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Objective
Relationship between
• Protocols • Architecture • Interfaces

Layer 2 Functions and Data Flow

Multiplexing of Channels
 Channel Types
• Logical • Transport • Physical

LTE Interfaces

Radio Interface and X2 Interface
Control Plane (CP) User Plane (UP) TS 24.301 TS 36.331 TS 36.323 TS 36.322 TS 36.321 TS 36.2xx
NAS Protocols User PDUs

(E)-RRC
PDCP RLC MAC

TS 36.300

LTE-L1 (FDD/TDD-OFDMA/SC-FDMA)

LTE-Uu  Air interface of EUTRAN  Based on OFDMA in downlink and SCFDMA in uplink  FDD and TDD duplex methods  Scalable bandwidth: from 1.4 up to 20 MHz  Data rates up to 100 Mbps (DL), 50Mbps (UL)

X2-CP X2-UP (Control Plane) (User Plane)
User PDUs

TS 36.423 TS 36.422 TS 36.421

X2-AP SCTP IP L1/L2

GTP-U UDP IP L1/L2

TS 29.281

TS 36.424
TS 36.421

TS 36.420
[X2 general aspects & principles)

X2  Inter eNB interface  Handover coordination without involving the EPC  X2AP: special signaling protocol  During HO, Source eNB can use the X2 interface to forward downlink packets still buffered or arriving from the serving gateway to the target eNB.  This will avoid loss of packets during intereNB handover.

 S1AP:S1 Application Protocol TS 36.g.  It is a pure user data interface  Which Serving GW a user’s SAE bearer will have to use is signaled from the MME of this user.413 TS 36.281 TS 36. TS 29.301 NAS Protocols TS 36.410 [S1 general aspects & principles] S1-MME (Control Plane) TS 24.414 TS 36.  E.: if a UE performs a tracking area update the TRACKING AREA UPDATE REQUEST message will be sent from UE to eNB and the eNB will forward the message via S1-MME to the MME.411 S1-U (User Plane) User PDUs S1-U  User Plane interface between eNB and serving gateway.S1-MME & S1-U Interfaces S1-MME  Control interface between eNB and MME  MME and UE will exchange non-access stratum signaling via eNB through this interface.411 GTP-U UDP IP L1/L2 Serving Gateway TS 36.412 S1-AP SCTP IP L1/L2 MME eNB TS 36.410 [S1 general aspects & principles] .

Multiple S1-MMES1Flex .Multiple S1-US1Flex-U .S1 Flex eNB 1 Single S1-MME Single S1-U 1 eNB 2 Single S1-MME Multiple S1-US1Flex-U 2 3 eNB 3 Multiple S1-MMES1Flex Single S1-U eNB 4 (Not shown in picture) .EUTRAN and EPC .

etc.274 S6a (Control Plane) S6a Appl. .) during attaches and updates  The HSS can during these procedures also store the user’s current MME address in its database. authentication vectors) and active SAE bearers (PDN gateways to contact. external PDN allowed. etc. no user data runs on it. QoS. S6a  Interface between the MME and the HSS  The MME uses it to retrieve subscription and authentication information from HSS (handover/tracking area restrictions.272 HSS IP L1/L2 IP L1/L2 S10  Interface between different MMEs  Used during inter-MME tracking area updates (TAU) and handovers  Inter-MME TAU: The new MME can contact the old MME. QoS.)  Obviously S10 is a pure signaling interface. security information (security context.S10 and S6a Interface S10 (Control Plane) TS 29. MME GTP-C UDP MME DIAMETER TCP/SCTP TS 29. to retrieve data about identity (IMSI).

274 GTP-C UDP IP L1/L2 S11  Interface between MME and a Serving GW  A single MME can handle multiple Serving GW each one with its own S11 interface  Used to coordinate the establishment of SAE bearers within the EPC  SAE bearer setup can be started by the MME (default SAE bearer) or by the PDN Gateway.S11 Interface MME S11 (Control Plane) TS 29. Serving Gateway .

.274 Gateway (3GPP Candidate based on GTP) S5/S8 3GPP Alternative User Plane User PDUs GTP-C UDP IP L1/L2 GTP-U TS 29.S5/S8 Interface Control Plane Serving TS 29.281 PDN Gateway SGi PDN S5/S8 (3GPP candidate)  Interface between Serving GW and PDN GW  S5: If Serving GW and PDN GW belong to the same network (non-roaming case)  S8:If this is not the case (roaming case)  S8 = S5 + inter-operator security functions  Mainly used to transfer user packet data between PDN GW and Serving GW  Signaling on S5/S8 is used to setup the associated bearer resources  S5/S8 can be implemented either by reuse of the GTP protocol from 2G/3G or by using Mobile IPv6 with some IETF enhancements.

275 PDN Gateway SGi PDN S5/S8 (IETF candidate)  Interface between Serving GW and PDN GW  S5: If Serving GW and PDN GW belong to the same network (non-roaming case)  S8:If this is not the case (roaming case)  S8 = S5 + inter-operator security functions  Mainly used to transfer user packet data between PDN GW and Serving GW  Signaling on S5/S8 is used to setup the associated bearer resources  S5/S8 can be implemented either by reuse of the GTP protocol from 2G/3G or by using Mobile IPv6 with some IETF enhancements. .S5/S8 Interface Control Plane (IETF Candidate based on PMIPv6) S5/S8 IETF Alternative User Plane User PDUs Serving Gateway TS 29.275 PMIPv6 IPv4/IPv6 MIPv6 Tunneling Layer (GRE) IPv4/IPv6 L1/L2 TS 29.

The information to do the mapping comes directly from the PCRF Gx (S7)  Interface between the PDN GW and the PCRF  It allows:  the PCRF to request the setup of a SAE bearer with appropriate QoS • the PDN GW to ask for the QoS of an SAE bearer to setup • to indicate EPC status changes to the PCRF to apply a new policy rule. .Gx and Gxc Interface Gxc (Control Plane) TS 29.212 SCTP IP L1/L2 SCTP IP L1/L2 SGi S-GW IMS/PDN S5/S8 P-GW Gxc  Interface between the S-GW and the PCRF (Policy and Charging Rule Function)  It is only needed in case the S5/S8 interface is based on PMIP (IETF candidate)  The reason is that only in this case the S-GW will perform the mapping between IP service flows in S5/S8 and GTP tunnels in the S1-U interface.212 Gx Application DIAMETER PCRF Gx (Control Plane) Gx Application DIAMETER TS 29.

061: “Interworking between the Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) supporting packet based services and Packet Data Networks (PDN) .Rx and SGi Interface Rx (Control Plane) RX Application DIAMETER PCRF Rx TS 29. towards the Service Domain)  Standardized in 3GPP TS 29.214 SCTP IP L1/L2  Interface between PCRF (Policy & Charging Rules Function) and the external PDN network/operators IMS (in general.214: “ Policy and Charging Control over the Rx reference point (release 8)” SGi SGi (User Plane) Application UDP or TCP PDN Gateway IPv4/IPv6 L1/L2 PDN TS 29.061  Interface used by the PDN GW to send and receive data to and from the external data network or Service Platform  It is either IPv4 or IPv6 based  This interface corresponds to the Gi interface in 2G/3G networks  Standardized in 3GPP TS 29.

215 S9 Application DIAMETER SCTP IP L1/L2 hPCRF vPCRF S9  Interfaces between the hPCRF and the vPCRF is used in roaming cases.215: “ Policy and Charging Control over the S9 reference point (Release 8)”.  It is used in the VPLMN for enforcement of dynamic control polices from the hPLMN.S9 Interface S9 (Control Plane) TS 29. .  It is standardized in 3GPP TS 29.

274 GTP-C UDP IP L1/L2 2G/3G SGSN S4 (Control Plane + User Plane) User PDUs TS 29.  This would allow to either forward packet data from EUTRAN via Serving SAE GW to SGSN (and then to GGSN) or from 2G/3G RAN to SGSN to Serving SAE GW to PDN GW.  These 2 interfaces are based on the Gn interface between the SGSN and the GGSN.281 MME Serving Gateway S3/S4  Interfaces between EPC and 2G/3G packet switched core network domain  They would allow inter-system changes between EPS and 2G/3G  The S3 is a pure signalling interface used to coordinate the inter-system change between MME and SGSN  The S4 contains user plane and control plane interface and it is located between SGSN and Serving SAE GW.S3 and S4 Interface S3 (Control Plane) TS 29.274 GTP-C UDP IP L1/L2 GTP-U TS 29. .

.281 GTP-U UDP IP L1/L2 Serving Gateway S12  Interfaces between EPC and 3G Radio access network  It would allow inter-system changes between LTE and 3G  The S12 is the user plane interface used for tunneling user data directly between the Serving GW and the RNC.  It is based on the Gn interface between the SGSN and the GGSN and therefore uses the GTP-U protocol.  This would allow to forward packet data from 3G RAN to Serving GW to PDN GW.S12 Interface S12 (User Plane) User PDUs RNC TS 29.

Summary Control Plane .

Summary User Plane .

Protocols Details .

LTE Channels .

Radio Interface .

Channel Classification .

Downlink Channels .

DL Logical Channels .

DL Logical Channels .

initial access signaling for RRC_IDLE UE DL Logical Channels MCCH multicast control ch.or uni-directional MTCH multicast traffic ch. paging message for LTE_IDLE UE downlink only CCCH common control ch. system information downlink only DCCH dedicated control ch. MBMS control information for MTCH downlink only . MBMS traffic for broadcast or multicast MBMS services downlink only PCCH paging control ch.Logical Channel type of information MAC priority UE identification Control Channel signaling info (RRC) Traffic Channel user plane data (IP) BCCH broadcast control ch. dedicated RRC signaling with one UE bi-directional DTCH dedicated traffic channel IP user plane data bi.

Downlink Channels .

DL Transport Channels .

DL Transport Channels .

MCCH supports HARQ . BCCH. 16QAM. MTCH. 64QAM Downlink TrCH BCH broadcast channel carries BCCH PCH paging channel carries PCCH DL Transport Channels MCH multicast channel carries MTCH. collision risk supported block sizes and number of blocks support for HARQ support for beam-forming support for DRX/DTX coding (reliability) static | dynamic resource allocation support for QPSK. DTCH. MCCH DL-SCH downlink shared channel carries DCCH.Transport Channel (TrCH) transfer characteristics: delay.

Downlink Channels .

DL Physical Channels .

DL Physical Channels .

channel. multicast multicast channel. phys.. •• associated associated with with cell-id.. scheduling. ref. Sounding Sounding ref. estimation. demodulation. UL-SCH. Demodulation Demodulation ref.211 36.. phys. phys. •• used used by by NW NW to to optimize optimize channel channel dependent dependent scheduling. PRACH PRACH •• phys. channel. PMCH PMCH •• phys. •• carries carries RACH RACH (access (access request request preamble). •• L1 L1 information information DL DL synch. channel. control control format format indicator indicator channel channel •• L1 L1 control control information information (no. •• used used for for DL DL channel channel estimation. DL DL control control channel. •• L1 L1 control control information information (scheduling (scheduling assignments). •• used used for for cell cell detection detection and and initial initial time/phase time/phase synch. DL DL reference reference signal signal •• pre-defined pre-defined 2-dimensional 2-dimensional orthogonal/pseudo-noise orthogonal/pseudo-noise sequence. random random access access (channel). PUSCH PUSCH •• phys. synch.211 referenced referenced as as signal. demodulation. channel. •• carry carry higher higher layer layer data data (physical (physical channel channel PhyCH) PhyCH) or or •• used used internally internally by by L1 L1 (physical (physical channel/signal). phys. (no. •• carries carries MCH. assignments). UL UL shared shared channel. of of ODFM ODFM symbols symbols used used for for PDCCH). DL-SCH.DL Physical Channels Physical Physical Channels Channels // Signals Signals •• set set of of OFDM/SC-FDMA OFDM/SC-FDMA resource resource elements. (BCCH). phys. synch. PDSCH PDSCH •• phys. Downlink Downlink PhyCH PhyCH Downlink Downlink Signal Signal Uplink Uplink Signals Signals Uplink Uplink PhyCH PhyCH PBCH PBCH •• physical physical broadcast broadcast ch. signal signal •• pre-defined pre-defined (long) (long) sequence sequence sent sent alone. PDCCH). estimation. sequence. elements. demodulation. UL UL control control channel. PCFICH PCFICH •• phys. channel/signal). not not as as channel] channel] PDCCH PDCCH •• phys. •• carries carries PCH PCH and and DL-SCH. (channel). •• carries carries UL-SCH. ch. (Zadoff-Chu). •• carries carries BCH BCH (BCCH). preamble). signal signal •• pre-defined pre-defined sequence sequence sent sent along along with with PUSCH/PUCCH PUSCH/PUCCH •• used used for for uplink uplink channel channel estimation. alone. phys. .. MCH. DL DL shared shared channel. channel. cell-id. •• [in [in TS TS 36. phys. demodulation. signal. ref. signal signal •• 1 1 of of 3 3 pre-defined pre-defined sequences sequences (Zadoff-Chu). PUCCH PUCCH •• phys.

Uplink Channels .

UL Logical Channels .

or uni-directional .UL Logical Channels Logical Channel type of information MAC priority UE identification Control Channel signaling info (RRC) Traffic Channel user plane data (IP) CCCH common control ch. dedicated RRC signaling with one UE bi-directional DTCH dedicated traffic channel IP user plane data bi. initial access signaling for RRC_IDLE UE DCCH dedicated control ch.

Uplink Channels .

UL Transport Channels .

collision risk supported block sizes and number of blocks support for HARQ support for beam-forming support for DRX/DTX coding (reliability) static | dynamic resource allocation support for QPSK. 64QAM Uplink TrCH RACH random access channel carries no logical channel only for initial L1 access request UL-SCH uplink shared channel carries CCCH.UL Transport Channels Transport Channel (TrCH) transfer characteristics: delay. 16QAM. DCCH. DTCH supports HARQ .

Uplink Channels .

UL Physical Channels .

assignments). •• carries carries RACH RACH (access (access request request preamble). ch. cell-id. •• [in [in TS TS 36. demodulation. DL DL control control channel. DL-SCH. demodulation. alone. PRACH PRACH •• phys. preamble). UL-SCH. channel.. MCH. multicast multicast channel. •• carries carries UL-SCH. (channel). Downlink Downlink PhyCH PhyCH Downlink Downlink Signal Signal Uplink Uplink Signals Signals Uplink Uplink PhyCH PhyCH PBCH PBCH •• physical physical broadcast broadcast ch. signal signal •• 1 1 of of 3 3 pre-defined pre-defined sequences sequences (Zadoff-Chu). channel. DL DL shared shared channel. channel. (no. signal signal •• pre-defined pre-defined sequence sequence sent sent along along with with PUSCH/PUCCH PUSCH/PUCCH •• used used for for uplink uplink channel channel estimation.211 referenced referenced as as signal. phys. PUSCH PUSCH •• phys. •• carry carry higher higher layer layer data data (physical (physical channel channel PhyCH) PhyCH) or or •• used used internally internally by by L1 L1 (physical (physical channel/signal). Sounding Sounding ref. PMCH PMCH •• phys. phys. phys. PDCCH). phys. (BCCH). UL UL control control channel. phys. scheduling. DL DL reference reference signal signal •• pre-defined pre-defined 2-dimensional 2-dimensional orthogonal/pseudo-noise orthogonal/pseudo-noise sequence. •• carries carries MCH.211 36. •• used used for for DL DL channel channel estimation. synch.Channels Physical Physical Channels Channels // Signals Signals •• set set of of OFDM/SC-FDMA OFDM/SC-FDMA resource resource elements. •• used used by by NW NW to to optimize optimize channel channel dependent dependent scheduling. •• L1 L1 control control information information (scheduling (scheduling assignments).. channel. signal signal •• pre-defined pre-defined (long) (long) sequence sequence sent sent alone. demodulation. signal. ref. (Zadoff-Chu).. elements. ref. of of ODFM ODFM symbols symbols used used for for PDCCH). •• associated associated with with cell-id. •• L1 L1 information information DL DL synch. PCFICH PCFICH •• phys. phys. not not as as channel] channel] PDCCH PDCCH •• phys. channel. PUCCH PUCCH •• phys. channel/signal). random random access access (channel). synch. PDSCH PDSCH •• phys. control control format format indicator indicator channel channel •• L1 L1 control control information information (no. Demodulation Demodulation ref. sequence.. demodulation. phys. •• carries carries PCH PCH and and DL-SCH. estimation. UL UL shared shared channel. •• carries carries BCH BCH (BCCH). •• used used for for cell cell detection detection and and initial initial time/phase time/phase synch. estimation. .

demodulation PCFICH phys. signal pre-defined (long) sequence sent alone used by NW to optimize channel dependent scheduling . signal pre-defined sequence sent along with PUSCH/PUCCH used for uplink channel estimation. control format indicator channel L1 control information (no. HARQ indicator channel ACK/NACK of UL Transmission over PUSCH Downlink Signal Uplink Signals DL reference signal pre-defined 2-dimensional orthogonal/pseudo-noise sequence used for DL channel estimation. signal 1 of 3 pre-defined sequences (Zadoff-Chu) associated with cell-id used for cell detection and initial time/phase synch.Additional Channels Additional Physical Channels / Signals Downlink PhyCH PHICH phys. demodulation Demodulation ref. of ODFM symbols used for PDCCH) DL synch. Sounding ref.

Summary Relationship between • Protocols • Architecture • Interfaces Layer 2 Functions and Data Flow Multiplexing of Channels  Channel Types • Logical • Transport • Physical .

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