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Creating El

Impenetrable National Park Argentina

Argentina September 2013 .Province of Chaco.

locate' in the province of Chaco("he)*erme+o o "euco. Fundaci4n Flora y Fauna. where $%& of the Great Chaco is located.ust managed to establish a saw mill in the nearby town of Castelli and logged some of the property but never to a degree that compromised the outstanding biodiversity condition that the property still has# +anuel was murdered in %/(( and soon after the !rovince of Chaco 'egislature passed a law declaring the suitable conditions for expropriation# "he propert! i# 1$%. 'uis died and never managed to set up any agribusiness in “'a Fidelidad”# +anuel was never interested in “developing” the land and . the introduction of cattle and more recently soya expansion# "bout ten years ago scientists surveying biodiversity in “Impenetrable” came across one huge property that had remained in excellent conservation conditions# This property is “'a Fidelidad” and was bought in ()*% by two Italian brothers 'uis and +anuel . Fundaci4n +empo Giardinelli. !araguay.ed :aguaret. settlements. C9I ".# cattle( In the Chaco province the #outhern bor'er i# al#o a river /#maller than the *erme+o0 calle' )*erme+ito. "ves "rgentinas. the biggest dry subtropical forest in the world expanding into rasil. river i# the natural bor'er to both province# an' 'ivi'e# the propert! in t-o( "he ea#t. -e#t an' north limit# of the propertie# -ere fence' to avoi' neighbor.0.oseo# -owever. Fundaci4n -abitat y <esarrollo. an' -a# never fence'( "he proce## of creating a National Park " group of 0G1s 2 anco de os3ues. 'os 3ue se van and !ro :ungas 2 led by <ouglas Tomp=ins and 6ofia -einonen convinced the 0ational !ar= "dministration and the . there has been systematic degradation of this ecosystem by intensive logging.. "5I0". F".&03 hectare#. . olivia and "rgentina# In "rgentina. Fundaci4n 5ida 6ilvestre788F.A uni ue opportunit! The “Impenetrable” is a high value biodiversity area within the Great Chaco Forest.

000.250.Governor of the Chaco to support an initiative in favor of creating a 0ational !ar=# "s a conse3uence. de Ganay -u ert Go.org0( "he propo#al to the governor on the part of the group of N56# -a# to -ork together to rai#e mone! from corporation#.% million pe#o# in the tru#t( So far. Charle.lafidelidad.00 $ %00. on 1ecember 2011 the legi#lature of the Province of Chaco pa##e' an Act creating e2propriating the lan' an' another act creating a tru#t /fi'eicomi#o0 to pa! for the future National Park create' at the former e#tate )3a 4i'eli'a'.000.00 $ *5.$33.00 $ %0.00 $ "50.e 6 .00 $ .00 $ 2.00 $ %0. /the official -eb#ite of the tru#t i# www..000.000.000 million pe#o# from #mall 'onor# an' from corporation#( Commitments National Government Danone Lautaro y Camila Che e! Claudio #ertonati $a lo Na!ar &orge Ca'itani(h )miliano )!(urra &uan $aul Cintia $er+in.000. in'ivi'ual# an' large argentine an' foreign 'onor#( "he commitment from the national government -a# to 'epo#it 7.000.00 $ ".00 $ ".000.00 $ "6.000.000..mall donor.000.00 $ %0. Arg Pesos $ 6.800.500.000. the collective fun' rai#ing effort# N56# have rai#e' 8 10.00 .

000. mar=s the big difference with other reserves in the region# This allows for high biodiversity in terms of birds.aguar. TatB Carreta.o de los !alos./0/1L $ "0. offering refuge not only to species of <ry Chaco Forest Cchancho 3uimilero. and the tapir# These species typically stay away from poachers and cattle. a =ey indicator of a high rate of survival# N56#.aguar. however they are still abundant in 'a Fidelidad# They have been seen either with trap cameras or by the dwellers and most have been seen with their offspring. howler mon=ey. mammals and plants.00 9ni ue an' en'emic #pecie# The Chaco supports a huge variety of life./// vascular plant species# +ore than (%/ mammal species including . so it is crucial to move fast in order to protect this area# The place is the only one in the country left where one can see the “TatB Carreta” Cgiant armadilloD The Giant "rmadillo and the . Cone. giant anteater.o or Teuco.*. both present in the future impenetrable national par=# The presence of permanent water in the . etc#D but also of other species from the humid Chaco region# 1ur “ ig Five” are charismatic species ideal for the development of eco2tourism# They are the .aguar. the maned wolf. set up the erme. the giant anteater.. including more than (>. tapir and the endangered maned wolf as well as ?//2plus bird species are among the many animals found within the Chaco@s formidable landscape# "s a 0ational !ar= “'a Fidelidad” could boost the local economy and generate a very positive impact in terms of eco2tourism while becoming the only chance for the most vulnerable population of Aaguars in "rgentina to have a chance of survival in the future# Footsteps of “:aguaret.” have been seen. the giant armadillo. with provincial budget. since <ecember %/(% when C'T. 5overment keep the propert! #afe in the tran#ition perio' The Chaco government =eeps at least > rangers in the campsite and the 0ational !ar=s "dministration.

and their property usually have ?// to F//ha# The south limit of 'a Fidelidad is surrounded for private properties# There are approximately >/ private owners# Area# of future concern after the initial lan' i# ac uire' i# protecting the buffer .one boun'arie# for the future national park a0 Cattle gra. who can become guides. surrounding 'a FidelidadG !ara.uralesD has started to offer training and financing to neighbors and aboriginal communities for them to profit from the new economic and cultural opportunities that arise from conservation and tourism# Communit! an' lan' i##ue# #urroun'ing 3a 4i'eli'a' There are three types of situations regarding land property and livelihood in the impenetrable region surrounding 'a Fidelidad# (# “Erban dwellers”# There are F municipalities and (/ small towns within an area of ( millon hectares along the corridors with an estimated population of >/#/// persons# 2. c0 illegal tre#pa## on propert! These need to be offset through a . approximately ?/. guards. through !. "lto "legre. C!rograma de "reas . Criollos Cpeople who are a mix of aboriginal with 9uropean immigrantsD with no land# They live in very small townships or “para. of >/F#///ha.o -ondo./// hectares . management an' monitoring of bio'iver#it! an' local activitie#( The 0G1s have agreed with the 0ational !ar=s "dministration and with the !rovince of Chaco to wor= together in the field offering environmental 'a "rmonHa. give services to the tourist. 6mall farmers with land ownership Cmostly cattle and goatsD. %/#///ha and (F/#///ha and (#F//ha# The criollos have private titles. b0 #urvival poaching an' illegal fi#hing. training and monitoring in order to =eep the area safe from poachers..1<9".es” of no more than >/ families each. honey and vegetables for local mar=ets# In the case of the small ranchers who own land.obs for the people with no land./// people. 'as Flores# They are candidates for training and financial assistance to wor= in ecotourism and activities related to conservation# . logging and cattle# The government of in#i'e the park if the fence# are not maintaine'. they need to improve their practices and learn to care for their animals and land# 6ur plan for the future • 9nlarge the future national par= annexing the remaining %/. a. counting criollos and wichi and toba CaboriginalD# The aboriginal own land in the form of aboriginal reserves.oint effort of 0G1s and government C+inisterio de !roducci4n de la !rovincia del ChacoD in order to create . -here the province commit# re#ource# to #upport the camp#ite in#i'e the propert! in or'er to offer logi#tical #upport to N56# an' 9niver#itie# for re#earch. and produce handcraft souvenirs.Campsite# The government has committed to have one permanent ranger and > other men who do surveillance in the whole property# :e are -orking on a #igne' agreement bet-een the province of Chaco an' C3" Argentina.

eserva Grande. to conserve and enhance the natural beauty.un'er the #urveillance of a +u'ge until an inheritance #uit i# finali. Tapirus terrestris CTapirD. 9ira barbara CTayraD.eserva +egue. the grasslands and wetlands that are in very good conditions in 'a Fidelidad property and preserve a special biodiversity# 8e intend to promote restoration and preservation of threatened species# They are indicators of the ecosystemKs 3uality such as 'eo onca CAaguarD.ito rivers.hea americana CGreater . Catagonus wagneri CChacoan !eccaryD.e'( 8or= in the corridors. !riodontes maximus CGiant "rmadilloD. Chrysocyon brachyurus C+aned wolfD. "maJona aestiva CTou3uoise2fronted !arrotD. -arpyhaliaetus coronatus CCrowned 9agleD and . . the group of local 0G1@s will start fundraising to build the infrastructure necessary to protect the boundaries of the national par= Ccurrently envisioned to be approximately $ entrances.eserva Fuerte 9speranJa and 'oro -ablador2 with province and national government and via G9F funding and other donations# 6ur #trateg! an' vi#ion for the 4uture Park The main purpose of the future par= is the conservation of the ecosystems Cdry forest and grasslandsD that are representative of the Chaco region. wildlife and cultural heritage of the !ar=# "fter the land is ac3uired to form the new national par=.• • Ac uire an' protect the 100. and to protect the gallery forest of Teuco and eme.000 hectare# on the 4ormo#a #i'e /right no. "loutta caraya C1ulet +on=eyD. for connecting the existing provincial and aboriginal reserves I . . see +ap (D# . +yrmecophaga tridactyla CGiant "nt 9aterD.heaD# The Future !ar= must set a management plan and focus on promoting it as a new eco2travel destination and creating new opportunities for photography safaris near de limits of the properties# The Future !ar= will serve as a shop window for the cultural and natural products of 9l Impenetrable# 8e propose the creation of an exhibition and interpretation center of the natural and cultural products of 9l Impenetrable.

. Tapir.eserves so as to create a biological corridor for 9l Impenetrable and for the Interfluvio area Csee map %D so as to assure a larger extension of land for the :aguaret. 1so -ormiguero and !ecarH Cas indicator speciesD# Finally. respecting local design and esthetics. ensuring high 3uality. !uma.u 5e(t to e6'ro'riation The architecture and signaling of the !ar= has to be developed. dar+ green (orre. to promote conservation on the northern river edge of the future par= and try to annex the remaining (//. uniformity and a low maintenance cost# In the future we aim to increase the area for conservation. adding %/. especially of mammals# 8e intend to wor= with the criollo community on the perimeter of the property and with the leaders of the "boriginal . to the area ./// hectares on that side. reaching use agreements with neighbors so as to increase the population of endangered species. which are part of the former 9stancia 'a FidelidadG .2a' "3 /otal area of former e. we aim to wor= together with the !rovince of Formosa.tan(ia La 4idelidad.'ond./// hectares on the east border Cbeside Colonia !astorilD with a similar conservation scheme to that of the 0ational !ar=.

2a'a 23 #iologi(al (orridor.. of )l 7m'enetra le and 7nterfluvio area.. .