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Part 3 : HTML 5 SVG Tag

What is SVG Tag

SVG stands for Scalable Vector Graphics. SVG is used to define vector-based graphics for the Web.

SVG defines the graphics in XML format. SVG graphics do NOT lose any quality if they are zoomed or resized.

What is SVG Tag


Every element and every attribute in SVG files can be animated. SVG is recommended by W3C. NOTE : HTML5 has support for inline SVG.

Advantages of SVG
Advantages of using SVG over other image formats (like JPEG and GIF) are: SVG images can be created and edited with any text editor. SVG images can be searched, indexed, scripted, and compressed. SVG images are scalable SVG images can be printed with high quality at any resolution. SVG images are zoomable (and the image can be zoomed without degradation).

How to Embed SVG Directly Into HTML Pages

Differences Between SVG and Canvas

SVG is a language for describing 2D graphics in XML.

Canvas draws 2D graphics, on the fly (with a JavaScript).


SVG is XML based, which means that every element is available within the SVG DOM. You can attach JavaScript event handlers for an element.

Differences Between SVG and Canvas

In SVG, each drawn shape is remembered as an object. If attributes of an SVG object are changed, the browser can automatically re-render the shape. Canvas is rendered pixel by pixel. In canvas, once the graphic is drawn, it is forgotten by the browser. If its position should be changed, the entire scene needs to be redrawn, including any objects that might have been covered by the graphic.

Comparison of Canvas and SVG

Resolution dependent
No support handlers for event

Resolution independent
Support for event handlers Best suited for applications with large rendering areas (Google Maps) Slow rendering if complex (anything that uses the DOM a lot will be slow)

Poor text capabilities

rendering

You can save the resulting image as .png or .jpg Well suited for graphicintensive games

Not suited applications

for

game

SVG Other Basic Shapes

SVG defines graphics in XML format. We saw an example about SVG circle, but there are some other basic shapes like rectangle, eclipse, polygon, star, polyline, path, curve, text and line. We will see all the shapes one by one here.

SVG Rectangle

OUTPUT :

SVG Rectangle Opacity

OUTPUT :

SVG Rounded Rectangle

OUTPUT :

SVG Eclipse

OUTPUT :

SVG Eclipses on Each Other

OUTPUT :

SVG Line

OUTPUT :

SVG Polygon with Three Side

OUTPUT :

SVG Polygon with Four Side

OUTPUT :

SVG Star

OUTPUT :

SVG Star of Even Odd Fill

OUTPUT :

SVG Poliline

OUTPUT :

SVG Another Poliline

OUTPUT :

SVG Path

OUTPUT :

To be continue..

Here we end.. In the next section, we will continue with other basic shape example. To be continue