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Electro-motors*

CORRESPONDENCE. Fifteen or sixteen years ago, when was !"rs"ing my co"rse at the college, was tol# $y an eminent !hysicist that a motor co"l# not he o!erate# witho"t the "se of $r"shes an# comm"tators, or mechanical means of some %in# for comm"tating the c"rrent. t was then #etermine# to sol&e the !ro$lem. 'fter years of !ersistent tho"ght finally arri&e# at a sol"tion. wor%e# o"t the theory to the last #etail, an# confirme# all of my theoretical concl"sions $y ex!eriments. Recognising the &al"e of the in&ention, a!!lie# myself to the wor% of !erfecting it, an# after long contin"e# la$o"r !ro#"ce# se&eral ty!es of !ractical motors. Now all this #i# long $efore anything whate&er trans!ire# in the whole scientific literat"re ( as far as it co"l# $e ascertaine# ( which wo"l# ha&e e&en !ointe# at the !ossi$ility of o$taining s"ch a res"lt, $"t )"ite contrary at a time when scientific an# !ractical men ali%e consi#ere# this res"lt "nattaina$le. n all ci&ilise# co"ntries !atents ha&e $een o$taine# almost witho"t a single reference to anything which wo"l# ha&e in the least #egree ren#ere# )"estiona$le the no&elty of the in&ention. *he first !"$lishe# essay ( an acco"nt of some la$oratory ex!eriments $y Prof. Ferraris ( was !"$lishe# in taly six or se&en months after the #ate of filing of my a!!lications for the fo"n#ation !atents. *he #ate of filing of my !atents is th"s the first !"$lic recor# of the in&ention. +et in yo"r iss"e of ,arch -th rea# the !assage . / For se&eral years !ast, from the #ays of Prof. Ferraris0s in&estigations, which were followe# $y those of *esla, 1i!ernows%y an# a host of imitators,/ 2c. No one can say that ha&e not $een free in ac%nowle#ging the merit of Prof. Ferraris, an# ho!e that my statement of facts will not $e misinter!rete#. E&en if Prof. Ferraris0s essay wo"l# ha&e antici!ate# the #ate of filing of my a!!lication, yet, in the o!inion of all fairmin#e# men, wo"l# ha&e $een entitle# to the cre#it of ha&ing $een the first to !ro#"ce a !ractical motor 3 for Prof. Ferraris himself #enies in his essay the &al"e of the in&ention for the transmission of !ower, an# only !oints o"t the !ossi$ility of "sing a !ro!erly-constr"cte# generator, which is the only way of o$taining the re)"ire# #ifference of !hase witho"t losses3 for e&en with con#ensers ( $y means of which it is !ossi$le to o$tain a )"arter !hase ( there are consi#era$le losses, the cost of the con#ensers not consi#ere#. *h"s, in the most essential feat"res of the system ( the generators with the two or three circ"its of #iffering !hase, the three-wire system, the close# coil armat"re, the motors with #irect c"rrent in the fiel#, 2c. ( wo"l# stan# alone, e&en ha# Prof. Ferraris0s essay $een !"$lishe# many years ago. 's regar#s the most !ractica$le form of two-wire motor, namely, one with a single energising circ"it an# in#"ce# circ"its, of which there are now tho"san#s in "se, li%ewise stan# alone. ,ost of these facts, if not all, are !erfectly well %nown in Englan#3 yet, accor#ing to some !a!ers, one of the lea#ing English electricians #oes not hesitate to say that ha&e wor%e# in the #irection in#icate# $y Prof. Ferraris, an# in yo"r iss"e a$o&e referre# to it seems am calle# an imitator. Now, as% yo" where is that worl#-%nown English fairness 4 am a !ioneer, an# am calle# an imitator. am not an imitator. !ro#"ce original wor% or none at all. Nikola Tesla. New +or%, March 17th, 5675.
*

Electrical Review - 8on#on ( '!ril 9, 5675, !. ::-. 1

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http://www.tesla.hu/

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