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**Inna Ihsani Nisa (1106.139.380)
**

Teknik Kimia S1 Paralel D3 Universitas Indonesia

**Soal Latihan Buku Blank & Tarquin Edisi ke-6, bab VI.
**

6.2 Show that the annual worth values for the alternatives shown below are exactly the same

using an interest rate of 15% per year. Why is this so?

Year

0

1

2

3

4

Alternative A

$-10,000

+7,000

+7,000

Alternative B

$-10,000

+7,000

-3,000

+7,000

+7,000

**Given: cash flow series, N = 4, MARR = 15%
**

Find: AE (15%)

Alternative A

PW (15%)

**= -$10,000 + $7, 000 (P/F, 15%, 1) + $7, 000 (P/F, 15%, 2) + $0,000 (A/F, 15%, 4)
**

= $2,166.4

AW (15%)

= $2,166.4 (A/P, 15%, 4)

= $758,82

Alternative B

PW (15%)

**= -$10,000 + $7,000 (P/F, 15%, 1) - $3,000 (P/F, 15%, 2) + $7,000 (P/F, 15%, 3) +
**

$7,000 (P/F, 15%, 4)

= $2,423.4

AW (15%)

= $2,423.4 (A/P, 15%, 4)

= $848.83

1

000 . S = %10.369 b) Capital Recovery amount is the equivalent annual cost of owning the asset plus the return of initial investment.000 after its 4year life. and 128 ounces per gallon. N = 12. If the average person drinks 5 glasses of water per day.139.773 [Equation 6. Which means. 6. b) Meaning of Capital Recovery amount a) [Equation 6. Given: cost of bottled water (28ȼ per 8-ounce glass) and tap water ($1. i = 6%.4] CR = -[($50.90 per 1000 gallons).380) Teknik Kimia S1 Paralel D3 Universitas Indonesia 6.000.000 and a salvage value of $10. Evian Natural Spring Water costs 28ȼ per 8-ounce glass. Use an interest rate of 12% per year. 4)] CR = -$15. 4) + $10.Tugas 2 – Kuliah Ekonomi Teknik Inna Ihsani Nisa (1106. Given: P = $50.000 (A/F.3] and [6.000(12%)] CR = -$14. Explain the meaning of this capital recovery amount.000)(A/P. 12%. N = 4 years.$10.6 Sales of bottled water in the United States totaled 15. A municipal water utility provides tap water for $1. 30 days per month.$10.3] CR = -[$50. i = 12% Find: a) CR.4 Tap Water 5 glasses $0.000 (A/P.3For an alternative that has a first cost of $50.000. 12%. what are the equivalent annual costs of drinking bottled water and tap water per persons? Use an interest rate of 6% per year. Salvage value (S) won’t be recovered until n year of ownership.4] are exactly the same. a) show that the capital recovery calculated using Equations [6.90 per 1000 gallons. compounded monthly. Find: cost of bottled water and tap water per persons if compounded monthly 1-day 1-month (30 days) 1-year Bottled Water 5 glasses $1.0006 150 glasses $42 150 glasses $0. 12%.018 1800 glasses $504 1800 glasses $0. 4) .5 gallons per person in 1999.216 2 .

12) = $0.380) Teknik Kimia S1 Paralel D3 Universitas Indonesia Cost of Bottled Water Bottled water cost/month = ($0. 12) = $708.018 (F/A.304 So the equivalent annual costs of drinking water and tap water per persons is: AWbottled-tap = $708.00012/glass Tap water cost/month = $0.Tugas 2 – Kuliah Ekonomi Teknik Inna Ihsani Nisa (1106.018/month Tap water cost/year = ($0.236 3 .28)(8)(30) = $42/month Bottled water cost/year = ($42/month)(12) = $504/year Cost of Tap Water Cost of tap water per 8-oz glass = 1.018/month)(12) = $0.54 AWtap = $0. 6%.139.00012*5*30 Tap water cost/month = $0. 6%.90 (8) 1000 (128 ) = $0.216 AW calculations AWbottled = $42(F/A.

000 Z -310.000.000 -48.000 20.000.380) Teknik Kimia S1 Paralel D3 Universitas Indonesia 6. $ Operating cost in year 1. N = 5 years.$20. 16%. A1 = $60.10 a) Compare the alternatives below on the basis of an annual worth analysis using an interest rate of 16% per year.000 3 32.139.000) = $68. 16%. 5) = $64. 3) + (0. N = 3 years.500 (A/G. years X -150.000)(A/P.000 + $2.000.Tugas 2 – Kuliah Ekonomi Teknik Inna Ihsani Nisa (1106. 5) + (0.000 -80.000)(A/P.000.000.000 5 36.645 AE (16%)O&M costs = $60.000 .084 AE (16%)O&M costs = $80.788 Alternative Y Given: P = $240.16)($32. G = $3.265 AE (16%)Total = $132. 16%.000 -3.500.000 + $3.$32. i = 16% AE (16%)ownershipcost = ($240. $ Life. $/year Salvage value. i = 16% AE (16%)ownershipcost = ($150.000 .000 6 b) Determine the present worth value for each alternative.000 -60.000.000 (A/G. G = $2. S = $20.000.910 4 .704 AE (16%)Total = $143. S = $32. Which alternative is the most economical? a) Alternative X Given: P = $150. A1 = $80. First cost. 3) = $82.000 -2.16)($20. $ Increase in operating cost each year.500 -1. 16%.000 Alternative Y -240.000) = $61.

N = 6 years.000. 6. i = 18% AE (18%)ownershipcost = ($250.000 -65.000 1. A1 = $130. Alternative Petroleum-Based Feedstock Inorganic-Based Feedstock -250. 6) = $940.000.139. S = $50.000 -110.Tugas 2 – Kuliah Ekonomi Teknik Inna Ihsani Nisa (1106.000.000 .000 First cost.$50. $/year 50. 6) + (0. years b) If the projects are independent.000 Salvage value.000. G = $400.000.000 (A/G. 6) + (0.000)(A/P.13 a) Compare the following alternatives on an annual worth basis at an interest rate of 18% per year.000 cost each year. 6) = $50.006.000.121 AE (16%)O&M costs = $48. which of them should be implemented? a) Alternative Petroleum-Based Feedstock Given: P = $250.000)(A/P. S = $36.000 . $ Increase in operating 400.194 b) The most economical alternative is alternative Z. i = 16% AE (16%)ownershipcost = ($310. 18%. N = 6 years.000 20.18)($50.000 (A/G. $ 6 4 Life.000. with AE Total is only cost $130. A1 = $48.380) Teknik Kimia S1 Paralel D3 Universitas Indonesia Alternative Z Given: P = $310.269 5 . 16%.$36.000 + $1. G = $1.000 + $400. 16%.073 AE (16%)Total = $130.000) = $66.182 AE (16%)O&M costs = $130. $ Operating cost in year -130.194.000. 18%.16)($36.087 AE (16%)Total = $1.000 270.000) = $80.

18%.18)($20. the cost efficiency is far more desired for a long-term project.056 AE (16%)O&M costs = $65.624 b) If the judgment based on life efficiency.000. G = $270.006.Tugas 2 – Kuliah Ekonomi Teknik Inna Ihsani Nisa (1106.139.000 + $270. Although its life efficiency 0. i = 18% AE (18%)ownershipcost = ($110.000. However. 6 .000.269 is two more times higher than the alternative of Inorganic-Based Feedstock that only cost $451. 18%. surely the alternative Petroleum-Based Feedstock will be implemented.380) Teknik Kimia S1 Paralel D3 Universitas Indonesia Alternative Inorganic-Based Feedstock Given: P = $110.$20.000) = $37. 4) + (0. A1 = $65. 4) = $414.000 . the cost of $1.000 (A/G.624.7 shorther than 6 years.000)(A/P. N = 4 years.568 AE (16%)Total = $451. S = $20.000.

Tugas Ekonomi Teknik Blank & Tarquin Edisi ke-6 Bab VI

Tugas Ekonomi Teknik Blank & Tarquin Edisi ke-6 Bab VI

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