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CHAPTER 11, 12 & 13 TEST
Physics 12

Part A: Multiple Choice (2pts each) - Circle the most correct response. 1. If the mass of one object is twice was it was originally, the second mass remains the same, and the distance between the masses is cut in half, then the gravitational force between them will be a. Double what it was b. Eight times what it was c. The same d. One quarter what it was

2. If the force of gravity between two objects quadru les! which of the following statements is ossible" a. The distance between the objects has doubled b. One of the masses must be one half of its original value c. The distance is one half of its original value d. None of the above is correct

3. An object moves clockwise in a circular path as shown. The vector that best describes the velocity on the object at point C is:

4. h e centripetal force of an object moving in a circular path always points a. Towards the center of the circle b. Tangent to the path c. Downward d. Outward from the center of the circle

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5. An apparatus is set up so that a bullet is launched horizontally while a second bullet is dropped at exactly the same time. Which of the following is true? a. Not enough information is given to answer this question b. The launched bullet will strike the ground just before the other c. The dropped bullet will strike the ground just before the other d. Both bullets will strike the ground at the same time

Part B: Constructed Response – Show all of your work for full value

6. A woman launches a 50g dart giving it a horizontal velocity of 12.5m/s. If the dartboard is 7.5m away, at what vertical distance below the point of release will the dart hit the target? (3pts)

7. A gun shoots a bullet at 1200m/s at an angle of 55º above the horizontal. Determine a. Its maximum height above the initial position (2pts)

b. Its range if it was fired from a height of 1.2m (3pts)

8. A 200.0g ball is tied to the end of a 0.95m long rope. The ball is swung in a vertical circle at 2.3m/s. Draw a diagram for both parts (a) and (b). a. What is the tension in the rope at the top of the swing? (3pts)

b. What is the tension in the rope at the bottom of the swing? (3pts)

9. A large, 2300kg car is travelling at 32m/s. a. Calculate the frictional force required by the horizontal road to make a turn of radius 80m. (2pts)

b. Calculate the banking angle required to keep the car on the road if it was icy (i.e. there is no friction). (2pts)

10. Given the following information about Jupiter, calculate its period (in seconds) and its velocity as it orbits the Sun. (4pts) mJ = 1.90x1027 kg rJ = 6.99x107 m mean orbital radius = 7.78x1011 m

11. A 0.50kg mass is hung from a spring and oscillates 3.0 times per second with an amplitude of 0.15m. Calculate: a. The speed when it passes the equilibrium position. (2pts)

b. The speed when the mass is 0.10m from the equilibrium position. (2pts)

c. The total energy of the system. (2pts)