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Contract No.

: C-7760-EIT

_________________________ BANYU URIP PROJECT __________________________

EARTHING PHILOSOPHY
IDBF-KG-EBDES-F03809

1 0 B A REV.

18-Apr-2013 22-Jan-2013 13-Dec-2012 06-Nov-2012 REV. DATE

Re-Issued for Project Use Issued for Project Use Issued for Client Review Issued for SSC Review DESCRIPTION
SHEET 1 OF 9

CK CK KP KP PREPARED BY

KP KP IVM IVM CHECKED BY


SCALE TEL RC

IVM IVM BG BG APPROVED BY


SIZE

PROJECT: FACILITY:

BANYU URIP FSO

INTER-DISPLINARY CHECK ELEC KP INST KN

NTS

A4

PT SCORPA PRANEDYA AND SEMBAWANG SHIPYARD CONSORTIUM:

P.T. SCORPA PRANEDYA

EP CEPU

EIT INTEGRATOR

BANYU URIP PROJECT


TITLE: EARTHING PHILOSOPHY
REV: 1 REVISION DATE: 18-Apr-2013 PAGE: 2 of 9 DOCUMENT NO.: IDBF-KG- EBDES-F03809

REVISION MODIFICATION LOG


Revision A B 0 1 Section All All 4, 5, 6.5, 6.6, 6.9, 7 4.1 Issued for SSC Review Issued for COMPANY Review Issued for Project Use Re- Issued for Project Use Description

BANYU URIP PROJECT


TITLE: EARTHING PHILOSOPHY
REV: 1 REVISION DATE: 18-Apr-2013 PAGE: 3 of 9 DOCUMENT NO.: IDBF-KG- EBDES-F03809

Table of Contents
1.0 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................................ 4 2.0 PURPOSE ..................................................................................................................................................................... 4 3.0 DEFINITIONS & ABBREVIATIONS ........................................................................................................................ 4 4.0 REFERENCE DOCUMENTS ...................................................................................................................................... 5

4.1 4.2

Project Documents ................................................................................................................................... 5 Codes and Standards ................................................................................................................................ 5

5.0 DESIGN PRINCIPLES ................................................................................................................................................ 6 6.0 EARTHING DESIGN .................................................................................................................................................. 6

6.1 General.......................................................................................................................................................... 6 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 Earthing in Hazardous Area..................................................................................................................... 7 Power and Control Cables ....................................................................................................................... 7 Instrument Earthing / Screening .............................................................................................................. 7 PE Conductor Direct to Local Earth Boss (Bonding) .............................................................................. 7 Bonding of Cable Trays and Ladders ...................................................................................................... 8 Bonding of Piping and Tanks .................................................................................................................. 8 Bonding of Non-Electrical Equipment ..................................................................................................... 9 Colour Coding .......................................................................................................................................... 9

7.0 LIGHTNING PROTECTION ...................................................................................................................................... 9

BANYU URIP PROJECT


TITLE: EARTHING PHILOSOPHY
REV: 1 REVISION DATE: 18-Apr-2013 PAGE: 4 of 9 DOCUMENT NO.: IDBF-KG- EBDES-F03809

1.0

INTRODUCTION Mobil Cepu Ltd (MCL) has engaged Scorpa Sembawang Consortium (SSC) to handle the conversion of the Very Large Crude Carrier (VLCC) M/T Chios into a Floating, Storage and Offloading unit (FSO) for the Banyu Urip Development. Kongsberg Maritime Engineer (KME) is nominated and engaged by SSC in this EPC project as the complete Electrical, Instrument and Telecom (EIT) Integrator company to fulfill the basic, detail and construction design engineering and conversion of M/T Chios to satisfy the field specification as an FSO with a maximum Persons-On-Board (POB) of 70 persons. The conversion vessel M/T Chios was built in 1993 and the design service life for the FSO shall be 25 years on top of the 18 years already utilized. The converted hull and key interface and supporting structures will be evaluated for fatigue due to local and global loads. The FSO will be installed 23 km from shore in the Java Seas of the territorial waters of Republic of Indonesia and will be permanently moored by a soft yoke to a stationary mooring tower. The water depth in the installation area is 33 m and the FSO will be weather-vaning connected to the mooring tower. The name of the FSO after conversion will be Gagak Rimang.

2.0

PURPOSE The purpose of this document is to define the earthing, bonding and screening requirement for use on the Banyu Urip FSO. The philosophy shall be used throughout the design, fabrication, installation, commissioning and operational phases of the project to achieve a reliable and satisfactory installation. This report shall be read in conjunction with the reference documents, to shed light on other aspects of the conversion, which can affect conclusion in this philosophy.

3.0

DEFINITIONS & ABBREVIATIONS ABS BKI BDDR EPC FSO IMO MARPOL MCL M/T PDB POB SOLAS SSC American Bureau of Shipping Biro Klasifikasi Indonesia Basic Design Document Register Engineering Procurement and Construction Floating Storage and Offloading Unit International maritime Organization International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution From Ships Mobil Cepu Ltd Motor Tanker Project Design Basis Personnel On Board Safety of Life At Sea Scorpa Sembawang Consortium

BANYU URIP PROJECT


TITLE: EARTHING PHILOSOPHY
REV: 1 REVISION DATE: 18-Apr-2013 PAGE: 5 of 9 DOCUMENT NO.: IDBF-KG- EBDES-F03809

ICSS IE IEC IS ISE ISM ISPS ITR LV PE UPS CS 4.0 4.1

Integrated Control and Safety System Instrument Earth International Electrotechnical Commission Intrinsically Safe Intrinsically Safe Earth International Safety Management International Ship and Port Facility Security Inspection Test Record Low Voltage Protective Earth Uninterruptible Power Supply Classification Society

REFERENCE DOCUMENTS Project Documents 1. IDBF-KG-EBDES-F03001 Electrical Design Basis 2. IDBU-ED-ESPDS-000029 Specification for Electrical Requirement for Packaged Equipment 3. IDBU-ED-ESPDS-000018 Specification for Area Classification and Related Electrical Design for Flammable Liquids

4. IDBF-KG-ELLSC-F03802 Codes and Standards

Electrical Load List

4.2

ABS Steel Vessels Rules Part 4. Flag state regulations. The relevant regulations adopted by the flag state are those primarily of the International Maritime Organization (IMO). These include compliance with the following: - SOLAS - MARPOL - ISPS - ISM - COLREGs Other relevant standards: IEC 60287 Electric cables-Calculation of current rating

IEC 60092-352 Electrical installations in ships: Choice & Installation Of Electrical Cable IEC61892 Mobile and fixed offshore units Electrical installations

BANYU URIP PROJECT


TITLE: EARTHING PHILOSOPHY
REV: 1 REVISION DATE: 18-Apr-2013 PAGE: 6 of 9 DOCUMENT NO.: IDBF-KG- EBDES-F03809

5.0

DESIGN PRINCIPLES The electrical system shall be designed for safe use, ease of maintenance and operation, minimum power losses, mechanical protection of equipment, interchangeability of equipment and possible addition of future load. The design shall also meet the CS requirements and operational requirements. All electrical equipment and materials shall be designed for a service life of at least 25 years in an offshore marine environment. The metal frames or enclosure of permanently installed electrical equipment may be earthed through metallic contact with the vessels structure where the arrangement and method of installation assure positive earthing. IE and ISE shall be kept isolated from PE and the IE and ISE bars shall be connected to the main IE or ISE bar in the nearest location.

6.0 6.1

EARTHING DESIGN General The LV system will be isolated (no neutral) and unearthed. The star points of the normal and emergency generators will not be earthed. The system shall be equipped with an earth fault monitoring (insulation monitoring) system. An earth fault on the LV system shall initiate alarm through the ICSS, indicating which switchboard is faulty. The procedure for locating the fault will be to disconnect consumers one by one until the faulty circuit is identified (or) use portable earth fault detecting devise may be used to locate the faulty feeders. Main switchboards, Sub switchboards, Groups Starter Panels, Emergency switchboard and main distribution boards (normal, emergency and UPS) shall be equipped with insulation monitoring. The earthing system shall be installed in accordance with the approved drawings and shall also comply with relevant standards, codes and regulations. Separate earthing systems shall be provided as follows: Protective Earth (PE) system; Instrument Earth (IE) system; Intrinsically Safe Earth (ISE) system.

IE and ISE shall be kept isolated from PE all the way to main earth. Earth bosses from different earth systems shall be located of a minimum of 1.5 m apart. A minimum of two earth bosses shall be installed for each earthing system. PE, IE and ISE earth bars will be installed within the CCR, IER, ECR and etc where electrical, instrument & Telecom cabinets are installed. Earthing cables will migrate from these earth bars to various locations on the FSO. All switchboards and Distribution shall be provided with a copper PE bar (inside switchboards or MCCs). The PE bar shall be connected to the main PE bar located in the switchboard rooms. Instrument cabinets and panel shall be provided with copper earth bars for IE and ISE (where IS equipment is used). These earth bars shall be isolated from the chassis of their cabinets or panels. The IE and ISE bars shall be connected to the main IE or ISE bar in the CCR, IER or ECR.

BANYU URIP PROJECT


TITLE: EARTHING PHILOSOPHY
REV: 1 REVISION DATE: 18-Apr-2013 PAGE: 7 of 9 DOCUMENT NO.: IDBF-KG- EBDES-F03809

6.2

Earthing in Hazardous Area In hazardous areas, all exposed conductive parts shall be connected to earth. Exposed conductive parts of electrical equipment shall be earthed through supply cable armour or PE conductor. In addition equipotential bonding to the structure must be provided. Bonding by welding or bolting the equipment to the structure is preferable. Bonding by separate earth conductor to be used when galvanic connection is not achieved or achieved by serial connection and when equipment / instruments are isolated from the structure.

6.3

Power and Control Cables All electrical equipment should be earthed only through supply cable armour and/or a dedicated earth cable. Where a separate earth cable is used for earthing, this cable shall have a green / yellow sleeve. The cable armour shall be earthed at both ends (except for single core cables, see below). Reducing of the cable armour dimension will not be accepted. For single core cables installed in non-hazardous areas, the armour is to be earthed at the feeder end only. However, for single core cables installed in hazardous areas, the armour is to be earthed at the hazardous end only. A separate PE conductor is required for earthing.

6.4

Instrument Earthing / Screening Cable screens shall be earthed at one end only. Cable screens shall be earthed on a dedicated IE or ISE copper bars located within the panel / rack at the non-field end. Where cables pass through junction boxes or marshalling boxes, the screens shall be continued, via terminals, the screens shall not be earthed within the junction boxes or marshalling boxes. At the field end the screens shall be terminated in dedicated terminals and isolated from each other and earth. Armoured IS cables shall have the armour earthed at both ends, if the cable is screened. However, if the cable is un-screened, it shall be earthed at the non-field end only. Instrumentation that is susceptible to the influence of radio interference e.g. vibration monitors, shall be earthed as per the manufacturers recommendations.

6.5

PE Conductor Direct to Local Earth Boss (Bonding) PE conductors for local earthing of cabinets to structure, as well as bonding of exposed conductive parts shall be as short as possible and connected to main earth (earth boss) with possibility for separation and inspection. Earth bosses shall have an M10 threaded hole and be welded to the structure of the vessel, as close as possible to equipment being protected. Anti-corrosive coating /painting shall be applied on the Earth boss welded area to protect from corrosion. Connection to the earth boss shall be by corrosion resistant stainless steel M10 stud bolts, nuts and washers. Spring washers shall be used to ensure that the earth connection does not come loose. No more than two earth cables shall be connected to a single earth boss. Where there is a requirement to earth more than two cables, an earth bar shall be used.

BANYU URIP PROJECT


TITLE: EARTHING PHILOSOPHY
REV: 1 REVISION DATE: 18-Apr-2013 PAGE: 8 of 9 DOCUMENT NO.: IDBF-KG- EBDES-F03809

Skids, frameworks, modules, etc. do not need any bonding / earth boss if welded or bolted directly to structure. If bolting connections do not lead to permanently sufficient galvanic connection (due to few numbers of bolts, painted surface against washers, etc.) effort must be made for improving the galvanic connection by using corrugated washers. If galvanic connection is not achieved, or achieved by serial connections, bonding must to be provided by separate earth conductors connected to welded earth bosses. Two earth bosses are required, these shall be located in diagonally opposite corners. Additional bonding by separate isolated PE conductor, directly connected to a local earth boss, is required for units such as:

Generators; Motors; Transformers; Switchboards; Group Starter Panels; Distribution boards; Instrument cabinets; Telecommunication cabinets; Any electrical equipment.

Bonding cross sectional area shall be in accordance to CS requirements and colored green / yellow. All earth bonding shall be arranged so that disconnection of one item of equipment shall not inadvertently disconnect another. Aluminum or aluminum alloy enclosures shall not be bonded directly to earth, a bi-metallic (Cu-Al) washer must be used.

6.6

Bonding of Cable Trays and Ladders All cable trays and ladders shall be bonded to the vessel every 25 m and at both ends using a 25 mm earth cable. Every joint on all cable trays and ladders will be bonded using a 25 mm earth strap.

6.7

Bonding of Piping and Tanks In order to prevent dangerous build-up of static charges resulting from the flow of fluid in piping, the following items are to be earthed to the hull such that the resistance between any point on the piping and the vessel (across joints, pipe to vessel) does not exceed 1 M. Piping and tanks containing fluids having flash point of 60C or less; Piping that is routed through hazardous areas.

This can be achieved if the items are welded or bolted to the vessel, either directly or via their supports. Bonding straps are required for items not permanently connected to the vessel, e.g.: Piping which is electrically insulated from the vessel;

BANYU URIP PROJECT


TITLE: EARTHING PHILOSOPHY
REV: 1 REVISION DATE: 18-Apr-2013 PAGE: 9 of 9 DOCUMENT NO.: IDBF-KG- EBDES-F03809

Piping which has spool pieces arranged for removal.

Bonding straps are to be:

Installed in visible locations and accessible for inspection; Made of corrosion-resistant material; Protected from mechanical damage.

Bonded straps shall be minimum 25 mm earth cable. The resistance between the pipe and the vessel (or across joints) shall be measured using a 1 kV Megger, results shall be recorded on the ITR. The Megger shall have a valid calibration certificate.

6.8

Bonding of Non-Electrical Equipment All non-electrical metallic equipment e.g. heat exchangers, coolers etc. shall be bonded directly to the steel structure of the FSO. The bonding shall be achieved either by separate earthing conductions or by welding the equipment to the steel structure of the FSO. The equipment shall be provided with two independent earth bosses, located at diagonally opposite corners.

6.9

Colour Coding PE conductors, PE bars and bonding shall be marked Green / Yellow. IE screens, bars (non-IS) shall be marked Green / Yellow with a Red mark. IS screens, bars (IS) shall be marked Green / Yellow with a Blue mark.

7.0

LIGHTNING PROTECTION Modules in main deck consisting of steel structures, welded to the main deck of the FSO are considered to be adequately self-protected against lightning strikes. No additional installations are required. Lightning protection with air terminals shall be provided for masts above vessels, which are made of non-conductive material. The air terminals shall reach a minimum high of 150 mm over the mast and down conductors terminated to the nearest steel structure, welded to the main deck of the FSO. However, there is no non-conductive elevated material/structure foreseen in this project hence lightning protection is not required. Vent outlets for flammable gases located at or near the top masts are to be protected by air terminals which extend at least 2 m above the vent outlet. All such vents shall be provided with flame arrestor to prevent back flash in the event of ignition by direct lightning strike.