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- CBSE Science Notes - Class 10
- Class-X Physics
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Q1. In ABC, right angled at B, if AB = 12 cm and BC = 5 cm, find (i) sin A and tan A (ii) sin C and cot C.

20

Q2. Given cot θ find all other trigonometric ratios.

21

12 35

Q3. If cos A verify that: sin A(1 tan A) .

13 156

1 cos 1 5sin 3cos 7

Q4. (i) If 7 cot 24, prove that (ii) If 4 cot 5 , show that: .

1 cos 7 5sin 2 cos 2

cos2 sin 2 2 cos2 1

Q6. If 21cosec = 29, find the value of : (i) (ii) 2

1 2sin 2 cos sin 2

1 1

Q7. If tan 2; show that: tan 2 2.

tan tan 2

Q8. Evaluate each of the following :

5sin 2 30 cos 2 45 4 tan 2 30

(i) 2 cos2 60 cot 30° + 6 sin2 30° cosec2 60° (ii)

2sin 30 cos 30 tan 45

tan 2 60 3sec 2 30 4cos 2 45 5cos 2 90

(iii) 2 (cos2 45° + tan2 60°) – 6 (sin245° – tan230°) (iv)

cosec 30 sec 60 cot 2 30

2 tan 1 tan 2 2 tan

Q9. If = 30°, verify that : (i) sin 2 (ii) cos 2 (iii) tan 2

1 tan 2 1 tan 2 1 tan 2

Q10. Given that sin (A + B) = sin A cos B + cos A sin B, find the value of sin 75°.

3

Q11. If sin (A 2B) and cos (A + 4B) = 0, find the values of angles A and B.

2

Q12. ABCD is a rectangle with AD =12 cm and DC = 20 cm as shown. The line segment DE is drawn

making an angle of 30° with AD, intersecting AB in E. Find the lengths of DE and AE.

A E B

12 cm

30°

C

D 20 cm

2 2

cos 2 20 cos 2 70 sin 27 cos 63

(i) (ii) (iii) cot 12° cot 38° cot 52° cot 60° cot 78°

sin 2 57 sin 2 33 cos 63 sin 27

Q14. Prove that:

sin .cos (90 cos cos sin (90 ).sin cos (90 ) . sec (90 ) . tan tan (90 )

(i) 1 (ii) 2

sin (90 ) cos (90 ) cos ec (90 ) sin (90 ) .cot (90 ) cot

Q15. Without using trigonometric tables, find the value of each of the following:

cos 2 40 cos 2 50

(i) cos (40 ) sin (50 )

sin 2 40 sin 2 50

sin15 cos 75 cos15 sin 75

(ii) sec2 10 cot 2 80

cos sin(90 ) sin . cos (90 )

tan cot (90 ) sec cosec (90 ) sin 2 35 sin 2 55

(iii)

tan10 tan 20 tan 45 tan 70 tan 80

2 2

tan 20 cot 20

(iv) cosec70 sec 70 2 tan15 tan 37 tan 53 tan 60 tan 75

sec39 2

(v) .tan17 tan 38 tan 60 tan 52 tan 73 3(sin 2 31 sin 2 59)

cosec 51 3

Q16. If sec 5 θ = cosec ( θ – 36°), where 5 θ is an acute angle, find the value of θ .

Q17. Simplify the following expressions:

sin 3 cos3 sin 4 A cos4 A

(i) (1 + cos ) (cosec – cot ) (ii) cosec (1+ cos ) (cosec – cot ) (iii) (iv)

sin cos sin 2 A cos2 A

Q18. Prove that following identities:

(i) cosec2 + sec2 = cosec2 . sec2 (ii) 2 sec2 – sec4 – 2 cosec2 + cosec4 = cot4 – tan4

2

1 tan 2 1 tan tan cot

iii) (iv) 1 tan cot 1 sec cosec

1 cot 2 1 cot 1 cot 1 tan

1 sin A cos A sec 1 sec 1

(v) (vi) 2 cosec

1 sin A 1 sin A sec 1 sec 1

sin sin 1 1 1

(vii) 2 (viii) 1 1

cot cosec cot c osec tan 2 A cot 2 A sin 2 A sin 4 A

2 3

sin cos cos2 sin 3

(ix) 1 sin cos (x) 1 sin cos

1 cot cos sin 1 tan sin cos

1 cos sin 2 1 1 1 1

(xi) cot (xii)

sin (1 cos ) cosec A cot A sin A sin A c osec A cot A

cos 2 B cos 2 A sin 2 A sin 2 B

(xiii) tan 2 A tan 2 B (xiv) 2 (sin6 + cos6 ) – 3 (sin4 + cos4) + 1 = 0

cos2 B.cos2 A cos 2 A cos 2 B

(xv) 0 (xvi)

cos cos sin sin cot A – cosec A + 1 sin A

QIf cos + sin = 2 cos , show that cos – sin = 2 sin

Q20. If sin + cos = p and sec + cosec = q, show that q ( p 2 1) 2 p .

Q21. If x = a sec + b tan and y = a tan + b sec , prove that x2 – y2 = a 2 – b 2.

1 1 p2 1

Q22.(i) If sec x , prove that sec + tan = 2x or . (ii) If sec tan p, prove that sin .

4x 2x p2 1

Q23. If tan + sin = m and tan – sin = n, prove that m2 n 2 4 mn .

Q24. If sin + sin2 = 1, prove that cos2+ cos4 = 1

Q25. If 3sin 5cos 5, prove that 5sin 3cos 3 .

Q26. If x = a sec + b tan and y = a tan + b sec , prove that x2 – y2 = a 2 – b 2.

a2 b2

Q27. If a cos = x and b cot = y, show that 1.

x2 y 2

x y x y x2 y 2

Q28. If cos sin m and sin cos n, prove that 2 2 m2 n 2 .

a b a b a b

ANSWERS

5 5 12 5 21 20 21 29 29

1. (i) , (ii) , 2. sin θ = , cos θ , tan θ , cos ecθ , sec θ

13 12 13 12 29 29 20 21 20

34 5 3 1

6. (i) 1 (ii) 1 8. (i) (ii) (2 3) (iii) 6 (iv) 9 10.

2 6 2 2

11. A = 30°, B = 15° 12. DE = 8 3 cm, AE = 4 3 cm

1

13. (i) 1 (ii) 2 (iii) 15. (i) 1 (ii) 2 (iii) 2 (iv) 1 2 3 (v) 0

3

16. 21° 17. (i) sin (ii) 1 (iii) 1 – sin cos (iv)

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