Cypher of

J^rancis SSacon.




in good hope that if the first reading move an objection, the second reading will make an answer. Adv. of L.





S" Francis Bacon
difcovered in his works










2i Bedford

Copyright, 1901.


Entered at Stationers' Hall,
1 901.

All rights reserved.






Elizabeth Wells Gallup


Explanatory Introduction First Edition
Preface, Second Edition


Notes on the Shakespeare Plays


Stenography in the time of Queen Elizabeth Francis Bacon, Biographical



Cyphars in Advancement of Learning, 1605 Cyphars in De Augmentis Bi-literal Cipher Plan and Illustration Fac-simile pages from De Augmentis, 1624 Fac-simile pages from Novum Organum, 1620

50 51


page Vitae




of Cipher in

Novum Organum
Quarto Title Pages


Publisher's Note

Shakespeare Plays



Shepherd's Calender
. .

to 1590.

George Peele Robert Greene Robert Greene
T. Bright

The Ar aygfnement of Paris The Mirrour of Modestie.
Planetomachia A Treatise of Melancholy.





80 82

. .


89 91 93

Perimedes-Pandosto Spanish Masquerado




Robert Greene Robert Greene Robert Greene




Complaints, 1591
Colin Clout, 1595
3 4 7

Faerie Queene, 1596

Faerie Queene, second part

Richard Second, 1598

David and Bethsabe

Midsommer Night's Dream, 1600 Midsommer Night's Dream, Fisher Ed Much Ado About Nothing, 1600

12 13 14

John Oldcastle and Merchant

of Venice, Roberts Ed.,



of York, 1600



Treasons of Essex, 1601


Prodigal, 1605

of Learning, 1605


King Lear, 1608 King Henry The
Pericles, 1609

Fifth, 1608

34 35

Hamlet, 1611 Titus Andronicus, 1611

Shepheards Calender, 1611
Faerie Queene, 1613


Plays in Folio, 1616

Richard The Second, 1615 Merry Wives of Windsor, 1619 Contention of York and Lancaster, 1619
Pericles, 1619




Yorkshire Tragedy, 1619


Romeo and


no date


Upstart Courtier, 1620


FRANCIS BACON: Novum Organum,


81 133

The Parasceve Henry The Seventh,



Edward The Second,


Historia Vitae


Mortis, 1623


First Folio, 1623


of Melancholy, 1628

218 220


of the Iliad"

De Augmentis Scientiarum, "Argument of the Odysses"



Atlantis, 1635

339 341 368

Sylva Sylvarum, 1635, Rawley's Preface Natural History

William Rawley's Note

347, 351.









312, 334,

Heir to Throne of England— 5,
205, 311, 342, 350, 353.

10, 14, 16, 20, 28, 33, 38, 49,

53, 66, 75, 83, 91, 100, 129, 132, 137, 141, 152, 166, 177, 190, 201,

Story of Life—28,

49, 55, 65, 83, 108, 109, 119, 121, 133, 153, 166,

172, 181, 186, 190, 192, 200, 206, 208, 310, 343, 335.

Remorse over Essex and
112, 160, 181, 211.

self justification

21, 40, 47, 104,

346, 348.

3, 9, 11, 13, 27, 69, 81, 102, 129, 148, 187,

212, 343,

Hope from the Ages—13,
201, 208, 312, 346, 348.

27, 36, 47, 49, 53, 71, 82, 116, 189, 190,









104, 139, 160, 178, 186, 211, 338.
71, 189, 190, 201, 219, 358.


1, 5, 10, 14, 16, 19, 22, 28, 33, 38, 41, 51, 59, 67, 69, 73, 83, 90,


111, 119, 121, 130, 137, 154, 172, 177, 179, 181, 199, 205, 210, 311,
334, 351, 366.

1, 4, 16, 17, 45, 59, 69, 71, 75, 84,

140, 207, 210, 359, 363.

Their Marriage—3,

16, 22, 28, 38, 46, 73, 75, 83, 90, 108, 133,

139, 142, 154, 172, 312, 334.

14, 17, 43, 59, 62, 68, 84, 111, 134, 183, 210, 310, 353, 360.

Essex Rebellion—20,

29, 38, 40, 47, 76, 172, 180, 208.

Essex Trial—42,

55, 112, 151, 159, 172, 174, 178, 188.

Essex Murther—20,

61, 63, 68, 362.


Death Warrant signed by Davison

— 365.

12, 72, 79, 118, 120, 174, 181, 203, 205, 214, 311, 336, 345.



10, 12, 18, 28, 172, 174, 335, 362.

137, 340, 368.


Bi-literal—23, 25, 37, 51,
65, 70, 102, 111, 118, 120, 126, 129, 136,

165, 167, 189, 192, 196, 203, 215, 218, 310, 338, 357.

Word— 38,

40, 47, 49, 52, 54, 56, 69, 75, 80, 82, 84, 101, 106, 110,

114, 118, 143, 148, 155, 159, 161, 165, 171, 177, 181, 183, 187, 189,

191, 194, 200, 215, 218, 312, 343, 346.

Other Ciphers—21,
338, 340.

37, 47, 66, 118, 152, 166, 181, 191, 196, 310,

Directions— 34,

40, 47, 49, 51, 55, 57, 98, 122, 147, 151, 310, 338.


of Construction— 53, 94, 119, 146, 187, 196, 214, 341,

343, 356, 360.


215, 349, 352.



difficult—66, 67, 82, 101, 136, 196.

Edmund Spenser—4,
204, 311.









William Shakespeare—3,
200, 204, 349.

39, 54, 56, 63, 70. 93. 101, 111, 115,

157, 158, "166, 181, 198, 200, 204, 348.


10, 26, 53, 93, 111, 166, 180, 181, 198.

Robert Greene— 3,
311, 349.

10, 26, 53, 111, 166, 180, 181, 198, 200, 204,

George Peele— 3,
204, 214, 311, 349.

10, 26, 53, 93, 111, 152, 166, 180, 181, 198, 200,

Robert Burton— 10,

111, 114, 152, 198, 200, 204.

Ben Jonson— 26,

54, 59, 68, 111.


165, 166, 202.

23, 59, 90, 97, 103, 117, 125, 151, 180, 189, 194, 213, 352, 360, 367.

36, 95, 118, 165, 175, 202, 345.

47, 130, 165, 359.

63, 184, 199.

5, 60, 85, 92.

34, 36, 49, 53, 57, 114, 151, 165, 166, 167, 169, 170, 171, 173, 180,

202, 204, 214, 216, 218, 219, 341, 345, 352, 360.


Odyssey— 312.

. 1600 .. John Oldcastle. Pott. M. Mead Dodd. ' Howard Publishing Co... London. GEORGE PEELE: David and Bathsabe.) '. WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE: Richard II. 1600. 1616 Plays. Lefferts. 1600 Much Ado About Sir Public Library. Ed. London. Pott. 1613 1611 Co. LefEerts.. Pott. Eng. Fish- er Ed. London. New York. Roberts Boston Public Library. Eng. 1595 The Faerie Queene. C. (Perfect copy. Mrs.. C. London. in Folio. New York. 1600 Lenox Library. Pott. 1598 Boston Public Library. Mrs. London. Roberts Ed. Sejanus. 1599 Boston Public Library. M. 1600 Merchant of Venice. M. Howard Publishing Co. Marshall C. The Faerie Queene.ORIGINAL EDITIONS OF WORKS USED IN DECIPHERING. C. C. 1622 Howard Publishing Co. Mrs. 1616 . Midsummer Night's Dream. 1596 The Shepherd's Calendar. BEN JONSON: Entertainment.. New York. Eng. C. Mead Dodd. Eng. 1616 The Masques. 1616. and Harvard Library. Nothing. EDMUND SPENSER: Complaints. M. BostOH Public Library. Dodd. Mrs.. Boston Midsummer Night's Dream. 1590-1591 Colin Clout. J. Marshall C. Pott. Co. . M. CHRONOLOGICALLY ARRANGED. Mrs. Eng. Mead & & & Co. Boston and Lenox Libraries. 1616 A Panegyre. ROBERT GREENE: A Quip for an Upstart 1620 Courtier. CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE: Edward II. 1616 King's Coronation.

Publishing Co. Boston. D. Hamlet. 1620 Howard Publishing Co.. 1600 A London Prodigal. D. Vitae et Mortis. M. 1601. New Atlantis. Mass. M. 1608 Pericles. Library.. Juliet.. Howard Publishing Co. History of Henry VII. 1635 Howard Publishing Co. 1623 De Augmentis Scientiarum. 1620 Howard Publishing Co. Sylva Sylvarum. M. and Lenox Libraries. Lenox Library. Mass. 1609 (Third Boston Public Library. Mrs. Advancement of Learning. Public Library... and Lenox Libraries. 1628.. 1605 King Lear. Library. 1615 Merry Wives of Windsor. Library. 1608 Henry V. Ho ward Publishing Co. London. Library. Eng.WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE: Richard Duke of York Henry VI. 1619 (Second Henry VL)." A ROBERT BURTON: The Anatomy of Melancholy. Boston Boston Boston Boston Boston Boston Boston Public Public Public Public Public Public Public Library. 1623 1619 Romeo and (No date) Boston Boston Boston Boston and Lenox Libraries.. Plays in Folio. 1605. Novum Organum. 1624. Ho ward Publishing Co. 1619 The Whole Contention of the Houses of York and Lancaster. The Parasceve...). .. 1635 . 1611 Titus Andronicus. Library. Pott.^ and Boston Library. 1611 Richard IL. Essex. 1619 A Yorkshire Tragedy. Howard Publishing Co. Boston. FRANCIS BACON: Declaration of the Treasons of John Dane. Library. Pericles.. Howard and Boston and Lenox Libraries. C. 1622 John Dane.


yet these he neglects and despises. OF LEARNING. to wonder again how the world should miss so long. and not to receive upon credit. draws all things else to sup- And though there be a greater it. when an opinion port and agree with it has once adopted (either as being the received opinion. NOVUM ORGANUM. of instances to be found on the other side. in order that by this great and pernicious predetermination the authority of its number and weight former conclusions may be inviolate. or else by some distinction sets aside and rejects. but no matter for his instruction. with a mind to scorn and censure. first wonder that such thing should be possible. VALERIUS TERMINUS. For as Soloman saith: He that cometh to seek after knowledge. shall be sure to find matter for his humor. or reject upon Improbabilities. We NATURAL HISTORY. ADV. have set it down as a law to ourselves to examine things to the bottom. to it it In which sort of things it is the manner of men. until there have been passed a due examination. . and after is found out. or as being agreeable to itself).The human understanding.

perhaps. but the results work so far brought forth. the triumph over to culties which have seemed me. and the following of ways tor- tuous and obscure. .ges appear in the following pages. at times. This Bi-literal Cipher is found in the Italic letters that Students of these old appear in such unusual and unexplained prodigality in the original editions of Bacon's works. and this often prompts to greater effort than more manifest and material things would command. which cannot fail to and discussion. as it has my own. as come down to us as and in many respects has been adopted models for the present. found embodied in his works. that three which Francis Bacon so securely buried in his writhundred years of reading and close study nave not until now uncovered them. TO THE READER: The discovery of the existence of the Bi-literal Cipher of Francis Bacon. Seeking for things hidden. are submitted for study field of investi- and open a new and large gation and research. as they sp. elusive and unexpected. insurmountable. exis hausting and prolonged. has a fascination for for many minds. editions have been impressed with the extraordinary num- ber of words and passages.PEESONAL. the mysterious. printed in where no known rule of construction would require their use. the solution of problems. has been a work arduous. of the It not ended. which have been necessary to bring out. interest all stu- dents of the earlier literature that has a mirror of the past. often non-important. There has been no reasonable explanation of this until now it is found that they were so used for the Italics. and the deciphering of what it tells. the hidden mes- ings. this To diffi- may be attributed.

it is From that to the disclosures found in this Bi-literal it evident first Bacon expected Cipher would be the would lead to the discovery of his principal. or Word-Cipher. of Shakespeare Plays. have been more difficult to classify. letters. by Dr.2 PERSONAL. Owen in the preparation of the later books of "Sir Francis Bacon's Cipher Story. In lished. in fact. were as great a surprise to me. and the earlier discovery of the Word-Cipher. and claimed by Bacon as his own. methods of working. V-. was ered by him." recently pub- and in the study of the great Word-Cipher discovis incorporated Bacon's more extensive. The from these will also appear under the sevall these. its difficulties. These purpQses of this Oiplier. as well as those of other authors named in these. more fully appear in the explanatory introduction. becomes a more remarkable achievement. I became convinced that the very full explanation found in De Augmentis. of the bi-literal method of cipher-writing. The disclosures. for2ns-4-tw-0 fonts of type —with letters are seen to be in distin- * marked differences. Folio edition. In the Capitals these are easily discerned. Original editions of Bacon's known works were then procured. How will I found the Cipher. and to which is intrusted the larger subjects he desired to have preserved. blots and poor printing. assisting Dr. as they will be to my readers. aS they appear in this volume. story deciphered eral headings. being entirely be discovered. more complete and important writings. This order has been reversed. and eduguishing features in the small cate the eye to distinguish them.i-^s^. and close examination and study have been required to separate and sketch out the variations." as they appear in the photo- graphic Fac-simile of the original 1623. I applied the rules given to the peculiarly Italicised words and tJie ^letters in two forms. in which something more than a mere treatise on the subject. and that . and outline of what the several books contain. which it fully explains. Owen. but the from age of the books.

of these masques. noble history. under name of Spenser. The Shepherds' Calendar is not less sweetly poetical. up to that time. and of no preparatory literary attainments. — ^the his- Anatomy The removal concealed himself. behind which romances of Marlowe. as well as the of Melancholy of Burton. the matter and not the name appeals to our intelligence. evolved without the aids which Bacon had prepared in for its 3 this. The plays of Shakespeare lose nothing of their dramatic power or wondrous beauty. The remarkable attracted similarity in the dramatic writings at- Marlowe and Shakespeare has and the biographers of each have claimed that both style and subject-matter have been imitated. that had. tributed to Greene. and were not a "flash of genius" descended less upon one of peasant birth.PERSONAL. because Francis Bacon appropriated the several years after his death. ehicidation. Greene and Marlowe not the less worthy. however. proofs are overwhelming and irresistible that Bacon was the author of the delightful —the lines attributed to Spen- fantastic conceits of Peele torical immortal plays and poems put forth in Shakespeare's name. Bacon that may change the names of some of our It is. The ser. Peele. The supposed are writings of Peele. only appeared as the production of some Muse without a name. by the others. because really written by one greater than either. . —the and Greene. much attention. idols. The practical explanation lies in the fact that one hand wrote them all. which to put forth the musical measures. because inconsistencies are removed in the knowledge that they came from the brain of the greatest student and writer of that age. nor its will Faerie Queene lose ought of interest rythmic beauty or romantic title from change of name upon the page. nor deserve the less admiration of the scholar and critic. if not appropriated.

indeed. I appreciate what it means to ask strong minds change long standing literary convictions. and of such I venture to ask the withholding of judgment until study shall have made while. if the presentation were their own. and be described by. far greater than has been possible from the partial knowledge which we have here- tofore enjoyed. March 1st. after three the veil. tion. trials and sorrows of that great genius. faith for his justification. if not in accord with accented theories and long held beliefs. I would beg that the readers of this book will bring to the consideration of the w^ork minds free from prejudice. 1899. Francis Bacon. ^Tor what a man had rather were true. nor can there be found reasonable excuse for the hidden writings. here presented. To doubt to light the ultimate acceptance of the truths brought distrust that destiny in would be to had such an abiding in fact. which could only exist concerning. centuries. and brought us to estimate the character and accomplishments. or the imagina- The statements which are disclosed are such as could not be foreseen. with the assurance mean- upon is my part. Otherwise the work will. of the absolute veracity of the work which books. judging of it with the same intelligence and impartiality •they would themselves desire. have been a thankless task. nor imagined. can work out and verify the Cipher from the given.4 PERSONAL. Detroit. nor created." — is one of Bacon's truisms that finds many to illus- trations. has sufi[icient Any one possessing the original illustrations who patience and a keen eye for form. I fully appreciate what it means to bring forth new from unexpected and unknown fields. . chance. he more readily be- truth lieves. the new matter familiar. ELIZABETH WELLS GALLUP. except for the purposes narrated. with a feeling of nearness and personal sympathy. has lifted which Bacon and which. ISTothing is left to choice.

and when all personal . the bi-literal method of Cipher-writing. and facts concern- ing the rebellion of Essex. in the manner in which he asserts such messages might be hidden. in the Italic letters of the book itseK portions of his own secret history. none having discovered the secret. and hints but does not explain. the its very success of the system seeming likely to defeat object.EXPLANATORY INTRODUCTION. Gallup^ The present vol(^made by Mrs. as a branch of educational progress. cipher writing was a necessary branch of education to those in public To Francis Bacon life. and which has. until 1623. — serve to illumine much and that has been mysterious and unex- plainable concerning a most interesting period scientific progress marked by high order. Learning." he makes a topic of Ciphers. until In his work published in 1605. Elizabeth Wells umeiis the result of nearly three years spent in examining and translating from these old books the hidden stories which they contain stories startling and marvelous. which. continued to write Ciphers into his various works. while he was at the same time infolding. when. He published from time to time. prolific in literature of a It was an age of intrigue and secret communication. escaped attention. it became an absorbing passion throughout his as volimiinous and important matter in his writings may be judged from the now found to be infolded now. (FIRST EDITION. and life.) The most important literary discovery of the day is that the well known Bi-literal Cipher of Francis Bacon runs through a considerable number of the original editions The present volof the books of the Elizabethan era. "Of the Advancement of at.

and much time and study devoted to arguing. danger from a premature exposure of what he had written was past. ent as the decipherings have progressed. Eobert Greene. Ciphers (more than one) are found in literal all these. "William Shakespeare. and the existence of Ciphers in them. twelve years after Spenser's death. for — — — — — tions of his latter days. unknown at that time. and unsuspected until recently. and fearing that nothing would be underwould lead to its disit covery and translation. . Added had been accredited craved. The names. and most important of all to the ambiwas the hope of thus bringing to the knowledge of the world the greater field of literature which he had occupied. hoping that less stood. and thereby secure in the world of letters the wider fame and glory which he was his just due. were Christo- pher Marlowe. other than his own. ^ro and con^ with Eaerie Queene and attributed to Spenser. Edmimd The Bi- Spenser. has long been suspected. George Peele. and Eobert Burton. as the author of many books which to this. nor was it till 1611. his royal birth his right to be King of England secrets of State regarding Queen Elizabeth his mother and other prominent characters of that day the correction of English history in important particulars. The occasion for writing in cipher has been made appar- it became the means of conveying to a future time the truth which was being concealed from the world concerning himself. under which Bacon published the brilliant literature of that era.6 INTRODUCTION. he published in the Latin version of "De Aug- mentis Scientiarum" a clear and minute description and illustration of this Cipher. and the exposure of the wrongs that had been put upon him. The Cipher runs through the works of Ben Jonson and five of the shorter parts are from Bacon's pen. Shepherds' Calendar was first published in 15T9. and which to other names. that it was published That Francis Bacon wrote the Shakespeare Plays.

Nicholas Bacon. nor suggestion of other authorship than appears upon the title pages. 1623). (1613). and that he was immediately thereafter sent to France. that the Bacon. and Masques.INTRODUCTION. fully confirms where to what had already been found by Dr. Franand Robert Devereux. lowing works: Learning. with is directions as to how to be constructed. 1635). that Francis was at birth received by Mistress Ann Bacon and was reared and educated as the son of issue of this Queen. (1616). ^the" Shakespeare Plays. —Francis Bacon's Of the Advancement —^King Henry Seventh.—Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy. (1622). (1628). Jonson's Sejanus. (1622). Spenser's Shepherds' Calendar and short poems. Faerie Queene. — so-called. den In the present volume is presented that part of the hidAvritings which the bi-literal Cipher reveals in the fol(1605).— of ^De Augmentis Scientiarum. Owen. in the works of all of thenr. (published by Kawley. the keys to the different stories to be written. the guides as to find the matter pertaining to them. The same questions had not been raised. or Word-Cipher. and removes all possible doubt as to Bacon's authorship. and in a fit of anger the Queen acknowledged to him her motherhood and his son-ship. 0. the statement that Elizabeth was the lawful wife of the Earl of Leicester by a secret marriage." the Word-Cipher The translation of this bi-literal its Cipher in the following pages. (1624) Sylva-Sylvarum and 'New Atlantis. until the discovery by Dr. afterward Earl of Essex. It appears that at about the age of six- teen Francis discovered the facts of his nativity through the gossip of a Court lady. W. all — — In of these are fragments of Bacon's personal history. Y the several phases and probabilities of the question. portions of which have already been published as "Sir Francis Bacon's Cipher Story. (1611). and subsequent action was taken by which he was barred from . regarding the others. before becoming cis marriage was two sons. Owen of the principal. Mar- — — — lowe's (Folio Edward Second.

Thee. and ^love's little sunny hour. then posterity shall know him truly." with stories. their titles and directions for In the Shakespeare Plays. the different works to be used and the names under which they appear. the headings of the different Comedies. The more connected narrative and in the Plays themselves is in the Plays.8 INTRODUCTION. exttnso. His references to the trial and execution of Essex and the part he was forced to take in his prosecution." — — The various Introductions. In several of the books. past. combined in the order as given (in cipher) in the E'atural History. Histories and Tragedies (in the order named). giving general directions for the work. the chief dramatic work of is found the most important of the secret writings committed to the Ciphers. Robert. comprising a series of short passages. are complete in themselves. as if to authenticate what had been written. are the principal directions and manner of writing the Word-Cipher. the keys and guides. with hopes and prayers that the truth hidden in the Cipher may be found out. . Bacon. Word-Cipher which shows all. and at the end of each division occurs seme one of the sig- natures by which Bacon was known. tions of the "great keys to the different deciphering them. in. and published to the world "0 God! forgiveness cometh from in his justification. my God! Shut out my if it soe please Thee. and where the matter of which they are to be constructed brother. are explanathe succession to the throne. Here. the Catalogue of Plays and Characters. are the subject of a continual wail of unhappiness and ever-present remorse. though more notably in the Shakespeare Plays. yet Essex's tragedy here shew forth. some of man's worthy work. Much space is devoted to the secret personal history of himself and his which the Queen saw fit to have concealed from general knowledge. shut not this truest book. as the deciphering advanced. Dedications. the Prologues. may be found. the titles of the hidden stories to be written out.

Eour breaks or omissions occur. the illustration of the method by means of ^letters in two of infolding cipher writings forms. with results which have been most surprising in the variety The rule is and simple and interest of the deciphered work. posed to be a lost play) should follow this and precede Win- which last begins with a continuation of some- thing to be found in the missing work. published as Greene's work. which should precede the at the Merry Wives of Windsor. The first missing link is Peele's Old Wives' Tale. placed there with the evident purpose of which bring confusion making the deciphering more difiicult. Its absence causes the latter to begin abruptly. of Marlowe. in the books mentioned. but many stumbling blocks occur in the books. which closes with Hiren the Fairs Greek (sup- an incomplete sentence. as the substance of is the Bi-literal story so often repeated in the other works. This plan was applied to the Italic letters. easily comprehended. showing the omission of something which should it in the deciphering. these books is The absence of not material. . sion is third omis- the Jew of Malta. which should precede Twelfth precede Night. The fourth missing link is end of Much Ado About Nothing. however. ter's Tale. from inability thus far to gain access to the original edi- tions of the books required.INTRODUCTION. however. though the Word-Cipher is easily traced in them. Each to the work until removed. which should precede the Merchant of Venice." the letters infolding being (quintuple thiose infolded. they are not necessary to an understanding of the whole. In this order the plays are linked together in the 9 most unmistakable manner. parts of words and sentences unfinished at the end of one finding completion or continuance in the next. The second omission The is the Pinner of Wakefield. as nearly may be with modern type. as On another page is copied from De Augmentis. and from the fact that the modern editions do not contain this Bi-literal. the remainder of which will be found in the Tale of Troy.

these with a wrong termination. one of the Latin words ends the remainder of which in Roman. occur in nearly There are several in the Folio Shakespeare Plays. To illustrate more fully: the first T\Tong paging in the Folio Shakespeare occurs in Merry Wives of Windsor.. The first page of Henry YII. must be used. until the proper duplicate page is found and the two joined together in the order of preall cedence in which they occur. Not infrequently is word. and in Advancebe properly solved. Occasionally will be found a Roman letter in an Italic word. A list is appended. until story until of that number are deciphered. herein appears. after which the consecutive pages continue the some other break occurs. and must be . letters. One of the most puzzling of the many strange things that have been observed but not explained has been the duplication and misplaced paging in the originals. which close stu- dents of the old books have noted. its book has own peculiarities — different letters —and forms as it a separate study. the original De Augmentis. and they are still more prominent in some of the other works.omitted. There are occasional words in Roman type between words in Italic that have to be used to form the groups necessary In the illustration given in to complete a Cipher word. making one too the group. this has to be disItalic letters occur in a regarded. In the consecutive order there- . which has in turn to Sometimes three. will explain some peculiarities. with explanation of the pages which are to be joined together in the deciphering.10 INTRODUCTION. They bring the work into instant confusion. all These the books that have been deciphered. ment of Learning four misplaced pages are found of the same number in the same book. the changes in the readings of the same forms of the meaning of the dots and other unusual markings. many is letters for The error corrected in the English translation of 1640 and in subsequent editions. After page 49 are 58-51.

— " » INTRODUCTION. is 11 after. another 51. then the regular When page 57 has been deciphered. this must be followed by the second 51. the narration was continued in proper order. and this by the second 88. b know —" which to ends the Cipher in King John. In Tempest. Ih the closing story. as deciphered. the 51 is 58 must be omitted until the first deciphered. Cressida if & this: — —"Join Romeo with Troy^s famous you wish my Cressida in this play with Juliet. page 85 is followed by page 88. being a part of the description of Marguerite. then 87. this by the first 88. Turning to Romeo and Juliet (page 53) the remainder of is the word. and this by the second 58. this direction occurs: Juliet "]N^ow join Ejing Lear. The deciphering page is of Romeo and Juliet proceeded with- out interruption until page 76 was finished. and the love Francis entertained for her. or subject to varia- tion. In deciphering. first and following 58. and that the first page of that play was 78. Had the Cipher. or the story the invention of the decipherer. the subject-matter not joining or relating to the preceding subject. trial of this page brought out the letter and words which connected with those on page 76 of Romeo and Juliet. it order resumed. There is no 50 or 59 in this division. to this^ and following by page 80 of Troilus and Cressida. 79. page 85 must be followed by 87. then 88 again. In deciphering. At the end A of 79. Romeo lines of King John. been less arbitrary. and the broken sentence continued. again came confusion. In Comedy of Errors. of Troilus and Cressida. less time . 79. but an attempt to go forward with The next it brought confusion. it was recalled that Troilus and Cressida was to follow. with an incomplete word. but by joining Romeo and Juliet. or in this division of the book. must be followed by the first 58. There is no page 77 in Romeo and Juliet. etc. There is no 86. King John. After much speculation and study.

how^ever. .. ^'tildd'^ in the old English. Some Keys relating to other Cipher work not yet deci- phered are omitted. was published some years after Bacon's death. but which are not used in modIn the deciphered works the same diversity ern type. Rawley worked tells Cipher) the circum- stances of its preparation. the body out. but the spelling and expression of them have been three centuries in crystalizing into the simplicity and uni- formity of the present schools. of the book was there In the Eighth Century it came confusion of letters and required considerable study to find that the fonts of type had been changed in some of the letters. are not always spelled There was marked progress. and New Atlantis. what had been used as the "a" font was changed to the '^" font. i. in the period between the production of Bacon's first works and the last. To Bacon. e. it must be attributed to the unsettled orthography if the sixMany abbreviations occur. either by mistake. accredited the enriching of the English language with new words. and study would have been spent in finding joining parts. had been finished. and this brought out that from the Eighth Century Rawley had completed the work. the exact text being followed letter by letter. The l^atural History. of exists as in the originals. and nothing would have been known of the reasons for wrong paging. or for After the main part of the book purposes of confusion.— 12 INTRODUCTION. Spelling was not an exact science in any of the works Bacon and if the old English is thought to be unique. by Dr. Rawley. the Introduction by Rawley and table of contents were deciphered. even. secretary of whom Bacon speaks. first In the decyphering. in greater degree than to any other. Proper names. marked by the teenth century. has been alike. the private In the Introduction and (in table of contents.

a is person of whom author of this known. may be found the argument to a translation of the ^neid. in Cipher. and Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy. and explains some in- consistencies in the earlier accounts of Elizabeth's action. The extraordinary ment. *'yet 13 I have stumblingly proceeded with letters used some wrongly. The Cipher also tells that in the marginal notes. and again in 1624. warrant of Mary Queen of Scots. The reference to the signing of the death. except as the supposed work alone. (1628) the edition used in this volume. under the name of Robert Burton. or when Burton was only about ten years old. It Museum under the assumed name of T. The history of the Anatomy is peculiar. instead of by Elizabeth. and certainly the most unexpected. . in the year 1586. he precedes the translation with a brief reference to his royal birth and the wrongs he has suffered from being excluded from the throne. and as a living example of the little it melancholy which so felicitously describes. Bright. Bacon calls it part is that this edition conceals. by the Secretary.'' He also refers to his finishing Burton's Anatomy. Perhaps the most remarkable results.— — INTRODUCTION. as to its being In order that there may be no mistake Bacon's work. confirms what tke most recent historians have noted. but this has not been deciphered. and greatest surprise. at and two later dates. and again in 1628. which are used in large numbers in the book. Davison. and also that the different editions contain a difl:erent Cipher story. Greatly enlarged. appears in the Catalogue of the British it appears in 1621. The Cipher mentions both Bright and Burton as names under which Bacon wrote the book. as B — I L—M—i^— it and unwittingly S ^P — and Z. a very full and extended prose summary — — argu- of a translation of Homer's Iliad. and unknown to her. came from deciphering De Augmentis.

In De Augmentis is found a similar extended synopsis. in Latin the Cipher is The decipherer is not a Greek scholar and would be in- capable of creating these extended arguments. Grieving over the tragic death of his brother. and are written in a free and flowing style which will be recog- nized as Baconian. introduced with a reference to Bacon's personal history. and these them. or argument." Detroit. Close summaries are plays and poems to aid in the production of students of Shakespeare and Spenser have noted in the many fragments of the Iliad. Homer was Iambic evidently a favorite author. and after great ED. is and although the text of the book in English. not of years. but of ages. which was an ever present cause his of remorse. is This. in a period of about twenty secrets which Bacon was writing into them the of his life. are for the benefit knowing that my labours of a land very farr off. and the Bi-literal Cipher becomes the receptacle of his plaints escape valve of his lost hopes. the different The repetitions of the sorrowful story take on moods in which he wrote and the variations of mental activity during that long period. in be found in the Word-Cipher. which differ widely in phrasing from any translation extant. length of time is past. too. and a portion of that epic has already been deciphered.14 INTRODUCTION. 1899. March. of a translation of the Odyssey. and brooding over the wrongs and sorrows that had been forced upon himself. and in it is all the books deciphered verse. The books deciphered cover years. . mind passes through many changeful emotions as the years progress. passions —the of his cher- still to the future. and his part in bringing it about. will repeated that the translations. momentary and the expression of ished for the future in —the record those which he —"I look out the prophecy.

The disclosures found in this were the inspiration. Since the issue of the first small edition of "The Bi-literal private circulation) the story Cipher of Sir Francis Bacon" in April. of the old original books necessary has been The sources from which they have been obtained have been numerous. of . collection. the eminent at our disposal. book ha^dng from the scattered library of Lord Coleridge. The securing no slight task. of London. SECOND EDITION. An old original Henry Seventh was found and purchased from a "New York yielding valuable material. Baconian savante. The collection of rare old books of Dodd. 1899. now presented with some gaps and chronological order of writing much more closely followed through the increased access has number of volumes to which been made possible. and held the directions which have led to the prosecution of the work thus far so successfully accomplished. C. the his signature upon the title page. In the invaluable collection of rare old books in the private library of Marshall C.PKEFACE. Pott. was placed The private library M. was drawn upon. The first to be deciphered was our own photographic Fac-simile of the 1623 Folio-secured in London. Mead. John Dane. The old book stores of London furnished some volumes. Lefferts. and the results are filled. were foun^ some volumes not elsewhere procurable. (limited to work of deciphering the hidden found in the old original books has gone steadily for- ward. To Dr. of 'New York. and these were kindly loaned to us. & Co. of old editions belonging to Mrs.

title pages. its resulting significance in the Cipher We date. as well as the plan of the Word and Cipher. In all. first from the It peculiar method of hiding. and next. in what it tells. to induce great pains in their transmission. the Italic letters transcribed "in groups of five.'' and each letter examined for the peculiarities which it should determine the particular font of type from which was printed. It is sufficient for us to find. The Cipher Story is unique in literature. has been translated to outline the object. we are also indebted for the loan of rare volumes not in the libraries. Upon another page will be found a list of the editions used and where they were obtained. sary editions between 1579 and 1590 to determine the exact and the book which holds the of this Cipher. scope and main features of the Bi-literal.000 pages of these original editions have been gone over.. about 6. were taken. and record what we we The mystery surrounding much of the Elizabethan . have so far been unable to gain access to the necesdangerous experihowever. of 'New The Lenox Library York also opened its choice col- lection of original editions of Shakespeare.16 PREFACE. confirming both. etc. is evident.'V That the reasons were sufficient to him. Boston. from some of dedica- which photographic reproductions of tions. as have found find it. the secret story. and plan. is not ours to reason why Francis Bacon should have taken this method to communicate with the "far off ages. held a considerable facilities for their The Boston and Harvard Libraries number of old editions and afforded use during several months of research. as has been establishing elsewhere stated beyond question the authorship in Bacon of the works in which they are found. first ment of the inventor Sufficient.

clues followed that may lead to their location.PREFACE. and finding so throwing side lights upon much will aid in delving deeper. leading to further disclosures of value to the historian and lovers of truth. that further search may be made 'for original papers. The discovery of the Cipher will doubtless put many on the search. having facilities beyond our present opportunities. that no stone be left unturned which may seem to cover the hiding place of manuscript or written line that will clear of that which remains undiscovered. which The prosecution of the investigations unearth these must be left to those nearer the scenes of action. 17 and shall its conflicting records. up any portion HOWARD PUBLISHING COMPANY. Detroit. suggest many things yet to be discovered. . 1900. period. June. many things that have been inIt is to be hoped comprehensible.

no lack of trustworthy information spirits of as to the productive our owti day and of the past two centuries. greatest of writers in all branches. dates 1Y09. all Concerning the kno^^Ti of first. ^'Tt is them but works which they themselves gave otherwise with Shakespeare and his fellow drama- tists of Elizabethan England. and we not only possess works attributed to to the press. whose book is among the strongest of the late writings is upon the Plays. Quot- ing from George Branjies. All agree that two names stand at the head of the literary achievements of the Elizabethan era speare. an education and a de- we read: ^'When we pass from the all the nineteenth century to Shakespeare. notabilities of and whose keen analysis of them light. philosophic. and the first biography of him. critical our ordinary as a rule. in we have their letters. writers agree that nothing is him personally which points to eminence. lives of authors We many know the cases and poets from their own accounts of themselves or those of their contemporaries. He died in 1616. the Danish writer.— AKGUMENT. legal and literary. as a dramatic writer. a few pages in length. We have. —William Shakeas the and Francis Bacon. letters of We possess no Shakespeare and only one (a busi- ness letter) addressed to him. scientific. IS Of the manuscript of his . methods leave us in the lurch. taking all knowledge for his province the most learned man of his day.

" and that he does not even mention them in There follow nearly 800 pages of critical analysis of the plays. and one other of very doubtful authenticity. or to have read a single proof sheet. In his youth Shakespeare had to adapt * * * or retouch the plays of others. and can only with the greatest difficulty determine their approximate dates. . We do not know for certain. his will. not a single line his is 19 extant. that we know next to nothing of Shakeeither. We do not know for certain that he ever went ever visited Italy. He seems never to have sanctioned any publication. "It has become the fashion to say. contracts.ARGUMENT. in later life he sometimes collaborated with younger men. works. speare's life. "We do not know how far several of the works attributed to Shakespeare are really his. We only know that he himself did not publish his dramatic works. it admittedly pure romance and every statement a con- jecture. Our sole specimens of hand writing two to consist of five signatures. life. three appended to his will. his twelve years. abroad. from the age of an open when in the halls of learning. In the case of some of the Plays. so careless of his We do not know what made him fame as he seems to have been. We can form -but tentative conjectures as to the order in which his works were pro- duced. the question of authorship presents great and mani- fold difficulties. not without some show of he justice. when from left Stratford or when he returned to Stratford London. Concerning Francis Bacon. but so far as connecting Shakespeare's personality in is any way with the authorship of them is concerned. he took issue is with his preceptors upon the gravest questions.

and only by its similarity. in which recorded the formative progress of a great mind. the Bacon-Shakespeare question was upon Mr. as ^the gathering together new light upon the Elizabethan in period —the evolution of which has resulted in placing our hands the positive proofs that not only the plays. coupled with the fact of his being an actor. and with the deeper us. advancing in knowledge and in honors to the position of Lord High Chancellor of England. came from the hand and brain of Francis Bacon. first That Bacon was the gested real author was apparently sug- by the similarity of philosophy and sentiment — of parallelisms in thought and expression.20 ARGUMENT.'' tells of 'Torty Years of the Bacon-Shakespeare and although the books that have been written upon he "forgot but as an afterthought the subject would form a considerable library of themselves. Bacon says that 'tis the mysterious that attracts. found to be full of mystery. in that delightfully sarcastic unimportant. For nearly fifty years now there has been growing doubt as to the authorship of the plays appearing under the of William Shakespeare. Fiske Folly. The discussion of authorship has given impulse to the It is study of that period. . He brushes aside.'' considered they should have been placed with those of "Cranks and their Crochets. but some other literature attributed to other authors. and in the world-wide fame as the greatest genius world of letters to a of that age. is book. to classify them. study of these. the deep researches of data and facts that throw — way of his. and a growing belief that the name name was the nom-de-plume of another person or persons." which he consigned to the department of "Insane or Eccentric" literature. did it attach to the man — Shaks-per—from Stratford.

000 pages to sufficient length — to disclose their great historical and literary value. been found and devel- oped. and to solve effectu- and satisfactorily many of the questions that have been in doubt. who had been associated with Dr. as roman- any on the printed page. The first to be discovered was the Word Cipher. Two principal Ciphers have now. the second was Bacon's Bi-literal Cipher. Both Ciphers have been worked out nearly 2. and more or less familiar to every is student of his works. Owen. the highest type of cipher writing. They furnish tell positive proofs of their own exist- ence. are in many things irreconcilable. holding much of truth that has never been told. by Mrs. tic. anything authentic to correct manifest inconsistencies and furnish missing links in the narrative. by Dr. is It is the invention of Bacon while in France. data. And is familiar to many is in a practical way. as Bacon it terms it. manuscripts. The Bi-literal Cipher is not new. stimulating the search for documents. however. but in some other of the old books of that day which throw a flood of light upon the mysteries that have been so puzzling.— ARGUMENT. to confirm ally them both. Much time and effort in searching for them have been expended without avail. The question of Ciphers in the Plays dates back to the early discussion of authorship. as and a narrative as varied. as interesting. not only in the Plays. Owen in the preparation of the later books published under his name. leading to much speculation and conjecture. for no "De Augmentis" without its chapter on ciphers^ and the illustration of this. Gallup. W. E. The records of its 21 literature and history lack conciseness and certainty. who may never have known that it the basis of the most important cipher codes .

concerning the life and times of Bacon as they were. in fact. Peele and Eobert Burton. Secondly: as such. with the reasons for their hiding. secret per- Thirdly: sonal history. own name. The details of his parentage As these were being vigorously denied and . though unknown of works masqued under the name of Spenser. Gallup of inestimable value. Bi-literal describes the other and contains full instructions for writing both. in use at the present day. and startling.22 ARGUMENT. new literature as fascinating as strange. and records the secrets of his own life. they are repeated in the different books with such circumstantiality of detail far as the records wills to —such accord with recorded show— we forced that history. is her discovery that this Cipher exists in the original writits ings of inventor. and what renders the work of Mrs. That he was the author. Comedy and Romance. What is new. : First Bacon tells us how and why he wrote The these im- portant Ciphers into his works. that ^ve short plays written by Bacon were printed as Ben to Jonson's. Tragedy. that Jonson's in the Italic letters. Greene. the keys and where the material was to be found from which to build the more important a structure of the Word Cipher which would comprise History. own works contained the Cipher. so are against our acknowledge their truth. fitting object and motive and yet The revelations of the Ciphers are startling. the topics and an epitome of what was to be written out. Shakespeare. fact is certified by permission. and to differing materially from what they had been made appear. a for its use. Marlowe. which in a Cipher letter over Jonson's in the Cipher narrative. and and repeated found in the other books.

and the fear of earlier years of its infolding its discovery in th>e its was ever present with it author. able patience and perserverance to follow letter by letter. as so far traced. his younger Leicester. the plan could be followed from what the others should reveal. brother eiforts to later His —the second son of the Queen and a excuse and himself before the world appear age— the extreme— made justify in ^pathetic in is to as one of the strong motives for the use of the Cipher. as the long story has been unfolded. came the fear that would be work. was at an earlier date than it is the dangerous experiment was launched. these most important matters life would not be brought to light and his work in recording them After at least thirty-five years of ciphelr writing. The rea- son given for this was that the writer could not expect the decipherer would begin where the Cipher also that. should itself began.ARGUMENT. the hidden story was a dangerous one for Bacon to record. and with the personal peril. lost. through nearly six thousand pages of original editions. and in the chapter on Ciphers gave a and yet it full explanation and the key to the system. has waited for three hundred years for an eye sufficiently acute to note its existence in the numerous books. and the indomitit. 28 suppressed by the Queen. he published in the Latin his great De Augmentis. but as time passed. at the of Essex. and a matter . in the trial take. In almost every work are found repetitions of some of the chief statements. The earliest edition of books so far accessible to us in is which the Bi-literal Cipher has been found. It Spenser's this that Muiopotmos. though in different form. A marked feature of the deciphered work is his agony of spirit and remorse over the action he was compelled to Queen's commands. 1590. and still any book be lost.

for in between 1579 and 1590. to have been the expression of the writer's thoughts of the moment. It seems. and the epitome of the topics which to be written out by its aid. also. the victim of a destiny beyond his control which ever placed position. and behind the . without regard follow. the keys. as we have all —between 1590 and the death of Bacon — this progres- sive narrative has list been traced. that his again defiant and rebellious —sometimes sad and mournful —and again despondent.— ARGUMENT. 24 of regret that so far to gain access to earlier editions. him in a false defrauded of his birthright. then. Two The distinct purposes are served by the two Ciphers. and while it is not the of works to be deciphered. what had gone before or would and as in many another diary. we find ex- pressed in different words the trend of the mind as affected by the varying moods in despair. a sort of diary tions. to Bi-literal was the foundation which was intended is lead to the discovery of the other. he committed to this Cipher the plaints of an out- raged soul. as well as vindication. wrongs might even in the times and land afar off to which he looked for greater honor and fame. the repetitions establish the scope and time and plan of the work. and of prime import- ance in its directions concerning the construction of the Word were Cipher. we have been unable some of these. of his inmost heart. Chafing under the cloud upon his birth. almost fail of discovery. The decipherer alone shares the confidences To the decipherer he unbends to — the rest of the world maintains the dignity which marked his outward life. Eor a period of about said thirty-five years. which caught and recorded the passing emoto day by day. To the decipherer. the initial or starting point will be discovered. which was of the highest.

as first writ- volume which were concealed within the ten. example — is. discovered by Dr. literal letters. embodying that which was the hope of Bacon. the careful thought. except in those parts given to the historical portions as the which he sketched out frame work for amplification in the of the to Word Cipher. The translation of the from the Greek — Word ^the Cipher. but would bring added fame that to the writings had been published. scenes. and dis- matter of rare value as literary productions and of the most intense interest. editions. and with the smoothness gained by editing and eliminating some seeming incongruities. But it is less smooth —much of it as a literary production than the other. for elastic. for the pages with which we are familiar are a recon- struction to hide the secret story. But . within certain limitations. In the modern editions of the works the Bi- has been obliterated by the elimination of the Italic The Word Cipher. The Bi-literal is exact — scientific — inflexible. however. the studied expression. can be followed in modern nals.— ARGUMENT. but the substance would be in accord from the hands of experienced cryptographers. however. It is a wonderful revelation of the undercur- rents of a hidden life. not w^ith quite the exactness of the origi- but in substance. throws off restraint 25 and records the bitterness of the thought which the moment brings — to the world exhibits the stately movement. quite different. like translations Iliad or the Odysses. through those of nearly equal lines. Owen now found closes be so fully explained by the great auis thor in the Bi-literal Cypher. The method Word Cipher. would not only establish his true character and birthright. more variation in the phrasing of There might be two people.

Painting. if not well nigh incredible. man! is the matter we have loved. representing the acme of shall seek to human achievements in each of these. to us in this way. where shall be gathered and exposed for study the best that past and present has to offer. Sciences. and un' "what's in a name?" settle things'^ It is true. face. says. Sculpture. the most corrected copies are the least correct. nor does plan or dig tunnels It does of gigantic proportions and tremendous utility. traditions To some comes like ^yet shattered : — history turned awry — there is no destruction It all is there that was there before and much more. effort in this direction does not it build magnificent bridges. Bacon himself '^Commonly.— 26 ARGUMENT. not the The mind's the man! 'tis simply change —and We are asked— Vhat matters it" —^whether this be so or not? Why delve into the mysteries of the past. is it not worth the cost to study truth for truth's sake? to decorate the And when we come past memorial arch with the figures that best typify the greatest and best in the world's — of Arts. not develop a Liquid Air! new use for Electricity. — is not worth our while to be very sure we name the It is man aright? laudable as well as duty to pursue all threads of light which. that a Cipher message could come down uncovering matters that had slept through three centuries. a figure or a —and it surmount by a name which shall typify Literature as embracing all Arts. a blow. hidden within the splendid literature so carefully studied." To many it will seem strange. may illumine what has been admittedly a ^ave ques- . or the possibilities But when we contemplate the building of of great temples of knowledge. dissected and analyzed for hidden meanings as it have been the Plays and the works of Bacon.

we can now speak with the boldauthor. can come from inspiration alone? Granting that the Shakespeare Plays stand at the head of all English literature. with a vocabulary thrice that in previous use. great names. as the greatest genius of them M. and we have the careers of those who justly typify these in records of acknowledged authen- ticity —but can we believe that a finished Literature. may be inspiration. Music. Art. 27 and be very sure the monumeiit . with a modicum of preliminary instruction. Sculpture. and ness of certainty that Francis Bacon was the hence Truth and Justice demand that no other face or form theon— shall occupy the highest place in the modem Pan- ^that no other should stand first in the galaxy of all. . tion.ARGUMENT.shall be truthful.

Copies are known to exist in Germany.00. of course. the highest mark then since reached. A bidder representing Almon W. in Spain. to the late The copy belonging $5. even at this late day.400 Augustin Daly brought at the great sale in March. carried the figures high above previous reckonings. One was discovered in 1857. 1900. and it has not since been surpassed." first Prices at which original copies of the Folio. in his BibliogTaphy of Shakespeare. in a carpenamong a lot of old books that had been bought shillings. and probably elsewhere on the Continent. a bookseller in Fleet Street.]SrOTES ON THE SHAKESPEAKE PLAYS. all the copies existing in England are known to such as may be cognizant of their value. of New York. . for a few and similar surprises will doubtless again happen. but the agent of Miss Burdett-Coutts secured it for that lady's collection at £716. London. that the book was published at £1. says regarding the '^It is first Folio edition of 1623 : not likely that. Grant White giving it at $26. several times the value at the present day. "It was in 1864 that the bibliomaniac fervor over the first folio of Shakespeare made its most pronounced display at the Daniel's sale. a sum repre- senting. have been sold have largely exceeded the above amount. ter's shop. Justin Winsor. "Steevens says that he discovered in a manuscript note in a copy belonging to White. all Griswold.

Barton from the 'had been sold by public auction for many years. Barton of Thos. in 1845. in a note to 'The Literary Gazette. nineteen copies of the Folio were States. 1622. but not original. and £110 was paid for it. gives his view. no copy with the date 1622. and sold advance. copy. the figure "3" being imperfectly worked (or battered) " in that particular copy in which it appears. United but the of ' number is known to be in the now greatly increased. Mr.NOTES ON THE SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. The title page was "inlaid" in such a manner that an edge of the margin covered the lower part of the long "3. and for a fine one. as far as Known. Winsor writes that ''was bought by Mr. gave four years since £150. but 1862. should neither be cut. which has been verified by a representative of the Howard Publishing Co. nor the ink-marks or other stains '' removed. who reserved it for Mr. called the Baker One of the assistant librarians at the Lenox Library dis- covered the secret of the apparent date. and was careful that." and a slight pen stroke made the upper part appear as a . that 'there bookseller. Pickering.' It is This copy cost in 1855. the London bookseller." commenting upon the copy in possession of the it Boston Public Library. Rodd. it Eodd received it binding. Under the head 'Copies in the United States.Joseph Lilly." " ']^o such copy.' wrote Mr. the bookseller. £163 16s. Mr. Winsor further states : "A copy belonging to Mr. in point of completeness and size. standing 'No. At the time biat 29 of the publication of Winsor's Bibliography. .' Mr.' it immediately for a considerable in an old. first. 8127 in his catalogue for that year. while it was in Lewis's hands. the Lenox has seemingly the date 1622.' is March 8. Eodd.

CALLED A YORKSIHEE TRAGEDIE. the entire figure "2. it In deciphering Ben. and in the Cipher seen that it follows VitsB & Mortis. or attempts to determine which was of those put out in the same year." '^S" is plainly seen. Examining the leaf with a lens. In first fact.: 30 NOTES ON THE SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. published in the same year. it is well known that the Folio appeared for the it is time in 1623. had been traced. thus completing the of sixty referred to. the lower part showing through the paper when held to the light. fifty-six Of these. If connected in such a way that the Cipher Story would otherwise be incomplete. as it was plaid by THE KING'S MAIESTIES PLAYERS. find answer in the Bi-literal. Sir John London Prodigal. old vexed questions regarding pirated editions of first The the quartos. Jonson's was found that sixty plays were written as early as 1616. directly or by plain inference. . The Yorkshire Tragedy has the peculiar title ALL'S or o:nte ONE OF THE FOUR PLAIES IN ONE. Search for the missing four led critics it to an examination of those which some under suspicion. have rejected as spurious or Of these was found that Pericles. prior- ity is thus determined. Old-castle. Often one work mentions other Folio. and establishing the genuineness of these four. and York- shire list Tragedy contained the Cipher. editions.

31 These are by no means the only plays weighed in the balance. Marlowe and Shakespeare. of Grant White.771. at the theatre'. who says. were the same in both. says that ^Malone figured out that the two plays contain [second and third parts].899. of Hunter. and 1.373.043 lines. something more than a third. cer- ^The True Tragedie of Richard tainly the original Duke of Yorke was which Shakespeare partially retouched much improving the rudeness of the outline'. In Justin "Winsor's Three Parts of Henry ^'JSTote on the Authorship of the Sixth'' we read "Hudson 6.. and as of such material parts of them were transferred to the . prehis is much from in the third play are even of Halliwell. of the Cambridge who think 'Shakespeare had a consider- able share in them'. who holds that* 'they contain the work of Greene. who holds that Shakespeare im- proved the works of others. but there hand. who says. 'Shakespeare hand'. 2. and that of these 1.' "That one or both were written in part by Shakespeare is the opinion of Drake. who thinks 'Part III. Hunter again was employed in altering and amending the work of a ceding and inferior dramatist. and of Part II.: NOTES ON THE SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. were altered from the quarto. with such interpolations from Shakespeare as could be collected from notes editors. of Hartley Coleridge. is an older drama. or nearly one-third were original in the Folio. the rejections being few and small. but there are in them portions of an inferior says. is ISTearly the matter of the quartos retained in the Folio. in their present state. which less is something all than a third. ^They have evidently much of Shakewithout speare's hand. and some parts in this and in his best manner' .

' "Staunton agrees with Halliwell that the old plays to showed Shakespeare's additions an undiscovered original.. and Greene those of Eichard and Edward. "They speare's ness. then.' Dyce strongly suspects both parts have been wholly from the pen of Marlowe. is held by "They are given to Marlowe in the Chalmer's Catalogue. and more handiwork of Greene." In George Brandos scholarly work of recent date we : "Though there \/ are doubtless in the older plays portions like the unworthy of Shakespeare. "They read are ascribed to Greene and Marlowe by many. "That they are attributable to Kobert Greene Gervinus to be a plausible conjecture. and are Shakespearian in spirit no less than in style and versification. both in matter. Hallam. to Marlowe. that Shake- speare wrote the parts of Clifford and Warwick. style and versification. there are also passages in them which cannot be by anyone else than Shakespeare. Second and Third Parts of Henry Sixth were Shakespeare's own. He must. And mark while most of the alterations and additions which are found in the second and third parts of Henry VI. are held to be of other authorship than ShakeAA^arburton. Malone ascribes Part III. that ^it is ascribed to Marlowe with to much probability. in his Essay. while others strongly suggest Marlowe. there are at the same time others which are decidedly un-Shakespearian and can almost certainly be attributed to Marlowe. Har- by Theobald. etc. 32 NOTES ON THE SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. have collaborated with Shakespeare in the . bear the of unmistakable superiority. and Hartley Coleridge says of the same part. Kives. agrees with Grant White. Drake.

having made a planne to increase in th' by making a likeness theame easily suit th' It thoughts and ene sundry verses of others. adaptation."** 200. but only elaborate.NOTES ON THE SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. imagination and choice of words.. by Shakespeare. which really add nothing new. corrected and com- pleted in accordance with his manuscript. to wit. but characteristic as are these lines are to — ^they by no means the only additions which seem to point Marlowe. tions But there is another class of additions and altera- which surprises us by being unmistakably in MarIf these additions are really lowe's style." Regarding the variations — "additions and alterations" says in )C and oftentimes omissions Cipher: adde. a thought already clearly indi- cated. in the Shakespearian Henry VI. And *Page . to reset th' same. same taste and like imagination. may be a long time ere I can put into use most choice lines so cuFd * from early plays" Concerning the diversity of Cipher : style. he also says in the "I varied th' my stile to suit different men. "Other additions older also seem only to have restored the form of the plays — those. '' he must have been under the influence of Marlowe to a quite extraordinary degree. sometimes more copiously than is necessary or tasteful. unless 33 we suppose that his original text was care- lessly printed in the earlier quartos. and that it here reap- pears. Swinburne has pointed out ^ act of the how entirely the verses which open the fourth Second Part are Marlowesque in rhythm. since no two shew *Page 156. and I —Bacon the Bi-literal "I alwaies alter even when there bee more to may take many of the parts put out in Quarto form one.

are nearly double the number used edition of 1598. Italicised where the words are still different from those in in the either of the quartos. On comparison. and in that manner each tell a different .34 NOTES ON THE SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. we repeat. as well ^ as in the fonts of type from which the letters variations. th' next step is to create for each a stile naturall to the let man that yet should my owne bee seene. my entire f abricke/'*** while in his is open work we "Style as the subject-matter. (1598 Midsummer !N"ight's three Dream (1600). style. besides the last named plays as they are printed in the Folio. Thus is shown that the other seeming inconsistencies in typography. and in the Folio are still greater variations in the particular words Italicised and in the number of them. yet in the words that are Italicised the is changes are very great." The Bi-literal Cipher has been extracted from more than one edition of some of the plays. made to hidden story. as a thrid of warpe in find. KATE ***Page 54. are for the purposes of the Cipher. I'he Italics used in Richard II Q615). Two quarto editions of Pericles (1609 and 1619). and matter. it appears that while some of the different editions vary but slightly in the text. and 1600). and. again: ^'When I have assumed men's names. they prove conclusively that Bacon was the author. WELLS. have been deciphered. . E. quarto. Merchant of Venice (both dated and 1615). as well as were chosen. Richard I II.

namely. January. great writer as he was. and that transcribing as well as printing was a slow and laborious —and we cannot the intention make people believe to the contrary. through the Cipher. expression that The opinion has not infrequently found was beyond the ability of Francis all Bacon.ste:n'ogeaphy. may do away with this mistaken idea amongst however much the erroneous remain with "the general. C. " an argument against the possibility Alban being the author of all that has been claimed for him. but in order once own circle of readers." The present lines are written not with and for our belief all to of giving a history of stenography. in Baconiana. sion now is attributed to him. and to correct the impres- which prevalent that "Short-hand" methods were not in use at that time. those days. is based upon at least one great fallacy. "the gen- eral belief that there were no 'short-hand' methods in process." 35 . so that his utterances could be taken secretaries. from the pen of Mrs. 1900. we give place to the following article Pott. us maintain that he did) verbally." says one correspondent. to have written is the matter that. M. Alban could not have transmitted his thoughts and conceptions (as some of It appears that of Francis St. London. that Francis St. down in "short-hand" by some of his "It is. m it ok ^^SHOET-HAINTD" weitin^g THE TIME OF QUEE:Nr ELIZABETH.

but it is in effect very easy. T. with the title "Characterie. but are published in the name of Burton. Here we may pause to note three particulars 1. The next attempt towards improvement in the art seems to have been printed in 1602 by "John Willis. and also that the different editions contain each a different cipher story." most Baconian utterance suggestive of its The date of this book is 1590. 1 From 1586 ings." Here we are told that "Brachygraphy. Timothy Bright. containing a many commodities under a few principles. or the Art of Short. Bright. there followed "The Writing School-master.: 36 STENOGRAPHY." 2. OR SHORT-HAND WRITING. Swift and Secret Writing. adds that "The Cipher mentions both Bright and Burton as names under which ^Bacon' wrote the book. calling attention to these facts. may in appearance seem difficult. This edition is entered in the British Museum Catalogue as the work of T. Francis was 27 yeai*s of age." It was entitled "The Art of Stenographie or Short Writing by Spelling Characterie. To the Treatise on Short Writing of 1588. "What's in a namef In the introduction to the "Biliteral Cipher / ' " — — of Francis Bacon'' the Editor. The subsequent editions take no notice of Bright. or the art of writing as fast as a man speaketh treatably. the shortness whereof is obtained by mem- period of the greatest leisure which he ever enjoyed. the sweetness by indus- try. the swiftness by practice. j — ory. under whose name the "Anatomy of Melancholy" was first published in 1587. Bright" dedicated his book on short-hand writing to Queen Elizabeth." 3. and passing through a to 1590 there is hardly a trace of his dobut the press was teeming with and issuing works of all kinds the English Renaissance had begun. "T. Bright. The first English book on Stenography seems to have been that published by T." and after this had A . in 1588." by "Peter Bale. true source. Bright was Dr. At the time of the publication of this book.

when descyibing his master's habits of perpetual industry and the delight "His meals were refections of the ear as well as of stomach. but that he made good use of it the present writer does not The scanty records publicihed for an instant doubt. by Witt and Dix. Had this process been so "slow and the laborious" as the general belief is supposed to warrant. although they do not plainly affirm that this was the case. of no mean parts. And I have known some. and how they wrote down from his lips the thoughts and ideas which he had conceived in the night. as (in the Short jSTotes for Civil Conversation) he en- '^' . of his mysterious private life seem in many pldces to hint. that have professed to make use of their notebooks when they have risen from his table" (so they went prepared with note-books). and two more These few facts must surely be sufficient to prove that short-Tiand writing began and flourished in the reign of Elizabeth. On the contrary. and was vigorously used and improved upon during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. our indefatigable and nimble-minded author would have had to pass most of his days in bed. in 1618. wherein a man might be refreshed in his mind and understanding no less than in his body. of Dr. or Conviviae Deipno-sophistarum. private secretary and medical attendant to Irancis "Bacon." describes how in the morning he would call him or some other of his secretaries to his bedside. Peter Boehner. Hear the saying of his conversation. Edmund Willis.IN THE TIME OP QUEEN ELIZABETH 37 passed through numerous editions. we think it far more probable that the amanuensis could write as fast as a man could speak "treatably. like the Koctes Atticse. That Francis not only first introduced the art. a fresh treatise was published by in 16f30." or in other words slowly and with deliberation. Rawley.

which he read. We could then exclaim with Armado in Love Labour's Lost: "Devise wit. 'Now if Francis did from the age of. OR SHORT-HAND WRITING. and due course transcribing and writing fair the sheets which he had but to read. that "a slow speech confirmeth the memory. write pen. his comments upon books. and if needful to correct and polish what a mass of matter could he thus have produced and given to the world under any name but his own Would that our own thoughts and utterances were worthy of a like method of preservation." . or revised matter ready for the if he seldom put pen to paper.! I STENOGRAPHY. dictate to his short-hand writers the thoughts which followed each other through his wonderful brain. joins upon others who would speak pleasantly and to be understood: "In all kinds of speech it is convenient to speak leisurely. for I am for whole volumes sat") dictated in the abundance of his full heart mind they in — in folio. say 25." Doubtless it — is a great help to the writer from dictation. and rather drawingly than hastily' ^^ giving as one reason for this. notes and sketches of proposed works. but in elbow press — •chair. his reflections on the philosophies which he was studying. wrth head resting on his hand (and "thus he to his expert short-hand writers.

like dead sea turned to ashes on his After a life of weary but im- successful place seeking. with great disapfruit. This man who. many and sharp confull of the life. and well-warranted expectations alternating with pointments.fka:^cis bacok The trasts. those who knew him best. loved. was born in London 89 . or suggest. It was full of high hopes deferred. cies in his Seeming inconsisten- conduct and his character have been the fruitful theme of the highest eulogy and of strongest condemnation. was endowed with the greatest intellect of the human race. as many authorities assert. for which others have had but unsparing censure. success and splendor were speedily followed by deepest humiliation. in 1561. his literature to-day does not As his the value of depend upon conduct three hundred years ago. we can leave this question where it stands. if not excuse for certain episodes in his life. From which was promise of a bright intelligence. admired and revered him. and his biographers have been able to give. until the end of his he was in touch with all that was deemed great and most to he desired. life of Trancis Bacon presents his earliest childhood. fulfillments. The apparent lips. rea- sons. rather than dull with censure our appreciation of his genius.

the students were forbidden to use even in conversation. we are told. and this son should by right have borne the Prince of Wales. and habits of research fixed. Greek or Hebrew. studying the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle in the original tongue. At twelve where. satisfied became dis- with the futility of much that was taught. years of age. any other language than Latin. The recent Cipher discoveries go to show that he was the son of Elizabeth. A matter so vitally affecting the destinies of England and Elizabeth's succession to the crown could not then be divulged and the child was given to Anne and Mcholas father was Lord Bacon and reared as their own.40 ^ FRANCIS BACON. while imprisoned in the Tower of London. with his mind formed. and was highly Greek and Latin tongues. He left College before he was sixteen. While at this College. Cambridge. contrary . was eminent for skilled in the His foster mother piety. was secretly married to the Earl of Leicester. sixteen years of age he discovered his parentage at once sent to France with the English Ambassayears. from his thirteenth to his fifteenth year. title. until where he remained something over two recalled by the death of Sir Mcholas Bacon. under the name by which he has since been known. His foster Keeper of the Great Seal of England. who. virtue and learning. when most children are but be- ginning to think. The dates of the imprisonment of Leicester and Elizabeth in the Tower correspond sufficiently with the assertion. he entered Trinity College. afterward Queen of England. who. before her coronation. this marvelous boy. When and was dor. thenceforth to mature in intellectual independence and to become the supreme scholar of the age.

member of the House of Commons His aspirations for preferment were held in check during Elizabeth's reign. as heir apparent. and his career closed at the age of a little less than 66 years in 1626. left 41 no provision for Francis in his will. the next course. significant in the light of the recent dis- It has always been thought strange by his biographers that his supposed father. he be- queathed his name ''to the next ages and to foreign na- tions. which becomes coveries. By his will. united with the of vast import to the Queen unwdllingness of the tions. there in . but with the advent King James he was more rapidly advanced came Lord High Chancellor of England. as a politician or as a is A recent writer says "Whether justiciary. amid exciting times. of until he be- Three years tion to a later fine he was sentejiced for judicial corrup- heavy and imprisonment. and the publication of his works.FRANCIS BACON. shift for He was made to understand that he must required by the himseK. he was elected to At twenty-five. he spent largely at Gray's Inn. drawn just after his sentence. enforced. Eeasons of State. is and how much to literature philo- sophical studies unknown. a philosopher or man of the world. but the sentence was too patent life was remitted. to expectation. How much and time was devoted to law. as those of the present day hai' > become in the broadest sense : his legatees." k bequest literally carried out. made no provision for his support. Parliament and was a for several sessions. and reasons of England. as if the injustice of it five to be The remaining years of his public were spent in his literary labors. Queen to acknowledge early indiscre- prevented the recognition of the rights of Francis. Nicholas Bacon. and taking up the study of law as the five years most promising resource.

than has he. of metaphors and the world has not seen since it perhaps was a world. as and ravishing words. and yet so choice allusions. nize everything: of genius. of jurisprudence. that "he posthose extraordinary talents which were fervor and vividness of poetry. writes that "he belonged to the realm of imagina^ of eloquence. His writings have the gravity of prose." sessed at once all divided among the greatest One does not know which authors of antiquity • to admire most in his writings. does not instantly recogof discovery." Lord Macaulay says : "Bacon's mind was the most exquisitely constructed intellect that has ever been bestowed upon any of the children of men. the justness of his views. indued with the facility all. force of style. more maligned. with the Addison. or perhaps any other country. "Who is there name of Bacon." while that hearing the Edward Burke wrote. more misrepresented. significant." the most remarkable man of whom any age can boast." Welch tion. and the importance of his labors." Pope. of observation of human the most distinguishing and most refined. of meta- physics." "He was "He soared to such a height that his contemporaries could not fully estimate his genius." of the De- Quincy calls him "the glory human intellect. or brightness of imagination.42 FRANCIS BACON. His friend Tobie Mathews wrote of knowledge. the strength of his reason. of literature. the most penetratlife. so abundant." him. of ethics. and felicity of expressing it in so elegant. of so "A man so rare in many several kinds. yet no one has been more misapprehended. most extensive . that "Lord Bacon was the greatest genius that England. the most profound." And Macau- lay avers "no man ever had an imagination so thoroughly . the ing^. English history no nobler character than that of Francis Bacon. ever produced.

many important discoveries him- and seems to have had an imperfect foresight of many others. subjugated. they . Though Bacon did not arm "In his his philosophy with weapons of logic. He knew by talis- mans in fable were trifles compared to the wonders which fruit. much of Bacon's life was spent in a \^sionary world. the social organization of modern Europe plection." generally. are worthless when compared with the mighty secrets which are really written in the book of that all the wonders wrought nature. he adorned her profusely with all the richest decorations of rhetoric. nay. ex- perimental science extended her boimdaries in every direction. he made and completed self. inasmuch he brought back the spirit of investigation from the barren. what sober He knew that all the secrets. says "This mighty genius as ranks as the father of modern physics. nothing but reason sanctioned. assumed a new shape and com- In Lord Macaulay's essay these extracts occur: "With to great minuteness of observation he had an ampli- tude of comprehension such as has never been vouchsafed any other human being. : whose "History almost a classic.FRANCIS BACON. 43 In truth.'' The German author and of Literature" is critic Schlegel. verbal subtleties of the . "Stimulated by his capacious and stirring intellect. amidst things as strange as any that are described in the Arabian tales. intellectual culture. and which w^th but time and patience will be read there." mag- nificent day dreams. feigned of poets to have been written in the books of the enchanters. might reasonably be expected from the philosophy of and that if his words sank deep into the minds of men.schools. to nature and experience. there was nothing wild.

accredited from the Court of England. for the good of the world. Our estimate of the life and character of Bacon. bet- was unacknowledged —can perhaps be of imagined than described. upon the well-being of mankind. Dur- ing his stay in France occured the absorbing romance of his life. ^have enlarged Bacon's central tJiought was that religion. out the Cipher Story are found references which show the powerful influence this absorbing passion exer- cised over the after life of Francis. more interesting.— 44 FRANCIS BACON. and without affection or regard for the gentler sex. The contrary is the fact. more its That progress must be purpose and end. and Sir when divorce could be obtained from Aymas Paulet attempted to negotiate the . A marriage was planned. to picture to himself the He loved his world as it would be when philosophy should. in a passionate love for and beautiful wife of Henry of Queen Marguerite. The life of a young Prince though ter in the gay Court of France. a descendant of his title Henry the VII. The conduct Henry of Throughsufficiently I^avarre had led to expectations of a divorce. the young ISTavarre. It has been claimed that he was cold-blooded. effects would produce such as superstition never ascribed It to the incantations of the magicians was here that he loved to let his imagination loose. as well as the political history of the reign of Queen Elizabeth. in his the bounds of Europe/ " own noble phrase. and make important. to take place N'avarre. his- must needs be revised frona the auto-biographical and torical material which the Cipher furnishes. and this will be found to be the key-note throughout. philosophy and literature should have a direct and practical bearing life easier.

inasmuch as th' secret commission had been entrusted to me. I made rayselfe ready to accompanie Sir Amyias to that sunny land o' th' South I learn'd soe supremely to left love. Then I married woman who hath put Marguerite from my memorie — rather. onely. th' beautiful! young th' sister o' th' Idng (married to gallant Henri it King o' Xavarre) did make Eden to my innocent heart. where it doth hang in th' pure. love did keepe her like th' angels in my thoughts half o' th' time — as to th' other half she was devilish. for love o' sweete Marguerite. though sometimes apprehensive minde. of heart and braine. which true wisdome for safer. arrangement with Queen Elizabeth. and I myselfe was plung'd into hell. that afterw^ards I would have remain England and every life there. not until four decades or eight lustres were outliv'd. hope o' advancement to my whole I^or yet could this be due to th' delights of th' country.'' published after his death. I should say. hath banisht her portrait to th' walles of memorie. by itselfe. and even when I learn'd her perfidie. the marriage scheme failed and the divorce was not obtained. and. but this not 45 meeting with her approval. In the "^N'ew Atlantis. Soe with much interessed.: FRANCIS BACON. did I take th' any other to my sore heart. and was flattering to th' youthf uU and most naturall love o' th' affaires taking us from my native land. speedier conduct if left to th' required tlien much 'twould have common course o' businesse. undimmed beauty of those early dayes —while her most lovelie presence doth possesse this entire mansion. . with Marguerite and Francis its for real characters. the Cipher says '^Th' fame of it th' gay French Court had come to me even then. is The Play of Romeo and Juliet based on this love story. lasted duri'g This many o' life yeares.

It thus by my disappoint- ments that I do secure to many. although the matter doth appertaine iinto Sir my story at a later period. having resolv'd marke of defeate with th' triumphs o' my minde. Yet here I have a little digressed. my and is tende' love dreams to let my works of vari- ous kinds absorb my minde. .46 FRANCIS BACON. I did thoroughly banish th' regions o' clouds as unreall. and appropriately urge on her pending case o' the divorce from the young Huguenot. he proposed that he should negotiate a treaty of marriage. fruition. When Amyias Paulet became avised of my love." M. But the future to cover every race will profit by th' failure in the field of love. but for reasons of very grave importance these buds of an early marriage never open'd into flower. for in those flitting dales afterward.

and much personal correspond- ence was committed to cipher. or the alternating dot long sound space of the Morse telegraphic code. gression. or short and alter- single font. or it De Augmentis. as illustrated in the example given. which is adaptable to a multitude of means and is uses. These may be two slightly differing fonts of type on a printed page. at length in his his death. Bacon. benefits. It has no upon its usefulness and has never been surpassed in security. Among known the substantial upon mankind by Bacon. 47 . of what as the Baconian. or Bi-literal Cipher. the "wig-wag" of a flag or signal light. in short any means whatever alternating any two unlike or unequal signs. almost Under the rules of arithmetical pro- innumerable alphabets can be constructed. ingenuity or simplicity. its by these means undecipherable without limitations particular key. self called this Bacon himin all the Omnia-per-omnia.CIPHEKS. or the nating long and short flash of light as in the heliographic system. the all cipher. in brief. or two col- ored lights alternately displayed. At that time all diplomatic. conferred tion. published not long before may be a dot or slight disfigurement in a and dash. and the name is completely descriptive. was the invenis while in France. its an alphabet which requires only two unlike things for operation. It may not be generally known that this Cipher the basis of nearly every alphabetical code in use in telegIt is raphy. was intended for a public career. from childliood. motions or things. sounds. and in the signal service of the world.

or "London" edition. The next. and some errors in the second do not occur in the edition has been deciphered. Bi-literal Cipher. whose tragedy we relate in this way) . edition. On a following page. Bacon's first reference to plan. and has had its place in every translation and publication of that work since. and the hidthis The 1624 den story appears in volume (page 310). At the end " of Edward Second it occurs this veiled statement. Marlowe's Edward Second had been deciphered before De Augmentis was taken up. or "Paris" was issued in 1624. They differ in the Italic printing. The 1623 edition has not. . a different Cipher issued. . and one in the choice collection of old books in the library of Sir Edwin Durning-Lawrence. the story contains (our twelf t king's nativity since our sovereign. but the ages have waited to learn that the original books themselves it was embedded in his earliest from the date of writings (1579 as sonal history. been deciphered. In the course of the work. in October.48 CIPHERS. 1623. from is "Advancement tlie of Learning. It seems to be a rare edition. in 1623. one in the Bodleian library at Oxford. in the De Angmentis day The system has been that recognized. and used. accord- The first. now known) and infolded his secret per- The two of the editions of De Augmentis form an tell illustration manner in which the different editions of the same work form each a separate study and Story. later. and the key to Latin use. referring to . first. as yet. De Augmentis (page 152 Bi-literal Cypher) . was ing to Spedding. its The next reference with the appears eighteen years Scientiarum. two in Cambridge." (1605). There are two copies in the British Museum. since the De Augmentis was published.

he would have been the twelfth king (omitting Edward Second. and one letter must be omitted. — an error referred to on page 10 of the Introduction of the Bi-literal Cypher as wrong termination." As in this w^ork (meaning the it Iliad) favorite parts are enlarged (in blank verse) yet as lendeth ayde . or wanted.CIPHERS. . page 309... there being too many letters for the group. and would never have been the result of choice or imagination of the decipherer. is This exthat the to plained the 1624 edition. Other variations show errors in making up the forms on pages 307 and 308 in the 1624 edition. in which the Argument of the Iliad was most unexpectedly found —another great disappointment — is this veiled statement: (page 309) ". shall 49 now know the day ." Had Francis succeeded to the throne. The disappointment was great when instead of this. "qui pauci sunt" in the 1623 edition. something not anticipated. w^hether purposely for . In the 1624 edition there are some errors in the tration of the cipher methods illus- and in the Cicero Epistle edition. sets a pattern for the writing out of the Odyssey in the Word Cipher. — i. which do not occur in the 1623 The Latin words midway on page 282. . . e.. At the close of the deciphered work in Burton^s Anatomy. the hidden matter was found to be the Argument of the Odysthe queens) after sey. and the inference 1623 edition will disclose the personal history referred on page 152. aid while a Latin work —De Augmentis — will give upon the other (meaning the Odyssey). are "qui parati sunt" in the 1624. hence the inference that De Augmentis would contain much of his personal history.

as well as to guard against errors and incorrect translation. the wrong make-up causing no break in the connected narration. ELIZABETH WELLS GALLUP. indi- cating what to look for and where to find that which is necessary for correct and completed work. impossible to tell. such as are noted in Edward Second and in Burton." to In these illustrations the letters seem be drawn with a pen and are a mixture of script and pe- culiar forms. ^'Exemplum Alphabeti Biformis 308. Whether or not the changing of the posely. it is confusion or otherwise. To the decipherer they have a meaning. and unlike any in the regular fonts of type N'o part of the Cipher Story is letters used in the printed matter. The line on page 307.50 CIPHERS. unlike those on the preceding page. The repetition of twelve letters of the bi-formed alphabet could hardly be called a printer's error. while " should be placed above the Bi-formed Alphabet on page "Exemplum Accomodaiionis' should be placed above the example of the adaptation just preceding. embodied in the script or pen on these pages. . There are many obscure statements throughout the Biliteral Cypher. the lines was done pur- grouping of the Italic ilie letters from the regular fonts is consecutive as printed lines stand. as they are of another form. and may be taken as an example of the statement that "any two forms will do.

(befides the Simple Cyphars For CYpHARs . without fufpition. with a proportion Quintuple Omnia and . and intermixtures of Nonsignificant s) are N v l l e s. of the writing infoulding. of Difcypheringe hath for Relatiue. with Changes. that they bee The higheft Degree whereof. an Art by fuppofition vnprofitable but. at moft. (London. the greateft This Arte of Cypheringe. which is is to write vndoubtedly pofsible. . but may bee in Wordes. are three that they be not laborious to write and reade. . 1605. many times carryed in the weakeft . But the vertues of them. no other reftrainte whatfoeuer. and many.) CYPHARS they are commonly in Letters or Alphabets. and in fome cafes. Ka y-C yphars. The kindes of C Y p H A R s. But in regarde of the rawnefTe and vnskilfulneffe of the handes. according to : the Nature or Rule of the infoulding &c. Matters. as things are. through which they paffe. whereby they are to be preferred.Of the Advancement of Learning. to the writing infoulded. Dovbles. that they bee impofsible to difcypher. are Cyphars. of great vfe. WheeleCyphars. there bee Multitudes of them which exclude the Difcypberer. For fuppofe that Cyphars were well mannaged. Per Omnia.

or non . in truth.De Augmentis Scientiarum (Translation. which. Gilbert Wats. by tranfpofor the fition. Differences.fignificant Characters. But that jealoufies may be taken away. which is the number of the Alphabet. no other condition or reftriction whatfoever is required. much more for 24. It fhall be performed thus: Firft let all the Letters of the Alphabet. which loft. may beare a quintuple proportion to the writing infolded. we will annexe an other invention. IVheele-Cyphars . jure. That they he ready y and not laborious to write. 1640. But the virtues That they be if it he of them whereby they are and lie to be preferr'd are Three. yet fo as the writing infolding. Cyphars of Words. . And laflly. we devifed in our youth.) Wherefore let us come to C y p h a R s. Cyphars intermixt with double Letters under one Character. . Kay- Cyphars. is to fignifie omnia per omnia. as Cyphars (imple. Their kinds Cyphars of are U^ulloeSy many. Others. not open to Deciphering. pofsibky that they be managed without fufpition. be refolved into two Letters onely tranfpofition of two Letters by five placings will be fufificient for 32. The example of fuch an Alphabet is on this wife. when we were at Paris : and is a thing that yet feemeth to us not worthy to be It containeth the higheji degree of Cypher.

by Lights and Torches. Example of Solution. which may reprefent all the Letters of the Common Alphabet. babab. ababb. aahah. "Bi-literarie Alphabet. abbbb. But to purfue our enterprife. and any inftruments of like nature. <^ ^ C I T> E L F 04 oAaaaa aaaah aaaha. by objects which may be prefented to the and accommodated to the eare provided thofe objects be capable of a twofold difference onely as by Bells. eye. babbb. as may fit every mans occafion. aahaa. T 7 have. by Trumpets. abbba. babaa. G H O K aabba aabbb abaaa.. as well Capitall Letters as the Smaller Characters in a double forme. Neither opened. abbab. refolve your inward-infolded Letter into this Say the inter iotir Letter be Fuge. baaab. aaabb. G aabba. V baabb. a fmall matter thefe Cypher-Characters may performe For by this Art a way is whereby a man may exprelTe and fignifie the intentions of his minde. . and V is it IV X : Y Z baaba. Together with this. F aabab. : by the report of Muskets. baabb. E aabaa. baaaa. ababa. abaab. when you addreffe your felfe to write. An Example of a ^i-literarie Alphabet. babba. 3SC Q^ S Ti abbaa. you muft have ready at hand a 'Bi-formed Alphabet. at any diftance of place.

We can neither get hence nor stay firft An exteriour letter. which fhall anfwer the other. F a V b b. )a ^Aaa i a b a bah a b a b a b a b a b a b a b a b "BBbi CCccT>Ddd EEee FFff a 6 a 6 a bah a b a b a b a b a b a b a b a b \GGgg HHbh J Hi KKkh ILll ( MMmm a a a a a a abababab OOoo %Iirr TPpp QJiqq XtJ^Nnn SSss Sab a a a a a abababab ab ia JTttVVvvuulVWwwXXxx YYyy ZZ^z I a b a b b b b b b b b b b b a b b Now you to the interiour letter. fhall fit a biformed exteriour letter. . Let the exteriour example be. An Example of Accommodation. wherein a Spartan Letter involved. The soldiers longer want food. letter for letter. {Mindarus is killed. taken out of the is Epiftle of Cicero. a a E baa. and afterwards fet it downe. An interiour which to expreffe. G a a b b a. a b a b. which is Biliterate. here. donee venero. a Spartan letter fent once in a Scytale or round cypher'd Spartan Dispatch.An Example of a "Bi-formed Alphabet. j^ll is lost.b a a {Manere te volo donee venero We have annext likewife a more ample example of the cypher of writing omnia per omnia: letter. OAanere te volo. we have made choice of ftaffe.

For so great are I |^|r| a a\b a a r/|iv| \ a a d\a\r\u\ b b\a a a a a\b a a b b I b a a a b \ S I a b a a a\ b a a I S \ the services a b\a b a a b\ab a a I \ which you have rendered me. ( N o T K )— This Translation from Spedding. openbbblaaba a\aibaa\aaaba\aaba \ \ \ I \ \ a b b a b\a b b a a\a a b b a \ a g \ abaa\baaaa\ e r \ \ who were employed a a b in it \ when you were a\ a a a I H b b\a a \ E b a a\b a a a a \ R a a \ E b a a a a a aa a here S-c. a \ the king' s \ I ly a\a \ is a b b a\a b a b a v\l\o\n\ \ H E N C £ besieges us with money. ElHs & Heath Ed. I satisfy everybody except myself. abba N E \r\s\w\a\ had J \t\f\o\o\d\w\ a a\b a a a a \. The business b b a a\a b b a b \b aaaa\baaab baa b a\a a a a a\b N O R S r A carried on through the same creditors T \ \ \ \ I b a a b a\ a a ambassador. a\b a a a b\a b b a b [a b T a b a \ a a \ \ deavours on my behalf abb\abaaa\aa b I E D \ \ done. .b till the aaa b\b a thing was a a a\ b a a\a a feel as if life baab a\a lost all its sweetb\aa a \ ab a b\a b b a b \ abb a abb \b a baa I ness.Cicero's First Epistle. Jn a a all A \ duty or rather piety towards a\a \ aaa\ahab L b L a b a\ab \ a a a\b a I \ a a b \a b a b S \ L you. a b b a a\ a a\ a b b a b\i a a a b \baaba\ab a b b\ab a a a M o [My self J never satisfy. a a a b a a b a a a b b I T H \ \ b a a\a b N N The occasions are these: \ \ a b a a\a a 1^1 \ b\ \ a a \ \ E b a a\b a a a a\a \ R abb G a\a a b a \ E ^mmonius.| H K b a b \ L a\a \ b L a b a\a b\ b \ . a\a \ abaa\aaab D 1^1 that seeing you did not rest in your enaaba\aabbb\a aba E |^|<9|i. because a a b J cannot a do as a a \ much b in this a a\a a a b \ C a\a \ A a a a a b b \ cause of yours.

is fuch. Certainly it is an Art which requires great paines and a good witt and is [as the other was] confecrate to the Counfels of Princes: yet notwith- ftanding by diligent previfion it may be made it un- be of great ufe. OAyself J never satisfy. The occasions are these: Jlmmonius. though.(REPRODUCTION . seeing you did not rest in your endeavours on my behalf till the thing was done. I satisfy everybody except myself. can neither get hence nor stay longer hath drawne on with it a knowledge relative unto it. many of them would delude and foreftall all the Cunning of the Decypherer^ which yet are very apt and eafie to be read or written: but the rawneffe and unskilfulneffe of Secretaries^ and Clarks in the profitable. though a man were utterly ignorant of the Alphabet of the Cypher. the king's ambassador^ openly besieges us The business is carried on through the with money. and the Capitulations of fecrecy paft between the Parties. because J cannot do as much in this cause ofyours. were invented & practifed. of Difcypheringy or of Difcreting Cyphers. For so great are the services which you have rendered me. that many times the greateft matters are committed to futile and weake Cyphers. Cipher infolded. here. that. For if good and faithfull Cyphers Courts of Princes. We The soldiers zMindarus is killed. Jn all duty or rather piety towards you. Jill is lost. .) Epistle. same creditors who were employed in it when you were here &^. 7 feel as if life had lost all its sweetness. as things are. which is the knowledge The knowledge of Cyphering. want food.



Epiftolam intcriorem va^sAlr fhcthemmhoc^iliseramm (biues.duplicis tantum DifFcrcnti§capaciafunt. . per Buccinas^ per Flammeos.SaSSf Neque Icucquiddara obiter hocjnodo perfedum cft^Etenim ex hoc ipfopatet Modus quoadoinncm Loci Diftantiam. multd nragis viginti quatuor ( qui cS: Numerus Jlpha^ ^mapudnos ) lufficrct. per Locprquinquc. & fignificarc raodo Obieda illa. per Tranfpofitioftcm duarum Literarum . Huius jilfhahen Excmpluiu tale eft. tumtnodo . Sit cpiftolaintcriori Fnge.& alia qu§€unque. velutipcrCampanas .pet SonitusTormentorum.carum. Nam Tranfpofitio Excmplum K^l^hdhetiMlteurpj^ ^ "^ o ^ V) (h ^ S CrPPaa.triginra duabus.per Obicd:a>qu2e vcl Vifui^vcl Auditui fubijci poflint^Senfa liceat : fi Animx proferre. Diflrercntiis. laapar. Verumvtlacoeptumpcrfequamur^cum ad Scribendum accingoris .paaPP^paSaa 'PapapJapfa.3o6 Dejdugmentii Sciemiarum. Litcras fojuantur y.awap ^appfa^ MPPPpSaaaOrJaraap- V 00 y ^ .

507 Exeinplunl SolmionU. Epiftok Interior . pMk Appoluimus ctiam Exemp'lum aliud largius eiuf^ dem Ciphrac . miflam olim in Scytalc. Sit Epiftola Exteriors Manefe te ^olo donee venero. neque hicdmpins manerepojfumm.LiherSextus'. Scr'thendi OmnU per Omnia. bcippor.nitniTuio\ quod iingulas j^lfbaheti Communis Literas ^ tarn Capi- taics^quam miriores^duplici Forma . ad quam dolegimus Epijlolam S^artanam . y^^que hincnos extricare. bcLdbu^ (LdLbpci^ ddpaa JidM^ Pr«fto fimul Git^lmd Jphal?€tum Biforme. Pafm^ (afap. iam fa6ta^ Bdlterdt^y Epiftolam Exteriorcm Bi/ir^.. Verdiu %js.»^ literatim accommodabis. paopamm.&pofteadefcribes. Exemplum Accommoddtionis.f. Q^ ii . Q:PifCindarm cecidit t:^tlites eju' riunt. prout cuiqj com- modam^fit cxhibeat- Exemplum Al^nahctiBiformiSo Turn demum Epiftolae Interiori.

cp. .<^' p.O. /. p <^.^. fumpta ex Epiftol^ Prima in CkmfnSi ^ua £/>i^o/<(5p4rf<f»4inuoIuitur.A<i^.kar.a.Ap^ap <^.ft. e.b. a.n.Q. (f. /. a^ p. p.ccM/I a. /-<?r.jo8 DeiAfigmemliSctemiarum. A <f.K p 'tt'P'a.A d' p*a. Epiftola Exterior.OrP. P.p* a* P' d' p.c » XMn. P' c(.<ir p. O'.s.d* p-a^'P^a.p. p^ a^. J. a. aS a.p. (t' PdJ. u. P' a^.p* <v. p.p* d'P-aP'aP'U. p.^a.f.

LihrSextif. 3 op 1 iudo itmim zr^ mc mmivrwfi.yiyuom- VcreosJBnt ctcdlhrc^ pzTdVLcrs. cumiu adsz jui Pemf^jttipa^ r<ifimn^ontms ai$imt>iz iwii rem ^tonis- h^m^omnt Senahs ^Ii= cammmam non t£[mont iictiwi^ Q3 iij .


3 .

FA' . nonnuU lou ex parte feti fojfunt. Qjr^ Interpretandi A%TSM ITSAM neque earn ipfam iujii. ^^turam.%S NSTVARATIONIS.0* yeriom adoperatio* nis Ineelie3us exbihet : tamen in Corpore tra&atus fid tantum digeftam per fummastin Apho' rifmos.VEEST TA%S T%IMA INSTAVRATIONIS. QVjE comtlectitv\ PARTITIONES SCIENTIARVM* lUa tamen ex Secmdo Libro de Progrcriibus faciendis in Dodtrina X^i' uina& Humana. PRAE. SBQVirV%^SSCVtNi'DA TA.


S I V E> TITVLVS SECVNDVS inHiftoriaNaturali Experiniencali ad con^endam Philolbphiam Qua? eft & msrAV%ATioiiis magt^^ PARS TERTIA.: FRANCISCI BARONIS VERVLAMIO. . Hiftoria Vita 6c ^SMorlis. Zf^^^- %^^ In Officinal o. Hav i l a n.d. Matthaei Lownes. VICE-COMITIS S ANCT I A LBANI. impenfis 1(525.


hisSeruantu Writtenby William ShakcTpore. Londonprintedfor T» T. thegood of Lord Cobham. .The fifft pare Of the true & honorable hiftory. As it hath hem lately a2ted by the "Right honorable the Earle of^otingham Lord High tAdmiraUof England. 1600.of the Life Sir lohn Old^callle.


imd are to be fold ncerciy. LONDONVnntcihyT. t^fiins qzxc^ at the figncof the pydcBuSt .C.LONDON ProdigalL As it was plaide by the Kings Maicflies TJfE feruants.foxKathaffki Suiter. By Ff^iUiamShake/peare.


*P. Lamentabk and True. Printed for T. Shakespeare. as Written by W. . ^otjo ^^(p>.A YORKSHIRE TRAGEDIE. 1619.

1 .

.FRANCIS BACON'S BI-LITERAL CIPHER THE DECIPHERED SECRET STORY From Original Editions in British Museum i^yg to i^go.

The old books necessary to the re- search could not be procured in America. Following Shepheard's Calender. THIRD EDITION. 1587. are: Araygnement of Paris. .. 1585. 76 1588. The investigations yielded rich returns. emphasized the importance of finding the earlier writings —preceding summer 1590. unless they were published at same time. together. with an incomplete word at the end of the finding its completion in the commencement of the Cipher in the second. for in Shepheard's Calender of 15Y9 was found the commencement of what proved to be an important part of Bacon's life work. 1588. 1584. 1587.PUBLISHEKS' NOTE. Two editions of this Italics. Gallup and her assistant. visited England to carry on the work in that treasure house of early literature. Wells. 1586. so far deciphered. Planetomachia. Treatise of Melancholy. which embraced the period of his Cipher writing between 1590 and the end of his career. Morando. These two also join first Euphues. These two also join together. Perimedes the Blacke-smith. Mirrour of Modestie. Miss Kate E. is were issued the same year. 1584. and during the of 1900 Mrs. the British Museum. with differing The first in. Pandosto. ends with an incomplete cipher word which the second for the continued narration. The publication Cypher of the second edition of the Bi-literal of Francis Bacon. thus completed making evident which was the first published. the works between 1579 and 1590.

the thread of the concealed story until the it joined work which had already been published. through these old books.. 77 .Spanish Masquerade. for a period of about forty-six years. the book ending with an incomplete cipher word. Prince. which was published by Rawley subsequent to 1626. haVe a unique distinction in the costliness of their production. but they are of ines- timable value. one edition the Cipher Story signature: "Fv. Several months were spent in following. to that These few pages of deciphered matter. and consequent exhaustion on the part of all Mrs. but have different Italicising. closing with the is In the other the story not complete. as well as from a literary point of view. Gallup. compelled a cessation of the work before that would have been desirable . the remainder of which will be found in some work of a near date which has not yet been indicated. close study of the different forms of Italic letters. they are sufficient unmistakably to connect the earlier writings with those of later date which had already been deciphered — as published in the Bi-literal Cypher — so that we now know the Cipher writings were being continuously infolded in Bacon's works. historically. in demonstrating with certainty the scope and completeness of the Cipher plan which has so long hidden the secrets of a most eventful period. to know concerning that all early period was deciphered and while these are not the works in which Cipher will be found." is complete. Two editions of this work In bear date the same year. from the Overstrained eye-sight. 1589. including some matter he had prepared. between the years 1579 and 1590. now added published in the Second Edition. from the first to the last of his lit- erary productions.



.yEta-tts sucR Id- 2378.

now us'd for th' safe. ATTRIBUTED TO ED. wee devis'd two Cyphars time. DEDICATION BY "E. as cleere." 1579. Fayling meanes have alwaie[a] like sorte of keie held by each interpreter. as all our existing may chance ere long. SHEPHEAED'S CALENDEE. E. tho' tardie recognition of that true prerogative of roiale bloud. yet in it chose the readers. purely sorte selfish in all that doth in a make for proper. K.FKAXCIS BACOX'S BI-LITEEAL CYPHEE. and undecipherable. or England's King. we the eldest — borne. wil bee found to be nothing lesse then signifying th' th' letters future sov'raigne. Lest most vilde historie have no penne so bolde as to write out some daungerous matter' that have of late beene layd bare to us. 79 — whilst containing th' . very little scene or onely her Ma. first time. —who bore in honourable wedlocke Eobert. 1579. should. we have made search for anie such secret mode of transmission as might conceale this whollie. In event o' death of known as sonne to now him who now speaketh to th' yet unknowne aidant discypherer that wil open the dores of the sepulcher to break in sunder the bonds and cerementes of a marvaillous historic. Walter Devereux. inherit scepter and thron'. SPENSER. doth most boldly and co'sta'tly oppose with h'r arguments th' puny which hath most disproved partlie ghest) abilitie to effort in our cause uphold our true and rightful (but at this present time. 1611. as wel as clayme to roiall pow'r. or in this. K. Th' present Queene. for this saide secret historie. by the Divine right of a lawe of God made binding on man.

of that which might arise thence. or readily discovered. entrance-way and enter the Yet are we in hourly terror least th^ It is for good cause. our labours are greatlie increast. our secret history Wee may write in this constant dread least be found and sette out ere safe ev'n fro' th' butcher's deadlie axe. remaine in hiding this heavilie barred untill a future people furnish wittes keener then these of our owne times to open house of treasure. no . 1584. that our worst feares cling to us so constantly that our is alter'd. But it wil in due time bee related wholly. and shift sodainely for saftie. keyes in each which open the most important. THE AKAYGI^EME:NtT of By waiting usi'g our PAEIS. be cognisant of our invention. save by Divine gift and heavenly instinct. device that witholdeth th' same. yet making noe noyse in his rejoyci'g over th' great discoverie. Safety should arise. It may.— 80 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. there- Queene. alphabet. Word Cyphar heere. that he should bee able to read what thus reveal'd. fore. altho' likewise our mother. at Wittes must be keen in a like search other seasons. a prepared. set forth in such manner as was meant. manifold times. also. since we have The'. B. our tho'ght sodainely changeth answer therto. — as anie Till a discypherer finde it semeth to us is a thing almost impossible. percha'ce. our enemie at present. intention and the cheefe Cyphar be not heerein FR. as a warie mind must oft to get th' game. Be not then caste we be make manie a downe if there be much that is promist you for which you shal long hunt so oft bene seyzed with violent f eare vainlie. GEORGE PEEDB.

now exercised to keepe th' vanitie of our regall parent fire. wee doubt not. from time's passage. in all this whole people : — kingdoms under heaven.— IN lesse THE ARAYGNBMENT OF PARIS. Our mother ^an hardly be immortall. in order to friends. and the more w^ondrous Homer. at God's morn of aidance. set In sorrowe we th' luckles wordes herein: we know not their fate nor ours in a future near or f arr. if bee not in hiding wel our mar- vaillous storie. to donne. glowing like for on that head a richer crowne then displaie it this before all eies. joined also with a strife for th' elevation. for yet in meere infancy and none recognise th' forme and it is at features that length. . th' secret is it is Their eies rest on our Cyphar. of shall bee given wise- th' Divine wil or planne doth perchance have full swaie for when mankinde dome artes in so great fullnes. for when portions are widelie scattered. as e'courageme't. idle courtiers may find no true use of subtile arts. is uniting til' many — pow'res —such to communicate it to some distant princes of a rank such as ours By lofty endevou' for perfect- knowledge that in the world. God hath laid with princely hatred. yet to divulge not in th' power of any that live at present . as it commeth to height of developed body. for we are in truth Prince of Wales. whose loialtie may ing serve. is diademe upo' her brow. whome. yet wil she not It is th' rich crowne of mothe'PR. Our true title OF WALES. his poemes. 81 then knowledge. translated in the schools. wit no way o' safe escape hath taughte. It is also true that increast writings greatlie lessen our chaunces of losse as herein. nor see our free use of great VirgilFs vers'. it alas. hoode. We ourself hate. most shal see buf Latine and Greeke in diverbs of rare worth. .

Even now. in pri'ces. Queene Elizabeth. 1584. some secret world into which the e'ter. once cost — having invented two excellent waies of it co'cealing in our workes a secret so dangerous life. unseing can by noe meanes Our discoverer. to say this. it will. that doth draw us on to build upon this grou'd. wee this sonne. seeme probable our disciph'rer. for our Creatour onlie is 'None will charge here manifestation of worldly vanitie. perhaps. — ere we shal bask in his sunny rayes. We are firstborne to th' soe-called virgin that gov- erneth our realme. conit framed it hinteth th' strange things letters would relate. or judge that we were unfit mightie England. It onely one of our happie dreemes of a day to come. fame. and will teach this discipherer our designe.— 82 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON THE MIEKOUK OF MODESTIE. God e'dued us with wisedome. one part doth lacke here created. — inherit this throne it shall crowne. then might all men saye common with all wee lack'd is th' very essence of a roiall or a ruling to raigne over spirit. It is not in us aught unmeet or headie-rash prais'd. hath also scene in these ^wee two kinds necessarie to the Cypher. at first. ROBERT GREENE. for soveraigne. th' mother who . th' have a wise gift granted in answer to Salomon's prayers. If it mindes such as youthfuU roial should bee wanting. — it if soe bright a daye dawne. Prince of Wales. hath bin fro' th' first familiar with a most secret. and our land shall rejoice. inasmuch as shall be long. indeed. Francis. In event of the and this abdication or death of the Queene. fortu'e — would at all that wee hold deare. sight lookt through all th' disguises. as fession that is so it is most dangerous. for it is but th' pride naturall to we injoye. For our to latest booke. as it — a part that whose had were.

If that yet as great as others in loialtie and in fierie spirit. the hidden epistle thus safely preserv'd from th' wrackes of — — time's floode. as is made plaine in freque't marked : . can bee imderstood as importa't to our people of Brittain. As naught else was intended when our original designe was fourm'd. re'ch may soe go foorth and so manie in th' land not as wise. Fine mindes fame. in the end. 83 her imployment. which unkind fates have taken away us.most lofty in their th' which. by skillfull meanes th' not th' honour. It requyreth more time in preparation. can patie'tlie heare houres noe longer. in knowledge. Wee fain would write workes. th' silent who.a IN THE MIRROUR OF MODESTIE. might proclayme our succession cloth scarcely keep us in At no time doth a love for her two sonnes so move her. mayhap. sufferi'g such wrongs. It is to this effect That in age is a sense of dutie most felt. change of that which shal bee imparted in this way. deficiency be in a measure filled in our realme. to do as her roiall pare't had providently done. as to lead her. even as to us. life should ever hang in the balfaith One thing doth somewhat encourage our young in enjoyment heereafter of our kingdo'e . this labour in unknowne as a coming yeeres wil surely bee of benefit. though ance for th' rashnesse. although it bee for a long season what is the cause and ultimate designe. being suited as well to representation upon stage as to bee read in libraries. that is. a queene by inherited right. for 'tis their own roiall Prince. or to declare the succession should be to her right heyres by a just union with that wel markt sutour. if as ours cannot suffer this fortune without to recover making anie attempte from style. and. our advice from a friend whose wise counsaile hath long bin aidante and comforting. our new inventio' wil excell this mode of transmitting all matters of a secret or delicat' since pains nature. must necessarilie be used least the keyes bee lost in giving the parts locatio' that altereth th' sense. Robert D.

liveth. in wisedo'e his have beene righted. when now wee close our eies —the statelie moveme'ts. — Th' earliest shews of favour of this roial mother. quick oft. as and wee were ofte bro't into her gracious presence. however. borne to her in honourable marriage with Robert D. Wales whyles our parent be but the propper souveraigne wdth name and stile the Prince o' quite disstinct fro' others —English kings having soe f arre had no Francis on th' scrowl that co'tayneth their worthy in proper course o' time. In th' Holy Booke of th' Scripture it saitli '^Hope deferred : maketh the heart to sicke. to such sense of justice. fiU'd us with succeeding dismay. ever. to see rectified. or brim'd our cup immediately with joy. lacking Greeke epigram to fit as th' studie replie when shee asked us a perplexing question. It do dreemes of yesternight. and true advancement. were scene ored our roofe so f arre as to N^icholas then. Wee request but our naturall : right that we be . grace of speech. Wee therefore have beene in hope of our winning this inheritance in due time. his dormant coni' science. as patronesse rather than parent. . that all wrong. These become marked that wee pursew'd did make our tong sharp to seldome. of opinion our hope is immediately become England's King." Bee not. for — become th' guest of goode Sir that kinde man wee supposed our father his unchangeable gentle kind- nesse. or at least those shee quoted. never.84 BI-LITERAL of CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON restorations examples tardie — late in life —many power exaijiples of a deathbed arousing a man. is hope deferr'd. as other that Christian names were princes have had fortune before this in our realm. as when she hon- Bacon well wee might. declared the true heyre as the first borne son to our Queene. We know how wearie. our safetie. that April cloudes come acros the sunne yet as sodainly are withdrawn. livi'g. his constant carefullnesse for " our honour. as smile and sodaine anger.

wasted and borne us adrift like a despoil'd harvest. and long turned witte. was thus flasht. horror-strook dismaye. knowing her weakeness. Cecill. our roiall mother. like as lightning. It w^as therefore long ere we knew our birth roial. sometimes said in Sir Xicholas' eare on going to her co^ch ^'Have him wel instructed in knowledge that future station shal make necessary. at the fiery overwhelming tempest. and th' fond love of both foster parentes was restrainte and stave to our young spirit when the wild and fierie tempest sodainelie brast upo' us. stil feeblie begging that her life be till spar'd nor ceasi'g for a mome't sense was lost —no longer might w^e looke upon this in silence. had whispered in her eare. E. the poor maid in frightened remors' lay quivering at Queene Elizabethes feet. that concerned not her associate ladies at all. This dread force w^ould otherwise have ruined. and pondered upon. We were in presence as had manie and oftentimes occurred.: IN THE MIRROUR OF MODESTIE. in hearde then 'twas avenged by th' enraged Queene. almost aloude then it — depriv'd o' breath. noe more. upon us by our proude roial parent her self e. and it was some time that wee remayned in silent. Que. o' th' it reaching our eares was caught wing. when a seely young maiden babied a tale Cecill. havi'g a liking of our manners with a nomber o' th' ladies and severall of the gentlemen of her court. in a horrible passio' of w^tles wrath." ]^aturally quick of hearing. then half e was hearde by the Queene. 85 It doth as ofte recur that th' Queene. but th' honour. but it well did th' revelation — — satisfy th' malicious soule of a tale-bearer such as R. A daungerous tidbit it was. In course of time. Never had we scene fury soe terrible. and bursting like fulmin'd lightning through the waiting crowde of the . ^oe sooner breath'd truth. the honesty of Queene Elizabeth. for all our no whispered woorde having passed th' lippes of noble Sir Nicholas on the matter. At last when stript of al her fraile attire. but w^e found no meaning.

we speake. As the fire grew to blasti'g heat. but also w^ee beleeved the angry reproaches of such kinde as never can bee cleared awaie.86 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON astonished courtiers and ladies. and intende the closelie to use. so that w^e wrote it downe in a varietie of formes. till we wanted but a jot of swooning likewise. Losing controU immediatelie of both judgement and discretion. inasmuch as it must be can yet bee accomplished. . Ladie Anne Bacon. both as one part of her history relating stage. our fonde sire. for she declar'd us to be the fruit of a union of the the secret and in sorte that is oft lustf ull and lascivious suppressing th' name of our father. however. I^ot onely did wee believe ourselfe to be base. th' secrets of her heart came hurtling forth. and as bee acted on our suited to representative historie that may The preparatio' that wel understood to be secret as the grave . whom we knew little and lov'd not more then was due. for one more secret storie after disciph'ring the same. our owne. much it must naturallie be made. it fell upon us like the bolt of Jove. as th' cruell light waxed brighter and th' cheeke circle this burnt as th' flame. wee bent a knee craving that wee might lif te up the tender bodie and bear it thence. A dread sile'ce that foretels a storm fell on the Queene for a space. th' Seeke. then look onely to the Italicke printing. was consumated. give us reaso' to f eare the blot of which — — it greatlie excited our imagination. if but time be granted to carrie out our Cyphars as devis'd. F. can bee greater. made free and full relation how this secret marriage with th' Earle. she did in very truth — . hearing th' tale which wee tolde. in : kind of letters now us'd. surrou'ding in a widening angry Fury and her prey. stunning and blasting the sense. When.

the Lord Eobert Dudley. of tio' her Highnesse' Privie Oouncilour. who. this work is dutifully persued for our advancement. asuredlie. self e. had not our f arre seeing sire exercised more then the degree that was his wont. doubt not. et caetera. in time. ROBERT GREENE.PLAIN-ETOMACHIA. Earle of Leister. and quiet enjoieth' roiall ment of is kindnese soe ii^ much no love of his offspring manifest. Hee it wil no doubt bee remembered. Master of th' th' Order of th' Garter. must keepe us still subject to the uncertaine duratio' as well as the fortune of one other being beside our owne sire. With great and labour. resolute shew at eventide and at morne or finde lawrells. for a short periode. we have faith in our who. a cyphar none will have winne you the honour or th' favour to employ. hath his naturall spirit that which yet might is. As all may know. Hee who beareth Baron of Denbigh. leade to a matching of a roiall spouse 'gainst the princes. such as 1585. did. whom our historic so oft nameth. few ghest that her suitour was her wedded lord. no other then our mother's. that a ballance may be maintayned. patie't perseverance. unending. doth see a lacke on the part of a likewise the titles of Queene's Majestie's Horse (s). or his privilege. removi'g our naturall claym yet another degre. our title to England's throne must soone bee known. hide those secret counsells in her owne f aire bosome. of au87 . In truth. whilst now hee loveth his peace. the reason why 'tis yet hidden history of our present time and a time not very far you shall also if — — fro' th' present. in affec- nor in honours no way woman. Aye. in ascending the English throne. like a common mayden of her realme. Althoug' a life.

the fewer tongues to testify to that which had beene done. this served well the pur. bome Sonne therfrom. the ocean after a tempest doth sinke into a sweete rest. methode of secret communication of our That. artfuUie contriv'd business —concerning affaires of state — intrusted to us in much th' were laid French Court. inasmuch as it did appeare quite naturall to one who was in companie and under the instruction of our ambassadour to the Court o' France and it seemed. w^e thought. By some poses of our owne heart for. same manner. asked for regall. drew noe suspition upon this device. — of the secret union. or even noble pompe with attendants and witnesses. was bent upon our dispatch thither. on th' part of our parents. nor gives a signe of th' shippewracke belowe the gently roUi'g surface. as shewing that our spirit and minde had calmed. . to find a to spend our greatest labours historic to others outside the realme. as waighty affaires upon Sir Amyas. ^^The fewer eyes to Avitnesse. As you no to beau- doubt are cognisant of our summarie banishment us the gates of Paradise. you France. many yeares backe. she with no want of justice contended. to afford peculiar relief. Earle of Leicester then foresaw when he might require the power this might grant th' first- him. we straightway proceeded therein. altho' we. and urg'd vehemently that subseque't. and would not have. as . which did intend our correction but oped to know that our sire. and no doubt this proved true. with whom they sent us to th' strange Providence. Elizabeth — the daye As hath beene said. more ev'n then our roiall mother. have profited by no since meanes we unfortunately ill incurred his great and most rancourous tiful! will. making cyphares our choyse.88 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON had rested contente with th' marriage ceremony performed in the Tower. nor would she have wished for more state. because being quite bent upon secrecy." thoritie. however.

and our life bee the forfeit ere half this labour bee ended. Where our Cyphar shiftes with suddennes. of mouthpeeces for our voice. such as they were created. in the as. or as they existed in the thought of God and . but quite necessarie and important. having great feare alwaies that our roiall mother may. by some ill- chance. then that out. BRIGHT. to scatter th' history widely. weaken in our great undertaki'g of writing — we now in our . th' from th' first Cyphar epistle to present letter. missio' and it oft in truth swaloweth all we I^one receive from our writtings ere such cost be paid. Rather would a slowly approaching death bee desir'd. the epistle. Eayli'g this nowe the — no doubt our discypherer doth know. as the glory of the terrestriall celestiall. It hath beene our practise. no eie save her Should she laie hand upon owne would evermore read this interiour history. B. that this doth moove us to forego th' worke. T. must thinke. with another having within to separate it into parts. Judgement Day. 1686. Verily. 89 FoT such simple causes were we undisturb'd in a search after a meanes of transmitting our secret history. Thus shal we see our work arise. FRA. our decypherer needeth more patience. however. to is make choyse . A TKEATISE OF MELANCHOLY. the soules that death set free shall first rise again in their celestiall bodies. that it body the keies may be joined by our lawe and come forth in that forme which it first bore under our hand. farre fro' being a light or pleasi'g. —we devised double alphabet Cyphar which with as ere this patience may be discovered. come upo' the matter.IN PLANETOMACHIA. or haste'd to summo' us quicklie. so is different from th' glorie of the the beauties of the one shall not be as th' other.

never asswag'd on earth. inasmuch as King Edward was intollerant of otheres foibles. that any who hath sufficient witte. The proove. when in her co'fide'ce. fore. least she bee openly sham'd in Court. to guide a young princesse to piety. that he curbe well his inordinate concupiscence This sad narrative is in the other Cyphar. storie of this so-styl'd when prisonner at maiden queene. may work out th' hidden *Second Ed. E'one having beene finished at this* time. and her prior mad love profess'd for Seymour. for sundry thi'gs come with experience. or future sorrow.. join'd with as his- great a measure of patience. her the Tower at command o' Queene Mary. and compelled Elizabeth to murder this infant at the very first slight breath. rather the' give — her greefe. because it hath manifold instructions for great use in a future Cyphar writing. subjected the princely heart to ignominie. the faith- full decypherer is most solemnlie enjoin'd to follow th' one he can worke out at once.— 90 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON transmitting. a man manie a yeare elder yet not greatly wiser then th' willf uU princesse. therecommingle manie stories in one bee at once incorporated. published same year. secrete but playne manner of —our history. is early piety. that manie credulou' men attempt to most disproved by so unnecessary intemperance. and sin. Friendshippe alone should binde a man's mind strongly. as hath here bene sayd in our other Cyphar . it was needfuU to booke. because the parts should not bee plact near to one another. which should doubtlesse be of work of a sorte much unlike anything hee hath yet scene. He. and over vehemence of affection. by disownei'g the child. It could not It must be quickly scene. if vertuoslie inclined. wantonnesse. betrai'd towards a gentleman olde enough. . It is undoubtedly possible so to write anything whatsoever. whilst partiall to his owne. also a most full and compleat marriage.

A hand upon th' heart would not crush out the life. or great Yirgill's verse. in wearinesse turne In many workes —such as the poemes posed to belong to Spenser and Greene —the at present sup- discypherer wil see portions of a secret storie chieflie co'cerning lovely Marguerite of IN'avarre. nor can wee our heart. name ought reall that hath not origin in her. By such maner of finding parts of the hidden stories. PRINCE WALES. . his poemes. but she hath proof of love that hath now sette our hart at rest O' on th' quaery. must win later the much priz'd golden rigoll which is worne by mortall men who are blest. by ourselfe w^orking from our published worke. as doth . EUPHUES—MOEA^^DO. wearing in humble life a crowne such as the Jewes of former dayes platted for th' Christ. that which formerly bore other names. by made lesse. Shut our eyes we cannot. th' We some- times weak yet not unw^orthy portio's translated from noble Homer. for Duke Henry then given -US followed her day in and out. our Queene of that realme and Love of her had power to make the Duke of Guise forget the greatest honours that France might confer upon him and hath power as wel to make all such fleeting glory seeme to us like dreames or pictures. and prevision. 91 torie without other directions then he heerein finde. Happie th' 1587. all our future discypherer's difiiculties. may duly have in our idole times amused and likewise well assured ourselfe of our inve'tion. FRANCIS. ROBERT GREEJNE. who.IN / A TREATISE OF MELANCHOLY. th' midst of his Avork. At one time a secret jealousy was consta'tlie burning in our vains. in backe. man. this contrivance is very constantlie in emploiement. of which wee most frequently speake. so that he should not.

for yeares. despite the prioritie of our clayme to all princelie honour. of neede. —for noe redresse *Morando. and. maketh us to inquire sadly of our owne hart these shews — whether our brother returneth our love warm affection. . bee heyre to England's throne. from mem'ries of th' past houres o' joy. we could rely whollie upon ourselfe. fill it An altred affection. Even in his manner now. Our but th' yeares. give co'firmatio' strong as proofes o' Holie Writ of our wisedome. one weakly parteth is suitable. Whe' th' heart hath suffer'd to comforte and console it. one thought hath a voyce: ^'Without a brother like ours that hath come before us by sixe short joies . ]^othing soe open. so unmistakeable but at times he maketh a great shew. from.— 92 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON win our proper crowne though th' feare that we may fail to Queene be our *mother. our eies can but note th' change. when and vauntlinglie marked favours. that share. this spirit of kindnes is felt this shall be lost When — — th' change. stranger to our heart then the colde ungracious manner." . furtherth' more. noe wordes up. wrought thro' pain. as it was in his when the relationship was for some time so carefully kept unknown as th' fact was. noe more when minde can furnish few thoughtes. The we beare him is as fresh at this day. for hee seldom doth keep the former waies in remembrance. in the favour shewne to our brother rather than to ourselfe. E'ot a thought then to was not a ple'sure for us both in twaine were thus two-fold. we thinke. Dailie we see cause of this co'stantlie increasing dread. and a breach beginneth to widen. it station. — guarded of our high birth and enter'd th' brain. And th' frenzied eagernes hee doth bewray. boyhoode. our sorrowes all cut pride of his heart having beene aroused.

not claiming to be narrative save of a fayned storie. Our heart is . 1588. to write another history. that the deciphup a grave taske that of writing againe a — historic that shal be as strange as one in a suspitious drama 'Tis. th' story sit but as th' tale that fire in comfort by the 'tis — the olde wives tell as tho' it be tolde as truth. true in everie circumstance — as true as truth. however. Hence a wish that is not perhaps unworthie in us. It is ofttimes repeeted. a question of Elizabethe's and therefore. work of some upon wee mention oft. we desire onelie that this supreme right This doth more depende shall bee also supreme power. you cannot carry out the wish erer shall take we doe so frequentlie utter. the questio' that hath risen regarding these plots of those of th' olde faith to the throne. under such peculiar circumstances surrounding not only ourself e but our brother. yet is as freas dangerous sorte of speech as can for . and sorrowe and wee feel our penne quivering. Here in the is Court. ere darti'g. 93 The and clayme chiefe cause nowe however. quently waived . With everyone whose aime putteth him very seldom to blush. — Marj. B. then this secret royale espousall Henries. F. almost bursting with our indignation. grief. Til other writings have bene finished. our owne. likewise. of the nneasiiiesse is. ROBERT GREENE. PERIMEDES—PA:NTD0ST0. as an arrowe the targe. We write much in a feverous longlive among men of a future people. in heart.IN MORANDO. as a steed flies to doth impatientlie stand awaiting an expected note of the home o' across the hunt. seldome accredite'. ing to they moor and glen.

of those that it pleas'd to- .. of th' prince. by a waie of our devising. OF W. and also of noble Virgin. altering mother-tongue endure —be seene PRINCE. cannot go to oblivion those rich . because severall riven rockes verses of Homer of unmatch'd yet give sacred dewe therto to say. well be — beautie . Troie. PR. Turn befo' EDITIONS 1589. al of our work we printed. that may. subaf arre.94 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON come within th' compasse of faithful courtiers' intercourse. 'Twould show ill. soe nam'd... it. you decipher that milde Tale o' Troy. a Metamorphosis. FR. it shal build our owne moniment of that which tlie shall outlast all els. besides costing our is now Rex you must know life. truth nam'd a cistur'. able to write the secret story so that it may in a time not f arre off acquaint many of our peoplewith our true name. we also do ask. reflect the glorie. F. Turn befo' to a booke entitul'd Alcida. SPANISH MASQUERADO. ROBERT GREENE. co'ceal'd in cyphars. a Metamorphosis. that must — and make our name as long as at least our changing. Manifestly the truth da'gerous and should bee conto be our future title. Thinking to be. and if our caref ull planne preserve gemmes.. (in bee used to take th' Cyphre out. if publisht so that all within reach might know ceal'd. Prince of Poetes. publish under names that be almost trite) that every arte Works o' Homer.. you decipher that most interesting Tale of lately written to make a piece suited to our translatio' of th' divine workes of Homer. Another edition of above printed same year. to a booke entituFd Alcida. altho' it is truth itself.

making con- hope. MASQUERADO. th' — mind far out-ran al posi — (Incomplete joins with some other work not yet deciphered.) . of a farre off age thorow our invention. you. ingu'ft our nightly thought. keepeth us heartened for our work. little sequence beside such possible renowne as might bee ours in When first our wo'drous Ciphar.IN SPANISH write in Latine. braving daily surly critike but miraculouslie kept soe free as to strike all with dismaie. Virgill . by marking cal'd joining or combining keies. 95 Petrarck in a fine line or Ennius. The furtherance we much as cherrish'd plan. . surging up in the minde. Our one hope of leaving our soe- cipha' historie in like surrou'dinges. or wish even of immediate recognizance. doe as easily unmask of our do inve't a meanes to hide.


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By Ed. Sp. Imprinted iox yFilIia. FFhereofthe next Page mal^th mention.n i H *A Complaints. L O H D O N. Qontainwg fundne fmall Toemes of the Worlds Vanitie.91 Pcnfonbiey dv'clling in Paules Churchyard at tlie fignc of the 'Btpjops head. .

6 ty^uiopotmoSyOt The Tale of the^Htterflic. toother H/ibberJsTale^ 5 The RmnesofRome : by BelUy. . 7 Vifioni of the Worlds vanme. / 2 The 7(Hms of Time\ The Ttares of the tJ^nfes.. Trofipopoia^ot S VirgiU Gnat. 4 8 'Bellayes vijions.A note of the fundric Poemcs contained in this Volume. p Tetrarchesvifions.

you discover here a Ciphe' but we earnestly beseech and humbly pray you to be the guard to our secret as to your owne. As feares for life are powerfull motives for the adoptio' of secret methodes of inscribing such portions of history as the sovereign chooseth to have shut within the memory. much bee doth our life if it lost wee dye and make no A when open man doth slowly eat his very inmost soule and hart. by means ing. as blinde to this as others. or life. to you. our sov'- raigne. *Tears of the Musea Ruine of Time. *Epistle Dedicatory. sweete mothe' love. adoption. etc. But if you bee as lost. Queene. being powerfull to ^oreballance ^Betray not our dear hope. Bacon. by Being of blood *late. 1590 AND 1591. yet (for the shall be dif- ferent. . little whom and it is he may knowledge. who maried by a private rite the Earle Leicester and at a subsequent time. there shall cease to bee a friend to his inner thought. also. if you may not think strange epistle. else. COMPLAINTS. roial. her smal Her selfe-love *more then our good fame dom- inates in her whole heart. *Visions of Bellay. •Visions of Petrarch. In truth our life is now put in real deadly dange' o' from her that hath our ^destiny as in the hoUowe palme. this labour's in th' play much it as love's we have staged of Our name is Fr.— EDMU:^[D SPENSEE. *V|sions of the World's Vanitie. that knowne and lesse suspected at present writwe now addresse an epistle. for soe seeme made up of nought signe. as to make *surer thereby.

and a different course. Henry of being of a martiall temper. *Virgirs Gnat. th' honor of our land belong. we bee by force in battaile. i' without pompe but witnesses. To Francis First doth th' crowne. and wee were not base-born or base begot) stile shall all we be Tudor.king of our realme. strive get an advantage of *their besetting foes. B. th' presence o' a suitable number of bound herself e by those hymeneall bands againe be Francis First. But 'tis thus seene or shewn that is can bee noe other's by true desce't. or th' wee know not how then kingdome it be obtain'd. especially a ruler of so mightie a kingdome as this. or. *Ruines of Rome. But wee choose another waye. and impatie't of fighting to ^secure a place which by Divine right pertaineth unto the first-borne of a soveraigne. and some by struggles. sho'ld winne like fame. and be not in time withdrawn. Some have won Xavarre. this right take. slightlie naturally averse. ene the might of t' noblest and th' most daring of soldiers. proper cours of time. let it it if not great- lie surprise you: rather marvell at you see no worse things. . not Of such first Tudor. th'.sopopoia.2 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. A ruler. life. set down. in — is our mother. If you note th' saltnesse of this relation. *Pro. shall cannot bee changed. It killes joyes blossomes on seing by one's side glide tiring all feares. and our Early in our as othe. th' Yet. at our day. for we are somewhat bitter in spirit oft-times as other men would be. It is this wee seeke. in example. wee greatly binding — — made by our doubt was othe or threat as if this in effect wilful parent concerning ^succession. having power in a wondrous degree. F.

Sjl Ed. Skewer. I S 9 5'- . ^'' LONDON Viintcd iotFyillMW tonfirAie.IP COLIN CLOVTS m Come nome againe.



\;vorthy and noble Knight

Walter Raleigh ^ CaptaineofherMaiefties Guard, Lord Wardeinofthe Stanncries, and Lieutenant of the Countie of

/ iJ, that you

may fee thatlamnotal waiesydle as yee thinke^ thou^ not

greatly well occupied

nor altogithet

fully though not frecifely vndutt


Imakeyou frefent of this fm^ pie paBorally 'vnworthie ofyour higher conceiptforthemeanejfe of thefile hut agreeing with the truth in circumstance and matter. The which 1 humbly hefeech you to accept in part

ofpaiment of the infinite debt in which 1 acknowledge my felfehounden vnto yoUy for your fngular ftuours andfundrie good turnes shewed to me at my late being
in Bnglandy

and with your good countenance protect a-

gainst the malice

of euill mouthes , which are alwaies wide opento carpeatandmifconliruemyfimple meaning.





1 prayconfinmlly for your




the 2 7 cfDecember^ iff Kilcolman,



Yours cuer humbly.



in th'

all eies

have glanc'd but lightly on such a Cyphar

former poems put out in

name, our fear may

for surely no eye

bente suspiciouslie or with inquiry


Often was worke, when in danger of too
note, divided,

strict or careful

and but a part given foorth

at a time, e. g.


latelie set forth in th'

in this, a

few yeares


name of Greene and Peele, or Marlow is also a pen name
masque or

emploi'd ere taking
vizard, that


Shakespeare's, as our

wee should remayne unknowne, inasmuch
worked in






vig'rously supprest, have put ourself e so© greatly in dange'

that a

word unto Queene Elizabeth, without doubt, would

give us a sodaine horriblle end


exit without re-enthis,


in truth she


authour and preserve' of

our being.

We, by men

Bacon, are sonne of the

Queene Elizabeth, who whe'


tow'r, married Ro.

FR. B.




E. Sp. could not otherwise so easilie atchieve honours
that pertyne to ourselfe.
his head, if this



would alone crowne



but of lawrell

I speake not of golden crowne,

for our


dipt deepe into th' Muses'

pure source.







works thus

we were

good hope that whe' our divers small
th' approvall o'

poemes might bee seene in printed forme,

Lord Leicester might be gain'd: hee,
found in
earlier decyphering,

as doubtlesse


being our owne father, and

in a waie, having matters in his hands regarding the recognition,




Her Ma.


offer, suit-

ably rewarding soe great labours.

Th' wish to shew our

God-given powers and gifts of song warr'd with th' resolve


in heat of

young bloud

alreadie familiar as a
as it


from your own


can onely bee


The hidden

letter taketh

man back

to a

time in Elizanight blacker,

beth's raigne, cloaked, as

might bee

said, in a

that be possible, then Night, or ^Egyptian, Stygian or

anie blacknesse


to anie times or peoples.

Fewe women

any countrey, royall or

married or

would play


dari'g, so wildly

venturing a




our willfuly blind mother,


hath for


long yeares been wedded to

Earle of


king's daughter gave a worthie president to

all states, in

that shoe

would wed


her wishes dictated,

not thro' negotiation and by treaty.
ent appear to be forgotten since




at pres-

we hoped


winne youth-

full love's first


blossome for

life's girlo'd

but were refus'd,

and helde


customarie observances as firmlie as anie cereIt

monial court migbt require.

was upon

this grievous

(much more grievous

that blacker houre of

mourning for our kind father of our


not our sire in th' naturall


of bloud) a great attract

wonne more on our minde
divine gift,
that were


true right,


kingdome more


true, lawful!,

plain statements


made concerning our true hope of the succesHer Ma. though given to rashnesse, seldome

speaketb out of her hart in presence-hal, or whylst


councell, having a desire of showi'g foorth the royal tem-

per of her

sire rather

then a woman, her


All this work'd with some power in




drama afterward, gave
are in hope

th' first full history therein,


it is

in a Word-Cypher, that doubtful


our aventure




Th' Cipher playes are

a good ensample of th' dramas

we now





not secret, the history of

King Edward


and King

Edward Second

will not appeare in our



being contained in these, but Edouard Third was

us'd for proof e of th'

Cypher we


Th' keies



found soone, and wee will now shew an argument of the
play for ayd to a correcte writing.


will thus observe that in plays, onlie scenes


hold the eye are of use.
th' seizure of


commence, therefore, with
rul'd with the ayd, so

Roger Mortimer who


of th'

Edouard was leader of a

choyce number, bardie and bold in temper, so that when

he demanded that he should be declared king, Parliament

promptly issued the proclamation making him



sooner was hee well establisht in England in great




power, then he straightwaie claim'd the crowne of riche

France since he was sonne


the sister of


Philip, th'




make answer

strong deni'l of such right, as by the Sa[l]ike lawe th'


is neither held nor can be transmitted thro' a woman. The warres which folow'd were long and cruell. At Crecie Prince Edward, named the Black Prince, could by

noe means be restrained
charge of

fro' battaile.


was then giv'n

th' troops at their right,

which he array'd

that th' men-att-armes,

who being more

sturdy of build,

stood fastest in line; then with English weapon'd archers

he formed a mighty hearse and comanded
firme, nor advance.

all to




knights rushing tumult-

uously to battaile, his eager


chafed and faine had


obey'd their orders but the Prince bade his train'd warriours

stand firme and await their foes.


but a

throwe distante they were allow'd a single

forward; their aime, being so

was sure

as th' shafts of


France saw her bravest

souldiers slaine like

Warwicke, and
in th'

th' troopes


folowed the example
his left wing,

maine body; and Oxford, commanding

kept his eager troopes in checke after the same manIt


was the good fortune of the Prince to




owne hand

king of Bohemia, aydant


the French.

"Wearinesse seem'd far from his limbs and his corage
flagg'd not, but seeing

him rushing

into the conflicte, a

messenger went



beseeching aide.

"But," asked the



sonne fallen?"

^^o, Your Ma."



"I^oe, unhurt.

Your Ma."





"Free, Yo'


"Say yee he needeth ayde?
glory to-day.











none may share."



was. but hardly wonne, and

did not end

our troulDles in that land
also Callice.


there was Poictiers,

Then was


black death sent upon the peo-




Cathay and the dead were numberlesse.

All Europe by that dread scorge felt th' heavy hand of


By th'

black death was Laura snatcht from th' poete.

Divine sorrow gave his pen


England was almost

depriv'd of labourers, for the plague was heavie



coarsenesse of

comon food

ingrOsed, yet those


were fed with fare

o' th'

king perish'd likewise.

th' third division, since (i) it

was necesary



then these in order


represent his long raigne,
in th' south.


see th'

waning fortunes of Prince Edward

Losse of faire Limoges not long afte' th' putting of th'
worthlesse king of Spayne on the trembling throne of that

countrey by th' aide of their soe c


[c] ailed free



of surname, th' cruell


favourably looked upon as


in noe

waye daunted

him, our conquering prince, nor restrai'd him.

hee had but half enjoyed this triumph of his troopes in
South, before th' Bastard unseated Pedro and
seeke shelter in France.
lesse courageous, I

made him

Following slowly, Edward, no

[ay] more gallant even, found


thinges captivating to th' hero.
his spoiles

In such a mode of

were quickly expended.

Th' sweating hast of


long marches, compleatly exhausting the


men and


inishing the eagernesse to goe into battaile, th' seductive


thoroughly enervating revells that the souldiers follow'd
eagerlie as they
sarie to

had pursu'd the


nowe made



go home to bring ove' his


and alreadie he


to bee

aware that his returne wou'd lacke much of

the interesse and excitement that attended

him on



Also hee knew that his honour wo'ld bee far

lesse, his entrie lesse glorious

and triumphant then when



of Fra'ce rode as a prisonner beside him.

might then, we sho'ld have sayd, bee

readilie seene

that hee stood high in all the people's harts.



to stryve to outshine ev'n herselfe, soe that they

spar'd neither pains nor



adde to the honour or his


this occasion lesse glory

comon Are we



th' bonfires

was given him by th' which they love best were

soe few, hee, himself e, inquired


there no

more f ewel ?

povertie strucken?"

After soe milde a wellcome, his

yearn'd greatly


conquests, yet hee fell quicklie into the Syren's

snares of pleasure, like his sire, that was for long in stro'g

bondes, not becoming or kinglie.


courtiers eagerly

imitating a well honour'd king in his vices, our good olde


soe well renown'd thro' Europe,

and ev'n unto

Jewrie for sobriety, nowe began to bee knowne for her

mirth and gaiety. After
th' decease of the

vertuous Phillipa,

greatly in the power of one of a great

Edward was number of ladies

which surrou'ded
of "Th'

all this traine,

even as the gay

it is

els'where thro'g round courtiers.


had given



of the


to the fayre being,


doubt quight a prope'

style, being,


assured, every





for fewe

on earth have

so dazling beauty,

verilie, like to that lovelinesse of Circe, faire

daughter of


Her triumphs Were

compleat, as



well be

conceyv'd, whilst Edward's supreame sovereignty lasted,

but after awhile she drank the sweetnese from her full

and found


dregs as bitter as wormewoode.


Solomon would have foretold
had but read

this sodain downefal, if she


in th'





m^ seeke
But I

if it

be doubtf uU to yourself e.

Blind fate could not bee

a sterner, or in truth, soe sterne an executioner.

do digresse.

After these portions have their great contrasts most
clearlie set out, I



death of this hero, yet not too


That of the King

however, omited,



being to fixe men's mindes rather upon the doughtinesse
that he exhibited, his other qualities of a true and wise


of th' olde times, whe' to bee king compelled



armoure, and leade into a
of valew,


kingdome, people,

—aventuring — retayne
last into

his posses-

To mine owne

selfe this


of maintaining the Divine

repugna't, and


I come at



power of the minde







th' writer of

Cypher workes that


be conin

ceal'd so well that noe other eie
his coneeipt


wise he

—bee shewne

to be greatly exceeding that of

the sinewy right arme.



hope in labour,

oft as

hard and as fatigui'g as falleth to him that hath alwaies
toyl'd for his bread, as

by such meanes that kingly

mindes should bee


Th' fears that fiU'd and harrassed


minde, when

with a strong motive for secrecy soe well knowne to





ciph'rei'j this

Cypher was


have become farre more

constant, for I can observe

manie things which pointe

great watchfulnes


th' part of those

whom my


thorow that spye
everie interest


hath beene induced to

set to


and employ nie't that I have.

This writing

doth attracte attention, yet
penne, therefore I








freely open


soule herein and

give to posterity this sad story of


misfortunes and

cherish this hope that a time shall

come when Your humble servant,

right shall




having Arte for a guidi'g word,


must be only

quicke sight could see where



Other men, indeed, or such

were indue' d



works wil winne

his attention

by word

or signe


to the f aithfull

man who

to bring this history to

that vast world which lieth dreamlesse far, far

as a

thing apart.

These are as Greene, his worke, hath

First all those great yet



none having sight of

think to contayn anie Cyphe', and the epickes of Faerie






Kature; Melanc'olie, Truth; Greene, Fortune



as all that I do, tho' great, sus-

taineth such change of forme as
little hatli at this w^riting

Time maketh

desired, and

come forth

Time's other then


little prose,

for great secrets will surelie have to guard




avoid surprises and capture.



me Bacon

but I


the Queene's future heyre.


as all sep- twinetli closelie. wee do assure you.. Although not our life. DAVID AND BETHSABE. bindi'g such firme bands noe one may arate them. if You must give any other famed Cyphars be 'None must hold the opinion that our history may be giv'n with speedy pen.. dubbe me. but all first bee found in our workes. but told. our worke and finde but part of noted Axes and every kinde th' of weapon fall with swifte justice on head of th' adventurous man that should openlie inserte such historic here. noe chapter may wel be lefte. It is quite well worth our weary FRA'CIS B.IN DAVID AND BETHSABE. I know. so Her Ma. 11 GEOEGE PEELE. it can at once. should by mad daring. be cleerly shewne.. since there be much of a secret nature closelie conjoyn'd. You looke thprowe Cypher would of use to all. as a it Sonne of Follie. so oft over- muse on lookt wond'ri'g at a tale soe hidden when by my many inquiring or inquisitive enimies. must nere be passed by. none hath yet found the secret herein everything grav' attentio' found. You. The must story that we related o' th' life that we led at the Court at Fr (pages missing) . and in puting foorth our Cyphe'. Confessions do somewh't discompose anie that doe think our work but a pastime. to th' courageous men of our broad land. . labor. 1599.

her fond we were f aine to adventer even our honor. filled Thorow love I dreamed out these up as we have seen warp in some — . In plays that I wrote about that time. the Queene I^avarre. one my rowes grewe. MIDSOMMER NIGHT'S DREAM. and shield five other plays. and close. make life in o' Eraunce most greatest sor- Of his great hatre'. in truth. the blessings. love so soone ore-threw o' envie as wel as other evil passions. of joies and and greefes. and gave to me manie a cause in m' youth beneficent. who willingly fram'd excuses to keepe suitors. to save i' A wonderful pow'r to create heav'n upon To winne a shewe o' that lov'd eye. are wel set Indeede. became the chiefe delight. after I found lonelie Margaret. will give ayd. too. with other right royall her imperiall commandeme't. oft in disjoined and broken work. but as in most commone of our youthful experiences. or fame. my hart. plai's my everie act under great secrecy. That unfinish'd work may furder occupy your time and until one play have beene wel deciphered let noe othe' have attention for the storie. as th' fierce hate so continualy th' breast and of te unwiselie betraid by th' overt acts of the man o' In whom I have writ many things. earth was favour. Read spy on of a man of our realm that at morn. that at that my hasty banishme't following quite th' time seem'd maddening. SHAKESPEARE QUARTOS.12 BI-LITBRAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. her. some might say fire. ever at me. my passion the' i' youthly but th' hate that raged had much mee then was not burning i' so fierie. or eve. story of bane forth. ROBERTS EDITION 1600.

terror is reall asurance at in my it nightly dre'mes ene as it is in many daye-visiones least should bee while or my selfish. th' is yet f arre offe. yet I have a faith that will some- time be marked and decipher'd. MIDSOMMER NIGHT'S DREAM. As noe eie is turn'd cente seeming plays of any kinde. vastlie more interiour dear. vaine. ornate th' disguyse in by — many cases. brest. o' shal lacke. hand-loome. on everie hand shal her work be F. and On to thy destiny You would plays close do well to keepe these numerous. FISHER EDITION It is 1600. on discyph'ring one of my Cipher playes. something matter come from hiding. without manifest lacke judge- ment. so as to bee 13 made a beautious color'd ofte. noe matter if. Th' play must of necessity bee an unfinished worke untill its entire This no one can doubt. and lye anchored : untill a ! day when th' coming pow'r kisse may say !" "Hoist sayle. like to a webb with words Marguerite bath soe busy hand. the well hidd'n history may long be safe — too safe to work me good or it ill in my lifetime I now beleve. shot dailie into a fayre-hued web.— MIDSOMMER NIGHT'S DREAM. unnaturall and selfe-wilFd kingly . your fairy streamers. BACON. whilst no present being a possibility. away for the windes of heav'n th' tide is a-floode. and should life bewwraie [an] room in my calme but aching seene. and made a riche-hued damask. of more seri'us history then I plac'd in writings noted as works on grave on inno- and most important matters. 'Tis th' labour of yeares to provide th' lines of verse widely varied prose in which have a faire haven. part of which may be already taken forth.

mer[e] —who nere lov'd a sonne. and mothe' — in such way as women of the world have groaninglie bro't mankinde foorth. and I am on Francis. if th' word bee a proper one in such a place. whylst she wife to th' noble lord that was so sodainely cut full tide th' off in his and vigour of life. cause some sharpe-eyed foe to seek my lost name Pru- name used as my list one true instructor dictateth. selfish. sloAv hath claime to such pow'r as some shal se in th' decease of mighty England. in time succe'd to th' throne. though bound to name him who should shew what most might prove Heaven-given. as manie times you have f oimd tolde elsewhere. Essex and myselfe. who was. when made it prudent.14 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. or. then a parent's. would. none can make th' proud. England's Queene. MUCH ADO ABOUT NOTHING. halfe so well parent should —can doe me more harme. — — as by a right heyr-shippe. after Virgin Queene E. by mortalls farre or near. none can doubt. at a time love. Xo man dull. old as ay' insta't forfeit. wooed like is some both gen'rously affected youth-loving mayden. as former my timelie suggestion here. B. dence hath as good counsels in times of danger as sadder Experience. Some kinds shew of in the of little imprints were invented. having bin borne. and I onely to her voyce. I dare to be sworne. saf'tie unacknoweleged prince. is. 1600. giv'n to kinder care th' side o^ mv adoptif mere. a divine. hating parent. lawful. my mere. and must whilst Mature doth raigne — of two noble . be a spedy. when my life would. child to th' Queene. For. loved. although that Heaven as a gave her these twoo. F. Elizabeth. my just.

was trite and is nowise so plact when his declaratio's. th' — even may th' rule it. her wo'thie adviser dutie. sweete . train' d up by Devereux [and] he sonne to two wel fam'd who doth speake 'and counselor. two.SIR JOHN OLD-CASTLE AND MERCHANT OF VENICE. see!" as [to] deciph'rers.. evade inquiry now sharpe eyes bending upon Law. 1600. I doubt not. the oldest or prove these twentie plays to have bin put is upon our stage 'tis by the actor that suppos'd to sell dramas of value. ED. indeed. it is a f aire code. I did not decipherer would from it trie other devices also yet as too markt care might place a worke in more saith as clearly to a perill. and that partne' of loving labor or my most loved Lady Anne Bacon truly not to —none needeth soe mentio'. habituallie assailed as might have bin wel fortho't. Earle of Essex. wil take forth the secret history. It was with as bare-faced audacitie. yet rightlie mine owne labor. J. to yon. F. —indeede of eke babe '^It is secret work. Withal after I did doubt the quick . my new. written as was jesting trees. true. See or read. it Eare were a [is] sight. earliest devices In stage-plaies. — Avho ever hold man's very need of lighter workes and enter taynme't bri'geth back bard. as distance. to John Premier. th' foster frie'ds o' th' Que. SIR JOHN OLD-CASTLE ROBERTS th' AND MERCHANT OF VENICE. that far from mee both of duration as well through th' spaces o' th' universe. when men. bold fr'end. dilatate with carefull arte th' plan. upon bee th' target of idle archers. 15 sonnes. Sir Nichola' Bacon.

without *Merchant of Venice. th' Pr. closelie done ill. and are like an instrume't in the musicia's skilful fingers. or by th' lawe. wil write have i' both prose and poetry of crime. keeping of his this universe. as shee join'd herselfe in a union with Eobert Dudley whilst oath sworne to one as belov'd yet bound him. If noe cadent teares come to my decyph'rer. criticks poetes neA^er shal spare. turni'g on that narrowe treach'rous step. misterious.16 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. —not th' lawe. I thinke 'tis it stranger then hardnesse in others. 'Tis I greatly fear. if. and neither will seeke for. This is little to be for th' sensi- bilities ofte cause our fancies. o' their whom. as his part t' take the 'tis hidden secret fro' this outer false cov'ring it with which disguised. but evil. as lightly leaned is naturall. and a play shal not keepe. and left a foul blot that is cli'ging yet to name. because I tel a tale pride shall am justlie. give to a posterity that is distant. Elizabeth. ev'n. in sight o' th' God both Jew and Chret'en revere. fell on th' bricks — th' paving of a court as his 'tis —and still is so died. of world- grandeur. o' Wales. * . crown'd with blig'ted wre'ths of baye. governed my mother. saying that noe authour with an interesse in rude humanity. owne or th' so wel evills acted upon our am base. when. grac'd with senses most sharpelie struck or lie mov'dby the meteor ma' vail' d at. or aught thai not of th' jesting fooles saye or sing. *royall and soe honour'd. I have bene told hee aided in th' removall of this obstructio'. — may see any stage. a thou't f arre- reaching as This shal all be scene on the stage. as 1 who serving God hateth wro'g. —I [ay] who av/ed th' gods of other lands. shee upon th' raile. as true. I kno' pangs or the joy kepte I o' love. or bee at all cognizante of th' same.

made wrack. Robt. that all unworthy thi'gs be removed as dregs from wort. duties. bee as truly yielded up afterwards. th' wisest our age thus farr hath she wen. A sonne can nere share gay mere's hon- and governeing but Essex at one time grew verie arrogant havi'g for a f aire season our ourable and sustayning favour and the aydant interesse of our pere. as bad orts from grain is or as lees fro' wine. all is In truth a man's thorough opening thus to a fr'end that his braine co'ceiveth. I make a boast in speaking so. At that time I knew my owne claime to favour must. I — pardon. for oft a feav'rous fire burneth in him. hee but part of myself e doth know interiour workings of the minde. prithee. dis- honoured by one whose maternall love was not of so great strength as a desire for pow'r. as he doth is understand or consciou' of those of his own minde. fann'd.) . will He will eat his heart in lonelie musi'gs. conscious of. yet.— — SIR JOHN OLD-CASTLE AND MERCHANT OF VENICE. or like to egg-shells crush'd togethe'. with patience put it 17 th' aide of a friend that shall forth. outraged. and clarified. so u'seemly must speake it heere. with one knowing that he heire-apparent to this kingdome. In such a sonne. as worldes visions shifting and looming with wondrous swiftnesse on th' view. as a shippe beaten by mercilesse windes. (Joins with some other shall c work not yet deciphered. With in regall Elizabeth it is not markt. a phrase. is This cannot be otherwise. wrong'd. — th' mother should lose selfish vanitie and be actuated only by a desire for his advancement. yeelded publikely. or soone restless tosse. wooe is th' minde from its labours to a broken to pieces. doing this. or th' soule oft save his reason. If this [be] cleared.

wear. through most improbable but yet equally desired seeking. idle. and fruictles day to report to an instigator. saf'ty as much enda'ger'd by accompting on such Cipher disguising. when.-as I these manie times ere now have made cleere — if. at some remote epoch of th' worldes great history. to escape his eyes. —my first Cypher letter having bene made an epistle of wishes my faithefull fr'end must fulfil. 1600. not yet deciphered. It must send Mr. —they have bene published is as the fruict of many But. as you without any doubt know quite wel — in truth. yeeres. into many subtily co'triv'd devices. an' so th' true these plays must. in time. and fully as slie. For Rare to is decypher plays will much such royall apparell upon so strange . making it as difficile as may be thought. wily as he. DUKE OF YORK. rea- You name should assuredly also find al these. cary not to completio' mine owne incite this good work. RICHARD. as a surly curre as at anie past daye. 'venturer. a future fr'end. as my discyph'rere. at this writing.— 18 BI-LITBRAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. Robert Cecil on one errand with many but a sorrie. keepeth on with espionage or questiongs. it must preclude the thro' possible sev'rall renowne I might some dale enjoy playes^.) * # -jf * * jgj-^ none. (Some work precedes this. They consider that. to give us mad thoughts o' revenge. half light at th^ of no suitable furniture [the] rivall of palmie —no way bettered by or proud G [r]eece Rome when pinacle of glorie. our stage. not on accompte of the season or such well known or feigned sons. Mine had for a period lesse honour.

men that dar'd state an unpopular thing. doth much dread evill. Th' tardie epistle shal turne over an unknowns leaf of the historic of our land. visions of th' dread. so are Cipher histories relationes of doth command Penne. as Maiden Queene — as to make us more f eare our owne Knowing well her hatred of th' desire o' my by one other sin. B. — which tho' dire indeed then others. hath little that horrifies. DUKE OF YORK. hid- den. hearts agay'st th' men who renowne thoughts. infamous actes dreamt of by fiends. or many of the man his arte. fathe'. Th' booke herein hidd'n hath th' names t' in middest o' the other parts o' those writers suppos'd pro- duce th' plaies here mention'd. mark w^hat words this strange epistle thrust out. Of truth the nearnes at present now oppres liartes noe-wise affected. Ay. inner storie. shut uppe. . yet niark. work'd to give me th' presidence mine in right. Her Majesty surely put great weight upon These made so great hate in our fed a most unwomanly notion vain and empty theories of th' seeres she most w^ish'd to have cast her horoscope. having come from but a herein. Soe maskt.— RICHARD. I have plac'd Cyphre. or amidst si'gle braine. that o' None in fact were so created. it i' made to bee cognisant of his duty. Presto. liid like a 19 crime. ill. him not long shewne th' as such. but it doth requite is labour since 'tis soe true. all this. amidst so truely brutall hor- rores. F.

greeting everie dawne on our home. could bee hee himself e repeated — his originall planne much more intended my plaine right the' his owne. I write mildly of so terrible events. made it effort to win a promise and assurance of this right. by law. his never attaine. It is undeniable. stifled cries or piteous moans are eares heare Robert's voyce. next in ranke to soveraigne power. checke soe great. Essex. ay. It may bee. to if make these things as plain to these sentences. received the spurre in th' failure of soe reasonable dema'ds. such dre'dfull daies. A DECLARATION OF THE TREASONS ATTEMPTED AND COMMITTED BY THE EARL OF ESSEX. lov'd by th' surer ^th' first wrecking honor and naturall empire put upon him. and my opening sealed dores. enf an's of a queene no wilful rebelion As wee. thy murther. it excusation. the heires.FRAx\TCIS BACO]^. that knowledge and consequently a wider ki'gdome's rule thorow knowledge be gained th' — also heyres of honor. To sharper clamours. my ambition. 1601. created men — pow'r wholly royale. so galli'g memories of fifteene such woful. all as it — I must say. our royall a aspirations received a dampening. to gold of to most umbratike crowne. all added. hau'ting daie that doth dreemes. but I refused to 20 liste to th' . i' 'tis limn'd iire on gloom of th' night or daye. wrong'd must raise (up) its pow'r upon. soe entreati'gly. wee were hoping and some holde for advanceme't we might Lord. co'vinc'd both.

th' moment's question loom'd up before me and blotted out love. may be read in the body the But least soe evill a rumour shall rise that this record should bee quite made waie with or bee after- wards supprest. By mine unsuspected small devices. Whilst I write but all. every truth must bee in a frame. served. or the minion. It proveth that a little of one's reward. charmer in 2l th' ill-deserving. shattered. In the blindnesse and confusio'. specially of th' Citie. of our people. not Cipher epistles have related in this it mark'd sort. dissprov'd. that not I. honor. ill-succeedi'g designe. much outvalewed Eternity itself e. inside a verie greatly differing work. How it was overthrowne.TREASONS BY THE EARL OF ESSEX. "When now bei'g discyph'red reach'd completion. may revive one's courage soe that hee do his longer taskes with pleasure. valew'd matter may co\ej. that his story may be prelesse my newer capitals seen plainlie. his part. this that is The capitalls of a part of some hath of th' stage plays are often thus twice serving these secret works. That briefe duration It is sad to looke back. all th' joyes of the past or dreames of farre offe fame. yet sadder to co'template th' future. but present booke. I se most cleerly not it my owne folly my sinful weaknesse like as must in the sight of one Divine and Supream Judge of all creatures apeare. for lacke of opporo' tune houres to work. but many my gayer brother was the darling. so that some such fiery rebellion on the Earle. was perhaps onely a manifestation by waye of bragging shews or flaunts of various intents. All my late brothe' . must surely by this as anie eye that look'd but keenly time have noted. derived as such bee from gaining information. I have this request to prefer that th' minor Cypher may bee us'd.

doth holde as in imperish- amber the story given in this way. yet shal I use a make sudden. the onely shews of th' affection shee might be suppos'd to manifest. be oft am desirous that tli' o' this most blinde waie.ark'd law. to death bloud. as my owne o' th' evermore accueffects of mulating and abundant evidence his rash doings. unprofitt' able change to allowe a seeker as smal worth as th' thinke it something of almost wo'derfully curious devices wee have heard it said much occupied people of a'cient ^gipt. have see much waight in such thoughts. unhappy Her Majestie's regard and favour was by noe means on account of our secret claime. unwisht. and made clear. as a m. as as th' sentence. or it may be said. is it But the device. counsel. sinnewxs as my owne —was sentenced by that at mere and my owne . I lesse. must have is held so price- Life to a schola' but a pawne for mankind. doth serve. Elizabeth and Robert. I ours It should rather bee noted may say without timorousnesse. soe well able manag'd. sham'd us that they were understood. . this Time to tell whence curse came. and Yet brother bred—bone. hid so long. B. Earle o' Leicester. were join'd lawfully in wedlock before my comming. a Essex who was also sonne unto Her Ma. FR. hazarded will not so much linger. as I realme. th' Que.22 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. a subsequent lost th' life that I triall. this truth must some wel time be knowne had not I thus allowed myself e to give some countenance to th' arraignement.

33 SHAKESPEAEE QUAETOS. are to may be deciph'red. as hath bene in Ciphars. decypheri'g so many different workes. — th' saddest in anie or all th' known languages. this story our love staieth In each great part that wee shal bring into the world of reading or thinking men. not Plautus. must straight bee tried. assistant. must be studied in this work. as gold that shall . in its full. our brother. When hour! one. unblushing truth. for in some plays we blench'd somewhat. Do not pause for a moment to delve 'mid Cyphers where rules put forth in the Bi-literall possesse whatever directions you might need. and decyphr'd. and methods that in manie ways shew all our subtile intri- cate inventions. in divers names are published. It is scat- the historic of th' Earle of Essex. from this to our finis. and. shal write a story oft as th' same shall appeare. th' tale may be fou'd. 1605. but such as doth have on th' severall partes printed one or other of the various pen-names used. woe worth the this. fro' th' numerous unsign'd yet mark'd or sealed manuscript.— LONDON PRODIGAL. th' storie this many times over said to our othe' worke co'taineth cannot in anie Cypher be seen soe long upon. ^fi^ones — so brought out that men o' th' future must know our birth and parentage. It is not far off or undisciph'red drama hath such a proof. as time suit. t'red with a lavish hand through th' manie and varied plays which. and. — after our owne part have most o' th' secrets fitly hidd'n there. 'None can attempt history soe reiterate. and. Kot . LONDON PRODIGAL. and. naked.^schylus.

shal find who it liking our rejoice to d'ficiente eene by a word. . have taken forth. 24 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. that o' ours. all adorne Solomon. a decipherer shall not by any fault or omissio' short of come and manie wonderful truths. his temple. It shall be neyther th' which can dim its glory tho' so tried more nor lesse our designe. none. BACON. being o^ to put great and important secrets in everie part these works. see this Avork. from mome't it was conceived.. FR. Make this such pen greatly entire suitable history.


Take, reade!

it is

sore necessity that doth force



very dry and also quite


as a



methode of transmission.

Seldome (though occasionalie

in th' bright but infrequent verse) lines of a published



come, plact in


Cypher amongst


matter; for

all this bi-literall


do, shall


helpe and aide to


former: one must cary on the other.

Therefore as you cease to be attracted by one, you
folow another, but I


am most

assured that


long labor,

making such small

devices with this scope, end, and

ayme, when completed and put out, boldlie given forth



signature or in some other name, shall have full

recompence of reward.

As one

—a pre-notion—^more quickly, and

findeth that which doth already exist in his



arrive at th' goal

when he doth keepe his eyes on it, soe my discipherer make farre more advancement, keepnere turning aside with a

ing steadilie on with

wandering eye.

for his advantage or benefitt, also, that th' lines
shall occasionally

that I

have mentioned


to view; th'

prenotion being thus formed greatly asisteth



and doth ayde


eye to see


symboles (signes) to shew
concealment, or


discyphere' works of


penne in

rather in

masque or





stage plaies have


beene disguis'd

(to wit,


in Greene's


or in Peelers, Marlowe's, a fewe, such

as th' Queene's

Masques and others of

kind published


me by



friend and co-worker) since I relate

a secret history therein, a storie of so sterne and tragick






in the


It surely

must proove that they are the work of


hand when you, observing

this varietie of forms, find out


soe devis'd to ayde a decipherer in the study

of th' interiour historie.


the use of this Bi-literall

Cypha', or the highest degree of

Cyphar writing, I may

give not meerely simple plain rules for such matters, but

some hint that may bee of

use, or

It is

fame that

all seeke,


surelie so great


can comC' in noe othe' studie:
th' study,


you commence

the lawrell must at some future day be bestow'd

upon you, for your

must dayly grow and none

could winne you awaye.

On mee


doth impose a great labour, but the part you

doe shall be








best part

a yeare now) th' worke that

before you

hath beene in hand: noe wonder, then, that
som' taske and somewhat
clod: whe', however,

a weariveriest



would weary the


be completed,


joy will

exceede th' past wearinesse.



can but be scene that I have undertaken great
behalfe of



for the furder advancing of

knowledge, awaiting a time when


bee in everie
kept to

other ages

as in

our owne, but that this

may be

we may

use th' Latine, since our feare



want we note

in this, th' English, of a degree




or measure of stability or of uniformity of




many changes

in usage


it is

wise to

use for a

monument, marble more
so great is


our love for our mother-tongue, wee
as are

have at times made a free use, both of such words
consid'r'd antique,
spiritt of




theme, and


an earlier day, especially in


poemes that are modelled on Chaucer; yet

antique or

lightly woven, as

you no doubte have before
both comon

this noted, not onlie with expressions that are

and unquestionablie

English of our





French wordes, for the I^orman-French
left its traces.

William the Conqueror introduced
Beside nought

furder from


thoughts then a wish

to lop this off, but,

on the contrarie, a desire to graff more
th' tree

thoroughly on our language, cutts that will make

more delightsome and





hath oft led


to doe the engraffing for


proper self e.

Indeed not



of their language alone, but the

Jewells of their crowne are rightfullie England, her inheritance.

Furthermore many words commonlie used in
parts of England,
strike th^ eare of citizens of


townes in

southerne England like a foreine tongue, combinations

whereof make

all this varietie,

that I finde ofttimes melo-

dious, againe lesse pleasing, like the

commingling of counreason,
in the cause of all

trey fruites at a market faire.

Yet you, seing the

approve, no doubte, th' efforts I


students of a language and learning, that

yet in



hood, so to speake.

The inwarde motive


noble, onlie as


cometh from a

pure love of the people, without a wrong or






right to rule this



her supreme gov-

ernour: but this deathlesse, inalienable, roiall right doth

th' Earle,

Elizabeth, the late soveraigne, wedded, secretly,


father, at th'

Tower of London, and


wards at

house of Lord



ceremony was

peated, but not with any of the

pompe and ceremonie


sorteth wel with queenly espousals, yet with a sufficient


of witnesses.

I, therfore,

being the


borne sonne of



upon the throne, ruling the people over whom

the Supreame Soveraigne doth shewe


right, as




whilst suffering

others to keepe the royall

A foxe,

seen oft at our Court in th' forme and outward

appearance of a

man named Robert





answer at

Divine Araignment


charge agains', him, for he despoyled




mother, might, in course of events which

low'd their revelations regarding


birth and parentage,

without doubt having some naturall pride in her offspring,
often have shewne as no


had not the

crafty foxe aroused in that tiger-like spiritt th' jealousy
that did so tormente the Queene, [that] neyther night nor

day brought her respite from such suggestio's about hope that I might bee England's king.



told her


endeavours were


for sov'raigntie and

honour, a perpetuall intending and constant hourlie prac-

some one thing urged or imposed,
roiall dignity.


should seeme,

by that

absolute, inhere't, honorably deriv'd necessitie of

a conservation of





bade her observe the strength, breadth and com-

passe, at

an early age, of

th' intellectual

powers I displaied,

and ev'n deprecated
speech which

gen'rous disposition or graces of

wonne me manie

implying that




no doubt, uproot

her, because I would,



th' people's harts

and usurp the
be exorcised,

throne whilst


mother was yet



he conjur'd up could by no


and many


came therefrom, not alone

in youth, but



horror each dreem'd of

Neyther one supposed
last of the


mindes waking notiones and

one that, draw-

ing th' darke curtaines as night departed, had entered with
th' light

each morning


take forme of th' other

offshoot, th' favourite heyre, Eo.bert

at th'

time known




borowed cognomen of Devereux, Earl of
indeed was hee, who, as though

Essex: yet

booke of

their suppositions or feares

was to him the one that con-

tain'd easie lessons in treason, at last let loose th' dragon.

For a short

space, this rebellion of th' Earl of Essex

hardly shewed as such, having beene by the counsel of his
friends, kept wisely backe

large bodie of souldiers at Mil ford Haven, expecting

when he purpos'd landing a many

joyn his forces


they mov'd on towards London, and

contenting th' proude soule, swelling to bursting in his
breast, to

by taking forth two-hundred of his choycest give a show of greatnesse and aide him in th'
was hatching.



projects that hee

His planne was nothing

than [a]



take possession of th


Court; his assistants, Davers,
e'ter unchal-

Davis and Blount, being well known, might

lenged with a sufficient number of aydes that, scatter'd
about, should likewise cause

no remarke;

at th' given signe



they were to

without confusion,


halberdes of the

guard, take stand, each in his previously assigned place



holde the guard- chamber, one to possess himself of

the hall, and a third to keepe watch at the gate


Essex should enter


presence chamber and virtually get

possession of the Queene, under the pretense of complain-

ing that certaine of her advisers and informers were his
mortal 1
enemies, and,

maki'g bold



Her Ma.

should bring these


to triall, should

promptly name

some who were neither wanting
in courage to


good favor nor deficient

occupy the places so made vacant.

and the

was Parliament
citty itselfe to


call'd to



be under his controle.

This planne knowne perfectlie

Southampton, the

chiefe of his frends, manifestely suited that aventurous
assistant well,



failed in execution as

we know.

The unwonted


in all quarters, while Earle Kobert

measure of liberty he enjoied, made*Her Majesty

watchful; also the assembling from every county of England of noteworthie men, nobilitie and militarie being
chief ely observed

not, however, throngs bitt slowe gath-

erings as though one drewe afterwards



not her




danger and
to the

whereupon the guards at Court were made th' numbe' doubled. Keport therof,
Earle of Essex, greatly excited his feares


least his plot

had beene discovered, and hasten'd the end.


th' first,


lord of Essex,

whose whole thought

clung to his originall planne of seizing
ing upon th' inspector of the ordinance



who had vowed


surrender the keyes,

— and afterward,

from such point

vantage surprising and possesing

th' cittie,

attempted to



favour of the Protestants overtlie, and of his




Jesuit acquaintances covertly, promising the latter, I


informed, that he would

restore the Catholick faith,

and, as his innermost being was mightily sway'd
ination, I thinke

by imag-

he persuaded himselfe that hold on the

people was sufficient to carry out these simpler plots,
whilst hee doubted


Majestie's graces

would under-

mine a hope



th' faith


affection of th' gentle-


that were


companie; therefore hee deter-

mined that a surprise would be attended by too many
dangers, and trusting greatly to the love of th' citizens,

backe on their ayde.



Candlemas term ere
he had ample and

his plan

was soe farre digested.

His liberty being


constant meanes of carrying on his plans.
confined to his chambers at Court,

As he was not
to send
councill, but

was necessary

him when he should appear before the


was done


lord boldly refus'd to go,


straightwaye disseminated a rumour that in going thither
in the evening

he was


upon and nearly drowned by


th' tool of Sir

Walter Raleigh, and Sir Walter was frequently varied by

But unfortunatelie

this tale




one time hee did give out that four


had made an attack foure dales before, for the
This weaken'd his case so

same or similar purpose.
that but


few came

at his call

when he went
out, for

forth bidding

them arm and

fight for their king.

In truth he saw not many people
in readinesse within for th' call."

Her Majesty

tooke the wise precaution to give order:

"Arm and



the principall gentlemen, a

But with him were now not lessa than fifteen company well chosen,

score of


ing on th' part of th' nobility, Earls of Eoutland and of

Southampton, Lords Sandes, Mountegle, with others; behind him he had

Earle of Worcester, Lord Keeper,




beare' of th' Seal,

party met

Her Majestie's Comptroller, and who had come to meet Earle Robert,

enduring imprisonment in his house, but

they remained not long in duresse.

Th' tour of

th' citty

being well nigh made,




Ma.'s troopes led forth by th' Admirall.

Blount was wounded, Tracy
to his



lord return'd


house, and baricading the two great gateSj


house on





avaPd not long.

First hee begg'd for th' safe co'duct of th' Countesse, then







one in whose

spirit is

no lo^e of pow'r,




nature of th' flame
date, speaki'g in a





death of recent

comparative way, of


mother Queen

Elizabeth, should put

me upon

th' royal

chayre of England,

because, borne in lawfull wedlocke, I
birth, true sov'raigne.

am by

th' rights of

I aske only justice, but Divine, ay, God-giv'n




had by precedent usage and by lawe long apperfirst

tayn'd unto the

borne sonne to the sovereigne, was
direct pursuance

me in the life-time and in




of the wishes of

Her Majesty, my mother.

"Noe fame

could holde up brighte' temptation than this that hath most

beene refus'd

— power, and in transferring our scepter to
Her Majesty's intention and wish was
could not be r aught by anie outstretcht



of Scotland,

to put




Beating in

my braine with this injustice, Avhich the yeares

can have no soothing influence upon, there
that fate,


memorie of

by farre more

sad, cruell,

and unjust then


by rash Kobert.

must be acknowledg'd that
any wise be


crime for which hee

sufer'd could not



his past services or

bravery, but, had a signet-ring that hee did desire to present

reacht Elizabeth, Kobert, th' sonne



might have

received a roiale remitment, inasmuch as

was her



and token.

This did


however, to act as

peace-maker as it came not, for good reason, to Her Majesty's


Dredf ul was her passion of anger and her bootlesse
on finding that our proud hero had
so stoopt,



of hart


was not met.

As hee had beene led


beFeve he had but
at a

send the ring to her and

same would


warni'g bring rescue or relief e, he relyed vainly, alas! on

promised ayde.

A bitter griefe
dearer, as

was, not the lesse because he was -f arre
tho' but a
is th'

you know,



then one as

worthy her love who


It shal bee well depicted in a play

and you wil be


structted to disc^^plier


fully, as soone as suits

with such


as e'grosseth

you now.
bee ended.


at the great



th' plavs



Stay in this work to get your
lines or i^erses


directe rule relating to
at the

which were much employed


aydes in the work that had not advanced farre towards
Vergill, with all of


of poets,

Homer, I have made

my most cherisht, or revered, to serve my designe as there

could hardly so
lopt if noe


bee divided, mangled, cut, hewen or

penne save


unskilled quill

for I was yet



i'teriour materiall.



contr'vance also lack'd some s-uide or hand in

order to shew th' way, meandering in tortuous farre-reach-

ing course, in

bookes that I designed, and at that time I
th' key, at th'

had great feare that no sharp eye would note aught
or such name-wordes, purport.

How to



same instant give unmistakable, manifold
grave but very constant quaere with


was a


that with


rathe' then they will discover that they know not. this storie argumen' none will aske another.IN KING excellent plannes HENRY THE FIFTH. true acclamations. human . may taint with a slime like this th' fountayn . In it were these shames. (foul horrors we fain leave unfinisht while fairer portions tlr may be found) that are base as aught fit rude countrey hindes bee supposed to thinke as for creatures give.' or greater blame which it may ill. be is not knowne at present. ther'fore I have emploied these translations for the benefit of such. an historian. This is simply another portio' greatly occupying a plaie too poor to work to our true or permanent renoune. real or just applause. scatt'r'd story s are collected as in their original Scholars of great note have this: When it aniething new hath bin shewn them. 1609. th' As indeede this horror is wee our 'tis merely doth repeat horror to be found. as for any. FRA'CIS FIRST OF ENGLAND. they recognise in alreadie that which they know. for a told hath beene a paining as weary eno'gh relation without any telling. lesser 36 and by diverse repeated experiments in time slowly brought the desir'd but dificile respondeat contrivance —an inge'ious waie by which lines and frag- ments of forme. PERICLES. must needes write that which if it true to bee good or nere so and must hold a glasse up others that none of his life. is but wee. uselesse third It and fourth time may win .

our Pastorale of and those great Virgill gave manki'de. but . HAMLET. o' much time hath beene o' given to th' waiting diverse plai's. then in many much more worth ie tion to of note. 1611. spirit. Our new play hatli breasted th' wave so galantlie. and sev'rall that have lesse importe but are stil worthy. This in the should not be understood to bee anie Atlas to whom antient time was committed th' waight of our world. and great joy beateth in artyries even youth. or errata. and heart. as in our earliest To man. But doe not as th' forget to seeke for your Cipher poeraes such his two poemes of noble Horner^ most worthy verse. a thrill runneth thorow minde. forthwith. Howere. so brightly. for the excel- lence sustayn'd through are written in poems now used only in workes that shal aide one Cypher when these shall be brought forth cease with t' shew their authorship. eie our secretes were submit- no but ours seeth our interior history hid not sucli as th' workes one now in your emploie. at last as and it shall t* be united to ours th' light so that our writings shall be brought one may sec. with a fantasy. through a timely attenhis cheefe slips. ted. great our co'fidence in some name as well knowne to Him who go^^erneth al as is our name. KT. if such an eager seeker be never scene as is visible to th' is eye of our minde. Heede ! These are words of FRANCIS BACON. meth ought. so But work must not which shall poems herein nam'd. yet lesse in his sight.36 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. to keep. most of old Atlas. also the Christ. nine have a time of dark dayes without a future.

having bin all we could things in a follow- ing editio' may be altered but wee depende on our decy- ph'rer. and varied.IN HAMLET. is a wittie veyne In truth it different from any formerly employed. must bee evident to our friend and co-w^orker that these all dramas are superior in nearlie genius hath swaie : those scenes where our these Cyphers do much limit th' expres- sions of th' exteriour part and when narration predominates. FRANCIS BACON (RIGHTFUL) R. turne one's genius suddainelie In this actour that many times to suit th' new man. at some day. to collect these all into one tome. suiteth well w^ith a native spirrit. Also the plays being given out as tho'gh actor to written by the whom each had bin consigned. not verie long after our history hath bin decyph'red. reveries. ourselfe. With feelings. th' play corresponsively better therefor. yet it is easily explained. Th' theame to was alwayes a subject well selected convey the secret message. It shall bee noted in truth that some greatly exceede their fellowes in w^orth. genius f eeleth the rein that doth governe th' movements and th' course. th' it is quite dif- and the interiour story aydeth in production of these exteriour plays w^hen they have sway. and contemplation. since doth entirely deof printing. as in recognition of the merits of our stage-plaies. the pende on him to superintend correction of so his own worke Some much matter co'taini'g bi-form'd letters attempt. . humourous and grave by turnes in It later Therefore w^hen w^ee create a part that hath him is in minde. it 37 one wee designate thus foolishly. ferent. wee now emploie.

1611. wrote and it was to know of our ought without the so-call'd author's new drama that name upon crushed by its make onely we publisht the page.BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. succeed the Queene-mother to soveraig'ty. but were barr'd the succession. most playes wee had sent out before our new one. We should. — of thing' found at the present day best for interiour stage-plays. Rules for that other Cipher. disciphered and made cleere to all upon the earth. th' injustice done us by the late Queene of our most powerfull realme Elizabeth of England for she was our owne royale mere. else posterity may not bee richer. whilst truth in obscurity hidden. — will bee giv'n soone. in some degree like and rivaling th' diverse exteriour dr apings. TITUS ANDRONICUS. as we wish th' storie in that way most ple'santlie concealed. here. to-day. But knowing also that truth one strong enemy. oft remai'eth long enwrapt from sight. Few thought our decypherer an adoptive heire and suppos'd sonne to Sir stage-plays Mcholas Bacon. as oft it will be found) who was our true sire. Very few know. errour. commeth up in fresher vigour. the lawf uU wedded — — wife to the Earle of Leister (Leicester. had the stile or name of an actor —he who wil put it it foorth —but anon the one who bringeth on our stage. then most of this dull generation. like other princes. . So great wrongs must bee sette right. as shall concerne knowledge of English historic of our times. the first that blest that royale union. and we the heire to crowne and throne ought to Avield her scepter. but punished through the rashnesse of our late artf nil brother this right shal bee denied us forever.

39 We can win bayes.nd renowme. acting our dramas.IN TITUS ANDRONICUS. —bee yeelded . know F. That honor must but al morn yet folow him. standeth forth as you only to us. putting away it. supremest. o' th' Glob' so well did win. and we can raise a shining monumente which shall not suffer the hardly Avonne. lawrell gyrlo'ds 3. in good time. fame won from authorshippe (supposed) of our after our plays must. — owne worke. croM^ing glory to fade. shal the lofty !Nere as and wide-reaching honor that such workes these bro't us bee lost whilst there |ound to aii'orde opportunity to may even a work bee actors who may play those — powerful parts which are clayme — to now soe greeted with great acwinne such name and honours as Wil Shaketo earth's finale th' speare. its vayling disguises.

"They shall be put where they cannot sufficient to But evidence was brother and Earl prove th' guilt both of my of Southampton. Two parts of my booke. 40 . that hee was not present the consultation that five treason-plotting noblemen helde at Drury-house. —maketh a compleat abridge- ment of the history given fully in the great Cypher.— EDMUND SPENSEE. E. How like some nightes horrible vision this triall and awful torture before his execution must ever be to me. I speake of Pros- Qu. opo. for his asso- him. as was shewne at the triall. many features of their plot were tell tales. As hath bin destroyed by the many importante papers having beene Earle. as here you as finde them. but the other parts must stand Let all thus. that doth commence one of my great workes of Scyence and. stiled continued in the little work The Wisdome of the is re- Auncients. they ayde in the writing of my brother's which was begunne in the second part. my lord of as and they were acting hee directed. ayded ciates incriminated him not a whit. his plea. said. or book. the remainder bee work'd history first.'' never brought out. at Essex. and taken up in this poeticall worke that published for this purpose. Essex himself e saying. 1611. which I set may be placed behind everie othe' and th' Faerie before as my lasf you arrange the whole to decypher your instruction. works. SHEPHEARDS CALENDER. and such of their writings as had not beene destroyed were in the handwriting of Essex.

as I did my care o' Essex. I may now admit. to awaje. ruling ore and contente. This thought onelj fraught wdth a measureles pain. my advice. yeelded nought upon the questio'. simply as th' dreames or visiones of night seeme to us in after time. it gration of This. O. even when object seem'd as armed agaynst it. Thus the breach between my haplesse kinne widen'd silence both. sitteth aloft 41 none but the Judge that All the scenes come before to put it can justlie knowe. however. my mother. I cry to th' penne doth ever require a greater minde then royall scepter. yet did that. my own fortunes with th' Queene. for a tombe doth Vantages acompted great. Ended now to wield th' to is my great desire to sit in British throne. to attempte th' reintehis. or drive it back Avernus. Yet this disposition was not paramount when I made my plea in behalf of him. though benefitt. tho' knowne commonly that persuasions swayed her often. If hee had but heard tempt my power can doe nought for his memorie. and nothing uncertaine may close it. but he heeded his owne Whilst succeeding barely in as unreathis at- soning wishes only.IN SHEPHEARDS CALENDER. sway the Heavenly Ayde. who can that all divulge that greatest is o' secrets? None. had th' will to doe Essex great was truely little lesse harmful unto to me. th' true love I bore soe moove mee occupy from tooke a charge that greatly imperiled sions. I my personall pretenand even aventure my utmost witt. its home. then Queene beth. all. offer: Larger worke doth invite my hand then majestic doth Ay. but how- me like the acted play. ever to keepe my soule thus humbled . whom loving trust haplie kept in checke when a w^ord of dubitancie would pricke as with a spurre. my lord RobEliza'tis ert of Ewe. to so much winne a hearing.

early. his sight. and midnight's meditation to linde out their secret workings. his death off. required a species of justification o' th' none surely shew'd) carried Robert is it indeed th' so as in man. all this tragedy unfolded before us. of my writings upon a part of late negotiations. and this world's litle golden sunshine be but as collied night's swifte lightning. Only thus can I banish from brother's untimely cutting his tryall. As it is now. . In order to in- our mindes must bee inclin'd to His This abridgement notes given. bannish'd to realmes above. selfe. so close my path lay by This you duelie have noted. Her Ma. through unto bright daye with Thy- enfolde infuse As Thou them in from Thy didst conceale Thy lawes in thick clouds. or acted as Secretary. Source infinite of light. history will also bee unfinisht. (which a liking. the true meaning of The heavens declare God's glory. O Thee. th' report fully satiating everyone.. helde abhorr'd. save in Thy creative plan. By the ayde of the work out this history. ere Time in existence was. shades of mysterious gloom. spirit a desire to Thou didst put the day's glad worke. events is loste to Scripture doth speak will being thus declared. had never come as a hound me. Besides our secret storie no correcte one shall be as left. is now ended. —how — this worth would shrinke. takeing course.42 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. but nowhere of His undertake struc'ion. this. but I clerk. of th' hunt to my idle thoughts. for if this be lost my his. A night of Stygian darknesse encloseth its flight My hope. my thoughts my beloved and my wrongfull part in th' great O. did the writing. taketh th' clear aire of the Scyences. th' evening's thought. had I then ojie thought of life's change would cause.

make o' her weigh and alter whilst her jealousie cull'd out my every name of th' noblemen who were charged with a lack th' stile that I loyalty. and manie a sentence did her weake fear. Some did not I. honor- able. want-wit. may it be. —Her Ma. our brothe' Robt. so truly. Her Majesty. and emploied when I said* ought honorable and just stile concerning Robert. tearmes. her dread of execratio'. his lordshipp's th' but subtile concearning her owne. The language. so to Queene E — put forward 's my as a dear lord.IN FAERIE QUEENE. that my first bookes were suddainely and peremptorylie supprest and (and) printed according to commande. or in place of that "th' late Earle of Essex. among we manifested a willingnesse to suppresse soe doing it. were at some los^e to continue To . even. was not wholly such as I wish'd to use. less for to me grew to be more indirect.". de novo. at it beheast though I did but at^her expres commands. as lord "my lord of Essex'' and similar it "my and Robt. as all was subjected to her painefully searching scrutiny. and because of our work. would have welcomed such a taske. and always Verilie scarce a Secretary to worde remained unaltered. For my a of Earl of Essex and of Ewe. thereby only judgement sharp on th' sure proofe giving of a illes. 1613. So much did some earlie worke on this noblest noble youthes." approbv'd her in such degre. desiring note. would suggest itself to —on many page names that be meerly plaine It Essex. if it uproot all love's fibres. and assuredly world may see that though she might be excelent in great i' matters she was exquisite the lesser. annoy th' Queene. his misdeedes. 43 FAERIE QUEENE.

feari'g as it work into lesse writing th' secret my labours' losse if broadly scattered. S. our proude unbending. despite pretense. How far he ventured upon this royal 1 prerogative. untill this blot of excepting th' principall actors that played well their parts i' th' drama —noe it. or invention. in order to make your task of history easy. and Alphonsu' King of Arragon. Order of the Garter. to was of a character more worth me then to my times. th' Queene's lawful sonne. To Sir Clyomen and Clamydes. whilst at Court his nominall place and stile standi'g was onelie th' Courtier's. or at most two regarding Robert's true name. and not of a secret nature after page o' th' first leav's.44 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. the cause of manie of our willfuU Essex' orebearing ways. primal instinct. three. his rightful was Prince. staine had touched treason fell on He was one of the adventurous. the world doth owe most this secret device. The Battayle of Alca- add next David and Bathseba. then Descensus zar. th' we made an attempt about that time to put space. warm'd into life and action the ambitions that were his inherited. bolde spirits it not easilie hidden in any place. and was not. this . For as this earlie work nothing from othe' parts neede be taken. and. roial mere. made so bolde [as] to wooe th' goddesse Fortune at Court. gracious thanks iovf^Si large part of his historic. Th' knowledge that he was princely in truth. valiant. you must conjoyne Orlando Furioso. unseemly that the sonne of one reputed as th' first so widely and favourably Earl of Essex. and certaine matters family whose name relative to his adoption into the kind — that by which all England knew him. and Edward. A— . therfore. iSTone knewe so trulie as Elizabeth.

historie plainlie relateth. or planus. strength in love. ISTot yet doe not trulie give over. full of youth and beauty. distresse. walles have ears. and th' throne of mighty England was hers< heart beestow on whom her mought choose. as he withstanding overtly any of my ill- advised sire's aspiring purposes. L — won just nought in that struggle but feare and thus they tearm'd My claime he set aside liking belter their valiant lion-heart him —howsoever unmeete. hoped that his darling wishes relating to a declared heir to suc- ceede to the throne. my Qu or unjust. none who doe visit Courts. tho' it be in Cyphe'. our father. indeed. and I receive from that alter 'd appearance of doth suppose. yet onelie in our Cipher-historie may scales be oped that guarde the secrets hid long in silente halles: for 'tis said. infected. and that impatient Lo. She saw in him her owne spirit in masculine moulde. jealousy in honour. Daring. had given th'' gift of royaltie. 45 propper right of favour and advancement. the pen that can write a royal story. and it shal not be tel by their we is shal finde out the result clear to —dead men no tales. dissimulation. th' skies. my minde. — trulie. Little won- der that false fancy sway'd where better judgement. none saye walles have a tongue. many pens It times as daring he that doth this task openlie. A desire t' foyl yeeldes luride light on everything ther- after: his one wish ever gleaming brightlie through the clouds of pretense. fate. though a faint kind of — for often shall wisdome prove verie . There bee fewe who will attempt it. To to her. a turn of Fortune's wheel. were neare realization. the Earle. had loste power. Our vayne mother lov'd his bolde spirit.— IN FAERIE QUEENE. his sodaine quarrells. as hee observed the advance in marked respect or favour th' younger sonne made from day to manner and free soule o' dale.

. as I stood. calmer minde.46 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. yet wrong that will rise. o' bubbling Think not in your inmost heart that you or any others would mani- whom you would fest a wiser or put in the same case as ours. am assur'd. to th' firm rocke of such mode of life as would change cries to songs of praise. that truth shall come out from and my my line o' life be severed. I do hold to til' faith that my heart has never wholly surerror rendered. in th' secrecy o' my owne bosome. How many times this bright dreeme hath found lodgement in my braine how manie more hath it beene shunn'd head be crowned ere ! as an influence of Pluto's darke realme! I It were impos- sible. since witnesses to th' marriage and to my a birth (after a proper length of time) are dead. is th' faire beautie of that land that I England as she might bee vision I see It is if wisely govern'd. noble. policie. but that he into may uplifte his people from th' depth of misery which they constantlie sink. and a crye that it is none can hush. good still — yet. self e. Pisgah's loftie toppe. dream or beautious from Mt. its Ofte driven as 'twere with strike 'gainst the waves very vault of th' heav'ns and breake in uselesse wreaths froth. do dream of the have scene. and the is it papers certifying their preasence being destroyed. not for th' sake of exercising that gift. sodaine wind or tide. onely driv'n from my unceasing tossing of this sea of laboring cogitations for advancement of learning. kingly spirit doth looke for pow'r. feeling in heart and brayne the divine giftes that him for his Princely destiny — or that rightly inherited albeit wronglie withholden soveraignty — in true. braine by th' th' Strive as I may. because none who doe not stand. noe improper exaltation of when fit one. on Pisgah's very height.

justlie censured wrongs. till However I say not. is I thinke. and. as anie might be with propper governours. since a great part remaineth now to work out from these various Cyphers that I here use. and th' same for my dear Robert. friend. and a promise of future recognizance of service. world might looke on to choose it and reade of my hard having between life. as yet.IN FAERIE QUEENE. to close th' lead to th' gallowes. I felt how ill-advis'd a sacrifice o' life and its enchantments must be. And you will soone observe that I have told my owne th' sad story with the same openheartednesse as that which revealeth other secrets for my verie soule is opened that lot. Reasoning that no pow'r should prevaile with her Majestic. effect. not enough to support me in torth' nor to lead forth anie enfans perdus. that surely would be of no I have spirit of sufficient fire. ere your work be compleated. that a com- ing people in th' future. see — either in my word method of imparting these inner epistles. might understand motives of action as well as the true historic of events. from a cell. having read the false declarations made in writings given then. . urging that forgivenes might bee last egi'csse accorded to Essex. it a space. libertie of the citty. Seeing hopeless state treason-loving Essex was in. thick clouds hid th' path from sight. to cease labour now would truly be to lose that history that I have desired above every other work to write. 47 You will. inasmuch but in my thought. my station. I knew I had but to continue my plea. blinding eyes to deepe. wait idly w^e carrie this to its full perfection. for such hap as probable to ture. or writ shall fayl to soe plaine that none comprehende —a form or designe of a modell land. but you must tarrie for as it existeth. or Thus was my way hedged about. freedom.

and one that bless'd. — He who it is not against us ^it is noe lesse true to-day it then was sixteene centuries ago. noe man's hand If is better employ'd then his who searcheth out a hidden matter. are somewhat wearying. nor shall aske anie further explanation. FR. . a divine modell for man to foUowe. and everie make the very curse man most envyde who can say as doth shall in turne : your attentive friend This hand will accomplish a worthie labour for future use. A meete punishment. trulie.48 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. urelesse. killed such a that for valour and manly spirit was unequal'd. BACON. A man Queene's edict. but conceale some matters. In tlie last stanzo is a directio' to th' next following works to co'tinn the before any othe' for storie thus 'tis begun. if not her yron hand. and th' better satisfaction of make knowne my historic for those who see deeps in Engla'd's historic that have th' blood of her sonnes therein. so that I say. out what is doth more ayde mankind to point all lacking then to prepare your woorke so that it is nothing shall longer remaine to bee found out. and interio' writings. while pleasing when discjpher'd. which shal bee the th' monument where whole of these studies are shewn forth and deficiencies Since it enumerated. you continue sufiicient I this worke to the end you shall have reward think to advantage you as well as ad- vaunce my invention. As work ruinam. it of anie kind was meant by Him that impos'd et the curse on sinfull man to be ad correctionem non ad will benefit us both. Nor do we find that Holie Scripture hath any prohibition against an acquisition of knowledge intended only for th' world's betterment. th' glory of God to —with a is preside't of highest. — for man's delight to find out mysteries. It must be writte' most complete. ineas- supreme wisdome.

th' hath that th' joy and som. they might not bee read. it. martes and halls of It may. However. Keepe many are keies and joyning wordes in minde. and a it great manie workes containe the scattered portions. did interesse. therefore doe not fall out to passe by waye nor allow anie to by you. — It — winde through ^in view long ^upon Olympus' toppe. to that divine hight. BACON. and aske whose hand may compleate may be that of some th' man whom dayly I have seene going to and fro in th' Citty. But my hope is. that not th' yeares but th' ages shall unfolde my secret historic. 1616 ENTERTAYNMENT. so small my mothe'.ewhat th' excitement of sport of th' chase — —even in pursuite. that for your writing will pro- now employed if in my Homer. but of ev'n valew they rather conceam monalty then royal persons. . you have many well memorized when you Allthough th' parts are small.BE]\^ JONSOK POLIO. be some sharpe spye of th' court whose zeale would be my death. beene given respecting birth-right. Oft doe I muse upon th' ultimity of this Ciphe'. Ev'n the Queene would please at so remote a day. th' and reverse a decision that hath Queene. ere th' feete may attayn unto it. as it doth surely ope you a path as wondrous as anie that doth th' fields of knowledge. perchance. admiration of greatnesse foibles of a is naturall. ceed faster decypher this work. my th' owne com- and many othe' things of as that.

MASQUES. at th' twofold purpose. There keyes. Thus all will. A PANEGYRE. the following Entertaynments in their naturall B.50 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. Here is no in strife after excellence of stile and diction. In Essay Of Masques and Tryumphs you may much esteemed device mention'd. much th' patience. A Panegyre. intended meerelie to ayde in producing some parts of the translations. by which cipher least. KINGS CORONATION. but a part is Homer. order. this Bee not th' too hasty in condemning meanes unto my end. come unexpectedly It at midnight. at noon. This work is also Bacon's. for we treated all transla- tions in th' first of our cipher work in a manner very like . or th' medium. Some have beene all found repeated too often. and long houres giv'n to the work. but an effort interesse. this Entertaynment was devis'd that should appear in convenient order. or at eie single to was done with an your owne your best good. see this matters are chosen not alone for value as a subject to heare and no Each play is the meane. for manie were th' devices. so that should very little might bee left unfinish't my summons morning. In my plays longer heed. Marke BACON. You and all should joyne to this Entertaynment. serve a histories are sent forth. and in Homer's two mightie workes (as in Yirgill's) a trebble. yet as the partes should not bee lost. is more Yirgil here.

a certaine stile that shall prove their origin to be th' it will bee impossible to deijypher them fuUie this is works shall be conjoyn'd. I wish'd to have th' translations kept untill a future race of men. that could not be used in large porti'o's.. in Cypher writing.— IN MASQUES. th' parts When th' done and keyes to put together have beene found. nor fit he that turneth backe from for th' kingdome of knowledge. From portio's o' my Cypher. —and to preserve my works. Do where not turne backe untill all th' secret histories shall have been written. secrets which the to publish. possessing th' nature of simple ques- tioning and experiment. difficulties. may skill. have mark' d. seeke Bi-literall th' arguments which are given in th' Cypher. Queene suspected some one would attempt bee work'd out with a measure of perseverance. and most of your difficultie shal bee overcome. Th' work you here note. in same. life. it is my invention. as ISTe'erthelesse they serv'd well their pur- which was to emploie this method of transmitting. or at th' least scholars of our owne day rathe^ then th' commoners. pose. for you can find the true records no else. th' Masques. that 51 we followed of parts. e. must bee th' Iliads that employ'd in writing whole portiones of difficult to were adapt to moderne poetry or to stage plays. patient labour and to avoid Those who shall turn back meerely should ever look to have none of the prizes of : Th' Holy Scripture saith th' Whoever putteth his hand is upon work plough and looketh backe is not fit for th' heavthis enly kingdome. in concealing our secret historic. i. because untill all th' all th' my open workes under different names. This . th' but you can see easily that former are separated into a greater o' th' stories number This was necessarie because told in them.

you cannot f aile to thrid it if you heede my at You tasks will finde as you progresse that I have made your first. and as hath beene at least twice written. pray. so diverse in both matter it and con- methods of treatment. more pleasing then is. that your owne name mine: therefore. not for four short dayes like Lazarus of old. centuries. you must It is share in th' renowne. is Th' exterior part so varied. ing world-wide fame? Trust mee it shall not but in . th' or must yet be. lesse Of this I have not neede myselfe then all my decypherer. perhaps for. therefore I repeat all these directions. as this must be done carefuly. and. although waye may sometimes seem like an endlesse labyrinth. not dead — sleepeth. Is it not then an act deservfaile. my cypher work or th' interior letters must have cov'ring. see ere this. I you doubt not. th' work yet also revealing th' keyes design'd open th' secret portalls. and remember. I would fain make easier th' heavy taske impost one end on you. and my greatest labour hath been to but work that of so ayding your part of th' successe. that cealing a great to serveth my purpose well. as should assure its If once well understood th' chief requiring can bee quickly seen to bee perseverance. but least it escape your attention I have mentioned parts of th' it in this place and in other work. to none other I may looke for to ayde to bring my work forth It men's sight. too. but doubtlessly for yeares.— 52 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. Your hand may roll set this the stone away from the door is of the sepulcher and it Cipher free. inseparably joyn'd with to if honour cometh me by my wise use o' heav'n sent talents emploied in this invention. And rules. pray remember : work is as a first circle with no apparent beginning those parts written may bee last found. If iterant rules should weary you this: the beyond endurance. will.

th' name of my foster parents ^yet —Bacon. Peele. e. looking toward the future. then it more renowned hath beene since it w^as first bestowed. was at emploied. 53 every land in which the English language hath a place. for all when she doth speake of me in comming years. theirs. would bring our harvest-time when our dayes Shall not it are not upon the sphere wee now my work endure while Homer's doth. according to Cecill's report. curiously joyn'd. Marlowe have upon me —two.— it is honourable and honored. beside th' one I beare among men. should now sit in her throne in place of him whom she made her heire.IN MASQUES. already been said As hath Homer (Iliads and a great of the part of the Odysses) and Yirgil (^neid and some first ^glogues) were helpfull which I to me when this invention. The voyce of Fame should be as lowd as thunder.. my owne name. or that of sold Spenser. worthier. Greene. but as I am known among English speaking peoples by the name you (untill now) thought to be rightfully mine. inhabit. as her eldest th' Queene who came of that line. set. with Jewells richly gift. for his pricelesse no other having such beauty and worth? Even as . Finding that toric this might be followed with ease in us'd. and bom. My since I owne should be sonne to like that of my mother —Tidder. am or three others I have assumed certaine occasions such as this. separating these fragments after th^ into parts all and using the workes same manner in (so calPd) that I published in others. and — have I vowed to make either stile. shall it be known and honoured. my labour. since from I have form'd here a beauteous casket. I my his- by a key that I then followed a similar plan it respecting the whole. greater. i. well-wrought. of am now giving the historic.

— 54 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRAN'CIS BACON. Alexander when he was given that rich and costly casket o' King Darius. his commanded that it bee reserv'd to hold Homer. My plaies are not yet finisht. bi-literall work requiring is so much time. so well serv'd the purposes of the great Ciphe' which I have been teaching you that I have never regretted the experiment. I have allow'd to stand on m^nie others which I myself e regard as equalL in merite. F. and as I have said. as a thrid o' warpe my al. th' next step is to create for each a stile naturall to th' man that in yet should [let] my owne bee it scene. BACON. The next volume be under W. since he could think of nothing more precious. if it "End" may seem vet is to my decyph'rer as should bee bv noe means tinall. but I intend to put forth severall soone. and I could not well saye will when other plays will out. . Shakespeare's name. This storie me a pretext and suggested the plann which I it forthwith carried to perfection. take Greene's in th' order giv'n in th' Faerie Queene. it will readily be scene that there much come to doe after a boake doth seeme to bee ready for the presse. furnisht two bookes — the Illiads and the Odysses. When th' with Part Masques th' — in my friend Ben Jonson's name and Peele's workes o' King's Coronall Entertaynment have been entirely deciphered. As some which title have now beene produced have borne upon the his page it name though all are my owne work. When I have assum'd men's names. However. entire fabricke soe that may be all mine.

should now ope life. I. There secrets be revealed fully. secure my withdrawall from an wherein a mother strove against a sonne to the succession to th' throne she did ignore and co'stantly avoid. that he that shal willinglie lift the heavy vaile. some of the chief personages of our late despised parent. It is ev'n with wrought-ores thickly covered gems in the small rare and costive shine will find upon its sides room within you uncounted treasure. and answer are your word-signs by which you out may worke first my secret story herein co'cealed. Question. The whole be the reward of my decypherer and will repay to this labour. My owne ill spirit alone doth atteste the dicta of such a how potent woman may bee. riches beyond your dreames of shall earthlie acquisition. of all. None know unexampled whose right half so w^ell as th' underplay carried along in court in order field. set the seal upon past life.: IN SE JANUS. as th' treasure- casket which contains th' story of late my well as my brother. for good or for Here alone Take will is that long epistle to my to-bee decipherer it that must be most. ^Seeke out. most generouslie his entire devotion . my keies my hidden and unlocke my inner chamber. My sole object doth appeare in this later work —the play of t' Sejanus. his : death. observed in this worke.we endured. Her unbending steme temper. my future as on my since her will was th' law governing both. or some other form or mamier of inquiry. th' This story concerns realme. ills th' cause and th' renewer o' th^ that . 55 SEJANUS. strong in death.

seeking after what soe pure hid- den. is Seeking is any learning a pleasure. NOTE The preceding five divisions were written by Bacon. This yet hidden as in dim th' shadowy mists. the secret still remained inside is its treasure- house unsought of every one. we doe make him anie Our name never accompanieth play. meadowe spring gusheth forth My come next work not begun here: much of it shall bee found in out. th' playes o' Shakespeare which have not yet i^ We our having put forth a numbe' of plays his theatre. our newe designe shall give much pleas- ure. shall continue soe doing since th' thrall to will. most worthy parts of wrought much more finely then gold. but it frequently appeareth plainly in Cypher for witty minds to translate from Latine and Greeke. but soone shall you have the whole of this great cypher-writing. —none is — forever springing up in fresh joy. is As this never seen. a delight. As after I have said. as explained in — what follows. but Bacon's Bi-literal Cipher Story was infolded in the Italic printing. Jonson was the author of the remaining works in the 1616 folio. FRANCIS BACON. as th' water of a to th' light.56 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. while it so amplie rewardeth the true worker. .

FR. (storie. early day having no it charme for some readers. was almost more then penne of one man could do to prepare such bookes. or it secret form. to our See that oft you give most carefull heede without observing is numerous words. Whe' more of our plaies. much less write them also. Our progresse along a devious waye.IN COMMENDATORY POEMS. Th' surer methode to secure attentive ears is to put his writen works in such a peculiar. take much delight in talke. Puny little mindes. afforded us this waie by which th' Bi-litterate pherers too may lead all our decipossiblie from bookes manie a suspecting enimie may note. which had truly it fill'd all of our chiefs sought more room. one of earlie much of that translated is poeme wee play of an as nam'd that it as having great value. much Seeke not our chief e of Cj^^hers Cypher unfolded by this nowe in use our play of Sejanus. the storie of our owne birth and parentage. It spoken of more than once. Reade some plaies by our Ben's active hand. that wakeneth th' curious to seeke the' .) insoemuch seem'd a work not unworthy to be preserved. th' type most familiar to us. stories. FIRST of ENGLAND. that containeth it is — — th' untill you have found that stage-play. Soone he. publishing this famous work. for date. and by divers quaint devices hath a storie wondrous one o' th* —the storie ere this time familiar to you as nurserie tales It is wee heard in our childhood —beene related. or a be well imprest on the minde. occuri'g to give our patie't friend ayde. all and let passe nothing worthy instructions. which must be given to other ages. 57 COMMENDATORY POEMS.

name his to you some plays that came forth Bacon. often way by which hee counselled much. BACON. To speake more clearly.) Few eyes. in truth. will take proper note of a Cipher in my not. and a land that very far towards th' sunset gate. It is to you I trust. his as much as my honour and dignitie. by whose constantly urged request I use so secret a way of addressing the decypherer to aid him in a is difficult task. i'tend to put my Heaven-bestow'd powers on this plane. to a land in mid-sea if th' Atlantis be fo'nd its —for redresse. true that I have noething in [it] is comon with vulgar mindes. scholars. or head. trusteth all to the future. a just sentence from our owne countrey. in such thinges. intended onely to make more room well adapted to guard thinges secret.— 58 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. whether my mater or nor My v/rongs. should correct the errors of the unfortunate present. when you uncover his stile. works do not all come from mine owne penne. having. Whilst I do not 'tis wherever they should have beene hidden. may not look to distant dayes. THE FOX. But my friend. dedicatory prsef atio. hut more I doe not hope to winne. I bein' but the masque behind . worthy hand. indeed. Y'r Serva't FR. I write to ayde fame in heart my friend with whom I. is my great desire. it that our wish to have our words heard. nor should it is bee tho't vanitie since not alone that I wish fame amongst I desire that the time to come humankind. my for I shall fro' Sir F. but could devise no should winne his throne and scepter. unassisted. besides. It shall bee noted. (BEN JONSON'S CIPHER LETTER.

names escape your eye. as I doubt not his eie hath.IN THE FOX. with my father. this use. but I use no signes to bring notice. tions of my brother. and diverse por- important as parts of this secret storie. so freely strewn Th' instructions I have throughout my work must give my ready decypherer sufficient ayde. scatter' d in Naany ture. This must not be lightly pass'd. and hid. caught such signes as were named by my friend. This plaie Avas borowed. Heerein you see the names hee used to pointe the way to the into various workes. ere his lesson could be learned. told as you could not finde it elsewhere. may write out my sad secret. eyes. life and give a compleat history of our owne land in the call'd and raigne of that of o' my mother. ]^ames like these Fame or Glorie. but will seeke such plays hoping to finde the Cypher. th' Earle o' Leicester. his. which were hidden. Fortune. Ben Jonson. when of our workes say to you. Arte. Truth and Honour. Time. into my othe' fieldes and thus cause them to loose the s'ent. Prince's Entertainments. ] BEN JONSON. after matters I could work to turne seekers." for 'Took for things hid from most in his wee thus ayded Cypher worke. Th' play entitled Sejanus was his th' King's. since you wish t' get a true recitall of most deepe and dangerous mat- ter. Keputation. them more th' When you have Avill you looke not let his cursorilie over our part of volume. th' Earle my owne story that are Essex. in his dedication of th' It is that I work. ' ^ *^ • Yo'rs most dutifully. . 59 which he was surely drama. Queene's. and hath well guess'd a purpose therby. the so- Mayden Queene. as also th' short the Queene's Masques are Panegyre.

next to this royal spouse. publicklie. yea tedious. Aye. during early youth and manhood. my father. for his union with Elizabeth. havSurely. a treacherous stairwaye betraid her step. afterward queene. to protecte my (v) life from a thousand threatning calamities. I doubt not. my histories be not found. mine for I grant seemeth most wearisome worke in cyphering as in discyphering. made him first in this kingBut not being acknowl- edg'd such. wise. It were a man both bolde and foolhardy that should require th lesse boldnesse and it write. in his time such dangerous truth. thus disgufd. dome. but necessarie. as no doubt you know. His by those with whom his lot was caste. A suspicion was generall that th' death that overtooke his sweet Avife could be laid to his charge. yet. albeit standing where he should multiplie th' valew of that one. his . It is. being at length sun of prosperity rose high. I should be lost labours if were otherThese are working to noe end or purpose. falling beneath lightsome foot. if it ing followed our mazie Cypher. and the tidings of her demise was not altogether newes to one whose minde . for hee had more than one closely guarded secret as shall bee scene in time. may be found in premises unknowne to th' writers of our day. nor sharing in her honours. my poor father was but a cypher. cast her violently Amy's on the paling belowe. yet. or publish.60 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. th' This containes of one part o' abridgement and a number of keyes o' that history Robert Dudley. His true motif in many subseth' quent acts. not included in the play spoken of in diverse othe' character was not understood letters. well remembred that hee sufPer'd im- prisonment because he was in a measure concern'd in the attempt to enthrone Lady Jane Grey releas'd. it more perseverance.

However. most like other markes of favour. Hee was first made Master of th' Horse. dwelt not for long in ignoble inactio' the force that she gave to her angry denunciation affrighting th' wits of this poor earle. guarded his secret and basked in the sunshine of royall favour. rightly divining that she would not shewe cause why such an union could not be considered or con- sumated. So doth Silent Woman. expedientes to rid her of this Suspicion againe fel on the misguided man. of seeking to murther th' partner of his joyes. Her Ma. and gave him such place in th' royall proces- sions as he very truly desired. his owne doome suddenly upon him. gay court-idole as he was. also. were that conferred on him. Her Majesty. divert curious questioning from the necessity. untill he was againe turning over rivall.— IN THE FOX. my father. many shiftes and turnings were a For th' space o' nineteene or twentie yeares. To 61 was too eager to heare it. next Her Majestic. proclaimed Baron Dudley. and at all *ad- monitory protests which the haried husband uttered. she conferr'd upon him the Order of the Garter. . whilst to beare out their stage-play untill their parts should some loud player. suitor to Mary Queene of Scots. but venturing not upon full confession thereof. and diverse be done. Earle of Leicester. royall union. vantage of we must marvell to see him later claime adHer Majestie's bold moode to take another partfitly ner to his bosome. this waieward Queene went on more Therefore recklesslie. but Heaven brought this act end. this gave him controule of th' stables. By degrees he was giv'n title minde better then would the and stile suiting soe vayne a weight of governement.

. marvell to chaft. remorse. not blenching nor omitting hath beene said. see Should we. may say. and despaire for a her heart and gave th' Upon my brother. and in a short time found himself e hon- or'd then crost or chided. for great the court scandall regarding love messages betwixt them. fell into the water ? But doth his historic is contained in various other workes. by meanes of my other great Cypher. his returne. But to go on. geniall him haughtie and overbearing when and gen'rous when smooth'd? nor and imagining that so much as doubt this swift effect change upp and down of his spirit? his fortune had much were upon his footing th' secure. for 'twas dangerous for anie onlookers if the eye- sight were keene '^Th' and saw behind those masques. th' sinne of either. space. to-day are too nigh for good sight. Indeed. and continue my prolong'd writings that my Cypher relating most important thinges shall come t' th' birth. knew it. she bent on Essex th' fonder love of much gracious attention to his honor and furtherance of her designes regarding him. but my faith to write it was formally pledg'd as I believ'd it. The Alchemist. so it. for it can avayle us nought while lying conceal'd. therfore. As upo' my lord of Essex presum'd too much lesse secret liking. fell from safetie into great danger as astronomer who was gazing on th' heaven to study the stars.62 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. I men. much harm was wrought to others then themselves. My mother was nearlie distracted with grief e. I pray thee. Take courage. to take the favorite's place. as though they had bin mindfull onely o' pleasure. nor my deciph'rer neede furder ayde then hath beene thus provided. that th' lords of her councill wink'd visiblie at least it enter at their eies. to inable him to write.

subtle. remayn'd in different portions countrie. in varyi'g that are contrary to my owne well known stile of expression. an impenetrable mask. dispersed partly through through th' readie action of England's seamen. hence these great plays have bin devis'd which. partlie th' tempest o' th' flood. sleeplesse. Events duelie sanction'd a claime to th' heart of Henry. whylst for more of our lighter work. *sixty stage-plays which. 63 Her sider. yet smarting th' under to blowe to th' hope of restoring th' Church o' Kome supremacy that execution o' Mary but of Scots gave them. passion of vanitie. which shall th' both ayd and instruct you in it work. had effect. g. for Henry. for a history. not of the ablest sexe. and whilst a lion watcht in strong holds. th' glory o' that was a mirrour to my mother in divers This history is contain'd in some stage plays that came out in Shakespeare's name. common speech. much too varied. the line o' kings of Tudor who most upheld which hee was things. her grandsire. were not at heart spirit good subjects. foxes spoil' d the grapes. This wo'drously co'ceal'd Catiline. was mingled a and wish to outcraft th' enemies or in of a roial government whose head was a woman. but Catholick Spayne needed still a warines. these.IN THE FOX. often held this inne' history therein unsuspected. . first. Th' Armado had come and gone. being similar. cleare. as it o' th' was then stil'd. Majestie soone had matters of great importe to con- Events crowded verie close upon the preceding. Ere long there will be many This should make stiles purpose and scope added thereto. th' and daring that Elizabeth shewed. e. With her oreweening stro'g hatred of warre. of like stile. Many th' o' th' olde faith. as in former ^ons. according to tradition.

Prance. suspition. Eobsart. where the names only being altered caus- eth somewhat of doubt within you. Ireland. treachery. bee last. Leicester. anger. therefore. ' hatred. amazement. Mary. acted this part my proud mother play'd— 'neath the sunne. Ayme death. though each must play many that is he findeth noe his part his alone. Flanders. perhaps ^seeing herein guide-words you wil thinke these my worke. priest. remorse. are : Earle. PaBse The first shall to Cynthia's Revells and th' Poetaster. shame. Infanta. here. caFd Epigrammes that th' sev'rall keies or folow where. story. his spicy poemes. . Spanish. Scot- land. sheweth how history repeateth itselfe. All are borne and parts. triall. report. Dover. for is it to counsels shall soone be made manifest that this th' universall. Master sellor. all die. when they come my decypherer will knowe that he should expect many key-words and entituled shpuld go from this final work [to one] Humour. othe. Philip. Order of th' Garter. artfull. Goe to Jonson. Elizabeth. as you have scene ere now when studying th' Holy by him Every out of His Scripture. commander. paie no heed of such sorte. and all must yielde to its governement. "Epigrams." Many ^fewe so successfullie. Mayden Virgin art. Prin- tyne. train. Queene.64 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. Lord. it ^'There's nothing new may be. Spaine. o' Her Majestie's Horse. unalterable. and undeviating lawe. London. coun- Ayrshire. marrie. soe. court. feare. Man Your keyes cesse. and simplie shifting the scenes doth bring in th' new actors to take same parts . falling. jalousie. favorit. but as my friend said in his most pleasing epistle. In wise Salomon words: have.

Yet are we good hope that my it faithful interpreter will understand forth. wrong loves. But no doubt a part must be put upo' hands that we trained to our work but by a patient reiteration. gal- lantry. my time which bee readie for printing. his if worthy penne. deathless. for his labour. or abridg- ments. my and dayly growing fields. or of mark. poyson. . shall by in it. You have decyphered turnes. as I think must. *Every Man Out of His Humor. *Queene-mother. 65 Duke Alva. multiplying •The Forrest. fate. Parma. I know not. by put forth. out of doubt. I feel no feare of discovery and proceed calmlie. tirelesse labours Yet hath my plann many worthy pleat in things of accompt. courage. Manie others are compleated. *Make to th' keyes thus nam'd in Th' Forrest. THE FOX. Paris. your guides sundry othe' parts of my play may then have generally beene put out. for while I thus hide aides.IN L. fury. consta't. Witts that be so sharpe and keene that our foxe having none other covert might come suddenlie the device here adopted fayle to s'ent to griefe. Time must bee carefullie hoarded by one who would use a Cypher in his publisht works. much like our instructor's in th' elementary learning of our childhoode. sacke. but the play shall not bee us'd it how hee shall bring except for directions in Bi-letter Cyphar (because hath but that Cyphar) being from my friend. French. bee well to you — th' most that our endeavors could. it already you have foUow'd our I have little myselfe to do except give directio' unto writi'gs being chiefly sent foorth at this your work. keies. intent. glosse. yet to comvarious. of How soon my story my owne known life shall lack but obit. marriage.

as would belong to me by right of my greater birth. because it much an act of habite. but most diligent work. In order to conceale my Cypher more perfectly I am preparing for th' purpose a sette of alphabets in th' Latine . spare not at all.66 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. at this present. I ever delightful for mankinde and their benefit. make man's "Minde is the true kingdome. and requireth soe much it leasure. lacke of my just honour and dignity oppresseth set if my minde be constantly upon others besides myselfe. having now. I am at a losse lesse dificile labour. and greatnesse therein. my constant hope as is to atchieve as much and win much honour. ever. My owne study not my Cyphar writings) omitted. as you know. my every my pride would in relating the story. hath found manie a revelation. nor can any pow'r but th' Divine heart happie or sad. yet I have also emploied And hath my Cyphers for other then secret matters in now become so many of my later bookes. and as shall bee scene. and se.'s (for service. and fewe have soe great cause.'* in the words of the song my friend quoteth most aptly. You must know I am by right of bloud. is lesse estimated. that fewe would pursue soe long as I have done. pow'r or desert. The little. —no other then th' true. Polity. counsell the suppression of some of but it suiteth mee to put thoughts as freely heere as I would inscribe them in a private booke noe eye but this might reade. right or proper inheritour o' th' Crowne. then in is former times in Her Ma. doubtlesse. I am per- suaded one who should work soe patiently. King. this. tryeth the sorelie. spirit thereby from once writing to two or three. —then — as th' w^orld is maketh its accompt of surely supposed mine. I have layd planne open herein. As unto myselfe.

for yet I cannot beleeve already bin us'd vaine. hope and desire are mine. and that shall bee shared with my I decypherer. my noble invention. have given much trouble to cyders by making two kinds or formes of these letters. in very truth. "Cynthia's Revels. but there will be warn- ing given you for your instruction or guidance. 67 not for use in th' greatest or lengthy story or epistle. to expose her true character to all th' world. which hath many yeares. therefore. or other motive then to give a corrected history of my times. THE FOX. These bee not designed for other use then hath but now beene explain'd. and great delight. 'Tis just that the vayle bee torne from th' admired so long. her story. and head-lines attracted *too I. but hand so guided worketh out lines as doth inspired pennes. nor can hee say that I have any other objecte in view. in but as another disguise.IN tipe. ensample. for his eye too well practised in artes that easily misleade others who enquire of th' waye. shall proove valuelesse or I am. Yet I make that it inquirie of you. Can he say this is nought and laugh at it? thinke not. Koe othe' waie of diverting exteriour epistle is th' curious could be used where th' it but briefe. nor must you looke to see them employed if a reason for th' change appeare. prse- the epilogues. albeit my owne is more changed by my recital features then any othe' save Her Majestic. however is will not thus turne aside my decypherer. th' may th' whole injury bee mine. for. If I deceive your hope and leade flitting vision o' you on to pursue a fame. confident of o' my dues of honor in the course time. fatio. a prologue. . fortune. much mine notice. who hath o' a penne soe perfect evill? could shew th' colours is good and Onlie one who th' gifted with more then common wisedome.

nor glozed. although wider. but his attempt to snatch this prize did thwart alike her hope. But in Cypher writi'g. all peace. stronger ev'n then vanity. sliew'd mee tha' undercur- rant. close at hand and should se clearly This I know I have accomplisht. and his.68 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. and as days and moneths wore towards th' close o' life. or more searching lookes. and beleev'd that th' choice of manifested itself e very plainly in Mary's sonne to succeed her. all — moved on as resistlesslie bearing before th' unsuspected force. — partly Tudor strength of that and partly her owne as fate. selfe-love. doubtlesse. you know well. as as Ben Jonson me. but I know th' that her strong othe concerning mee. visiblie. . nor blench' d in rathe' my accompt. All joys died with Essex in both our bosomes. the then all reall heyre to else. that kept th' me from soe farre my crowne. even while she stroove hide her weakenesse. minde. more perhaps. saith. she made it her religion ^to doe injury to Yet have I accomplisht much by most thorough manner and unceasing appliance of time. as well. will. Some. suppos'd that some wtis arous'd respecting spirit of justice it her owne right. for her. her desires master'd her wisedome that shee did meditate naming my brother successor. so that. nothing can be accounted finished whylst *The Poetaster. kingdome. at forfeit of his life. altho' soe well disguis'd. or as much. sit Surelie a sonne doth to limne truely. had greater waight still things It was most constantly in her th' Scripture. and she declin'd toward her owne end most to from daie to day. This it was.

IN THE FOX. nor feare nor hope is left me of ought not burie this that her life conceal'd. for a Eighteous Judge doth pronounce to this sentence irrevocably. the care this causeth me. Th' truth here cover'd must live in ev'ry age. 'tis not probable that I shall parts be left but I dread finall exit. called dread as to the My feares growe from that which I Th' time is still end of the work. and con- clude so well both th' Cyphe' narrations and the exteriour yet are the secret letters soe divided th' story that when assorted. save this could carry out my dessein. is But your recompence should be say. but tli' work is heavie. that to honor. no one would see had not the Cypher key. My grande Cyphre prooveth true. hence. when I make the and mar the whole. will come short. too tardie to availe like ought. finde now gone to that undiscover'd from her hand. my owne. Noe hand epistles. for No man may from th' you of your owne sake we trust that your strength bookes and patie'ce shall continu' until this we leave. if 'Tis simple justice her spouse and her two heyres. if due you by following our so deprive Cypher. my mother. Much a doth still remayne to build up into a new forme — new edifice —but having exercised patience for so and most ceaslese perseverance manie yeares. most like a worker in th' earth's hidden see the treasure. but death shall dis- country from whose borne no traveller returnes. Shee is Her Majestic. Very little. least too many now falter. you work out gem of stored truth. that. mines — as you put down your bar you . Kone. 69 anie Cypher historie bee inco'pleat. Of that none but the Divine Kuler knoweth. in minde when my thoughts had no rest in th' hours o' idlenes lest out my secret.

having masqued thus manie of the best plaies that wee have beene able to produce. writing from two to six stage plays every With th' state duty latelie devolved on us this is seemeth surely a great taske. In some places the reader will not find tions. as soone as may be found toward and i. if bee seen at all. of). in disguise. th' Cyphers must be first knowne to our divided. B. which is required leysure for correc- tions doubly noted herein. this Cypher is as a strong guard. must throw our all dread and feare into her gloomie for- getfullnes.— 70 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. yet we take heart since is we assure ourself th' decyph'rer's eye ever soe keene. in others 'tis hardlie much hindrance from such obstrucwonne. but it th' author's name e. important parts And many is though a time. To these wee are steadilie making year. as must be undertaken. will. this Bi-literall part into e. Severall comedies. th' usual dramas As one writi'g the true story ISTox. propitious. which be now titles strangers. aye repeated. hee shall acknowledge our device as truly a waie to transcend small works as writing doth farre outgo history. and when being set all is prepared. (put out so fragmentary. additions. as it is up —must pass th' no scrutiny but mine. in his name. so shutti'g out harassing inquirers. . he shall let noe simple errour blind him. SIR F. be publisht by Shakespeare. as might be said. since as decypherer. soe well scatter'd that no such purpose be dreamt i. its meandri'gs safetie. bearing at th' most such 'mongst the plaiers as they would remember. may be frequently. Th' great prease of these labours doth take from one.

or vast. if writ- Th' Cyphe' therein contained hath great worth ten out. but th' future of time. Wee awaite that day. to-day. N'o more must he decypher after It is play now not. in hand. *Every man in his humor. Where manie authours receive the reward of their applica'tis tion at once. as they were sixteene hundred yeares ago in Palestine^ FR. BACO'. I doubt having soe oft beene spoken of alphabets. can its valew be knowne whilst lyeth hidden. for us who dwell where th' Divine footsteps have nere trod. Th' decipherer hath no th' grave task. my work noe furder then doth concern which have. noe matter how great. ours awaits man's future. That wee hold imprudent. but like th' treasure in f am'd little mines it o' distante isles. must yield Yet it was his wish to have it told ope'lie in our books. th' The future peoples saith : of a distant shore will prove true is word which "A man not without honour save in his owne countrey." since they be true. Other thinges. here. manie of my epistles. full.IN THE FOX. and posterity must make just amends for our present want. so that no reader could doubt true design. excepting those portions beene found long ere in this. this tale its 71 *At our father's most emest request must be made very place. .

So ghall the ruder jar. of our ever new poeme. Faerie Queenej fresh in their minds still rest. musicke that men found good. Queene •r —long worshipt as of N^avarre. if truth is to be seen and understood. "VVel knowing how rude some notes shall sound. 78 . Winne honest rewardes in the praise in onr voyce. f aine wdll our musike. all o' yonr generation sonnd by greeting them and like a sweete violl. divine —heavenly Marguerite. We lose is remembrances unreal. or proud yet gentle motion of lilie hand or daintily tripping foot. and the pleasant such as doth come in th' dance on removi'g the masque wh'ch hath concealed a face that we love. they afforde pleasant sur- The same charme is is noted in respect of all works. Sometimes is th' secret seemeth a harsh note and jarreth. but ev'ry winsome grace. fantasies and a strangenesse (even where wee bee most sensible that onely the and we welcome the familiar epistle shell altered) features. wrought soe silentlie. ofte resou'd one stra'gly sweete straine of one our early fancy. our exteriour workes.SHAKESPEARE QUARTOS. sound almost harmonious. slightly lessened. 1615. such musicke that shal recognise the all hand that made of Sweete lines olden time. RICHARD THE SECOND. and when these in new forme come out from the shelte' of prises. — pai'ting not what we knew. yet necesary. discord is it all sodainely thund'red forth.

though some do know Queene Elizabeth have wedded. there were many rumors as it will be in truth prov'd. story. or this 73 Soe also shall the disclosed of secret working at Court. B. 1619. hid with a penetrable masqueing device. By undulie bandying about a ring — as one might say to speak lightly. ev'n. Ere she. The to secret carried. since our observing search fi'deth nought that could not bee said to ende at the same place at which it may have started — ^there hath bin strange proof that maids put their libertie of th' lives in numberlesse jeopardies. a great number of secrets may be learn'd which are not elsewhere fullie told. thorow rash speech. shall bee reveal'd that broken accompte come to bee knowne. coming to th' throne like an imperiall Tudor. IN MERRY WIVES OF WINDSOR. much wrongeth us. when some strong drinke loos'd propper controllment of th' member. buying th' thoughts or tongue with losse of liberty of the bodie. MERRY WIVES OF WINDSOR. or that men. Sundrie were never in any case wanting to shewe her th' safe waye to . in every word that she let fall at the councell board. There needed no other pretexte were the noble no this offender lowly waye was advantag'd eyther. subtile whispers leash. F. A truth OR T. passing quicklie from tongue to tongue. i' might hold these idole. there. Write out the Graves Inne our Cyphar in one set of playes epistle and by following not yet put out. utterly reverseth the common opinion at present currant. were reft sodainelie of lands and treasure [and] paid penalty to th' hight of her owne plesure..

Like ill thought. in It is told We must — for truth. word. o' more simple mindes sustayned perill as did th' shocke at suck time it a very control may be thought binding oath made on th' Sacred Word could so trulie garruUous tongues. and rank example might have bin foufid necessary. and that of the common unhinge stronger ones. and one man suffered th' losse of th' offending member for his word. possest wisedom that lacke. when we waigh the clayme of divine birthright to an exercise proper and right of a man's owne will. BACON. and doe not light.. to do injury.— 74 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. her Among th' com'ons it is sayd. or right dealing. Hee bad me call manifest no f eare of curses such as anger shall oft yet cannot governe. have helde her sonnes as precious even as England's costliest . doe we see onelie simple. when causeles. who more honour as a wife then could otherwise come to her. to our belief many such cases the racke was us'd. I tooke counwith one. followed upon my first serious differences and subsequent open rupture with our mother. but it cannot doe harme to our deserv'd Qu. who should. downe We may shudder at a dreadf ull winged life. not yet likely or I might say ev'n possible o' that degree of fullfilme't I desire. her gracious yet solemne ensample and worthie w^ord. who. tho' not an oracle. THE WHOLE CONTENTION BETWEENE THE HOUSES OF YORK AND LANCASTER. follow^ing Cornelia. In this just judgement. say this was the case. fly curses. will. that is. E. When ill succes with one most aspiring ambition. 1619. in great feare. sel! most wisedome for himselfe.

I have no doubt. This it is which now maketh me assured it had bene much to advantage me. if once these matters shall be wel understood . This cannot be true. because this king is nothing lacking in diligence to suppres any printing that would acquaynt very youthfuU yeomen with this strange clayme —strange since he who thus demanded Tower. their support. th' first to blesse her union with Robert Dudley whilst a prisoner in the well knowne at home and abroad that England's yeomanrie. narrate this in wordes lesse strong. was much moy'd by aside her wrath ere it my rash interference to turne had blasted utterly the f ayre flowret on whom it fell.IN THE WHOLE CONTENTION. but it wear unsullied robes. The commons. Th^ great Cipher shal contain most important matters that will not elsewhere bee found. would joine in one mightie force that he be enthronized. yclipt me every dred bitterly. That this shall * * bee such true historic that it shall be worthy of preservacion. can. 75 gemmes. in such a cause. th' sight shall turne pure eyes from it. its A shall truth cannot well chose outside apparell. inasmuch as I am innocuous of any premeditated ill to Elizabeth. so that the wish to leav'n th' stout youths of . or wearie those it who read it. It is right was sonne to the Queene. ayde or advance one farre more then a forraine royalty. as one that would write the evill with such plaine and hideous feature. if my claime had th' sturdy yeomen. I cannot. I have not blench'd ought howsoever much it may irk mee. but some of it I would I could forget after hath bene set downe. could speake and cursed mee name her tongue? Manie say it still * doth work me harme. informed that England's lawful Prince walk'd humblie without his crowne. or this nobilitie.

The sail events that follow'd prooved but I could onlie lest the in th' waters all when milde wind blew. may bee noe eie will note. I can only look forward towards the future. ayde in a lande removed far from yet I have turned to my long estranged yet wholy honest peopl' that I may come to the power. to interesse. since 'twas this worke out a which sudenly Her Majesty evill this. th' Th' renew'd maidenlike pretence made mee know intent held by this vayne-minded. selfe-loving woman. I It my secret letters. This continued estrangement . or rouse them for this Some would yeeld his cause sooner. but shee was nere mov'd to retract a single wrathful oath or yield a word o' it approvall. I can start.76 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. no hand will ayde — if this be true I die and make no signe. did by thus endang'ring as well a worthy and devoted friend and a loving brother rous'd to to strange. It shall thus perchance. some- what content my heart at that farre off day that those who dwel on the globe may fully learn how great is th' wrong turbulent K-obt. or aske this. in plays. I fay]. Daily. If a Divine Pow'r intend noe ayde. be my deservi'g whatsoever and whensoeever might. sodaine wracke of my cherish'd root of th' dreames might worser evills fill my heart with en vie —the that become our portio' at our birth. nere reach their minde's. our land in western and vastly gaini'g strength. to hatred or jealousie great as th' mind a which that demon came. if th' many northern country towns is and many workes have bene plann'd men who can th' epistles get -little else. a sonne with proud humour mirrour'd her best graces. Watching put forth th' storms but saying no unmeani'g word. within the huske. Yet times yield of this them noe one that shall interprete to some number. bold designe.

mee then most mark'd resolve such oft for a whim may be removed and banished. noe other could be so safe.IN PERICLES. or thought its to bee cognisant of stories th' existence. so profound At last she fell into a mela'colia none conld rouse a her. wise king. it My motive some might question.. if rare must have any man. my wishes or plans being myracles to some' slighte . This was more unforas I spake tunate for of. When this and various plaies put out in diverse names have bin joined. for men who had won gold in any way did not readily acquaint least o' these a stranger. you shall finde that I am the authour that is inasquing his work thus." when a plaie name by which cometh. PERICLES. accompanied with gold. — that height to which England should ruled by a kind. might heare and know my For All men who write stage-playes are this reason none say. may if bee written in better form then I could well employ all I wished to speak so plain e that voyce. For this cause. seemeth to mee a worthie and right one to be giv'n waie. a hidi'g. -. 1619. o' For space many long yeeres therefore I have cent'red as my yet thought and giv'n much of my time as th' calls of our businesses do permit. but ' mania trulie is difficile to controll. ay a perilou' historie. 77 wore on or increased. with his source of wealth as you may well understand. that a secret. FRANCIS OP E. else my most able powers had shewn men what both equally desired rise.. asking a one puting it forward shall not bee recognised. h^d in co'tempte^ "How strange.

so hee felt his hart change in his breast. waye it shockt young minds a cry of sorrow and sensible is souls when a wound wa'tonlie inflicted. For a youth could aside.78 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. Observe. or o' all artes if our greatest be found. unbending . o' see his whole a word turn'd As by a stream soe often. FR. and therefore. These must be sought v/here wee previously directed you. then to take up as occasion and liking shall serve. But so great is th'* importance that may attach to seem- ingly small incidents. th' great thought comming to me in th' silente life at night vigils. bolt th' truth There was a momente when as by a thunde'must deliver was hurtled forth in soe hard. or trameld devices. . or hurtle along their tho' 'twas th' seco'd daughter of Henri the Eight was hart my mother. tho' so tiresome 'tis sometimes lesse pleasure to followe with co'stancie. roll swell. BACON. carry'd thro' a meade in bounds that have bin set. this history should not bee pass'd over by one seeking the true and ungloz'd story as seldome related ene unto bosom friends. and by noe meanes must th' work bee layd by. bee my many a f eare I shal FRANCIS THE FIRST OF ENGLAND. In no part be faithles and rash. stem. in a f arre time. ED. This play should joine our othe' playes of Cyphres. YORKSHIRE TRAGEDY. out wild mou'tayn gorg rising. these things do bring never. In doe my plaies. I have tossed my f eeli'gs as they way. degree. doth lose its spirit. 1619.

and arte long. a in the play previously nam'd or mentioned as having therein one pretty scene.IN ROMEO AND JULIET. and never came againe into this bosome in full flood-tide. acted by the two. This stage-play in part will part is tell our briefe love tale. ROMEO AND JULIET. Their partlie was too briefe — its rose of pleasure had but drunk the sweete dewe o' early delight. and in this joy. O we is were Fortune's foole too long. It was a sadder fate befel our youthful! it love. very seldome heard without plaudite most stormie weeping —we have life —you' poets commonest al but determined on folowing the forles tunes of thes ill-fated lovers by a path thorny. tender leaflets in whose fragrance was assurance of untold joies that th' immortalls know. Since th' former issue of this play. named our it tragedie since neither yeelded up But the joy of life ebb'd from our hearts with our parting. WITHOUT DATE. my Mar- guerite. yet written out in the plays scarce would bee life. Yet 'tis a kinde fate which joyn'd them together in life and in death. and evrie hour had begun to ope unto sweete love. It hath place in dramas taining a scene and theame of this nature. th' joy was faintlie guess'd. it So rare (and most briefe) th' hard-won happinesse. all afforded us great content to relive in th' play that as mist in th' summer con- morni'g did roule away. Farre from angelique tho' man his nature. since our fond love interpreted th' harts of heaven o' others. sweete one. if his love bee as cleare or as fine as our love for a lovely as a rose woman (sweet all and as thorny it might chance) it sweet'neth .

ROBEKT GREECE. This work may not be knowne as mine. waste into lovely th' enclosure of his brest. There was noe ease of life to our suiTeri'g heart our yeares were eight lustres. by that pri'cipall FRA'. faire face liveth ever in dreames." and yet would be wel to observe many til will bee wiser after a lesson such as conn'd. as anothe' i& now giv'n all o' th' wreathes and girlonde' certaine bookes bring. which th' angels uplifts our life would fayne seeke. man can at we long agoo The once be wise and love. recov'ring — evident. ^th' wanto' Paris by his latter venture much previouslie lost. BACON. Amyas Paulet. This wil make clearlie scene why i' th' part a is man doth play heerein and wherere man's love strength hath remain'd unto the end. Sir It is knowne "E^o to all decyph'ring any sometimes it said. but in inner pleasances onely doth th' sunnie vision come. our o' friend and good adviser.80 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. 'Tis known tory in to you. as my labours must by Cypher. A QUIP FOR AN UPSTART COURTIER. 1620. oft cliangeing a gardens. J^ot he. B. . time clearlie have shewne. these hidd'n epistles. That it soe who would ere question. among more worthy productions alreadie and is made valuable to my compleated his- my this long-sought interiour epistles.

In noe respect were is it true. (using tearmes in re- gard tc myself e onely) that was not ev'n doubted. eager spyes on It not alone by day but by night may thus bee surmis'd that devices of some sort were soe needful. willingly put forth all workes whch I had composed. not at all lessened. lie —even to publish poemes which might natural- bee but such as doe afPorde pleasure.wonne worthy they ventured into an praise. and it. I was bolder. Feare is lest noe reader may note an inner or Cipher story. to more present now. since man hath a greater desire to then hee hath to winne fame. yet I shall make knowne stronger to him who can reade Cypher-writing. published manie late playes under other cognomen' will think the motive some distaste of the stage. my life had foure also. a motive this. and doth question how 81 make a . found to those meanes unknown out who were most warie. All that learne that I. I. to send much hidden dangerous matter. found three who. at also. but sharpen'd. rext in Spenser's name. 1620. having written in sufficient stiles. — ^that my wit. Severull small works under no name . it then live such. unknowne diverse world. who accompte th' truth better then wicked vanitie. NOVUM ORGANUM. When length. by constant dangers. for reward in gold added to an immediate renowne as good pens.FEA^^CIS BACON.

will glimmer ev'n into lie.— 82 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. making ever I it difficult. as meete. in this type comfre- monly cald Italique. Having with some care prepared twoo setts both large — and small of accented or marked letters. not as a meanes to render discyphering easy. which. I shall I thinke some ray. as must. per contra. reflection. as beene. It is farre more labour writing thus. doth ev'n now knowe. ere the present time bee well knowne. . tombe where to and I shall is know that wisdome led me thus wait unhonour'd. in this greater Cypher. How- now purpose their employment in my future labour in lieu o' th' plain' type. rough hewe them how we will.words are emploi'd in joining the parts. or is. and a frequent and tiresome repeti- tion hath beene needfull to assure th' revelation of th' whole hidden story. accomplish all intended when it was devis'd. for no strong Cypher is to be read as wee reade a booke. yet doe I maintaine that the principall work hath life. since a mistake causeth much harme. my justi- — fication bee complete. nor can to it prove to be secret hath lesse wearyi'g my decipherer whe' all my beene brought out. I have emploied the same more quently to hide secret matters. until in the perfected time. I have lost therein a present fame that I may. recover it in our owne and othe' lands after manie a long yeare. beleeving that the eie will be more readilie strucke thereby —not in the present writing further then hath already beene mentioned. sort that it change of such be simple but not playne. out of anie doubt. which the Ruler. Upon more I am assured it will. that farre offe th' golden morning. writing a secret storie of my owne well as a true historie of th' times. methinkes. that doth wisely shape our ends. at length. was but to aide in decyphering my great Word-Cypher — so called because key.

leading. long'd for a roiall leader of the troopes. advanc- ing. th' for behinde every othe' passion and vanity mooving her. or the bent disposition. cald The Third. th' first whose clayme to th' scepter was denyed by his foolish mother. who thought all to outcraft all th' powers that be. being th' after first I sonne. eagles threat'ned th' realme. and borne in proper and just time my roial mother. —by Manie supposing miserly love of gold uppermoste spirit. Many were her suitors. herselfe a queene. thus. or following in sweet sympathy to the musicke's call. the feare of being depos'd rankled and urg'd her to a policie not yet understood. retreating. as was well knowne to her counwayes shewi'g a kinglie spirit cill. but Elizabeth. her marriage. Th' warres of Edward. Some doubtlesse when waxres blacke which Elizabeth met in two when subjects were admitted into th' presence chamber. —but who might . A Xew f eare seemed haunt her minde that a king might to seeke suit th' mounting ambitions of a people that began Atlantis beyond th' westerne seas. you will run ore the story my life from yeere to yeere. wherein you may find that was of roiall birth.— IN NOVUM ORGANUM. But ever was there a dying fall in or those straines —none might heare onely she to my father altar. 83 In of I th' Cyphers heere given. so to speake. supprest if it hints of her marriage. for no knowne object bee not that her desire to swaie Europe had some likelihood. in mind and made but partial and cursorie note of o' her naturall propension. with whom shee executed th' figures of a dance. and by th' most consta't opposition to warre. and th' dancer's feete never led to Hymen's lofty thereafter. should sway Engsit land's sceptre and in her chaire of state. of comming to fulfillment.

Many pens kepte these fresh in their mindes. —^my sight brother.84 BI-LITBRAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. my owne th' minde and but the world aske: hidden history ^What in is truth?'' and when they reade it my work. and that greatly renown'd mayden-queene. doubtlesse. that not onelie jesting Pilate. and myselfe —out o' th' of th' people. and jects regarding his wilde proto th' death of was at a time much later —subsequent aBout. first bee nam'd the Sonne. That Robert was of bolder temper can by no argument disprove. and right of primogeniture may sacrifice. Prince. our fathe^ Though constantly hemmed threatened. as well as one of her father. —and of his bolde known Fift. must thinke a worthie labour to write a o' true history of our times. but and more I fiery spirit I want not roiall parts. found it the part of prudence to put the Princes. — it shall appeare misplact . being fully persuaded. Elizabeth. Henry Edward the Blacke and her grandsire Henry as strifes. I have written this history in full in the Cypher. our hee came nearer to subtile obtain- ing th' crowne for my brother then suited my wishes and claymes. as a gTave physitian. th' Earle of Essex. my father tooke but slight interesse in the things he had th' trouble beene so hot upon. so. amongst heroes. kept under surveillance. making pretense of consulting [my] tastes and fitnesse for learning. handled matters so that Yet in course of time the Earle of Leicester. Stopping shorte of this irreparable wrong. as not be set aside. therefore. his short were not yet out of all memorie of th' people. Shee. without some costly modesty or good fame. of brave Sevent. in heart. father. kept a finger on th' wrist of the pnblique.

It is and an incense to her sweete memorie. and likewise th' keies. into a As may bee beth. some restraining feare. th' questio' of Elizaher legitimacie. This doth to our tell th' story with sufficient cleames to guide you hidden storie. un- —and the charme of youthlie manners. as 85 when you put my work. dainty grace. In th' storie of my most infortunate grandmother. in crowne was giv'n first to Mary. for the Pope well th' union. A ayde short argument. as in men's th' minds concerning former marriage. you shall read of a sadnesse that touches me neere. you here shall finde it. This opeth at first th' palace. a plea to the generations to life. which her Still made with f ayre Anne Boleyn. before commi'g to Elizabeth. it we may see that despite suited her to dallie with settling the the question. the not th' sweet ladie who saw headsman's axe when shee went forth proudly to her coronation. Therefore every act and scene of this play of which I speake. partlie because of neerebeliefe nesse in bloud. hidden in Cy'hre many other workes. to make a faint shew of if mater as her owne co'scie'ce dictated. made her a Protestant. form readily understood. his daughter of that marriage. come in for* a just judgement upon her o' whilst also giving the world one of the noblest my plays. we take th' decisions of but the will of th' remorse-tost th' king left no doubt fact. knowne unto you.— IN NOVUM 6rGANUM. facts. th' highest perfection of then in spoiled. It is . partlie from a firme and trust in her innocencie. is a tende' sacrifice. when King Henry for the time cometh truely under the spell of her beautie. tho' it had not recognis'd sire were royale. are giv'n to th' decypherer when it is to be work'd out as I wish. fresh.

privately youthfuU Anne. if possible. and returne. th' picture that I shall limn'd most careto fully." am too good to to So there was no waye o' th' compasse his desires save to wring a decree out Pope and wed maide. since the work hath noe praise. Tho' it be ofttimes a task. Th' love Lord Percy shew'd my lady. and hid her for space of severall dales untill th' skies could somewhat cleare. a grave matter like the divorcement of a royall spouse to wed a maide. and doth perceyve heere give is of th' other sexe. and wedded th' too securing a civill decree. his although so frankly return'd. not a jot regarding her answer unlesse to bee the more eager to have his waye. turning as a restless mill. thought this was that inquisition which brought out feares regarding th' marriage contracted with Katharine of Arragon. — if selfe-imposed. Soone he resolv'd on proof of owne spirit. but . voyce of approvall or —I intend its many from but simple causes th' historic of a man's life cometh acts that we see through stayned glasse darkelie. but I mistresse. shall But tho' an irksome thing. this conviction Acti'g upon titles he doth confer money and upon his last choise to quiet objections on score of unmeetnes. However m' pen hath greatly digress'd. suited not with f ayre Anne's notions of justice.— 86 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. not by any meanes completion. a man lesse. doe th' Pope how he might. so that none greatly wond'red whe' prolonged consultation of the secret voyce in his soule assur'd the questioner noe good could ever come from the union. and with a sweete grace she "I made answere when become your th' the King sued for favour: am not high in birth as would befit a Queene. For but more Avearisome. truth be told. kept the wish turning. Despite this mark of royall favour. th' lesse.

fancy had taken him to pay lovi'g court unto the faire Jane young. 87 when th' earlie sumer came. by Queene Anne in th' one case. but bearing this with his daring he compelleth the Actes of Suprem- acy and Succession. which placed him at the head of the Church of England. awaken'd suspition and th' much to for- cruell jealousie when hee saw gay courtiers yielding th' spell of gracefull gentility. th' truth be said. —heightened by usage But if rayn. But Henry th' rested not the\ The lovelinesse of so potent to Anne winne and her natural opennesse of manner. you would say an added charme were to paint the lillie. Untill that time. whilst she wafted onwards. Seymour. in hope that there might soone bee borne to them an heyre of th' desir'd kinde. for his sinnes. unfortunately for her secret hope. And when she was borne along. who was more most ordinary as beautifull. as also at th/ English Court. shielded by a canopie of white. bright as — in a short space 'twas ore. onely male heyres had succeeded to th' roiall power and the act occasioned much surprise amongst our nobilitie. and quite —but also doth regard personall th' manner. and ing. th' qualitie that made Queene so pleast' —Lady them Jane permitting marks of gracious favour be freelie offered.IN NOVUM ORGANUM. surrounded by white tissew. weake heart o' th' King. and made his heires th' successours to th' throne. Henry chose to con- sider th' infant princesse in the light of great anger oi a just God brought upon him spirit. Sodaine griefe orewhelm- . or give the rose perfume. And pris'd the Queene. th' This was onely briefe. order'd willinglie her coronation sparing noe coste to it make soft is outvie anie other. surin a tender scene. beginning of a triumph.

for tryal and sentence. ing her so she swoiind before them. In justice to a memorie dear upon It myself e. strange. this selfish borne untimely.fc at which th' cruell axe and tell see the blacke flag. that her heart dyed Avithin her not long after soe sadde ending of a mother. this subtile to power by which soe many of the peeres could be forc'd passe sentence upon when far proofes of guilt were nowhere to to bee produced. Th' hast with which hee then went forward with his marriage. proclaym'd the reall rigor or frigidity of his hart. exciteth not so much astonishment ^ince hee was forc'd thereto. what charge shee was found worthie of death. but hardly could hee restraine the impatience that sent him forth from his pallace at th' hour of her execution to an eminence neare by. Henry's will was done.88 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. Henry had her conveyed to Lon- don Tower. in order to catche th' detonation (ation) of th' field peece whose fell. mon- This threw him into great fury. viole'tlie. and subjected her to such ignominy barelie beleeve. and summoning a jury of peeres delivered the Queene pitch. and a so little space thereafter the infant sonne constantly desired. Under pretexte of beleeving gentle Queene Anne to as to be guilty of unfaithfullnesse. hollow tone tolde the moment tha. I must aver that it is from cleare yet. where [he] should give comfort and sup- throwing so much blame upon the gentle Queene. so that he was cruellie harsh port. one can ev'n basely laying her charge the gravest sins. sitting amidst the peeres before whom shee was tried. must of . her hopes. It is by all men accompted this lady. His act doth blacken Ev^n her father. disappointed once more arch. signall which floated wide to the world she breathed no more.

— — if the that co'strain'd her to take upon her out all th' th' responsibility of roialtie. And I am fullie carry- perswaded in mine owne minde that had shee lived to work. Thus was her good fame made shal a reproache. I shall be co'tente. no doubt. having many other things at that time subtly. had outvied those of her world-wide tinu'd that famed and honour'd daughter who conso well which had beene artes also commenc'd. that she herselfe undertaken. that their recovery must have requir'd patient attention and the expenditure of money my mother had no desire so to imploy. is re-gain'd by his descendants from the union. for in noe other waye conld speech of hers be made wrongful!. that 89 neede have beene some quiddet of chang'd some harmlesse words into anything one had in minde.IN NOVUM ORGANUM. Having fayl'd to prove her untrue. through this lovi'g justification of Anne Bulle'. her honours. had this not (have) beene accomplish' d. I make bold to say that th' benefits we who now live in our free England reape [are] from her faith and unfayling devotion to th' advancement. I am aware many waned in the raignes of Edward and bloodie Mary. devising th' plannes . eifecte o' on th' true prosperitie of the realme. It promoting. but that it by which th' coffers were drayn'd must require farre greater perseverance and in order to begin so noble work. Before I go further with instructions. his murther'd Queene. If my plaie as shew this most clearly. and time hath not given backe that priceles treasure. beheld well was her most earnest beliefe in this re- markable and widelie spread evidence of workes be taken. nought could bring about such a result e. And for my roiall grandsire. th' lawe. whatever honour hath beene lost by such a course. and not a love dignity or power.

myselfe and one brother princes By th^ were th' early fruits. shall never see com- plete. whylst wife to th' Earle of Leicester.90 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. However wish shall t' th' it play doth reveale this better. for its It is a comedy having should be actors divers whom I have used to masque myselfe lest from Ill sight. heere have I hidden this Cypher play. cannot impugned. wil ayde In good hope of saving same from olde Father Time's ravages. My keies mentio'd in the beginning work. but th' foregoing abridgement. therefore I begge that it give bee written out and kept as a perpetual monument of my wrong' d. myselfe. by no meanes basely begot. but so farre were in our youth wee did from being properly acknowledged. we . had bene knowne o' be work my hand. frequentlie bin said these will write th' play. my discypherer finde another kind of drama that shall give as great varietie to th' interiour plays as bath beene noted in the exteriour. but innocent ancestresse. who as hath beene a said previously. publiquely tearm'd herselfe mayden- queene. but soe firme its is my conviction that must before long put up Soone wil leaves like th' plant in th^ sunne. To it you I entruste th' taske I. which I then composed. will follow in this place: —* th' of this most helpfull * * * As hath most you. having a constant f eare my name found. or argument. farre. be ayding in their execution. it is probable. to Queene E — . and my work fare if fate remov'd me ere they were ill my very life itselfe would have fared. union. then I in this Cypher. would finish'd. if to my the plays. that I rest contente awaiting that time. Many times these things do not shewe lightness or th' vanitie which some have laid to her charge.

dignity and honour. this realme. in the one case. wholy unpremeditated. to advance that of men no waye depending on by lawe Divine due her. depth of learning. or interesse in th' wellfare of her owne. to the princes o£ many times made evidente to us. entituled somewhat Solomon the Second. l^icholas Bacon. and wearie toyle by daye. in the other. Without doubt. In truth. spoken to our hearing. powV. shee cast off thought. We crave Caesar's law- crowne at cost of sleepelesse houres in the night.. and of th' Earle of Essex. better then most. Walter Dev'reux. So this ill-advised disregard of the birth-right prerogative. but when thus as. Several yeares had gone by ere our true th' conditions name or anie of herein mentioned. and in so vastlie better right or is Th' comedie that I nam'd here boldlie. 91 not surmise ourselves other then the sonne of the Lord Keeper of the Seale. sense injustice stung a proud at spirit like his past th' boundes of a patience- noe time remarkable or well f oster'd by the atmospheare of the Courte. appall'd at th^ daring of mine almost unpremeditated plunge but like that . moved my o' brother to the rash measure that was soone conceyv'd and as sodainlie ended. But f arre all as wel might all this sleep ev'n yet in the past from advancing the state of these sonnes. came to our knowledg'. Furthermore noe thought youth rell so holds th' imagination of as that o' imperiall power. th' seeker in the I am myselfe represented by him.IN NOVUM ORGANUM. much greater. even then the revelation was in a measure dentall — albeit 'twas made by my mother— acci- ^her wrath over one of quite my boylike impulses driving her to admissions unthought. not to bee retracted or denyed. having I can undertake such a feeling had th' same interesse in a degree title.

Salamon. making many finished. enquiries in th' fielde of nature concearning hidden things. or fuler truth. partlie revealing a scroll. while half justly approv'd itselfe longes. Much ing. where the answer that I gave his exit is the soliloquy. in right.93 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. free from doubt . of this is in my play of altogather differe't kind but think- not more suited in th' young hero of th' one. many bookes having the leaves th' caseme't. in con- and impassioned. a penne. after greater or suspect. still antient heroe. not th' best among my comedies. with my mother persewing a similar theame. day shewing faintlie in th' sky and low lights burning. Th' scene oft is chang'd. The earliest fourth scene of is in a publique hall. earnest my owne chamber a second time. beginning thus my Sylva Sylvaru' not yet Th' next in verse. still my heart goes out after fame. is where one of the Half my dramas on this poore stage. in then in the second which hath it th' ending soe happy if that can. it Herein is a short historic of that will assist verie much Gor- in the task of bringing the play together — as seen in all I first is have done. have mention as one quite pleasing. as hath by th' foregoing scene. After The next putting scene openeth on th' faraway sea-coast duely my numerous devices into immediate examination. turned by a wind very softly comming in at My foster-father my standing by me thus spake: "Tell me. an ink-stande. yet the hambury: time early morne. asking for light to go on in my my quest. wilt thou embrace graven in thy heart —" thy fatheres precepts with some of the following lines will also be found.

* * * * Now are your working keis ready for th' decyphering. o' jests of Geo. said. is London. —many authors. 93 To leave a true record of th' chiefe incidents of th' raigne of my mother. act four. Queene Elizabeth. for various reasons. In these scenes is much wit ingaged. three. much secret matte' doth it masque th' play. all escapt notice. diverse strange acts by experi- ments in magicke are seene. my plan doth at once put forth compleate forme that I no longer ask th' myselfe a question. disputing fiercely when beholders aplaud. many songs shall also joviall. To this add a play that entitled George-a-Greene and one named (to write these comicke see's) the David. four (th' first portion) and a small part o' th' finall In scene two. chiefly in that youthly production* which was Faustus entitul'd is Friar Bacon and-so-forth. soe call'd. but carrie forwards in many dramas of the much hast. bee used therein making th' action light and Place. Seeing th' good favour such doth win. The second act doth give the th' resulte. wittie speakers are ladies or more cheering [than] those and a spirit of gentlemen of that early time. Those part act.IN NOVUM ORGANUM. moving mirth informs each scene. his lawrells. as hath plaies beene Fift. each claymeing the author. appeas'd by balm of gold when the plays were thought of noe valew. where th' remayni'g acts transpire. . manie were fnllie o' my devices so skill- brought forth that are. with two of the Shakespeare th' —Henrie Th' statelier with Taming o' th' Shrew. Peele have place in acts twoo. which for various reasons requir'd seci^ecy. for which the discyph'rer shal seeke in many places. simple as many them and as th' play is supos'd to bee that of Chrisi' topher Marley. You will not finde this as oppressive as th' tragedy.

o' it th' taske I have assigned you untill the In order to present the greatest number poemes to th^ people of our time. if is t' and tions a rule long since conceal'd in the former publica- well con'd. frequently. Begin at once. that granite. are to signify which especiall structure th' numerous hewen stones see repeated so to are to bee built. much of ere th' necessary rule and th' cheefe plannes.94 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. — so in this my tem- model hath not fayFd to limne as bold a designe. into keie-words that are given. but th' joining-words must be found to match the parts togather. th^ In preparing portions. or This doth somelike as o' severall what resemble a stone varieties. soe that clear notions may greatly ayd our inve'tio'. this will set decipherers on their way. may be made somVhat easier in such portion' of this history as are not . many weeks come repeate heere. many. various arguments. I thinke th' light. In several works I have giv'n rules. while in this work. yet all so arranged. even as in the modell. soe that ^asilie as my ca' decypherer may write this as any other work th' be accomplished. — this red sand-stone. they were separated by to place. keyes. the — this is prepared to his use. It doth not rest with the stone-mason to shape or invent his planne. keyes that wil bring them againe and as hath beene oft mentioned. and doe not turne from whole be finished. example to ayde you. abridgments like to that given above. it may forth I will however. The joining-words you portions marke the which are bee joyned together in th' perfect whole. so fitted for the intend' spaces. divers o' noth- ing but th' common The stones o' th' field. bring to perfection. ple. and with patience. structure. that no mistake doth seeme probable. which th' decyphere' must dutifullie.

its Wise men. giv'n more pleasure then others. but The Pastorall is of worth. many such I finde it 95 of secret subjects. may One intends a lesson in Christian doctrine. soe followeth the ancient story that th' very spirit of a time farre past doth informe the However. writte' such thinges in this also as were not secret. not hunted or recognis'd soe readily. clearlie God's purpose. and in possible to use large parts in one place. I have as you know. Furthermore (e) th' work. of interest to the whole world. carefree. from time to time. becam' very pleasing to such a degre that I concealed matters most commonplace. so stirri'g th' heart that seeme like to musick lightly stealing hither fro' th' courts of th' sky. working like a consenting to th' human whole. may find this story in new forme goodly You need this. Five stanzos in Spenser give a planne. I say. idole. Being easy the to insert. shewing out Christ. new Cypher hath required les of patience and. and no one should think th' worke put on this is (is) not wel spent. if of will who might melody and power. in the passion of the o' Th' moderne poeme. writing it in a secret manner had for chief e object the use of an invention I greatlie wished to make th' best in use' to transmit most worthie subjects. and harmefuU truly to none. not soe much ayde is to decypher a work like in for th' whole story as it is related the Holy Scripture. The story is to work on and many times like the story in it youthfull and unthinking ones poetry. If for my owne hidden story this now in your use lefte a doubt as to th' suspition' which rise within th' minde that the mater m'gli be dangerous.IN NOVUM ORGANUM. neythe' important. too. reading. its Divine rainde. or model .

hath beene spirit. made everie waye. given myselfe to knowe what the power within. I think.96 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. It is in its nature farre above that forme which would as tlr expresse uplifted it. in sav'd from th' puerilitie one might ex- by the hight th' subject. His hath come into this world to do. would make th' old plea that fate or chance doth control his owne nature. th' keies Noe other being neces- may now keies. and is to be. life. forming a prologue. since the most are so lacking in sufficient perseverance. —the issues of in time which is now. still sustaineth in prose and poetry. ITone. of th' poeme. It is given to every man who will inquire of a as it Heavenlie Kabbi regarding these things. concealed in Cypher which awaiteth another hand then this to bring it you know. am assured that to labour continually tho' nere bringing in my ripe'd grain. pect.* sea when come by winde soundeth though wind be soon stayed. divine char- acter. as that I have completed. doth shew what all life might be. yet must hee owne some power that doth sway men's hearts and that holdeth our existence. albeit moved by a passing breath. is ^ny imposed taska is The only worke forth. I. in unselfish ministry to th' worldes needes. in its exalted. so my poeme maketh a load sound that doth home to men's bosoins. * * * * I put These are my With purposes most devout its forth this epick which hath for theme a Divine Lord and Master. myselfe. and whylst it is my work is youthfull. and I am loath to shut its portalls. sary. bee deciphered. so Oft I ask vainlie who will bee other can winne endowed that none him from my work. that no severe or weary- . that a sin-cursed world might be redeehaed. like to man. and mighty musicke of the loud. The life of the man who was the living God.

Some few think abilitie to it 97 some taske ful for ere is ere concluded. having beene therein Britaine. and amid newe scenes. disgrace- men who boast godlike give ore their hunt winning some trophic. This hath made my owne work decypherer's lesse. to in that unfinished History of King Henry part of one. The future may thus in a measure make good the Th' hope maketh past. recover [somewhat] with th' generations that are to come. my work lesse heavy and m' heart lesse sadde. judgment. but hath in nowise made my inasmuch as the changes had a^aine to be made by him- . marveling to thinke that th' world had soe long gone by without seeing it. greater. that there should be anything to be first wondering much out. which I person am of at present writing engaged upon. sooner or later. leaving along the course heavy bodies. although ofte very farre perchance. —Th' White Rose versified doe A large portion of the aforesaid Seventh. —because is of the sweete lady all o' who the most repre- important sented. perchance. found then on the othe' side. in like cient manner the thinges which have sufiiwaight when borne on downe the great River o' Time be found preserved dista't. and ofte difficile. It is prose chief ely. Th' parts which I intended have make up such an important would have bin a that great historic th' taske difficile yet in manie written at an earlier date I have some large portions in both forms. But as floodes sweepe awaie such things as bee of light waight. is entitled. shall soone fro' waters. A is play. yet their triumphes are not Soe weake and inconstant is certaine.IN NOVUM ORGANUM. my triumph must thrill my heart. when thinges not familiar be submitted. metals or rockie masses. At that time. so that I shal. for long hath the labour beene.

and as a prose worke to publish openly. if easy both to read and write. but may bee understood at some future day farre or neare. but be in prose and the exterior in verse his taske both be the same it is light. her heart shewing great strength and constancy. gracing the faire in forme and name hee. I have made the interio' epistle poetrie and if th' interiour is the exterior not soe. Th' evidence such plays give of being from brayne of one who hath for manie yeares made . but vice versa. If God doth grant it me a long life so to complete these th' world. —by th' King Henry pretended Sevent named White Kose title of Brittaine.98 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. for a play should make a linke in this chaine and the history mention'd was requir'd by the King. much love and honor. o' The discipherer may finde it strange I write th' history Henry the Seventh both as a play. if selfe while In example. mine Earle o' Huntley. engaged in the decyphering. tender and most saddening scenes in the play. Secret matters do not make up these interiour epistles. Duke o' Yorke. hath made many It winneth. The keies will not be given untill th' history mentioned be finished but when he doth see the Katharine Gordon in any of I speake of her. shall bee well for I am seeking not my owne honour. The reason will then approve (i) itself e. dishonouring. She was in truth verie sweete and feature. and a wondering admiration. speedilie lost. wifely devotion to th' false Duke. in many th' cases. my workes. giving to her beautie th' assumed by her husband. hee must versifie. Her also. for purposes of my it Cypher. th' dignitie and enduring good of mankinde. he name o' Ladie may know that th' — th' daughter of a nobleman of Scotland. since varied labours. but th' honor and advanceall ment.

King Henry the Seventh you shall finde some porKing Henry Eight is also requir'd. neyther would ought of secret Court mat- . The part in Richard [is] of so mark'd purpose. truly no eye so wel-seeing or strong it could pursue a th' thread so fine without Qu. in- as a keene. Of most historicall plays note one mark'd pointe or feature. Some likenesse or paralell tions to co'plete that plaie. for the purposes of from time my Cypher. IN NOVUM ORGANUM. sharp eye at some time have scene my features beneath yet it hath (ath) oc- curr'd so seldome nothing hath it endangered as 't my secret which th' Cypher doth herein conceale. which have beene publisht undeniable. Manie asmuch will not thinke the vizard. Even in the lesser Cyphers I have so shifted the course of that some I' th' all these stories must have tum'd aside. The worke despight a variety of styles. also th' events of one raigne folt' seeme link'd to those of time that precedeth or doth lowe. some requir'd. but is to bee observed in them. and th' (^ methode liimself acquainted with th' formes art —of my — or this dramaticke or representative poetry. scattered into many times and freely my is divers playes. maketh xilso claime to other workes. Divided many. as may bee scene. masque a perfecte might possibly it. with Richard. prose writings. Th' keie-words so ofte mention'd are not noted by any save one wel-instructed in th' Cyphers which have beene -consta'tlie employ'd in my worke. as scene in such as I have sent forth time. soe that can be accomplish'd. might suppose a keye might not bee but his wit would not be sufiicient to put the portions where each doth little belong when found.. in various names. is mine owne. hath ever a strong safeguard. or poemes.

will bee thought well th' . life. In my heart th' whispers of hope thus have long th' night. ev'n yet. th' throne. havspirit. ^ when completed that I robb Henry grace to my White Eose.100 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. How right and Divine justice. ing beene controled by a woman's unyeelding suf- . confident of th' decision whe' they shall both bee I am in good hope. that is made a sweete song in more glad and joyous then anie love hath sung. But for th' hope of a future. of a long future and of very far off. Th' play. bee so exposed in print tii' ters ever torie th' — —nor ev'n Danger personall his- as that in Cypher epistles oil*. naturall sequence of time and events. for I have yearn'd for to th' would now come since. I thinke. how could we o' bear the heat and burden th' daie. and th' Duke's th' happy songs of the gaiety of all this princely Court of England. me if I had not. Sevent to add a I leave posteritie to judge. of which I have given the pleasing as it title. as you knewe long off beene cut by th' whim of my roiall mother fro' princely station. or in of succeeding to directly to By lawe th' kingdome should goe borne sonne. shut from hope. yet voyces sound to th' making manie times repeated here a land that you probablie know. All tie to th' promises of th' world's glory and th' opportuni- acquire gre't learning have sometimes made havocke honour that within my minde. Of this discyphered. cannot even yet have disguise torne harshelie might shewe a head. I may see this work comas is pleted in eare my owne mortall th' prophesy. th' first — — then. is not soe might be with sweete Katherine Gordon's love scenes. but since it may be seene to be a part of another play.

However.'' beleeving they shall. yet doth some thought upholde me.ev'n like man. arise from the dust to to rejoyce this againe in newnesse of In order make most since complete assurance I shall emploie other methodes — wee see that in miracle-working nought was done without meanes —and note the result. prologues et csetera. clear e ^ ^ 101 made it and evident 'lieerem/ MucH . is NOVUM ORGANUM. word may be used in preSometime I intende th' use of these dotted letters as a Cypher-planne. If these should be pass'd over and none should disceme th' secret epistles. life. I my penne hath plaies little am speaking of those that were suppos'd Wm. being also made ready. Th' latter I purpose using in i' my th' history not yet finished. to give a device that hath caused so manie sleepelesse . I write on each "Resurgam. the other I wish to plaies employ whe' republisht. compleate in the itselfe. its — so hopefully my hart doth cling to last desire.'. as first So few can bee put forth ^ighte revision.(/. rathe' then a meere shift to confuse first decypherer.^^e:t soe true that can but bring convictio' to is all who dis- reade. Some might hope that it not trust a labour of yeeres to oblivio'. one happy sunlit morning. owne forme. of historic thus recorded will bee strangp it is t6\GV§}f. at present. shall Th' principall Cypher our worke thrive well eniploied for this. having prepar'd alphabets of Latine letters soe that everie faces. I must needs make alphabets shewing th' manner of employing th' Cyp'er.^'ey. I shall use letters that differ from th' type I heere emploie. nor if it bee not throughlie cypher'd. in running titles. and may one day be summon' d to take upon its 't. written without a and many new or noe rest. . not wishing.IN fer'd a change. Shakespeare's.

nights and such troubled dales. even as one tell would school- tbe mean/r'g of a riddle to a child. forfeit and the world be no wiser then is But that danger past long ere is now and nought and that but the jealousy of the King to bee feared. then th' presentation of my claime. Future dales shall give th' world my worke and I shall then be contente. freely. and everie th' day hath but its tasks. mare in dread of any feare of effecte on the hearts of the people. I have shewne some wit heerein. knowing as he doth. for His true that his clay me would ranke second little onely to Elizabeth's to his issue. When waye. even one doth a pledge. It must give some his pause mounting thoughts when this worthie reason realme hath a claimant in th' aforesaid issue.ipa BI-LITBRAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. my great Cipher you mil se manle finished workes. be a discypherer do the same and win the prize by if indeed at all. I first unburdened my o' o' heart o' th' story in this secret bee I had co'stantlie much feare lest my s'ented forth by some hound th' Queene Elizabeth. For the secret should bee kept it within th' hearts of th' as men who will hold sacredly. my life might paye before. In hand. !N"aturallie it must cause some inquiry within the it minde as to my intended course or what would be like to bring to pass. this slip must be done while it is printing. "Without wearying of the selfe-assum'd a time i' — as hath soe many Cypher epistles beene . besides the two mentioned not quite ready fo' this now in As you know well. that all witnesses are dead and the required docu- ments destroyed. o' solve some boy's problems. Let him that would strife. ^o time doth by unoccupied.

But one who thinketh imploy his time in my hidden matters. of verse. easier. if all shall see that it is requir'd of be put [in] order.— NOVUM ORGANUM. — Earle Essex. but in both the others of which wee now speake. that my word is th' truth. some of the key-words will bee scene to bee similar. founde very convenient here play th' forme is Cypher playes. but as many parts that appertayne to such interiour plays have been chang'd into a prose forme in th' finish'd work. employing the same found in the plays I have published. As Earle there be two workes entitled th' Historic of o' R th^ Essex. if such proof e be necessary. giveth a good experience in labour of th' kind mention'd. th' manner of turning from one forme Th' White Rose. I have made use generally. hand will work untill Death's blacke shadowe fall acrosse th' day. yet the parts are easily kept from confusion by . I. i. even there. since i' th' interiour the same as that of th' exteriour. he who decyphers these should knows to th' somewhat of other. as as hath beene said. a life of th' title. all shal be complete th' plays number thirteen. have already mentioned. When Of mostlie.. my brother o' who bore th' cognomen o' Devereux. for no one hath ability to write with greater ease then myselfe. th' histories I e. but in th' having scene it emploi'd thus with very good eifect. making my labours farre For others. hee him. two are prose. yet without much time spent on work [s]o shall difficult this should be a number very to rewrite th' much his smaller. — that of Th' Raigne it King Henry the Sevent. same way. or work shall come somewhat behinde mine in quantity. our IN noted 103 — essentiall labours. The exteriour plays will bee the sure proofe.

In this shall bee made cleare. to-day. though many a sorrowe smite mee. ^o weary work my heart's doors 'gainst a Heavenly Guest. however. my heart faileth not. still a tragedy giving that awefull death that doth seeme fresh within my memory. One. When one doth write with feare of betrayal. Thou me up shine If in gentle love as of olde. comming betweene longer sense. wringing my heart with Grod. standeth forth. In th' Cypher history. give blessed light from Thy owne close throne on high. for very life did hang on that thread. it shall Though sorrowe is my constant companion now. They is are alike dramaticall and historicall. yet faine would I now chose an hun- dred shamefull deaths then ayde to send a brothe' into Etemitie. and make Thy countenance reveal' d to upon it me be decipher' d alreadie. then. duird the quick yesternight. Father of all that dwell above or below. as if no long night-vigils. Shed cleere radiance from Thine can Lift to glorie acrosse th' blacke night. yet in time here or hereafter. these hopes. for my off rightfull and true justification before the world.104 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. daies of labour. in my owne history. and by th' truth my my brother was attainte. hee car- . Having bee understood. it is my discy- pherer that remorse doth make my griefe so bitter. joining-wordes. Farre the day may be. joy shall come on that m'rning. everything relative o' t' th' actes that can give truer conception freely set forth as all th' whole. it If it were noe longer past then could no' come before mee more distinctly then it. paine that never ceaseth by day or night. will bee as must be at the great Day of Judg- ment.

that anie history. shall cut short it my it toyle. not liking to appear occupied with a great theame. hee warily doth some other thought. if he doeth not the booke must displease which should afford pleasure. I doubt of so inviting outside appear- it not. carefully plann'd throughout. in a solide. my soe much mixt it is or twin'd into manie others herein given. The hidden scarcely th' historie is somewhat head out like th' tortoise. The work then will not be complete untill my death. willth' reasons marre this planne save where for is knowne. that a taske putting them together. shal make much . is. edly find a door of such ance. when Deathe bee another to carry as possibl'. there should forward that shall may lacke as little Th' labour be lighter then mine hath ever hath bin. as much worth.IN NOVUM ORGANUM. may let discover. or decypher. rise Such an opinion might I assure you from a slight knowledge of the design. that putt(t)eth his o' th' shell is but he endangereth whole body. However. at first. much many repetition employ' d. enter to see what he perhaps conceal'd herein. and my worke lesse pleasi'g to write. he cannot meetly many times [been] me'tion'd. from owne. It may fall short of many things I have long desir'd to chrystalize. so that the decypherer would most asursize. If he shall publish it what it is him winnowe Manie might well. who will patiently work out the whole hidden minding well my instructions. said. as might be unperishing rock. he must. fully or. as you per- haps well know. th' shifts of many sortes necessarie to preserve th' secret. in order to aford beginnings. Th' principall history yet it is as you may suppose. Th' whole being of soe omit any. tume to 105 rieth l^he historie brokenly. nor to value his labours. find this not like a well arrang'd work.

not onely the unpublished history. albeit doth without doubte. as of experi- ences uncommon. then standing at a stay in greater. when clear. progresse in th' knowledge that I desire to shewe him. A man must life. and I hope to most. which sufficiently rewards his efforts. —may mildly worke and may shal oft — or wrongs one liketh not to speake but wounds bleeding in- wardly. yeelding sweetest renowme. impossible. Atchieveme't is itselfe a reward. putteth the much knowledge he can decyin no way obtaine. or imposthumations sowing seeds of future So this Cypher be us'd to give it my illes and tortured thoughts expression. for a mind power but a faculty of invention. seeme incredible this principle that a unto those that know not by man is [more] refreshed and cheer'd within the mind by profiting in lesser matters. secret woes. be the cause of ulcers yet more malignant. ill. that hath not only Any man his who hath bloud. This of which I pherer in full possession of other now am speaking. 'Tis not of others that I write soe much. all kinds of messages. hath way ills of getting the humoures from it allaieth paine. I trust somewhat these to knowledge of like errors in their conducte." which indeed highest degree of such art thou'h fewe have attained to soe unusuall knowledge for manie purposes. but this hath beene a me'nes of achievement of a labour for our fellowes pell'd few could performe. teach man to judge his brother leniently. but newe meanes communicate is th' of transmitting. then If my selfishnesse hath im- me more was proper. discontentment and of. observe all sortes of forme or ceremony in his oute' its but the ruler. so that he may.106 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. and write "omnia per omnia. according to his will and pleasure. himselfe. heart hath own freedome and hath no humane . distrust.

and can- make the purpose weaker. would be impossible for us to yeeld it up. yet are life. long since. himself e but meager end to a man's seeking chiefe. Every . move on th' center of another. as we com- menc'd. as you well know. in life. togather th' pres- that wee nam'd some time with all published with th' name by which we might safelie it are now known put its upo' of title pages.— IN NOVUM ORGANUM. soe also is when it is made first and hee a poore middle pointe. in so farre. In actus quartus. This Cypher doth tell our motiv's for a labour least. so we wide this true seede which may beare fruit to give glad harvests in the Eones to come. th' motif clear lie sheweth. is 107 However. let him go forth in quest of knowledge. if like th' earth he stand- eth fast on his center. or finde. but our predominant desire shew'd so plaine the greatest things. 'Tis lacke of a man knoweth its some predominant wish. at . that doth render th' heart hard t' sound. Long e't. gave such a good asurance that secrets great valew be entrusted to keeping. akinne to th' dust. also. to other times. for things that have afiinity with th' heavens. His soule akin to things celestiall.them himselfe. strong wish to make made soe carry our invention itself e. 'tis Although the resolution grew ever stronger. yeeres ago. a all longing that putteth in order others by t' force. of the play entituled Salomon th' Second. If hee would not be too earthy. center and axis of is little least action. — in th' when th' Cypher in use at workes we publish as those of authors past. as it doth nowe seeme. this keeping of a purpose unalter'd through every change of a man's possible. — so difficult as to seeme imit we so firmly fix'd now in the resolve. a thing rare. illes and the not least. it constante employment of a necessitie. scena quinta.

Our light hath burned lowe. wee do nothing doubt. its hart knoweth not with its joy. th' For ourseKe secret future bringeth surcease of sorrowe. viz. is may soone reveale pub-*< what our wrong that did make a meanes securing lique triall of a waighty case.108 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. ourselfe. th' Earle o' lieicester London's Tower also a story relative to early scandals. Had we no is labours to performe. destiny \vould hold backe from th' world all true knowledge of this lives' leaf of her history which doth cone erne other all nearly. be compleate. Earle of Essex. th' other sad tale giving th' storie of the unwell- come late birth of the Queene's offspring. and a strange' intermeddleth As our story shall be fully decypher'd Queene Elizabeth. secret union with . till it. 'None write that doth shew in our epistle. the beames of morning now burst upo' our longing gaze and put to flight the black night's dragons of brooding gloom. the somber herald. As a portion of this history. fewe have seene the that would bee like proofes o' Holy Writ. sent buzzing through all this realme. Admirall of England. yet our wish afford our not as might own life pleasure. owne bitter. gladly would we listen for th' footfall of Death. such confirmation as doth shut ask: wee can give th' lips of those who still "How could these things bee?" . her whylst confined in you may understand twoo things that doe not appeare in anie history written openlie. then the works which our hand openlie performeth. and Kobt. a necessity. our work. Th' want o' truth in items our pare't had recorded. but of all which may by eythe' Cipher lend colour of good or evill to characters here pourtray'd. this Queene's intercourse with Seymour. and also of Ewe. inasmuch as this is more trulie good and important.

is won. wedded. on the other. ev'n whylst our parents be known to be royall and honourable. one goale. in having more people. A king shall Th' state is as th' sovereigne is. in number of papers were and many have beene subsequentlie could not wel lay clayme to th' scep- destroyed. as in th' under world. and tum'd upon tracks not so well made. Love hath was th' good of the dear object most at heart. as th' prince is. passi'g. have bin drawne two waies th' lost much time face of our claime clouded. "With firm faith in simple justice for everie suitor. heroes Greeke poets have sung of the souls of ancie't hem'd round. questioning of England's prosperity. although fate haste to close 0' th' entering upon our true right. 109 must be said. be wise to bee great. this doth so manifest itselfe it needeth . a firm persuasion in our owne mind of a soveraigne doth not shewe most in large domains. but ruling with equity. that 9.IN It NOVUM ORGANUM. and divers ways by which one end. there th' ability to rule wisely and to edify and build up th' broken walls. standing breast high blacke filth. so that our object may some day doore of hope be attained. this our desire hath slightly bent. Furthermore. however. and with our true love of our kingdome on the one hand. so that ter. In the workes which appeare bearing our plaine name on th' title pages. fortunatelie united. being having like others who in deliberation. also as hath beene mentioned that th' pow'r before. seiz'd. Bitter the portio' that w^as ours till our mounting spirit rose above th' Styx that encircled us. we doubted our proper right to sever Brittaine. but unfortunatelie king'd. so that. or ev'n so are the people. [that] in its tasted its waters. being truely late. we it and establish beyonde a doubt. or diverged.

th' royall none can holde that to be unpardonable in prince whom stirre destinie hath despoil'd in so great a degre. early. we thinke. Th' desire to leave the world true. seeing th' result of our labor. there shall not. that we doubt th' worst motif chideth the best by no such question. or at the most two or three. th' beginning our Word Cypher is such as will be deciphered with most ease. have some parts of the said. our un- wearied worker. ill or well suited as may bee. and this long labor be awarded the honor due this invention. In many o' It was in use all th' inventions ones —one — this and smaller all booke. for story. contained of a single worke. be any minde that doth waigh things the case justly. Philosophical! plain. Palliation of that offence x3an bee found. hath done the part our devise imposeth on him. after the designe shall bee fully seene. unbiased history. Essays and Workes it is these purposes do stand forth so love's lost labour to point out the we thinke designe. and the entire planne well learned. that of perf ecte all shall safety. shall finde faulte or speake lightlie of our simple planne which may In thus come forth in complete forme ev'n as created. that. . A storie cannot be followed untill be found. All workes we pubhath under names. However this is otherwise in th' secret part. doth so and rouse our energies. This is otherwise in our Word Cypher. inasmuch as the hidden history extendeth through works of numerous designes and kinds that have beene put out from time lished to time for severall yeeres. our discypherer. for altho' our apparent designe must be our self e-advancement.110 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. In th' early not that wee pause to explaine. as beene our whole Cypher plan doth possesse one feature much to be commended. And also w^hen our patient hand and penne.

when knowne newe favorite was by right a prince . doth grow from the plann the fragments being kept many long yeeres. — as one moving in scenes that are tlius given must surely underLord of Essex ap- sta'd better than others. — of that strange devotedness that Queene Elizabeth manifested when peared. hath ended these Kone who began to reade Cyphers. and it is chiefly in ayding its others that have beene found do give some porta't Cypher. these woodie safe as any conie 'mid the deciphering that rules. Marlowe's. t' make known posteritie the reall cause. as 'twere. historic doth bende. now into another. As when harried beasts haste to th' shelter of a boskie knoUe death seemes sure. Ill Tt' different stories being placed therein as our work was done. but of much use giving rules and instructions to aide in our worke. this story. also Ben Jonson's. for no yet. Peele's and Shakespeare's. that are onely the early translated workes.IN NOVUM ORGANUM. in th' bookes wee published It will in divers names. in danger. and setti'g forth th' arguments of many workes such as playes. wind by these countrey houses. anon Greene's. mine. small portions being used at one time. mentioned some time ago. or worke out This of anything. my (soon pointing to a that th' much scorned sinne) more. also. to baffle all seekers. because no part could be compleated untill all bee compleated. this. This Cyphar will make the Word Cypher more all plaine. or roads by manie tortuous waies. affording our diverse masques another colour. as a river make an end untill th' links o' th' twisted now into one booke. is It is our most im- having th' complete story told therein. hide in hills. sometimes in our Spenser's name. to which we shall add Burton's. poemes. came to an end itself e. none can chaine bee followed. soe doe wee. rocks.

th' recorded. lov'd who as power more then ought upon earth. Also. Most persons in my lord's liking. that Men mine of their hope was ruine against which nothing availed. many courtly matters or great affaires were as puppet's gyrations or mad. It cannot now alter th' fates of anie. however. jesting quips. that wee have found a great solace in our life. fortunes soe unthinkingly. disregarded of posterity.. doth barre us from houres of despayring melancholic.e 112 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. ac- compted unfaithful of those of all ill whom wee honor'd." plays co'taine all our historie so truelie But other Cyphe' wherein forthe. or Prince Robt. it is if the matter bee giv'n a full rendering as now foimd herein. led hee then was. whilst most of our Irish troopes found th' intentions their leader they had not well understood had cloaked in his owne high by spirit or bold will. in the forraine fighting. worst it that doth visit mortall. work even when writ- ing th' story of our early or writing the harrowi'g exe- cution scene of that deare Earle Robt. who served honourably. but our great struggles in the interesse of Earle Robert. men to th' great a representation tayn'd but a modified figure of truth. He found which conadventured simple and quite easy wayes of binding treasonable undertaking. and bringeth to th' minde a vision. winning his notice little. and. so sweete and assuring. will perhaps come under men's censure when the truth is made knowne. winding course of many streames are limn'd to Longing bee no more held imworthy. have many most saith: indisputed retumes ev'n as the as Holy Scripture doe mete it "With such measure ye yourself shall be meted to you. our whole life can be scene spread like a map. but least honoured. as . high or lowe.

wee tasted a bittemesse such as who drinke the waters of Styx. When all is knowne and understoode. there will be nothing but approvall. plunging. . slightlie young boy. or at much ill. and that which hath beene may be recover'd in th' future. In our earliest play. where there was once harsh judgement. subdued they have tasted is the happy spirrit of a by our future into whose gloomie depths. 113 we should speake the — since 'tis well for us to make th' horror of that murther as familiar as other sensations. We there mention is this part of th' work frequently. name of that brother. th' decypherer may followe his owne wishes. first. and decypher which wee speake ere the pleasure he hath play of felt in his taske may disappeare. appertaining rather to my- then others. our is all its gifts work must still proceed since our inve'tion is still not yet discem'd. lost in th' present.IN NOVUM ORGANUM. strong. its cereme'ts and rise to make the Then must our name bee knowne farre as man's foot hath trod. talked of. When still remaine our owne worke hath beene compleated there will many things for a discipherer to doe if hee would winne reward. however. as this event that was mildly pass'd over at. because th' least as nowe least nothing as importante. farewell to earth and When our time shall come for our^ of joy or paine. our royall mother should worke us a worse th' A¥ee entreat decyphera by every arte of speech that th' wee possesse to heede our request. But self e of some little matters. that ere long our story shall burst truth known of all men. Our hope. and faileth not. If this be done faithlesse men will not jonge have th' daring to throw anie question of doubt upon our conducte.

so this light of nature driveth our shoots out in profuse. but his owne could afford none other ought of blame or prayse. you will not at once see our nexte worke. that may well endure. is and disappeare. His fruit its may not ripen in his daye. and hee doth not cast off all care that he hath carried in his hart. on in th' path he doth pursue. He leaveth behind a hold upon th' him some kind of labour and that taketh future making ev'n th' life on this earth as itselfe. and 'tis As when sunnelight maketh th' plant growe upwar'. wee have beene It it is emploied in having given to convey instruction concerning our tra'slations. title Th' worke beareth the of th' Anatomy of Melancholy and will bee put forth by Burton. st'aw. doth burn as hay and There heart. will co'taine large portions of all hidden epistles. perpetuall as the Creator of earth and the heavens. f arre-reaching vines. i' vanity and some pride his steps th' noblest humane which drive but nature. our owne well beloved discypherer. when and it it shall be brought into th' bins. When you have fully decypher'd 'tis this. for such things of similar proprietie to stubble. Holy Scripture is saith. is you followe also th' directions it.114 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. enduring as the globe This is true onely as th' labour shall bee a worthie one. of our Word-Cipher. who. and the taste may prove quality unsavorie it is. for our bin or th' granary into which the various kinds and sortes gather'd are put awaiting the hands of is th' sower. . publisht to co'ceale You will find therein more This to which you give th' greater part of your time. as the A man's life consisteth not. since matters of a private nature. as you knowe. of eating or drinking but of that life which within us. if ^hitherto imparted.

for our work cannot be carried to com- pletion without them. a prisoner may bee set free. in men are coimselled always rejoyce. In our plaies. —who —would we doubt work G^ti^Zt/i disguise our as well. just spoken of as being in the name of a living. are alike in favour. our our discyfirst pherer doth see anie works of ours. It shall well repaye his time. comedy. and yield their author much more. giveth more satisfaction to our Represented on our stage they give more pleas- ure still. that. have won a lasting fame. and his hart shall rejoice in rich treasure that shall come to gladen and fill his thoughts. Many are upon th' stage. be is it in gold. he knoweth at the cursory glance. we doe nothing doubt. forth in "Wm. This wil not. publish those playes. bee done untill a most auspicious time. lost that maske not. th' historick drama and tragedy. however.IN NOVUM ORGANUM. soe many when times. The matter which is not at all times joyous but to it is truth. man By not fol- lom^g our good friend's advice we have not would. tho' our Shakespeare noe longer liveth. As wee have said bookes containe these twoo Cyphers. or in honour. there is still more of this secret historic. historic. of those Shakespeare plays 115 With &-oone this are many wee will bring forth. Much work must desirable. since th' theater becoming more popular. tragedie. comedie and but those already put Our plaies are of diverse kindes. whilst readers. 1 fellowes of our play actor. Shakespeare's name. since twoo others. be accomplished in a short time if manie new plays should bee added which doth now seeme inasmuch as it suiteth us farre better it then prose or a lighter verse. For this reason wee have — . it doth speak to him verie forcibly and make th' a plea for aide.

our fellowe. our looking into . finally. inasmuch as there would bee without [it] noe true historic left to other times. high and tragicall things are reall. having desir'd with exceeding desire of the heart to be giv'n a righteous judgment in matters of most import and interest t' ourselfe. which have it is our study. With propheticke and light. Its fame shall spread abroad to farthest lands beyonde th' sea and as th' name too. Bacon shall bee spoken. there shall be no sacrifice here to hurt the sense or lose sight of are expos'd. a temptation to give waie. be they ours or others. as some doe. but writing truthfully. must receive equall honour. when this invention doth receive reward. some principall and important facts require gracing with such elegancies as wee and see many doe admire and praise. yet of worth. joined with his owne. of Fr. As for historicall drama. Wrongs and ofte of unpleasantly plaine character. that doth catch the eye. resolv'd to write in these formes. Candidly speaking. at Hee it is. tho' tragoedie doth to th' sensiblest come mindes mo' easily. to others. the ayme. because to such. th' future. see th' day that give' these Cypher histories life Glad must th' day be to all that helde our . This shall bee th' great work of this age. We stood close at hand and saw thinges with cleare eie to write them in this record. and please the imaginaall and plays of kinds seeme manie times to give delesse attracted us in light in th' action. or and unfit. that of his disci- pherer. vile yet much too nice and daintie. more suited then those that are onely somewhat too crude. 'Tis th' changing shifting movement tion. who hath kepte vision work despight manie eyes. better to consult men's liking then their judgements.116 BI-LITBRAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON.

of these plaies here foUowe The Life of ElizThe Life of Essex: The Life and Death of Edward Third. is completed. Of all these. numerous workes which he us'd. . Th' titles : abeth. The Earle of Essex (my late brother). may bee well th' now as we approach the end. harme should 117 story in closed bosomes that no befall us. for the and directions leade him so that he shall not falt'r. nor that our hand divers pointe out each step his feete must tread. It is Love.— IN NOVUM ORGANUM. Th' histories are not completed. neverthefor th' incorporation lesse. shall rejoice with untold joy. the ayde him greatly to re-build these broken. Comming as latelie into newe honours and newe duties wee have. All interiour worke. three as comedies. to give will find in summaries of Cypher. a simple historic wee must owne. Th' Life of King Henrie the Sevent. latter Th' former are his indispensable guides. since spoken in this place as thirteene in as histories. five as his- toricall tragoedies. may be supposed. The Life of Marlowe. at this writing. Earle of Leicester (our late sire). in one to work aide or another. and made ready into these divers works. It needeth not it that our eies look on this worke in order that should come forth rules It in the forme soe desired. scattered pallaces. The White Rosse of Brittaine. written much lesse then formerly. keies and arguments may bee found the discypherer. yet 'tis soe closelie interit woven with many more knowne and renowned with reflex honour. —and the methodes wee have ^ve of which are nam'd — of the plays we have not long number. waki'g in fear. in their exteriour masque. shineth Let him not grow weary nor leave following our queast if he would recover his rightes of reward.

and Anagrammaticke. for of soe many good methodes that the speaking to the readers of our workes. in verse. and wee owne Wordin- Cypher seemeth vented. J^ext the great Cipher spoken of soe frequentlie. tune in France. o' Anne Bnllen. the memory which yet Wee have sometime found our other inventions of some worth. it demandeth fuller instructions. of th' Spanish Armada. however. needeth noe explanation [it] if our inve'tion have beene found out. of the West. since of farre greater scope. three noteworthie translations are found in our workes. and The Mouse Th' Iliad and Odyssey of Besides the playes. and the ^neid of There and Virgil. —and the o' — this Marguerite of story of our misforlingers. surely. Solomon the Second. wee must quite naturally have a preference. in our worke. togather with a number poemes. viz. Wordd. Capital Letter.— 118 BI-LITBRAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. Homer. These are the Bi-literall. a most cleare playne ensample shall soe that hee make it stande forth It doth re- who but runneth b}^ shall reade. More and instructions are necessarie then were needed in . Symboll. and a few is short also the story. or as more oft call'd Clocke. if be still unseene. 'tis tearm'd th' most importante invention. The first. last nam'd co'taineth the wooeing of our owne dear these hidden love poemes. of lesser workes of this sort. devis'd six which wee have us'd in a few of our bookes. and Ave have spente occasionall idole minutes making such maskes serve instead of the two of Cyphers so much us'd. The love. Mary Queene Scots. th' story of my owne life. rules — shall heere bee againe explained. Th' Seven Wise Men Trap. quire some fine worke of the tooles as well as of th' minde. to us superiour to all others wee have We have. Time.

Not onely was our whose life we have dulie set rest. These now followe: be used in Keyes are used this to pointe out the portions to worke. which like the marks th' builder putteth on the prepared blockes of stone shewing the place of each in the finisht building. and as our memorie doth painte her. as no doubt you know. bee discerned wordes which are repeatedly used in the same connection. These keies are words imploied in a naturall capitalls. in boxes and drawers for timely use. contrarie effecte on this part of th' designe. only such as will be readilie seene neede be sought. if hee would hunt this out. fairer then the fairest of our .IN NOVUM ORGANUM. yet all these are given in the other Cypheres also cipher's part lesse difficile. required more the time and studie then all Queene-mother concern'd. These must bee noted specially since they form our series of combining or joyning wordes. or the paren- by frequent and unnecessarie iteration. As whilst writing these interior works these keies and it joining words did deter th' advancement. making the de- Next place it assort carefully all th' matter thus obtained and will. A part of our life relating and linking itselfe to ill another a marked degree. pointe out with unmistakable dis- tinctnes its relation to all other parts. This will shewe the fiecessitie of keeping everything ready and orderly. 119 any of the others. but one dearer. shall work a and th' part of our ready decypherer is made easie for his hand. losing nothing. but are mark'd by these. but his sight shal accordinglie have neede to bee as th' sight of th' keene-ey'd eagle. still forth in th' dramas mention'd. but in the first work. and common wave. little There with a observation.

Th' same keies were employed and yet so pherer shal finde his guides thus indicated easily. or those is For other workes our joyning-words are so fully given. he should see others. as hath noe doubt beene discov'r'd since this Bi-literall Cypher hath made everything cleare. however. and giving ayde as often as may pleat bee required. reason and-so-forth.120 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. so that. using those wee have spoken of in a Ciphers. In many places will there bee found instruction for the discypherer and in divers waies. tions. as it doth appeare. shewit ing the workes that joyne. English maydens. sweet traitresse tho' her. we should tearme Marguerite — our pearle of women. fayling one. being so com- should seeme a thing that men of keene eyes and quick minde . should . it would truely be arguments ter of difficile. — and soule. wee emploi'd words to set off these por- In order to indicate clearly the parts belonging to our early love story. also heart with its affections. cleare.contayne such because no man's memorie can all will clearlie long retayne such a number of words. but would surely not be wanting in the man who hath worked out the Bi-literall Cipher that doth require soe much. These accompanying a key-word shewe that eth to the part of this portion belong- my history I have just mentioned in this th' decy- waye. but see how great an advantage it must bee to bee able to . it The designe. to goe astray. Of my devices nothing excells that of th' employment Tables of words in common all use to direct our decypherer. — wee tearme th' spirit th' emotions or passions slightly understood. such familiar and comon termes as as th' number of mind and every faculty or power. may discover readily and pursue with ease. th' discyphering this onely a mat- time and patience. memorie.

to France in th' company It waighed on me con- I devis'd a waye by which I could communiyou know. as must require more and therefore some of my labour may be hidden most compleatly from every eye.IN NOVUM ORGANUM. finding — ^I may times mildlie in exciting. continually made of new contrivances. — —but a few me which for it stirred within when I first was told of my great birth. that not a man of common intelligence will sus- pect the presence of anything of a secret nature. in truth. untill Sir my be'ng sent Amy as Paulet. . The tion. so naturallie. then I. will prove the truth of my assertion of a ceaselesse indus- try and an unflagginge zeale. for variety possible to this almost im- kinde of Cyphar. as restlesse my minde unsatisfied with one or triall two good Cyphers. gresse in Cypher-writing. years younger. for without helpe th' most constant of discypherers it must finde many attention. I^o one living in the midst o' th' tumults and distractions which are found in our great townes could (could) better hold to a purpose. and cate this strange thing to th' world. common 121 masque all our divers pen names in tearmes. made As my work hath late. that wrongs of this age bee right in another. shifts weariesome. and tooke forme shortly after that scene at th' Court of our mother led soe quickly to and care of stantly. soone. if bee not clearly shewn. I have made great propleasing at first. preparation and distribution of th' Cypher wordes requir'd much time and this time was soon at my disposi- Th' numerous works that will be sent forth. But one must o^ th' is wearie of th' one now employment on accompt unchangeablenesse of the worke. beene. and nothing availeth to it applie witty invention in this waye. in order to write the true story fully. from my it earlie youth untill of one of unflagging say manie intereste.

this should not continue.122 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. to reveale but I must strive to soe double th' rules as I write. hidden secret . Whilst it is th' object of such work. and that eyes in shall be then — that shall be kept my owne time. led would-be delvers matter. numerous which have grown in secretlie. now. this waie and that.. for it cannot bee that hee doth decypher everything I write. giv'n things to aide many is little liim. may lift the vayle from devices my If that should occur. yet part be done. asto- sured that th' interesse doth increase each houre. th' history. it if but a would bee sufiicient. too precious. to be so used if noe time should ever roll come to away from is th' door of th' sepulcher this great stone. to followe noe longer. none could suppose I be soe conceal'd that no future discypherer secret. Since the part which doth my birth one I cannot have lost. my studie. — ^have a grave in my work where I thought Life is giving hiding for a little. of a time when the from all secret shall bee fully reveal'd. however distante — my care. it is frequently giv'n. doubtlesse. it That it it shall not be now. many directions. th' It not easie to reveal secrets at same time that a wel con- Avail to guard them it is built^ but this hath beene attempted. With manie of things in hand. and my good assistant promise containe the storie of had I not in of th' Cypher. know trived so no one has found the cleere assurance cometh onely in th' dreemes and visions of th' night. it —but dayes and like a root turning in th' soyle as extendonlie of eth. to bee scene at is some future daye. not. in desir'd this to its nature and use. I it. that no failure shall bee possible. change matter lesse personall. for tho' how successfull shal be. th' Th' directions to decipherer oft occur. At o' the first. its too fleeting. I devote somewhat less my time to Cyphers.

to pick out and choose his one wish readers. this assuiv it cannot fail to come It forth in due time. all things is upon earth are and and the spirit thereby vext. so that all fears. his timely replie. and beare from hence to that new life a memory onely. weary labour lesse tiresome. shall last rewarde these labours as they soe manifestly shall deserve. and other lands. And it hath so well preserved my historie it for many yeares fro' th' sight of inquiring eyes. yet —such at is ^we hold to th' work without firmly trusti'g that coming times and th' future men of our owne. many a secret from my times to carry it it on [to] th' great future. much 123 No doubt my Avanderings resemble the chatter a senseless creature of Caliban's temper and nature might give out is if hee were to speak in a secret manner. I must make wise man. If there bee none to decipher at length. how many weary the constancy of rest. surth' If some call it vanitie. that seemeth at last necessarie.IN NOVUM ORGANUM. What care? remaineth to man at th' last of all this labour Ought? Shall he leave the dearest labours. in th' revelation. or. for truelie vanitie. days will have beene hope in our brests — lost. noe doubt long but whatever should have beene ordain'd by that Supreme Govemour mounteth of our lives doth give such a satisfaction. thie — —and but owne little danger doth lurk to put forth a full treatise on to use all ordinarie my wor- Cyphars to shew that methods of if giving one's message to th' world suficeth not. little Therefore there is soone to bee a work which shall set cleerlie forth these artes that have held many. th' marvayles that he hath wrought. Though ance that it shal not happen in mine owne day. but such my designe. th' great designes. it . is maketh to wait. it it doth fully sustaine and succour th' heart.

and future day. and we knowe preme. and that it to leave many and hand can successe. and do not for a moment mination to make good this time. my fixt deter- this labour. foUow'd th' it would work my Tor the good of all these companions who have my fortunes in th' shifting. But one thing may is. yet duties of office do rarelie . alter approvall. OB^ FRANCIS BACON. I put these things away. and yet. as well as for my advantage. widelie varied work'. utter oblivyon. If hee may have knowledge. that the things that he loved also. serve well when we take departure. it would but bee well commenced before mine. when th' last long night of death oppresseth him. 'tis that by the Divine wisdome of the Ruler Su- soe ordain'd. and have giv'n over th' pursuite of this strangely hidd'n story. at some times as- But of this I have spoken so many already. loose his hold is may even lesse? Must hee all? upon all earthlie obj^ts to take hold on that that all eternal? Must hee part from survive 'tis and leave Ay. I strive to continue th' history.124 BI-LITBRAL CYPHER be. as th' Saviour put Satan behind him. but there would have bin such danger. if his arts wel as hee can naturallie wish. It might surely bee lesse tiresome to him if my story might be made cleare in a single worke. but not super-humane may have become awearie. seeling the eyes and shutting from him the died blessed light of day. could not bee that nought could th' bee sav'd from a vast quantitie. changing scenes at Court. it not wil not bee utter losse. Shall not his soule live after him? Surely. nor can you or I have that farre sight that looketh into the future. in soe writing out my secret. and ought produce shall have a greater worth a wish in at such a distant dale. and elsewhere. With many my minde for honours. I fear that sistant my patient.

I is. The White Rose of Brittaine. But. requireth onely a few dayes to a little time th' epistle make With and patience. I may make chief e of these inveHions. 'Tis of th' great key-word Cyphar of for I it.IN permit NOVUM ORGANUM. much pied with a work on the life of my m'temall great grande- father. while some of these being of such [nature] that they are not easily kept in minde are easily overlookt like the way of ships on the ocean. course is continuous. Bui by no other then without change. severall of the plays that I to am about occu- put forth are yet incomplete. I could have little assurance of any of my epistles coming Cypher forth. can easily finde what In many I have plact rules and instructions but in some parts I have written th' thoughts haunting rest. truth to say. therefore. too. th' Cypher. 125 me to doe much with th' which will ac- compte for a few of mistakes that have occurred. is unlike others in respect to this. as you know. since no one might accidentally come upon widely Bi-literall scatter'd fragments. Many earlier plaies are to bee somewhat alter'd in order to have some portiones of my historic put into whicl). doth anie epistle continue If I wish to our worke triall make such a of my work as must it occasionally be done. a work of beautie. which doth include most of my Cypher plaie. and I am. If it shall not be found in every part. this ^^^N^ork. you can doubtlesse th' ex- understand periment. this. for while it doth change the subjectes more frequently than its anie other. my hour of If th' decyphercr to is to finde out th' rules. which I hope you are in at pres- ent following. each part must convey him a secret message. all If my owne storie be written out fully and mles and instructions for a . by th' use of am speaking.

that is cheef e of my in- ventions the key.word Cypher. consider these I. much must decypher yet be written. it is more other ^but for good and well tinued. And lie if since making the discoverie of this that is here used there have beene found many an exhortatio' fervent- beseeching you to continue your labours. knowing so th' much of Cypher would no doubt be a sealed booke. speak. but the complete illustration of these artes sh'll be found in pleasure in some later work. it may then such other decyphering shall have beene finished hath beene most frequently mentioned. —time much so will not permit the great catalogue to swell to 'tis greater proportions. — this work hath soe con- Also new devices were to have beene made plain. decypherer of the And no decypherer will it make of this a cause o' complaint e. of your time after an end. and doth approove spirit. for afiordeth to him . but tirelesse trulie colossall already. doubled. decyph'rer in th' other inventions be be as left til made out. first. Therefore I wish to have shall it given and most. that it [ay] let this great number bee th' so increast all cannot bee forgotten. taking care in case. The work hath occupied set forth much as a habit than a matter of free choice purposes — time. this worke have come it is to Whilst true regarding that Cypher of which I bee found. [to] anything distract your minde. and that none can learn full instructions how to it till may —I am my giv- ing great attention to th' completion of severall plays that containe all th' instructions. in fact let then mat- ters of prime importance. even to the first partes. or for no noe reaso' of lesse value. for it hath given me no little the imploiment of these contrivances.126 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON.

whilst it may furnish him much doth occupie his minde. that time shall seeme short. Therefore. without some way of instructing pherer. noe feeling of anie save kindlinesse. to his credit. I have made choyce already able. man 137 a newe mysterie and the minde of ever doth rejoice relish of the chase most in that forme of search that hath a therein. in my soule toward my decy- pherer. In my History of Henry Seventh this shall all bee explained. for that manner that I have adopted shewing different workes by common words discipherer will must not suffer unnecessarie change. being out already. himself e. resulte in the losse of my discy- more labour at length . it shall redound Much de- as hath beene the case in all discoveries worthy of note soe since man's creation. For the purposes of the Cypher it is required that no alteratio' be made. If he discover the key of my newe invention. change in that now in —a thing soe nearly impossible as to be out of all questio'. The which doubtlesse need all the assistance can thus be giv'n nor could I correspo'sive now so alter the new. —manie — much of my thought in leasure houree is upon the questio' how it may bee done. without making a print. while no doubte of the matter or motive probat th' To make use might still of many masking names same time. my contrivance is is not^solv'd. but an almost equall number new. soe difficult my my that plays under th' name of one who hath departed. before it bee explained.IN NOVUM ORGANUM. Taking carefuU thought of these conditions. this lighte. whilst I last am still in very good hope that sort. But as I doe not accompte is th' time wasted which one taske of publishing may soe imploy. of meanes to give great ayde to a disis cypherer.

It cannot bee that bread which is is cast on waters taketh othe' then a cours' that intended. must ye doe. with one little pe'ceyv'd.128 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. noe secret can bee secure and safe in such keeping. boughes from fruit-bearing garden es. my Cypher that 'tis is portant labour yet it so now my constant and more immuch to the banishment of care lesse for one's personall busispirit to these might well bee thought then as th' nesse. that one finding rich and abundant harvest. as shall be seen. bookes that seeme to have but a simple and single method of im. to as my most worthy Bi-literall it has make a device so compleate now proven. or th' results of his experiments but if once the booke hath an ayre of mystery. it It is keep a secret while shall bee unsuspected because none turneth over so much. back once more when many dayes and moneths. who Word? soe obey th' holy "Caste thy bread. then. yee would have I. long yeeres are swept into the abyss of eternity." it Ay. all How might it then give promise that shall requite teaching found in God's sacred thus if it saith. new invention in a place well occupied. It openeth a then I have yet expended. must bee knowne my decypherer such a thought doth sort with sta'di'g my wishes and in this fortunate misunder- doe I owe the safetie of not so difficile to my work. and its comdifficult to pletenesse may make very shew forth this . as it unbending to amusements. parting his thoughtes. my owne fruit hand must send and flourishing so as upon the wast of waters. to this garden mine wherein 'Tis all have come to perfection of rondnes. however. I thought not. Without one foorth question. [ay] and long. may trace them backewards of hath already beene mentioned." soe "upon those surges.

there is time for aire hope to try her wing in that uppe' above th' skies. is though much in lesse pleasure cometh therein. where it is so clear and still th' evills of life are forgotten. and it is true history that will be herein related. as were. conquered and co'fin'd. which doth shewe one of those strange weakenesses of soules in- drawn. like mine. — or prince if the stile do better please some who are of co'viction that an uncrown'd soveraigne hath to such a distinction. or a worthy monument to my own name. a number of short tales of th' life in our royall parent's reig-ne must be sought. my part in the task be anie the lesse a great benefit e to mankind. "Will feare. Therefore tranquil- lity is it and I am torn betwixt feare that all bee too well hid. is a hope that Cypher shall not have beene scene or read when my summons an impossible state. but I speake or write as if the discypherer sat at deliberations. it.IN NOVUM ORGANUM. yet at the bottome of every other desire. undiscovered. for a time. preserved and be- que'th'd to a future generatio'. yet at the same time guard the treasure that first it keepes. my side to take part when required in th' Many times tliis I have a sense of my kinde com- panion's presence. shall come. no right In — that speaketh. th' Parasceve that foUoweth. and a desire to see this my devices for transmitting wondrous history. . It so much my minde that I speak thus oft about it and take my decypherer into confidence. The wish that none of soe happily occupieth my day may discover the Cypher my owne thought. since that a demonstration it needeth noe proofe of the fact if would be wholly unnecessary there were anie man living in the world who could understand these things here hidden. 129 designe clearlie. It certaynlj requireth as much wit as th' inventio'. because secret? 'Tis the king.

th' These have never yet beene put where arte discypherer^s luster to to would be of use. I might myselfe be no better pleased. discussed throughly with deliberation. as you shall Crowd nothing further till when th' the discovery is fully completed. to th' result. yet nightly allowed a But there must come sit lesse interessed judges to court. but the man's wishes rule his minde. There are more such questions then can be answer'd . relinquish your work decypher others wherein fairer labour doth seeme to lie. haptriall. the wis- dome might bee questioned of anie decisions which I might r^ach. therefore. obedient. Men to cannot in judgement. co'sta'cy of devotion of powers then might naturallie bee expected? This must ever continue unto my minde an open is it question. It hath as yet bin in question. and on defense. but royall power giveth a these quaint tales. make th' it cleare myselfe what mil be really Will discypherer be thereby ayded and made joyfuU in a work alreadie prepared for one folowing. this and two other Cyphers to sight. from whom must be requir'd all his more dutious. or. as we all say.130 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. of which I have spoken most. I say. to passe sentence. Atlantis printed. Do not. when all hath beene said and done. There can bee no correct opinions given. pray. who wish adventure their fortunes both as plaintiffs. have come There may be a part of my tale concerning a Newe say. and msLnie coil's. all are too much given to that self-love borne in the hearts of weake mortalls. — a part onelie being used in the other Cypher. all to be brought foorth. as I may there having bin some plans in my minde which have beene. There are seasons for observe. I beg. weighing to the^ro**. if the judgement bee warpt or twisted. pily or otherwise.

that he established himselfe upon the strongest claime. wordy musi'g." . modest — — It th' paradoxe will be more cleare. to me a friend who can reach out his hand abysm of the ages. a scholar's unto eternity. i. and therefore th' who was wise enough. yet I beleeve my dis- cypherer to be much accustomed if this to these debates. which to my live minde farre more then anie honours. 131 here in th' time that doth remaine.a IN NOVUM ORGANUM. or had such wise counsel to guide him. It hath beene ere this very well said: "A soldier's name doth but an age. If my title were given away too weakly. or in truth can give to me. but with a prudent forethought. e. in labour of wondrous pow'r. caste behind him that enticing one of conquest. and so discreet is he. a word doth nere circulate which hath beene given Indeed he across the is to his eare. though not whollie opposed in to my naturall temper to armes. my minde the discypherer is who listeneth behind a lattise to what I do impart. by conquest may a necessity as to be lost by the same. to traits worthie of the soveraigne of soe important a nation as England beth. an army a to holde th' power win the Not being souldier. shall bee scene that to co'fessor. I is am well inclined satisfactory knowledge. learn'd from earlie experience. and give such aide as none present hath given. 'twas through that kingdomes got wisdome gained in part from the lesson that hee thus earlie acquired. daughter of — Eliza- grandedaughter of him Henry the Eighth. inasmuch as herein is writ a history of that most remarkable royale daughte' of the Tudors who united qualities little esteem'd. as large Without doubt I should repente it employement of such meanes when to became maynetain same.

not to th' world. follies. and it needeth not to saye to one of his discernment. better suiteth with this to then mirth and vanities. . ask- ing. I speake to give some one beside myselfe entrance to the Councell Chambe' of my heart. In perfect trust. and hee that can say pompes and "Tempt me not. that there are noe mome'ts of regret. for 'tis th' restlesse heart is thus making frequent arguments mth itself e. wordy arguments proove that one is his birth royall. with Pilate. 'Tis this myselfe and my discypherer that I am now making confession. "What shall is truth?" By no meanes who knoweth sion. No one can sub- due worldlie passions without most worthy demonstratio' that to power is beneath th' apparent morall weaknesse. but is barr'd from succes- can soe -&x his thoughts on things of price.132 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. to you I bequeathe my labours. The booke shall tell all. True that it must not weigh much." conquer eth all other temptation. And paine wliich is surely th' constante attendant of life studies. FRANCIS BARON OF VERULAM.

as this historie be co'tinued. and patient discypherer many times seen. In nine places is this told in some Cyphe' or if too other. it we previously mentioned. my body roabs of knowne. it tion and leave that which hath previously beene work'd th' but is decipherer should omit none of the pages since quite important that everything published. Speculative thoughts doe relate. for doth reveale to This is my faithful friend the name I should beare. In the' following pages. Tudor. he should know what is co'tain'd This now sufficeth by waye in of To resume a narratio' o' th' event of this secret marriage. tho' it is folly in a royale prince whose birth- righte hath. bin given to another. 133 THE PARASCEVE. 'tis my owne lawfuU cognomen. must make wise selecout. that it cannot well bee omitted. like Esau's. we neede not say is our unfaltering. to spend his time in opposing the wrongs of his unblemished heart to such as would jeere or laugh at his paine. that these things were It is a truth little not well understood. Since Elizabeth was and by right purple. but none doubt witnesses and papers of such a nature as those seen or heard co'ceming th' same. this discreet Indeed.— IN THE PARASCEVE. ever constant. . my brow deserv'd th' rigoU. will Be faithfull till the last page This shall have beene Aphorisme somewhat co'tayns of interesse. my mother. There is one in whom wee may not onelie confide with childlike faith a spirit seldome scene — ^but upon whom we may put off a worke too important to lye hidd'n longer then This necessarie. reach'd. directions. yet still their owne unsure hope ofte must I undoe the story of our times soe spoken of. decyph'rer.

not th' same daie onelie. well-favor'd sire. whose who. might . Be may. Tower she wedded the of my father —Robert Dudley my whom suppos'd the young princesse had become so enamor'd philter. by tian much resembled. It might perhaps be a questio' whether a Divine acte. lay prisoner in London Earle. who remained a simple Earle although he was wedded to a reigni'g queene. after a time coming into th' titles of Earle o' Essex and of Ewe. his naturallie Now spirit must he humble the pride of to haughty obey mandate of his inferiours. shee was wedded. to produce a like passion in his heart a love assistant which an by some strategia administered.. that. The desire of our father. this was proofe of destiny. beyond all fortitude of mortal minde to endure. but the same houre. To such a tho't can I never there be in my minde no doubt of her great fondnesse for my youthfull. one fact doth remaine. Robert. bore naturally that name. — th' injustice is great —we may say. reared by Walter Devereux. Whilst my it is mother. They came into our world. spirit Another sonne was in due time borne. To our mother noe such measure By no argument. but mankind must know.. how strong soever. tho' was made. in th' maine qualities. that of our mere. — ^tho' this have come upon a prince of the realme in former times. beene and he that addresseth you in these various o' Cyphers was borne a prince our mighty countrie. was pleasing. said. To the phantasie soe abnormall as the Queene's. the Queene. foretho't determined all that grew from that Some that as as hath would it ascribe a part at least to evill spiritts. set seale.— 134 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. but th' msh and request of our fathe' bore his Chris- name. Hee. was to make these affairs so well understood that th' succession should bee without a question.

that th' inheritance of this crowne." they preas'd to know whom. not sayinge the right heires. th' councill askt her to name th' king. so to her as the entayl might rather seeme a favour was in — Elizabeth —and to their children. shee reply'd. but choosing a course between th' by waye of sure establishment.IN this concession THE PARASCEVE. . th' acte he did not presse to have penn'd by waye of anie declaration of right. It this waye th't it was framed. and as for limitation of th' entaile. he stopt with heires of th' Queene's bodie. and after some time he was f ayne to appeal the case for ns directly to Parliament to procure th' croAvne to bee entaiFd upo' Elizabeth and th' heyrs of her body. and when Scotland. thereby leavi'g it to the lawe to decide. or ordinance." said. also avoiding to have th' same by a new lawe two. indifferent wordes. as hath been mention'd here. —had sev- not outlived softer feelings. under covert and rest. 135 he obtain' d. o' knew to whom and ^'It when she was in minde as in body. failed in effect on accompt of the ill-disposition of th' Queene to open and free acknowledgme't of But none could convince such a wayward woman wisdome of that honorable course. FRA. ''Send to BARON OF VERULAM. but th' marriage. if her anger ^who ventur'd on matrimony it with Dowager Countesse of Essex. remaine and abide in the Queene. as He handled everiething with greatest measure. then as intended disi'herison to th' House of Stuart. shall be noe rascall's sonne. of th' Yet I am perswaded we had wonne agaynst the Earle our father — out. assur'd no doubt would not bee declar'd erall that well ill illegall by our warie mother For in the presence shee referr'd.

that so it is much shelter our most evident pretensions. Many such sorts burrie the works that I have said must bee written soon. That it by curious. t' noteworthie so hide this secret. 1622. then most accented men do skill. in our modell or forme. its might in or by pecu- form. however. yet overturned it. a subtler or swifter mind can followe us possesse. in most cases. greate' valew th' inne' portions possesse then th' Bacon writing. indeed. quick with his None see or mark. I have produced four from ancie't Latine and Greeke. Take care for all of our I. the plays. somewhat better then by words. not a th' first modified. for what be most oft observed doff greatlie the ayde and protection. and do not baffle us. anie eye not blinde will only too truly note: or. But we do contrive make most artfuU shiftes. As you get in a are beginning now to decypher a most interest- ing plajj a portion of which doth concern my history.fea:n^cis baco:n^. i' is to many only a great autho'. newe Ciphe' but I will. not my rude invention. how much part scene. you newe maner keyes. fullie proveth everybody of just temper. yet imagination suppose the offendi'g scenick playes some task a g'ild should naturalie do. c and See that in no place have accents on a £^ at midle of th' front where this joyneth th' uprighte. that 186 may truly require . f. letters. as much change my newe. Your reall art. th' t' Marke t. reall and known. as vertue of liar. Th' letter it t' hath still only such a use. HENRY THE SEVENTH. o' unfamiliaritie. or signes. e.

is but in so much of th' Cipher as is easilie foUow'd. is. too transparent. as you alreadie have some time noted.— IN th' best of HENRY THE SEVENTH. but g^ (Jisti'ctly alter their After they attach some marke. It is a subtly planned Cipher that I off have us'd with a most free [hand] to cast reflexions. however you meet m' requests. seeke in a portio' of our historick works Iamb) a law relating would at to th' double Cipher. thoug' grossly wrong'd son our most glorious. is at present. which you shall yet find. soon. 137 your time. with all. The fact very surely proveth most fully how much and in I envie maketh home both i' a' elevated minde. in the name you it shall it receyv' th' lofty but worthie belonging t' — better. all letters (as if b. I doubte. My true name is not as in some backe pages foster parent to to giv'n. yet was and kinde me as to his owne sonne. Seventh and Eighth. carefuU o' . O' such stock Henries Fifth. thus of most acco'. th' storie that aids them greatly working out in it full. small. D— d. Bacon was only as loving my early youth. you finde it mo' trieth or (in th' co'fuseth. once bee seen. h^ unchanged by our dots. historic battle kings. like branches sent from the it oakes. yet most faulty I ca' find no stronger terms stocke that doughtie —Queene was Elizabeth. th' These are plays. as it. here. that royall. one ha' struck a gale) turn keel. 6'. then becometh all this and Your quick in efe catches. am indeed by vertue of t' my birth. of th' Edward truely renowned. therefore. came. c. but Tudor. If. that will Eawley would urge us alwayes honor ere title to present. in accorde stile. then when our story's written. gloomie You if can marke these chang'd: capital IF. Z. a. th' vulgar. a b.

(not liking our people's hearts to upon a king) before my A^ B. Her Ma. But set most sadly. lack wherein I should looke for t' many Of honours. and even aspiring to to Mistresse my But my high advancement. with promptnesse. my royall mother shewed a certaine pride in me when she named me her . Wales. Anne Bacon. my life. aspiring high political advancement. education. but Mistresse Bacon. do I gratitude. guide. even.138 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. kind benefactors. heire-apparent to must not however bee thought or supposed o' to indi- cate that I held myselfe disinteressed offered affronte to these these obligations. O^s. a truth in her gracious moodes. o' not dreaming. It may clearly be seen that was but the most commonbecause 'twas th' place of ideas —an be actio' barelie ambitious. protecte and counsell me. to her I do owe but rear me. or doe discredit to it my birth. look for enduring renowne there. since she did owe a greater or warmer truly and constantlie much more guard. were taught to me. it was by her ^ intervention that the houre of nativitie did not witnesse my death. since I was led to think I was borne nothing higher. for would- bee Virgin Queene. would truly have put me away privilie. Moreover. saved me. instructe' my tutores t' instill into my young minde a to desire t' do as my foster father had done. for though she did de facto my mother. even. or th' elements of all learning. it fail'd simply naturall. or in any waye conducted myselfe in such manner as would either cast reflexions upo' my breeding. ever quick with her sim- pathie and wise to advise. just and th' indisputable title of Prince throne. yearning ove' helplesse baby- hood. having held ove' me a hand o' protectio'. not being. My attempts in after years to obtain o' my true.

[did] babble such gossip to him as she heard at the Court. then death come me. Keeper. What will brave boy do? c'sf Ending her to tirade' thus she bade me rise. It would well beseeme you not to t' make such tales spirit. God! let or cruel Fates do alas. Cecill o' did sorely anger her and bring on one o' those outbreaks tempo' against one of th' ladies o' her traine who. summon'd a serving-man to Mistresse me of my home my dark am like and sent Bacon. When i' a ripe evil doth breake upon wicked men. but not th' Prince —never owned that till that be truely the rightfiill title I should beare. "for Atimies shall free her sonne. I'll not name him. h. my name. skulk out of sight. as rightfull to guard the as of a name a Queene. Tell a. shall rule nor Engt' land. 139 little Lo. or your mother. I' her look much malicious hatred bum'd toward me for ill-avis'd interference. though truly royall. first- I bar from succession forevermore my best beloved bome that bless'd my unio' with — no. nor reigne ore subjects yet bee. nor know o' a truth marriages. me wrong? My t' not a lot more hard." surelie I May mother lie. "That mother said I. a masterlie spirit. maid o' this realm. hee'd rather who tattle thus whenere my face enow ev'r. and in hastie indig- nation said: "You are my own borne sonne but you.IN HENRY THE SEVENTH. Tremblingly to lead I obeyed her charge. but this suteth your kin'ly A sonne like mine lifteth hand nere in aide to her uplift craven maides (aigre this who brought him foorth. foolish to rashnesse. th' justice Thy holie law. o' th' o' nor need I yet disclose the sweete story conceal'd thus farre so well secret men only guesse it. they say) turneth from them. ev'n in chastiseme't holdeth men —not that arrow of pestilence: . of a fresh.

I told her o' brast flood-like into Mistres Bacon's chamber and th' my tear. It did so much exhaust. for "Spare my ear. supposing that my life in all the freshnesse of youth was made unbearable. to arrest fury or perchance to prevent such me: aim rightly. storie. and floods o' tears finished my wilde tempestuous invective. life. hiding say 'pon oath I was i' my my secret). Earl Eobert. I made effort to conceal fear that I was base sonne to the Queene. despaire. on bent knees I sank down. on me th' innocuous fruit. I burst into maledictions 'gainst th' Queene. she said: "He is the Earle of Leicester. said to that deare ladie saw this. and entreated her (artfully. it my fate. When therefore my me all sweet mother did. per contra. and yieldeth. When." At the word. you then will When you do you also list my that knowe would that wrong noble gentleman. as I thought. your father. boy. afte' pause of a moment. most plainlie shew'd it by my distresse. wearie. owne to that I was in very truth th' sonne o' th' Queene. with womanly wisedome.140 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. when granting my request. I eke." dark I waged warre manfully. at the meere mention o' this folly rise in great wrath and call down Heaven's judgements on you. I besought her to speake my father's name. till. Pause least as to lom a sudden vengeance come** words. that. t' truth the sonne of herseKe and her honoured husband. 'No true woman can beare sight any I grasped her arm. weeping and sobbing sore. or you do wrong Absato your mother with such a thought. weeping and lamenting." Then as it made me cease to sob. howsoever. but I am th' innocent. she said againe : "I tooke a most solemne oath not to reveale your . O my God! Visit not the evill we much In scorn.

But night To-day I cannot longer speake to you of so This hath mov'd you deepely and eyes. In due course time." her heart half bursting. Her oath. HENRY THE SEVENTH. weighty a matter. —dreame of goldene and byoathe. and fond boy.. that th' matter was trulie to be mar- gente of my desire. I learn'd from the interview. my boy. re-call'd my newe-found royall mother and given private audience. or any unrighteous rule.sonne to lawfull marriage . O Francis." With winn "Farewell. thought or word. at dale's meridian.IN storie to you. breake not your the is mother's heart! I cannot let you go forth after o' all years you have beene the sonne falling. at present. she bade I. may hear 141 but you my unfinished tale to th' end if you will go to th' midwife. Th' doctor would be ready also to give proofes of your just right to be named th' Prince of this realm. in that it is the stile of the eldest Engo' land's Soveraigne. though you now drie your you have yet many teare it marks upon your place. however. as well as her motherhood. Francis. I. Neverthelesse Queene Bess did likewise give her solemn oath of bald-faced deniall of her marriage to Lord Leicester. do not give from me. robs me of a sonne. Go now. can take my sonne Retire at once. prou' courts. no lesse then that of the Prince Wales was by is my proper o' title. and that it was. a brain-sick woman. so broken. and by vertue of these sonne o' rights. and-by a crowne on mine innoce't brow. and heire-apparent to the throne. mee t^ leave her. sho'ld never AUedg'd from the English th' throne barre the grand-sonne to Elizabeth i' Henry Eight. my heart. though she be a Queene. and sub- sequent occurrences. in fancie . kingly power deerly yearn scepters. i' little cheekes.

Any as th' sight o' vain minded Queene Elizabeth. woful mines upon lowly shiftinge sands do I mentioned that although 'twas guessed by one [that] another is rightfully the husband of this subtle Queene. (nor can he make lesse ill-timed propositions) he so wisht to betray her to the entire nation as respec'. astounded and disspleased private councel) negotiations. as apt to was one to bee thought upon. not reckoned 'pon all fabrickes. All wayes and meanes of avoiding at once. — that many saw this. Th' would-be idole of half the great princes of Europe. great ado making. but in a formall most princely and courtlie wonte ask'd (at an extra especial session of th' Queene's abated. did so disturb our great men. ing) i' shall be ev'n th' end of life busily constructfall. A princely name. that I bore this lofty name. t' bee given me. that will in no waye cause tumult throughout England. no doubt. it seemed. If no act it As it influenced State affaires. th' open declaration were adopted however. one unworthy their by airs of enamour'd address not onely. or a stile other then that actually mine in my home. For such a triviall. as birdes are amidst hawkes. made th' heires of Elizabeth rightfuUie bastard. nor did she at —both props and any subsequent time unworthie. it was admirable. shields alike despis'd. be such measure found no kinde of regard i' ofer'd. for so (though one. —concluding it would be pleasing in a f ewe yeares to have all the people knowe that she is the wife of th' Earle of Leicester. . whose look traineth men lesse vain as her owne selfe. aime. un- reverse her decision. baselesse. then suppose her the Virgin Queene she call'd herselfe. as a Poleak at missing The royall suitor. — ^who. was angered. o' were thereat cow'ring with fear publick disgrace. to was proper some meanes shew legitimacy.142 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. and.

To winne backe aires. story of my entire life told in some most subtile My plays. typic. ere th' deciph'ring naturally attracteth you so continually. capitalized: T' some words are not whenit ere a fewe such are repeated frequentlie. every time such seem to be us'd ad lihitum^ it showeth they are this pointeth keies. Th' keys tak'n are aids onely. or word-sign Cypher. 143 righteous cause was my birthrighte lost. ious no pledg'd attentive devotion to more laborall work may hold you to this necessary part. Seeke out of the works I name. But it is by othe' devices. riding upon dear shall a richly caparison'd horse before the lines. which wee saw written in a night will take its proper vision. . Any aven- turous worker can easilie trace it if he doth get all th' true art. their loyalty she assum'd most kingly and. The waies. form i' th' minde. take note of and our design. that like that card his eye off in a a ship's watchfull mate nere taketh I of storm. and naming herselfe th' King. must be closely observed. upon occasion har- angued the army. N. (now so nearly completed. B. life I for dare not to urge th' my claim.IN HENRY THE SEVENTH. but hope that Time ope waye unto my rightfull i§ honors. a patterne soon openeth out of the confusio'. Let . one cluster in othe' kinds o' worke. Let th' wordes in parenthese' next to be found. and nought save conspiracie the strong will of Elizabeth turned t' men from place me on th' throne. that i' we pre- mise we may to him great glory bring which I write to whose name I write) have letters you in my other. more time principall. name keyes. th' Such use o' capitalls meaneth that out words I will so use. as in cloth o' Persian silk. Round certaine words that may bee scene to have its place aid in finding keyes.

following the I. while spies o' all sorts are dazzled and misled. as Yet if you I direct. light to quite suflicient for my pur- and as more would def eate rather then further bestowed famous designes. so laboured finish this worke and to perfect that you cannot misse my object. and vastie darkenesse swalloweth 'tis up our pose. ev'n before 'tis unfalteringly. Proceed. I. which you I to repeated. for not that hath found years. 'No sparke sheweth from th' flint until it be strucke. lightning. t' you will be as a beggar going from door door without a wall that can keepe off tempestuous winds or a roofe to shelter you. . patientlie collect the blockes of marble. for you leave searching out keyes and putting apart the materials for the building o' th' pallaces. Seeke near each will find oft feel a key that othe' or joining-word. to uncove' Ciphers and strike them shai-pely. in season and out. therefore. see Wherefore take revealed to one good heart. we say. all is now what is what the law of our Ciphers. for. desire to write at once. way things be done carefnllie and in order. have it. Look not "Lo it is to finde a steady raye that doth as sunlight shine 'Tis as swift. have pointed out to you and seeke diligently for the light. have more were foolish My decypherer alone doth get the benefit. A system so exact must in the end yielde what our designe doth intend. However. darkly. shall. in this manne'. nor can you finde pages if th' fitfuU sparkes that hide within our you doe not work our flinty in manifold wayes. sight. waste. and bring parts together. which are already polish'd and prepar'd.— 144 BI-L/ITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. for all an eager follower after t' learning. there!" gone. if knowe you and beg you th' be in no haste.

o' come anie instruments. like to a weather-cock that chang'd. or. As flint-like as th' hardest stone t' now wrought. or hammer: As in the beauteous temple. That wondrous use made both stone and canvass.— — — IN HENRY THE SEVENTH. sing of my one great theame. lazie eies Turning ere had noted o' it. ere one aware. I eke in verse. is Then stray not in. The entrance to th' labyrinth's quite lost eies Th' unmarking nor see nor read th' signs Which of the strait and narrow way do make. A shini'g pathway to th' golden The purposes. In So silent grandeur stone on stone was reared. Ne'er made one master the Grecia' o' art. as we read. 145 Like t' a king's th' shining walls shall loftie While high upon the Th' golden roof e 'No sound shall gleaming tow'rs may outbrave Illium's. so inaudible shall bee The building of For my glorious t' pallaces. o' In verse we told the story our birth. Let no conspiracie make you but for leave idole Fancie' noble Truth's faire realme. Unlesse old rules shall next reveale a keye. Break cressive love. throw off th' filmy band! Nor In in th' mazes of a winding way Is risk'd a foot of him that would out-go fleetnes stepps of winged Mercury. . or ax. this assay A moment winne you. As any iron tools. mount. . i If one or other should on halting feet. Bee rounded so to-day symmetry. rise. Neyther can sto'ier defiant Cipher. noiselesse.

in writi'g a simple tale o' history onlie the truth availeth. (but in as th^ deciph- erer in manner nothing of importance changed) repetition of our work as you may Always.cardes then soe carefullie that losses can hap. and repay eth the outlay Though finde noe as to the dramatic as fundamental works I can fault. and more places. have written to my decypherer hath Pile the lofty works to my untiring mark my tomb. well. I ask no truer monument. th' law wrought compleatelie to story. giveth you the whole no To place the . in very truth. at th' beck heavy hand Death wieldeth. little It better doth aid th' writer of events t' imagination. perfection. th^ limits of historic we found cramping. its full use. I wag'd my best. is for as in [a] play nothing unnaturall of anie use. shew unto th' world. Although works. . it All is cleare as A. still this is risking the losse o' th' it most valew'd be so left. and the names but only the the secre' o' authors living may grace And I. C. given differing. A book rightly giveth truth in story i' heautie more fame then any o' brass monuments. better. but no historic save mine reveals th' story. you will perhaps note. As th' object is gained by that. And Shew oft undo parts never justly given this shall So that at best by iteration. I would that o' th' heart and hand. have reared high letter I my noble pile. lenify easily. Limp on apace. was not an easie taske.146 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. for reasons which I must. but I have not yet seen any ground of designe feare that my may be at fault. B.. oft easily — of a marked degree —we have see. you have its find. in many on beginning a new portion. it. for I greatly desire fame.

the thoroughlie taught decipherer sees some of . that for aid. even reckoned better in use for manie By using much time to perfect the plann. not such as it would have in th' Italic. too. I found the methods as day after easily day went by fro' suspition. Ave let our judgement oft-times decide upon the manner this of narration. th' gold tipt arrow wrought to so fine a point. letters. yet it hath truth in Even torick writings may draw somewhat upon kin. by de- method by no meanes failed. manie more were soon tipe. for ere anie other name of articles in com- eye sees aught but an ordinarie mon use. that shiny spear-head is sirnam'd a starre. it was such a very difficult under- taking to adapt another historic to the purposes of the Ciphers. save one. ever carryeth light. I. yet futile my worthy work's not Leave most and worth- lesse attempts to undo me: car. necessities deprived thereby many weekes. Next I do th' us'd numerous means (nor on being exami»'d o' manie works beare indication revealing the sorts o' secret). and Eve winns. shall A mark in lines I wish to have divided. t' which sonnes we o' note Apollo in his pride. but free A name can be given so. who th' men his beauteous beams of Daye he lends the beautie pure and shining that crownes her awful brow.IN as it HENRY THE SEVENTH. where hued i' rain- bows give promise of the banded with gold. even of rest and sundrie such. when have to such an found in the other or Latine eye a newe significance. Whenever this soe meerly formall device vised. alwayes provided the truth did suffer. in this. As hath beene said. This truth must span that soft narrow arch above Time's current. my his- fancy will sound. writings. As you see I blent everie eye. 147 doth beseem secret it but fabricke of all. so-called. employed and easily seen.

may at th' first (ill seem of on little real value.. that I would have him walke yet would . the sev'n great wonders. It is to make each a diversify th' lockt doore to all save my decipherer. be apparent.148 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. also a long would fill t' overfiowas and well arrang'd table of such things all. as shall soon be seen. in th' Cipher. aye most false. m J penn names and . that I wish If it you to do at once. use of th' elements. making anie pursnite hath aid for the Even this marginall work. cannot be felt or knowne. were this alwayes confined to rules. the more worth' Cipher-work. signes. Also. end ere all bee well nnderstoode. t' But. I anticipating them ns'd severall different fruitlesse. and vices soe black that never its eie' could an angell see one. the seven planets. before you can apply yourself e easilie unto this goodlie work of mine. i. but ing. are dayly used and familiar to beter keepeth my plans his from jeopardie then the strong guard of our king doth sacred person. decipherer. but a love and devotion to th' a work shall set newe motif into action. etcsetera. names for one. at th' same time. publisht in th' name I have us'd lately at th' theatre. and many much valued . You are to get eleven old plaies. with manie of th' vertues a fair kept recorde sheweth. at th' worke suficientlie. soone will out. and also other signes are cressets bearing lights to mark the waye truer. my e. All this must bee found. the value of a correct story as it may make evill one most exalted person come trulie gloating). as for fears. beginning so freely many work of my simple lines are to be found sowne need throughout the work of this Ciphe' (in so truth that said o' much doth alter this task) that a pleasanter.

and golden scepter. even by a proverb ofte on my lips. But the haste with which some parts were compleated. . dramati- forme (also in that raw unfinished forme) and in lamthis. will explaine When these plays may come is foorth. a crowne. and as oft myselfe. So faire and beauteous th' bound I set. Spreading them out upon as th' chart or a mark'd scrutoire. to joyne againe discloseth. Then separate each part. also. 149 by scenick Caesars who conquer. my various bookes. And both therein i' you beginning of many stories. bick verse. but I promise you. shall be soone. a lack created on our stage from th' withdrawing of some lame and halt — plays t' embark again th' in new forme t' aide my projects by compelling will finde th' call production of others. clear everie countrey of th' world. but like to frost flowers." unheeded. A crosse and ball — insignia of ranke. ever. To bee admir'd by Heere is all the sonnes of men. gemme-starred. sharpened —then But an axe that cutteth well must be well it doth become us all to looke well to our instruments: For you must cut apart Which. this great expanse doth name. lines. According as your guide hereby In riche mosaickes. for many it reasons cannot now be determined. th' sailor mappe hath Doth pointe out In faire. wondrous to behold. Though 'tis at risks o' this secret designe. Januarie's blossoms icie white. soe pure and high is blur on it. It gleameth i' th' light of eache faire morne. ^Wisely and slow. Even ISTo of royalty.— IN HENRY THE SEVENTH.

into th' Earth. the Heavens and e'en th' Uni- verse. While morning starres together hymn Fr. lore." If he remark a pensive dying fall In th' musicke of these straines. B. Truth waite upon him. Oh let not man forget these words divine: "Inscrutable do hearts of kings remaine. Fortune may aid him. Doth finde out secrets hid fro' humankind Since th' foundations of th' earth were laid. . ever shall redound to th' the glorie of our Heavenlie in mystery To shroud And to kings mundane In greatest compasse glory names 0' such as seeke out Nature's misteries. and evermore meaning. gazing at th' sunne.— — —— 150 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. And in grave musick deepe to deepe did sang a call. Honor may attend. King His works divine. is. List again. Stampt with the impresse of the Heavenlie Hand. Time lendeth to Eternity for aye. To him that to th' depths doth search wide Seas. as we look. world glory in [highest] measure. he th' World. unto th' Aire Digge deepe And Till region of th' Fire climbe fearlessly. With human eyes that better can discern Then mountaine eagle. Amen. shall bee Ages retarde your Yet 'tis flight and turn to hear Cor regis inscrutahile. While Reputation soundeth through close. let him forbear To question of its As hath been. crampt Art undreamt of th' Doth reach forth Unto Time's to faire light.

sad tale o' my brother Essex which runs darkling thro' my plaie. try at resistance. however they may in weake attempts in mirie waies. be they in mine owne is name or in that of my Xow friend. Any so long writings o' my penne. al. Many This is days pass in work that is here given. foes who. my owne selfe doth know of its appearance). shal assert things such as t' will be recorded in no place which might be subject the scrutinie o' enimie or of friend. as I say. hunt out our hidden foile tiresome friends. not sparing stile named in any Rheso sundry dearly lov'd poets. the most comon themes in any or gwages. through Homer et. but mak- ing over my erly college songs of ancie't world lore (of th' still hero's fam'd lost. Many of the hidden plays have no other object I assure you. favour (since none but 151 . polish'd writings in everie tor'cke.MAELOWE. wander and I followe this busines and this play. EDWARD THE 1622. if recreative labours th' may be stil'd plaie. and thus do curious men. Oft more of the dayes then principall in may justlie be used in such a way. the secret th' all lan- books contain. the work o' th' hand you have doth knowne as untiring —of the same restless minde epistle for it and spirit. however.) that no part is Much. sad. most constantly watchi'g sort of secret) (ever closely bent th' starte o' use o' some kind or win yet lose th' scent. SECOND. You will find here that sad. to furder my object and to avoid ev'n th' slight suspicion of persons reading my plai's.

shine of beneath sundry thin coates that true of everything herein. nor our disguises. relate in this way.) shall whose tragedy we and valew'd book day. Time now doth unveil many things ungues'd or unTo do away with mistery we set forth a large work De Augmentis S. onelie our achiev'mente — th' result of dreamed of by any. learn to read my is numerous small Cyphers for easy. their designe was to make the worke bee found in Doe this as directed untill the whole difficulty will understoo' soe well no great th' deciphering. to shut th' casket. but if th' keys to it should now be sunk. You next join Lear to a history of Henrie th' Sevent. . th' story — it contains (our twelft king's nativity since our sovereign. Such a prize hath is my to give the student of the work whose entry farre in the vantguard. now translated. nor shall the Latine hide. or that Arraignment I have menput out in a time my oldest books when we minded our long study. A not booke is as an un wrought lump of metall: you see it th' rich it. the armies rereward may lose th' glory of it all. (not the best I have so given another man. keep my story from curious searchers in a new mine. Study obscure The same is my signes. this. th' th' stage. and Burton's which I great prose. as now know the many th' eyes of the they be. one of parts then plaies) those name Peele on tioned. Th' Life and Death of King John. but better for work of various David.152 BI-LITERA'L CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON.

In truth feare is it growdoth it ing within mee that this is all a lost labour. who wrong'd by owne roiall mother can shewe 153 his claime but by his owne . HISTORIA VIT^ & MORTIS.— FKANCIS BACOK. yet if hee have performed anie worthy part of it is very improbable hee can have discyph'red 'tis a history as true as strange with a marvellous storie of our late soveraigne therein. can be scene to be prodigious labour. for dale. 1623. is — if I may speake thus of any howers. The throne. Leaving out those Latin letters — of the several plays its may throw upon the Italiques suspition of purposed too soone emploiement or of planne. my faithfuU decypherer this must know work. yet have told. or put forth this knowledge nowhere. and hath consumed many of my spare hours of late. writ. To prepare as manie alphabets as would but be manifesto upon Iny shorter pages. and Revelation may remoove the well-designed masque which Prudence would but slightly stir. since to inve'tion of this sort my time most constantly turned or kinde that noe portion of unwritten. seeme too well hidden to finde the light of doth ever wage th' and warre in my heart with most earnest desire for sweete asura'ce of a safety I have not for a manie day or yere felt. deatli of a king that now usurpeth my rightfuU his* may avayle not to give to one. It is my as history may remaine true it is manie times told.

to them well known. a tale of wrong nearlie greater part of the present generaas you may have learnt in Cypher workes such that is as this. speaking of truth care. livi'g The papers would testify as mouths of and present observers.154 • BI-LITBRAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. of th' land. witnesses were gone. doubtles. 'tis. t^ bee secure yet transmit comming men unknown 'mongst a to th' tion. neyther Queene nor my suiting the w^ord to th' actioti. unhappie^ tho' still spirited princesse that Queene Mary held off to be dangerous in freedome. no hands were uplifted there. Brieflie. But having no th' true desire of sire. throne. It will make cleere. was observed. scepter. th' power shewn in the outward and visible signs of royall stile. were the testimony of Lord . Although wedded whilst she was but th' proud. a second nuptiall rite duly witness'd. perhaps. that in Queene Elizabeth no sense of justice was so strong as her loves. and her refusall to make due restitution th' to myself e. before my birth. and for this cause sent without forme of trial to languish in London Tow'r. robes and crowne. though her self-love overmastered everie emotion. his frends' word. fully established my Therefore th' aforesaid papers which were destroy'd. a prerogative of my birth. af te' her ascent to royale power. th' and crowne and scepter of that this vast© kingdome. hath too oft in my writ- ings of these events beene retold. were long guarded with to but it will be recalFd your minde. ever set a scale upon th' papers that declar'd the legitimacy or claime. my advancement. —mine the coveted Eex. as time to prove my right to raigne ove' as England came. her manifeste delight when mine As all of my hopes came by the destruction of said papers. soe that I was borne in holy wedlocke.

Therefore not known by and name name which off mine by lawe. To this work have many weary yeares bin ungrudgingly by the meanes then commanded by an given.. dresse. your rules th' interiour may so have escapt notice that part of work may be put out al unknown th' secret to you. at Yfhose VIT^ & MORTIS. as you must have learnt by pursuing but a course that I plainlie marked out for you. at present as William Shakespeare's seemely in plaies fostered.IN HISTORIA P. roiall my foster parent. by th' physitian. and Lady the life Anne proud. Bacon. your course have bin devious. histories. —hee having stro'g suspition that these might. In this cheefe device that I name ere the Word-Cipher ing the partes togather —being found by those keyes joynexperiments —I made many futile my great Cipher was if compleat. stantive testimony confirming this —with other like sub- same ceremony of the Cjueene's nuptialls. et csetera. or tragedies required. as is weare a fine but yet a quiet much valew and dignity as sheweth cleerly therein. Th' commencement is of one of these hidden epistles will bee scene. and be put foorth in folio enlarged and multiplyed as th' history concealed within th' comedies. midwife. at a remote date perchance be reqnir'd. th' poems. am I and men living in title some farre ^^on shall at a word set this true to all bookes I shall leave in anie to'gue. It was truly very difficult to it work in parts so small that gave no clew to other workes co'cealed in the plays. th' 155 house this marriage was solemnized second time. inasmuch as . but not in truth my earliest let- ter or first Cipher teachings. will as soone as one more plaie bee completed. nurse. after a lapse of time. certified and of my birth. who saved is my mother boldly refused that to nourrice. My work of as best playes. the essays or counsels.

but most pleasing and also leave small seedes that will put forth some which leaf or flower as earnest of harvest. men's thoughts shall be quite busy in seeking out the secret of the style I have imploied herein and thereby see th' interiour story. It wil not please those stile. at this periode So may that hath for sole clayme such seede and my inner revela- tion. and carefully ballanc'd. . of great valew loseth true proportion as — it is highten'd by th' foil or dwarf'd by that compariso'. is The new arrangement in everie part treasor. choise lines soe culd th' abse'ce of and so friendes may. I. I doubt not. plact work wherever or in what garb bee. in future. onely trifling changes. assur'd that time can do no harm to my inventio'. not lesse waigh'd. in every sent out. who wish struction. You take will. Blacke as manie of th' play. my fost'red hidden history.156 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. ayded no lesse. give fruit. studied. my owne heavy maters may may be at once not gaye perchance. to keepe all things in pristine shape. and greatly prized. to adde. ay. noting these lines. I alwais alter even when there bee more and I may many of th' parts from th' plaies put out in quarto form to reset th' same. by worthie pamphlets of some pen that produc'd no little then by genius. sometime aske the cause. unskilled penne. I am co'peFd to admit first fruit. indeed. but much accompted it is plact. having made a planne to increase th' one by making a likeness in theame easily suit th' thoughts and ene sundry verses of others. or con- even rejecting improving and for the most part so. for I aim'd onelie to write with truth and to noe set that one gemme anie above other that man shal say in time to bee. but should rather make it valued. finde valew'd work much changed. It may be a long time ere I can put into use most fro' early plays.

" strength. but as well the cause you may have learned since it was clearlie shewne to depend upon times. To ^x my rules well in your minde is thing at th' moment. the truth it. former gay company of fellowe-players. As half the it number I shal assemble have alreadie appeared in "Will will be well to bring Shakespeare's name. also. I thinke that out the Folio. although he be gone to that undiscover'd cou'try from whose borne no traveller returnes. turning to ashes. and one must acknowled'e possesse many were put within those which little valew. In due time a farre-reaching thought greatly hath increased. but some retained for the most essential causes now given. and likewise upon the nature hidden as of th' as well of the open story. crowning glory of my pen. stand thus . 157 "Th' fruit is as th' apples that. cometh to to your eie in this latter work. by some meanes in th' same name. as I many times have said. my drama The Seco'd knowledge same and one entitl'd Othello reveale of life wanting in th' common plays that had this penne name on th' title page. and the sword of a king long and where not extend thither he darteth plays. Therefore some will bee omitted from my Folio. even though there bee de- grees. that also must bee known Part of many by reading anie such work as entitled First Part of th' King Henrie th' Fourth. of excellence therein. And as concerneth th' commeth foorth more quickly from an it is errour then from confusio' and therefore that it most certaine discern- would by f arre be more the part of wise and ing mindes to let this and his name of a man knowne to the theatre. drave olden heroes to curse Sodom's deceitfulnesse.— IN HISTORIA VIT^ & MORTIS. These are. as surely you must know. —because our king would raigne were 'twill is be prompt to avenge th' insult if his right to challeng'd.

Fame it may chance — —for the workes hid with so great quite unghest. my . But my discypherer. wil Some that reade known 'mongst players as William marvail that so many superiour works could have laine hid in such seaso's of Prince's celebrations. to on plays obay him as little I. fill Plow be at the harvest? Will the This wheat must np some goodlie garner.— 158 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. of th' subtle charme that is too powerfull for weak man —such as be of greatest worth are represented in this youthful iVe'tion. — whilst now as indifferentlie giv'n as such forward stories of a man's owne experiences writings. despite a long tearme of thinking expedient so to do. — are incompleted and are yet my cheefe occupation out. This to many noe doubt seemeth co'stat use useless writing(g). either in his thoughts or — shal in th' relation be somewhat improv'd. yet God His right or proper daye of reward —bee mine? I thinke this shall be true. knowne. scene as 'tis th' made by being ready work I have therein requested to have compleated. 4hat which is yet Shakespeare's. — shall make in this fully to bee. illy suted to that record of th'^work of a lifetime. All things in th' world. shal com. for which this Cyphre now in are 'tis was invented. th' Scripture it now and caste my very bread to the windes shall it or so we on th' waters. but as things now greatly priz'd. as to a babe. for manie a fayre hope hath bloomed out snowlike in fruition to my lone heart that promiseth ful my wish. at most are. tho' not to the authour who paines his name that at this writing 'tis And th' time I am giv'n to spende upon th' work is as gold. who knoweth that the plays represented as found never had existed in short. since my history. service. princelie gemmes or purple robes.e. golden store at —not soon since time doth slowlie moove.

my my owne aide. that story that giveth else me farre more deadly paine then could ought untimely. When this is observed in making your own search for portions scattered through these numerous new playes. for there was to my hours of day. nothing is lost In like mode ill deeds must put on ill wordes. cruell end. Yet how an interior epistle is coloured th' exterior in other Cyphers then is letter. and all weightie deedes. unseen. your judge- ment must if truly be perswaded of purpose therefor. as well as in that Historic of Henry the Seventh. which you wel understand. memorie more than tongue can . dim violets or poppy flowre. roiall soveraigne. may Each spring hath brought newe bloome but or greatly alter'd. which hurteth th' tel. the one thought in onely dreame by night. his eies — — ev'n this los of Lo. alike adorn'd in many-hued silken tissewe that time truly not destroy. also seene therein. 159 Word Cyphe' —taught my by the others —being by work'd in with great trustiness and paines. a verse well marking the inner character of soe evill a theame. not him but to my mother. fine. such divisions shall be most fine and mdely parted as is noted in Some of my letters hide honour in the earlier secret epistles. must bee suited in verse both loftie and whilst true limn'd passion should be cloath/d upon as some flow'r humble or flaunting. Robert's it is It hath so temper' d the hot rush of it bloud in my It vaines that I feel myselfe becoming old ere is be time. But it history shall so exclude such sympathy of theame that must stand — as my tomes writ when my sadde pen found th' timelie the Cipher letters its sole its methode or meanes by waighty secrets contrivance of which might be given place^apart. th' Queene.— IN HISTORIA VIT^ & MORTIS. For heroes.

th' was his then that I also found that fortune. and of possible to ticing my future. My owne share in his terrible you at least as my faithful discypherer know. however. 'No mishap of fate or evil fortune of late. but none can say or think how awful the memory. ere th' this fact became well known. or even for a posible to moment seem'd our proud me after Kobert stoopt his pride to send mother her pledge — a ring given as if in doubt some great surely tho't it harm might ever threaten. is at this day though the time be long past. Th' event of th' Earle's death never for an howre. by its came short of de- intended end. most dear to th' Queene. Her Ma. it After our murther. as was-to rest for aye upon my pate. mee that I could not realize ought nor did I beleeve anie such curse one half soe likely of lighting sudenly upon th' youthful head it my hasty Lord of Essex. request Thou infinitely gracious Father! that sin all As our Lord was washed in transgressions. burnt upon heart. It was long enow. was by a chance It was freelie bruited everywhere. and of hear- ing my greatest O grant our evill-doing by his word forgiven. trulie valewlesse sired or rather triall. most preitous —token — yet. his bloud." none is to mine eager spirit soe enas my earnest hope of meeting Kobert in that world when all earth's of blis sorrowes have ended. might be remitted. can which hath befalne sion me make such sad impresall joies on the heart as this unceasing sorrowe. blot out our Though our sinnes be as scarlet let them . Yet such beyond that of terrors held daie.160 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. and soule soe deeply. braine. coming unto died. in truth some time thereafter. altho' neither from th' Queene his evil would threat. last knowledge but a short periode ere she misguided Queene's only prevented. crucified that we might live.

. At least it is well to place manie things with the table in which I have benefit named the desiderata. for mindes and is iniquity from our with the Lord mercy. being often greater actual good to students. a like kind few inventions of known. many are requir'd in in th' world. as soon as fit. in time which was free from officiall duties. from depth. This work of my hand is fully prepared to put foorth nearlie ready also. is 161 As farre as the East so farre from th' "West. my dil- ligent decypherer will continue this work. to its give scope and strength to inve'tion. encouraged timelie advice. betweene differinge works. as to philosopher in fact. to shew One such work that is will be partlie the kind and style of th' work. all remove wrong from our hearts. To introduce th' thought. so much may soone bee derived thence. partly in carefullie explained in my Word-Cyphar many by places to afforde my- discyph'rer such ayde as I deem'd to be necessary. and plenteous redemption. A man may if it well stances — so uselesse a ^that word — in my position it. and circumplease he could doe without except him and to distinguish also in kinde. in degrees put forth openly. as height is VIT^ & MORTIS. this Cypher work being all yet this that I is by no means that hath a place in these plannes made at divers seasons in my leasure to speak according to the facts — — or it may be. assisted in soe great measure. it is To me probable. and may have place labour my bookes amongst those that much may yet make perfect. and say with stlthough at present there bee me it is well co'ceyved.IN HISTORIA be white as wooll. since I have not found leasure in many yeares from fihde it various sorts of i'vention. then to write out a most thorough and labored theory. for. it is advantageous to wield a free penne. that.

or lead men discov- young. generous and kinde unquestio'd o' rule. when no is Cypher is in hand. hopeful. though delicate often and wearisome. would I do in Some experime'nts that were made before Jas. wronged. meerely the Finis to say that the soul of this Prince wins loving subjects at last in Christ his kingdome. In my remaining dayes. For some such purpose my long sought. spiritt wounded somewhat at rest to feel this truly assured to eies my heart. but none can shewe mine it that future day although I long for as one whose life is waning swiftlie. that all places. — to finde truths first which Nature's hand day conceal'd artes. guardeth even as necessitie th' it was in that — ^must of have exercise the same as other is nor must inquirer imagine this possible without th' most paines- . fond eries adventitious joyes of new — orth ^f into the fields of limitlesse possibilities. and God's hand shall add that word^. all that at that day shal be wanting. to —whatever King — to or many like our forefathers' meet do for th' benefit of posterity. for nothing more benefit — or at least doth put a man in a way sure of ayde in a right understand- ing of Nature's lawes more readilie teachings. more from trouble is it it is true then age. of a methode of inquirie rather then great arte A.— 163 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. if th' losse of my owne sov- eraignty teach anie people a modell of thorow. put some businesses into my handes that in latter dayes are lacking. mutinous. theorie of familie or patriarchdom should fence in th' degree I have mention' d. promote the generall improvement of mankind. not yet sur- rendered. is or few. It should set this suffering. receive chiefly my unoccupied moments. just. yet no lesse surelie wearing to its end. yet tender. —then ISTature's owne Therefore these aydes are often but a suggestion th' replie.

IN HISTORIA taking work. It should not. but should hee. cannot know how much doth appertayn thereto nor th' methods by which I put th' my labours have bin done. VIT^ & MORTIS. exalt the low places. truelie well my deciphrer. some note in such a paean bee in my praise. fatigue. since their labour is to some degre a labour divine^ and hath for end and ayme is th' advantaging of humanity.make the Let it This must I do and also seeke th' strawe. be his part to labour. you. who served more is oft required of mee then to . then make the labour seeme lesse irksome. th' crooked and the uneven and rough make once more smoothe. for this cause the is musicke sweeter afterwards. with hand and Philosophers have need of servitors that shall prepare the waye before. for like the old in Egipt. inasmuch as I have long told many it a tale well dried and ready for a place. ev'n to braine. bee. with the aide that I afford his search farre — it leadeth on to other and wealthier mines of truth I have no farre greater discoveries doubt —make and inventio's ere let he shall set these forth in triumphant musicke. inasmuch as my hand long before awaken'd th' sound and tuned th' instruments that th' musicke might bee thus —though th' sounds be not in th' tuning agreeable or pleasing to heare. th' mountayns bring downe. straight and plain. brick. in the how lowe or lofty temple walles. however. 163 t This is obvious in the present in labour I Israelites performe every day. like the fore- runners of our Saviour. but as the work in bands and cannot in our day bee mentioned 'mongst understood sciences. this my taskes and experiments have not beene made nor carelesselie set Whosoever may reade and note faithfuUie in this work shall keepe on way which I mark'd out for him. enquirie in hastilie much good and thorough downe. Doe not treat my small .

I place joylesse my joylesse — and sad indeede. too. nor do who heare and see. for as serious as anie that I have placed in mj workes. As hope of Fame shal be.me thus farre in th' work. him the and title Baron. and I accompte this In th' Holie Word of Scripture we reade that a workman is worthy of his wages. is my reward. howsoever remote this not vanity in I offer apologie to anie servation of mee to make this request. To is without doubte known F. and in a history nothing but the last proprietie hath waight. 'tis request as an idole thought. yet true. Sure the conrenowne may not cause wonder since much honour that is my ^yes due may for aye be denied me. my right to Eex.164 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. Then. it is onely for a future. co'sta'tly in mind is th' proude hope that my owne kinde friend ml folow. This must be true story herein if none have understood. also Viscount. .

1623 FOLIO. doubtfully. *You labyrinth. *Any person using here the bi-literall Cipher. part of Thyrsis (Yirgile's Eclogues). 165 . *Ben Jonson. as well as my workes of science. the completion of my New first Atlantis. and my owne.SHAKESPEAEE PLAYS. Heming and Condell. rules that how to work out the great word Cipher. ALBAN. severall other workes my I^ew Organ. Queene Elizabeth's Life (as never before truely publisht). or industrious). LORD VERULAM. my Historic of Henry tell the Sevent. will either finde the guides or be lost in the my great dramaticall writings. a Pastorall of the Christ. Greene's Life. Homer's epics and that of Virgil. the two secret epistles (expressely teaching a Cipher now for the time submitted. will find a rule to be followed when writing the hidden letters in which are Histories. a Life of the Earl of Essex. containe in the last ten pages of the papers. the second part of my Instauration. FR. Keep at work. a Fantasie. Comedies. for examination and studie. which are fully rendered in English poetry. Story of Marlowe. ST. my 'New Atlantis. Tragedies. by any who may be sufficiently curious. Bacchantes. patient. (some parts of which I much desire you to write from my philosophicall Every one of — papers) and the part of the Sylva Sylvarum (a JsTaturall Historic that I designe to leave as it is). FR.

unknown among men as such. every one of which imparted openly) would forfeit ^Francis St. *Catalogue of Plays. A. (if is my lawful! heire to the throne. it tells true mother. Bacon the author. and I am the Finde the Cypher storie my great secrets. gives full directions. E. my life. and forsooth the Absey in the act one. Eeade easy lessons first. *Queene Elizabeth bookes containe. first and of the two-and-twenty now put out for the time. Leame F. *Search for keyes. inscribing the letters to Elizabeth. ST. it shewes the entrance to a labyrinth. Cypher workes. Peele. yes. . He and in Then take care that he be not endangered by your zeal. *I. descended from the mighty heroes of Troy. *Fr. F. a sure and proceed to Alphabet of E'ature. Court Time. writing. Names. is Life and Death of King John. Search this out. hid in his writings Homer's Illiads and Odyssey (in Cipher). and the Eule. his life. hidden from those who would persecute the betrayer. in a great many places. even take a person's in this way. prince of Latin poets. BACON. OF Ve. leader. *L. *Francis of Yerulam is autlior of all the plays hereto- fore published by Marlowe. his a good one. FRANCIS BARON OF VERULAM. Greene. B. Some are altered to continue his history. *Headings of Comedies. well two portions. Prologue to Troilus and Cressida. place rules and directions in other you must seeke for the others soone to aide in FR. Shakespeare.166 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. the headings of the Comedies. Masses. F. Alban. loving and revering these noble ancestors. *As I sometimes Ciphers. with the ^neid is of the noble Virgil. Diggs. for finding and unfolding of severall weightie secrets. * Actors' M.

save the epics of Yirgill and Homer. Novum Organum: lost. and I beg you try to understand it. you will finde here capitalls in two formes. it is your next: the face of my sixt clock comes fourth: is my symbols are next: great Cipher of and the Ciphers. (for you should find six in students all. Bacon's gives th' epistle's first wordes. what all shewes —my Every letter. which I coppy here. in full. FR. Actus primus. at once: in now finde a number (i. BACON. of the Histories.. but other plays must shed their wonderous a Cipher: none may be found if my work be Seek not meerelie to read foure Cyphers. that silentlie like fingers. word Absey already familiar light in so Join these plays to Fr. my King Henrie the Sevent corresponding to this e.IN This letter tells SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. Go as I direct. is dedicated to yourselfe. King John. but finde each subtile signe. to direct how they should work out my greatest Invention) which you a wise shall take as I direct you: — this is first: that Clowne in the play who speaks of the plantan leafe. next add the plaies of Twelfe Night or What You Will. is man —here Art outruns that grub Nature: hunt out this Cipher. shewes your waye. and Love's Labour's Lost. you how to 167 ^ produce my most highly estimated unpublished labours of to-day. or anagram. the same kinde or style). curricula. near the to you. First finde Headings . You should do this worke by my and seeke for the keyes in the playes. *My this reason for using is my translated stories to teach to Cipher this: I wish get my Cypher into students' rules.

Juno and Neptune. usually paying but small heede to rime. rather than a historic of true events. Apollo. the names of townes in Greece and Asia Minor. Thus continue in Iambi. Apollo's some Trojans. — ^the being too numerous. you will So I . ill worth Homer's name. like as you see in may each feete to be my playes. the gods Jove. Peleus' worthy sonne. and sometimes. Pluto. I use English Heroick verse. taken verses similar to the lines from their hiding places in the bookes I have less published. ISTear words like Jovus. Minerva. Yulcan. sing of the destructive wrath fierce Achilles. rime being indis- pensable. Keepe fact. consider the order of the words in the sentences. with above. In be heedfull of the meaning. Chryses. —Synoin nymes. sufficient reason. — as in the closing line in stanzo of the epics of the so cal'd E. yet in my other verse. still musicall than the Greeke. the Sacred priest. some parts also of Europe neare the Hellespont and the bookes. joine my examples and rules together. as well as all the derivatives from these wordes are the sectiones of the translation. put Search places in which I have my keyes. you juste may do as to you seems and propper. I thinke it worthy of preservation and a all measure of honour. but do not omit any I^ymphe: add Greek heroes. Dreams. ^gseum: you can now write the first two Thus begin: O Of Goddess. but do not I should say. the translation should be in the forme of verse. Isles. Spenser. all places. though somewhat be added to Homer: might be more truely Homeric good and to consider it a poeme of the For this times. Bome captives.— Sk 168 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. Hera. it lines.

as my names I use my fingers. It is an ensample. thus speaking of Aurora. Keepe my rules so carefully im- pressed upon your aside. canto two. faithfull companion. to shewe which worke to join by means of the signes. light. this lock to turne.. in the eleventh canto. and way.. Tume Time here. through dewy ayre her purple robe. arrange the matter thus. when you hunt them e.. sec- ond and third lines of the seventh stanzo. my I am secretlie enscheduling worthie guides. pleatlie wordes that are not yet com- made English. 169 In the Faerie Queene. five-and-thirtieth stanzo. guide. friend. booke two. There lay thereby an huge greate which stood Upon one end. and the instructions are so cleare. out. SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. to relate in verse the great attacke at the ships. and with exceeding sway .. write: Wearie of aged Tithones saffron bed. for mind in all cases. and had not many a day Removed beene a signe of sundrie wayes — This Hector snatch'd. and keyes ITow match to these. all Grseco-English wordes.— IN will. Seeke the keyes untill all bee found. that you bee not ledd if one who taketh the right waye. For he who seeks an entrance All must be furnished in that manner aforesaid. I if do not think you can follow scent so well as a hound. the gods giving strength to the hero's arme: begins in the sixt verse: stone. which you so ofte' have seen in divers of other workes. he will push . booke one. you into unkennell not the fox. i. which shew the path. at that pointe of time at which the great Trojan took up a weighty it missile. an ever present. Had Or spreade.

winds. Terror. trace out. and sweete Aurora. the lawrell garland. will win the goale. B. and presse onward I bid. It is by such means that events. Sleep. and divided into small parts. as you will so widely scatter'd in observe. Purth' Din. lightning. ev'n as the milk-white path of high Jove on blew Olympus' summit. Day. never forgetting to retire back. (and many a fabu- lous deede of the gods to the Iliads are related. also Mercury. nor to the right. Fortitude. besides the Muses. Chimseras. nor trace the eies ever fixt Keepe your as on the goal. with the many heralds. Death and the Fates. the Simois mander. Jove's eagle. and Furies. aye. turne your steps to the roade backward. or attend on the fire-robed Sun-deity). Friendship. therefore. the remainder of Olympian gods. B. It cannot be done story of not too unusual actions you have in the previous events.170 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. who open Jove's gates. Juno's birds. this you should keepe also my most common rule alway in work. with caution. To suit. the Eiver gods. and heroes) remotelie appertinent while you this winding labyrinthe FR. *You as are now come to It is the Catalogue. thunder. every devious way. the ^gis. on. Graces (who wait upon Yenus. keepe the order of the Greek in your translation. . the Hours. before the chief highwaye be lost to sight. Pursue. Mght. and the ap- plause and praises of the left. these keyes now add Strife. also the Sca- Iris. trust me. I will make it a delightsome way. all clouds. which are my writings. F. multitude: do not. Yenus' doves. CenHeadings of the Tragedies.

grande triumphs. as my playes. tell You will now find some wordes with a key. but my poemes. you could not. ST. so your Keputation be stones. matter of like kinde together in so which have been marked with and joining- wordes that you full for the may follow the plans with ease. as jewels. beautie. are e'er jewels *The Tempest. not care- outcome. FR. All workes do not give rules. that the manner of joining in most of prose. shall bring to a selected place the fairest stones finde. delightsomeness and estimation. steeds. ALBAN. if you would. chariots. put boxes. so also in this is hardest of employes. which you can and cedar-wood hewed and shaped. no mortall eye hath seen. parts. houres manie. go all When keies the partes are separated. since I is am Architect. Dub yourself as Knight of the Golden lies. or any instrument of iron. plays. derfull its How won- beautie. you the Mastertemple. many other words which you ought also to keepe near bye in readinesse for use. . as free as mortall can desire. and set out in quest of great deeds. heaven you could raise towards my Solomon's Pal- and nowhere be heard either ax. a dailie burthen laid on ev'ry hand. and of tl^ numerous Latin and Greeke also the stanzas of Italian Iambi are composed so well that astray. with 171 taurs. portions of translations.IN SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. also shall and your Truth as precious which Art has made of exceeding worthe. *As apt children have their dailie taskes. builder: yours the hand that shall erect the when you so that lace. or hammer. and Time harmeth not. and Fortune's golden meede: your Honour will grow in lustre as you show forth the brightness of your ]^ature. serpents. lions. as you put them in place.

and that my owne claime story here given. you need —my rules dissipate all uncer- More prose must stande in this part of your to relate Cypher work. as his had but I was Elizabeth's by her wedded Lord. despite other and prior rights. You will finde that historic repeats itselfe in this. joine in plays. are now many lines in excesse . the Earle of Essex. yet. beyond an eager minde can find a dark thus chapter's chiefe motif. at mother's kingdome. making a story. so had an hourly feare in both my brother's affects. who raised a rebellion to obtaine his all owne I. many of iNTature's writing are to be read. which shewes that sin of my who despis'd. the storie of my brother. by most honorably ease. has much that is simi- lar to the Warbeck made. 1^0 w joine King Lear. upon the claiming Henrie's crowne be altered. with many such. my brother. is and to all. Plays are by no meanes alwaies verse. As hunted bale. partes of such other as tainty. Queene Elizabeth. therefore have I put a chain linking together by keies in my speaches: those Henry Seventh. inas- much son. and the hate and ill-intents of our mother and Cecil. deer awaite death at every moment. and a rule to fit or join. the tragedie of his murther. Essex. .172 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. is (yet royall and also loyal) friends. my owne downfall. King John. As these are carefully con'd. price. then has been used my stories. Romeo and of Juliet. yet so false premises: also differing. or much. sixtie-two lines of The Life King Henry Eight. now others. and shrewdly using his moments of solitude and The Tragedy of Macbeth must be added to this. elder brother to Robert. and our most lovely parent. in this. then Edward the Second. now that of one name. an historic of my share i' th' triall of my owne life.

Note a hidden lesson in Marlowe's — or rather double —form work. he sleeps. Deny the imposed gift we truely would. Macbetli with Tempest. owne mother by I was as a brat. unlocke the closed doors of this secret chamber. or waift. as love not waking naked. in most com- pleate succession. stript — th' thinn soft bands a childe should f eele. a farr- renowned and farre-famous'd kingdom. and most^ royall woman her will then the single bar between E. the anger in the humane heart seen a fire-eyed Eurie's child. and to it match that of Marlowe. a broader. is when more other plays take forward my In my worthy mind a better. but love is so great a is requitall of wrong. saved me from my furious. Nox and . Search. follow You can my playes. in the deciphering. tipe. his verses. it is 173 *When you match conspiracie in each. the woman who rare devices. Take multi this play. 'None saw or pitied yet my harsh. Saint Alban and a sceptre. a rough- spun woolen robe replaced. how like is joined with like directions. and wherein I hide. for it tells i. mine as well as honor'd own bookes.. accursedly cruel usage. to be observed. imparted to no living person except Mother Bacon. my mother was a : wedded. as true keys. the girle throwes to save her fortunes from do all eies is and name. mine earlie friend and true. Edward the Second. likewise.— IN SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. in him who is made prey which is even upon a babe most innocuous. e. honorable. Note in Tempest the and do as I have done. in hot anger. in which are caskets like to that which Alexander found. Homer. is unkinde. to th' if ills Hate fall juste. turned from a region of *Macbeth. Even then was I taken forth. seeke out a secret.

in form dilligent therefore. B. Read of some overt insolence. is told. They just were my my onely foes. story of those two men. like is joyn'd to this. E'ext you must write a simple history or worst. nor even. Attempt by all odds. my primary resorte. to cast woven and treacherous Use every wind to fill your great hanging now so empty. will Recall to minde the play which matcht to compleate the scene of torture is —King John. a play. is Studie Time's rule: kin like. F. my enemie construed to come from King Lear. a most sad. and then we controule our passio's. middle. acts so wicked. and make the world it is ter to the end: my brother's cruel. if had a imployed doing that [which] Fate (or whatsoever power driving me) causes to me to do. o' When this done. and fro vilde passio's. Idle no morn's golden houres away. My soul love for Marguerite was the spirit which saved my from hatred. set by kin. nor sail on. ^Search this for a more awefull act then all modern. worke purposed for proud R. and most revealed. her compeeres. I fear. heavie story. a predominant desire . record. nightes farre-off o' all farre-distante times has It tells that sad. foull ending. Ceciirs plots into view. and fetch treasures Time will make more and can ruin th' royall vestments— richer. awefull story of an act which my morning-sunrise. sails. sunsett. Be his and give heede. Moth gems' ^the glitt'ring crowne rust may corrode —no such action ere shall harme my golden. will poison nes. art-enchas'd rigoU.174 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. with more of their subtle actes apparent. the evening softbit- darke heavie houres. night lighted by moones pallid and soft beames. aye. such violent deeds.

a heart. in all King John. It is her and in the true love cherish'd play. however. ever. of R. clear. have many single livres prepared for my deare Maris guerite. but I hope you it will gain thereby. as a seal to set the upon my rights. brain. story in the French. simple story. makes my method of word-signes and anie carefull painstaker I who doth inquire here. one in these other historicall playes. and I have arranged knowledge in plain prose. pure no amorous soilure taints the faire pages. Fourth. . and I have placed own many a secret in the little loving wortheless books: they were kept for her wishes to finde some lovelie reader in future ^ones. from the murmur of envy and Their power I did evade. though true. no one in this high heaven's wide realm. to my sundrie* devices and designs. and I saw no other. save onlie guerite. If this part be read. no eyes ere looked upon such a beauI saw her teous mortall. for a t' trite. farre spite. Greene. Jas. that I followe my so main worke. may not be used it form this kind of a play. farre est depths of This duty so munified a remote and seeking to reach the deep- knowledge. wing waie with Muse t' sing high paeons. Eve all to their wondrous paradise — —French one Mar- as if no being. It must now bee left in this forme. will undoe my mistery. or in this nether world. by virtue of occasion they were mindfull my birth. Attempts fail which a tireless enemy doth tume — hate's minister of harm most truely doth good. not ill. So fair was she. did ever exist.IN SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. Upon every of my where'bouts. I their coulde finde the path to Olympus. lives so A part of the one I place in my owne historic. mark imprest 175 be endued with a royalty-robe.

might be created. with Juliet. whose minde changed much dame's. held in darknesse amid this very frank an inheritance earthlie which power. the ages to be in the infinity of time. true in houre o' neede as in that of pleasure. if you wish know my story. I found a pure cup which nature's filled to its prettiest dales do form. and was not. is farre greater than manie a wide realme of *Romeo and Juliet . blind. will here be told. Study in this wide realm tells many usefuU truths: Time reveals matter long gift. and so in time I did shuffle off my old amour. like a fickle are my love. and that I did have. first — both that one in the Comedy. But there came in days. such oneness was in his sorrowfull hap and mine. close in the reare. lovers. and manie a vision. makes the next parte. snare. Cressida in this play. had there bin onlye one single Adam therein. solely myselfe. brim as with I^epenthe: this I drank. doth enter and the one of my Tragedy just given. Troylus did en- and the words his sadd soule speaks do say to you This that his ill-successe. when I would fain have lived my honored days in this loving-wise. ruin worthy husband's hopes. deafe. Join to Romeo with Troy's famous Cressida. Years do nere pay his sin's paine-boughten bond in man. unthinking is and unsuspicious tolde plainly in my story. Thus Trojan Cresid'.— * 176 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. Ever kind. where she as Claudio's lady. Often mid a waste appeare many purest water-rises. — ^which should be. I sufFer'd most cruell torments in mind. or take paine from the remembrance ever keene with the ignomy which This this fickle ladie put upon dumbe.

Fift and Fourth. 177 These plays contain part of my early history. whereof events of such importancy. . the which. ay. I. indeed. in this order. Henry the i. e. sendes my soule. The opporif tunities are at this Queene's orders. and of 'tis from my veines. life You may thus see man's heart loveth the here better —vaine as it is —ene then it eternitie. in God's owne book you do find many and if such a Scripture. them here. taske. to make the was given false. that the life of my onely born brother could be more dear to or rugg-headed wild Irishman than to some rufian officer. Julius Ccesar. When you have found the larger story hidden in my workes. just as I put plays. you may see many things in an unnoted and yet *Trolius and Cressida. that none have wills so strong as to finde out the state of is any kind of illes laid by for the good opportunitie. put to rightes the most important records of these lands. you see the as cuppe runthis life ning ore in that soft white hand. Eight. it so gratifie Elizabeth. I did prize life as do most men. may scarce be deemed a wante of courage and of honour. or rack a flagon of a red wine. give the full name of the one who is heir appar- ent * to this kingdom. accompte do make up the to a revelation of them. crudled blood this wine proves. and turne from the lees. g.IN SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. ISTeretheless my labour must bring villainie unto just punition. with much hard bought icie chilles into if truth. running cold.. thereiore not scene. my best Cipher — ["ay"] events so set down which in writing by my wicked mother. And truly you shall not thinke or intimate to men. Conjoine the this my other great plaie named when I gave you e. my my for's heart: but man has at all times a love still larger own life. and of so great plots.

—then of coldly executed. has none of titles. j'ust. so strongly furnisht forth to war. Hamlet. as firm of heart. beside the plaie that I here since the story is name A Tragicall-History. and a accompt therein of it. made to tell his ambi- tious designes. shut out my past — this ^love's little sunny . Cymbeline. 'No tale of ages before our blessed Saviour suffered such death. in his dark end. vilde hell. also my letter or epistolic story in the a part of a Cipher play. my God. A great quarto in which you will finde Richard the Second. lesse share of a lest these more valued workes receive a than manie stories that were worke-howr put meere tales for boys. and the Cypher in many of later date than Essex' crudest torture. and Edward First. not unnaturall relation. is all the secret Folio has reasons which conduc'd to wanting. that of Essex. placing the same in this order. — for in the prison. Richard the Third. that would-bee king was trial held for for treaso'. with burning irons put out both lovelie eyes. by arts more pitichie-hued than having ob- tain'd a permittance to cause paine sufficiente to burst the seale upon the lipps of maddened Essex. turney. would burn men to cinders lesse murth'rously. with this most heavie full just tragedie. truest book. his keepers. Timon. You must put your time on the same.178 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. men. Join Othello. his picked Failing of his helpers. fro' O God! forgiveness cometh Thee. Ev'n the barbarians Shut not of anie age. or ancient Alexander. but is my no part omitted. tortured. for the true rendering of his history. has one halfe the woe this. Kings must have some happy guard and ene other kind of battel as guards. and Life of Richard Second: then Anthony and Cleopatra. co'demn'd.

but no true pow'r should impropriate look most calmly upon moe then is just. to be correctly oppos'd marks. Your use keies by this new method or traces my invention. Read well your many simple signes or rules which shall tend to a speedie to severall accrument of matter. play. yet to me the injurie never can be repaired. The most of my keys are words some portion of the work'd. wreaking 'pon all their pitiless vengeance with many a warm hand steep'd as in wine.IN hour. if I speak The *first were what I most mine only few suspect bom brother Essex. death. tell and also much. or events. gives most publickly such. or dying. kill and murth'rous torture ther of is when the scene of muruse. 179 soe please Thee. and some of man's worthy work. if it SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. You used. yet for my Prince Eobert I took hurts. such common words that my volumes had simply hidden the chiefe of must shew you how I. will finde them in most every other work I have It This may not apply in date. In these subtile waies I shew whe' when many a few will like plaies are to supplie the matter. dye. . Sure boundes are thus set. yet Essex's tragedy here shew forth: then posterity shall know him truly. As the danger many hundred *Julius Caesar. such as dead. the untold story. showing them. I grant. True you do my loss from a safe distance. so red in crimson gore. so must other sundry hot [contests] be out-fought. As in your lists you compleatly subdue by skill. It did behoove desperate me to be wary. as all other ladies E — whom Queene stur- ^used in Essex' undoing. his well-seen youths with dieness like to the men's.

as a guard. two stage-plays. will i' need but my easily learned keies to follow any of lost thrids the plays. with an angryheart. more also chiefly makes up my delightsome Hiren the Eaire Greeke. and many though not so rare (so early). some you will find in a play out of print. and also the Eape of Lucreece. troopes. worst factionall effort's failure. You prose. times verified fear of our old compeeres. much weaker i. I ofte saw Essex summon in minio's to sit in halles of judgement. first of. He would tume from the wisest wordes of hundreds. lished in Peele's Titus. unpublisht yet in that. his unpublished story. . This but my author-name hide ^ my owne. simple honor. by the hardy sons England Losses unthought of. indubitate reme. Sheapherd's Calendar — ^which marks —Ovid's now bear only Spenser's Elegies. but It much Homer's great poem. all *Henry the Eighth. ruled so lov'd. I know. I published it The earliest plays that had the my brother's youth as the times. of Marlowe's translation Jonson's Masks. as wel as a most utter want of anie true. —the Life Essex in the form and has a part —many I name an of a story that that in in Peele's workes. any forme except is name Greene t' as the author. my tragedy of many poems. with his hasty measures. nant of every king's whole right. in whose hands his very life was in peril. and the Eaerie-Queene. It serveth also future ages. of Hero and Leander. name.180 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. Yenus and Adonis.. hostes of hamperers where he had put boldest confidence that most loyall helpers would sustai' him. as none such will be lost in You of will finde more o' history in such works. and much of Lucan. were the controulers which made his fate certaine. A Tale of Troy. —and — a stage-play I pub- my Dido.

th' i' beauteous Margaret the walls o' —and Troy) his chief exploits th' battailes outside King of Arragon. Orlando of his life Furioso. or in this way after I am dead. first important letter to you concerns my invention of a meanes of transmitting whatsoever I wish to My story then must my name of blot. 181 Greene's wanton verses tilie —those mixt poem-prose o' stori's. that it may forme the inmost of my secret epistles. wit- having for onr purpose Achilles or others as heroes especially Pandosto. French Eve. num'rous love poems of many shower kinds. loveliest upon the face o' this earth. Arraignment Paris. with Troylus. mine fond love for rare Eve. Menaphon. If understa'd. you wiU twice. divided more. and so forth. to ayde. are also part of the Iliads and Odyssey. for treason. but while this remaines undiscovered my secret is quite exempt greatest from suspect My share. King Henry th' Sixt. worst. the Earle of Essex. my hidden book mask'd sentences oftentimes a play. among men cleared from all sorts imputation o' wrong advice to Queene Elizalive may be found beth i' th' triall of Kobert. My my in translations are love poems many times emploied may but show this. In the Cypher its story. as Shakespear's. Battail of Alcazar: Spenser's. (the one last named was published as Peele's play). Dr. (the story — except as you have it given you earlie as a part of some passage in th' sorry story of first. Of course we must not suppose our Latin work to remove our other Cyphers away from sharpe inquisition.— IN SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. Faustus. Marlowe's Tamburlaine. inside plays. that my Margaret as with water of Castaly. or story. A Queene has many but a sud- . if th' case require. sonnets.

but occasion. ISTative pride would cause one to seeke a state of matters for justification : means of shewing the true true he is onely actuated * is by his worse growth of motives. den any liberty in matters of When the offence is from her true sonne. most of us insure this. An unexpected may in blast his future with sorrow. till my indignation swell'd my heart was too great. and his sentence as greatly and reporteth same every- *Henry the . brother's case counsell. must be harder punishment (I am assured in heart it must be so) then to the man of iron nerves and hardy temperature. yet how my heart. by our looked for. that ariseth when fairest prospects least may mar event most suddenly. I hereby demande true and doth regard altered rightful examination by any man that this my by my Fifth. (or at times. justice pursues a subject that taketh state.182 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. It is justice. my worthiest opponents have many notable man who is milde in nature. Sole accomptant must I be hereafter for the share I had my brother's sorry fate. and I am senInjury to an innocuous sible of injuries. In so farr as this is unjust. a philosopher. but the facte irrefute- able — a most simple and naturall desire for just and worthy men to give him full dues. the seeke for true lives. I may say a savant. all) Most. but not a coward either. but none here will fully acquit me. respect. and so advantages. I am a student. At men's rhany harsh insinuations or open obloquy. I am no soldi'r. rather is his punishment most naturally doth blow greater. no doubt. building mighty hopes upon the overthrowe of the power of our Queene greater — —not makeing the it sinfulness lesse. truth to say.

op^n as last upon God's great day of a as the judgment. or aniething which doth containe the storie of the stay in Margaret's sunshinie France. Peele. Part I. and the other words signifying hate. I will aske but "Aye. thus setting off to another use each of the sections so shewne. strip the clothes and napkins which would con- from offe its feet. much of hope droops upon stalk like a summer's flow'r." and marke how love course at all is alwaies manifested in our enter- the times of meeting in prison. the safety of his ^ person. by (Queene) see (Love) (Heart) both by the key-words nam'd in my latest list. with heart. So ever Marlow. soule. Thus Essex O. Henry. beings. scena secunda. strike but liste to me. such as Paris. I use words to indicate the part of my life in France. dismaie and uttermoste despaire! Whenere fine it this story in Cipher doth push ope th' sepul- ture door. 'd'red. Greene. braine (with the faculties) also spirit. In example o' turne Cymbeline. it Make your to rise. thinke what such a sorrowe was. such puis- sant grief. court. using the keyes as just given with but a few added. trust its is proved falsely grounded. 183 Let my plea be heard and just judgement be renthis. Charles. may . Joyne minde or the conscience affection. SHAKESPEARE PLAYS.IN where. Assorte out into drawers and boxes that so they *Henry the Fourth. love. stand voyce that shall commande and tell to mankinde its secret woe. France. When did fare. antipathy t' and like passio's. actus primus. my inmost heart must be reveal'd. many him of my own written protestes and entreaties to Essex to turn aside. it envie. intending meerely his onely good. and so stepp out among living human work forth.



bee convenient to your hand, on the one hand putting
o' the earlier history keies,

on the other

th' double-keyes

of the later part.

IsTever cease

the pursuite until the

worke be ended.

So may most precious writings of
It is that part



brother's be read, as I did include a part of his hiso' th'

Armada from


Palmer doth pursew

(all that night,

indeede, after brave

action) in the rear o' the flying spirit-like sails o' the Span-



was written

ere those bragging

Jackes arrived at the harbours from which they had sailed
a few months before.

Making your next

portion of worke the


soone be scene a



Armada from keies must now



and many be joined

to them.


Mary many

did enjoyne upon Phillip such a course, and, as
cases, the subjects did

have greater love and more

devotion to the


of their Church then truth and loy-

alty to eyther country or Queene, there

was somewhat


Armada reached the farre-away seamen. When they put out, many hundred Englishmen, of whatever communion, rose in defense. The love o' home is a stronger affection, in some doughtie serconfidence wanting as rumours


vants of the Pope, and of England, then the love of things

which pertain
I shall not
ing, as ev'n

chiefly to that religion of

which much


rumoured but much


make much of this subject then, when writmoe zealous and blinded servants of the Church
and home, then came

the old religion, rous'd with fury, did run to fight inso-

lent Spaine, to protect life



to assist

by the Pope's comma'd)

—indeed few


anie signe to manifest their allegiance to ought but





In our Second Henrie
ope most heavie doors^


will finde keyes that

you seek


These are

words, and you neere would wish any other subtile marke,
so plain doe all keies

shewe the designe.


these you

conjoyne divers wordes which stand a fewe spaces from
the keyes


are so well chosen that though oft used,


plans are thereby not scene


marke that which

doth shewe the portions which must be built up like the
stone walles

a castle.

But the workes, when you

have finished them must reveale a strength shielding



booke a great story of a

stirring, fierie-tem-

pered man,

who fought

brave battels for Elizabeth, not

meerely in

warre with Spaine that you are



write out, but in severall which I do give in full in



enemy doth

so doughtily

throw downe



defiant challenge as Philip, true sonne of Spaine;



that glove with greater ease or with

more won-



then Elizabeth.


it is


upon now, for writing

at a time of

we shall thraw so much danger

the penne was mild.


in such bold history



thrust most to your presence,
to plead for


neede have some time



God's high throne, when their


crimes, hired to be performed, are unveiled.

Sin oft strongly warres in
ous act be done, bears wrong


mind, and


no murtherhumil'ty,
o' jeeri'g

much yoked with
the worst



crime be on a person's hands, manie a rout



come into his soule o' which Her Ma., Queene Elizabeth.



Her whole

was but one infernall * region,

a realm

*Henry the Fourth, Part





Pluto, untold days

her tjmes of mirth, or times of staid

and verie grave deportment; for the blood of her youngest borne was upon her royall hand, if not that of mania
others, heirs to a future o' paine.

sooth none can div'lge

her greatest harmes, for this world's eyes have no worthy



shunn the vision


shame, especially in this
veniall even, but



may seeme most

vaine motives lay at the bottome

everything which this


She was


mother, yet I more then anie other have
I answer here a few of the world's

cause to curse her.

after insult above

your just conceit, I open



lips for



lengthy complaint, uttering here


of the gall

and naturall wrath
a yeere.


burdened heart

has carried



patience, I prithee,


worthy friend, and continue your writing,


tory at least has been co'pleatlie finished; then if


it is

left, it


bee, yet do

you keep


mind one thing


—now must we

see the glancing of Fortune's light,

to th' desire of

unsubmiss soule; some will be pleas'd,

I doubt not, to yeeld. If your pen have no glory,



by some


coming of your owne, for I have prepared the way
tune and high favo'.

to for-

You may



voyce to

utte' the

words I would fain speak,

yet, should


refuse, another



winn the

If hate's


leave a soule doom'd, no ray does light

mine awefuU tombe, no sun sweetly ilume


With Thee
of light, and


hope, forgiveness, peace,
of our being.

God, Father





Pilate said, wheii hee had framed a title for the of the Jews,



I have written, I have written."
it is,


my work of this nature be left my onely honor may put vastly
E'o men's heirs of

and that which

more happinesse upon


empty honours do outvie
friend, th'



witty and

much valued

man who

raveled these

I burthen one,


to do


old friend of truth

and much constancy,


must not be of our time, and

my wish is that my whole workes should bee for you' good. By my tones I shewe first various waies to direct the eie

any portions
lesse in


the Cypher.


to say th'



the daie then doth th' guiding hand.

took for mine instruction the signs

some forme that

helde worthy but use no such important marks, except
th' dot, to

shew when our


should be furder.


then turn to


guide word, finde by your Small table


o' th'

numerous works

indicated: next seeke the

word-keye and write what you * there finde.

Each of the

stories thus'


to relate a part that is

but half made out



—for slower waye we employ doth —but when has ben work'd




be thought marvellous.


manie times

given with fear of



the spirit with fear

of a worse result.



meanes were not of

acc't, for th' restlesse


foes watched


worke, to finde a thread to twiste into

the loop of th' executio'r; too dense, concealed noe less th'


valew'd guiding hand which ledd to the Cypher.

Sundry words shewe



as scene in to


as well, as say, quite

more have anothe' name

marke them


will see, very exceptionall, or rather, I


*Richard the Second.


and iTiiequaled



make them

to shut out all

but this f aithfull decipherer, for the instruc'ions,
so forth, are widelie scattered.


I do not give sufficient in

any one of these playes




Cipher, but he


hath turned aside for no fleet footed Siren, or I^ymphe,
will enter into a richer store of goldene treasure

even then
I say

he has dre'mt

of, for

I lead his eager steps.


again to you, do you keep pressing on for a day shall


that shall bring


dues of joy.


but one

sh'rt race; it

doth not twice reward

well to


a crown can one

these good days

be put on


imortall crowne that ruste shall do no
to such as do inherite

men deny

or winne in


sorte of strife of th' poets

—authors with brother


It awaits

one whom Time maketh Truth's


for he


who may unseen, though himself simply serving knowne, * I may say an honoured man, ^write and pub-


the secrets I do thus conceale,

may have more
a city.


more fame, even then he hath who taketh
th' great

Whatsoever of honour, of fame, or glory
reward giv'n unto him,
to it

my work



minde now open'd fully
equall braine,

(my truthf uU would make avowall) of

hand and

heart, as

plainly indicated



ability to search out



bee even greater.

This then shall crowne your head:


fal to

no other

even after

we have turned


clay, for

you must be

whoever Time bringeth

afte' you.


man's achievements truely do out-live man, or


love or hate, bitter as the one


be and sweet

th' other.

The long

silence will not lie eternall ages

on the tongue,

but in his writings






Anthony and







reward our patience

we do

trulie well,


await the daye;

our worke be


the yeeres will pointe

the finge' of scorn at us.

I would be no object of such

attention, yet do I seeke the noting eies of posterity


write for


not living on

th' face o' earth.



that are to be, doe not so rudely plunge



eminence into old-time idole night,
compleat and pe'fecte possession

at least not in full

remarkable pow'rs.

Thus I put a calme, brave, enduring
heart ever in





nor turn


eies fro' a






you have fully

collected the keies into such part

of your working-roome as shall not bee disturbed, begin

your task by assorteing your keys.


should not use
note also that

more of them than I give in

th' small table;

must not be used


you open'd divers books, with

noe order, no method, no system, but these are links
long chaine.
plays and


All are guides


another part o'the secret

my many

poemes that are hidden in workes of

any valew, that I have sent out since I invented
small Cypher while I was in Paris in

my my early youth. my owne


When one will

take the work noe furder, you use others,
in th' order of

you wo'ld keepe keys


you must finde
some table

of great aide




well gleaned keies must vary

the apparent use.



manie may be seen in your work
If the table changes

even now, since you must finde some in each play;

these are good ayds.





it is

because I sek to avoid confusion.


and sixth Cyphers appear even more in some

unpublisht poems of


early yeares, and


rules are

explained therein with such sundry notes,




render aide in the work, as well as to give to book-lovers,
or cursory readers even, factes relating unto this matter




was too evident and



the kingdome

greater in fact then most,

not then bold to dub myself heir to one

those happily

placed realms ev'n old Neptune's waters keepe

from every

harme and

threat of danger.


in this


my hands


heire-apparent to a


loftier seate, a scepter of

pow'r that must ev'n extende to posterity.
death can take

E'er time nor


second kingdome from me.

But future

ages shall crowne you king of

many more

f arre-extending.
shall shine as


royall scutcheon of

your worthy arms

the sunne,

your mindes eyes with dazzling light and

glory, turn darkest night to daie


scatter every cloude.

Each booke

truelie doth


the glory greater, but with-

my help

^ you could not hope just or generous attention

will be given you, for I do




at least.

subject which hath a place

o' state

in the written

bookes, shall be lost to th' carefull kindlie person that doth
so finde this secret,


th' story

he shall take from


Cypher may ever reveale each the one which

of import-

ance here doth ch'efly concern him that speaks to you in



doubt I will shew manie errours each day.




in ruins

marke well those features behind

when Nature

the veil that conceals th' First or

Primal Cause, there shall stande reveal'd one [not] now
recognized; so then shal Eeputation be

and not

as it


thought; Fortune, also

knowne as it is Honor and Truth,
right to be

be seen in Time.


your hand which shall make
else shall

all th'


our dust, lying in


tombe unhonour'd





by love


estime sucli as

given unto other royall

Princes, feel in

least particle the

wrongs that I beare.
works the Cypher
others, while it

I have placed in





to intimate feid pointe out


hath so small use in works of
rarely. as

lengi;h, that

I speak of





oft in prose



it is

symbols, and

hath already beene said hath






length ev'n that Mllet doux are ofte made.
list so

End your

—more you

will not




at anie time are

your more thoroughly culled tables to

bee left and laid aside, as

new names

are given, but

are used.


doubtlesse observe this in numberlesse




If some

the words are (as these

above) but rarely used,

doth even more conceale a

Cipher mystery.

In soe farre

wordes having a double

use (double Cypher being oft shevme in the same work)
naturally occurring for

names of the

writer, could

be varied

and imploied, such have had the chief e place; but, as
could not be used in

the plays, do not looke for the

other epistle if you be onelie a curious seeker.

Enter upon the queast with
earnest frame of minde.

zeale, or, at least, in


It doth ever assure a

good course.

Finish the portion given here, the' take Cypher


and work out the

first letter,

as it

hath a part of a

plan that I have carried on in these other Cyphers; but
for the double use, take in this place.


full directions


I have oft put the most usefull hints of
difiicile plays,


in the



the plays that are

made up


of fragments.


one Cypher hath part of a rule (the

rules plac'd in this Bi-literall

and the "Word Cipher in




workes, however, forme an exception) others near this one

have parts of

it also.

The play


Hamlet hath the commencement



Cipher rule of no small


called a


Cypher, because numbers were keyes, sheweth you
first o'

th' directions, the Bi-literall, the second,

and the

capitall letter

Cypher hath the




are needed

for these letters

th' plays

then you shall by this time

have, or at the most

must soon come

and I requeast
the Seventh,


to finde th' rule concealed, first in


then explained in one

the playes.

Err not in




quickens to duty: trust

for truth

is as

the crowne


in th' race.


th' part of

an eager runner

if successe


desired, to

keepe on bravely to

th' goale, for

unto him

a crowne


who doth

claime the prize alone, through

his timely efforts

his perseverance.

In study hope may in part aide you.
of pleasure, and on his

Keepe a most

cautious watchfull eye on that *foe to your worke, a love
sister, idlenesse,

for of their comas

panionship no good doth come.

Take our lampe


onely guide, and stay but to see th' lustrous gem-studded
sceptre that doth appeare f arre to reach, but shall asuredly

command much
haste on

that doth lesse please then honor, for I
othe', better or fuller

fond hope of some


richer reward.

The thought which



my weak

courage assurance

of truth's finall triumphe seems feeble,

ev'n to some,
as great




oft seeke their

fame with

love of th' vaporous breath of worldly plaudits.

imagine that


ordeal would be so



better, if to

You but much lighte', my our future we portray as so





to be desired, a

due measure of ease and wealth be



former works explaining plans we have formed

ayde our
if it


seekers afte' greatnesse, such as do not


be Troy to winn, or Helena's faire face to see:

gaily they go.

So sure



hero of your ayde,



zeale in his arduous

undertaking, that


leave him.




unlocke will Fortuna


set forth,



turning will ope most lordly portalls.

Followe whithe' a

man's steps mark yon way, as I gave her
pursuer as an inception to this quest.


a faint
at the

Taking each

you may prove


and doubly win honor.


yes the univearse,


note our acts and

we may open

every tragedie of our


but to mince my* woes,

or vaunt unseemlie wrongs to me, although

may be


constant temptation, are both so truly unjust, so futile,
that I will

no longe' spende man's quickly



bemoneing the woes




then to this labour apply both fervour and joy,

for so shal


loved books take

of the tryall yet to be.


many more o' th' thoughts livi'g so mu6h in Paris I
to eve's

have a truly Fre'ch


Th' love of inquiry so employs
sent e'rly

mind from morn's wydelie
the earth,

final parti'g fro'

are burn'd low,


truly saying,




Science leades to th'

hightes with so sweet a grace, no
for' shall I






studie not alone th' attendant


day, but, as well, th'



Studie doth


hung'ring minde, while

leaveth behind


desires to attai' to all heights,
seas mortal

and sou'd those wondrous


hath nere su'mounted or sounded.

Richard the

nor said one to winne praise to my name. o' it must bee loste study if left. like requireth th' following. not hath much later rend'ri'g of events. A must true love my I Ciphe^ work. vig'lant watch. resting not until fluctuating. soon be found. yet my truest o' dramaticall events with numerous scenicke may not astonish my decypherer if I write my a plaie. . This work. which a is be. th' many keys should next be arranged or the differ- ent scenes were easilie changed.194 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. for life is contain'd in works of anie extente. you slothful shal be found. is much wrought and drawn labor so full aydes. If he shall discover this in th' play here scene. all Since I upon of these most precious books have nere ask'd one word. much o' his Mark your or keyes. or th' last story of our Court-life. much of carefuU. that will I. (indeed name more is industrious man must too oft consider too meage') as mine. For many cleare to earlier lines o' th' play I heere am making Th' latter my followers i' th' other (or Word-Cipher) that of Eduard shal be th' next joined after Timon. old as manie of such part of a series. o' all [ay] zealous asking at the Throne of Life and true Wisedome ere it may be undertaken.* Observe i' my constant timely Cipher aides that I have plac'd Winter's Tale. one of the best aides. but none should goe back t' who have sought enter at a gate which doth open into an ingenious maze not yet folowed halfe waye to our more choice. what but woful tale so-e'er it o' may tell. for no work handFd can be dull. life as it out into plaies. Oft many may seeme winnow'd just morale essays or sermons. th' most of my play of You' eye will note such but Manie words round a by keeping part of the Cypher Timon of Athens.

St. i' coming if sought and alway directing you th' way you should go. yet keeping two or three through- Most wordes signify other thinges to — to put th' parts which accord in position or name i. Fortune. owne off breath. or lost key which shall be your oft but ever readie servant. a worke. words I intend o' 195 to be th' and note. etcsetera. oaths.. wronges. My plan so wisely useth Pan much more. or a work most men think a wonder. that of an easily seene guiding word. Honour. Truth and all Art now in hand. But my decipherer be deprived ruthlesselie of this worke. same storie. o' th' o' th' rules. as may quickly be seen. Look throw e. keep ever watch. the men who so filled only consider If strange thinges. for my works that hidden truth of light.. e. Pan. with marvells that none read understandingly. as airy as our is like Prosperous quicke spirit. g. AIiBAN. but is commonplacenesse shall not to them a folly. men. that you need most at present to carry However. t' these wise seekers they seeme most worthy. . may upon errour many wordes. nor I of this shall my due reward when be understood. unkinde. but do not lose eyther one of these. for is all my decipherers ayds. rules to follow at first th' best SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. you have on the work. In some my oldest plays jeer. therefore your eyes while sometimes afarre could espie this one aydante. great. act. th' With Eeputation. I have here no verie great field for any kinde of plaie. For example. in every would attract too much attentio' therefore I have varied the keyes using different ones for th' different parts of th' out. Beare in minde that hee Ariell. then Nature. come before them.IN have use as well.

Old men might commingling faile to see a curious. or rather a peculiar of letters in th' printed pages sent out. o' th' fruit o' much labour othe' men and shal thereby then they themselves. and to greate' matters. will If you inquired of anyone except it how should bring a replie? This is for your- 'None but he that holdeth my keyes should make attempt to read Cyphers and one rest not yet till who hath all a key should he hath searched out hidden matters. (Old is not in hand. selfe. Thus you reap where we have sown if you wearie not before nightfall. that Cypher we now . therefore there are some markes emploied would so daring for signes to my In decypherer so more quickly experiment. letters. it would in no waye bee in great o' My keyes were form'd before one all my plays was put together and was very well planned. When Henry th' Seventh is joyn'd with th' six stage plays first sent forth i' this name. word by such mark'd and peculiarly perill.) an incomplete This play hatli both. but original Twelfth Night commences thus with subject. letters. myself e. —and my — ^yours no evills hap from an Historic of Henry th' t' Seventh this is Omit Finis Actus. It may add your confusion other Cipher in the beginning but you can understand my must have occasionally a fewe more have moved inquiry. By such a manner much if of this may be tum'd would shaped used for the other Cipher. Th' wise have do more profitt It is to man's glory to finde out secrets. Wives Tales should follow here. hav- ing beene us'd in your former work as you remember. attract attentio' many days thereby a As in Old Wives.196 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. but young eyes see in truth might note it. These. explained.

Wherein we could upon is it alter your (it is and give some hint to help to ayd you' wit ere. in such an excellent art) it we ventur'd It such clear manner. By use mark then names. me into possession of sell. had been noted.IN SHAKESPEARE PLaYS. th' capitall letters are us'd againe. manifest also that you will not work in the dark long. or asuredly you will in due time. It is th' part of a prudent writer indeed to guard against surprises. lend. and titio's of offence. I owe th' great advancem'nt. unimportant methods. *Midsummer Night's Dream. or disregarde of th' many repeknown law must for setting to the not seeme too frequent. to th' e. th' ways that were ayde th' o' auxiliaries principall one. Employ some meanes retume Our letters will soon th' form alter you have used save throughout th' plays two (E and G) which wee because in th' six containing another. yourselfe.. as some to see when the law of my own minde. hoping then my hand might have I did uptake. 197 would fain see wrought out can be discovered. have put *Comedy men that do give. these This also I have oft nam'd some works in (i. or in anie othe' their names. This you should understand. yeers. right th' work. I can * give to us. my letters and your quick sense doth is broken. A story may relate secret matters. I^ext ^vrite a comedy. my decyph'rer signes and directions knowne but this short To waye of giving letters necesarie aide to hasten forwards this work. of Errors. . in sundrie wayes. a quaint * device for making These knowne th' waye. that work words greatly) to put all o' lesse huntsmen th' off th' scent. should not bee left out. A secret is verilie in the numerous writings nam'd some time done well all that ago. our plann hath been for it is To you.

fiel' ]S^ot alone for pride in our science for a of hard labour. It is because of th' names and synonyma againe used. or when assembling th' parts. Christopher. hiding my secret writings. iis'd as I have disguises that my name might not bee seen attached to any poem. stage-play. title of th' comedy is — Seven Wise Men of th' Actors' names: George. and in th' gestures. scene is Edmund and hedge-priest. a tragedie it. you yourselfe shall bee well entertain' d. another Eobert. adviser and our private secretary. Ben lonson. A Tragedy A It. but also that I might be at liberty to use these workes as the exteriour letter. Frances. for we can keepe severall employed when reading our plays for our finall review. as I said. The th' London. philos- *With and as these as keies you can decypher this. what every man's memory yet of Marlow. and as well finish'd. braggart. opher. is aware of : . we imploie Th' West. as no other person is cogniza't of the work save my foster-brother Anthony. I assure you. actio' and situations. When this hath been intirely decypher' d. Eobert. boy. servant is to be added by whom Marlowe's life was taken —Francis Archer.198 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. yet for the exteriour part many amanuenses. i' you bring out scenes of much witinesse both th' language. my friend. pedant. Other name' to find parts are: foole. William. or anie of th' light workes o' this The cause choyse o' of this is clear. my and owne brother Robert. in five acts followeth agreeing in manie of th' keies. day. since is it as well plan'd as the workes that have been put out. —the unworthie one As *As You Like . poet. assistant.

is Anothe' history to be decypher'd that taketh up t' all Eliza would faine leave Time's blindnesse. funerall. death. friends. It needeth not to say this concerneth not life. yet herein hideth. strange plainnes In th' play we give th' story some o' th' — utter each spirit its true. th' Th' remaining acts you will get in Shakespeare plays. as a timorous hare in refuge doth brave th' harrier —no spirit would bee daring which enough to reveal in Queene. th' 199 words are different from o' comedy. and besides more vailed by my is pen-names. blood. his work. and this is to make search a pleasant taske. (also Love's Labor's . Many other keyes are now giv'n as followeth: Tav- emes. old. A part of your materiall will be in tragedy of excellence * published in this work. there will be no danger getting th' parts commingled. and a large portion of this Marlowe. brawl. wine. moonlight. fray. ominous. told twice as The story o' th' Armado formeth 'part of our latest stage-play (of this now in your hand) and part of my Ciphe' epics that have doubtlessly been found. night stories of a mighty His life is would bee the forfeit it —mine it much more since she it is my mother. in the tragedies. dagger. This historic formeth one in a series of five (in Cipher) and with eight in comedy and tragedy Lost. Marlowe's death but his This often gave me a theame of sad interest. hard charge. courtezan. is But a in his large part of one of th' acts from works published name.IN th' joyni'g SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. havi'g a title leaf doth bear his name. inn-keeper. in boldnesse borne of a timoro's in its made bold sure hiding. Essays and these Th' greater part of the aforesaid comedie story o' is in these comedies.

not have wild passionate desires and longings for power. perchance slip my th' life of unnoted and unregreted from earth. humanity. were one of th' * so much. yea honour also.200 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. as Marlowe's. and as you well know by you have poems and prose workes on divers theames in all such various stiles as are put before th' world as Greene's. as Jonso' dramas or my own long devis'd a and but well begun labour. 'Tis th' hope that helped me woo poetry. although I part which may is not freely place th' rules th' among a great not of secrets nature of most is histories. to weave dramas. to delve deep in sciences. to pursue Muses. We still stand close at hand (our wishes should wield th' some power) for workes. leave them for wits in th' ages adown Time's great rolling rive'. to pore over philosophic. *Two Gentelmen of Verona. better object. Cipher) compleates the dramas of your twice concealed work. this As time. but revealeth many and not afear'd to utter truth. These true words would cost us dearly. but we would leave a name and a work men must honour. yet for the sake of truth. and thus disguised. when tales a guard so hemmeth up th' way dange' cannot harie. —once with my names and once with my devices. as Shakespeare's. I have often said. . even. and justice. we resolv'd to write these histories. when the light from th' Eternall Throne doth fall on him. as whisper'd in some willing eare. yet it is protection rightfullie ow'd to th' to bee desir'd that obscurity untill may wrap Time may One doth them round awhile. since — —then taste which none hath for I varied th' my stile to suit different men. no two shew same and like imagination. Spenser's. Burto's. and all doth containe th' great Cypher I constantlie teach. as Peele's.

— IN SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. can onlie work out part work. F. It —and yet would bee—now — no words clayme death that our witnesses to bring in a would soone bring my about. while other men are led astray. but most men will suppose this to rest entirely in the marks and will finde nothing. if he have found out any Merchant of Venice. and get barely th' an outline of You must therefore have my and be watchfull. our certificates destroyed to th' English throne. my . farre off in time and in place. yet should Fame sound her sweet ton'd is trump before mee here and in midst at this time. houre shall yet it is made most plain to me when England shall honour me. and there that wondrous dreams maketh such strong protest against th' th' doom o' oblivion. whom all the Destinies combined and thwart each effort to obtaine that title Prince o' Wales —which was my stile in truth many a day rightlie my owne. *Any one who letters can read th' plain marks plac'd in th' can write he that heedeth o' th' rules. afterwards And availe. BACO'. while my more o' experienced decipherer. should justlie have beene of this all Francis First of England. 201 And 'tis to posterity I looke for honor. to curse. have laboured to lest minde you have a where I make straight paths for you. Too late it are dead. their ill-fated Prince. my Cypher plays and th' stories. suggestions in your difficult taske small portions of arguments. strike. reasoning in my minde in this waye: Hee who seeth th' signes must mark some significance or designe. but my signes lesse.

St. prose commixt with verse. A. but I will now make out a table Cipher) naming all you are to decypher. but are given elsewhere. Death o' Marlowe. The Life o' Elizabeth. and by th' use saying this.— 202 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. The Life and Death of Edward Third. There are five Histories as foUowes: of Essex. which are in life in its th' Erench language. The kei6s and th' arguments do not follow at this point. Robert th' Earle o' Essex. et csetera with some of the you have so lately found. soone learn th' meaning. There are three notable Epics which are from Greeke (Homer) and that Latine (similar partly in theame) of great Yirgill. letters in not bee expos'd to As some of the plaies are histories they are not alwayes (i' mentioned as dramas. —and yet heard. will of mark'd other eies. . of England and a fewe Englishmen whose ours. The life The White Kose o' Britaine. Solomon th' Second. Anne BuUen. I. The Life of Henry th' Sevent. F. three Comedies: Seven Wise Men o' th' West. heart-beats could one song e'er be heard. The Mouse-Trap. and in is tell a tale of love when prime of youth and strength sang th' sweetlie to mine eare. five Tragedies: Mary Queene o' Scots. lives in greater or lesse degree affected A list is given in early poemes titles — see B. (my late brother) Robert th' Earle o' Leicester (my late father). it will directions. in and a history. Also a fewe small poems in manie of our early workes of various kinds.

little booke mention'd some time since may be It is is French. and yet is farre more reall things else. but we are aware cannot interesse others th' in like degree. in It th' is writte' with th' same keys dange' of but words us'd in matching parts is little together were of French. day and night. Court of France. but to lost. or signes. my sorrowe. 203 *As our work decypherer is still we trust th' not inclined to forsake these plays at present. and it we have wrapt up in plain rule'. Your next should be my Life Mary Queene of at th' Scots. we are confident this long tale will not seeme wearisome to you. but very short and severall small divisions. to please Margaret. as th' preceeding. ****** so and I This co'taineth all the important keys as they were used when* writing [her] history. Work out the play with th' first style . a written. this othe' then we plann'd — a book of French then a drama. When th' history shall at length be completed. by no means list to be free of the paine. Taming of the Shrew. which is folowed by anothe' drama. so that there making poems. that never will be ought but a vision. (as its lines can bee found when the play that is many of now in your bi-literal hand shall be searched) are heere repeated in to my Cypher historie assure the finding and working out of her which was to me labour of love to write. needeth a patient hand.IN SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. my love was labour is Yet a certaine degree of sadnesse desir'd to th' young pleasurable. for we would wish you might leave out nothing of a history of one who cannot bee banisht from live my memorie while it this heart doth and beat. Our keies for th' story of sweet Marguerite. To me than all it will be dream.

Burton. our exterior it is plays are of equall value as dramaticall workes. nor so estimable histories of my brother and father. came from th' same source as all which you will now work somewhat out. You can as hath beene pointed out write Marlowe. If it is like Charitie. and Marley. not fancied. to make youthfull. A name hath no limits or bounds. preventing by this device th' entire losse in case others shall bee destroy'd. or. Peele.204 BI-LITBRAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. which have caused no mark'd surprise because they have familia' name' on the least. of men who have also A few works beare th' name th' o' my use friend. as it is usually giv'n. to write manie plays that *Merry Wives of Windsor. or my bolde. as th' tragicall ISTot all but not so great a work. B. but many o' th' other writings things. work will be so my newe writings are lost no part o' my Cypher greatly injured as Homer. have thus farre been my masks. for often difficult if even possible. but of living men. P. but worthie rendering of it into our language. Shakespeare. Ben Jonson —these are Sejanus and and If th' Masques. A are work of such magnitude repeated in principall as th' Iliads could not well bee twice given in Cypher. Marlowe. for they were written to make out my long list of th' histories. a o' tragedy of great interest and some dramatick power. Cypher. you have written all this in order —a supposition very as masks. used to cono' ceale the Illiads chiefly. improbable —you know the names chosen Greene. Spense'. before you begin the second. at lived. . as you may somewhere see it. th' title page. ^Any play publisht as Marlowe's.

King — or in playes of a somewhat Th' Prince. words many As this play is now studied with new upon rules for it my are Cypher work. and me. giving advantages to it merit whether I have said may appeare in one or another. date. — th' Duke Anjou paying the compliment of an arrangement whereby their sonnes should receive instructio' in faith. the true heire to the t' throne. — faire Anne . th' Prince of Wales.IN SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. especially of princely th' first visitors * coming for t' wooe. no made of impediments. consider' d my mother. su'ting Elizabeth's vain soule and nursing a kind of pride. if this But times what must be needlesse work have had faithfull service for it doth prove these ove'. th' first-born sonne beth. am assured progress may truly If paines be take' to see such names as my owne as to most men I am known title —doth —Bacon of Great earlier plainly stand forth. th' virgin rul'd with —who was — as she wish'd to a strong [hand] over Eng- land. Such play did well agree. all • 205 contain Cypher material!. Britaine and Ireland. but she was vain withal and loved th' admiration men. plac'd here. ill-starr'd Marguerite's. various stiles: — My true sheweth in ^Francis First. I improve. All suitors (much as commer) turn'd some reason of had such hope of successe mentio' being as some heads. and to her Bullen's. will like Her of all stem iron-hearte' kings of days o' yore. since I be was entitl'd in justice to all these before th' death of Elizabeth. and at interior times place both th' and exteriour plays duely. Cypher againe and againe. Sonne to th' Eliza- Queene and heyre-apparent. Roman Catholicke the daughters in th' Protestant. akin to sadder fated mother's Measure for Measure.

shew'd it lesse. but as every Tudor. untill the table of words that is us'd in bringing all these parts together shall have th' beene prepared. tors to one nam'd Eobert. that she did inherit when much her whole of th' sterne dis- position that characterized her sire sire. and a prope'. It will be noted deciphered. however. none can get astray and work will be is made easier. the decyphere' me. it will never be scene of anie eye save my owne. constant observance of the same will greatlie facilitate this task. Some do overhung not fully life at th' know birth o' th' imminent perill that my time the plays were put forth.and his owne waye. as th' love characte' [her] —not life a is main curent. and you must aim to these if not already th' fortunate possessor of all th' desir- able vertues of a Cypher reader. faile my and title bee publisht if if not disguis'd. "Merry Harry. saved her of devotion was th' surface of in this. my * * word-keyes in * all o' th' rest o' * With cypher'd. these keyes our historic of Elizabeth is to be de- If care be taken to keep th' parts separate in writing-deske and drawers. Her wisedom. . loved downe from our anceshis owne will . and grandsire. As this part may soon be done I put these comedies. Hence." marke you. as it mingled with heartinesse and fresh spirites. clay me too wide notice nor too great fervou'. This part it is o' my charge to you oft repeated since of prime importance. Henry. mixed. Assuredly th' work that would not we have spent all th' best yeeres of life upon. nor could one word of \\Tapt upp. You have neede both of patient and orderly habits to attaine become a good decyph'rer.306 BI-LITBRAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. concealed some of it under a maske of good-nature.

you know. He asseo- to cavil. . by experiment. at th' least. his life. myselfe upheld or directed This howeve' doth not work now. wrongs moving strong fury indignation within me. and have in as it.) *Much Ado About Nothing. except other than it. memory that I must needes think of it oft. further our fame. and should not further take th' time required to complete our work. hath but would not bee ready tion. all th' men as th' actours that are nam'd nam'd For these you th' will seeke keyes to the one Solomon Second. work of such a difiicult nature that no one hand could accomplish. all th' 207 Xone is able to put fragments of history in place a seal'd book if it if he bee uninstructed. accomplished a work in fewe yeares. assertions that tend to Whosoever may question mankinde evidences of shew t' a divine thought interfusing th' to prove it human minde. for it is our much in my owne and thus own fathe'. and in the lists nam'd. my tongue and penne are fired to And th' scenes do shew th' o' th' heart within them to — th' words burne with a its celestiall light. or laugh to scorn this which I may repeate anon. faithfull interpreter. eloquence.IN SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. They are i' th'— (Tale of Troy & Hiren the Fairie Greek should follow. have no more worth than many others but will repaie th' tell trouble of decyphering. It is have not my * We place as great value upon dark its this play as we shall [on] any we can a theme soe write. I have. even as I wrote. that Divine aide was given in mee great my work. for they th' storie of my maskes which began in Th' Seven Wise as Men of th' West. for my soul it lent ray divine. to taxe your most subtile wit and penetration. or affect this Two comedies we hid in Ciphe'.

*Henry the Sixth. * You can now without difficulty write th' three come- dies that were shewn you. so keepe your owne thoughts on a day to be. This aydeth very greatly th' taske of bringing that have beene separated. skill. And as I keep the future ever in my plann. backe agayne into th' proper relations. but a second golden age of learning. with th' earth mine. your fame. wrathfull we are kin and we are of royal Our lofty aym hopes by a new sorrow and Erinnys frighted then shewed duty how — — much there is to winne. All th' keies have beene given. as blocks of stone that are prepared and polished for th' builder. also most constant and untiring perseverance. and marked that each may be fitted into its place. my times or countreymen. ALBA'. * Do royall brothers ever get so sad of heart as my dearlye loved brother. but blood too. Patience should have perfect labour in my devices.208 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. . not to off. Winter's Tale. aside. th' come forth your word. th' parts. If care be taken it should not require great th' nor more yeares then I have giv'n to work. for these are principal vertues in a decipherer. when all these workes being seen of men. Part I. as Lazarus. shall ring that are shall still around and eccho to th' Ages Truth farre at down Time's shadowie waye. looking for my reward. when he heard arose. and lay these cerements Master speak. The work is ready and doth wait your hand. and th' stories related in so clear and fine a manner that you have onely to apply yourselfe and persevere. St. aye. but to a people very far like our and an age not owne.

waiting in ambush Rapin's th' glory black. heire-apparent hath By law this could we name him in our waived his rights. 209- Crownes must be attended. or. as his brother onely. might do his bidding abilitie meerely of their power or it —and he alone did lay — that was th' limitt his plann. As I but as the was known. openi'g with very small tap on his oute' doore. opportune time. without a warning steal o' th' land. This was much aggravated in our mindes by some pri- vate assurances that had so deceyv'd us. This is was narrowly averted watcht. not first-borne. occur onely when th' rightfull.IN SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. nor imputed thos& assurances to ought but good will. th' crowne. expecting right and honest trustworthinesse of Eobert D— as a gentleman^ the- both by that royall blood that is our heirship. scepter and work'd o' his in- flam'd phantasy. leaving behind i' them meerely desolatio'. But puft up thus with shew state so o' militarie glory. rebels — that of my brother Essex. but after ho know that 'twas th' Qaeene that gave him life. nor did these England. it may bee onelie natural 1. as to have f arre more valew then royal for. he- grew imperious and ("SAhen brought to Court by our truely . sword). Queene'& such plots should at best naturally awaite my th'^ full knowledge and consent. that we saw not a signe of danger. and easily acompted though not so easy to meet. but trusted his word. and by o' old-time gentle nurture he received as ward Devereux. or night and daytime well some wild rout. an entrance to power (whose signes robes. Had th' not met the overturn deserved. securely as her crown empty headed tools do ought but Th' obey a superior minde. In did fine his early youth was lightly passed. th' younger of sonns would inherite ere the elder. as countrey. as of old.

and re- veaFd time it th' origin of th' young life Csesar. to a descendant o' honorable Sir Anthony Cooke. tempo' he could break. would shew a variety o' opinions in so swift succession. Those who were of a discreete rayes. Essex. plann'd. stance. more faire more dazzling. — as it was more th' ^therefore peace Such a golden. but with sufficie't time given to deliberate. dissposition. is th' fearlesnesse that Essex shewed to and that promptnesse of judgement in a sudden calamity. and on the part of myselfe. ingenious father. could bee worth much quently accidentall then could never long endure. fro' it this royall source were slimy and our blood took some not slighte poyson. bask'd in th' and smil'd while skies did bend over us. 'twere no light task Like his mother i' decide as to the result. When t' wills should be matcht. for as it commingleth in an- other fountain with nobler blood it becometh pure. his will shew'd true source. flitting sunshine is sometimes th' brighte'. no end that most exasperating method o' contest fre- resulted in.— 310 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. And much in th' after could well be discern'd that he did draw deception from it. but none knew when th' tempest's . you must use to gain much witt their one hee would give his name unto. but nere even slightly bend. To our mother be traced directlie. and in the most of such trialls. which assuredly o' could be accredited to th' noble daughter Sir lesse Francis KnowUes on the parte of young Essex. nor shall succeeding violls beare one half so great drops of black venom. e'en a jealousy o' whom some an evill sprite much troubled o' th' Queene's favoured lords that its did attend her). Our fountain Ev'n i' o' hath earthie subspots. ev'n more than she. But 'twas not poyson alone that we took thus.

was larger in many directions then any who now lions a ears. censure and decry him. Heavenly Day! illume in the this night of Earth. now wiped fro' th' to bee forgot. Saving own life in this paying much for that I would indeed faine lose. and a darknesse more dire (said some) then Egypt's plague. possesse. cover heaven's dome. no other is sweete and this silence a paine.IN SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. for I ain loste o' desart. hath Those very still my memory. but sim- that hee might winne th' due rewards of courage or better term such ver- of valor. or ev'n dwarfed in development. more then our first open and sore disputes. more even then pleasing and happy variation of this one theame. his weary way. after tryall. O. when hee was guided through th' sea. marked houres all our first sunny young days when wee were not o' oft to be found out live in harmonic. across wilds untrack'd to lands th' people were. Among mil- voyce like his reach'd our listening. crowds on my braine. my life no longer seemeth fayre. Essex nere did ought in a plie spirit of revenge. if this doth in any tue. in my evill that hath come to us (chiefly to myselfe) by this rebellion o' th' Earle. but th' love and tender regard that swaye. and thoughts of the minde's recollection. most attentive Wanting is that sound. save . But one thing. is of my part in th' tryal —hath my power make th' brightest day grow dun. given to possesse in peace. and lead me to unto my th' rest. 211 wrath might change our bright daye to blacke night. It pettie. is That hee did wrong me. Th' paine — memory way. many turnes of this wide waste Let light divine shine as in Moses. manner His nature was not small.

212 as I BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. mid rankes of. seven rightlie distinct and much consider'd. simply use time. even from our workes which that tell th' secrets must yet be kept from some men. would seeme greater then men o' my times have knowne Indeed may th' not winn any belief. And I some(if times am in f eare that 'twill Part III. fawning. prudent causes. so greatly th' judicious use o' your much valued howres shall bring reward. the cause is clear enough for which you to acquainte all o' th' men with so much truth. A when Cypher historic is hidden with pains herein. truely ignorant of such th' parts th' it The workes I attempts. raise Th' labour of hands and head shal better sight. and the idling. spend th' time for other's good. efforts "When you do so completelie applie it your and attention. you should accompte to owne great 'gain. my monument up to men's then marble faire. which affixt my name doth stand thereto can but allure both busy publique men. do. at present it is warn our at a best friends too soon to declare for their prince. . 'twill Th' work with events so interesting like sometime appeare to you dreaming when. carefully poised and estimed. few even read to understand. come most untimely » Henry the Sixth. womanlike sorts that is fill'd even crown'd head cannot avoid. choyse ebonie. since it would seem more then * hand of but a mortall could (by anie manner of working at this daye knowne it to authours) unayded and alone performe. I do so emploie myselfe that the minde doth not sooner enter into labyrinthian turnings then its my hand beginneth your part of th' labour. When whom is shall beare more fruit then the penne of this truly noteall praise. or brasse. worthy youth that or that philosopher.

it 213 not post mortem) period. aye. land of our long- Mark my word-key es question. such as God must plan when we are shaped in His thought. Old men have been laid i' th' tombe and children have 'Tis th' become men. This doth ayde us daily to climbe th' hights of th' where. and sharing our manie woes. th' in- quiry I make shewn in Shee is Should you slily in. any answer lightly on her due welcome. maturity of this dearly long cherisht dreame. still stronge' or truer word expectation. th' key for my owne To it portion of our history. or truly no way so unnecessarie as you must you would look for her at once. we draw th' first trembling breath. for hath even This then now turned is th^ marking point half o' five o' decades. for storie must contain latest in it one page of my which some o' my books cannot give. sometimes prize doth seeme quite near — bowe in all th' clouds th' doth give course of trust in th' Divine Eye watching guarding. guiding every footstep. crossing over. yet still i' this matte' is in its feeble conditio'. or to unlock this play: They see. Then find Queene. are any is othe' method or forme by which th' play. since th' promise it is —I might use a sometime— me most humane life. Pisgah. now. He doth.IN SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. th' too. . th' cradle. inasmuch as see th' wh'ole of life ere He can. sorte tip o' toe is th' come make sweete — faire little wife — th' con- ^whose assistance think. more then a century such unsatisfied longi'g and desire for justice. At times a divinity seemeth truly to carve rudely hew'd ends into beauty. nor can I have great hope to see lov'd. Then. this the words which pertain to realm add France. our souls do see ing desire. with names of royalty.

o acts are prepar'd. with or title make up th' rest. after that designe trac'd by th' master's wonderfuU grace shewed itselfe in this before the plann was fully limn'd. matter easie' should be left untill so all th' were decypher'd. also for th' all Hiad. must have your attentive eyes here at select these keies times to and keep th' Kemembe' if the Hiad is often to bee found in other works and. . It apart. It appertayneth except another story with quite simila' keies the named. as any parts lent eyther gTace to its scenes or pathetick strains to its story. The most of a play in this same name (Ge. would my second taske be and not is lesse pleasant. and being used two separate.214 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. young son. Peele's). for they must Coriolanus. a fine art — ^this o' o' keeping each o' these twain nor losing th' rout keyes (much like untrained soldiers) nor commixing th' parts that are to be conjoin' d. intitl'd Work them out. truely note that th' part he minde ev'n Th' decypherer must in th' must take work is that of any labourer. it time other were without end. hand: just as stones that forme our pallaces are th' skilfully joyn'd. to coste so cruell doth have to last no sort of place within her story. th' designe being perfected yeares before his eyes o' saw th' light: but no surer is honour to the name th' inventour then to the decypherer. Trench stile Paris. I have hidden th' most of th' stone of Margaret's life. soe arranged to preserve stately ancient usages and formes of speech. * In my work David. The Arraignment o' Paris. one by one. continueth th' stories o' Margaret's manie affaires du cceur. th' birth of th' Of ill. and th' first tw. necesiity. the tale that now is con- tayned in Iambi.

Th' end shall convince It is. This did so well succeed that a different (not dangerous) *Titus Andronicus. since not a sign doth give me any right to hope this till would be taken up where I began. theme was . ISTone labour of who hear hasten shore.IN assist as SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. then. I beseech you serve shal be done. Therefore. with no one to ayde in till might remaine here unseen th' end o' time. This must have been. you note the words. yet I pray th' divers your patience for wayes and th' repetitio's used. dayes th' diadem. th' many times over. much more indeed then argument. if the joining can proceed at once. in divers of my newe workes. So as Rumour doth to your name will be heard from shore "Now must your time out-valew gold Jewells. all in man's body. If all keys have beene mark'd and assorted. entreate to a work of so secret nature th' chiefe meanes that doth remain: therefore I you to bee most dilligent and staye not till all bee finished. for fame is nearer me now untill th' work then men know. th' 215 though they were braine and th' hands joyn'd th' taske. for surelie in — th' houres seem o' it. *At first my plann of Cipher work was this: to shew secrets that could not be publish'd openly. B. This plann it will proove so clear to your judgement. afarre. as hath beene so often said. our wise use doth our moment ogniz'd —appear — th' jot so minute 'tis seldom rec- precious. and. and foUow'd story were found. th' great I put every direction. said to you if whole of this Cipher hath been undone. F. that must quiet all doubt of my taste. of this work could let so curious a yaur hand remain hid from them.

o' th' Th' Uliads and parts adventures of Ulyses fur- nish our chief examples. Some school verses went into one. apeare little i' th' work and must not be held of worth. You see a battaile and hear th* cries o' th' Trojans. waye — Yirgill's Onely a fewe of those I have turned from most vigorous Latine. and th' exact words are often wanting to voyce its wondrous language. fire of an immortal youth. strong diction. It is famed the wide earth its arou'd. as no Greeke poet in any ^on hath approacht his style or his imagination. eyther you must sacrifice th' sound or wrest the thought. It is a great art to English stately Greeke verse rightly. and two our most worthy Latine singer this left in his lan- guage I have translated and used in . th' translations as Most o^ I have just said. true spirit. In a play th^ reall. entrusted to possessed and after each was sent out a newe desire left me. it. is imitated action of heroes. Even my as translations of Homer's two immortall poemes as well many more th' of lesse valew have a place in my Cypher. since I did deeme them good —worthie o' preservation in my truly precious casket studded thicke with houres f arre above price.216 BI-LITBRAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. were put out. and if you turne it againe into prope' measure. Regarding all we must honor it among Latine poems. marvel- lously witching art. Yirgiirs ^neid. for assuredly they are my best and most skill'd work. for its lofti- nesse of diction and sounding numbers. but it doth lacke Homer's incomparable.^neid and Eclogues. nor me day or night untill I took up againe th' work I love so fondly. and see th' Greekes sweepe on in noyselesse grandeur like devouring flames: you feel how . in the Uliads is the living scene.

L. and Agamemno' the bravest. also manie plays bee decypher'd by this numerous rules for joyning these small portions into per- fect Iliads. if as time as I suppose.IN SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. many o' th' lines of th' You have th' keyes. In great this short play you must get poem of which I speake. VBRULA'. worthiest Greeke that sailed to Hion. 217 Achilles' angry spiritt swelleth in his savage breast as he tri- by umpht over sitteth the sea eating his heart. .

that of All work in margine of my first work and may be left untill the our second and third were to aid you in bring- ing out Homer's bookes. for a great portion of your aids are to be found in Studie our others by all my third edition. 1628. something new and helpfull to not yet written out. th' other important Cyphe' lost. quickly noted as our work shall be followed with care. t' my onely interprete'. ANATOMY OF MELANCHOLY. th' letters will be It will bee thought to be like those of other editions. but those which we put out now are to bee emploi'd when th' two Latine workes are to be written. at once you are engaged upon And you historic.KOBEET BUKTO]N'. Now as to my Ciphe' alphabets here. th' Bi-literall Ciphe'. will be used for that Latine last. do not passe without giving your attention to these Italicke letters. mania subtile innovations have issue that it is been made that This made as it so change each later almost as unlike th' precedent editions as it another or different work. our early work. for my whole work upon this doth teach. Let not 218 my work be for 'tis of . to should make a great efforte in writing th' Ciphe' foUowe closelie my rules. and after the part may bee deciphered shall be finisht. necessarie to alter and doth contain it now a verie dif- ferent story. we prythee. drawn out and ren- dered most crystalline like polisht mirrours of Steele.

is Under much search of of th' outer huske th' kemell. Study to ayd. as wel' as th' braine effect th' rest. l^ext we see Virgill. and he outstrips all th' others in th' race. in and sundry examples of our Bi-literall Cipher. besides yourselfej it. unto th' day.IN importance to ANATOMY OF MELANCHOLY. As hath been telling said. lanta's heeles. for my light o' life must ere long dili- be extinguisht. but come when th' time shall be accomplisht. as well as Homer. do th' plays lately publisht. his second wondrous stone. in my th' estimation. Here are the diverse bookes. not to put a straw in th' way. and yet it doth ever seem beyond my attainment. . but if must bee cbang'd by a revelation of such I have not your aide. shall read that which I have Therefore prepar'd with such great paines for posterity. must hand and pen. In I have approacht my modell closelie. no eie but my decypherer's. worthie adventures. lie in embryo longer. of is Odysseus. much his of th' materiall of th' Iliad may first be found here. as though his wits had beene Atabehind them. alone. 319 many and no historie may be complete without Indeed tke whole nationall record a kinde. and close striving to attaine unto th' bights which they mounted. and quicke eye. utterly lost to th' world have beene brought forth. then all my other work together. and a most ready ^ it now I must leave in your wise care in future. Th' nam'd of greater worth. worth th' till it many a yeare. and again I do entreate that you be so gent that my great labour for truth shall not forth. beautie and interesse. for it is crowning triumph of Homer's pen. I presse on to th' lofty goale. their arguments th' lines. when I am resting from my labours.

In th' first booke Achilles introduced very angry. nor could priest nor people perset th' suade him to mayden at libertie. making th' fillets of supplication for his virgin daughter. Chriseis. In meantime many townes having beene sack'd. Peleus' Of worthy sonne. 'tis from Prince full Paris. and restore her to .' Gfeekes maintain'd th' city or th' siege of Ulion for nine yeares without taking winning Menelaus' Queene away stolen her. Briseis falling to the lot of Achilles. his th' mad deed with equall spirit. th' beautifuU virgin and unto Agamemnon. ARGUMENT OP THE ILIAD. Greekes lifted their priest's Then all th' voyces in a great shout lest saying: "DeliA^er this daughter Apollo be angTy with us. as — in truth th' entire work is th' storie of his anger. all Nor was his anger easily appeased. For th' priest Chryses came to armament of Greekes. and bringing treasures inestimable. that th' treasures of the warriours be increas'd. both Agamemnon and worthie Achilles were allotted each a beautiful maiden. Th. to Agamemnon caused sore displeasure. with her and free consent. may be seene in th' first two* verses of the poem. which are plac'd below: O goddesse. who had said. daughter to Apollo's is Chryses. priest. sing of th' destructive Avrath fierce Achilles.— 220 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. and the inhabitants destroi'd or led captive into th' campe of th' Greekes." it However. accepte th' ransomes also. bearing also Apollo on the golden scepter that he carried. and defending prolonged th' warre. as learned unto th' vaste their sorrowe.

th' nymphe hastily left her sea-cave. 231 her father. Soe plaintive was his cry. killing at first onely dogs and mules. th' shore of the resounding After awhile. th' sea. in refusing th' maid Chrisei's to when he came fillets. but he dismissed th' old man evilly. — where she flowe' sat by th' side of her as some blooming to upon its stalk. it was because that Agamem- non had ill-treated a priest of th' god. but immediately requir'd his heralds to go to th' tent of Achilles bring Achilles' maid. th' old man cried aloud unto Apollo. and thousands died of pestilence. whereupon he her father. piles cease from and day to Achilles then summoned a tell councill. said. walk'd sea. with many a prayer and teare. if he could th' cause of th' punisharmie. Th' maid obeyed in quiet griefe. riours. —and made effort comfort th' . unto him. the Grecian he be couragious to declare relying upon th' protection Achilles pledged him. and there were high heaps of nor did the smoke of the funerall day. altercation hotly rag'd 'twixt Achilles Thereupon an his and sent commander. For ten daies his cruell shafts sped on his errands slaine war- of gloomy death. Briseis. charg'd Calchas. mother to our hero. which Nestor appeas'd. and made complainte to old Nereus' daughter. Th' god in anger sent his arrows into the Grecian campe. but Achilles sat down by Thetis.• ARGUMENT OF THE ILIAD. and Agamemnon to Chiiseis to her father. and his voyce was heard. it bidding him depart precipitatelie lest he should abide along to his cost. in silence. And th' priest. sire. that ment inflicted upon it. but at last he aim'd his arrowes against the Greekes. should any in authoritie dislike what he must) reveale. bearing the scepter of th' great god and his as a with inestimable ransomes recompence.

she twined one arme round the knees of his chin th' god. sleepe came not unto him. devising meanes to make his promise good. in th' soothed her and calamitie heafens. but at the same time hee suggested a plan contrary to his owne wishes. Then her averted sonne. th' twelf e day. all th' her request be Greekes. where finding Jove sitting aparte upon th' highest peake. and to summon th' putting on th' regall garments. Jove had no rest. meerely to try of th' Greekes. according to her usuall jealous manner. was soe loud in denouncing Jove. To this hee consented after a long delay and confirmed his promise by a nod. god and goddesse was interfering.chilles honour' d of pleasure. II. and propos'd to urge a th' temper retume unto Argos. when Jove returned from a twelve dayes' stay with th' o' belov'd people th' feet of great th' Ethiopians. faire Thetis arose Upon from th' morning of th' sea and climb' d Olympus' top. Grecian lords to councill and impart his vision. that she by word or deede had given him granted and A. goe to Olympus. nimph Thetis wonne from him. since Ulysses should use . Yulcan.222 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. went out Agamemnon rose. and finally sent a pernicious dream to Agamemnon —a dream of victories unayded by Achilles. But Juno discover'd Thetis. every affrighted. and praying that th' victorie should bee given to th' Trojan arms untill as th' Greekes should honor Achilles againe hee deserv'd. She promised to heart of proud Achilles. and. l^one should in truth goe away. pleading for grace at Jove. put up th' other if eve' hand to lifte and earnestly besought him. all night he lay upon his couch of gold.

rebukingly with th' scepter smiting th' base-borne. Descendstarre. ing and surging like th' Finally all save Thersites fell into silence. ILIAD. eloquentlie toile. bade them submit unto his will and cease their tumult. to staye them. and sought out wise Ulysses. while hee. and laid no hand on his blacke- hull'd ships. Minerva.ARGUMENT OF THE rmich eloquence to depart. Then he quicklie passed through th' throng. where he stood silent with averted face. smoothelie persuading those that were royal or noble. Hee alone. like unto th' gods in counsel. Recognizing th' voyce of th' goddesse. he ran forth to meete Agamem- non and obtain'd th' paternal scepter. moved them that as one man they echoed "Let us retume. and all Some seize th' ships to drag make ready with tumulte that great quest. Soone every Greeke turn'd back to goe once more to hold councill upon't. and th' cry. fearing their abandonment o' th' sent th' blue-eyed maid. who in leaning upon his ancestral scepter. ever clamouring and delighting much in noisie railings and . Juno. doth reach to heaven. as she incited him to use all his wonderfull. and Agamemnon. 223 all tume aside or send back who would Thereupon all th' Greekes were assembled. silver-tongued eloquence to stem th' flood o' th' flying host. Th' dust like as th' smoke rising from a furnace. to th' them main. like th' billows o' th' Icarian is Sea under great winds." Straightway th' hosts sweepe ore th' sandy plaine. spake of the long fruitlesse of the wives and infants Argos and soe th' farre isles of th' sea awaited their comming. and loud shouts th' resounding sea are heard. loudly murmursea. ing th' heights of proud Olympus like a summer Pallas swiftlie flew to th' Grecian campc.

. but Menelaus. Xestor bade Atrides send out their heralds and summon and th' armie to th' plain to prepare th' hosts to battell. strong and beautiful!. uninvited. that Ulysses. But Atrides made a that venerable sage. reprov'd as a rod. bloud cours'd swiftly down Thersites wip'd a teare away. and. he bade then simimoned Idomeneus Ajaces and th' and Tydides. offering in sacrifice First an ox of five yeares. and Minerva took shield ^^gid whose fringe was valued above hundreds of oxen. Then all th' people marvell'd and exclaim'd with wonder to see Thersites vanquish'd. hee took th' seate th' wise Ulysses pointed out upon th' ground. scandalous revilings 'gainst prince or lord. A stormy but unfruitfull. follow'd. and himselfe propos'd to their cheefe that he divide bade th' armie into tribes. When they had com- pleted thl ceremonies. placing kin with kin to strengthen and aide each his hosts th' other. smiting him and even used th' scepter him so rudely that great weals th' came up under each heavy blow. submissively restraining all further speaking. for his toward them his envy and spleene raged ceaselessly) was upon that dale so spitefull 'gainst Atrides. and his backe. which E^estor cut short by saying to them that they spake as children. This was accordinglie done. dispute among th' Princes was begun. resenting severely. Whereupon Agath' tents. memnon make hasty preparation for battell. that dishonour to th' Generall. to separate th' warriours by th' tribes. (but most wild and wreaklesse when proud Achilles and Ulysses were scomfull theame. then both th' wise Ulysses. and straightway e the armie dispers'd among and smoke rose upward throughout th' th' campe as they prepar'd meal. l!^estor.224 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. sacred feast.

There followeth a catalogue of th' shippes: Peneleus. Glissa where vines abound. Those whose home was upon rocky Aulis. Prothoenor. (which she brought forth 'prest by god Mars whom she met in th' court of Actor) the. Grsea or Mycalessia. in Hypothebse that well-built city. hosts 225 to and fro amid th' and arranged they them. fam'd for faire doves. and there went with them fif tie sable shipps. Their glowed and burned with desire and atchieve great honour. lalmen and Ascalaphus. from Harma. Heleone ever rise. After these followed the troops of Aspledon in thirty sable shippes. in Schcenos. at the same time inciting them to their battell. to enter into the That daie Jove rendered Atrides conspicuous among more. well watered by its springs that who dwelt in loftie Medeon and in Ocalea. or Scholos. hillie Eteon or the wateiie plains of Hyrie. even. or where Eutresis and fair Coronea rose. joyned with Arcesilaus and bold Clonius. those who came out from Peteon.ARGUMENT OF THE Then she passM rememberVl breasts conflict ILIAD. and those who dwelt in Copae and Thisbe. valiant pair. or in rich Ame. equall in arms and in command. Anthedon upon th' farthest bound o' farre distant Boeotia: of these each ship bore six score warriors. in greens Platea and divine Nysa. or pastorall Erythrse. and glorious. and Onchestus where Neptune's temple stood. Leitus. then his wont. in Haliartus or in Thespia sacred to th' god Apollo. led Boeotia's hosts . — — midst the throng in his shining armor. moving heroes. those or Hyle. so that homes and conntrey no more. Phocions led to Phrygia by bold Epis- Then came th' trophus and Shedius from the faire land where th' Cephisus . comming from fertile Orchomenus and led by the two sonnes of Astyoche.

stood. on th' cliffs. floweth. low' d eighty shippes. l^ext came the long haired Abantes that dwelt in Euboea. and from the harbor of Hermione. them foorth — the resplendent. in Pelene. A us. Next came from ^igina. led to Ilium theus. — dwellers in Bessa. Daulis and farre off Pytho'. ]^ext th' Athenians folow'd. Corinth the BeautifuU. and. full forty vessels in number. or in well-wooded th' lesser Tarphea. or in Gonoessa. Ajax. These. . or in fertil Omia. th' Argives from Troezene and Maseta. noted for flocks. With them fol- And next came th' dwellers in Cleonse. you see in fortie black keel'd shippes. and Arsethyrea. fairest of th' faire. from Panopea and Clirysa. Thron- in Opus. yet was Tydides chiefe. or in Isteia for her vineyards fam'd throughout th' world. and th' sea-girt isle. save I^estor alone. sitfed vine famous Epidaurus. or in Mycenae. in Dion and Cerinthus. by Menes^ who excelled all th' other Greekes. isle of Phoebus. and strong wall'd Tirynthia. farre or Hyperesia. led by Diomed and Euryalus with Sthenelus. Cynos. from Asine. in marshalling th' hosts. for Jove did who render him conspicuous in glitt'ring arms. Their fortie shippes ranged close upon the left of th' Boeotians. These in a hundred shippes came with Agamemnon.236 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. These were conjoyned with t' th' troopes from Salamis the sonne Telamon was chosen to command. — or where fayre Augeia ^led by Oileus was sonne. led by Elephenor. Helice. — in Chalcis or wel-built Eretria. Locrian squadron. led th' generall. and from Anemoria. and in Caristos and in Styra. or Cyparissus and Lilsea. Scarphea. skilled in the use o' th' spear. Calliarus.

Of th' these he sent sixty to bear them Then clime. in win die Enispe or pleasto commanded by Agapenor. ^NTestor. Epeans followed. Brysise. th' last. who commanded those or in sea. or Stratie. who dwelt in Kipe.— . — ^those whose territory lay under loftie Cylene round old ^pytus' tomb. Angia. nor might hee charm again. each containing ten Amphim- acus led one. Sparta's forces. Myrsinus. they were divided. Laas. ILIAD. 227 Ms brotlier.* their shippes were furnish' d by Agaacrosse memnon. With him sail'd ninety vessels. and famed Dorion. and Polyxenus iN'ext. In four separate vessels. was made blinde deprived by th' scom'd Muses. renown' d for silver doves: Amyclse. Thryos. her ant Mantinea. the sea. —they that inhabited the where Buprasium joyn'd unto Elis (confined by as farre as th' Hyrmina. with his armie came from sandy Pylos. him also of his beautiful voyce. who With dwelt in Messeis. rocky Lacedsemon. eager to avenge beautious Helen's rape warriors from Pharis. where th' Alphens watereth meads. lofty cliffs. in those places bordering Tegea. sonne However. th' th' Then aged king. the countrie being neyther large nor powerfull. ARGUMENT OF THE And next was Menelaus. Thalpius th' second. upon Parrhasia. Diores th' third. boasting that he could excell Muses in musick. Th' Arcadians. fleets Alisium flowed). furious. where bold Thamyris. who. (Etylos [and] Helos. were glorious Ancseus. those that inhabit that land soe fruictfull Amphigenia and Arene — ^where loftie ^py and little Pteleon do stand th' also. by these three score vessels sailed. iles those dwelling in th' of the Echinades were . in Stymphalus. and where th' famed Olenian rock.

Hercules' sonne. Those dwelling in fayrest lalysus. With these went fortie sable vessels. from Rhytium. or pleasant sited Chalcis by Andraemon's eldest — Thoas. by the flowing however. Lyctus Lycastus faire. brave and valiant — These ^led. with those from Camirus. Close by them may you see Idomeneus leading th' Cretans. hee came unto Rhodes and possess'd land. Cephalenians those dweling where lofty ^eritos upon whose sides th' leafie forests wave. And after many wanderings and th' misadventures. be- cause the sonnes of old OEneus were dead. straightway.228 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. from rugged Pylene Olenian rock. Phsestus by the silver Jardan —from a hundred Crete fumisht a mighty force. led by Meges. Astyochea. led nine fleet shippes. from and that lofty th' sea. where. dividing his . isle. or Zacynthus' greene Then one might chalkie see the ^tolians from Plenron. citties and Gortyna. he having slain his olde uncle. and gathering bold adventurous spirrit. that in four score sable shipps came from Gnossus. aided in the command by Meriones. Miletus. him there were fortie sable shippes. anger of his kinsmen. Ephyra. a fled man whom Jove With greatly loved. He from his sire to Dulichium. in connsell like a god. fled to escape th' many that were o' hee hasten'd (laboring both daye and nights) building his rude fleet to sail ore the deepe. were twelve red shippes bearing Ithicans. th' sonne of Phyleus. E^ext came Ulysses. equal to Mars. Calydon. From Isle Rhodes valiant Tlepolemus. in Lindus. (and (Eneus as well). was carried Selleis. or in rocky Crocylea. in ^gilips. For Tlepolemus from farre grew up to manhood in th' court of his uncle. th' With him and rises. Licymnius. whither his owne captive mother.

and his wife pallace. and the sonne assume command but they mourne their fleet Their numbered forty sable shippes. th' vales of Phthia. home. were commanded by Achilles. and Phsere and lolcus stand. Now hee sitteth by the blacke shippes and will not come — to the field. Jove himselfe sending downe golden gifts. doth lost leader. because of Briseis. o' — ^from Argos. Cos (th' citty of Eurypylus). the maiden whom hee brought captive from Thebes after the wall was thrown downe and he had taken Evenus. . Next came thirty vessels from th' lies of Calydnse. his brother Podarces. Now his bones lie farre from his belov'd Iphiclus. from grassie Ptelium. Nisyrus. 229 followers into three tribes over which he ruled. Alos. he prosperM greatly. . th' citty and slain th' sonnes of Xext came th' youths of Phylace. where are the fayrest women. who in beauty farre excell'd all others among Pelias' race. These Protesilaus led not now. sonne of Alceste. for covered him. and fell beneath a Phrygian lance. where th' caves are num'rous in th' cold those hills. from Trachyn and Alope. Those that dwelt in Glaphyra. were led by brave Eumelus. Then fifty strong shippes. from sheep-producing Itona. whom th' nymph Aglsea bore to bold Charopus. He was the fairest of all th' Greekes who came to Ilion (excepting th^ sonne of Thetis) but his troops were few and weake. is left blacke ground alone in his unfinished Hee was to th' shore th' first of th' Greekes who boldlie sprang when Troy was o' reach'd. with eleven sable shippes. Xext came Nireus.— ARGUMENT OF THE ILIAD. from flow'ry Pyrrhasus or Antrium. sweet Hella. — led on by Antiphus and brave Phidippus. with high hills —where lieth Lake Boebe surounded. from Casos.

but they float on his surface nor mingle with that silverlike flood at anie time because black Styx. (sev'n made of eugh and barbed arrowes. in thirty Next Eurypylus bands in forty led th' Ormenian and th' th' Asterian vessels. Thaumacia. sent them forth. th' Perrhsebians and th' Enians in two-and- These Gyneus led from Cyphus. sonne of Oileus. Fifty strong rowers his little fleet) manned each blacke fighting with bowes shippe. Then came twenty shippes. — those divine physitians. from cold its Dodona's sacred wood. Medon. or where the Titaresius poured black water over the Peneus. were commanded by made up faire greatly fam'd for skill with th' bo we. chalky cliffs of Oloosson. . Polypoetes led forth th' troops of Argissa and that —they dwelt or beneath or Olympus' benignant the shadowe. Then Elone. where Melibcea rock of Olizon doth from grassy Philoctetes. joyned in th' commande. (that Hippo- dame bore when th' Centaurs were driven fro' Pelion) Polypoetes. from land where Titan hideth in silver founts of faire snows his hoarie head. or where the Hyperia flow. with Pirithous' sonne. and their wish shall be fuimrd. led them a most banefull Isle. th' or farre distant rise. because bold Philoctetes.230 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. th' sonnes of ^sculapius nam'd Podalirius and land Machaon. All those who from Methone came. lay groaning in Lemnos but the Grecian army shall yet desire him. and Pella. —came where Eurytus once from tower' d Tricca or Ithome's rocks. Gyrtone. Th' QEchalians who enjoyed two from th' leaders. reigned. oath of immortall gods. Orthe. shippes. borne by to Ilion. Leonteus. Rhene. whom hydra had bitten.

Forty shippes composed their fleet. both olde men and young Troy. and likening herself e to Priam's sonne relying on th' swiftnesse of his feete. and the steeds by the unus'd chariots campe. wandering through th' neythe' did they ayde in th' battell.) and verie swiftlie they rushed along th' plaine. Th' inquiry swiftest "Which hero was is bravest. 231 Last unde' swift-footed Prothoiis (Teuthredon's seede) stood the Magnesians. sat at Polites. None can th' ev'n hope to escape who fall beneath their hooves and are crush'd under their chariot wheels.d ARGUMENT OF THE ILIAD. like every waye: they thuuder'd ore to th' th' plain through Trojan ranks. bred near Pierian founts and by Apollo train'd. while their chief es. even thus doth the ground tremble and shake. where it is said Typhoeus' tomb is found. equall in their height like in colour. et csetera. was th' worthiest. as th' (by level o' th' plumb-line). who . who dwelt beneath pine-crown' his Pelion. or in that farre-reaching snrounding country. but hee sat alone by his ship's side brooding angrilie over Briseis' losse nor field. Among warriours to Ajax Hion. Of all the G-reekes who came none equall'd Achilles while that hero was among th' hosts upon the the field of battaile. (when Jove smiteth th' earth in Arimse by Typhoeus. longed for their leader. But Jove th' gates of sent Iris as a messenger to th' Trojans. wilde parsley. whom at she found sitting in councill. would he enter His Myrmidons practiced at archerie. and whose th' steeds?'' answer'd thus: Eumelus' mares of Pheres deriv'd. or where flower deckt Peneus roU'd waters through Tempe's vale. bearing death Troyans and all o' their allies. fed upon lotus. They swept on like to earthrdevouring fire and beneath them th' ground shook. or threw th' javelin or quoits. wind in speede.

higher then those of his fellowes.) Iris addressed tbem. leader of the valiants allies half divine in bis from Dardania was Fayre Yenus brave ^neas. but do you lead forth Troies Then Like a all th' Trojans rusht to arms. for many and diverse are tb' citizens. origin." nations and language. is sit ye talking idly at tb' gates? Prepare your- selves for battaile for tb' Greekes are close at band. came Pandarus. saying: "Wby number shore. Hector knowing well tb' voyce of tb' goddesse obey'd all tb' commands. All these dwelt 'neath sacred Mount Ida. Those who dwelt under tb' brow of that loftie bight . watcli upon the tomb o' ^sjetus. standing in tbeir midst. forth from tb' gates.232 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. in as tb' leaves of tb' forest or tb' sands upon tb' it ]^ever such an host have I yet seene. Archilochus and Acamas. and Prom Zeleia drank ^sepus' dark waters. and let every chiefe command to those o' his owne countrie. to whom Apollo gave tb' silver bowe and well pointed shafts that he bore. floode-tide they poured tribes. Hector. skill'd in all kinds of derring-do. him to Anchises (who was but a mortall) upon Mount Joyned with him in command are Antenor's sonnes. The bore Ida. as bee led forth tb' tb' vaHant sonnes of Troy. Then did appeare tb' waving all plume on Hector's crest. for bee was mightiest of the beroicke sonnes sprung from old Priam. (liken'd to Polites. gathering by nations and by all round that loftie mound in the plain. you I would speake: hasten to arme Troyes boldest warriours and her allies. men call'd Batiea. but by immortalls known as old Myrinna's tombe. sonne to Lycaon. observing every move- ment of th' Greeks that bee might wame migbtie Troy of danger.

Acamus and brave Oeas. Then th' sonne Euphemus. were led forth by Adrastus and Amphius. from ^gialus and Cromna. sonnes of Percosian Merops. led Mysia's valiant host. from greene Cytora. or in towered Adrestse. Amidon. who being a prophet had foretold each fate of death urg'd doom. long darts. were led by th' and bold Pylseus. Then Phorcys and riours god-like Ascanius led forth th' waralso from Ascania. or banks. but a them to their destruction. by flowing Selleis. for he. where th' Axius overfloweth Th' Paphlagonians. in distant These dwelt his banks. near her warriours. (who were called Phrygians) eagerly desiring warre. fast by Parthenius' — these were th' commanded by powerfull Pylaemenes. Asius. Hyrtacus' valiant sonne. grandsonne to warlike host led forth from Cicone. but in this art avail'd not to pre- vent his death. sent forth Piroiis. in th' plains of Percote led those who dwelt by silve' flowing Practius.waird Arisbe. who were skilPd in th' use of th' thong-fastened. valiant sonnes of Lethus. perishM by th' sword of Achilles at th' river.ARGUMENT OF THE ILIAD. in strong. aided skill Next Chromis by th' augur Ennomus. led by bold th' Hellespontus. . 233 Tereia. And Pyrsechmes led the Paeonians. a to mighty Troezenus. —from that mule-raising Eneti and Erythine's rockie heights. Hippothoiis Next bleak Thracia. famed mines came a brave bande under Hodius and Epistrophus. lofty Sesa- mus. spear). or those faire twins of Hellespontus — Sestos and lovely Abydos. with a number of others. The Pelasgians (much skilled in th' use of th' who inhabited fertile Larissa. from god Mars descended. of Halizonia. faire Pityea or Apeesus. rich in silver Then from ores.

in The Caiians built Miletus. thus did th' dust arise th' above their heads. nor did th' for hee fell at th' hand of sonne of ^acus and his- body fell into the rive'. swept onward in silence. challenging . breathing might. Mycale or well- were led by Pastes and Amphimachus. and Antiphiis did —^bome by Lake whom Mesthles Gjgsea to Talsemseneus command. commanded those that dwelt where the eddiing Xanthus flowed through Lycia af arre. but the Greekes. III. like a girl in glittering gold.— 234 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. These dwelt beneath Mount Tmolus. armor possesse a trophie. who foolish went to battaile deckt forth this avert bitter death. make in Asian fields by th' water when th' intolerable winter is over. the valiant. When array. that dwelt in Pethiri. bearing on his shoulders a panther's hide and a bended bowe. so swiftly did they sweepe on ove' sandy plaine. the sonnes of I^omion. th' therefore they were well order' d in th' foe battaile Troyans rusht to meet with tumult and noyse. desiring to assist each other. Sarpedon joyn'd with Glaucus. yet did swift© Achilles taking it as his. Following these came the Mseonians. to bear death and evill to th' "Pygmean men. such as cranes streams. — so thicke that one can see but a stones-throwe. Alexander advanc'd before the Troyans.. while in his hands hee brandisht two brasse-tipt spears. th' When however having quickly crossed the plain armies were oppos'd to one another. Then to as a thicke mist on th' mountain toppes. but to th' robber better farre then night. and wearing a sword. evill the shepheards. and flight to other climes is arranged.

hee greedily devoureth) thinking to be aveng'd upon th^ guilty wretch. But when Hector saw thus: this he violently upbraided him "Thou woman seducer. (as a lion that doth finde an huge wild goate or homed stag which. th' bravest of th' ILIAD. when thou hast neithe' heart nor anie nerve. but art indeed onely a disgrace to thy father. so Alexander. If thou had onely awaited Menelaus.ARGUMENT OF THE whoever was single combat. appall'd before Atrides. shrank back againe to the mightie hosts of th' Troyans. light. are pusillanimous. to 235 Greekes meet him in Then Menelans rejoyc'd. on my accompt that so many Trojans commande that both the Achseans and Trojans be . affrighted yieldeth place and a great trembling doth take hold upon him. for doubtlesslie they suppos'd thee brave. whose (for as the ax cleaveth wood when driven by vigorous blowes. the long-haired Achseans may laugh at this. even so thy dauntlesse heart it is is thy breast)." replied thus: But Alexander unjust. though pursued by hunters and hounds. would that thou had never beene brought into isht. to also thy city. or that unwedded thou had per- As thou hast a noble forme. and. Then godlike Alexander turn'd white with palsying side. "Since thy reproof spirit is indubitate is not my brother. and ever mighty in doth also increase greatly th' strength of th' arme that doth wield it. and suffer. forsooth. else should they stone thee on accompte of thou hast done. thou shouldst know indeed how brave a man is hee whose wedded wife thou th' evils that dost possesse. Troyan men. as one upon th' mountayn thicket a glitt'ring serpent. seeing in th' feare. and to thyseKe. and straightway with his arms he leapt to th' ground.

" to the f oote. and in th' midst will I contend with Atrides. for an old his man looketh both forward and backe. threw their armes on th' ground and sat downe. and all rejoyc'd because they thought th' end of th' warre was Then Menelaus doth concerne said: "O magnanimous Agamemnon. and the Argives. and do you send a herald to bring one which shall be offer'd unto Jove. it is said. hear me. let him receyve But before done. and that. Trojan darts lines. and where an is man is. Hector advanced before beholdi'g him. and stones him. to hurle at made ready this. holding in his right hand a mightie speare. sent forth But Hector straightway two heralds to bring ." Thereupon. and let lambs bee brought — a white one and a blacke also — for the Earth th' shippes and to th' Sunne.336 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. this all and ye valiant Achaeans and Trojans. Then and th' horse was sodainlie reined backe th' warriours. his pui'pose knowne. victorie over th' this bee other. there is wisedom — there also justice truth. ye Argives. and to whichsoever the fate of death may well. that hee Further- more do ye bring the might of Priam. for me above others: let this be done as Hector hath come. for all his sonnes are faithlesse. and hee that shall bee victorious shall possesse both the woman and th' the treasure. ing: But seeing Agamemnon all restrained them say- "Withhold. dismounting. old may make and this league. and ye othe' mightie waris riours! See ye not helm-tossing Hector come to propose something?" Whereupon Hector made neare. on this side seated. and it judgement is just as concemeth each party. and hee that hath the th' rewards. separate th' Achaeans and th' Trojans.

When it therefore these looking up beheld faire Helen ^^I approaching. that on her accompte they endured. the wife of King Helishe found her." Thus did the goddesse see fill her minde with a desire to to returne to her Menelaus and her kindred. —and thus addrest her: "Come ans.training Troyth' with lie brazen-mayl'd Greekes. Thymaetes and Lampus. and on labours of the horse-training Troyans and of th' well-greaved Greekes. once mighty warriours but long since unable for the field because of old age: however. Nor for did Atrides disregard th' command of his brother. 237 the lambs and to take th' message to Priam. Their ceased.ARGUMENT OF THE ILIAD. it double tissue. having good voyces. loose soe many lives for Helen's sake. they were good in oratory. he immediately dispatched Talthybius to th' shippes for th^ lamb. armes upon ground. a tende' tear. and resplendent. she hastily enveloped herselfe in white robes. of And many —weaving rich a web for mantles. like unto the Cicada? of th' woods. see the mightie deeds of th' horse. Clytius (offspring and Hicetaon of Mars) with Ucalegon and Anthenor. to offer unto Jove. they spake hurriedly in low tones: hold noe indignity that Trojans and Greekes spend soe much labour. and with two mayds. CEthra and large-eyed Clymene. and hee did not disobey Atrides. Menelaus and Alexander are contend and thou shalt bee call'd th' dear wife of him who doth conquer. rusht forth to th' Scsean gates where sate Priam and Panthoiis. Then Iris hastening to seeke Helen. likened herselfe to o' Laodice fayrest daughter caon. — so faire a . beautifull Priam. in th' th' warre. and Letting fall former home. Antenor's sonne. and conflict hath now to for Mars-beloved in th' midst.

and a fate my companions equall in rank. as if she woman of such excellent feature and let were a goddesse." to But Priam calFd her him saying: "Come here. and on thy kinsmen and friends. all this worthely prolonged. lest she be more grievous to us. but not so numerous were even Greekes. most divine of women. and sitting here beside me. Yet. truely manie Achaean youths are under thy command. and so venerable have I neve' yet seene. my brothers. and he a very kingly man." Then Priam answered. Helen. and beheld th' forces of Otreus and god-like Mygdon. still admiring Agamemnon: "O happie prince. her retume in the shippes. althougli bee true. going out against those man-opposing Amazons (for I was an ally in that warre) a number almost numberlesse seemed they. So gracefull is." . most fortunate in thy birth. It is Yet name Agamemnon. canst doubtlesse Thou name for me this tall hero. [warre] well undertaken. thou maist looke upon thy former spouse. and though she bee a stature. as these that host. leaving my home and countrie. indeede. for thee this hero. great both as a mighty warriour and good king. dear daughter. answer'd: "Belov'd and revered father-in-law. by the Sangarius standing beside their horses. my belov'd daughte'. when I came here with thine eage' sonne. and a perpetuall disgrace to ourselves and our children. When I came into Phrygia. More- over he was brother-in-law of shameless me. if ever indeede such things were. as a Atreus' sonne. But such was not will I mine: I therefore pine away with weeping." .d 238 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. For her was this ladle's sake. I would that an evill death had pleas' me.

like . the bulwarke of th' Achseans. came in companie with most noble Menelaus. we marvail'd noe longer ance of Ulysses but at his words. and words like wintry flakes at th' appear- from his lippes. looking on th' ground. sprung from heaven-ruling Jove. being taller. replied: "Now this againe is Laertes' sonne. my dear daughter. and appeared both unskilfull in his outward actions and devoid of reason. but broader in shoulder. Menelaus spake with ease and volubly. he windeth in and out among the I^sTot troopes. while. for he was broader in shoulders.ARGUMENT OF THE Kext perceaving ILIAD. as hee was the younger. from rugged Ithica. taller by head and broad shoulders. very mighty in battaile: and over on the among the Cretans. thou panions?" seest. 239 Ulysses. 1 indeed would say that hee was like such a ram. hee was more majesticke. is th' old man asked: "Who th' this other Achaean hero in th' host. answer'd: "This then is Ajax. whose arms lie on th' ^ound. then anie of his com- And Helen other side. but sitting. But when they commenced to harangue the assembly. my palace and became acquainted When they mingled with th' th' Trojans." And Helen. like unto the gods in counsell. But when hee began fell to speake." To her Anthenor for long ago he said: "Very true is thy word. on an embassage concerning thee unto Troy. and I entertayn'd them with th' genius of both. Menelaus. scheming Ulysses. but Ulysses. stood with his heavy scepter in his motionlesse hand. standeth Idomeneus. so tall is hee as Atrides. overtopt him. as a thick-fleec'd aries 'midst th' flocke of snowy sheepe. the old man said: "Now name this hero. indeed." Then having beheld Ajax. in Mars-belov'd. lady. verie subtile in reason.

" Thus he spake. Then Atrides drew th' dagger at his side. and very swiftly did they passe over the plaine. and standing by Priam said to him: th' horse-tray ning Trojans. fam'd because of many fayre dames. wldle the Cretans. ers. —my — horse- broth- whom my mother at a single birth brought forth with in me. Eyther they have not followed from Lacedsemon the sea-traversing vessells. and treasure should attend th' woman and th' with all th' upon th' con- querour. skilled in boxing. beloved of Mars.'^ But already Within the goblets th' fruitful! earth possessed them in farre distant Lacedaemon. but he order'd his chariot quickly to bee prepared. I see not. and come betweene Trojans and Greekes. Por Alexander is about to fight with Menelaus. yet of this she was ignorant. and th' old man shuddered. and Achaia. the pledge of the gods. leaders But two of th' people. brought two golden citty th' herald Idseus and th' wine. send for thee that thou thy self e maist strike the league betweene them. drew backe the reines but Anthenor tooke place beside him. : then mounting hastilie.240 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. but the other Trojans should dwell in fertile Troy. valiant heroes. when in our palace Mars-beloved Menelaus entertained him cormning from Greet. cut off the haire from the foreheads of th' lambs. Greekes retume to pastorall Argos. Whereupon Agamemnon uprose. distributed it 'mongst them all. with Ulysses also. "The chiefes of and of th' brazen-mayl'd Greekes. Often have I seen him formerly in pleasant sea-waird Lacedaemon. and Pollux. . they enter not into the warre because of th' disgraces that hang over me. trayning Castor. or having come. round about him stand the many leaders of to a god. and the heralds brought forth the pledges of the gods.

most glorious. ye Trojans. possessed may his bloud." . him from thenceforth retayne Helen and possesse. golden- haired Menelaus conquer Alexande'. 241 hands to Jove thus prayed aloud: earth. violate his oath. "Most mighty Jove. "I cannot Then Priam spake: by anie meanes endure. therefore will I retume to windie Troy. and all ye othe' immortall gods." th' praiers offer'd. belowe punishing the soules that have faithfull o' and those men who are deceased swome league." refuse to paie the then shall I fight on accompte of th' fine. bending back their necks. Greeke or Trojan. —beare th' let —they all witnesse to preserve the on one hand. just. which may bee approved of der's fall. also they poured out wine th' goblets. and sunne. Thus were but th' sonne of Satume would not heede. like this his and grant that wife may be by other men. and remaine untill I find th' With from these words Agamemnon cut the throats of the lambs. to behold the conflict betweene my all dear sonne and Mars-beloved Menelaus. Alexander slay Menelaus. wine. which she did sea-traversing and If. and ye silver-greaved Greekes. and some one of the Greekes or Trojans praied aloud thus: "O Jove. then shall the all Trojans delive' Hellen and also her treasure. let falsely If. ratify this league. most mighty. be poured out. and they shall pay a fine such as all posterity. the Argives retume in the shippes. fine.ARGUMENT OF THE and stretching forth his ILIAD. rivers. shall on the other hande. But in th' event of Alexan- Priam or the sonnes of Priam end of the warre. for surely th' to immortal gods knowe whom th' fate of gloomy death hath now beene- ordained. and should anie man. may seeme if.

and beside him Anthenor mounted. but the faithfull league. grant that ills whichever hath caused the realme of Pluto. Thereupon Atrides made ready hurl his speare. Then But th' god-like Hecto' and wise counseling Ulysses and measured off the cast the lots into a brazen helmet. thus supplicating Jove: . prepared himselfe for th' combate. people supplicated the gods. spake. for him: next he threw his brazen sword. and thus some one of th' Greekes or Trojans prayed: "0 father Jove. he fasten'd them with th' silve' claspes. putting on his beautifuU greaves. shook the helmet. Thereupon lie ascended his chariot. Soe likewise did Menelaus arme. looking th' lot of Paris backward." we suffer. most mighty. ground. Then and it Alexander first threw th' long-shadow'd it speare. studded with sie shield. th' husband of goldeneFirst. and they immediately advanced toward each othe' from eyther side of th' throne into th' prescrib'd space.— 243 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. stretching forth their hands. bearing the lambes. where they for a season stood glowering. and they returned to Illium. but helm-agitating Hector. and quickly Thereupon divine Alexande'. may enter the let the rest of us dwell in safety under Thus they leaped out. together with the mas- over his shoulder and grasp'd his doughty speare by th' middle. and menacing each other so sorely that all th' Greekes and Trojans were amaz'd. silver. struck th' shield of Atrides but brasse: the point pierc'd not th' strong th' however was turn'd by also force of th' to blow. lock'd Helen. then round his brest buckled it fitted th' corslet of his brothe' Lycaon. most glorious.

behold wicked my speare hath sped is from my hand in vaine. looking toward Olympus. and left th' emptie helmet in his hand. him down within Th' goddesse then went in search of Helen. and throwing him upon ground. enteftayning them it hospitably. who broke skin for Paris the oxhide [band] th' of a roughlie slaughter' animall). none is like unto thee." Then rushing upon Alexander. who taking it up rejoyc'd greatly. and smote Alexander so violently. on th' ground. Grant that I soe avenge th' injury done unto me©. that to future gen- erations toward may warn men not to use treacherous dealings one who hath made them guests. and finding her amid manie dames upon th' tower. that. and cried: "O balefull Jove. pierc'd through his and the soft tunicke beneath to his tender thigh: but hee bending sidewise avoided bitter death. because deedes hee hath done unto me. o' Ev'n th' as I thought to be avenged upon Paris. This th' Atrides hurl'd to his companions 'mid th' ranks of Greekes. and I have done him no injurie. my strong sword broken in pieces. him with a cloud. carried th' But Yenus rescued him. hear this supplication. father Jove. and ranne for- ward to seize him. liken'd herselfe . Th' Sonne of Atreus then drew his sword." So praying hee hurl'd his speare. richlie ornamented helmet it fell upon th' crest of his broken into three or foure pieces. overshadowing him to Troy. would have swiftly drawne him to the Greekes Yenus had not seene (made from it.— d ARGUMENT OP THE "O ILIAD. and that impetuous weapon going through corslet th' equal shield. And the sonne of Atreus groaned aloud. and gentlie set perfum'd chamber. he caught hold upon th' horsehair tuft th' if on his helmet.

an ancient dame. Or indeed it that Menelaus having conquer'd Alexande'. but about or that having just returned to enter th' dance. fayre Yenus standeth at her side and thus accosteth her: "Helen.—— . leave path of gods upon Olympus. have woes unto my soule. so may he choose thee for a consort. that she had long to ago known. shall make thee a handmayde unto him. wrapping her long white robes about her. come hither quickly. th' Then would an evil fate overtake thee. nor wouldst thou say hee was come immediately from combate with a hero. sit beside him. whereupon in vext tones she said: beautifull bosome." But Helen saw the white neck. or alas. he doth take repose. might. and recognized th' goddesse "Cruell Yenus. where there citties may inhabited is by men that are also deare to thee. for Alexander is in his turned bed within his perfumed chamber. went downe . and Helen loved Therefore like this dame. provoke me not. would faine bring hated me home. 244 BI-LITBRAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. or into pleasant Mseonia. least I may and hate as heretoleast I th' fore I have so wondrously loved thee. cause hatred to be rife among Trojans and th' Greekes. But I. from the dance. what wouldst thou that I should now be doe? Belike thou wouldst have me go yet farther into Phrygia. shining in beauty and attyre. The old woman had often spun th' fine wool when her. th' a reproach to Trojan th' women evermoe? fairs Go. and bright eyes flashing above her. a spinner of wool." hastily replied. abandoning thee." Thus goddesse spake: while Jove-descended Helen. she dwelt in pleasant Lacedaemon. With these words th' goddesse being incensed against her: "Wretch.

And when they were part. when in th' island of Cranae wee were mingl'd in love. even more then when I first brought thee away from pleasant Lacedaemon. come into th' lofty palace. Meanwhile Menelaus was raging up and downe among th' Trojans like some savage beast. because the goddesse led the waye. But come. ''"Woman. By also th' ayde of Minerva now indeed hath Menelaus con- quer'd. because . to on their turning aside return' to her high arch'd their tasks. Come let iis recline upon our couch. sat. and they repos'd together.— d ARGUMENT OF THE ILIAD. thy boasting of thy superioritie in courth' speare. and handling Challenge Marsadvise thee to beloved Menelaus againe! refraine But I would least from combate henceforth. but Helen ascended chamber: and the goddesse plac'd a seate for her opposite Alexander: there divine Hellen." But reproach th' Sonne of Priam answering said: not. I recall that frequentlie have I known age. and addrest him 'Thou band. Thereupon he ascended and Helen followM with him. art come from the by th' field: would that thou had call'd hus- perisht there. evill me nor agitate my soule with thy words. but I in turn shall vanquish him. let us delight in dalliance. th' daughter of ^gis bearing Jove. thou bee subdued by th' speare of faire-haired Menelaus. th' maydes. 245 unnoted by the Trojan dames. since th' gods are with us. for none of them would have ayded him. for now doth sweet love fill my thoughts. seeking Alexander. th' But not one of Trojans could reveale his place of hiding. slaine hand of him I once —Menelaus o' that brave hero." his perforated couch. thus : averting her eyes. strength.

they hated him like sable death. looking toward the citty of Trojans.— 346 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. IV. and paie all th' suitable fine which shall be remembered by our posterity. with Jove. which I have undergone assem- bling the hosts. or promote covering th' friendship between both these parties. Whereupon King Atrides thus addressed them: "Th' victorie appeareth indeede as belonging to Menelaus." But Juno was very angrie and thus addressed him: ^'Balefull Jove. the venerable goddesse." And all the other Greekes approved. for th' victory belongeth to Menelaus as the matter doth now rest. while laughter-loving th' othe'. —even made tiring the steeds to my and bring evills to Priam and his sonnes. went to and fro. favour Menelaus. what a word is thou hast spoken! for now indeed wouldst thou perform render my labour vaine. consulte Yenus even now rescued him with a cloud. But come. pouring out Hebe. therefore shall ye deliver Helen and her treasure. ever having delight in th' things this that which displease me. Argive o' Juno apart with Minerva Alalcomenae. Yet both these sit looking on. speaki'g with bittemesse thus: "Two goddesses. In the midst. and they pledg'd each othe'. Jove meanwhile was incensing Juno. behests. indeede. drinking out of the goldene th' cups. All the synod of floor th' gods was seated on the golden ^Nectar." To her Jove replie: . sonne of mighty Satume. let us whether wee will renew th' conflict.

did not dis- Instantly he summoned Minerva and spake winged words to her thus: "Hasten to descend to the horse-breaking T'rojans and the well-greav'd Greekes. I unto thee. for is strife come betweene us." . and moreover I am th' thy spouse. Priam and and the other Trojans. spake. and Jove. 247 Wliat evills hath Priam done unto thee." Thus she obey. where dwell men deare unto hand. for there these honours none omitted. Send Minerva therefore plaine and instruct her to incite th' Trojans. in But the Trojans most estim'd by me my heart. and incite the Trojans offe' first to injury to Greekes. Whence banded. devoure alive him? Fain wouldst his sonnes. that there may be reneVd conflict. father of gods. that they first offer may injury to th' widely renown'd Greeks contrairie to the league. thyselfe. — now freely yield ^least this be a cause of are strife or contention Jbetweene us. contrary to th' league. Sparta. entering his citty. mine. thee. seeke not to hold — my for although greatly unwilling. and thou rulest amongst Let us then duely make concessions immortalls." And Juno "Three answer'd: are most dear unto mee. I therefore. shalt desire to it citties and wide-way ed Mycenae. that thou might If at any subsequent time I satiate may desire to overthrow citties. whenever thou not meet that dissensions and thine origin thence is overthrowe these.ARGUMENT OP THE "Strange one! ILIAD. —I to to th' thee and thou to mee. I will by no meanes stay thee. that thou hast such hatred toward thou. Argos. being soe fathered and soe hus- am very venerable. for there my altars never lack'd a sacrifice or libation.

thy mighty bowe. Great Saturne's sonne.— 248 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. She sought brave Pandarus amidst the band That followed him from th' ^sepus' streams. strong cord slacke. send thy mighty shaft . its longer would thy bowe. like th^ starre Jove sendeth as a signe sailors on th' deepe. "Would thou now Pandaru'. awe-strucke. hath ordain'd bitter warre. Hang idly. But. Minerva quickly leaped into Then. Or doth establish friendship 'twixt th' Greekes And mightie Priam's hosts. Thou a bitter shaft wouldst aime At Menelaus. 'Not to th' treasure in rich store for thee. Emitting sparkes of light in her descent. from Slaine by an arrow laid Especially shall Paris' heart be glad. Come now. And to the various nations of the earth. Lycaon's Lend IN'o eare unto th' counsells that I give. 'No limit shall there be to gratitude. And Minerva To mariners and did not hesitate to obey." Thus did they speake. But liken'd to Anthenor's mighty sonne. could they beholde Brave Menelaus upon th' pyle. golden gifts as rare As prince or king can offer unto one — Whom he delights to honour. And thanks and favoure. winning endlesse fame. spake winged words: sonne. one their ranks. I pray thee. — ^for indeed All Trojans would rejoyce. to other uttered this: •'Th' arbiter of all afaires belowe. standing near him. in And.

and taking aim. A splendid hecatomb of firstling lambes. Had not blue-orbed Pallas at thy side Repell'd that shaft. round about him. straightway. sleeping child. Espying him should take away Ere martiall Menelaus should be The leader brave of all the Grecian hosts. While. he saw that noble payre Proudlie uplifted. Fitted an arrowes notch unto th' cord. 249 vow unto Apollo unthinking minde she wonne. lest th' watchfull Greeks his life. Th' pointe he rested on th' ground. . as bounding goat There clear he saw't Emerged to the light. his In haste. goat's branching horns was Once from Lying in the ambush on th' a mountayn side. ere the impatient arrow sped In swift flight thro' the campe. Against the cavern's mouth. and ILIAD. his polisht bowe he tooke.— ARGUMENT OP THE Into their midst. shields were closely ranked By his companions. then thy houre had come. And from his quiver taking off the cappe. most masterfull. Ev'n as a watchfull mother Would brush a fly from her faire. So Pandarus drew back the tough hide string Untill his hand did rest against his breast. slaine. Ah! Menelaus." So saying. These horns. on deadlie quest. polisht and golden became Th' bowe Lycaon's sonne. His winged shaft that square white breast did pierce. wait. Did bend. to the While the shaf tes barb nigh bowe was brought A moment. tipt. That from the wild fashionM. And on th' rocks supine the creature lay.

looking downe. thou. I see them with their wives and tender babes Paie with their lives a debt to righteous Jove. to fly forth. th' corde outside he saw. And once more gathered courage in his brest. • ^ By this inglorious league thy doome I seal'd: Alone thou sufferest for all th' Greekes Through Trojan treacherie. Minerva's hand th' sharpe pointe turned aside. Atrides' hand he grasp'd. But. Already is his heavy hand outreach'd. But. Th' sturdy knees. 'gan that heroes heart to quail with feare. Yet did its pointe breake through th' tender skinne. or allies. And firme infixed in his girdle's claspe. blacke as th' sacred Styx. to our faire land Beyond th' sea. leaving Argive Helen In hastie flight will to our foes. When Agamemnon Gushing from out sawe that coal-blacke stream his martiall brother's side. All then will long for home and fatherland. our leader Fall by tK' hands of Trojans. Its course thus silently and swiftly stayed. That wicked arrow little harm might worke. Lamenting loud. and his companions nigh also: Lamented "My beloved brother. While wee retume. indeed.— — 250 BI-LITBRAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. disgrac'd. alas. th' faire feete belowe. And. even now. For if. shalt rest in forraine soile. homeward tume our . And thus hee spake. and Were Then bath'd in blood. And the white columns of those ivory thighs. His lightnings quiv'ring. shippes. eager And Priam and But his citty shall lie low.

' When this shall be. th' Th' Grecian hero. Tal thy bins. This well-wrought belt Of many Th' pointe colours blent hath stay'd this shafte. tliat host. . In empty vessells. his brother's grief. with remedies to Which Chiron gave Relieve th' pain." But brave Marking '*Let Atrides. divine Machaon. to seeke the sonne Of ^sculapius. may then the gaping earth Ope wide to swallow me." ^sculapius * He cal'd th' messenger. that Agamemnon Yainly ever Such vengeance wreak'd! Across th' seas. indeed. speake thus: *0 would. his host dishearten." To him the chief e replied: "So may thy words Be true. his fleet he led and now he hath returned leaving Menelaus. That valiant hero. by showing IsTo it. th' gods preserve thy life for aye! But forthwith will we send unto Machaon. slight the For wound must tum'd be. spake hastilie: not the Greeks see feare and sad distrust the motion of a kinglye eye: Goveme 1^0 man. and said in winged words: "Haste thee. feare have I of death. Talthybius. And bid him unto Menelaus haste. indeed.ARGUMENT OF THE Then will ILIAD. should have one throe of feares Lest hee. or thought of dying. 251 some one or other of Leaping and dancing on thy tomb. dead in Phrygia. he wound will probe And draw th' poyson'd shaft. is ere reaching vitall parts.

Next hee th' embroider' d girdle's claspes undid. and gave Th' message of imperial Agamemnon. to be nigh With steeds and chariot against a time field. To whom 'tis glorie.— — BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. And And well-wrought plate beneath. and sought Divine Machaon 'midst th' eager hosts That throng'd him round. might bee scene. but to ns ^ griefe. And with some panacea ease the wound. wearied with the labors of the Hee might gaine respite. snapt off. most tenderly. or of Lycian. across th' plaine. Hath wounded with an arrow. led His swift steps to Atrides. v?ith care. But hastening forth. whom some one midst the bands Of Trojan archers. The flesh of all false Trojans shall be food . To these he spake swift words of cheer. Th' Sonne of Ptolymseus. Tha4. For Jove will not of falsnesse bee th' abettor. turning." Talthybius straightway obey'd. 'midst his ranks Of The grieving souldiers. hee bade Eurymedon. Bidding him come with speed. barbes. thus "Argives! saying: remit not any of your ardor. Then would you not surprise brave Agamemnon. Many hurried on. Bid him come. l^or see him hesitate nor shunne the fight. arrow this physitian drew. as it Yet were the was done. in the wound did poure a healing balme. By him hee stood. Chiefe of the Greekes. From bitter the wound. Meanwhile. then. the Trojan hosts In warlike guise advancing.

i' And all that mighty band. As we returne to our dear native land Triumphant conquerours. Or any that would shrink backe from the fight.— ARGUMENT OF THE To cormorants. which frighted runne then all dismaied stand gazing. at the solemne feasts. 253 their wives and children (Since they this solemne league did violate. The phalanxes urg'd While thus he said: Most Nigh him he paused "Thou brave Idomeneus. Where lie your shippes. As if there were noe heart within their brests? untill these Will ye awaite Trojan hosts Draw nigh with fire. Meriones on. ever in th' strife." But when he found a soldier loytering. and came at Where brave Idomeneus. and all the Rhetsean shore. the Cretan bandes did lead. Comanding like a wild boar Strong in his might. Where in close ranks they stood. it. Along th' plaine. Then lie shal faire Troy. for this. To these in wing'd words spake he: "Arrow fighters. in th' van." . Why stand ye here like fawnes. lowe th' dust. That ye may knowe what is th' will of Jove. Whether he over you will stretch an arm?" So through the hosts he length pass'd. Shall hence within our sable shippes be borne. to ashes shall bee tum'd. while in the reare. And first did offer injury). Would thou now prove hasten to th' field. valiant art thou. Ay. to And At mee thy cup all times standeth ready to be quaff' d. and ILIAD.

were throng'd like a cloude. tall. And Most round about foot-souldiers. Would. ruler of earth. in heart rejoycing: "Ye 111 Ajaces. Dark I as th' night. Atrides. A most congeniall friend and firme And such I will to end of time bee found. that oft the goatherd spieth. standing nigh. Well do I know th' fight. In violation of the league." . th' Soone nigh unto Ajaces he stood. When Spake ! these hee viewed. since But do thou now A treacherous army of Troy's strongest forces. in all ! Such courage were Priam's faire cittie Then might we its see bending to ruin.254 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. The phalanxes acrosse th' waste did move. he doth a cove' seek In cleft stone wall upon th' mountayne side. haste to exhort th' othe' chief es. And ' thou Apollo and Minerva mighty. to them winged words. in pitchy masses roll'd it Acrosse wild seas that to fury lasheth. would become my state. O great fathe' Jove. And all its glorie levell'd in the dust. That ye your army urge unto Exciting in each heart desire of glorie. Like such a cloude. hastened along the field. approach. With spears and shields that bristled like a wood. Idomeneus replied: ''T have in truth To thee. Where [he] himselfe and tender herd will Untill th' tempest cease. O Agamemnon." : Mighty Atrides. lie. First having offered injury to thee. much rejoyc'd in heart At words like these. to exhort you like the others. And I shuddering deepe. ever beene ally.

valiant For thus th' men of former times. and mark how skilfullie first. hee found Exhorting eagerly these comrades nigh. gather'd round To hear With the sage. all There might you note 'midst the noble throng. while i' their midst the cowherds tide Were held. The sturdy foot. Th' mighty Pelegon. relying on the skill Hee hath in armes. Having accomplisht this. like soKd wall of stone." . 255 and leaving them still standing. Guarded th' reare. Th' horsemen their strong chariots shining with brasse Most brightly burnished. They needes must mix with Troyans. And with th' pointe his neighbour's chariot touch. 0' mightie rather let every man. Alastor and Prince Haemon. with bold Chromius. Against a foe in solide ranks. If possible. Bias. And ]^estor soone approacht. Surrounded by other chiefes. The aged sire address'd them in swift wordes: "Let no man here. extende his weapon forth. who was th' shepheard of th' people. th' The PyKan sire. by the rushing on unto the of warriours Resistlessly swept fray. and pawing steeds. Hee to tlie others joyously did passe. rush singly in the thicke conflict. To leade the hosts to the tumultuous battaile. ILIAD. that.ARGUMENT OF THE Heere ceas'd his speecli. and must fight Or bee cut down. did moove And overtume the strongest phalanxes: Like these therefore go forth to victorie. His hosts hee marshalleth.

long since well In conduct o' skill'd th' warres. If then. gather. that some other man This weight of yeares soe heavy might upbeare. in youth And I youthfull strength I gloried. And that thy strength might equall to the heart Within thy breast. And waite the approach of other hosts. I leave them men th' shield and spear. now olde age In turn invadeth me. if now I could again Th' might I had. worthiest Nestor. old Nestor. Most Next he Menestheus saw. who 'midst th' Athenians Stood quietlie. Atrides joyously To others went. hearing him. said: " 'Twere well." Thus did he speake." spake. but to younger When. Encircled by the Cephallenians. Thus Nestor And. for th' conflict marshalling their steeds. since thus to thee o' late Old age hath come. to him Atrides: "Would. And And ever wearieth thee. for they as yet no sound do hear i' dreadfu' battaile hurtling th' ayre. the Gerenian knight. addressing every chief earnestlie. And I see ever by the horsemen doe I stand. But never all their glorious giftes to men Doe th' gods at once bestow. even n(3Hv. common alike to all. to lead . indeed. by him crafty Ulysses. But. Wee Of see. A Sonne of Peteus. So spake the aged man. much desire to aide men with my counsel.BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. feel in hands and arms. when in my prime I slew One Eruthalion.

For. sire At the battell once take note whatere Thou wouldst not se Telemachus' bold Shrink fro' th' turbulent and noisy conflicte. o' Seeing them thus stand. For pleasant." When Agamemnon That stirr'd in thus knew of the anger brave Ulysses' crafty minde. th' barrier if Guarding thy mouth oreleapeth! for thou wouldst I do. 'Rot ev'n exhort thee. urging thee to fight. to them words which had swift wings: crafty Ulysses.—— ARGUMENT OF THE Into its ILIAD. to sit there. when it th' Greekes A banquet to their chieftains do prepare. He hastily and smoothly spake. my strong arm findeth Work But such as suites the might of sturdiest sinewes. ever speakest rashlie. first to be invited. and the sweet wines. "Thou Sonne of Peteus and Why Ye To Ye Th' stand ye idly waiting with your troops? first. thou. Atrides. o' Atreus." But stem Ulysses To him replying said: "0 sonne now. suit well ye find such Th' meats 'Tis tastes. What foolish language. ever are th' foremost at th' feasts. boldlie both his valiant chiefes^ i' Speaking. attempting advised to retract. rush headlong into the thick of battaile. 267 turmoil. A speech illy Smiling hee said: "I neyther would reproove. when spears do bristle Like to a thomie wood. should be when Trojan hosts draw nigh. then. The Sonne Rebuking Atreus hastily approacht. ever in th' thick. . your delight to quaffe.

with valiant Sthenelus. Mycenae he did enter. Atrides Went to that band led by the sonne of Tydeus. For well do I Accord with th' minde thou hast descry. thy valiant as to Olde Tydeus fought. And knowing how thy friendly counsels ever that thy judge- my owne thoughts. scanning the ranks If haply yee may find waye of escape? sire O Diomed. The Sonne of Capaneus. And urg'd them stronglie to beecome That thus hee might obtaine. . Most eloquently did he supplicate. with god-like Polynices. seeking ayde 'Gainst Thebes to lead an expedition. These standing near As they beside their polisht chariots Idly do wait. mine ear report Of former warres hath told of his brave deeds For him I never met. allies. Brave Diomed. After I spake not well.— — BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. he. addrest them thus: "Why 'Not thus. And Of pray th' gods t' render if my rude words Yaine and unmeaning. And toyl'd with workes of warre far in th' van. stand ye idly here. speaking swift reproof In words that winged were. in thee I rest. this at greater leasure will th' battaile. never beheld But I have heard that he excelled the bravest. Auxiliaries renow'd and skil'd in fight. Had Jove withheld his unpropitious omens." we speake With these words. unto th' purpose. Certaine I am. and ment Doth crye i' th' top o' mine.

But nothing daunted by soe great a numbe'. Meeon. slily forth. These Tydeus slew. joyn'd his ranks. inferiour far In courage. the divine. [N'ever againe Compare us thus unto our ancestors. so great a second foes. and Diomed was still. them. O sonne. There^ in the palace of Eteocles. Thereby th' threat'ning portents of the gods Wiselie obeying. This noble hero next Was sent upon a distant embassie. But he begat a sonne. To The truth right well to speak. he did orecome his And won And in every contest. going Prepared an ambuscade 'gainst his return. and bold Lycophontes. since thou dost know ." Thus did he speake. Who quicklie did reply: "Lie not. So greatly did hee reverence the king. 'Not so the sonne of Capaneus. him alive he sav'd And sent him home. foremost in fight. Many Cadmeans at a feast were found. goaders of steeds. And last to leave the field. Th' valiant knight boldlie did challenge all. However many would Mighty Minerva was That easily with him contend. Such was ^tolian Tydeus. This enrag'd The proud Cadmean fifty of youths. Atreus. though superior in counsell. renown'd.ARGUMENT OF THE Many Mycenseans had But they retiring ILIAD. came Rushie and greene. th' brave sonne O' noble Hsemon. Sonne of Autophanus. There were two leaders. Sparing not one save onely Hsemon's sonne. to fayre Asopus.

far fewer troops: Their owne infatuation was their ruine. nere place me in the ranks Of such men as our ancestors have beene. in pain doth bring another forth. spit forth They foam white as the mountaine snows. Exhorting thus the well greav'd Greekes His shall the glorie be. thou down silent and obey my words. girded in armes. As in the ocean wide. For we. my friend. to fight. But Diomed. A driving wind from the Korth-west comes forth force resistlesse." Thus he spake. if ere the Greekes 'Tis time. him their' watch. and the swelling waves With Succeed so fast that scarce an eye may see Where one Till. Therefore I say. the honour his." sternly regarding him. mourning and griefe Shall keepe with Shall be cut off. too. on the rockie shore resounding loud. doe rightly boast Far to bee better. therefore. on the other hand. the sound ! How dread Quake The stoutest heart might well as it heard.— BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. indeed. to be FilFd with impiteous valour. And break themselves upon the orejutting rocks . When sacred Ilium shall yeelded be: But. Sit Addressed him thus: "0 Sthenelus. And From leaped down upon the earth in haste the high chariot. walls. 'Tis surelie no reproach unto Atrides. that sacred are Leading beneath the Unto the god of warre. for we. the citadell Of seven-gated Thebes have overturned.

mightily. Then might of warriour met an Shields clasht on shields. and Strife Th' homicide —she — goeth on the ground And yet doth hide her head in mistie clouds. Like wintry mountaine torrent roaring loud That frightes th' shepheard. Thus did the deaf'ning When meeting in one place with direfull th' In tumult and alarums. That bleating looke th' waye their young ones went. th' brazen spear on spear. bright. Possessed power of human Each speech or thought. those inspired. equall might. And fill th' ayre with dire confusion hosts. commanded led his The troops that came with him —each owne Glittering in arms. in th' deepe ravine Mixing th' floods tumultuously that poure From forth an hundred gushing springs at once. the Grecian phalanxes Incessantly mov'd onward to th' battaile. the sister unto Mars. It might not then be silentlie did said. So they their leaders follow chief In reverentiall awe. shining as th' sunne While in well order' d phalanxes they mov'd. like Th' Trojan hosts were unto a flocke. battaile din arise. Close in a penne folded at fall of night. She casts amongst them wild contention. Such was the noyse amongst the Trojan No two gave utterance to the same crye. armies joyn'd. Mars these incited forth. with Terror dread.— — ARGUMENT OF THE ILIAD. 261 Thus. force. that anie man . And Rout. So various were the nations and the countries From which Minerva they c^me. And while along the plaine they madly haste. .

Aimed at him with skill his as the hero. each bore down his man. And for that cause him Simoisius nam'd. Th' mighty speare struck such a deadly blow. reveal'd his His side unguarded 'neath brazen shield. there on the flow'ry banks Of Simois did she bring forth this sonne. descrying. When. . But Ev'n this Agenor. In that Chief of fierce th' Elephenor then. Upon th' horsehair crested helmet of the Trojan. in all To drag him forth and of his armes despoyle him. the battaile cry In awesome sound. heavie beam. bending down. his mother (following Her honor' d sire) descended downe Mount Ida. smote Simoisius. to brave Sonne Telamon. While dying groans mixt with In blood.— BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. swift haste proceeded Seeing him fall. most magnanimous Abantes. and Greek 'gainst Trojan rush'd. Th' faire young sonne of bold Anthemio'. Then mightie Ajax. And deepe within his forehead was infixed. and falling down. It pierced through th' well wrought plates of brasse. formerlie. sodainely blacke death oreshadowes him. And As they had beene the wild wolves of the forest. th' dust. th' magnanimous. and steedes were fetlock deepe fast flowing. first Antilochns slew Echepolus. his heavie soule. In groans he breathed out rose most dreadfuU conflict 'mongst the foes Trojan 'gainst Greek. like a Now And tower he falleth in conflicte. To beare her parents companie as they view'd Th' assembled flocks. At once Then the limbes relaxed. as th' armies met.

fro' 'tending th' fleet mares his Priam there temple. . Ev'n Hector shrank from ^N'one there could th' furie of his looke. th' Kusht through van.ARGUMENT OP THE But nere could tie ILIAD. While Leucus Strucke in th' fell. 263 repay th' tender care his Lavish' d on him. and smote him with th' Straight at his brest hee sent that heavie beam And pierc'd him through: sharpe point might bee seene Protruding from his shoulder. who wore —aim'd brazen spear his But hee escap'd full light. meet it: nor was it in vaine He threw his speare. as downe he fell. to avenge him. Whose For branches smooth that grow upon Th' chariot builder lops and fairly trimms felloes to a royal chariot th' wheel: drieth. And. of Abydus. like some faire poplare tree. friend to Laertes' sonne. A Sonne of Priam's Th' varied corselet Full at his brest. though. The Trojans backe recoyl'd as he drew near. since Priam's bastard sonne. [N'ow he lieth Low in th' dust. for Ajaxsaw forme his speare. when he hurl'd his massive brazen spear. bending his wrathfull gaze Upon th' foe with threat of dreadfuU death. wroth thereat. th' toppe. —Antiphus. Th' foremost ranks broke in confusion. Ulysses. Th' sharpe pointe pierc'd And darkenesse veyl'd his eyes. As he advanced. groyne. Upon bankes it lies and slowly Thus high-bome Ajax did this princelie sonne Of brave Anthemion spoyle. was strucke. Democoon Who lately came kept.

That straight did rouse new courage in th' breast. th' Th' leader of Thracian warriours. But fate ensnar'd Diores in her toyles. E'or yeeld th' battell to th' impiteous Greekes. ^tolian Thoas. supine upon the sands life. was sore displeasM. rouse yee to the fight. v Hee still ran on and thrust him with Then all his bowels in his body brast. Then rose a shout from As wildly on they prest Apollo at th' sight all the Argive train in mad pursuite. It was that hurl'd the swift impiteous stone." 'Twas thus Apollo spake. who came from ^nos. whenere she saw them flagging. Meantime. then 'pon him fell. .— —— 264 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. Mighty Achilles. Tritonia' Pallas to th' Greekes Spake words of cheare. And breathed forth his Yet Pirus stayed not. and looking downe From Pergamos. nor yet of brasse. Pirus. sonne to Amarynceus brave. That. Greatly he grew in wrath. for at th' ships he sits E'uTsing his spleene. his spear: With fury fierce and w^ild. 'Nov doth th' Sonne of faire haired Thetis fight. is not of stone. he "Yee Trojan Their flesh shouted to th' Trojans: warriors. While darknesse vayFd his eyes. Th' sonne of Imbrasus. crushing bone and sinew at a blow. Impenetrable to well-pointed speares. For with a jagged handstone was hee struck Upon the leg above the ancle joynt. Diores. A wyde way made So downe hee fell t' let forth living breath.

with ILIAD. and smote And Of took away his life. and straightwaye his quick sword of his sheath hee drew. how many Stretched prone Trojan knights. Diores. Then could not anie man behold that And say the action was not glorious. while full many more lives close by. th' Thus was Thracian leader. breast. upon the earth. hastily. Pirus. Valiant and glorious He was.— ARGUMENT OF THE And. suddenlie. and escaped the blows. 365 the push of his sharp-pointed speare. How And brave soever. and strong of heart. that. fight. and : skilfullie averted Th' violent darts nor truly may one tell. yet did hee not war-like armes despoyle the fallen hero. So strong and hard strooke Pirns on the It seized. lay side by side Coldly embracing death. . Whom eage' Pallas leading by the hand PreservM from death. of those Whether who at a distance stood With sharp spears fighting. At point that drove him from his prize o' speare. slain. their around did strow. Upon Out Out his lungs. likewise. lying low i' th' dust. though in the fiercest strife. yet must he yeeld Unto that hot and fierce repulse. as a vulture's evill beak. Like fruitlesse seed. Because around him gathered A Thracian band. for none. of the gored Then Thoas. How many Greek. coujd withstand such force. wound the cruell speare him there Lightly doth snatch. we see Beside him that Epean leader brave. Or those who near at hand had yet not felt The piercing brasse.

fearing like harm. also. downe from very beautifuU chariot. yet. with the argument of the twentie following books given in this manner. to do which you doe not surely need furder instruction. But them mightie Dioconflict. at once bring upon himselfe. could he not Yulcan. whose fate he surely would escape. even wounded Yenus in the hand. drave roaring from the And Mars likewise he hurt and wrathful. skill'd Dares. although more then a running note. for both these imortals ayded the Trojans. and joyne the fragments. full. 266 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. nor stay'd to protect the body of his brother. like- wise increasing the strength of his sinews and th' courage in his breast. mak- ing his helmet and shield shine like a sommer starre. Your part is to seeke it out. hee thrust Phegeus downe and forc'd him out leapt of his chariot. will the exploits of miracles of valour and Diomedes be who perform'd field. were written as a supream effort of memorie. rich and famous as well.. This work is hereafter persew'd after the originall niodell. th' Then Idseus. rusht Phegeus and Idseus. in all sorts of battaile. in some measure easier. for this reason much of book three. doth appear in but not in the form which it hath in fitly that early poeme. The preceding verses. with a desire —which was naturall — of making the work also. In the fift book of related. as upon Diomed he stood alone but with his javelin. this great poeme. First the two sonnes of Yulcan's blamelesse priest. medes dreadeth not to engage in a hand to hand for Minerva rendered him both glorious and mightie. but much patience and skill. and the table of the commanders. .

because Menelaus. sharpe point So he prone.ARGUMENT OF THE mov'd ering witli compassio' to the old ILIAD. th' shoulder blades that sharpe point enter'd. 'NoWy indeed. sonne of Atreus. cannot avail the ayd of arrow-rejoycing Diana. th' and smote him so fiercely in the back that pierc'd thorow his brest. the sonne of Atreus. nor his skilful long-distance shots. With a crash he fell and sounded loud. his attendants. an excellent marks- man. a sonne lance he to Phaestus. Thereupon Pallas Minerva. Meriones slew Phereclus. in the shoulder. and his armes resounded loud. skill'd in kill'd Scamandrius. hearts were discomforted. cov- him with o' a thicke cloud. flight. of his armes. saying to him that 'twere much better should they leave th' battaile to th' of Greekes and Trojans. and darknesse him. the other in flight. seated him upon grassie Scamande'. who came from fertile Mseonian Borus. So downe he fell. Agamemnon. leading Mars gently from th' field. sonne of Strophius. that first did turn. the the chase. one slaine. sonne to th' artist Harmon who shippes for was skill'd in all handicraft ing well. But when the Trojans saw all their the sonnes Dares. and pierc'd his re- through his brest. that the wrath averted. —'Twas he who — for Minerva lov'd him exceedequall built those . smote the leade' Hodius. Then Idomeneus slew Tame. 267 man. Him as with his long wounded when he was mountseiz'd ing his chariot. mighty spear. hurled at him fell his sharpe spear. Idomeneus' companions. Jove might be th' Afterwards th' Greekes turn'd Trojans to vioo' while each leader slew his man. sav'd his sonne. Betweene armes lently hurling forth th' th' Halizonians. despoyl'd him Next Menelaus.

by which he . at once hee flew. pass'd through beneath the bone. fair which. 'Next Pedaeus was overtaken by Meges. blooming fields) the sonne o' Tydeus. therefore. and the point found way out under his tongue through the teeth: and low in the dust hee his teeth. gore. overtak- ing him. bloud-red Death Then no eye could distinguish know to w^hich army he belonged. and bane to all the Trojans.268 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. kill'd Hypsenor. Yulcan's honoured priest. Th' brazen pointe th' bladder. As it fell. swolne greatly by th' rain-storms of fathe' Jove. hee drew his bow and aimed at him an arrowe. him. thrust through the back of the head with a spear. he pass'd into the shadowes of death. th' source of woes but most to himself e. —Meriones followed close. and penetrated Falling upon his knees with loud lamentings. Here. crooked Pandarus saw him sweeping through the field and driving the Troyans before him. Him its the spear-fam'd sonne of Phyleus. following Sonne to Dolopion. tumultuously doth overflow and overturne many workes the vigourous youths have laboured dis- long to compleat. fell as he caught the cold head in But Eurypylus. there. cutting off his heavy hand which was red with veyl'd his sight. Meges. and. ural Sonne o' He was a natas care- Antenor yet noble Theano rear'd him fully as her own dear children. Paris. When. to gratiiie th' heart of her husband. and perform'd prodegys of valour. not knowing what was meant by the oracles of the gods. to Like a mountaine tor- rent (that neyther bankes nor fences may keep from the plaine. thrust the spear into his hip. and everywhere. sonne to Evsemon. hee smote him with the sword. so Diomedes rusht along the plaine comfiting th' hosts of th' foe.

him to in alarm. rejoycing. strong in indeed. boasting that hee had wounded to the death one of the bravest of the G-reekes. begging at th' warriour that aim an arrow was making such havocke among th' Trojans. and the blood spurted through th' twisted mayle. as heardsman grazing he leaps over the courtyard. rejoyc'd in heart. Pandarus. and remove from the wound the deeply piercing There- arrow. a lion meet her. Sthenelus. had beene aided by her. swiftly that Diomedes could not avoid The shaft struck sharply upon his shoulder. ILIAD. Whereupon hee went slightlie the might Minerva bestow'd. in former times. but injoyn'd no other save Venus should hee chance forth at once. mixt quickly with his foes. but in his fright injures no further) [which] rejoyces as he sees the sheep abandon'd. sought Lycaon's sonne. his chariot But Diomedes approacht magnificent chariot and where th' sonne of Capaneus. 26» The cruell arrowe sped forth so it. upon bold Sthenelus drew forth the arrow. and granted. if ever he or his sire. remained with and entreated him that he would leap down out of the chariot. for hee was anger'd because Pandarus declared he would not long behold th' glorious light of the sun. steeds. and slew so many that ^neas. and also made his eyes so clear that they could discerne gods and men. Minerva increast th' might of his soule and body many times more then upon him to to injure their wont. . exhorted his compan- ions to return. (that a resembling. Then Diomedes prayed aloud to Pallas Minerva that she would ayde him in th' fight.ARGUMENT OP THE thouglit to stay his course. friend th' of his heart. piercing the corselet and coming through on the other Seeing this side. His prayer was heard. soe Diomedes.

or the forfeit should bee his owne head. for he would not thinke that skill it was by any lack of on his part that both th' chieftaines Tydeus and Atreus' sonne ing from wounds. Minerva had soe steeFd his heart. and Yet was hee perswaded in his owne minde it was not meerelie Tydides whom they fought. in turn. wrapt in a cloud about the head and shoulders. Then would hee. which passed through his mouth. Sthenelus. inasmuch as he saw bloud gushth' Therefore hee regretted much that hee had not brought with him steeds th' eleven richly ornamented chariots and the which he had left at the palaces of his sire. the oblong helmett which hee wore. however. standing near. hurFd his long lance at Pandarus. have perished. urg'd by force. had . turned aside the shaft that otherwise would hit him. he would break in pieces and caste into the fire th' crooked bowe. Then he ^neas so that he fell upon his knees. that. In his discomfiture he vowed. while darknesse veyl'd his eyen. Tydeus' sonne. his teeth. Diomedes but hurt him coming out under smote Then he. — — the sonne of at whom he had aymed swift arrows. that. Both fear'd that lie might be a god. and stirred up his failing courage. Lycaon's sonne aym'd his spear at not. them hastening such unequall conflict. having seene his shield. cheared up his heart. Then together they bore down upon Diomed seeing to take his life on. had escapt death. returning to Lycia.270 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. so downe he fell. as Pandarus soone recognised him observing his steeds. but that hee must bee ayded by some one of the immortalls. But ^neas reproved Pandarus. With loud threats. angrie because their sacrifices at times had been neglected. Diomede to withdraw from Diomed did not falter. too.

First. Ichor flowed from the wound called for they eat not bread nor drinke darke wine. Pluto. which Yenus had received while th' dame among Greekes. then Juno. Thereupon Apollo cover'd him from sight by casting over him a cloud. therefore bloud doth not flow in their veines. so that she screamed aloud and cast her sonne downe againe. who was imprisoned thirteen moneths. also. trulie it could be only a scratch. principall charge. 271 him and cover'd him in folds of her robe saved. Meanwhile Diomedes the' conscious did not hesitate to attack also strive ^neas. whom she wish'd to bring away for th' Trojan chiefes. weapon could th' pierce. because hee . while to fortifie Yenu' spirits. led and they are Yenus from field. who was wounded by But she a three-prong shaft. who was not heedlesse of those commands that Diomedes laid upon him. Mars. causing her great paine. saying that no sonne should lisp th' name of father at his knee.— ARGUMENT OP THE not Yenus rescued that no ILIAD. so that she was heal'd at once. In truth. she told of other immortalls that suffer' d paine because of mortal foes. since she lov'd who were her them dearly. who was pursewing laughter-loving Yenus through the crowd. scofiing But Juno and Minerva she caressed some said t' Jove. Mars upon the side of the to begg'd his steeds in order to take Yenus Olympus. and. immortalls. soothed her and wip'd away th' icho' gently. then foretold a short life to Diomedes be- cause of his rashnesse. and Dione. he wounded her in th' hand. Thus was hee Meantime to the strict magnificent chariot and steeds were taken Greekes by Sthenelus. he would with a god. Swiftly were they borne upwards. But hee himselfe hastened to return to the reliefe of Diomed. finding Iris seeing this. the throng. mother of the goddesse.

lion. which hee proceeded to do. not a word. and shadowy vapour are hushed. calme. hee leaped downe and rusht forth rousing their ardor. Atreus slew a chiefe. and brandishing in his hands his sharpe speares. sonnes of . nor asked a question. This greatly rejoyc'd th' Trojans. Th' two Ajaces [and] Ulysses joyn'd Diomedes. the sonnes of Priam. Then Sarpedon ed defend mind a boast that hee and his kindred. and th' soft Olympus when other windes having driven away of as these. Sitting th' upon Pergamos. The Sonne companion. Apollo in the meantime had sent field ^neas back to the wholy restored. stood Greekes. creating a it that resembled him. could unaidth' citty. inciting and haranguing them gle. and thrice hee was repell'd but as he approached for th^ fourth time. menacing dreadfullie. Apollo exhorted Mars addrest Hector recalling to his to rouse courage of the Trojans. awaiting in solide ranks their attacke. kill'd who was Eneas' ^neas two Greek youthes. so great was the labor each warrior —leader or o' souldier —had to perform. and round this the contest was renewed with terrible fury. nor thinke himselfe equall to Thus he was forced to draw backe slightly. Thrice did he advance upo' him. were not driven backe nor discomfited by the onslaught. yet they affrighted we-re cowering like dogs before a This reproach gnawed Hector's verie soule. sent to th' battaile. invigorated and endow'd with new but they said powers. and. and bade him desist. to hearten them for a terrible strug- Like clouds about the summit all Boreas sleepeth. th' immovable. was shielded by Apollo. Then Apollo phantom withdrew ^neas from th' fight. the god reproved him th' gods. But th' Greekes.272 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON.

he exhorted them not near.ARGUMENT OF THE ILIAD. and quickly returned that he might protecte Agamemnon. slew a generall of th' Halizonians. brandishing his spear. dwelling in Pherse. venerable Bellona. beholding this. an ally to Troy. Palling. they should bee disappointed of their hope. some- times in th' rerewarde. for 'twould not avail ought. to give Sonne of Nestor. and hastened to avenge Pressing forwards through the van. and drew his brazen from the bloudy wound possesse himself e speare. Hector. saw him and followed him him least ayd. Mars and were with with tumultuous Din. They were as two young firs lions with th' the dam. rushed on vociferating loudly^ and behind him the Trojan phalanxes followM. retreated. But his seeing two heroes thus standing. and Antilochus hitting his charioteer his elbow. descended from the River Alpheus. set his heele on his body. Only th' dread presence of th' is god could terrify Diomedes. 27a Diodes. And Amphius. he stood. ^neas. shining in brasse. who had come caste as. . whose course stopt as by a mightie river. though an eager warriour. side. for he fear'd for th' shepheard of th' people. he to made a crash: then illustrious Ajax hastened him. but addressing his companions. Then the Trojans advanced very and Hector slew Menesthes and Anchialus. th' but Antilochus. but they fell like lofty upon mountayne Menelaus seeing their death. but did not of any armour because of the many speares of the Trojans. Then Agamemnon hurling with on spear. ran on to drive the steeds to the Grreekes. was struck with a speare by Tela- monian Ajax. this pitied them. to put their lives in jeopardie with a god. causing those beautiful reines to droppe. Hector —the former sometimes pacing before him. both being in one chariot.

unable to refute the charge. Noemo'. Halius. and gave him great sufferance. but he on his owne part hence would send soule of Tlepolemus to steed-fam'd Pluto. Ulysses was uncer- taine whether 'twould bee wiser to folow Sarpedon and put an end to his life. addressing first brave taunted the sonne of Jove with his unwarlike nature. aside. few men in six vessells. Straightway both hurl'd their long speares at instant. while boastes of th' deeds his mighty. . it Then his companions draggM him even while yet th' speare remained in member. Tliiis thej. grazing th' bone. had not Hector come forth th' in shine of brazen armour. himselfe most frankly admitted the defeate. with onely citty. yet cast th' blame upon th' Laomedon. to recover the steedes which Laomedon continued to withhold. He slew Coeranus. so that he was overthrowne. but his father him not th' to die. and overturned the widowing still the streets. and Minerva persuaded of the hero to der. or continue a slaughter of th' Lycians. Alcan- Chromius. and darknesse veiled the eyes. th' same Sarpedon's entered th' neck. and Tlepolemus. Alastor. Sarpedon. asking how he could suppose himselfe the sonne of Jove. th' Jove would not permit his sonne to be subdued under mighty spear of Ulysses. and Prytanis still and would have continued the work.274 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. bearing terror to Greeks. lion-hearted sire in former times had accomplished. But the ashen speare of Tlepolemus penetrated suffer' d the left thigh. As hee was borne thence. —Tlepolemus —Sarpedon —sonne and grandesonne These spake Sarpedon. toyrd in conflict. recounting how Hercules had come to lUium. on the one hand. were ever mingl'd with his scoffs. th' minde tume to th' latter. N'ow fate urg'd to on two doughtie heroes King Jove together.

Hector stay'd not. and bade her devise some meanes to aide him. herselfe. to a beautiful beech tree of ^gis-bearing him Jove. But Juno now address'd Minerva. begging that hee would take him to Troy. nor spake a word. nor would their rankes give waye. silver thongs. th' knight Orestes. th' naves of silver. Then carrying th' noble companions of Sarpedon remov'd him. th' body was stretched on with gold and circula' and from a double rim there projected pole of . if. Helenus of the race of OEnops. indeed. venerable tree Hebe speedily applied to th' chariot sides on both — — to th' iron axle- th' golden eight spok'd wheeles. then ^tolian Trechus. in the meantime. 275 heart of Sarpedon rejoyc'd. whom did Mars (with and answer is thus made: Teuthras. and. so intent was he upon his quest. Th' Greekes did not (on account of Hector and Mars) retire to th' shippes. Of these th' felloes were of gold imperishable. with CEnomaus. but he breath'd over all th' place. and quickly he address'd Hector. did they permit destructive Mars longer to rage. however. neare Lake Cephissus. sought her golden caparisoned steeds. Oresibus of Hyla. Th' question commeth here as to Hector) slay. saying hee would die there rathe' then where he lay. but the tires that th' rimmed them were all brasse.ARGUMENT OP THE But til' ILIAD. desiring onely to repell th' Greeks and take the lives of many. She. and Pelagon drew forth th' speare. and said they should now come short of th' solemn promise made to Menelaus. and by him dwelt other Boeotians who possess' d a rich country. Thereupon ani- mation reviv'd left him and when Boreas darknesse fell upon his eyes. yet were they compell'd to yeeld ground. he might neve' return to gladden his dear wife and infant sonne.

Eagerly Juno beg'd that she might drive Mars. a portente of iEgis-bearing Jove. so th' who griev'd her with th' slaughte' of many Greeks that she held dear. but bade her send Minerva rather then go herselfe. hither. th' restles. where . Thereupon the goddesses descended Olympus. who had god of warre. Then Jove's faire Howres. passing through th' space midwaye betweene the earth and leap th' steeds that starrie heaven. and here poytrells of gold were brought th' steeds th' But Juno was th^ joake herselfe. thereon Gorgonian head. so eager goddesse for conquest and Pallas Minerva let fall th' battaile. Likewise upon her head she donned her foure-crested. dire. th' armour of a hundred Finally she took in hand th' mighty speare she to wield.276 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. At each it. but Juno spurr'd on pawing steeds. all sides. and hastened to put on a tunick. which watch Olympus' gates. golden helmet. was Strife. upon th' floor o' her father Jove th' beautifully variegated embroydered robe which she wore. was found there sitting. apart from all th' others. to whicli beauteous golden yoake. went as farre as th' eye can reach along the darkling ocean when gray mist doth lie over But when they reached Troy. On it thereon was mighty thereon also was chilling Pursuite. threw wide th' portals that they should goe through. thereon was th' dreadfull horrible. was fastened under th' silver. equall to citties. but pleas'd Apollo let slip this and Yenus. frantick one. and Jove. attached. And hee was ready to gratify her wish. The' round her shoulders she threw th' dreadfull fring'd ^gis. appear'd plum'd Terror on Fortitude. with spreading metall ridge. was wont then she stept into her beautifull chariot. and soone th' highest summits of Olympus were gain'd.

but that they close now ventured citty. and his hand was aweary.: ARGUMENT OF THE th' river ILIAD. upon the hollowe shippes. stood in close array selfe around Diomed. Then the th' River Simois afforded them ambrosial fodder. he still retain'd his courageous spirit. and found th' side of his chariot. Juno unyok'd her soft mist steeds and shed a round them. Juno to shout as loud. even when he went on an ambassage to Thebes. th' Troja's fought not farr from th' Dardan gates. For am constantlie inciteing thee against th' Trojans. and though I would not suffer him at all times to fight. as fiftie other cried to them that 'twas shame to them that their hearts were but ill suited to bodies so admirable. nor to rush furiously to the battaile. and all." Diomed in reply thus spake: . indeed. cooling the wound he had from th' swift arrow Pandarus had aym'd at him. for th' moisture unde' his shield's wide band caus'd him great discomfort. and reminded them that when god-like Achilles was in the field. and unworthy tho' I bee call'd the sonne of such a man. who all was accustomed men. eyther thou dost weary. conquer'd art so powerfull an ally was I unto him. but a warriour. 277 Simois and Scamander joyne. that. With steppe® like th' to timorous doves. th' great-hearted and braze'-ton'd. because they fear'd his speare. Likening her- to Stentor. Then Minerva touch'd th' yoake of the steedes and said "O little like himselfe is the sonne Tydeus hath begotten! Hee in very truth was but smal of stature. to But thou farre unlike Tydeus. easilie and strove with numerous Cadmea's. or feare doth But unto her valiant now dishearten thee. goddesses approached Greekes. farre away from the Then blew-eyed him by received Pallas hastened to Diomedes. and shielding [thee] from harm. as ravening lions or wild boares.

espying Diomedes. he. and would alas. who had now slaine Then Pallas put on But th' Periphas. thy own in sending me unto the battaile. speake. O tliou daughter of ^gis-bearing Jove. bravest of th' ^tolians. nor is my Thou. over his steeds it his brazen-headed speare.— 278 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. dragg'd him backeward. arous'd to fury. I^eyther am I weery selfe. the helmet of Pluto (which caused her to bee invisible) that impiteous Mars might not see her. th' Greekes. left fallen Periphas and went against him. Yet Minerva caught sped and turn'd As . so great Mars or any other of an auxiliary am I unto thee. mounted the chariot and seized both goade and reines. "I know thee well. Then come now." he mixeth with th' Trojans and forgetteth Thus did she panion. because I perceive Mars dispensing now the battaile. directing Diomede to encounter Mars. and engage him in close combat." To him blue-ey'd Minerva said: "Tydides. Leaping straight- quickly downe. direct th' solid-hooved steeds against implacable Mars. I retyr'd from the field. injoyn'd on me to fight only against Yenus and wound her with th' pointed spear. Minerva way. all this. yoake of Leaning farre out over he caste as it his reins. will plainly tell thee. deare to my soule. nor seeke to conceale from why I have left the fight. Therefore have otho' and have drawne away the Greekes also. and laying hold upon his com- Sthenelus. nor regard this phrensied and unnaturall pest this weather-vane! For hee th' lately promis'd Juno and myselfe that assist he would aide Trojans no more. he yeelded th' place. and I thee. soule possest with feare. neythe' neede thou in thy heart quaile before god th' immortalls. but to contend with no other immortall. But now. it aside.

sharply.ARGUMENT OP THE Diomedj however. beene the sonne of other immortalls. In truth hee beleeved that had Juno not led him on. th' hee shewed his woundes and wiped away immortall bloud. saying that he But Jove reprov'd him all was most hatefull of Olympian gods. shee guided it its penetrated the lower flank. which hee proceeded to doe. was covered with th' but shee withdrew it at once. Going to Olympus. that he fo-und discorde and warres ever most gratefull. Thus saying. Jove straightway commanded Paeon to heale him. Then. haze appeareth when a hot winde doth blowe for a long season. sent forth course so that it ILIAD. and possessed th' insufferable. complaining that hee in no wise restrained the daughter he had begotten. that the louder. addressing words to Jove that were swift as wing'd arrowes. . but said t' him that had he. yet owned that Mars' paine so it. he sat downe by Satumian Jove. and inconstant above all the others. exulting in glory. Juno. long since his place have beene lower then that of the sonnes of Uranus. tree stirr'd into milke quicklie cruddle the remedies quickly heaFd th' woundes of impiteous Mars. Hebe washed him and decked him in beauteous robes. soe Mars ascending unto heav'n appeared to Diomedes. much louder then any nine strife men when Then they joyne in of the Greekes and Trojans hearing as a th' bellow- ing were affrighted. Then god Mars roared or ten thousand battaile. As when the juices of the figgeit. applying remedies. for hee was not mortall. and seating himselfe by his father Jove. iiabending disposition of his mother. where girdle. hee had not suffered thus. griev'd his as owne heart that he could not endure inasmuch Mars was would his sonne. 279 his weapon. being so destructive. she that was the cause of continuall strife 'mongst the other immortalls.

and brandishing th' hosts. urging them into the thicke of the avowing what was his mission to th' citty.. spouse o' th' king's daughte'. as failing in her designe of seduction. and twelve yereling heyfers be promist in therefore leapt his speares. being sent with secret Waiting to the king of Lycia. then Tydides and Glaucus met face to face first eager to fight. returned to the pallace of mighty Jove. sonne of Prcetus. at the request of his false-hearted wife — th' young man's stepp-mother —who. the Trojan dames and the old th' men unable t' mixe with warriours — instructing Hecuba. ask'd th' name and lineage of his opposer: thereupon Glaucus replied hee his genealogie. Mars. he was (th' space of nine dales) much attended and honoured as a guest. to give order that all meet make supplication in the citadell to Minerva^ 6. sacrifice. And now th' dread battaile of Trojans and Greekes th' gods. and in giving sad tale o' Bellerophon. told th' was well-descended. inquiring. th' upon seeing message which Bellerophon had given him. No soone' was he thus gooie to Troy. Whereupon Juno and that great assistant Minerva. hated him as much she had loved him — untill so fayling. VI. and Sonne t' Prcetus. went throughout the army inciting conflicte. was abandon' d by to the Greekes.— 280 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. . sent into farre- distant lands by that deluded syre. but Tydides. and victory sway'd most clearly Helenus counselled Hector together to i. hav- ing stay'd from dreadfull deeds of death. Hector downe from his chariot. mother to both. Whereupon. the manslayer. that an embroder'd robe be presented to th' goddess. Yet.

hee exchanged armes with Diomed. begging that wine might be brought. upon him many offspring These. himselfe secretly loved. nor did he hold it meete that hee come with gory hands to offer vowes to th' powerful sonne of Saturn. Both doughty warriours then leapt downe thus bespeaking amitie. the Lycian soveraigne gave of his daughters. giving his rich golden armour for brazen — the valewe of an hundred oxen for the valewe of nine. . valiant author of terror. this. and whe' it became known that Bellerophon was the of a god. mothers surrounded him to ask for and husbands in all He. th' field. And Jove depriving Glaucus of prudent foresight. all to give the hand. Then he his beautifull pallace of Priam. This Hector declined. and spake of it. Glaucus was th' offspring. many evills were impending. when hee heard well remembered this sire as a guest in his father's house. and fond mother there met him and hung upon Jove and th' his hand. that he might pour upon th' earth a libation unto other immortal Is. but bade Hecuba. select the most beautifull from th' rare stores it robe and bear to Minerva's temple. they possest. however.ARGUMENT OF THE ILIAD. friends arrived at the Seian gates. sacred she will avert from IlKum Tydides. were all accomplished. Then Diomedes. whom Jove Of one of these sonnes. vowing if to her twelve yeerelings that never felt the goade. that fierce warriour. however. hastened to the straightway ordered that so should supplicate th' gods. 281 the subtile soveraigne of the Lycians put great labours. him as his wife one sire of and by her he became the both sonnes and that fayre daughter. wives and th' welfare of th' sonnes. saying he wisht nought that would enervate him. But when Hector brothers. Laodamia.

reproached him for his infatuation. to go forth. the faire to his dwelling that he might look upon Andromache. rather then rage or indignation. o' Helen spake soothingly to him. for she had gone forth unto the Thither Hector followed.283 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. and his infant sonne. Whilst Hecuba was thus engaged (in companie with on to other dames of distinction) Hector passed the beauteous halls. from the fight. and Andromache espying him ran out to meete him. But Paris disclaimed griefe. urging but one thing: at that Paris come once unto the battaile. find. although hee was sensi- ble of her courtesie. but had urg'd him better. or to the sea to be a prey to the Then she beggM Hector to be seated. but he© would not be perswaded to remaine. His wife he did not walls. Priam. regretting in her soule that a tempest. where Alexander built for himself lofty close and splendid apartments. golden armour and fitting by those of Hector and Sharpely he There hee found Paris pollishing brightly the th' crooked bowe. with her a maid bearing th^ child. that he was thus absent that his wife. had not carried her off to some mountayne billowes. saying also that his rage was ill suited to th' time. at the hour her comeing into the world. Andromache took hold on Hector. and said was because of chiefely. and he himselfe would reprove any other warriour that was thus remisse in th' battaile. and he also thought it would be But Hector made no answer. Threat to the safety of Hlium mennaced on hatefuU it everie hand. all this. top. foretelling that valour would . saying it was strange he should go out so fearlesslie to th' warre without pitty for her or his child. with kinde words. Then he went his wife. since the gods had perchance decreed his fall at that battaile.

bee he brave or cowardlie. and together they went to the field to hew down the Greeks. Hector were shame citty. knowing her mission. Her he bade return to the care of th' household. then he fondled his sonne. but joyn'd his brother as hee pass'd forth. with tender paine and sorrow. a joy to his mother.ARGUMENT OP THE destroy him. whilst he praied aloud that he might become a brave souldier. took off his helmet and plac'd little it upon the ground. By the tearms of this challenge. Minerva. but th' nodding plumes. and the babe hid ker bosome. of Andromache's possible captivitie and servitude. This beeing agreed upon it was made knowne to Hector. but Apollo. met her and proposed anothe' course of action. he stretcht forth his arms for his affrighted at th' child. Hector. shades and not a man that borne can escape fate. his face in Then he placed the boy tenderly She tearfully smil'd. 28S replied. descended Olympus them. even braver then he. th' armour . to all the Trojans should he not defend th' but spake eloquentlie. whilst hee went forth again to battaile. in his wife's arms. (also because of all that glittering brasse) hid his face in th' bosom of his nurse. his valiant sire. it bemoaning her fate. and ILIAD. VII. Soothing words Hector then doth speake. Then infant. seeing them hastily to staie destroying manie. This was nothing less then that Hector might challenge the bravest of the Greekes to single combat. Keythe' did Alexander staye behind. who straightway sent a roisting challenge 'mongst th' wait- ing Greekes. smiling. and th' is doth pray her to beleeve none can send him to of death untill his date be out.

but the bodie should be sent to his owne people. calling them but dames th' without courage. then his armour-bearer. inciting thei' courage. give supplicated Jove. yet asham'd to refuse. nor did hee lacke use. Then they prayM lot. after them Eurypylus. Agamemnon much two Ajaces. dissuading with eloquence. saw that was th' it one that he had marked. addrest them. Nestor. When Ajax. hand of his brother. told of his brave actions in his youth. praying that if Ajax might bear away the victory. and Atrides therefore hee. the king. but the Gerenian knight. cast saying to lift all upon the ground. let A herald then to left. it into th' them decide by lot who should accept Then each mark'd his owne lot and cast helmet of Atrides. bade his challenge. Thoas and divine Ulysses. aloud that Ajax. Then Menelaus himselfe. Then they love. The Greekes were all mute with dread. . stretching forth his hand for it. and longed to have once more the mighty strength of former yeeres. and bidding lest up prayers the Trojans heare. to give over. of the conquer'd should go to the victor. th' lot as he passed from right to Ajax. or even aloud for skill nothing daunted him. seizing th' knew it. in soule rejoycing. then Diomed and the next Idomeneus. But disclaimed it until he came it who. and said he would accept invitation This would have beene sure death. and. each chiefe see all The Gerenian knight shooke the helmet and the lot of Ajax leapt out. them and silently that the lot was his. Meriones. or Tydides might get the or th' Mycenaean king himselfe. prevailed upon him Then Nestor rose and. Nine warriours rose in answer to his appeale.384 BI-LITBRAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. but he lov'd Hector with an equall an equall might and glory to both. All these wished to goe out to fight Hector. the first rose up.

so that he fell supine. that seven-fold oxhide shield stays in the sevent fast iixt. it and dispatcht shield with such force broke through Hector's and wounded him in the knee. both would have had deadlie wounds had not the message come th' battaile cease in to them to cease. and it goeth through his equal shield. shield. ILIAD. and. grimly smiling. however. lions or boars. since having given challenge retract. it was impossible to heroes to Then mighty Ajax bade Hector note many strife besides Achilles amongst the Greekes. The side. Ajax. but Ajax' weapon Yet did he not cease from the combat. but. but he would scome any but open warfare. it He in turne snatcht up a heavier stone. strook the shield of Ajax upo' the bosse so rang loudly. they separated. must hear utter'd by him whom he fought ere he yeelded. like ravening they againe joyn'd The point of Hector's repelled was bent on Ajax' and wounded Hector. seizing a great stone lying in the plain. The Greekes rejoyc'd at the sight. Hector therefore pronounc'd Bimilar words. Drawing forth th' speares. . he rusht forward. all shiftes Hector in turne replied he knew and passes. and begg'd him beginne the and battaile. Talthybius and Idseus. heralds. to And now. and penetrates but I^ow Ajax hurls a mightie staies speare. exchanging gifts. but the Trojan warriours trembled. battaile. hurl'd that it it forth. were sent from eyther obedience to approaching it bidding Night.ARGUMENT OF THE tlierefore. and even Hector's soule thrill'd and panted. in a close hand hand combat with the sword. but bending or turning hee escapes blacke death. the long Then he hurls beam so forcibly that it pierces th' outer brasse of sixe layers. nor untill it through his curat glides and cuts in tway his tunicke near the flank. But Apollo quickly rered him. ?85 had put on his armour.

but .286 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. well sharpened. for even a babe could see that an evill fate impended over Trojans. or they would fight again fate divide them or give th' victory to one or the other. The Greekes without it. were set. Then Greekes. and all th' Greekes shouted in approval. and add something it thereto. botli Trojans and l^estor avis'd th' Greekes to seeke forth their dead. and put therein gates thorow which the chariots might passe. saying repast. But brav Diomed bade them receyve th' neither Helen nor the treasures. to build one common it before which a trench should bee dug. (and beside the chariots to pass through) gates should bee erected for a bulwark to their camp. councils were lield among pile. Priam first likewise harangued them. and in the morning send a herald to the Greekes to lay before them proposalls of a truce (that those that were slaine might be bum'd) at th' time he made them th' offer of Paris. built a wall and strong towers'. and both hastily brought forth their dead and built their pyles. Then he raised up his scepter to the gods. but Jove must be a wit- nesse to the treaties. were well they goe to their mindfull ever of the watch. admir'd it . whylst proposing he should restore ures. th' defence. bade the herald heare this expression of sentiment that accorded fully with his owne. which he bade the till herald say must be accepted. therefore might they performe hastily their obsequies with fire. but Paris refused th' treas- with warmth. Meanwhile Antenor was let exhorting th' assembled Trojans that thej should Helen go. But when receyv'd it Idseus bore th' word to the Greeks. Whereupon Agamemnon Yet as co'cem'd the dead. they bore them no grudge. and dug a deep ditch wherein Th' gods. observing postes. they mutely.

for the rest. meantime. set of sun the wall was compleated. At Mount Ida. saying he could it eclips'd. A thousand measures were a present fro' Euneiis to Atreus' sonns. thund'ring. the night. and they dar^d to not drinke they pour'd out a libation Saturn's supreme sonne. and th' place thereof know it no more. and even oxen and all slaves. Nestor now. and pale feare tooke hold upon till all. to the very had not venerable Juno put it into th' heart and mind of Agamemnon (seeing this returne of his hosts) to . the sonne Jason. consulting the scales of Destiny. tum'd backe the Greekes. but afterwards lay downe and enjoy'd the boon of sleepe. VIII. and sought refuge within their they bulwarks. th' Greekes gave in exchange large portions of brasse. and they feasted they made a great bounteously feast. fire And then indeed would Hector have press'd with shippes. Jove reprov'd th' easily overturne th' wall. forth' conflicte 'twixt bade them to take any further part in the Greekes and Trojans. obliterate everie trace of with sand. whose mighty charioteer Diomed slays. skins. In Troy also but Jove. Then Jove. At repast. came. was devising evills that should fall on Greekes and Trojans alike. then Jove. he directs his forked-lightnings against the Greekes. lie 287 made a plaint tbat the wall citty and Apollo had round the of Troy for Laomedon would be Earth-shaker. having summon'd the Olympian gods to an assembly upon the very summit of th' highest mount. and they took shippes o' Then from Lemnos bearing wine from Euneiis.ARGUMENT OF THE ISTeptune built ILIAD. but. with loud thunderings. in th' chariot of Diomed doth goe out agaynst Hector. iron.

slew Hector's mighty charioteer. This so enrag'd the great Trojan that he seiz'd an heavy stone and strooke the youth. but none went before Diomed. making promise of should have enter'd the captur'd when they But Teucer bade In the general observe that hee needed no exhortation. Close upon Telamonian Ajax he prest. was able.288 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. Ajax on th' side. And one Teucer peer'd forth. fawne in th' talons as they is were offering and the fawn caste doAvne to earth near the th' signe beautifull altar. Againe and againe he levell'd an arrow at valiant Hector. lie urge. rerjoyc'd seeing him. as Ajax mov'd the shield unto side. clad in impiteous courage. he would himselfe doe all that was within his power. mother. but as yet he could not hit the mighty chiefe at whom all he aym'd. and stood by him to rich reward citty. next the two and the Ajaces. praying that they might escape (at least) with. however. fine. but Apollo guarded the hero from harme. When th' they saw from Jove. and to that of Achilles on the Atrides incited them forth thro' a dread of shame should they bee driven before Hector alone. And Jove sent his eagle with a sacrifice. a charge with all their Taking position upo' Ulysses' one vessell. —who — as child to its sheltered him behi'd that mighty shield. so that he fell upon his knees. and his armour-bearer. as vehemently as forces. then Idomeneus. Agamemnon incite him. and shooting his arrows swiftly. their lives. ninth was Teucer. slew many of the Trojans. Meriones. they rusht forth to battaile. . After him came two sonnes of Atreus. Teucer. so that his speech might bee heard as farre as th' tent of Telamonian other. followed by Eurypylus.

and Hector fierie steeds in pursuite. having first entrapt and slaine Dolon. wiselie counselling. . carry out. prevayled upon Minerva (in despight of Jove. Next Diomedes and Trojan campe at subtile Ulysses slyly enter the night.ARGUMENT OF THE Then Ajax held groaning heavily. and fifty men at each fire sat at watch. van lash'd his and slew great th' rankes. Then old ]N'estor. desir'd informatio' that inabled them to seeke out the tent of that Thracian king Rhesus. seeing their flight. But he now prevented and during the whole of the night Hector prevented surprises through wise prevision. IX. his decree) to go out with her to the succor of the Greekes. order Youths and aged men were given to keep fires watch in the towers. who had set out as From him they obtained the a spye to the Grecian campe. rous'd the mightie Trojans Then Jove th' who drove backe in the Greekes to their defenses. the matrons have mighty in their halls. numbers of those that were in the hindmost of Juno. who. come to their ayde. bade Agamemnon to send Ulysses with Phoenix and Ajax to the tent of the hero Achilles. but meantime a thousand fires blazed around the citty. and a strong guard set to watch the secret entrances to the town. Jove was angry with said. he to thwart the plans sought ever a to meane and purposes hee wished their interference. 289 over companions bore the suffering him why 1st two strong young warriour to one side. but 'twas of X. more then with Juno. Pallas At this. if by any meanes they could prevayle on him no availe. th' shield ILIAD.

sooner do Ajax and Menelaus observe then they go to their ayde. away his life. and. who inter- XIII. Idome'eus. th' conflicte. and the Deiphobus is repuls'd by Meri- ones. while mighty Hector.Idomeneus slays Othryoneus and then Asius. and Socus doth IN'o injure Ulysses. lashing them with the bowe. exhorteth who proceedeth to the battaile with Meriones. Patroclus Nestor at his tent. Teucer slays Imbrius. preted the omens as most unpropitious. over whose body a sharp contest doth take . Alcathoiis. Then Idomeneus doth subdue place. however is his speare falleth not idlie to ground. in disregard of Polydamas. slayeth him not. this. . Neptune assuming a likenesse to Thoas. drove them away to the Greekes. and having slayne him (with many others) Ulysses loosed th' solide hoov'd warlike steeds. for Hypsenor slayne.290 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. Atrides fought most but Paris woundeth Diomed. smiting takes Amphimacus. Seeing this. XL Then they resumM furiously. in turne. XII. and the field in the th' sire exhorteth now seeketh him to goe to armour of Achilles. side. Then ^Neptune engages on the Greecian battaile proceeds hotly. Ere long the Trojans assail the mighty gates and presse toward the shippes. Deiphobus. ayming his speare at Idomeneus.

which she wore seducing men or gods. ILIAD. no allurement was In it were desire. and. words and greatly incited the courage of the With a bellowing roar. swiftnesse Then. she obtained from her the as cestus. spake winged souldiers. upon the earth and the other upon the calling the . in the likeness of an aged maij. Juno seing him was visit delighted. hee hasted on. it well.— ARGUMENT OF THE XIV. louder then anie ten thousand men. —hee he made her sweare by the water of Styx. the brother of Death. love- converse. having smoothed her gleaming haire and disposed rings. she came at length to farre-distant Lemnos and sought out Sleepe. his anger. put on her trebble jewelFd eare- and. Jove destroy him in But hee Yet. She tooke fast hold upon his hand and begg'd that he would now close in sleepe the eies»of Jove. taking holde on the hand of Agamemnon. promising a golden if throne and footstoole declined. Juno promised Pasithea him the youngest of the Graces to wed could no longer withstand her. when However. Going forth from her chamber and finding Yenus. passing with ore mountain and sea. from which an hundred fringes depended. she all. lacking. selfe soe sweetlie that the odor reached she array'd herselfe in a beautifull embroder'd robe with golde claspes and a rich zone. Bathing and perfuming herboth earth and sky. the Earth-shaker. over a beautifull shining veyle. descending Olympus. seductive speech — able to steale away the minde all even of th' very prudent. least he grant her wish. with one hand sea. and prepared at once to Jove on faire Ida. 291 Agamenmon and battle other wounded chiefes visiting the now.

and hee shed a golden cloud round them. his hart's desire. Lucid drops were distill'd from the cloud. Titans to witnesse her oath. to induce Calling Iris he sent her forth to leave the field. Juno. she yeelded unto the embrace of Saturn's lordly sonne. that none (be she goddesse or woman) had awaken'd herself e at so much love in his bosom. subdued by Sleepe and love. lotus. faining to Jove (as she had to Yenus). and led him on to incite the Greekes. but Sleepe conceal'd himselfe. fire Ajax (Telamon) kept the backe and himself e slew twelve of the Trojan warriours. not even any former time. Apollo doth put the Greekes com- pleatly to rout and drive them to their shippes. he pleaded. But Sleepe went in all swift haste to the Greeks. XV. hiding them from sight. that she sought to unite Oceanus and Tethys. Armed th' with the ^gis. Then to valiant Patroclus obtain'd permission of Achilles don that hero's armour and lead forth th© Myrmidons . sweet with dewe. Jove waked to see th' Trojans driven before them and was exceedingly angry. where the sire quietly slumber'd with his spouse in his armes. Juno placed her person conspicuously in Jove's sight.292 BI-LITBRAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. These all Trojan heroes thought to bum. avowing. mighty I^Teptune and requested divine Apollo that he would at once heale Hector. Hastening to many-rilPd Ida. XVI. thus forming a flow'rie couch. indeed. and crocus. and the divine earth produced hyacinth. that she would surely give him one of the younger Graces — 1 Pasithea. where he found the powerfull Earth-shaker. inflam'd his desire to keepe her near him.

293 upon the condition that he as soone as should take heede of til' all danger and return This he Trojans were driven backe. and e'vn heroicke Ajax doth shrinke backe. Ajax and the sonne of Atreus. ILIAD. and he. as the As a lionesse. but Sarpedon was slaine. Him. he seeth Ajax advancing. The Greekes are beaten backe s^ length. soe Ajax.ARGUMENT OF THE to th' succour of the Greekes. eager to slay Hector. Cebriones. These two. . Menelaus then slayeth Euphorbus. but persew'd the fleeing foe to th' walls of Troy. keeping watch ore her whelps huntsmen draV nigh. The latter mounteth loweth after Automedon to th' and fol- shippes of the Greekes. but not before he declares th' fat© of Hector. waighing in his minde what he should Hector's approach frights Menelaus so that he doth goe in search of Ajax. and in all haste mounteth his charet. and also Hector's charioteer. yet Meriones and brave Menelaus bear away the body of Patroclus. to death by Hector. Then Hector doth take off the beautiful armes. but as he is dragging the body away to sever the head from the trunke. returning. indeed. guarded the fallen hero. As Atrides doth stand doe. and put Achilles' chariot. th' Then Glaucus the conflict reprov'd Hector in so sharpe a manner that the great hero's heart rag'd. whiles Menelaus stood beside him. fail'd to do. doth goe round about the den. XVII. walked round him. glaring savagely. beginneth anew over th' body of Patroclus. wounded by Euphorbus. He is repelled by Apollo. lowering th' shaggy browes. who was attempting to remove the armour of Patroclus. while Autome^ don doth furiously defend the chariot of Achilles. giving the armour to some of th' Trojans to carry to Troy. Apollo protected.

the Hyades. throw- ing himselfe on the ground. and she came out of the deepe to give sea-nymphs. musik and gladnesse. th' unwearied sunne. and a waving cornfield. consenting. dancing. On man's it was a heard of oxen driv'n forth to th' field. On it were two faire citties: in one marriage feasts. the moone. Achilles gave waye to the most violent griefe. besieg- ing it. where reapers were thrusting in their sharp reaping-hookes. it was a sunny vineyard with golden faire maidens. heard before the heards- There was also upon th' shield a dance.BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. is with the Beare (that is likewise denominated Wain) and the only constellation never wet in wave of the sea. where youths and maides mingled in a gracefull motion holding each the wrist of the other. XVIII. the heavens. There was a fallow field. at one and other side. him comfort. weeping and soe sorelie lament- ing that his agony touched Thetis' heart. a five-fold shield. lions seizing the leader of the eies. the sea. clusters of where and joyous. sweete songs. and with her came manie She promises him also she will procure forththis with most beautifull armor. such as Daedalus devis'd for Ariadne. or danced to the musicke of the harpe. maketh belt of silver. with a On it heavens were the earth. and men with their ploughs. round the other two armies sat at watch. . the strength of Orion. On grapes. Yulcan. and for to purpose doth go it Yulcan and beg that hee will prepare first at once. and the constellations which crowne the —the Pleiades. skiping youths with gathered the grapes.

also a well-fitted helmet with golden crest. of . XX. Shouting he went along the shore. Then at the had Trojan ^neas. fallen hand of this th' watchfullnes of Neptune. rejoyced in soule. in despight of Xanthus' prediction regarding his fate. th' armour to her Sonne. Oceanus. backe. many are slaine by th' who doth compell one part of the Troand doth force in steed jan armie to withdraw towards Troy. and they range themselves on one or other hero save for side. and chieftaines straightway the wounded —Tydeus' and the sonne. Jove doth permit the gods againe to ingage in the conflict. may avenge his XXI.ARGUMENT OF THE And near the outmost edge lie ILIAD. with at Ulysses and Atrides — gather to an assembly. dazled at sight thereof. Then he made tinne which a corselet brighter then the snnne. Hector also attacks him. which Atrides and Achilles are reconciled. Achilles. Then shrank all the rest of his troopes. finished. affrighted. 295 plac'd that mighty river. in order that he brother Polydoru'. all he plact the whole at Thetis' who. who engaged Achilles. on the contrarie. and greaves of the may was bee well hammered. but Greeke. his death. Here. a second part into the Xanthus. When feet. latter hasteth forth to take vengeance for his friend. darted adowne from snowy Olympus bearing XIX. Him fierce Apollo rescueth. as a hawke doth sweep downe from the sky.

he did answer not a word. wishing that allies Trojan as they. exulting. Apollo answer'd. also Asteropseus. he thought not meet that they longe' all th' hold aloofe from combat. White-arm'd Juno seeing them. taunting him withdrew. is if a friend and ally of that treaty-breaking it However. in single combat. taunted him as he lay prone. yet Yenus. . Lycaon. pitying him. off but mighty Yulcan protecteth him and wardeth the danger. and. so enrage the This doth Eiver that he riseth up. all ^ slayeth. Hee savagely. doth attempt to overwhelme Achilles. Then Minerva. greatly Mars smote warlike Minerva with ^ot even Jove's thunder-bolt may subdue ackers. that contend on the part of was unwise for the immortalls to creatures of mortall frame. and asking for this hee people. since Troy then might easily be overcome. spake reproachfull words. hitting the JEgis. lie saveth twelve youtlis to offer as tlie a sacrifice on funerall pjle of his friend. but the Earth- shaker spake to Apollo. Falling. rebuk'd him. but an idle bowe. The gods standing by engage delighting Jove. She therefore hasted were such after them and overthrowi'g all them. but with difficulty he collected* his spirits. First his speare. whilst loudly deriding the rive' god as unable to defend his friends. reminding him of their unrequited labour for the Trojans a long time before. putting to death. led him away. since there in an unpremeditated it gods were ingag'd strife. Juno smil'd at these words. this. incited Pallas ^to pursue them. however.— 296 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. he cover'd seven and he made a horrible crash. and soone Minerva prostrated him with a monstrous stone. menacing dread- fuly. At this th' Farre-darter his rustick sister as th' bearer of — seeing when Diana him.

As a dove arrows. Then likening . and Priam. and follow'd Diana to Olympus. gathered up the scattered arrows. following upon their heels. smiting the greave upon one shin. addrest Latona. but hearing that was Juno. the sonne of AntenoT. the citty had fallen into the hands of the sonnes. hurriedly addrest her in great fury. 297 up the word. they Then had not Apollo mov'd Agenor. because she would surelie boast amongst the immortalls of victory. but all other gods ascended to Olympus.ARGUMENT OF THE At this the spouse of Jove. said not a word. taking ILIAD. who drew her it nearer smilingly while he sooth'd and comforted her. Achilles pur- sued Agenor so hotly that Apollo must needs shelter him with a mist. Guarding his person with his mightie shield. entered. observing him from one of Troies high towers. where she#had gone to make complaint to Jove. but. Then Achilles pursued the Trojans with descended in all great slaughter. Covered with dust. ending by plucking Diana's bowe from her shoulders and beating her (smiling meanwhile). asking distressed who had see her. he caste his speare. Latona found her belov'd child seated close beside Jove. of the Greekes. for the walls were him a care. enter with them. from a hawke. the messenger of Jove. saying he would not contend with a spouse of cloud-compeling Sonne of lordly Saturn. but bade them haste to in. and remove him from danger. not disabled. almost breathlesse. Apollo then repaired to to sacred lUium. to go against Achilles. close them when the troopes had come lest Achilles. hast to give orders to throw wide the gates to let the flying Trojans enter. affrighted flieth fled. Thereupon Latona took up the bow. smiting her about the eares. thirstie. so tim'rous Diana weeping without staying to gather up her dusty Then Mercury.

eager to combat with Achilles. a tremor seizeth him and he fleeth affrighted. since 'tis not a victim that life is sought. stretching forth hands with piteous action. and Hector's in the As . (bright indeed. a braver one followeth. mused in his soule as hee awaited the approach But when th' hero. Finally. in one having plac'd other. Jove throweth into his golden scales long sleepe. or even as commeth on like th' Helmet-shaker. shining like a blazing fire. Like a huge serpent that. But all availeth not a whit. to mark to which one it would fall. Round and round with swifte feete he doth fly. Priam. coyling doughty Hector. thereafter) addresseth his sonne. of Pelides. and speake together concerning the fate of Hector. seeing the latter advance shining like Orjon's dog. Hector remained without the walls. awaiteth th' coming of a man. but for th' very (they run) of horse-breaking Hector. (not discerning that a god led him on) turning his steps ever to'ard River Scamander. Achilles' fate of death. Mars. Achilles close following: a brave man is leading th' race. with the hope of overpowering one soe mighty. circling about Tl*oy's walls thrice. to LimseKe Agenor. Meanwhiles. XXII. filled round and round. the sxmne.298 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. but most balefuU. and tearing his hoarie laid bare her brest that Then Hecuba was a source of food and rest in his infancy. that brilliant starre of autumn. fiU'd itselfe with rage. This the gods note. nor a hide of a bull. so with inexhaustible courage. for the violent heat that commeth his feeble haire. as they begin the fourth time to encircle the citty. leaning that waightie shield against the projecting wall of th' tower. he beguiled Achilles to foUowe.

but that his body should bee kept for ransom. in the event of his his armour onelie should fall to Achilles. bending ove'. meet the end bravely. asking if any league would hold 'twixt men and lions. that. brandishing his speare and holding his wrought shield so . Then Hector hurl'd forth that mighty long shadow'd speare. shielded Deip'obus to bring Then Hector called to whitehim a long spear. flew far off. and avowing that no treaty of any sort could hold 'twixt them. so Hector rush'd on Achilles. But hee his flanke. placeth in Pelides' hand. it bringing the weapon backe. and Phcebus Apollo ^ to stand. (a favourite brother) she hope of bringing Likening herselfe to Deiphobus cometh nigh unto Hector. but he was as not near him. smiting the center of that massy shield. lambe or tim'rous hare. Thus deceived. This eager Achilles loudli© derideth. nor miss'd but rebounding. and thinking that one brother had beene brave enough to come to his ayde. his opposer.ARGUMENT OF THE ILIAD. he sent forth his long-shadow' d speare. or according minde be found 'twixt wolve' and lambes. doth avoide the blow. poising them. to Hades. yet attempting to make a compact with fall. Quickly the goddesse. Hector's f atall day doth go swiftli© down© then leaveth him. Then. brandishing. and skill perswadeth his minde to try his with the Grecian. in Minerva induceth Pelides about face to face contest. it. and felt that death awaited him. but Hector. his long Drawing sword that hung lowe at like a soaring eagle that doth sweepe downe upon a tender But. 299 Jupiter lioldeth the scales up. Hector retumeth. arous'd to the strife. and Hector perceaved in his minde that Deiphobus was not present without doubt the Fates resolv'd to o' he supposed.

300 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. Then Achilles spake to the Greekes. father and mothe' alike would gladly furnish. having drawne forth the speare. for nought could avert the destin'd ignomy and shame. in order that the funerall obsequies might bee performed. reflect lest the o' th' fall on thee for my sake on th' daye when Death's hand clutch thee. went eagerly for- that 'twould warde a thrust. that he would receive brasse and gold in ransom therefor. said: but hee "]^ay. yet did not sever therefore. his. and it lodg'd under the collar-bone. Hee pray'd Achilles that his body might not be fed to Grecian dogs. bidding him dye. when Paris and Phoebus Apollo shall strike thee downe. that hee fear'd not his fate at Jove's hands. but Achilles still addrest the lifelesse body. Then . But. or will of other gods. by the Then the rest of the Greekes approacht as Achilles pluckt the bloodie armour from the brest. nought persw^aded. but nought should be done Patroclus' funerall rites should be observ'd. Achilles avow'd that not ten or twentie times the ransome he had in minde. as he stoode eying Hector's it faire person in order to finde where best would yeeld. Achilles also ward. sighing. swiftly. Then was th' dreadfull weapon hurl'd the weasand. And did. not even gold should be accepted. Like Hesperus the brazen tip of his speare did glister. and all admir'd the forme and stature of Hector. saying they since it now might try the mind of Troy. yet none pass'd by without inflicting a wound." With words like these his soule descended to Hades. t' was giv'n unto them untill split- subdue mighty Hector. he could yet speake. where the necke and shoulder joyne. said that knowing Achilles as he he knew before he spake what fate was wrath gods for th' soule within the bosome of Achilles was iron. Hector.

body being dragged and eies. were wrapt in flame. confiding in Jove's omen — th' eagle cald with them Percnos or Black Hunter —he . he fastened leather thongs to them. and with bereaved Andromache all the dames standing near wept and mourn'd. XXIII. but yet for a time the wife of Hector occur'd. and Queene Hecuba lamenteth loud. by which his he bound him to the chariot in such a way that head traird along. and. seeing him. is King Priam. friend to performe the funerall and this done with many games (for valuable prizes). she saw Hector's in the dust towards the Grecian vessells. also undone. Jove biddeth Thetis go unto Achilles and demand collected. she collected her soule. eares. for knew not what had sent to her. But upon reaching the tower. stooping to and her heart interprets aright the measure of woe to Illium. whilst 'midst sobs she bewaiFd Hector's fate and hers. Afterward. sending Hermes forth also to conduct old Priam unto him to offer th' treasures he Priam's wife and belov'd sonnes plead with him in vaine to restraine him. and dust defil'd his glorious locks. the sound of wailing did pierce her summit. It is as if its its meted out fall. no messenger had beene However. and darknesse veyled her frightened but reviving. Then is Achilles is wam'd by the ghost of his deceased rites of Patroclus. XXIV. 301 ting each heel. fell swouning. Then taking up the armour^ he mounted his chariot and lash'd his steeds on towards the shippes.ARGUMENT OF THE ILIAD. where the men stood crowded together. th' body of Hector.

spake quicklie and brought forth request. man. kil'd by the Greekes. once father of fifty brave sonnes. that he would accepte the ransome for his sonnets body. The gate was up with a single which three men onelie might shoot save Achilles. and covering it with a thatch fencing thickly. and entering the tent unobserved as Achilles finisht his repast. who. and Achilles wondered and a as a dread sense of guilt seizeth a man in his owne country. had scene many his best belov'd. their citty who defended and themselves. tooke his depart and returned to Olympus. but. as they th' gates in th' bulwarkes behind the trench were Hermes put the men (who were feast. th' guard) asleepe gates. and kissed those dreadfuU man-slaught'ring hands. were gone aside to and unbolting the conducted the steeds and jnules through the campe untill they reached the lofty tent of Achilles. clasped his knees. reminding him of th' impropriety of a god overtly ayding mortalls. When reached. bidding him enter and embrace him by his father. whilst he. He. however. recalling to Achilles' his minde his owne father of the same hoary age. and now. Achilles by the knees. and off with a great fence of staddles cut well sperr'd and set fir. quest. Hector. also This Mercury op'd for old Priam. loppi'g the fir timbers. who awaited hopefully his living Sonne's retume. looking one at other) seeing Priam. and supplicate faire^haired mother. but went forth on that sad Mercury was a great comforter. leapt downe from the chariot. it o' grasse mowne in the fragrant meades. Priam then steeds. . his by his infant sonne.302 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. murthering unto another. and upheld Priam's courage and strength. fleeth so astonish' d spectators stand round. that the Myrmidons rear'd for their king. leaving his mules and chariot in Idseus' care. (and they that stood by.

with slight care of his owne in jeopardie dailie before Illion. Achilles. and warre and slaying of men do encompasse thy arise (for Yet thou canst by mourning and griefe availe evills nought. evills. indeed. a desire to th' weepe seized Achilles. calamity. and he. the containing threashold. rising. have wee heard that thy wealth at a former time did exceed many. Peleus. stand beside Jove's these hee sendeth forth mingled good From and ill. which even his goddesse mother might not lengthen. put yet an ill fate has fallen upon him in that he had one life. saying: "Chill griefe is uselesse. sire. bidding him be seated (for he respected his hoary haires) and he exhorted him to let sorrow sink to rest in his minde. sorrow. lifted But after a time. receyv'd golden gifts — ^riches and wealth. and none one save the gods are free from evill. pursue him. and as one writh'd upon ground bemoaning his Sonne's fate. At these words. nor he honour'd of gods or men. the other thought with regret of his distant father and of his friend Patroclus. for no mortall can escape wretchednesse. in despite of the knowledge of his short span. Man falleth now upon is one. againe upon another.ARGUMENT OF THE ILIAD. who. nor restore him) ere further thee. and that from lower Phrygia to Hellespontus on the north thy borders then reached." come upon Priam indeed thought it not well that he should be seated or give place untill Achilles had granted his prayer. the other good gifts. up the old man. it only Sonne. Two caskes. nimble mischance that hath soe swifte a foot. but now the gods have sent bane upon citty. 303 was slaine by Achilles' hand. thee. Of thee. his foTc'd tO' had beene do what no mortal man might endure — kisse the hand that had bereav'd his life. also. .

But when they had gaz'd untill they were the old man begg'd that Achilles would send him to his rest. lest his mourning cries should so move life. This provok'd a hasty reply. while she had borne many. they prepar'd the repast quickly. and. with griefe. him that hee could not stay his hand. giving orders that th' female attendants should wash and annoint th' body. then shalt thou lament thy Sonne. left to place —which were — a well woven tunicke Pelides bade on the body. waited without. and with his companion's helpe. although overcome two. et csetera. put plac'd it it upon the litter. drank wine together amicably. himselfe tooke it up. but he kept the corpse from aged Priam's sight. save two cloakes. Then Priam. Niobe was mindefull of food. in. intO' Afterward he retum'd the tent. who faire moum'd the losse of twelve childre' destroy'd by Apollo th' and Diana because she compar'd herselfe unto cheek'd Latona. wise be this "Let us like- now attentive to our repast. but at length the presents were brought also. since his Sonne was plac'd on a bier and he could return to lUium on the morrow. comparing him at and Achilles in tume marvell'd Dardanian Priam. ate of th' roasted fleash. who (she said) was the mother unto but Yet. Idaens enter and be seated. . then.304 BI-LITBRAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. at the same time making a moan fo Patroclus because of the deed. seeing his amiable expression and hearing him as he convers'd. much admir'd him. conveying him to Troy. He citeth to him Niobe's case." So saying. taking his displease Jupiter. to the gods. satisfied. and. urg'd him to take food. when this was accomplish'd. and seating himself on a couch over against Priam. and thou shalt bewaile him with many teares. on the beautifull chariot. opposite Pelides.

nor was there a man nor woman^ left in the citty. for he was devising a meanes Therefore he descended from Olympus wakenM him. arous'd Idseus noiselessly and assisted him to yoke the steeds and the mules. 30& him he and his th' herald had couches prepared for them upon porch. while her hands held Hector's head: . then went with them through the campe. Therefore. whilst all spectators wept. morn was diffused ore th' earth. and. while Pelides went lay f aire Briseis. but none saw them save Cassandra. wha like unto golden Yenus. nor did hee leave them untill they reach'd the eddying Xanthus begotten by undying Jove. ascended Pergamus. they placed it. him on th' ornamented bed. They. soe they met them near the gates coming in with the body. and looking out acrosse the plaine. and saffron-hued Then he ascended Olympus. they stoode afare off. lead Priam away safely. First came his wife and venerable mother. then might they weepe untill they were saciated with mourning. to rest within the tent. indeed. hastily. Then they drove the steeds toward the citty (and the mules bearing the body). th' request. who sang mourning ditties whilst the women made responsive moanes. and beside him to But Mercury slept not. if all that day would have moum'd and shed aged Priam had not bade them cease their cries. tears. standing beside him.. and give way unto th' chariot till he had borne him home. beheld them approaching. Among them his wife beganne thus. carrying him to th' illustrious pallace. so generall was the mourning. and plac'd singers beside leaders of the dirge. and soone assembled the people.ARGUMENT OF THE Achilles willingly granting ILIAD. plucking out th'^ their haire as they touch'd Hector's head.

who wert ever its defender. brother. hast thou died young in yeares. thy father many an acte like unto tO' this hath here perform' d. many a Greek hath beene It is made to seize the earth with his set teeth. aye. unworthy tasks. by his hand. I doubt not. with lamented. thou hast cans' d untold calamity. losse or injury venerable wives and infant children. or else some one of the Greekes (whose his sonne father. tower and dash thy Tor true it is." Thus speaking. and with her floods of teares. and didst keepe frora. nor shall I escape. will nere attain to manhood's strength. bitter is my endlesse griefe. to comfor' me long yeares to come. the people so lament in every nooke and angle of th' O Hector. whilst I am is left a widow ra the pallace? And beside myseKe. O my sonne. whO'. its for ere that. but. compleat destrucits Certainely thou. or give me any word of prudent counsell. art They will be carried captive to the shippes. toyling for a mercilesse lord. shalt perchance accompany me where thou must performe no more. for this cittie. thy infant sonne to whpm I have given birth. our citty will topple to tion. for thou stretch out thy didst not upon thy couch when dying. hands to me. nor speake my name. here ill-fated. unutterable unto us most to thy loving parents and to me. Bitter. and grief all. that he may have slaine) may grasp with force may cast thee headlong from some life out. or leave an enemy go unpunish'd. "O liusband.e 306 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. But thou. He to never might be gentle his foes. Hector's fayre wife all the other women moaned. . or even thy father thy tender hand.

his smiling eies like thine. and truly of life. most pathetick and tender. but thou. Ever monming. in lier knew and her owne fate and doth foretell that of their child." And every mother. keepeth pace with other children. and when she wrapt that other smiling babe within the cloake her loving hands had wrought soe said. prophetic soul. Now "O cometh aged Hecuba in place.ARGUMENT OF THE (l^ote. and is excell'd by nothing in our language except the stories of sacred history. his haire. were sold beyond the sea Lemnos. 307 Andromaclie. the childe in her heart. or at Imbrius. in all the centuries since that sad day. as if Apollo. not alone in thy in this destiny of death. she his "Astyanax would have beene like in age. This is is told in the :^neid. thou wert dearest of my sons. liest within our palaces as fresh and beauti- fuU of forme and every feature. But to retume. fell but also For all my other sonnes who at into Achilles' hands. skilfully with threades of rich gold. Samos. for she died at th' captors. the gods thou wert the care. and daily dragged thee round Patroclus' tomb. with his silver bow. The lines which containe this moumefull story are thrice given in my workes.) ILIAD. is The most sublimity of love and sorrow such as hers wonderf ull. had reav'd thee but to-day of joyous life. in her sad exile. and thus doth make her moane: Hector. lot Even Hecuba's hands of their was much lighter. though he hath tane thy precious life." . which I also translated. hands. doth sorrow with like paine from secret sympathie that mothers knowe.

not selfe. and moanes. but th' others altogether despise me. they did hastily. and there is none other There- in th' breadth of Illium who all will be kind to mee. . and whe' all had all assembled together. strict however. they extinguish'd with darke wine the pile that the fire had. th' wood from the mount in tenth morn brought light wood. Then Priam bade them bring pyle. th' pyle. heaping on numerous sharpe stones. assuring to Troy the wood for the funerall to feare untill them that tkey had nought th' twelve daies should have expired. wdth both mules and oxen. and said: "O Hector. These they plac'd in a in which they forthwith deposited it a deepe grave. however. lest the Greekes should make an attack too soone. unto mortalls. This. and kept constant and watch. while all the women join'd in teares teairs. they carried forth noble Hector and placed him upon round and applied fire to th' But when th' rosy finger'd Morn appeared. space Therefore.308 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. Thus speaking. When. and eies. heavy sighes Helen came third^ weeping' sad breaking the wordes. fore I must mourne. for th' of nine days did they bring the quantities. for word of Achilles th' was pledg'd that no ambuscade should lay in wait for Trojans untill th' funerall rites were concluded. as Alexander th' god-like man is my husband. taken hold on. aged Hecuba did cease her vehemont laments. Kind hast thou and my father ever beene (and here have I dwelt twenty yeares). beautifull urn of gold. the brothers and companions of Hector. they gather'd pile of illustrious Hector. ravening. with tearfull gather'd together his white bones." alone for thee. thou wert a beloved brother. but for my unhappy Ceasing to speake they mingled one long cry.

Thus can you peruse to th' conclusion. / it be any disadvantage or hindrance. 309 tomb properly. hath an argument of th' my ^neid. while a Latine w^rke entituled De Augmentis As in this Scientiarum will give ayde upon th' other. but the story of some of the great heroes may be found in my workes.— ARGUMENT OF THE But when they had heap'd up feasted th' ILIAD. And this compleats Homer's lUiads. rites of the great steede- Thus were the solemn funerall breaking Hector performed. I have intrusted hands and your am contente. and th' Anchyses The marginall notes of our to work which translation you now are using. they assembled in Jove-nurtur'd Priam's lofty pallaces. you doubtlesse will note that favorit partes are enlarged. and followe the wily Grecian Ulysses. and on a splendid banquet. . but th' JEneid of the noble Yirgil. not only his Odysses in the great Cypher. work. FRANCIS ST. mighty sonne of lovely Yenus that she bore Trojan ^neas. for I wrote out. yet as will not it lendeth assistance to th' discypherer. this labour to In confident hope. ALBAN.

it in which there can be trusted any great such that and anything we holde of a nature requireth a wisdome greater. choosing. you observe. We alwaies prize most a thing that hath longest evaded our pursuite. I mean the historic of my birth. had such as are scene heere beene employed in an example) in every booke I send forth I use. game be scented. hee shall alone unkennell th' skulkinge foxe. I doubte nought. There is somewhat of the hunter about all men: quietly waiting untill th' halloo chace. one state matter.— FEANCIS BACOIsr. for complete yet somewhat scattered rules or directions for another of different scope. Mine may bee 310 stil'd simila'. triumphantly. for I have written both in this secret storie. the prize homewards. DB AUGMBNTIS. 1624. slighte alteration of the common o' Italicke the alphabets of a bi-literate Cyphar having the letters that is two forms are readily obtained (instead I cut out because I feare anie eye might reade what hid in Cyphar. . beare. and enjoie honours by no one shared. Where. this or other similar Cyphers. for a man's nature ever hath some dregs of wild waies in despight of ages of clarifying or racking. and also my brother's. than wise King Salomon's to finde the purpose thereof. hj a letters. but rushing forth with his horrne as more piercing then hee joyneth the : Thus pursute becometh universall but should Art to follow in teach my most constant and watchfull hunter perfect silence.

glorifying for all futurity one that should finde this —cannot crowne tale. it. I am the rightfuU heire to th' thronfe. that I as in the playes to tell heerewith a pretty my Margaret. then againe in name of authours. Greene did I entruste most of that his name appeared as authour: therein you it may finde a large portion that belonging truely to the realme of poetrie. of whatsoever kinde. is put forth. or signe. now as Peele's or Spenser's. her earliest flower of royall it was by all th' like right — goes without saying — at any and times heir- aparent to proud England's wide realm. running f these veynes — th' same as in If the late Queene could claime issue. indeede. since th' blood of is King Henry any Tudor. any brow save mine. would wel grace verse. So blind are men. did not As plaies some parts were Pull off ev'n now th' outside. disguising my story. for th' honour of this — us'd whenere secret mater. yet then seeme f aire matter for againe used. prose and poetry. th' now as my who owne. . plac'd workes of mixt sort before a reading world. Thus you doubt find shrewdnesse they boast soe great. in so plain sight.IN DE AUGMENTIS. but can men what none looke pursew a path not ent'red upon. so cald. work —rather To Robt. will find light' work divesting them th' o' manie disguises. write out historic. th' throne. save our owne espyes a word or for. you. I. neither sought? I masqued manie grave secrets in my poems which I have publisht. methode 311 in fact. give lines in all kinds of poetrie that I have in anie place found but no eye will easy or pleasant.

This is Homer's verse title is: and doth take rank with his Eliads. or a Prince's is. Ireland. that yet shall be. as the ruler of th' realme of England. knowing that by th' parts th' virtue of kingly birth. Earl of Leicester! Can things be and not incite in one's heart a wish of shewing the truth to future generatio's? Can one of such a noble subject. th' pleasure I take is greatlie increas'd also. and I see here before mee a boundlesse province over which our raign may neve' cease. communion with As knowledge doth in- crease. these wedde' wife of Robt. fro' remote East to a remoter West. Th' secret story heere told doth fully set our wrongs before future reader': unto such do wee turne for judgement. France. But the day hope of one of justice having gone. royall power should come.S12 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. portio' of the later was ours — — as formerly all also our colonies in th' regions of the globe. cis' Never shall th' crowne th' rest on Prince Fran- loftie brow. never shall great throne of this land bear up the sonne to the so-stiled Virgin Queen. was intended for ayde upo' another Cyphar. his mony.. labour. power at anie time gone by. Wales. The . or may have performed for his subjects? For holde this reaso' do I labour for men's elevation and Science. doth feele assur'd that hee hath noe lacke in and endowme'ts all that hold regall swaie doe th' require? and who having within such impulses of like patriarchal care for his god- owne people would all willinglie give his time. past long since all my atchieving glory or fame. o' th' we will give keyes after we work. and next write out the argume't also. or may. however. This work. nature bee contente to bee but a common who.

bringeth surcease and end to sorrowe. faire. choosing her before if hope of immortality. Calypso. therefore. the prudent to reach. In and th' lie o' Ithica the principall men. By th' advice of th' gods. whose ship was wrecked. of two sonnes. lovelie. . Seven yeares he was thus restrained. without plaineing. earnestly besought the to depart.) to leave would have beene a mastereth and indeed love so her sea. awaiting his retume. so However th' faire nymphe him with much kindnesse (and having be- come the mother wanderer nere cruell action. The opening scene fayre young sprite distant is laid in an ile where dwelt the Th' ile farr- — th' nymphe. sweete Calypso wished to caste a spell over th' guest. lie final- drive Atlas' daughte' to throw away her for she plung'd into the ocean and was drown'd. soe that he must needes remaine.ARGUMENT OF THE ODYSSES. shed entertained many a teare. nor day nor night Grief e doth life. after Odysseus findes meanes once againe of going to having ayded him as Mercuric gave orde'. which Calypso promised him in onely he would remaine Ogygya. II. from men or gods was and yet quite ex- solitary. wanderer soe longed (even as seen. seeing the vast throng of suters urging faithfull spouse this is upon Penelope. whilst hee daily longed to sayle awaie from fayrest land of Ogygia to that farre-away rugged Ithica where his wife. It can bee well scene.) holde a councill. indeed. 313 THE ODYSSES.

furnish'd well. being th' sonne to the wilyest man that foUow'd her into Phrygia to avenge her rape. land on the Phseacian shores. is and by their instruction a plann vessell of made to fit out the Telemachus and send him forth to bring home and husband. Here hee is told to go to the magnanimou' king o^ Sparta. bade the on th' voyage. finds garment he cast himselfe into and preserv'd from death by th' care of Pallas. Menelaus. also of his sire's in truth they are shippewracke on Orgygia. donn'd a choice robe presented by her. received most hos- guests at his mag- —Telemachus. but on th' next became tempestuous and Throwi'g th' sea. his vessell soone began to sinke. III. of th' waye in which Atlas' winsome daughter efforts to escape. IV. receiving much kindnesse from f ayre Helen. informed forsooth. nymph farewell and set out During seventeene days fayre weather and it a favouring saili'g breeze prevayled. it with faire Calyp- assistance. offe the clinging . as this lost sire Minerva accompanies him in guise of Mentor and protecto'. guide and first they saile unto sandy Pylos to get advice. having beene made favoured nificent pallace. who reigned over that wide land. Odysseus had so's now finisht th' vessell. as th' sage ^N'estor. aged had great wisdome.— 314 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. had soe long prevented any V. Of him not meerelie are they pitably.

• VIII. our travsix of his eller enco'nt'red Polyphemus. 815 Here being ter. redifficile his narrow escapes from manie a IX. as fo"und then hj Nausicaa. . nor could hee and th' others have escapt a like fate had not Odyseus made Grecian wine. in his cave. it thorowe even to that momente as sat at He told th' storie of further adventures th' Cyclops. t He by her is led to th' court. sailing on to finde having twelve of his men with him. Odysseus doth acompt of those wanderings since the counting situation. interessed in th' recitall. lost his life. ODYSSES. by which he nearly th' Lotu'-eaters. giant's eye th' great monsterr intoxicated with Without delay Odysseus burned out the th' which occupied optick. told his experience among how the sailors longed to remaine in th' land where Alcinous. stay on th' He of Goats. where sturdy followers were eaten even while th' hero stood there. At a festive gathering. and he ran meat.. th' kinges daugh- he doth lie wrapt in soothing VII. cloth'd and rendered fit to take part as beseemeth his position. bade Odysseus much he sl storie. Therein spake he of those disastrous chances. all fall of Troie. for he had but a single Render'd helpeles thereby Poly- phemus could not staye their departure.— ARGUMENT OF THE VI. dilate the it seemeth ever an afternoon. sleepe. and hospitablie entertained father. as the costlie meats give and an wines are plac'd before them. middle of his face.

. howher. yet saile. to the iland of At length comming Circe. as th' spells Circe threwe over the men chang'd them to swine. they were swept farre awaie towards the setting sunne. coming first to th' Isle The wind-god gave them the windes in ^^olus. but by th' use of Moly. Poseido'. of They then ster'd westwards. Cimmerii that dwell in pitchy night nor ere behold th' day. They sawe Canibals which eate each gones. close. Circe. X. Soone they came visited the to the Oceanus.316 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. as he was sonne to one of th' gods. an herb that Mercury furnisht him. XI. wand'rings might have come to a had not th' inquisitive sailours open'd the bag and single allow'd severall to escape. calFd th' Antropophagi. swift flowinge. th' en- «ha'tresse. or Lsestry- men whose heads grow beneath their shoulders. hence th' a bag. Teiresias. they "were at once restored to their naturall forme. Having but a wind remaineing and that being westerly. Thence he went seer. and other. the seer told him whither he must in orde' that he might reach home. even though shee longed to keepe Odysseus assisted in by manie ways when he set out againe. into the nether-world and inquired of the Jove's wrath doth his farre-away native countrie. The seer tells him bume strongly against our bold wan- derer because of his injury to the gigantic Polyphemus. When this was said it made his the blood in his vaines flow icylie. how hee might reach Ithica. they are detained a yeare. ever.

gave him their him well regarding dangers he would meete. all eares should these songs now be made deafe to by being well filled. they hastily killed these cattell — or a number of the'. an island kept the in the western sea in which Helios. Having remembrance his instructio's that Teiresias had particularly impress'd on him. threat them.. Odysseus attempted to passe by with speede and avoide the tempting creatures. th' sun-god. so that hearing the musicke and feeling charme^ heard he could not if he desir'd. Because of it Zeus. were kill'd. 317 Upon his waye backe acrosse th' westerne sea.ARGUMENT OP THE XII. coming nexte in to Thrinatia. then those more awefull dangers. Six of the sailors. The sailors not one sound. angrie and revengefull. he againe visited Circe advice. Charybdis on one side and Scilla on th' other. Yet. follow them. as he lay lock'd i' the armes o' Sleep. sent his dreaded thun- der-bolt and wrecked the vessell killing all save Odyseus. ODYSSES. ere reaching the spot. famous cattell. Passing th' place in which th' Sirens make sweetest melodic (that they may cause th' destruction of the passers by. or this purpose. while all narrowlie escapt the Maelstrom that doth sucke shippes downe to the lower world. clearing these. as Odysseus had giv'n them a charge. yet everie sailor was fuly determined to land. so whilst Odysseus was unmindfull of his men. luringe them from a safe channell so that their vessell splits on a sunken rock ere one can see dan- ger) he ordered his companions to binde him fast to th^ its mast. they once more set their course to go to farr-ofP Ithica. dashed on th' sharp rocks. counseling who furder asisted him. So one dread peril is passed. .

was straightway accomplish' King. his dear sonne. costly articles of all kinds for th' ran- some of a great king. how no could bee like could hee see his native land. th' wife of his bosome. Sailing with an auspiciou' gale th' voyage was brief and very soone th' harbour close by commeth to viewe.e 318 BI-LITBRAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. Telemachus. still treasure heapt at his side. This moveth King Alcinous to give him a shippe and send him forth on the homeward voyage. to carry to Ithaca that his travaile and toyles be rewarded. they disembark the stores given him by Alcinou'. Arete. Hee also relateth to Alcinous — ^that known his. th' Phseacian sailors taking him up verie gently conveye both him and th' vast treasures to shore. preserving him because of his promise to Pallas Athene of alreadie to his safe arrivall in Ithica. and him by the shore with soft sleepe on the senses. into th' and they put yet under haven of Phorcys where their and vessell lieth at rest is without anchor or stay of any kinde. yet not a note is may lieth reach an eare which seeled by Sleepe. This. owne land. Rowing leaving th' thither and returning softly. and Atlas' daughter's offer bliss of immortality. they proceed at once to returne unto their "When th' sleeper waketh he doth think that it is . d then. while he th' spell. the reader — th' stay at Ogygia. the wand'rer lockt in th' dreamelesse slumber of th' dead. or E"ausicaa. as — well as gentle young princesse gave him manie fit rich robes and ornaments. At dawne they driv'n enter to sounds that the joyous waves when by merry gales ever do make. Queene. and his olde servants. XIII.

Palla' then touch'd Odysseus with the soe that old age possess'd his stiff wande she carried. and bade th' traveler proceed to that place. form. shewed a well marked path leading up to th' dwelling of swineherd. in th' cave fast by a streame of living water flowing into th' sea. and sparselie doth shewe. Obedient to this mandate house. Then Athene Eumseus. th' goddesse spake thus unto him: "Thou art re- turned to Ithaca because I. hastilie they is at hand. Therefore wait with a patiente spirit and beare all th' evill that shall thee. and the nimphes weaving their beauteous robes of purple hue. th' wallet on his bended backe. upon every- thing.ARGUMENT OF THE a place not familiar. dogs bark'd with much furie the swineheard went to see what caus'd the confusion. 819 cannot at present discern Minerva having keepe his caste a mistie cloud secret. to presence but after a short periode. guarding thy life where ever thou wert lest thy eager enemie slaye thee. whilst his face lookes old the abundant f aire hair hardly can reach to his shoulders. shee. . ever watchfuU guided thy waye. soe Odysseus approacht th' As he ent'red the courtyard. Mine'va. since th' port. for the come to day of the great vengeance ayding. He recogniz'd his beloved Ithaca then. also loftie olde E'eritos with his bosky sides above this. that cave of nymphs on th' slope of th' hil. then catching sight sodainelie of th' wanderer. making the limbes and wither'd and caste a begger's and bent. comming unto him and dispelling th' mists th' sheweth him th' olive-trees. now co'ceal'd the Arete and fairest Nausicaa. and sta'ding near." The goddesse gifts o' Alcinous. I XIV. lie ODYSSES.

He moreover is ready to take oth that a yeares course of th' sunne will not bee ended ere Odysseus come home but faithfuU old Eumseus cannot have faith in his promises. and summer waned. at distant lie of Crete had sea. saying his vast wealth of treasures was at that very time to be scene in Thesprotia. saving as wine is drunke: I dwell still "Though in this happie country th' it is not now and like dales th' friend gone by. to ere avenge th' insulte. or gave soe much strength. come upon th' Ithacan as he prepar'd to go out to th' vessels with Idomeneus' help maki'g whole broken by storm and tempest. ere Odysseus spent his fortune.. his owne part wish'd all Hellen's kinne were no more. Th' wife wasting her faire beautie in grief e doth looke for his returne. watching whilst others feast and sleepe. saying hee." th' stranger inquir'd Then what name bore a wanderer soe lov'd. biddeth him such welcome as th' house afforded spreading a skin for a couch. Assuring th' faithfuU old servitor that Odys- seus was yet alive. but fearing at present to make himselfe th' suspected hee narrateth instead. and quite assur'd that he would gain Ithaca Eumaeus for But he came not. 330 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. since an ^olian had told once before of something similar. lie quicklie doth bring him in. still whose love guarded us doth staye away from his native land. . yet for my owne part I fear that he will fail to reach th' countrie of his nativity. himselfe. for th' th' king of that land had shewn him it same and o' told him was the treasure of th' wand'ring king Ithaca. soe many yeares of his yoimg manhood. for now young chiefes govern. d'rings claiming to have some advent'rous wan- had thereby knowledge of long absente Odysseus.

at all they are gained and sending of th' company Eumseus. as hee lieth sleeplesse on his ivory conch. the shores of his native land were in due last time to bee discern'd. From Sparta he once more went in to sandie Pylos and told Kestor and others what he would do. A soothesayer (who having slayne some person was now dreading pur- named Theoclymenus beggeth Telemachus to have sufficient kindnesse to take him upon this voyage to Ithaca. said to him that he must returne to Ithaca. no harm should befall. friend if suters Inquiring immediatelie of his are yet crowding upon th' land and maki'g . altho' their heralds lying in ambush awaited his ship's appearance to take his life. Eumseus had no hope of seeing him againe. to the city th' herd. suit) Setting saile. light fill'd A glist'ning his whole room. on the morrowe hee bids Menelaus and sweete Helen farewell and the Queene presenteth a robe her owne hands had wrought to give his bride on the day that his nuptialls bee celebrated. ODYSSES. for th' th' great vengeance was very near. he alone hasten'd quickly to find olde XVI. nor need he fear them.ARGUMENT OF THE XV. Acordingly. Great was the joye of Eumseus beholding him for. noe tidings having come from him. asking him in return to have [her] in his kind remembrance. Shee also bade him go to Eumaeus' dwelling where he would be tolde what he should do. 'gainst th' suitors for despoyling faire Ithaca in th' long absence of Odysseus. for th' gods were watching and guarding the sonne to Odysseus. 321 Meanwhile Pallas Athense doth appear in to Telemachus and Pallas daye of Sparta.

" As soone th' city. Whereupon Odys- doth himself e put in a word and say suitors. saying that hee feareth him to visit his father's palace. these where we go? why do we heare of them no matter Do ye yield to them mllinglie or do th' Telemachus. for lacke of other or proper fur- niture?" But his kind friend eas'd his heart by telling him that th' host of sutors were yet kept at bay.: 322 BI-LITBRAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. accepting one in marriage. nor doe I of my owne usurping crowd. After a time. and proceede to his palace. "Ah. or hast thou a quarrel suffer' d people hate thee. over known to TeleThen she passed hue they him a wande which changed and gave Ulysses' figure to beau- tiful proportiones. all. to Odysseus saw a very bright figure standing before him and recognized the She bade him prepare himself for his great vengeance. as Eumseus was gone upon a commission goddesse. themselves lords of "or hath my mother. left Ulysses' bridall bed to become th' possession of cobwebs. noble Penelope re- being constant in her hope that waiting would bee warded by fruition o' this love. but they have swarm'd in upon us like bees. vexed. machus perceiveth a stranger to allowe he maketh inquiry having concerning his designes and porte. that thou hast thus them to overrun this whole country?" But Telemachus hasten'd with th' to answere: "I have no feud free will yield to my kindred. when Telethere. garments hung his . and what would you? one can scarce prevaile against soe manie. while over long lockes yellow as gold. th' sutors ill. much power now. might treat him seus. his cheekes the rosy th' rich had had in youth. to make machus. with thy kinsmen.

riches from weaknesse." Noe sire longer might Telemachus doubt. ODYSSES. Eumseus came to report but th' stranger was againe beggar. his experiences at evening. and Ulysses asked: these suitors of whom speake?" recko'd "How many are And Telemachus scores made answer: "They may be by and what could two doe against such a number?" '1i Jove and mighty Minerva lende us ayde ses." said Ulys- "and better to dye fighting for our right than to yield weaklie. none other will ever come to the coast of Ithaca. 323 much surprised. povertie or and strength. who had waited in ambush to slay the prince on his homeward waye. asked Ulysses: "Who is this standing here looking like to one of the bright gods?" asseverating Then Ulysses embract his dear sonne and wept that he was. Ulysses. squalor. even like vultures or eagles. to Ulysses made othe that it was Tele- machus' affirming. from want. in th' guise of a wand'ring XVII. But Telemachus could not yet trust these happy words and doubting said: "But men pass not thus from age to youth. his sire Eumseus to permit him (Odysseus) to accom- ." sire. much vex'd returned to about the failure of Ithaca.ARGUMENT OF THE Telemachus. lifted his Embracing his like he voyce and together they lamented th' birds from which young have beene all stolen. verilie. When morn came home of Odysseus and intreated againe. it is sufficient. all their subtile designes." Th' sutors in th' meantime. Penelope thereupon reproved Antinous who was th' one of number. Telemachus went he to the shortlie after set out. "If I indeed be not Ulysses.

to Cyprus where hee noe tongue might saying: But Antinous strucke him on the backe Cyprus or to depart. Give. commeth. hight Melanthius. and thou shalt winne great fame. he was ofte a messenger emploied by them. revil'd Odysseus soe his hand. Then Odysseus wept when young.n 324 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. goatheard. th' doore- Ere long a publike beggar. reminding him that immortall gods wander ofte i' But th' rest lowly guise. for miserie wisheth may share its . much pass'd that with utmost difficulty he staied Then they onward to th' citty and as they came to the pallace gate an aged hound rose to greete Ulysses but falling back expired. for Jove shall surelie rewarde thee and I shall speake of thy bounty both near and far. panj him On a th' waye. there. named by since th' suters Irus." to "Yerily thou mayst go to a an ^gy pt thou likest not if thou haste not who stoode looking on prayed him to beware. joyes see Odysseus in a like or all worse condition. swift and "Like th' saying: "Was this a comely hound strong?" wind for speed and nothing ever escap'd him in th' chase" said Eumseus." Then he said he also had great abundance untill Jove tooke away his wealth and drove him to suffered ills ^gypt and tel. XVIII. to- and standing to begg. Upon entering the vast hall Odysseus soliciting an alms of Antinous entreatingly said: "Thou dost have the ap- pearance of gen'rous royalty. as they rest by the side of a fountaine. Afterward th' suitors go into th' hall and Odysseus dropping his walle' beside him sate in waye.

they stored them in th' innermost chamber. felled by one forcefull blow that broke the jawebone. is 325 time hee ill-pleas'd that another hath sought bounty at th^ pallace. for Ulysses then in a loud voyce addressing Amphinomus th' saith: "Soone the great vengeance must th' dust suddenly come and low in thou shalt be laid by to hand of mightie Ulysses. they burne as with flame.ARGUMENT OF THE wronges. and after a little ODYSSBS. alone. slayeth the greedie chieftains that devoure his substance. when he comming backe his owne kingdome endeth Jove's impos'd punishment. XIX." But Eurymachus hearing insulted. plotting destruction of idle suitors. striving together for th' faire wife. nexte giving challenge. th' As Telemachus sawe father. Soone they are lieth bandying wordes. that having but her serva'ts as guides or protecting guard. anger'd and caste a stoole that overthrew the cui>-beare'. th' attendants of his pallace are left and soone Ulysses. then Irus prostrate. last Confusion everywhere ran riot and at they withdrewe one by one to the dwellings. Then are the on-lookeres dismaied least much worse ills lurke behind. one of th' divine gods hath enter'd with Beholde th' bright fir-tree columnes. surelie gleaming pillars he said: "My us. on all sides pillers shine as though blazing with . Onelie the servants. and together gathering up th' armes of th' with a light preceding as a guide. Then commeth Telemachus sutors. Pallas also beeing with him. th' multitude of wrong-doing broods in sadnesse. suffered much by such actions. these words. Pallas to aide.

shee in her simple heart believeth and telleth how her beauty was wasted in heavy griefe for Ulysses. since not a true historie of he feareth he may bee betray'd. to wash his It was the nurse Odysseus had in his infancy. celestiall Truly wonders here sliew on everie necessarie hand. For more then three whole yeares did this ruse availe. it. eve ravelling out all how at she had done in th' daie. or Diana in and beautie of moulde and grace of movement. glory. noe one suppos'd she was making no progres.'' But rest is now and Telemachus is bidden to seeke his nightes repose. also who. seeming th' fairenesse Venus th' fire. nothing induc'd him to open his storie but he fe^n'd to her constantlie. yet upon these as suters Penelope then apeareth.336 BI-LITBRAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. demanded immediate former surroundings. to th' hall. Shee seateth herself e beside the sit bids th' servant bring Odysseus to on one side. but in th' fourth th' suters learned of her deceit and angrily response. th' friendlie old servante. yet he is tells her not. oft of his his birth etcsetera. she tells him how first th' suitors harassed her. fire. But though inquiring to her. and . shame- lesse act. With ease hee doth narrate a tale that his wanderings. After long speeche sitting there by th' cheerfuU Penelope sum- mon'd feete. inquir- ing whence he is. saying them shee must compleate for Laertes the woven mantle she had yet to prepare 'gainst his buriall. th' suters were made to thinke her labor would soone be done. as he sailed away to lUium to avenge fayre Helen's wicked. Euryclea. little and of her shrewde device in order to gain a to time. for seeing her diligence in th' daytime. Soone Odysseus retumeth in silence meditating th' vengeance he would take untill late.

At his their feast later the suitors put a deal of man on They Sonne." woman. tell th' 'tis hunted on Parnassus in discover anie She would verily marke and speaks saying she knowes is household. Odysseus in alarm catching her by the throat shouteth angrily: fare ill. for the other had beene Penelope by or sole th' fireside. but want on furder consideration he doth think well to wait. she but when. sitting opposite him. is heard throughout Ulysses' Pallas appeareth to shewe him what he should by her wordes. the conversation on her favourite againe. discovering doth well knowe notwithstanding left a scarre. th' it exclaimeth that she the boar's tuske. so when she Odysseus. hee doth attempte to see the scar that 827 tume from th' fire lest she might was made by the boar's tuske when he his early youth. strength'ning th' heart in his breast At first it doth seeme that it were fitting that unfaithfull female servants. this to the gods.ARG-UMENT OF THE ODYSSES. or thou too must But this came not tum'd to Penelope's eares. Minerva. most bitterly feeling a of trust in his household. her child. After a time no sound palace. o' th' olde rags and keepeth his scarre cover'd from XX. th' scar. his answer is that frequentlie th' peculia' likenesse had beene noted. for hee so like him in his strong handes and feete. arousing soe mightily his great spiritt that destruction. he slay th' do. th' goddesse. yet Odysseus taketh theme was taken up holde sight. Commit face. more water and bathed when. having away her Then the nurse in haste brought spilt. for it wound made by was throughlie heal'd by Autolycus "Silence. Theoclymenus prophesieth their sudden .

Then the old stranger cometh as if in his age to be possible. by any meanes. Eurymachus doth take holde on ing to it. fully co'vinc'd hee hath not abilitie to draw or even. and saith: "Not that I greatly desire to marrie Ulysses' wife. should lende his aide." . mighty bowe "Hee that is strong like to Ulyses shall lead me away still. but Antinous. for 'twould be disgrace to us if posterity should hear that Ulyses. and laugh th' seer to scome. XXI. if successefull. laies th' his minde so that hee. Penelope coming unto the suitors. yet of this shall a dream abide Great is their consternation. bend slightlie th' bowe of Odysseus." to a new home. a new coat or tunick shall be awarded him. for if he can drawe the strong bowe. desist- bow aside." we could not even bend th' bowe of great Antinous doth persuade ing. and reproving him for his discourtesy to their guest shee saith to him: "Doe not fear least th' stranger. Antinous wil not handle the weapon. Then they pour out wine it \Yoiild offering a libation that Apollo. declareth no th' man can have her to wife that cannot draw of Odysseus. compete with such men. yet should I sorrowe. scornfuUie doth withhold the bowe taunting short him with ill-grace. However his winged wordes are cut by Penelope. not Ithaca onelie but a citty hath fairer dames. It is not that. turne th' prophecie to foolish mockery. should lead me awaie. for many manie others are fairer in Achaia. but it.328 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. appeased. and warm attempt- make it to some degree pliant. verilie.

sped a shaft through XXII. Another and anothe' were on sent swiftlie forth. terrorising helmets with long noddi'g plumes. plact a helmet upon his bare head. which Euryclea had tackle. the swineheard seconding him. and stood forth a bold hero to that opposite menace th' throng. lifting ring. spears. th' gate being bound up with Ulysses havi'g exhausted his quiver. • done. 329 But " her sonne. he first As the bowe was handed and deftly adjusted the string as lightly as a musitian it." little Thereupon the strife was subdued for a while and Ulysses said: may very well leave it unto the gods. before th' deadly strife. or that I deem worthie ^^Ye of th' honour of contending. As they continuallie presse furde' forwards. as might appear to mee best. and whatever appertaineth to a warriour. him. of that wish. Scone th' arrowe was aimed toward Antinous — ^the young chieftaine lay prone. maketh reply: 'Twere well be left for mee all to make proofe. With manie to he had given a pledge to aide Odysseus. snatch'd shield and speare. doth tune his th' slackened harpe. Ulysses noteth that they get th' armes from some of Odysseus' proper household. it Telemachus. . reveal'd tears to th' oxheard." hi'selfe Meantime he had Philaetius. A with- drawal was impossibr because order to bar the entrance was given. dead or dying lay in heapes. and gore ran in rivers th' floore. and the wounded. But he sawe arm'd him were arrai'd sev'ral of th' sutors with shields.' ARGUMENT OP THE at this if ODYSSES. consequentlie it was arranged have Eumgeus carry the weapon to Ulysses and place it in his aged to and weakly hand. and.

the saying to him that hee should aby it dear if he did not joyne them.330 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. latter and both Ulysses and the sutors hoped for ayde. Then he fals on th' ayde of Eumaeus. and th' unchaste servants of his household imprisoned where none could attempte reskewe. as when at wide-way'd Troy thou didst hew down soe many Trojans? and it was by thy wisdome that th' cittie was overthrowne. would prove to be Minerva. but the voyce said in stern tones: "Odysseus. The latter. doth waite he seeth Melanthius knave. and the suitors his friends. felt his heart throb gladly. . the pallace. th' whole place cleans'd and purged. hoisteth him on high and biddeth him keep watch from that airie hammocke. Telemachus being wounded in th' wrist and Eumseus in the shoulder." Without giving Minerva rose weapons th' progresse of th' assistance either to one or the other. to th' roofe. where is now thy strength. in dismay were sodainelie vanquisht. Rise now in thy might and shewe an invincible spirit. fearing it may be by his owne fault. sending messages to manie parts of strict "Next Odysseus. and helmets with nod- ding plumes. sometimes however guiding lest they might too sorely buffet Odysseus or But when th' combat had lasted some time. Then Pallas came to them in the guise of wise Mentor. and sitting high in aire watcht the conflicte. Ulysses hoping it was to be shewne that he and also that this was assisted by the heavenly divinities. gave command that the slaine bee remov'd. in leaving sntors' ajar a door to the inner roome where the untill armes were concealed. she lifted her ^gide shield. Caling Telemachus he maketh inqnirie regarding it. and with th' supply others with shining speares.

for Ulysses' returne rejoyc'd th' 'Not yet did shee her- faithfull attendants of Penelope. for untill all Minerva would that she be kept secluded XXIII. might be some other then her lord. in shining brasse set out It was already light ere they could go forth. saying: ^TLet it be plact -outside chamber. was prepared. so heavy with gold and fayre ivory as well. well-beloved But when she gave th' directions for the preparation at once of the bridal couch. I put th' massive couch. for a long time she kept in silence.ARGUMENT OP THE ODYSSES." she knewe was and indeed Odysseus and running up on his necke. —and fell I cast a it purple bul's-hide very richly dyed. . but realized that no true abiding place was. his servants soone made selfe all most faire. After she had ent'red." and Odysseus spake in quick tones making inquiry: then have you plact the bed my hands did "Where fashion. — 'twere a sinew'd man over could lifte it from its place a bed like that. 331 Hastily obeying these commands. Soone hee related the story of his felt a reall adventures new thankfulnes for th' help vouchsafed to him. On the following day Ulysses with Telemachus. but Minerva cover'd them from sight with a misty - cloud. when round the venerable tree in contrived our curiously this court o' my pallace I wrought bridall chamber? There silver. her hart doubting that this stranger who had performed these wonderfull deedes long-absente. Eumseus and Philsetus armed to visit Laertes. however Euryclea shortlie went to tell her the glad tidings. there for his feete. even know of Ulysses' presence.

of watchfull Minerva. which was quell'd by the inter- at th' decisive momente. Wander'd afarre that he in many lands Might see faire citties and observe the wayes Of distant countries: yet to him there came Much heavie suffering in that strong minde Devising meanes himselfe and mates to save. Th' last booke containeth an account of Mercury's descent into suitors. This doth conclude this part of the worke. Hades with th' soules of th' slaughtered Thereafter an uprising amongst th' friends of th' latter made an vention. Ere Helios' fair herde was rashlie slaughtered. XXIV. warned Eupeithes who was their leader being slaine. The verses followe here: "Sing. sing to me Muse. Sing of these sorrowes!" . and keiewords th' parts of which are your aides in joining our Epick. would be well sides. Infatuate men! little indeed wot they. insurrection. lest he anger Jove. ^0 man Return could shield e them. of one to whom Some rare expedient was never wanting. to Mentor. and gave the pledge or othe upon both likened in form and in voyce. she it Ulysses. nor would ere again to their faire land bring joy and rest. to cease. when proud Ilium he had orethrowne. Next th' opening lines will bee found.332 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. Who. from high Jove sprung forth. O thou faire goddesse. as at a former time.

sage. Theoclymenus. tempest. Eumaeus. Menelaus. and these are no confusion can noe doubt you will note. structure a Time itselfe can little alter. Thrace. Pergamos. haven. Ida. wrack. . immortality. siege. Ithica. enchantment. Grecians. Trojans. Alcinous. as th' words which joine the portions are sufficient. Pluto. De Dignitate et Augmentis Scientiarum is ended. Cimmerii. Olympus. the heavenly beings. Penelope. web. Siren. Key-wordes follow: desses. Telemachus. insurrection. of a oft similar. perill. mates. with the whole traine of sea-gods. Teiresias. Arete. Cyclops. as such use must bee as a builder made of them maketh of th' markes that are frequentlie th' farre-seeing fitted noted on timbers and stones that planner into doth already.ARGUMENT OP THE ODYSSES. to his mindes eye. sorceresse. cattel. stranger. swineheard. voyce and forme. Charjbdis. Poseidon. with every spirit of that realme. Calypso. Ulysses. battaile. flight. swine. ambuscade. our of our Odysses is given here excepting. murther. and attendants. Scylla. Vice-Comitis Sancti Albani. ven- geance. demy-gods or heroes. first. as numerous keyes. to manie that are alreadie used in th' Iliads. th' ruler or god that controles th' ocean.' FRANCISCI. the god of underworld. 333 No more truth. vessels. Hellen. —god- gods and spirites. servantes. but arise. suitors. Mentor. Phseacian sailors. Sparta. These I name simplie joining. ship. Helios.words. oathe. BARONIS DE VERULAMIO. Nausicaa. bowe. present. Argos. isle. adventures. Troy. Cicones. Circe. winds. th' nymphes. rocks. picture. Laertes. conquest. Hellespontus. Nestor.

My name Tidder. but that she wondrous for a descendant and grandsire th' o' herself was. all. and not Thus men were often dazzled by the that used this edg'd many weapon escaped head as well. even those that knows of lawful! marriage with th' Earle prior to my royal mother. Queenes are not like common folk. while a perplexitie rather sharpened then dull'd. my heart — — aye. and actuall danger made as a two-edged sword. 1635. My hands more then breath. and Elizabeth's strong will was not one that could be resisted. like th' royall sire famous memory) controFd by advisement of compose these bodies. (if this first-borne royall be a sonne o' th' ruling prince. yet men speak of me as Bacon. (in a degree truly o' th' line o' kings. and borne o' in true and right wedlocke) is th' title of th' Prince Wales. Her policy made Parliament and her Privy-Counsel each suppose. for in a my royall mother our relationship and . They often con- trole opinions as well as their estates. my birth. not onely that their wisedome did soe govern England. nor what rightfuUie should be accordo' th' ing to our law. sion at one time men that 'No doubt they did not lack occathis notion. which giveth to the first-borne house. I am jiamed in th' world.FKAl^CIS BACOK NEtW ATLAjNTIS. not it what my stile should bee according to birth. sword. without deepe scarres. and her a suitable time o' Leicester. my are sorelie disclosed wounded. yet and another to modify her witt was seldome unequall to occasion.

Cecil work'd my foster-mother. th' informer to th' all the boyish acts. but to me a causelesse curse did surely come. o' this secret. evill to th' dale me nought save world. if any one presumed to share my honours or depose me from my th' throne. that a I would give a challenge to a fierce boyish fight. which took him out o' this Through his vilde influence on Elizabeth. to steale th' hearts of the th' my plann was Nation and move He told her that my every thought dwelt on a crowne.NEW cursed ATLANTIS. which lasted for some time. and precipitated an open disagrement. Lady Anne Bacon. in the numerous subse- quent encounters. that my onelie sport amid my school-mates was a pageant of royalty. sent for good Paulet and arranged that . and the woman who bore me. of which I had least cause or reason for any pride. made me the more indiscreete. of underhand. that 'twas my hand people to desire a king. my entire life felt th' !N"everthelesse. and my head that wore th' crowne. or duello of fists. yet constant opposition: for from th' first hee was th' spy. and that like Absalom's. Queene. 335 my nativity: nor could I. change her hasty important question of decisio' upon that very th' succession. 'Tis said: "The curse finde that was not deserved never will come. for no other would be allowed to represent princes or their pompe. beginning with England. and blighte. in which th' wooden staffe was plact." it Some may true. whom title so sacred as mother. hee filPd her minde with a suspition of my desire to rule th' whole world. afraide of these ominous porIn due time under pretents. This added fuel to the flame of her wrath. 'tweene however I seldom name with a In truth. He informed Her Ma. to Robert Cecil I owe much Queene.

our several objec- No teares on part o' my dear foster-mother. lasted duri'g Thia yeares. my first protest had been waived. and all her rights maternall. soe to speak. th' shores of accompany our ambassage I was plact in th' care of Sir Amyias and left my own f aire land without a moment of warn- ing. hath . occupied my fantasy houre after houre. readily overruFd tions. entreaties o' that o' grave Sir as soone as N. th' and even when I learn'd her perfidie. which true wisdome for safer. did I take any other to my sore heart. and it th' gay French Court had come to me even was flattering to th' youthfull and most naturall love o' th' affaires taking us from my native land. Th' Queene by her [power] royall. Bacon while I. that afterwards I would have left England and every hope o' advancement to remain my whole life there. and. th' beautifull young th' sister o' th' king (married to gallant Henri it King o' Navarre) did make Eden to my innocent heart. 'Nov yet could this be due to th' delights of th' country. picturing to myself e th' forraine lands. I made myselfe ready to accompanie Sir Amyias to that sunny land o' th' South I learn'd soe supremely to love.336 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. Then I married th' woman who hath put Marguerite from my memorie — rather. inasmuch as th' secret commission had been entrusted to me. nor avail'd. love did keepe her like th' angels in my thoughts half o' many o' life time — as to th' other half she was devilish. Soe with much interessed. speedier conduct if left to th' required much then 'twould have common course o' businesse. I should to France. though sometimes apprehensive minde. texte of great importe. life in Th' fame of then. for love o' sweete Marguerite. by itselfe. I should say. not untill four decades or eight lustres were outliv'd. and I myselfe was plung'd into hell.

to It thus by my disappoint- ments that I do secure many. having resolv'd triumphs o' every marke of defeate with th' my minde. how much a wise use of time saveth. 33T banisht her portrait to th' walles of memorie. undimmed beauty of those early dayes —while her most I have a lovelie presence doth possesse this entire mansion. at th' very earliest opportunitie and upon my is latest appearance. It to this husbandry — this guarding 'gainst losse that I do owe a large —aye th' greater portion o' this work in . where it th' pure. for I took no respite for yeares. and let my works of vari- ous kinds absorb my minde. onely. but But the future race to cover for reasons of very grave importance these buds of an early marriage never opened into flower. Those whose chief desire Scieiitia will re Joyce in my experiments in Naturall Sciences. for in those flitting dales afterward. and appropriately urge on her pending case o' the divorce from the young Huguenof. of heart and braine. and I wish most deeply to stampe cepts my pre- upon th' minde. doth appertaine unto my story at a later period. although the matter Yet here Sir little digressed. It is to make my decypherer industrious I urge this upon the attention I have learn'd well soe frequently. is fruition. as a guide in th' labirinth of Cyphers. When Amyias Paulet became avised of my love. I did thoroughly banish th' my is tende' love dreams ta regions o' clouds as unreall. for they have greatly increas'd the knowledge which was in th' world.NEW doth hang in ATLANTIS. will profit by th' failure in the field of love. Some- thing have my labours done for other claimants. and Phil- osophic and th' Arts have gained by no meanes slightly by njy labour. he propos'd that he should negotiate a treaty of marriage.

and unceasing to carry out even the least portions of our marvellous work lift to perfection. Cypher. is This work perhaps to more then any other which continuance. is — — his next taske. now the onely desire that hath likelihood of is grand fulfillment. or especially swiftest pinions if bird-witted — flying on and never resting upon the he hath but weake leafie boughs his longer then until he finde one olive leafe. . he be not a patient man. I doe entreate thee. eyther of the subjects that are fully treated in the Cyphers or the rules for their easy unfolding: indeed a man of wit shall finde our stories and if plays before he doth see the rules and arguments. When a care of the minutes hath been learnt care almost miserlie. but so great shall give our faith that posterity honour unto our name. Unto God do we aide. as tirelesse might be said. quite simi- that of holding to it f aithf ullie. blessing. if he finde not the diverse arguments which I put in the Bi-literall and Clocke Ciphers. many places in Labour. our efforts are. knowne mankind needeth like- As in a race he that hath greatest endurance Cipher sure to winne doth come out before him of greatest speede.a 338 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. hee who can long f ollowe this is an easy triumphe over him that soone the course. It tireth and leaveth was necessarie to be wary: wee have spoken little therefore in anie single place. up our soules imploring of o' Him and light for the illumination the workes which wee leave. with forth th' all dilligence to draw numerous It is rules for use in writing out these secret workes. wise. but when waie becometh diflicile aides. in truth lar. here and in the distant it lands beyond th' seas. so here.

let me bid th' you go on to storie. th' Court papers told the world no secrets. SYLVA SYLVARUM. yet can bee conn'd while some had to be discovered. yet I have stumblingly proceeded with letters and unwittingly used P. As you note. When. and I did write only that portion which was not All this was duely composed and written us'd at th' time.FEA^CIS BACOiT. where epistle. 1635. but in respect of a probable familiaritie with th' worke. and may bee cherish'd. E". RAWLEY'S PREFACE. and the severall diverse methods employed oft by his lordship. you shall pause heerein employ'd and • awhile. lUj must some his lordship's works succeed when he is dead. I. the' eighth wro'gly as B. S and Z. this may by no meanes be required. Ere the whole question be dropt. however. OR NATURAL HISTORY. is have beene had his lordship lived to compleat th' since my part was but that of hand. out by his hand. however. then use the alphabet as as explained in it is my preceding epistle. . M. since th' wit that could penetrate such mysteries surely needeth no setti'g forth and enlarging of mine. It will thus be like a new kind of alphabet and doubtlesse will bee trouble- some. you Centurie find this th' change in where I beganne worke. for the Cypher left incomplete I have now it finished. L. or my larger and fully arranged table finish'd as it should it.

so concealed. carried is in a number of ingenious is Cyphers mentioned above. Th' workes are in three Its divisions entitled. bi-literall. interiour Additions to this booke have beene by direchis hand. for in verie truth. your story shall not be compleat. Anatomy. and carry the s'cret story to its conclusio'. This doth folio we directly as it should. anagramme Ciphers put forth make portions which could by noe means bee — adapted to dramaticall writings. or experiments set downe. Melancholy. whilst tion of th' Lord Yerullam. his penne. worke cut short by th' sickel of Death. too. as If you doe not use them you decypher th' interiour epistles. Turn next as instru'ted to my co'pleate table of the matter treated. from his pen.340 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON From Burton clocke. had it beene in- WILLIAM RAWLEY. often by letter. word. upon the body of the worke corporate with it. in every case that his is. and the same he would have used in these workes. works which now bear th^ name —containing and severall useful those in them th' symboll. . himselfe.


Every worke contains portions of





that have great matters
live, are


which no suspicion should

be rais'd while I

written in the Latine, and are

the lesse likely to be prematurelie found; for I doe not
^v^ite these in

expectation or desire of rousing such atten-

tion as shall jeopardize the story (hid



our rules

and sundry directions are hidden, onely not
for the readie eie

so oft repeated,


closest reader) built out of


stories great poetes

have writ, or sung, that I turn'd into

the best English of


day, to use in



Finding that one important story within manie others
produc'd a most ordinarie play, poem, history, essay, law-

maxime, or other kind,
tried th'


or description of work, I

experiment of placing


translations of


and Virgil within


other Cypher.


one work has

been so incorporated into others, these are then in like


treated, separated into parts

and widely



numerous books.


th' task

has been com-


this little Ciphe' (thus contrived to
it is

ayde you

in the writing) put into place,

ready for the pub-



out by careful! attentio' to the simple rules

which pointe your course: directions shewe each part of
the worke so fully,




so farre

worked out in

such other accompanying Cyphers as best will teach this
invention) that the unfolding doth seem like as



Indeed you

o' itselfe.


write raeerelie as the hired


whose worke

that of a man's hand, or penne,

not of his thought, braine, or minde, inasmuch as


thought has informed every portion, as the minde doth the

At no time
sir, all


your appearance in mine emploie bee

deem'd anie otherwise then that of an amanuensis,

dues of honour shal be yours, in this and the comit is

ing ages, since

wholly by this meanes that the greatest

things of this age can be revealed.







be wise, prudent, and of great care to avoid

the obloquy the vulgar are ever likelie to cast on anyone

more fortunate then themselves; thus


constantly heed-

have kept the secret of





longer than was absolutely necessary, lest seeking to acquire that which, while most truly

my right,

beeing settled




mother upon


cousin, could not well be

reclaimed, I might loose thereby


worthie honours I
scattered, in-

had wonne by labor
deed, as

as fruitfull

and widely

any workes of


This however

told in full; I do but

make mention






you have not


and make a

full historic of

my owne
I shall





men who

live in the

world will

much valew

a worke so
a living

hidden and preserved


be no more

and .philosopher, since
invention^ and

should seeme to em-



be the sound of



unheard voyce, which speaks


in tones well


Yet must I owe


you the favo' of making


sound the sweet music


I can but frame the verses

for your penne, and leave a

work of Time unto Time's




dutie although

somewhat dull


of so

great importancy, I


assured that
is lest

doth requite the



great fear

a wearinesse overcome you

ere this Cypher, or the

Word Cypher may

be fully work'd

Doe me not



a service as leaving this


unfinished, I do entreate you.

my monument

marke the end of labour for my f ellowe-men,


advancement and dissemination of knowledge, yet
for th' pleasing of men's mindes, while setting forth



other history,

for I give



assurance that the





One must
in the

give as great a portion

time as seven dales

weeke can

and must not use many houres

for recreation, for life

would he leave ought

any value



so short.

for this cause that I use


so miser-like, never spending a






table seemes to


as a study,

and I too

frequently invite


my worke

my friends when my minde seemes more then my guests; yet do I accompt my repuas I

tation as

an host not of the worse, inasmuch

do con-

verse with great ease, and (as hath beene said) with so



and wit that none know or imagine
times have I thus

my absorpmany



the plot of a story in

minde while great

lords sat at the table, followed


experimentes to indisputable conclusions, or contrived

newe Cipher.


will observe a rule

or divisions;

by which I separated the parts rule will, per contra, put them together

in the originall order.


the keyes are found,

take a part of that for your story, then follow the same

key until some

o' th'

widely open doores be entered, and

some idea bee form'd of the method of

hidden Cyphe'.

8 14

this to its inner folio,


nor iinbende until the whole


Cipher historie be written.
behoovefull, as indeed

wee know, that none

o' this


attract attention while I

remaine here, and for

another quite manif este reaso' th' Cyphers are not as justly

work'd out




and larger bookes


I had intended
could overrest.

to do, for lacke of


something no





hand and braine have but short

I firmly beleeve

were not in

power of humane beings

do anie more then I have done, yet I


but partlie



chiefe wish I

now have


to continue



humble, yet truly Worthy workes for


toyling f ellowes,

wrestle in blind helplessness with th' forces of ISTature.



the manifold mightie influences of unseen
of this knowledge of our environings to


owe more

the light from our Celestiall Source then to our investigations.

lieth the

duty we owe to our fellowe-men,
Freely ye have received,
This then doth urge

for do not our Scriptures say:

must ye in


manner give?


ever on, up to heights of knowledge that no one hath ever

Make a

table, as

hath beene alreadie


putting therin

the names that I have taken in the worke, and also
that each doth represent one of


my numerous penne names.

When a word



times been used, making what you

would thinke, many times, very
averments, you will

and questionable



your small

and finding
them, —

has beene put upon

you begin a course or hunt

certaine other words,

keies I have


keepe the same catche, or guide-words from place to place.


small tilda, or


of this kinde


used, sometimes, to

catch your attention, and ayde in th' search for keyes.

The mark
said, is


often put inside letters, and as I have already

neare key-words.


word-signs are scattered with most prodigall hand,

not onely in the prose, but also in the diverse other workes.

In many places you
wordes, this



them named

as joyningis

manner shewing

their use,

to bring

parts together.

You must

likewise keep in

minde one
to like.

very important rule

it is,

that like

must be joyn'd
called, in

Match each key with words of
or like origin.

a like meaning, like nature,

These are sometimes



pamphlets and

workes of philosophy or science, con-

jugates, connaturalls

and similars or


This doth unite parts in such a maner that you can
write in perfection
translations of

my many stage-plaies,



Homer, Ovid, and (and)


and many
worth save

French poems writen at an early age, and

to finish the historie that they complete,



nor too fully, but with such passion that he


doth put



sure to take




It sheweth


love for


angelic-faced, softe-eyed

guerite of th' South-land

—sweet White Rose
of the



garden of

th' heart.


table of keyes

by which each

many workes

were prepared, you

may have found

while making out

Cypher; they have beene placed in most of

my books,
places, in

but in manifolde wayes, as well as in
order that



Cipher story of mine

earliest yeeres,


not writen while I stay in this land of
full inheritance.






for this cause that little of your

subject matter occupies one space, your numerous instructions so widely dispersed, nothing given with

any due con-

cern as to sequence, changes (often unexpected) from one



place to anotlier, with

matter introduced to
the intention.

much other and entir'ly foraine make this to appeare principall in
worker and ingenious decipherer

Yet the

trnlie dilligent


not thus easily be

let or missled,

and I

shall rest


my minde for this

manie a long day,

least this fox


chance to be unkennelled too
disstaste of th'


not feare, but

unseemely talk and much curiosity of the
it is

many who

read these Cypher histories, and


your time spent

the long labour,


I have



so perfected that




time of f eare went from wish to avoid

my designes. me with my greatness,




—and much

picion, perchance,

on the

side of the king, in his


prope' person.

I have neede of the very caution which

kept these secrets from the many,

when my mother made


swear secrecy, and



was the




speake openly, yet

many men

for a

kingdome would

break their oathes.




in immortall glory
it is

among men


generatio' unto




ing fame will crowne


browe, and

farre better

worth in any true thinking minde, I

am assured,



a crowne which kings do have set on with shewe and

Yet when I have said it, my heart the great wrong that I must forever endure.


sad for





you would

find th' secrets I shall

write or anie alreadie told, for a

newe name must now bee
finde clearly tolde in the

given him

who shewes

here written some pages of his

hidden history.

This you


Word-Cypher if it be

to seeke, but as I have mentioned

in severall places I

must be allow'd the hope that you

have found the
letter I


have written which contains the

directions in itself for a

Cypher of a very great valew




I shewe


truths of the affaires of th' times that

you have not founde
none knowe



fellow-historians, for

page of history

as the

few others that dar'd not reveal





and fear'd



grow therfrom,

unknowne, yet none

living save one

man, besides the one most
These two are myself

standeth in this historic.

—one who


rights should be th'


of England, the last


honoured line of rulers of


none was more honoured
Ejng, (Charles)
ruled his

then was


mother, Queene Elizabeth, (and none lesse


the other

His Ma.


important onely as



man who

owne kingdome,

that of Scotland, and mine, that



principall reason

which makes


heart sad shall
as ITature,

then be seen more fully.

one quite such

herselfe doth place within us,
desire for right


power with



and though you stand farre
it is

removed from


in time (this I doubt not)



hope that you




story lie hidden


all eies,

but will winne just renowne among
tongues, the Cypher which

men by

writing, in


my writings

hold within them.

such of the

As the worke would scantily paye hunting men as must be rewarded promptlie,
patientlie secrets that

and who can never seeke

be of a

greater worth then any history otherwise giv'n, especially
if it

may be through wayes
are, I

that do turne



backe and forth, you

do assure you, alone in this



Many who
as oft

ride to th' chase turne back their steedes

before th' fox runs to cover;




too swift, or,

may happen

with one having a steed of great



by a hedge and must helpe himself

in as good


as possible: so in quests of this sorte they will

not winne that

by the wayside, nor they that tume by
Minotaur more

back ere the end.




tortuous, guarded




one in Crete, and as watchfull as a Cerberus.



myselfe that watcheth as "they that prevent the

morning,'' lest I be betraied

by some Judas or moderne

Sinon, and I trust that the meanderings leade the feet in
apparentlie meaningless waies, so that the places seeme

not noteworthy to

th' observer, in

which I have put the

keyes, while others having no important matter have beene

prepared in a

way that arouses curiosity. Farre fro' her the Lapwing cries, away; and I have thus farre

met with unhoped, even unthought of



I feare that


whole labour may be



triumphant, and th' doubts are generally

conquered; for

we do

place men's powers


rank, not so
to distrust.

farre beneath our owne that




This that



wide upon darke waters

may some
th' grain


bring a reward to one who did not sowe



ground; but when


shall be,


fame must

This that I do, ever

must be held of such

value that the work of him


forward can

but be, as hath beene formerly mentioned, second to mine.

You now must
the manner of the

use other plays which are combin'd, in


already used, as follows: Peele's

comedy of The Old Wives' Tale; and Shakespeare, his Twelfe Mght, or What You Will; Comedy of Errors;

Midsommer Night' Dreame; As You Like



and Th'

Two Gentlemen

of Yerona.

Greene's Pinner of "Wakefield, with the Merchant of

Venice; to these join the Arraignement


Paris of Peele,

and The Taming


the Shrew, Marlowe's




and second Doctor Fausstus, Th' Merry Wives of Windsor,

Measure for Measure^ and All


Well that Ends Well.
th' Faire


you compleate the foregoing, take Much Ado about

Nothing, Peele's Tale of Troy, Hiren

and The Winter's Tale.



time you must have found


these rules, as

everie play contains


These direct your feet in a

winding waie, wearysome



and not always



and yet manie

stories are

in this Cyphe'.


of these were placed heere only

for a guide or aide, in


times that

This must have

beene soe apparent
giveth you



mention of


undue labour, but you had not greater


with this very tortive Cypher,

must be

scene, then I

have had in writing them


and co'cealing one within

others so neatly that no prying eie hath read the stories

thus hidden here.

This Cypher then


of value to future generations.

They who may have an ardent desire for glory, hereby may find a waye to gain the honour which they thus
fervently and fev'rously seeke.




imployed to
matters of

conduct business which doth
th' State,

much concerne
faile to


th' affaires that

not onely are of importancy

to princes,

but to the people, shall not




many and

means of transmitting what-



of secrecy or great import in his embassage.





invention give joy and profit





nor can

be untimely at any age of



when my

life is done,

monument more white and

then the marble the f arre mines

Italy or Isles of Ionia

have ever produced.

Pause before abandoning your work

to aske:






fortune or fame pledg'd to anie-


said to

anyone having gone forth

to his

"Let not him look back

who hath put hand unto

plough;" so shall the

man who may have found my

inventions presse forward to his farthest bourne, and

winne the reward of industrious workers.


doubts and idle fears






path his feet must tread, guiding like

fiery pillar

both while the night doth darken, and in the

daytime when the sunne doth shine,

in th' noontime,
shall this light

evening and at morne.

Many moneths

guard the waye, guiding his

and comforting


'No labyrinth can bee so winding that he shal










As houndes pursew
the quest

the fox, so swiftly must he f oUowe

the Cipher histories be found.




all his obligations, as

he provided early in

venture, nor will he aba' don one

who wandereth
he hath found

in E'ight
th' light.

and ^gyptia' darknesse




may grow



friend, for th'



The golden crowne

one day be yours.



how do men's mindes turne to the hope of a name in some other waie, when no greatnesse of
Some, however, are

bloud hath set a seal upo' them.



Such are

heires to kingdomes, as I

myself am, yea, and heire to a scepter, itseK of such

as th' hath bin said elsewhere in unjustlie treated. Yea. in o' many channels running. Cipher. Warm. sent i' crimson rivers. it is mine. But my veines a royall currant floweth Whose sourse. my spirit swelleth like E'eptune's waters before a tempest. as befittteth kings. now. no idole dreame. swift. is But there that within to my spiritt saith i That I was formed Wisely and boldly It is govern other men. . vitall. th' bold. lists and threateneth to orepeer the whenere my eager thoughts dwell long upon a crowne and throne. . pow'r that Europe doth tremble in dread o' 351 wrath and : destruction if the shadowe falleth over the land yet I am not king. And in bold Henry Fifth coursing like fire. although she promised it him publickly her oft in the earlier years of her raigne. no vaine in conceit.NATURAL HISTORY. through artiers of that king. Edward the Third in name ^th' first in honor. Surged in the veines of Queen Elizabeth. to me come downe. — Entaileth to me. by a law divine. am the Prince so My heart burneth in my bosom. This sole inheritance. My royall mother. Through heart one the boldest of Whom men re-christen'd Cordelion — ^Richard. no other than the heart of him Sumam'd the Conqueror. she at any subsequent time honor Sonne. The Lion Heart. That bloud inflam'd my grandsire Henry Eight. I who now speake to you in this waye. My mother nor did as gave away her owne first-borne fruit o' her body. nor even heire-apparent to His Ma. I^or is it wholly borne of injuries.

her . The theam of the exteriour works poem. not sup- posing that instinct in a decypherer can be so strong. — to gods. history. my remaine read. to make true and correct records of the life. this history o' may be the writing th' secrets chiefest in my conceit. I hold. I repeate this oft since I know not what his pages have been work'd out. for 'twere a more note-worthy thing. the nod that shaketh The firm foundation of the solid globe With fev'rous earthequakes. yea. or work of science — — play. often no waye concerneth that contained within. history of England and of Queene Elizabeth. — and hurleth backe To secret ocean cave a frighten'd horde Of cowering waves. that he hath begun tions. work where I commenced my instruc- in workes of poetry. A gift irrevocable from her whose hand 'Not Th' imperiall scepter held. Jove himselfe With awfull bending browe. both of poesie which doth intend nought but th' giving of pleasure.352 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. a portion and. suificient have beene found in any place o' to make is a full tale of keyes. yet in the Cypher history I have put some of my is wealth of poesy. science. decree more fix'd. please you. maketh Heaven tremble In terrour and affright. others are trans- lated epics of Yirgill and Homer. I have scattered with free hand so manie repetitions of my direcif tions that it letter would surprise still me beyond measure. Many are plays. a sealed booke whose writing none may When written. had pow'r to give Or unto humankind. Such are these Cypher poemes I put within workes of this kind. and that whose designe to instruct.

It burneth as an injury no lapse of time can cure. left to inasmuch as it is nowhere found or nowhere my countrymen but in Cypher. 'tis this: the many eies employed by our mother. worke when the heart is bowed down in . It doth redounde most to our credit of all our worthy labou'. she did not reckon sonnes as jeweles. of sHverie tongued words of flattering speech. to his rising upon the following morning. dHnke. and well form'd examples of the true accompt of A given in my my history mother's favorite treasure is strictly —her love of golden praises. nor did she openly acknowledge either my brother or myself — —borne princes Th' sole heires to th' kingdome. Men can eat sleepe. since nought which Her Ma. in.NATURAL HISTORY. and shall also bring just is reward unto the decipherer. is th' This then onely cause of my secrecyj but it is much too great an attempt now to reveale all this openly: instead. I will spend my whole time in encreast modells. 353 than to relate the most thrilling tale man's minde can produce. doth come by making out a complete history of my wrong that doth so embitter my dayes. unlike the mother of the Gracchi. is The reason spies not farre t' seeke. but no part better worth noting then the portio' that doth containe the story which Time onely is will reveale. It formed her chief wealth. dialogues of compli- ment and princely sayings. art o' transmitting. or ceremonies. a ceaselesse corosive relief e which doth eate th' heart. marking our going out and our coming all our rising up and our movements from the rising of the sunne. accurate history of our times. the constant watchfuU she had upon us. disapproved could ever finde a printer. not a moment when we could openly write and publish a true. while.

nor the man thought. iifferior. nor ev'n merely equall to in life. but for this cause. It doth rather greatly magnify and increase. is Your work soe thoroughly planed. and more especially those of neerest and most tender relationship This will never grow the naturall ills — that of parents to a childe. There is a play in some of my prose works. nor marvell at ought of similar nature. It hath as principall related events. this within the The Creator planted bosom o' our kind. it its every part it neatly joined togather before awaits th' master hand. entitled The White Kose names verie Britaine. if you but obey us. as appeare often in more than three methodes of is transmitting. yet the joys are lives.354 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. of no delight or pleasantnesse to hear e. gone from their whole is pain. actors. But we shall have occasion to shew the wonderfully beautifull harmony that hath at one time been brought forth. I may teach you the manner and perhaps shew manie examples in divers works for your use. as our Maker? fault? life. yet the It dependeth vest one work entirelie left to you. Who can pronounce His lawes at A foole o' or blind. Who hath so great of right or wisedome or soe just judgment of our wrong. familiar. perchance. not he that sees. Why and wherefore I shall not aske. o' of great worth. afterward there is sweeter and more pleasing musicke. and doe not return. upon others oft-times to reape th' har- hand hath sowen. in Cypher. Chief of sorrows of such a sense of willful as wrong on obligation th' part men or women have greatest by relation. and my labour may be so comin pared: it is also verie like th' sounds musicians make tuning their instruements. was again separated. Historie and out of many papers which ^h' times .

put aside for your future use. mania of this them If will be found to relate other things of an after time. and also much o' that that doth chiefly concern his thome. will be found in the his- my Essays. secret of my early life. the Anatomy of Melancholy and portions of such plays as naturallie treat of affaires of State. and though the scenes have place in the history of Henry the Seventh's and its time. The parts con- my matemall great-grandsire. it is that Perkin (or as often written elsewhere. his built on thin aire. PeterMn) Warbeck. arranged. shall portray many It a scene in that the vaine crie of Elizabeth. but my claime Wrongs have been done me which none have known but persons who kept th' just. hand. for my owne was case is of the same nature as Perkin's. whom the king so gallantly nam'd White Eose toric of his raigne. who this as you no doubt have learned before was King Henry Seventh. and so mark'd and disposed brickes unto the as to lie as readie to th' th' builder. You can proceed at once to collect much matter to- gather in masse to be assorted. my owne royall parent. render of importance. It shall give many a portion of my history. as you have frequentlie received directions in a great many works and hand of in more places then one. as . In this play you heare the chaf'd their proper lion's sullen roare.NATURAL HISTORY. play that seemeth to relate such events in the reigne [of] this most mighty king. and the gentle wife. in The remaining portions are put in my Advancement of Learning. you keepe my life rude tumults in minde. I have cerning 355 made a play. o' Britaine. is the tortured one doth utter ere the spirit doth quit the earthly frame.

reconstruct others. that in truth. shall be to the advantage of myselfe. nor leave unturned the least portion of a line which I have plac'd in the Historic like prose workes. my time would not But your experience hath well furnished the minde with all our directions and rules for any worke of this kinde. justice should and the simplest have the soveraignty of th' kingdome. work of my silent In some places another word has beene conjoined. not of years but of ages. after great length of time th' great harvest still past. knowing my labours are for benefit of a land very far is off. or other- wise shewe which part of my owne life is related in this . It is for this that I looke out to that long future. Europe must also reap ripening as doth the yellowe graine fall.356 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. or so secretly done as hath beene th^ preparation. as one brought forth for the aggrandize- ment that of the patient decypherer. therefore our last play shall surelie hold a place of equal ranke with those that have doubtlesse come to th' hands of our publishers long ere this. it remains for your hand to polish some. confusion as may arise if I give not some just signe. where th' sunshine doth As for th' Cypher-play you have now to write. Many it a yeare I did work upon it this method so to perfect as a for use. Many parts are rough. have brought each cipher block speech) you comence (I use a native when you mode of to by polishing and rounding these resemble such as the plays that yoij already have written contain. suffice to give this further of King Henry the Seventh. and I submit to you not much work which right. and. and manie as inasmuch attention. For the decypher- ing of these secret workes will hardly be so closelie hid.

keies. Yet custome a perfect doth familiarize these notions helpeth also — —the repitition o' th' action th' thereafter th' hand of man is and constant instrument obeying the master-minde and spirit. and this. If further directions bee requir'd they must come is to light in the pursuance o' this work. but hath roote in th' weaknesse insufficiency that sheweth ever in a man's first motions by another's suggestions. surely in this the same kind of guiding words set this apart. These. Seeke all the keies which are so guarded by a word that I have pointed out thorow the many it bookes. as before tion to the . All the rules given for th' other works th' first be used to decipher this play. must be making ready a true my guards. with regarde each to the other. is any of the and rules or direct'ons. mankinde. and all th' kinds of names us'd in th' language to signify humankinde. the words thus used. as thing to table do in of in all. word-signs (or such as bring these portiones into such relation or position. will of a tirelesse . Like fingers of the on a guide-post they shall so direct the way out labyrinth that you can trace with the penne as on a map shall or chart. This in truth in part my plan.NATURAL HISTORY. guides. When is this hath beene well prepared anie further delay all else unnecessary for was but secundarie in my de- signe. beforehand. ity. pertaine to human- as for example. womankinde. 357 As in the early part which I spent across the chan- nell. play. or those that do give a direc- work so named) also th' numerous and diverse names that designate various works. but use shall pollish them like glasses of deficiency in steel. as I have found no rules can be render'd This not a quite crystalline. finished and perfected.

and shall revered in manie a land old countries among in where learning doth flourish. which would sacrifice my ease that humanity might share in all these labours. weake and help- you must afford strength for my frame. This must bee so. and unto you do I looke for I. lamp. . revealing marvellously strange as happenings as unknowne to himselfe they have thus outside this farre (necessarily) beene to all the world microcosme —myselfe. Then my love shall bee known. Yours is the hand that must lead me whither my steps would go— lesse. It is to you I doe speak. while none save hee shall reape my fields of ripening not so immortall as golden corn that must feed the hungrie in future ages. I must plant. alone. yet shall his most importante labours in due time have the worthy measure of reward that they undeniably but justlie merit. sia is Th' gods' sweet nectar or ambro- my precious harvest shall be. I must sow. expos'd to the eies of men and angels. part only of that instrument. Thus the decyph'rer. When my shall. doth draw a hidden secret forth. as the soules of men in- before our Father's judgement seate. I shall receyve all men's praise steed of a whole nation's or manie nations' contumely. very soule doth lie. the guide. knowledge grow from these experiments or inquiries th' naturall new when lawes have been more carefully sought. staffe indeed my sole hope and least or stale — ^the judge who is to give sentence upon the upon the I speak greatest of the crimes any of the persons of whom were guilty tence —the one from whom I my owne life shall expect just sen- when doth stand before you in judge- ment. reap- ing rich benefits from my studies. am like a child in its infancie. So must th' sons of my name bee men. aide.358 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON.

life itself e was as the first rayes of faire sunshine: for the crowne then seemed to to my head. a persisting upon there should bee. It 359 must be well seene in many person's experience. those in the haughtie Burleigh's emploie. my mother. my potent reason may be justlie gather'd. artles actour. and I now seeke th' dizzie top more eagerlie then I did in those e'rly daies when my bloud ran warme and hang ore side. and I doubt there was. said hee. controllers. he faltered not nor wearied in a race up the lofty steeps of Olympus. for I then did trust to his hopefull spirit as a sonne naturallie should. or th' hand and glove associates who served as his but this was not of any momente. hee did the unacknowledg'd husband of Queene Elizabeth. hastening her steps whenere pursued. In my Cipher as you must soon which I still see. studies and learning may all be said to woo their lovers. and besides a great earnestnesse.NATURAL HISTORY. 'No ardente follower was ere unsatisfied." nevertheless live. Knowledge if will reward who seeke th' real spirit or beautifull outward forme. I have written out the aforeis said modell. not as a prince's shining destiny. and oft did give sad trouble to But hee was an unwise and most some of our managers or factors. and most patiently work'd out th' modell of government. that while Fortune hath somewhat of a woman's nature. "A man may speak falselie upon occasion but he was strange man who dared live a falsehood. . My right was made plaine me. yet my fate was —a die cast by hands of those bold men. The times were not a bad resumed When I my former study of th' state of th' nations. schoolemaster. I f aine would attest (naturally) did how painfull this acting parts soon mortall a seeme unto my father. o' my owne some secret bending or stooping as a card my mother's spirit. for. thinke worthy of attention.

This is it shewing out my true name. you have those plaies. that shewe which parts had stood in juxtaposition. or Americ) Elizais beth pursued in relation to this matter. Make Atlantis. I must have a trustworthie decipherer. the sorry course of the Earle that was mine apparent friend. a true writer. with mine owne eventfuU life. and ruler above every other which then did reigne i' th' bounds o' Europe. the reall pollicy that (as Queene of a mighty people. When these are all joined together. are put my other workes. poems. but my work will never my onely manner of is well that my many . concerneth a great and most mightie sovereign. but in the Cipher you have the directions for writing the same. or the best of have neede of a printer. with other diverse subjects. Asia. but no design of publication ere did enter the plan that I formed of this opportune methode of hiding my worke until such time as one shall write my history. entitled. when in fact he is my brother and my enemy. These are written intending their printing. and readie interpreter. (the Illiad o' Homer is concealed within the Cipher I give in this man- with Yirgil his ^neid) and so forth. This historic in the form of plays. The parts are to stand as in that former or originall worke. New but looke on further for directions. now mis- This rule is as follows: Keyes are placed usually in the same portion with joining words. but also within some of when a future time come. Here you work as may finde a rule by which Cipher of value and interest not onely in the time of which this secret is doth treate.360 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OP FRANCIS BACON. Queene Elizabeth. ner many of the principall themes and plans. which understood. or prose historic. search for keies in another work stories.

tempest toss'd by manie a At length I turned my attention from and used all my time and wit to make such advance- ment in learning or atchieve such great profici(ci)ency in studies that m. not loving and aspiring mother. fifty-one. embassador. queene. were averted by such admirable adroitnesse that I could but yield due respect to the finesse. When place story this worke is finished. but with some naturall desires to approove my worthinesse in th' my my bookerights. love. as to winne the Queene's frank hope by meanes of and I had a livelie this enter- ing wedge to be followed by the request nearest unto soule [I] Sir should so bende Her Majestie's minde to my my wish. as well as disgrace at Henrie's Court. valued books have given the renoiine or I might loose 361 name which I bear worthiest my immortall honors —the fame t' that I would winne. child.NATURAL HISTORY. I was intrusted at that very time with This ap- businesse requiring great secrecy and expediency. love and wounds. you must returne and finde the upon page two-hundred begun in Ce'tury Ten. Both calamities. glove. while discomforted by th' death of my hope. or life. lesse for m' owne agrandizement sight o' an advantaging of mankind. king. beleeving that by thus doing I should advance claime and obtayne my . French. From that day I lived a doub'full fro.y name as a lover of Sciences should bee best known and most than as honoured. was soe well conducted provall. lord. however. Amyias Paulet undertooke to negotiate both treaties at once. swinging like a pendent branch to and troublous desire. and came thereby very near to a breach with the Queene. favour. childhood. The storie of my secret mission is thus begunne. for as hath beene said. lady. th' secret The keyes are Paris.

363 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. be closed as it though suf'ring so much payne as that compelled her to deny audience to everie person save Strafford Lady and th' physitian. I to us regarding her cousin. and she was almost per- am well assured. whilst her chamber should. * Shortly after the return of her rival to her native land Note. . A little while therafter her troubles concerning Mary in- of Scots began. thereby making it apparent that at second curiositie. whilst in England. Queene was moov'd from one as yet. to convinc' her minde that I had noe other thought save a designe to winne sovraigntie in her life-time. and nothing else had such exceeding teresse in her eyes as th' least trifle of airey nothingnesse which came swaded. thought her wisedome doth exceede idole For yeares th' wish lay quiescent. Soone. I neede not assert how farre this was from th' mj heart at jeal- any time. as page to the gaye Courtier. it This being harshly refus'd.* a wish to goe thither took possession of her. his misapplied zeale in aware of bringing this to Her Majestie's notice. folowing th' suggestion of malice. But this foolish plann died ere it was brought to ful- nesse of time. th' ministers thinking more prudent at that time to allowe her such sure shelter in our owne countrey that she should be safe from her enemies. discov- ering in truth more envie then naturall pride. and more hate than affection. to goe to Scotland with a gentle- man from that Court in the disguise of a youth. but Queene's ousie so blinded her reason that she. the Queene came hither requesting a safe conduct into France. line omitted from the original. in her absence. See Rawley's Explanation (page 368). in truth. but was not brought before Eliza- beth.— This MS. shewed little pride in my attempts. this poor castle to another. Cecill. especiallie in my yonth.

discover- ing herselfe and administered a reproofe stood farre better then my father under'Tis a subject Queene Mary this could. Elizabeth. a brother of Henry. of wonder that th' trouble that it did not signe both death warrants. to gratify Egyptian Queene regarding it her consuming desire father to give was soone arranged by my ill-advis'd Her Majestic a sight of this Queene whilst supping in quiet by invitation at his owne house. et csetera. The Queene set it mee at discyph'ring this. Againe a desire to looke 363 on the face of her foe stirr'd in her. angered by hearing what pass'd betweene Queene Mary and my father. for I had a secret sympathy for this poor wanderer although selfe by no menes interesting or engaging on anie dangerous chance. for was spoken of in matter was constantly increasing evidence that a Cypher us'd in Mary's forraine correspondence had beene the plai'te medium by which a com- had beene made of her treatment. . in respect of France. ^not having — to decypher. that grew so clear that it would glimmer through the dullest of eies that the imprisoned Queene did not intende anything short of her owne proper enthronization. nor can I deny. hight. and pleas widelie disseminated for assistance. th' throne. but happy union formerly with Francis Second. th' soveraigne then on difficult. and partly. partly because of her religion. my labor had better fruits then I on my owne my- part wish'd. She did affect greatly both France and Spaine. indeed. And whilst many impossible. colour of hair. so that newe curiosity made her inquire of all who knew ous the lady concerning her beautie. qualitie of her voyce. because of her brief. verie like to the famOctavia. stept forth quickly. and to me — of the epistles were th' keie.NATURAL HISTORY. and.

[ay] a dreadfull crime. Th^ very power and grandeur awakeneth a reverence or a veneration in th' heart. and th' matter then rested quiet a short time. advis- at length adopted a policie soe mild in nature that her foe could no' make just complaint. However. to con- spire as Marie of Scots did against a great Queene.- Her Majestic soften'd so much towards my unthinking father. by her prudent its Elizabeth. calamfinally th' might doubtlesslie have beene divided minde of there. another. I. — it much in comon must not be soe inquired of. that a report of words that might be conster'd as spoken with t'reat or malice. not a wante of fitnesse in the parties. she gave him command at once of her army in f oreigne warres. that instead o' driving him away implacably. the jealous suspicions died away and my assistance as adviser. no act or written word could bee produced in proof. folow- . th' and had Queene Mary bin avoyded. ation me of open assistance when in th' In truth that disagreeable insinu- had much to doe with her decision respecting my owne marriage. 'Tis a grievous fault. or cited to it shew that I had ever had such sympathy. such incertainty was she. at Her Majestic. A ity short respite followed. eithe' — that was shewn openly or privately to herself e. and I may say valuable counselour. for warned by experiences of her very great danger. As I have said elsewhere in th' principall Cypher. Her Majesty had suspected sunnie land of France. was eamestlie desired. swaying now here. and give a sovereigne with oiir Supreme Huler.364 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. thereunto prompted ers. now In no time long clung to revengeful intents. and disspatcht him as Master o' th' Horse of Her Majestie's army in th' E'etherlands.

who led him This sheweth any who have thought Elizabeth too suffi- severe to her cousin that. it is quite true. unfortunate . Soone there was a secret interview betweene Lord Burleigh [and] Earle of Leicester. th' poor fool — his lord^that hee sign'd for the Queene. Davison was onely a poor feeble instrumment in their handds. In truth. however.dnesse and forbearrance. great and noble though they death. fall on those to his men.NATURAL HISTORY. The Duke of Norfolk. lost his life through too much zeale to Mary's cause. affixed th' great scale to the dreadful death-warrant. and to life seem'd hang in th' ballance. for. by no meanes was th' heart in that faire bosom so flintie as to send th' woman to her death before her time. united. that th' harsh should not lingT execution. when th' haplesse prisoner must needs chose^ from the counsell of her foe th' to obtaine any defender in sentence proceedings. Such. was by no meanes Lord Burleigh's manner. when she was brought to — if triall that may bee entituFd. it is said. et csetera. soe determined was hee not onelie that o' sentence death should surely bee pronounc'd against her triall. The life of the Secretarie was forfeit to the deede when Her Majesty became aware that so daring a crime had beene committed. but who shall say that the blow fell on the guilty head. — i' but. to which was summoned the Queene's Secretary ship who was and so threaten'd by —on paine of death. 365 should be set downe because of its kir. truth to say. likewise. though she had prudence ciente to keepe her arch-enemie in seclusion. therefore blame doth be. ing it.

to But theame —which is a painfull me now as in that sad time. o' and furnish'd me th' subject matter of one my Cypher tragedys that may be found and written by aide of this argument. notwith- standing th' charges that were pref err'd against her. but being the center thereof whether cognisant of th' lawe.366 BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. th' removall of one How- duke was but a smal mater com- pared with that of a Queene. Granting th' premise. by be attaint of treason. hard or cruell were such exit provided him. of Scots should have succeeded Mary of England. being(g) Catholick. Mary this enter'd the great hall of her prison-castle. it digress'd. a rash desire to wed the lady. them or not she would. with her were her attendants. but the theame is soe without taking short respite at At the appointed time on that sadd daie. blocke. stood in silence The by the executioner. ever. wearing a Ion' mourning cloake that cover'd her from head to foote. she held of Henry Eight from Queene Katherine and unjust. likewise in mourning. in verie truth. Anne Mary Bolyne. or springing from. to return to the narration. my mother. th' divorce Furthermore. therefore. could but bee an unsanctified union and their children bastards. and dispos'd in paires about . know'e that all plots in her favour against the life of the Queene. their origine outside of England. rant of death reached Fotheringay — this it war- much it is sooner then was expected by anie there attendant upon the wrongly accused Queene had for whatever [her] fault. A man's head stood somenor did hee thinke his what life tickle on th' shoulders then. Againe I have somewhat heavy I cannot follow intervalls. his marriage with unlawful!. which for occasion we ree-draped in blacke.

she bade her waiting women farewell. and in that sweete. As hath beene said. were the English Lords. thanked Lord Montague who had spoken for her when th' lords sat in councell and bade him adieu. but her sad story still is downe and in my heart her beautie liveth as fresh as she were yet amongst the living. Kent.NATURAL HISTORY. hesitation. Shrewsbury. — —onely set a then she spake graciously to each one in her presence and was ledd to the blocke. Then she stept forward letting the cloake slide to the floor and stoode up before them in a robe of brave bloud-red. it little was refus'd with needlesse sternnesse. the room. pale from want o' rest but was She ask'd for the services of her owne spake priest. if Scots. to Phillip of Spaine with England and her clayme to the throne. pray'd in cleare tones for some minutes. this is hidden in th' works in th' form of a tragedie of such interesse that I urge upon my discyp'rer th' olt repeated wish for a carefull rendering of my of work. I leave you my name and labours. to commended th' quarrell God her suffering soule. possibly for silente invocation. winsome waye most naturall to a woman and to her in highest degree. ". The Queene looked calme and composed. FRA. SAINT ALB AN. So ended Marie of herein. 367 Mon- tague and Derby idlie conversing. as doth inspire the hearts those who commit their labours to th' future. such is left nor can I beleeve all it lost. . She more. Afterward there came a moment of minute. To such an one our worke In hope.

not wishin' (that) his lordship's much right priz'd epistle to to sett errours. you in order that make a beggarly entry. now and then one also repeated are thus —do — th' syllables and letters sometimes appear. but thinke proper under the existing circumstances. (do) This no I doubt is the chiefe thing omitted. WILLIAM RAWLEY. His lordship's part endeth here and I add but a fewe lines to speake of th' errata.BI-LITERAL CYPHER OF FRANCIS BACON. Some words have [been] left out. we may correct other Respectfully your f aithfull f ellowe worker. sometimes have stray'd from sight. but I trust the greater number of these mistakes to your discretion. desire to go thither. reade "Shortly after the return of her rivall to et caetera. speaking of Her Majesty. . changed for a manuscript line omitted hurteth the On page two-hundredth and : sixty-five." her native land. Yet one statement should be sense.


77. 23 occur twice. 94. and C. 8. Shakespeare Plays Merry Wives of Windsor. Pages read 163. 168 occur twice. 79 of T. Pages 51. In deciphering after 76 of R. As You Like It. 93. 162. Merchant of Venice.—Pages 91. Romeo and Juliet. and J. placed. 9 missing. Henry Troilus and Cressida. 17. 105 mis- Book II. 99 occur 74 occur four times. Part II. 249. Pages 151. All Is Well. 250 missing. Page 218 occurs twice. Midsummer Night's Dream. 92 occur twice. —Pages 6. 279 missing. three times. 50. 189 missing. Page 88 occurs twice. Cymbeline. then 79 of R. 19. 103 occur twice. 79. Page 187 occurs twice. —Pages 16. 214 missing. Page 212 occurs twice. King Lear. 153. Henry IV. missing.—Pages read 46. VIII. 69. and J. use 78 and 78. . Page 273 occurs twice. IRREGULAR PAGING OF ORIGINAL EDITIONS. Hamlet. 59 Comedy of Errors. 90 missing. Twelfth Night. 252 occur twice. 163. Page 389 occurs twice. Pages 81. are missing. Next after page 156 is 257. 379 missing. 33. missing. Pages 10. Taming of the Shrew. 34 occur twice. Page 390 reads 993. 161 missing. 163 occur twice. 79. 166. 70. 33 missing. 86 missing. Part III. Page 259 occurs twice. 80. Advancement of Learning. 216 missing. 49. Part I. Last two pages read 76. Pages 251. Henry IV. — Timon of Athens. 166 missing. 58 occur twice. Page 308 reads 38. Henry VI. Only two pages numbered 79.— 1 APPEN^DIX. 82 occur twice. 24 Book I. 265 missing. Spenser's Faerie Queene. 73.—Pages 167. 18. 89. 165.

in place of 351. 114. Anatomy. 359 missing. 248. 98. twice. 89. Some them are of the irregularities are printer's errors. the pages of the same number must be joined If for connected narrative. 273. 35 missing. Page 359 stands 99. De Augmentis. 91. 584 251. 86. 383. 79. omit until its proper number is reached. Anatomy of Melancholy (1628)— Democritus to Reader. 101. 357. 360. 376. Pages 39. 88. and decipher in advance of its duplicate. a page occurs numbered ahead of its order. 387. 259. In deciphering.APPENDIX. If a page occurs numbered later than its must be brought forward and follow its dupli- cates in the order they occur in the books. 372. Page 39 occurs twice. Pages 96. 204. 583. 214. 276. Pages 67. Pages 62. . but most of to bring pages together that were misplaced to further hide the Cipher. 104. occur twice. 40 occur twice. 78. 537 missing. 396 occur 386. 66. 361. 115. 369. Natural History. 215. 187. 284. it regular order.

T. not only because it made the world acquainted with the new poet. but on its verso some dedicatory verses are signed "Immerito. because. ' ' ' years. In the Bodleian Library. 11." In our days the ' little ' ' ' ' ' are some of the " mysterious circumstances" 5th. under the name of Hugh Singleton. it Church in his Life of Spenser marks a turning-point in the history of English literature twenty years had passed since the publication of Tottel's MisShepheardes Calender ^ cellany. 9. to whom Hugh Singleton assigned the book as follows John harrison : 29 October [1581] Assigned over from hugh Singleton to have the shep- pardes callender. and the appearance of the Thirdly. but for other Firstly. : The next four editions are published by John Harrison the younger. as the earliest work of importance by the reasons. from the gave a new impulse to English Poetry. and to circumstances From 1579-97. — Neither in the entry nor on title page is the author's name mentioned. book is still interesting.' but also because it contained allusions to personages of distinction well known. in a space of eighteen familiar to everybody." Four copies of 1. 427 of the Huth Library. dwelling in Creede Lane neere unto Ludgate at the signe of the gylden Tuntie. this edition are known to exist : No. SPENSEK " Spenser's Shepheardes Calender was in its day a book great interest. 3. according to the following transcript The following : On December Hughe Singleton Lycenced unto him the Shepperdes Calender conteyninge xij eclogues proportionable to the xij monethes vjd. it passed through five different editions. . M. Cambridge." " Printed by Hugh Singleton.' Secondly. 293 Capell. No. Philip Sidney. — vjd. 4. " The Shepheardes Calender " was entered at Stationers' Hall. 2. . in Library of Trinity College.: — . Oxford. 1579." ^ This edition is dedicated. No. and are there to be solde. both of learning and chevalrie. which was hughe Singleton's copie. or " Entitled to the Noble and Vertuous Gentlemen. as Dean writer of appropriately observes. The Faerie Queen. most worthy of all titles.532 of the Grenville collection of the British Museum. mysterious circumstances connected with its publication.

and Magnificent Emperesse. By the Grace of God. tivelve years before the book was attributed to his authorship. : : : in all humilitie dedicate. It is rare. and the above dedication to Queen Elizabeth." The fifth edition was " Printed by Thomas Creede for John Harrison the yonger. Come tell me. dwelling in Pater noster Roe. The following first edition. child whose parent is unkent: But if that any aske thy name. dwelling Pater noster Roe. but found in the Grenville Collection.The second edition was '^ Imprinted at London by Thomas East for John Harrison the younger. Edm." at the signe of the Anker. and all Gracious Government Elizabeth. Trinity College. etc. Spenser. and Ireland. and Huth Libraries. France. 1591. heart-broken man. Her most humble Servaunt. : : . Mightie. Queene of England. Printed by H. L. &c. lines are from the dedicatory verses of the Goe As little booke: thy selfe present. Spenser returned to England (1598) a ruined. in the Bodleian. and of Virginia Defender of the Faith. and are there to bee solde. This second edition is olso dedicated to Philip Sidney." In 1611. Anno Dom. 1581. Say thou wert base begot with blame: For thy thereof thou takest shame. . for Mathew Lownes." The fourth edition was " Printed by John Windet etc. and consecrate these his labours. dwelling Pater noster Roe. By luhat authority is this book claimed for Spenser. for John Harrison the yonger. doth . at the signe of the Anchor. present. what was sayd of mee: And I will send more after thee. Vertue. fol. together with some other poems. and died in the January following. And when thou art past jeopardee. This volume is dedicated to Queen Elizabeth thus To the Most High. ^ Collected into one Volume and carefully corrected. Edmund Spenser. 1597. 1586. 1611. The third edition was " Imprinted at London by John Wolfe for John Harrison the yonger. Immerito. to live with the eternitie of her Fame. dwelling Pater noster Roe. Renouned for Pietie. the Shepheardes Calender appeared for the first time with the poet's name The Faerie Queen attached to it this volume has the title Together with the other works of The Shepheards Calendar England's Arch-Poet. at the signe of the Anker.



184 190 Lady Ann Bacon • recounts to Francis The early life of Elizabeth and the end of the reign of. to the Decipherer. stormy . Lady Ann Bacon. Confirmation by 154 170 Description of the Reign of Elizabeth. Ayme Robsart visits the Queen. II. Ay me Kobsart. 45 To him who TJie Curse.Sir ^vancis Bacon's The series of (Etpl^cr Story. 1 Epistle Dedicatory. and others in process of translation. explanation of methods. ter so far deciphered. his foster mother. shall find the Cipher. Green. and reasons for writing the narrative in Cipher. deciphered writings from the Shakespearean Plays. The Queen's Last Days. . has reached the sixth book. Strangled by Robert Cecil. Continues The account of Elizabeth the wooing of Leicester in the Tower bribes the Holy Friar to take him to Elizabeth frightens him into performing the marriage ceremony. plotting the death of Leicester's wife. 200 202 224 226 235 248 interview . BOOK . Spenser and Burton. Description of Queen Elizabeth. Upon those who have caused Francis Bacon's Life.Mary. BOOK Francis Bacon's Letter I. 56 61-67 his humiliation. death of Ayme Robsart. 97 Discovery that he was son of Elizabeth. the stage plays of Marlow. Embracing the plan of the work. will be indicated The character and scope of the matby the following SYNOPSIS. . the works of Peele.

his ovm 650 652 it. Francis Bacon's Life at the Court of France 571 BOOK Massacre of St. 603 631 life. Capt. 567 Epilogue." So by a roaring tempest on the flood. Discovery by the Queen that Bacon wrote of the first copy. " The end has come. 263 The Great Storm. through ambassadors. The alternative of refusal. Don Martin. Elizabeth's reply to the ambassadors. The Spanish Armada." wishes to hear the Admiral's report of the battle. Bacon visits the Queen and pleads for his prisoner Don Pedro whom he rescued from drowning. Capt. Allegorical description giving the names of Spanish and EngAdmiral Howard recounts his lish vessels engaged. in the presence of Lady Ann Bacon and Lord Puckering. Bacon's description." The Queen " aweary of his speech. Bacon again begs for Don Pedro. Appearance of the Spanish Fleet. 40i 459 489 492 493 Continued. . Phillip II demands. 250 252 256 Elizabeth and Francis. part in the fight. Capt. a prisoner before the Queen. A whole ArmfiSo of convicted sail sailors Is scatter'd and disjoin'd from fellowship. By Sir Nicholas Bacon. Pedigree of the Queen. Drake describes the storm. the hand of Elizabeth in marriage.Second Marriage of Elizabeth and Leicester. Don Pedro before the Queen. Plea for mercy. Account interrupted by a summons from the Queen. Bartholomew. ish 377 Bacon rescues Don Pedro. Prologue. Francis Bacon recurs to IV. BOOK The Spanish Armada ^ III. Hamlet. Banished to France. the wresting of the Crown from her ** unlawful hands " by war. Entrance of Lord High Admiral. the Span- Commander. 494 495 498 499 512 526 530 552 558 566 Enter with letters. *' The quality of mercy is not strain'd. which is described. Capt. Palmer and Sir Anthony Cook. Palmer's experiences in the German Seas. Mary Queen of Scots. Drake tells of the second day's battle. and the fate 672 Tragedy of Mary Queen of Scots.

lawful son of Elizabeth and Leicester. Interview with Friar. Q. England. and to Margaret of Navarre." Foreign Ambassadors Presented. The Queen explains to them that her savage 765 council have cruelly slain Mary. Your servant. Navarre''s Attempt to Escape Frustrated. Bacon follows the Queen-mother to the South. Assassination of the King. " Queen. and declares her intention to hang her secretary for insubordination. Farewell to Margaret. Report of same to Henry III.) Conclusion of Bacon's . Public Trial of Queen Margaret. Death of Nicholas Bacon. BOOK V. th' secretary. and Navarre johi forces Navarre declared Heir to the to besiege Paris* Throne of France. Plan of the latter to escape to the camp. 1001 Bacon Returns to England. The grand hunt Navarre's flight. 834 BacorCs Visit to the Huguenot Camp. Catherine's revival of " The Court of Love. Paulet attempts to negotiate a marriage between Bacon and Margaret. cords.Queen Elizabeth'' s Drea^n. Intrigues to effect his escape from France. Tells of his banishment and espouses Navarre's cause. Second banishment. ''''Life at the Court of France. The Assassination of the Duke of Guise and the Cardinal of Lorraine. Prayer of Navarre. Who hath made bold with the great seal. Visit to Italy. 926 BOOK VI (in preparation. Brought the warrant to us. Francis Recalled to .'''^ Anjou's desertion of the Huguenots his trifling successes magnified the triumphs or fetes in his honor." . Her indignation and horror at the death of Mary. and who Hath inscribed 702 my name? 764 Leicester. 801 Continues Bacon^s '-'-Life in France^^ Bacon discloses to Navarre that he is heir to the throne of England. Then there was a league between you to hasten her Untimely death. Disappointment. Henry IIL. . 767 771 782 786 Bacon Resumes his '•^Life in FranceP Interview between Bacon and Navarre. Stormy interview with Queen Elizabeth and Leicester. 871 Bacon Discloses Ladder of his Love to Margaret. the great seal stamp'd upon't.

''^ * *' upon my soul the hearers * (She kneels and prays): me. Welcome. Yea.— Private room. Queen repents. begs that he be not banished. IsH for my life? Lord Shrewsbury. All enter a public house. calls upon himself the wrath of the Queen. and not by servants of lesser degree. and send my soul to heaven. And say it was a piteous deed to take mefrom The world.Sc^«<? J. I know. Tis now midnight.—^z\\ of Fotheringay Castle. The Queen overrules the council.—Chamber in Fotheringay Castle— Queen Mary and maids." Good my Lord of Derby.— Scene /. Amen. and assistants. Elizabeth announces that Leicester is to command her armies in Ireland.—Council Chamber of Palace. my lords. Montague speaks strongly for her. I. Leicester in rage: "/// empty all these veins. Enter English Lords. —Sir^GX. Fie. and shed my blood Drop by drop z' th' earth ere I will go ! Let my soul want mercy if I do notjoin With Scotland. Mary denies the charges. I promise to note it cunningly. who counsels a different course. "Q. and by my death stop Let me be blessed for the every side on quietness ! 'stablish blood and effusion of Christian Oh God. "'Alas. takes leave.—Interview between Queen to bring Elizabeth and Counsellor Francis Bacon. lords. unjustly which. they present Elizabeth She does not si^n it. lead me (Speaks to Executionei." Synopsis of Treason." Lords seated at table: Queen on the throne.'"' (This is refused. good my lord. so impresses and moves the Court that Chief Justice suddenly adjourns the Court to London. Tomorrow? tomorrow! Oh! that's sudden. asserting that they shed innocent blood. Bacon pleads for Leicester. lawyers and gentlemen in attendance.'" Interview between Elizabeth and Mary. gives letter of commission for her trial. and receive my fainting soul again ! Oh be thou merciful! as Thou know'st. Enter Queen Mary dressed in black and red velvet gown. '' No power I have to speak. Queen Elizabeth secretly enters. they to be rulers of the French.. the jealous Queen declares his banishment. who plead for the life of Mary. But here come the ambassadors of our brothers of France and Spain. met by Leicester. Queen Elizabeth presents the treasons of Mary Queen of Scots. E. notes the absence of the English Queen. Q. demands her presence— Will be tried by her peers. And thou shall find I will preserve and love thee. The executioner assures her "I will be as speedy in your death as all the poisonous potions in the world.— Scene /. Scene 2 Banquet room at house of Leicester. Enter Burleigh and Secretary of the Queen (Davison).— Room in Tower of London. what a slug is Warwick. Queen Mary before the Court. knights.) meet in heaven. hides behind statue. Leicester and Mary at banquet table." (Enter Warwick. Elizabeth steps forth. * "The * Historical Tragedy of flary Queen of Scots. Scene ^. Ah! In good time here comes the sweating lord. fearing that by her eloquence an(i beauty she be acquitted Scene ^. Elizabeth and train. " Doth Scotland make your Majesty our jiidgef'' Mary in surprised alarm. the heavy story right. in London. * Queen Klizabeth commands the presence of Leicester. Mary proposes marriage to Leicester. withdrawal of Elizabeth and Leicester. " Restrain thy apprehension. the warrant for Mary's death ''Q. let's (Rises. . — Mary Act W. denies the charges. in her behalf.— Scene /.) Scene 5. Council show warrant. comfort a nd pray with me. hung with black. Burleigh and Leicester force the Secretary to forge the Queen's name to the warrant for Mary's execution. who arranges to his house in London for an interview. he comes not To tell us whether they will that she shall die or no. 111. Let me have some reverend person To advise. makes him General and administers the oath. thrusts him away and enters.—Room in Fotheringay Castle.— Scene /. Strongly A ' opposed by the Lord Chancellor.'' " Farewell. I am undone! It is the Queen. members cry Guilty! guilty! ^CT v.'* The Law of Act 1. M. E.) Finis . captains. will shed tears. nd so. time. Scene 2 —Audience room of Palace. My lord. M. English and Scottish realms.—In and Act front of Tower. ''Q.— Council Chamber— twelve months later. Scene 2. Enter Leicester.'''' Mary addresses ''And ifyou tell the Lords. to the block. Court convenes to convict Mary. Leicester accused of treason. ^* * * * ' Good." Enter Lords of Council. blood our true with sister be satisfied And let our princely must be spilled ! Oh God.—Palace of the Queen. And you shall feel no pain. if I must die tomorrow.'} He announces the decision of '* guilty. sweet Lords. Act IV. executioner. send to me the 7vater from the well of life. I have conferred on thee the commandment of mine army beyond the sea. Platform and block at end. and my griefs will go. I will lay trust upon thee. Leicester requests Bacon to plead for him to the Queen. Scene 2.Why do you come. How! My lord! Oh! this subdues me quite." Enter ambassadors. farewell.'' Enter Francis Bacon.— Scene /. have mercy upon Mace I make. midnight. and by eight tomorrow thou must be made immortal. Stormy interview between Queen Elizabeth Leicester. even my foes will shed fast falling tears. English Lords and Gentlemen.

" issued in October." January.ther work^ of Bacon. Dudley before his wife's was reported that she was formally betrothed to him. and o. And all our cipher practice to display. 16. that may be the enjoyed as one of the marvels of literature. of Devizes. "The Tragedy of Mary Queen of Scots." it has been deciphered from the Shakespeare Plays." is published separately. of Our Late its Earl of Essex. CO. was punished for the same offence. through which the hidden histories are being brought to light. and seven years later a man named Marsham. 1560-1. Earl of was and that Robert. "The Tragical History Brother. " Dictionary fof National : Biography. they became closer after." HOWARD PUBLISHING March. "In 1562 the reports that Elizabeth had children by Dudley were revived. was sent to prison for publishing the slander." Vol. and that she had secretly married him in Lord Pembroke's house. Like its immediate predecessor. page 114. Earl of Essex. was his brother. by means of the Cipher system. The present volume. Leicester Corroboration of this is found in the recently published British . and that she was a mother already. In the 1893. was the astounding statement that the great Chancillor the son of Queen Elizabeth and Robert Dudley. One Robert Brooks. . discovered by Doctor Owen. of Norwich. under relations with It the heading " Dudley " Whatever were the Queen's death.— : PUBLISHERS NOTE. in advance. The Comedy referred to in the Prologue is now being translated. out of itself. being thrilling earlier complete in and of the most it interest and historical value. 1895. will to the life present The pliant men that we as masks employ An excellent device to tell the plot." — This Tragedy confirms the statement. consecutive order. first book of the " Cipher Story. "The players that come forth. of its appearance as a part of the later books of the series of Sir Francis Bacon's Cipher Writings.

" obtained from the same sources. assistance. believed to be the first writings of historical from the ters of earlier drama in Cipher. and bears the impress of greater skill. but insolent. * imperative : * i' A worthy Without officer th' Robert Essex was wars. and it is works and plays. and has been as a Play. Portions of it were found in every play attributed to Shakespeare. reveals details of English history of wonderful interest. own life. The Queen sought excuse in law for the his benefactor. her trial. and Francis Bacon. In are It interwoven most important passages of Bacon's Essex. Self-loving. more it experience. Marlow. This " Tragedy of Essex. and matchiefly profound philosophical significance. before they were enlarged in 1608-17-23. and in the writings of Spenser. O'er-come with pride. Burton. 1894. It was a life for a life Essex was foredoomed to death. written This was published in December. ambitious past all thinking. and affecting one sole throne. " Tragedy of Mary Queen of Scots. Peele. and far more intense personal feeling. is a later production. it is Although of Bacon's a remarkable production. in which the Cipher Bacon is found. The work of deciphering the literature. and her tragic end. Greene.— ' INTRODUCTION. ." embracing Mary's attempts to gain the English crown. of Sir Francis pronounced a masterpiece. explains Bacon's participation in the trial and conviction of and the seeming ingratitude which has so long been thought a blot upon the fame of the Lord High Chancillor. ! who had been deed . incorporating later drawn re-written and histories. her commands were Queen. which only a participant in the events Inwrought into this literature was hidden the could record.

And strew a hungry churchyard with thy limbs The time and my intents are savage wild. Madam. Not the King's crown. Be satisfied Your treacherous brother dies : be content. ! : .. Madam. peace sir. but to bear. F. Q. Q. Of * . or the roaring sea. . Villain I'll set a point against thy breast. No ceremony that to great ones 'longs. B. Oh. To revenge is no valor. If thou dost not use most dear employment In what I further shall intend to do. is impiety. Q. nor the judge's robe. I was not born to die on Essex' sword * * In the name o' th' people. F. as his offences Are accounted to the law. and leisure answers leisure Like doth quit like. By heaven. I will tear thee joint by joint. Under penalty of thine own false head. See. O. go get thee home. And in the power of us their Queen. and blows have answer'd blows Strength match'd with strength. Were I not the better part made of mercy. To have a giant's strength but it is tyrannous To use it like a giant. Q. thou present. Let our instruction to thee be thy guide. To be in anger. a brother for a brother: Haste still pays haste. Believe this. More fierce and more inexorable far. B. F. nor the deputed sword. lives but to act another. peace. and power confronted power Both are alike. greatest. B. Thy life's dependent on thy brother's death. F. But who is born that is not angry? Weigh but the crime with this. Q. B. O your Grace. thou villain. thou fragment vile Peruse this writing here. it is excellent. * * By urging me to fury. O. Blood hath bought blood. here in bloody lines we have set down And what is written shall be executed Your brother is to die. and measure still for measure. thou traitor. The marshal's truncheon. begone! * * F. Peace. Becomes them with one half so good a grace * * As mercy does. Q. I should not seek an absent argument my revenge. that answering One foul wrong. B. Why then. I do partly understand your meaning. and thou shalt know 'Tis death for death. and both alike we like: ! . * Look to it. Put not another sin upon my head. we One must prove Will push destruction and perpetual shame Out of the weak door of our fainting land. Are not you then as cruel as the sentence? I know no law. * * Francis Bacon. I think not so. your Majesty. Than empty tigers. .

— : Synopsis of . Enter Earl of Essex and Francis Bacon. Shows displeasure at Essex's return. Essex condemned to execution.— Palace.— Dungeon. Enter Queen. Queen dismisses attendants.) Queen to Essex Essex assays to draw his sword defies her and leaves in a rage. ^''Away with html lead him to the block . Essex endeavors to incite the mob to burn and plunder. (Exit. — .''' (Boxes his ears. sir. Til see that he Be executed by nine to-morrow morning. . Scene 2. Scene j. who frightens the Queen with false reasons for Essex's sudden return. appeal to And deliver us this ring. Enter Lord Keeper commands Bacon to depart gives commission to jailor.^'' Trial of Essex. He discourses of Ireland and claims the Dukedom of York. Scene 2. Queen announces that Essex will go Dismisses all but Essex.— Scene /.return^ Ladies in waiting dress the Queen in handsome robes. Essex announces insurrection in Ireland. Jailors bind Essex in a chair show him the order. ''/s it my fault that I was forced to plead? How much thou 7urongst tne. The next de^-ee shall be England's royal throne.SV-^«<» 5. and bids him go to his home. returning from hunt Queen and Huntsman. ^^ Must you with hot irons burn out both my eyes ? Bacon. Your Grace. to Ireland. 6"c<r«^^. /. my * and ladies in prayer.''' Scene 2. " Take thou that.'" Jailor.— Queen and Francis Bacon plea for pardon of Essex. CT 11. Scene s. CT v. Scene 6. Heaven be my judge " Essex upbraids him with sharpest scorn. Let our instruction to thee be thy guide. The Queen — Rival claims to the Crown.— Lady Essex warns the Earl against Cecil. . for King 0/ England Shall you be proclaimed in every boroug/t.) ''All ***** ****** . Under the penalty of thine own false head. Enter Queen Elizabeth with hounds and dogs. Summoned to parley descends is arrested and conveyed to the Tower.) Enter Cecil. Queen and Bacon. Scene 2.—^^^ chamber of Queen noisy arrival of Essex. and in an hou7. Prayer of the Queen I that never weep. — .—Horns and trumpets sound. Thy li/e^s dependent on thy * * brother'' s death. now tnelt with zvoe. thou most wicked sir! .— Essex commanded to close confinement in his house. and sends the Admiral and Cecil to call him back Scene ?. Interrupted by news of Essex's revolt.. Lords demand his surrender Ess'ex's soldiers surround and take them away. sir. " No bending knee will call me Caesar now^^ (Enter Bacon. Lady Essex and child before the Queen pleads for Essex's life. Scene 4. Scene 4." PROLOGUB. axe. — Elizabeth walks in her sleep. Scene 2— Palace. Queen. and leisure answers leisure: Like doth quit like. Your treacherous brother dies! * . Scene /. dark and comfortless! God enkindle all the sparks of nature To quit this horrid act .—Scene *« The Tragical Historic of tlie Earl of Essex.''"' (Jailor tears out one eye. Queen informs Essex he must appear before the CouuciL . a brother for a brother. edge toward him led to dungeon.— Street in London. Bacon tells Es. Whom to call brother would infect my mouth.— Essex and Bacon farewell. CT IV. Scene 7.— Garden of Palace. Essex returns Queen embraces him. Essex under guard. . Queen. ivithdraiv.— Scene i. " Bless thee.—Order for the trial of Essex. . Elizabeth and Lords. Scene 5. . and thou shall know Tis death for death.SVr^«<f J.— Streets of London. Get thee gone. if * Then. — Essex outlines his puposes in Ireland. Enter Essex the quarrel and blow. Solus. : . to whom she promises. bids that he be admitted. ^''In the Tower.'' Scene 5. »»**** . * * * * >:< * * . '''' Scene <y. . Cut out my tongue so thai I may still keep Both mine eyes. " Where is the Earl ? " ^^ Cecil. Scene V-— Queen and Cecil. Francis Bacon supports her and supplicates the Queen. — Front of Essex's House Essex on walls. * '' * Queen.'" . Her horrible dream. then the other. . : '"' That my ungracious son doth hate nie so. without result. Alarms and clash of arms. * " Essex before the Council. Queen relents. Essex. * ' •' * * Peruse this writing here. and jueasure still for measure.) O thou damned cur. You be put in bondage.— Star Chamber. Stormy discussion over assignment of commander of forces for Ireland. . He denounces Cecil.CT i. blessed boy. Bacon pleads for Essex.'''' Scene 6.—Cecil tells the Queen that Essex is returning with an army. Queen Scene 3.—QnarTcXs with his brother Francis Bacon. Insults Cecil. Bacon and Essex. Haste still pays hatte.sex of Cecil's intrigues. * us. — * * * But if. CT 111— Scene /. and bids him fly to France.—Council Chamber.— Cecil.— Gate of Essex's House.



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