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FC Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: The Frontier Corps NWFP is also a Civil Armed Force under the Administrative control of the

Ministry of Interior consisting of twelve Units nown as Corps with a total of !" Wings# It also has a training center which loo s after induction and training of recruits# The overall authori$ed strength of the Force is a%out &'()*) personnel +all ran s,# The force remained under Ministry of -efence till ./*! and thereafter it was transferred to the Ministry of Interior# Units of Frontier Corps NWFP include 0urram Militia( Tochi 1couts( Chitral 1couts(0hy%er 2ifles( 1outh Wa$iristan 1couts( the 3a4aur 1couts +./".,( Mahsud 1couts +./&*( ./!!,( Mohmand 2ifles( the Thall 1couts +./!5,( 1hawal 2ifles and -ir 1couts +./*), etc# FC formations are commanded %y Army 6fficers posted on secondment %y the 789# To perform the role assigned to FC NWFP during peace time and emergency( the units carry out their speicified role and functions in their assigned respective areas# FC Balochistan: The Frontier Corps 3aluchistan is Civil Armed Force under the Administrative control of the Ministry of Interior# It was raised in ./*! as a result of %ifurcation of old FC that used to protect: guard e;ternal frontiers of Pa istan +NWFP and 3aluchistan,# The Force consists of .' Units nown as Corps with a total of !. Wings# The Corps units have %een historically named according to the name of the origin of the areas or the general area where these were initially raised e#g# 0haran 2ifles( <ho% Militia( etc# Units of Frontier Corps 3aluchistan include <ho% Militia( Chaghai Militia( 1i%i 1couts( 0alat 1couts+./"',( Ma ran Militia( 0haran 2ifles( Pishin 1couts+./!",( Maiwind 2ifles( 7ha$a%and 1couts( 3am%ore 2ifles( =oralai 1couts etc# Units of Frontier Corps KPK: 1. Chitral Scouts: Founded in 1903, The Chitral Scouts (CS) is a provincially controlled paramilitary orce o Pakistan! recruited mostly rom the Chitral and Kalash "allyes areas alon# the western borders and led by o icers rom the Pakistan $rmy. The Chitral %couts is part o Frontier Corps! Khyber Pakhtunkhwa which alls under &inistry o 'nterior. 'ts (ead)uarter is at Chitral town and is commandet by a Colonel rom Pakistan $rmy. The Chitral scouts have seven win#s each headed by $rmy o icers e)ual in ranks o *ieutenent Colonel+&a,or. 'ts

role is to keep -uard the western borders in Peace and assist the civil admin in keepin# law and order situation in the district chitral. .. Khyber Rifles: Founded in 1/0/! The Khyber Rifles is a para1military orce ormin# part o the modern Pakistan $rmy2s Frontier Corps. 3urin# the period o 4ritish rule! the Khyber 5i les was one o ei#ht 6Frontier Corps6 or paramilitary units recruited rom the tribesmen o the 7orth 8est Frontier! servin# as au9iliaries or the re#ular 4ritish 'ndian $rmy. :. Bajaur Scouts: Founded in 1961, The Bajaur Scouts are a paramilitary unit o Pakistan2s Frontier Corps! recruited locally in 4a,aur $#ency and o icered by re#ular Pakistani $rmy o icers seconded or duty. The %couts were previously the Bajaur Levies! and served in the 4a,aur! %wat! and 3ir tribal areas. So 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. ;. e ore units !ith date of founded are as "elo!:

Kurram Militia (1892) South Waziristan Scouts (1900) Tochi Scouts (1894) Mahsu Scouts (1944) !ir Scouts (1970) Thal %couts (1;</)

Units of Frontier Corps Balochistan: 1# $ho" %ilitia: Founded in 1&&3, Th" Zhob Militia ar" a #a$istani %aramilitar& 'orc" (as" in )alochistan an ar" on" o' th" ol "st %aramilitar& *rou%s in th" r"*ion. Th"& ha+" an "stimat" str"n*th o' 2000 m"n. )"t,""n 1919 an 1920 th"& act" as a Mount" in'antr& i+ision un "r th" comman o' )ritish o''ic"rs. Th"& 'ou*ht a*ainst -m.null.h Kh.n 'orc"s urin* th" Thir -n*lo/ -'*han War.

'# 0ha*ai Militia1 2oun " in 18963 Th" Chagai Militia is a %aramilitar& unit o' #a$istan4s 2ronti"r 0or%s3 ori*inatin* in th" ar"a o' 0ha*ai !istrict in )aluchistan (#a$istan). Th" unit ,as initiall& $no,n at th" Chagai Levies3 an r"nam" in 1950.

3# Kharan 5i'l"s1 Kharan Rifles is a '" "ral *o+"rnm"nt %aramilitar& unit char*" ,ith maintainin* th" ,"st"rnmost %ro6imit& o' #a$istan. 7t has th" uni8u" r"s%onsi(ilit& o' ("in* th" onl& or*anization r"s%onsi(l" 'or mannin* %arts o' #a$istan4s -'*han and 7ranian (or "rs. %ome more units o Frontier corps are as below:

(# )# 6# *# &# 9#

Si(i Scouts (1971) Kalat Scouts (1965) #ishin Scouts (1946) !al(an in 5i'l"s (2007908) )olan Scouts (2005) -,aran Militia (2007)

Challen+es to Frontier Corps:

Throughout its 100-year history, the Frontier Corps has faced diverse challenges. In recent years, there has been a lot of focus on counterterrorism and counterinsurgency operations. But ust as drugs and terrorism are lin!ed, investigations of terrorists and drug criminals often overlap, and accordingly the Frontier Corps is very involved in counter-narcotics. In fact, it is estimated that in "00#, the Frontier Corps Baluchistan conducted $0% of the heroin and morphine-base sei&ures in 'a!istan. (ecruited from the tribal areas and led by 'a!istani army officers, the $0,000-member Frontier Corps historically has been poorly armed and trained. )ome analysts maintain that the I)I has set up private organi&ations to distance the relationship bet*een its military leadership and e+tremist fighters. These private organi&ations are staffed by retired I)I officers and funded through the budget of 'a!istan,s Frontier Corps.
The main challenge faced by FC these days is problem of missing persons in Balochistan

!mong a number of refutations and counter"allegations the Frontier Corps #FC$ insisted that they did not have any more missing persons in their custody in Balochistan % but the chief justice &as not buying this reply or any other for that matter' The Supreme Court as(ed the FC to present the missing persons &ithin a &ee(' 3urin# the hearin# o the case on Tuesday! the FC continued to come under the ire o the court! with Chie =ustice ' tikhar &uhammad Chaudhry restatin# that every third person who was missin# was picked up by the FC. (e asked the counsel o the FC why no action had been taken in re u#ee camps! where several missin# persons are reported to be present.
Trainin# Pro#rams or FC:

The -nited )tates is *or!ing *ith 'a!istan,s paramilitary Frontier Corps to train and e.uip this force and enhance its ability to capitali&e on the uni.ue s!ills, access, and abilities that it has in the border area. The special /#01 authority Congress created for the Frontier Corps is an effective tool to aid -.). efforts, but it too has its limitations specifically, that it cannot be used for any other non-military force 2*hich e+cludes, for e+ample, the Frontier Constabulary, etc.3.

In 4ctober "00$ a small contingent of -) military trainers begun a training program aimed at turning 'a!istan,s Frontier Corps into an effective counter-insurgency force. The aim is 5basically to train the Frontier Corps in counterinsurgency *arfare to ma!e them more effective in the tribal areas,5 The 'entagon had spent about /"0 million so far to e.uip the Frontier Corps *ith ne* body armor, vehicles, radios and surveillance e.uipment, and plans to spend /#0 million more in the ne+t year. 4ver all, a senior Bush administration official said, the -nited )tates could spend more than /600 million in the ne+t several years to enhance the Frontier Corps, including building a training base near 'esha*ar. -nited )tates trainers initially *ould be restricted to training compounds, but *ith 'a!istani consent could eventually accompany 'a!istani troops on missions 5to the point of contact5 *ith militants, as 7merican trainers no* do *ith Ira.i troops in Ira.. 5The "00# plan to provide -.). training and assistance to the tribal paramilitary Frontier Corps is misguided, ho*ever. )ince their inception a century ago, those units have al*ays been poachers-turned-*ardens, *ith *ell-recogni&ed limits on their reliability8 and today they are more deeply infiltrated and compromised by divided loyalties than ever before. The Frontier Corps, problems have little to do *ith *eapons and training, and -.). troops recruited largely from the inner cities and trained for conventional *arfare have little to teach rugged 'ashtun hillmen about fighting in their o*n mountains in any case.5 FC Operation in FATA: The Frontier Corps 2FC3 operated in F7T7 for securing the 7fghan border and assisting the political administration of the seven tribal agencies to maintain la* and order. This paramilitary force is *ell suited to operate in F7T7. The largely 'ashtun force is dra*n from the same ethnic groups that inhabits the tribal areas, and so isr able to *in the trust of the people and match their fighting s!ills. 'resently 00,000-member strong and set to total 00,000 follo*ing fresh recruitment, the FC has largely managed security duties in the tribal areas and on the border *ith 7fghanistan and earned praise for its discipline and bravery. 9hile Frontier Corps troops understand the culture and region better and spea! the local language, they have even less e.uipment and less training than the military.