You are on page 1of 33

The Philippine Broadcast Code

( October 24, 2007)


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Preamble
PART I.

PROGRAM STANDARDS

Page

Art 1. NEWS AND PUBLIC AFFAIRS ( 11 sections)


Art. 2.
Art. 3.
Art. 4.
Art. 5.
Art. 6.
Art. 7.
Art. 8.

ANALYSIS AND COMMENTARIES ( 7 sections)


COVERAGE INVOLVING CHILDREN ( 4 sections)
PERSONAL ATTACKS ( 4 sections)
CORRECTING MISTAKES
CRIME AND CRISIS SITUATIONS ( 6 sections)
INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS ( 6 sections)
POLITICAL PROPAGANDA ( 6 sections)

Art. 9. PUBLIC COMPLAINTS AND GRIEVANCES ( 3 sections)


Art. 10. PERSONAL CALLS OR MESSAGES ( 5 sections)
Art. 11. CHILDREN'S PROGRAM AND WELFARE ( 13 sections)
Art. 12. RELIGION ( 4 sections)
Art. 13. SUPERSTITION AND THE OCCULT ( 2 sections)
Art. 14. MEDICAL, LEGAL AND OTHER PROFESSIONAL ADVICE ( 3 sections)
Art. 15. MUSIC ( 9 sections)
Art. 16. FUND RAISING
Art. 17. CONTESTS, PUBLIC PARTICIPATION PROGRAMS & PROMOTION
(3sections)
Art. 18. GAMBLING AND BETTING ( 10 sections)
Art. 19. NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (2 sections)
Art. 20. CULTURE AND TRADITION ( 5 sections)
Art. 21. RESPECT FOR LAW AND ORDER ( 2 sections)
Art. 22. DISCRIMINATION
Art. 23. MENTALLY AND PHYSICALLY CHALLENGED PERSONS
Art. 24. CRIME AND VIOLENCE ( 5 sections)
Art. 25. SEX, OBSCENITY AND PORNOGRAPHY ( 5 sections)
Art. 26. LIQUOR, CIGARETTES, AND DANGEROUS DRUGS ( 2 sections)
Art. 27. ON-AIR LANGUAGE ( 3 sections)
Art. 28. ON-AIR DECORUM ( 3 sections)
Art. 29. QUALIFICATION OF ON-AIR/PROGRAM PERSONS ( 2 sections)
Art. 30. ACCREDITATION
Art. 31. BRIBERY
Art. 32. BLOCKTIMERS ( 2 sections)

PART II. IMPLEMENTING RULES AND REGULATIONS


PART III. PENALTIES
ANG BRODKASTER

PREAMBLE
WE BELIEVE
THAT

broadcasting in the Philippines encapsulates and reflects the hopes


and dreams of a freedom loving people;

THAT

broadcasting is a dynamic factor in our country's cultural, social and


economic growth and development;

THAT

broadcasting possesses a uniquely immediate and lasting impact


on the public, which demands a high sense of responsibility, and
discerning judgment of morality, fairness and honesty at all times.

THAT

broadcasting has an obligation to uphold the properties and


customs of civilized society; to maintain the respect of the rights
and sensitivities of all people; to preserve the honor and the
sanctity of the family and home; to protect the sacredness of
individual dignity; and to promote national unity.

PART I.

PROGRAM STANDARDS

Article 1. NEWS AND PUBLIC AFFAIRS


Sec. 1.

OBJECTIVE

News and public affairs programs shall aim primarily to


inform the public on important current events and issues
rather than merely to entertain. (A)
Sec. 2.

NEWS SCHEDULE

News shall be part of a stations daily programming. No


less than 30 minutes of daily programming should be
devoted to news. ( S)
Sec. 3.

FAIRNESS AND OBJECTIVITY

3.a. News reports shall be fair, factual, and objective.(G)

3.b. Receiving bribes, gifts, privileges or any


consideration to favor one side of a story, stop a
story from airing , or put any person in either bad or
favorable light is prohibited. ( G)
3.c. Side comments expressing personal opinions while
a news item is being reported or delivered are
prohibited to prevent the listener from mistaking
opinion for news. (S)
3.d. When presented as part of a news program,
editorials or commentaries must be identified as
such and presented as distinct from news reports.
(S)
Sec. 4.

NEWS SOURCES

4.a. Care must be taken in selecting news sources since


the credibility of the news rests upon its sources.(A)
4.b. Only news that can be attributed to a source shall
be aired. When a source cannot be identified by
name, the reason for this should be made clear in
the news report. (G)
4.c.

News sources must be clearly identified, except


when confidentiality of the source was a condition
for giving the information. (S)

4.d. Information provided by confidential sources may be


aired only if it is in the public interest to do so. (G)
4.e. Before airing information provided by a confidential
source, an effort should first be made to look for a
source who can be identified or who can
corroborate the information provided by the
confidential source. (S)

4.f.

Press releases may be used as news sources only


after the station has verified that they come from an
authentic source. (S)

4.g. Suspects or fugitives from the law may be


interviewed as news sources. However, they should
not be aided, abetted, or encouraged when in the
act of planning or committing a crime, or be
accompanied on their way to committing a crime.(S)
4.h. Rumors or gossips shall not be aired in the guise of
news. Using terms like anonymous source,
"confidential source" or unknown source shall not
justify the airing of rumors and gossips especially in
news programs. (G)
Sec.5.

UNCONFIRMED REPORTS

5.a. Unconfirmed reports shall not be aired unless there


is an immediate and urgent need for the public to
know about them, such as when the public needs to
be warned of the possibility of an imminent danger.
When such reports are aired, it must be
emphasized that they are unconfirmed. (S)
5.b. An unconfirmed report must be verified as soon as
possible. If an unconfirmed report has been verified
to be false, an announcement to that effect must be
immediately made. (G)
Sec. 6

NEWS INTERVIEWS

6.a. Interviews must be presented in the proper context.


Replies of interviewees to questions must not be
edited or editorialized in a way that would distort
their intended meaning. (S)
6.b. Selecting and phrasing of questions during an
interview shall be the primary responsibility of the

interviewer. Such questions must be determined


primarily by the public interest to be served. (A)
6.c. When the interviewer is not free to choose his
questions or the interviewee or source has imposed
conditions on the conduct of the interview, this fact
must be made clear to the public during the
broadcast. (S)
Sec. 7.

UNCONVENTIONAL NEWS GATHERING AND


REPORTING

7a.

In the most extreme circumstances when


information being sought is vitally important to
public interest and necessary to prevent profound
harm, the use of hidden cameras or microphones
and other similar techniques of news gathering and
reporting may be resorted to. Before resorting to
such techniques, conventional methods must first
be exhausted. In all cases, the use of such
techniques must conform to the law. (G)

7b.

When material obtained through such techniques


are broadcast, this must be presented fairly,
factually and in the proper context. The right to
privacy must be observed and harm to the innocent
avoided. (G)

7c.

Unconventional techniques and equipment shall be


allowed only for trained journalists and those who
are skilled in their use.(G)

7d.

When materials that have been obtained


through unconventional techniques are received
from third parties, their broadcast must conform with
the relevant provisions under this section.(G)

Sec. 8.

NEWS PRODUCTION AIDS AND TECHNIQUES

8.a. News production aids should not mislead the public.


(S)
8.b. Archived or file video, photo, and audio materials
should be properly labeled as such when aired and
must not be presented in a manner that may cause
the public to mistake them as the broadcast of a live
or more recent event. (L)
8.c. Subjects of video and voice clips should be clearly
identified.(L)
8.d. The simulation or re-enactment of actual events
must be clearly labeled as such to avoid misleading
the public. (S)
8.e. Text crawls shall not be used for advertising
messages during a newscast except during the
closing credits.(S)
Sec. 9.

SENSATIONALISM

9.a. The presentation of news and commentaries must


always be in good taste. (A)
9.b. Morbid, violent, sensational or alarming details not
essential to a factual report are prohibited. (S)
9.c. The presentation of news and commentaries must
not be done in a way that would create unnecessary
panic or alarm.(G)
Sec. 10.

STATION EDITORIALS

10.a. Station editorials shall be clearly identified as such


and the station assumes responsibility for the views
expressed in them.(L)

10.b. Station editorials may be prepared only by persons


who are qualified and expressly authorized by the
station to do so. (A)
Sec. 11.

ADVERTISEMENTS IN THE NEWS

11.a. Advertisements must be clearly distinguished from


the news. (L)
11.b. Advertisements in the guise of news are
prohibited.(S)
Article 2. ANALYSIS AND COMMENTARIES
Sec. 1.

The airing of public affairs programs and


commentaries is encouraged, particularly to give the
public the opportunity to participate in discussions
of current issues, concerns and events.

Sec. 2.

Public affairs programs and commentaries shall be


handled only by persons who have thorough
knowledge of and practice broadcast ethics. (S)

Sec. 3.

Public affairs programs shall aim to enlighten the


citizenry on significant issues, concerns and events.
(A)

Sec. 4.

Public affairs programs shall strive to elicit


responsible views on public issues, concerns and
events from all sectors of society.

Sec. 5.

Public affairs programs aired on time contracted to


other parties (such as blocktimers) shall name who
is responsible for producing the programs every
time they are aired. (S)

Sec. 6.

Opposing or contrasting sides of public issues


should be fairly presented. (S)

Sec. 7.
Article 3.

Personal bias or prejudice shall not be allowed to


distort the facts. (S)
COVERAGE INVOLVING CHILDREN

Sec. 1.

The right to privacy of children must always be


respected. Since undue publicity or wrong labeling
can cause harm to them, children who are victims of
abuse or in conflict with the law shall not be directly
or indirectly identified. Any information that might
cause them to be identified shall not be aired. (G)

Sec. 2.

Surprise and unplanned (ambush) interviews of


children are prohibited. (S)

Sec. 3.

Child victims, child suspects, children accused of a


crime, children arrested or detained on suspicion of
wrong-doing, and children that are undergoing trial
shall be protected from further suffering emotional
distress or trauma. They shall be interviewed only
upon the consent of their parent or legal guardian,
unless the parent or guardian is the accused. The
interview shall be conducted only with the authority
and supervision of qualified lawyers, psychologists,
or social workers responsible for their welfare. (S)

Sec. 4.

Children should not be required, coerced or bribed


to recall and narrate traumatic experiences,
demonstrate horrific acts, or describe them in
graphic details. (S)

Sec. 5.

Programs and materials involving children must


comply with all pertinent laws, rules and regulations.
(G)

Article 4.
Sec. 1.

PERSONAL ATTACKS
Personal attacks, that is, attacks on the honesty,
integrity, or personal qualities of an identified

person, institution or group1, on matters that have


no bearing on the public interest are prohibited. (G)
Sec. 2.

Programs intended to malign, unfairly criticize or


attack a person, natural or juridical, are prohibited.
(G)

Sec. 3.

Personal attacks against fellow broadcasters are


prohibited. (G)

Sec. 4.

When personal attacks against any person,


institution or group are aired, that person, institution
or group shall be given a fair opportunity to reply
immediately in the same program, if possible, or at
the earliest opportunity. If not, the opportunity to
reply should be given in any other program under
similar conditions. (G)

Article 5.

CORRECTING MISTAKES
When a mistake has been broadcast, it must be
acknowledged and rectified as soon as possible by
stating the mistake and making the correction. (S)

Article 6.

CRIME AND CRISIS SITUATIONS

Sec. 1.

The coverage of crimes in progress or crisis


situations such as hostage-taking or kidnapping
shall not put lives in greater danger than what is
already inherent in the situation. Such coverage
should be restrained and care should be taken so
as not to hinder or obstruct efforts of authorities to
resolve the situation. (G)

Sec. 2.

A coverage should avoid inflicting undue shock and


pain to families and loved ones of victims of crimes,
crisis situations, disasters, accidents, and other
tragedies. (S)

Adapted from FCC definition.

Sec. 3.

The identity of victims of crimes or crisis situations


in progress shall not be announced until the
situation has been resolved or their names have
been released by the authorities. The names of
fatalities should be aired only when their next of kin
have been notified or their names released, by the
authorities. (S)

Sec. 4.

The coverage of crime or crisis situations shall not


provide vital information or offer comfort or support
to the perpetrators. (G)

Sec. 5.

Stations are encouraged to adopt standard


operating procedures (SOPs) consistent with this
Code, to govern the conduct of their news
personnel during the coverage of crime and crisis
situations. (A)

Sec. 6.

Persons who are taken into custody by authorities


as victims or for allegedly committing private crimes,
such as indecent and lascivious acts, and other
similar offenses shall not be identified, directly or
indirectly, unless a formal complaint has already
been filed against them. They shall not be subjected
to undue shame and humiliation, such as showing
them in indecent or vulgar acts and poses. (S)

Article 7.

INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS

Sec.1.

The right to privacy of individuals shall be


respected. Intrusion into purely private or personal
matters which have no bearing on the public interest
is prohibited. (G)

Sec.2.

Persons affected by tragedy or grief shall be treated


with sensitivity, respect and discretion. They should
be allowed to suffer their grief in private. ( S)

Sec.3.

News coverage must not violate nor interfere with


an individuals right to be presumed innocent until
proven guilty.(S)

Sec.4.

Care and sound discretion should be exercised in


disclosing the identities of persons, by face or by
name, so as not to harm their or their families'
reputation and safety. Proper labeling of a person,
as a "suspect", "alleged perpetrator", "accused" or
"convict/ed" is required. (S)

Sec.5.

The broadcast of material showing arrested or


detained persons being subjected to physical
assault or verbal abuse in such a manner to
demean or humiliate the person being assaulted is
prohibited. ( S )

Sec. 6.

No broadcast personnel involved in the coverage of


arrested or detained persons shall encourage or
exhort the commission of violence against the
arrested person or detainee. (S)

Sec. 7.

Telephone calls or interviews must not be aired


without informing the other party beforehand.(S)

Article 8.

POLITICAL PROPAGANDA
(Note: The provisions under this section have been adopted
from R.A. 9006 or the Fair Election Act.)

Sec.1.

Equal opportunity in the access of airtime shall be


given to candidates and political parties. ( S )

Sec.2.

No program or sponsor shall be allowed to


manifestly favor or oppose any candidate or political
party. However, the right to responsibly inform the
public on significant issues and events and the duty
to provide a forum for the discussion of such issues
and events shall be respected.(S)

Sec.3.

The amount of airtime allotted to political


propaganda and the rates to be charged for it shall
be consistent with existing laws. ( S )

Sec.4.

When a person employed or engaged in any


capacity in a station becomes a candidate or is
employed or retained in any capacity by a candidate
or political party, he shall go on leave for the
duration of the election period or his employment
may be terminated by the station. (G)

Sec.5.

All broadcasts of election propaganda shall be


identified as such and shall be identified through the
words "paid for by" followed by the name of the
candidate or political party for whom the election
propaganda is being broadcast. If the broadcast is
donated by the station, the words "airtime for this
broadcast was provided free of charge by this
station for", followed by the name of the
candidate or party, shall be used.(S)

Sec.6.

All programs related to the campaign and the


elections shall be subject to the relevant provisions
of this Code and all Election Laws. ( S )

Article 9.

PUBLIC COMPLAINTS AND GRIEVANCES

Sec..1.

Complaints, criticisms, or grievances aired against


persons, institutions or group, whether public or
private, shall be limited to issues which have a
bearing on the public interest. ( S )

Sec.2.

The identity of persons or organizations who are


allowed to air complaints, criticisms, or grievances
must be verified before they are allowed to go on
the air. ( L )

Sec. 3.

Persons, institutions or groups who are the subject


of complaints, criticisms, or grievances aired on a
station must be given immediate opportunity to reply

within the same program, if possible, or at the


earliest opportunity. If not, the opportunity to reply
should be given in any other program under similar
conditions. ( G )
Article 10.

CALLS OR MESSAGES

Sec..1

Persons who are allowed by the station to make


personal calls or appeals (panawagan) or to deliver
personal messages or opinions, shall be guided on
the manner and language to be used in making
appeals and messages or opinions before they go
on the air.( L )

Sec.2

Requests for the airing of personal calls or appeals


or delivery of personal messages or opinions shall
be carefully screened to insure that they are
legitimate. ( L )

Sec.3

Requests for the airing of personal calls or appeals


from anonymous sources are prohibited. ( S )

Sec..4

Letters, phone calls, e-mails, text messages and the


like from unidentified sources or from sources who
refuse to be identified shall not be aired. Materials
from letters, phone calls, e-mails, text messages
and the like when aired must be in accordance with
the provisions of this Code and shall be the
responsibility of the station. ( S )

Sec.5

Requests for airtime for public service messages or


public service programs shall be carefully reviewed
to ensure that the person or group making the
request is legitimate and that they serve a worthy
cause. ( S )

Article 11.

CHILDRENS PROGRAMS AND WELFARE

Sec.1.

The airing of programs that would help children to


develop to their full physical, mental, and social
potential shall be encouraged.

Sec. 2.

At least fifteen percent (15%) of a TV stations daily


airtime should be devoted to programs suitable for
viewing by children.( S )

Sec.3.

Childrens programs shall contribute to the sound


and balanced development of children.

Sec.4.

Childrens programs shall not foster violence as a


desirable way or a means of resolving conflicts and
problems. ( S )

Sec.5.

Childrens programs shall not depict inappropriate


sexual subjects or violent actions. ( S )

Sec.6.

Childrens programs should promote values that


would help children to become responsible citizens.
Such values include respect for authority and law
and order, good manners, love of country, a sense
of duty, and the proper concept of courage.(A)

Sec.7.

Childrens programs should complement what


children learn from school.

Sec.8.

Childrens programs should encourage children in


the art of correct speech and pronunciation. Speech
and expressions which may hinder the language
development of children shall be avoided. Slang
and incorrect pronunciation shall be
discouraged.( A)

Sec.9.

Childrens programs shall not encourage children to


purchase a product specifically for the purpose of
keeping the program on the air. ( S )

Sec.10.

Advertisements of products or services which are


not suitable for children or which might cause them

physical, mental, psychological or moral harm shall


not be aired in or adjacent to childrens programs.
(G)
Sec.11.

The possibility that children might be among the


audience should always be considered. Materials
that might be physically, mentally, psychologically,
or morally harmful to children should not be aired
during times when they are likely to be watching or
listening. ( S )

Sec. 12.

No material that might be physically, mentally,


psychologically, or morally harmful to children shall
be aired immediately before, during or immediately
after a children's program. (G)

Sec.13.

Trailers of movies classified as R (Restricted) by


the Movie and Television Review and Classification
Board (MTRCB) shall be aired only between nine
oclock in the evening (9:00 p.m.) and five oclock in
the morning (5:00 a.m.). ( S )

Article 12.

RELIGION

Sec.1.

Religious programs shall emphasize the positive


role of religion in society. (G )

Sec.2.

Religious programs shall not spread false charges


or accusations against persons or organizations
with different beliefs. Such programs shall not be
used to maliciously attack, insult, harass, or ridicule
other churches, faiths, sects, or denominations or
their followers merely because of their belief.(G)

Sec.3.

Religious programs shall give due regard to the


freedom of religion and religious expression. (A)

Sec.4.

Religious programs shall comply with other


pertinent provisions of this Code.

Article 13.

SUPERSTITION AND THE OCCULT

Sec.1.

Programs featuring superstitious and pseudoscientific beliefs and practices, such as supernatural
powers, foretelling of the future, astrology,
phrenology, palm-reading, numerology, mindreading, hypnotism, faith healing or similar subjects
shall be careful not to induce belief in them. Care
shall be taken to prevent the exploitation of people
who may be easily swayed by such superstitious
and pseudo-scientific beliefs and practices.(S )

Sec.2.

Programs or program materials that promote or


encourage occult practices, black magic, witchcraft,
and similar activities are prohibited]. ( S )

Article 14.

MEDICAL, LEGAL AND OTHER


PROFESSIONAL ADVICE

Sec.1

Only duly qualified and authorized persons shall be


allowed to give medical, legal or other professional
advice. ( S )

Sec.2.

Information about medical, legal and other


professional matters, especially those affecting the
well-being of others, must come only from
authoritative sources. These sources must be
identified when the information is aired. ( G )

Sec.3.

Any information on alternative medicine should be


identified as such and any therapeutic claim should
be consistent with the regulations and certifications
of the Bureau of Food and Drugs (BFAD). (G )

Article 15.
Sec.1.

MUSIC
Broadcast stations shall strive to promote the
development of Filipino music.

Sec.2.

Where appropriate to the program format, radio


stations must play at least four (4) Original Pilipino
Music (OPMs) per hour. Any music which is
composed, performed, adapted, translated, or
arranged by a Filipino -- including adaptations and
translations into Pilipino or a Philippine dialect of
foreign works -- shall be considered an OPM for the
purpose of complying with this requirement. The
term Filipino shall refer to a Filipino citizen or
anyone of Filipino descent. (S)

Sec.3.

Music with lyrics that run counter to Filipino values


shall not be played. ( S)

Sec.4.

Songs with lyrics or messages that are vulgar,


promote substance abuse, gender discrimination,
racism, Satanism, violence or sexual perversion or
demeans a member of any sector of society shall
not be played. (S)

Sec.5.

The station shall bear primary responsibility for


selecting and scheduling the music it airs. It shall
not allow undue intrusion in the selection of its
music except those dictated by the needs or
demands of its audience. In no instance shall the
station surrender, transfer, or waive its responsibility
for programming.(S)

Sec.6.

Demanding or receiving money, goods, services


and/or any other form of consideration without the
knowledge and consent of network management in
exchange for airing music materials is prohibited.(S)

Sec.7.

The same recording may not be played more than


once in the same clock hour. (L)

Sec.8.

When airtime for a music program is paid for or


produced by a recording company, the name of the

recording company shall be announced as the


producer or sponsor of the program. ( S )
Sec.9.

Article 16.

The tabulation or ranking of recorded music (Top


10 Hits, Top 40, etc.) must be based on valid
criteria (such as album sales, number of requests,
etc.) and supported by evidence.(S )
FUND RAISING
Programs and messages or announcements for
fund-raising activities shall clearly identify the
names of the organizers and their beneficiaries.
Only legitimate projects and organizations shall be
allowed to use broadcast facilities for fund raising.
(L)

Article 17.

QUIZ SHOWS, CONTESTS, PUBLIC


PARTICIPATION PROGRAMS AND
PROMOTIONS

Sec.1.

Contests and promotions shall be conducted with


fairness and shall comply with all pertinent
government laws, rules and regulations and the
provisions of this Code. Contests and promotions
shall not unduly exploit the audience or participants.
(S)

Sec. 2.

All contest details including rules, eligibility


requirements, opening and termination dates shall
be completely and clearly announced at least three
(3) days before the contest. The winners' names
shall be announced and the prizes awarded as soon
as possible after the contest. (S)

Sec. 3.

Public or audience participation programs shall not


ridicule, diminish or demean the dignity of an
individual participating in such programs. (G)

Sec. 4.
Article 18.

Performers in programs shall always observe


decency and proper decorum. (S)
GAMBLING AND BETTING

Sec. 1.

The coverage of lotteries, horseracing,


cockfighting, and jai-alai may be allowed if they are
conducted by duly authorized government agencies
or if licensed and authorized by the government.
However, such coverage may be aired only after the
actual event has taken place and only between
11:00 p.m. and 5:00 a.m. (G)

Sec. 2.

Programs which feature the coverage of lotteries,


horseracing, cockfighting and jai-alai shall air an
advisory before the program that it contains
materials not suitable for children. (G )

Sec. 3.

Whenever material containing the coverage of a


lottery, horseracing, cockfighting or jai-alai is aired,
the public must be continuously informed through a
voice-over announcement, if on radio, or a
superimposed text, if on television, that the
broadcast is delayed. ( G )

Sec. 4.

Gambling shall never be presented as something


good, nor shall the public be encouraged to engage
in it. ( G )

Sec. 5.

The announcement of results and schedules of


horseracing, cockfighting, lotteries and jai-alai may
be allowed only for those which have been duly
authorized by law. However, the announcement of
tips is prohibited.(G )

Sec. 6.

The announcement of tips, results, and schedules


of illegal gambling activities is prohibited. ( G )

Sec. 7.

Advertisements only of lotteries that are licensed or


authorized by the government shall be allowed. (G)

7.a. Advertisements of lotteries shall not exhort the


public to bet. Phrases like tumaya na kayo
(bet now), bumili na kayo ng ticket (buy a
ticket) or yayaman ka sa lotto (youll get rich
with lotto) shall not be used. The
announcement of tips is prohibited. However,
mention of prizes, schedule of draws and
results are allowed. ( G )
7.b. Advertisements of lotteries shall not be aired
in religious, educational and childrens
programs during breaks preceding or following
such programs. ( G )
Sec. 8.

Advertisements of horse races and cockfights are


allowed only between 11:00 p.m. and 5:00 a.m. (G )
8.a. Advertisements of horse races, cockfights and
jai-alai may contain announcements of results
but not the announcements of tips. ( G )

Sec. 9.

Advertisements of casinos authorized by the


government are allowed, provided that such
advertisements do not exhort the public to gamble
or bet. Such advertisements shall be in the form of
institutional or corporate advertising only and shall
not mention or show any gambling activity or
paraphernalia. (G )

Sec.10.

Advertisements of gaming or gambling activities,


other than the above, are prohibited.(G)

Article 19.
Sec.1.

NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Support for national development in the
improvement of the peoples social and economic
well-being shall be pursued continually. (A)

Sec.2.
Article 20.

Public service announcements (PSAs) that


contribute to national development shall be aired.
CULTURE AND TRADITION

Sec.1.

Traditional Filipino family values such as family


unity, mutual respect, trust, helpfulness, and
affection shall be upheld. ( A)

Sec.2.

The mores, culture, traditions, and characteristics of


people must be respected. Maliciously ridiculing,
denigrating or disparaging culture, customs and
traditions are prohibited.( G )

Sec.3.

Opportunities shall be provided for the continuing


expression of the Filipino national identity in the
sciences, culture, and the arts.

Sec.4.

The predominant use of Filipino creativity, talent,


and other human resources shall be encouraged.

Sec.5.

Broadcasters must acquaint themselves with the


culture, mores, traditions, needs and other
characteristics of the locality and its people to best
serve the community. ( A)

Article 21.

RESPECT FOR LAW AND ORDER

Sec. 1.

Broadcast facilities shall not be used or allowed to


be used for advocating the overthrow of government
by force or violence.(G)

Sec. 2.

The broadcast of materials which tend to incite


treason, rebellion, sedition or create civil disorder or
disturbance is prohibited. (G)

Article 22.

DISCRIMINATION

A persons race, religion, color, ethnicity, gender,


and physical or mental disability shall not be used in
a way that would embarrass, denigrate, or ridicule
him. (G)
Article 23.

MENTALLY AND PHYSICALLY CHALLENGED


PERSONS
Mentally and physically challenged persons shall be
treated with respect and shall not be humiliated or
embarrassed due to their disability. ( G )

Article 24.

CRIME AND VIOLENCE

Sec.1.

Crime and violence and other acts of wrong-doing


or injustice shall not be presented as good or
attractive or beyond retribution, correction or reform.
(G)

Sec.2.

Criminals shall not be glorified; crime shall always


be condemned. ( G )

Sec.3.

Violence shall not be encouraged and horror shall


be minimized. Morbid and gory details are
prohibited.( G )

Sec.4.

Speech or action likely to incite any person to


violence or anti-social behavior is prohibited. ( G )

Sec.5.

Details of a crime or the re-enactment of a crime


shall not be presented in such a way that will teach
or encourage the audience how to commit it. ( G )

Article 25.
Sec.1

SEX, OBSCENITY AND PORNOGRAPHY


Sex and related subjects must be treated with care
and must conform to what is generally accepted as
proper. ( S )

Sec.2.

Pre-marital sex or extra-marital sex shall not be


condoned or justified. ( S )

Sec.3.

Explicit depiction of sexual acts, sexual perversions


and nudity are prohibited. (G)

Sec.4.

Explicit or graphic descriptions of sexual organs,


other sensitive parts of the body, and acts generally
considered indecent or offensive are prohibited.(G)

Sec.5.

Offensive, obscene blasphemous, profane, and


vulgar double meaning words and phrases are
prohibited, even if understood only by a segment of
the audience. ( G )

Article 26.

LIQUOR, CIGARETTES, AND DANGEROUS


DRUGS

Sec.1.

The use of liquor and use of dangerous drugs shall


never be presented as socially desirable or
acceptable. ( S )

Sec.2.

Smoking shall not be presented as a good habit and


shall not be encouraged. (S)

Article 27.

ON-AIR LANGUAGE

Sec. 1.

Vulgar, obscene, or indecent language is prohibited.


(G)

Sec. 2.

Language tending to incite violence, sedition or


rebellion is prohibited. (G)

Sec. 3.

Name-calling and personal insults are prohibited.(G)

Article 28.
Sec.1.

ON-AIR DECORUM
Persons who appear in entertainment and variety
programs (such as hosts, emcees, talents, guests,

participants, and audiences), especially in live


shows, shall be decently attired and behave
according to what is considered acceptable in public
based on the standards of the community where the
programs are aired. ( S )
Sec.2.

Persons who appear in live programs, variety


shows, game shows and other similar programs
shall not be embarrassed, insulted, ridiculed,
harassed or humiliated in whatever manner. (G)

Sec. 3.

Camera and other production techniques should not


be used to create indecent and inappropriate
images. (G)

Sec.4.

Persons who are drunk or under the influence of


prohibited drugs or substances shall not be
allowed to go on the air. ( S )

Article 29.

QUALIFICATION OF ON-AIR/PROGRAM
PERSONS

Sec. 1.

Persons who are allowed to handle programs shall


have adequate knowledge and competence for the
job to insure the integrity and credibility of the
broadcast media. (S)

Sec. 2.

Program persons shall adhere to the basic


principles and ethical standards of journalism,
including those provided in this Code.(S)

Article 30.

ACCREDITATION
Persons who regularly go on the air and
newswriters, scriptwriters, editors and directors
whose job is to produce material which go on-air
shall be required to obtain accreditation with the
KBP. Stations shall not allow any person to go on

the air without the requisite accreditation except in


instances provided in the rules of accreditation. (G)
Article 31.

BRIBERY
Asking or receiving money or any gift, present,
benefit, or privilege to favor or put in bad light any
person, group, or institution in the course of a
broadcast is prohibited. Any act that may harm the
public interest, damage the station, or put its
credibility in doubt should be avoided . (G)

Article 32.

BLOCKTIMERS

Sec. 1.

The term blocktimer shall refer to natural or juridical


persons that buys or contracts for or is given
broadcast air time. Blocktimers and on-air
performers in blocktime programs shall be required
to sign an undertaking to comply with the provisions
of this Code and other pertinent policies, rules and
regulations of the KBP. (G)

Sec. 2.

The blocktimer and the on-air performer in the


blocktime program shall be jointly and severally
liable with the station for any penalty that may be
imposed for violations of this Code.

Article 33.

GENERAL PROVISION
Universally accepted ethical practices and code of
conduct for broadcast media, pertinent Philippine
laws and their implementing rules and regulations
are deemed adopted in this Code.
Violations of universally accepted ethical principles
and code of conduct for broadcast media not
otherwise specifically covered by this Code shall be
sanctioned with censure.

PART II

IMPLEMENTING RULES AND REGULATIONS

Article 1.

Complaints of violations of this Code shall be handled by the KBP


Standards Authority which shall hear and rule on such complaints
in accordance with duly established rules of procedure.

Article 2.

Persons, natural and juridical, who are granted airtime, whether by


sale or donation (including blocktimers and independent producers)
shall be required to execute an undertaking that they shall be liable,
jointly and severally with the station, for all applicable penalties that
may be imposed for violations of this Code in their programs.
Individuals who go on the air during such airtime shall also be
required to execute the same undertaking.

Article 3.

Persons who regularly go on the air and newswriters, scriptwriters,


editors and directors whose job is to produce material which go onair are expected to know and understand the provisions of this
Code and shall be required to obtain accreditation with the KBP
before they are allowed to go on the air.

Article 4.

Copies of this Code shall be provided by the station to all its


personnel who go on the air, produce material for airing or who
participate in such work, all persons granted programming airtime
and those who go on the air during such airtime.

PART III
Article 1.

PENALTIES
Penalties for violations of the program standards under this Code
shall be classified as follows:
1.

Light Offenses (L) for violations of the following provisions:


Article 1-sec. 8b,8c, 10a, 16a; Article 4-sec. 1,2; Article 5-sec. 2;
Article 15-sec. 7; Article 18; Article 19-sec. 2

2.

Serious Offense (S) for violations of the following provisions:


Article 1 - Sec. 2; 3c, 4c,4e,4f,4g, 5a,6a, 8a,8d,8e, 9b, 12b,12e,
12h, 12i, 13b,13c, 13f 15b,15c, 15d, 16b,17a,17b ;
Article 2- sec.2,3,4,5,6; Article 3; Article 4-sec.3,4,5;
Article 5- sec. 1; Article 6-sec. 1,2,3,5,6; Article 8-sec. 1,2
Article 9-sec. 1,2; Article 12-sec. 1,3; Article 14-sec. 1
Article 15-sec.2, 3-6, 10-11; Article 16-sec. 3,4,8,11
Article 20-sec. 1,2

3.

Grave Offense (G) for violations of the following provisions:


Article 1 - Sec. 3a, 3b, 4b,4d, 4h, 7,8f, 9c,11a,11b, 11c,12g,
12j,12k,12l, 13a,13d, 14a,14b, 15a; Article 2-sec.1,7
Article 5-sec. 3; Article 6-sec. 4; Article 7-sec. 1-5
Article 8-sec. 3,4,5; Article 10; Article 11-sec. 4
Article 12-sec.2; Article 13-sec. 1,2; Article 14-sec. 2,3
Article 15-sec.9; Article 16-sec. 9,10;
Article 19-sec. 1a-1e,3,4,5,6,7; Article 21-sec. 1
Article 22-sec. 1, 2

Article 2.

Light (L) offenses shall be subject to the following penalties:


1.

1st Offense
2nd Offense
3rd Offense

4th Offense

2.

1st Offense

When the violation is in radio:


On the Individual
P5,000.00
and reprimand
P10,000.00
and 15-day on-air
suspension
P15,000.00
and 30-day on-air
suspension
P20,000.00
and revocation of
accreditation

On the Station
P10,000.00
and censure
P20,000.00
P30,000.00
P40,000.00
plus 60-day
suspension of
membership privileges

When the violation is on television:


On the Individual
P10,000.00
and reprimand

On the Station
P20,000.00

and censure
2nd Offense
3rd Offense

4th Offense

Article 3.

P25,000.00
and revocation of
accreditation

P30,000.00
P40,000.00
P50,000.00
and 90-day
suspension of
membership privileges

Serious (S) offenses shall be subject to the following penalties:


1.

1st Offense
2nd Offense
3rd Offense

4th Offense

2.

1st Offense
2nd Offense
3rd Offense

4th Offense
Article 4.

P15,000.00
and 15-day on-air
suspension
P20,000.00
and 30-day on-air
suspension

When the violation is on radio:


On the Individual
P10,000.00
and reprimand
P15,000.00
and 30-day on-air
suspension
P20,000.00
and 60-day on-air
suspension
P25,000.00
and revocation of
accreditation

On the Station
P20,000.00
and censure
P30,000.00
P40,000.00
P50,000.00
and 90-day
suspension of
membership privileges

When the violation is on television:


On the Individual
P15,000.00
and reprimand
P20,000.00
and 30-day on-air
suspension
P25,000.00
and 60-day on-air
suspension
P30,000.00
and revocation of
accreditation

On the Station
P30,000.00
and censure
P40,000.00
P50,000.00
P60,000.00
and 120-day
suspension of
membership privileges

Grave (G) offenses shall be subject to the following penalties:

1.

When the violation is on radio:


On the Individual
P15,000.00
and reprimand
P20,000.00
and 60-day on-air
suspension
P25,000.00
and 90-day on-air
suspension

1st Offense
2nd Offense
3rd Offense

P30,000.00
and revocation of
accreditation

4th Offense

2.

P40,000.00
P50,000.00
P60,000.00
and 120-day
suspension of
membership privileges

When the violation is on television:


On the Individual
P20,000.00
and reprimand
P25,000.00
and 60-day on-air
suspension
P30,000.00
and 90-day on-air
suspension

1st Offense
2nd Offense
3rd Offense

P35,000.00
and revocation of
accreditation

4th Offense

Article 5.

On the Station
P30,000.00
and censure

On the Station
P40,000.00
and censure
P50,000.00
P60,000.00
P70,000.00
and 150-day
suspension of
membership privileges

Provisions which have an Admonitory or ( A ) notation means the


provision is to be observed. No penalty other than censure is
prescribed but the Code highly recommends its implementation.
Article 1 - Sec. 1; 4a, 6b, 9a,10b; Article 2 - Sec. 3; Article 6 - Sec. 5
Article 11-sec. 6,8; Article 12- Sec. 3; Article 19-Sec. 1; Article 20- Sec.
1,5

Ang KBP BRODKASTER


( The KBP Broadcasting Principles)

KATOTOHANAN

ang pangunahing layunin ng brodkaster sa pamamahayag ng

mga balita, pangyayari at kuro-kuro. Pinangangalagaan niya ang


pagbibigay ng tama at mahahalagang impormasyon at hindi niya
binabago ang katotohanan sa pamamagitan ng pagdaragdag,
pagbabawas, pagpapalit o paggamit ng impormasyon o detalye ukol sa
mga pangyayari o pahayag sa maling paraan.

BUKAS NA ISIPAN

ang taglay ng brodkaster sa mga nagtutunggaling kaisipan


at pangangatuwiran. Hindi siya dali-daling humuhusga ayon sa sariling
pananaw kundi pinagaaralan muna ang iba't ibang paraan ng pagtanaw
sa isyu.

PANANAGUTAN sa madlang tagapakinig at manonood ang pasan ng


brodkaster. Maingat at may pagpapahalaga siya sa bawat salitang
binibigkas at imaheng ipinalalabas. Serbisyo publiko ang pangunahin
niyang layunin.

BALANSE sa pamamahayag at paglalathala ng balita, kuro-kuro, pananaw at


talakayan sa himpapawid ang isang mahusay na brodkaster. Malinaw na
ipinakikita niya ang magkakaibang panig ng isyu. Hindi niya ginagamit
ang himpapawid upang manlibak o manira, pahiyain o bastusin ang
sinumang tao, anuman ang kasarian, pananaw, paniniwala sa relihiyon o
pulitika, kultura, lahi o etnisidad.

RESPONSIBLE ang brodkaster sa pangangalaga sa kanyang pangalan at sa


pangalan ng KBP at ng industriya ng pamamahayag. Ang mga opinion at
kuro-kuro niya ay ipinahahayag sa naaangkop at maliwanag na paraan.
Pinag-aaralan at sinasaliksik niya ang mga isyu bago ito isahimpapawid.
Mapanuri siya ngunit hindi mapanirang-puri.

OTORIDAD

NG SALIGANG BATAS ang isinusulong ng brodkaster sa lahat ng


pagkakataon. Ipinagtatanggol, ipinaglalaban at pinangangalagaan niya
ang malayang pamamahayag at karapatan ng madla na humanap at
tumanggap ng impormasyon.

DANGAL AT KAGANDAHANG ASAL ang taglay ng isang propesyonal na


brodkaster sa salita, isip, gawa at pagkatao sa loob at labas ng himpilan.
Mapagpakumbaba siya sa pakikitungo sa lahat ng mga nakakasalamuha
maging sila ay kapwa brodkaster o ang madla.

KATUWIRAN ang lagging maaasahan sa tunay na brodkaster.

Sa bawat
pagkakataon ay pinaninindigan niya ang tama at inihahayag ang mali.
May taglay siyang kabutihan, paggalang at kagandahang-loob.
Isinasaalang-alang niya ang kanyang integridad at karangalan sa lahat ng
pagkakataon.

ALAGA AT PAG-IINGAT sa paggamit at pagpapahayag ng mga maselan at


kritikal na impormasyon ang maaasahan sa magaling na brodkaster.
Pinangangalagaan niya ang pinanggalingan ng impormasyon.

SUMUSUNOD ang brodkaster sa mga panuntunan at tuntunin na nakasaad sa


Pambansang Broadcast Code ng KBP, gayundin sa lahat ng mga batas
na may kinalaman sa pagbobrodkast.

TAPAT ang brodkaster at hindi inuuna ang pansariling kapakanan.

Hindi siya
tumatanggap ng anumang suhol na maaaring makapagpabago sa
kanyang paninindigan o makaimpluwensya sa kanyang pagtingin sa
katotohanan. Tapat sa pangangalap ng impormasyon o datos, larawan o
video na, kung pag-aari ng iba, hindi niya ginagamit nang walang
pahintulot. Iginagalang niya ang intellectual property rights ng iba.

EPEKTIBO ang brodkaster sa paggamit ng radyo at telebisyon upang ipahayag


ang katotohanan, isulong ang kaayusan at katahimikan, at paunlarin ang
mga mamamayan at an gating bansa.

RESPETO sa kapwa mamamahayag, mga mamamayan at mga institusyon ay


taglay ng isang mabuting brodkaster. Iginagalang niya ang karapatang
pangtao ng lahat at ang prinsipyong nagpapalagay na walang sala ang
isang tao hanggang hindi napatutunayang may sala.

Ang KBP BRODKASTER


( The KBP Broadcasting Principles)

KATOTOHANAN:

TRUTH is the primary objective of broadcasting news,


events and opinions. The broadcaster is conscientious in giving the
truth - does not slant or twist it by adding, omitting, changing or
using information or details of events and statements inaccurately.
Coupled with this is the practice of swiftly correcting an error when
called for.

BUKAS NA ISIPAN:

OPENMINDEDNESS to all and opposing views and


arguments is an important attribute of the broadcaster. He/she is
not quick to judge by his/her own standards but rather studies the
various ways of viewing an issue.

PANANAGUTAN:

ACCOUNTABILITY to the listening and viewing public is an


obligation of the broadcaster. He/she exercises care in the choice

of words to utter and images to exhibit. Public Service is the


broadcaster's principal objective.

BALANSE:

BALANCE inthe presentation of the news, views and discussions


is the goal of the broadcaster, who airs both or all sides of an issue.
The broadcaster does not use the air to malign, destroy, insult or
disrespect anyone regardless of gender, view, religious belief,
political position, culture, race or ethnicity.

RESPONSIBLE:

RESPONSIBLE use of his/her name, the name of KBP, and


the Broadcast industry is a mark of the broadcaster. Opinions are
expressed appropriately and clearly. Issues are researched and
examined before they are aired. The broadcaster is critical but is
not libelous.

OTORIDAD NG SALIGANG BATAS:

The AUTHORITY OF THE


CONSTITUTION is upheld by the broadcaster at all times. He/she
vigilantly defends, advocates and protects the freedom of speech
and of the press and the public's right to access to information.

DANGAL AT KAGANDAHANG ASAL:

DIGNITY AND DECORUM are the


marks of a professional broadcaster in word, thought, deed and
personal conduct, whether inside or outside the station. The
broadcaster exercise humility in dealing with fellow broadcasters
and the general public.

KATWIRAN:

RIGHTEOUSNESS is expected of a true broadcaster, who at all


times is determined to stand by what is right and to expose what is
wrong. The broadcaster is always mindful of the values of integrity,
honor and decency.

ALAGA AT PAG-IINGAT:

The broadcaster is CAREFUL AND PRUDENT in


handling delicate and critical information and protects the sources
of such information.

SUMUSUNOD:

The broadcaster is OBEDIENT to the rules and regulations of


the KBP as stated in the Broadcast Code of the Philippines and the
laws of the country pertaining to all broadcast and broadcastrelated activities.

TAPAT:

TRUSTWORTHINESS is the broadcaster's quality, who does not put


personal gain ahead of duty. He/she does not accept bribes, gifts
or favors that influence him/her to change his/her stand or distort

the truth. He/she is honest in the conduct of gathering information,


photos, and images and does not resort to plagiarism. He/she
respects the intellectual property rights of others.

EPEKTIBO: EFFECTIVE use of

Television and Radio in the promotion of what


is right, orderly, and peaceful is a hallmark of the broadcaster, who
contributes to the development of our citizens and our nation.

RESPETO:

RESPECT for fellow Broadcasters, all humans and institutions is


expected of the broadcaster, who upholds human rights and the
principle that an accused person is innocent until proven guilty.