Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics

3D Computational Aero-Acoustics Simulation of Air Intake-Induced Whistles
Venkatesh Kannan
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Core Development, Robert Bosch Corporation, Farmington Hills, MI

Sandeep D. Sovani, Ph.D
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Fluent Inc, Ann Arbor, MI

Dave S. Greeley, Ph.D
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Air Flow Research, Robert Bosch Corporation, Waltham, MA

Ashok Khondge
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Fluent Pvt. Ltd., Pune, India
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03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.

Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics

Abstract
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Introduction Background 3D Computational Simulations

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Correlation Lessons Learnt Conclusions

03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.

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78% Engine Load 35°-45° Throttle Angle 88.Chassis Dyno Test Data 2200Hz 03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics Introduction 4 4 4 A distinct whistle at 2900 . 3 . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.4dB SPL. dB Hemi-anechoic .3400 Engine RPM 72 .

Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics Design Solution Baseline Geometry Modified Geometry Cavity Ramp (16°) & Radius (2 mm) 03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. 4 . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.

We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. Modified θ=43° Baseline Airflow θ=43° Modified Airflow 5 . dB 03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics Baseline 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 SPL.

6 .Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics Need for Simulation 4 Detailed sensitivity studies conducted experimentally 4 Airflow A B Presented at Fluent UGM 2004 Presented at SAE 2004 WorldCongress. Detroit. MI Paper # 2004-01-0395 C 4 4 Do provide a design solution but do not provide insight into the whistle physics Experiments are expensive __ Disturb Flow at A __ Disturb Flow at A & B __ Eliminate Cavity C 4 03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.

Traverse City. Paper # 2005-01-2364 03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics Background 4 4 CFD-CAA simulations conducted for physical insight 2D simulations conducted first 4 Can replicate whistle 4 4 But frequency under-predicted Difference in whistle magnitude between baseline and modified designs not predicted well 4 4 Presented results at Fluent UGM2004 Also presented at SAE NVH Conference. MI. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. 7 .

k-ε RNG Turbulent Model Unsteady Simulation Coupled Solver 2nd Order Upwind Time Step = 2. . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.5e-05s Run Time = 0.04s Ideal Gas Law Double Precision Solver Inlet (101325 Pa) 43° High Mesh Density Monitor Point A Zip Tube Throttle Plate Sump Outlet 92325Pa δP = 9kPa 8 03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics 2D Computational Simulation 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 18000 2D Quad Cells.

3D 159dB @ 2125Hz Computational . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.Sound Pressure Level at Point A 4 Baseline Geometry Experimental . 9 .2D 180 160 SPL (dB) 152 dB @ 1710 Hz 152dB @ 1710Hz Design A 140 120 100 80 0 1000 2000 3000 Frequency (Hz) 4000 5000 03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics Correlation .

Sound Pressure Level at Point A 4 Modified Geometry Experimental .2D 160 137dB @ 2125Hz SPL (dB) 149dB @ 1800Hz 140 120 100 80 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 Frequency (Hz) 03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. 10 .3D 180 Computational .Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics Correlation . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.

11 . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics Present Work 4 2D simulations provide preliminary understanding Geometry is highly 3D 3D simulation reported here 4 4 4 Improve prediction accuracy over 2D Inlet (101325 Pa) Throttle Plate Zip Tube Sump Outlet 03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.

LES with Smagorinsky-Lilly subgrid model (Dynamic Model) Unsteady Simulation Segregated Solver Discretizations 4 4 4 4 2nd order upwind for pressure. 12 . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.5e-05 sec Total Run Time = 0. Hex dominant).Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics 3D Computational Simulation 4 4 4221265 cells ( Hex+tet.03775 sec Ideal Gas Law Double Precision Solver 03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. density and energy Bounded Central Differencing for momentum 4 4 4 4 4 Time Step = 2.

We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics Simulated Flow Structure 4 Contours of velocity magnitude on central vertical plane 2D 3D 03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. 13 .

14 .Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics Simulated Flow Structure 4 Contours of static pressure on central vertical plane 2D 3D 03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.

Sound Pressure Level at Point A 4 Baseline Geometry Experimental . 15 .3D 180 Computational .Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics Correlation .8dB @ 2098Hz 140 120 100 80 0 1000 2000 3000 Frequency (Hz) 4000 5000 03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.3D 160 SPL (dB) 159dB @ 2125Hz 152dB @ 152 dB @ 1710 Hz 1710Hz Design A 157.2D Computational .

16 .Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics Correlation .2D 180 160 Computational .3D 152.3D 137dB @ 2125Hz SPL (dB) Computational .Sound Pressure Level at Point A 4 Modified Geometry Experimental . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.6dB @ 2098Hz 149dB @ 1800Hz 140 120 100 80 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 Frequency (Hz) 03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.

Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics Conclusions 4 Baseline geometry 3D simulations 4 Very accurate compared to experiments Whistle frequency as well as magnitude predicted properly 4 4 Modified geometry 3D simulations 4 Whistle frequency predicted very accurately. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. but amplitude is off Causes are under investigation 4 4 It is possible that CFD model differs slightly from actual geometry 4 3D computational simulation (although computation intensive) provide additional insights better accuracy as compared with experiments than 2D simulations 17 03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. .

18 . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics Conclusions Long Term Goals 4 Understanding of the influence of small geometric details on the mechanism of whistle production and suppression Benefits 4 Novel ideas for the flow path geometry features that can effectively suppress or produce the aero-acoustic sources 03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.

We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. 19 .Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics Acknowledgements 4 4 Dave Hanner John Rydzewski General Motors Corporation 03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.

We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.Fluent CFD Summit 2005 Computational Aero-Acoustics Questions & Answers 03/02-03/2006 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. 20 .