Industrial Resources, Inc.

Big Cajun Power Plant

Circulating Water System
This presentation is designed to provide you the information you need to understand and operate the Circulating Water System. You should view all slides and read and study the information presented. The presentation slides are advanced by clicking on the button. You can also advance to a selected section by using the topic buttons..
System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program

In this module we will:
• Describe the function of the Circulating Water System.


• • • •

Describe the flow paths and major components associated with the Circulating Water System.
Describe the Circulating Water System process control loops and associated methods of control. Describe the steps required to prepare for and startup the Circulating Water System. Describe the steps taken during normal operation of the Circulating Water System. Describe the steps required to shut down the Circulating Water System.

System Function

Major Components

Component Controls

Process Control

System Operation

Exit Program

Circulating Water System Function

System Function

Major Components

Component Controls

Process Control

System Operation

Exit Program

The Circulating Water System Condenses Low Pressure Turbine Exhaust Steam.
Main Steam

Cold Reheat Steam Hot Reheat Steam

LP Turbine Exhaust

Circulating Water Inlet Circulating Water Outlet

Condenser
Hotwell Condensate Pump

System Function

Major Components

Component Controls

Process Control

System Operation

Exit Program

Cooling Tower System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Flow Path Cooling Tower Basin Condenser Circ Water Pump System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Circulating Water System Flow Path System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Cooling Tower System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Circulating Water System Data System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Review Questions What is the function of the Circulating Water System? Click to Review What process is used to realease the heat from the Circulating water in the Cooling Tower? Click to Review How is the Circulating Water cooled as it flows through the Cooling Tower? Click to Review When you are sure you can correctly answer these question click the System Function Button to continue Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Major Components Condenser Circulating Water Pumps Cooling Tower System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Circulating Water Pumps System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Circulating Water Pumps System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Circulating Water Pumps Valves System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Circulating Water Pumps Data System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Condenser Extraction Piping LP Heater Inlet Waterbox Outlet Waterbox Waterbox Vent Tubes Circ Water Outlet Circ Water Inlet Tube Sheet Hotwell System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Condenser Waterbox Valves System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Condenser Data DP Indication Circ Water Inlet Temperatures Circ Water Inlet Temperatures Condenser Backpressure System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Cooling Tower Cells Risers System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Cooling Tower System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Cooling Tower Fans Cooling Tower Fans Risers Bypass Intake Screen System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Cooling Tower Basin Makeup Bypass System Function Major Components Component Controls Screen Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Cooling Tower Data System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Cooling Tower Fans Data

System Function

Major Components

Component Controls

Process Control

System Operation

Exit Program

Review Questions
What is the function of the Circulating Water Pumps?
Which Circulating Water System Valve, when open, allows a single Circulating Water Pump to supply both condenser sides? What component mounted in the channel between the stop gate and the intake structure prevents debris from entering the pump suction? Click to Review

Click to Review

Click to Review

When you are sure you can correctly answer these question
click the Button to continue

System Function

Major Components

Component Controls

Process Control

System Operation

Exit Program

Component Controls
• Circulating Water Pump Controls • Cooling Tower Bypass Valve Controls • Cooling Tower Fans Automatic Controls

System Function

Major Components

Component Controls

Process Control

System Operation

Exit Program

Circulating Water Pump Suction Valve Controls

B A

A B

System Function

Major Components

Component Controls

Process Control

System Operation

Exit Program

Circulating Water Pump Discharge Valve Controls A B System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Pump Cooling Water Supply System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Circulating Water Pump Start/Stop Controls Start/Stop Soft Keys System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Pump Permits and Process Trips System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Pump Lockout/Tagout Lockout Tagout System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Circulating Water Pump Discharge Valve Controls System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Cooling Tower Controls System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Cooling Tower Bypass Valve Control Bypass Valve System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Cooling Tower Bypass Valve Control System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Cooling Tower Fan Controls System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Fan Remote Start/Stop Controls System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

De-icing Control System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Review Questions How is each Circulating Water Pump motor operated suction valve typically controlled? Click to Review How is each Circulating Water Pump motor operated discharge valve typically controlled? How is De-icing of the Cooling Tower performed? Click to Review Click to Review When you are sure you can correctly answer these question click the Button to continue System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Process Control System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Cooling Tower Makeup Valve Control Make up Valve Basin Level Level Controller System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Cooling Tower Basin Level Controller “A” in the grey background indicates that the level setpoint is not in automatic. Measured Flow Level Setpoint Valve Output percent Process Control System Operation Exit Program System Function Major Components Component Controls . “L” in a white background indicates that the operator has local control over the Basin Level setpoint. Brown arrows indicate basin level upper and lower limits.

Brown arrows indicate upper and lower Basin Level limits. “L” in a white background indicates that the operator has local control over the Basin Level setpoint. Measured Flow Level Setpoint Valve Output percent System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .Auto/Manual Control “A” in the grey background indicates that the level setpoint is not in automatic.

Brown arrows indicate upper and lower valve output limits.Basin Level Setpoint “A” in the grey background indicates that the level setpoint is not in automatic. Measured Flow Level Setpoint Valve Output percent . “L” in a white background indicates that the operator has local control over the Basin Level setpoint.

Review Questions How is the Cooling Tower Makeup Valve actuated and controlled? What does the Cooling Tower Makeup Valve Controller Output Control? Where does the Cooling Tower Basin Level setpoint come from? Click to Review Click to Review Click to Review When you are sure you can correctly answer these question click the Button to continue System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Circulating Water System Operation • • • • Startup Prerequisites System Startup Normal Operation System Shutdown System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Startup Prerequisites System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM STARTUP • Ensure Basin Level is established and maintained • Ensure Circulating Water Pumps are ready for Startup • Ensure system valves are properly aligned • Ensure support systems are available for service.

Prepare the Cooling Tower System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Establish Basin Level Make up Valve Basin Level Level Controller System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

• Valve in instrument air and cooling water. • CLOSE the circulating water cross-tie System Function Major Components Component Controls Circulating Water Pumps Process Control System Operation Exit Program .Circulating Water Pump • Rack in pump and valve breakers • OPEN each pump’s suction valve • Verify motor bearing oil level’s are ok.

Cooling Tower Fans System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Align System Valves Waterbox Outlet Valves Waterbox Inlet Valves Discharge Cross-tie Valve Suction Valves System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Open the Cooling Tower Bypass System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

START the “A” circulating water pump M A System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Check Pump Data System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

A System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Close the Cooling Tower Bypass System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Start Cooling Tower Fans System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

At 50 Percent Load. prepare for and start the 2nd Circ Water Pump Cross-tie Valve M M A M M B System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Re-open the Discharge Cross-tie Cross-tie Valve M M M A M M B System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

NORMAL OPERATION System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .Monitor Circulating Water System process variables from DCS displays.

Check Cooling Tower Fans System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

De-ice Cooling Tower If Required System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Circulating Water Pumps System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

SHUT DOWN System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Pump Cross-tie Valve M M A M M B System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .Shut Down One Circ.

Select the Cooling Tower Fan Stop Auto Sequence System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

OPEN the Cooling Tower Bypass Valve System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

STOP the Operating Circulating Water Pump Cross-tie Valve M M M A M M B System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Secure Cooling Tower Make-up Make up Valve Level Controller System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

what are the four major steps involved? What position must the Circ.Review Questions During preparation for Circulating Water System Startup. Water Discharge Cross-tie valve be in prior to starting the 2nd Circulating Water Pump? During Normal Operation. how is ice removed from the Cooling Tower? Click to Review Click to Review Click to Review When you are sure you can correctly answer these question click the Button to continue System Function Major Components Component Controls Process Control System Operation Exit Program .

Main Steam Cold Reheat Steam Hot Reheat Steam LP Turbine Exhaust Circulating Water Inlet Circulating Water Outlet Condenser Hotwell Condensate Pump Return to Review Questions .The Circulating Water System Condenses Low Pressure Turbine Exhaust Steam.

Cooling Tower Return to Review Questions .

Cooling Tower Return to Review Questions .

Circulating Water Pumps Return to Review Questions .

Circulating Water Pumps Valves Return to Review Questions .

Cooling Tower Basin Makeup Bypass Screen Return to Review Questions .

Circulating Water Pump Suction Valve Controls B A A B Return to Review Questions .

Circulating Water Pump Discharge Valve Controls A B Return to Review Questions .

De-icing Control Return to Review Questions .

Cooling Tower Makeup Valve Control Make up Valve Basin Level Level Controller Return to Review Questions .

Cooling Tower Makeup Valve Control Make up Valve Basin Level Level Controller Return to Review Questions .

Brown arrows indicate upper and lower valve output limits. Measured Flow Level Setpoint Valve Output percent Return to Review Questions .Basin Level Setpoint “A” in the grey background indicates that the level setpoint is not in automatic. “L” in a white background indicates that the operator has local control over the Basin Level setpoint.

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM STARTUP • Ensure Basin Level is established and maintained • Ensure Circulating Water Pumps are ready for Startup • Ensure system valves are properly aligned • Ensure support systems are available for service. Return to Review Questions .

• Valve in instrument air and cooling water.Circulating Water Pump • Rack in pump and valve breakers • OPEN each pump’s suction valve • Verify motor bearing oil level’s are ok. • CLOSE the circulating water cross-tie Circulating Water Pumps Return to Review Questions .

De-ice Cooling Tower If Required Return to Review Questions .