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Project Information

Project :

THE STUDY OF REINFORCED CONCRETE FOUNDATIONS DESIGN AND ANALYSIS USING MATHCAD

Footing Name :

Ex-1

Owner :

KU

Location :

KU

F-450

Summary Analysys and Design
1.) Footing Data
Number of Piles

Npile 

Dead Load Factor

DF 

1.4

Live Load Factor

LF 

1.7

Dead Loads on Footing

P0zD 

70  tons

Live Loads on Footing

P0zL 

90  tons

Pzw 

Total Axial Load Excluding
Weight of Soil and Footing
(W=WSD , U=USD)

Pzu 

4

160  tons
251  tons

Dead Load Moment X-Axis

MxD  0 tons m

Live Load Moment X-Axis

MxL  0 tons

? Foundation Detials(Click for Large Picture)

Mxw  0 tons

Total Moment X-Axis
(W=WSD , U=USD)

Mxu  0 tons

Dead Load Moment Y-Axis

MyD  0 tons m

Live Load Moment Y-Axis

MyL  0 tons
Myw  0 tons

Total Moment X-Axis
(W=WSD , U=USD)

Myu  0 tons

Size of column X-Axis

Cx 

0.3 m

Co-ordinate of column X-Axis

xc 

0

Size of column Y-Axis

Cy 

0.4 m

Co-ordinate of column Y-Axis

yc 

0

Thickness Footing :

Bz 

0.9 m

Minimum Size of Footing X-Axis

Height of Footing

Hz  2 m

Minimum Size of Footing Y-Axis

Dp 

Pile Diameter

0.5 m

Dcr 

Critical Diameter
(For Pile Load Reduction Factor)
Minimum Clearances from Center
of pile to Edge of Footing

Allowable Compression Pile Capacity
Allowable Tension Pile Capacity

0.3 m

ax 

0.5 m

X-Axis

ay 

0.5 m

Y-Axis

Bx2min 
By2min 

Spacing of pile

spc 

1.5 m

Spacing Factor

csx 

1

2.5 m
2.5 m

csy 

WSD Allowable Pile Capacity

USD Allowable Pile Capacity

Pw.plus.allow  50 tons
Pw.neg.allow  25 tons

Pu.plus.allow  100 tons
Pu.neg.allow  50 tons

2.) Design Data
Dead Load Factor

DF 

1.4

Live Load Factor

LF 

1.7

Cylindical Concrete Strength

fc′ 

173  ksc

Yield Strength of Steel

fy 

2.8  103  ksc

Select BarType : Deform / Round Bar

BarType 

Concrete Covering of Footing

Cov 

1

75  mm

fs 

1400  ksc

( Deform Bar

DB 

1

, Round Bar

RB 

0 )

1

301 2 1 0 1 2 Pile cg.pile  0.5 m 0.5 m Bx2min  By  2.Bx By x2 y2 Bx2 By2 2 1 2 1 0 1 2 1 2 ax  Cx  xc  Bx  ay  0.5 m By2min  2.663 55.pile  0 m 1 43.075 m yc.373 Pzw.663 68.066 1 35.v   55.5 m 0.)Plot Footing Footing Symbows Plot Footing Plan Compare First x1 .946  45.4 m 0 ? Footing Symbows (Click for Large Picture) 2.5 m Centroid of Pile Group 2 xc.y1 .946  tons  .042 Pzu.3.5 m 0. Pile Group Edge of Footing  tons  2  71.3 m Cy  0 yc  2.v   35.

...75 62........x = Total Axial Load Excluding Weight of Soil and Footing (U=USD) Include My only Pzw.00 35.................neg  0 tons Allowable Compressive Load on 1 Pile Pu..max...) Pile Data 4.00 1.04 55.....00 0..00 Weight Capacity W 1.1 Pile Co-ordinate Data ...66 40...066  tons Maximum Tension Load on 1 Pile P1u..00 2......98 1...plus.....00 0.75 62.allow  Result   Check P1w....95 Pzu.plus  Pw....04 55...allow  100  tons  50  tons  Result  Check P1u..x tons 68...allow  25  tons  Check P1w..... U=USD) Pzw....00 75..4....plus  Pu.......00 1.........66 45.. Reduction Factor Punching.00 Reduction Punching fpv 0......00 Pzw tons 43......30 35... -45......00 -75. cm.plus....00 0.....00 75..allow  Allowable Tension Load on 1 Pile Pu........ Weight .plus  45...all   Check P1u....07 55.....y = Total Axial Load Excluding Weight of Soil and Footing (U=USD) Include Mx only 4..301  tons .....00 1...2 ) Check of Pile Reaction (Bi-Axial) WSD Maximum Compressive Load on 1 Pile P1w.00 1...........95 Reaction on each Pile Pzw.neg  Pu.......neg  0 tons Allowable Compressive Load on 1 Pile Pw........00 Pzu......allow  "OK" "OK" Maximum Load on 1 Piles P1w....y tons 62.00 0.07 55... "OK" "OK" ...........neg...............00 Pile Co-ordinate Pile Deviate Distance x2 y2 DelX DelY cm...... Reaction on each Pile Pile Co-ordinate Data Weight Reduction Factor Punching Reaction on each Pile Pile No # 1.... cm.. cm.....75 Pzwuxy Notes Pz = Total Axial Load Excluding Weight of Soil and Footing (W=WSD ..30 40.....neg..x = Total Axial Load Excluding Weight of Soil and Footing (W=WSD) Include My only Pzu..00 1.00 45.y = Total Axial Load Excluding Weight of Soil and Footing (W=WSD) Include Mx only Pzu.75 62.......00 3...neg  Pw.37 40..............x Pzw.00 0.95 71...301  tons Maximum Tension Load on 1 Pile P1w.plus...........00 75......allow  Maximum Load on 1 Piles P1u..66 Pzu tons 68....00 -75.00 30...066  tons .plus  71...66 40..00 35..95 71..00 0...00 4....allow  50  tons Result  Allowable Tension Load on 1 Pile Pw....all  45.....plus....00 -75..00 75...00 0. USD Maximum Compressive Load on 1 Pile P1u...allow  Result 71.............37 35.....neg.......max...neg...y tons tons 43..........

1.14 3.9 m 50  200  100 0 100 200 Section 2 Parallel X-Axis Bx2  Bar_yw   Ground_Level 150 Ground_Level 150 By2  2.00 0 19 tons.41 20 20 3.14 0.1 WSD 5.971  ksc  Check vp.14 0.10 0 19 Y1 44.87 0.17 20 20 3.87 20 20 3.69 0.00 0 19 MAsNw WSD Section of Footing xc  0 Cx  0.14 0.w   Result Beam Shear Stress y 0 0 0 0 x 1  ksc  vcb  2 y   "OK" Check vb.2 Check Beam Shear Stress Beam Shear Stress x vb.401  ksc vcp   6.94cm Rft.00 53.84 0 19 Y2 44.41 0.92 0.00 53.14 3. // Y-Axis at Bottom"  "" top bot 2.14 0.w.) Design of Footing 5.00 19.841  ksc    "OK"  "OK" 1 5.14 3.5 m Bz  1.pile  vcp  "OK" 5.5 m DepthFtg  By2  2.5 m 0.4 m Hz  2 m 1.3 m Cz  yc  0 Cy  0.00 59.19 0.00 17.m cm2 cm2 cm2 cm2 mm mm cm2 cm2 X2 42.3 Check Reinforcement Moment and Number of Bar Used WSD Moment Mw Ac (Compression) At (Tension) As top As bottom Bar Diameter (top) Bar Diameter (bot) Bar Cross-Section Area (top) Bar Cross-Section Area (bot) Num Bar required (top) Num Bar required (bottom) Num Bar Used (top) Num Bar Used (bottom) X1 40.w  vcb    "OK" 3.1.5 m  top  "19DB20mm @12.1 Chech Punching Shear Check for Punching Shear from Column Punching Shear from Column vp.pile  Result Allowable punching shear stress 2.00 59.9 m 100 100 T 50  200  100 0 100 200 Section 1 Parallel Y-Axis 0.5 m   "19DB20mm @12.1 m Bx2  2.00 18.00 59. // X-Axis at Bottom"  bot Bar_xw   "" .w.00 56.17 0.53 0.w  vcp  "OK" Check for Punching Shear from Maximum Pile Load Punching Shear from Maximum Pile Load vp.14 3.w  Result Allowable punching shear stress 5.5.1.94cm Rft.69 20 20 3.971  ksc  Check vp.00 56.80 0.32  ksc vcp   6.00 18.00 59.

64cm Rft.5 m Bz  1.00 46.2.9 m 50  200  100 0 Section 2 Parallel X-Axis Bx2  Ground_Level 150 Ground_Level 150 2.14 0.22 0 15 tons.50 0.4 m Hz  2 m 1.w.00 41.50 20 20 3.u  Result Allowable punching shear stress 8.2 Check Beam Shear Stress Beam Shear Stress x vb.pile  Result Allowable punching shear stress 2.14 0.14 0.851  ksc  Check vp.2 USD 5.w  vcb    "OK" 3.3 Check Reinforcement Moment and Number of Bar Used USD Moment Mu Ac (Compression) At (Tension) As (top) As (bottom) Bar Diameter (top) Bar Diameter (bot) Bar Cross-Section Area (top) Bar Cross-Section Area (bot) Num Bar Required (top) Nuim Bar Required (bot) Num Bar Used (top) Num Bar Used (bot) X1 63.67 0 15 Y2 70.pile  vcp  "OK" 5.14 0.346  ksc ϕvcp   11.10 20 20 3.14 3.00 46.00 14.m cm2 cm2 cm2 cm2 mm mm cm2 cm2 X2 67.401  ksc vcp   6.1 m Bx2  2.00 14.00 46.2.5 m 0.14 3.841  ksc   y  "OK"  "OK" 1 5.80 0 15 MAsNu USD Section of Footing xc  0 Cx  0.1 Chech Punching Shear Check for Punching Shear from Column Punching Shear from Column vp.09 0 15 Y1 69.14 3. // Y-Axis at Bottom"   "" top bot By2  100 200 2.00 13. // X-Axis at Bottom"  bot Bar_xu   "" .86 0.46 0.27 20 20 3.5 m  "15DB20mm @16.5 m  top  "15DB20mm @16.00 44.2.00 41.9 m 100 100 T 50  200  100 0 100 200 Section 1 Parallel Y-Axis Bar_yu   0.5.13 0.w.14 3.00 44.971  ksc  Check vp.64cm Rft.27 0.u  ϕvcp  "OK" Check for Punching Shear from Maximum Pile Load Punching Shear from Maximum Pile Load vp.00 14.54 0.00 46.05 0.5 m DepthFtg  By2  2.10 0.w    Result Beam Shear Stress y 0 0 0 0 x 1  ksc  vcb  2   "OK" Check vb.3 m Cz  yc  0 Cy  0.54 20 20 3.

1.2  0.3 8 0 0.1) WSD 6.2 1.3 8 0 0.5  1.1 ) WSD X-Direction Cx1 100 Cx2 82 64 46 28 10  1.6.3  26  44  62  80 SFD (tons) :Rft.5 0.6  0.2  0.9  0.5  1.2 1.9 1.9 1.5  26  44  62  80 SFD (With Factor Reduction ) X-Direction WSD Cx1 100 Cx2 82 64 46 28 10  1. in X.6  0.6 0.Direction WSD 0.9  0.3 0.) Plot Shear .6 . Moment and As Require of Footing 6.

9 1.9 1.2 1.5 5 Not Include Moment Mx Include Moments Mx.6 0.3 0 0.5 . in X.9  0.2 1.50 Cx1 Cx2 44.5  1.2  0.3 0.Direction WSD Cx1 70 Cx2 63 56 49 42 35 28 21 14 7  1.6  0.5 39 33.5 6  1.3 0 0.5 28 22. My BMD (tons.9  0.5 17 11.6 0.3 Ac ( cm^2 ) At ( cm2 ) Steel Area (cm2) for Rft in X-Direction WSD 0.5  0.2  0.5  1.6 0.m) for : Rft.

2 1.6 0.top Num Bar .3 10 Top Bar 0.bot Num Bars Top-Bot for Rft in X-Direction WSD Bottom Bar .Cx1 10 Cx2 Top Bar 2  1.2  0.6  0.5 6  14  22  30  38  46  54  62 Bottom Bar  70 As top ( cm^2 ) As bot ( cm2 ) Steel Area (cm2) for Rft in X-Direction WSD Cx1 5 Cx2 2  1.9  0.6  0.5 4 7  10  13  16  19  22  25 Num Bar .9 1.6 0.9  0.5  1.2  0.9 1.3 0 0.3 0.5  1.3 0.2 1.

2  0.6  0.5  1.9 1.5  20  40  60  80  100 SFD (With Factor Reduction ) Y-Direction WSD Cy1 100 Cy2 80 60 40 20  1.5  1.3 0.3 0 0.6 .9 1.9  0. in Y.9  0.2 1.6.6  0.2 1.Direction WSD 0.2  0.2 ) WSD Y-Direction Cy1 100 Cy2 80 60 40 20  1.3  20  40  60  80  100 SFD (tons) :Rft.3 0 0.5 0.1.6 0.

5 .5  1.5  10 Not Include Moment My Include Moments Mx.3 0.2  0. My BMD (tons.6  0.3 Ac ( cm2 ) At ( cm2 ) Steel Area (cm2) for Rft in Y-Direction WSD 0.9  0.9 1.3 0 3 0.Cy1 60 Cy2 53 46 39 32 25 18 11 4  1.2 1.6  0.6 0.6 0. in Y.9  0.2 1.3 0 0.Direction WSD Cy1 80 Cy2 72 64 56 48 40 32 24 16 8  1.m) for : Rft.9 1.5  1.2  0.

3Cy1 0 Cy2 0.9  0.6 0.6  0.5 Bottom Bar  20  22.6 0.9 1.5  10  12.3Cy1 0 Cy2 0.top Num Bar .2  0.9  0.2 1.5 Top Bar 5  7.5  15  17.5  1.bot Num Bars Top-Bot for Rft in Y-Direction WSD ------------------------------------------------------------End WSD Plotting------------------------------------------------------------------------- .5  2.5 8 Top Bar  16  24  32  40  48  56  64  72 Bottom Bar  80 As top ( cm2 ) As bot ( cm2 ) Steel Area (cm2) for Rft in Y-Direction WSD  1.3 0.3 0.9 1.5  1.2  0. 1.2 1.6  0.5  25 Num Bar .

5  1.2 1.2 ) USD 6.5  30  60  90  120  150 SFD (With Factor Reduction ) X-Direction USD Cx1 150 Cx2 120 90 60 30  1.Direction USD 0.2 1.6.3 0 0.2  0.6 .3 0 0.6  0.9 1.9 1.6  0.2.9  0. in X.5 0.2  0.1 ) USD X-Direction Cx1 150 Cx2 120 90 60 30  1.6 0.5  1.9  0.3 0.3  30  60  90  120  150 SFD (tons) :Rft.

My BMD (tons.2  0.2 1.5 .3 Ac (cm2) At (cm2) Steel Area (cm2) for Rft in X-Direction USD 0.m) for : Rft.2  0.5  10 Not Include Moment Mx Include Moments Mx.6 0.3 0.9  0.9 1. in X.6  0.6 10  0.3 0.5  1.6 0.5  1.Direction USD Cx1 50 Cx2 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5  1.2 1.9 1.9  0.3 0 0.Cx1 80 Cx2 71 62 53 44 35 26 17 8  1.

9  0.6 0.5  1.2  0.2  4.3 0.6  0.4 8  9.2  12.2 1.bot Num Bars Top-Bot for Rft in X-Direction USD .8  6.8  14.2  0. 1.6  11.9 1.3 Cx1 0 Cx2 0.4 Bottom Bar  16 Num Bar .6  1.5 Top Bar 5  10  15  20  25  30  35  40  45 Bottom Bar  50 As top (cm2) As bot (cm2) Steel Area (cm2) for Rft in X-Direction USD  1.6  0.9 1.5  1.5 Top Bar  3.6 0.3 0.3 Cx1 0 Cx2 0.2 1.top Num Bar .9  0.

Direction USD 0.3 0 0.9  0.2  0.9 1.2 ) USD Y-Direction Cy1 150 Cy2 120 90 60 30  1.6  0.2  0.2 1.6 0.3 0.2 1.6.5 .5  30  60  90  120  150 SFD (With Factor Reduction ) Y-Direction USD Cy1 150 Cy2 120 90 60 30  1.6  0.2.9 1.5  1.3 0 0.3  30  60  90  120  150 SFD (tons) :Rft.6 0. in Y.9  0.5  1.

9  0.6 0.6 0.2 1.m) for : Rft.9 1. My BMD (tons.9 1.Cy1 90 Cy2 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10  1.5 .6  0.3 0 0.6  0.9  0.Direction USD Cy1 60 Cy2 54 48 42 36 30 24 18 12 6  1.2  0.2 1.5  1.5  10 Not Include Moment My Include Moments Mx.2  0.3 0 0.3 Ac (cm2) At (cn2) Steel Area (cm2) for Rft in Y-Direction USD 0.5  1. in Y.3 0.

2 1.5 Top Bar  1.6  0.top Num Bar .6  14.6  0.9  0.8  3.9 1.5  1.3Cy1 0 Cy2 0.6 0.9 1.3 0. 1.3 0.2  0.bot Num Bars Top-Bot for Rft in Y-Direction USD ------------------------------------------------------------End WSD Plotting------------------------------------------------------------------------- .2 9  10.2 1.6 0.4 Bottom Bar  16.6  5.4  7.8  12.2  18 Num Bar .9  0.5 Top Bar 6  12  18  24  30  36  42  48 Bottom Bar  54  60 As top(cm2) As bot (cn2) Steel Area (cm2) for Rft in Y-Direction USD  1.2  0.5  1.3Cy1 0 Cy2 0.