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PREPOSITIONS

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Read the following passage on New Zealand. New Zealand is a Mecca for nature lovers. Throughout most of New Zealand's geological history, it was a bird's paradise. The islands were once part of the southern super - continent Gondwana from which they broke off around 80 million years ago before mammals had evolved and spread. (courtesy : Terra Green Sept 2008 issue 06) The underlined words express a relationship usually of space or time between the words with which they stand. Such 'Positional' words which are used before nouns (pre-position) are called ________________________

Did you know? Prepositions are classified according to their function.

Prepositions

Place

Time

Material

Reason

Goal

Means

Manner

Agent

Position and Direction

Accompaniment

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CBSE

INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK

The assassin shot the leader with a gun. There is a super market ___________ our house. The train was late _____________ 3 hrs. movement (M) or time (T). Group the prepositions in the box below to indicate their use as prepositions of place (P). between along since up among _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ past on ___________ ___________ before _____________ until _____________ behind ___________ round for across ___________ ___________ ___________ beside _____________ out of at _____________ _____________ in front of _________ after _________ under _____________ during _____________ through ___________ INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK CBSE 107 . He climbed ________ the ladder. There may be more than one category for each. 1. 3. 2. Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions. Manoj was awarded a certificate for his good conduct. 3. Pratap bequeathed his property to charity. a) b) c) d) The magician made the girl disappear __________ my own eyes. 4. The roof is covered with fire-proof sheets. 5.8 2. Identify the functions of the prepositions in each of these sentences. George Washington served as the Commander-in-Chief during the American Revolutionary War. 4.

In groups of four. At the end. Student A only . Keep the picture secret from Student B. compare the two pictures. A student from a lower class asks you to help her illustrate for her class. Draw your picture in the box below. the use of different prepositions. 108 CBSE INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK . Describe exactly what you see to Student B. Time since at until for after Place on in behind beside above Movement through along across down round Prepositions of Location 6.Student A and Student B. who must draw the picture from the information given. Picture Dictation Work in pairs . choose one of the following lists of prepositions and draw simple pictures to illustrate their meaning.8 5.turn to Page 117.

In the middle there's a small house. Follow the example. Describe (a) where things and people are. Guess each other's play or film. Several birds are flying over the house… 7. Below him a large crowd is pointing up at him. Imagine a scene from a play. __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK CBSE 109 . and (b) any movement.g. Behind the house there are two hills. Can you guess which one? A man in a red cape and blue tights is flying over a city. On his chest is the letter S. Show your description to your partner. This description is taken from a well-known film. film or TV show you have seen.8 e.

9.8 8 Study the map and the key given below carefully. 3. 10. Lalnagar Sarkor Timpur Rampur (Capital) Marwah Chickoor Strange Like Neverest Hills Nafran Lakshmanpur 110 CBSE INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK . 4. 6. 5. 8. Key 1. and complete the sentences that follow. 2. 7.

north of etc. INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK CBSE 111 .8 Complete the following ___________ Rampur is is situated lies _______ is located (Note the use of words like along. at to on in by over under __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ along next to between above below among opposite on the south coast of the island. using some of the words in the box. north of _________ half-way along the west coast of Halsi Island.) Now describe the position of the other eight places.

You have invited three friends to a party at your house. Write three separate notes. KEY * 3 starting points traffic lights my home You may use: along up to at up down as far as past opposite in front of next to straight across go turn walk take 112 CBSE INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK . giving them directions from 1. You may use the words in the box.8 9. 2 and 3 to your house. Look at the map below.

describe the different stages.8 The directions from (1) are given here as an example Go down Diwan Marg and turn right down Antonio Avenue. Prepositions of Time after by on to 11. Ask your partner to tell the direction for getting to your house. A British pen friend asks you to describe it. Walk as far as the traffic lights then turn right into Mount Road. Work in pairs. Turn first left into The Crescent and my house is on the left. __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 10. Using the words in the box. __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK CBSE 113 . Put one pencil on a point on the map where you live. at during past towards before for since until between from throughout within You have recently been to a wedding. and put another pencil on any other point. Write only the body of the letter below.

I agree __________ you. He applied______________ the teaching job but was turned down. 8. 7. 5. 2. date. 3. He angrily shouted _____________ the pupil. sale. You're right. write out the correct sentences in your notebook. Link the words from the different columns to produce meaningful sentences. pain. The conclusions are based __________ extensive research.8 Common Combinations using Prepositions 12. She replied _____________ his last letter. hospital foot. Verbs and Prepositions Fill in the gaps with suitable prepositions 1. A differs _____________ B in a number of ways. 6. INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK out of on in by for love. the moment. air. If you wish. 114 CBSE . He arrived __________ Delhi airport at 2 am and then arrived _____________ the city at 4 am. chance. work. One has been completed as an example. 4. "Remember the party!" she shouted _____________ her friend. He went She is ill They're so much The Prince came The poor animal is That's enough The style is They met My house is not He's not at 13.

Fruit is good __________ you. Do you believe ___________ ghosts? Adjectives and Prepositions Look at the table below.8 9. They apologized _____________ breaking the vase. Ram was married __________ Beena for 10 years. They were very happy. Mary is bad _________ Maths. at to about a for a INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK CBSE 115 . 2. 14. 10. 3. 1. Use the adjectives and prepositions from the box above to fill in the gaps below. Decide which of the adjectives in Column A commonly go with which preposition. Tick the table as shown. Add eight sentences of your own. (There may be more then one tick for each adjective) A worried good bad surprised happy sensitive puzzled married clever suitable curious due qualified famous 15.

5. Referring to an enclosed area 116 CBSE INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK . He was absent ____ the Science Club yesterday. This tool is more ________ ________ planing wood.g. 8. He is sensitive ____ criticism. What good news! I'm so ________ _________ you. Let her or him guess who it is. she looks ill. They are fond __________ dancing. Think of a person in your class.8 4. She's keen on hiking. 6. 10. She's ashamed _____ her bad behaviour. 9. e. Don't give a name. 16. He's _____ ______ her. 7. __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Show your description to your partner. The following diagram explains the use of some of these prepositions Destination to •× on (to) into Position at •× on in Destination away from ×à off out of Position away from × • off out of Reference Referring to a point Referring to a line or surface. She's good at Maths. and use adjective + prepositions from 14 to describe him/her in about two or three sentences.

8 Notice the following peculiarities in the use of Prepositions. e. 1) at relates to a small extent of space or time while in relates to a wider extent. within denotes sometime short of the close e. (1) This poem was composed by me (2) I wrote with a Shaffer's pen.g. (1) The property was divided between the twins. 4) beside.g. besides : beside means by the side of .g. besides means in addition to e. (1) Ram sat beside his grandmother. (1) The project will be implemented in a week's time. he is interested in painting. (= at the close) (2) The plan will be sanctioned within a fort night (= less than) INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK CBSE 117 . among : between is used when there are two things or persons or ideas. 3) between.g. among is used for more than two. 5) in and within : in denotes at the close of some future period. (2) The gossip spread among the villagers. (2) Besides music. 2) with relates to the instrument used for doing something. by relates to the doer e.

In this case. In volcanic areas. Edit the following magazine article about youth in sport. Complete the passage by filling in the gaps choosing the correct option from the given options. If India does not invest in sports it can not hope to perform well at the International level. it would be far (e) wise if young sportswomen and men (f) were help so that they have plenty of time to develop their talent. wells (b) ________ drilled to extract the steam which is used to drive turbines. Thus. The first one has been done for you.7 INTEGRATIVE GRAMMAR PRACTICE 7 1. This is (c) ________ of the world's fastest growing sources of energy. 118 CBSE INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK . The talent scouts' aim (d) are to look out for local talent in the age range of eight to eighteen years. underground water (a) _can__ often rise to a temperature of 200° C. underground water can (f) _________ heated by natural radioactivity. This method (h) _________ used for heating homes in certain areas for many years and is cheap. geothermal steam is (e) _________ to be a renewable energy resource. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) 2. (i) consisted (i) much (i) the (i) is (i) wisest (i) were helped (i) are having (i) are (ii) consists (ii) few (ii) these (ii) being (ii) wiser (ii) were being helped (ii) owning (ii) has been (iii) is consisted (iii) little (iii) an (iii) has been (iii) as wise as (iii) are helped (iii) have (iii) are being (iv) has consisted (iv) many (iv) some (iv) been (iv) too wise (iv) helped (iv) has (iv) have been Below is a description of Geothermal Energy. clean and efficient. Even in non-volcanic areas. The Great National Sports Talent Search (a) consist of workshops and tournaments arranged in (b) any different parts of (c) a country. Nowadays. (g) _________. (d) ________ the water is heated by enormous reservoirs of cooling rock several kilometers across. Sports academies normally only (g) having students whose talents (h) is already recognized. it is necessary to drill deeper before the water is as hot as 200° C.

It had found that young people. d. e. especially teenagers. are affected the most by advertisements. advertisements can be harmful when it try to exploit the public. were a. the first thing to do is look at advertisements. This will help you choose the good type of pen. Write the incorrect word in the boxes provided. However. Select the one underlined word which is incorrect.7 (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) 3. b. For example. One has been done as an example. c. but want to buy another. Advertisements can be extremely useful if they were honest and help you decide what to buy. if you break your pen. INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK CBSE 119 .g. (i) could (i) is (i) any (i) As (i) called (i) be (i) however (i) being (ii) can (ii) been (ii) some (ii) While (ii) said (ii) been (ii) though (ii) was (iii) must (iii) are (iii) one (iii) Though (iii) regarded (iii) being (iii) despite (iii) be (iv) might (iv) being (iv) few (iv) Even (iv) told (iv) is (iv) therefore (iv) has been Study the following sentences.

a . (a) (a) (b) (b) (c) (c) (d) (d) the leisure hours/of a child/ of the TV / today / are spent / in front __________________________________________________________________________ of most / now . was/ about twenty / childhood / delight / years ago. Rearrange the following words and phrases to form meaningful sentences.days / the attitude / parents is / different __________________________________________________________________________ work and play / different things / they see / as / two __________________________________________________________________________ playing / feel / is a / waste of / they / time / that __________________________________________________________________________ 120 CBSE INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK .7 4. The first one has been done for you as an example. Childhood was a delight about twenty years ago.