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Fire Dampers

Extract from BS EN ISO 15138:2007 Petroleum & natural gas industriesOffshore production installations-Heating, ventilation & air-conditioning.

A.9 Fire dampers A.9.1 Function Fire dampers shall be of a standard that maintains the integrity of designated fire-rated barriers when penetrated by HVAC ducts. Fire damper installations shall have a fire rating at least equal to the barrier they penetrate.

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www. to provide operation and status indication: a) The fire damper shall be fitted with proximity or limit switches to indicate status closed and/or open positions. as follows. construction shall be robust. spring-close. but those through H-rated barriers incur high cost penalties and should.9.9. etc. Spring selection shall ensure that the blades close firmly and against the maximum duct airflow and pressure.2 Components and indicators Each fire damper shall be fitted with components and indicators.2. Multiple use of fire dampers as pressure controllers. volume control dampers.hutcheon-technical. c) A pneumatic.A.2 Functional requirements A. b) A local blade-position indicator shall be provided to indicate damper open and closed positions. preferably housed in a protective casing. except under special conditions such as emergency generator room enclosures. be proposed only if unavoidable. As they can be left unused for long periods.1 General Any penetrations through fire-rated barriers are undesirable. using materials that are inherently non-corroding in the conditions present on an installation. shall not conflict with the certification requirements. single-action spring-return actuator or a spring-return electric motor shall drive the damper open on supply of air or electric power and close the fire damper on loss of the same. therefore. The only exception is where ducts pass through an area without serving that area (no breaks in the duct) and are fully rated to at least match the highest-rated barrier bounding that area. All fire dampers shall fail to the closed position. The essential service function of fire dampers requires that they are of a design that ensures reliability of operation during an . These switches shall not change over until the blades are within 5 % of the desired position. manual-open dampers may be considered.9. A. Alternatively.2.

also for the possibility to adjust the spring for increased bearing friction in arduous locations. www.9. using 100 % fan pressure. A thermal device assembly designed to activate the damper actuator and close the damper in the event of an unacceptable temperature rise in the duct may be provided as an option. d) In addition. Fire dampers shall have a certification acceptable to the certification authority and be tested to a recognized standard. Fire dampers shall be capable of opening and closing in any attitude or orientation over the full compressed air pressure range and the HVAC system air-pressure range. Project datasheets shall indicate required ratings. a local manually opening device may be required by some authorities or design codes. A. The actuator shall be sized 40 % above the damper-closing torque. the assembly shall be so designed that the trigger can easily be replaced without disassembly of pipework or components.3 Performance Fire dampers should be designed to minimize turbulence and static pressure losses. or as determined by platform safety philosophy. If provided. up to maximum differential pressure. The damper-control mechanism should operate uniformly and smoothly from the open to the closed positions. Air-pressure quickexhaust valves are considered to improve the speed of closure. ensuring freedom from erratic movement.Actuator selection shall allow the spring to remain in compression for most of its . particularly of grouped dampers.2. Fire dampers shall be designed to ensure closure under slow compressed-air bleed-off and with turbulent duct airflow. Fire dampers shall be designed to close within 2 s of receiving the actuating signal.

if fitted. The failure temperature of the thermal device. .The blade operation linkages and control devices shall be located out of the airstream in an integral enclosure that can easily be removed to allow maintenance. shall be as specified on the datasheet. The design shall prevent over-travel and resultant blade distortion in both open and closed positions.