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Aptitude :: Problems on Trains

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1. A train running at the speed of 60 km/hr crosses a pole in 9 seconds. What is the length of the train? A. C. 1 0 metres " # metres B. D. 1!0 metres 1$0 metres

Answer & Explanation Answer: %ption D Explanation: &peed' 60 ( $ 1! m/sec ' $0

m ' 1$0 m. . A train 1 $ m long passes a man- running at $ km/hr in the same direction in .hich the train is going- in 10 seconds. +he speed of the train is/ A. C. #$ km/hr $# km/hr B. D. $0 km/hr $$ km/hr

" m/sec. $0 )ength of the train ' *&peed ( +ime, ' (9 "

Answer & Explanation Answer: %ption B Explanation: &peed of the train relati0e to man ' ' ' $ $ m/sec. 1! ( $ km/hr 1 $ 10 m/sec

' #$ km/hr. )et the speed of the train 1e x km/hr. +hen- relati0e speed ' *x 2 $, km/hr. x 2 $ ' #$ x ' $0 km/hr.

". +he length of the 1ridge- .hich a train 1"0 metres long and tra0elling at #$ km/hr can

cross in "0 seconds- is/ A. C. 00 m #$ m B. D. $m $0 m

Answer & Explanation Answer: %ption C Explanation: &peed ' #$ $ ' ( 1! m/sec $ m/sec.

+ime ' "0 sec. )et the length of 1ridge 1e x metres. 1"0 3x "0 *1"0 3 x, ' 4$0 x ' #$ m.

+hen-

'

#. +.o trains running in opposite directions cross a man standing on the platform in 4 seconds and 14 seconds respecti0el5 and the5 cross each other in " seconds. +he ratio of their speeds is/ A. C. 1/" "/# B. D. "/ 6one of these

Answer & Explanation Answer: %ption B Explanation: )et the speeds of the t.o trains 1e x m/sec and 5 m/sec respecti0el5. +hen- length of the first train ' 4x metresand length of the second train ' 14y metres. 4x 3 14y ' "

x3 y 4x 3 14y ' "x 3 "y #x ' 6y x y ' " .

$. A train passes a station platform in "6 seconds and a man standing on the platform in 0 seconds. 7f the speed of the train is $# km/hr- .hat is the length of the platform? A. C. 1 0m "00 m B. D. #0 m 6one of these

Answer & Explanation Answer: %ption B Explanation: &peed ' $# $ ( 1! m/sec ' 1$ m/sec.

)ength of the train ' *1$ ( 0,m ' "00 m. )et the length of the platform 1e x metres. +henx 3 "00 "6 ' 1$

x 3 "00 ' $#0 x ' #0 m.

6. A train #0 m long passes a pole in # seconds. 8o. long .ill it take to pass a platform 6$0 m long? A. C. 6$ sec 100 sec B. D. !9 sec

1$0 sec

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption B Explanation: &peed ' #0

# m/sec ' 10 m/sec. #0 3 6$0 9e:uired time ' 10 sec ' !9 sec. 4. +.o trains of e:ual length are running on parallel lines in the same direction at #6 km/hr and "6 km/hr. +he faster train passes the slo.er train in "6 seconds. +he length of each train is/ A. C. $0 m B. D. 4 m ! m

!0 m

Answer & Explanation Answer: %ption A Explanation: )et the length of each train 1e x metres. +hen- distance co0ered ' x metres. 9elati0e speed ' *#6 2 "6, km/hr ' ' 10 $ ( 1! m/sec $ 9 m/sec x ' $ "6 9 x ' 100 x ' $0.

!. A train "60 m long is running at a speed of #$ km/hr. 7n .hat time .ill it pass a 1ridge 1#0 m long?

A. C.

#0 sec

B. D.

# sec #! sec

#$ sec

Answer & Explanation Answer: %ption A Explanation: Formula for on!ertin" from #m$%r to m$s: +herefore- &peed ' #$ $ ' ( 1! m/sec $ X km/hr ' X( $ 1! m/s.

m/sec.

+otal distance to 1e co0ered ' *"60 3 1#0, m ' $00 m. Formula for findin" Time & 9e:uired time ' $00 ( $ sec ;istance &peed ' #0 sec.

9. +.o trains are mo0ing in opposite directions < 60 km/hr and 90 km/hr. +heir lengths are 1.10 km and 0.9 km respecti0el5. +he time taken 15 the slo.er train to cross the faster train in seconds is/ A. C. "6 #! B. D. #$ #9

Answer & Explanation Answer: %ption C Explanation: 9elati0e speed ' *603 90, km/hr ' ' 1$0 ( 1 $ " m/sec. $ 1! m/sec

;istance co0ered ' *1.10 3 0.9, km ' 9e:uired time ' 000 ( "

km ' 000 m.

1 $ sec ' #! sec.

10. A =ogger running at 9 kmph alongside a rail.a5 track in #0 metres ahead of the engine of a 1 0 metres long train running at #$ kmph in the same direction. 7n ho. much time .ill the train pass the =ogger? A. C. ".6 sec "6 sec B. D. 1! sec 4 sec

Answer & Explanation Answer: %ption C Explanation: &peed of train relati0e to =ogger ' *#$ 2 9, km/hr ' "6 km/hr. ' "6 $ ( 1! m/sec

' 10 m/sec. ;istance to 1e co0ered ' * #0 3 1 0, m ' "60 m. +ime taken ' "60 10 sec ' "6 sec.

11. A 40 metres long train running at the speed of 1 0 kmph crosses another train running in opposite direction at the speed of !0 kmph in 9 seconds. What is the length of the other train? A. C. E. "0 m B. D. #0 m " 0m

60 m 6one of these

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption A Explanation: 9elati0e speed ' *1 0 3 !0, km/hr $ 1! m/sec

' '

00 ( $00 9

m/sec.

)et the length of the other train 1e x metres. +henx 3 40 9 ' $00 9

x 3 40 ' $00 x ' "0.

1 . A goods train runs at the speed of 4 kmph and crosses a $0 m long platform in 6 seconds. What is the length of the goods train? A. C. "0 m 60 m B. D. #0 m 40 m

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption D Explanation: $ 1! m/sec ' 0 m/sec.

&peed '

4 (

+ime ' 6 sec. )et the length of the train 1e x metres. +henx 3 $0 6 ' 0

x 3 $0 ' $ 0

x ' 40.

1". +.o trains- each 100 m long- mo0ing in opposite directions- cross each other in ! seconds. 7f one is mo0ing t.ice as fast the other- then the speed of the faster train is/ A. C. "0 km/hr 60 km/hr B. D. #$ km/hr 4$ km/hr

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption C Explanation: )et the speed of the slo.er train 1e x m/sec. +hen- speed of the faster train ' x m/sec.

9elati0e speed ' *x 3 x, m/sec ' "x m/sec. *100 3 100, ! #x ' 00 x' $ . $0 " m/sec ' "x

"

&o- speed of the faster train ' ' $0 " ( 1! $ km/hr

' 60 km/hr.

1#. +.o trains 1#0 m and 160 m long run at the speed of 60 km/hr and #0 km/hr respecti0el5 in opposite directions on parallel tracks. +he time *in seconds, .hich the5 take to cross each otheris/ A. 9 B. 9.6 10. !

C.

10

D.

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption D Explanation: $ 1! m/sec $0 9 m/sec.

9elati0e speed ' *60 3 #0, km/hr '

100 (

'

;istance co0ered in crossing each other ' *1#0 3 160, m ' "00 m. 9 $0 sec $# $ sec ' 10.! sec.

9e:uired time '

"00 (

'

1$. A train 110 metres long is running .ith a speed of 60 kmph. 7n .hat time .ill it pass a man .ho is running at 6 kmph in the direction opposite to that in .hich the train is going? A. C. $ sec 4 sec B. D. 6 sec

10 sec

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption B Explanation: &peed of train relati0e to man ' *60 3 6, km/hr ' 66 km/hr. $ 1! m/sec

' '

66 ( $$ "

m/sec. 110 ( " $$ sec ' 6 sec.

+ime taken to pass the man '

16. A train tra0elling at a speed of 4$ mph enters a tunnel " miles long. +he train is mile long. 8o. long does it take for the train to pass through the tunnel from the moment the front enters to the moment the rear emerges?

A. C.

.$ min ". min

B. D.

" min

".$ min

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption B Explanation: 4 1 #

+otal distance co0ered '

miles

' 1$

1$ #

miles.

+ime taken ' 1

# ( 4$

hrs

'

hrs 1 0

'

( 60

min.

' " min. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 14. A train !00 metres long is running at a speed of 4! km/hr. 7f it crosses a tunnel in 1 minute- then the length of the tunnel *in meters, is/ A. C. 1"0 $00 B. D. "60 $#0

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption C Explanation: $ 1! 6$ "

&peed '

4! (

m/sec '

m/sec.

+ime ' 1 minute ' 60 seconds.

)et the length of the tunnel 1e x metres. !00 3x 60 "*!00 3 x, ' "900 x ' $00. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 1!. A "00 metre long train crosses a platform in "9 seconds .hile it crosses a signal pole in 1! seconds. What is the length of the platform? A. C. " 0m 6$0 m B. D. "$0 m

+hen-

' 6$ "

;ata inade:uate

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption B Explanation: "00 1! $0 "

&peed '

m/sec '

m/sec.

)et the length of the platform 1e x metres. x 3 "00 "9 $0 "

+hen-

'

"*x 3 "00, ' 19$0 x ' "$0 m. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 19. A train speeds past a pole in 1$ seconds and a platform 100 m long in $ seconds. 7ts length is/ A. C. $0 m 00 m B. D. 1$0 m

;ata inade:uate

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption B

Explanation: )et the length of the train 1e x metres and its speed 15 y m/sec. +hen' 1$ y x 3 100 x ' $ 1$ x y' x . 1$

1$*x 3 100, ' $x 1$x 3 1$00 ' $x 1$00 ' 10x x ' 1$0 m. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 0. A train mo0es past a telegraph post and a 1ridge 6# m long in ! seconds and 0 seconds respecti0el5. What is the speed of the train? A. C. 69.$ km/hr 49 km/hr B. D. 40 km/hr 49. km/hr

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption D Explanation: )et the length of the train 1e x metres and its speed 15 y m/sec. +hen'! y x 3 6# ' 6o.y 0 !y 3 6# ' 0y y' . 1! $ x x ' !y

&peed '

m/sec '

km/hr ' 49. km/hr.

1. 8o. man5 seconds .ill a $00 metre long train take to cross a man .alking .ith a speed of " km/hr in the direction of the mo0ing train if the speed of the train is 6" km/hr? A. C. $ #0 B. D. "0

#$

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption B Explanation: &peed of the train relati0e to man ' *6" 2 ", km/hr ' 60 km/hr ' 60 ( $ 1! m/sec

'

$0 "

m/sec.

+ime taken to pass the man

'

$00 (

" $0

sec

' "0 sec. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum . +.o goods train each $00 m long- are running in opposite directions on parallel tracks. +heir speeds are #$ km/hr and "0 km/hr respecti0el5. >ind the time taken 15 the slo.er train to pass the dri0er of the faster one. A. 1 sec B. # sec

C.

#! sec

D.

60 sec

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption B Explanation: 9elati0e speed ' ' *#$ 3 "0, km/hr ' 4$ ( $ 1! m/sec

'

1 $ 6

m/sec.

We ha0e to find the time taken 15 the slo.er train to pass the ;97?@9 of the faster train and not the complete train. &o- distance co0ered ' )ength of the slo.er train. +herefore- ;istance co0ered ' $00 m. 6 1 $ ' # sec.

9e:uired time '

$00 (

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum ". +.o trains are running in opposite directions .ith the same speed. 7f the length of each train is 1 0 metres and the5 cross each other in 1 seconds- then the speed of each train *in km/hr, is/ A. C. 10 "6 B. D. 1! 4

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption C Explanation: )et the speed of each train 1e x m/sec. +hen- relati0e speed of the t.o trains ' *1 0 3 1 0, 1 x' 0 x ' 10. 1! $ x m/sec.

&o- x '

&peed of each train ' 10 m/sec '

10 (

km/hr ' "6 km/hr.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum #. +.o trains of e:ual lengths take 10 seconds and 1$ seconds respecti0el5 to cross a telegraph post. 7f the length of each train 1e 1 0 metres- in .hat time *in seconds, .ill the5 cross each other tra0elling in opposite direction? A. 10 B. 1

C.

1$

D.

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption B Explanation: 1 0 10 1$

&peed of the first train ' &peed of the second train '

m/sec ' 1 m/sec. m/sec ' ! m/sec.

1 0

9elati0e speed ' *1 3 !, ' 0 m/sec. *1 0 3 1 0,

9e:uired time '

sec ' 1 sec.

0 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum $. A train 10! m long mo0ing at a speed of $0 km/hr crosses a train 11 m long coming from opposite direction in 6 seconds. +he speed of the second train is/ A. C. #! km/hr 66 km/hr B. D. $# km/hr ! km/hr

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption D Explanation: )et the speed of the second train 1e x km/hr. 9elati0e speed ' *x 3 $0, km/hr ' *x 3 $0, ( $0 3 $x 1! $ 1! m/sec

'

m/sec.

;istance co0ered ' *10! 3 11 , ' 0 '6

0 m.

$0 3 $x 1!

$0 3 $x ' 660 x ' ! km/hr.

6. +.o trains are running at #0 km/hr and 0 km/hr respecti0el5 in the same direction. >ast train completel5 passes a man sitting in the slo.er train in $ seconds. What is the length of the fast train? A. "m 4 4 m 9 B. " m 9

C.

D.

9m

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption C Explanation: $ 1! $0 9 $0 9 m.

9elati0e speed ' *#0 2 0, km/hr ' )ength of faster train ' $0 9 ($

0( m'

m/sec ' m' 4 4 9

m/sec.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 4. A train o0ertakes t.o persons .ho are .alking in the same direction in .hich the train is going- at the rate of kmph and # kmph and passes them completel5 in 9 and 10 seconds respecti0el5. +he length of the train is/ A. C. #$ m $# m B. D. $0 m

4 m

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption B

Explanation: $ 1! $ 1! $ 9 9

kmph ' # kmph '

( #(

m/sec ' m/sec '

m/sec. m/sec.

10

)et the length of the train 1e x metres and its speed 15 y m/sec. x +heny2 $ 9 ' 9 and x y2 10 9 ' 10.

9y 2 $ ' x and 10*9y 2 10, ' 9x 9y 2 x ' $ and 90y 2 9x ' 100. %n sol0ing- .e get/ x ' $0. )ength of the train is $0 m. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum !. A train o0ertakes t.o persons .alking along a rail.a5 track. +he first one .alks at #.$ km/hr. +he other one .alks at $.# km/hr. +he train needs !.# and !.$ seconds respecti0el5 to o0ertake them. What is the speed of the train if 1oth the persons are .alking in the same direction as the train? A. C. 66 km/hr 4! km/hr B. D. 4 km/hr !1 km/hr

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption D Explanation: $ 1! $ 1! $ # "

#.$ km/hr ' $.# km/hr '

#.$ ( $.# (

m/sec ' m/sec '

m/sec ' 1. $ m/sec- and m/sec ' 1.$ m/sec.

)et the speed of the train 1e x m/sec. +hen- *x 2 1. $, ( !.# ' *x 2 1.$, ( !.$

!.#x 2 10.$ ' !.$x 2 1 .4$ 0.1x ' . $ x' .$ 1! $

&peed of the train '

.$ (

km/hr ' !1 km/hr.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 9. A train tra0elling at #! kmph completel5 crosses another train ha0ing half its length and tra0elling in opposite direction at # kmph- in 1 seconds. 7t also passes a rail.a5 platform in #$ seconds. +he length of the platform is A. C. #00 m B. D. #$0 m 600 m

$60 m

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption A Explanation: )et the length of the first train 1e x metres. x $ '1 or " ' "00 x or 1! x ' 00.

Ax 3 *x/ ,B $

)ength of first train ' 00 m. )et the length of platform 1e y metres. $ 1! #0 m/sec. "

&peed of the first train ' * 00 3 y, ( " ' #$ #0 600 3 "y ' 1!00 y ' #00 m.

#! (

m/sec '

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

"0. +.o stations A and C are 110 km apart on a staright line. %ne train starts from A at 4 a.m. and tra0els to.ards C at 0 kmph. Another train starts from C at ! a.m. and tra0els to.ards A at a speed of $ kmph. At .hat time .ill the5 meet? A. C. 9 a.m. 10."0 a.m. B. D. 10 a.m.

11 a.m.

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption B Explanation: &uppose the5 meet x hours after 4 a.m. ;istance co0ered 15 A in x hours ' 0x km. ;istance co0ered 15 C in *x 2 1, hours ' $*x 2 1, km. 0x 3 $*x 2 1, ' 110 #$x ' 1"$ x ' ". &o- the5 meet at 10 a.m. "1. +.o- trains- one from 8o.rah to Datna and the other from Datna to 8o.rah- start simultaneousl5. After the5 meet- the trains reach their destinations after 9 hours and 16 hours respecti0el5. +he ratio of their speeds is/ A. C. /" 6/4 B. D. #/"

9 / 16

Answer & Explanation

Answer: %ption B Explanation: )et us name the trains as A and C. +hen*AEs speed, / *CEs speed, ' 1 / a ' 16 / 9 ' # / ".