Honors Chemistry

Name: Jocelyn Hung Period: 5 Date: November 16, 2 1!
" n i t ! : # y $ e s o % & e a c t i o n s

Reaction Prediction and Observations
'or the %ollo(ing reactions, in your lab noteboo)

a* Predict the $roducts o% the reaction and balance the e+uation, b* Describe the observations you (ould ma)e (hile the reaction $roceeded, c* Determine the ty$e o% reaction, -% it is a redo. reaction, determine (hat is o.idi/ed and reduced, 0g* solid co$$er is added to silver nitrate solution E+uation: Cu1s* 2 23gN4!  23g 2 Cu1N4!*2 1a+* B0'4&0: co$$er is a bro(nish shiny metal, silver nitrate is colorless and clear solution A'#0&: co$$er a$$ears to disa$$ear5 crystals o% shiny silver metal a$$ear5 the solution color turns to blue6green 1due to the $resence o% Cu 22 ions* T7P0: 8ingle &e$lacement6 &edo. Cu is o.idi/ed and 3g 2 is reduced5 2 electrons (ere trans%erred, 1, 3 solution o% co$$er 1--* chloride is electroly/ed, 4bserve the t(o electrodes, 0+uation: CuCl2 1a+*  Cu 1s* 2 Cl2 1g* 9e%ore: Co$$er -- Chloride is a blueish:green solution, 3%ter: #he tube containing co$$er turns bro(n, and the tube containing chlorine emits a yello(ish gas, #y$e: Decom$osition 4.idi/ed: Cl : in CuCl2 1a+* &educed: Cu22 in CuCl2 1a+*

2, ;inc metal and iodine solid are mi.ed and react in the $resence o% (ater 1(ater is not a reactant* #eacher demo

0+uation: ;n 1s* 2 2- 1s*  ;n-2 1a+* 9e%ore: -odine is a shiny blac) solid, and /inc is a shiny dar) grey metal, 3%ter: ;inc iodide is a (hite $o(der, #y$e: 8ynthesis 4.idi/ed: ;n 1s* &educed: - 1s*

!, ;inc iodide solution is electroly/ed, -n a $etri dish, dissolve a small amount o% /inc iodide in 2 m< distilled (ater, 0lectroly/e the solution (ith the cor) (ith 2 $ins and the battery, 3%ter observing, add in ! dro$s o% starch solution, 0+uation: ;n-2 1a+*  ;n 1s* 2 -2 1g* 9e%ore: ;inc iodide is a clear yello(ish li+uid,

3%ter: ;inc solid is a grey metal, and the iodine is yello(ish, #y$e: Decom$osition 4.idi/ed: - in ;n- 2 1a+* &educed: ;n in ;n-2 1a+*

=, 8odium metal is added to (ater, #eacher Demonstration 0+uation: 2Na 1s* 2 2H24 1l*  2Na4H 1s* 2 H2 1g* 9e%ore: solid shiny metal, clear trans$arent (ater 3%ter: (hite sodium hydro.ide solid, hydrogen gas 1bubbles* #y$e: 8ingle &e$lacement 4.idi/ed: Na 1s* &educed: H 2 in H24 1l*

Test for Gases 'or each o% the %ollo(ing test, ma)e additional observations o% (hat $rovides a $ositive test %or the gas $roduced, 5, >agnesium metal is added to hydrochloric acid, 8and a $iece o% magnesium metal, -n a medium si/e test tube, add 2 cm o% hydrochloric acid and the magnesium metal, "se your %inger to close the to$ o% the test tube (hile your $artner lights a (ooden s$lint, ?uic)ly $lace the burning s$lint into the test tube (ithout touching the li+uid, 0+uation: >g 1s* 2 2HCl 1a+*  >gCl2 1a+* 2 H2 1g* 9e%ore: shiny solid magnesium, clear hydrochloric acid

3%ter: hydrogen gas, (hite magnesium chloride in the %orm o% a $o(der #y$e: single re$lacement 4.idi/ed: >g 1s* &educed: H in HCl 1a+*

#est %or Hydrogen gas: @hen there is hydrogen gas, the %lame intensity increases, Combustion reaction %or hydrogen gas: 2H 2 1g* 2 heat  H24 1l* 2 H2 1g* 6, Hydrogen $ero.ide 1H242* decom$oses, 3dd some dro$s o% $otassium iodide solution to about 2cm dee$ hydrogen $ero.ide in a test tube , 0+uation: 2H242 1l*  2H24 1l* 2 42 1g* 9e%ore: hydrogen $ero.ide is a clear li+uid 3%ter: clear trans$arent li+uid (ater, o.ygen gas 1bubbling* #y$e: Decom$osition 4.idi/ed: 42 in H242 1l* &educed: 42 in H242 1l*

#est %or o.ygen gas: light a s$lint, i% the %lame is stronger then o.ygen is $resent

A, 8olid co$$er 1--* carbonate is heated and one o% the resulting $roducts is bubbled through lime(ater, 1#eacher Demonstration*, 0+uation: #he gas that goes to the lime (ater (as C42 (hich gives us calcium carbonate 1(hite $reci$itate* C42 1g* 2 Ca14H*2 1a+*  CaC4! 1s* 2 H24 9e%ore: carbon dio.ide is a colorless gas, lime (ater is a clear yello( li+uid

3%ter: calcium carbonate is a (hite $reci$itate, (ater is a clear trans$arent li+uid #y$e: Double:re$lacement 1-% a$$licable: o.idi/edB N63 reducedB N63*

#est %or carbon dio.ide gas: -% it bubbles into the lime(ater and CaC4 ! is %ormed, then there (as C42 gas,