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I. Family Family Group of people who are united by marital and blood ties who share socio-economic residence. ot everyone passes through these stages smoothly. !ituations such as severe illness, financial problems, or the death of a loved one can have an effect on how well you pass through the stages. "ortunately, if you miss skills in one stage, you can learn them in later stages. skills helps you work through the changes that nearly every family goes through.

Types of Families according to: 1. Nuclear – husband and wife with children. 2. Extended - compose of two or more nuclear families, economically and socially related. B. Based on Descent 1. Bilateral – reckoning of the descent on father’s and mother’s side. 2. Patrileneal- reckoning of the descent of father’s family. 3. Matrileneal – involves the reckoning of the descent through the mother’s family. C. Based on Residence 1. Patrilocal – living near the husband’s family. 2. Neolocal – independent 3. Matrilocal – living near the wife’s family. D. Based on Authority 1. Patriarchy – vested power in the oldest male, usually father. 2. Matriarchy – vested power in the oldest female, usually mother. 3. Equilibarium – vested power on mother’s kin 4. Matricenter – power vested on mother’s due to prolonged absence of power. First stage: #ingle Adult #ou are a single adult with a world full of possibilities open to you$ #ou might still be in your late teens, soon to complete college or you might have completed your education and started working. #ou might be feeling such a %umble of emotions right now- e&citement and happiness about being independent, fear about the unknown future and the new responsibilities you have to take on or loneliness because you are on your own and not in a relationship. 'll these feelings are part of the transition from adolescence to adulthood are a natural part of becoming a mature individual in charge of your own life.

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The emotional and intellectual stages you pass through from childhood to your retirement years as a member of a family are called the family life cycle. In each stage, you face challenges in your family life that cause you to build or gain new skills. Gaining these

The most important tasks you need to achieve in this stage for your wellbeing are( • 'chieving your own identity, separate from that of your family • )hoosing an occupation to engage in • *ecoming independent, emotionally and financially

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if worked out. It is normal for every couple. social and spiritual 6 "acilitating children to develop peer relationships 8ike marriage. financial and household tasks. 1motionally accepting the new member into the family isn’t hard initially because babies come to us in cute innocent packages that open our hearts. none of us grew up with a te&t book for becoming good parents. building deeper intimacy and companionship for later life. academics. 0n the one hand they are too old to be treated as kids and on the other hand they are too young to be treated as adults – and 'n individual who has been able to achieve a stable. we may long for privacy and time with our spouse. The below are common issues every couple may face during the transition from singlehood to a well ad%usted couple. This period sets the stage for the future of your marriage.hatever your situation. either were we taught in school about how to lead the 4happily ever after’ dream which we were e&posed to. The responsibility to take care of another life may seem overwhelming yet you wonder how you lived your life so far without this baby. !oon as the baby grows. play.2 • )hoosing a life partner one on us grew up with a manual or te&t book for accomplishing the above tasks and making a marriage work. 6 1motionally accepting new members into the system 6 7ealigning your relationships with your e&tended family to include parenting and grand parenting roles. The most important tasks that you and your spouse need to accomplish in this stage for a stable future are( • • • • • • • 1stablishing a home. -erhaps some of you are married for several months and don’t have kids as yet. often contribute positively to the relationship. children and even retired life$ The first year of marriage can be especially tough. !o we learn on the %ob. role of grandparents. marital issues. to have struggles or issues. often feeling we’re not good enough. The transition from singlehood to a &ne% couple' The period between your wedding day and your first child is perhaps one of the most important stages of your life. Fourth #tage: Couple %ith Teenagers This is one of the most challenging stages for you as parents. Therefore it is natural to have struggles when two different people suddenly live and ad%ust to each other. . intellectual. the ability to choose a partner and enter a healthy committed relationship depends on your level of emotional maturity and separation from the family. These struggles. work. sibling rivalry. 'part from the emotional stress. not merely building a house *uilding intimacy and a deep friendship 2anaging conflict and learning to fight fair 3eciding on single or dual careers egotiating relationships with each other’s families and friends 'greeing on independent interests 'greeing on becoming parents 2 . 'n individual who is unable to do so often makes life choices either acceding to the family wishes or rebelling against them. 9ow you treat your teenager has important and long term conse:uences that are critical to the wellbeing of your child throughout adulthood. stress and work life balance take center stage. confused and helpless about how to deal with them. evertheless. challenges also grow – child care. you may have reali/ed by now that your life has probably changed after your wedding day – for the better or worse. *eing able to choose an occupation which gives you satisfaction also depends on what basis your choice has been made-on the basis of your own interests and abilities or on the basis of what your family or wellwishers say. emotional. 'nd suddenly balancing between our baby.s emotional process. in the middle of the night we may wonder what we’ve gotten ourselves into. independent identity is able to become healthy personal and professional choices which promote his+her well-being. e&tended family and time with us seem daunting. It is possible that you may be feeling a whole range of emotions – from e&citement to nervousness about this new %ourney. The most important tasks that you and your spouse need to accomplish in this stage for the wellbeing of your family are( 6 'd%usting your marital system to make space for your children.%uggling childrearing. !imilarly. school. discipline. 6 urturing the child in all areas –physical. we ad%ust the marital system to make space for our children . Third #tage: Couple %ith Children *ecoming a parent is one of the most beautiful yet challenging e&periences in the world. #ou probably feel scared. 0r maybe you haven’t e&perienced any change as yet. #econd #tage: $e% Couple #ou’re no longer single. irrespective of how made for each other they may feel. spouse. 5nfortunately.

This is often difficult in our culture. It is not only because your child is on his own but also because this stage may force you to look within for a new identity and a read%ustment in the relationship with your spouse. The family relationship is bigger than the relationships among the individual members. and educates the child. read%usting and relooking at your marriage. To reach a harmonious family relationship.to make them feel that you are for them.s personality. The most important tasks that you as a parent need to accomplish in this stage are( • • • • • • 7ecogni/e your son+daughter as a young adult 9elp your son+daughter to share their plans with you *e open about your son+daughter’s ideas and needs 1mbrace a new identity 7efocus on your marriage and resolve issues kept hidden over the years 7ekindle your marriage and career goals These are common struggles faced by many people at the later stage of life. The way your family members deal with you has a lifelong effect on man. #i)th #tage: Families in later life 3 . . old age doesn’t have to be boring. It is the unit which builds up a person. " "M"$T# *F A #+CC"##F+ FAMI ! IF" The family forms the basic unit of social organi/ation. it is natural to feel lonely. . before enforcing rules -rovide support in the process of the adolescent finding their identity 3eal with the sense of loss of earlier attachment patterns with your child 'd%usting family relationships to focus on mid-life and career issues Taking on responsibility for caring for families of origin #ou may be someone who dreads the stereotype of old age – rigid. one doesn’t have to live life in the later part with boredom. relating to children and grandchildren are all areas that are enriching yet challenging in this stage.hatever your situation. life review. meaningful and creative way. discovering your own meaning to life. The family welds an environment which surrounds. boring. reminiscence and integration Taking on responsibility for caring for families of origin Fifth #tage: aunching children and mo(ing on If you are in this stage of seeing your child launch out. dreadful or negative as how cultural and media images have made us to believe. The contribution of each individual to the family results in a "sum bigger than the collective parts." and is sometimes put first in everyone. In many cases. a family must be as order as it should. old fashioned. empty. however the advantages. possibilities and opportunities one can e&perience in this stage are often greater than any other stage in life.ith these factors. useless and burdensome. The most important tasks that you as a parent need to accomplish in this stage are( • 1ncourage autonomy yet provide parental guidance • Increase the fle&ibility of family boundaries and modulate parental authority • • • • • 7eview your own standards and attitudes about se&uality. without reali/ing them as stereotypes. issues that were not resolved in the early days of marriage may resurface as the child no longer serves as an escape route. trains. dependency.3 you wonder what can you do or not do .s priorities. guilt or frustration. 0r you could be someone who is living under in these conditions. Therefore this stage demands its own set of needs and tasks. enriching. there are plenty of opportunities and possibilities in later life to live in a fun. 7etirement.s personality. This stage too comes with its own challenges and constraints. Instead. senile. The most important tasks that you need to accomplish in this stage are( • )oping with physiological decline and illness • 'd%usting to life and spouse after retirement • • • • 'd%usting to children taking a more central role in family maintenance 3ealing with the loss of spouse and peers -reparation for death. we must obtain the elements that The most important goal in this stage is to start seeing your son+daughter as a young adult and no longer as a child. worried or even depressed. review of your life. and not against them. "ortunately.

#ou need a sound outlook in life to face the daily challenges. 4. video gaming. Features of a Desira-le . The family is giving the value of independence. information.ierarchy of $eeds. feelings.ommunication -Television. Roles and Responsi-ilities of each mem-er of the family Role-position occupied in a group Responsi-ility-' duty or obligation to satisfactorily perform or complete a task >assigned by someone. Father       Mother II.< the urge to attain a degree of importance emerges. radio and more recently. 0nce a person has net the lower physiological and safety needs. 1ach family member gets to know the other and is aware of the uni:ue developmental changes each member is e&periencing. you start having mi&ed feelings about yourself. which are energi/ed moments of profound happiness and harmony. !elf actuali/ed people tend to have motivators such as Truth. "riendships and self-initiated relationships outside the family are nurtured and developed. secured shelter from the environment. and which has a conse:uent penalty for failure. the people around you and the events that make a typical teenager’s world. cooperation and acceptance. movies. They must have the capacity to sustain life (phy iolo!ical need " with afety # ecurity need such as healthy foods. clean clothes and water.isdom and 2eaning. newspapers.s motivation theory. *t home -0ur home is our first school where we learn the basic lessons in life such as love. !elf-actuali/ed people have fre:uent occurrences of peak e&periences. children imitate and learn what they see in the adults of their lives. respect.     "ountain of love.4 comprise a successful family living. 3. !ocial needs are those related to interaction with others and may include friendship. in life 's you gradually grow up into an adult. te&ting and the internet can be powerful enough to affect their life. care and affection 2anager of the household )hild’s first teacher -lans the menu 9ead of the family -rincipal breadwinner 3ecision maker 9elps the mother manage the family Takes charge the heavy household tasks 3isciplines the children 4 . 'fter a person feels that they <belong. 9e starts comparing himself with his friends and wonders why his concept of life is different from theirs. belonging to a group. E teem need becomes increasingly important. as one grows psychologically there are always new opportunities to continue to grow. ' couple who wants to establish a family must be economically stable. Factors that influence one's outloo. 5nlike lower needs. $elf%actuali&ation is the summit of 2aslow. 'n the mother( )omb -The mothers feeling of love or insecurity can be passed on to the unborn child. steady employment and health insurance in order to satisfy the offer basic to e&istence and to be free from the threat of physical and emotional harm. 2. . obedience. they will learn to e&perience %oy themselves.ome De(eloping a sound outloo. The success of good parenting is defined by how well offspring function on their own as independent adults. note first the . 'n $chool and amon! +riend -Teachers and the circle of friends of a teenager wield much influence on his behavior. . *efore coming up to a good relationship. -ersonal initiative. or created by one. personal e&periences and thoughts of the members are shared openly and freely. The first level of higher level needs is ocial need . higher level motivators awaken and a family can now be established. good character and achievement are rewarded.ithin this entity. ' person has already had a self respect and can now accomplish things by himself. maga/ines. Media and . 'lso. If they are surrounded with older people who are happy and en%oying life. this need is never fully satisfied.s full potential as a person. =ustice.s own promise or circumstances? that one must fulfill. in life 1. and giving and receiving love. It is about the :uest of reaching one.

This certainly wouldn’t lead to much happiness within the family unit. e&pression. we all occasionally say things we wish we hadn’t and non of us are perfect. 9olding a grudge. If you’ve ever watched a toddler even for a couple of minutes you’d see that :uality shine through. love. )hildren have a natural curiosity. Family /alues 9ow do you define family (alues@ In our home family values are rules or ideals that. K. #es. Fle)i-ility. *eing a cohesive family could mean that you spend every spare minute together doing family activities but keep in mind that everyone is different. body language and effective listening. D. E. Through generosity we build empathy since we tend to think more about what people want or need. This is a bit more difficult to define. !mall issues grow into larger ones and when they eventually boil to the surface it’s unlikely they will be resolved calmly. Curiosity. J. Ieep in mind that everyone makes mistakes. It is not some feeling that randomly washes over you when you feel the other person has GsufferedH enough. I think it’s important to encourage and push our kids and even ourselves to be curious about things.onesty. we agree to live by and stay true to. gain some understanding and move on. ' failure to communicate will likely lead to unhappiness and misunderstandings. 7ead about a topic you know very little about and don’t be afraid to say you don’t know. !trong and consistent family values are important in building trust and confidence in each family member. needs. L. It is important that each member of my family feel that they are loved. A. attention or even some of your possessions. contributing member to society.ithout honesty a deeper connection will not form and certainly won’t last. work or other social settings. is not conducive to a close family with mutual respect. that they belong and that they matter. the happier your family will be for it. The more fle&ibility you have in decision making. )ommunication is a lot more than simply speaking your mind. husband-wife. It also means acknowledging and valuing everyone’s thoughts. . If we lose it and get angry when we’re told what has happened the other person will be more likely to hide it from you ne&t time simply to avoid the disrespect. Belonging. *eing generous doesn’t mean simply handing over money to someone in need.5  9elps earn living and make decisions  !upervises and does housekeeping Children       'cknowledge and respect the authority of the parents )ooperate in household responsibilities 2ust share their earnings with the family !hould take care of the parents 0bey parents Getting good grades in !chool 7espect is indeed earned and there is a very fine line between it and fear. . 7espect as an important family value will e&tend out of the home and into school. )oming together for special occasions and holidays and %ust spending time together as a family is what helps build that sense of belonging. "or my family. 8ife is too short. "or some that curiosity wanes. schedules and structure in my family to help maintain some level of sanity. 5 . 1ncourage honesty by practicing understanding and respect when someone tells you of their wrong doings. as a family. . and preferences in to account when making decisions. Giving without thinking Gwhat’s in it for meH is an important value for anyone wanting to be a responsible. 2other-daughter. 9aving strong well defined family values helps solidify the foundation for a strong. sister-brother. )ritical thinking is an important skill that can be learned and developed through e&ploring your own curiosity. Imagine one member of the family always thinking they are right and enforcing their way of doing things. Respect. "orgiving people who have wronged you is an important choice to make. In addition to spoken words.hen cultivated long enough this closeness provides a soft place to fall when life doesn’t go according to plan. It can also include giving your time. The only way to earn and keep someone’s respect is to first show them respect yourself. communication also e&tends to tone. feelings and contributions to the family as a whole. forgiveness is a choice. Communication is as much an art as it is a science. C. 8ots of them. . 9ow do we spark our curiosity@ 'sk :uestions. This is the foundation of any relationships that are meant to last. volume. This can be tough since a lot of us tend to e:uate forgiveness with saying what you did was okay. for e&ample. 2enerosity. *ut too much structure and the unwillingness to give a little can result in a lot of unhappiness and resentment. to respect each other is to take feelings. Get issues out in the open. 7efer to value D communication. )reating a strong family unit is great but each person should be allowed the space and freedom to e&plore the activities they think they may en%oy. They are not the same thing. 7arely should we ever %ust take someone’s word for it. tight knit family. F. I’m all for order. Communication. thoughts.ere are my top 01 essential family (alues. Forgi(eness. -eople are more courageous and more willing to take chances if they know they have a safe place to come back to when things don’t :uite work out. The list of essential family values would be a mile long no doubt and the top AB lists for each family would be as uni:ue as the one that came up with it. eye contact.

Time and energy are two important human resources. collecting. !o choosing a family hobby that the entire family will en%oy will re:uire some soul searching. return phone calls or meet deadlines. . 'ttitudes are the established ways of responding to people and situations that we have learned based on the beliefs. . because it will be a frustrating e&perience for everyone which will be counterproductive to the purpose of the activity. dreams. travel. and research. To call him resourceful. These are less tangible and cannot be easily determined. pu//les. available to all persons regardless of caste.s spark of passion is lit. gardening. !tart out with a broad area of interest or a combination of possible hobbies and interests such as nature. elaborate or a lot of work. They are limited and very fre:uently used at home for productive purposes. or people ought to behave. This sense of responsibility e&tends well into adulthood. Family Attitudes DIFF"R"$C" B"T3""$ ATTIT+D" A$D /A +"# Nalues are about how we have learned to think about how things ought to be. It may also be possessed by the members of the family. cooking. !o those are my top AB family values. !ome of the human resources like abilities and skills are often not recognised tend to be over looked. sports. creed. wealth and status. "rom there. ' hobby is an activity with an intensity and a purpose which involves your heart as well as your mind and body. 'n adult who has an intrinsic sense of responsibility doesn’t re:uire a lot of prodding to show up to work on time. attitude. values and assumptions we hold. 9ow we respond to situations and our behavior can reflect our attitude. 9owever. and that its purpose will be to e&pand and develop a particular skill or ability re:uired to en%oy the hobby that will improve your :uality of life. The first goal will be to nail down some area of interest that everyone truly en%oys. successes or failures – all without %udgment. I think traditions are what make a family uni:ue. 7esponsibility is something that is learned. !ome of us are and some of us are decidedly less so. music. conversations of discovery.e’d all like to be considered responsible people. M. we can control our behavior in a way that does not reflect our beliefs and values. history. they dra% people together and create a sense of -elonging for e(eryone . volunteering. 2any people independently en%oy hobbies that do not include their family because the interest is uni:uely their own and not shared by their family members. This discovery process for uncovering potential family hobbies and interests will entail asking a lot of :uestions of yourself as well as the other family members.6 I would argue that this is the most important value for families to have. art. crafts. knowledge. 1n%oying a family hobby together is one of the greatest ways for a family to spend :uality time with each other. occupational status. energy and time. 's a child you may have been shown how to put your toys away after playing. It can be something as simple as a la/y !aturday morning sipping coffee and chatting or an annual fondue dinner to ring in the new year. we have to adapt our behavior in a positive manner. o one should ever be coerced to participate in a hobby for which they have no personal passion. Traditions. especially in terms of :ualities such as honesty. which contribute to the overall well-being of the family. Responsi-ility. If you don’t currently have traditions in your family. This is by far the most fun for me. 0f course there are others I’ll be incorporating but these are the most important to me. create them$ 'll traditions started with one person why not let your family traditions start with you@ Get creative and have fun. it is referred. if a family member possess the ability or talent of playing a musical instrument 6 . continue to break the areas of interest down with more :uestions and conversations until you reach that ecstatic moment when everyone. 1veryone gets their mind off of stressful work and studies while en%oying an activity for which you all share a passion. construction or building. AB. ot only will you discover a hobby activity through which your family can spend endless hours of mutual en%oyment as you bond together. skills. Family Interest "amily hobbies can develop into great family bonding e&periences if the interests among the family members are similar. Family Resources 4Types of resources 7esources may be classified into two categories >A? 9uman and >C? on-human. which when people are asked what their values are tend to be the main values. animals. how to tidy your room or how and when to feed the dog. it’s encouraging and strengthens the bond. ' family hobby is much more than sharing a family game or an occasional outing together as it will create lifelong family bonding through meaningful personal e&periences and memories. . etc. fears. in terms of education. which in order to embrace a diverse culture and behaviors as a successful manager. !etting out individual responsibilities for family members works to instill this :uality in everyone. #our intentions propose that you engage in a meaningful relationship with the activity. the discovery process involving enriched family communications along the way will help each of you to discover things about yourselves and each other that will promote personal growth and may open doors to greater understanding e&pressed by inspiration and motivational support of each other. cars. integrity and openness. "or e&ample. Traditions don’t need to be e&pensive.uman Resources refer to those attributes and :ualities which an individual possess.hen people feel they can talk openly about anything – hopes.

The most import$ 7esources of the community are hospitals. or ta&es. e&cess debt. $on5human or material resources are those tangible resources which are available to you for use.au e 2any families e&perience financial problems because they don. education. . 0ut of all the family resources. -ositive attitude helps one towards success. from one point of view. %ob loss and healthcare cost as the most important financial problems families face. now-a-days human energy is substituted by other types of energy. but are not part of you. willingness to e&periment and to accept changes. libraries. 0ther causes of family financial problems include addiction. 'll these human resources help the family in achieving short-term as well as long term goals. B. some resources can be considered as being both material and human resources. Inowledge is a valuable human resource that can be built up constantly. 0ptimism. . !ometimes disagreements over money become so severe that they lead to divorce. Implement good record keeping practices. !imilarly. counseling guidance etc. material resources include every thing possessed by the family as well as things possessed by the community to which the family belongs. when labour is hired or e&changed for money. "amilies to worry more about basic economic problems than they do about specific concerns. They are the money. The world’s population seemed unstoppable although we are in digital age. 5ncontrollable factors such as unemployment can add to families. whereas negative attitude tend to prevent from reaching the goal. Pre/ention0$olution *ecause the financial problems affect the whole family.e ult "amily financial problems can lead to stress. A. garbage disposal and drainage. teaching chili and repairing your furniture. 9owever. if used it commercially. 1very family is uni:ue with its own combination of strengths and weaknesses. !ome couples fight over spending habits instead of searching for solutions to their moneyrelated issues. "rom another point of view. . social welfare.t have good money management skills and make unwise decisions about how to use income and credit. 0ver the years severe social problems created these alarming problems in housing. gas etc. have a meeting to e&plain the financial issue and make a plan to solve it. co-operative stores. 'nd sometimes families are blindsided by a huge upheaval such as a mental or physical illness. They are easily identified limited in their available and essential for the achievement of most goals. goods and propel In fact.7 effectively. emotional problems and stress that lead to irrational spending patterns. )hildren may feel caught in the middle of the arguments. health and sanitation. inside and outside the family are also considered as one of the mi powerful human resources especially during family crisis. parks. 's such they are forced to live in houses that don’t provide comfort and convenience and proper sanitation. the cost of owning or renting a home. or an addiction. a %ob loss. 8ack of communication can cause problems when shopping gets out of control.electricity. markets. the most commonly used resources are time energy and money III. These resources are constantly utilised by the family that helps it to provide the benefits at reasonable cost. !pace to build houses in cities continues to plummet each year and if ever houses are built many of them were built using inferior materials. used along with the time and energy at your disposal. 'ttitudes are the feelings or opinions which can stimulate or retard an action. or singing and dancing. time and energy can be classified as human resource. or doing anything artistic one can achieve some of the family goals related to self development and effective of leisure time along with some financial benefit. some of the e&ample of positive attitude. !ometimes families get overwhelmed by what seems like an endless list of challenges when it comes to %uggling work. knowledge is const. If 7 . then establish priorities and stick to them. In third world countries and developing countries there is some problems with regards to water and power supply. such as the high gas and oil prices. school and colleges. Financial 6ro-lems -ype The types of family problems are lack of money. there are millions of people worldwide that are affected with housing problems. and feel guilt when they benefit from purchases or disappointment when money problems prevent them from having certain things. as utili/ed in every level of work starting from planning a nutritive diet. )reate a budget to eliminate debt and save money. one faces at situations of life that leads to better outcome.ousing 6ro-lems "amilies and the government should work hand and hand to help curb the rising housing problems. religion guidance. There are some other human resources which are provided by the community such as the facilities of hospitals. needs. If the housewife cannot do all her work by herself she can employ a servant to do her work. school and individual family members. playground. financial problems. "or anything you do at home or outside. "or e&ample. recreational centers. 7elationships. Common 6ro-lems "ncounter -y the Family There is no such thing as the perfect family. they can be considered as material resource as for instance. electricity. transport facilities etc.

They cannot also afford to even rent a house or an apartment and this will force them to build a house in a private land as s:uatters which will be a cause of land disputes in the future. 'rticle AA>A? of the I)1!)7 provides that <!tates -arties to the present )ovenant recogni/e the right of everyone to an ade:uate standard of living for himself and his family. 9ousing fulfills physical needs by providing security and shelter from weather and climate. has been diagnosed with an illness.Illness 8ife is going along smoothly when all of the sudden you hit a bump in the road. There are some times when we %ust don.hilst many become malevolent others will be contented living and muddle through the already congested s:uatter areas.< 8 . -eople from the villages will attempt to make both ends meet by finding their luck in urban areas to seek better employment and an opportunity to have better income to sustain their needs and wants. Gthe ants will go to a place where there is sugar. unannounced. International #tandards The right to ade:uate housing is founded and recogni/ed under international law. then.t want to be bothered. -*e a source of strength for the patient in the family. 1ssential to the achievement of this standard and therefore to the fulfillment of human life beyond simple survival is access to ade:uate housing. especially children. it is important to talk with our children about being ready for one. Ade8uate .ater "irst 'id D. I/. . the right to ade:uate housing has been codified in other ma%or international human rights treaties. -rostitutes.t neglect other family members. 1nunciated under article CF>A? of the 5niversal 3eclaration of 9uman 7ights. *ut most ended up unfortunate and most languishes in the pit of despair.ere are the causes of housing pro-lems: Migration of people to ur-an areas from rural areas .hat do you do@ -1ducate yourself and your family about the recently diagnosed illness. including ade:uate . -2ake them aware that you are not a bank -2ake guests with children be accountable -1ncourage them to clean up their own messes " . at least by certain people. 9ousing problems breeds undesirable elements thus it is significant to know its causes. criminals and the like are the testament of this worse scenario that afflicts many urban areas worldwide.s %ust face it. there is a big possibility that they will s:uat. C. -Take advantage of all support organi/ations for your loved ones medical condition.8 housing problems is not addressed many would be vulnerable to weather and calamities and even different forms of sicknesses will inevitably surface. ' loved one. .hy. "mergencies 2uch as we hate to think about disasters.H and this is very true. . 6o(erty due unemployment – 2a%ority of the people who are unemployed have problems building a house for their family. . If a family is not earning well there is great chance that they will not be able to come up with houses that can support their needs. . 's the "ilipino saying goes. spouse. manufacturing firms and business establishments will be erected. 1veryone shares the right to a decent standard of living. Ro-ust population gro%th – 's an urban area develops it will also e:uate to a rapid increase in population. !ome of these workers will then try to bring their family and if they cannot be able to afford to buy a lot and build a house. Industriali7ation – 's an urban area progresses more and more companies. -3on. housing. It fulfills psychological needs by providing a sense of personal space and privacy.orkers then would find ways to save on transportation by finding houses for rent near their work. -In )ase of 1mergency >I)1? "ood . Governments claim lack of capacity and resources to implement programs and undertake reforms aimed at creating the conditions for e&panding access to housing. and to the continuous improvement of living conditions. In many societies. on our doorstep and overstay their welcome@ -Insist upon advance notice -*e hospitable in a moderate way. The right to ade:uate housing therefore provides a uni:ue paradigm for monitoring the steps taken by states towards the provision of housing through citi/ens’ demands and insistence upon the fulfillment of this basic human right. . child or other relative. 9ow do you cope@ . If people go to the urban areas and end up with nothing they may resort to illegal and criminal activities in order to survive.ousing 3espite global recognition of the importance of housing to human welfare and survival. the basic unit of society. it is estimated that over one billion people live in inade:uate housing while over ABB million people are homeless. it also fulfills economic needs by functioning as a center for commercial production. 9aving a plan about what to do and where to meet will help you all remain calm when disaster strikes. does it seem that these are the very folks who show up. 2uest /isitors 8et. It fulfills social needs by providing a gathering area and communal space for the human family.

social.is a place where you are loved unconditionally . all of which should be available at an affordable cost. ade:uate lighting. Gender and agespecific factors such as the e&posure of women and children to to&ic substances should also be considered in this conte&t. provided for in international instruments< and recogni/ed in this conte&t <an obligation by Governments to enable people to obtain :uality housing and to protect and improve dwellings and neighborhoods. old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control. G9" and 5 9abitat set standards for each country that it enters.to ta. the house in which one lives with his family. . ade:uate basic infrastructure. esp. security of tenure. the house in which one lives.ind9 -ut especially: a -uilding or edifice for the ha-itation of man9 a d%elling place: a mansion.I I66I$"# a. suitable environmental :uality and health-related factors. as environmental and economic factors.is where the heart is . housing and medical care and necessary social services.s family in a comforta-le home9 to house farming utensils9 to house cattle. ade:uate security. also. . #ingle unit or detached house a free-standing residential building -. one's birthplace. structural stability and durability. disability.*+#"# I$ T.< >'rticle CF>A?? )entral to the <7ight to the )ity< is the definition of the right to ade:uate housing. the habitual abode of one's family.is where your heart is most happy . and the right to security in the event of unemployment. 'de:uate shelter should be determined while keeping in mind the prospect for gradual development.ome – is located in the place you are best at adapting in.. such as water supply. heating and ventilation. ade:uate space. sanitation and waste management facilities. . . widowhood.uman Rights: <1veryone has the right to a standard of living ade:uate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family. . including food." 6.a structure intended or used as a ha-itation or shelter for animals of any .is where you feel safe and protected .9 The +ni(ersal Declaration of . adopted by all 5nited ations member states in the 9abitat 'genda. clothing.hat :ualifies as ade:uate shelter can vary from country to country since it depends on such criteria as cultural. T!6"# *F . Duple) - a structure in which two housing units share a common central wall c. sickness. It also means ade:uate privacy.One's own dwelling place. 2ember states affirmed their commitment <to the full and progressive reali/ation of the right to ade:uate housing. and ade:uate and accessible location with regard to work and basic facilities. physical accessibility.< The 9abitat 'genda defines <ade:uate housing< as <more than a roof over one.e or put into a house9 to shelter under a roof9 to co(er from the in clemencies of the %eather9 to protect -y co(ering9 as: to house one. Ro% house usually four or more homes built side by side with the dividing walls being common on each 9 .s head.ouse .

It should be strongly built and safe enough. construction. It should have facilities for working. It should be located conveniently. A. <itchen -. F. and height. etc.ousehold si7e and composition 5 . such as a s:uare. mass. Bungalo% ' type of house which is built in only one level >onestorey? 6ART# *F T. degrees of lightness or darkness. Condominium 0ne of a group of housing units where each homeowner owns their individual unit space. The rooms must provide privacy to the family members. and all the dwelling share ownership of areas of common use. it has length and breadth. Bathroom= Comfort room ' room for bathing. e. length as well as width. ' room for preparing food Dirty . width and depth. width. @. electrical connections.are shapes that are flat on the page. entertaining visitors.ousing A. . It can be viewed from many sides. A. /A +" . consisting of a bathtub or a shower. #ite of the house .three dimensional space. and a toilet • -)o%dimen ional . 8ines are the first element of art and are continuous marks that are made on any surface with a moving point. *edrooms must provide privacy to family members. B. $eeds of the family 5 . triangle. AA. D. -hree%dimen ional – an ob%ect that has height. "lements of Art Inowing the basics of the elements of art can help any artist to create a well-balanced and beautiful work of art. circle.10 d. sleeping. 0.itchen 'n outdoor kitchen i(ing room ' room for rela&ing and sociali/ing c. • Features= >ualities of an Ade8uate . J.ouse A. C. E. regardless of what is 10 . the space of the house should coincide with the numbers of the family members or to the people that will live together. e. It should have enough storage space. K.is the way that a painting actually feels to the touch. thus meeting the family’s needs.A6" . M. Four . L. • • • vertical lines hori/ontal lines diagonal lines d. AB. It must have an ade:uate supply of water in all times. #i7e of the house 5 The si/e of the house should provide an ade:uate space to cater for the various household activities. @. Cost of the housing 5 The bigger the house the higher its cost. volume. Its design. rectangle. It must be well-lighted and well-ventilated. B. #.The te&ture is the :uality of a surface or the way any work of art is represented." . ?.' shape always has two dimensions. Bedroom a private room where people usually sleep for the night or rela& during the day ?.inds of Basic Te)ture:  *ctual texture . Factors to consider in choosing an Ade8uate . and other features should be accident-proof.This is a mark that is made on a surface. . 0b%ects that are D-3 have length. T"CT+R" . The dining room and kitchen must always be clean and wellmaintained.*+#" a. F*RM . It should have a study area conductive to learning. like any ob%ect in the real world. I$" .refers to the changes in the base color. There are certain needs of the family and these needs should be catered in choosing a house.It is wise to choose those sites that are near in different establishments and institution.

11 in the painting. swirls. $imulated texture . M*/"M"$T – how the eye moves through the composition. Asymmetrical FinformalG – by using different by e:ually attracting features on either side of the composition. ?. or any other pattern to fill in various areas of a drawing to create a design concept   D. value and intensity E. the hue. BA A$C" 5 It is a reconciliation of opposing forces in a composition that results in visual stability. 2RADATI*$ .is the creation of visual perspective. "M6.a gradual passing from one tint or shade to another. D. checks. )an create the illusion of action. @. dashes. or alternation in elements to create movement and interest. dot.The use of line. leading the attention of the viewer from one aspect of the work to another. #6AC" .a te&ture drawn to look like the real thing. R.  *b tract texture % Te&ture that does not directly represent the ob%ect it is connected with but the concept of the ob%ect is translated in te&tural patterns. #ymmetrical FformalG 5balance refers to using the e&act same characteristics in the same position on either side of the composition. There are three properties of color. E. 6R*6*RTI*$ – si/e relationships of one part to another part or to the whole. 'n/ented texture . 11 . 6rinciples of Design 0. like a mirror image.!T.A#I# FFocal 6ointG – 'rtists use emphasis to make certain parts of their artwork stand out and grab your attention. C* *R . A.how eyes perceive reflected light off an ob%ect. cells.M – regular repetition of. this gives the illusion of depth. Radial Balance 5 is when the elements radiate from the center.