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SHRENCKS CURVE

Shrencks Curve is used to obtain the Lift distribution along the span of an Aircraft wing. For designing an aircraft and its parts, it is necessary to study the loads and its distribution over the surface of the aircraft. Especially for the structural design of a wing, it is important to study the distribution of its main load, the lift distribution along its span. Hence the lift distribution over the span of the wing is obtained by Shrencks curve .Shrencks curve is an average of Trapezoidal Lift Distribution and Elliptic Lift Distribution. ELLIPTICAL LIFT DISTRIBUTION: An ideal distribution of Lift such that the wing Plan forms efficiency is one. TRAPEZOIDAL LIFT DISTRIBUTION: Lift produced by any section is proportional to the wing chord and its section. ELLIPTICAL LIFT DISTRIBUTION: In Elliptical lift distribution, the lift distribution over the span of the wing is assumed to be in semi elliptic shape. For a required lift, the wing area required to produce lift is minimum when the lift distribution is elliptic. When lift distribution is elliptic, the Ostwalds planeform efficiency is one. In the graph of the Lift per unit span vs. Spanwise distance, the area under the curve gives the lift which is equal to weight of the airplane for steady level flight. The major axis of ellipse coincides with the span of the wing. By using the condition we find the Semi-Major axis of ellipse and hence its equation.

Major axis of Ellipse, 2A = span = b = 32.316 m

Semi Major Axis of Ellipse, A = 16.158 m Area of the semi elliptical lift distribution = Weight of the airplane

From the above equation, B = 23357.46 m From the equation of ellipse L= y =23357.46 TRAPEZOIDAL LIFT DISTRIBUTION: For Trapezoidal lift distribution, the Lift produced by the any section of the wing is directly proportional to the chord of the wing at that section. Lift produced by the any section is known as Lift per Unit Span or Loading Intensity. Lift per Unit Span (L) is directly proportional to the chord at that section. L= L C For Cruise conditions, VCruise=247 m/s CL=0.4057 At 9000m altitude, =0.4662 kgm-3 From the above values L=5769.539 C By assuming the left wing tip as the origin, it is possible to express the chord at any section in terms of its span wise position from the left tip as: C
( )

for 0 < x < 32.316

C=2.0518+0.1904x mfor 0<x<16.158 C=5.1297-0.1904(x-16.158) m for 16.158<x<32.316

Loading Intensity for Trapezoidal lift distribution L=5769.539(2.0518+0.1904x) for 0<x<16.158

L=5769.539(5.1297-0.1904(x-16.158)) for 16.158<x<32.316 Shrencks Curve Equation: Shrencks curve is the average of the trapezoidal lift distribution and the elliptical lift distribution. Hence the equation of the Shrencks curve is obtained by taking the Arithmetic mean of Trapezoidal and Elliptical equations. Actual Lift distribution over the wing is assumed to be based on the Shrenck,s Curve. L = **23357.46
( )

+ 5769.539(2.0518+0.1904x)] For 0<x<16.158

L = **23357.46

+ 5769.539(5.1297-0.1904(x-16.158)) For 16.158 < x < 32.316

Where, x = 0 at the left wing tip L = Lift per unit span or loading intensity X = Span wise distance from left wing tip