Jennifer Ly

Pablo Picasso Essay
Pablo Picasso is one of the most famous artists of history. His was widely well-known back then, and today for his intriguing masterpieces. His real name is Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito Ruiz y Picasso. His traditional name honored saints and his parents. He was born in October 25, 1881 in Malaga, Spain. He was the eldest of two younger sisters, Lola (born in 1884) and Conchita (born in 1887). Due to Diphtheria, Conchita died at the age of seven. His father was also a painter himself, and a professor of art at the School of Crafts. Their generations were very artistic. Picasso had early teachings from his father in figure drawing and painting. His father could see Picasso’s talent and took many opportunities for his son in the art world. He was put into and accepted in advanced classes at the age of 13. Picasso, still at a young age, was sent to Madirds Royal Academy of San Fernando. In 1897, at the age of 16, he set out on his own. His conflicts of accepting formal instructions led him to quit taking classes soon after his enrollment. But, that did not stop Picasso from doing artworks. While in Madrid, he was inspired by other artworks, such as the works of El Greco. In inspiration, he also studied the arts.

Into the Art World
After studying art in Madrid, Picasso went to Paris in 1900. Back then, Paris was known as the art capital of Europe. Arriving in Paris, he made a new companion, Max Jacob. Max Jacob was a journalist and poet. Max and Picasso shared an apartment, where Picasso had to burn many of his drawings to keep the small room warm. Picasso had put himself out there by publishing his arts in a magazine Arte Joven (Young Art), which published five issues. He started signing his artworks with simply the name Picasso, for before he would signature Pablo Ruiz y Picasso. By 1905, people like Leo and Gertrude Stein, American art collectors, started acknowledging Picasso’s artwork. On a roll, the Steins introduced him to Claribel Cone

and her sister Etta who were American art collectors. They, too, started collecting Picasso’s art. In 1907 Picasso joined the art gallery that was lately opened over in Paris by Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler.

Even an artist can have his own personal life, right? Picasso was not only talented in art, but he was a very charming man, and multiple wives or primary partners in his life. He was married twice and had four children from three different mothers. In the summer of 1918, Picasso married Ogla Khokhlova, a ballerina, and they had their honeymoon in the villa near Biarritz of the dazzling Chilean art patron Eugenia Errazuriz. Khohklova had helped him get into a higher society to get his artworks spread. They had a son Paulo (February 4, 1921 – June 5, 1975). In 1927, he had a secret affair with 17-year old Marie Therese Walter and his marriage with Ogla soon ended. But they did not have a divorce because Picasso did not want Olga having half of his wealth. The two were legally married until her death in 1955. Picasso soon had a daughter with Marie-Therese. Her name was Maia, and Marie-Therese always wished that Picasso would marry her, but ended up hanging herself four years after Picasso’s death. He was also a constant companion and lover with Dora Maar and Francoise Gilot. Francoise Gilot was the mother of Claude (May 15, 1947-?) and Paloma (April 19, 1949-?). These two were also his children. Gilot left Picasso in 1953, allegedly because of his abusive treatment and infidelities. If you think, he couldn’t and wouldn’t have more affairs with other women, and then you have thought wrong. He spent the rest of his life with his wife, Jacqueline Roque.

Love Behind His Art

Picasso’s Art
“Art is a lie that makes us realize the truth.” Picasso made over 50000 artworks in his lifetime. This had him widely known. His artworks are categorized into periods. For different times in his life gave him different muses. The most famous and accepted periods were: the Blue Period (1901-1904), the Rose Period (1905-1907), the African-influenced Period (1908-1909), Analytic Cubism (1909–1912), and Synthetic Cubism (1912–1919). Picasso’s Blue Period included melancholy paintings in shades of blue and blue-green, showing sadness. Many paintings were of gaunt mothers with children date. His paintings were also influenced and

based on prostitutes and beggars. He had the same mood pervading when he was etching the well-known The Frugal Repast, which was based on a blind man and a sighted woman. Picasso’s Rose Period consisted of more cheery paintings styled with orange and pink colors, featuring many aerobatic people in France. He met Fernande Olivier, a model for sculptors and artists. Many of his drawings in this period were influenced or mused by her due to his warm relationship with her. The way Picasso drew cubism captured many people’s attention. His artworks give inspiration to our generations of artists!

For all Picasso’s years of expressing his life in is artwork, he died of old age and other natural causes. On his funeral, his widowed wife did not allow his children, Claude and Paloma, come. In depression, Jacqueline Roque shot herself after her husband’s death. Picasso may be gone, but his masterpieces live on.

Goodbye, Picasso

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.