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First Course on

Power Systems

What topics should be included? What has changed from electrical


engineering education in the past? What is inspiring new student interest? How are we addressing the need?
Bruce Wollenberg
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How is electric power produced?


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Students have not had a machines course Most students have not had a thermodynamics course Most students do not know how electric power is produced

What does three phase mean?


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Most introductory circuit analysis courses do not teach three phase Most do not cover AC power adequately Reactive power? Transformers?

What is The Grid

How do we make connections at 345kV?


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Whats so special about circuit breakers? Why also have disconnect switches? Why do we raise and lower voltage?

What can go wrong?


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Fault analysis using symmetrical components Protection with relays

Why are students so excited about renewables?

Wind Generation
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How do we generate at 60 Hz from variable speed wind?

What can go wrong with wind generation?

Will we need more transmission? You betcha!

Green Power Express

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n Balanced Coverage of Topics


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Step up Transformer

Changing Landscape andGenerator Resources Apparatus in Generation & Delivery of Power Analysis and Operation Fault Protection

Transmission line Feeder

13.8 kV

Load

Textbook: - Presentation Slides


- Solutions Manual - Online Problems
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Labs are all computer based

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Test Power System


Bus-1 Bus-3 Pm1 Pe1 Bus-2 Pe 2 Pm 2

Software

MATLAB/Simulink PowerWorld EMTDC/PSCAD

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Lab using Simulink


Generator1 -KB1 1/R1 DL1 Step change in load at t=0 1 ACE1 1 Tg1.s+1 Regulator Tie Line Flow T12 K1 s Tg1.s+1 Gov ornor 1 Ts1.s+1 Steam Turbine 1 M1.s+D1 Rotating Mass 1 s

1 s

ACE2

1 Tg1.s+1 Regulator

K1 s

1 Tg1.s+1 Gov ornor

1 Ts1.s+1 Steam Turbine DL2

1 M1.s+D1 Rotating Mass

B1

1/R1

Step change in load at t=0

-KGenerator2

The abov e simulation is w ith D1=0.75/wsyn and K1=0.001/w syn w ith timeconstants Tg1,Ts1 in seconds

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Lab using PowerWorld

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Lab using EMTP/PSCAD

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Topics Included
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Changing Landscape, Distributed generation (DG) Energy Sources, Renewables, Environmental Consequences Synchronous generators AC Transmission Lines and Cables; HVDC Lines Power Flow Power Electronics based FACTS Controllers Types of loads; Power Quality Voltage Stability Transient Stability Interconnected Systems Short-Circuit Faults, Relays, Circuit Breakers Switching Transients, Surge Arresters
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Power Systems Lab free to download:


Lab Manual - Experiments
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Visit to a Local Substation/Generating Plant Familiarization with PSCAD/EMTDC Obtaining Parameters of a 345 kV Transmission Line and Modeling it in PSCAD/EMTDC Power Flow using MATLAB and PowerWorld Including Transformers in Power Flow using PowerWorld and Confirmation by MATLAB
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Installation of PowerWorld and PSCAD-EMTDC Familiarization with using PSCAD-EMTDC Obtaining Parameters of Transmission Line using PSCAD/EMTDC Simulating a Transmission Line in a Power System using PSCAD/EMTDC Power Flow using PowerWorld Power Flow using MATLAB Including Off-Nominal Turns-Ratio and Phase-Shifting Transformers in Power Flow using PowerWorld Including an HVDC Transmission Line for Power Flow in PowerWorld Modeling of Thyristor Converters in PSCAD-EMTDC Power Quality Calculations using PSCAD-EMTDC Modeling of Synchronous Generators using PSCAD-EMTDC Voltage Regulation by Thyristor Controlled Reactors (TCR) using EMTDC Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitors (TCSC) using PSCAD-EMTDC Transient Stability using MATLAB AGC using Simulink Transmission Line Short Circuit Faults using PowerWorld Tripping of Transmission Lines due to Overloads using PowerWorld Switching Over-Voltages and Modeling of Surge Arresters using EMTDC

CD with 18 Video Clips

7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

8. Including an HVDC Transmission Line for Power 9. 10. Flow Calculations in PowerWorld and Modeling of 11. Thyristor Converters in PSCAD/EMTDC 12. 13. Power Quality 14. 15. Synchronous Generators 16. 17. Voltage Regulation 18.

Transient Stability using MATLAB AGC using Simulink and Economic Dispatch using PowerWorld Transmission Line Short Circuit Faults using MATLAB and PowerWorld, and Overloading of Transmission Lines using PowerWorld Switching Over-Voltages and Modeling of Surge Arresters using PSCAD/EMTDC

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Software: MATLAB/Simulink PowerWorld PSCAD-EMTDC

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