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Nonlinear Liquid Sloshing (1)

Sloshing in a square liquid tank subjected to horizontal harmonic excitation is investigated. In the theoretical analysis, the modal equations of motion for seven sloshing modes are obtained considering the nonlinearity of sloshing, and then the theoretical response curves are calculated. The validity of the theoretical analysis was confirmed by comparing the theoretical response curves with the experimental data. Sloshing Modes

(1,0)

(0,1)

(2,0)

(0,2)

(3,0)

(0,3)

Experimental Setup
(1,1)

Experimental and Theoretical Response Curves

Nonlinear Liquid Sloshing (2)


Nonlinear sloshing dynamics in a cylindrical liquid tank subjected to horizontal harmonic excitation is investigated. Theoretical response curves were in good agreement with the experimental data.

R60 mm, h=72 mm, p11=2.727 Hz, a cos wt 0.57 cos wt [mm]

Planar Motion

Chaotic Motion

Theoretical Model

Experimental and Theoretical Response Curves

Swirl Motion

Vibration Control of Elastic Structures Utilizing a Cylindrical Tank


The performance of cylindrical tuned liquid dampers (TLDs) is investigated to suppress the vibrations of elastic structures subjected to horizontal harmonic excitation. Response curves are analytically calculated by considering the nonlinear fluid force due to sloshing. They show the effectiveness of cylindrical TLDs.
TLDs

Fluid Fluid Force Force

Displacement

Displacement

Shin-Yokohama Prince Hotel (149 m tall)

Mechanism of Suppression

Suppressed

Theoretical Model

Experimental Apparatus

Theoretical Frequency Response Curves

Vibration Control of Elastic Structures Utilizing Two Rectangular Tanks


The performance of TLDs is investigated when two rectangular tanks are used. The liquid elevations were observed in different amplitudes even if these tanks are identical. Amplitude modulated motions (AMMs) appear when the liquid levels are comparatively high.

Experimental Setup

Experimental time histories at f=2.561 Hz.

Theoretical Response Curves

Vibration Control of Elastic Structures Utilizing a Rectangular Tank (Vertical Excitation)


Tuned liquid dampers (TLDs) are also effective to suppressed the vibrations of elastic structures subjected to vertical excitation. The optimal liquid level exists. If the tuning condition was deviated, the performance of TLDs decreases because amplitude modulated motions (AMMs) could appear.

Theoretical Model

Response curves for the optimal liquid level

Response curves where AMMs appear.

Vibration Control of Elastic Structures Utilizing a Square Tank (Vertical Excitation)


A square tuned liquid damper (TLD) is used to suppress the vibrations of an elastic structures subjected to vertical harmonic excitation. Square TLDs work more effectively for lower liquid levels than rectangular TLDs.

Experimental Setup

Experimental time histories at f=5.540 Hz.

Experimental and theoretical Response Curves