Crayola Crayon Chronology

Since 1903, when Binney & Smith introduced the first Crayola crayon, people have been fascinated with the heritage of our color names. You'll find a summary of Crayola crayon history for now but come back soon and explore a detailed description of how each individual crayon was introduced, how the name was chosen, read interesting stories about each crayon, and more!

Colors Available Beginning 1903 Number of Colors: 8 Black Blue Brown Green Orange Red Violet Yellow

Colors Available 1949 - 1957 Number of Colors: 48 Apricot Bittersweet Black Blue Blue Green Blue Violet Brick Red Brown Burnt Sienna Carnation Pink Cornflower Flesh** Gold Gray Green Green Blue Green Yellow Lemon Yellow Magenta Mahogany Maize Maroon Melon Olive Green Orange Orange Red Orange Yellow Orchid Periwinkle Pine Green Prussian Blue* Red Red Orange Red Violet Salmon Sea Green Silver Spring Green Tan Thistle Turquoise Blue Violet (Purple) Violet Blue Violet Red White Yellow Yellow Green Yellow Orange

*Name changed to "midnight blue" in 1958 in response to teachers’ requests.

**Name voluntarily changed to "peach" in 1962, partially as a result of the U. S. Civil Rights Movement.

Colors Available 1958-1971 Number of Colors: 64 All colors previously listed plus the following colors added in 1958. Aquamarine Blue Gray Burnt Orange Cadet Blue Copper Forest Green Goldenrod Indian Red*** Lavender Mulberry Navy blue Plum Raw Sienna Raw Umber Sepia Sky Blue

***Indian Red is renamed Chestnut in 1999 in response to educators who felt some children wrongly perceived the crayon color was intended to represent the skin color of Native Americans. The name originated from a reddish-brown pigment found near India commonly used in fine artist oil paint.

Colors Available 1972-1989 Number of Colors: 72 All colors previously listed plus the following fluorescent colors added in 1972. Chartreuse Hot Magenta Atomic Tangerine Blizzard Blue Ultra Blue Ultra Green Hot Magenta Laser Lemon Ultra Orange Ultra Pink Ultra Red Ultra Yellow

Fluorescent colors name change in 1990. Outrageous Orange Shocking Pink Screamin’ Green Wild Watermelon

Colors Available 1990-1992 Number of Colors: 80 All Colors previously listed plus the following fluorescent colors added in 1990. Electric Lime Magic Mint Purple Pizzazz Radical Red Razzle Dazzle Rose Sunglow Unmellow Yellow Neon Carrot

In 1990, eight colors were retired and replaced by eight new shades. Retired Colors Green Blue Orange Red Orange Yellow Violet Blue Maize Lemon Yellow Blue Gray Raw Umber Replacement Colors Cerulean Vivid Tangerine Jungle Green Fuchsia Dandelion Teal Blue Royal Purple Wild Strawberry

Retired colors were enshrined in the Crayola Hall of Fame on August 7, 1990.

Colors Available 1993 16 new colors added in 1993, named by consumers Number of Colors: 96 Asparagus Cerise Denim Granny Smith Apple Macaroni and Cheese Mauvelous Pacific Blue Purple Mountain's Majesty Razzmatazz Timber Wolf Robin's Egg Tropical Blue Rain Forest Shamrock Tickle Me Pink Tumbleweed Wisteria

Colors Available 1998 24 new colors added Number of Colors: 120 Almond Antique Brass Banana Mania Beaver Canary Caribbean Green Cotton Candy Cranberry Fern Manatee Mountain Meadow Pink Flamingo Shadow Sunset Orange

Fuzzy Wuzzy Brown Purple Heart

Blue Bell Brink Pink

Desert Sand Eggplant

Outer Space Pig Pink

Torch Red Vivid Violet

In addition, Binney & Smith produces several assortments of specialty crayons.

Colors Available 2000 All colors previously listed with the following exceptions. Thistle was removed from the 120count assortment to make room for indigo; torch red was renamed scarlet.

Colors Available 2003 4 new colors added, 4 retired Number of Colors: 120 New Colors inch worm jazzberry jam mango tango wild blue yonder Retired Colors blizzard blue magic mint mulberry teal blue

To mark Crayola 100th birthday, consumers name new colors and vote four out of the box. Note: Crayola Crayon Chronology is based on information compiled from company records and internal sources.

[http://www.crayola.com/colorcensus/history/chronology.cfm]