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# MODUL ARAS RENDAH 1 PANITIA FIZIK

TAHUN 2008

## (a) For the experiment described above, identify:

(i) the manipulated variable………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(ii) the responding variable…………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(iii) a fixed variable..……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(b) Determine the venire in Diagram 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 , 1.6 and 1.7. Tabulate your result for
the mass of the disc, m , diameter d and d 2 .

[5 marks]

[5 marks]

## (d) Based on your graph, state the relationship between d and m.

…………..….……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(e) State one precaution when using venire calipers in order to obtain accurate readings.

…………..….……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
MODUL ARAS RENDAH 2 PANITIA FIZIK
TAHUN 2008

## FORCE AND MOTION

5 A student carries out an experiment to study the relationship between the velocity of a
trolley, v and the height , h. The arrangement of the apparatus is shown as in Figure3.1.
The height of the trolley when it is on the runway of the inclined plane is h and the frequency
of the ticker timer is 50 Hz.

h
Figure 3.1

At the beginning of the experiment, the height of the block, h is set at 20.0 cm. The ticker timer is
switched on and the trolley is released. A ten tick part of the ticker tape is chosen from the middle
part of the ticker tape to calculate the velocity of the trolley as shown in Figure 3.2. The length of
the 10 tick part, l is measured with a metre rule. The experiment is repeated using wooden blocks
of heights, h 30.0 cm. 40.0 cm, 50.0 cm and 60.0 cm. Pieces of ten ticks from the middle part of
the ticker tape are obtained in each of the experiments as shown as Figure 3.3 , Figure 3.4 ,
Figure 3.5 and Figure 3.6.

## a) Based on the experiment, identify:

(i) The manipulated variable :

…………………………………………………………….………..…..
[ 1 mark ]
(ii) The responding variable :

…………………………………………………………………….…….
[ 1 mark ]
(iii) A constant variable :

…………………………………………………………………..………
[ 1 mark ]
MODUL ARAS RENDAH 3 PANITIA FIZIK
TAHUN 2008

Figure 3.2 Figure 3.3 Figure 3.4 Figure 3.5 Figure 3.6

## h = 20.0 cm h = 30.0 cm h = 40.0 cm h = 50.0 cm h = 60.0 cm

MODUL ARAS RENDAH 4 PANITIA FIZIK
TAHUN 2008

b) Measure the lengths of the ticker tape as shown in Figure 3.2, Figure 3.3, Figure 3.4, Figure
3.5 and Figure 3.6 for different heights of the runway used.
For each of your calculations, find the velocity using the following equation:

## Velocity, v = length of ticker tape, l

Time for 10 ticks

[ 6 marks ]

[ 6 marks ]

## d) Use your graph to state the relationship between v and h

……………………………………………………………………………………………..
[ 1 mark ]

6. A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the mass and extension
of a spring. Diagram 1.1 shows a spring that is attached to a retort stand with a metre rule

## The actual corresponding reading of the spring l0 shown in Diagram 1.2

MODUL ARAS RENDAH 5 PANITIA FIZIK
TAHUN 2008

A mass, m of 50 g is hung at the of the spring and the new reading, l of the spring is shown in
Diagram 1.3. The above procedure is repeated with different masses, m = 100g,
150 g, 200 g and 250 g. The actual corresponding readings of the spring, l are shown in
Diagrams 1.4, 1.5, 1.6 and 1.7.
MODUL ARAS RENDAH 6 PANITIA FIZIK
TAHUN 2008
MODUL ARAS RENDAH 7 PANITIA FIZIK
TAHUN 2008

## (i) the manipulated variable

………..……………………………………………………………………………….
MODUL ARAS RENDAH 8 PANITIA FIZIK
TAHUN 2008

[1 mark]
(ii) the responding variable

………..……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(iii) a fixed variable

………..……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]

## (ii) Calculate the extension of spring , x with the formula :

x = l0 - l

(c) Based on Diagram 1.3, 1.4 , 1.5 , 1.6 and 1.7 , determine extension of spring. Tabulate your
result below of F, l and x in the space given below.

[7 marks]

[5 marks]

## (e) Based on your graph, state the relationship between F and x.

…………..….……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(f) State one precaution.

…………..….……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
MODUL ARAS RENDAH 9 PANITIA FIZIK
TAHUN 2008

## FORCE AND PRESSURE

7. A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the depth object
immersed in water with the Buoyant Force produced. One metal cylinder was attached to a spring
balance to measure the weight of metal cylinder in air, Wu , as shown in Diagram 1.1. Then the
metal cylinder was immersed in the water until the depth is 1.0 cm as shown in Diagram 1.2. The
weight of metal cylinder in water can be obtained from the spring balance, Wa . The Buoyant Force
produce can be calculate using the formula below :
F = W u - W a.
The above procedure is repeated with different depth of metal cylinder in water is , h= 2.0 cm, 3.0
cm, 4.0 cm and 5.0 cm. The reading of the spring balance were shown in Diagram 1.2 , 1.3 , 1.4 , 1.5
and 1.6.

2 Spring balance
3

6 Diagram 1.1

10
00

Metal cylinder
MODUL ARAS RENDAH 10 PANITIA FIZIK
TAHUN 2008

0 0
0

1 1
1

2 2
2
3 3
3

4 4
4

5 5
5

6 6
6

7 7
7

8 8
8

9 9
9
10 10
10

water
MODUL ARAS RENDAH 11 PANITIA FIZIK
TAHUN 2008

## h = 1.0 cm water h= 2.0 cm h= 3.0 cm

Diagram 1.2 Diagram 1.3 Diagram 1.4

0 0

1 1

2 2

3 3

4 4

5 5

6 6

7 7

8 8

9 9

10 10

h = 4.0 cm h = 5.0 cm
MODUL ARAS RENDAH 12 PANITIA FIZIK
TAHUN 2008

## (i) the manipulated variable

………..……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(ii) the responding variable

………..……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(iii) a fixed variable

………..……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]

## (b) (i) Based on Diagram 1.1 state the value of Wu ……………………………….

[1 mark]

(c) Based on Diagram 1.2, 1.3 , 1.4 , 1.5 and 1.6 , determine Wa with the depth, h = 1.0 cm ,
2.0 cm , 3.0 cm , 4.0 cm and 5.0 cm. Calculate the value of F. .Tabulate your result
below of F, h and Wa. in the space given below.

[7 marks]

[5 marks]

## (e) Based on your graph, state the relationship between F and h.

…………..….……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(f) State one precaution.

…………..….……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
MODUL ARAS RENDAH 13 PANITIA FIZIK
TAHUN 2008

HEAT
8 A student carries out an experiment to investigate how the temperature of water increases with the
time of heating. Diagram 2.1 shows the set up of the apparatus for the investigation. Before the
heater is switched on the initial temperature, θ0 of the water is measured. Diagram 2.2 shows
meniscus of the mercury column in the thermometer.

Thermometer
To power
supply
30

20

Immersion heater
Water DIAGRAM 2.2

DIAGRAM 2.1

## A stopwatch and the heater is switched on simultaneously. At time, t = 20 s, the temperature, θ, of

the water is read on the thermometer. Diagram 2.3 shows the meniscus of the mercury column in
the thermometer.
The procedure is repeated for heating time, t = 40 s, 60 s, 80 s, 100 s and 120 s. The
corresponding positions of the meniscus of the mercury column in the thermometer are shown in
Diagrams 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6 and 2.7.

40 40

30 30

## DIAGRAM 2.3 DIAGRAM 2.4

MODUL ARAS RENDAH 14 PANITIA FIZIK
TAHUN 2008

50 60

40 50

60

50

DIAGRAM 2.7

## (i) the manipulated variable

………..……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(ii) the responding variable

………..……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(iii) a fixed variable

………..……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]

(b) Explain how parallax error can be reduced when the reading of the thermometer is taken.
MODUL ARAS RENDAH 15 PANITIA FIZIK
TAHUN 2008

…………..….……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]

(c) (i) Based on Diagram 2.2, determine the initial temperature, θ0, of the water.

## Initial temperature, θ0 = …………….

(ii) Based on Diagrams 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6 and 2.7, determine the temperature, θ, for the
corresponding values of heating time, t.

[5 marks]

[5 marks]

## (e) Based on your graph, state the relationship between Δθ and t.

…………..….……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]

(f) State one precaution that should be taken to obtain accurate readings of θ.

…………..….……………………………………………………………………………….

…………..….……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
MODUL ARAS RENDAH 16 PANITIA FIZIK
TAHUN 2008

10 A students carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between pressure, P and the
temperature, T of a gas at constant volume as shown in the Figure 1.1. The round-bottomed flask is
immersed in a beaker of water containing ice. The mixture of water and ice is stirred countinously
until the tempreature of the water is steady. The pressure, P was recorded by measuring the
different height of the mercury level in U-tube with ruler and was marked as h1 as shown in Figure
1.2.
Thermometer

Ice

h
Air
Water U-tube

Mercury

Figure 1.1

This experiment was repeated by increasing the tempreature of the water to 20 oC, 40 oC, 60 oC,
80 oC, and 100 oC the different height of the mercury level , h2, h3, h4 h5 and h6. Figure 1.2, 1.3, 1.4,
1.5,1.6 and 1.7 shows the results of this experiment.

## (i) The manipulated variable

…………………...............................................................................................
[1 mark]
(ii) The responding variable

......................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(iii) The constant variable
MODUL ARAS RENDAH 17 PANITIA FIZIK
TAHUN 2008

......................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
MODUL ARAS RENDAH 18 PANITIA FIZIK TAHUN 2008

θ = 0 0C θ = 20 0C θ = 40 0C θ = 60 0C θ = 80 0C θ = 100 0C

h1

Figure 1.2 Figure 1.3 Figure 1.4 Figure 1.5 Figure 1.6 Figure 1.7
Physics Paper 3 Section A MODUL ARAS RENDAH

(b) On the Figure 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6 and 1.7, mark the different height of the mercury level with
h2, h3, h4 h5 and h6 and their corresponding water tempreature, at θ =20 0C, 40 0C, 60
0
C, 80 0C, and 100 0C.
[2 marks]

(c) Based on the height that you had drawn, measure the height of the mercury level and
tabulate your results for tempreature, θ / oC, tempreature, T / K and the different height of
the mercury level, h/cm in the space below.

T = θ + 273

[5 marks]

## (d) On the graph paper ,plot a graph h/cm against T/K .

[5 marks]
(e) Based on your graph, state the relationship between h and T.

....................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
Physics Paper 3 Section A MODUL ARAS RENDAH

11. An student carries out an experiment to the relationship between the increase of temperature

LIGHT
13. A student carries out an experiment to find the relationship between the image distance from
v
the lens, v, and the magnification, m = , produced by a convex lens, u is the object distance
u
from the lens. The arrangement of the apparatus for experiment is shown in figure 5.1. At the
beginning of the experiment, the lighted bulb is fixed at 0 cm mark of the metre rule. The lens is
moved to the 45 cm mark on the metre rule, that is u = 45.0 cm from the lens. The screen is
then moved forward and backwards until a sharp image of the bulb filament is seen on the
screen. The actual position of the image is shown in figure 5.2(a). The experiment is repeated
by moving the lens to mark of 30.0 cm, 22.5 cm, 20.0 cm and 18.7 cm.
Physics Paper 3 Section A MODUL ARAS RENDAH

## (i) the manipulated variable

………..……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(ii) the responding variable

………..……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(iii) a fixed variable

………..……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]

(b) Based on readings of the image distance v, in the figure 5.2(a), (b), (c ), (d) and (e)
for each different object distance u. In each case, calculate the magnification,
v
m= . Tabulate your results for u,v and m [5 marks]
u

(c) On the graph paper, plot a graph of v against m based on the tabulated data.
[6 marks]

(e) Based on the graph, find the gradient of the line and the value of intercept on v-axis. Write
the relationships between v and m [2 mark]

. N
I1
I2
I3
I4

I5

R1 R3 R5
R2 R4
Physics Paper 3 Section A MODUL ARAS RENDAH

Diagram 5.1
14. A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the angle of incidence,
i
and angle of refraction , r . Diagram 5.1 shows the result of the experiment with the respective
i1 = 300, i2 = 400, i3 = 500, i4 = 600 dan i5 = 700 and r .
(a) For the experiment described above, identify:

## (i) the manipulated variable

………..……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(ii) the responding variable

………..……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(iii) a fixed variable

………..……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(b) Based on the Diagram 5.1 measure the angle of refarction, r and tabulate your result of i, r,
sin i dan sin r.

[6 marks]
(c) Based on the table draw graph sin i and sin r.
. [5 marks]

(d) Based on your graph, state the relationship between sin i and sin r.
…………..….……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(e) State one precaution.

…………..….……………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]