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A survey of one of the most important pressure pipe codes - ASME B31, earlier known as ANS B31

Code for pressure piping, developed by American Society of Mechanical Engineers - ASME, covers Power Piping, Fuel as Piping, Process Piping, Pipeline !ransportation Systems for "i#uid $ydrocarbons and %ther "i#uids, &efrigeration Piping and $eat !ransfer Components and 'uilding Services Piping( ASME ')* was earlier +nown as A,S- ')*(

B31!1 - "##1 - $ower $ipin%

Piping for industrial plants and marine applications( !his code prescribes minimum re#uirements for the design, materials, fabrication, erection, test, and inspection of power and au.iliary service piping systems for electric generation stations, industrial institutional plants, central and district heating plants( !he code covers boiler e.ternal piping for power boilers and high temperature, high pressure water boilers in which steam or vapor is generated at a pressure of more than */ PS- 0 and high temperature water is generated at pressures e.ceeding *12 PS- and3or temperatures e.ceeding 4/2 degrees F(

B31!" - 1&'( - )uel *as $ipin%

!his has been withdrawn as a ,ational Standard and replaced by A,S-3,FPA 544)(*, but ')*(4 is still available from ASME and is a good reference for the design of gas piping systems 6from the meter to the appliance7(

B31!3 - "##" - $rocess $ipin%

8esign of chemical and petroleum plants and refineries processing chemicals and hydrocarbons, water and steam( !his Code contains rules for piping typically found in petroleum refineries0 chemical, pharmaceutical, te.tile, paper, semiconductor, and cryogenic plants0 and related processing plants and terminals( !his Code prescribes re#uirements for materials and components, design, fabrication, assembly, erection, e.amination, inspection, and testing of piping( !his Code applies to piping for all fluids including9 6*7 raw, intermediate, and finished chemicals0 647 petroleum products0 6)7 gas, steam, air and water0 6:7 fluidi;ed solids0 6/7 refrigerants0 and 617 cryogenic fluids( Also included is piping which interconnects pieces or stages within a pac+aged e#uipment assembly(

B31!+ - "##" - $ipeline ,ransportation Systems for -i.uid /ydrocar0ons and 1ther -i.uids
!his Code prescribes re#uirements for the design, materials, construction, assembly, inspection, and testing of piping transporting li#uids such as crude oil, condensate, natural gasoline, natural gas li#uids, li#uefied petroleum gas, carbon dio.ide, li#uid alcohol, li#uid anhydrous ammonia and li#uid petroleum products between producers< lease facilities, tan+ farms, natural gas processing plants, refineries, stations, ammonia plants, terminals 6marine, rail and truc+7 and other delivery and receiving points( Piping consists of pipe, flanges, bolting, gas+ets, valves, relief devices, fittings and the pressure containing parts of other piping components( -t also includes hangers and supports, and other e#uipment items necessary to prevent overstressing the pressure containing parts( -t does not include support structures such as frames of buildings, buildings stanchions or foundations &e#uirements for offshore pipelines are found in Chapter -=( Also included within the scope of this Code are9

6A7 Primary and associated au.iliary li#uid petroleum and li#uid anhydrous ammonia piping at pipeline terminals 6marine, rail and truc+7, tan+ farms, pump stations, pressure reducing stations and metering stations, including scraper traps, strainers, and prover loop0

6'7 Storage and wor+ing tan+s including pipe-type storage fabricated from pipe and fittings, and piping interconnecting these facilities0 6C7 "i#uid petroleum and li#uid anhydrous ammonia piping located on property which has been set aside for such piping within petroleum refinery, natural gasoline, gas processing, ammonia, and bul+ plants0 687 !hose aspects of operation and maintenance of li#uid pipeline systems relating to the safety and protection of the general public, operating company personnel, environment, property and the piping systems(

B31!2 - "##1 - 3efri%eration $ipin% and /eat ,ransfer 4omponents

!his Code prescribes re#uirements for the materials, design, fabrication, assembly, erection, test, and inspection of refrigerant, heat transfer components, and secondary coolant piping for temperatures as low as -)42 deg F 6-*>1 deg C7, whether erected on the premises or factory assembled, e.cept as specifically e.cluded in the following paragraphs( ?sers are advised that other piping Code Sections may provide re#uirements for refrigeration piping in their respective @urisdictions( !his Code shall not apply to9

6a7 any self- contained or unit systems sub@ect to the re#uirements of ?nderwriters "aboratories or other nationally recogni;ed testing laboratory9 6b7 water piping0 6c7 piping designed for e.ternal or internal gage pressure not e.ceeding */ psi 6*2/ +Pa7 regardless of si;e0 or 6d7 pressure vessels, compressors, or pumps,

but does include all connecting refrigerant and secondary coolant piping starting at the first @oint ad@acent to such apparatus(

B31!( - "##3 - *as ,ransmission and 5istri0ution $ipin% Systems

!his Code covers the design, fabrication, installation, inspection, and testing of pipeline facilities used for the transportation of gas( !his Code also covers safety aspects of the operation and maintenance of those facilities(

B31!(S-"##1 - "##" - Mana%in% System nte%rity of *as $ipelines

!his Standard applies to on-shore pipeline systems constructed with ferrous materials and that transport gas( Pipeline system means all parts of physical facilities through which gas is transported, including pipe, valves, appurtenances attached to pipe, compressor units, metering stations, regulator stations, delivery stations, holders and fabricated assemblies( !he principles and processes embodied in integrity management are applicable to all pipeline systems( !his Standard is specifically designed to provide the operator 6as defined in section *)7 with the information necessary to develop and implement an effective integrity management program utili;ing proven industry practices and processes( !he processes and approaches within this Standard are applicable to the entire pipeline system(

B31!& - 1&&' - Buildin% Services $ipin%

!his Code Section has rules for the piping in industrial, institutional, commercial and public buildings, and multi-unit residences, which does not re#uire the range of si;es, pressures, and temperatures covered in ')*(*(

!his Code prescribes re#uirements for the design, materials, fabrication, installation, inspection, e.amination and testing of piping systems for building services( -t includes piping systems in the building or within the property limits(

B31!11 - "##" - Slurry ,ransportation $ipin% Systems

8esign, construction, inspection, security re#uirements of slurry piping systems( Covers piping systems that transport a#ueous slurries of no ha;ardous materials, such as coal, mineral ores and other solids between a slurry processing plant and the receiving plant(

B31* - 1&&1 - Manual for 5eterminin% 3emainin% Stren%th of 4orroded $ipelines

A supplement !o ')* Code-Pressure Piping