ASSIGNMENT CLASS XII DETERMINANTS

1. Find the values of x , if (i)
2 4 2 4
5 1 6
x
x
= (ii)
2 3 3
4 5 2 5
x
x
= (iii)
2 3
3
3 2
x
x x
÷ ÷
=
2. Using properties of determinants, show that:
(i)
2 2
2 2
2 2
0
b c bc b c
c a ca c a
a b ab a b
+
+ =
+
(ii) ( )( )( )( )
2 2 2
a b c
a b c a b b c c a ab bc ca
bc ca ab
= ÷ ÷ ÷ + +
(iii) ( )( )
2 2 2
2
b c c a a b
c a a b b c a b c ab bc ca a b c
a b b c c a
+ + +
+ + + = + + + + ÷ ÷ ÷
+ + +
(iv)
2
2
2
1
1 0
1
a a bc
b b ca
c c ab
÷
÷ =
÷

(v) ( )( )( )
2 2 2
3 3 3
x y z
x y z xyz x y y z z x
x y z
= ÷ ÷ ÷ (vi) ( )( )( )
2
2
2
1
1 2
1
a a bc
b b ca a b b c c a
c c ab
+
+ = ÷ ÷ ÷
+

(vii) ( )( )( )( )
2 2 2
x y z
x y z x y y z z x x y z
y z z x x y
= ÷ ÷ ÷ + +
+ + +
(viii) ( )
2
3
2 2 1 1
2 1 2 1 1
3 3 1
a a a
a a a
+ +
+ + = ÷
(ix) ( ) ( )( )
2 2
2 2
2 2
1
1
1
x y x y
y z y z x y y z z x
z x z x
+ +
+ + = ÷ ÷ ÷
+ +
(x) ( )
2
2
2 9
2
a a b a b
a b a a b b a b
a b a b a
+ +
+ + = +
+ +

(xi) ( )( )( ) ( )
2 3
2 3 2 2 2
2 3
1
1
1
a bc a
b ca b a b b c a c a b c
c ab c
+
+ = ÷ ÷ ÷ + +
+
(xii)
2
2 2 2 2
2
4
  
     
  
÷
÷ =
÷

(xiii)
3 3 3
3
a b c
a b b c c a a b c abc
b c c a a b
÷ ÷ ÷ = + + ÷
+ + +
(xiv) ( )( )
2
b c a b
c a c a a b c a c
a b b c
+
+ = + + ÷
+

(xv) ( )
2 2
3
2 2
2 2
bc b bc c bc
a ac ac c ac ab bc ca
a ab b ab ab
÷ + +
+ ÷ + = + +
+ + ÷
(xvi)
2 2
2 2 3 3 3
2 2
0
0 2
0
b a c a
a b c b a b c
a c b c
=
3. Without expanding the determinants, show that:
(i)
2
2
2
1 1
1 1
1 1
a bc a a
b ca b b
c ab c c
= (ii)
2 2 3
2 2 3
2 2 3
1
1
1
a a bc a a
b b ca b b
c c ab c c
= (iii) 2
a b b c c a a b c
b c c a a b b c a
c a a b b c c a b
+ + +
+ + + =
+ + +

4. Using properties of determinants, solve for x :
(i) 0
a x a x a x
a x a x a x
a x a x a x
+ ÷ ÷
÷ + ÷ =
÷ ÷ +
(ii)
3 8 3 3
3 3 8 3 0
3 3 3 8
x
x
x
÷
÷ =
÷
(iii)
6 1
2 3 3 0
3 2 2
x
x x
x x
÷ ÷
÷ ÷ =
÷ +

Ans: 0, 3a Ans: 2 3,11 3 Ans: 1, 2, 3 ÷

5. Using determinants, find the area of the triangle whose vertices are ( ) ( ) ( ) 2, 4 , 2, 6 and 5, 4 ÷ ÷ . Are the given
points collinear?
6. Find the equation of the line joining (1, 3) and (0, 0) A B using determinants and find k if ( , 0) D k is a point such
that ( )is3sq.units. ar ABD A
7. Find the value of x if the area of the triangle with vertices ( , 4), (2, 6) and (5, 4) be70sq.cm. x ÷
8. Find the value of  so that the points ( , 2 2 ), ( 1, 2 ) and ( 4 , 6 2 )       ÷ ÷ + ÷ ÷ ÷ are collinear?
9. Let
1 2 1
2 3 1
1 1 5
A
÷

= ÷



, verify that: ( ) ( ) ( ) | | i A adjA adjA A A I = =
1 1
( ) ( ) ( ) ii adjA adj A
÷ ÷
=
1 1
( ) ( ) iii A A
÷ ÷
=

1 1
( ) ( ) ( )
T T
iv A A
÷ ÷
= ( ) ( )
T T
v adjA adjA =
10. If
2 2 1 1 3 2
2 1 2 , 1 1 1
1 2 2 2 3 1
A B


= ÷ =

÷ ÷ ÷

, verify that:
1 1 1
( ) ( ) i AB B A
÷ ÷ ÷
= ( ) ( ) ( )( ) ii adj AB adjB adjA =
11. Given
1 1
5 0 4 1 3 3
2 3 2 and 1 4 3 .Compute( ) .
1 2 1 1 3 4
A B AB
÷ ÷


= =



Ans: 1
2 19 27
( ) 2 18 25
3 29 42
AB
÷
÷ ÷

= ÷ ÷

÷ ÷


12. If
1 2 2
2 1 2
2 2 1
A


=



, prove that
2 1
4 5 0.Hence find . A A I A
÷
÷ ÷ = Ans:
1
3 2 2
1
2 3 2
5
2 2 3
A
÷
÷

= ÷

÷


13. Find A, so that
5 3 14 7
( )
1 2 7 7
i A

=

÷ ÷

2 1 3 2 1 0
( )
3 2 5 3 0 1
ii A
÷
=

÷


2 1 1 8 10
( ) 1 0 1 2 5
3 4 9 22 15
iii A
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷

= ÷ ÷

÷


Ans:
3 1
1 2
A

=

÷


25 15
37 22
A

=

÷ ÷


1 2 5
3 4 0
A
÷ ÷
=



14. Find whether the following system of equations is consistent or not, find the solution of the system also:
(i)
3 2 3
2 1
2 3 5
x y z
x y z
x y z
÷ + =
÷ ÷ =
+ + =
(ii)
5 7 11
6 8 15
3 2 6 7
x y z
x y z
x y z
÷ + =
÷ ÷ =
+ ÷ =
(iii)
6
2 3 14
4 7 30
x y z
x y z
x y z
+ + =
+ + =
+ + =

Ans: inconsistent consistent 1, 1, 1 x y z = =÷ =÷ consistent, 2, 8 2 , x k y k z k = ÷ = ÷ =
15. Using matrix method, solve the following system of linear equations:
(i)
4 2 3 2
1
3 2 5
x y z
x y z
x y z
+ + =
+ + =
+ ÷ =
(ii)
2 7
3 11
2 3 1
x y z
x z
x y
+ + =
+ =
÷ =
(iii)
2
2 0
2 1
x y z
x y
y z
÷ + =
÷ =
÷ =
(iv)
1
3 2 3
1
x y z
x y z
x y z
+ ÷ =
+ ÷ =
÷ ÷ =÷
(v)
3
2 3 4 17
2 7
x y
x y z
y z
÷ =
+ + =
+ =

Ans:
1 3
, , 1
2 2
x y z = = =÷ 2, 1, 3 x y z = = = 1, 2, 3 x y z = = = 2, 1, 2 x y z = = = 2, 1, 4 x y z = =÷ =
16. Find the product of matrices
5 1 3 1 1 2
7 1 5 , 3 2 1
1 1 1 2 1 3
A B
÷

= ÷ =

÷

and use it for solving the equations
2 1, 3 2 7, 2 3 2. x y z x y z x y z + + = + + = + + = Ans: 4 , 2, 1, 1 AB I x y z = = = =÷
17. If
1 1 1
2 1 3
1 1 1
A
÷

= ÷



, find
1
A
÷
. Hence solve the following: 2 4 , 0 , 3 2 x y z x y z x y z + + = ÷ + + = ÷ + = .
Ans: 9 5, 2 5, 7 5 x y z = = =

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