INTRODUCTION

While driving on highways, motorists should not exceed the maximum speed limit permitted for their vehicle. However, accidents keep occurring due to speed violations since the drivers tend to ignore their speedometers. This speed checker will come handy for the highway traffic police as it will not only provide a digital display in accordance with a vehicle’s speed but also sound an alarm if the vehicle exceeds the permissible speed for the highway. The system basically comprises two laser transmitter- !" sensor pairs, which are installed on the highway #$$ metres apart, with the transmitter and the !" sensor of each pair on the opposite sides of the road displays the time taken by the vehicle in crossing this #$$m distance from one pair to the other with a resolution of $.$# second,from which the speed of the vehicle can be calculated as follows% &peed 'kmph( )!istance*Time $.# km *

single-side 839 layout for the speed checker is shown in .35( and four 6-segment displays '!.3# through .3s '.-$$$ * &peed Circuit description the circuit of the speed checker. Construction and working 7ssemble the circuit on a 839.t has been designed assuming that the maximum permissible speed for highways is either /$ kmph or -$ kmph as per the traffic rule.32(. .) '"eading+$.-$$ or "eading 'on display( ).&/(.ig. 2. 7n actualsi:e. four 3!/$4.ig.3s '. using a multimeter check whether the power supply .3. 9efore operation.&# through !.$#(*.through . The circuit is built around five 01222 timer . / and its component layout in .counter .

6=#4 #4> regulator !#. "2.-!.output is correct. 6-segment display Resistors (all ¼ watt! "#$ car%on(% "#. "#/ . "-.?reen 1! 1!4.3## .3#-.#0/$$6 rectifier diode 1!# .f yes. 1!. apply power supply to the circuit by flipping switch &. "=. #$$ metres apart. .3-. "/ .. so that you can take them out of the 839 and install on one side of the highway.n the circuit. . "#$."ed 1! !. use long wires for connecting the two !"s. to <on.#$$-kilo-ohm "4.&#-!.T&2/.#$-kilo-ohm .. !4 .#0/#/= switching diode !.&/ .3#$ .32 . common-cathode. Parts list Semiconductors: .35 .3!/$4.3!/$## 070! gate .decade counter*6-segment decoder .01222 timer .’ . "##.

Cn*Cff switch . ceramic disk 3#$ .. !"4 .#-kilo-ohm >"#.. 42> electrolytic 34. 3/. 42> electrolytic 35 .. .#$$@. 3#. 2$$m7 secondary Trans'ormer 8B# .8ie:obu::er !"#. "6.8ointed laser light ..$. "#.. "#2 . .4.. "#--"#5 . 42> electrolytic 3#/ . ceramic disk 32 . 3=. >"4 . &4 . ceramic disk 3..4$-kilo-ohm preset Capacitors: 3# ./6@.!" &#./6$-kilo-ohm "#4.#@.$.#$$-kilo-ohm preset >".#$@..#$$$@. 3#2 . 42> electrolytic 3#4 . .$> 73 primary to $#2>. 42> electrolytic 36 . 3-.$.$#@.2> electrolytic &iscellaneous: A# . 3## .../6$-ohm "5 ./6@.4@.$.8ush-to-on switch &.".#@.