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Friday test answer key. A Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first.

1 He moved to Barcelona in 2001. Hes lived / has been living in Barcelona since 2001 2 She did her homework before I went to her house. By the time I got to her house, she had already done her homework. 3 The match starts at 8 p.m. By 8.15, the match will have started. 4 He last ate meat when he was thirteen. He hasnt eaten meat since he was thirteen. 5 Have you got any plans for later? Are you doing anything later? 6 It was her first experience of flying. She had never flown before. B Join the pairs of sentences using the bold time expressions and the correct forms of the verbs. Do not change the order of the sentences. 1 I (stay) at my grandparents farm. I (see) a snake. While While I was staying at my grandparents farm, I saw a snake. 2 I (never travel) alone. I (go) to England. Before I had never travelled alone before I went to England. 3 She (burst) into tears. He (ask) her to marry him. When She burst into tears when he asked her to marry him. 4 The weather (brighten) up. We (go) outside. As soon as As soon as the weather (had) brightened up, we went outside. 5 Sara (finish) her rehearsal. She (meet) Raul in a caf. After After Sara (had) finished her rehearsal, she met Raul in a caf.

C Rewrite the sentences using a relative clause. Use commas if necessary and omit the pronoun if possible. 1 I had applied for a job. I was pleased when I was offered it. I was pleased when I was offered the job (that / which) I had applied for. 2 Sarahs going on a date with a guy. Ellie used to go out with him. Sarahs going on a date with a guy (who / that) Ellie used to go out with.

3 Liam had told me about a caf on the beach. We went there. We went to a caf on the beach (that / which) Liam had told me about. 4 Were going to see a film. Ive read good reviews about it. Were going to see a film (that / which) Ive read good reviews about. 5 Lara helped me with some homework. I got top marks for it. I got top marks for some homework (that / which) Lara helped me with.

D Join the sentences using defining or non-defining relative clauses. Use the correct punctuation. 6 Port Aventura is a fantastic theme park. Its near Barcelona. Port Aventura, which is near Barcelona, is a fantastic theme park. / Port Aventura is a fantastic theme park that / which is near Barcelona. 7 I saw a fight. Two people got injured in it. I saw a fight in which two people got injured. / Two people got injured in a fight (which / that) I saw. 8 Fiona is a friend from school. Shes going to spend a month in Nepal. Fiona, whos going to spend a month in Nepal, is a friend from school. / Fiona is a friend from school whos going to spend a month in Nepal. 9 Thats the guy. Jason had a big argument with him. Thats the guy (who / that) Jason had a big argument with. 10 I arrived at Central Station. A friend picked me up from there. I arrived at Central Station where a friend picked me up. / I arrived at Central Station from where a friend picked me up.

E Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first. Use a modal. 1 Its a good idea to take up swimming if you want to get fit. You ... You should take up swimming if you want to get fit. 2 Its obvious that the team had trained hard for the game. The team ... The team must have trained hard for the game. 3 Its possible that Lil left her kit at home. Lil ... Lil might / may / could have left her kit at home. 4 It was wrong of Luis to shout at the referee. Luis ... Luis shouldnt have shouted at the referee. 5 It isnt necessary for us to train every day. We ... We dont have to train every day.

F Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first. Use the bold words. 30 Were sure that student cheated in the exam. (must) That...student must have cheated in the exam. 31 The Liverpool players couldnt beat Arsenal. (to) The Liverpool players...werent able to beat Arsenal. 32 You really should study for the exam. (better) You...d better study for the exam. 33 Mary left school at 16, which was a bad idea. (shouldnt) Mary ...shouldnt have left school at 16. 34 Maybe Piqu didnt touch Ronaldo. (might) Piqu...might havent touched Ronaldo. 35 Tickets to see the cathedral were free. (to) We...didnt have to buy tickets to see the cathedral.

G Complete the sentences with the past, present or future form of can or be able to. (Where possible, use can.) 1 I couldnt .. overtake him because he was too fast. 2 He hasnt been able to .. drive since last Tuesday when his car was stolen. 3 If I dont save I wont be able to.....buy a new surfboard. H Complete the sentences. Use the affirmative or negative form of had better and two of the verbs in the list. crash | get | go | start | wake 4 You can borrow my car but youd better not crash .. it! 5 If you want a new phone youd better start............... saving some money. I Complete the sentences with the appropriate form of the bold verbs. 6 You (should / say) you were allergic to nuts. 6 should have said 7 You (ought / ring) your mother. Shell be worried. 7 ought to ring 8 We (have / pay) to go to the museum. It was free. 8 didnt have to pay 9 He (need / get up) for school so he had a lie-in. 9 didnt need to get up 10 You (ought / ask) before you borrowed my laptop. 10 ought to have asked

J Complete the dialogues with a modal or modal perfect and the correct form of the verbs in the list. do | drink | go | lose | see | stand

Complete the dialogues with a modal or modal perfect and the correct form of the verbs in the list. do | drink | go | lose | see | stand 11 Eds looking very slim. Yes, he must have lost ..weight. 12 I saw your brother today. You cant have seen him! Hes in France. 13 Wheres Eva? Im not sure she might / may / could have gone to Pablos house. 14 I keep getting stomach aches. You shouldnt drink / have drunkso much cola! 15 I got you a ticket. Thanks, but you neednt have done.... that Ive already got one. 16 How did you get on in your surfing lesson? At first I couldnt / wasnt able to stand up but I eventually got the hang of it.

K Complete the text with the modals and the correct form of the verbs in the list. has been able to | can | could (have) | couldnt | had to should have | was able to | would afford | ask | become | do (x2) | find | keep | see Teenage star makes ping pong cool Seventeen-year-old British table tennis star Darius Knight was introduced to the sport at the age of nine by his mother who hoped that it (1) would keep.him out of trouble. She knew that he(2) could (have), become . easily involved in a life of crime just like many of his south London friends. His mother (3) couldnt afford .. proper training but (4) was able to find .a coach to train him for 1 a session in a garden shed. Sometimes when he didnt have the money Darius (5) had to ask. for it on the street. By the age of eleven, Darius was the under-seventeen regional champion, and at the age of seventeen he competed in the Beijing Olympics. He is so grateful that he (6) has been able to see .. the world and to have escaped from a life of crime and drugs that he now does everything he can to promote table tennis amongst young people living in inner-city poverty. His message to them is If I (7) can do it, so can you and to always be able to say I did that and not, regretfully, I (8) should have done... that.