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Course 204-500 11/01/06

Rolling Element Bearing Maintenance Exercise Guide

Exercise E204-S02-EXR-DFT.wpd

Introduction to Rolling Element Bearing Types
Objectives
’ ’ Identify the three basic load conditions used to classify rolling element bearings. Given the DAC Bearing Maintenance Trainer, its Use Guide, and the bearings supplied with the Trainer, identify the basic rolling element bearing types and their components.

Performance Standard
’ Define and demonstrate the terms identified in italics within this exercise with 100% accuracy.

Foundation Competencies
’ Basic understanding of rolling element bearing terminology (Exercise E204-S01)

Required Background Reading
’ IPT’s Industrial Trades Training Manual (DAC, #510-000), pages 165 - 189

Tools Required
’ None

Components Required
’ DAC Bearing Maintenance Trainer, #204, including basic components and bearings

© 2006 Design Assist ance Corporation

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Ball bearings are normally used for light to medium loads. A bearing may be subject to either thrust loads or radial loads or to both at the same time (combination load). Ball bearings generally cost less and operate at higher speeds with less heat generation than roller bearings. Roller bearings have more rolling surface area in contact with the bearing’s inner and outer races. Use of the proper bearing type in a specific application will help to ensure the most efficient operation of the machinery involved.Course 204-500 11/01/06 Rolling Element Bearing Maintenance Exercise Guide Introductory Discussion The loads or forces that rolling element bearings are subject to are radial or thrust. One of the considerations involved in bearing selection is the kind of load the bearing is expected to handle. and the costs associated with operating and maintaining the equipment. down time. © 2006 Design Assist ance Corporation 02-2 . A radial load is a load that is applied along the line of the radius of the shaft. Rolling element bearing types are also selected based on the stress of the load. allowing them to support heavier loads than ball bearings of similar size. thus reducing maintenance. An thrust load is one that is applied along the axis of the shaft and is often referred to as a axial load. and roller bearings typically are used for moderate to heavy loads.

#5208). The angular contact ball bearing works best with heavy thrust loads in one direction and moderate radial loads. A combination load represents a combination of two or more forces exerted on a shaft from a right angle with the shaft. The double row deep groove ball bearing is similar to the deep groove ball bearing. ’ ’ ’ © 2006 Design Assist ance Corporation 02-3 . ’ Identify the three basic bearing loads. although a substantial thrust load in either direction can also be applied. #7313BMG). Identify basic rolling element bearing types. #6313ZZ). such as from a rotary turntable on a vertical shaft. perpendicular to the shaft. but has two rows and can accept higher radial loads and substantial thrust loads in either direction. Identify combination load . The deep groove ball bearing is the most common ball bearing and is designed primarily for radial loads. such as from a drive belt or chain around the shaft. ’ ’ Step 2. Identify the deep groove ball bearing (supplied with the DAC Maintenance Trainer. and/or at an angle with the shaft axis.Course 204-500 11/01/06 Rolling Element Bearing Maintenance Exercise Guide Performance Steps Step 1. Identify the angular contact ball bearing (supplied with the DAC Maintenance Trainer. A radial load represents a force at right angles to the shaft axis. A thrust (or axial) load represents a force applied in parallel with the axis of a shaft. Identify thrust load . such as from shaft-mounted gears. Identify radial load . Identify the double row deep groove ball bearing (supplied with the DAC Maintenance Trainer.

The spherical roller bearing has high radial load capacity. ’ Summary You have now learned to identify the three basic bearing load types: radial. #KHP290-27). #22212-CCK-W 33). This is the small unit-type pillow block bearing supplied with the extended bearing maintenance trainer (204E). Optional Tasks ’ None © 2006 Design Assist ance Corporation 02-4 .Course 204-500 11/01/06 Rolling Element Bearing Maintenance Exercise Guide ’ Identify the single row ball bearing with eccentric locking collar (supplied with the DAC Maintenance Trainer. and the major bearing types. improves performance. Identify the needle bearings (supplied with the DAC Maintenance Trainer. or in evaluating optimization of a machine’s performance. #B-2012 [outer] and #IR-1612 [inner]). as well as the ability to accommodate thrust loads in both directions. and reduces the time and cost of maintenance. thrust (or axial). Using the right bearing for a load (and properly mounting it) lengthens machine life. Note: The single row ball bearing with eccentric locking collar should not be used on machines whose direction of rotation is reversible. This bearing is suitable for heavy-duty applications and tolerates misalignment. and combination loads. The single row ball bearing with eccentric locking collar uses the collar to locate the bearing on the shaft. Needle bearings can be either radial or thrust. g ’ Identify the spherical roller bearing with tapered bore (supplied with the DAC Maintenance Trainer. It is designed to handle radial loads. Understanding the types of loads and the kinds of bearings that can be used to accommodate these loads is very valuable in selecting a bearing for use in a particular application. The needle bearing has small diameter rollers and is used where space is limited.

.1993.. Cleveland. Power Transmission Handbook. Canada: IPT Publishing and Training. Alberta. IPT’s Industrial Trades Training Manual. SKF Bearing Maintenance Handbook. SKF Group. 1st ed. © 2006 Design Assist ance Corporation 02-5 . 1996. Denmark: SKF. Ltd. 1989.Course 204-500 11/01/06 Rolling Element Bearing Maintenance Exercise Guide Resources Basaraba. Bruce M. Ohio: Penton Custom Publishing Group. Edmonton. Power Transmission Distributors Association.

back-to-back. #6 To compensate for small amounts of bore or shaft misalignment. (a) (b) (c) (d) single row. . and face-to-back mounting refers to : (a) (b) (c) (d) self-aligning ball bearings single row deep groove ball bearings double row deep groove ball bearings angular contact ball bearings © 2006 Design Assist ance Corporation 02-6 . #510-000) at the end of Section 4. use: (a) (b) (c) an internally self-aligning ball bearing an externally self-aligning ball bearing both “a” and “b” #7 Face-to-face. . Name: Date: #4 Ball and roller bearings are classified according to: (a) (b) (c) (d) load conditions shaft position type of rolling element used type of lubrication method applied #5 Identify which type of load the following ball bearings are intended to carry. (DAC. deep groove ball bearing angular contact ball bearing thrust ball bearing double row. Circle the correct answer or write the answers in the space provided. .Course 204-500 11/01/06 Rolling Element Bearing Maintenance Exercise Guide Review Questions Answer the following questions from the Industrial Trades Training Manual. deep groove ball bearing .

(a) (b) (c) (d) self-aligning contoured separable tapered facilitate mounting and #12 Cylindrical roller thrust bearings are used in bearing arrangements: (a) (b) (c) (d) which require self aligning features having light axial loads requiring minimum axial space where axial loads are in two directions #13 Spherical roller bearings have two rows of rollers: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) which run on flat inner and outer raceways which carry heavy radial loads running in a common sphered raceway in the outer ring both “a” and “b” both “b” and “c” © 2006 Design Assist ance Corporation 02-7 .Course 204-500 11/01/06 Rolling Element Bearing Maintenance Exercise Guide #8 The seals on a sealed ball bearing serve to: (a) (b) (c) (d) protect the balls from contaminants retain the lubricant in the bearing maintain a constant bearing temperature have the bearing be used in water or other fluid conditions #9 Single direction ball thrust bearings: (a) (b) (c) (d) cannot be subjected to radial loads accommodate axial loads in one direction locate a shaft in one direction all of the above load capacity. #10 A cylindrical roller bearing has high (a) (b) (c) radial thrust combination radial and thrust #11 Cylindrical roller bearings which are dismounting.

Course 204-500 11/01/06 Rolling Element Bearing Maintenance Exercise Guide #14 Spherical roller thrust bearings are capable of carrying radial loads. use diameter rollers. . (a) (b) (c) (d) . . . #17 The rollers of needle roller thrust bearings are usually of the practical diameter to provide maximum load contact area. when compared to cylindrical roller bearings. © 2006 Design Assist ance Corporation 02-8 . (a) (b) . (a) (b) largest smallest #18 Tapered rollers are designed to carry: (a) (b) (c) radial load thrust load combination radial and thrust load #19 List the four basic parts of a tapered roller bearing and identify the purpose each serves. (a) (b) large small #16 Identify two methods for retaining the rollers in needle roller bearings without inner races. (a) (b) true false #15 Needle bearings. .