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Language Arts: H.G.

Wells Author Study


Learning Objectives:
Students will research the life of author H.G. Wells and how his background impacted the topics he chose to write about. They will do this by generating ideas and questions, and by posing problems. They will gather, evaluate, and synthesize data from a variety of sources (e.g., print and non-print texts, artifacts, people) to communicate their discoveries in ways that suit their purpose and audience.

Essential Questions:
How can understanding where an author came from give insight into the work and purpose of the text they created?

Enduring Understanding:
An author study is an in-depth look at a selection of books, conducted through, but not limited to, any of the following approaches:
1. To study one genre, using one or several authors 2. To study one author and/or illustrator 3. To study a period of history 4. To study a particular place 5. To study authors from a chosen culture or race

Information about George Orwell can be found at http://georgeorwellnovels.com/biography-of-george-orwell/

Agenda:
Bell Ringer Students will read the biography on H.G. Wells and fill out a graphic organizer outlining who he is as a person. Background Knowledge Building Students will watch a video about the life of George Orwell and how he became the celebrated author we know today. Whole Group Instruction Students will take notes about George Orwell by completing the The Life of H.G. Wells Timeline. The students will brainstorm a list of the list of the information that is generally found on public networking sites such as Facebook. They will try to imagine what someone like author George Orwell would include on his personal page. Independent Practice Journal: How did H.G. Wells upbringing impact his writing style and the topics he chose to write about? Extended Practice Homework: Students will download a digital version of the Facebook PPT and complete it using the information they gathered during class and on their own.

Vocabulary: Satirical imperialism fascism Communism pseudonym tuberculosis Sanatorium propagandist

Materials:
H.G. Wells Biography http://www.youtube.com/wat ch?v=_NkGNnObvao The Life of H.G. Wells Timeline (Cheat Sheets Online) Facebook PPT template

Sources:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_NkGNn Obvao http://www.biography.com/people/georgeorwell-9429833 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CPa_6Ysf TP0

H. G. Wells (1866-1946), English author, futurist, essayist, historian, socialist, and teacher wrote The War of the Worlds (1898); Yet across the gulf of space, minds that are to our minds as ours are to those of the beasts that perish, intellects vast and cool and unsympathetic, regarded this earth with envious eyes, and slowly and surely drew their plans against us. And early in the twentieth century came the great disillusionment.Ch. 1. The invasion of earth by aliens from Mars, tripods attacking with Heat Rays and Black Smoke and the evacuation of London while people were terrorised in the surrounding countryside became one of the first internationally read modern science fiction stories. Wells is often credited, along with Hugo Gernsback (1884-1967) and Jules Verne (1828-1905) as being one of the fathers of science fiction. Forty years after its publication, on the night of Halloween 1938, Orson Welles Mercury Theatre on-air radio broadcast of the novel caused widespread panic in New York City. Wells masterpiece spawned more invasion literature and inspired numerous movie adaptations and print sequels. The popular novel foreshadowed things to come for the human race: robotics, World Wars, warfare tactics including aerial bombing, use of tanks and chemical weapons, and nuclear power. Part prophet, part pessimist, Wells was a prolific author not just of science fiction but also fiction and non, utopian and dystopian short stories, travel sketches, histories, and socio-political commentary. While his most popular works tend to show a bleak future for humanity, he was not without his sardonic and wry wit; Every time I see an adult on a bicycle I no longer despair for the human race. Herbert George Wells was born on 21 September 1866 in Bromley, Kent County, England, son of Sarah Neal, maid to the upper classes, and Joseph Wells, shopkeeper and professional cricket player. The Wells were quite poor and it was not the happiest of marriages; they would soon live apart though neither re-married. At an early age Herbert was an avid reader but it would be some years before his talents as a writer were realised. He attended Thomas Morleys Academy for a few years before financial hardship forced him to leave and seek practical employment. His father had broken his leg and not being able to play cricket anymore or pay for Herberts school, Herbert became an apprentice to a draper at the age of fourteen. The experience provided much fodder for his future works including Kipps (1905) wherein orphan and drapers apprentice Artie Kipps gains a large inheritance and quick education on the ways of upper-class society and The Wheels of Chance: A Bicycling Idyll (1896); Thus even in a shop assistant does the warmth of manhood assert itself....against the counsels of prudence and the restrictions of his means, to seek the wholesome delights of exertion and danger and pain.Ch. 1. When Wells won a scholarship in 1883 to the Normal School of Science in London he realised another area of interest that would serve him well in his writing; he began studies in biology and Darwinism under Thomas Henry Huxley, Aldous Huxleys grandfather. The Island of Doctor Moreau (1896), another of Wells many stories to inspire movie adaptations, deals with themes of eugenics, the ethics of scientific experimentation, Darwins theories, and religion. Wells was not able to complete the requirements for his degree and lost his scholarship, so, faced with financial hardship he moved to Fitzroy Road in London to live with his Aunt and Uncle Wells. He tutored part-time and studied parttime at his uncles school. His cousin Isabel Mary also lived with them and they were soon married, in 1891. It lasted only f our years; Wells left her for one of his students, Amy Catherine Robbins (Jane) whom he married in 1895 and had two sons with: George Philip (1901-1985) and Frank Richard (b.1903). Wells had liaisons with a number of other women, who became models for his characters, while married to Jane: writer Amber Reeves gave birth to their daughter Anna Jane in 1909 and in 1914 author and feminist Rebecca West gave birth to their son Anthony West.

For quite some time Wells had been writing stories and in 1895 he had several published;Select Conversations with an Uncle was his first, followed by The Time Machine (1895),The Wonderful Visit (1895), and The Stolen Bacillus and Other Incidents (1895). His collection of essays and stories, Certain Personal Matters (1896) was followed by The Invisible Man (1897); The stranger came early in February, one wintry day, through a biting wind and a driving snow....He was wrapped up from head to foot, and the brim of his soft felt hat hid every inch of his face but the shiny tip of his nose; the snow had piled itself against his shoulders and chest, and added a white crest to the burden he carried. Ch. 1.

When the Sleeper Wakes (1899) was followed by Love and Mr. Lewisham (1900), The First Men in the Moon (1901) and his first best-seller about what the world would be like in the year 2000, Anticipations (1901). A year after its publication Wells joined the socialist Fabian Society, although he left after a quarrelling with George Bernard Shaw. A Modern Utopia was published in 1905; Man is the unnatural animal, the rebel child of nature, and more and more does he turn himself against the harsh and fitful hand that reared him.Ch. 5.
Wells continued his prodigious output of fiction and non-fiction essays and articles on politics, liberalism, democracy, and on society including TonoBungay (1909), Floor Games(1911), The Great State: Essays in Construction (1912), An Englishman Looks at the World (1914), The War That Will End War (1914), and Mr. Britling Sees It Through (1916). After he published Outline of History (1920) he followed it up with A Short History of the World (1922) to meet the needs of the busy general reader....who wishes to refresh and repair his faded or fragmentary conceptions of the great adventure of mankind.(Preface). Wells collaborated with his son, zoologist and author George P. Wells and biologist Sir Julian Huxley (Aldous brother) for The Science of Life (1930), the same year Wells met Rabindranath Tagore in Geneva, Switzerland. They discussed issues of modern civilization, government and education, comparing them in the East and West. Wells was fast becoming a celebrity and he traveled extensively, meeting with world leaders and fellow authors. The Shape of Things to Come (1933) was followed by Wells examination of fascist dictators in The Holy Terror (1939). The New World Order was published the same year, Mind at the End of Its Tether in 1945. It would be the last book published during his lifetime. H. G. Wells died on 13 August 1946 at his home in Regents Park, London. In the Preface to the 1941 edition of The War In The Air (first published in 1908, then in 1921) Wells wrote: Again I ask the reader to note the warnings I gave in that year, twenty years ago. Is there anything to add to that preface now? Nothing except my epitaph. That, when the time comes, will manifestly have to be: I told you so. You damned fools. (The italics are mine.) It is possible to believe that all the past is but the beginning of a beginning, and that all that is and has been is but the twilight of the dawn. It is possible to believe that all the human mind has ever accomplished is but the dream before the awakening24 January 1902, lecture given at the Royal Institute, London. The Discovery of the Future. Biography written by C.D. Merriman for Jalic Inc. Copyright Jalic Inc. 2007. All Rights Reserved. The above biography is copyrighted. Do not republish it without permission.

Author Biography Graphic Organizer


10 Reasons to Do an Author Study 1. Help students develop their reading skills Author studies necessarily require lots of reading, giving kids plenty of opportunities to improve their reading fluency. In addition, teachers can use author studies to individualize reading instruction by grouping students according to their reading levels and helping them choose an appropriate author to study. 2. Build critical thinking skills With author studies, students learn to compare and contrast themes, analyze text and illustrations, and make connections between an author's life and his/her work and between the author's work and the reader's own life and work. 3. Improve writing skills An author becomes a "writing mentor" for readers as they read and study his/her work and respond to it through a variety of writing. This "mentoring" and students' writing responses can help kids build confidence in their writing and can even inspire them to become authors themselves. 4. Forge a deeper attachment to books Kids often bond with "their" author, which makes reading a more personal, fulfilling experience. Kids may even want to read books that influenced their author, further expanding their reading experience. 5. Establish a community of readers Author studies help classes, and even whole schools, form closer connections through shared reading experiences. 6. Expose kids to different types of literary voices and styles Like adults, many kids prefer a particular kind of book, such as non-fiction, series fiction, fantasy, etc. An author study can be used to persuade kids to branch out. In addition, some authors, including Newbery Medalists Avi and Lois Lowry, write in a variety of literary genres, which makes it easy for kids who do author studies on them to try out different types of reading. 7. Boost information literacy skills A key component of author studies is researching an author's life and work, using print and online resources. This research provides a built-in opportunity for teachers to teach information literacy skills, especially how to find information sources and determine if they are credible. 8. Plug in easily to the curriculum Teachers can do a short or long author studies, depending on available time. 9. Make connections across the curriculum Choosing a non-fiction author is the easiest way for teachers to connect science, math and/or history units with their language arts teaching. But these connections also can be made using elements of a fiction author's books (i.e., setting in a particular time or place, animal or historic characters). 10. Add fun to the school day! Author studies are an entertaining way to spark students' life-long interest in reading, a particularly important factor for new readers and reluctant readers.

The Life H.G. Wells Timeline


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_NkGNnObvao

Watch the video report. Write notes about the date. *Hint: You may have to do a little bit of math in order answer the first few questions.
1. 1866 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. 1873 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. 1876 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. 1879 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 5. 1881 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________

6. 1883 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________
7. 1891 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 8. 1893 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 9. 1893 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 10. 1895 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 11. 1938 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 12. 1946 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Watch the video again and answer the questions. What prompted H.G. Wells interest in writing? _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 11. What impact did Victorian society have on H.G. Wells? _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 12. What aspect of Wells life MOST influenced his decision to be a writer? _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 13. Why was Wells The Time Machine such an important piece of work? _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 14. Why did Hitler burn all books written by H.G. Wellls? _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

15. How did his upbringing impact his writing style and the topics he chose to write about? _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

H.G. Wells Journal


How did H.G. Wells upbringing impact his writing style and the topics he chose to write about?

How to use the Facebook template


1. Brainstorm a list of the information that is generally found on public networking sites such as Facebook. Try to imagine what someone like author H.G. Wells would include on his personal page.
What important life event took place? What types of status updates might he post? What about his personal information? Who might he be friends with? What books, movies, music do you think he enjoys? Etc

2. Download this template at http://mselenateacherliterature.weebly.com 3. Collect the information about your author that you will use to create your Facebook page. Be sure to use your MLA citation guide to keep track of your resources. 4. Highlight the text that you want to replace from the template and replace it with information about your author. Most of the information that needs to be replaced id already highlighted in red. Change all of the words back to black. 5. Do the same with the pictures on the template. * extra credit Create a fourth Facebook page on your own

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