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Dianys Sofa Tirado Moras

Facultad ciencias de la salud Enfermeria I Semestre UNICORDOBA 2013

Stress is part of our daily lives so much that can be considered as "the malaise of our civilization ', affecting both health and personal well as job satisfaction and collective. In the context of occupational health comes the development of a new process: Burnout syndrome. Several authors have documented that this syndrome affects those occupations that require direct contact with people and a "humanistic philosophy" of labor, ie those that require high dose delivery and involvement. So many professionals potentially affected by the syndrome (nurses, doctors, social workers, teachers, police), and also is widespread within each Maslach Burnout and Jackson4 defined as "a gradual loss of concern and all emotional feeling towards the people who work and leads to isolation and dehumanization." On the other hand, laid the foundation for studies in different communities and societies, and they devised a measuring instrument, called the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) In addition, these authors identified three aspects or dimensions of burnout: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and lack of personal accomplishment. The emotional exhaustion has been defined as wear, loss of energy, exhaustion and fatigue, which can manifest physically, psychologically or a combination. The second aspect is the trend related to depersonalization, which shows a negative change in attitudes towards others, especially towards the beneficiaries of the work itself, to which can be considered as mere numbers ("714"). In this regard, it has been argued that depersonalization at moderate levels would be an adaptive response to the professionals, but this same answer, to an excessive degree, demonstrate pathological feelings towards others, insensitivity and cynicism. The third component of burnout is the feeling of lack of personal accomplishment, which is a series of negative responses to yourself and your work, typical of depression, low morale, increased irritability, avoidance of labor relations, low productivity, inability to withstand stress, loss of work motivation and low self-esteem.

For others Burnout refers to a process in which professionals are disabused of their work, in response to experiences of stress and tension in it. The problems that can be solved not lead to Burnout in fact controlled stress can have positive effects, encouraging the individual to overcome, which culminate in a rewarding and competing professional. Indeed, the Burnout begin when the individual feels helpless to change the situation. From the above it follows that to display the Burnout involves the interaction between individual responses to stress with job strain in the work environment. In this framework the medical staff, and especially the nurses, would be particularly vulnerable to burnout. Thus, according to recent epidemiological studies conducted in the nursing staff, up to 25% of it would be affected by the syndrome.

On one hand, the work being done in hospitals requires that all professionals have sufficient clinical experience and maturity that allows them to face the difficult decision of which often derive ethical and moral implications. In this sense, nursing has been identified as a particular risk group because it concur personal, professional and institutional, which are potential causes of the syndrome we studied


life point discomfort civilization welfare loss concern Feeling instrument energy

lives points discomforts civilizations Welfares losses concerns feelings tools energies

Vida Punto Malestar Civilizacion Bienestar Perdida Peocupacion sentimientos instrumento energia

trend Change work sens reply degree feeling depression process exhaustion

tendencies Changes Works Senses Answers Degrees sensations depressions processes depletions

tendencia cambio obra sentido respuesta grado sensacion depresiones proceso agotamiento