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The Renewable Energy Landscape in the CARICOM Region

Ruth Potopsingh PhD AVP Sustainable Energy University of Technology Jamaica


Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Presentation Outline
Overview of Energy Consumption in the CARICOM Region Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiatives and Activities Financial Interventions Conclusions

Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

University of Technology, Jamaica


http://www.utech.edu.jm The University of Technology, Jamaica (UTech) dates its beginning from 1958, originally as the Jamaica Institute of Technology. Accorded University status on September 1, 1995 as the University of Technology, Jamaica (UTech) UTech is a major national institution with a student population of over 12,000 and offers more than 50 programs at certificate, diploma and degree levels

Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Five Faculties and Two Colleges


College of Health and Science College of Business and Management

Faculty of Education and Liberal Studies

Faculty of Science and Sport

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

Faculty of the Built Environment

Faculty of Law

Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Overview
Energy access affordability and security pose a serious challenge to the Region High dependence on imported petroleum is affecting its current and future development RE and EE offer real solutions to this crisis Pricing, Affordability, Slow Technology Transfer Policy, Capacity and Infrastructure are challenges to transformation RE and EE development among SME sector is a key for progressing the sustainable Energy Agenda

Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Regional Energy Scene 2007 -2012)


Caribbean Energy Information System CARIBBEAN PETROLEUM ENERGY CONSUMPTION 2007-2011 (17 Countries)

100.000,0

(000's Bbls)

98.000,0 96.000,0

94.000,0
92.000,0 90.000,0 88.000,0 86.000,0
YEARS

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011


Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Regional Energy Scene 2007 -2012)


Caribbean Energy Consumption in Sectors with MSMEs

2011

AGRICULTURE 4% COMMERCIAL 6% TOURISM 3%

MANUFACTURING

87%

These Sectors together represents Approximately r 15% total consumption for t18 C aribbean Countries assessed.

Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Renewable Energy Situation

Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Regional Energy Scene 2007 -2012)


RENEWABLE ENERGY USE
Solar Wind Biomass Hydropower Geothermal ANG ANT BAH BAR BEL Y BVI Y LC CAY DOM GREN Y Y SVG TT T&C

Solar Wind Biomas Hydropower Geothermal

GUY Y

HAITI Y

JA Y Y

MONTS SKN Y

GRID CONNECTED = Y
Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

PRIVATE SECTOR ROLE & SUPPORT REQUIRED


MSME role in transformative economic development through RE/EE More promotion of opportunities for MSMEs and clean technology

Policy: - economic incentives


build capacity/awareness among MSMEs EE standards for industry, buildings regulatory frameworks tariffs, environment supportive of innovation, private sector participation
Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Caribbean Sustainable Energy Roadmap & Strategy


Caribbean Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy (CSERMS) is a CARICOMs Sustainable Energy Planning and Management Framework within the context of Regional Energy Policy, based on a mandate from Heads of Govt, through which RE and EE targets will be established, tracked & monitored, and strategies developed to meet those targets;

Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Proposed Energy RDI Hubs

Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Assessment of EE Initiatives
Energy Audits Conducted (2007 -2012) % By Sector
Agriculture 1% Transport 0% Tourism 16%

Commercial 3% Industrial/ Manufacturing 4%

Residential 53%

Public Sector 23%

Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Assessment of EE Initiatives
Countries with Import Incentives for EE Equipment (Duties & Taxes)
ANG GUY ANT HAITI BAH JA BAR MONTS SKN LC BEL BVI CAY SVG TT DOM GREN T&C

Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Assessment of EE Initiatives
Countries Developing EE Standards
ANG ANT GUY HAITI BAH JA BAR MONTS SKN BEL BVI LC CAY DOM SVG TT GREN T&C

Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Member State

Sustainable Energy Developments Wind measurements are ongoing on four (4) sites. Plans in place for an off grid PV pilot project at Shirley Heights funded under ECPA and a PV street lighting project funded from savings under the PetroCaribe Agreement.

Antigua & Barbuda

The Bahamas

Feasibility of using Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion technology to provide air conditioning to its waterfront hotels ongoing.
A project proposal for the use of energy efficiency in small hotels has been submitted to SID DOCKS for funding consideration.

The development of a 10 MW Lambert's wind farm is planned.


The Barbados Light & Power commenced in 2010 a two-year pilot project on net billing which expires in July 2012 with expectations for an extension of the project. An Energy Fund of Bds$10 M was established to assist the Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM tourism industry to install energy efficient devices.
Study Tour Rome,Italy

Barbados

Hydropower Mollejon 25.3 MW to the grid; Chalillo 7.3 MW; Hydro Mya Limited hydropower plant in the district of Toledo 3 MW to the grid. Belize The Vaca hydropower plant which became operational in January 2010 will add an additional 19 MW to the grid. Biomass development includes a 31.5MW plant installed by Belcogen that produces electric power from the burning of bagasse. 13.5 MW excess power is sold to the national grid.

Three hydropower facilities at Lauda, Trafalgar and Padu supply 6.42 MW electricity. DOWASCO plans to develop a 200 kW hydropower plant at Newtown.
Geothermal resources development include negotiations with the Dominica selected contractor for the boring of slim holes test wells at Wottenwaven. A 225 kVA wind turbine in operation at the Roseau Day Resort March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM provides power toPresented the grid through a PPA with DOMLEC. Study Tour Rome,Italy

GRENLEC has a net-metering/net-billing agreement with GRENSOL. That Company has over 30 solar systems installed producing about 300 kW power for the grid. Development of a Geothermal programme, with the following major components: A Geothermal Act A negotiated Geothermal Resource License and Concession Agreement with GRENLEC An exploratory Grenada drilling phase Development of RE and EE projects to be funded under GEF ESDCaraibes Proposal, including an Energy Efficiency Act. Proposed Wind energy project of 1-2 MW in Carriacao (managed by GRENLEC).

Proposals requested for a waste-to-energy project to produce electricity for the grid or captive use or conversion into an alternative fuel (liquid or gaseous). Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM
Study Tour Rome,Italy

Plans are underway for the development of a 154 MW hydropower plant at Amailia Falls on the Kuribrong River by Synergy Holdings in association with Sithe Global and supply of power to the national grid via a transmission line exceeding 250 km. Biomass development includes the installation of 2 X 15 MW turbines at the Guyana Sugar Corporation Skeldon Sugar Factory for generation of power for its own use and supply of excess power to the national grid.
An 8.46 kW grid-tied solar photovoltaic demonstration system financed by GIZ was installed in the compound of the Guyana Energy Agency. Solar home systems have been installed at every house in about 21 Guyana hinterland communities - a total of 1729 installations. Also 11,000 solar home systems are expected to be installed in about 186 communities in 2012. A Rural Electrification Project seeking to encourage sustainable energy development by alleviating poverty through economic productive activities and literacy was completed in the village of Wowetta, Region 9. This project was funded by CIDA with support from OLADE and University of Calgary/Haskayne School of Business. The total value of the project was US$101,500.
Presented IDB/ CARICOM hydropower station at the Development of a 330 kWMarch11,2013 mini-run-of-river Study Tour Rome,Italy Chiung River in Kato is currently being implemented with EU support.

Seven hydropower plants with total installed capacity of 55 MW supply the national grid operated by electricit d'Haiti. Pligre, a hydropower plant with installed capacity of 47.1 MW is the largest. Supply of energy to approx. 1 million Haitian citizens through building of a hydropower plant (32 MW) near Mirebalais on the Artibonite River, downstream to Peligre Hydrostation during the period 2012 to 2015 with support from the Brazilian Government. Semi-autonomous electricity supply to the city of Les Cayes. 20% of the project targets power generation from renewable sources. This project which commenced in 2007 will conclude in 2013. Rural electrification project in 3 villages to be determined promoting small hydro, solar and wind energy. Collection of wind datain Cap Haitien, Lac Azui, South Coast is ongoing. 400 public lighting via solar street lights to be installed during 2012. Over 5000 units will be installed during the life span of the project. A Low Carbon Energy Road Map financed by the German Federal Government is presently being developed by the Worldwatch Institute in conjunction with the Ministry of Public Works, Transportation, Communications and Energy of Haiti and the Haitian Bureau of Mines Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy and Energy. This project which started in 2011 will conclude in 2013.

Haiti

JPS Co's 3 MW wind farm at Munro was commissioned and became operational in October 2010 to supply the grid. The Wigton Wind farm has been expanded by 14 MW bringing the total installed capacity to 34.7 MW. Power is supplied to the national grid. In November 2008 the E10 fuel programme was launched - a blend of 10% ethanol from sugar cane and 90% 87 octane gasoline. Jamaica

A Low Carbon Energy Road Map financed by the German Federal Government is presently being developed by the Worldwatch Institute. The project which started in August 2011 is expected to be completed by January 2013.
A National Energy Information Clearing House to provide status updates on the implementation of the NEP and sub-policies, inter alia, will be launched before the end of 2012.

Montserrat Assessment of the geothermal potential completed in January 2010.


Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

St. Kitts and Nevis

A 1.1 MW wind farm was commissioned at Maddens in August 2010 - power is supplied to the National grid. A 10 MW of geothermal power plant is scheduled to come on stream in 2012. Several PV pilot projects have been installed or planned including: (i) 4 kW PV system at Castries central market; (ii) 12 kW system at National Trust building, Pigeon Island; and (iii) 2 kW system at a secondary school located in the south of the island. Feasibility study of the John Compton hydropower dam is in the pipeline. Energy audits are being conducted on 75 Government-owned buildings

St. Lucia

St. Vincent The Richmond and South Rivers hydropower projects supply 1.2 MW and 1.1 MW to the grid respectively. and the Grenadines A 7.2 MW Wind Park in grid-parallel operation is planned at Ribishi Point. Brighton as well as installation of 10 kW solar panel project at Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Cane Hall Engineering Complex. Study Tour Rome,Italy

There are several hydropower projects in Suriname including 278 MW installed at Afobaco and Paranam for supply to the grid. Suriname Collection of wind data is ongoing at Nickerie and Galibi.

Solar water heaters standards were adopted and will be published before the end of 2012.

National electrical codes were revised and declared in September Trinidad 2011 to include Part III: Renewable Energy. The revised code is and Tobago expected to be published before the end of 2012.

Several RE and EE initiatives involving community centers and Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM schools are being developed.
Study Tour Rome,Italy

Capacity in the Region


Expertise:
Many Trained/Skilled Technicians and Engineers Over 60 Certified Energy Auditors/Managers in the Region.

Institutions:
2 Regional Standards Bodies (CROSQ & COPANT) 11 National Standards Bodies Linkages with ISO, BSI, IEC Over 25 Companies Offering Energy Audit services 1 Certification Body for Energy Auditors/Managers
Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Financial Mechanisms 2007 -2012


Regional programmes
Over US$60M allocated to Regional EE Initiatives by International Donor Agencies. Approx US$70M allocated to National programmes. Funding received from Donor Agencies (IDB, EU, UNDP, World Bank, Govt. Germany & Mexico, CDB and others)

National
Jamaica Development Bank of Jamaica -GreenBiz Barbados SMART Energy Fund
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EIB CLIMATE ACTION LOC


Increase resilience of BMCs to impacts of Climate Change:
EUR 50mn (US $60mn) approved and signed Dec. 2011 Annual interest rate subsidy up to 50% of fixed interest rate, up to max 3%, on CDB OCR rate, variable currently 3.61% Financing up to 50% of total project cost for climate action projects EE, renewables, transport, forestry/land-use, lowcarbon technologies research, adaptation
Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

SIDS DOCK EERF & CTCS


US$ 2 mn UNDP SIDS DOCK Energy Efficiency Revolving Fund (EERF)
-coming soon to CDB in partnership with:

Selected Financial Intermediaries CTCS Network pilot to support EE initiatives:


energy audits preparation of bankable proposals support for design works regional consultation workshop in November 2012 German Government support being sought
Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Protocols & Standards


Regional Standards

Developments:
Regional Building Codes

International EE Standards used in the Region:


ASHRAE (189.1, 90.1,55 & 90.2)* ISO (18292, 13153, 23045, 13602) LEED (Building Designs)* ENERGYStar & Energy Guide Labels IEC, EER & COP

standard EE appliance labeling Standards


Design Guide Book EE Office

Buildings

Locally Developed

Standards:
JS178: 1990 JS1: PART 21: 1996 (Ener$ave
Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Barriers
Case Study (Referenced) Perspectives on Electricity Expense/Total Expense 80% of the 70 MSMEs indicated that their electricity expense is about 20% of their total expense Contributing to Business Closure 73% of the 55 Respondents who are past business owners have indicated that High Electricity cost have contributed to their Business Failure Negative Influence The data suggest that high electricity costs are negatively affecting the MSMEs in the survey and may deter individuals from starting a business

The data also suggested that high electricity costs are Contributing to Energy Conservation and management in the use of electricity among MSMEs in the survey
REFERENCE: Prof. Rosalea Hamilton Scotiabank Chair, Entrepreneurship & Dev. 2011
Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

PRIVATE SECTOR ROLE & SUPPORT REQUIRED


MSME role in transformative economic development through RE/EE More promotion of opportunities for MSMEs and clean technology

Policy: - economic incentives


build capacity/awareness among MSMEs EE standards for industry, buildings regulatory frameworks tariffs, environment supportive of innovation, private sector participation
Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Promoting Industry and Academia linkage and RD&I Programs are the prominent trends across the top innovative Countries and CARICOM Territories desire to move in that direction
Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Conclusion
Capacity Building Growth in Solar PV Industry Public Education Enabling Policy Frameworks (including incentives) Funding Options Use existing networks e.g. www.ceebip.org, EUCARINET, CARICOM Website,
Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Conclusion
Capacity Building Public Education Enabling Policy Frameworks (including incentives) Funding Options Utilise existing networks to improve cooperation e.g. www.ceebip.org, EUCARINET : eucarinet.eu CARICOM caricom.org,

Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Promoting Industry Partnerships among CARICOM/ CARIBBEAN Territories and with International Partners is a Strategic Direction of CARICOM and hence this mission.

Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy

Projects Study Tour Participants


Benson Phillip, Trinidad & Tobago -The design and implementation of a Solar-powered Automatically Irrigated Enclosed Greenhouse Farm Carol Lue, Jamaica - CaribShare Biogas an innovative energy from waste program for hotels and farms in Jamaica Ian Smart, Trinidad & Tobato Locally Assembled Solar Street Lights Prof. Rajiskumar Mohan- Selection of microalgae from native strains in Suriname and process development for optimal lipid productivity Dr. Ruth Potopsingh Solar PV for irragation Stevenson Hollingsworth - The integration of flexible thin film photo-voltaic systems into Caribbean building design for the purpose of cooling and lighting Dr. Louise Zuilen - Promotion of Bio-Briquettes as an alternative to diesel for electricity generation in villages in the hinterland of Suriname Patrick Ketwaru - Introduction of a Small Scale Wood Gasifier for Electricity Generation in a Saw Mill
Presented March11,2013 IDB/ CARICOM Study Tour Rome,Italy