• Materi/ Materi/energi tidak dapat di ubah menjadi bentuk lain atau dihilangkan, tanpa mengoperasikan berbagai peralatan

maupun pengaturan kondisi operasi • Engineer mampu mensintesa sistem baru yang mengubah materi dan energi menjadi suatu produk produk, , atau menghilangkan kontaminan dalam bahan



Teknik Kimia
Memanfaatkan pengetahuan kimia, fisika, matematik, ekonomi dan rekayasa untuk menyelesaikan problema yang ada (scientific and technical)

“universal engineer”
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Tujuan Pendidikan Teknik Kimia
mencetak sarjana yang mampu merancang dan mengoperasikan peralatan proses secara handal, efisien dan produktif.



dan lainlain-lain 9/25/2012 4 . ban. Batu Bara. semen. CO2 . asam sulfat. benzen. asam nitrat. etanol. Gas Alam.Industri Hulu Minyak Bumi. amonia. petrokimia. pupuk. tawas. metanol. Mineral Industri Hilir Kertas.

Ekonomi Proses kimia di scale up dalam skala pabrikStrategi Perancangan dan kelayakan ekonominya. Neraca Panas Energi yang masuk sistem + energi yang dihasilkan . Keseimbangan Laju transfer massa atau panas dari kedua sistem sama (keseimbangan reaksi kimia . Humanitas Mempetimbangkan aspek sosial dan lingkungan 9/25/2012 5 .energi keluar/hilang . Neraca Massa Massa yang masuk suatu sistem akan sama dengan massa yang keluar sistem. 5.Chemical Engineering Tools 1.keseimbangan fasa) 4.energi berubah bentuk = energi yang terakumulasi 3. 6. 2. Laju Proses Laju perpindahan massa (laju reaksi/kinetika) maupun laju perpindahan panas.

" These triumphs are summarized below: 9/25/2012 6 . chemical engineers have made tremendous contributions to our standard of living.So What Exactly Does This "Universal Engineer" Do? During the past Century. the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) has compiled a list of the "10 Greatest Achievements of Chemical Engineering. To celebrate these accomplishments.

Today these technologies have found uses in more peaceful applications. and archaeologists can accurately date their historical findings. and power generation have all been revolutionized by our ability to split the atom and isolate isotopes. medicine. Medical doctors now use isotopes to monitor bodily functions. quickly identifying clogged arteries and veins. Early on facilities such as DuPont's Hanford Chemical Plant used these techniques to bring an abrupt conclusion to World War II with the production of the atomic bomb. 9/25/2012 7 . Similarly biologists gain invaluable insight into the basic mechanisms of life. metallurgy. Chemical engineers played a prominent role in achieving both of these results.The Atom : • Biology.

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5 mCi = 7. Certain features are computer enhanced.isotopes to monitor bodily functions Procedure-Isotope Brain Scan Lung Scan Bone Scan Cardio Vascular Arterial Flow Typical Activity 99mTc 133Xe 85Sr 24Na = 7.1mCi =7. (credit: National Institutes of Health) 9/25/2012 9 .5 mCi = 0.5 mCi Figure 1: A radiopharmaceutical is used to produce this brain image of a patient with Alzheimer’s disease.

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it required the insights of chemical engineers during the 20th Century to make mass produced polymers a viable economic reality. However. When a plastic called Bakelite was introduced in 1908 it sparked the dawn of the "Plastic Age" and quickly found uses in electric insulation. Yet nearly all aspects of modern life are positively and profoundly impacted by plastic. and fashionable jewelry. plugs & sockets. clock bases. Today plastic has become so common that we hardly notice it exists. 9/25/2012 12 . iron cooking handles.The Plastic Age: The 19th Century saw enormous advances in polymer chemistry.

jewerly electric insulation plug and socket 9/25/2012 13 .

Medical doctors and chemical engineers continue to work hand in hand to help us live longer fuller lives. The results of such analysis have helped improve clinical care. chemical reactors and the like." Such operations might consist of heat exchangers. filters. 9/25/2012 14 . Fortunately this concept has also been applied to the human body.The Human Reactor: Chemical engineers have long studied complex chemical processes by breaking them up into smaller "unit operations. suggested improvements in diagnostic and therapeutic devices. and led to mechanical wonders such as artificial organs.

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Wonder Drugs : • Chemical engineers have been able to take small amounts of antibiotics developed by people such as Sir Arthur Fleming (who discovered penicillin in 1929) and increase their yields several thousand times through mutation and special brewing techniques. This ability to bring once scarce materials to all members of society through industrial creativity is a defining characteristic of chemical engineering 9/25/2012 16 . Today's low price. high volume. drugs owe their existence to the work of chemical engineers.

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and provide a good night's rest. 9/25/2012 18 . Synthetic fibers also help reduce the strain on natural sources of cotton and wool. and can be tailored to specific applications. nylon stockings make legs look young and attractive while bullet proof vests keep people out of harm's way. synthetic fibers keep us warm. For example.Synthetic Fibers : From blankets and clothes to beds and pillows. comfortable.

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The purified nitrogen can be used to recover petroleum. produce semiconductors. or prevent unwanted reactions while oxygen is used to make steel. smelt copper. weld metals together. Chemical engineers can then separate out the different components. and support the lives of patients in hospitals.Liquefied Air : When air is cooled to very low temperatures (about 320 deg F below zero) it condenses into a liquid. 9/25/2012 20 . freeze food.

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We All Have to Live Here: Chemical engineers provide economical answers to clean up yesterday's waste and prevent tomorrow's pollution. Catalytic converters. and new recycling technologies. and smoke stack scrubbers all help keep the world clean.The Environment. Additionally. 9/25/2012 22 . chemical engineers help reduce the strain on natural materials through synthetic replacements. more efficient processing. reformulated gasoline.

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Finally. chemical engineers are at the forefront of food processing where they help create better tasting and most nutritious foods. Fertilizers are especially important in certain regions of Asia and Africa where food can sometimes be scarce .Food. "It's What's For Dinner": • Plants need large amounts of nitrogen. and phosphorus to grow in abundance. 9/25/2012 24 . Advances in biotechnology also offer the potential to further increase worldwide food production. potassium. Chemical fertilizers can help provide these nutrients to crops. which in turn provide us with a bountiful and balanced diet.

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These building blocks are then separated and recombined to form many useful products including: gasoline. Petroleum processing is therefore recognized as an enabling technology. "Black Gold. lubricating oils. without which. synthetic rubber. and synthetic fibers. plastics. Texas Tea": Chemical engineers have helped develop processes like catalytic cracking to break down the complex organic molecules found in crude oil into much simpler species.Petrochemicals. much of modern life would cease to function 9/25/2012 26 .

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Running on Synthetic Rubber: Chemical engineers played a prominent role in developing today's synthetic rubber industry. hoses. or run. and conveyor belts (not to mention running shoes) are all made of rubber. This was because modern society runs on rubber. rollerblade. odds are you are running on rubber. Whether you drive. gaskets. Tires. 9/25/2012 28 . synthetic rubber capacity suddenly became of paramount importance. bike. During World War II.

atletic surface track 9/25/2012 29 .

gasket roller blade rubber hose 9/25/2012 Conveyor belt sushi 30 .