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# Convergence  Understanding P‐Level Plots – Lecture    UnderstandingPLevelplots.

mp3

Understanding P-level Plots
P-level plots can provide clarification as to why a model is not converging.

AutoGEM Controls on Edges

P-Level Plot    Lecture Notes    Theoretical Background When a study does not converge. If the graph shows that the study almost converged during the run. Singularities can result in anything from abnormally high results to models that will not converge. If the graph shows that the quantity did not come close to converging. The results will list a p-level legend ranging from 1 to 9 (or what max/min polynomial order you have set up in the Multi-Pass Adaptive [MPA] analysis) and a wireframe-like display of the element edges in your model. the maximum is 9). One of these steps is to create a p-level plot. therefore resulting in a longer solution time. The p-level plots are fringe plots available only for the results of Multi-Pass Adaptive (MPA) studies. There are situations where stress singularities can cause edges in a model to require a high polynomial order for convergence. Interpreting P-level Plots . When running a Multi-Pass Adaptive (MPA) analysis. you should take one or more steps before re-running the analysis. This is done using the p-level plots in the results window. the results are likely to be accurate. For all these scenarios. Mechanica helps you understand the polynomial order reached by the elements in the model. the software raises the polynomial order to each of the edges of the elements in the model from order 1 to a specified maximum (typically. you should create a convergence graph result window.

you will create a p-level fringe plot using the results of an existing Multi-Pass Adaptive (MPA) analysis. For edges that reach the maximum polynomial order. PLevelPlots plate. For example. review a fringe plot of the p-level reached by each edge. To solve this issue. you may want to make the following changes:       Understanding P‐Level Plots – Demonstration    UnderstandingPLevelplots_demo. you can rerun the Multi-Pass Adaptive (MPA) study and re-examine the p-level plots and summary file information in search of a converged solution.prt Task 1. Alternatively. Open the Mechanica Application and start the Results mode. some edges of your elements (as listed in the analysis summary file) have reached plevel 9 before the convergence was attained. Click Results from the main toolbar. After you make any of these changes. You can also exclude elements in which the edges have reached P = 9 from the convergence study. 3. These edges will be displayed with a color matching the legend color of P=9. Click Applications > Mechanica. You can do this by seeding your model with datum points near the high p-order zones to adjust the size of elements so the elements in the high p-order zones are smaller. 1. you can use AutoGEM controls to do this without needing to create datum points. from the toolbar.Consider an analysis that you have run that has failed to converge. In this procedure.mp4    Understanding P‐Level Plots – Procedure    Procedure: Understanding P-level Plots Scenario In this procedure. you can break the edges where p-level = 9 into smaller pieces. 2. Click Result Window . you will create p-level plots from an existing Multi-Pass Adaptive analysis result set. Best Practices After the run is complete.

4. Examine the fringe plot. 6. Select MPA from the dialog box and click Open. The legend lists polynomial order from 1 to 9. it does not display any edges reaching p-level 8 and/or 9. Click OK and Show to close the dialog box and create the result. 5. From the Quantity tab. select P-Level from the drop-down list as shown. but because the model converged at 7th order polynomials. .

7. return to the Standard Pro/ENGINEER mode by clicking Applications > Standard. 1. 2. This completes the procedure.     . If necessary. Click File > Erase > Current > Yes to erase the model from memory. click File > Exit Results > No to close the results window. Click Save from the main toolbar and click OK to save the model. 3. After reviewing the result window. Task 2. Save the model and erase it from memory.