Essay on "Jane Eyre" Jane Eyre, an autobiography written by Charlotte Brontte is one of the most famous novels of all

times. It was published in 1847 by Smith, KIder and Company, London. Charlotte Bronte first published Jane Eyre under ihe pen name of Currer Bell, and it was an instant success, earning the praise of many reviewers. *l*he plot, theme, backaround. criticism and its adaptations arc whai lo be given follow. The narrator and main character. Jane Eyre is a poor orphan. She experienced a joyless childhood with her wealthy relative, the widowed Mrs. Rccd and her three spoiled children after her parents’ deaths. Short after. Jane is sent to Lowood. a boarding school run by Ihe inhumanely strict Mr. Brocklehust. Her only friends there are Miss Temple, the headmistress Jane admires and Helen Bums who is intelligent, patient hut ialcr dies of tuberculosis with calmness. After a serious typhoid fever epidemic, the conditions in Lowood improve, Jane slowly finds her plucc in ihc inslilulion and becomes úà leather. When Miss Temple marries and moves away, Jane desires to see the world beyond Lowood and dccidcs to change career. She then soon get a position as a governess to a small French girl in Thomficld Hall. Everything changes when Mr. Rochester, a wealthy Aristocrat, the owner of Thomfitfld arrives. Mr. Rochester, who almost lost all interest in woman because of his unsuccessful love, admires and rcspecl Jane's morality, modesty and finds beauty in Jane. He admits that he truly loves her. Jane returns his feelings, and they get engaged despite their differences in social status, age and experience. They complement and finds the besi in each olhcr. However, the wedding ceremony is interrupted by a lawyer, who declares

that Mr. Rochester is already married. Ilis mad wife, Bertha Mason is kept in ihe attic of Thornfield Hallẵ Torn between her love for Rochester and her own integrity, Jane flees Thomfield in the middle of the night with very liltle money and nowhere to go. Wandering for a few days, Jane finally finds a safe shelter with a vica St. John Rivers and his two sistersỂ ỉn a great coincidence, St. John learns that he and his two sisters arc Jane's cousin. And Jane is inherited a large sum of money from an uncle who lived abroad. She does not hesitate to share the money with her cousins. This gives St. John he means to pursue his calling, to go to India as a missionary. He asks Jane to marry him and go to India with him. Now Jane has the oppotunity to choose the husband of high moral but she knows St. John doesn?t truly love her. This is opposite to the situation she had with Mr. Rochester. When Jane is almost persuaded by her cousin, she hears her beloved master's voice calling her Irom the sky and she feels she must respond to that call. She travels immediately back Thomfield Hall, only to find il abandoned and ruined by a devastating fire. She learns that Mr. Rochester lost a hand, an eye and the sight of the other eyes as a result of trying to save all the servants and Bctha from the flames. And he is living nearby at a house called Fcmdean. Jane goes u» him and she marries him. She writes about ten years after their marriage and tells of their firsi bom son. Bventuaily Mr. Rochester gains pari of one sight back and is able to see ihc child who has similar sparkliniỉ eyes as him. Jane's lone quest to find love and happiness is finally fulfilled. There art’ several themes in the novel. Relations between social classes and genders are crucial, eventually, Jane overcomes obstacles in both fields and her marriage to Rochester is a union of equals. When they first met, this was not possible, ihcy were equals in spirit and strength of feeling

bul nol in social slatus and experience. However, Jane's emotional growth and the change in her financial situation combined with Rochester's physical disability and loss of his manor, turn the initial situation up side down. And Jane is the one with options and independence. Religion is another important theme. Jane abandons different religious ideals whose representatives are Mr. Brocklehust, Helen Bums, and St. John Rivers to approach her own ideal which combines duty and romantic love. "Jane Eyre" also addresses themes of love, responsibility, and the conflict between personal moral and the desire to fulfill the wishes of others. The background of the novel when ihe orphaned Jane is sent to Lowood, a hash boarding school and witnesses the death of a close friend, Helen Bums, are based on the author's own experiences. Charlotte herself logclhcr with her lour sisters and one brother are orphaned and four of ihe sisters were sent 10 a boarding school. Two of her sisters died in childhood as a result of the conditions at their school, the Clergy Dauiĩhlers School ai Cowan Bridge. These chapters are considered to be some of the most devastating prose in the English language. Some critics speculate* that Rochester's wife, Bertha, the dauuhter of a Jamaican planter is clearly characterised as being syphilitic : eg " her vices sprang up fast and rank", "her excesses had prematurely developed the germs of insanity” etc. And that mean Rochester would possibly be syphilitic which Bronte fails to follow to the conclusion. However. Rochester tells Jane thal he was tricked into marrying Bertha by her family, who wanted to eel rid of her bccause she was insane. If Bertha was indeed syphilitic, she may have infected the disease before she met Rochester. However, others think

that Bertha Mason is more a powerful symbol in place 10 force Jane to make a very difficult decision and to teach her a valuable lesson about hersefl than an actual medical case "I have no family or friends, who cares what happens to me? Who cares if I broach moral and cỉhics" “I care. 1 matter."). Also il is clearly stated that Bertha was not faithful in her marriage. Despite this, and other incoherences within the novel, the author has created a completely unconventional character, in her ihoughl, appearance and action with the narrative voice very strong, passionate, and convincing. "Jane Kyre" nol only inspired many olher writers bul also has strong effect on the film and television Held. Its versions appeared as early as 1910s during Ihe silent film era in Hollywood. In addition, Jane Eyre was the basis for the two silents," The Castle of Thomlield ( 1915) and Woman and Wife (1918). It was also released in 1926 in Germany as the silent film " Waisc von Lowood, Die" ( Orphan of Lowood). Ilic íìrsl Hollywood Sound film version of the novel was released in 1934. Several more versions appeared on British and American television from 1946 to 1973. It was even released in 1956 Hong Kong as "Mei gu" or "The Ophan Girl” and in Mexico as "HI Secreto" in 1963 and later as "Ardiente Secreto" in 1978. In Summary, it cannot be denied "Jane Byre” is a mastcrpiccc which has risen u> a position lo the peak of Knuiish literature. And it’s not an exaggeration to say it is the masterpiece of all time. This short essay gives just a little information and discusses very briefly on the novel and it's just to say it is not easy at all to evaluate enough ahoul the stature of the novel and it will continue to live and to be discovered by the readers in many generations to come./.