite element models are compared to measurements.

**14:50 Efﬁcient analysis of large trimmed conﬁgurations using modal approaches (ID 276)
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B. Van den Nieuwenhof, G. Lielens, J.-P. Coyette, F. Acher, D. d’Udekem, Free Field Technologies S.A., Belgium Modal approaches are widely used in the automotive industry for investigating the frequency response of large vibroacoustic models. The handling of damped conﬁgurations is however problematic in a modal context as soon as the damping is not represented by modal damping factors, e.g. for trim components. This paper presents two modal-based approaches for the efﬁcient analysis of large trimmed conﬁgurations. The ﬁrst approach consists in building an energetic database describing the trim component behaviour. Each structural or ﬂuid mode is projected on the trim component and an analysis is performed in order to evaluate the energies that are stored and dissipated in the trim component. The modal parameters of both the structure and the cavity are then updated by taking into account the energetic behaviour of the trim component. In the second approach, a reduction of the trim component impedance matrix to the interface dofs with the structure and the ﬂuid domains is performed and this reduced impedance matrix is projected on the structure/ﬂuid modal bases. The paper reviews the computational characteristics of both approaches and highlights the features of both methods that made them directly valuable in an industrial context. Both approaches, implemented in the Actran/Trim software, are ﬁnally demonstrated on an application involving a simpliﬁed car model.

15:15 Sound wave propagation modelling in the presence of a noise barrier: a comparison between analytical and numerical solutions (ID 443)

Y. Nkoumou, T. Mertens, Ph. Bouillard, Universit´ e Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium Several analyses carried out to estimate the attenuation due to the presence of a noise barrier, have as a starting point the calculation method proposed by Maekawa. Maekawa has established a curve to predict the insertion loss behind barriers. However, this model has some limitations which have been the subject of many studies. This paper presents the results of numerical simulations on simple 2D cases (performed with the acoustical software ACTRAN) and comparisons of these results with others based on more accurate prediction methods than the Maekawa curve. The ﬁnal aim of this study is to provide a more efﬁcient prediction model for the noise barrier design. It implies developing a new numerical method in order to cover efﬁciently the whole frequency range.

**Underwater and ship acoustics – UND1
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Room 5 – Chairman: S. Ivansson 16:05 A cost effective system for light acoustic signature assessment of surface vessels (ID 428)

A. Pescetto, CETENA S.p.A., Italy O. Pinto, C. Tarditi, FINCANTIERI, Italy This paper describes a cost effective system developed to estimate underwater acoustic emissions of surface vessels. The system, which doesn’t replace tests in range facilities, it’s rather intended to provide a light approach to underwater acoustic measurements, and can be easily deployed at sea from the ‘target’ ship itself or from a little supporting boat. It is particularly useful, for example, in checking the vessel signature

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Tuesday September 16, 2008 during preliminary sea trials, after reﬁtting operations or just before a mission. The battery powered system is composed of a spar buoy and a receiving station. The battery powered buoy is provided with an omnidirectional hydrophone, a GPS receiver, a wireless transmitter and an embedded PC. The on board receiving station is composed of a notebook, a GPS receiver, a wireless receiver, an acquisition board and of an ad hoc developed software for acquisition and acoustic post-processing. The receiving station include a tracking system able to help the ship to follow the correct approach in test run. Data are stored on the solid state memory of the buoy and at the same time transferred through the wireless link to the receiving station on board, to be processed in real time. The two GPS receivers allow to compensate the measured levels with the actual distance. Moreover signals from accelerometers placed on board near relevant machineries and on the radiating hull can be acquired by the on board receiving station to better correlate radiated noise and ship sources. Depending on the background, the intrinsic very low noise level, allows the acquisition of the acoustic signature not only of the commercial, but also of the more silent military ships. Experience and feed-back from the use of the system at sea on different vessels are included in the paper.

16:30 A Coupled DBE/FE Analysis for the Prediction of Propeller Induced Pressure and Vibration on the Ship Hull (ID 497)

C. Annicchiarico, CETENA S.p.A., Italy M.P. Salio, M. Viviani, University of Genoa, Italy The present paper deals with a methodology for the prediction of propellers excitation and associated ship response. A simple ellipsoidal representation of submerged and ﬂoating bodies has been used ﬁrst to understand how hull pressure distributions are affected by the location and frequency of propeller sources. Then, the analysis of a ship, a twin-screw cruise liner, has been addressed and semi-empirical methods have been used to give a characterization of propellers in terms of acoustic source strength, in the frequency range between 1 and 50Hz. Both the ellipsoid and the ship have been analyzed as rigid as well as elastic bodies. In the ﬁrst case a direct-BEM (boundary element method) analysis has been carried out, whereas in the second case a coupled direct-BEM / structural FEM (ﬁnite element method) has been conducted taking into account the dynamic response of the structure. It is worth pointing out that the investigated frequencies range was limited to 50Hz by the deﬁnition of the adopted FEM mesh and the forthcoming continuation of the study includes the extension to the limit of 80Hz, indicated by the ISO 6954:2000 standards.

16:55 Sound Radiation from a Submarine due to Propeller Forces Transmitted via the Shaft and Fluid to the Hull (ID 536)

R. Kinns, S. Merz, N.J. Kessissoglou, The University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia The structural and acoustic responses of a submarine hull to ﬂuctuating propeller forces are investigated in the low frequency range. The ﬂuctuating forces are caused by operation of the propeller in a non-uniform wake, and are transmitted to the submarine hull through the shaft and also via the ﬂuid, because of the resulting dipole ﬁeld of the propeller. Numerical models have been developed to simulate the strongly coupled ﬂuid-structure interaction of the submerged vessel in the frequency domain. The hull is modelled using the ﬁnite element method (FEM), which allows for structural complexities such as the ringstiffeners, bulkheads, end closures and the propeller-shafting system. A simple, passive vibration attenuation system known as a resonance changer (RC) is included in the model of the propeller shafting system. The ﬂuid is modelled using the boundary element method (BEM) in which the radiation damping and added mass effect of the water are taken into account. It is demonstrated that the performance of the RC is inﬂuenced greatly by the effects of forces transmitted to the hull via the ﬂuid. Propeller vibration is taken into account in determination of the ﬂuid and structural excitation of the hull. The effect of changing the propeller mass is demonstrated.

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United States Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC) has developed boundary element software for predicting the acoustic target strength of underwater targets. Norwegian University of Science and Technology & SINTEF-ICT. Naval Research Laboratory. Hovem. Norway The design and operation of an underwater acoustic communications system require a good understanding of the acoustic propagation physics as well as a capacity to include this knowledge into the system speciﬁcation and design. Example 1 concerns a LNG tank-water interaction system subject to an explosion pressure wave. Example 2 investigates the dynamics of a building structure-acoustic volume system subject to human footfall impacts. travel time and amplitudes and constructs the complete frequency response by coherent addition of all the multiple arrivals. explosion and impact loads (ID 562) J. For each eigenray the model calculates the trajectories. 17:45 Comparison of AVAST and BASIS-3D Target Strength Predictions (ID 586) L. Recently BASIS has been upgraded to allow for three-dimensional modelling and predictions and this paper compares the BASIS-3D predictions with those from the AVAST software for simplistic and realistic submarine geometries. deployment and operation of underwater acoustic networks. BASIS allows for very simple models and very rapid compute times which is useful for evaluating sonar tactics and performing simulations in operations research work.Tuesday September 16. Delay spread. Natural vibrations and dynamic responses of three examples are obtained and discussed for the designs of engineering products involving ﬂuid-structure interactions. Gilroy. Three examples are presented to provide some engineering applications of the developed method and computer code. DRDC has also been involved with the development of a twodimensional analyticallybased software tool for the rapid prediction of target strength. Canada R. time variations and Doppler spread are also analyzed. 65 . Xing. University of Southampton.T. Example 3 studies a liquid storage tank excited by earthquake loads. Bao. It is based on classical ray theory but with a novel routine for the determination of all eigenrays connecting a source with receivers and adapted for transmitted signal with higher carrier frequency. This AVAST software can use either the boundary integral equation method or the Kirchhoff approximation to evaluate the target strength of a complex threedimensional shape. 18:10 Acoustic Modelling of Underwater Communication Links (ID 587) X. A variational principle is formulated to describe interaction dynamics and a mixed displacement-pressure ﬁnite element model is derived. 2008 17:20 Mixed ﬁnite element method and applications to dynamic analysis of ﬂuid-structure interaction systems subject to earthquake. For this reason we have developed an easy-to-use acoustic modeling tool EasyPlaneRay (EasyPLR) to assist in the planning.P. then performs a coherent sum. Xiong. To improve numerical efﬁciency. Norwegian University of Science and Technology. United Kingdom A mixed ﬁnite element method and corresponding computer code for dynamic analysis of ﬂuid structure interaction systems subject to earthquake excitations. Y. Gragg. This BASIS (Bistatic Acoustic Simple Integrated Structure) software models the submarine as a set of primitive shapes. DRDC Atlantic. The paper describes the model and its capabilities are illustrated with examples for communication links in different seas at different seasons. explosion waves and impact loads are presented. solves the target strength of these shapes analytically. Norway J.M. a substructure-subdomain technique is adopted.

due to its symmetric construction.65 at narrow band excitations.L) electric circuit are studied in detail. The reduction ratios of EMA (ratio of displacements control on to control off) have varied from 0. Finally. 2008 Active vibration control and smart structures – AVC2 Room 6 – Chairman: D.g. a combination of feedback and repetitive controllers are implemented. and by using EMA to actively reduce the vibration of a sandwich plate construction. a simpliﬁed model of the setup was made. Belgium This paper presents an active bearing for reducing the radiated noise of rotating machinery. The ﬁrst EMA element is not able to reduce sound pressure levels due to its noneven phase and displacement distributions. 66 . using force are acceleration signals. Stallaert. several plate resonances. which is mounted in a frame. Symens. W. M. for fac ¸ ade elements in buildings. Kelloniemi. Uosukainen. Horodinca. A. the construction of a multi-axis isolator based on the same principle is introduced. is not a relevant parameter with EMA. Inman 8:50 Elastic Mass Actuator (EMA) concept for Sound Transmission Loss increase of panel like structures (ID 533) S. Pinte. Nyk¨ anen. The bearing is tested on an experimental test bed comprising a rotating shaft.54 to 0. H. Universit´ e Libre de Bruxelles. With the optimized parameter values 1µm amplitude can be achieved with a signal voltage of 20 V.L . frame resonances and the shaft resonance show up. This way. Belgium G. Flanders’ MECHATRONICS Technology Centre. Panphonics Oy. Experiments have also shown that the shaft vibration is signiﬁcantly reduced around its resonance frequency. This is enough e. Sas. a noise reduction of more than 10 dB is achieved at the most important resonance frequencies of the system below 1 kHz.6) at single frequency excitations and around 0. This modular bearing uses piezo stacks for actuation and both force and acceleration measurements as sensing signals. Preumont. VTT (Technical Research Centre of Finland). Flanders’ MECHATRONICS Technology Centre. the so-called “relaxation” isolator. Noise is radiated by a plate that is attached to the frame. The effects of an inductive-resistive (R .C) circuits are also studied and single-axis experimental results are presented. To evaluate different control approaches. but applications where higher amplitudes are needed will require rather large alterations in the construction. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. J. Belgium B. Finland A. being very low. Swevers. Resonant (R . The set-up is designed such that in the frequency range of interest. and its transmissibility exhibits an asymptotic decay rate of -40dB/decade. de Marneffe. Finland The Elastic Mass Actuator (EMA) is a dynamic mass absorber controlled by active means. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. which is also beneﬁcial with respect to fatigue and failure of the machine. Based on the simulation results. it is shown that such systems have an equivalent mechanical representation. Simulations have proved that the harmonic distortion.Tuesday September 16. 9:40 Vibration isolation via shunted electromagnetic transducers (ID 499) B.65 (mean 0. K. Belgium P. 9:15 Active structural acoustic control of rotating machinery using an active bearing (ID 185) S. Devos. Sahu. A. Belgium This paper describes a passive vibration isolation system with isolation properties approaching that of the active “sky-hook” isolator. It is made of an electromagnetic (or moving-coil) transducer connected to an electric circuit. The properties of EMA have been studied also experimentally by measuring the displacement and phase distributions of the actuator. up to 1 kHz. Saarinen.

J. Two renewable-energy applications are presented. 11:20 Power ﬂow mode theory and application to active vibration control of equipment mounted on travelling ﬂexible ship excited by waves (ID 607) Y. It reveals the system’s vibration energy dissipation mechanisms. The speciﬁc format of the forcing allows effective vibration absorption to be proposed. Additionally.M.Tuesday September 16. Xing. A. The analysis has shown that position feedback can be used to minimize unnecessary displacement of the workpiece. the dynamics of the system largely determines the obtained precision during the machining process. The simulation illustrates the power ﬂow mode theory and power ﬂow design concept through modiﬁcations of the system’s damping distribution using passive and / or active control means. In this study a hydraulic actuator is utilized to provide adaptive clamping forces. The part is modelled as a lumped mass-spring model and the clampers and locators of the ﬁxture are modelled as springs.P. Active vibration control and smart structures – AVC3 Room 6 – Chairman: G. However. United Kingdom In mechanical engineering applications. active/passive isolators and an elastic beam-like ship travelling in seaways. The system’s characteristic damping matrix is constructed and its eigenvalues and eigenvectors are calculated to identify the natural power ﬂow characteristics of the system. Cases of such quasi-periodic forcing include inertial forces in all reciprocating/rotating machines. can be expressed compactly in the Fourier series form f (t) = τ =t f0 (t) + p k=0 (fkc (t) cos(kθ (t)) + fks (t) sin(kθ (t))) where θ (t) = τ =0 Ω(τ )dτ and where the time constants associated with the functions ak (t). A. S. The ﬁxture frame is considered to be much stiffer than the locators such that it provides zero displacement boundary conditions to the locators. (ID 512) S. Little attention has been paid to the dynamic behaviour of these systems. bk (t). These eigenvectors are deﬁned as power ﬂow mode vectors spanning the power ﬂow space describing the power ﬂow behaviour of the system. By vibration absorption. The power ﬂow design approach based on the system’s power ﬂow characteristics is applied to design the system’s damping distributions to achieve the objectives to maximize the power dissipations to reduce vibration energy transmission to the equipment and to retain or suppress a particular vibration mode of the system. 2008 10:05 Vibration Absorption for Quasi-Periodic Excitation . 67 . Ω(t) are all long compared with the inverse of Ω(t). ﬂuid-dynamic forces on bladed rotors and forces from cyclic manufacturing processes. the predominant sources of vibration are usually close-to-periodic in the sense that the forcing vector. Xiong.J. Popov. United Kingdom The main focus of research in part-ﬁxture mechanics has been in the static deformation and part constraints. f(t). Ratchev. United Kingdom Damping based power ﬂow mode theory proposed is summarised and further investigated through a numerical simulation of an integrated system consisting of equipment. Bakker. we mean the introduction of additional (largely-)passive subsystems which serve to cancel the vibration close to its source or on a transmission path.D. The University of Nottingham. Shahaj. a lead ﬁlter can be used to improve the steady state response.T. Garvey. University of Southampton. Pinte 10:55 Investigation into feedback control of part-ﬁxture systems undergoing dynamic machining forces (ID 452) O.A. This study provides an approach to design a dynamical system from the perspective of energy ﬂow patterns. The University of Nottingham.Methods and Two RenewableEnergy Applications.

P. The two radial forces for the unbalance compensation are computed by means of sliding-mode control techniques. Koch. Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del I. Fraunhofer Institute for Structural Durability and System Reliability LBF. D. For simplicity during the control design and physical implementations we use the Choi-Lee-Park polynomial model for both MR dampers. The design ﬂow starts with the acquisition of the disturbance and rotation signals and the identiﬁcation of the sixteen control paths between the sensors and the actuators. Finally. By the use of an adjustable oscillator the control of several harmonics of the engine speed frequency is possible. The control system is implemented and tested on a Rapid Control Prototyping system as a Multiple-InputMultiple-Output (MIMO) Filtered-Reference-Least-Mean-Squares (FxLMS) algorithm which uses the rotational speed signal as reference for the generation of the actuator signal. 12:10 Design and application of an active vibration control system for a marine engine mount (ID 178) M. The semiactive control scheme consists of a rotating speed controller based on a fast PID controller.75% of the total power in the rotor-bearing system. providing the damping forces to reduce the system response. which are designed to push the system response to a small orbit about an speciﬁc equilibrium. S. Some important aspects of the mechatronic integration are discussed in order to establish that the unbalance response is reduced up to 95% with respect to the open-loop behavior. T. The setup used for the design ﬂow of the exemplary control system of a marine engine mount consists of an experimental rig with a partition of the fuselage of the ship and the full-scale engine loaded by an electric output machine. the speed dynamics. which can adequately describe the highly nonlinear and hysteretic behavior. and the system response can be stabilized and reduced above the ﬁrst critical.Tuesday September 16. thus enabling a proper speed proﬁle to pass over the ﬁrst critical speeds (run-up or coast-down). the active vibration control system is mounted to the vessel and ﬁnal measurements during operation of the ship are carried out. 68 . Passive vibration reduction methods like elastomer dampers or tuned vibration absorbers are limited in their overall reduction performance or the variability of the operating frequency. employing less than 0. The transfer functions of the control paths provide a ﬁrst insight to the structural dynamics of the system. T. Melz. Mexico The problem of unbalance compensation in a rotor-bearing system is addressed by applying a semiactive balancing control scheme based on two radial MR dampers mounted in one of the supports. The four mounts are modiﬁed by using piezoelectric stack actuators. associated to the disk with unbalance and both supports. 2008 11:45 A semiactive control scheme using MR dampers for the unbalance response in a rotor-bearing system (ID 209) G. the performance of the FxLMS algorithm. For the analysis and control synthesis is employed a mathematical model of a Jeffcott-like rotor of 7 degrees-of-freedom for one rotor disk. Germany The mounting points of engines and aggregates are the primary path for coupling vibrations to the ship fuselage or to the vehicle chassis. whose viscoelastic properties depend on the current inputs (control actions). After the tests in the laboratory. Therefore an additional active vibration control system is designed to further decrease the vibrations which are induced to the surrounding at different rotational speeds of the engine. Test runs of the experimental rig with varying engine speed are conducted. Accelerometers at the mount points are installed as sensors for the disturbance signal and an inductive sensor at the crank shaft serves as sensor for the rotational speed measurement. some numerical simulations and experimental results on a physical platform are presented to validate the dynamic and robust performance of the overall control system. Based on these data a simulation of the control system is set up. and a balancing controller for the overall system response. Silva-Navarro..N. Herold. A. one of which is semiactively controlled by two independent radial MR dampers. Thus. Mayer. its suitable parameters and the actuator voltages can be estimated in advance of the experiment. Kauba. and the dynamics associated to the MR dampers. two supports. Cabrera-Amado.

The implementation of PSD to turning. ﬂexible Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). This is demonstrated on a vibrating structure in an experimental setup. Agneni. Coppotelli. formed by the piezoelectric patches bonded to the host structure and the structure itself. Inman. The developed approach belongs to the so called “passive” methods and uses the electromechanical characteristics of piezoelectric patches to transform the mechanical energy into electrical energy. The effects of deformations and vibrations on the performance of large antenna arrays are discussed. The capabilities of a novel phase shift measurement compensation technique for counteracting the effects of vibrations are evaluated. an elastic mount of the semi-active actuator (using rubber bushing at both of its ends) is investigated. van Tongeren. Virginia Tech. The electrical parameters of such an impedance are chosen so that the resulting electromechanical system. Finally ideas are presented to use the same technique for structural dynamic testing. 2008 Active vibration control and smart structures – AVC4 Room 6 – Chairman: W. 14:50 Piezoelectric shunt damping for chatter suppression in machining processes (ID 296) A. L. United States This paper discusses the possible application of piezoelectric shunt damping (PSD) to basic machining processes for chatter suppression. 15:15 Vibration Reduction of a Rotorcraft UAV Using PZT Patches (ID 122) G.Tuesday September 16. For Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imaging applications large arrays of small antenna patches will be placed on light weight. National Aerospace Laboratory NLR. Collette. This distorts the generated image. The antenna array will cover large portions of the wing and fuselage structure. Vos. Therefore. H. Netherlands Currently smart radar antennas are under development that will be embedded in aircraft structures. Erturk. UAV. is characterized by a maximum value of the mechanical dissipation factor at a given natural frequency 69 . University of Rome “la Sapienza”. A. Using a quarter car model. boring and milling processes is described and recent trends from the literature of PSD are addressed.J. results achieved from an experimental activity aimed to investigate the capability of a vibration suppression approach to reduce the vibration levels aboard a rotary-wing Unmanned Aerial Vehicle. inductive and resistive-inductive shunt circuits attached to the electrodes of a piezoceramic patch on a cantilevered beam under tip force excitation. Preumont. The theory of PSD is explained for resistive. capacitive. PSD with a passive resistive-inductive circuit is an alternative to the mechanical DVAs and tuned viscoelastic dampers (TVDs) used for chatter suppression recently. respectively. Houwink. Italy In this paper. This energy transformation is made possible by the use of a suitable electrical impedance shunted to the piezoelectric patches. The results presented show that the rubber bushing can play a role of mechanical ﬁlter. Schippers. The special attention is given to the resistive-inductive shunting case as it creates the damped dynamic vibration absorber (DVA) effect if the shunt inductance and resistance are tuned for a targeted natural frequency and a desired electronic damping. boring or milling). improving the isolation performances of the semi-active suspension at high frequency. D. Balis Crema. Belgium This paper investigates the effect of unintended high frequency excitations generated by the semi-active sky-hook control algorithm on the isolation properties of a car suspension. the energy transfer from low to high frequency is established. A. are presented. Research tools are presented to estimate the levels of vibrations of aerospace structures which are supporting array antennas. To decrease the effect of these excitations. which can be considered as the cutting tool in the machining process (turning. G. O’Connor 14:00 Energy transfer in semi-active suspension (ID 321) C. Universit´ e Libre de Bruxelles. R. Mechanical forces and aerodynamic loads will cause deformation and vibrations of the antenna supporting structure. 14:25 Smart antenna arrays on vibrating structures (ID 478) H.

A. Wender.D. S. Mace. L. Germany The development of low noise gear box housings is still time-consuming and computationally expensive. it has been evaluated the “in situ” insulation for both kinds of noise with a sheet of geotextile material put in a housing block to reduce both kinds of noise transmission. Germany J. University of Southampton. The results obtained show the advantages of employing this new material. a preliminary ﬂight test campaign is carried out.Tuesday September 16. I. validating thus the proposed approach. The key point of the developed approach is its intrinsic fail-safe nature and the limited increase of weight due to the installation of the required on-board hardware. Moreover. Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha. Neher. In order to reduce the necessity of experimental and numeric investigations. Voith Siemens Hydro Power Generation GmbH & Co. B. Gonz´ alez. Some improvements in constructing new housings have been used to increase such comfort.J. KG. In the case under test here. 16:55 Frequency-speciﬁc parametric studies for the reduction of the sound radiation of gearbox housings (ID 65) B. in the last years. The bandwidth is dependent on the damping ratio. Spain Community noise is frequently the cause of problems for users. University of Applied Sciences of Ulm.damper system is investigated. Hereby every calculation step is compared with measurements and the inﬂuence of joined clutch housings is quantiﬁed. United Kingdom In this paper the beneﬁts of using a nonlinear stiffness in an energy harvesting device comprising a massspring. The study also reveals that the maximum velocity response is not dependent upon the nonlinearity but is dependent on the amplitude of excitation and the damping ratio. the nonlinearity and the amplitude of the input acceleration. Fern´ andez. Numerical and analytical studies show that the device with a hardening spring has a larger bandwidth over which the power can be harvested. In order to validate the proposed approach. Rodriguez. Quintana. lower than that of tratiditional materials like ﬁbres or elastomers offering similar acoustic characteristics.R. there is a higher concern about the acoustic comfort at housings. Brennen. Graf. Data recorded aboard the rotary-wing Unmanned Aerial vehicle in hovering ﬂight condition demonstrated the effectiveness of the PZT patches. Analysis based on the principle of conservation of energy reveals a fundamental limit of the effectiveness of any nonlinear device over a tuned linear device. M. the social awareness has increased regarding noise problems and. M. Lauriks 16:30 Analysis of the impact noise and airborne noise insulations of a geotextile sheet (ID 43) J. 15:40 Improving the performance of an energy harvesting device using nonlinearity (ID 160) R. so as to achieve the acoustic characteristics required for reducing transmissions of airborne noise and impact noise. 70 . The nonlinear system considered has a hardening spring which has the effect of shifting the resonance frequency as the amplitude of vibration increases. Ballesteros. 2008 of the whole system. Ramlan. consequently. Thus the device with a hardening spring harvests a similar amount of maximum power (in the ideal case) irrespective of the degree of nonlinearity. Geotextile materials are becoming very important in the insultation ﬁeld due to their easiness in manufacturing and their cost. Noise control: case studies – NC1 Room 6 – Chairman: W. in a ﬁrst step the calculation chain is evaluated quantitatively and optimized. B.

Wee. The primary source of this noise is the forced vibration of the gradient coil under the inﬂuence of Lorentz forces. As one result. 18:10 System-approach Implementation for Drum Washing Machine Robust Noise Design (ID 558) Q. noise requirement at component level can be speciﬁed and handed over to component design owners to achieve detailed component design. Labuhn. Finally. R. 17:45 Vibroacoustic Analysis of an MRI Gradient Coil (ID 540) A. General Electric Global Research. especially toilets have to work absolutely reliable in order to ensure a high level of comfort for both . Hufenbach. among others. Klug. The frequency and shapes of these modes were used to target and correct the structural details of an FEA model of the coil. Dannemann. H.passengers and crew. This model allowed a design investigation of the coil materials and their relative distribution for the purpose of minimizing the acoustic response inside the patient bore. This enables to deﬁne frequency speciﬁc design guidelines for low noise gear box housings. M. All derived transfer function together with hierarchical system is implemented into an excel-based tool to carry out the sensitivity analysis and identify the critical noise contributors. D. F.Tuesday September 16.A. A map of the systems sound radiation was plotted using the sound intensity technique to localize the sound sources. Germany T. 2008 Herewith. Furthermore. This paper showcases an example to achieve 6 dB noise reductions effectively for a drum type washing machine after ranking the noise contributors using the tool. Germany Sewage systems in aviation are a sensitive interface between passengers and aircraft. caused by passing large currents through the coil in the superconducting magnetic ﬁeld. Choi. a seriesproduction sewage system with vacuum-assisted ﬂush was analyzed concerning its vibro-acoustic behavior. up to now substantial efforts have been made improving the turbojet-engines. Therewith results at every resonance frequency are available to evaluate the frequency-speciﬁc inﬂuence of the ribs on the sound radiation. Here. in excess of 115 dBA under certain circumstances. the noise of the sewage systems became more dominant and noticeable. further more. United States Patients undergoing a magnetic resonance imaging procedure are routinely exposed to high wide-band noise levels. Zeng. A system functional decomposition of the washing machine system is conducted to establish the hierarchical acoustical or vibratory power transmission path among the system. Korea. R. Within the scope of this work. In summery a considerable room of improvement of current sewage systems could be shown including appropriate geometry modiﬁcations resulting in a comprehensive catalogue of measures could be given to engineer new and especially quieter toilets for aviation. An experimental modal analysis of such a coil revealed the existence of efﬁciently radiating supersonic modes at frequencies of 1 kHz and above. the process and methodology is validated experimentally after designing new components to meet the top level noise level. Thus. ribs are applied on box-shaped principal gearbox housings with clutch housing. 71 . Al-Khalidy. the minimum required system low-pressure was deﬁned and the inﬂuence of a closed toilet lid was characterized. subsystem and components. a sufﬁcient accuracy of the simulation is reached to develop design guidelines with the help of parametric studies. Hedeen. Kolbe.different concepts for reducing the sound emission (ID 449) W. AOA avionics dresden GmbH. Samsung Electronics. the demand on comfort concerning cabin noise level has increased especially on long-distance ﬂights. The implementation of an averaged generalized excitation enable s to ﬁnd the tendency of the ribbed boxes to radiate noise independent from the position of the excitation. Therefore. Transfer functions to represent airborne and structure borne acoustic power transfer are derived quantitatively among subsystems and components experimentally. Besides the functionality. Republic of This paper describes a system engineering approach to allocate washing machine system level noise requirement to subsystem and components by deriving acoustical or vibratory power transfer function among system. Technische Universit¨ at Dresden. signiﬁcantly reducing the noise outside as well as inside the aircraft cabin. 17:20 Silent aircraft toilets .

An approach is developed using added masses to simulate changes in structural stiffness to allow collection of faulted datasets in a non-destructive manner. especially under harsh conditions. Iran (Islamic Republic of) Generally. C. For the sensor signal reconstruction a model-based approach using Kalman Filters (KF) is proposed. The approach is illustrated using results from the experimental structure itself. Kazemi.e. The objective of a recent study at the University of Amirkabir is two-fold. For this reason a combined approach for sensor fault detection and signal reconstruction is proposed. Rahai. S. 72 . These changes are manifested as variation in the modal parameters such as eigen-pairs. Fritzen. The detection method is based on the statistical dependency between the sensor signals quantiﬁed by the Mutual Information (MI). Since sensor faults cause false alarms and thus additional costs for inspections of healthy structures.-P. This is limiting in a research scenario and highly unlikely to be practicable in real-world applications.Tuesday September 16. Numerical simulations are performed to verify the identiﬁcation capability of the proposed method. the presence of faults leads to the changes in the structural and vibrational characteristics of the structures. Worden. 9:15 Fault induction using added masses for structural damage identiﬁcation (ID 4) E.. a plate incorporating stiffening elements. The ﬁrst is to review and reﬁne the theoretical background for the development of a fault index. Papatheou. 2008 Structural damage detection – SDD2 Room 7 – Chairman: J. The second is to use a compound Neuro-gentic algorithm to reveal the corresponding damage severity. and some common mechanical properties. United Kingdom This paper presents preliminary work concerned with the introduction of pseudo-faults into a system for the purposes of structural health monitoring (SHM). Simulation examples and acceleration measurements were used for the validation of the methods. Barthorpe. Manson. G. i. The structure under consideration is a simpliﬁed model of an aluminium aircraft wingbox i. Amirkabir University of Technology. Kraemer.. It is shown that defect sensors can be clearly localized and the signals can be reconstructed. R. Mottershead 8:50 Sensor Fault Detection and Signal Reconstruction using Mutual Information and Kalman Filters (ID 564) P. K. In practice. In the ideal case the sensors should have a longer life-time than the structure they have to monitor. A. At present most research that has taken an experimental approach has involved the use of destructive means for introducing faults into the test structure.R. Germany Long time monitoring of structures which are difﬁcult to access demands sensor networks that are permanently installed.e. the sensors have only limited life expectation. The development of SHM algorithms is dependent upon the availability of training data from both the normal and faulted condition of a structure. it is necessary to identify the faulty sensors and to reconstruct the affected signals. Fooladi. natural frequencies and mode shapes. University of Siegen. The University of Shefﬁeld. 9:40 Structural fault identiﬁcation for a steel plate structure using dynamic properties and compound Neuro-Genetic algorithm (ID 373) A.

D. glass or aramide ﬁbres to the natural ﬁbres. The basic idea is that non-linear dynamic effects. this paper presents an approach that makes use of non-linear dynamic behaviour. I. A description of the mechanical structure. S. Weiland. But the need has never been clearer for more and additional efﬁcient methods to check these materials internal faults. Zuerbes. Germany Th. i. Luxembourg G. V. M. Bungard. together with a brief description of the future and ongoing projects. With the measured and analytical modal data weighted “modal strains” will be calculated within the layers and by special superposition. The advantage of composites lies in their high strength to weight ratio. Universit´ e du Luxembourg. Technische Universit¨ at Berlin. Worden 10:30 The Smart Bridge demonstrator: description of the experimental setup (ID 288) A. due to failure of tendons or cracks for instance. Belgium This paper describes the ”Smart Bridge” demonstrator developed in the Active Structures Laboratory at ULB. Waltering. Zehn. Marinkovic. Maas. Seckert. Germany Examples of innovative materials are the various ﬁbre composite materials based on carbon ﬁbres. It is well known that damage changes dynamic structural parameters like eigenfrequencies. A. non-corrosive features among others. This paper presents ﬁrst steps towards a novel approach for the detection of faulty areas in the structure after some time of on-load operation by modal analysis methods . Deraemaeker. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. However. L¨ owis.we will call it defect spectroscopy (DSS) in the following. Preumont.Tuesday September 16. good stiffness and functionality. 2008 Structural damage detection – SDD3 Room 7 – Chairman: K. 73 . Universit´ e Libre de Bruxelles. v. Through the years. De Roeck. Therefore modal methods could be used as an alternative to existing ones for non-destructive testing. 11:45 Computational Model Updating for Damage Identiﬁcation in the Time Domain (ID 547) M. This paper presents the experimental results of tests with a gradually damaged reinforced concrete beam and the application of this method to a prestressed concrete bridge. The effort for the inspection measurement is supposed to be kept relative low and it gives a good support for more detailed checking when required. Link. Since the sensitivity of changes in modal properties is sometimes low. we hope to gain information about faulty areas within the structure. M. 10:55 Experimental and Analytical Modal Analysis of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Composite Structures (ID 493) M. defects as for instance partial rupture of a prestressing cable cannot be visually observed. The results concerning damage assessment are compared to the results of static load tests as a classical and often used method to assess the state of a structure. Technical University of Darmstadt.e.W. Based on a qualiﬁed sufﬁcient detailed model of the layered composite material structure the central idea is to get an overview about potentially faulty areas by processing measured and analytical modal data of the structure to be inspected in the FE model. University of Kassel. the use of composites materials in designs has seen enormous progress. modeshapes and damping. Belgium The detection of damage in bridges is mainly done by visual examination. vary with changes in structural condition. A. P. Romanescu. the amplitude dependency of the modal parameters and the occurrence of Higher Harmonics. Waldmann. El Ouni. the instrumentation and the data acquisition as well as the control system is given. Germany This Computational model updating techniques have been developed in the past for adjusting selected parameters of large order ﬁnite element models in order to make the models compatible with experimental data. D. 11:20 Damage assessment of a gradually damaged prestressed concrete bridge using static load tests and non-linear vibration characteristic (ID 221) M.

linear and eigen analyses were performed in order to get the eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Razak. Italy High cycle fatigue is one of the main causes of failure of bladed discs. P. Finite Element models were constructed based on simply supported beams with one control and one test beam with multiple cracks. Blades of turbine are loaded by centrifugal force as well as variable amplitude force due to ﬂuctuating ﬂow following in blade vibrations. The values of |λ4 |. S. Z. S. H. Nonlinear analysis was performed for the beam with multiple cracks. The model resulted reliable to reproduce the behavior of the test-rig.H.A. This study focuses on conﬁrming the location of multiple-crack damage in an RC beam model using commercial Finite Element analysis software. E. Since long these techniques have also been investigated with regard to their ability to localize and quantify structural damage. Tanzi. Malaysia Reinforced concrete beams are commonly designed to satisfy criteria of serviceability and safety.Tuesday September 16. Its frequency is increasing due to the trend of reducing the radial clearance between the seal and the rotor in modern turbine units. The theoretical background and examples for using time domain data with high frequency content will be presented in the paper. Politecnico di Torino. Pennacchi. Pavone. Underplatform Dampers (UPD) are commonly used to dissipate energy of vibration and reduce resonant 74 . Politecnico di Milano. This paper presents some experimental results obtained by means of a test-rig in which the rub conditions of real machines are reproduced. Ismail. Zucca.M. Time domain response data from impact tests carry high frequency information which usually is lost when frequency domain data are utilized for damage identiﬁcation. pumps and compressors in order to increase efﬁciency. 2008 Numerical optimization procedures are applied for minimizing the differences of analytical and experimental data. Ibrahim. Randall 14:00 Modelling and Experimental Results of Short Arc Rubs in Rotating Machines (ID 382) N. Sinti. Then a speciﬁc model is presented and the simulations obtained are compared with the experimental results. referred to as the Local Stiffness Indicator. It is well known that low frequency vibration test data or static response data are not very well suited for detecting and quantifying localized small size damage. Dynamics of rotating machinery – RMD1 Room 7 – Chairman: B. The change of parameters identiﬁed from test data taken continuously or temporarily over the time may serve as a feature for structural health monitoring.uniqueness of structural damage models. 14:25 Parametric study of the kinematic behaviour of the underplatform damper and correlation with experimental data (ID 502) D. 12:10 Application of Local Stiffness Indicator on Finite Element RC Beam Model with Multiple Cracks (ID 340) Z. Gola. Italy Rotor-to-stator rub is one of the most common faults during the operation of rotating machinery. nonlinear and eigen analyses were performed to get the natural frequencies and mode shapes. Lee. M. University of Malaya. These data are used in conjunction with a technique of localizing and quantifying the damage parameters using the test data and the models of the damaged and the undamaged structure simultaneously (“multi model updating”) which is regarded as an attempt to reduce the effects of the unavoidable non. were then plotted to conﬁrm the locations of damage. Bachschmid. Linear. Often the rub occurs between rotor and seals and the analysis of the phenomenon cannot set aside the consideration of the different relative stiffness. The natural frequencies were transformed and applied into the fourth order centered ﬁnite divided difference formula. Botto. natural frequencies. L. For the control beam. mode shapes and/or frequency response functions. for example. The use of the proposed model to identify the various effects of multiple cracks on the local and global response of an RC beam was seen to be successful. E.

The structure is modeled via ﬁnite elements based on Timoshenko beams. 14:50 Some effects of interactions between forcing and manufacturing errors in gear rattle (ID 505) J. United Kingdom It has been observed that in two apparently identical gear systems.H. Wilson. ii) the contact stiffness and iii) the static normal pre-load N0 . We derive a non-dimensional equation of motion for relative angular displacement between two meshing gears. To predict the forced response of the blades with UPDs information are needed about i) the friction coefﬁcient. We show through experimentation a mechanism for this behaviour.A. 15:40 Active balancing technique for online vibration amplitude suppression in high-speed ﬂexible rotor system using active magnetic bearings (ID 363) S. The experimental data are scattered between an upper and a lower limits. R. UPDs are pieces of metal loaded by the centrifugal force and pressed against the platforms of two adjacent blades. P.M.C. which is supported on four-axis controlled active magnetic bearing. Wankhede. The changed temperature affects the air properties and therefore the ﬂow induced forces have to be recalculated. van der Hoogt. The experimental results show varying magnitudes of driven gear oscillation within the backlash space.K. University of Bristol.K. Netherlands The recent developments in high speed micro rotating machinery lead to the need for multiphysical modeling of the rotor and the surrounding medium.R. we are able to show how different amplitudes of disconnection may be observed for the same amplitude of input. The rotor has been designed to pass through two 75 . has been performed. slip and separation.G. An extensive test campaign. the experiment data scattering is explained as a consequence of the non-uniqueness of the static normal pre-loads. one gear pair may function well whilst the other rattles. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre. 15:15 Modeling of high speed micro rotors in moderate ﬂow conﬁnement (ID 115) E. Dikmen. otherwise known as eccentricity. with UPDs of different geometry and various centrifugal and excitation forces. When the contact is fully stuck. The contact model allows simulating three different states: stick. The temperature increase in the air gap. In this study. As a result. thermal and ﬂow induced effects on rotor dynamics of geometries with moderate ﬂow conﬁnement are studied.M. Verma. Energy is dissipated by friction. The contact forces acting on the UPD are computed by damper balance equations. The experimental data are compared with the numerical simulation and. S. R. for the ﬁrst time. thermal and ﬂuid effects in medium gap conﬁnements are coupled with the rotordynamic model and their effects on critical speeds and vibration response can be investigated. Aarts. 2008 amplitudes in bladed discs. In this model we have incorporated tooth errors due to mounting misalignments. G. the static value of the static normal pre-load is non-unique. away from the ideal permanent contact boundary for the same amplitude of forcing input. Gouthaman.J. stiffness and damping at each node. From the experimental results we are able to hypothesise that this intermittency is based upon a superposition of an external ﬂuctuating forcing and a forcing due to tooth proﬁle errors. P. as the amplitude of the contact loss is linked to the gear orientation at which the maximum of the external forcing occurs. Flow induced forces are implemented to the structure as added mass. Neild.K. India Active balancing technique has been developed and implemented for a high-speed ﬂexible rotor. Srivastava.Tuesday September 16. Experiments are run at a constant angular velocity combined with a sinusoidal displacement input and relative gear motions are obtained for a range of sinusoidal displacement amplitudes and phases. University of Twente. In this way. Chavda. a range of variability in the forced response of the system is numerically predicted. We are able to analytically solve the equation of motion from the point of contact loss and by incorporating smaller tooth errors as initial conditions taken from experimentation.E. resulting from air friction is modeled via thermal networks in steady state as a function of rotation speed. A. Ottewill. A.

Van˘ ek. F. Czech Republic The research on the improvement of the kinematic measuring system for evaluation of natural and forced vibration of machinery parts under rotation is herein presented.shown at a simpliﬁed model . Lurati. M. Cibulka. also considering the electromagnetic inﬂuence. despite the fact that mistuned blade rows average vibration levels are lower than the tuned blade row vibrations. Bachschmid.080 rpm and two ﬂexible critical speeds at 7. For this reason the numerical FE model of the physical model of bladed disk was developed and analysed. Small mistuning may result in larger vibration amplitudes of single blades than larger mistuning. In the calculations the maximum rotor speed for vibration stability was investigated. Vibration amplitude suppression of more than 95 % has been achieved while crossing these critical speeds using the technique of active balancing. has been analyzed for perfectly tuned rows. Based on a 2 pole asynchronous machine different calculations were made. Pennacchi. 17:20 Vibration stability of soft mounted asynchronous machines with ﬂexible shafts and sleeve bearings considering electromagnetic effects (ID 225) U. More recently blades with shrouds mounted on the disks with some inter-shroud clearance have become popular. Dynamics of rotating machinery – RMD2 Room 7 – Chairman: M. P. Therefore a mathematical model was developed.which shows the different coherences and the inﬂuences. P. Politecnico di Milano. which is called snubbing mechanism. Rotor response has been studied up to a speed of 18. Proch´ azka. In this paper a ﬁrst analysis is made with a numerical model of a bladed disk. J. By means of strain gauge measurements the dynamics of the rotor was analysed and the kinematic system was calibrated. Werner. 16:55 Dynamics of Rotating Blade Disk Identiﬁed by Magneto-Kinematic Measuring System (ID 384) L. using active magnetic bearing. concerning the limit of stability for a soft mounted asynchronous machine. The aim of this paper is to derive a calculation method . for investigating the possible effects of mistuning on snubbing behavior. but sometimes these single blade vibration amplitudes may be much larger than the tuned blade row amplitude.000 rpm. The inﬂuence of the foundation stiffness and of the foundation damping on the limit of stability is shown and also the inﬂuence of the electromagnetic ﬁeld. In active balancing technique. The improvement was aimed at the sensor part for a continuous movement of rotating and vibrating disk. which is based on a simpliﬁed plane machine model. and which helps to optimize vibration stability by choosing suitable foundation stiffness and damping. Laboratory veriﬁcation of the new proposed sensor system was performed under an electromagnetic harmonic excitation.980 and 19. Peˇ sek.500 rpm. P. This effect. because this arrangement may restrict the maximum blade vibration levels in some cases. Vibration amplitudes at two rigid modes and ﬁrst ﬂexural mode have been successfully controlled using the said technique. Van˘ ek. the rotor response is measured and vibration amplitude is suppressed by applying a synchronous compensating force on the rotor in real-time. Italy Mistuning of bladed disks in turbomachinery is practically unavoidable. 2008 rigid system critical speeds at 780 and 4.Tuesday September 16. Germany In the paper the vibration stability of soft mounted asynchronous machines with ﬂexible shafts and sleeve bearings is theoretically analyzed. Provision of modifying modal unbalance for various ﬂexural modes of rotor has been incorporated in the basic design of the rotor to facilitate the study of rotor’s behavior at various ﬂexural modes of vibration. AS CR Institute of Thermomechanics. Ellenbroek 16:30 Combining Mistuning and Snubbing in Bladed Disks of Turbomachinery (ID 380) N. Siemens AG. 76 .

These results were also applied to extract speciﬁc statistics dedicated to the detection of different simulated faults. France L. Cavallari. Universit´ e Paris-Est. 9:15 Interdependency quantiﬁcation for the 2D-Outputs of fuzzy Systems (ID 35) O. D’Elia. Hanss. Delvecchio.Tuesday September 16. Lardeur 8:50 Identiﬁcation of a sound-insulation layer modelled by fuzzy structure theory . The modal density is identiﬁed from a stand-alone detailed ﬁnite element model of the sound-insulation layer. Such information can be obtained by a negligible amount of extra computation time. For example. Italy M. The coefﬁcient of participating mass is then obtained by solving an inverse problem which is formulated as an optimization problem. France C. covered with a sound-insulation layer and coupled with a bounded acoustic cavity. PSA Peugeot Citro¨ en. This paper proposes a measure of interdependency between the uncertain system outputs. 2008 17:45 Use of the cyclostationary modelling for the diagnosis of assembly faults in i. engine cold tests (ID 406) S. a quantiﬁcation of the overall uncertainty of the system outputs. Gagliardini. Making use of the Transformation Method. If such interdependency is neglected. is obtained. The fault diagnosis is based on the cyclostationary modelling of the signals. all the vibration signals were acquired from the engine block during cold test cycles at the end of the assembly line in sound and faulty conditions. M. Universit´ e Paris-Est & PSA Peugeot Citro¨ en. The interdependency index can be derived by a postprocessing of the data gained by the analysis with the Transformation Method. In this work. second-order cyclostationarity is developed by means of the mean instantaneous power. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven & Universita’ degli Studi di Ferrara. As a result of this analysis. Germany The study of mechanical systems with uncertain parameters is gaining increasing interest in the ﬁeld of system analysis to provide an expedient model for the prediction of the system behavior.Experimental validation (ID 27) C. The keypoint of the method is the construction of a mean elastoacoustic sound-insulation layer model whose parameters are simply the modal density. the uncertain parameters of the system are modeled by fuzzy numbers in contrast to random numbers used in stochastic approaches. Italy The aim of this study is to diagnose irregular operations during the assembling of diesel engines through the analysis of the vibration signal. Wigner-Ville Distribution (WVD) and Wigner-Ville Spectrum (WVS). University of Rome “la Sapienza”. Giannini. the interdependency between the design variables may reduce signiﬁcantly the available part of the design space. the theory is validated with experiments for a vibroacoustic system made up of a steel plate connected to an elastic framework on its edges. In particular. Universita’ degli Studi di Ferrara. Uncertainties in structural dynamics and acoustics – UNC2 Room 8 – Chairman: P. including a worst-case scenario. University of Stuttgart. a misinterpretation of the results may occur. Subsequently. Dalpiaz. Fernandez. three faulty engines having assembly defects artiﬁcially introduced one by one in the engines are considered. interdependency (or interaction) between the outputs may arise. France One proposes a novel approach to model sound-insulation layers based on the use of the fuzzy structure theory which presents the advantage to account for variability as well as no addition of DOF in computational models.c. the coefﬁcient of participating mass and the damping coefﬁcient. ﬁrstorder cyclostationarity is exploited through the analysis of the Time Synchronous Averaging (TSA). Italy G. In this paper. Soize. G. in the case of applying uncertainty analysis in the early design phase of a product to determine the relevant designparameter space. 77 . The inputs of the resulting fuzzy-valued model are a priori uncorrelated but after the uncertainties are propagated through the model. Finally. the detailed construction of the mean model and an identiﬁcation methodology of the mean parameters are presented. First of all.

2008 9:40 Reanalysis-based FEM for fuzzy uncertainty treatment in static structural analysis (ID 617) L. These uncertainties may be divided into two classes: aleatory and epistemic. This article will focus on procedures for effects screening for which local ﬁrst-order and global sampling-based approaches can be found in the literature. as a robustness curve when Info-Gap analysis is performed and so on. to identify the dominant physical effects. a novel reanalysis-based ﬁnite element method (ReFEM) is applied. In these approaches. is based on the interval arithmetic approach or on black-box approaches such as global optimisation or vertex sampling. France Structural sensitivity analysis is used to rank the inﬂuence of different model design variables on a set of response features of interest. D. Belgium When modelling mechanical systems. Mengus. Moens. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. this approach is explicitly suited for optimisation-based black-box techniques. Viles. the uncertainty attached to the input parameters is mathematically propagated to the output of the system being analyzed. Cogan. which forms the basis of the Fuzzy FEM. which make the analysis to some extent inexact.. They both generally require the deﬁnition of a set of active design variables and this can be a time-consuming process for complex multi-level models. several approaches have been developed in order to deal with this problem. geometrical and topological descriptions. Epistemic uncertainty reﬂects our difﬁculties as engineers in correctly modelling the physics of the system. U. This paper presents the ReFEM method for static structural analysis. The Fuzzy FEM is a widely accepted numerical simulation tool to model imprecise data in early design stages. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Lefebvre. FEMTO-ST Institute. Arteche. as an interval value when interval arithmetic is involved. E. Coop. to characterize the relative contributions of the most inﬂuential design variables to the global observed variability. The objective of this study is to combine a nonparametric structural modiﬁcation technique with a hypersensitivity analysis in order to identify the most inﬂuential subdomains of the model without detailing the speciﬁc design variables. As a result. Moens. and so forth. Uncertainties in structural dynamics and acoustics – UNC3 Room 8 – Chairman: W. there always exists a degree of uncertainty in the material properties and behaviour laws. FEMTO-ST Institute. 10:05 Structural sensitivity analysis based on a hybrid parametric and non-parametric approach (ID 94) D.Tuesday September 16. a design of a lift cabin 78 . Vandepitte. The computational beneﬁts and general applicability in the context of Fuzzy FE analysis of the new approach is illustrated on a mid-sized plate problem. In the last years. the output will be a non-deterministic value to be expressed as a probabilistic function. In this paper. W. in cases where probabilistic approaches are performed. Ikerlan S. The Interval FEM. M. Aleatory uncertainty is generally irreducible and is a property of the structure and its environment. By supplying analytical gradients. France X. or quantitatively in uncertainty quantiﬁcation. The proposed strategy is illustrated on academic test cases and the results compared to more classical local and sampling procedures. Isasa . Farkas. SNECMA Moteurs. d’Ambrogio 10:55 Dynamic assessment of a lift cabin design subject to epistemic modelling uncertainties (ID 241) I. Spain M. Desmet. TECNUN Universidad de Navarra. Spain S. S. Belgium Uncertainty modeling applied at different stages of the virtual prototyping process enhances the quality of the of the design in terms of physical validity. France D. D. Tanco. Cogan. It can be used qualitatively in a preliminary screening stage. In order to make black-box approaches computationally less expensive. Ouisse. The limitation of the interval arithmetics applied in general IFE analysis is the large overestimation of the interval results.

In this approach. Using these dimensionless matrix-valued frequency response function a simpliﬁed vibroacoustic model is proposed. France L. 11:20 Low.Tuesday September 16. (c) inability of both the conventional VARX and CCP-VARX parametric methods to fully describe multiple experiment variability through a single identiﬁed model.and medium-frequency vibroacoustic analysis of complex structures using a statistical computational model. AGH University of Science and Technology. The test rig model includes the lift car. . The theory presented is adapted to a structure consisting of an automotive vehicle coupled with its internal cavity. .and medium-frequency vibroacoustic analysis of complex structures using a statistical computational model and an energy density ﬁeld formulation (ID 90) M. the suspension ropes and the guiding system. University of Patras. Universit´ e Paris-Est. France C. The object used for this veriﬁcation is a medium-sized spot welded structure. The problem studied deals with a test-rig that simulates the dynamic behaviour of a lift car from the vibrational viewpoint in a low frequency band (0-20Hz). The objective of this paper is to take advantage of the statistical properties of the frequency response functions observed from previous experimental and numerical experiences. whereas very small environmental changes occur from one series to another. even with shorter data records. .D. Mendrok.S8). Pieczonka. 79 . we present an energy density ﬁeld approach for low. yet statistically signiﬁcant. PSA Peugeot Citro¨ en. Within each series the experimental conditions are practically unchanged. Poland A modal model has a numerous applications in many ﬁelds of science and engineering. S. The parametric methods include a conventional VARX method and a new CCP-VARX method which operates on multiple data records. Soize. France In this paper. L.E10). T. 12:10 Assessment of uncertainty of experimentally obtained modal parameters (ID 231) K. 2008 subject to epistemic uncertainties will be studied using a fuzzy approach. In the paper a preliminary assessment of the uncertainty of modal parameters identiﬁcation is presented. In the next step the experimental veriﬁcation has been done. Uhl. The dynamical characteristics examined are frequency response magnitude and natural frequencies. are conducted within a twenty four hour period. A Design of Experiments (DoE) methodology is used in the experimental phase with the aim of identifying the uncertain variables having a dominant inﬂuence on the objective response. in-series variability and larger inter-series variability.experimental variability analysis (ID 131) P. Gagliardini. (b) improved achievable accuracy through the use of parametric identiﬁcation.G. The proposed method was applied to simple simulation systems and veriﬁed with use of the Monte Carlo simulations. The results of the study indicate: (a) small. . 11:45 Stochastic identiﬁcation of structural dynamics from multiple experiments . Once these variables are deﬁned an uncertainty propagation is performed on two different conﬁgurations of the test-rig Finite Element (FE) model in order to evaluate the robustness of these uncertainties to the objective response and to assess the relative value of the two designs under the considered uncertainty. However results of its application depend largely on the accuracy of the identiﬁed modal parameters. Fassois. Michaelides. Kassem. each one consisting of ten individual experiments (E1. Eight series of experiments (S1. the matrix-valued frequency response function is expressed in terms of a dimensionless matrix which is estimated using the vibroacoustic computational model and the proposed energy method. Greece This study addresses the issue of variability analysis in experimentally identiﬁed structural dynamics using non-parametric Welch based and parametric VARX based stochastic methods. Universit´ e Paris-Est & PSA Peugeot Citro¨ en. It is also shown that in combination with the numerical uncertainty analysis based on an Finite Element model we can obtain a more detailed information about the system’s real performance.

the bounds on the FRF are calculated using an interval arithmetic approach. The originality of this method relies on an asymptotic expansion technique. Moens. In a ﬁrst step. Italy The dynamic response characterization of a complex system comprises of multiple heterogeneous substructures remains one of the most challenging problems in structural dynamics. Vandepitte. D. Italy A. based on the low order modes response.e. Belgium The ﬁnite element method is a useful tool to predict the behaviour of a structure under static and dynamic loads. a deterministic analysis is not sufﬁcient to assess the quality of a design. is considered. Desmet. for both weak and strong coupling is developed. either using a probabilistic or a non-probabilistic approach. 14:50 Sensitivity of decoupling techniques to uncertainties in the properties (ID 103) W. In both approaches. In this paper a new approach. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Universit` a dell’Aquila. 80 . This hybrid approach reduces the conservatism compared to a full interval arithmetic approach and reduces the cost compared to a full global optimisation approach. a non-deterministic analysis procedure is required. Two FRF based approaches are considered: an impedance based approach and a mobility based approach. the bounds on the modal parameters are determined using a global optimisation approach. i. Reliable ﬁnite element analyses can reduce the need for prototype testing and reduce the design validation cost and time. Inherent uncertainties and the high dimensionality of the problem led to develop approaches imported also from other areas of physics and engineering. Italy A. i. But even in a design ready for production. The method is experimentally validated for and a good agreement with theoretical prediction is found. In a design stage. 2008 Uncertainties in structural dynamics and acoustics – UNC4 Room 8 – Chairman: D. Fregolent. Carcaterra. Italy In this paper the decoupling problem. D’Ambrogio. Magionesi. namely the Time Asymptotic ensemble Energy average (TAE). De Munck. at a low computational cost. which take advantage of the special properties of the optimisation problem. Vandepitte 14:00 Time domain energy response of uncertain structures (ID 589) F. In many real life situations however. starting from information about the remaining part of the structural system (residual subsystem) and from the known dynamic behaviour of the complete system. University of Rome “la Sapienza”.Tuesday September 16. This paper describes the interval and fuzzy ﬁnite element procedure and the optimisation procedure developed by the authors and shows its applicability on an industrial example. 14:25 An adaptive Kriging based optimisation algorithm for interval and fuzzy FRF analysis (ID 615) M. such as lack of information on coupling DoFs (rotational DoFs) and ill-conditioning around particular frequencies. a statistical method for the prediction of the transient energy sharing among two or more subsystems. the authors developed a highly efﬁcient optimisation algorithm. able to evaluate the energy distribution among the subcomponents of a system in transient and steady state conditions. the identiﬁcation of the dynamic behaviour of a structural subsystem. Because this step is the computationally most expensive step. the decoupling problem presents some pitfalls that are difﬁcult to avoid. design tolerances and production inaccuracies introduce variability and uncertainty. In a second step. The result is a highly efﬁcient procedure for interval and fuzzy ﬁnite element analysis. The authors developed a hybrid (global optimisation and interval arithmetic) interval ﬁnite element procedure to predict the bounds on frequency response functions (FRFs) of problems with interval or fuzzy uncertainties. W. In these cases. some physical properties of the model may not be determined yet.e. D. University of Rome “la Sapienza”. In spite of promising applications. INSEAN.

81 . non-contact whole-ﬁeld vibration measurement technology. France E. An academic example and an industrial application are shown.Tuesday September 16. Frank. 15:15 Application of a Modal Stability Procedure (MSP) to the frequency response analysis of ﬁnite element systems with variability (ID 551) L. Martini. Instrumentation – I2 Room 8 – Chairman: L. In the latter case. Germany A novel approach drastically reduces the laboratory time for experimental modal analysis. In particular. The Modal Stability Procedure is compared with a Monte Carlo Simulation reference solution.A. very precise results are obtained for conﬁdence intervals. Surface elements of an FE model are used to create the measurement grid for the modal test.S. The measurement grid is segmented in optical accessible portions and the laser scanning heads are automatically positioned by aid of the robot. Renault S. The purpose of this work is an efﬁcient computation of Frequency Response Functions (FRFs) variability. France In this paper a method for the computational frequency response of ﬁnite element systems with parameters variability is investigated. Lardeur. To achieve time saving in the measurement process. FRFs are obtained using a formulation based on a modal superposition technique and the nominal mode shapes. France P. The achieved measurement results and productivity enhancements are presented in this paper. and eventually at some internal DoFs of the residual subsystem. University of technology of Compi` egne. it is interesting to analyse how the predicted dynamic behaviour of the unknown subsystem is affected by uncertainties in the properties of the residual subsystem. Polytec GmbH. an optical. an integration of the 3D Laser Doppler Vibrometer with an industrial robot has been implemented. Arnoult. For the academic case a detailed investigation of possibilities and limitations of the method is studied. Very encouraging results have been obtained. & University of technology of Compi` egne. With the shown installation all parts of a larger mechanical structure like a vehicle can be scanned one after another without the need for manually re-positioning the sensors. Then the windshield industrial application highlights the advantages of the method. We describe a completely automated measurement workﬂow for acquiring vibration measurement data without the need for human interaction during the complete measurement. The measurement results are matched to the nodal points of the FE model and transferred to further post processing for modal analysis. The method proposed uses the property of weak sensitivity of modal shapes towards variability in a mechanical system dominated by randomness. 2008 the FRF matrix of the coupled system is assumed to be known at the coupling DoFs. Information about the residual subsystem can consist either of measured FRFs or of a physical model. This makes the procedure interesting for industrial applications. University of technology of Compi` egne. Sch¨ ussler. M. The mean advantage is the computational time gain because this method needs only one ﬁnite element analysis associated with a posttreatment process. The new method is based on the well established 3D-Scanning Laser Vibrometry. Bregant 16:05 Productivity Enhancement in Full Body Experimental Modal Analysis by Automated Non-Contact Vibration Measurement using a Novel Approach of Combining 3D-Scanning Vibrometry with Industrial Robot Technology (ID 387) S.

and an heterodyne vibrometer measures the corresponding vibration.. sensors and acquisition systems which are used in the modal testing are also characterized. One exciter provides the boundary condition for the other exciter and vice versa.1000 Hz with deﬂection amplitudes of up to 250 µm. Germany Within the project KOLOS (Cost-Effective Laser Sensor for Optical Vibration Measurements). a laser sensor is developed for measuring amplitudes of in-plane surface vibrations. United States M. Belgium Recently. a measurement set-up was presented to detect small nonlinear distortions in the vibration of acoustically driven mechanical systems. The Modal Shop. The inﬂuence of post-mortem changes on the nonlinear behaviour of the middle ear was veriﬁed in a number of successive measurements. This method can be used at the test site: before. Meyer. The method uses a simple back-to-back testing method where two exciters are characterized simultaneously.A. Peres. funded by the German Ministry of Economics and Technology (16IN0487). These indicated that the nonlinear behaviour of the middle ear decreases in time. which is classically considered to be a completely linear system.J. 17:20 Impedance Modeling of Modal Exciters (ID 521) D. Aerts. A PC / Matlab based active control has been utilized to precisely adjusting the vibration amplitude to any preset value and to cancel residual unwanted vibrations (crosstalk) in non-excited spatial directions. For evaluation of the sensor’s performance and it’s calibration. 82 . The sensor is based on the evaluation of speckle patterns and will provide an alternative to costly laser vibrometers and conventional accelerometers which have to be adhered to the surface. University of Cincinnati. A speaker generates a specially designed multisine excitation signal that drives the vibration of a test object.M. J. The generated sound pressure is measured with a probe microphone in front of the test object.Tuesday September 16. Belgium R. Several examples are used to illustrate the usefulness of this method in evaluating the exciter systems used in modal testing. Dirckx. In this paper the set-up is used to verify whether small nonlinear distortions are present in the vibration of the middle ear system. Due to the high degree of linearity of the heterodyne technique. Kruse. Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 2008 16:30 Optical measurement of nonlinear distortions in the vibration of acoustically driven mechanical systems (ID 421) J.L. The impedance model describes the current/voltage input to the exciter to the force/displacement output of the exciter. Pintelon. It offers the reproduction of three dimensional vibrations in the frequency range from 30 .J. Oldenburg University. This calibration system can be a valuable tool for testing and calibration of multi-dimensional adherent or contact-less vibration sensors. These impedance models can be used to evaluate the health of the exciter and to determine it’s response to impedance loading of the ﬁxture and the structure being tested. during and/or after the test. Special care has been taken to avoid undesired rotational movements of the plate and to minimize mechanical “crosstalk”. 16:55 Vibration platform for the calibration of optical sensors (ID 454) R. a small vibration platform has been constructed based on ﬁve electro dynamical shakers driving a 5 x 5 cm2 aluminium plate to which samples with miscellaneous surface properties can be attached.R. T. Brown. In vitro measurements on the right ear of an adult male gerbil proved that nonlinear distortions are present in the vibration of the tympanic membrane. Inc. very small nonlinear distortions can be detected. The inﬂuence of the exciter ampliﬁers. University of Antwerp. Similar results were seen in measurements on the left ear. United States This paper describes a simple Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) testing procedure for developing an impedance model of modal exciters.

respectively. Brazil In this paper.R. France A numerical formulation to optimize the noise transmission loss (TL) of a damped sandwich structure is presented. a ﬂuid dynamic FVM analysis has been carried out on a 3D model representing the mask hose and the CO2 discharge system. modes basis). the most used therapy consists in the application of a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to the respiratory tract by a special machine. Assaf. paused breathing during night sleep. Different types of masks have been compared by detecting the associated noise via pressure method. the TL is calculated numerically using a ﬁnite element formulation for the sandwich plate coupled to a boundary element method for the acoustic medium. It consists on considering the mass as an objective function to minimize. Italy Sleep apnoea is a disorder in which a person has irregular. 2008 17:45 Angular FRF Assessment Using Piezoceramic Bimorphs Applied to Beams and Isotropic Plates (ID 537) T. University of Sao Paulo-School of Engineering of Sao Carlos. a genetic algorithm was used as an adaptive heuristic search algorithm for optimal placement and sizing of the bimorph sensor. Varoto.S. Finite element model for the dynamic analysis were proposed to evaluate bimorphs patches applied to the measurement of angular degrees of freedom for one-dimensional structures. The scope of the present study is to probe a commercial CPAP machine from an acoustic viewpoint. Numerical results are compared with experimental data considering a cantilever beam as tested structure. Universit` a degli Studi di Brescia. Cicogna. Unlike several methods developed since the sixties. Also. The sound power emitted by the machine has been measured through acoustic intensity and acoustic pressure methods. controlled through a mask that covers the patient’s nose and/or mouth. M.A. This has an advantage to have precisely the value of TL at each frequency and make it possible to consider a frequency dependent loss factor and shear modulus of the core. Currently. 8:50 Optimization of Noise Transmission Loss of Damped Sandwich Structures (ID 435) M. A recently proposed technique using PZT transducers seems quite interesting since it uses bimorph piezoceramic patches to measure the structure’s local curvature through the measurement of the electric potential induced by the extension and compression of the patch’s top and bottom stripes. Numerically simulated results are also presented for plate like structures. Guerich. M. like a beam. Theoretical modeling of the vibration incorporating piezoelectric bimorph sensor is presented and equations governing the dynamics of beam are derived for isotropic structures. the TL as a constraint function and the thicknesses. The issue of acoustic drainage aimed at reducing the overall emitted noise has also been considered: to this purpose. France S. P. The considered sandwich structure makes it possible to obtain an interesting damping thanks to the properties of the viscoelastic material. Ecole Sup´ erieure des Techniques A´ eronautiques et de Construction Automobile. Ecole Sup´ erieure d’Ing´ enieurs L´ eonard de Vinci. The main result of this optimization study shows that one can get a law of the viscoelastic material behavior which increases the TL and thus improve the soundprooﬁng of sandwich structures. Poster session – POS2 Room 8:50 Acoustic characterisation of a CPAP device for the treatment of sleep apnoea (ID 434) E. From this curvature. Trindade. in this work. 83 .Tuesday September 16. Fisogni. which serves as an air pump. rotation can be obtained directly by several interpolation techniques (single polynomial. while keeping a reasonable thickness and weight. a methodology for accurate measurement of angular motions is developed. the densities of each layer and the mechanical properties of the core as design variables. Piana.

Poland Magnetorheological ﬂuids (MRF) are able to change their physical properties under effect of action of magnetic ﬁeld. A set of measurements. Iran (Islamic Republic of) Sound Transmission Loss (TL) of a glass cylinder containing a ﬂuid is studied experimentally. the ﬁnite element method (FEM) can use more accurate model of rotor. a combined method of transfer matrix method and ﬁnite element method for calculating the critical speed of rotor is presented. N. In this ﬁeld. The effects of dimension and stiffness have been included in this method. W.Tuesday September 16. Quintana. Universidad de CastillaLa Mancha. 8:50 Modelling and optimization dynamic properties of MRF bearing by using ﬁnite element method (ID 445) W. B. motor oil and a nanoparticles ﬂuid (in absence of magnetic ﬁeld). 1. J. Ballesteros. The tests are carried out using a modiﬁed four-microphone standing-wave (impedance) tube for specimens with different lengths. Mohammadi. a rotor’s critical speeds were analyzed using this method. M. The paper presents the process of modelling and optimization of geometric parameters of the prototype MRF bearing. Research Institute of Physical and Chemical Engineering (IPCE). S. are handled by international standards like UNE-EN ISO 374x and UNE-EN ISO 9614-x and the speciﬁc standard UNE 74100. These measurements. Jianli. Mezyk. the transfer matrix method (TTM) is often used because of the simple procedure and less CPU-time. Z. Each panel is tested ﬁlled with one of the ﬂuids at a time. under the same conditionings. Ping. in the case of earthworks’ machines. In contrast to TTM. China It is one of the most important parts to calculate the critical speed of a rotor in the design of rotating machinery. but the method is difﬁcult to model accurately for complicated rotor. Chengye. Spain Industrial noise is one of the most important contaminant agents in the industrialised countries due to its effects on workers health. Switonski. Silesian Technical University. Fei. The ﬂuids are air.D. As a result.5 and 3 cm. 84 . and the containing ﬂuid are discussed. 8:50 Comparison of international standards for measuring sound power in earthworks’ machines (ID 42) J. University of Tehran. Yousefzadeh. Klein. The main advantage of devices utilizing this type of intelligent material is the possibility of control of damping by changing dynamic viscosity of ﬂuid. but it has lower efﬁciency of calculating the critical speeds of rotor. tube terminations. E. In this paper.A. This test specimen represents a typical double layer panel including a ﬂuid. As an example. The results of the numeric calculations obtained after the optimization process were presented in this paper. The procedure used to minimize the dimensions of this device was created in the APDL language being a script language of the ANSYS environment. 8:50 A combined method of transfer matrix and ﬁnite element for critical speed of hollow rotor with high rotary speed (ID 30) L. The effects of the specimen length (thickness). Sound power is used in order to characterize the noise emitted by the machines because it does not depend on aspects like place or distance of the measurement. Recuero. 2008 8:50 Experimental evaluation of sound transmission loss of a double-layered panel containing a ﬂuid (ID 439) M. a guidance is provided to choose the best sound power measurement method for this kind of machines. Mahjoob. A. I. water. the dimension and stiffness due to the rotor revolution have some effect on the critical speed. Fern´ andez. Gonz´ alez. For a hollow rotor with high rotary speed. Results from this analysis show that the dimension has little effect on critical speeds and the stiffness has relative signiﬁcant effect on critical speeds. has been carried out to assess the characteristics of each one of these methods of measuring sound power in earthworks’ machines. L.J.

Each component beam of the stationary structure is meshed with an adaptable number of Timoshenko beam elements. Baeza. The main objective has been investigating the accuracy of the model compared to experiments. with the magnitude M=6.5 m wide and 4 m high. that was affected in operating condition by high sub-synchronous vibrations caused by oil-whip instability phenomena. This can effectively be used for predicting sound ﬁeld in long enclosures (3D). Plots of SPL and RT60 over the cross section of an open tunnel (enclosure) are also plotted. S.r. Mestrovic. 6. The predicted results of the simulation are compared with the test results and with some related works published previously. Italy This paper shows the results of the analysis of the dynamic behaviour of a power unit. This paper shows the successful results obtained by combining diagnostic techniques based on mathematical models of journal bearings and shaft-train with detailed analyses of monitoring data aimed to investigate the effects of the hot alignment of rotating machines on the occurrence of oil-whip instability onsets. the oscillator may separate from the vibrating truss and subsequently may reattach to it with impact.8. 2008 8:50 Effects of the hot alignment of a power unit on oil-whip instability phenomena (ID 53) A. During its horizontal travel and vertical vibration.5.Tuesday September 16. Mahjoob. Politecnico di Milano. in Petrovac. Malakooti. The dynamic stiffness coefﬁcients of the oil-ﬁlm journal bearings of the generator were evaluated considering the critical average journal positions that caused the instability onsets. with epicenter distances of 0 and 15 km. University of Liverpool. 8:50 Dynamics of a moving oscillator and a truss structure considering separation and reattachment with impact (ID 108) L. University of Tehran. P. Ouyang. The bridge was calculated using 8 accelograms with magnitudes of 5. The model is based on the equations derived for sound pressure level (SPL) and reverberation time (RT60) of the space. The bridge has 18 piers. The accelograms were created based on two earthquakes that took place in 1979 in the Adriatic region. Marijo. Spain H. Croatia Zeceva Draga is bridge constructed in Croatia few years ago. The frequencies and modes of the truss are ﬁrst obtained by the ﬁnite element method and then the modes are cast in an analytical form within each element through the element shape functions. Both steady state and transient speciﬁcations can be evaluated. whose shaft-train alignment was signiﬁcantly inﬂuenced by the machine thermal state. the highest being approximately 53 m high.t. A computational code is composed here to predict the interior acoustics based on a ray-tracing algorithm. It is 940.5 and 7. A 2D model is used that applies to rooms with ﬂat surfaces. United Kingdom The dynamic response of a stationary truss structure made of Timoshenko beams excited by a moving oscillator is studied in this paper. 6. and is situated on a horizontal curve. the source sound power level. The sensitivity of sound pressure level at the receiver location is also derived w.J. and Ulcinj 85 . It is found through simulated examples that they produce a noticeable difference in the dynamic response and multiple separation and impact events are possible at high speeds.8 m long. experimental results (ID 85) M. Bridge spans are 2x40+16x50+40 m. Universidad Polit´ ecnica de Valencia. Both separation and reattachment with impact are studied. The superstructure is a box girder 12. University of Zagreb. Iran (Islamic Republic of) The sound ﬁeld in most building spaces and enclosures can be simulated (to some extent) using 2D or 3D ray-tracing method. By including these bearing coefﬁcients in a mathematical model of the fully-assembled machine the real part of the eigenvalue associated with the ﬁrst balance resonance of the generator rotor became positive. The difference in height of left and right abutment is approximately 23m. 8:50 Inﬂuence of dynamic characteristics of earthquakes to structural response (ID 134) D. Vania. 8:50 Acoustic simulation of building spaces by ray-tracing method: prediction vs.

Alfano. Maximum ground acceleration is about 40% greater in case when distance was 0 km from epicenter to distance 15 km from epicenter. was performed to quantify the changes in the transmission error as a function of tooth proﬁle modiﬁcation parameters as compared to an unmodiﬁed gear pair baseline. In this research. we investigated the inﬂuence of the load limiter and the airbag on injury indexes. Second. Fourier amplitude spectrum is calculated. 86 . Calculation was made for synthetic time sequence of accelerations which. Reynolds.5. the modal parameters estimated from the two EFDD and SSI were also compared to those estimated using conventional modal testing using shaker excitation. Tharmakulasingam. A detailed parametric study. Japan Even though wearing a Child Restraint System (CRS) reduces fatal or severe injuries to children in trafﬁc accidents. and the gear mesh was simulated and analysed under static conditions. Tsujiuchi. Malaysia P. An optimal design was selected from Pareto optimal designs and compared with the original design. The noise originates from the vibration of the gear pair system caused by transmission error excitation that arises from tooth proﬁle errors. An empty permanent cantilever grandstand was subjected to AVT dynamic testing. M. The greatest seismic forces are obtained for magnitude of 7 but for epicenter distance of 15 km. The whole frequency range was analyzed. misalignment and tooth deﬂections. a load limiter model and an airbag model were attached to a CRS model. A spur gear pair was modelled using ﬁnite elements. The results obtained were used to study the effect of intentional tooth proﬁle modiﬁcations on the transmission error of the gear pair.5 and 7. Brunel University. They are the non-parametric technique based Enhanced Frequency Domain Decomposition (EFDD) method in frequency domain and more advanced Stochastic Subspace Identiﬁcation (SSI) method in time domain. The agreement between both sets of results are shown to be very good. G. 2008 with magnitude M=5. correspond to earthquakes with magnitudes 5. Hence further crash safety improvement while wearing a CRS is required. From accelograms (acceleration-time) spectrum curves (acceleration-frequency) were obtained and analyzed. many children continue to be injured while wearing a CRS. 8:50 Reduction of Gear Pair Transmission Error with Tooth Proﬁle Modiﬁcation (ID 286) R. 8:50 Optimization of Child Restraint System with Load Limiter and Airbag using Child FE Human Model in Frontal Crash (ID 303) T. Ibrahim. N. Kurumisawa. Time history analysis was preformed for past period of 1000 years.3. First. Conclusion about inﬂuence of dynamic characteristics of earthquakes to structural response is given.0 with epicenter distances of 0 and 15 km. The results have shown that both techniques can identify the natural frequencies and damping ratios effectively. As a result. 8:50 Investigation of dynamic properties of a permanent grandstand using ambient vibration testing (ID 336) Z. This paper aims to further research the effect of tooth proﬁle modiﬁcations on the transmission error of gear pairs. United Kingdom The gear noise problem that widely occurs in power transmission systems is typically characterised by one or more high amplitude acoustic signals. using the Response Surface Method (RSM). involving development of an optimisation algorithm to design the tooth modiﬁcations. We demonstrated the possibility of improving CRS crash safety. we performed the optimization of a CRS model using numerical simulations with a 3-year-old Finite Element (FE) human model. To determine frequency content of accelograms. United Kingdom This paper presents the application of the ambient vibration testing (AVT) and output-only modal analysis on a full-scale civil engineering structure. Two complementary output-only modal analysis methods are implemented in the estimation of the modal parameters of the stand. Last. University of Malaya. For validation purposes.Tuesday September 16. this optimization reduced the injury indexes of the optimal design compared to the original design. Doshisha University. 6. Atherton. optimization was performed to further improve crash safety by reducing the injury indexes of the head and the neck. Koizumi. The University of Shefﬁeld. J.

Chetwynd. Lombaert. University of Strathclyde. Degrande. a Local Interaction Simulation Approach (LISA) algorithm has been implemented and this paper deals with the validation of this code for wave propagation in undamaged aluminium plates. 87 . To simulate such waves. Pierce. J. K. but that the incorporation of some a priori information into the reconstruction process is essential if one wants to avoid the selection of an undesirable minimum norm solution. Waves travelling through thin plate-like structures are affected by reﬂections at the surfaces giving rise to Lamb waves which are highly dispersive. Differential Evolution (DE) is used to ﬁnd the optimal proﬁle of forcing to match the simulation with experiment. Lourens. A discrete dynamic model for a planetary gear system is established by considering the planets phasing. The accuracy of the simulation method is then veriﬁed by comparing the predicted and experimental results for tests using a similar laser pulse but with displacement measured at a different distance or with a different plate thickness. Using Lagrange’s equation. Im. United Kingdom One approach to health monitoring of plate-like sections of structures is to look for changes in the way ultrasonic waves propagate through metal and composite panels when damaged. Worden. United Kingdom J. The University of Shefﬁeld. the carrier. Belgium The feasibility of reconstructing time-dependant wind pressure data from structural responses without incorporating any a priori information about the wind ﬁeld into the inversion process is studied. Spencer. G. United Kingdom G. Hensman. G. However. Korea. Kim. 8:50 Reconstructing time-varying wind loads from vibration reponses (ID 381) E.Tuesday September 16. Poster session – POS3 Room 14:00 Force characterisation of a laser impulse using differential evolution with a local interaction simulation algorithm (ID 555) A. Chung. In order to minimise unknown factors. De Roeck. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. and therewith the effective level of determinedness of the system of equations. The dynamic behaviors of the planetary gear system are investigated with the time responses computed from the equations of motion. experiments are carried out using a high power laser pulse for actuation and a laser vibrometer for sensing. It is shown that the use of an optimal measurement quantity can increase the effective level of determinedness of the system. Staszewski. the vibration responses acting as input to the inverse problem are decomposed into generalized coordinates based on the natural modes of the structure in a numerical example. the inﬂuence of the measurement quantity on the reconstruction is examined. Each component processes three degree of freedoms. H. Republic of Dynamic behaviors of a planetary gear are analyzed by a theoretical approach. To determine the number of meaningful independant vectors available for the reconstruction of the wind ﬁeld. Hanyang University. In addition. mesh stiffness and bearing properties. G. The dynamic model consists of the sun gear. the forces imparted by the ablative and heating effects of the laser pulse are still unknown. The University of Shefﬁeld. 2008 8:50 Modeling and analysis for the vibration of a planetary gear (ID 338) W. the ring gear and the planets gears. D. the motions of the components are also studied when they are in a steady state. we derive the nonlinear equations of motion with respect to the Cartesian coordinate system. By also determining the propagation of error to these modal components and performing the decomposition for different measurement quantities.

damage diagnosis from remote administration is demanded as an example of maintenance business. Japan Industrial machines with gears have been researched from various viewpoints such as efﬁciency.1dB was achieved. we developed a method to diagnose using a laser beam from the point of view of remote diagnosis. Mckeown. For this reason. Nagamura. a pitting experiment was carried out. A command shaper alters the reference input to create a new input to the actuator which causes the system to move to a new position with less residual vibration. identifying the forces acting on the model during operation and determining the necessary countermeasures by using the model under the identiﬁed power inputs. The vibration data of the driving gear and the pedestal as well as the sound data at the adjacent point were analyzed with continuous wavelet transform correspond to each load repetition number. Japan This paper describes a process for identifying the machinery parts which should be modiﬁed in order to reduce structure-borne sound during real-world operation. The returning wave is then absorbed by the actuator. The variations of laser reﬂection between the initial and the present conditions are compared. W. Tokyo Metropolitan College of Aeronautical Engineering. a lot of research has dealt with a damage diagnosis on tooth surface of gears by using vibration or noise data. difﬁcult to implement this process by using conventional methods such as modal experimental analysis. allows for its successful implementation. vibration. S. T. The wave based approach shapes the reference input so that the modiﬁed actuator input becomes the superposition of two notional wave components. They were compared with the result of the measured data of diffused laser reﬂection on the tooth surfaces of the drive gear as a function of the rotational angle of the gear. Ohno. corresponding to two. and it can estimate the condition on tooth surface such as initial or abnormal abrasion. causing. Recently. University College Dublin. Our method can be explained as follows: First. a tooth surface is irradiated by a zonal laser beam from oblique direction. K. however. 2008 14:00 Input Shaper Design for control of Lumped Flexible Systems using Wave Transfer functions (ID 425) D. Shibaura Institute of Technology. Nemoto. spalling. The wave based shaper achieves very fast response times without the need for any sensor information.J. K. and at the same time the laser reﬂection was measured as well as vibration and noise. With accurate system modeling all vibrations can be removed from the system while landing it exactly at the target position. etc. the laser reﬂection data revealed occurrence of the pitting more apparently and earlier on than that of vibration and noise. Ikejo. The ﬁrst component propagates displacements forward through the system. Japan R. the process of reducing vibration and noise is composed of preparing a numerical or an experimental model of the vibration and noise characteristics of the system. To conﬁrm the validity of our method. and then an irradiated laser beam line is shifted along the height of the tooth according to gear revolution. ﬁnite element method or boundary element method. O’Connor. and noise. as it goes. As a result. It is. Thus. In this paper. 14:00 A structural design process for reducing structure-borne sound on machinery using SEA (ID 468) T. clearly deﬁned. we veriﬁed our method can accurately early on and diagnose the condition of tooth surface. Ireland The paper presents a new command shaper for controlling uniform lumped ﬂexible systems. Tanaka. mechanical propagating waves. This process can be accomplished by using experimental statistical energy analysis. Japan K. Yamazaki. where a reduction of the noise by 4. it can be concluded that our method can accurately estimate the condition 88 . Generally. 14:00 Development of damage diagnosis on a gear tooth surface by using laser beam reﬂection (ID 486) E. pitting. these diagnosis methods are difﬁcult to detect early on an abnormal tooth.J. Hiroshima University. half the desired net displacement. Sugiyama. Kuroda. Kanagawa University. This paper presents a process based on SEA and its application to a laser beam printer. Statistical energy analysis (SEA) on the other hand. simultaneously damping vibrations and allowing the system to move the other half of the desired displacement. However.Tuesday September 16. Therefore.

Okuma. By attaching a cover to the laser receiver. through a careful selection of the optimization variables. than we provide a method for curve ﬁtting and parameter identiﬁcation on the measured transfer functions. Budapest University of Technology and Economics. however. Japan In standard experimental modal testing. while experimental results illustrate its potential for higher-order systems. One numerical and two experimental evaluations were carried out based on the algorithm and good agreement was obtained with the results of standard experimental modal testing. Finally we present a case study on the detection of possible faults when cementation of the rotor magnets is not satisfactory. Our model contains both mechanical and electrical parameters of the motor and yields their dependence upon rotor position and explains vibroacoustical effect of cogging torque. constraints on input. J. The paper shows that. a robust algorithm is proposed which makes it unnecessary to ﬁnd a special driving point involving all the resonant peaks in the Auto-FRF in a frequency range of interest. Pipeleers. However. As a result. pitting could be detected in every range less than 1800 rpm. As a result. this method could detect the occurrence of the pitting. Kimpi´ an. Yamamoto. but this new algorithm was faster and more reliable. J. Under the condition of force-feed lubrication. linear time-invariant dynamic systems. it is a time consuming and challenging problem to ﬁnd such a driving point and there is no guarantee that it can give all the modal parameters reliably and completely. 14:00 A Robust Algorithm to Identify Efﬁcient Driving Points in Experimental Modal Testing (ID 228) S. and the value of the ﬁrst-stage threshold was important to improve the accuracy of the detected length of the damage area. K. Moreover.Tuesday September 16. B. the measured data was unaffected by the lubricant. Belgium Input shaping is an established technique to generate preﬁlters that move ﬂexible mechanical systems with little or no residual vibration. In this study. F. Hungary In this paper we present a new vibroacoustic and electro-mechanical coupled lumped equivalent network. 2008 of tooth surface and sufﬁciently assess the duration of the gear’s life. 14:00 Inputshaping: a linear programming approach (ID 553) L. The presented optimization framework is able to handle higher-order. Augusztinovicz. a measurement experiment in the practical used gearbox was also carried out. J. an automatic damage diagnosis method was developed. it is crucial to ﬁnd a special driving point for which the AutoFrequency Response Function (Auto-FRF) contains all the resonant peaks in a frequency range of interest. as opposed to traditional input shapers. which accurately describes torsional vibration conditions of permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs) in case of single-phase pulsating current excitation in conjunction with small angular displacement of the rotor. De Schutter. Tokyo Institute of Technology. De Caigny. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. We introduce an experimental technique for the measurement of quantities proportional to mechanical and electrical impedance of the motor. Swevers. Traditional input shaping design strategies are often analytical. 89 . M. Furthermore. G. Two-stage thresholds were applied to the difference of the diffused laser reﬂection between damaged data and benchmark data. output and state variables are easily accounted for. Demeulenaere. Van den Broeck. in reality and for actual complex mechanical structures. 14:00 Identiﬁcation of mechanical properties in brushless permanent magnet motors by means of coil impedance measurement (ID 506) T. our method can also diagnose a tooth surface of the lubricated gear in the practical used gearbox. as well as robustness against parametric uncertainty. Numerical results illustrate the capability of the proposed design approach to reproduce existing input shaping design approaches. it is possible to obtain a linear optimization problem. to verify that our method can accurately diagnose a tooth surface of a lubricated gear. it is guaranteed that the globally optimal input shaper be found in a few seconds of computational time. objective function and constraints. Therefore. Finally. the present paper introduces a design method based on numerical optimization. Shayan Amin. which are mainly based on second-order systems.

The results are calculated for different generations (iterations) on. which is below the acceleration-time curve of driver. Modal tests for different tested components give identical frequencies. Also. Second. 14:00 Experiments on a Smart Double Panel with Active Dampers for the Control of Sound Transmission (ID 33) N. Miniature voice coil actuators that react between the two panels with collocated Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) accelerometer sensors are used. Automotive Industries Research center of Iran. Active vibration control is implemented on the double panel using nine direct velocity feedback loops. The study involved two types of experiments. It has become increasingly difﬁcult to perform modal tests for large deployed antennas and solar paddles because they are not strong enough to withstand the force due to gravity. Component modal tests are signiﬁcantly effective to identify dynamic characteristics of structures consisting of several components. Additional mass and stiffness. so it’s possible to scale these parameters with an eye to GENETIC ALGORITHM OPTIMIZATION METHOD (GA). the sensor-actuator frequency response function of a control unit was measured with reference to different input/output signal conditioners using two types of accelerometer sensors. The Nyquist stability criterion was then used to determine the conﬁguration which guarantees the best stability properties of a single control unit. The method is applied to a cantilever beam. A. attached to an arbitrary coordinate.Tuesday September 16. nonlinear bushing rates. the effect of untested components is considered as additional mass and stiffness attached to a tested component. an actual proﬁles of road have to be used for ride quality evaluation. United Kingdom This paper presents an experimental study of decentralized velocity feedback control systems for the reduction of sound transmission through double panels. By means of GA method the optimum values can be in our hand. Frampton. The geometrical and material properties of the double panel are chosen so as to approximate a section of aircraft fuselage skin. The reductions in the radiated sound power are compared to passive reductions produced by a sound absorbing foam attached to the source panel. torsion beam and anti roll bar ﬂexible model are the major parts of the model. 2008 14:00 Application of Genetic Algorithm Optimization Method (GA) In Improvement of a Passenger Car Ride Quality (ID 13) A. Alujevic. maximum driver acceleration. A numerical example shows that the effect of boundary location on accurate frequency measurement of structures in component modal tests. so we consider these frequencies as frequencies of structures. SAIPA. P. K. Japan This paper describes a method to measure frequencies of large structures such as satellite antennas and solar paddles. In this method. The performance of the active control was then assessed in terms of the reductions in the radiated sound power. Iran (Islamic Republic of) This research is based on a complete model of vehicle in ADAMS including suspension system geometries and their inertia properties. tire deﬂection. 14:00 A Component Modal Test Method of Large Space Structures (ID 73) M. wheel travel and so forth just by different weight factors. Shizuoka University. Ohara. Mohammadpanah. Gardonio. the sound power radiated by the double panel excited by a point force at the source side was measured in the anechoic chamber with and without active control. The system studied consists of two plates which are coupled acoustically by the air in the cavity between them and structurally by four elastic mounts.D. First. damping characteristics. the ride quality and road holding are duly described by the area. Misawa. are found by reducing mass and stiffness matrices of untested components. University of Southampton. 90 . Furthermore.

Japan In this paper. the focus of this work is a rational placement of discrete actuators. of course. and if the oscillator network has the same graphical structure. Yamakita. 91 . we consider systems which generates its eigenmode automatically for unknown resonance systems by nonlinear oscillator networks.e. Performances of these devices are much higher than the mechanical solutions for machine motion. 2008 14:00 Predictive maintenance of ball bearings for machine rotating with arbitrary velocity proﬁles (ID 179) M. Shevtsov. such as example motion control system for packaging machineries. as they have been developed on the hypothesis of drive constant speed.Tuesday September 16. and show that the system can generate an efﬁcient motion. South Federal University. in terms of precision and operational speed. We consider an application of the proposed system to snake-like robot. C. It is shown by numerical simulations that a target resonance mode is realized automatically with our proposed mechanism. University of Modena and Reggio Emilia. Tetra Pak Packaging Solutions. Russian Federation The possibilities to change of rotor blade local bend or twist with aid of distributed power actuators is the necessary condition for adaptive vibration control efﬁciency. that is ”synchronization” and ”phase attraction”. Sera. In those application. Rubini. Soloviev. Eigenvector of the graph Laplacian has information of the eigenmode of the resonance system qualitatively. in most of the current industrial application. Tokyo Institute of Technology. which is the main fault bearing diagnosis technique used in non-constant velocity applications.spar has like or closed cross-section. This paper presents a new procedure that modiﬁes the COT to be successfully applicable to the diagnosis problem of ball bearings in variable speed motion applications. South Center of Russian Academy. fails to detect incipient faults. coupling of the oscillator network and interactions between the oscillator network and the target system are designed properly. Italy L. For electronic control schema need also the sufﬁciently fast response that require diminishing a number of controlled actuators. Cocconcelli. For making a torsional strain the X-shape oriented unimorphs placed symmetrically on the opposite tube walls were proposed. As the main carried component of the helicopter rotor blade . In the proposed system. 14:00 Adaptive Generation of Eigenmodes for Resonance Systems Using Mutual Entrainment of Nonlinear Oscillator Network (ID 217) A. Russian Federation A. M. Secchi. even Computed Order Tracking (COT). S. and also a selection between bimorph and unimorph type’s actuators for a tube-like composite spar subjected to the bend and twist deformations. and. Bragin. in time required to reconﬁgure the motion proﬁle. Fantuzzi. In fact. the synchronous pattern of corresponding the eigenvector can be generated. It is shown that using of two pairs same power unimorph actuators at varying of applied voltage allows obtaining the required bending deﬂections in two perpendicular planes. Bassi. as highlighted by Fyfe and Munck. R. Italy Recent research and development on servomotor technology and on their control system push forward the application of these devices as electric cams in a large numbers of industrial applications. 14:00 Structural Optimization of Distributed Actuation System for Improve an Efﬁciency of Smart Composite Spar Vibration Damping (ID 193) S. motor shaft reverses its motion direction at each operational cycle) non constant speed motion proﬁle. classical approaches to the ball bearing diagnosis that use analysis of vibration signals are not longer applicable. C. the control system drives the motor to follow a complex and cyclic (i. However. Our simulations have demonstrated considerably smaller operational effectiveness of bimorph actuators as contrasted to unimorph actuators for making a bending of the tubular composite structures. and a speciﬁed eigenmode is generated adaptivity by means of nature of the nonlinear oscillator. The proposed method in this paper is expected to be applied for various practical time varying and/or nonlinear systems whose resonance characteristics are difﬁcult to be analyzed analitically.

the occurrence of damage in shear studs is studied by numerical analysis. De Roeck. G. Belgium Within the frame of this paper. It is veriﬁed that the proposed damage index can not only be used to locate but also to give a quantitative analysis of the damage. headed shear studs are represented by non-linear spring elements. 2008 14:00 Damage detection of shear connectors in composite bridges (ID 369) K.Tuesday September 16. A damage indicator based on the local modal curvature and the wavelet transform modulus maxima is proposed for stud damage identiﬁcation. The efﬁciency of the damage indicator is investigated by means of numerical simulations where different levels of damage are introduced by decreasing the stiffness of the non-linear spring. In the numerical model of a real composite bridge. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. 92 . Liu.

M.A. as apparently everything was perfect from a mathematical point of view. The author decided that this subject deserved a more careful and detailed analysis and . The friction inherently present in a system can be positively used to increase the total damping or alternatively. The distributed friction parameters are identiﬁed from experimental data using an appropriate set of excitation signals. Bertram. by the author himself and some of his colleagues. The achieved results demonstrate the reliability of identiﬁed models for the accurate friction compensation with the objective to improve the tracking performance of the actuator.in this kind of tutorial paper . identiﬁcation. high reduction ratios. Blok. The Harmonic Drive gear transmission constitutes an application domain that requires an accurate friction modeling and compensation. H.Wednesday September 17. where additional friction is created by a sledge attached to the mass. Nijmeijer. it is therefore concluded that the application of the constant hysteretic damping to model the free vibration of practical engineering problems should be considered only in the perspective of an equivalent viscously damped model. The test set-up consists of a mass sliding on parallel ball-bearings.the issue seems to have been clariﬁed. Lopez. Eindhoven University of Technology. a friction damper can be designed. Technische Universitaet Dortmund. Technical University of Lisbon. high torque capacity and almost zero backlash harmonic drives are the ﬁrst choice in high precision systems like robot joints or machine tools. It is concluded that the proposed solution involving the constant hysteretic damping corresponds in fact to an equivalent viscously damped model. The harmonic drive is part of an electromechanical actuator composed of the DC servo motor. F. Hoffmann. and compensation of stick-slip friction in the harmonic drive gear system. In the present paper the conclusions of previous analytic and numerical results regarding friction damping are validated with results of laboratory experiments. On the other hand. On the one hand. that has been presented in some conferences in recent years. it was not easy to understand what could be wrong in that proposal. where the energy dissipated through friction is measured. Germany High-precision motion control requires an accurate modeling and compensation of friction effects. and the rotary encoders at the input and output sides of transmission. CPL-20A-160 harmonic drive components set.M. Ruderman. Netherlands Friction is frequently seen as an unwanted phenomenon whose inﬂuence has to be either minimised or controlled. the subject has been received with natural criticism. mainly due to the well-known non-causal behaviour of the model in free vibration. This property constitutes a challenge for the robust identiﬁcation which currently limits their applicability for a model based motion control. as expected. Friction dampers can be a cheap and efﬁcient way to reduce the vibration levels of a wide range of mechanical systems. 2008 Damping – D2 Room 1 – Chairman: A. Maia. Portugal This paper presents a reﬂection on a recently proposed solution to the problem of the free vibration response with the constant hysteretic damping model. T. In this work one of the positive sides of friction is investigated: friction damping. 9:15 Identiﬁcation and Compensation of Stick-Slip Friction in Harmonic-Drive Gear Transmission (ID 489) M. 9:40 Energy dissipation of a friction damper: experimental validation (ID 522) I. The entire actuator dynamics is modeled such that multiple friction effects are isolated and then identiﬁed from the response with respect to designated excitation signals. Because of their unique performance characteristics such as compact size. They employ the nonlinear formalism with state equations and distributed parameters to capture the pre-sliding hysteresis with non-local memory. C. which is pre-stressed against a friction 93 . The most recent dynamic friction models pursue a heuristic approach to capture tribological phenomena in both pre-sliding and sliding regimes. Carcaterra 8:50 Reﬂections on the Hysteretic Damping Model (ID 280) N. The identiﬁed model provides the basis for the model based friction compensation compared with a standard PID control. This paper describes a modeling.

together with a number of cluster index techniques. The results will in a later phase of the project be implemented and used in combined experimental and computational estimation of interface moduli for real built up structures. No care has been taken to ensure pure dry (Coulomb) friction. Cooper. Dovstam. K-Means and PAM. K. Contrary to the homogeneous case. Rice 10:55 Data Clustering for the Identiﬁcation of the Bifurcation Behaviour in Non-Linear Aeroelastic Systems using a Coupled Harmonic Balance/Genetic Algorithm Approach (ID 9) G. Results are presented as spectra of dissipated energy localised to and distributed over the dissipating contact interfaces. Damping is introduced by nodal forces localised to pair wise nodes on each side of a zero width gap across an interface at points distributed over the entire interface. Hickey. is a generic FE based modelling technique for linear interface damping. material moduli. Non-linearities: identiﬁcation and modelling – NL1 Room 1 – Chairman: H. but frequency dependent. frequency dependent. may be modelled and simulated using complex. The power spectrum provides a complete statistical description of a gaussian process. of homogeneous structural parts vibrating linearly. University of Li` ege.E. 10:05 Generic FE modelling of linear interface damping in vibrating structures (ID 503) K. The long term objective of the work to be presented. Worden. Dimitriadis. The information contained within the power spectrum relates to a signal’s autocorrelation or ’second-order statistics’. for each separate part. No generic and accurate technique for modelling this type of damping is known to the authors. Accurate prediction of vibrations may in this case be done. United Kingdom Over the past four decades considerable work has been done in the area of power spectrum estimation. the measured energy dissipation is in good agreement with the theoretical results for Coulomb friction. The University of Shefﬁeld. applicable to real structures in e. material damping.A. Dovstam Innovation HB. Nevertheless. G¨ oransson. A ﬁrst test is presented. University of Liverpool.g. Vio. Sweden P. University of Liverpool. damping forces deﬁned by interface moduli and relative velocities between parts at contact interfaces. such as Davies-Boulding. transportation vehicles. Belgium J. combined with a clustering algorithm in order to determine all the solutions at every single ﬂight condition.Wednesday September 17. contact interfaces and joints between parts in built up structures. Sweden Internal. United Kingdom G. 2008 plate. when the moduli and properties such as mass distribution and geometry are known together with the excitation. This problem is addressed if one turns to a system’s 94 . The method is applied to an aeroelastic galloping problem as this phenomenon presents a number of co-existing limit cycles at a range of airspeeds. based on simple. 11:20 Higher-Order Spectra (HOS) for Identiﬁcation of Nonlinear Modal Coupling (ID 22) D. It will be shown how it is possible to obtain all the bifurcation branches in one step. however a problem with this information is that it is phase blind. Two clustering algorithms. are important and mostly dominating sources of vibration damping. United Kingdom This paper describes an efﬁcient method for calculating the bifurcation behaviour of an aeroelastic system using a Harmonic Balance expansion coupled with a Genetic Algorithm. KTH. Calinski-Harabasz are investigated.

University of Li` ege. amplitude a ˆ and phase φ. The HOSODF relate the magnitude and phase of the individual harmonics. Furthermore. amplitude a ˆ and phase nω with n = 0. the object of this paper is to try and identify which modes couple in a nonlinear manner in order to reduce the number of candidate coupling terms. Steinbuch. as much as possible. G. The FRF graphs the magnitude and phase of the frequency response of a system. This speciﬁc state of these non-linear systems can be reached by incorporating the system under test in a feedback loop. In addition. Nuij. The identiﬁcation requires control of the frequency and amplitude of the sinusoidal output of the system within its domain of possible sinusoidal output signals.-C. 11:45 Development of Numerical Algorithms for Practical Computation of Nonlinear Normal Modes (ID 83) M.. O. In this loop the desired sinusoidal output is deﬁned as the control objective of a dedicated repetitive controller consisting of a memory loop with positive feedback. which together compose that speciﬁc input signal. J.Wednesday September 17.1. This paper attempts to use HOS to detect and quantify nonlinear behaviour for a number of symmetrical and antisymmetrical systems over a range of degrees of freedom. Situations arise in science and engineering whereby signal analysts are required to look beyond second-order statistics and analyse a signal’s higher-order statistics (HOS). If more than one degree-of-freedom is involved this becomes a multivariate problem and the number of candidate terms in the expansion grows explosively with the order of nonlinearity and the number of degrees-of-freedom. the authors see opportunities for advanced non-linear control of shaker systems aimed at sinusoidal excitation of non-linear systems. One of the main problems in nonlinear system identiﬁcation is that of high modal density. 12:10 Non-parametric identiﬁcation of Higher Order Sinusoidal Output Describing Functions (ID 124) P. Many modeling schemes involve making some expansion of the nonlinear restoring force in terms of polynomial or other basis terms. 95 . to the sinusoidal output signal of such a system. The VHC is deﬁned as a non-linear component which transforms a harmonic input signal y ˘(t) into a sinusoidal output signal y(t) with frequency ω . . in order to do this it requires information regarding the frequency content of the input and output signals. HOSODF are the dual of the Higher Order Sinusoidal Input Describing Functions (HOSIDF). As a spinoff of the identiﬁcation technique. R. which paves the way to a practical method for determining the NNMs of nonlinear mechanical systems. namely a shooting procedure and a method for the continuation of NNM motions. the HOSODF are the results of an extension of linear techniques towards non-linear systems analysis. M. G. we show that nonlinear normal mode (NNM) computation is possible with limited implementation effort. Using the HOSODF. Eindhoven University of Technology. Kerschen. Like the HOSIDF. A simpliﬁed discrete model of a nonlinear bladed disk is considered to demonstrate the developments. Peeters. Special attention is paid to the non-parametric identiﬁcation of the HOSODF. Netherlands In this paper the concept of the Higher Order Sinusoidal Output Describing Functions (HOSODF) is presented. The proposed method relies on two main techniques. F. The bispectrum method has previously been applied to simple low-DOF systems with high symmetry and has been shown to work well in this limited case. time invariant non-linear systems which give a sinusoidal response to a speciﬁc harmonic excitation. sensitivity analysis is used to reduce the computational burden of the algorithm. the non-linear systems under investigation can be modeled as a cascade of the HOSODF and a Virtual Harmonics Compressor (VHC). Georgiades. 1. The current paper will consider a model of a continuousWing-Pylon model with reduced symmetry in order to assess the utility of the method in a more general situation. the analysis is extended to assess the utility of the trispectrum. S´ erandour. Higher-order statistics or spectra give information on a signal’s deviation from gaussianity and consequently are a good indicator function for the presence of nonlinearity within a system. Golinval. stable. The design of the learning ﬁlter required for stability is also addressed. This input signal y ˘(t) consists of an inﬁnite amount of harmonics of the output signal y(t) with frequency nω . 2008 frequency response function (FRF). for a model. In doing so the paper also attempts to show that HOS are a more sensitive tool than the FRF in detecting nonlinearity. Vigui´ e. HOSODF can be deﬁned for the class of causal.. Bosgra. Belgium When resorting to numerical algorithms.

Vrije Universiteit Brussel. it turns out that not all modes are well excited by the ambient forces. Deckers. Belgium G. Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto. Degrauwe. Lefeber. where however the response signals are preliminarily ﬁltered. Guillaume. Katholieke Hogeschool Sint-Lieven. D. Belgium F.. The comparison demonstrates the feasibility of using small. expensive. as it is in Experimental Modal Analysis (EMA). M. The modal parameters (eigenfrequencies. De Roeck. Erasmushogeschool Brussel. Belgium The identiﬁcation of the modal parameters of bridges and other large civil constructions has become an important research issue. Portugal A recent development in Operational Modal Analysis (OMA) is the possibility to use measured. Belgium P. was exploited. are compared with the ones obtained from other modal tests and from a ﬁnite element model. G. 2008 Operational modal analysis – OMA3 Room 1 – Chairman: R. to unity modal mass. and impractical actuators such as electromechanical or hydraulic shakers that usually have to be used for EMA testing of civil engineering structures. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. requires special system identiﬁcation algorithms. Van den Broeck. Allemang 14:00 OMAX testing of a bow-string and a stress-ribbon footbridge (ID 372) E. Caetano.g. ambient excitation.2m and 30. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Reynders. The problem is that larger constructions often require large and heavy excitation devices. Italian Ship Model Basin. Belgium E. E. An output-only modal analysis technique based on the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD). D. A. e. The combined modal testing of footbridges is explored using two case studies: a steel arch footbridge with spans of 75. so that the ratio between forced and ambient excitation can be much lower than in classical EMA testing. which are not very easy to manipulate. damping ratios. The modes that are (partly) excited by the measured forces can be scaled in an absolute way. obtained from a combined vibration test. In practice. P. Magalh˜ aes.3m and a concrete stress-ribbon footbridge with spans of 30m and 28m. Belgium P. Guillaume. the possibility to use light-weight pneumatic artiﬁcial muscles (PAM) is investigated. or a combination of both (OMAX). Reynders. Cunha. De Roeck. Mariani. 14:50 Experimental modal analysis of a ship structure based on the proper orthogonal decomposition (ID 590) R. the application of an artiﬁcial actuator is advisable. The band-pass ﬁltering procedure combined with the original formulation (BPPOD) allows 96 . cheap. This combined experimental-operational or OMAX approach (Operational Modal Analysis with eXogenous forces). De Troyer. and so. Italy In this paper the identiﬁcation of the ship vibration modes by using data obtained from towing-tank basin tests with an elastically scaled ship model is presented. Schevenels. The contributions of both ambient and artiﬁcial excitation to the response signals for different set-ups are determined as well. Belgium T. Different approaches have been proposed depending on the excitation used: ambient excitations (OMA). Dessi.Wednesday September 17. that take both the ambient and the forced excitation into account. Vrije Universiteit Brussel. as opposed to the heavy. Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Deckers. Belgium K. artiﬁcial excitations (EMA). and practical actuators for the OMAX testing of footbridges. mode shapes and modal scaling factors). In this paper. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. D. The ambient excitation is not considered as noise. but as a valuable yet unmeasured part of the excitation. The characteristics of the used PAM are described and the application of this PAM in modal testing is introduced. artiﬁcial forces as an addition to the unmeasured. 14:25 Applicability of low-weight Pneumatic Artiﬁcial Muscle Actuators in an OMAX framework (ID 448) K.

S. The dynamic responses of the vehicle-track system at a thermite weld were estimated. Br¨ uel & Kjær. Results are conﬁrmed by experiments performed on a scaled test bench. the wet bending modes of the elastic ship model are identiﬁed by means of the BP-POD and some interesting trends in the modal properties with respect to the operative conditions are highlighted and interpreted.K. Li. This paper presents the results of OMA studies carried out on the US Grant Bridge over the Ohio River in Portsmouth. 9:40 Effect of inclined soil layers on vibration from underground railways (ID 456) S. it is shown that the squeal noise can be generated by a decreasing slope of the friction curve. Early detection of such defects is very important for timely prevention measures. Denmark A.Wednesday September 17.J. The present paper discusses a method for detection of track short wave defects by means of axle box acceleration (ABA). University of Cincinnati. OH using the OMA-EMIF algorithm thus highlighting the utility of this algorithm in analyzing large and complex structures such as bridges. Allemang. Z. Iparraguirre. Netherlands Track short wave defects cause impact forces in the wheel-rail contact which leads to fast deterioration of the track. Nims. J. 2008 to overcome a limitation of the POD algorithm that is the requirement of the knowledge of the system mass distribution. OH and MRC Bridge in Toledo. The PiP software can quickly predict ground vibration levels and evaluate different track. tunnel and foundation designs. Saini. United Kingdom Ground vibration due to underground railways can be a source of disturbance in nearby buildings. S. United States D.J. a vertical resonance of the wheel. University of Toledo. Using this model. or a combination of them. Universit´ e Libre de Bruxelles. Dollevoet. 15:15 Application of OMA-EMIF Algorithm to Cable Stayed Bridges (ID 204) S. Swanson. Railway dynamics and ground vibrations – RAIL3 Room 2 – Chairman: P. V. J. Uncertainty inherent to simulating ground vibration must be understood to give conﬁdence in the 97 . Molodova. 9:15 An investigation of the possibility to use axle box acceleration for condition monitoring of welds (ID 453) M. The POD in the original and band-pass ﬁltering formulation is preliminarily applied to the experimental modal analysis of a simple structure constituted of a suspended elastic beam with a nonuniform mass distribution. Kangas. E. Then. H. Lousberg. Hunt. Helmicki. Netherlands R. Hunt. University of Cincinnati. M.J. Cambridge University. Jones. Further. Collette. the results obtained from the algorithm are compared with those obtained using commercially available FDD/EFDD algorithm. Chauhan. United States R. United States Enhanced Mode Indicator Function for Operational Modal Analysis or OMA-EMIF algorithm is a recently proposed spatial domain OMA algorithm that differs from the Frequency Domain Decomposition (FDD) and Enhanced Frequency Domain Decomposition (EFDD) algorithm by performing the modal frequency and damping estimation in frequency domain instead of time domain. Sound & Vibration Measurement A/S. Delft University of Technology. ProRail. Vanhonacker 8:50 A study of squeal noise on a scaled test bench (ID 322) C. Belgium This paper presents a mechanism of squeal noise that take the vertical dynamics into account. A validated ﬁnite element model was employed for numerical simulations of ABA.A.

which are currently planned for July 2008. The hall in question is situated alongside a tramway that includes a crossover between two rail tracks. Lijing. The paper includes descriptions of the experimental methods. China The vibration caused by urban rail trafﬁc is mainly from the bump between the steel wheel and rail discontinuity such as joint. Xiaxin. This paper presents work undertaken to solve a re-radiated noise problem within a UK concert hall. The results led to the selection of a novel form of ‘lift-over’ crossing. Finally. The further idea to inverse the pulse from observed vibration is discussed so that the power spectral density (PSD) of urban rail trafﬁc could be obtained. as a solution to the problem. 10:30 An Idea to Detect the Environmental Vibration Source Caused by Urban Rail Trafﬁc (ID 583) T. Talbot. the syntheses are compared with some records roughly. In most studies. The results seem to indicated that it is important to account for layering and the inclination thereof when simulating ground vibration due to underground railways. Harbin Institute of Technology. United Kingdom The operation of tramways close to sensitive buildings can lead to concerns over ground-borne vibration and re-radiated noise.P. Xianmai. China. The new crossover is then described and some initial indication of performance is presented. to detect the pulse. since the mixture of pulses before and after this pulse. compared with the essentially continuous vibration due to wheel/rail roughness. is discussed. The latter depends on the given length of rail segment. together with an improved design of switch and rail encapsulation. Z. Atkins Consultants.Wednesday September 17. through the ground and into buildings. Initial measurements established the dominance of re-radiated noise over airborne noise. Harbin Institute of Technology. The recorded vibration is always the combination of many pulses among which the near the stronger. China S. the length between wheels and the velocity of the train. 2008 predictions. by the time of the conference. the farther the weaker. German. C. However it is far away from the fact that the effect is come from many joints along the rail while the wheels move through rapidly. A new idea is presented in this paper. it will be possible to ﬁnally demonstrate the performance of the new track hardware by presenting the results of the commissioning tests. such as American. 98 . As examples. It is hoped that. Properties of a horizontal layer were varied and found to have a signiﬁcant effect on surface vibrations. where it may cause disturbance as perceptible vibration and/or reradiated noise. together with the necessary data processing and the results. Institute of Engineering Mechanics. The shape and triggering time of individual pulse are determined by the distance from the point and the joint. Vibration generated at the wheel-rail interface propagates through the track structure. China C. 10:05 Lift-Over Crossings as a Solution to Tram-generated Ground-borne Vibration and Re-radiated Noise (ID 474) J. The vibration time history at a point is synthesized by a sequence pulses. the vibration source is modeled as a random vibration at the nearest point from the rail. A boundary element model was developed to investigate the effect of soil layers on surface vibrations levels of a layered halfspace with an underground tunnel. The soil layer was also inclined over a small range of angles and found to have a signiﬁcant effect on vibration levels. the compares of PSDs. Gaohang. Xin. The most difﬁculty is no one can observe the pulse clearly even at a very near point from rail. Simultaneous noise and vibration measurements were then used to establish the relative signiﬁcance of the impulsive vibration generated at the various rail discontinuities of the crossover. the encounter of wheel and joint. and the effect on buildings and human beings is calculated by a two dimensional analysis.

V. This translates in design ‘ﬁrst-time-right’ philosophy. in which y is the response and u is the drive signals to the test rig. Their controllability metric is namely the angles between the invariant subspaces of A (normally the eigenvectors) and the columns of B . and thus the system itself. where the use of advanced numerical and experimental methods that account for the product environment is essential. These sections are reproduced on the test rig. Using a controllability metric for a certain state φi from a certain input uj . it is evident that another possibility to increase the controllability is by changing the system eigenvectors. Hansenne. De Coninck 11:20 Increased Controllability in Component Testing using Structural Modiﬁcations (ID 308) A. Such alterations include increasing the number of shakers or repositioning of shakers. Y. Sweden In ordinary component testing for durability. P. The measured data is analyzed for damage contribution and only those track sections are selected that represent the damage. The reconstruction of a target output time history may prove impossible however. Johansson. Such responses are more often than not strain and acceleration responses. 11:45 Durability Assessment of Lightweight Stainless Steel Exhaust Systems (ID 247) F. if the controllability in the test system setup is too low.S. 2008 Durability testing . During this reproduction. Dedene. if it is found that the system is not controllable. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. In the ﬁrst step we aim at ﬁnding a system which is at least marginally controllable. x ˙ = Ax + Bu.typically a spring-mass system .Wednesday September 17. Abrahamsson. whereafter we maximize the controllability of the resulting system with respect to a given parameter set to obtain a set of optimal structural modiﬁcations. bj | cos θij = ||φi ||||bj || To be able to study system alterations in an efﬁcient way. However.J. a two-step method for such modiﬁcations is introduced. Environmental loads and strain references are acquired on the test track.e. Desmet. are modiﬁed. the strain is measured at the reference locations and the damage is calculated and compared with the test track data. the component’s in situ mechanical environment is mapped to what can be achieved in dynamic test rigs under controlled conditions in the testing laboratory. Unfortunately. L. We use a state-space representation of the test system. develop and test their products within a short time period. De Coninck. the rig’s excitation setup may be altered. T. In this paper. the four steps of an experimental durability assessment procedure on a lightweight stainless steel exhaust system are discussed.is added to the component to be tested. it is easy to see the relevance of such modiﬁcations. In order for such tests to be meaningful. a parameterized structural modiﬁcation of the component is proposed. B. i. in which a passive structural component . as these typically consist of a number of hydraulic actuators of considerable size. bj . Van Gucht. In this article. In a typical situation. Lehaen. W. In mathematical terms test system excitation alterations mean that the B -matrix of the state-space equation is modiﬁed. These are then elected as starting positions when optimizing the passive component parameters with respect to the minimization of input force and output error of the combined system.. y = Cx. column vector of B .T. the natural approach to modify the excitation setup is not always readily available for dynamic test rigs. and thus its eigenvectors. Sas. 99 . calculated as: | φi .vibration control – DT1 Room 2 – Chairman: F. Belgium E. as proposed by Hamdan & Nayfeh. Belgium The pressure from car manufacturers on their suppliers increases to design. and test system alterations mean that the A-matrix. Chalmers University of Technology. based on target signals for the bracket accelerations and engine motions. Bosal Research N. the response history obtained in the laboratory test needs to closely resemble the targeted response history observed in ﬁeld.

Italy The high seismicity of a large part of the European and. University of Naples “Federico II”. The supporting structure is modeled as a continuous rectangular plate whose vibrations are approximated by characteristic beam functions. Beside the traditional techniques based on the knowledge of the input source. Various approximations based on the “smearing” of the electronic components properties on the PCB are considered. above all in the case of important structures from the historical or architectural point of view. 100 . mechanics. The technique used takes into account both ﬂexural and torsional vibration modes of the supporting structure. J. When the supporting structure is very ﬂexible the numerical simulation shows that the two structures can lose contact. This objective can be reached by increasing the knowledge of the dynamic behaviour of structures. The moving body structure is modeled as a four degree of freedom system consisting of two oscillators connected by a rigid body. they allow to evaluate the dynamic properties of a structure under actual service conditions without any external excitation.M. Italy G. Stancioiu. Amy. United Kingdom This paper deals with the vibration problem of structures induced by moving loads. 2008 12:10 Analysis of simpliﬁed FE models of PCBs exposed to random vibrations (ID 476) R.Wednesday September 17. University of Southampton. output-only techniques are preferred because of smaller problems of test execution and input control. H. G. Ouyang. Rainieri. and the accuracies of the various simpliﬁcations are then quantiﬁed. Friswell 14:00 Dynamics of Multi-Span Continuous Plate Structures Traversed By Moving Loads Considering Separation and Reattachment (ID 107) D. in recent years increased attention has been paid to procedures for modal parameters identiﬁcation based on ambient vibrations. Manfredi. civil engineering. This problem is solved using the Rayleigh-Ritz method for plates with different boundary conditions. The manufacturing variability and uncertainties in the parameters inﬂuencing the structural response are also investigated experimentally. Surrey Satellite Technology Limited. Cosenza. Experimental modal analysis is becoming more and more relevant. in particular. because of the unique structural techniques which affects a large part of these structures. G. G. Fabbrocino. Verderame. As historical structures are concerned. This allows the determination of safety factors that can be applied to compensate for the mathematical model inaccuracy. Italian territory requires effective measures in order to protect constructions at risk and to mitigate losses due to seismic events. In the last thirty years several techniques aimed at the experimental evaluation of the dynamic characteristics of structures have been developed: implemented ﬁrst in the aeronautic ﬁeld. University of Molise.S. University of Liverpool. Aglietti. Civil applications – CIV2 Room 2 – Chairman: M. Richardson. This happens with subsequent alteration of the dynamic response. E. their use has spread to various other ﬁelds such as robotics. The paper is concluded with a brief description of tests carried out to quantify the components capability to withstand the underlying board curvature. In fact. United Kingdom G. This approach is justiﬁed on the basis of experimental results that are also brieﬂy presented in the paper together with some tests carried out to quantify appropriate thresholds for the failure parameters.E. Some numerical results are reported showing the effect of torsional modes and separation upon the dynamic response of the supporting structure. Mottershead. United Kingdom This paper summarizes the main features of a Monte Carlo approach to calculate safety factors to be used in the analysis of Printed Circuit Boards subjected to random vibrations.A. particularly in the case of existing buildings and/or historical structures. 14:25 Structural and dynamic assessment and model updating of heritage buildings (ID 109) C.

By calculating the energy distribution between surface elements it was shown that the roof in the examined room was the part that absorbed the most of the added energy from the source. the need of improved knowledge of the structural characteristics of the building suggested to perform a dynamic identiﬁcation test. In particular. is reported. 15:15 Evaluation of vibration distribution from a full scale measurement in an eight storey wooden house (ID 226) ˚ Bolmsvik. Reynders. N. Van den Broeck. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. and. The ﬂanking transmission is evaluated by studying the vibration distribution from a well deﬁned source to the ﬂanking surfaces in the room one ﬂoor below. This paper presents the measurements and the numerical predictions of the footfall-induced vibrations of a pedestrian bridge. V¨ A. The present paper describes the use of Operational Modal Analysis for the evaluation of the modal parameters of heritage structures. taking into account the valuable characteristics of the structure itself. A numerical prediction method is used to simulate the synchronized walking experiments based on an updated ﬁnite element model of the bridge and a single pedestrian load model. Belgium G. Taking into account these speciﬁc measurement conditions. can be used to validate or update ﬁnite element models. Identiﬁed modal parameters. Thereby it was regarded as the ﬂanking part that needed an improved design most. Two types of tests were performed: free walking and synchronized walking by means of a metronome signal. The measuring campaign shows that the used technique can be carried out to capture the ﬂanking transmission in a direct and trustful way. Degrauwe. Civil Engineering and Geodesy.Wednesday September 17. Besides the vibration distribution measurements the sound pressure in the room were measured. E. a fair agreement is obtained between the predicted and the observed vertical acceleration levels at seven positions along the length of the footbridge. representative of the structural behaviour in operational conditions. 2008 and because tests are cheaper and faster with respect to traditional experimental modal analysis and imply a minimum interference with the normal use of the structure. Bojidarova Georgieva. axj¨ o University. De Roeck. Damyanova Borisova. a speciﬁc application related to the Tower of the Nations. 101 . Belgium I. varying in number from 10 up to 50 participants and recording the vertical and lateral accelerations at different locations on the bridge. Sweden. The main results of experimental modal analysis and of analyses carried out in order to update the numerical model are herein reported and some aspects of the model optimization procedure are described. Katholieke Hogeschool Sint-Lieven. It is shown that the predicted acceleration level is sensitive to the assumptions made regarding the level of synchronization between the pedestrians and the magnitude of the dynamic load generated by each pedestrian. D. The increasing trend of the acceleration levels with increasing group size is also clearly observed. recorded on a tape recorder carried by the group of students. University of Architecture. The need of designing an appropriate restoration and seismic upgrading intervention. Sweden Flanking transmission measurements has been done in an eight storey wooden building in V¨ axj¨ o. The effect of the test type is analyzed and shows a magnitude in difference between the vertical accelerations caused by the free and the synchronized walking. Bulgaria Vibration serviceability has become an important issue in the design of modern slender footbridges with large spans. located into the Mostra D’Oltremare area in Naples. therefore. The technique shows that peaks in the sound pressure can also be related to peaks in different surfaces frequency response functions. 14:50 Measurement and prediction of the pedestrian-induced vibrations of a footbridge (ID 487) P. A series of experiments were carried out with different-sized groups crossing the bridge.

thus. H. For low amplitudes and frequencies. The experiments and computer simulation explored in this paper are carried out to determine the change in behaviour of the material being conveyed. 2008 Structural dynamics: methods and case studies – SD2 Room 3 – Chairman: H. which are expressed in terms of the complex stiffness arising in the rolling-contact patches. Ichchou. S. University of Northampton.and. inertial rolling dynamics (ID 432) K. the peaks are rounded. Van Brussel 8:50 Dynamic measurement of structural properties: wave-correlation applied to sandwich structures with honeycomb cores (ID 248) O. the stiffness is independent on vibration amplitudes typically applied within the audible frequency range. F. 102 . the behavior is quasi linear. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. M. Sweden In presenting an indirect method for the dynamic stiffness of wire rope isolators in the audible frequency range. cams etc.Wednesday September 17. Royal Institute of Technology. using various excitation proﬁles. strong nonlinearities appear. indicating rather high damping . leading to complex behavior. however. the method leads to a relevant equivalent homogeneised model over a large frequency range. 9:15 Characterization of tractive. Kari. For increasing amplitudes and frequencies. LTDS. M. Bareille. 9:40 Conveying of granular material using a periodically forced oscillator with dry friction (ID 70) E. It is shown that although the stiffness is strongly dependent on the frequency. and its application to different generic dynamical systems to simulate the effects of rolling friction on the dynamics of mechanical systems. vibration amplitude and frequency is resolved. Stonnell. The aim is to identify the system parameters where by the material is conveyed most efﬁciently. United Kingdom This paper focuses on the design and testing of a differential motion conveyor using a single linear motor as a drive. However focused on ﬂexural vibration of symmetric honeycomb panels. is displaying similar behavior as rubber isolators. show that the behavior depends on both the amplitude and the frequency of oscillation. Arnott Conveyors Ltd. Hence the identiﬁcation method aims to provide a complete theta-dependent dispersion curve when applied to composite panels. 10:05 Wire rope isolators: An experimental inquiry into their structure borne sound properties (ID 621) L. the proposed method is (successfully) applied to sandwich structures with honeycomb cores. Vibratec Akustikprodukter. Belgium Machine parts are often equipped with rolling elements. De Moerlooze. For that purpose. M. such as bearings. Zaid. This paper describes a recently developed transient-rolling-friction model. Sandwich panels with honeycomb cores are of particular interest in this paper. United Kingdom R. the stiffness dependence on static preload. This latter is ﬁrst correlated to a well deﬁned inhomogenous plane wave. Integrating simulation with physical experiment is an important element in the successful design of the conveyor. friction wheels. Wood.contrary to those of ordinary steel springs . Furthermore. The method is based on the k-space characteristics of input data. Kaczmarczyk. The modeling of the dynamics of rolling friction plays therefore an essential part in the simulation and optimization of those systems. while showing a substantially lower stiffness for signiﬁcantly higher amplitudes. Hollis. The accuracy of the technique is here ﬁrst assessed by mean of comparison of results for simulated input obtained from known models of sandwich beams. France Measured harmonic spatial velocity ﬁelds are here used to extract structural properties of composite structures. Van Brussel. Al-Bender. The results. when the surface properties of the trough bed are changed. Sweden S. The main reason for the increased damping is the friction motion between the separate threads of the cable twist. H¨ agerstrand.

the higher the preload. 2008 typically applied for low-frequency applications.S. A test rig was designed and built. A. University of Southampton. this technique can be employed effectively to ﬁnd the thermal vibrations of the system upon passing the eclipse. Horn geometries to develop this composite mode using forced longitudinal vibration provided by an attached Langevin transducer are extensively modelled using ﬁnite element analysis. University of Waterloo. Initially the numerical load-deﬂection characteristic of the centre of a plate pinned at the four corners is obtained from a ﬁnite element model (FEM) using ABAQUS. Cardoni. Finally.D. United Kingdom Ultrasonic drills superimpose a longitudinal vibration at a low ultrasonic frequency on the rotational motion of a drill bit. A. contrary to ordinary metal springs. a snap-through (passage from one stable state to the other) takes place. United Kingdom G. the dynamic stiffness is displaying a strong static preload dependence. The bistable plate was hinged to two beams which are rigid in the vertical direction but allow for horizontal displacement.Wednesday September 17. The tests clearly demonstrate the effectiveness of the longitudinal-torsional mode in drilling soft to medium rock. M. A reduced order geometric model for the system is found using a continuum representation. In this paper. the lower is the stiffness.J. It is shown that the so-called short coming assumption of isothermal members is not necessary to determine such oscillations using a continuum modeling technique. the measurements show that the response of the plate to an harmonic excitation of the base is periodic for a low amplitude of excitation. 11:45 Numerical and experimental analysis of a square bistable plate (ID 542) A.typically applied for shock isolation and low-frequency applications . in the aeronautical industry where morphing structures can be exploited for better aircraft performance and operational versatility. In conclusion. Canada D. for example. Therefore. focussing on the development of a horn operating with a composite longitudinal-torsional mode at a frequency of approximately 20 kHz. Carrella. Lucas. Two drilling units. one tuned to a longitudinaltorsional mode and the other to a pure longitudinal mode. Fassois 10:55 Thermally Induced Torsional Oscillations of an Inﬂatable Space Antenna Truss (ID 433) A. University of Bristol. United Kingdom Multistable composite elements are a convenient approach to realise morphing or shape-adaptable structural systems. This property is particularly important. This curve was then adjusted to account for the change in material properties due to exposure to moisture and others ambient variables. Aglietti. Harkness. Pirrera. Virginia Tech. For large excitation. the preliminary design aspects of a novel non-rotating. dry cutting ultrasonic driller for exobiological prospecting are outlined. wire rope isolators .may also be suitable for noise and vibration applications within the audible frequency range. are manufactured so that their drilling characteristics can be compared. Friswell. Drilling tests are carried out in Sherwood sandstone. 103 . Salehian. United States Presented here is a homogenization method to ﬁnd the thermally induced vibrations of an inﬂatable space antenna truss. The dynamic response of the plate was simulated by solving the equation of motion numerically. Inman. 11:20 Vibration Considerations in the Design of an Ultrasonic Driller/Corer for Planetary Rock Sampling (ID 507) P. M.I. As predicted. The radar antenna structure is made of elements with repeated patterns. Structural dynamics: methods and case studies – SD3 Room 3 – Chairman: S. low power. In this paper it is proposed to study the dynamics of a bistable square plate with pinned boundary conditions using a simpliﬁed single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) model. University of Glasgow. offering a design for an ultrasonic drill that removes the need for rotational drilling.

Array techniques – ARR1 Room 3 – Chairman: F. placed at a certain distance from each other. It can be shown that for a given excitation set. the chaotic passage from one stable state to another could be observed (as for a system with a double-well potential). The method is broad banded and easy to deploy. As a result.P. Br¨ uel & Kjær. Sadasivan. The technique is based on the estimation of the transmissibility matrix. Source localisation . Tcherniak. and therefore is a property of the system under test. Obviously. S. the transmissibility matrix does not depend on applied loads. the frequency and the amplitude at which the snap occurs depends on the initial stable conﬁguration. it does not calculate exact contributions but provides results that can help NVH engineer to quantify the main noise sources of the vehicle. The main disadvantage of this technique is that it requires measurements of transfer functions. sound sources can be localized. Schuhmacher. in practice ideal boundary conditions cannot be achieved and the load-deﬂection characteristic is not symmetric. Netherlands H. and therefore requires only operational data. It can also be shown that the transmissibility matrix can be estimated from several sets of operating measurements. The technique is also error-prone due to the approach the source strengths are estimated. if the boundary condition were symmetric. with acoustic signature determination. de Bree. ﬁrst results of this acoustic eyes concept were presented using a pair of three dimensional probes to monitor and track a low ﬂying helicopter. Recently. Potentially. the contributions calculations are based on measured transfer functions and estimated source strengths. A number of special cases typical for automotive NVH are being highlighted. Typically.-E. Netherlands In this paper the most recent advances are discussed on a new acoustic far ﬁeld sound source localization technique using (at least) two three dimensional sound probes. It is based on the decomposition of the received sound rather than the synthesis of the contributions. 14:25 Acoustic eyes. De Blauwe 14:00 Application of decomposition-based technique in NVH source contribution analysis (ID 237) D. The method is based on a triangulation technique using the particle velocity or sound intensity vectors. Due to the method assumptions. TNO Science and Industry. With at least two of these sound probes.G. Basten. However. The measurements are performed in the acoustic far ﬁeld. 104 . prevailing conditions are different than for outdoor measurements in the acoustic free ﬁeld. combining the function of passive radar for determining and tracking the geometric position of a moving acoustic source relative to the sensor position. Sound & Vibration Measurement A/S.Wednesday September 17. Denmark Calculation of contributions from different noise sources is an important part of a vehicle NVH evaluation process. which is an awkward time consuming process.H. 2008 Ideally. The current study focuses on another approach to the problem. Microﬂown Technologies & HAN University. A. In the paper we apply the method to data synthesized in well controlled test environments which however resemble a real vehicle. The compact and broadband probes are based upon three orthogonally placed acoustic particle velocity sensors (Microﬂowns) and a single sound pressure sensor. a novel sound source localization and monitoring technique with 3D sound probes (ID 144) T. The method will be clearly described and recent progress will be presented with results from real world experiments on acoustic propagation from impulsive and short term stationary sources. this method can also be used for sound source localization in wind tunnels and/or car interiors.

for this reason. the predicted sound pressure from the IBEM results is compared to measured pressure at the corresponding points. Italy A. Y. Belgium Vibration reduction is an extremely important task to avoid fatigue and comfort problems. Molica Colella. Doshisha University. Koizumi. DIMeG-Politecnico di Bari. and the accuracy of the predicted pressure is discussed. in an environment in which there is a wall between the engine and the measurement points. Bernardini. M. Vecchio 8:50 Alleviation of helicopter vibrating hub loads through cyclic trailing-edge blade ﬂap actuation (ID 181) M. N. LTD. 2008 14:50 Optimizing the Number of Measurement Points for Noise Source Identiﬁcation by Inverse Boundary Element Method (ID 246) T. FRIENDCOPTER project: Rotorcraft noise and vibration – FCOP1 Room 4 – Chairman: A. Italy E. The numerical investigation concerns a four-bladed rotor in level ﬂight conditions. YANMER Co. under the constraint of compatibility with the equations governing blade aeroelasticity. University Roma Tre.. The system has been excited by means of a low frequency loudspeaker located inside the cabin.Wednesday September 17. The aim of the paper is to show the usefulness of the Microﬂown technology in this ﬁeld. which is deﬁned in terms of harmonics depending on the feedback from measurement of vibrating loads amplitude. Uehara. G. Secondly. wide testing campaigns are very often carried out. Japan H. Gennaretti. Mucchi. In particular an experimental vibro-acoustical modal analysis of an helicopter EC-135 is presented. Experimental modal analysis is used for such a purpose. The results shown in this paper highlight the effectiveness of the Microﬂown technology in this context: in fact. Italy The aim of the present work is the investigation about the use of blade trailing-edge ﬂaps for the reduction of vibratory loads arising at the hub of helicopter main rotors in forward ﬂight. Isome. First. The alleviation of these loads is achieved through cyclic actuation of the blade ﬂaps. From the result of two validation experiments. This study consists of two steps. and focuses on effectiveness and robustness of the control technique examined. Pierro. the helicopter designer should make the spaced peaks of the input force spectrum coincide with the valleys of the structural frequency response functions. Universita’ degli Studi di Ferrara. The control law relating ﬂap deﬂection harmonics and vibratory hub loads is obtained by an optimal control process based on the minimization of a cost function. LMS International. with just one measurement. and a 4x4 Microﬂown array has been used to measure pressures and particle velocities simultaneously.. Japan This paper describes inﬂuences from the number of sound pressure measurement points for modeling an internal combustion engine by the Inverse Boundary Element Method (IBEM). instead of classical methods such as accelerometers and scanning laser vibrometers. 105 . Tsujiuchi. In order to provide the necessary insights. 9:15 Using P-U probes for the experimental vibro-acoustical modal analysis of a helicopter (ID 277) E. one gets the needed data allowing to carry out both a modal analysis and an acoustic intensity calculation for noise sources identiﬁcation. this paper proposes the optimal number of sound pressure measurement points for the IBEM approaches to model the engine noise source. Vecchio. the accuracy of identiﬁed vibration velocity on the engine surface by the IBEM is described.

Belgium The noise situation inside modern helicopter cabins is still unsatisfying in comparison to modern jet or turboprop commercial aircraft. AgustaWestland. This research is carried out in the frame of the project “FRIENDCOPTER” which aims at developing innovative technologies and tools to support the vibro-acoustic design of modern helicopter.Passive Segmented Constrained Layer Damping Treated) panels. control of vibration transferred from the gearbox to the frame through connection element by active control. Into a speciﬁc Friendcopter work-package dedicated to the cabin noise reduction. an experimental vibro-acoustic analysis of the helicopter can help identify relevant noise and vibration sources. The requirement of a quieter helicopter needs a systematic study of the NVH behavior. Panels and acoustic cavity were acoustically excited by a speaker with white noise (band width 3. Perazzolo. several technologies. which aims at evaluating the importance of the noise contribution produced by the jet engines with respect to the gearbox. with special attention to helicopter operational conditions. Cokonaj. Universita’ degli Studi di Ferrara. 2008 9:40 Acoustic cavity with Active.A. A big effort to reach the comfort of a propeller aircraft has been done during the last decade. A. In other words helicopter panels are not so much noise radiators as they are exciters of acoustic resonances inside an enclosure like helicopter cabin. Panels have much more inﬂuence on excitation of acoustic resonances than on noise radiation. 10:05 Acoustical signature analysis of a helicopter cabin in steady-state and run up operational conditions (ID 362) E. Mucchi. reduction of vibrations and radiated noise of the gearbox source. Evaluation of noise and vibration reduction for different segmentations of APSCLDT panels were analyzed with commercial and own codes. Different treated panels were tested in passive and active mode in order to compare noise reductions. The piloting crews as well as the passengers are exposed to high noise level dominated by very annoying tonal components caused mainly by gear-meshing and jet engines. Cenedese. quite surprising results emerged from acoustic cavity tests.Wednesday September 17. have been developed and tested in order to be implemented when airworthiness requirements are satisﬁed in a ﬂying helicopter to demonstrate their effectiveness. Llobera. correlated and tested in laboratory on special acoustic cavity. Spain AERNNOVA’s activities performed in the work package related with cabin noise reduction inside FRIENDCOPTER project were focused on evaluation of damping performance of different APSCLDT (Active. Acoustic resonance ampliﬁcations are the main and most important noise carriers and contributors in enclosures. LMS International. Although no signiﬁcant noise reductions were obtained. Obtained results clearly show that contribution of all structural panel resonances to overall noise in an enclosure have minor effect on overall interior cavity noise in comparison with acoustic resonance ampliﬁcations. Italy A. Vecchio. both active and passive. AERNNOVA Engineering Solutions.5 kHz) meanwhile the noise generated inside the cavity was measured with pressure microphone. Italy Comfort inside a helicopter cabin has become an important goal in order to increase the civil market for this type of aircraft. In this context. 106 . For these reasons the authors have performed a wide experimental vibro-acoustic campaign in a EC-135 helicopter interior cabin. A. Mainly the following items have been deeply faced: improvement of the applied soundprooﬁng.Passive Segmented Constrained Layer Damping Treated panels (ID 316) V. 10:30 Helicopter Cabin Noise Reduction: from Available Technologies to Implementation (ID 368) F.

Italy The TPA presented in this paper has been performed on the Agusta Westland AW-109 helicopter.Wednesday September 17. An optimization algorithm to ﬁnd the best positioning of the error sensors has been also tested to improve acoustic closed-loop performances. were obtained on the actual helicopter in a succeeding session that took place in the Agusta Westland factory. Toso. Belgium L. LMS International.L. University of Patras. Corbetta. Testa. Menounou. Universit` a degli Studi di Trieste. 12:10 Transfer Path Analysis of the Agusta Westland AW-109 performed by means of inﬂight data and POLYMAX synthesized FRFs (ID 579) L. Vibration reductions up to 20 dB of the target tones are obtained on the accelerometer error sensors. an attempt to perform the TPA using POLYMAX synthesized FRFs has been brought to completion with the aim of verifying at ﬁrst the reliability of such an approach and then to assess whether this technique could be employed to substitute corrupted data with synthesized ones when the database occurred to be unreliable. Greece The possibility of using noise barriers for helicopter noise mitigation is numerically investigated. Italy In the framework of the European project FRIENDCOPTER. Vecchio 11:20 Active control of helicopter gearbox supports and effects on cabin acoustic ﬁeld (ID 405) W. L. The selected active conﬁguration consists of two smart rear struts with 4 piezoceramic actuators pairs each and a smart anti-torque plate with 6 piezo pacthes on each side. Italy A. A. Acceptable noise reductions of a few tones are achieved over certain zones. i. Dozio. A combination of laboratory measured FRFs and in-ﬂight operational data has been gathered: while the structural and acoustic FRFs have been collected in a measurement campaign held at Politecnico of Milan employing the helicopter mock-up. 2008 FRIENDCOPTER project: Rotorcraft noise and vibration – FCOP2 Room 4 – Chairman: A. Ghiringhelli. Since the data analysis has brought to light some corrupted data concerning the set of the structural FRFs. Italy F. but the result cannot be extended to the whole cabin.e. the paths acceleration. A movable rack of microphones is placed inside the cabin to monitor the acoustic ﬁeld over a grid spreading the whole cabin width in an area close to the passenger back seats. Cenedese. 107 . Vigoni. the operational data. Universit` a degli Studi di Trieste. E. Papaefthymiou. a set of annoying tones in a frequency band up to 4 kHz are targeted to be reduced. G. 11:45 Use of Noise Barriers for Helicopter Noise Mitigation (ID 437) P. Politecnico di Milano. AgustaWestland. Vecchio. The noise ﬁeld produced by an isolated main rotor in the presence of a barrier on the ground is predicted by employing and appropriately modifying existing diffraction and reﬂection models. From open-loop vibration and acoustic analysis. It is shown that noise barriers can provide substantial shielding from helicopter noise and conclusions are drawn regarding barrier conﬁguration and helicopter operations. Four independent narrowband FXLMS vibration controllers are designed and implemented to control each beam and the two sides of the plate. the Department of Aerospace Engineering of Politecnico di Milano is involved in developing active control systems aimed at reducing the vibration transmission from the gearbox to the cabin in medium-size civil helicopters. An AgustaWestland A109MKII mock-up to perform vibroacoustic measurements and control tests. E. Bregant.

The associated sound quality becomes a commercial argument for car manufacturers. This paper presents the results of a numerical study on some equivalent source models and quantiﬁcation techniques used to model a cavity backed plate. H.E. the position. is shown to be viable even when the correlation between system param- 108 . 2008 Sound quality engineering – SQE1 Room 4 – Chairman: K. Belgium K. The study serves as input for the experimental validation that is currently being performed at the K.. and improving quality is an important issue for the automotive industries. the physical source is represented by an acoustic equivalent source model which behaves similar in the far ﬁeld. Renault. hands-free telephone). Objective characterization is performed through computation of physical criteria on binaural impulse responses. and subjective evaluation is performed through quotation of perceptual attributes on in-vitro reproduced car audio environment (convolution of true stereo signals with binaural impulse responses).R. However. Mottershead. Janssens 14:00 Adaptive control schemes for engine sound qualityimprovement (ID 378) L. the type. E. However. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effect of an adaptive structural acoustic controller on the sound quality of engine noise in a vehicle mockup. Balmes 8:50 Efﬁcient Methods in Stochastic Model Updating (ID 200) H. Vandernoot. W. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. The engine excitation is provided by a sound quality equivalent engine simulator. it is not straightforward to determine the number. the perceived control efﬁciency for the occupants can be more accurately assessed if psychoacoustic metrics are taken into account. P. The ﬁrst method. W. Sas. In order to suit the synthesis approach. Van Der Linden. B. we have developed a speciﬁc technique for measuring acoustic impulse. LMS International.Leuven. the quantiﬁcation of the source descriptors is a very difﬁcult task. France Modern cars include an increasing number of complex audio systems (stereo. Locqueteau. This paper describes advanced data processing and predictive modeling techniques to obtain accurate correlations between objective measures and subjective feeling. University of Liverpool.U. Comparison of audio systems is a not obvious task. J. B. Model updating and correlation – MU1 ` Room 5 – Chairman: E. 14:25 Predictive modeling of audio quality inside car cabins (ID 289) G. P. of source descriptors needed in the equivalent model for achieving a certain model accuracy.1. de Oliveira. The controller performance is evaluated in terms of the tracked order amplitude and Zwicker Loudness.Wednesday September 17. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Mas. Haddad Khodaparast. . P. United Kingdom Two efﬁcient methods in stochastic model updating are developed and presented in this paper. Desmet. Desmet. Leborgne. a perturbation approach. The controller targets a certain order to match a predeﬁned proﬁle. Moreover. running on a real-time platform that delivers harmonic excitation in function of the driving condition. Van der Auweraer. 14:50 Numerical case-study on the development of acoustic equivalent source models for use in sound synthesis methods (ID 413) D. Berckmans. Sas. Belgium Sound synthesis methods aim at the auralization of the sound produced by a physical sound source as it is heard by a listener at an arbitrary location. Stallaert. Calculated impulses responses are now useful for objective characterization and subjective evaluation of audio quality.P.. Pluymers. Janssens. P. LMS International. As it is desired to compare full audio systems already embedded in vehicles. Belgium Active noise control systems tend to be designed with a target on sound pressure level reduction. 5. Belgium C.

the modal domain prediction is only accurate within a limited parameter range.the Frobenius norm of the difference between the covariance matrices of measured data and analytical outputs. The requirement to calculate second order sensitivities then becomes unnecessary and this leads to considerable reduction in computational effort in practical engineering applications. Rolls-Royce plc. The inner iteration loop performs the optimization using a modal domain modiﬁcation technique to predict the change of the dynamic response of the structure. Friswell. The use of regularization is demonstrated in a numerical case study with singularities and illconditioning present in the ﬁrst order approximation representation.I. University of Bristol.the Euclidian norm of the difference between mean values of measured data and analytical outputs vectors. Therefore. The goal is to ensure a good NVH (Noise Vibration Harshness) performance of the exhaust system. M. Lauwagie. 2008 eters and measurements is omitted. United Kingdom Bladed discs or rotors provide an extremely demanding application for model updating. Kurt-Elli.Wednesday September 17. Monteagudo. The goal of this paper is to investigate the potential of regularization conditions to stabilize the behavior of problems with symmetries. The solution of the re-evaluation is then used as improved base for the modal domain prediction in the inner iteration loop. The main driver of these algorithms is often the sensitivity matrix corresponding to a given parameterization. This preliminary step is required to ensure the validity of the initial FE-model. Belgium J. The desire to predict the behaviour of a particular assembly of blades in a rotor requires that each blade model is updated to account for real frequency characteristics and incorporated in a full assembly model that can account for 109 . The actual optimization routine consists of two iteration loops: an inner and an outer loop. 10:05 Blade Model Updating to enable bladed disc mistune assembly response predictions (ID 55) H. United Kingdom The occurrence of mechanical systems with symmetries in the context of problems with parametric response dependencies can cause a range of problems such as ill-conditioning. numerical problems and can even cause the algorithms to fail to converge to physically acceptable results. and 2. 9:15 Optimization of the Dynamic Response of a Complete Exhaust System (ID 74) T. Faurecia Exhaust System Division. Before the optimization procedure is started. Strobbe. The second method is based upon the minimisation of an objective function in two parts: 1. Titurus. However. Using only the sensitivity matrix in cases of systems with symmetries will result in erratic behaviour of the updating algorithms. Clavier. 9:40 Regularization for Symmetric and Almost Symmetric Systems in Model Updating (ID 145) B. Dascotte. the outer iteration loop re-evaluates the full ﬁnite element model once the parameter changes exceed the ‘trust-region’ bounds of the modal domain prediction. The suggested optimization approach is illustrated on a ﬁnite element model of an exhaust system of a passenger car. Common methods using parameterized response model representations include the techniques of model updating. The very small geometric (and therefore vibration characteristic) differences between blades can potentially cause very large differences in the Engine Order forced vibration response across blades within the assembly. The exhaust system is connected to the car body using four isolators. J. France This paper presents an optimization approach for tailoring the dynamic response of a complete exhaust system using ﬁnite element modeling. M. The optimization is performed to keep the force transmitted by the exhaust system through the isolators to the car body below the design speciﬁcations. Dynamic Design Solutions. optimizing the stiffness of the decoupling elements. The two methods are veriﬁed numerically and experimentally using multiple sets of plates with randomized thicknesses and masses. qualitative changes of behaviour. In this way the structure can be optimized in a computational efﬁcient way. E. singularities. the FE-model is updated using modal test data.

Papadimitriou. The method results in multiple Pareto optimal structural models that are consistent with the measured modal data and the modal residuals used to measure the discrepancies between the measured modal values and the modal values predicted by the ﬁnite element model.Wednesday September 17. then the uncertain computational model is constructed by using the nonparametric probabilistic approach. Its modal behaviour determines the transfer functions from sources of vibration. A numerical application is presented in order to show the efﬁciency of the proposed method. It is shown that such an extension to the robust updating context induces some conceptual difﬁculties and is not straightforward. United Kingdom Knowing the modal behaviour of a vehicle’s Body-In-White (BIW) is fundamental to its vibro-acoustic development. to the occupant’s contact points with the vehicle. Soize. France In this paper. Greece A multi-objective optimization method is presented for estimating the parameters of ﬁnite element structural models based on modal residuals. such as the powertrain and suspension.G. W. The relation between the multi-objective identiﬁcation method and conventional single-objective weighted modal residuals methods for model updating is explored. 11:20 Multi-objective optimization algorithms for ﬁnite element model updating (ID 460) E. Ohayon. Ntotsios. C. CNAM. The proposed methods exploit Nelson’s formulation for the sensitivity of the eigenproperties with respect to the parameters. Universit´ e Paris-Est. We present an extension to the probabilistic case of the input error methodology for modal analysis adapted to the deterministic updating problem. multi-objective identiﬁcation results indicate that there is wide variety of Pareto optimal structural models that trade off the ﬁt in various measured modal quantities. The validated BIW model is the ﬁrst building block to which the other components are added and avoiding modal alignment between these components is vital in realising a reﬁned vehicle. There is an increasing reliance on CAE during vehicle development programmes owing to the need to reduce physical prototypes.A. Capiez-Lernout. Computationally efﬁcient methods for estimating the gradient and Hessians of the objective functions with respect to the model parameters are proposed and shown to signiﬁcantly reduce the computational effort for solving the single and multiobjective optimization problems. In particular. 11:45 Modal correlation and updating of a vehicle body-in-white (ID 556) M. Theoretical and computational developments are illustrated by updating ﬁnite element models of a multi-span reinforced concrete bridge using ambient vibration measurements. The sensitivity of the assembly behaviour is such that the individual blade alone models need to be updated to extreme tolerances. MIRA Ltd. This study investigates the feasibility of conducting this particular type of update and provides some results using optimisation and sensitivity based approaches. Link 10:55 Robust parametric updating of uncertain ﬁnite element models from experimental modal analysis (ID 290) E. The robust updating formulation leads us to solve a mono-objective optimization problem in presence of inequality probabilistic constraints. Young. Conservatoire National des Arts et M´ etiers. a methodology is presented to perform the robust updating of complex uncertain dynamical systems with respect to modal experimental data in the context of structural dynamics. C. Model updating and correlation – MU2 Room 5 – Chairman: M. Since both model uncertainties and data uncertainties must be considered in the computational model. 2008 the individual blade differences and therefore their interaction. There will inevitably be differences between the numerical and empirical models that 110 . Burnett. France R. University of Thessaly.

Bodson. The method employs the Design Optimisation capability in MSC. Swevers 8:50 Periodic Disturbance Rejection on a Laser Beam Stabilizing System with Adaptive Controllers (ID 8) S. proper consideration must be given to deﬁnition of these parameters. German Aerospace Center (DLR).J. United Kingdom This paper introduces a novel method for error localization of a design model using the information from a reference model or a supermodel in the model updating process.e.Wednesday September 17. Realistic changes are made to the CAE model in an iterative manner against an objective function that encapsulates the degree of correlation. Schwingshackl. This paper describes one approach that MIRA uses to achieve reconciliation between empirical and numerical BIW modal data. frequency and magnitude. 111 . have been simulated and further compared with the distributions of element strain energy and kinetic energy. The run-time (cost) of this process is dependent on the model size and on the numbers of variables and design constraints. Germany M. together with the reﬁned model which is treated as a supermodel to provide reference data. Experimental and simulated results are presented and compared. Active vibration control and smart structures – AVC5 Room 6 – Chairman: J. Imperial College London. the indicator of element errors in stiffness based on EEMSE and the indicator of element errors in mass based on EEMKE. i. A beam structure is used as an example to demonstrate the effectiveness of the method. Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics. United States The paper compares three adaptive algorithms on a laser beam stabilization system. The iterative optimisation forces the best possible correlation subject to limits on allowed design changes. Mathematical models of the laser system are developed ﬁrst. The concept of Equivalent Element Modal Strain Energy (EEMSE) and Equivalent Element Modal Kinetic Energy (EEMKE) are discussed and two indicators. the indicators of EEMKE and EEMSE were employed to localise the simulated errors in the mass and stiffness in some elements in the models. Then three adaptive controllers are presented to reject the sinusoidal disturbance with unknown phase. The Equivalent Element Modal Strain Energy (EEMSE) and Equivalent Element Modal Kinetic Energy (EEMKE) were used to identify clearly various errors in the beam model. D. Zang. 12:10 Error localization in an FE model in model updating process using supermodels (ID 606) C. Maier.Nastran and consists of assessing and improving the degree of correlation between BIW modal data from test and CAE. University of Utah. This method shows potential for the industrial application in the effective and efﬁcient validation of a design model in the industrial design process. The system includes a disturbance of time-varying frequency and the algorithms are designed to reject such disturbance without a reference sensor or knowledge of the frequency. 2008 will need to be either swiftly reconciled or understood if this CAE development is to be representative. Investigation shows that the indicators also provide information about how much the error in the elements should be corrected in the updating process. For efﬁcient use of this technique. are developed to identify element errors in the design model. In addition. China C. Ewins. Various types of the beam model with meshing errors or combinations of meshing and parameter errors.

Federal University of Esp´ ırito Santo. When one of the bellows is connected to a vibrating structure a periodic ﬂow passes through a variable internal oriﬁce and the damping effect is produced. a friction based tunable vibration absorber is applied to the table saddle of a modern INDEXmachining-center in order to further improve its dynamical behavior. The results prove the efﬁciency of the concept and. the tuning procedure of the tuned mass damper (TMD) coupled to a linear oscillator and. The machining-center possesses a train-system with a table saddle. The friction absorber is programmed in MATLAB using nonlinear contact routines. its dynamical behavior is determined numerically and experimentally. Ribeiro. A prototype of the absorber is presented. therefore. the focus is set on the development of a design methodology for nonlinear vibration absorbers. The size of the oriﬁce is adjusted by a piezoelectric control system that positions the conical core into a conical cavity. After the damper device ﬁnite element computational model was developed considering that the valve body is rigid and that the ﬂuid .L. 2008 9:15 Friction based vibration absorber with application in machine tools (ID 44) J. 112 . which is actuated by a ball bearing screw. The damper prototype was built and experimental tests using impulsive and harmonic excitations were conducted to determine its dynamic behavior and also to validate the developed computational models. with adaptive vibration absorber are carried out. on the other hand. L. F. 9:40 Toward an Optimal Design Procedure of a Nonlinear Vibration Absorber Coupled to a Dufﬁng Oscillator (ID 62) R.F. The idea lies in the assessment of a duality property between. Finally. Kerschen. commanded by the global controller. The simulation and experimental results are compared by curves that relate the damping coefﬁcient with the size of the oriﬁce. the development of a NES design procedure is undertaken and the related dynamics analyzed. now the ﬁnite element of the actuator which has a structure that ampliﬁes the displacement produced by an internally mounted stack of piezoelectric ceramic layers. For comparison and validation. to optimize the vibrating level reduction on a Dufﬁng oscillator.P. Then. which improve the damping factor. University of Li` ege. The system is able to absorb two critical modes of the train-system. Teixeira. Numerical simulations and measurements of the train-system. Its dynamical behavior is then investigated via numerical and experimental modal analysis.Wednesday September 17. providing the commanded damping coefﬁcient. A local classic PID controller for the piezoelectric actuator was designed to assure that the valve core assumes the correct position. the assumed design scheme of NES coupled to a purely nonlinear Dufﬁng oscillator. Belgium In the present study. A global fuzzy controller was designed to specify the damping factor desired and the local PID controller for piezoelectric actuator. To this end. L´ epore Neto. G. Germany In this paper. the construction of a prototype and the experimental validation of an active vibration damper witch is controlled by a piezoelectric actuator. were obtained in a small time lesser than 10 ms. J. 10:05 Design of Active Damper Controlled by Piezoelectric Stack (ID 100) R. Vigui´ e.structure iteration occurs between the ﬂuid and the ﬂexible bellows. This system is reproduced by an experimental-train-system with similar dynamic characteristics in order to test the efﬁciency of the proposed absorber. on the one hand. based upon this concept. Gaul. University of Stuttgart. First. the adaptive spring-mass absorber characteristic is measured in laboratory tests. Experimental tests shown that the damping coefﬁcient values. the basics on the TMD tuning methodology are recalled and extended to the concept of frequency-energy plot (FEP). enhancing the overall dynamic behavior signiﬁcantly. the application to a real machine tool is ahead. The friction interface is calculated using the Masing friction model. the construction of the experimental-train-system is described. The proposed device has two ﬂexible metallic bellows connected to a rigid reservoir ﬁlled with a viscous ﬂuid. T. These results demonstrate the very good performance of the proposed damper device. Krappel. it is shown how to design a vibration absorber to deal with a general Dufﬁng oscillator. The damper device was attached to one degree of freedom vibration system without damping. termed nonlinear energy sink (NES). It allows higher feed rates. The reduction of the vibration amplitudes results in enhanced surface quality of the machined parts and reduction in machine tool wear. Brazil This paper presents the design methodology. Roseira.

W. the aerodynamic noise generation mechanisms as well as the transmission characteristics of acoustic waves propagating in a non-quiescent medium have to be taken into account. United Kingdom The control of noise in a ventilation system requires a detailed knowledge of the acoustic characteristics of components within the system. multiple cylinders are capable of generating high transmission loss values over narrow frequency bands. on which the quadrature-free technique cannot be applied. Two higher-order treatments of curved boundaries are presented to overcome this restriction. Accordingly. The different experiments are carried out on an open circuit aeroacoustic wind tunnel where the test objects are located inside a semi-anechoic room. De Roeck 10:55 A hybrid numerical method for analysing multi-mode sound propagation in ventilation ductwork (ID 184) R. With increasing order. Results are presented here for two cylinders placed within a rectangular duct and a dissipative splitter silencer. Desmet. It is found that only the use of curved elements. W. the method becomes more efﬁcient. HVAC ducts or automotive exhaust systems.Wednesday September 17. Computations of a freely propagating pressure pulse demonstrate that the implementation achieves the theoretical order of accuracy. The attenuation of downstream propagating acoustic waves should be maximized with a minimum of additional ﬂow noise generation and often a compromise between both performance parameters has to be made. 11:45 A 2D Discontinuous Galerkin Method for Aeroacoustics with Curved Boundary Treatment (ID 580) T. further implications on stability and computational cost are discussed. Brunel University. Furthermore. Belgium For the aeroacoustic design of expansion chambers. Transmission loss predictions are presented for plane wave and multi-modal excitation and it is noted that multi-modal excitation has a signiﬁcant effect on the acoustic behaviour of the components. Toulorge. but then uses mode matching to map this solution onto a ﬁnite element based model of a complex component. modelled by the Linearized Euler Equations. Belgium A Discontinuous Galerkin Method is applied to unstructured grids to simulate aeroacoustic propagation. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. De Roeck. Desmet.g. which makes them potentially useful for attenuating narrow band noise from ventilation fans. Reymen. In this paper. Mathematically modelling such systems presents a considerable challenge not least because these systems are relatively large and often consist of complex geometries separated by relatively long duct runs. 11:20 Experimental acoustic identiﬁcation of ﬂow noise sources in expansion chambers (ID 578) W. commonly installed in e. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. However. This allows to determine the noise emission and radiation in free-ﬁeld environments and correlate the far-ﬁeld pressure levels with the aerodynamic noise generation mechanisms described by the active two-port components. as well as knowledge of how each component interacts with one another. these two aeroacoustic properties are experimentally analyzed for a simple expansion chamber carrying a mean ﬂow which is uniform in time. 2008 Aeroacoustics and ﬂow noise – AA2 Room 6 – Chairman: W. 113 . this article examines a hybrid numerical approach that utilises a multi-modal eigenvalue approach for long uniform duct runs. The quadrature-free form of the Discontinuous Galerkin Method is used on triangular elements with straight edges. This is achieved using an active two-port representation which is validated for a straight duct with a loudspeaker placed at its center. provides satisfying accuracy. Y. simulation of acoustic scattering by a cylinder shows that the linear treatment of the geometry can limit the accuracy at high order. Kirby.

conservative mapping techniques are investigated and applied to a turbulent conﬁned ﬂow case. P. Schram. 2008 12:10 Optimization of hybrid aeroacoustic computations of an industrial conﬁned ﬂow through mesh coarsening techniques (ID 508) G.Wednesday September 17. C. In particular. Guilloud. C. Different mapping schemes are studied and compared for the chosen geometry. Zacharopoulos. LMS International. Belgium The accuracy of predictions obtained using acoustic analogies depends on an appropriate handling of the sources. Martinez-Lera. 114 . In this work. the mapping of ﬂow data from the ﬁne CFD mesh to the coarser acoustic mesh requires conserving the information over a large range of ﬂow scales.

vibration control FRIENDCOPTER project: Rotorcraft noise and vibration EUREKA project FLITE2: System identification for ground and flight vibration testing Instrumentation Multi-body dynamics and control Medium and high frequency techniques Modal testing: methods and case studies Model updating and correlation MYMOSA project: Integrated motorcycle safety Noise control: case studies Non-linearities: identification and modelling Vehicle noise and vibration (NVH) Operational modal analysis Poster session Parameter estimation Railway dynamics and ground vibrations Dynamics of rotating machinery Monitoring and diagnostics of rotating machinery Substructuring and coupling Structural dynamics: methods and case studies Structural damage detection Self excited vibrations Signal processing Sound quality engineering Transfer path analysis and source identification Uncertainties in structural dynamics and acoustics Underwater and ship acoustics Vibro-acoustic modelling and prediction .Array techniques Active vibration control and smart structures Civil applications Condition monitoring Damping Durability testing .room 1 MB1 SEV1 room 1 MYM1 SC1 MB2 AA1 room 1 D2 NL1 OMA3 room 2 FLI1 OMA1 room 2 RAIL1 RAIL2 CIV1 OMA2 room 2 RAIL3 DT1 CIV2 AA ANC ARR AVC CIV CM D DT FCOP FLI I MB MHF MTC MU MYM NC NL NVH OMA POS PE RAIL RMD RMM SC SD SDD SEV SP SQE TPA UNC UND VAM room 3 SD1 TPA1 room 3 MTC1 MTC2 MTC3 CM1 room 3 SD2 SD3 ARR1 room 4 NVH1 NVH2 room 4 NVH3 I1 PE1 D1 room 4 FCOP1 FCOP2 SQE1 room 5 VAM1 MHF1 room 5 MHF2 MHF3 VAM2 UND1 room 5 MU1 MU2 room 6 ANC1 AVC1 room 6 AVC2 AVC3 AVC4 NC1 room 6 AVC5 AA2 room 7 SDD1 RMM1 room 7 SDD2 SDD3 RMD1 RMD2 room 8 SP1 UNC1 room 8 UNC2 UNC3 UNC4 I2 cafeteria POS1 cafeteria POS2 POS3 Aeroacoustics and flow noise Active noise control Source localisation .

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