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POWER SYSTEM OPERATION CORPORATION LTD.

पावर

स टम ऑपरे शन कोरपोरे शन ल मटे ड

Western Regional Load Despatch Center पि चमी े ीय भार ेषण क े

Technical Specification (TS) For Wide Area Measurement System In Western Region

Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System

SECTION-1 INTRODUCTION AND GENERAL INFORMATION
1.1 Introduction
The power system in India is organized in five electrical regions for operation of power system namely North, South, East, West and North-East. Presently all the regions except South are synchronized as single block. The exchange of power among the synchronized regions takes place through 765/400/220KV transmission lines and HVDC interconnections where as the power exchange with southern region is through HVDC interconnections. The operation of the each regional grid is managed by the Regional Load Dispatch Center (RLDC) with underlying State Load Dispatch Center (SLDCs) and Sub-LDCs. At National level to supervise the RLDCs and to monitor the interregional power exchanges, a National Load Dispatch Center at Delhi is in operation. All SLDCs, RLDCs and NLDC Control Centers are equipped with full fledged SCADA/EMS systems. Commensurate with economic development, Indian Electricity Grid is expanding exponentially with multiple interconnections between Regions and increased power flow among regions. Further there are requirements imposed by Regulators, deregulated energy market & consumer aspiration for quality and reliable power supply. Hence power system operator needs to be provided with the necessary tools to analyze & visualize system state. Availability of tools is important to maintain the integrity of the system satisfactorily, even in face of ever increasing demand of the customers while complying with the requirement imposed by the Regulators and other Stakeholders.

1.2 POWERGRID
POWERGRID, a Govt of India Enterprise and Central Transmission Utility is entrusted with the establishment, maintenance and operation of National Grid. POWERGRID is responsible for establishment and operation of inter-state EHV transmission lines, substations and modernisation of load dispatch centres, and communication facilities in a coordinated and efficient manner. The inter-state transmission system moves large blocks of power from the generating stations to the load centres within and across all regions with reliability, security and economy.

1.3 POSOCO
POWERGRID in March’2009 set up a subsidiary company named Power System Operation Corporation Ltd. (POSOCO) with 100% ownership for carrying out the

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Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System

statutory functions of RLDCs and NLDC under applicable provisions of Electricity Act- 2003. The supervision and control of all aspects concerning system operations and manpower requirement of RLDCs and NLDC is being taken care by POSOCO.

1.4 Constituents of Western Region
The Western Region consists of the following constituents: a) Chattisgarh b) Mahya Pradesh c) Maharashtra d) Gujrat e) Goa f) DD & DNH

1.5 Existing system at WRLDC
The Western Regional Load Dispatch Center (WRLDC) office of POSOCO, herein referred as Owner, is located at Mumbai having the overall responsibility for Western Region grid operation. RTUs from Substations & Power Plants report electrical parameters to SCADA system of WRLDC. The flow of real time data takes place in a hierarchal manner. The RTUs installed at central sector substation transmit real time data directly either to CPCC or to WRLDC Mumbai whereas the data from the RTUs of other constituent’s stations is routed through the hierarchy of Sub-LDC/SLDC to WRLDC. The selected data of SCADA system at WRLDC is further transmitted to NLDC. The existing SCADA system at WRLDC provides analog and status data to the operators with update time ranging from 10 seconds to 24 seconds depending upon the RTU reporting at RLDC or Sub-LDC. Further the data available at WRLDC is not of the same time. Based upon these SCADA data, the status of the Power system is estimated and the Energy Management tools like Contingency Analysis, Optimal Power Flow etc. are made available to the operators. Western Regional Load Dispatch Center intends to establish Wide Area Measurement System (WAMS) that will utilize synchronized measurements from Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) and increase the situational awareness of Grid Operator.

1.6 Project Outline
The proposed WAMS project consists of installation of PMUs with GPS system at various strategic Sub-Stations/ Power Stations of Western Region, PDC (Phasor Data Concentrator), Visualization and Archiving facilities at WRLDC as well as at four SLDCs (Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh). The required data acquisition & visualization tools along with other components for PMU data presentation/storage will also be provided at WRLDC & at four SLDCs. These PMU data shall be used for real time decision making with wide area dynamic system information and system studies such as system planning and operation. This system
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testing. Page 4 of 64 . manufacturing. manufacturing. the PMU data shall also be made available to SLDCs. design. The conceptual hardware configuration of the pilot project is provided at Annexure–I. terminations and interconnections to the equipment including necessary trench/surface conditioning to interconnect the Control Center equipments being supplied and integrated under the project. Further. WRPC.CTU. 1. CTU & at NLDC end. integration. transportation & insurance. supply.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System will also be used for Operator Training & Post Mortem Analysis. and commissioning of PMUs. commissioning. The scope of work is described in subsequent section of this document. The tools will display the accurate and time stamped phasor and other data to the operators. installation. storage. supply.CTU & NLDC end. storage etc. demonstration for acceptance and documentation of: a) b) c) Computer system hardware and software for PMU data acquisition. CTU & NLDC from the WRLDC system to facilitate visualization by Grid Operators. 1. integration.8 Scope of Work The scope of work in complete conformity with subsequent sections of the specification shall include site survey. The specification shall also include installation of necessary Server and related application for storage at WRLDC and at four SLDCs and visualization of these at WRPC. SLDCs. .NLDC as well as at WRLDC. delivery at site. Workstation consoles) LAN User Interface and Visualization Software System Storage Hardware and Software (man-machine Interface) for Visualization at SLDCs. PDC (Phasor Data Concentrator) All cabling. Archiving and associated equipment will be installed at WRLDC & at four SLDCs. WRPC. The main elements of the proposed system are as follows: Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) along with GPS system Computer Hardware with System Software (e. PDCs. training.g. design. installation. Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) along with GPS. display. wiring. PDCs (hardware and software) and associated cabling at the substations. engineering. testing.7 Intent of Specification The intent of this Specification is to cover the engineering. WRPC. storage. The Computer Hardware and software tools for Visualisation. planning.

The Bidder's proposal shall address all functional and performance requirements within this specification and shall include sufficient information and supporting documentation in order to determine compliance with this specification without further necessity for enquiries.118 standard. terminations and interconnections of the Protective Relays & Pole-slipping protective relays (Power stations) to interconnect the PMUs being supplied and integrated under the project. Displays and Reports at WRLDC. p) 1. Integration of existing PMUs at Maharashtra SLDC with WR-WAMS system. Visualisation based on the PMU data. Communication required within the substation including communication cable as well as the interface requirement. At present the PTI PSSE package is being used for system planning. Visualization Facilities for analysis of PMU data by Remote access at SLDCs. . Installation and configuration of Server & Storage for historical data. WRPC. wiring. or ODBC connectivity for exchanging the PMU data with Employer’s System studies and analysis applications for system planning and operation. CTU & at NLDC end.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System d) All cabling. format PMU data from PDC server for e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) m) n) o) The PDC system shall be provided with OPC server. Maintenance of the WAMS system for three years after one year of Warranty period. Integration of PMUs of different manufactures conforming to IEEE C37. Any other work which is not identified in the specification but is required for completion of the project within intent of the specification shall also be in the scope of the Bidder. The Contractor shall verify the design data during the site surveys & detail engineering and finalise the BOQ as required for ultimate design & system performance. On-site training of employer personnel. terms and conditions. The employer reserves the right of execution of works within the stipulated quantity variation provision other than those indicated in the appendices at the same rates. IEC-60870-5-104/ICCP SCADA/EMS System. Page 5 of 64 .9 General Requirements It should be noted that design information and bill of quantity (BOQ) are provisional only. Database development.

All equipment provided shall be designed to interface with existing equipment and shall be capable of supporting all present requirements and spare capacity requirements identified in this specification. LAN cable and signal cables including for GPS system. prior to the submission of proposal. all such additional items and services such that a viable and fully functional System is implemented that meets or exceeds the capacity. An analysis of the functional and performance requirements of this specification and/or site surveys. design. The Contractor shall be responsible for providing at no added cost to the Employer. and make surveys and assessments as deemed necessary for proposal submission. The bidders are advised to visit sites (at their own expense). CTU & at NLDC end. The Contractor shall inform their site survey schedule to the Employer well in advance. The Employer may be associated with the Contractor during their site survey activities. The site survey schedule shall be finalised in consultation with the Employer. Availability of communication interface in the existing communication panel. Cabling between communication equipment with PMUs at substations and communication equipment with PDC at WRLDC & at four SLDCs end. otherwise. Earthing. and performance requirements specified. The successful bidder (Contractor) is required to visit sites. Power Supply and Communication etc) in the rooms and buildings as required. the layout should cover the placement of the equipments within the BCU kiosk including the location of BCU kiosk in the switchyard. PDC. In case of the Substation having BCU configuration. Cabling between Communication equipment and Remote consoles at WRPC. the Bidders shall identify and include all such additional items (hardware / software) and services in their proposal. After the site survey the Contractor shall submit to the Employer a survey report. The required connectors & cabling for interface with the existing communication equipment shall be in the scope of the contractor. Such materials and services shall be considered to be within the scope of the contract. Work Station. To the extent possible. Proposed routing of power.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System The Bidder's proposal shall clearly identify all features described in the specifications or in any supporting reference material that will not be implemented. The site visits/routes shall include all necessary surveys to allow the contractor to perform the design and implementation functions. and engineering may lead the Contractor to conclude that additional items and services are required that are not specifically mentioned in this specification. Page 6 of 64 . b) c) d) e) . those features shall become binding as part of the final contract. This report shall include at least the following items: a) Layout of all equipments (Server.

10 Exclusions from Bidder's Scope The bidder shall be responsible for providing all equipment and services required for commissioning the system except for the following: • • • Communication channels between PMU location and WRLDC & between WRLDC & SLDCs. A detailed project implementation plan (as attached at Annexure IV) and schedule that is consistent with the scope of project and POSOCO’s specified objectives. if required Identify all additional items required for integration for each site/location. 1. To be considered responsive. CTU & at NLDC end. Page 7 of 64 . 1.12 General Bidding Requirements The Bidder shall be responsive to the technical requirements as set forth in this specification. at WRLDC and at SLDCs. air conditioning systems and facility infrastructures. Building. . the Bidder's proposal shall include the following: a.11 Facilities to be Implementation provided by POSOCO for Project POSOCO will be responsible for providing the following facilities as may be reasonably required for project implementation: Providing communication interface at Substation Control Room. 1. Arranging necessary shutdowns and work permits wherever required. Obtaining requisite clearances and/or approvals as required to be taken by WRLDC for project work. WRPC. Providing power supply outlets for construction work. The plan shall include the activities of both the bidder and POSOCO show all key milestones. and clearly identify the nature of all information and project support to be provided by POSOCO. WRPC. Air conditioning and AC/DC Power supply Proposals for trench/ facility modifications.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System f) g) h) Availability of Space . Auxiliary Power Supply for PMU and computer system. CTU & at NLDC end. Providing storage space at sites free of cost wherever is available. Manpower resources to be deployed by bidder during execution phase should be clearly indicated.

Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System

b. A full and complete set of answers to each and every question in the Questionnaires those are included in Annexure -II. c. Technical details of the offered hardware and software to provide a fully integrated system, meeting the size and expandability requirement for all PMUs, PDC and other offered items. d. Communication interface requirement. e. Power supply requirement at each location. f. Communication cable and interface details for the Substations having BCU (SAS) configuration. g. System architecture of the WAMS system h. The data update time from PMU to the PDC i. Bidder shall use one copy of "Technical Specifications" to indicate compliance status. Within the right-hand margin, Bidder shall indicate compliance status to each paragraph along with a cross-reference to its proposal and an index key for any explanation or comment. A copy of bidding document with every para marked on C/A/X to denote the offered solutions compliance (C), alternative offering (A) and not offered status (X). Each alternative shall be clearly and explicitly described. Such descriptions shall use the same paragraph numbering as the bid document sections addressed by the alternatives. All alternative descriptions shall be in one contiguous section of the Bidder's proposal, preferably in the same volume, and titled "Alternatives." A separate section titled "Exceptions" should be provided containing any discussion or explanation Bidder chooses to provide concerning exceptions taken. Alternatives which do not substantially comply with the intent of the bid documents will be considered exceptions. j. The Employer will assess the merits of each alternative and exception and will be the sole judge as to their acceptance. ------------------End of Section 1-------------------

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Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System

SECTION-2 PHASOR MEASUREMENT UNIT
2.1 General
The Bidders are encouraged to offer their standard products that meet or exceed the specification requirements. These products may be provided from their in-house baseline offerings or may be provided from the others manufacturer. Although the bidder is encouraged to use as much standard hardware and software as possible, the proposal will be judged by its conformance to the Specification. The proposal shall clearly identify all deviations from the Specification to help POSOCO/POWERGRID evaluate the degree of conformance of the Bidder's offering. The Central & State Sector substations /Generating stations are provided with CTs on each bay of the switchyard and CVTs in each transmission line bay and on each bus. Generally CTs have one metering core and four protection cores. The CVTs are provided with three cores, one for metering and other two for protection. The PMUs to be supplied need to connect to either of these CT and CVT cores. The specification identifies some minimum requirements for each of the major component which are essentially required for measurement of complex quantities and transmitting the same to the control center. At the WRLDC, the delivered system is expected to provide meaningful presentation of the acquired data so that it is useful to the operators in assessing the current state of grid and can also be used for carrying out the post- facto analysis The bidder shall also identify the functionalities in detail available in their offered product which are not the part of this specification but may be useful to the power system operators.

2.2 PMU Requirements
The PMUs to be supplied under this specification shall provide phasor and analog data at the selected periodicity. The offered PMUs shall be complete in all respect so that they can be installed at the substation and can communicate with the Phasor Data Concentrator (PDC). The necessary cable and connector and installation hardware shall also be supplied by the bidder. The PMUs shall conform to IEEE C37.118 standard and shall be designed to meet the following requirements: a. The PMUs shall be designed to measure the electrical parameters in the power system frequency band of 45-55 Hz. b. The supplied PMU will be standalone in the substation control rooms /relay panel room. c. The auxiliary power supply to PMUs will be provided from the station DC which is used for control and protection of substation devices. Accordingly the PMUs shall be suitable to operate on unearthed 220 V or 110V (+10%, 15%) DC power supply.

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Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System

d. The offered configuration of PMUs used in substation bay control unit shall be suitable for at least one 3-phase voltage, two 3-phase current and 8 digital inputs. The same shall be expandable to at least another two sets of similar inputs of one 3 phase voltage & two 3 phase currents. e. The PMUs shall be used to measure the following: 3 phase positive sequence voltages as magnitude and angle (polar form) quantities 3 phase positive sequence currents magnitude and angle (polar form) quantities Frequency, Rate of change of frequency & Active and Reactive power may be derived either at PMUs or PDC from the measured values. The PMUs shall be capable of transferring the all the measured & derived quantities to PDC along with timestamp. f. All the measurements shall be tagged with UTC (Coordinated Universal Time). The time tagging accuracy shall be at least one micro-second. g. The PMU output shall be in IEEE C37.118 format and shall communicate with the PDC in the same format. The accuracy of the measurements shall be as per the IEEE C37.118 standard level 1. Proprietary format for data exchange with PDC is not acceptable. h. The PMUs shall be suitable for configuring the data sampling rate of 10, 25, 50 samples per second. Actual rate shall be user selectable. However sample rate of 50 samples per sec shall be configured as default. i. The PMUs shall have continuous self monitoring ,diagnostic feature and capable to identify & communicate problems and shall generate alarm in case of any abnormality which shall be displayed locally as well as shall be transferred to the PDC. j. The PMU design shall ensure that the impact of frequency fluctuation (45-55 Hz) on accuracy is within permissible limit as per prevailing standards, the bidder shall explain in their offer of this aspect of PMU design. k. The PMUs shall communicate with PDC on Ethernet interface over the communication link provided by the employer. One redundant communication ports of 10/100/1000 Base Tx for TCP/IP for streaming data in IEEE C 37.118 format shall be provided in the PMU. The data update time from PMUs to the PDC shall be indicated by the bidder in their offer. Additional optical remote communication ports 10/100/1000 Base Tx for TCP/IP shall also be available for streaming data in IEEE C37.118 format. l. There shall be provision for HMI (Human Machine Interface) in PMU to perform setting changes In addition HMI should display the measured quantities for ease during testing. The Operation indications and time tagged events shall be available by the Local HMI. Alternatively Portable

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smooth finish. b) Enclosures shall be floor mounted with front and rear access to hardware and Wiring. front sheet and door frames. The internal time base shall have minimum stability of 1pps. Upon loss of signal. top and bottom portions. The supplied PMU may be mounted in the existing panel wherever the space in the panel is available. . Enclosures (except for server racks) shall confirm to IP-31 degree of protection. the time shall return to within 1. The stand alone panel shall be provided.3 GPS based Time Facility GPS based time facility to synchronize PMU clock with UTC source.6 PMU Panels The panel enclosures shall meet the following requirements: a) The enclosures shall be finished inside and out. as well as for sides. The PMU shall be capable of operating in ambient temperatures from -10 deg C to +55 deg C and relative humidity up to 10-90%.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System configuration device for PMUs at local/Remote end can be provided for configuring the PMUs. Within five minutes of reacquisition of signal. 2. and welds chipped to obtain a clean.5 micro-second of UTC. c) Moving assemblies within the enclosure. shall be designed such that full movement of the assembly is possible without bending or distortion of the enclosure or the moving assembly. All cabinet metal shall be thoroughly cleaned and sanded. 2. All the louvers shall be provided with suitable wire mesh. such as swing frames or extension slides. 2. The time receiver shall detect the loss of signal from the UTC source and a loss-of-signal event shall be sent to the PMU which will be transferred to PDC and shall result in an alarm at PDC. Proper correction of leap second shall be provided. 2. b) Panels shall be free standing surface or flush type and shall comprise structural frames completely enclosed with specially selected smooth finished. Page 11 of 64 . The time receiver shall include propagation delay compensation and shall also include an offset to permit correction to local time to achieve time accuracy of at least 1 microsecond. All surfaces shall be treated to resist rust and to form a bond between the metal and the paint. cold rolled sheet steel of adequate thickness for weight bearing members of the panels such as base frame.5 PMU Panel Construction a) The PMUs shall be installed at the substation control room where the space in the existing panels may be available.4 Environmental Requirements The PMU will be installed inside buildings without temperature or humidity control. the PMU time facility shall revert to an internal time base. shall be provided for each PMU. door. if space in the existing panel is not available.

i) All enclosures shall be provided with suitable internal lighting lamp. No cables shall be visible. all cables shall be properly clamped. d) All metallic cases of PMUs shall be connected to the earth bus by copper wires of size not less than 2X2. mm.mm perforated copper with threaded holes at a gap of 50mm with a provision of bolts and nuts for connection with cable armours and mounted equipment etc for effective earthing provision shall be made for extending the earth bus bars to adjoining panels on either side. 230 VAC 15/5A duplex type power socket & switch for maintenance purpose. Conductors in multi core cables shall be individually colour coded. shall allow for full movement of the component without binding or chafing of the wire. Location of earth bus shall ensure no radiation interference for earth systems under various switching conditions of isolators and breakers. 2. h) All materials used in the enclosures including cable insulation or sheathing. Necessary terminal clamps and connectors for this purpose shall be included in the scope of supply of Bidder. . c) Panels shall be connected to the substation control room earth system at least at two places separately. The material and the sizes of the bus bar shall be at least 25 X 6 sq. d) Cable entry shall be through the bottom.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System Enclosures shall not require fastening to the floor to preclude tipping of the enclosure when the moving assembly is extended.7 Earthing a) All panels shall be equipped with an earth bus securely fixed. Ducted or directed cooling air to the enclosures will not be supplied by Employer. e) Cooling air shall be drawn from the conditioned air within the room. Wiring between all stationary and moveable components. Page 12 of 64 . e) Looping of earth connections which would result in loss of earth connection to other devices when the loop is broken. and all entries shall be properly sealed to prevent access by rodents. The colour code of earthing wires shall be green.5 sq. However. and enclosure trim shall be made of flame retardant material and shall not produce toxic gasses under fire conditions. b) Provision shall be made on each bus bar of the panels for connecting substation earthing grid. f) All wiring shall use copper conductors. shall not be permitted. j) The finish colours of all enclosures/panels shall be finalized during detailed Engineering. g) Wiring within the enclosures shall be neatly arranged and securely fastened to the enclosure by non-conductive fasteners. terminal blocks. wire troughs. such as wiring across hinges or to components mounted on extension slides.

1KV The Communication cable shall be of shielded.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System looping of earth connections between equipment to provide alternative paths to earth bus shall be provided. These external cables (except communication cables) shall have the following characteristics: Minimum core cross-section of 2.5 mm2 for Digital Status inputs shall be provided. Testing and commissioning of these interconnections shall also be done by the bidder.22sq mm size as per IS 1554 Part. 2. Rated voltage of cables shall be Uo/U of 0. The signals cables for communication shall be shielded type to provide suitable protection against noise and electromagnetic interference.5 mm2 for Power & Control outputs and 1.6/1. Shielded/Armoured cables shall be used for other requirements.5 mm2 for CT cables.5/4 mm2 (depending upon site requirements) for PT cables and 2x2. All the cables shall be suitably sized to meet the functional requirements. 2.8 Interconnections The bidder shall be responsible for laying and termination of all cables at both ends required under the project which includes interconnections among bidder supplied equipment and their interconnection with employer’s panels. twisted pairs and of minimum 0.I. Page 13 of 64 . ------------------End of Section 2------------------- .

2. such as: Connection of PMUs Data output streams User profiles Alarm thresholds 3. atleast EAL4 as specified by the Common Requirements defined International Standard (ISO/IEC15408) for computer security certification. Although the bidder is encouraged to use as much standard hardware and software as possible. All system access will be validated by username and password. Page 14 of 64 . router with firewall.1 General The Bidders are encouraged to offer their standard products that meet or exceed the specification requirements.2 Administrator The PDC’s administrator shall be provided with tools to configure the system.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System SECTION-3 PHASOR DATA CONCERNTRATOR (PDC) 3. Interfacing to other PDC for streaming synchrophasor data exchange.3 Functional Requirements PDCs shall provide the following functionalities: Real-time streamed PMU data handling functions including PMU data receiving. The PDC should allow access from multiple locations over LAN/WAN. These products may be provided from their in-house baseline offerings or may be provided from the others manufacturer and established third-party software suppliers. PMU data time –alignment and PMU data repacking Data Storage Management functions PMU configuration information exchanging and condition monitoring. The proposal shall clearly identify all deviations from the Specification to help POSOCO/POWERGRID evaluate the degree of conformance of the Bidder's offering. routers offered in the bid should have Evaluation Assurance level. 3.2 Access control 3. The operating system. 3.1 Users Users may access the PDC from several locations. the proposal will be judged by its conformance to the Specification. .2.

3. 3. Receiving the streaming data from a PMU using UDP/IP protocol (the data from PMU could have either a unicast or multicast destination IP address).3. b) Data format conversion c) Data scaling change d) Re-sampling of a received data stream.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System The functional requirements for these functionalities are described in the following subsections. Page 15 of 64 . processing.118 data frame protocol at user selected phasor data reporting rates. 3. support receiving PMU data in compliance to IEEE C37. c) PDC shall be able to receive PMU data in the above UDP-TCP mode from PMUs in all substations simultaneously.1 PMU Data Receiving a) PDC shall be as a minimum capable of receiving real-time synchrophasor measurement data stream for PMUs in all substation that are in compliance to IEEE C37. time alignment and repacking of PMU data. d) PDC shall provide a function to allow users to set a maximum waiting time for PMU data arrival for each output data stream. (The re-sampling is defined as changing the data rate of a PMU data stream from one rate to another rate) . Only PMU data arriving before the waiting time shall be included in the output data stream. Other massaging communications between PDC and PMU use a separate TCP/IP connection.1 Real-time PMU Steamed Data Handling PDC shall provide the following functions for handling the receiving. b) PDC shall as a minimum.3. PDC shall be able to receive multiple multicast real time data (with different IP addresses) through UDP/IP connection.1. as a minimum the following data processing capabilities. a) Data quality check and flagging. 3.1.2 PMU data processing PDC shall provide.118 data frame protocol using the following UDP/TCP operating mode: Receiving the streaming data from a PMU using UDP-TCP operating mode.

1.4 PMU data repacking a) PDC shall as a minimum be able to generate IEEE C37.118 compliant output data streams with a user configurable data repacking for each stream. 3. Page 16 of 64 . the processed data and repacked data. PDC shall provide two types of data storages: a) The online data storage for storing data for a period of time that is configurable by users b) Long term data storage for data of selected events (events archive historian).4. It shall be possible to generate an output data stream with any number of input data points included of a user selected data rate.1. . b) PDC time alignment function shall be able to preserve time quality and UTC sync indication and add other data quality information of aligned data on individual PMU basis.118 data frame format.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 3. be able to be retrieved at the granularity of an individual PMU and any single time point.3. PDC shall provide the following data management functions.4 Data Storage Management PDC shall provide data storage for all received PMU data. b) PDC’s online data storage shall be able to provide the stored data upon receiving a data retrieval request. as a minimum.3 PMU data time-alignment a) PDC shall align PMU data according to their time tags.1 Online Data Storage Management a) The storing period for online data storage shall always end with the current time.118 compliant output data stream with all input data. The online data storage shall meet the sizing and performance requirement of this specification (as specified in Annexure-III.3). The stored data shall. not their arriving order of arriving time. 3. b) When generating an IEEE C37. Table 3. selected time period within the stored period.3. support output retrieved data in IEEE C37. The data older than the storing period may be discarded or overwritten. c) PDC’s online data storage shall. PDC shall support to repack the data to maintain individual PMU data configurations 3.

as a minimum. • Pole-slipping condition indicated by pole-slipping protective relay operation status. abnormal system conditions. etc.Time Event Detection Functions These event detection functions will be executed in real-time to detect system events. These functions shall be executed each time a new frame of data is received.g.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 3. The real-time event detection functions shall.4.) PDC shall provide. support the detection of the following events: • System frequency out of specified range (f> and f<) • The rate of change of the system frequency exceeding the specified threshold (df/dt>) • Combined system frequency and the rate of change of the system frequency exceeding specified thresholds (f+ df/dt > and f+df/dt<) • Bus voltage phasor magnitude out of specified range • The rate of change of the bus voltage phasor magnitude exceeding the specified threshold • Combined bus voltage phasor magnitude and the rate of change of the bus voltage phasor magnitude exceeding specified threshold • Phase angle difference of two bus voltage phasors exceeding specified • The rate of change of the phase angle difference of two bus voltage phasor exceeding the specified threshold • Combined the phase angle difference of two bus voltage phasors and the rate of change of the phase angle difference exceeding specified threshold • Symmetric fault occurrence indicated by protective relay operation status and breaker operation status included in the PMU data packet • Asymmetric permanent fault occurrence indicated by protective relay operation status and breaker operation status indicated in the PMU data packet. . PDC shall include an event detection application with user configurable event detection criteria for detecting various events (disturbances. Page 17 of 64 . The data of the detected events then shall be moved to event data archive historian with all relevant information (e. as a minimum the following types of event detection functions: a) Real. etc. PMUs status.2 Event Data Archive Storage Management For event data archive historian. event detection settings.) occurred in the system.

118 messaging protocol.6 Network Interfaces a) PDC shall support communication from multiple physical Ethernet ports simultaneously.118 data frame format: PDC shall. in which PDC’s physical input ports are connected to internal WRLDC LANs where PMUs are .2 Exchange real-time streaming data It is assumed that other PDCs support. The stored data shall. It is assumed that other PDCs support for exchanging the configuration frames messages in IEEE C37. PDC shall as a minimum be capable of exchanging configuration frames with other PDCs in IEEE C37.3 Messaging with other PDCs. be able to be retrieved at the granularity of an individual event within a user specified time period.118 data frame format.5. These event detection functions could be executed at a userconfigurable period using data stored in the online data storage or event detection functions own data buffer. PDC shall provide an isolated networking option. 3. The event data is 5 sec prior to event and 10 sec post event for all/selected PMUs. as minimum exchange real-time streaming data in IEEE C37.1 Operating mode PDC shall as a minimum support following operating modes when interfacing with other PDCs.5. b) PDC shall provide both optical and metallic physical port options for port. Page 18 of 64 .Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System b) Non-Real-Time Event Detection Functions These event detection functions will be executed to detect system events.5 PDC Interfaces with Other PDCs PDC shall provide proper interfaces for facilitate necessary communications with other PDCs. 3.5. PDC’s event data archive historian shall be able to output the stored event data upon receiving an event data retrieval request. PDC shall support as a minimum exchanging configuration frames with other PDCs through a dedicated TCP/IP connection. 3. 3.118 messaging protocol. as minimum be capable of exchanging streaming data with other PDCs in IEEE C37. Exchange all data and messages through a dedicated TCP/IP connection Exchange real-time streaming data in UDP/IP while messages in a separate TCP/IP connection. as a minimum. 3.

as a minimum shall support the following communication protocols. 3.10. interfaces to common security services.3). data encryption/decryption. 3.3 IP Multicast PDC shall support send output data steam as multicast IP data packet.7.118 communication protocol for PDC to other PDC data receiving and messaging related communications.7. PDC shall as a minimum include Graphical User Interface (GUI) for PDC configuration.118 messaging communication protocol for additional PDC-PDC messaging related communications. 3.10 System Sizing. Page 19 of 64 . etc. b) PDC shall as a minimum fully support IEEE C37.2 IPv4 and IPv6 PDC shall support both IPv4 and IPv6 Internet protocols. .7 Communication Protocols PDC. Configurability.118 communication protocol between PDC and PMU for data receiving and messaging related communications.118 Communication Protocol a) PDC shall. as a minimum fully support IEEE C37. The delivered system shall be expandable as the input and output requirements grow (as per Annexure-III. Suppliers are required to describe their system’s expandability in detail in their response and to fully demonstrate their system’s expandability in FAT.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System connected through its internal WRLDC WAN & external ports are isolated from this. The destination multicast IP address shall be user configurable.1 System Sizing The system sizing for PDC is only specified for initial sizing.Table 3.9 Security PDC shall provide functions and means to enable a WAMS to meet all physical cyber security requirements for Control Centre system. test and diagnose purpose.8 HMI/GUI PDC shall provide adequate Human-Machine Interface (HMI) to a WRLDC control centre system. 3. Performance. and Availability Requirements 3. 3. c) PDC shall as a minimum support extend messaging communication protocol based on IEEE C37.7. These shall include but not limited to.1 IEEE C37. 3. PDC access control. 3.

as a minimum a data storage that is capable of storing 30 days of event data assuming event data will not exceed 20% of the total volume of a full record.1 Performance requirements PDC shall be able to complete all data receiving data processing data alignment.10. Page 20 of 64 . . 3.10. 3.4 Event Archive Data Storage Historian PDC event archive data storage historian shall provide. PDC shall record all time as UTC time and date in compliance to ISO 8601 format. 3.1 Sync to UTC The system clock of PDC shall be synced to UTC within 1 microsecond.1%. and data repacking for all inputs and outputs within 5 ms excluding the waiting time for data arrival. 3. 3.10.11. This performance requirement shall be met under the maximum number of input PMU data steams and maximum number of output data steams with the maximum number of phasor.12. 3.11.2 Input PDC shall be able to receive real-time data streams at the highest reporting rate from up to 100 PMUs with an average of 10 phasors per PMU initially. PDC’s HMI/GUI shall be able to display UTC time and date in local time and date display format.3 Online Data Storage PDC shall provide online storage for storing as a minimum 30 days of a full record of all received processed and outputted data. Filtering and data down-sampling processing functions of PDC for each output reporting rate shall not introduce additional TVE more than 0. 3.2 Timing resolution PDC system clock shall have a time resolution of better than 1 microsecond.11.12 Data Handling Performance Requirements PDC shall meet the following performance requirements for data processing data alignment and data repacking. 3.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 3.3 Time and data format PDC’s HMI/GUI shall be able to display UTC time and date in compliance to ISO 8601 format.11 System Time PDC system time shall meet the following specifications.

data frame structure. The number of input data streams that has the problem shall be configurable from 1 to the maximum number of the input data streams that PDC receives. Data received after the maximum system wait time shall be marked as “data not received”.1 second. The maximum system wait time shall be configurable from 0. enable users to perform the following configurations for desired operations.13. The configuration of each data stream shall include. • It shall be possible to configure each output data stream independently. Normal data arrival wait time shall be configurable independently for each data stream. Data arrived after the wait time will not be included in the output data stream and shall be marked as “data not received in time”. PDC shall generate an alarm when “data not received in time” occurred to a PMU data stream for more than a preset number of times during a specified period.13. The alarm shall indicate which data stream has the problem. assigning a data stream ID. 3.13 Configurable Parameters PDC shall. Page 21 of 64 . as a minimum. 3. The maximum waiting time is for determining if a data packet of a data stream has been lost during the transmission.1 second to 120 seconds at a step of 0. The number of times and the number of streams having the problem shall be user configurable. and the number of data frames to be transmitted in one IP data packet. as a minimum.2 Wait time settings PDC shall enable users to set two groups of waiting time settings: • Normal data arrival wait time settings • Maximum wait time settings The normal data arrival waiting time is the waiting time used for each output data stream to wait for all data arrival before performing the data processing.13.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 3.1 Configure output data streams • It shall be possible to enable and disable each output data stream independently. output data rate. The number of times that “data not received” occurs shall be configurable from 1 to 1. There shall be one maximum system wait time setting for PDC.000 with a step of 1. waiting times for data arrival (normal and late data arrival).3 Alarm settings User shall be able to enable and disable alarms individually. alignment. 3. Normal data arrival wait time shall be configurable from 0 to 30 seconds with a step of 1 ms. PDC shall generate an alarm whenever “data not received” occurs for one or more times for one or more PMU input data streams. . and repacking. selecting data elements included for output.

01 Hz f + b*df/dt <: “b” shall be configurable from 0 to 10 seconds with a step of 1 ms. The period shall be configurable from a minimum of 30 days to the maximum number of days that the system supports at a step of one day. The time period that the frequency stays out of the range shall be configurable from 0 to 10 seconds with a step of 1 ms.01 Hz.01 pu.13. fmax shall be from nominal system frequency to 2 times the nominal system frequency with a step of 0. • The threshold for rate of change of the bus voltage phasor magnitude |dV/dt| shall be configurable from 0 to 1. 3.01 pu/s. A time period that |dV/dt| stays . The rate of change of the system frequency |df/dt| detection threshold shall be from 0 to 25 Hz/s for 50 Hz system.5. as well as the time period that the frequency stays out of the range. fmin shall be from 0 Hz to nominal system frequency with a step of 0.2 Voltage magnitude related event detection criteria PDC shall enable users to configure the followings: • Bus voltage phasor magnitude range: Vmin from 0 pu to 1.4 Online storage time period configuration PDC shall enable users to configure the online data storage period.13.01 Hz.5 Event detection criteria configuration PDC shall enable users to configure event detection criteria for each event detection function as specified below. Page 22 of 64 .Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 3.01 Hz All frequency related detection criteria shall be global criteria.0 pu with a step of 0.13. 3. • The thresholds for combined system frequency and the rate of change of the system frequency shall be configurable as follows: f + a*df/dt >: “a” shall be configurable from 0 to 10 seconds with a step of 1 ms. and the threshold shall be from 0 Hz to nominal system frequency with a step of 0.0 pu to 2.5.13. 3.1 System frequency related event detection criteria PDC shall enable users to configure the followings: • System frequency range f min and f max.01 pu. and the threshold shall be from nominal system frequency to 2 times the nominal system frequency with a step of 0.0 pu with a step of 0.0 pu/s with a step of 0. A time period that voltage stays out of the range shall be configurable from 0 to 10 seconds with a step of 1 ms.Vmax from 1.

01 pu V + b*dV/dt <: “b” shall be configurable from 0 to 10 seconds with a step of 1 ms.5. 3. and the threshold shall be from 1.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System above the threshold shall be configurable from 0 to 10 seconds with a step of 1 ms.0 pu to 2. . An option shall be provided to configure global default criteria for phase angle difference related event detection. 3.01 pu All voltage magnitude related event detection criteria shall be configurable on an individual bus voltage basis. • The threshold for rate of change of the phase angle difference of two bus voltage phasors shall be configurable from 0 to 100 degree/ms with a step of 0.3 Voltage phase angle difference related event detection criteria PDC shall enable users to configure the followings: • The threshold for phase angle difference of two bus voltage phasors shall be configurable from 0 to 180 degree with a step of 0.4 Other real-time event detection criteria PDC shall enable users to configure the followings: • Detection logic for symmetric fault occurrence indicated by AND and/or OR protective relay operation status and breaker operation status included in the PMU data packet.1 degree/ms.13.1 degree.1 degree. An option shall be provided to configure global default criteria for voltage magnitude related event detection.13.0 pu with a step of 0. • All phase angle difference related event detection criteria shall be configurable on pair of bus as well as on individual phase angle difference basis. Page 23 of 64 .0 pu with a step of 0.5. and the threshold shall be from 0 pu to 1. The threshold for combined phase angle difference of two bus voltage phasors and the rate of change of the phase angle difference shall be configurable from 0 to 180 degree with a step of 0. • The thresholds for combined bus voltage phasor magnitude and the rate of change of the bus voltage phasor magnitude shall be configured as follows: V + a*dV/dt >: “a” shall be configurable from 0 to 10 seconds with a step of 1 ms.

For each UDP/IP output stream. For each input stream received in UDP/IP.14 System Availability Requirements System components shall meet the following availability requirements. 3.14. storage devices. User shall be able to select between TCP/IP and UDP/IP for data receiving for each data input stream or each output data stream. user shall be able to configure whether the data will be received with a unicast or multicast IP address.13.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System • Detection logic for asymmetric permanent fault occurrence indicated by AND and/or OR protective relay operation status and breaker operation status included in the PMU data packet Detection logic for pole-slipping condition indicated by poleslipping protective relay operation status • 3.2 Performance monitoring and reporting PDC shall include system performance monitoring functions to continuously monitor the following system performance: Data Handling Performances PMU input data performance. such as interruptions. Performance shall be logged and performance fail to meet the specified requirements reported. etc. such as server hardware. excessive delay.3 System Availability The PDC system shall exhibit an overall availability of 99.1 System components Individual system components. Data error rate. User shall be able to configure the destination IP address in both cases. shall each exhibit an availability of better than 98% 3.14.6 Communication mode configuration PDC shall enable users to select and configure data input and output communication modes on all ports. PDC shall allow users to configure the number of frames of output data frames contained in each IP packets. 3. user shall be able to select between sending the data to a unicast or multicast IP address. Page 24 of 64 . . The number shall be between 1 to the maximum number of frames that an output IP packet allows.14.9%. 3.

3. Any detected problems shall be reported through local display by Work Station Console. Local and remote configuration functions shall have adequate security features such as User Login. 3.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 3. shall generate alarms both locally and remotely. network management. Users shall be able to perform the necessary software upgrade in the field. Severe problems.3 Local and remote configuration The configuration software shall support both local and remote configuration of the PDC. and other software contaminants b) Unused services are disabled/removed.1 Upgradability The complete real-time software kernel/OS and application programs of a PDC shall be fully upgradable through firmware upgrade and/or other software upgrade methods.15.2 Self-monitoring and alarming PDC shall provide self-monitoring functions to monitor the operating conditions and the performance of the PDC.15. 3.15 PDC Software Requirements PDC shall meet the following software requirements.4. Page 25 of 64 .1 Security Tested and Configured The executive and all associated application software modules shall be the most secure version of the software available at the time of start of the Factory Acceptance Test.15.4 Software security requirements at delivery Software at delivery shall meet following requirements in accordance with general software security assurance practices.15. Trojan horses. built-in event logging and to remote control centers when remote reporting is enabled. these include Device drivers for devices not included in the hardware Unused networking protocols Unused administrative utilities. 3. diagnostics.15. or system management functions . worms. access control. such as loss of communication. The firmware/software upgrade may include • General software upgrade such as kernel/OS upgrade • Adding new features and functionalities. 3. The delivered software shall be tested to ensure the followings: a) Free of computer viruses. • Fixing bugs and deficiencies The Supplier shall keep Employer’s informed of the software updates of revisions available after the system is shipped. such as supporting new data format and communication protocols.

databases. where applicable. including software in the browser and email processor. shall be given the privilege of modifying operating system files and other files that are never supposed to change while the system is running. 3. etc.7 File Access Control The PDC software shall support controlled access privileges for files.). used during system installation/upgrade but not needed in the operational system c) Accounts that are not End-User Administrator created shall be removed. 3.5 Maximum Initial Security Settings The PDC software shall be shipped with all security settings at their maximum setting. The default access privileges for each new user account shall be no access to any file on the system at all.. or system management functions or workstations unused by administrators Backups of files. this include Any guest accounts (with and without passwords) or default administrator or maintenance accounts other than the initial system administrator account for Employer Any guest accounts or default administrator or maintenance accounts for any third party software 3. Page 26 of 64 .6 No Automatic Downloading and Execution of Executable Code It shall not be possible to download any executable code into the PDC and execute the downloaded software code automatically without system administrator’s approval. diagnostics. write. Java. i. The access privileges for each user can only be assigned by system administrator of PDC. including at least access. and restricting their rights to the narrowest range of privileges. All software shall be removed that would otherwise make it possible to execute a scripting language (such as ActiveX. affording the access and execution privileges to the smallest class of users consistent with meeting the functional specifications. including system administrator. All security-related parameters and options shall be placed at their most restrictive settings at the delivery. No user. and combinations of these.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System Administrative utilities. read. All software shall be delivered with all relevant security patches installed. . execute.15.e. network management.15. and programs.15. Java scripts. and shall be assigned on an individual user account basis.

The data exchange format would be as per IEC 60870-5104/ICCP format. or affect their performance. The purpose of these logs is both to support the users of the PDC in their day to day activities. PDC events shall be logged in a global log. • 3. Classification by level of alarm (normal.17 Data exchange with EMS applications WRLDC & SLDCs are planning to upgrade their SCADA/EMS system and would require the phasor data output for improvement of the results of State Estimator. and also to support troubleshooting activities in the event of problems.18 Data exchange with other applications The PDC system should have facility for exchanging the data with other PDCs. 3. The software shall not contain any mechanism that automatically disables some of all of its functions or degrades their operation on a certain date or upon the occurrence of a specific event.g. as follows: • • • Each log entry shall be time stamped Each log entry shall contain details including the applicable thresholds violated The user shall be able to filter and sort the alarm log on specific criteria. Page 27 of 64 .). 3.19 System Design Parameters The Computer hardware and software for PDC System shall be designed as per the Technical parameters defined in the Annexure-III . e. etc. or in any way degrade its operation.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 3. angle difference. alert.8 Free of “Electronic Self-Help” Enabled Software It is strictly prohibited for delivered software to contain embedded faults or back-door mechanisms that allow the software manufacturer to remotely disable some or all of the functions of the software. alarm). The PDC should have Facility for archival of different categories of Log for reporting to be provided. 3. The data output from the phasor data concentrator would be transferred to EMS applications every Minutes. Type of signal(s) producing alarm.16 Logging The PDC shall provide automatic logging of events & alarms. System Protection System applications or any other applications developed by Employer for system operation on ICCP or any other data format as mutually agreed. Location of alarms in the power system.: Category of alarm (frequency deviation.15.

MVAR shall be made. It should be possible to select data for output via /IEEE/xml/OpenDocument format (ODF) as an (ISO/IEC 26300:2006). User interface shall be provided for the configuration. frequency. OPC. df/dt. HTTP. ODBC etc.20 Visualization Displays /Alarm Generation The user interface application software is required to visualize & analyze the online and stored phasor data. angle. Page 28 of 64 . df/dt.2 Archived/Stored Data Display The Visualization Software should be able to access and display the archived data. 3. angle. dv/dt. 3. dv/dt. PDC real time data and displays shall be displayed on the consoles using internet browsers such as Internet explorer. The UI shall include application suitable for query based retrieval of archived data and presentation of the same in various graphical and tabular forms required for conducting basic power system study and event analysis.20. application. fire fox etc. provision shall exist to average the data. It shall be possible to trigger alarms & trigger storage of data on the following: Deviation of frequency from nominal Rate-of-change of frequency exceeding a set value Voltage magnitude outside upper or lower boundaries Active or reactive power exceeding limits Voltage /angle difference between selected nodes exceeding limits . monitoring and analysis of multiple synchronized phasor data on single and multiple displays. Multi user licensing. The window of the real time display should be configurable along with the provision to visualize multiple displays. The time window of the real time display should be configurable along with the provision to visualize multiple displays. The time window for display or analysis of historic data should be user selectable. MW. It shall be possible to get streaming data from PDC to Windows PC environment connected to PDC on LAN in order to publish the real time data on website or sending real time data to other system via FTP. modify and verify alarm conditions on-line. Provision to display Phasor magnitude.20. It shall be possible for a user to define.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 3. This should include necessary OS platform. MW. frequency. MVAR should be provided.1 Real Time Display The Visualization Software should directly communicate with the PDC to display the data in real time. Provision to display Phasor magnitude. To visualize the data over a period of a month/year.

location. The visualization shall include. time etc. The user shall be able to filter and sort of the alarm log on specific criterion such as category of alarm: freq. alert. type of violation and recent history of alarms. Alarm displays shall have the identification of the source (station/PMU etc) where alarm is raised. Contractor is required to supply UI tool and create displays for use by Grid operator. Alert and Alarm state. angle deviation. Display should be user configurable by using various symbols etc. it shall be possible to define three states such as Normal. Visualization displays shall be provided to rapidly detect abnormal direction of power flow or sudden change in power across the line/bus. Page 29 of 64 . such as out of range voltage or frequency. by level of alarm: normal. Alarm should be inhibited on detection of an invalid signal from a PMU. All the events shall be logged in global alarm log so that each log entry is time stamped and shall contain the details of defining applicable threshold. Figure-2 & Figure 3. Phase angle difference between selected voltage measurement locations Topological phasor display for voltages Polar diagrams Strip charts (Voltage / Frequency / Active & Reactive Power) Total Vector Error display Some typical desirable visualization displays are provided in Figure-1. .Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System For each quantity triggering alarms.

Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System Figure-1 Figure -2 USER INTERFACE DISPLAYS 1 PHASE ANGLE (IN DEGREE) 1 2 2 TIME . Page 30 of 64 .

Page 31 of 64 .Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System Figure-3 Angle & Frequency variations ------------------End of Section 3------------------- .

Dual LAN is envisaged for the WRLDC system. Page 32 of 64 . Workstation shall be equipped with software. applications. The minimum hardware configuration of workstation shall be: 8 GB Main memory (expandable upto 16 GB) 150 GB Auxiliary memory (expandable upto 300 GB) DVD-RW drive 24 inch TFT colour monitor Keyboard Mouse Speakers for audible alarms 1Gbps dual Ethernet ports USB port . All equipments at WRLDC shall have dual LAN connectivity while the single LAN is envisaged for four SLDCs system. data Analysis and reporting output as well as user administration at all locations with user access as defined in the specification.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System SECTION-4 HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS 4. user license and database for user displays. which allows sharing of resources without requiring any physical disconnections & reconnections of communication cable. Each LAN shall have the following: Conform to the ISO 8802 or IEEE 802 series standards.1 Local Area Network (LAN) switches Server and peripheral devices are connected to each other on a LAN. Allow reconfiguration of the LAN and the attached devices without disrupting operations Have minimum of twenty four (24) ports of 1Gbps in LAN switch.2 Workstation Consoles Workstation is to be provided at WRLDC as well as at four SLDCs for visualization. The number of workstation consoles shall be as per BOQ. Shall support both IPv4 & IPv6 4.

CTU. 3. All remote consoles shall be equipped with software. .5 Router with Firewall Router with firewall connectivity shall be provided from the PMUs installed at various sites with PDC at WRLDC. 4.3 Remote Consoles at WRPC. 6. 5. Functions Routing Capability Processing capacity IPSec VPN tunnels Features to support High performance Routing for data Layer -2 & Layer-3 routing & Dynamic discovery of routing Minimum 2Mpps Minimum 500 QoS. 7. traffic shall be re-routed to the remaining healthy channels with an attempt to generally balance the load. 2. Manufacturer Model No. 4. MPLS. NLDC as well as four SLDCs are to be considered for visualization of PMUs Data. The minimum hardware configuration of remote console shall be as Workstation consoles. Broadband. applications. The number of Remote Consoles shall be as per BOQ. Other Routers with firewall for communication with WRPC. CTU. NLDC end The Remote console with client software shall be provided at WRPC. user license and database for user displays. Router shall be connected to the WRLDC LAN & users at WRLDC shall be able to access PDC/PMU data through the visualization server system through this router. and NLDC end. For normal operation.4 Router Router shall have the following features: Support the TCP/IP.703 E1 interface for interfacing with communication links and shall support a speed of 64 kbps configurable upto 2Mbps at each port. Page 33 of 64 .UDP/IP protocols Support dynamic discovery of routes Support 1Gbps LAN interface Shall support G. router shall use all channels and in the event of any channel failures.No Description of the Features Minimum Quantity of the features Offered by the Contractor 1. Router with Firewall shall be provided with following features. data Analysis. S. Security. 4. CTU.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 4.

703 Ports as per BOQ. IP forwarding. OSPF.IPv6. 9. 11. TCP/IP.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 8. IPv4. Telnet. 10. ARP. DHCP Using SNMP Protocol Yes All ports shall be configurable from 64kbps to 2Mbps 1Gbps LAN port & G. IS-IS. print time shall be less than 30 seconds per page for a coloured printout in normal mode Print speed of 20 colour pages per minute Automatic Duplex printing Duty cycle of at least 100000 per month shall have input trays of 400 sheets & output trays shall have landscape and portrait print orientation . IPCP. there shall be no limitations on the use of any printer to perform the functions of any other printer. The features colour laser jet printer is defined below: Shall be suitable for printing on A4 & A3 size normal paper. Rack mountable 4. Except for output capabilities unique to any printer type (such as extended character sets or graphic print capabilities). UDP. Voice. Different types of paper . Page 34 of 64 . IP to IP Gateway EIGRP. OSI. 14. VLAN & MPLS etc.weight (75 GSM to 200 GSM) the printout shall match to object/content to be printed in colour & size. Printer shall support Dual LAN interface.6 Colour Laser jet Printer Colour Laser printer shall be used to take coloured hardcopy printout and shall be interfaced with Ethernet LAN either directly or through individual print server. 12. Routing protocols Network protocols Network management Inbuilt software firewall features Speed configurability at each port Interface ports Mounting Multiservice. BGP. 13. Shall have resolution of at least 1200 X 1200 dots per inch. IGRP.

Data Historian shall be provided with full data storage of the PMU data at least for 12 months. Page 35 of 64 . 8 GB Main memory (expandable upto 16 GB) 4 TB hot pluggable. Retrieval of data from the historian should be possible by querying with SQL-99 compliant SQL query language. HDD Configured as RAID5 Blue Ray RW drive 1Gbps Ethernet ports USB ports Hardware shall be rack mounted 4. SQL compatible database.8 Historical Server and storage Data Historian server with storage shall be provided which shall be used for storing time-stamped PMU data for future use in standard format e. ------------------End of Section 4------------------- .g.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 4. The number of historian server shall be as per BOQ. The minimum hardware configuration for historical server shall be as per PDC server. It shall also be possible to get streaming data from Data historian in spreadsheet.7 PDC Server The minimum hardware configuration of the PDC Server shall be.

and communications with detailed description for each listed item Functional design documentation Hardware design documentation Schematic drawings and circuit and wiring lists System integration documentation b) System operation and configuration documentation. which shall include Test. calibration. All documentation shall be delivered in both electronic format (e. user guidance messages. and troubleshooting procedures Plans and procedures for factory testing. PDF. MS WORD. Page 36 of 64 . operations. etc. 5. shall be included with the system to minimize the need for users to consult the hardcopy documentation. etc. CTU (1 person) & NLDC (1 person) . context-sensitive help information links.g. service and repair manuals d) Documentation control procedures including document revision control and tracking Procedures.) on CDs/DVDs/USB drive. The documentation shall cover the following areas: a) System design documentation. Sufficient on-line. functions. and in-service testing for system upgrade / revisions after the system is commissioned Maintenance.. SLDCs (atleast 2 persons). and in hardcopy format. Hypertext.2 Training Requirements The scope of the project shall include training to WRLDC (At least 5 persons). which shall include Overall system design including drawings and diagrams List of system components. such as help screens. documentation. site testing.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System SECTION-5 DOCUMENTATION & TRAINING 5. which shall include Operation procedure User manuals System configuration procedures System and network management procedures c) System maintenance documentation. configuration and maintenance of the system once it is commissioned. WRPC (1 person).1 Documentation Requirements Detailed documentation shall be provided to enable the employer to be self-sufficient in the operation. diagnostics.

Training shall be conducted by contractors personal who are experienced instructor. Table-1: Training Requirements S. webinars. a combination of formal training classes. All necessary training material shall be provided by the contractor. organize and execute the approved training programs.g ½ day.1 day or 7 days etc. Each trainee shall receive individual copies of all technical manuals and all other documents used for training. Participation of days 1 Management Level Manpower 17 . Page 37 of 64 . as well as continuous (informal) knowledge transfer from the Supplier’s technical specialists to the personnel of the POSOCO during the deployment process and after the commission of the WR-WAMS Project. Training shall include. but not limited to: • System overview including system functionalities and features • System configuration and operations oriented training • System alarms handling • Local/Remote operation procedures • Engineering oriented training for development/testing Training programs for system hardware and software support team members shall include: • System overview including system design and detailed as-built system configuration information • System software maintenance • System hardware maintenance • Engineering oriented training for development/testing • System diagnose and troubleshooting oriented training for engineers and technicians The Supplier shall prepare and provide a description of the proposed training programs with course content. and their duration in each courses are identified in Table-1. and shall work with the Procurement Entity to schedule. Comprehensive training programs shall be provided to enable the efficient and effective use and operation of the deployed WAMS system by system operators of the Employer and to develop a self-sufficient hardware and software support team within the Procurement Entity organization. The training courses. commissioning and maintenance engineer level.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System personnel. management level. Training programs for system operators shall include. where appropriate. and technical level of the instruction for review and approval by the Procurement Entity at the beginning of the deployment. duration.No 1 Training Course PMU/ Synchrophasors system Total No. user course e. Training may be planned in different level viz. workshops.

Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 2 PMU. PDC – User training at site 3 17 ------------------End of Section 5------------------- .PDC – Technical internals 3 Persons responsible for Installation and commissioning Persons using the system and PMU data 17 3 PMU. Page 38 of 64 .

C. The Acceptance Test Plans (ATP) shall enable POSOCO/POWERGRID to verify the delivered and installed system and its components to individually and simultaneously fulfill all functional and performance requirements of the system set forth in the contract through a series of mutually agreed to structured tests.118 standard B. The Test Procedures and Test Plans shall be subject to POSOCO/POWERGRID review and approval prior to testing.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System SECTION-6 QUALITY ASSURANCE and TESTING 6. In case the type tests are conducted after placement of order. Acceptance Tests shall comprise of both structured and unstructured tests. Immunity conforming to the requirements of IEC-60255/IEC 61000.3 Acceptance Test Plans and Procedures The Supplier shall develop and document proposed Test Procedures and Test Plans for Factory Acceptance Testing (FAT) and Site Acceptance Testing (SAT) of the delivered and installed system and its components at the beginning of the project upon the signing of the contract. Level-1 accuracy test as per IEEE C37. The bidder shall submit PMU type test reports along with the bid for the offered make and model. The purpose of Acceptance Testing is to determine compliance to this specification in every respect in regard to the delivered and installed system. Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). these tests shall be conducted in presence of owner representative. Emission test conforming to the requirements of EN 55011 D.1 Testing of PMUs The offered PMUs shall conform to the type tests as per applicable standard and the bidder shall supply type tested PMU. . materials and software for WAMS system shall be subject to both Factory Acceptance Testing (FAT) and Site Acceptance Testing (SAT). 6. The type test report shall include at least these tests indicated as follows: A. Environmental Test as per IEC 60068-2-2 6.2 Quality Assurance and Testing All equipment. Page 39 of 64 . Insulation Test per IEC 60255-5 E.

but not be limited to. The ATP shall include. are included in the system and are functioning correctly Functionality verification – Verify that all system functions are working normally as set forth in the contract . software. Visual inspection shall verify acceptable workmanship and that all equipment. These tests shall consist of running standard hardware diagnostic programs. and performance problems prior to the FAT. functional tests that demonstrate compliance of the functional. as a minimum: Visual Inspection – To verify that the system to be delivered has all required components and is properly configured. integration. Test results (including documentations and certifications) for tests conducted by Supplier or third parties that are not included in the FAT test plan and procedures shall be furnished to POSOCO/POWERGRID QA/QC team prior to FAT for review and evaluation. 6. including cables and connectors. utilities. performance. such as data acquisition. plus all special diagnostic programs used by the Supplier Communications and Interfacing Test – Verify that all interconnected system components.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System All system documentations shall be completed. interface. The intent is for the Supplier to detect and correct most design. including the UI and database. and debugging tools for the system. following the test plans and procedures. The preFAT shall be a complete dry run of the FAT. All tests shall be conducted using the contract-specified databases unless the POSOCO/POWERGRID authorizes the Supplier to use a test database. The completed test results shall be sent to the POSOCO/POWERGRID QA/QC team for review before team’s personnel travel to the Supplier's facilities for the FAT.4 Factory Acceptance Test (FAT) The Supplier shall perform a preliminary FAT (Pre-FAT) prior to the FAT. and operational aspects of the delivered and installed system. software diagnostics. monitoring. Supplier and/or third parties conducted tests deemed inadequate shall be repeated until accepted by POSOCO/POWERGRID QA/QC team. communication. Page 40 of 64 . Supplier's project manager shall sign off each test of Pre-FAT. are appropriately labeled Hardware Diagnostic Test – Individual tests of all system hardware. database. reviewed and approved by the QA/QC team before any testing. and data management functions are operating properly when correctly connected Software Development Tools – Verify that all required software development tools. POSOCO/POWERGRID team shall have the right to witness all or parts of pre-FAT. The FAT shall be conducted according to the FAT Test Plan and Test Procedure documents approved by POSOCO/POWERGRID team and shall cover. display. control. hardware.

the functional and performance test. maintenance.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System Performance Testing – Verify that the system throughput.5 Site Acceptance Test (SAT) The SAT will be conducted by the POSOCO/POWERGRID team with support as required from the Supplier after the system has been installed and started up. as necessary. control. Any defects or design errors discovered during the SAT shall be corrected by the Supplier. all software shall be recompiled from the source or distribution media • In cooperation with the POSOCO. attachment of the WAMS to communications facilities for all data sources and other systems that interface with the WAMS. The SAT includes the installation test. . 6. The SAT will also include any type of testing that could not be performed in the factory. The system will be subjected to a subset of the functional and performance tests. At the option of the POSOCO. Unstructured tests will be employed by the POSOCO/POWERGRID QA/QC team. Tests shall include verification of • Data exchange times • Local and remote request response times • Communication latency • UI function response time Security Testing – Verify that the system meets the software at-delivery security requirements and other aspects of secure operation and system access including: • Communication error detection capabilities • Correct operation of system configuration. to verify overall system operation under field conditions. and the cyber security audit after the installation of the delivered system. Page 41 of 64 . timing and response time Requirements are satisfied. and management procedures • Safe system recovery with no erroneous data or control operation generation after system restarts • Protection against unauthorized access to the system and control functions Environmental Testing – Verify that • All system functions shall operate correctly over the specified temperature range • The accuracy of the inputs and outputs remain valid over the specified temperature range 6.5.1 Installation Test The installation tests shall be conducted by the Supplier and include: • The same visual inspection and verification as in FAT • Loading of the software and starting the system.

hardware & software specialists. The tests to be performed shall be proposed by the Supplier and approved by the POSOCO/POWERGRID . Site Cyber Security Audit The site cyber security audit shall repeat the audit performed during factory testing for the installed PDCs and integrated WAMS system.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System • 6. Page 42 of 64 . Unstructured tests shall also be employed. The Supplier shall promptly correct the specified deficiency. who shall be available upon notification by the Employer /Owner about any problem(s) that may exist. the Contractor shall make available resident Project Manager.7 Contractor's Maintenance Responsibility till Operational Acceptance During this period. In the event that the WAMS system does not successfully pass any portion of the Acceptance Testing. the Supplier shall notify the POSOCO/POWERGRID of the specific deficiency. 6. The contractor's specialists shall be required to respond to the Employer/Owner's notification in line with the provisions of technical specifications.3 6.2 Initialization and preliminary tuning of application software as needed Site Functional and Performance Test The site functional and performance test (“site test”) shall be comprised of a subset of the functional and performance tests conducted in FAT. ------------------End of Section 6------------------- .5. to verify overall operation of the PDC under actual field conditions. which will then be re-tested until successful. These tests shall be extended as necessary to test functions simulated during the FAT. such as communications with all field devices and all other systems that interface with the PDCs. 6. The contractor shall replace or repair all defective parts and shall have prime responsibility for keeping the system operational.6 Test Approval The Supplier shall maintain a complete computer record of all test results with variance reporting and processing procedures for approval by POSOCO/POWERGRID.5. as necessary. The extended tests shall be performed to a test procedure prepared by the Supplier and approved by the POSOCO/POWERGRID.

Security shall be considered at each of the Control Centres. The maintenance practices to be followed shall be as per ISO 20000 Standard.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System SECTION-7 MAINTENANCE & SUPPORT SERVICES 7. Routers firewall. The availability of various systems e. . Individual device availability shall be at least 99.9% The system availability shall be measured Control Centre wise. Contractor shall be responsible for coordination with the OEM for all matters related to that equipment. with the goal of meeting the availability as set forth herein. The maintenance period shall be extended for a further period of 3 years at the same price in the final offer of the vendor and same terms & conditions. System System Availability requirements 1 2 3 PDC system. CTU & at NLDC shall all be considered separately. The period of maintenance support shall be the one year Warranty (Defect Liability) period commencing from Operational Acceptance and three year maintenance period thereafter.9%. PDCs (Hardware & Software).g.9% with 99. But the Contractor shall be responsible for meeting the overall response times and availability requirements specified below. The essence of the maintenance services is to provide maintenance support for the designated hardware and software. GPS and LAN Switches & Router. WRPC.9% 99. Page 43 of 64 . The nature of maintenance support required for the different type of systems and components are described in the Table 7-(i) below: Table: 7-(i) Maintenance support and Availability requirements Sr No. GPS LAN Switches. security system PMUs.1 Introduction & Maintenance support The scope of work shall include the comprehensive maintenance of all the software and hardware provided by the contractor for the WAMS system. Routers with firewall. For all third party equipment (Hardware & Software) Contractor shall have back to back support along with supply of spare with appropriate response time from OEM/OEMs Authorised representatives. for example the availability of Control Centre at WRLDC and at four SLDCs. PMUs (Hardware & Software). Router & Printers 99.

Workstations consoles. 7. Printers. WRPC. WRPC. of specified spares c) Integration of new equipments (PMUs. & at NLDC end. periodic routine checking as part of a preventive maintenance program (as described in further detail in this document) which would include checking of functionality of hardware and software. d) Integration of existing PMUs equipment 7. Page 44 of 64 . patch management. system backup. providing all necessary assistance to Employer for addition and modification of database and displays. The contractor’s on-site support for WRLDC Control Centre as well as four SLDCs.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System The maintenance of the System shall be comprehensive and shall comprise of the following category of works which is further elaborated for each of the different subsystems: a) Preventive Maintenance Activity (performance monitoring. Switches.) b) Maintaining a minimum no. Monitoring of the performance of the system and doing necessary tuning for optimum performance to accommodate any changes such as addition of new components. Remote consoles. Database sizing activities including Backup and restore of the system Restoration of the systems upon its failure and to restore the functioning of the various systems at the WRLDC Control Centre & at four SLDCs.2. updates. Router cum Firewall etc. addition of analog and status points and other such day-to-day operational activity would primarily be the responsibility of Owner and in case of any difficulty in this regard the same shall be referred to the contractor for support. Routers.1 Hours of Cover The Contractor shall provide engineers who have an experience and skill to maintain the WAMS system to the desired level of availability.CTU & at NLDC shall be .2 Preventive Maintenance Activity The preventive maintenance activity is the activities to be performed by the contractor to keep the system running at optimum level by diagnosis and rectification of all hardware and software failures and would broadly include: • • Repair / replacement of defective equipments Configuration of the replaced hardware and software. • • • Routine works like database building.). emergency response and trouble shooting etc. CTU.

and communicate to Owner. throughout a year.2.9:00 am to 5:30 pm local time (IST). 3.1 Log Monitoring System logs for a selected day System history log Aggregate data collection Events Collection During monitoring if any defect/ abnormality are found. OHSAS-18001 and ISO-27001. The on-call support team shall include all key technical competencies so that any aspect of a system failure can be attended. The timings for Emergency Software Support would be 24 hours a day. seven days a week. Resolution of problems may also be provided by an individual fix that will be installed by the contractor at no extra cost to Owner. The team shall comprise of experienced technical staff that are skilled in troubleshooting of the various systems covered under AMC. 7. Page 45 of 64 . The bidder shall submit the process details to meet the above along with the offer. The bidder shall submit the process details to meet the above requirements along with the offer. analyse the results. for the all Control centres. target response times are defined in section 7. the key objective is to restore the system to an operational state as quickly as possible. including by a temporary workaround.2. Monday to Saturday. and 4 problems shall be reported by Owner/Employer through a call tracking system to be provided by the contractor. Severity 1 problems shall be reported by telephone for rapid response. ISO-14001.e. the contractor shall review the following. excluding public and Owner Company holidays.3 Monitoring The operation and performance of the various systems under AMC shall be monitored on a bi-weekly basis. Severity 2.6. 7 days a week throughout the year. The contractor shall conduct at least the following monitoring.3. 7. 7. . For severity 1 problems. Contractor and its personal have to follow all rules and deregulations of owner’s office premises in view of owner’s certifications of ISO9001.2. Resolution of the defect may be completed during standard hours.2 Service Response Requirements The severity levels are defined in coming sections and the requirement of response time for various severity levels is defined below: Emergency Support for Severity 1 issues are to be provided 24 hours a day.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System standard hours of service i. the contractor shall undertake corrective maintenance for the same.

The update of Antivirus and firewall signatures on shall be preferably deployed on daily basis. Other products like router cum firewalls shall also be provided with secure patch management.3. and advise Owner/Employer on the appropriate actions to be taken and undertake any agreed upon actions. The Contractor shall provide a mechanism for patch management so that it is known that what patches have been applied. A secure patch management/deployment system is to be established which shall be provided with single point of Internet connectivity. . Any patch shall be applied only with express permission of the Employer’s representative.2.2.3.2 Resource Monitoring Resource Monitoring services comprises checking the system's major node resources. 7. gather log data. The logs of the system shall be analysed for exceptions and the possible incident of intrusion/trespass shall be informed to the employer. The monitoring shall encompass the various cyber security devices installed at Control Centres and Substations such as routers with firewall etc. The PDC system shall be used to continuously collect the following information: CPU loading (Peak and Average) Memory utilisation (Peak and Average) Disk utilization (Peak and Average) LAN utilization (Peak and Average) Operating system resource utilisation reports System error log The bidder shall submit the procedures details to meet the above along with the offer.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 7. The Cyber security system shall also be subjected to Annual Security Audit. All other patches of third party product like Operating System and Anti-virus shall be tested by the Contractor prior to installing in the Employers network.3 Security System monitoring The Contractor shall also be responsible for monitoring of the security system. 7.4 Patch Management The contractor shall also be responsible for providing updates/patches for the software products supplied under the project. what all patches are pending but available with us and what is the recent release of patches for the various products. Contractor shall implement the recommendations/remedial actions suggested by the Auditor after audit.2. Page 46 of 64 . analyse results. All the patches shall be downloaded through this single point of connection.

once every 3 months. . lizards or other vermin . If the replenishment of the spare takes more than 30 days then it will be considered as non-availability as per severity-2. f) Physical hardware checking to insure the proper working of PMUs modules. The physical maintenance shall include cleaning/dusting. c) Regular cleaning of computer furniture and surroundings is the responsibility of Owner. pest infections etc.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 7.2. The Contractor shall decide the items and components to be maintained as spare but a minimum number of spares as listed below shall be kept at the respective Control Centres. b) Maintaining dust free environment and protection from rodents and vermin is the responsibility of Owner.once every 3 months Exclusions: a) Interfacing panels cleaning etc. Equipment shutdown during preventive maintenance shall be deemed as available. d) Physical inspection to check the machines and the panels for rat droppings. Page 47 of 64 . This shall be periodically verified by the Employer.5 Physical maintenance The contractor shall undertake physical maintenance of all equipment/modules under the scope of this contract. hubs and routers .once every 3 months. as follows: Activities shall include but not limited to: a) Online diagnostics for servers and workstations . e) Cleaning and blowing for removal of dust from Servers and Workstations and panels . 7. Once every 3 months. damage to insulation.3 Spares inventory The Contractor shall maintain a spares inventory at his own cost to meet the spare availability requirements of the system. inspection of equipment for loose connections. The spares shall be used as and when required and no separate charges are payable except the maintenance charges. c) Physical hardware checks to ensure proper working of cooling fans etc. in accordance with this section. b) Connection test of LAN cables for identifying potential loose contacts in machines. are excluded from the scope above.once every 3 months.once every 3 months.

The integration services to be provided by the bidder will include the PMUs to PDC configuration & PDC to SCADA Configuration in IEC60870-5-104/ICCP format.5. Severity 3 – Minor Any other system defect. Failure of any redundant system component such that the normal redundancy is lost (as described at 7.1). non-availability of spares. severe system instability. Help 1 . Severity 4 .5.5. failure.(iii) Severity Levels Category Severity Urgent Definition – Complete system failure.1).Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System Table: 7 .No Item description WR-WAMS system 1 2 3 4 PMUs with GPS Panel for PMUs LAN switch Routers with Firewall lot lot lot lot 2 2 1 1 Unit No 7.118 standard & integration with Control Centres shall be the responsibility of the Contractor and shall be part of the maintenance charges. loss or failure of any major subsystem or system component such as to cause a significant adverse impact to system availability. 7.4 Integration of new PMUs All future PMUs conforming to IEEE C37. performance.(ii) Mandatory Spares inventory at Control Centres Sr. or operational capability (as described at 7.1) Non-availability of Man-power at control centre during working hours.Request for information. (As described at 7. “how General/Technical to” guidance. The problems will be categorized as follows: Table :7. technical configuration assistance. or unexpected operation (as described at 7. and enhancement requests.5 Problem/Defect Reporting The bidder shall propose an appropriate problem/defect reporting procedure to meet the requirement of all severity level cases along with the offer.5. Page 48 of 64 .1) Severity 2 – Degradation of services or critical functions such as to negatively Serious impact system operation.

the representative of the contractor would immediately attend to the problem. and outage of other applications not covered under severity-1 are included in this category. . failure of real time calculations. b) Severity-2 The support services not defined under Severity-1 are included under this category. loss of an important subsystem that may affect the day-to-day works and loss of archived data. Problems likes database reworking. Outage of servers at Control Centers. Failure of Data Server. stoppage of data collections for archiving. loss of data to the operator due to any problem software/Hardware-related in WAMS system.1 Severity levels The detail of the systems under different severity levels is as below: a) Severity-1 (Urgent support) This support is required when there is a complete system failure. failure in acquisition of SOE at the respective Control-Centre. or operational capability at Control centre. Upon receiving intimation. Initially. The problem shall be attended by the contractor at the earliest. would be covered under this Severity. For example. Page 49 of 64 . outages of main router cum firewall. severe system instability. “how to” guidance. outage of any software functionality (on the servers). d) Severity-4 (General Technical Help) Request for information. failure of router with firewalls & router and loss of data exchange with other computer systems & other control centres would be included under this category. and enhancement requests are included under this category. the loss/ failure of any major sub-system / system or its components. failure of main LAN & standby LAN. performance. etc. which may significantly impact the system availability. Non-availability of designated contractor’s Man-power at control centre as well as required inventory of spares specified here will also be covered under this category. failure of any one workstation. and it shall arrange all resources and take all steps to restore the data availability and functionality at the earliest. technical configuration assistance. In case the system does not come up and/or the problem is not resolved then the Owner’s Engineer shall intimate the problem to the contractor. Coverage under this severity would be outages that do not immediately cause on line data loss but subsequently could result into Severity-1 category outage. c) Severity-3 (Standard support) The support services included under this category are when the outage or loss of functionality is neither of an emergency nor priority functionalities as indicated in severity level 1 or 2 above. the Owner’s Engineers shall attempt to restore the system.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 7.5.

2 2 hours 12 hours 3 1 day 2 days 4 1 day 5 days The bidder shall submit the detailed format & procedure for all the activities such as Reporting time. The Action is defined as a direct solution or a workaround. This period includes investigation time and consideration of alternative courses of action to remedy the situation. The Action Resolution Time is the period between the initial response and the contractor delivering a solution. Page 50 of 64 . Attempt to find a solution acceptable to Owner/ Employer (dependent on reproducibility). The Initial Response Time is defined as the period between the initial receipt of the support request (through approved communications channels) and the acknowledgment of the contractor. The contractor shall provide guaranteed availability for various types of Severity levels as specified in section above. along with the bid proposal. Table: Emergency Support Response/Resolution Time Severity Initial Response Time Action Resolution Time Action 1 30 minutes 2 hours An urgent or emergency situation requiring continuous attention from necessary support staff until system operation is restored – may be by workaround. Resolution may be by workaround.6 Response and Resolution Time This section describes the target times within which the contractor should respond to support requests for each category of severity. Except for Severity Level 1 all response/resolution times (hours and days) specified below are working hours only. as quickly as practical. Resolution time is dependent on reproducibility.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 7. ability to gather data. 7. Evaluation and action plan. and Employer’s prioritisation. Report on the problem/query is to be furnished. Downtime etc. .7 Availability and Payment charges Calculation It is the endeavour of both the Contractor and Owner to maximize system availability to the extent possible. Resolution time.

5% or part there of decrease in availability under 99%. . Duration of outages over and above the Action Resolution time in each of the Severity levels shall be counted for the non.7. due to a common cause. Page 51 of 64 . and such solution shall mark the end of non-availability.(S1 x 1+S2 x0.availability computation and shall be clearly brought out in the register.2 Payment of maintenance charges (based on WAMS System availability) In the event of availability below a certain level. Report) logged shall be used for the purpose of availability calculation. 7. A standardized register shall be maintained at each site containing full details of each outages. applicable Severity level.7. The formula to be used for availability computation would be as under: Availability per quarter (per site) = THQ.1 Availability computation for WAMS System Availability would be on per quarter per site basis.8+S3 x 0. the first FPR (Field Problem. the maintenance charges would be proportionately reduced as follows: For Software: Availability for control Deduction as % of the apportioned price of total AMC (Software centres per quarter Portion) for WAMS portion of the contract applicable for that site (quarterly software price) > 99% Less than 99% NIL Deduction of 2% of the apportioned price of the apportioned quarterly AMC for every 0. The resolution may be accomplished by a work around. actual Resolution time.5) x 100% THQ Where THQ is total hours in the quarter S1 is the total non-available hours in Severity Level-1 S2 is the total non-available hours in Severity Level-2 S3 is the total non-available hours in Severity Level -3 7. and signature of Engineer-in-charge as well as the contractor’s support engineer of the site. time of reporting to the contractor support engineer/support centres pursuant to the appropriate methods in the Agreement. In the event of multiple failures at a site. actions taken by Owner to correct the problem. allowed Response time as per the Response times defined in above section.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System The non-availability hours for availability calculation shall be counted from the end of the allowed Action Resolution time.

5% or part there of decrease in availability under 99%. database rebuild etc). would be done by the contractor at no extra cost to Owner / Employer. b) Owner shall ensure that the System is kept and operated in a proper and prudent manner as described in the system documentation provided by the Contractor and only trained Owner representatives (or persons under their supervision) are allowed to operate the system. the contractor may reinstall the program modules after making the Owner / Employer engineer aware of the consequence (like data loss.2 on pro-rata basis. . 7. 7. or arising out of a necessity to fix FPRs (Field problem reports). 7.9 Responsibilities of Owner The responsibilities of the owner during the maintenance period are as follows: a) Owner shall ensure that proper Environmental conditions are maintained for the system.8 Contractor’s Obligations In order to optimise and improve the response of the system.7. Page 52 of 64 .Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System For Hardware: Availability for control Deduction as % of the apportioned price of total AMC (Hardware centre per quarter portion) for WAMS portion of the contract applicable for that site (quarterly hardware price) 99% for PDC 99 % for PMUs Less than 99% for PDC Less than PMUs 99% NIL Deduction of 2% of the apportioned price of the apportioned for quarterly AMC for every 0. Any modification of software/Operating System required to restore functionality due to hardware upgrades. c) Owner shall provide access to the sites of installation for purposes of providing Support Services. The contractor will submit FSR (Field Service Report) and the steps taken to solve the problem.3 Computation of Availability / Non-availability The computation of Availability / Non-availability would be rounded up to 2 decimal places at each Contract Co-ordination Site on quarterly basis and any deduction in the maintenance charges thereof would be calculated as stated above in Section 7. along with details of code changes. d) Owner shall provide the contractor with space for Office and storage space for their maintenance staff and spares. patches.7.

2 2.. ….. workarounds or other fixes to system problems ROUTINE SOFTWARE SUPPORT Build and maintain database.1 0.2 Task PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION Root cause analysis to determine whether the fault is attributable to Hardware or Software. …. ….4 2.0 0. .0 2. ….2 3. Owner Contractor 1.. A …. Legend: A This indicates who has primary responsibility to perform this function.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 7.. temporary patches.0 1. …. …. …. …. Replace failed components in online system using parts from spares inventory Restore operation of repaired/replaced equipment A ….2 1. Table :7-(iv) Responsibility Matrix Item 0.1 1.6 3.3 2. This indicates who will provide assistance. Resolution of problems involving third party maintainer where there is uncertainty whether the root cause is hardware or software. displays and reports Perform system back-ups Restore or reinstall software from back-ups Monitor system logs (part of remote monitoring service) Maintain system logs Maintain user accounts HARDWARE PROBLEM RESOLUTION Report problem and assist with defining problem Troubleshoot problem to diagnose if it is softwarerelated or hardware-related Identify failed component. Page 53 of 64 . temporary patches. workarounds or other fixes to system problems Install and test corrections.10 Responsibility Matrix The table in this section provides a summary definition of the roles and responsibilities of the contractor and Owner.4 .1 2.0 3.3 2.5 2. A …. SOFTWARE PROBLEM RESOLUTION Report problem and assist with problem identification Provide or recommend corrections.3 3.1 3.

2 5.2 6.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 4...1 4.0 6.5 HARDWARE SPARE PARTS Manage local spares inventory Replenish local spares inventory INTEGRATION AND DATABASE WORK AT CONTROL CENTERS END PDC Expansion & connection with other PDCs …..4 6.3 6. Page 54 of 64 . …. PMUs (new & existing) integration …. SECURITY MONITORING Patch updates Security monitoring Annual audits Implementation of Recommendations during Audit Maintenance of Spares …. ….0 4. ….3 6. Database resizing ….0 5. …. . ….1 5. A ------------------End of Section 7------------------- .2 5.1 6.

17. 20. The locations will be finalized during engineering stage. 14. 5. 3. 23. 16. Sr. 12. PMUs Locations Korba (NTPC) Raipur Vindhyachal Katni Bina (PG) Itarsi Seoni Indore Kandwa Akola Chandrapur Solapur Mapusa N. 19. 10. 6. 9. Page 55 of 64 . 22. 18. 21. 2. 11. These locations are indicative and final location may vary depending on site condition.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System Locations for Installation of PMU PMUs are planned for installation at the following Substations/Generating Stations. 15.No 1. 8. 4. 13. 7. 24.Koyna Lonikhand Kalwa Phdghe Sugen Asoj Kasor Dehgam Zerda Jetpur Mundra No of PMUs 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 .

No Name of the item A 1 2 Unit Qty Make Software at WRLDC end Visualization software (license) Data archiving software Lot Set 1 1 B 1 2 Software at Four SLDCs end Visualization software (license) Data archiving software Lot Set 4 4 C 1 Software at WRPC.703 ports. cables etc. cables etc. Page 56 of 64 . dual LAN ports) Router with firewall for PMUs (30*G.CTU & at NLDC Visualization software (license) Lot 3 D 1 Hardware at Substations/Generating Stations ^ PMU (complete with all necessary accessories.703 ports. Nos as per specification) E 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 F 1 Hardware at WRLDC end PDC Panel for PDC Data Historian server Workstations console (24’TFT colour monitor) Colour Laser Jet Printer Router at WRLDC LAN (4*G. dual LAN ports) Nos Nos Nos Nos Nos Nos 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 communication Nos Router with firewall for communication with other Nos Control Centers (8*G.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System Table-2 BOQ (Bill of Quantity) Sr.703 ports. Nos as per specification) along with additional analog channels / modules Panel for mounting PMUs Nos 25 2 3 25 25 GPS (complete with all necessary accessories. dual LAN ports) 24 ports of 1Gbps LAN switch for dual LAN Nos Hardware at four SLDCs end PDC Nos 4 .

colour printers. Installation and commissioning of PDC. Historian Server . Relays and communication equipment complete in all respect as per technical specification.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System 2 3 4 5 6 7 G 1 2 3 Panel for PDC Data Historian server Workstations console (24’TFT colour monitor) Colour Laser Jet Printer Router with firewall (4*G. single LAN ports) 24 ports of 1Gbps LAN switch for single LAN Nos Nos Nos Nos Nos Nos 4 4 8 4 4 4 Hardware at WRPC.703 ports. SLDCs. 25 2 1 3 I J Integration of existing PMUs at Maharashtra SLDC Lot with WR-WAMS system Training Maintenance# 1 As per Table-1 At WRLDC a) b) AMC of WAMS system for 1 year during warranty period AMC of WAMS system for 3 years after warranty period Lot Lot 1 1 . Remote consoles. WRPC. switches. communication equipment. Workstation Lot Consoles. Router etc at WRLDC. single LAN ports) Colour laser Jet Printer Nos Nos 3 3 3 H 1 Services Installation and commissioning of PMUs at site along with Nos all interconnections with CT.NLDC end Remote consoles with Client Software (24’TFT colour Nos monitor) Router with firewall (4*G. Page 57 of 64 .703 ports. Routers with firewall. LAN etc complete in all respect as per technical specification. PT.CTU.CTU and at NLDC along with all integration with PMUs.

The PMU Panel quantity may vary.CTU & NLDC end a) b) AMC of WAMS system for 1 year during warranty period AMC of WAMS system for 3 years after warranty period Lot Lot 1 1 # There is a provision to extend the Maintenance of WAMS system for another three years at the same price in the final offer of the vendor with same terms & conditions. terms and conditions. Page 58 of 64 . The contractor shall supply & install the additional quantity at same unit price. . Panel etc quantity during implementation or within one year of placement of original order whichever is more.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System At four SLDCs. ^There may be 100% increase in PMU and associated equipments like GPS. The stand alone panel shall be provided only where the space in the existing panel is not available. WRPC.

Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System Annexure-I WR-WAMS System Architecture existing WRLDC LAN At WRLDC Workstation Colour Printer Consoles Colour Printer At four SLDCs Workstation Data Historian Consoles PDC Data Historian Server PDC Server Router LAN switch Single LAN Dual LAN Routers cum Firewall (1 no) Routers cum Firewall (1 no) Dual LAN Switches Routers cum Firewall At WRPC. Page 59 of 64 .CTU & NLDC Remote Console & Colour Printer At Power stations & POWERGRID Substations At States Substations Routers cum Firewall For Visualization of PMU data PMUs with GPS PMUs with GPS .

what would be the differences in the measurement/accuracy? b) Is there any recommendation of PDC at substation level. if yes how and how much supplied PMUs can be configured for data storage? n) Please describe maintenance support strategy and infrastructure? o) Please describe the data sampling rates configured for PMU & PDC also? p) Please describe the user interface available at PMU? q) Please suggest best practise recommendation on data storage sampling rate at PDC? Every sample or selected samples? . Page 60 of 64 . and advantages if any? g) Please provide details of the visualization tools provided with your system? h) What functional tests are proposed to be performed in factory & at site? i) Please indicate the typical bandwidth required for a PMU Node? j) Please describe local self monitoring and diagnostic capabilities of PMUs offered .Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System Annexure –II Questionnaire a) If we connect PMU with the metering core of CT instead of protection core. Please provide comparison of features. in terms of data reliability during telecommunication channel failure? c) Describe the port features of TCP/IP and UDP/IP protocol? d) What kind of data quality problem encounter with such a system? e) How many more PMUs can be added in the PDC supplied? f) Do you have other PDC/PMU models/application? If yes.Also describe remote monitoring /facilities and system requirements if any? k) Please describe testing accuracies for PMU as well as PDC? l) Describe PDC hardware especially with respect to individual PMU channel interface at PDC? m) Can PMU locally store the data used.

phasorlet etc. .5-101or 104 or 61850 (slave) protocol. Describe interface & licensing requirements? dd) Is your PDC by itself or through a external device is capable of giving out put in IEC 870. If yes what parameters are configurable? ee) Please explain the procedure of transferring the Flag for Loss of time receiver Signal from PMUs to PDC? ff) How the PMU shall ensure the accuracy of measuring system parameters very accurately under dynamic system conditions? gg) How the PMU shall accurately measure under off nominal frequency. Page 61 of 64 . bb) What is the provision in supplied PDC for publishing Real Time PMU data from PDC to LAN? cc) Does the supplied system supports visualisation by using Internet Explorer on PC connected through LAN or on Internet. Substation to WRLDC & PDC Processing for various data rates? u) What are the additional features available in PDC architecture? v) Is there any response time limit for measurement of frequency and df/dt? w) Please describe the Algorithm for Phasor computation such as full cycle DFT.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System r) Please specify the type of algorithm used for Synchrophasor measurement & also indicate the amount of time the device output will stay outside the accuracy limit? s) Please describe compensate mechanism for group delay of PMUs? t) Please provide what will be the time taken for PMU Processing. half cycle DFT. center or end of reporting period) of time tagging is provided in the PMU? aa) What provision exists in supplied PDC for importing historical data in Excel sheet or RDBMS for a window based PC connected to PDC on LAN. x) Please provide a sample calculation for communication overhead for PMU supplied? y) Please describe user interface software application licensing policy with reference to remote users and capability to access and display PDC streaming data by displaying browser offered licenses(min 5) z) Which instant (beginning. voltage and current conditions.

Page 62 of 64 .Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System hh) Is it possible to set up the pick-up levels for frequency. under voltage pick-up levels. rate of change of frequency. pick-up levels for rate of change of frequency. under-voltage and over-current? If so then how? jj) Please submit the data exchange format on IEC 60870-5-104/ICCP format of PDC for EMS Applications? kk) What are the features can be achieved by Firmware/software upgrade? . and over current pick-up levels? If so then how many levels can be defined for each of the same? ii) Is it possible to provide open output contacts each for abnormal frequency.

3 phase Positive sequence Current magnitude 3 phase Positive sequence Voltage magnitude Phase angle of current and voltage frequency Rate of change of frequency Active Power Reactive Power Quantity 2 1 9 1 1 1 1 Table 3.No 1 2 3 Description Voltage input from PT Current input from CT Status Indicator Quantity 3 phase V 3 phase I 8 Table 3.1 above 30 days 30 days 12 month .No Description 1 2 3 4 5 6 No of PMUs Sampling rate Values per PMU Triggered data Storage capability On line data storage in PDC PMU data storage in Historian Server Quantity 100 50 sample/sec As per table 3.1 PMU to PDC data S.No Description 1 2 3 4 5 6. Page 63 of 64 .2 Substation to PMU interface S.3 PDC Capacity Storage Sizing parameters S.Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System Annexure –III Table 3. 7.

Synchrophasor Pilot Project for WR Technical Specification for WAMS System Annexure-IV Implementation schedule for WAMS Project in Western Region S.No Task Name Task completed By 1 WR-WAMS Project i ii iii iv v vi vii LOA Engineering document submission Engineering document approval Completion of Procurement process Factory Acceptance Tests Installation & Commissioning Site Acceptance tests & Site availability tests 2 months 3 months 2 months 3 months 2 months 12 months 0 Months after LOA (Letter of Award) 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Page 64 of 64 .