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Authentic Hadith pertaining to

DEATH
Extracted from Imam Nawawis Reference The Gardens of Righteousness
translated and resented !" #ha"$h Ahmad Darwish% Anne &'hadei(ah) #te hens Allah*com +uhammad*com +os,ue*com -./01234.3 Darwish 5amil"* All rights reser6ed

788'
DEATH IT AND RE#TRAINING

8NE:#

DE#IRE 58R

Allah, the Exalted says: Every soul shall taste death. You shall be paid your wages in full on the Day of Resurrection. hoever is re!oved fro! "ell and is ad!itted to #aradise shall prosper, for the worldly life is nothing but the en$oy!ent of delusion. %:&'( )oran *o soul +nows what he will earn to!orrow, and no soul +nows in what land it will die. -urely, Allah is the )nower, the Aware.. %&:%/ )oran ..... when their ter! is co!e, they shall neither delay it by a single hour, nor can they hasten it.. &0:0& )oran 1elievers, do not let either your possessions or your children divert you fro! the Re!e!brance of Allah. 2hose who do that shall be the losers. -o spend of that with which e have provided you before death co!es upon any of you and he then says: 34 !y 5ord, if only You would defer !e to a near ter!, so that 6 could give in charity and be a!ong the good7doers.3. 0%:87&& )oran 9ntil, when death co!es to one of the! he says:

3:y 5ord, let !e go bac+ that 6 should do righteousness in that 6 forsoo+.3 *o; 6t is only a word which he will spea+. 1ehind the! there shall stand a barrier till the Day that they shall be resurrected. And when the "orn is blown, on that Day the ties of +indred shall be no !ore, nor will they as+ each other. 2hose whose scales are heavy shall prosper, but those whose scales are light shall forfeit their souls and live in <ehenna ="ell> for ever. 2he fire lashes their faces and therein are shriveled lips. = e shall say>, 3 ere :y verses not recited to you, and did you not belie the!?3 35ord,3 they will reply,3 adversity prevailed over us and we were erring. 4ur 5ord bring us out of it. 6f we return =to sin>, then we shall indeed be har!doers.3 "e will say, 3-lin+ there in it and do not spea+ to :e. A!ong :y worshipers there were a party who said, @5ord, we believed. Aorgive us and have !ercy on us: You are the 1est of the !erciful.B 1ut you too+ the! for laughing7stoc+, !oc+ing at the!, until they caused you to forget :y re!e!brance. 2oday 6 shall reco!pense the! for their patience, for it is they who have won. And "e will as+, 3"ow !any years did you live on earth?C 2hey will reply, 3A day, or part of a day, as+ those who have +ept count.3 "e will say, 3You have tarried a little, did you +now? Did you thin+ that e had created you only for play, and that you would never be returned to 9s?3. D%:887&&( )oran 6s it not ti!e that the hearts of the believers be hu!bled to the Re!e!brance of Allah and the truth which "e has sent down? 2hey should not be li+e those who were given the 1oo+ before this, whose ti!e beca!e very long so that their hearts beca!e hardened? :any of the! were i!pious.. (E:&0 )oran

;HAT THE <R8<HET A<<R8A=HED

#AID

A#

DEATH

THE DEATH OF THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH, praise and peace be upon him |H 924 She, (Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah e pleased with her!, heard the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, say, as he rested a%ai"st her i" his last ill"ess, &' Allah, for%ive me a"d have mer#y o" me a"d (oi" me with the e)alted *ompa"io"+,B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to Lady Ayesha wife of the Prophet, may Allah e pleased with her, Mother of Believers, who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

SUPPL !AT ON OF THE PROPHET "HEN DEATH APPROA!HED |H 92/ She, (Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah e pleased with her!, o served the Prophet whe" he was i" the throes of death+ He p$t his ha"d i" a #$p of water whi#h was #lose to him a"d wiped his fa#e with it, sayi"%, 0Allah, help me over the hardship a"d a%o"y of death+01
2irmidhi with a #hai" $p to Lady Ayesha wife of the Prophet, may Allah e pleased with her, Mother of Believers, who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

DEATH |H /34 5emem er ofte" the termi"ator of pleas$res (death!+1


2irmidhi with a #hai" $p to A $ H$rairah who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

S !#NESS AND HEALTH, L FE AND DEATH |H /66 2he Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, too. hold of i " 'mar y his sho$lders a"d said, &Be i" the world as if yo$ are a stra"%er or a traveler+,1 7 " 'mar wo$ld say, -8he" eve"i"% arrives do "ot loo. forward to the mor"i"% a"d whe" mor"i"% arrives do "ot loo. forward to the eve"i"%+ 9$ri"% health prepare for ill"ess, a"d while yo$ are alive prepare for death+B$.hari with a #hai" $p to i " 'mar who related this hadith+

!LOTHES OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him |H /:: Lady Ayesha, may Allah e pleased with her, showed $s a sheet a"d a #oarse loi";#loth a"d told $s that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, was weari"% them whe" he passed away+1
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to A $ M$sa Ash0ari who related this+

MPORTAN!E OF A " LL |H /63 7f a M$slim has somethi"% to leave as a" i"herita"#e he sho$ld "ot let eve" two "i%hts pass witho$t e)e#$ti"% a writte" will+1
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to A d$llah, the so" of 'mar who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

#EEP $OUR " LL HAND$ |H /69 A M$slim sho$ld "ot pass more tha" three "i%hts witho$t havi"% writte" his will+1 7 " 'mar said, &<ver si"#e 7 heard the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, say this 7 have "ot let a "i%ht pass witho$t havi"% my will y me+se#o"d part is fo$"d i" M$slim

SHORTNESS OF L FE |H /3: 2he Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, drew some li"es, a"d the" poi"ti"% to a li"e said, &2his li"e is the h$ma", a"d this is his life spa", while he is as s$#h the "earest li"e overta.es him+B$.hari with a #hai" $p to A"as who related this hadith+

TR ALS OF L FE |H /3= 2he Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, drew a re#ta"%$lar shape a"d i" its middle he drew a li"e r$""i"% thro$%h it le"%thwise so that it protr$ded+ He drew some smaller verti#al li"es i" the middle of the lower li"e+ 2he" he said, &2his li"e is the h$ma" a"d this re#ta"%le is his life spa" a"d that whi#h protr$des is his hope a"d these small li"es are trials, if this es#apes him, that o"e tears him, a"d if this misses him that o"e tears him+,B$.hari with a #hai" $p to A d$llah the so" of Mas0$d who related this hadith+

SE%EN M SFORTUNES |H /32 Haste" to do %ood efore yo$ are overta.e" y o"e of seve" (misfort$"es!+ Are yo$ waiti"% for perple)i"% adversity, #orr$pti"% prosperity, disa li"% disease, se"ility, s$dde" death, or the appeara"#e of the false messiah ; a" evil a se"t to wait for ; the Ho$r, a"d the Ho$r will e very hard a"d the most itter+1
2irmidhi with a #hai" $p to A $ H$rairah who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

THE ENDORSEMENT OF THE %ALUE OF REPEAT NG THE

PRA$ER ON THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him |H /34 8he" a third of the "i%ht had passed the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, wo$ld arise a"d #all o$t, &' people, remem er Allah, the first *all has ee" so$"ded, a"d after this #omes the se#o"d *all+ 9eath has a##ompa"ied it with all that it #omprises+, 2here was a" o##asio" whe" > ayy said to the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, &' Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, 7 s$ppli#ate lessi"%s for yo$ repeatedly, how m$#h time shall 7 devote to yo$?, He replied, &As m$#h as yo$ wo$ld wish+, > ayy as.ed, &A @$arter?, He a"swered, &7f yo$ wishA $t it wo$ld e etter for yo$ if yo$ i"#reased it+, > ayy as.ed, &Half?, He replied, &8hatever yo$ wish, $t it wo$ld e etter for yo$ if yo$ i"#reased it+, > ayy as.ed a%ai", &2wo;thirds?, He replied, &As yo$ wishA $t it wo$ld e etter for yo$ if yo$ i"#reased it+, > ayy said, &Shall 7 devote all my s$ppli#atio"s to lessi"%s $po" yo$?, He said, &7" that #ase it wo$ld ta.e #are of all yo$r worries a"d yo$r si"s will e for%ive"+,1
2irmidhi with a #hai" $p to > ayy the so" of Ba0a who related this hadith+

THE >NDE#IRA7I?IT@ 85 #><<?I=ATI8N 58R DEATH DO NOT " SH FOR DEATH |H /39 Co"e of yo$ sho$ld wish for death, e#a$se if he is virt$o$s it is possi le that he mi%ht add to his %ood wor.s, a"d if he is a" evil doer he mi%ht e a le to remedy his past+ Co"e of yo$ sho$ld wish or pray for it (death! efore it #omes to him+ 8he" he dies his deeds are termi"ated+ 2he life of a eliever does "ot i"#rease e)#ept i" %ood (for them!+1
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to A $ H$rairah who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

DO NOT " SH FOR DEATH ON A!!OUNT OF M SFORTUNE |H /9: Co"e of yo$ sho$ld wish for death e#a$se of a misfort$"e that #omes to him+ 8he" a"yo"e is adly affli#ted, he sho$ld say, 0Allah let me live as lo"% as my life is etter for me, a"d #a$se me to die whe" death is etter for me+01
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to A"as who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

% S T NG THE S !# |H /9= Bais we"t to visit Bh$ ai the so" of Arat who was ill a"d fo$"d that he had ee" s$ (e#ted to seve" i"#isio"s of lood;letti"%+ He said, &'$r *ompa"io"s who passed o" efore lost "othi"% i" re%ard of the

world a"d we have fo$"d that the o"ly pla#e for it is i" the earth+ Had the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, "ot for idde" $s to s$ppli#ate for death, 7 wo$ld have s$ppli#ated for it+, Bais visited him a%ai" a"d fo$"d him repairi"% a wall+ He said, &2here is a reward for a M$slim i" respe#t of everythi"% o" whi#h he spe"ds mo"ey e)#ept whe" he #ommits it to #lay+,1
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to Bais, the so" of HaD$m who related this+

<RE<ARATI8N 58R DEATH PREPARAT ON FOR DEATH |H 9E: 8e were prese"t with Amr so" of Al 0As whe" he i" the throes of death+ He wept for a lo"% time a"d t$r"ed his fa#e to the wall+ His so" tried to #omfort him, sayi"%, &Father, did"0t the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, %ive yo$ %ood "ews? 9id"0t he %ive yo$ %ood "ews?, 2he" he t$r"ed his fa#e towards $s a"d said, &'$r est preparatio" is the wit"essi"% that there is "o %od e)#ept Allah a"d M$hammad is His Messe"%er, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him+ 7 have passed thro$%h three sta%es+ 7 re#all whe" "o o"e was a itterer e"emy of the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, tha" 7, a"d "othi"% wo$ld have ee" dearer to me tha" if 7 had the power to .ill him+ Had 7 died i" that #o"ditio", 7 wo$ld have ee" o"e of the i"ha ita"ts of the Fire+ 8he" Allah pla#ed 7slam i" my heart, 7 we"t to the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, a"d said, 0Give me yo$r ri%ht ha"d, so that 7 mi%ht swear alle%ia"#e to yo$+0 He stret#hed o$t his ri%ht ha"d, $t 7 withdrew my ha"d+ He as.ed, 08hat is the matter, Amr?0 7 replied that 7 had a #o"ditio" to ma.e+ He as.ed me what the #o"ditio" was, so 7 told him the #o"ditio" was that all my si"s wo$ld e for%ive"+ He said, &9o"0t yo$ ."ow that (em ra#i"%! 7slam wipes o$t all that has %o"e efore it, that mi%ratio" wipes o$t all that has %o"e efore it, a"d that the Pil%rima%e wipes o$t all that has %o"e efore it?0 2hereafter, "o o"e was more eloved to me tha" the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, "or was a"yo"e more hi%hly respe#ted tha" him i" my eyes+ His %lory was s$#h that 7 #o$ld "ot loo. at his fa#e for a"y le"%th of time, so that if 7 were as.ed to des#ri e him 7 wo$ld e $"a le e#a$se 7 "ever loo.ed at him lo"% e"o$%h+ Had 7 died i" that #o"ditio" 7 #o$ld have hoped to e o"e of the dwellers of Paradise+ After that we were made respo"si le for ma"y thi"%s, a"d "ow 7 do "ot ."ow what my #o"ditio" is i" that respe#t+ 8he" 7 die do "ot let a"y mo$r"er or fire atte"d my ier+ 8he" yo$ $ry me throw the earth %e"tly over me a"d stay "ear my %rave for as lo"% as it ta.es to sla$%hter a #amel a"d distri $te its meat, so that 7 sho$ld draw #omfort from yo$r prese"#e a"d #o"sider what

a"swer 7 shall ma.e to the a"%els+,M$slim with a #hai" $p to i " Shamasah who related this+

D E HOP NG FOR THE &EST FROM ALLAH |H 442 2hree days efore the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, passed away he told his *ompa"io"s, &Let "o"e of yo$ die e)#ept hopi"% for the est from Allah, the Mi%hty, the Glorified+,1
M$slim with a #hai" $p to Ha ir, the so" of A d$llah who related that he heard the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, say this+

>RGING THE D@ING T8 A55IR+ THE 8NENE## 85 A??AH ONE'S LAST "ORDS |H 94: -He whose last words are, &2here is "o %od e)#ept Allah,, will e"ter Paradise+1
A $ 9aw$d a"d Ha.im with a #hai" $p to M$0aD who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

$OUR LAST "ORDS |H 94= >r%e yo$r dyi"% to ear wit"ess toI 02here is "o %od e)#ept Allah+01
M$slim with a #hai" $p to A $ Sa0id Bh$dri who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, saidI

;HAT I# T8 7E #AID ;HEN A <ER#8N DIE# "HEN THE ANGELS SA$ AMEEN |H 944 8he" yo$ visit someo"e who is si#. or o"e who has ($st died say o"ly that whi#h is %ood, e#a$se the a"%els say &Amee", to whatever yo$ say+ She, Lady >mm Salamah, may Allah e pleased with her, added, 08he" A $ Salamah died 7 we"t to the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, a"d said, &' Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, A $ Salamah has passed away+, He (Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him! dire#ted me, &S$ppli#ate, ' Allah, for%ive me a"d him a"d %ive to me i" ret$r" a %ood repla#eme"t+, 7 s$ppli#ated as he had dire#ted, a"d Allah %ave to me o"e etter tha" him1 (who was Prophet M$hammad!+
M$slim with a #hai" $p to Lady >mm Salamah, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah e pleased with her, the Mother of Believers, who related the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

SUPPL !AT ON N T MES OF D STRESS |H 944

7, (Lady >mm Salamah, the wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah e pleased with her! heard the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, say, &8he" a perso" is affli#ted y misfort$"e a"d s$ppli#ates, 02o Allah we elo"% a"d to Him shall we ret$r", ' Allah #ompe"sate me i" my misfort$"e a"d %ive to me etter tha" that whi#h 7 have lost,0 Allah #ompe"sates him for his misfort$"e a"d %ives to him etter tha" he has lost+ (Lady >mm Salamah #o"ti"$ed! &8he" A $ Salamah died, 7 s$ppli#ated as the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, dire#ted a"d i"deed Allah %ave me etter tha" he whom 7 had lost, that is to say, 7 was as.ed for i" marria%e y the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him+M$slim with a #hai" $p to Lady >mm Salamah, the wife of the Prophet the Mother of Believers, may Allah e pleased with her, who related this+

=?8#ING THE E@E# 85 THE DE=EA#ED AND <RA@ING 58R HI+ 8R HER SUPPL !AT ON UPON THE DEATH OF A MUSL M |H 942 2he Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, #ame to A $ Salamah after his eyes had e#ome set+ He #losed them a"d said, &8he" the so$l of a perso" is ta.e" away, the visio" of the eye also follows it+, 2here$po" the mem ers of A $ Salamah0s family started to weep+ 2he Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, admo"ished them sayi"%, &Pray for o"ly that whi#h is %ood for yo$rselves, for the a"%els say 0Amee"0 to yo$r s$ppli#atio"s+, 2he" he s$ppli#ated, &' Allah, for%ive A $ Salamah a"d e)alt his ra". amo"% those who are %$ided, a"d e the G$ardia" of those he has left ehi"d+ ' Lord of the worlds, for%ive him a"d all of $s, a"d ma.e his %rave spa#io$s a"d ill$mi"e it for him+,M$slim with a #hai" $p to Lady >mm Salamah, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah e pleased with her, Mother of Believers, related this+

'INDNE## T8 THE DEATH <ENA?T@

8NE

5A=ING

DEATH

THE

THE UNDETERED PEN TENT |H 92E 2here was a woma" from the tri e of H$hai"ah who had #ommitted ad$ltery a"d e#ame pre%"a"t+ She #ame to the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, a"d told him of her si" a"d re@$ested him to admi"ister the p$"ishme"t+

2he Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, se"t for her %$ardia" a"d said to himI &2reat her .i"dly, a"d after she has delivered the #hild, ri"% her a#.+, 2his he did, a"d the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, as.ed for the p$"ishme"t to e #arried o$t+ Her #lothes were tied se#$rely aro$"d her a"d she was sto"ed+ After, the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, had led the f$"eral prayer over her, 'mar Faroo@ remar.ed, &' Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, she was %$ilty of ad$ltery yet yo$ are led her f$"eral prayer+, &Jes,, he a"swered, &she repe"ted i" s$#h away that if her repe"ta"#e were to e spread over seve"ty people of Medi"a it wo$ld have s$ffi#ed them all+ 2here #a""ot e a etter or hi%her de%ree of repe"ta"#e tha" thisA she #hose to spea. the tr$th at the #ost of her life for the sa.e of wi""i"% the pleas$re of Allah+,1
M$slim with a #hai" $p to 7mra" so" of H$sai" Bh$a0ai this+

TEAR# #HED #877ING

><8N

DEATH

;ITH8>T

MER!$ TO ONE ANOTHER |H 943 2he Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, visited Sa0ad so" of > adah d$ri"% his ill"ess+ He was a##ompa"ied y A d$r 5ahma" so" of A$f, Sa0ad, so" of A i 8a..as a"d A d$llah so" of Mas0$d+ >po" seei"% Sa0ad, the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, e%a" to weep a"d his *ompa"io"s also wept+ He told them, &Liste", Allah does "ot p$"ish the sheddi"% of tears or the %rief of the heart, $t He p$"ishes or for%ives the $ttera"#es of this, a"d he poi"ted to his to"%$e+1
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to i " 'mar who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

DO NOT "EEP LOUDL$ O%ER THE DE!EASED |H =6:4 A #orpse is p$"ished i" its %rave o" a##o$"t of the so

i"% over it+1

B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to 'mar the so" of Bhatta who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

D SPLA$ OF E(!ESS %E GR EF S FOR& DDEN |H =6:4 8hosoever eats his fa#e, tears at his #lothes a"d ewails his fate e#a$se of a misfort$"e as it was do"e i" 9ays of 7%"ora"#e (pre; 7slami# days! is "ot of $s+1
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to 7 " Mas0$d who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

TEAR NG OF !LOTHES |H =6:/ A $ M$sa fell ill a"d e#ame $"#o"s#io$s+ His head rested i" the lap of o"e of the wome" i" his family+ She #ried o$t i" a lo$d voi#e+ 8he" A $ M$sa re#overed #o"s#io$s"ess he said, &7 detest what the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, detested+ He detested a woma" who #ried o$t alo$d, shaved her head, or tore at her #lothes+,B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to A $ B$rdah who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

DE!EASED ARE PUN SHED &E!AUSE OF MOURNERS LOUD "EEP NG |H =6:E A perso" who is wept over lo$dly will e p$"ished e#a$se of it o" the 9ay of H$d%eme"t+B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to M$%hirah the so" of Sh$0 ah who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

PROM SE OF THE !OMPAN ONS |H =6:6 8hile ta.i"% o$r pled%e the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, made $s promise as part of the #ove"a"t, that we wo$ld "ot weep lo$dly over the dead+1
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to >mm Atiyyah C$sai ah who related this+

"EEP NG OF A S STER |H =6:3 8he" A d$llah, the so" of 5awahal e#ame $"#o"s#io$s d$ri"% his ill"ess his sister started to weep over him a"d said, &' yo$ mo$"tai" amo"% me"0, a"d so o"+ 8he" he re#overed #o"s#io$s"ess he said, &8hatever yo$ said 7 was as.ed, &Are yo$ li.e this?0B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to C$0ma" the so" of Bashir who related this+

MODERATE !R$ NG S PERM SS &LE |H =6:9 2he Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, visited Sa0ad so" of > adah d$ri"% his ill"ess+ He was a##ompa"ied y A d$r 5ahma" so" of A$f, Sa0ad, so" of A i 8a..as a"d A d$llah so" of Mas0$d+ >po" seei"% Sa0ad, the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, e%a" to weep a"d his *ompa"io"s also wept+ He told them, &Liste", Allah does "ot p$"ish the sheddi"% of tears or the %rief of the heart, $t He p$"ishes or for%ives the $ttera"#es of this, a"d poi"ted to his to"%$e+
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to i " 'mar who related that the Messe"%er of

=:

Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

POS T ON OF A "OMAN "HO "EEPS LOUDL$ |H =6=: 7f a woma" who is %ive" to weepi"% lo$dly does "ot as. for for%ive"ess for it efore her death, she will e raised o" the 9ay of H$d%eme"t weari"% a #oat of pit#h a"d a s#arf of r$st+1
M$slim with a #hai" $p to A $ Mali. Ash0ari who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

PROM SE OF "OMEN TO THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH, praise and peace be upon him |H =6== A woma" who had ta.e" her oath of alle%ia"#e at the ha"ds of the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said, &Amo"% the matters whi#h we promised the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, was that we wo$ld "ot diso ey him, s#rat#h o$r fa#es, weep lo$dly, tear o$r %arme"ts or $"loose" o$r hair+,A $ 9a$d with a #hai" $p to >said the so" of A i >said who related this+

PUN SHMENT FOR THE DE!EASED &E!AUSE OF E(!ESS %E MOURN NG |H =6=2 8he" a perso" dies a"d a mo$r"er weeps lo$dly over him sayi"%, &' mo$"tai" amo"% me", ' #hieftai", a"d so o",, Allah appoi"ts two a"%els who po$"d him with their fists a"d as., &8ere yo$ li.e this?02irmidhi with a #hai" $p to A $ M$sa who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

T"O S GNS OF D S&EL EF |H =6=4 2here are two matters thro$%h whi#h people e#ome $" elieversI 2a$"ti"% a perso" e#a$se of his li"ea%e a"d weepi"% lo$dly over the dead+1
M$slim with a #hai" $p to A $ H$rairah who "arrated that the Messe"%er of Allah, Praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

N8N2DI#=?8#>RE 85 THE =8NDITI8N 85 THE DE=EA#ED "ASH NG THE &OD$ OF THE DE!EASED |H 94= 8hosoever washes the ody of the de#eased a"d .eeps its se#ret is for%ive" y Allah forty times+1
Ha.im with a #hai" $p to A i 5afi0 Aslam, a freed serva"t of the Prophet, who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

<ARTI=I<ATI8N IN FUNERAL PRA$ER |H 44=

5>NERA?

<RA@ER#

==

8he" a M$slim dies a"d forty people who do "ot asso#iate a"ythi"% Allah, pray the f$"eral prayer over him, Allah a##epts their prayers for him+1
M$slim with a #hai" $p to i " A as who related that he heard the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, say this hadith+

RE"ARD FOR ATTEND NG A FUNERAL |H 942 8hosoever is prese"t d$ri"% a f$"eral $"til its prayer has ee" #o"#l$ded will re#eive a @irat (i" reward! a"d whosoever is prese"t $"til the $rial will re#eive two @irats ; it was as.ed, &8hat are the two @irats?, He replied, &2wo @irats are as %reat as two mo$"tai"s+,1
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to A $ H$rariah who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

RE"ARD FOR ATTEND NG A FUNERAL AND &UR AL |H 944 8hosoever follows the f$"eral of a M$slim thro$%h faith, relyi"% $po" Allah for a reward, a"d remai"ed with it $"til the prayer was esta lished a"d the $rial #o"#l$ded will ret$r" with a reward of two @irats ea#h o"e as lar%e as the mo$"tai" of >h$d+ 8hosoever offers the f$"eral prayer over the de#eased a"d ret$r"s efore the $rial will ret$r" with o"ly o"e @irat+1
B$.hari with a #hai" $p to A $ H$rairah who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

FUNERAL PRO!ESS ON |H 944 8e (ladies! were "ot allowed to a##ompa"y f$"eral pro#essio"s, $t the prohi itio" was "ot stri#tly e"for#ed+1
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to >mm Atiyyah who related this+

?ARGE ATTENDAN=E AT 5>NERA? <RA@ER# A HUNDRED PEOPLE AT THE FUNERAL PRA$ER |H 94/ 7f as ma"y as a h$"dred M$slims parti#ipate i" the f$"eral servi#e of the de#eased, a"d all of them s$ppli#ate for him, their i"ter#essio" will e %ra"ted+1
M$slim with a #hai" $p to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, may Allah e pleased with her, Mother of Believers who said that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

FORT$ &EL E%ERS AT THE FUNERAL PRA$ER |H 94E 8he" a M$slim dies a"d forty people who do "ot asso#iate a"ythi"% with Allah, pray the f$"eral prayer over him, Allah a##epts

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their prayers for him+,M$slim with a #hai" $p to i " A as who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

THREE !ONGREGAT ONAL RO"S DUR NG A FUNERAL |H 946 8he" Mali. so" of H$ airah #o"d$#ted a f$"eral servi#e a"d there were o"ly a few parti#ipa"ts he wo$ld divide them i"to three rows, e)plai"i"% that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, had said, &7f three rows of s$pplia"ts pray for the delivera"#e of a de#eased perso" he wo$ld e admitted to Paradise+,A $ 9a$d a"d 2irmidhi with a #hai" $p to Marthad so" of A d$llah JaD"i who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

<RA@ER# T8 7E READ AT A 5>NERA? SUPPL !AT ON OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him, O%ER THE DE!EASED |H 943 2he Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, led the f$"eral prayer over a de#eased perso" a"d 7 (A $ A d$r 5ahma" A$f, the so" of Mali.! preserved his prayer i" my memory+ He s$ppli#ated, 0' Allah, for%ive him a"d have mer#y o" him a"d ma.e him se#$re, a"d pardo" himA %ive to him a" ho"ored pla#e i" Paradise, a"d ma.e his e"tra"#e spa#io$s, a"d wash him with water, s"ow a"d i#e, a"d p$rify him of all the si"s as a pie#e of white #loth is #lea"sed from dirt, a"d %ive to him a home etter tha" his home a"d a family etter tha" his family a"d a spo$se etter tha" his spo$se, a"d admit him i"to Paradise, a"d shield him from the p$"ishme"t of the %rave a"d the p$"ishme"t of the Fire+0 A $ A d$r 5ahma" A$f said, &'" heari"% him, 7 wished 7 had ee" that #orpse+,M$slim with a #hai" $p to A $ A d$r 5ahma" A$f so" of Mali. who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

AS# ALLAH TO FORG %E OUR L % NG AND OUR DEAD |H 949 2he Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, s$ppli#ated at a f$"eral sayi"%, &' Allah, for%ive o$r livi"% a"d o$r dead, o$r yo$"% o"es a"d o$r elderly, a"d o$r males a"d o$r females, a"d those of $s who are prese"t, a"d those of $s who are a se"t+ ' Allah, he whom Jo$ have %ive" life from amo"% $s let him live i" a##orda"#e with 7slam a"d he whom Jo$ have #a$sed to die from amo"% $s #a$se him to die i" the elief+ ' Allah, do "ot deprive $s of the reward of o"e who has died a"d do "ot try $s after him+,A $ 9a$d a"d 2irmidhi with #hai"s $p to A $ H$rairah, A $ Batadah, A $ 7 rahim Ash0ari with a #hai" $p to the a$thority of his father who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

=4

PRA$ S N!EREL$ FOR THE DE!EASED |H 9/: 8he" yo$ pray over the de#eased do so with si"#erity+1
A $ 9a$d with a #hai" $p to A $ H$rairah who related that he heard the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, say this+

FUNERAL SUPPL !AT ON |H 9/= 2he Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, s$ppli#ated at a f$"eral prayer, &' Allah, Jo$ are his Lord, a"d Jo$ #reated him a"d %$ided him to 7slam+ Jo$ have ta.e" possessio" of his so$l, a"d Jo$ ."ow well his se#ret a"d #lear deeds+ 8e approa#h Jo$ so as to i"ter#ede for him, so (please! for%ive him+,A $ 9a$d with a #hai" $p to A $ H$rairah who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

TA#& RS AT A FUNERAL |H 9/4 8he" he (A d$llah, the so" of A$fa! #o"d$#ted the f$"eral prayer of his da$%hter he #alled fo$r 0ta. irs0+ After the fo$rth 0ta. ir0 he remai"ed sta"di"% for as lo"% as the time spe"t etwee" two ta. irs see.i"% for%ive"ess for her a"d prayi"% for her+ 8he" he fi"ished he said, &2he Prophet $sed to do this+,8e are also i"formedI He made fo$r ta. irs a"d remai"ed sta"di"% i" prayer for a while $"til 7 tho$%ht he wo$ld #all a fifth ta. ir+ 2he" he made the %reeti"% to the ri%ht a"d to the left+ 8he" he #ame away we as.ed him, &8hat is this?, He a"swered, &7 wo$ld add "othi"% to that whi#h 7 had see" the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, do+, 'r he said, &2he Messe"%er of Allah did this+,Ha.im with a #hai" $p to A d$llah so" of A$fa who related this+

AIRT>E 85 A #<EED@ 7>RIA? MER TS OF A )U !# &UR AL |H 9/4 Haste" ta.i"% a #offi" (to the %raveyard! e#a$se if the #offi" is that of a ri%hteo$s perso", yo$ are haste"i"% it to %ood+ 7f he is otherwise yo$ sho$ld lay dow" evil from yo$r "e#.s+1
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to A $ H$rairah who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

%O !E OF THE & ER |H 9// 8he" the ier is lifted o" to the sho$lders of the pall; earers, if the #orpse is that of a ri%hteo$s perso" it $r%es, 0Go forward with me, %o

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forward with me+0 7f it is that of a" $"ri%hteo$s perso", it says, 0Alas, where are yo$ ta.i"% it?0 7ts voi#e is heard y everythi"% e)#ept ma", a"d if ma" heard it he wo$ld e str$#. dead+B$.hari with a #hai" $p to A $ Sa0id Bh$dri who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

THE #ER+8N AT THE GRAAE MER T OF E(!ELL NG N GOOD DEEDS |H 9/3 8e were i" the %raveyard of Ba@i0ah atte"di"% a f$"eral whe" the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, #ame a"d sat dow" so we %athered ro$"d him+ He had a poi"ted sti#. i" his ha"d+ He e"t dow" a"d e%a" to s#rape the %ro$"d with his sti#. a"d said, &<veryo"e of yo$ has his pla#e allotted either i" the Fire or i" Paradise+, 2he *ompa"io"s as.ed, &' Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, sho$ld"0t we rely $po" what is writte" i" o$r re#ord?, He a"swered, &Beep o" wor.i"%, e#a$se everyo"e is %$ided to that for whi#h he was #reated+,B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to Ali may Allah ho"or his fa#e ; who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

$OUR DEEDS |H 4E2 2hree a##ompa"y the de#eased, mem ers of his family, his elo"%i"%s a"d his deeds+ 2he first two leave $t the third remai"s+1
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to A"as who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

<RA@ING 58R THE DE=EA#ED A5TER 7>RIA? )UEST ON NG N THE TOM& |H 9/9 After the $rial of a de#eased the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, wo$ld stop for a while "ear the %rave a"d $r%e $s sayi"%, &See. for%ive"ess for yo$r rother a"d pray for steadfast"ess for him, e#a$se he is ei"% @$estio"ed "ow+,A $ 9aw$d with a #hai" $p to 'thma" so" of Affa" who related this+

TR AL OF THE GRA%E |H 9/2 2he Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, led $s i" a f$"eral prayer for a de#eased M$slim+ 7 (8athilah! heard him s$ppli#ate, &' Allah, so a"d so, so" of so a"d so is $"der Jo$r #ove"a"t a"d se#$re i" Jo$r "ear"ess+ Shield him from the trial of the %rave a"d the p$"ishme"t of Hell+ Jo$ are the 'w"er of F$lfillme"t a"d Praise+ ' Allah, for%ive him a"d have mer#y o" him+ 7"deed Jo$ are the Most For%ivi"%, the Most Mer#if$l+,-

=/

A $ 9a$d with a #hai" $p to 8athilah so" of As.a0a who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

!OMPAN ON N THE TOM& |H =:/ 2hree a##ompa"y the de#easedI mem ers of his family, his elo"%i"%s a"d his deeds+ 2he first two leave a"d the third remai"s+1
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to A"as who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

)UEST ON NG N THE GRA%E |H 423 8he" a M$slim is @$estio"ed i" the %rave he testifies that there is "o %od e)#ept Allah a"d that M$hammad is His Messe"%er, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him+ 2his is #o"firmed i" the verseI @Allah will strengthen the believers with a steadfast ord, both in this life and in the Everlasting 5ife....B. &/:DE )oran
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to Bra0a, the so" of 0ADi who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this

<RAI#ING THE DE=EA#ED " TNESS NG THE !HARA!TER OF THE DE!EASED |H 9E4 Some *ompa"io"s of the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, passed a f$"eral a"d praised the perso" who had died, $po" whi#h the Prophet said, &7t has e#ome i"#$m e"t+, 2he" they passed a"other f$"eral a"d spo.e ill of the perso" who had died a"d the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said, &7t has e#ome i"#$m e"t+, 'mar so" of Bhatta i"@$ired from the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, &8hat has e#ome i"#$m e"t?, He a"swered, &2he o"e yo$ praised, Paradise has e#ome i"#$m e"t for him+ As for the other of whom yo$ spo.e ill the Fire has e#ome i"#$m e"t for him+ Jo$ are the wit"esses of Allah $po" the earth+,B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to A"as who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

!HARA!TER ATTESTAT ON |H 9E4 7 (A $ Aswad! visited Medi"a a"d was sitti"% with 'mar the so" of Bhatta whe" a f$"eral passed a"d those prese"t praised the %ood"ess of the de#eased+ >po" this 'mar said, &7t has e#ome i"#$m e"t+, 2he" a"other f$"eral passed a"d those prese"t praised the %ood"ess of the de#eased+ A%ai" 'mar said, &7t has e#ome i"#$m e"t+, 2he" a third f$"eral passed a"d those prese"t #o"dem"ed the wi#.ed"ess of the de#eased+ 'mar said a%ai", &7t has e#ome i"#$m e"t+, >po" this 7 i"@$ired, &*omma"der of the Faithf$l, what is it that has e#ome i"#$m e"t?, He a"swered, &7 repeated o"ly that whi#h the Holy Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e

=E

$po" him, said a"d he said, &Allah will admit i"to Paradise a"y M$slim whose %ood"ess is attested to y fo$r people+, 8e as.ed, &8hat if there is o"ly three?, He a"swered, &<ve" if there are o"ly three+, 2he" we as.ed, &8hat if there is o"ly two?, He a"swered, &<ve" if there are o"ly two+, 8e refrai"ed from as.i"% him a o$t o"e+1
B$.hari with a #hai" $p to A $ Aswad who related this+

DO NOT SPEA# LL OF THE DEAD |H =E:/ 9o "ot reproa#h or a $se the dead e#a$se they have rea#hed that whi#h they forwarded+1
B$.hari with a #hai" $p to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, may Allah e pleased with her, Mother of Believers who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

<ER+I##I7?E <ERI8D 85 +8>RNING PER OD OF MOURN NG |H =324 7 (Kai"a ! visited Lady >mm Ha i ah, (wife of the Prophet, may Allah e pleased with her, Mother of Believers! $po" the death of her father A $ S$fya"+ She se"t for a yellow perf$me a"d r$ ed it o" o"e of her maids a"d the" r$ ed it o" oth of her ow" #hee.s a"d said+ &7 have "o desire for perf$me e)#ept that 7 heard the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, say from the p$lpit, 07t is "ot permissi le for a woma" who elieves i" Allah a"d the Last 9ay to mo$r" the de#eased for more tha" three days $"less it is her h$s a"d, i" whi#h #ase the period of mo$r"i"% is fo$r mo"ths a"d te" days+0Kai"a #o"ti"$ed, &7 also visited Kai"a , the da$%hter of Hahash whe" her rother passed away+ She se"t for perf$me a"d r$ ed some of it o" herself a"d said, &7 have "o "eed for perf$me e)#ept that 7 heard the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, say from the p$lpitI 7t is "ot permissi le for a woma" who elieves i" Allah a"d the Last 9ay to mo$r" the de#eased for more tha" three days $"less it is her h$s a"d, i" whi#h #ase the period of mo$r"i"% is fo$r mo"ths a"d te" days+0B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to Kai"a the da$%hter of A $ Salamah who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

<ER+I##I8N T8 AI#IT GRAAE# |H /3/ 7 had for idde" yo$ to visit the %ravesA $t "ow yo$ may visit them+ He who wishes may visit %raves e#a$se they remi"d $s of the <verlasti"% Life+1
M$slim with a #hai" $p to B$raidah who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e

=6

e $po" him, said this+

PROPHET*S SUPPL !AT ON N THE GRA%E$ARD |H /3E 8he" it was the t$r" of the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, to stay with Lady Ayesha, may Allah e pleased with her, he wo$ld %o o$t d$ri"% the latter part of the "i%ht to Ba@i0ah (the #emetery! a"d his %reeti"% was, 0&Pea#e e o" yo$ dwellers of this home of the faithf$l+ May yo$ e %ive" o" the 9ay of H$d%eme"t a##ordi"% to the term appoi"ted that whi#h yo$ have ee" promised+ 8e shall, Allah willi"%, (oi" yo$+ ' Allah, for%ive, the dwellers of Ba@i0ah+,M$slim with a #hai" $p to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah e pleased with her, who related this hadith+

% S T NG THE GRA%E $ARD |H /36 2he Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, ta$%ht $s that whe" we visited a #emetery we sho$ld say, &Pea#e e o" yo$ dwellers of this home of elievers a"d M$slims, a"d we, if Allah wills, shall (oi" yo$+ 7 s$ppli#ate for safety for yo$ a"d for o$rselves+,M$slim with a #hai" $p to B$raidah who related this+

THE GRA%ES OF MED NA |H /33 2he Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, passed y some %raves i" Medi"a+ He t$r"ed towards them a"d said, &Pea#e e o" yo$ dwellers of the %raves+ May Allah for%ive yo$ a"d $s+ Jo$ are o$r adva"#ers a"d we are followi"% yo$+,2irmidhi with a #hai" $p to i " A as who related this hadith+

DO NOT S T ON GRA%ES |H =3=/ 7t is etter for yo$ to sit o" a $r"i"% #oal a"d have yo$r #lothes $r"ed, a"d its heat s#or#h yo$r s.i" rather tha" yo$ sit o" a %rave+1
M$slim with a #hai" $p to A $ H$rairah who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

<R8HI7ITI8N 85 7>I?DING 8AER A GRAAE GRA%ES |H =3=E 2he Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, for ade that a %rave sho$ld e #eme"ted or that it sho$ld e sat $po" or that it has a $ildi"% ere#ted over it+1
M$slim with a #hai" $p to Ha ir who related this+

#<EED@

RE<A@+ENT

85

THE

DE7T#

85 THE

=3

DE=EA#ED MPORTAN!E OF REPA$ NG THE DE&T OF THE DE!EASED |H 9/E 2he so$l of a de#eased eliever is held a#. o" a##o$"t of his de t till the de t is dis#har%ed+1
2irmidhi with a #hai" $p to A $ H$rairah who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

DEATH OF TALHA |H 9/6 2alha so" of Bra0a the so" of HaDi fell ill, so the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, we"t to i"@$ire after him+ After he had see" him he said, &7 thi". that 2alha0s e"d is "ear+ Let me ."ow whe" it #omes a"d ma.e haste with his f$"eral, e#a$se it is "ot fitti"% that the #orpse of a M$slim sho$ld remai" amo"% his family+,A $ 9aw$d with a #hai" $p to H$sai" so" of 8$h$h who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

"HO SHOULD PA$ THE DE&T OF A DE!EASED |H =9=: 7f someo"e dies owi"% the o li%atio" of havi"% to ma.e $p a defi#ie"#y of a fast his heir sho$ld ma.e $p the "$m er of missi"% fasts o" his ehalf+1
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah e pleased with her, related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

REPA$MENT OF DE&TS |H 2:4 8he" K$ air stood $p prepared to fi%ht o" the day of the attle of Hamal, he #alled me so 7, (A d$llah, so" of K$ air! we"t a"d stood at his side+ He said, &My so", whoever is .illed today will e either a wro"%doer or o"e who is wro"%ed+ 7 am s$re 7 shall e o"e of those .illed this day who are wro"%ed+ My %reatest #o"#er" is my de t+ 9o yo$ thi". that a"ythi"% will e left over from o$r property after the repayme"t of my de ts? My so", sell o$r property a"d pay my de ts+ 7f a"ythi"% remai"s after the repayme"t %ive o"e "i"th of it to yo$r so"s+, He #o"ti"$ed to i"str$#t me a o$t his de ts a"d the" said, &My so", sho$ld yo$ fi"d yo$rself $"a le to repay a"y portio" of my de t the" %o to my Master a"d see. His help+, 7 did "ot $"dersta"d what he mea"t so 7 as.ed, &Father, who is yo$r Master?, He repliedI &Allah,+ So whe"ever 7 fa#ed diffi#$lty i" the repayme"t of a"y part of his de t, 7 s$ppli#ated sayi"%, &' Master of K$ air, repay his de tA a"d He repaid it+, 8he" K$ air was martyred, he left "o mo"ey, $t he left some la"dA o"e pie#e i" Gha ah, eleve" ho$ses i" Medi"a, two i" Basra, o"e i"

=9

B$fa a"d a"other i" <%ypt+ 2he reaso" for his i"de ted"ess was that whe" someo"e #ame to him a"d as.ed him to .eep somethi"% i" tr$st for him+ K$ air, feari"% it mi%ht e lost, wo$ld "ot a%ree to a##ept it as a tr$st, so he too. it as a loa"+ He wo$ld "either a##ept a %over"orship, reve"$e offi#e, "or a"y p$ li# offi#e+ He fo$%ht alo"% with the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, A $ Ba.r, 'mar a"d 'thma"+ 7 prepared a stateme"t of his de ts a"d they were #o$"ted+ HiDam met me a"d as.ed, &Cephew, how m$#h de t is d$e from my rother?, 7 #o"#ealed the a#t$al state of affairs a"d said, &A h$"dred tho$sa"d+, Ha.im said, &7 do "ot thi". yo$r assets will #over that m$#h+, 7 said, &8hat wo$ld yo$ thi". if the amo$"t was two millio", two tho$sa"d?, He said, &7 do "ot thi". that this is withi" yo$r #apa#ity+ 7f yo$ are $"a le to repay a"y portio" of it #all $po" me for help+, K$ air had p$r#hased the la"d i" Gha ah for o"e h$"dred a"d seve"ty tho$sa"d+ A d$llah sold it for o"e millio", si) h$"dred tho$sa"d, a"d a""o$"#ed that whosoever had a #laim a%ai"st K$ air sho$ld meet him i" Gha ah+ A d$llah so" of Ha0far #ame to him a"d saidI &K$ air owed me fo$r h$"dred tho$sa"d, $t 7 will release him from the de t if yo$ wish+, A d$llah replied, &Co+, 7 " Ha0far said, &7f yo$ wish for a postpo"eme"t 7 will postpo"e the re#overy of the de t+, A d$llah said, &Co+, So 7 " Ha0far said, &7" that #ase meas$re o$t a plot for me+, So A d$llah mar.ed o$t a plot a"d sold the la"d to repay his father0s de t+ After the repayme"t there remai"ed fo$r si)tee"ths of la"d+ Later, he visited M$0awiah, who had with him at the time, Amr the so" of 'thma", M$"Dir the so" of K$ air, a"d the so" of Kam0ah+ M$0awiah as.ed A d$llah, &8hat pri#e did yo$ as. for the la"d i" Gha ah?, He replied, &'"e h$"dred tho$sa"d for a si)tee"th+, M$0awiah i"@$ired, &How m$#h of it is left?, A d$llah said, &Fo$r a"d a half si)tee"ths+, M$"Dir so" of K$ air said, &7 will ta.e o"e si)tee"th for o"e h$"dred tho$sa"d+, Amr so" of 'thma" said, &7 will also ta.e o"e si)tee"th for o"e h$"dred tho$sa"d+, 7 " Kam0ah said, &7 too will ta.e o"e si)tee"th for o"e h$"dred tho$sa"d+, 2he" M$0awiah as.ed, &How m$#h of it is "ow left?, A d$llah replied, &'"e a"d a half si)tee"ths+, So M$0awiah said, &7 will ta.e it for o"e h$"dred a"d fifty tho$sa"d+, Later, A d$llah so" of Ha0far sold to M$0awiah his share for si) h$"dred tho$sa"d+ 8he" A d$llah so" of K$ air had fi"ished payi"% his de ts the #hildre" of K$ air as.ed, &Cow distri $te the i"herita"#e amo"% $s+, He replied, &7 will "ot e a le to do this $"til after 7 have a""o$"#edI Let a"yo"e who has a #laim a%ai"st K$ air #ome forward so that it #a" e repaid $"til the passi"% of fo$r s$##essive pil%rima%e seaso"s have ee" #ompleted+,

2:

After he made this a""o$"#eme"t d$ri"% the fo$r seaso"s he distri $ted the i"herita"#e amo"% the heirs of K$ air a##ordi"% to his dire#tio"s+ K$ air had fo$r wives, ea#h of them re#eived o"e millio", two h$"dred tho$sa"d+ 2he total of K$ air0s estate amo$"ted to fifty millio", two h$""dred tho$sa"d+1
B$.hari with a #hai" $p to A d$llah so" of K$ air who related this+

GIAING

=HARIT@

85

7EHA?5

85

THE DE=EA#ED

Allah, the Exalted says: 2hose who ca!e after the! say: 3Aorgive us our 5ord, and forgive our brothers who were believers before us...... (8:&F )oran !HAR T$ G %EN ON &EHALF OF THE DE!EASED |H 9E= A ma" said to the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, &My mother died s$dde"ly+ 7 elieve that if she had the #ha"#e to spea. she wo$ld have %ive" away somethi"% i" #harity+ 8o$ld it e #o$"ted as a meritorio$s a#t for her if 7 %ave away somethi"% i" #harity o" her ehalf?, He a"swered, &Jes+,
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to Lady Ayesha the wife of the Prophet, may Allah e pleased with her, Mother of the elievers related this+

THREE !ONT NUOUS GOOD A!T ONS |H 9E2 8he" a perso" dies his a#tio"s #ome to a" e"d e)#ept i" three matters that he leaves ehi"dI *o"ti"$o$s #harity+ B"owled%e from whi#h e"efit #a" e derived+ A virt$o$s so" who prays for him+1
M$slim with a #hai" $p to A $ H$rairah who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

DUT$ TO FULF LL THE PROM SE OF THE DE!EASED |H E96 &8he" the reve"$es of Bahrai" are re#eived, 7 (the Prophet! shall %ive yo$ (Ha ir! this, a"d this, a"d this+ B$t he passed away efore the reve"$es were re#eived+ 8he" they arrived A $ Ba.r a""o$"#ed, &7f there is a"yo"e to whom the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, had made a promise or owed a"ythi"% they sho$ld #ome forward+, So 7 (Ha ir! we"t to him a"d said to him, &2he Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this a"d this to me+ So A $ Ba.r too. two ha"df$ls of mo"ey a"d %ave it to him+ 7 #o$"ted it a"d fo$"d it amo$"ted to five h$"dred dirhams+ A $ Ba.r told me, &2a.e as m$#h a%ai"+,B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to Ha ir who related this hadith+

2=

DEATH 85 A =HI?D DEATH OF A !H LD |H 94/ 8he" a #hild of a worshiper of Allah dies, Allah i"@$ires from His a"%els, 0Have yo$ ta.e" i"to yo$r #$stody the so$l of the #hild of My worshiper?0 2hey a"swer, 0Jes+0 2he" He i"@$iresI 0Have yo$ ta.e" i"to #$stody the flower of his heart?0 2hey a"swer, 0Jes+0 2he" He i"@$ires, 02he" what did My worshiper say?0 2hey a"swer+ 0He praised Jo$ a"d ore wit"ess that to Allah we elo"% a"d to Him we shall ret$r"+0 >po" this Allah will say, 0B$ild for My worshiper a ma"sio" i" Paradise a"d "ame it the Ho$se of Praise+02irmidhi with a #hai" $p to A $ M$sa who related the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

RE"ARD FOR THE PAT ENT |H 94E Allah, the <)alted says, 07 have "o etter reward tha" Paradise for My elievi"% worshiper who is patie"t whe" 7 ta.e away his loved o"e who is amo"% the most #herished y him i" the world+01
B$.hari with a #hai" $p to A $ H$rairah who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

RE"ARD FOR PAT EN!E ON &EREA%EMENT |H 946 '"e of the da$%hters of the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, se"t a messa%e as.i"% him to #ome to her e#a$se her so" was o" the ver%e of death+ He se"t the %reeti"%s to her with a messa%e sayi"%, &<verythi"% that Allah has %ive" elo"%s to Him, a"d whatsoever He ta.es a#. elo"%s to Him+ 2here is "othi"% that does "ot have a term fi)ed y Him+ 2herefore, e patie"t a"d hope for His Favor a"d Mer#y+, She repeated her re@$est implori"% him i" the Came of Allah to #ome, so he set o$t a##ompa"ied y Sa,ad so" of > adah, M$0aD so" of Ha al, > ayy so" of Ba0a , Kaid so" of 2ha it a"d others to see her+ >po" his arrival the #hild was prese"ted to him, a"d he too. the #hild a"d pla#ed him o" his lap+ 8he" he saw how distressed the #hild was, his eyes shed tears+ Sa,ad as.ed, &' Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, what is this?, He replied, &2his is #ompassio" whi#h Allah has pla#ed i" the hearts of His worshipers, a"d Allah has #ompassio" o" those of His worshipers who are #ompassio"ate+,7" a"other "arratio" it readsI -++ i" the hearts of those of His worshipers whom He wills+B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to 'sama so" of Kaid, loved y the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, a"d the so" of o"e loved y him who related this+

22

LOSS OF THREE !H LDREN |H 9E/ 8he" three #hildre" of a M$slim die efore attai"i"% the a%e of p$ erty, Allah will let him e"ter Paradise y His Gra#e o" a##o$"t of these #hildre"+1
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to A"as who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

"HEN ALLAH TA#ES THREE $OUNG !H LDREN |H 9EE 2he Fire will "ot to$#h a M$slim who has three #hildre" that died, e)#ept as a to.e" for the f$lfillme"t of a" oath+1
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to A $ H$rairah who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

A SH ELD AGA NST THE F RE |H 9E6 A woma" #ame to the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, a"d said, &' Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, the me" relate that whi#h they hear from yo$+ (Please,! appoi"t for $s also a day whe" we #a" #ome to yo$ to lear" of that whi#h Allah has ta$%ht yo$+, He said, &*ome to%ether o" s$#h a"d s$#h a day+, 2hey %athered to%ether a"d the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, ta$%ht them from that whi#h Allah had ta$%ht him a"d the" said, &7f a"y of yo$ loses three #hildre" yo$ will e shielded y them from the Fire+, A wome" as.ed, &8hat if there are o"ly two+, He a"swered, &<ve" if there are o"ly two+,1
B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to A $ Sa0id Bh$dri who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

REMEM&ER ALLAH N T MES OF GREAT D STRESS |H 94: 2he Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, we"t to his so" 7 rahim whe" he was dyi"%, a"d his eyes e%a" to overflow with tears, where$po" A d$r 5ahma" so" of A$f said, &' Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, eve" yo$?, 2he Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said, &7 " A$f this is o"ly the te"der"ess of the heart+, He wept a%ai" a"d said, &2he eye sheds tears a"d the heart is sorrowf$l, $t we say o"ly that whi#h may please o$r Lord+ 8e are i"deed sad, ' 7 rahim, y yo$r passi"%+,B$.hari with a #hai" $p to A"as who related that the Messe"%er of Allah, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

5EAR AND ?A+ENTATI8N 85 ;R8NGD8ER# TEARS |H 9E3

8AER

THE GRAAE#

24

8he" the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, rea#hed Hi(r, the la"d of 2hamood, he war"ed his *ompa"io"s, &9o "ot pass y these that are ei"% p$"ished, e)#ept with tears+ 7f yo$r eyes are dry do "ot pass "ear them, lest yo$ sho$ld e affli#ted with that whi#h affli#ted them+,8e are also i"formedI 8he" the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, passed y Hi(r, he war"ed his *ompa"io"sI &9o "ot e"ter the dwelli"%;pla#es of those who wro"%ed themselves e)#ept with tears i" yo$r eyes lest yo$ are affli#ted y the same affli#tio"+, 2here$po" he #overed his head a"d haste"ed the pa#e of his mo$"t $"til he had #rossed the valley+,B$.hari a"d M$slim with a #hai" $p to i " 'mar who related that the Prophet, praise a"d pea#e e $po" him, said this+

INDEB DEATH
788'

9
8NE:#

DEATH AND RE#TRAINING DE#IRE 58R IT


#ORAN

;HAT THE <R8<HET #AID A# DEATH A<<R8A=HED THE DEATH OF THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH, praise and peace be upon him SUPPL !AT ON OF THE PROPHET "HEN DEATH APPROA!HED DEATH S !#NESS AND HEALTH, L FE AND DEATH !LOTHES OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him MPORTAN!E OF A " LL #EEP $OUR " LL HAND$ SHORTNESS OF L FE TR ALS OF L FE SE%EN M SFORTUNES THE ENDORSEMENT OF THE %ALUE OF REPEAT NG THE

24

PRA$ER ON THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him THE >NDE#IRA7I?IT@ 85 #><<?I=ATI8N 58R DEATH DO NOT " SH FOR DEATH DO NOT " SH FOR DEATH ON A!!OUNT OF M SFORTUNE % S T NG THE S !# <RE<ARATI8N 58R DEATH PREPARAT ON FOR DEATH D E HOP NG FOR THE &EST FROM ALLAH >RGING THE D@ING 85 A??AH ONE'S LAST "ORDS $OUR LAST "ORDS T8 A55IR+ THE 8NENE##

;HAT I# T8 7E #AID ;HEN A "HEN THE ANGELS SA$ AMEEN SUPPL !AT ON N T MES OF D STRESS

<ER#8N DIE#

=?8#ING THE E@E# 85 THE DE=EA#ED <RA@ING 58R HI+ 8R HER SUPPL !AT ON UPON THE DEATH OF A MUSL M 'INDNE## T8 THE 8NE DEATH <ENA?T@ THE UNDETERED PEN TENT 5A=ING DEATH

AND

THE

TEAR# #HED ><8N A DEATH ;ITH8>T #877ING MER!$ TO ONE ANOTHER DO NOT "EEP LOUDL$ O%ER THE DE!EASED D SPLA$ OF E(!ESS %E GR EF S FOR& DDEN TEAR NG OF !LOTHES DE!EASED ARE PUN SHED &E!AUSE OF MOURNERS LOUD "EEP NG PROM SE OF THE !OMPAN ONS "EEP NG OF A S STER MODERATE !R$ NG S PERM SS &LE POS T ON OF A "OMAN "HO "EEPS LOUDL$ PROM SE OF "OMEN TO THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH, praise and peace be upon him PUN SHMENT FOR THE DE!EASED &E!AUSE OF E(!ESS %E MOURN NG T"O S GNS OF D S&EL EF N8N2DI#=?8#>RE DE=EA#ED 85 THE =8NDITI8N 85 THE

2/

"ASH NG THE &OD$ OF THE DE!EASED <ARTI=I<ATI8N IN 5>NERA? <RA@ER# FUNERAL PRA$ER RE"ARD FOR ATTEND NG A FUNERAL RE"ARD FOR ATTEND NG A FUNERAL AND &UR AL FUNERAL PRO!ESS ON ?ARGE ATTENDAN=E AT 5>NERA? <RA@ER# A HUNDRED PEOPLE AT THE FUNERAL PRA$ER FORT$ &EL E%ERS AT THE FUNERAL PRA$ER THREE !ONGREGAT ONAL RO"S DUR NG A FUNERAL <RA@ER# T8 7E READ AT A 5>NERA? SUPPL !AT ON OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him, O%ER THE DE!EASED AS# ALLAH TO FORG %E OUR L % NG AND OUR DEAD PRA$ S N!EREL$ FOR THE DE!EASED FUNERAL SUPPL !AT ON TA#& RS AT A FUNERAL AIRT>E 85 A #<EED@ 7>RIA? MER TS OF A )U !# &UR AL %O !E OF THE & ER THE #ER+8N AT THE GRAAE MER T OF E(!ELL NG N GOOD DEEDS $OUR DEEDS <RA@ING 58R THE DE=EA#ED )UEST ON NG N THE TOM& TR AL OF THE GRA%E !OMPAN ON N THE TOM& )UEST ON NG N THE GRA%E A5TER 7>RIA?

<RAI#ING THE DE=EA#ED " TNESS NG THE !HARA!TER OF THE DE!EASED !HARA!TER ATTESTAT ON DO NOT SPEA# LL OF THE DEAD <ER+I##I7?E <ERI8D PER OD OF MOURN NG 85 +8>RNING

<ER+I##I8N T8 AI#IT GRAAE# PROPHET*S SUPPL !AT ON N THE GRA%E$ARD % S T NG THE GRA%E $ARD THE GRA%ES OF MED NA DO NOT S T ON GRA%ES

2E

<R8HI7ITI8N GRA%ES

85

7>I?DING

8AER

GRAAE

#<EED@ RE<A@+ENT 85 THE DE7T# 85 THE DE=EA#ED MPORTAN!E OF REPA$ NG THE DE&T OF THE DE!EASED DEATH OF TALHA "HO SHOULD PA$ THE DE&T OF A DE!EASED REPA$MENT OF DE&TS GIAING =HARIT@ 85 7EHA?5 85 THE DE=EA#ED #ORAN !HAR T$ G %EN ON &EHALF OF THE DE!EASED THREE !ONT NUOUS GOOD A!T ONS DUT$ TO FULF LL THE PROM SE OF THE DE!EASED DEATH 85 A =HI?D DEATH OF A !H LD RE"ARD FOR THE PAT ENT RE"ARD FOR PAT EN!E ON &EREA%EMENT LOSS OF THREE !H LDREN "HEN ALLAH TA#ES THREE $OUNG !H LDREN A SH ELD AGA NST THE F RE REMEM&ER ALLAH N T MES OF GREAT D STRESS 5EAR AND ?A+ENTATI8N 85 ;R8NGD8ER# TEARS 8AER THE GRAAE#

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