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Contents

Self-descriptive Numbers

Magic Squares

Magic 30

Totalines

continued

Addogons

continued

Multogons

continued

Arithmecuts

Jumblies

Self-descriptive Numbers

The number 4 when written out as FOUR has the particular property that the

written word contains the same number of letters as it says.

FOUR has 4 letters

This is the only number in the English language which has this property,

and so it can be described as a self-descriptive number.

Now take a number like 22 which is written in words as TWENTY TWO and

it has only 9 letters so it certainly cannot be described as self-descriptive.

However, we can write 22 as 17 + 1 + 4 and that in words is

SEVENTEEN ADD ONE ADD FOUR

which does have 22 letters and so, in that form, is self-descriptive.

Try to find ways of making all the numbers from 8 to 20 self-descriptive in form and fill them in

on the grid below. The grid is to help get the letter-count correct, but remember that the sum

implied by the words must also work out to make the correct number.

Since it depends only on counting the letters, write the words in the grid without leaving any

spaces between them. No signs (like + - etc.) are allowed, only words, and the whole thing

must make perfectly good sense to read.

8=

9=

10 =

11 =

12 =

13 =

14 =

15 =

16 =

17 =

18 =

19 =

20 =

A.

Complete these Magic Squares. In each case only the numbers 1 to 16 may be used and

no numbers may be repeated. The Magic Total for each is 34.

15

12 14

13

10

15 16

11

13

10

14 15

16 10

11

8

16

15

10 12

8

7

12

13

11

13

2

6

B.

Complete these Magic Squares. In each case only the numbers 1 to 16 may be used and

no numbers may be repeated. The Magic Total for each is 34.

15

13 14

12

10

16 15

16

12 15

5

9

14

16

10

16 10

14 10

14

9

2

11

8

13

14

1

5

C.

Complete these Magic Squares. In each case only the numbers 1 to 16 may be used and no

numbers may be repeated. The Magic Total for each is 34.

16

13 14

12

16 15

11

16

12

10

7

2

16

4

10 12

15 10

15

13 15

7

14

11

6

16

15

4

3

Magic 30

Below are several copies of the same magic square.

The magic total of this particular square is 30.

That is, the four numbers along each row, down each column, and along the two diagonals

always add up to 30. That gives 10 ways of making 30 with four numbers.

However there are many more ways than that.

Find as many other ways of making 30 (always using four numbers) as you can and

shade them in, using a separate diagram for each. The first one is done for you.

54321

54321

54321

54321

54321

13 10

6

54321

54321

54321

54321

54321

54321

13 10

6

9 14

4

1 15

9 14

4

1 15

13 10

6

9 14

1 15

11 12

0

13 10

6

11 12

0

9 14

13 10

6

1 15

11 12

0

13 10

6

11 12

0

1 15

11 12

0

9 14

654321

65432

654321

654321

654321

1

654321

6

654321

5432

654321

654321

1

654321

9 14

4

1 15

11 12

13 10

6

1 15

11 12

0

13 10

6

9 14

3

1 15

9 14

4

1 15

13 10

6

11 12

0

9 14

1 15

13 10

6

11 12

0

13 10

6

9 14

1 15

11 12

0

13 10

6

11 12

0

9 14

9 14

4

1 15

11 12

13 10

6

1 15

11 12

0

13 10

6

9 14

3

1 15

9 14

4

1 15

13 10

6

11 12

0

9 14

1 15

13 10

6

11 12

0

13 10

6

9 14

1 15

11 12

0

13 10

6

11 12

0

9 14

9 14

4

1 15

11 12

13 10

6

1 15

11 12

0

13 10

6

9 14

3

1 15

9 14

4

1 15

13 10

6

11 12

0

9 14

1 15

13 10

6

11 12

0

13 10

6

9 14

1 15

11 12

0

13 10

6

11 12

0

9 14

9 14

4

1 15

11 12

13 10

6

1 15

11 12

0

13 10

6

9 14

3

1 15

9 14

4

1 15

13 10

6

11 12

0

9 14

1 15

13 10

6

11 12

0

13 10

6

9 14

1 15

11 12

0

13 10

6

11 12

0

9 14

9 14

4

1 15

11 12

Totalines

Numbers have to be placed in the empty circles. The numbers to be used are listed

under each diagram and no given number may be used twice.

The object is to place the numbers so that all those which lie along a straight line, as

shown by the lines drawn, add up to the total which is also given under the diagram.

The first one has been done for you.

4

6

6

5

Use 1, 2, 5, 6

Total 11

Use 2, 3, 4, 5

Total 13

Use 1, 2, 4, 5, 6

Total 11

Use 0, 1, 3, 4, 6

Total 10

3

Use 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7

Total 10

Use 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 5, 5

Total 10

Frank Tapson 2004 [trolA:5]

Use 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Total 10

1

Use 0, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7

Total 11

Use 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5, 6

Total 10

Use 0, 1, 2, 3, 5

Total 9

1

Use 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Total 12

Use 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 6, 7

Total 10

Totalines - continued

5

Use 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8

Total 14

Use 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8

Total 13

Use 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9

Total 15

5

8

Use 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9

Total 16

Use 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9

Total 17

Use 1 to 8

Total 23

Use 1 to 8

Total 25

9

Use 2 to 9

Total 21

1

Frank Tapson 2004 [trolA:6]

Use 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Total 18

Use 2 to 9

Total 23

Addogons

Fill in the missing numbers in the empty squares and circles on each of these diagrams.

There is only one rule In all of these diagrams, the number in any square is the sum of the two

numbers in the circles on either side of that square.

The first one has been done for you.

3

10

7

8

5

12

3

9

10

6

13

5

6

15

14

14

15

18

13

17

12

12

11

12

9

23

19

24

Addogons - continued

19

31

29

23

37

32

20

43

32

!

6

13

12

20

14

12

11

4

15

20

18

11

12

15

33

17

16

18

14

16

19

35

22

30

20

Multogons

Fill in the missing numbers in the empty squares and circles on each of these diagrams.

There is only one rule In all of these diagrams, the number in any square is the product of the

two numbers in the circles on either side of that square.

The first one has been done for you.

2

6

3

8

4

12

15

24

35

21

10

21

42

18

48

28

30

30

48

40

32

56

63

72

Multogons - continued

45

36

28

32

27

20

56

72

24

!

12

10

20

21

32

10

15

24

56

63

42

10

45

48

20

20

18

40

24

14

72

49

36

28

Arithmecuts

4

7

6

14

9

12

10

2

5 13

8 1

16 15

3 11

13 9 4

1 12 7

15 10 6

11 2 14

5

8

16

3

4

7

6

14

9

12

10

2

5 13

8 1

16 15

3 11

13 9 4

1 12 7

15 10 6

11 2 14

5

8

16

3

4

7

6

14

9

12

10

2

5 13

8 1

16 15

3 11

4

7

6

14

9

12

10

2

5 13

8 1

16 15

3 11

13 9 4

1 12 7

15 10 6

11 2 14

5

8

16

3

4

7

6

14

9

12

10

2

5 13

8 1

16 15

3 11

4

7

6

14

9

12

10

2

5 13

8 1

16 15

3 11

the same grid are drawn below.

You have to find a way of dividing the grid into 2 parts, which do not have to be of the

same shape or size, so that the total of the numbers in one part is equal to the total of

the numbers in the other part.

The dividing line between the 2 parts must be continuous and must follow along the

dotted lines dividing the cells.

One way of doing it has been shown as an example.

Find, and draw, as many other ways of doing it as you can.

Jumblies

Section A

In this section each of the statements has had its order of words jumbled up.

Rewrite each one so that it makes sense.

For example

PLUS EIGHT IS TEN TWO

should be

EIGHT PLUS TWO IS TEN

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

FIFTEEN AND NINE MAKES SIX

TAKE THREE SEVEN TEN EQUALS

NINE FROM IS ELEVEN TWO

TWELVE TIMES THREE IS FOUR

SHARED THREE BY FIFTEEN FIVE EQUALS

TIMES TWO GOES NINE EIGHTEEN INTO

FIFTEEN MAKES NINE TO ADDED SIX

ADD ONE IS FOUR SIX EQUAL ADD THREE TO

TO TWO NINE EQUAL ADD FIVE IS TIMES SEVEN

Section B

In this section each of the statements has its words in correct order, but the

letters of each word have been jumbled up.

Rewrite each one with the words spelt correctly.

For example

ROUF DAD REETH SQUEAL NEEVS

should be

FOUR ADD THREE EQUALS SEVEN

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

EVENS DAD ENIN SLAQUE ENTEXIS

TIGHE KATE IXS SI WOT

VIEF FORM VETLEW IS VENES

WOT MITES THERE SQUEAL IXS

HERET MISTE OURF SKAME WELVET

ENTEROUF SUNIM NEVLEE SI REETH

GETHI MISET TOW LAQUES TEESNIX

HEEETING HARDES BY XIS SI HERET

NET TOIN ROFTY SOGE ORUF SMITE

Vocabulary

ONE

TWO

THREE

FOUR

FIVE

SIX

SEVEN

EIGHT

NINE

TEN

ELEVEN

TWELVE

THIRTEEN

FOURTEEN

FIFTEEN

SIXTEEN

SEVENTEEN

EIGHTEEN

NINETEEN

TWENTY

THIRTY

FORTY

FIFTY

SIXTY

SEVENTY

EIGHTY

NINETY

HUNDRED

Section C

In this section each of the statements has had its words jumbled as well as the

letters of each word.

Rewrite each one with the words spelt correctly and in their correct order.

For example

SLUP INTEEFF XIS INEN SLAQUE

spelt correctly

PLUS FIFTEEN SIX NINE EQUALS

should be

SIX PLUS NINE EQUALS FIFTEEN

21.

22.

23.

24.

25.

26.

27.

28.

29.

30.

DAD GHEIT SI ROUFEENT

MASKE VIFE ENTRITHE THIGE SINUM

HETER VELEWT IS TEAK INNE

WOT QUALES EMITS TREEFOUN VENES

GOTHUN KATE SNEEV VEGIS EVENS

WOT NET IS RASHED BY WETTYN

OWT MORF SMEAK BACTRUST TENIENEN NEEETEVNS

NIFFTEE PLUMDILITE YB EERTH SAKEM FEVI

BY DIDDEVI WOT GETHI IS ORFU

ADD

PLUS

TAKE

MINUS

SUBTRACT

MULTIPLIED

TIMES

SHARED

DIVIDED

EQUALS

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