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(1) Class Discussion I Logical Diagrams, Venn Diagrams and Sets Logical Diagrams Puzzle:

(1) With the help of circles how can you represent Asia, India, Delhi, Edumentor. (2) If it is Table, Chair, Wooden Furniture. (3) Ask from students: Who all know to play guitar. Who all know to play drums. Which of them is/are musical instrument(s)? Then make the correct logical diagram for the same.

These questions are based on the following figure. Study the figure carefully and then answer the questions given below it. (a) (b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

1. 2. 3. 4.

Mothers, Women, Divorces Historian, Scientist, Economist Travelers, travel by train, people travelling by bus Ass, Pet, Horse
Syllogism

Puzzle:
(1) Dadajis Clock chimes at midnight. Dulari has a dadajis clock. Dulari will here chime at midnight? (2) If all squares are rectangles and all squares are rhombs then are some rhombs rectangles?

Treat the statement(s) to be true and verify the conclusions for the following: (Examples to be solved by faculty) 1. Statement: All men are intelligent: Conclusion 1: Ashu is a man, is he intelligent? Conclusion 2: Ashu is intelligent, is he a man? Conclusion 3: Some intelligent are man? Conclusion 4: All intelligent are man?

Conclusion 5: Some men are intelligent 2. Statement: Some men are intelligent: Conclusion 1: Some intelligent are man? Conclusion 2: Ashu is a man is he intelligent 3. Statement: No man is intelligent: Conclusion: No intelligent is a man? 4. Statement 1: All jets are fast. Statement 2: All fast are exciting. Conclusion 1: All jets are exciting. Conclusion 2: All exciting are jets. Conclusion 3: Some exciting are jets 5. Statement 1: All jets are fast. Statement 2: All jets are exciting. Conclusion 1: All fast are exciting. Conclusion 2: All exciting are fast. Conclusion 3: Some fast is exciting. 6. Statement 1: All jets are fast. Statement 2: Some fast is exciting Conclusion 1: Some exciting are fast. Conclusion 2: Some exciting are jets. Conclusion 3: All exciting are fast. Conclusion 4: Some fast is jet. 7. Statement 1: Some jets are fast. Statement 2: Some fast is exciting. Conclusion 1: Some exciting are fast. Conclusion 2: Some exciting are jets. Conclusion 3: All exciting can be fast. 8. Statement 1: Some jets are fast. Statement 2: No fast is exciting. Conclusion 1: No jet is exciting.

Conclusion 2: Some jets are not exciting. Conclusion 3: Some exciting are not jets. 9. Statement 1: All jets are fast. Statement 2: No fast is exciting. Conclusion 1: No jet is exciting. Conclusion 2: No exciting is jet. 10. Statement 1: All jets are fast. Statement 2: No jet is exciting. Conclusion 1: No exciting is a fast. Conclusion 2: No exciting is jet. Conclusion 3: Some fast are not exciting. Conclusion 4: Some exciting are not fast. 11. Statement 1: No jet is fast. Statement 2: No fast is exciting. Conclusion 1: No jet is exciting. Conclusion 2: Some jets are not exciting. Conclusion 3: Some jets are exciting. Practice Exercise: 1. Statements: (i) All knives are hammers, (ii) No hammer is sword, (iii) Some swords are nails Conclusions: I. Some nails are hammers. II. Some swords are knives III. No nail is hammer. Chose the correct option: (a) None follow (b) Only either I or III follow (c) Only II follow (d) Only III follow

(e) Only I follow 2. Statements: (i) All hills are roads (ii) All roads are stones (iii) All stones are jungles. (iv) All jungles are rivers Conclusions: I. Some rivers are stones II. Some Jungles are hills III. Some stones are hills IV. All rivers are jungles Chose the correct option: (a) Only I and II follow (b) Only II and III follow (c) Only I, II and III follow (d) Only II, III and IV follow (e) All follow 3. Statements: (i) Some apple is bat.

(ii)No bat is cap. Conclusions: (i) Some apple is cap. (ii) No apple is cap. Chose the correct option: (a) Only (i) follows (b) Only (ii) follows (c) Either (i) or (ii) follows (d) None follows 4. Statements: (i) Some apple is bat. (ii) No bat is cap. Conclusions: (i) Some apple is cap. (ii) No apple is cap. Chose the correct option: (a) Only (i) follows (b) Only (ii) follows (c) Probably (i) follows (d) None follow

Venn Diagram/set theory Puzzle:


(1) In a class of 100, 30 students like Maths and 70 like accounts. What can be the i) Maximum ii) Minimum number that like both.

Example: In a class 15 students like Accounts, 10 like Economics? 1) Can you find the strength of the class? If no then do you need any more information. 2) Total Strength when 10 students like neither subjects. 3) Total Strength when 5 people like both subjects. From the above information find: a) Student who like only one subject b) Student who like atleast one subject c) Students who dont like Accounts d) Students who dont like Economics e) If total strength is actually 35 how many students like neither subjects.
Identify and Visualize (Quick recap)

Three Sets Based questions:

Example: 30% people of Saharanpur like cold weather, 40% like summers, 55% like autumn. 18% like cold and summers, 20% like summers and autumn, 12% like cold and autumn. 10% like all three weathers. i. iii. v. How many like none of the weathers How many like only cold and summers How many like atleast one ii. How many like only cold iv. How many like cold and autumn. vi. How many like only one

vii. How many like at least two. Practice exercise: 1) Out of 200 EduMentor students 150 are doing BBS to earn more money, 110 are doing BBS to make their parents happy. 20 students are doing it for no reason. How many students are doing BBS for both the reasons i.e. more money AND to make their parents happy?

Vedic Math Capsule - 12aa


1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 744246 x 5 = 364 x 25 = 88 x 125 = 2445 x 5 = 72 / 5 =

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